308 results match your criteria Brain Imaging in Colloid Cyst


Xanthogranulomatous Colloid Cyst in a 13-Year-Old Boy: A Case Report and Surgical Implications.

Pediatr Neurosurg 2022 5;57(3):202-206. Epub 2022 Apr 5.

Neurosurgery, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, India.

Introduction: Colloid cysts are relatively uncommon lesions in the pediatric population. The xanthogranulomatous (XG) variant is very rare with less than 30 reported cases.

Case Report: In this report, the patient was a 13-year-old boy who presented with transient episodes of headache with blurring of vision. Read More

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Familial colloid cysts: not a chance occurrence.

J Neurooncol 2022 Apr 3;157(2):321-332. Epub 2022 Mar 3.

Department of Neurological Surgery, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York-Presbyterian Hospital, 625 E 68th St; Starr 651, New York, NY, 10065, USA.

Purpose: Colloid cysts are rare, benign brain tumors of the third ventricle with an estimated population prevalence of 1 in 5800. Sudden deterioration and death secondary to obstructive hydrocephalus are well-described presentations in patients with a colloid cyst. Although historically conceptualized as driven by sporadic genetic events, a growing body of literature supports the possibility of an inherited predisposition. Read More

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[Microscopic excision of a colloyd cyst of the third ventricle assisted by endoscopy. Case report and literature analysis.]

Rev Fac Cien Med Univ Nac Cordoba 2021 12 28;78(4):395-397. Epub 2021 Dec 28.

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Introduction: Colloid cysts are histologically benign lesions, probably derived from the endoderm, which represent 0.3-2% of brain tumors. They are usually attached to the roof of the third ventricle in direct relation to the foramen of Monro, which can cause a blockage to the circulation of cerebrospinal fluid, determining hydrocephalus and in some cases sudden death. Read More

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December 2021

Retrospective evaluation of endoscopic treatment in colloid cyst of the third ventricle.

Wideochir Inne Tech Maloinwazyjne 2021 Sep 26;16(3):604-611. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Department of Neurosurgery and Neurotraumatology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland.

Introduction: Endoscopic methods have gained a well-established position in surgical treatment of colloid cysts of third ventricle. However, the possibility of total tumor removal with this method and the long-term effectiveness of treatment are being questioned.

Aim: Personal twenty years' experience in treatment of third ventricle colloid cysts is presented on the basis of retrospective analysis. Read More

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September 2021

Large pituitary colloid cyst causing visual and hormonal defects.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jul 9;14(7). Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Neurosurgical Department, Hull University Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Hull, UK.

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Perspectives on Endoscopic Transseptal Interforniceal Approach for Retroforaminal Colloid Cysts.

World Neurosurg 2021 08 8;152:e71-e80. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Neurosurgery, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Background: Although the interforniceal approach with the preservation of the fornix is useful during the endoscopic approach for retroforaminal colloid cysts, it carries a significant risk of memory and cognitive difficulties. Because most reports have reported the endoscopic approach to colloid cysts through the foramen with little emphasis on retroforaminal cysts, the aim of this study was to investigate colloid cysts as a special entity with regard to their different characteristics and surgical approaches and outcomes.

Methods: In this retrospective study, 12 patients with third ventricular colloid cysts with retroforaminal extensions were included. Read More

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The black rim susceptibility sign in the MRI evaluation of intracranial colloid cysts.

J Neuroimaging 2021 09 30;31(5):1028-1034. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Division of Neuroradiology, Department of Radiology, Medstar Georgetown University Hospital, Washington, DC, USA.

Background And Purpose: Colloid cysts are relatively rare intracranial lesions located in the rostral aspect of third ventricle. They may produce acute hydrocephalus, brain herniation, and death. On conventional MRI, the appearance of a colloid cyst varies depending on its composition. Read More

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September 2021

Single Burr-Hole Extended Transforaminal Approach for Concurrent Endoscopic Surgery in the Third Ventricle Posterior to the Foramen of Monro and Ventriculostomy: Clinical Series and Planning Steps.

World Neurosurg 2021 06 12;150:e1-e11. Epub 2021 Feb 12.

Department of Neurosurgery, Medical University Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Objective: For endoscopic surgery of third ventricular lesions posterior to the foramen of Monro that frequently require a third ventriculostomy during the same procedure, the extended transforaminal approach (ETFA) through the choroid fissure has been proposed. This study reports clinical results and provides anatomic background and guidelines for individual planning of a single burr-hole approach and a safe transchoroid entry zone.

Methods: A retrospective review was undertaken of 25 cases of concurrent third ventricle surgery and third ventriculostomy via ETFA. Read More

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Colloid cyst curtailed: A case report of spontaneous colloid cyst regression.

Surg Neurol Int 2020 29;11:465. Epub 2020 Dec 29.

Department of Pediatrics, Renaissance School of Medicine at Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York, United States.

Background: Colloid cysts arise from the roof of the third ventricle and are at risk for obstructing the flow of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and causing increased intracranial pressure. With advancements and increased frequency of imaging, colloid cysts are sometimes discovered incidentally. In these cases, the neurosurgeon is faced with the decision of whether to intervene or manage conservatively. Read More

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December 2020

Unexpected lesion of the prepontine cistern: a colloid cyst.

Br J Hosp Med (Lond) 2020 Dec 22;81(12). Epub 2020 Dec 22.

Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey.

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December 2020

Transcortical Approach to Deep-Seated Intraventricular and Intra-axial Tumors Using a Tubular Retractor System: A Technical Note and Review of the Literature.

J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg 2021 May 15;82(3):270-277. Epub 2020 Dec 15.

Department of Neurosurgery, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle Upon Tyne, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Background:  Retraction of white matter overlying a brain lesion can be difficult without causing significant trauma especially when using traditional methods of bladed retractors. These conventional retractors can produce regions of focal pressure resulting in contusions and areas of infarct.

Methods:  In this article, we present a retrospective case series of six patients with deep-seated intraventricular and intra-axial tumors that were approached using a ViewSite Brain Access System (tubular retractor). Read More

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A 3rd ventricular colloid cyst causing acute hydrocephalus with stunned myocardium: A case report.

Qatar Med J 2020 12;2020(2):28. Epub 2020 Nov 12.

Department of Anesthesia, SICU & Perioperative Medicine, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.

Background: Third ventricular colloid cysts are benign but may cause acute hydrocephalus, raised intracranial pressure, decreased consciousness level, and sudden death. These ventricular colloid cysts associated with stunned myocardium are rarely reported in the literature. This study reported a case of a third ventricular colloid cyst presented as acute hydrocephalus complicated with severe neurogenic pulmonary edema, stunned myocardium, and heart failure, which survived at the end. Read More

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November 2020

Management of large intraventricular meningiomas with minimally invasive port technique: a three-case series.

Neurosurg Rev 2021 Aug 12;44(4):2369-2377. Epub 2020 Oct 12.

Department of Neurological Surgery, Wexner Medical Center, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, 410 W 10th Ave, N-1011 Doan Hall, Columbus, OH, 43210, USA.

The use of minimally invasive transcranial ports for the resection of deep-seated lesions has been shown to be safe and effective. To date, most of the literature regarding the tubular retractors used in brain surgery is comprised of individual case reports that describe the successful resection of deep-seated lesions such as thalamic pilocytic astrocytomas, colloid cysts in the third ventricle, hematomas, and cavernous angiomas. The authors describe their experience using a tubular retractor system with three different cases involving large intraventricular meningiomas and examine radiographic and patient outcomes. Read More

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Synchronous Occurrence of Colloid Cyst With Intracranial Ossifying Fibromyxoid Tumor Masquerading as Meningioma.

Cureus 2020 Sep 26;12(9):e10662. Epub 2020 Sep 26.

Neurosurgery, Maulana Azad Medical College/Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi, IND.

Ossifying fibromyxoid tumor (OFMT) is a rare fibro-osseous neoplasm. We present a case highlighting the occurrence of an intracranial OFMT masquerading as meningioma on imaging in a 46-year-old gentleman. Brain imaging revealed an extra-axial calcified lesion along the left cerebellar convexity appearing hypointense on T1- and T2-weighted MRI sequences with no post-contrast enhancement, suggestive of a meningioma. Read More

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September 2020

Third Ventricle Cavernous Malformation and Obstructive Hydrocephalus Thought to Be a Colloid Cyst.

World Neurosurg 2021 01 1;145:315-319. Epub 2020 Oct 1.

Department of Neurosurgery, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York, USA; Department of Oncological Sciences, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York, USA.

Background: Third ventricle cavernous malformations (CMs) associated with ventriculomegaly and obstructive hydrocephalus are quite rare in patients. Preoperative surgical planning can be challenging due to the lesion's non-specific appearance on CT and magnetic resonance imaging that can mimic other intraventricular pathologies, such as a colloid cyst. Management of these lesions can be varied in the setting of obstructive hydrocephalus. Read More

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January 2021

Role of intraoperative computed tomography scanner in modern neurosurgery - An early experience.

Surg Neurol Int 2020 15;11:247. Epub 2020 Aug 15.

Department of Neurosurgery, Allama Iqbal Medical College, Jinnah Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan.

Background: Intraoperative imaging addresses the limitations of frameless neuronavigation systems by providing real-time image updates. With the advent of new multidetector intraoperative computed tomography (CT), soft tissue can be visualized far better than before. We report the early departmental experience of our intraoperative CT scanner's use in a wide range of technically challenging neurosurgical cases. Read More

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Genetics of Colloid Cyst in Monozygotic Twins: Case Report and Review of Literature.

World Neurosurg 2020 12 2;144:88-91. Epub 2020 Sep 2.

Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Hamilton Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Colloid cysts are rare developmental lesions, accounting for approximately 1% of intracranial tumors. Often, these benign lesions are asymptomatic, but they are associated with significant mortality as a result of acute hydrocephalus. This mortality in patients with vague or no symptoms dictates a need for better understanding of the etiology of colloid cysts to expedite diagnosis and management. Read More

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December 2020

Familial Colloid Cysts of the Third Ventricle: Case Report and Literature Review.

Asian J Neurosurg 2020 Apr-Jun;15(2):414-417. Epub 2020 Apr 7.

Department of Surgery, Section of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, PR.

Colloid cysts of the third ventricle are rare lesions. To our knowledge, only 23 familial cases of colloid cysts have been reported in the literature. The country of origin of the patients with familial cases had not been previously studied as a group. Read More

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Hemorrhagic colloid cyst of the third ventricle: A rare cause of colloid cyst growth and progressive hydrocephalus. Case report.

Neurocirugia (Astur : Engl Ed) 2021 May-Jun;32(3):142-147. Epub 2020 May 17.

Department of Neurological Surgery, Hospital Universitario Basurto, Avenida Montevideo 18, 48013 Bilbao (Vizcaya, Basque Country), Spain.

Introduction: Acute spontaneous bleeding within a colloid cyst of the third ventricle is extremely rare. Accordingly, is difficult to establish reliable prognostic factors, risk factors for obstructive hydrocephalus remain poorly defined, and there are no standard management strategies.

Case Presentation: 19-Year-old man with a colloid cyst of the third ventricle causing obstructive hydrocephalus is described, initially treated with partial endoscopic removal and ventriculo-peritoneal shunt placement. Read More

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Are familial colloid cysts of the third ventricle associated with a worse clinical course than sporadic forms?

J Neurosurg Sci 2022 Jun 10;66(3):258-263. Epub 2020 Feb 10.

Department of Neuroscience, Psychology, Pharmacology and Child Health, Neurosurgery Clinic, Careggi Hospital, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.

Introduction: The incidence of asymptomatic colloid cysts is increasing due to the widespread use of neuroimaging tools. According to previous works, familial forms (within first-degree relatives) represent 5-25% of the cases, and it is not clear whether they display specific features influencing the clinical behavior of the disease.

Evidence Acquisition: We reviewed the literature to extract data from papers dealing with familial colloid cysts. Read More

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Flying with Colloid Cyst: A Cautionary Note.

World Neurosurg 2020 06 27;138:84-88. Epub 2020 Jan 27.

Department of Neurosurgery, Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India.

Background: Colloid cysts are benign and rare tumors of the brain. The growth rates of these tumors are unpredictable. These cysts can increase in size and obstruct the cerebrospinal fluid pathways producing obstructive hydrocephalus. Read More

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Long-Term Outcomes of Endoscopic Third Ventricle Colloid Cyst Resection: Case Series With a Proposed Grading System.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2020 08;19(2):134-142

Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada.

Background: Endoscopic resection of colloid cysts has gained recent widespread practice. However, reported complication and recurrence rates are variable, possibly, in part, because of a lack of consistency with reporting of the extent of cyst capsule removal.

Objective: To present the long-term outcomes of endoscopic resection of third ventricle colloid cysts without complete capsule removal and propose a grading system to allow consistent description of surgical outcomes. Read More

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Inchoate guidelines of endoscopic resection of colloid cysts.

J Clin Neurosci 2020 Jan 12;71:1-8. Epub 2019 Dec 12.

Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Department of Neurosurgery, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.

Colloid cyst are cystic lesions in the third ventricle and could render patients asymptomatic. However, there is an inherent risk of symptomatic progression, acute decompensation, and sudden death. Therefore, there is no clear consensus as how to observe or when to treat a newly diagnosed patient with a colloid cyst. Read More

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January 2020

The Case of the Disappearing Colloid Cyst.

World Neurosurg 2020 Mar 16;135:100-102. Epub 2019 Dec 16.

Department of Neurosurgery, Nepean Public Hospital, Sydney, Australia.

Background: The natural history of colloid cysts is imperfectly understood, and controversies remain in defining broad management strategies for incidental colloid cysts. The gradual asymptomatic regression of a colloid cyst has not been reported.

Case Description: We present a unique case demonstrating the clinically silent, gradual regression of a colloid cyst over many years. Read More

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Independent Validation of the Colloid Cyst Risk Score to Predict Symptoms and Hydrocephalus in Patients with Colloid Cysts of the Third Ventricle.

World Neurosurg 2020 Feb 7;134:e747-e753. Epub 2019 Nov 7.

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA.

Background: The Colloid Cyst Risk Score (CCRS) was devised to identify patients with symptomatic colloid cyst and stratify risk of hydrocephalus. The CCRS considers patient age, presence of headache, colloid cyst diameter, fluid-attenuated inversion recovery hyperintensity, and location within the third ventricle.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to independently evaluate the validity of the CCRS. Read More

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February 2020

Xanthogranulomatous colloid cyst: Radiologic- pathologic correlation and diagnostic difficulties.

Surg Neurol Int 2019 30;10:169. Epub 2019 Aug 30.

Departments of Radiology, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

Background: Despite colloid cyst in the third ventricle is a very usual cause of hydrocephalus, its xanthogranulomatous variant is rare. The most important differential diagnosis is the third ventricular craniopharyngioma. To the best of the authors' knowledge, there have been few cases of xanthogranulomatous variant colloid cysts reported in the English literature. Read More

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Development and evaluation of a patient-specific surgical simulator for endoscopic colloid cyst resection.

J Neurosurg 2019 Jun 28:1-9. Epub 2019 Jun 28.

1Center for Image Guided Innovation and Therapeutic Intervention, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto.

Objective: Endoscopic resection of third-ventricle colloid cysts is technically challenging due to the limited dexterity and visualization provided by neuroendoscopic instruments. Extensive training and experience are required to master the learning curve. To improve the education of neurosurgical trainees in this procedure, a synthetic surgical simulator was developed and its realism, procedural content, and utility as a training instrument were evaluated. Read More

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Schwalbe's Triangular Fossa: Normal and Pathologic Anatomy on Frozen Cadavers. Anatomo-Magnetic Resonance Imaging Comparison and Surgical Implications in Colloid Cyst Surgery.

World Neurosurg 2019 Aug 11;128:e116-e128. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Neurosurgery, Ca' Foncello Hospital, Treviso, Italy.

Background: The fornix is a region of greatest neurosurgical interest in regards to its complex anatomy and surgical approaches to this area. The objective of this study was to evaluate the morphology of the triangular recess (TR) and its role in the growth pattern of the colloid cysts (CC) within the third ventricle and in the choice of the surgical approach for their removal. Furthermore, to compare the results of the dissections with measurements performed on a magnetic resonance imaging scan. Read More

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Stereotactic-Guided Dilatable Endoscopic Port Surgery for Deep-Seated Brain Tumors: Technical Report with Comparative Case Series Analysis.

World Neurosurg 2019 05 8;125:e812-e819. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Lexington Brain and Spine Institute, Lexington Medical Center, Columbia, South Carolina, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: Deep-seated brain tumors are often best treated by primary surgical excision. Traditional microsurgical techniques can cause retraction injury and require extensive brain dissection. To mitigate this risk, stereotactic-guided tubular retractors were developed; however, the risk of shear injury remains. Read More

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Efficacy and Safety of the Rotational Technique for Endoscopic Transforaminal Excision of Colloid Cysts of the Third Ventricle.

World Neurosurg 2019 05 1;125:e602-e611. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Neurosurgery, Ibn Sina Hospital, Kuwait City, Kuwait.

Background: The main criticism of endoscopic excision of colloid cysts of the third ventricle is the decreased ability to completely resect the cyst wall, therefore increasing the risk of recurrence. The extent of resection varies widely across the endoscopic series and is largely influenced by the surgical technique. We report the results of the rotational technique for endoscopic transforaminal excision of colloid cysts in a series of consecutive patients. Read More

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