11,741 results match your criteria Brain Abscess


Orbital Cellulitis Secondary to Dental Abscess in Children.

Cureus 2021 Apr 9;13(4):e14392. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Ophthalmology Clinic, Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan, MYS.

Paediatric orbital cellulitis is a potential sight- and life-threatening condition. It is a serious infection in children that can result in significant complications, including blindness, cavernous sinus thrombosis, cerebral venous sinus thrombosis, meningitis, subdural empyema, and brain abscess. Of the patients with orbital cellulitis, 17% died from meningitis, and 20% of the survivors had permanent loss of vision. Read More

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Multiple Brain Abscesses Due to Nocardia otitidiscaviarum: Case Report and Treatment Implications.

Cureus 2021 Apr 8;13(4):e14362. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Neurosurgery, Lenox Hill Hospital/Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra, New York, USA.

infections typically present in immunocompromised hosts. Brain abscesses caused by species such as and are well-documented in the literature. We present a rare case of an immunocompetent patient with multiple brain abscesses due to requiring a decompressive fronto-temporoparietal craniectomy due to symptomatic intracranial hypertension. Read More

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Superior Vena Cava Stenosis Manifesting with Brain Abscess 2 Decades after Atrial Septal Defect Repair.

Radiol Cardiothorac Imaging 2021 Apr 8;3(2):e200561. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Radiology (A.C.F., M.L., J.M.L.) and Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine (J.M.L.), Montefiore Medical Center, 111 E 210th St, Bronx, NY 10467; Department of Radiology, New York University, New York, NY (A.S.); and Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Children's Hospital at Montefiore, Bronx, NY (N.J.S., N.F.C.).

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Ciprofloxacin and dexamethasone in combination attenuate S. aureus induced brain abscess via neuroendocrine-immune interaction of TLR-2 and glucocorticoid receptor leading to behavioral improvement.

Int Immunopharmacol 2021 May 4;97:107695. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Physiology, Immunology Laboratory, University of Calcutta, University Colleges of Science and Technology, Calcutta, West Bengal, India. Electronic address:

Staphylococcus aureus induced brain abscess is a critical health concern throughout the developing world. The conventional surgical intervention could not regulate the abscess-induced brain inflammation. Thus further study over the alternative therapeutic strategy for treating a brain abscess is of high priority. Read More

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Clinical and Laboratory Markers of Brain Abscess in Tetralogy of Fallot ('BA-TOF' Score): Results of a Case-Control Study and Implications for Community Surveillance.

J Neurosci Rural Pract 2021 Apr 15;12(2):302-307. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Neurological Sciences, Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Medical Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

 Cardiogenic brain abscess (CBA) is the commonest noncardiac cause of morbidity and mortality in cyanotic heart disease (CHD). The clinical diagnosis of a CBA is often delayed due to its nonspecific presentations and the scarce availability of computed tomography (CT) imaging in resource-restricted settings. We attempted to identify parameters that reliably point to the diagnosis of a CBA in patients with Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). Read More

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Outline of The Pmda's Review For Sakigake Designation Products Boron Neutron Capture Therapy For Head and Neck Carcinoma.

Oncologist 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Center for Regulatory Science, Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency, Tokyo, Japan.

The Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare approved a drug called Borofalan ( B), a treatment system, and a dose calculation program for boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) in March 2020. The application pertaining to the products submitted to the Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency was supported by a Japanese open-label uncontrolled trial (Study 002) in patients with unresectable locally recurrent head and neck squamous cell carcinoma after chemoradiotherapy or radiotherapy, or in those with unresectable locally advanced or locally recurrent (LA/LR) head and neck non-squamous cell carcinoma. The drug was administered as a single intravenous dose using infusion rates of 200 mg/kg/h for the first two hours after the start of administration and 100 mg/kg/h during irradiation. Read More

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Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura with brain abscess caused by Nocardia farcinica diagnosed using metagenomics next-generation sequencing of the cerebrospinal fluid: a case report.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Apr 23;21(1):380. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Neurology, The First People's Hospital of Changde City, Changde, Hunan, China.

Background: Brain abscesses caused by Nocardia farcinica are rare, and mostly occur in immunocompromised individuals. Rapid and accurate diagnosis of nocardiosis is challenging. Due to the inadequate performance of conventional diagnostic methods for Nocardia infection, metagenomics next-generation sequencing (mNGS) of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) has the potential to improve the diagnosis intracranial nocardiosis. Read More

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Brain metastasis or nocardiosis? A case report of central nervous system Nocardiosis with a review of the literature.

J Community Hosp Intern Med Perspect 2021 Mar 23;11(2):258-262. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Medicine, Graduate Medical Education, Methodist Dallas Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.

Nocardiosis is an infection caused by the gram-positive bacterium , which typically manifests as an isolated pulmonary or systemic disease. Of note, has a predilection for the central nervous system (CNS) involvement, which is more commonly seen in systemic nocardiosis rather than as an isolated CNS infection. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the estimated incidence of nocardiosis is only 500 to1000 cases in the USA every year, with cases mostly found in immunocompromised people, although infection in the immunocompetent may also occur. Read More

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Recurrent tuberculous cerebellar abscess: A case study and review of the literature.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 26;81:105832. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Neurosurgery Department, Fann University Hospital Center, Dakar, Senegal.

Introduction And Importance: Tuberculous cerebellar abscess is a rare form of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis. The outcome is often favorable with well-managed treatment; however, they can continue to develop. We share in this article our experience on the management of this rare pathologie. Read More

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Brain abscess in a rheumatoid arthritis patient treated with leflunomide - A case presentation and review.

Surg Neurol Int 2021 17;12:97. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Department of Neurology, Papageorgiou Hospital of Thessaloniki, Periferiaki Odos N. Efkarpia, Thessaloniki, Central Macedonia, Greece.

Background: Immunosuppression is a significant parameter in the pathogenesis of brain abscesses (BA) and it could be the result of severe infections such as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or drug-induced, by several medications used for systemic autoimmune diseases. Leflunomide is a pyrimidine synthesis inhibitor that affects the proliferation of lymphocytes and is used as a disease-modifying antirheumatic drug. Mild infections, particularly those of the respiratory tract and herpes zoster, are one of its most common adverse effects. Read More

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Brain abscess burr hole aspiration in children with congenital heart disease in low facility centers: case series.

Sudan J Paediatr 2021 ;21(1):61-66

Department of Neurosurgery, Ahfad University, Omdurman, Sudan.

This is a prospective cross-sectional study on brain abscess burr hole aspiration in children with congenital heart disease (CHD) performed from January 2018 to March 2019. All patients were operated on through a burr hole, and then received intravenous antibiotics for 6 weeks and orally for 2 weeks either empirically or according to the results of abscess culture, if positive. The follow-up of cranial computed tomography or brain magnetic resonance image with contrast was obtained after 2 months (post-operatively) to assess the effectiveness of the procedure and to look for any residual or recurrent abscesses. Read More

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January 2021

Multidrug-resistant novel brain abscess in sarcoidosis.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Apr 19;14(4). Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Central nervous system nocardiosis is a rare, life-threatening infection seen commonly in immunocompromised individuals. is a novel species seldom causing infections in humans. We describe a patient of sarcoidosis on immunosuppression, who presented with altered sensorium due to a frontal lobe abscess secondary to infection. Read More

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Aggressive progression of a facial super giant basal cell carcinoma.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Apr 15;14(4). Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Internal Medicine, Jackson Memorial Hospital, Miami, Florida, USA

Super giant basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is a rare oncological entity. A 52-year-old man with a history of a left upper facial lesion for 11 years was transferred to our facility seeking an evaluation. He frequented multiple hospitals where he was treated with antibiotics for this condition. Read More

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Clinical Presentation, Management, and Outcomes of Patients With Brain Abscess due to Species.

Open Forum Infect Dis 2021 Apr 7;8(4):ofab067. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Section of Infectious Diseases, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA.

Background: Nocardial brain abscesses are rare, and published literature describing brain abscesses due to species is limited to individual case reports or small series. We report one of the largest contemporary retrospective studies describing risk factors, diagnostic evaluation, management, and outcomes of nocardial brain abscess.

Methods: Retrospective review of all adults with brain abscess due to culture-confirmed species at our institution between January 1, 2009, and June 30, 2020. Read More

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-caused brain abscess - Case report.

J Dent Sci 2021 Mar 2;16(2):776-777. Epub 2021 Feb 2.

Department of Dentistry, Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, Hualien, Taiwan.

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Pediatric diabetic ketoacidosis presenting with brain abscess.

J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Pediatric Endocrinology, East Tennessee State University James H Quillen College of Medicine, Johnson City, Tennessee, USA.

Objectives: Report a novel case of new-onset type 1 diabetes in a pediatric patient presenting with DKA and concurrent brain abscess.

Case Presentation: The following case report is that of a previously healthy 12 year-old girl presenting with new-onset type 1 diabetes with mild diabetic ketoacidosis and subsequently found to have a brain abscess. Over the course of her hospital stay, she developed seizures and was found to have a 1. Read More

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Rhombencephalitis due to .

Authors:
Neha Paranjape

IDCases 2021 23;24:e01081. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Wellstar Infectious Disease, Marietta, GA, USA.

Brain stem encephalitis is an unusual form of CNS listeriosis that is associated with a high mortality. This is a case of a 46 year-old male with a history of dermatomyositis on methotrexate who presented with fever, headache, assymetrical cranial nerve palsy and right hemiparesis. MRI showed a ring-enhancing lesions in medulla oblongata. Read More

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Wearable Mixed-Reality Holographic Navigation Guiding the Management of Penetrating Intracranial Injury Caused by a Nail.

J Digit Imaging 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Neurosurgery, Chongqing Emergency Medical Center, Chongqing, China.

Penetrating brain injury caused by a nail is an extremely rare neurosurgical emergency that poses a challenge for neurosurgeons. Nail entering the brain from the orbit and lodging within the cranial cavity is even more unusual. A 53-year-old male was found unconscious at a construction site, and brain CT revealed not only the presence of a nail beneath the inner table of the parietal bone, but also traumatic intracerebral hematoma. Read More

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[Commitment of the central nervous system by Eikenella corrodens. Literature review about a clinical case].

Rev Chilena Infectol 2021 Feb;38(1):119-125

Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Chile.

We present the case of a 22-year-old patient with no morbid history who developed a brain abscess secondary to endocarditis due to Eikenella corrodens. The diagnosis was established by detecting the microorganism by universal polymerase chain reaction in fluid from the brain collection. Trans-esophageal echocardiogram study confirmed vegetations in the mitral valve. Read More

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February 2021

Unintentional direct intraventricular injection of gadolinium with fatal outcome: report of a case.

Radiol Case Rep 2021 May 21;16(5):1220-1226. Epub 2021 Mar 21.

Department of Neurosurgery, Trauma and Burns Center, Ben Arous, Tunisia.

Gadolinium diethylenetriamine penta-acetic acid (Gd-DTPA) is the main contrast agent used in MRI, known for its good tolerance and rare toxicity. Even intrathecal injection of limited doses of Gadolinium can be performed in some indications. To our knowledge, only 3cases of accidental intraventricular injection of Gadolinium have been yet reported in the literature. Read More

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Long-Term Outcome After Decompressive Craniectomy in a Developing Country.

Acta Neurochir Suppl 2021 ;131:87-90

B.R.A.I.N., Division of Neurology, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

Background: Decompressive craniectomy (DC) may reduce mortality but might increase the number of survivors in a vegetative state. In this study, we assessed the long-term functional outcome of patients undergoing DC in a middle-income country.

Methods: This was a prospective observational study of patients undergoing DC at a single tertiary hospital in southern Brazil between January 2015 and December 2018. Read More

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January 2021

A rare case of fatal cerebral phaeohyphomycosis caused by in an immunocompetent individual in India.

Curr Med Mycol 2020 Sep;6(3):69-72

Department of Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Science, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India.

Background And Purpose: Herein, we describe a rare case of fatal cerebral phaeohyphomycosis by in an immunocompetent individual without any underlying risk factors.

Case Report: A 55-year-old female presented with a short history of fever for 1 month, as well as headache, sudden onset of right-sided upper and lower limb weakness, and loss of speech for 10 days. Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging scan revealed large, peripherally enhancing, well-defined, cystic, space- occupying, axial lesion in the left parietal lobe with a mass effect. Read More

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September 2020

Cerebral phaeohyphomycosis due to in an immunocompetent patient: A case report and review of literature.

Curr Med Mycol 2020 Sep;6(3):65-68

Department of Medicine, Aga Khan University Hospital, Stadium Road, Karachi, Pakistan.

Background And Purpose: is a neurotropic fungus, which can cause devastating intracerebral infections with up to 100% fatality rate. It is difficult to isolate this fungus in laboratory as it grows slowly and requires diagnostic skills.

Case Report: A 42-year-old Pakistani man presented with headache, facial numbness, progressive upper limb weakness, and dysarthria. Read More

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September 2020

[Encephalopathy as the first manifestation: a case report of deep neck abscess in a child].

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2021 Apr;56(4):387-389

Department of Neurology, Capital Institute of Pediatrics Children's Hospital, Beijing 100020, China.

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Differentiation of Solitary Mass Lesion of Brain using MR Spectroscopy with Histopathological Correlation.

Mymensingh Med J 2021 Apr;30(2):420-425

Dr Md Mainul Ahsan, Associate Professor, Department of Radiology and Imaging, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh; E-mail:

Different types of solitary brain lesions and also tumefactive demyelinating lesions exhibit many features on CT and MRI that are characteristics of malignancy and surgical biopsy is often performed in suspected tumour. Proton MR Spectroscopy has been used to differentiate different type of these solitary brain lesions. Our purpose is to determine whether MR spectroscopy is able to improve preoperative diagnostic accuracy in case of intracranial solitary tumors. Read More

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Neonatal brain abscess development following fetal scalp electrode placement: a rare complication.

Childs Nerv Syst 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Neurosurgery, University Medical Center Utrecht, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, Lundlaan 6, 3584 EA, Utrecht, Netherlands.

A fetal scalp electrode (FSE) is a frequently used investigation during labor. However, it is an invasive procedure which can lead to complications. Our patient developed a very large brain abscess after initial superficial infection of the skin site due to an FSE. Read More

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The value of asphericity derived from T1-weighted MR in differentiating intraparenchymal ring-enhancing lesions-comparison of glioblastomas and brain abscesses.

Neurol Sci 2021 Apr 1. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Shanghai Key Laboratory of Molecular Imaging, Shanghai University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Shanghai, 201318, China.

Background: Both brain abscess(BA)and glioblastoma (GBM) are common causative pathologies of intraparenchymal ring-enhancing lesions. Advanced MR sequences such as diffusion weighted image (DWI) were often used to increase distinguishability of both entities.

Purpose: To evaluate the value of asphericity (ASP) from conventional T1-weighted MR images in differentiating BA from morphologically similar ring-enhancing GBM. Read More

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Risk factors and morbidity associated with surgical site infection subtypes following adult neurosurgical procedures.

Br J Neurosurg 2021 Mar 29:1-7. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Department of Neurosurgery, Michigan Medicine, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Objective: Studies on surgical site infection (SSI) in adult neurosurgery have presented all subtypes of SSIs as the general 'SSI'. Given that SSIs constitute a broad range of infections, we hypothesized that clinical outcomes and management vary based on SSI subtype.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of all neurosurgical SSI from 2012-2019 was conducted at a tertiary care institution. Read More

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A Clinical Case of 5 Times Irradiated Recurrent Orbital Hemangiopericytoma.

Case Rep Oncol 2021 Jan-Apr;14(1):78-84. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

National Medical Research Radiological Center, Moscow, Russian Federation.

Orbital hemangiopericytomas (HPCs) are rare mesenchymal tumors with a high tendency to recur. Treatment options are quite limited in case of a relapse, but re-irradiation can be useful. Most of the available data limit the possibility of re-irradiation, while novel techniques (e. Read More

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February 2021

Brain abscess due to Cutibacterium acnes in a patient with HIV infection.

Med Clin (Barc) 2021 Mar 25. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Servicio de Medicina Intensiva, Hospital Clínico Universitario Lozano Blesa, Zargoza, España.

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