39,350 results match your criteria Brachial Plexus Injury


Occlusion Outside the Norm: A Unique Case of the Pulseless, Well-Perfused Hand Following Closed Humeral Shaft Fracture.

Orthopedics 2018 Dec 11:1-3. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Transient arterial injury is a common complication encountered in the management of pediatric supracondylar humerus fractures, often presenting as a pulseless hand that appears well perfused, also known as the "pink, pulseless hand." Arterial injuries in pediatric humeral shaft fractures, on the other hand, are exceedingly rare, especially in closed fractures. The authors report a rare case of a humeral shaft fracture presenting as a pink, pulseless hand. Read More

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December 2018

Incidence, Characteristics, and Outcomes of Myocardial Infarction in Patients With Peripheral Artery Disease: Insights From the EUCLID Trial.

JAMA Cardiol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Stanford Center for Clinical Research, Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California.

Importance: Patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) are at high risk for myocardial infarction (MI).

Objective: To characterize the incidence and types of MI in a PAD population, identify factors associated with MI, and determine the association of MI with cardiovascular mortality and acute limb ischemia.

Design, Setting, And Participants: The Study Comparing Cardiovascular Effects of Ticagrelor and Clopidogrel in Patients With Peripheral Artery Disease (EUCLID) was a double-blind randomized clinical trial conducted at 811 sites in 28 countries that randomized 13 885 patients with symptomatic PAD to monotherapy with ticagrelor or clopidogrel. Read More

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December 2018

Immediate disappearance of large thrombus in left atrium without evidence of systemic embolization after heparin treatment.

J Cardiol Cases 2012 Jun 12;5(3):e160-e162. Epub 2012 Jan 12.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medicine, Kanazawa, Japan.

We report an unusual case with giant left atrial thrombus which disappeared soon after starting anticoagulation without evidence of further systemic embolism. A 75-year-old female with non-valvular atrial fibrillation suddenly complained of pain of her right arm and left leg. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed occlusion of right brachial and left popliteal arteries. Read More

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The case of successful catheter ablation using only the approach from the upper part of the subject's body, with meandering aorta and implanted IVC filter.

J Cardiol Cases 2011 Oct 19;4(2):e115-e120. Epub 2011 Aug 19.

Second Department of Internal Medicine, Kansai Medical University, Moriguchi City, Japan.

A 79-year-old female had paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia. However, she was implanted with an inferior vena cava filter and her descending aorta had significant meandering. It was thought that the insertion of the catheters would be difficult from the femoral vessels. Read More

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October 2011

Distal radial access for coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention: A state-of-the-art review.

Authors:
Thierry Corcos

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Cardiology, American Hospital of Paris and Hôpital Foch, Suresnes, France.

Since its introduction by Lucien Campeau three decades ago, percutaneous radial artery approach at the forearm has been shown to provide advantages over the femoral approach and has become the standard approach for coronary angiography and intervention. Though infrequent, vascular complications still remain, mainly radial artery occlusion. Therefore, a more distal radial approach at the snuffbox or at the dorsum of hand has been suggested, initially by anethesiologists for perioperative patient monitoring, and more recently by Babunashvili et al. Read More

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December 2018

Adenosine plasma level in patients with paroxysmal or persistent atrial fibrillation and normal heart during ablation procedure and/or cardioversion.

Purinergic Signal 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Cardiology, Timone University Hospital, 13005, Marseille, France.

The mechanism of atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with normal heart remains unclear. While exogenous adenosine can trigger AF, nothing is known about the behavior of endogenous adenosine plasma level (APL) at the onset of AF and during ablation procedure. Ninety-one patients (68 with paroxysmal AF: 40 males, 66 ± 16 years; 23 with persistent AF: 14 males, 69 ± 11 years) and 18 controls were included. Read More

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December 2018

The relationship between aerobic fitness and low-flow-mediated constriction in older adults.

Eur J Appl Physiol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Autonomic Cardiovascular Control and Exercise Laboratory, School of Health and Human Performance, Division of Kinesiology, Faculty of Health, Dalhousie University, 6230 South Street, Halifax, NS, B3H 4R2, Canada.

Purpose: Aerobic fitness is directly related to favorable vasodilatory (i.e., flow-mediated dilation; FMD) and vasoconstrictor functions (i. Read More

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December 2018

Histopathological changes in major amputations due to diabetic foot - a review.

Rom J Morphol Embryol 2018 ;59(3):699-702

Discipline of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania;

Diabetes mellitus is the leading cause of non-traumatic amputations worldwide. Ulcer of the diabetic foot is one of the most prevalent lesions of diabetic patients and it occurs in the natural evolution of the disease as a tardive complication. Neuropathy is the main determinant of foot ulcer. Read More

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January 2018

REHABILITATION OF CHRONIC BRACHIAL PLEXUS NEUROPRAXIA AND LOSS OF CERVICAL EXTENSION IN A HIGH SCHOOL FOOTBALL PLAYER: A CASE REPORT.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2018 Dec;13(6):1061-1072

Praxis Physical Therapy & Human Performance, Vernon Hills, IL, USA.

Background And Purpose: Brachial plexus neuropraxia (BPN), or "burners" and "stingers", affect 50-65% of football players, with a high rate of recurrence and the potential, in rare cases, for catastrophic injury. Existing literature on rehabilitation of these athletes is limited. The purpose of this case report is to describe the successful and comprehensive rehabilitation of a subject with recurrent brachial plexus neuropraxia using range of motion exercises, cervical and periscapular strengthening, stabilization exercises, and activity modification. Read More

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December 2018

The Interaction Effect between Blood Stasis Constitution and Atherosclerotic Factors on Cognitive Impairment in Elderly People.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2018 11;2018:8914090. Epub 2018 Nov 11.

College of Integrative Medicine, Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Fuzhou 350122, China.

Objective: Blood stasis (BS) constitution represents a tendency to stagnation and positively associates with the severity of atherosclerosis. In this study, we have identified the interaction effect between BS constitution and atherosclerosis on cognitive impairment in the elderly people.

Methods: Eligible elderly people ≥65 years old who attended physical examination in the Mawei community of Fuzhou city during 2015 were enrolled in this study. Read More

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November 2018

Clinical Anatomy for the Innervated Pattern and Boundary of the Subdeltoid Bursa.

Biomed Res Int 2018 6;2018:4535031. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

The aim of this study was to accurately identify the distribution of sensory nerve branches running to bursa with mesoscopic dissection and boundaries following the injection of gelatin into the bursa. Eighteen shoulders of 11 Korean soft cadavers (average age, 65 years; age range, 43 - 88 years) were dissected. The most prominent point of greater tubercle of the humerus (GT) was used as a reference point. Read More

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November 2018

Sex-specific association between serum immunoglobulin-M and brachial ankle pulse wave velocity in a Chinese population: Danyang Study.

Hypertens Res 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Institute of Hypertension, Jiangsu Province Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, The Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China.

Emerging evidence supports a causal role for the immunoglobulin-M (IgM) as a protector of atherosclerosis. Since arterial stiffness is an index of subclinical atherosclerosis, we propose that IgM may play an important role in arterial stiffness. As the level of IgM differs between sexes, we investigate the sex-specific association of serum IgM with arterial stiffness in a Chinese population. Read More

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December 2018

Multiscale mathematical modeling vs. the generalized transfer function approach for aortic pressure estimation: a comparison with invasive data.

Hypertens Res 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Internal and Hypertension Division, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.

We aimed to evaluate the performance of a mathematical model and currently available non-invasive techniques (generalized transfer function (GTF) method and brachial pressure) in the estimation of aortic pressure. We also aimed to investigate error dependence on brachial pressure errors, aorta-to-brachial pressure changes and demographic/clinical conditions. Sixty-two patients referred for invasive hemodynamic evaluation were consecutively recruited. Read More

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December 2018

[Objective assessment of the degree of ischaemia and efficacy of treatment in chronic arterial insufficiency of lower limbs].

Angiol Sosud Khir 2018 ;24(4):177-182

First Department of Surgery, Russian Medical Academy of Continuing Professional Education under the RF Ministry of Public Health, Moscow, Russia.

Presented in the review is the data concerning contemporary criteria for assessing the degree of chronic lower limb ischaemia and quality of the treatment performed. Problems regarding objectivization of the degree of an ischaemic lesion of an extremity and assessment of quality of conservative treatment still remain unresolved. Currently, in the world practice along with instrumental methods (assessment of the ankle-brachial index) subjective criteria are mainly employed: assessment of pain-free walking distance or maximum distance walked. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

[Long-term outcomes of spinal neurostimulation in patients with critical lower limb ischemia].

Khirurgiia (Mosk) 2018 (10):27-33

Meshalkin National Medical Research Center of Healthcare Ministry of Russia, Novosibirsk, Russia.

Aim: To evaluate long-term outcomes of spinal neurostimulation (SNS) in patients with critical lower limb ischemia (CLI).

Material And Methods: Long-term outcomes of SNS were assessed in 52 CLI patients. Changes of clinical status were considered by using of Rutherford R. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

Impact of Acute Dietary Nitrate Supplementation during Exercise in Hypertensive Women.

Med Sci Sports Exerc 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Kinesiology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS.

Introduction: the aim of the current investigation was to examine if dietary nitrate supplementation would improve vascular control in hypertensive post-menopausal women (PMW). We tested the hypotheses that acute dietary nitrate supplementation would 1) significantly decrease arterial blood pressure (BP) at rest and during exercise; 2) increase limb blood flow during steady-state exercise; and 3) improve functional sympatholysis during steady-state (SS) exercise.

Methods: ten hypertensive PMW underwent a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial with a nitrate-rich (NR) or nitrate poor (NP) supplement. Read More

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December 2018

Melatonin combined with chondroitin sulfate ABC promotes nerve regeneration after root-avulsion brachial plexus injury.

Neural Regen Res 2019 Feb;14(2):328-338

Department of Hand Surgery, the Second Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin Province, China.

After nerve-root avulsion injury of the brachial plexus, oxidative damage, inflammatory reaction, and glial scar formation can affect nerve regeneration and functional recovery. Melatonin (MT) has been shown to have good anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and neuroprotective effects. Chondroitin sulfate ABC (ChABC) has been shown to metabolize chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans and can reduce colloidal scar formation. Read More

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February 2019

The impact of acute mental stress on brachial artery flow-mediated dilation in women diagnosed with depression.

Int J Psychophysiol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, 28 Division Street, Queen's University, Kingston K7L 3N6, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Endothelial function, assessed by flow-mediated dilation (FMD), may be transiently attenuated in healthy adults following acute mental stress. However, the impact of acute mental stress on endothelial function in the context of clinical depression is unknown. This study examined the impact of acute mental stress on FMD in women with a diagnosis of a depressive disorder. Read More

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December 2018

Outcomes of basilic vein transposition versus polytetrafluoroethylene forearm loop graft as tertiary vascular access.

J Vasc Surg 2018 Oct 24. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Background: Radial-cephalic arteriovenous fistula and brachial-cephalic arteriovenous fistula are the first and second choices for creating vascular access in dialysis patients as recommended by the National Kidney Foundation Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative. Basilic vein transposition or use of a forearm (polytetrafluoroethylene [PTFE]) loop graft is recommended thereafter. The aim of this study was twofold: first, to compare the outcomes and patency rates of patients treated with a basilic vein transposition with those of patients treated with a PTFE loop; and second, to identify patient-related factors of influence on patency rates. Read More

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October 2018

Haemodynamic differences amongst women who were screened for gestational diabetes in comparison to healthy controls.

Pregnancy Hypertens 2018 Oct 27;14:23-28. Epub 2018 Jul 27.

Consultant/Honorary Senior Lecturer in Maternal and Fetal Medicine, University of Leicester, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Aim: To assess the changes in haemodynamics amongst pregnant women who were screened for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in comparison to low-risk healthy pregnant controls.

Methodology: A total of 120 pregnant women of mean (standard deviation) age 31.03 (5. Read More

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October 2018

Can early detection prevent venous leg ulceration?

Authors:
Michelle Porter

Br J Community Nurs 2018 Dec;23(Sup12):S14-S17

Senior Tissue Viability Clinical Nurse Specialist, Lincolnshire Community Health Services NHS Trust.

Venous leg ulceration is the most common form of leg ulceration, affecting 1.5% of the UK adult population. This was reviewed within the latest best practice statement (2016) which set out to create clear guidance on the assessment, management and preventing the reoccurrence of venous leg ulceration. Read More

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December 2018

Brachial and uterine arteries Doppler in healthy women and with preeclampsia

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2018 11 30;56(4):360-363. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Hospital de Gineco Obstetricia No. 4 "Luis Castelazo Ayala", División de Investigación en Salud. Ciudad de México, México

Objective: To compare the Doppler ultrasound parameters of the uterine and brachial arteries, between healthy pregnant women and pregnant women with preeclampsia.

Methods: 102 pregnant women were studied in the third trimester, group I 83 healthy women and group II 19 patients with severe preeclampsia. All of them underwent Doppler ultrasound of the uterine arteries, measuring the pulsatility index (PI) and determining the presence of proto-diastolic notch. Read More

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November 2018

Impact of decreased insulin resistance by ezetimibe on postprandial lipid profiles and endothelial functions in obese, non-diabetic-metabolic syndrome patients with coronary artery disease.

Heart Vessels 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Cardiology, Iwate Prefectural Central Hospital, 1-4-1 Ueda, Morioka, 020-0066, Japan.

The association between insulin resistance and lipid dysmetabolism after consuming a meal is unclear. We aimed at assessing the effects of ezetimibe on postprandial hyperlipidemia and hyperinsulinemia and to find out whether the medication improves endothelial function in obese metabolic syndrome (MetS) patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). We obtained oral fat loading test results (4 and 6 h after load) and brachial flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) measurements before and 24 weeks after ezetimibe treatment initiation from 27 MetS patients with CAD and from 68 control patients with CAD alone. Read More

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December 2018

Catheter-Directed Fenestration for Branch Vessel Reconnection in Aortic Dissection Using a Novel Diamond-Tipped Chronic Total Occlusion Drilling Device: A Technical Report.

Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Interventional Radiology Service - Department of Radiology, Austin Hospital, Heidelberg, Melbourne, VIC, 3084, Australia.

Purpose: Aortic dissection is a complex condition with high morbidity and mortality. Endovascular treatments including percutaneous fenestration can be used to manage branch vessel ischaemia or risk of aortic rupture. A variety of techniques for aortic fenestration have been described. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Delayed presentation of complete arterial transection treated with interposition graft: A case report.

Trauma Case Rep 2018 Dec 24;18:24-27. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Department of Surgery, University of Colorado, Denver, United States of America.

Introduction: Traumatic arterial injuries have a high degree of morbidity if left untreated. Frequently, arterial injuries are found soon after injury due to either subjective complaints or objective findings. Opportunity for delayed repair of vascular injury is a rare event as irreversible ischemia occurs at such early time points. Read More

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December 2018

Shoulder dystocia: incidence, mechanisms, and management strategies.

Int J Womens Health 2018 9;10:723-732. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada,

Shoulder dystocia can lead to death or brain damage for the baby. Traction on the head can damage the brachial plexus. The diagnosis should be made when the mother cannot push the shoulders out with her own efforts with the next contraction after delivery of the head. Read More

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November 2018

Associations Between Plasma Betatrophin Levels and Coronary and Peripheral Artery Disease.

J Atheroscler Thromb 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Cardiology, National Hospital Organization Tokyo Medical Center.

Aim: Betatrophin, a recently identified circulating adipokine, affects lipid and glucose metabolism. However, association between plasma betatrophin levels and atherosclerotic diseases, such as coronary artery disease (CAD) and peripheral artery disease (PAD), has not been elucidated.

Methods: We investigated plasma betatrophin levels in 457 patients undergoing elective coronary angiography who also had ankle-brachial index (ABI) test for PAD screening. Read More

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December 2018

Sex Differences in Aortic Hemodynamics Following Acute Exercise: Wave Separation Analysis.

Int J Sports Med 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Kinesiology, Nutrition, and Rehabilitation, University of Illinois Chicago, Chicago, United States.

The importance of sex differences in the control of blood pressure responses to exercise is controversial. It is unknown whether the potential sex differences are a result of magnitude differences in forward or reflected pressure waves. The purpose of this study was to investigate sex differences in BP following acute exercise using wave separation analysis. Read More

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December 2018

Women's Reproductive History and Pre-Clinical Peripheral Arterial Disease in Late Life: The San Diego Population Study.

J Womens Health (Larchmt) 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

5 Premier Applied Sciences, Premier, Inc., Charlotte, North Carolina.

Objective: Reproductive events have been linked with increased cardiovascular risk in women, but whether they are associated with pre-clinical peripheral arterial disease (PAD) has been understudied. We evaluated associations between reproductive factors and later-life ankle-brachial index (ABI), femoral artery intima-media thickness (fIMT), and femoral plaques.

Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of 707 multiethnic women who participated in a follow-up exam of the San Diego Population Study in 2007-2011. Read More

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December 2018

Hypertension and high ankle brachial index: the overlooked combination.

J Hypertens 2019 Jan;37(1):92-98

Vascular Health Research Group of Girona (ISV-Girona). Institut Universitari d'Investigació en Atenció Primària Jordi Gol (IDIAP Jordi Gol), Girona.

Objective: Assessment of asymptomatic organ damage in the management of hypertension includes low (<0.9) ankle brachial index (ABI) values. No recommendations are given for patients with high ABI (≥1. Read More

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January 2019

Tefillin use induces remote ischemic preconditioning pathways in healthy men.

Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2018 Dec 14;315(6):H1748-H1758. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

Division of Cardiovascular Health and Disease, Department of Medicine, University of Cincinnati , Cincinnati, Ohio.

The present study assessed whether tefillin use (tight, nonocclusive, wrapping of the arm) elicits a remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC)-like effect in subjects with both acute and chronic use. RIPC, created by short bursts of ischemia-reperfusion, has not been successfully taken to the bedside. Several large population studies have found that Orthodox Jewish men (who wear tefillin almost daily) have decreased cardiovascular mortality compared with non-Orthodox counterparts. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Is There an Association of Vascular Disease and Atherosclerosis in Children and Adolescents With Obesity and Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease?

Authors:
Sara Karjoo

Front Pediatr 2018 16;6:345. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins Medicine, All Children's Hospital, St. Petersburg, FL, United States.

Carotid intima media thickness (cIMT) and brachial flow-mediated dilation (FMD) evaluated by ultrasound are non-invasive markers of atherosclerosis. Increased cIMT in adults has been correlated to early vascular damage. Several studies show similar correlations of elevated cIMT in children with obesity, hyperlipidemia, and metabolic syndrome. Read More

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November 2018

Simultaneously surgical management of adult complex coarctation of aorta concomitant with intracardiac abnormality.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Oct;10(10):5842-5849

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, China.

Background: To explore surgical management of complex coarctation of aorta (COA) concomitant with intracardiac abnormality, in order to provide recommendations for safe and reliable treatment.

Methods: Totally, six adult cases demonstrating complex COA concomitant with intracardiac abnormality were reviewed from our department between May 2012 and June 2017. Four patients were male and two patients were female, the age range being 43. Read More

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October 2018

Birth palsy in congenital varicella syndrome: A lesson in anatomy.

Indian J Plast Surg 2018 May-Aug;51(2):238-242

Department of Plastic Surgery, Hand and Microsurgery, Ganga Medical Centre and Hospitals, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.

While brachial plexus palsy sustained due to birth trauma is well known, congenital palsies are decidedly rare. We report such a case caused by congenital varicella syndrome, with associated congenital Horner's syndrome and heterochromia iridis. The surprising juxtaposition of a classic upper plexus palsy and a Horner's syndrome raises points of interest. Read More

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December 2018

Correlation of compound muscle action potential generated by donor nerves with the recovery of elbow flexion in Oberlin transfer in brachial plexus injury.

Indian J Plast Surg 2018 May-Aug;51(2):137-144

Department of Plastic Surgery, Bombay Hospital and Institute of Medical Sciences, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Objective: To study the correlation of compound muscle action potential of donor nerves with the recovery of elbow flexion in Oberlin transfer in brachial plexus injury.

Introduction: Distal nerve transfer using motor fascicle of ulnar or median nerve to restore elbow flexion is a part of reconstructive surgery after upper brachial plexus injury, first described by Oberlin . However, one of the most critical influences on functional outcome is number of functioning motor axons in donor fascicle which is reflected by its compound muscle action potential. Read More

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December 2018

Brachioradialis to flexor digitorum profundus tendon transfer to restore finger flexion.

Indian J Plast Surg 2018 May-Aug;51(2):123-130

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Nizams Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Introduction: The main deformity following an adult lower brachial plexus injury is the loss of finger flexion. Distal nerve transfers have been used to restore finger and thumb flexion followed by tendon transfers for intrinsic replacement for opening of the fingers. When patients present beyond 6 months, only tendon transfers are applicable. Read More

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December 2018

Probability of At Least One High Arterial Blood Pressure Measurement in Elderly Patients with Healthy Vascular Aging in Two Years of Follow-Up.

Kidney Blood Press Res 2018 Nov 30;43(6):1765-1771. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Background/aims: Elderly patients with normal systemic arterial blood pressure associated with femoral carotid pulse velocity (cf-PWV) less than 7.6 m/s and without associated comorbidities are considered to have good vascular health. The aim of the current study was to verify the probability that elderly patients with good vascular health have at least one blood pressure measurement above the different thresholds for systolic blood pressure (120, 130 and 140 mmHg) during two years of follow-up. Read More

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November 2018

Immune-mediated neurological manifestations of dengue virus- a study of clinico-investigational variability, predictors of neuraxial involvement, and outcome with the role of immunomodulation.

Neurol India 2018 Nov-Dec;66(6):1634-1643

Department of Neurology, Government Medical College Kota, Rajasthan, India.

Introduction: Our aim was to study dengue-related immune-mediated neurological complications (IMNC) during the recent epidemic.

Materials And Methods: This was a cross-sectional observational study of 79 IMNC cases from 1627 laboratory confirmed dengue cases from January 2015 to January 2016 and their follow-up for 3 months. According to the World Health Organization, cases were categorized into those having dengue fever (DF), and those having a severe syndrome that includes dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) and dengue shock syndrome (DSS). Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Low bone mineral density is associated with an elevated risk of developing increased arterial stiffness: A 10-year follow-up of Japanese women from the Japanese Population-based Osteoporosis (JPOS) cohort study.

Maturitas 2019 Jan 11;119:39-45. Epub 2018 Nov 11.

Department of Public Health, Kindai University Faculty of Medicine, 377-2 Oonohigashi, Osaka-Sayama, Osaka, 589-8511, Japan. Electronic address:

Objective: Only a few longitudinal studies have assessed the relationship between bone mineral density (BMD) and arteriosclerosis. This study aimed to determine whether low BMD at baseline is associated with the development of increased arterial stiffness, as evaluated by brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), in Japanese women.

Methods: A baPWV value of ≥1800 cm/s was adopted as the criterion for increased arterial stiffness, i. Read More

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January 2019

Trends and Cost Analysis of Upper-Extremity Nerve Injury Using the National Inpatient Sample.

World Neurosurg 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Neurosurgery, Clinical Neurosciences Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah. Electronic address:

Background: Epidemiology in upper-extremity peripheral nerve injury (PNI) has not been comprehensively evaluated. The treatments and healthcare costs of PNI have not been examined.

Objective: To calculate an updated incidence of upper-extremity PNIs in the U. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

The Anterior Approach for Transfer of Radial Nerve Triceps Fascicles to the Axillary Nerve.

J Hand Surg Am 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA.

Nerve transfers are an increasingly popular method for surgical treatment of nerve injuries. One of the most popular of these is the transfer of radial nerve triceps fascicles to the axillary nerve. The most common approach for this transfer is the posterior approach, which gives excellent access to both nerves but is not easy to combine with other nerve transfers. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

A Comparison Between Two Collagen Nerve Conduits and Nerve Autograft: A Rat Model of Motor Nerve Regeneration.

J Hand Surg Am 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Center for Brachial Plexus and Traumatic Nerve Injury, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY; Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY. Electronic address:

Purpose: To compare recovery in a rat model of sciatic nerve injury using a novel polyglycolic acid (PGA) conduit, which contains collagen fibers within the tube, as compared with both a hollow collagen conduit and nerve autograft. We hypothesize that a conduit with a scaffold will provide improved nerve regeneration over hollow conduits and demonstrate no significant differences when compared with autograft.

Methods: A total of 72 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into 3 experimental groups, in which a unilateral 10-mm sciatic defect was repaired using either nerve autograft, a hollow collagen conduit, or a PGA collagen-filled conduit. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Relationship between fitness and arterial stiffness according to hypertensive state.

Clin Exp Hypertens 2018 Nov 30:1-6. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

a Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine , Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Prevention & Rehabilitation Center, Heart Vascular & Stroke Institute, Samsung Medical Center , Seoul , Republic of Korea.

Background: There is a well-established relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and arterial stiffness. However, it is unclear whether this relationship differs significantly between hypertensive and non-hypertensive patients.

Methods: Adults without a history of ischemic heart disease or stroke and normal exercise test results who underwent health screening were included. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Adductor Pollicis Muscle Thickness for nutritional assessment: a systematic review.

Rev Bras Enferm 2018 Nov-Dec;71(6):3093-3102

Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora. Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Objective: The aim of this study is to systematically review the scientific findings about the efficacy of the measure of the Adductor Pollicis Muscle Thickness for nutritional assessment of individuals in various clinical conditions.

Method: Systematic review study performed according to the methodology Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA).

Results: 13 original articles published between 2004 and 2016 were included. Read More

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January 2018
3 Reads

Ultrasound Imaging of the Brachial Plexus and Nerves About the Neck.

Authors:
O Kenechi Nwawka

Ultrasound Q 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Radiology and Imaging, Hospital for Special Surgery; and Weill Cornell Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY.

This review describes techniques for sonographic evaluation of the brachial plexus and multiple regional nerve branches in the neck, essential for successful implementation of neurosonology in the neck. High-frequency ultrasound transducers have the ability to produce superior, high-resolution images, allowing for superb depiction of nerve fascicular anatomy. Sonographic appearances of normal nerve anatomy and nerve-specific pathology are reviewed. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

[Removal of a catheter kinked in the radial artery by anchoring the distal part of the catheter with a needle via transcutaneous approach].

Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars 2018 12;46(8):710-713

VM Medicalpark Kocaeli Hastanesi, Kardiyoloji Kliniği, Kocaeli.

Presently described is a case with a twisted catheter in the radial artery during coronary angiography and was removed after stretching it with an external needle tip inserted into the brachial artery. A 77-year-old male patient had undergone coronary artery bypass surgery 10 years earlier and implantation of a permanent pacemaker 2 years prior. He had presented with typical angina and a regional wall motion defect had been observed on echocardiography. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Renal Resistive Index Predicts Post-Bariatric Surgery Renal Outcome in Nondiabetic Individuals with Severe Obesity.

Obesity (Silver Spring) 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Italy.

Objective: Bariatric surgery may ameliorate renal function through vascular mechanisms. This study tested surgery's ability to improve measured glomerular filtration rate (mGFR) and identified clinical, renal, and systemic vascular predictors of such improvement.

Methods: Twenty-five nondiabetic subjects with severe obesity were studied before and 1 year after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, evaluating mGFR and renal plasma flow, basal renal resistive index (RI) and dynamic renal RI, renal visceral fat, and systemic vascular parameters, including flow-mediated dilation, aortic pulse wave velocity, and carotid intima media thickness and stiffness. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read