10,991 results match your criteria Brachial Plexus Injury


Induction of Labor at 39 Weeks of Gestation vs. Expectant Management for Low-Risk Nulliparous Women: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Oregon Health & Science University, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Portland, OR.

Background: A large, recent multicenter trial found that induction of labor at 39 weeks for low-risk nulliparous women was not associated with an increased risk of cesarean delivery or adverse neonatal outcomes.

Objective: We sought to examine the cost-effectiveness and outcomes associated with induction of labor at 39 weeks versus expectant management for low-risk nulliparous women in the United States.

Study Design: A cost-effectiveness model using TreeAge software was designed to compare outcomes in women who were induced at 39 weeks versus expectantly managed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2019.02.017DOI Listing
February 2019

Effect of lentiviral vector-mediated overexpression of hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha delivered by pluronic F-127 hydrogel on brachial plexus avulsion in rats.

Neural Regen Res 2019 Jun;14(6):1069-1078

Institute of Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine, Department of Physiology, Guangdong Medical University, Dongguan, Guangdong Province, China.

Brachial plexus avulsion often results in massive motor neuron death and severe functional deficits of target muscles. However, no satisfactory treatment is currently available. Hypoxia-inducible factor 1α is a critical molecule targeting several genes associated with ischemia-hypoxia damage and angiogenesis. Read More

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http://www.nrronline.org/text.asp?2019/14/6/1069/250629
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1673-5374.250629DOI Listing
June 2019
6 Reads

Elbow flexion reconstruction with nerve transfer or grafting in patients with brachial plexus injuries: A systematic review and comparison study.

Microsurgery 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Division of Hand Surgery, Hacettepe University, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Introduction: Posttraumatic brachial plexus (BP) palsy was used to be treated by reconstruction with nerve grafts. For the last two decades, nerve transfers have gained popularity and believed to be more effective than nerve grafting. The aim of this systematic review was to compare elbow flexion restoration with nerve transfers or nerve grafting after traumatic BP injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/micr.30440DOI Listing
February 2019

Reinnervation of Extrinsic Finger Flexors and Brachioradialis 22 and 36 Months Following Traumatic Pan-Brachial Plexopathy: A Case Report.

J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol 2019 Mar;24(1):118-122

1 Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Ottawa, Faculty of Medicine, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

A 25-year-old man sustained a right-sided brachial plexus injury from a high-velocity motocross accident. Physical examination and electromyography were consistent with a pan-brachial plexopathy with no evidence of axonal continuity. The patient underwent a spinal accessory to suprascapular nerve transfer and an intercostal to musculocutaneous nerve transfer with interpositional sural nerve grafts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S2424835519720081DOI Listing

Weakness of contralateral upper limb after interscalene block - A case report.

Indian J Anaesth 2019 Jan;63(1):55-57

Department of Anaesthesia and Pain Relief Service, Tata Motors Hospital, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India.

We have reported a case of right upper limb injury of shoulder and elbow who was managed with ultrasound-guided interscalene block during surgery and indwelling catheter for postoperative analgesia. He developed weakness in the contralateral upper limb in the postoperative period due to inadvertent spread of local anaesthetic in the cervical epidural space. No serious complication occurred due to timely intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ija.IJA_554_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341887PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Risk factors for complications and adverse outcomes in polytrauma patients with associated upper extremity injuries.

Patient Saf Surg 2019 4;13. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

1Department of Trauma, Universitaetsspital, University of Zurich, Raemistr.100, 8091 Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: In terms of upper extremity fractures by patients with multiple injuires, a lot of studies have assessed the functional outcome following trauma to have less favorable outcomes in regards to functional recovery. We tested the hypothesis that differences in clinical outcome occur between shaft and articular injuries of the upper extremity, when patients that sustained neurologic deficits (e.g. Read More

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https://pssjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13037
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13037-019-0187-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360674PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Cerebral F-FDG metabolism alteration in a neuropathic pain model following brachial plexus avulsion: a PET/CT study in rats.

Brain Res 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

School of Rehabilitation Science, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China; Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Yueyang Hospital, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

The present study aimed to investigate cerebral metabolic changes in a neuropathic pain model following deafferentation. A total of 24 Sprague-Dawley rats were included for modeling of right brachial plexus avulsion (BPA) through the posterior approach. As nerve injury would cause central sensitization and facilitate pain sensitivity in other parts of the body, thermal withdrawal latency (TWL) of the intact forepaw was assessed to investigate the level of pain perception following BPA-induced neuropathic pain. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00068993193007
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2019.02.005DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Adjunctive Dorsal Scapular Nerve Transfer to Suprascapular Nerve for Brachial Plexus Birth Injuries: Case Series.

J Hand Surg Am 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Division of Plastic Surgery, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Purpose: Brachial plexus birth injury (BPBI) may result in permanent functional deficits. Brachial plexus birth injury involving the suprascapular nerve (SSN) is conventionally treated using accessory nerve transfer or excision and nerve grafting. This study analyzed shoulder function in patients with BPBI undergoing dorsal scapular nerve (DSN) to SSN transfer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhsa.2018.12.008DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Surgical treatment of postburn heterotopic ossification around the elbow: Three case reports.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Feb;98(6):e14403

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, MacKay Memorial Hospital, No. 92, Sec. 2, Zhongshan N. Rd., Taipei City, Taiwan, ROC.

Rationale: Heterotopic ossification (HO), which is defined as the formation of new bone in tissues that do not normally ossify, is an infrequent yet debilitating complication of burns. Herein, we report three patients who suffered from elbow HO after burn injury due to a dust explosion event. This is a case report that includes the most cases involved in a single mass casualty incident in the presented literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014403DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The Localization Research of Brain Plasticity Changes after Brachial Plexus Pain: Sensory Regions or Cognitive Regions?

Neural Plast 2019 8;2019:7381609. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

School of Rehabilitation Science, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Objective: Neuropathic pain after brachial plexus injury remains an increasingly prevalent and intractable disease due to inadequacy of satisfactory treatment strategies. A detailed mapping of cortical regions concerning the brain plasticity was the first step of therapeutic intervention. However, the specific mapping research of brachial plexus pain was limited. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/np/2019/7381609/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/7381609DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341257PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Systematic review on outcome of free functioning muscle transfers for elbow flexion in brachial plexus injuries.

J Hand Surg Eur Vol 2019 Feb 5:1753193419825527. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore.

Elbow flexion is widely regarded as the most important function to restore in brachial plexus injuries. Free functioning muscle transfer surgery is indicated in patients with delayed presentation or failure of other primary procedures. Results of the transfer surgeries have been reported in the form of case series, but no further studies are available. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1753193419825527DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Adult Traumatic Brachial Plexus Injuries.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

From the Mayo Clinic, Phoenix, AZ (Dr. Noland), and the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (Dr. Bishop, Dr. Spinner, and Dr. Shin).

Adult traumatic brachial plexus injuries are devastating life-altering injuries occurring with increasing frequency. Evaluation includes a detailed physical examination and radiologic and electrodiagnostic studies. Critical concepts in surgical management include knowledge of injury patterns, timing of surgery, prioritization in restoration of function, and management of patient expectations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5435/JAAOS-D-18-00433DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Bilateral brachial plexus injury after MiraDry® procedure for axillary hyperhidrosis: a case report.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery. Electronic address:

Multiple treatments are available for primary axillary hyperhidrosis, including non-invasive, microwave based thermal treatments designed to destroy sweat glands in the axilla. Often these procedures involve local anesthetic injection to the axilla, followed by placement of the microwave emitter onto the skin and applying the heat treatment to varying depths of the subcutaneous tissues. CASE REPORT: A 49-year old, thin and active woman (BMI 19. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.01.093DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Coronary artery spasm induced by carotid sinus stimulation during arthroscopic shoulder surgery: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Feb;98(5):e14352

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Soonchunhyang University, Seoul Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Rationale: Variant angina is characterized by coronary artery spasm irrespective of the presence of fixed stenotic coronary lesions. Perioperative coronary artery spasm may be induced by the supersensitivity of vascular smooth muscle cells caused by various stimuli, including stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system.

Patient Concerns: A 57-year-old male patient was undergoing arthroscopic rotator cuff repair under combined interscalene brachial plexus block and general anesthesia in the lateral decubitus position. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00005792-201902010-0007
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014352DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads

Nerve transfers for peripheral nerve injury in the upper limb.

Bone Joint J 2019 Feb;101-B(2):124-131

Division of Hand Surgery, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Richmond, Virginia, USA.

Nerve transfer has become a common and often effective reconstructive strategy for proximal and complex peripheral nerve injuries of the upper limb. This case-based discussion explores the principles and potential benefits of nerve transfer surgery and offers in-depth discussion of several established and valuable techniques including: motor transfer for elbow flexion after musculocutaneous nerve injury, deltoid reanimation for axillary nerve palsy, intrinsic re-innervation following proximal ulnar nerve repair, and critical sensory recovery despite non-reconstructable median nerve lesions. Read More

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https://online.boneandjoint.org.uk/doi/10.1302/0301-620X.101
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1302/0301-620X.101B2.BJJ-2018-0839.R1DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Anal sphincter injury associated with shoulder dystocia.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2019 Jan 29:1-5. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

a Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology , Our Lady of Lourdes Hospital , Drogheda , Ireland.

Objective: Shoulder dystocia is an obstetric emergency, occurring in 0.2-3% of vaginal deliveries. Research has mainly focused on the neonatal morbidity arising from shoulder dystocia, such as brachial plexus injury and hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14767058.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2019.1569617DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Ultrasound Guidance Enhances the Efficiency of Brachial Plexus Block and Ameliorates the Vascular Injury Compared with Nerve Stimulator Guidance in Hand Surgery Patients.

J Invest Surg 2019 Jan 28:1-6. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

c Medical Imaging Department of Mudanjiang Medical University , Mudanjiang , Heilongjiang Province , China.

Background: Nerve stimulation guidance and ultrasound guidance are two major methods that have been widely accepted and applied in axillary brachial plexus block. However, the differences between the effects of these two types of guidance still need to be further elucidated for clinical usage.

Materials And Methods: Overall, 208 patients undergoing elective upper limb surgeries and receiving axillary brachial plexus block were recruited in our study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08941939.2018.1539792DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Injection-related iatrogenic peripheral nerve injuries: Surgical experience of 354 operated cases.

Neurol India 2019 Jan-Feb;67(Supplement):S82-S91

Department of Neurosurgery, PD Hinduja Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Objective: A retrospective analysis of surgically treated 354 cases of injection-related iatrogenic peripheral nerve injuries was performed. The purpose of this clinical study was to present our experience in the management of various types of injection-related peripheral nerve injuries and discuss various issues that are associated with this subset of peripheral nerve injuries.

Methods: Over a 17-year period, 354 cases of injection-related iatrogenic peripheral nerve injuries were managed surgically at the Department of Neurosurgery at P. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0028-3886.250703DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Functional outcome of spinal accessory nerve transfer to the suprascapular nerve to restore shoulder function: Results in upper and complete traumatic brachial plexus palsy in adults.

Neurol India 2019 Jan-Feb;67(Supplement):S77-S81

Clinical Neurophysiology, Department of Neurology, University of São Paulo Medical School, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Background: Shoulder stability, abduction and external rotation are vital for the performance of usual daily tasks.

Aims: To compare the functional outcomes in the shoulder following spinal accessory to suprascapular nerve transfer (SASNT).

Patients And Methods: Comparison of the outcome of adult patients with upper traumatic brachial plexus palsy undergoing SASNT with patients with complete palsy submitted to the same procedure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0028-3886.250708DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

Treatment of neuropathic pain after peripheral nerve and brachial plexus traumatic injury.

Neurol India 2019 Jan-Feb;67(Supplement):S32-S37

Peripheral Nerve and Plexus Program, Department of Neurosurgery, University of Buenos Aires School of Medicine, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Peripheral nerve and brachial plexus injuries typically cause severe impairment in the affected limb. The incidence of neuropathic pain is high, reaching up to 95% of cases, especially if cervical root avulsion has occurred. Neuropathic pain results from damage to the somatosensory system, and its progression towards chronicity depends upon disruptions affecting both the peripheral and central nervous system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0028-3886.250699DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Spinal accessory nerve transfer to the suprascapular nerve to restore shoulder function in brachial plexus injury: Management nuances.

Authors:
Ankur Bhatnagar

Neurol India 2019 Jan-Feb;67(Supplement):S29-S31

Department of Plastic Surgery, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0028-3886.250725DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Treatment of neuropathic pain after peripheral nerve and brachial plexus traumatic injury.

Neurol India 2019 Jan-Feb;67(Supplement):S23-S24

Department of Clinical Neurosciences and Hotchkiss Brain Institute, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0028-3886.250718DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Long-term results of latissimus dorsi transfer for internal rotation contracture of the shoulder in patients with obstetric brachial plexus injury.

JSES Open Access 2018 Oct 28;2(3):159-164. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

Background: This study evaluated the long-term outcome of patients with obstetric brachial plexus injury who underwent transfer of the latissimus/teres major tendon to restore shoulder external rotation and determined whether loss of internal rotation would affect their quality of life.

Methods: All patients with a history of obstetric brachial plexus injury who underwent latissimus dorsi transfer for internal rotation contracture were included. Results from 3 clinic visits (preoperative, and short-term and long-term postoperatively) were recorded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jses.2018.05.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6334879PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Somatosensory evoked potential: Preventing brachial plexus injury in transaxillary robotic surgery.

Laryngoscope 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Surgery, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Objectives/hypothesis: The potential for brachial plexopathy due to arm positioning is a major concern regarding the robotic transaxillary approach. Intraoperative nerve monitoring via somatosensory evoked potential (SSEP) has been suggested to prevent such injury. In this study, we examined the use of SSEP in detecting imminent brachial plexus traction during robotic transaxillary thyroid and parathyroid surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27611DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Clinical significance of cervical MRI in brachial plexus birth injury.

Acta Orthop 2019 Jan 23:1-13. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

a New Children's Hospital, HUS Helsinki University Hospital , Department of Children's Orthopedics and Traumatology , Helsinki.

Background and purpose - Patient selection for nerve surgery in brachial plexus birth injury (BPBI) is difficult. Decision to operate is mostly based on clinical findings. We assessed whether MRI improves patient selection. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17453674.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17453674.2018.1562621DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Brachial plexus paralysis after thoracoscopic esophagectomy for esophageal cancer in the prone position: A thought-provoking case report of an unexpected complication.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2019 Jan 9;55:11-14. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Tenri Hospital, 200 Mishima-cho, Tenri City, Nara Prefecture, 632-8552, Japan. Electronic address:

Introduction: During prone esophagectomy, placement of a port in the third intercostal space for upper mediastinal dissection requires adequate axillary expansion. To facilitate this, the right arm is elevated cranially and simultaneously turned outward. Brachial plexus paralysis associated with esophagectomy in the prone position has not been documented. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22102612193000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2018.12.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348979PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Treatment strategy for a penetrating stab wound to the vertebral artery: a case report.

Acute Med Surg 2019 Jan 28;6(1):83-86. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology School of Medicine Hirosaki University Hirosaki Aomori Japan.

Case: Vertebral artery injury is a low-frequency but high-mortality injury. The surgical approach to a bleeding vertebral artery injury is one of the most difficult procedures in trauma surgery.A 64-year-old woman was transported to our emergency department after being stabbed in the middle side of the right neck with a large kitchen knife. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ams2.381
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ams2.381DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6328909PMC
January 2019
8 Reads

Nerve stretching: a history of tension.

Authors:
Mark A Mahan

J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 11:1-8. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Stretch injuries are among the most devastating forms of peripheral nerve injury; unfortunately, the scientific understanding of nerve biomechanics is widely and impressively conflicting. Experimental models are unique and disparate, victim to different testing conditions, and thus yield gulfs between conclusions. The details of the divergent reports on nerve biomechanics are essential for critical appraisal as we try to understand clinical stretch injuries in light of research evidence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.8.JNS173181DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Permanent pain and brachial plexus injury after coronary bypass grafting: Case report and reviwing the literature.

Agri 2019 Jan;31(1):42-45

Department of Neurology, Van Regional Training and Research Hospital, Van, Turkey.

Neurological complications of cardiac surgery is known for almost a century. Brachial plexus injury after coronary artery bypass grafting is not a rare complication, but the frequency of reporting is less because these are temporary and often symptoms requiring treatment. in a few cases peripheral neuropathy findings are permanent and causes of disability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5505/agri.2017.60362DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Secondary procedures for restoration of upper limb function in late cases of neonatal brachial plexus palsy.

Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol 2019 Feb 8;29(2):329-336. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Οrthopedics, University Hospital of Ioannina, Stavros Niarchos Avenue, 45500, Ioannina, Greece.

Neonatal brachial plexus palsy is a devastating complication after a difficult delivery. The incidence of this injury has not significantly decreased over the past decades, despite all the advances in perinatal care. Although primary repair of the nerves with microsurgical techniques is the common treatment strategy nowadays, there are late cases in which secondary procedures in tendons or bones are necessary. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00590-019-02362-1DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Outcomes from primary surgical reconstruction of neonatal brachial plexus palsy in 104 children.

Childs Nerv Syst 2019 Feb 4;35(2):349-354. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Peripheral Nerve Surgery Unit, Department of Neurosurgery, University of São Paulo Medical School, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Purpose: The outcome from microsurgical reconstruction of neonatal brachial plexus palsy (NBPP) varies, and comparison between different series is difficult, given the differences in preoperative evaluation, surgical strategies, and outcome analysis. To evaluate our results, we reviewed a series of children who underwent surgical treatment in a period of 14 years.

Methods: We made a retrospective review of 104 cases in which microsurgical repair of the brachial plexus was performed. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00381-018-04036-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00381-018-04036-5DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Intraoperative Neuromonitoring for Brachial Plexus Neurolysis During Delayed Fixation of a Clavicular Fracture Presenting as Thoracic Outlet Syndrome: A Case Report.

JBJS Case Connect 2018 Oct-Dec;8(4):e85

Mercy Health-Cincinnati Sports Medicine and Orthopaedic Center, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Case: Brachial plexopathy is a rare complication of nonoperatively treated clavicular fractures. We describe a 68-year-old man who presented with fracture-callus-induced acute brachial plexopathy and dynamic thoracic outlet syndrome after 9 weeks of nonoperative management for a clavicular fracture. He underwent fracture fixation with brachial plexus decompression via callus excision; intraoperative neuromonitoring was used to evaluate brachial plexus function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2106/JBJS.CC.18.00040DOI Listing
January 2019
36 Reads

Results of Phrenic Nerve Transfer to the Musculocutaneous Nerve Using Video-Assisted Thoracoscopy in Patients with Traumatic Brachial Plexus Injury: Series of 28 Cases.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2018 Dec 28. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Division of Neurosurgery, Gaffree e Guinle University Hospital, Federal University of the State of Rio de Janeiro (UNIRIO), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Background: The phrenic nerve can be transferred to the musculocutaneous nerve using video-assisted thoracoscopy, aiming at the recovery of elbow flexion in patients with traumatic brachial plexus injuries. There are few scientific papers in the literature that evaluate the results of this operative technique.

Objective: To evaluate biceps strength and pulmonary function after the transfer of the phrenic nerve to the musculocutaneous nerve using video-assisted thoracoscopy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ons/opy350DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Negative pressure pulmonary edema postextubation following medial nerve repair with sural graft surgery in a young patient: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(52):e13743

The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Department of Anesthesiology.

Rationale: Negative pressure pulmonary edema (NPPE) is a serious well-described pulmonary complication. It occurs after an intense inspiratory effort against an obstructed or closed upper airway and generates a large negative airway pressure, leading to severe pulmonary edema (transvascular fluid filtration and interstitial/alveolar edema) and hypoxemia. We present a case of NPPE following general anesthesia in a patient who underwent median nerve neurorrhaphy with graft from lower left limb (sural nerve) due to sharp injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013743DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6314689PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

A model of neuropathic pain in brachial plexus avulsion injury and associated spinal glial cell activation.

J Pain Res 2018 13;11:3171-3179. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Hand Surgery, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200040, China,

Background: Neuropathic pain is a common and intractable sequel of brachial plexus injury.

Materials And Methods: To investigate the underlying mechanisms, we established a unique model of neuropathic pain in rats by creating brachial plexus avulsion injury.

Results: Behavioral test of mechanical stimulation suggested that all rats developed neuropathic pain, and the pain thresholds of bilateral hind limbs significantly decreased. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S174663DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6300374PMC
December 2018
1 Read

The cubital tunnel syndrome caused by intraneural ganglion cyst of the ulnar nerve at the elbow: a case report.

BMC Neurol 2018 Dec 22;18(1):217. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Department of Hand Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, #79 Qingchun Road, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, 310003, People's Republic of China.

Background: Cubital tunnel syndrome is common nerve compression syndrome among peripheral nerve compression diseases. However, the syndrome caused by intraneural ganglion cysts has been rarely reported. Medical approaches, like ultrasound-guided aspiration and open surgical treatment remain to be discussed. Read More

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https://bmcneurol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12883-
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12883-018-1229-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6303969PMC
December 2018
7 Reads

Conservative treatment after axillary nerve re-injury in a rugby player: a case report.

Eur J Phys Rehabil Med 2018 Dec 21. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Padua, Padua, Italy.

Background: Axillary nerve injuries are uncommon, although the incidence is higher in athletes, both related to direct contusion or quadrilateral space syndrome. While few studies have investigated conservative strategies that could be proposed to avoid surgery, no previous case report documented the possible role of rehabilitation in axillary nerve re- injuries.

Case Report: Our patient is a 27-year-old male professional rugby player who experienced a recurrent episode of deltoid strength loss, after a previous axillary nerve injury. Read More

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https://www.minervamedica.it/index2.php?show=R33Y9999N00A181
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S1973-9087.18.05165-1DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

[Treatment experience of proximal humerus degloving fracture].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Dec;32(12):1540-1544

Luoyang Orthopedic-Traumatological Hospital, Orthopedic Hospital of Henan Province, Luoyang Henan, 471002, P.R.China.

Objective: To summarize a new type of proximal humerus fracture-proximal humerus degloving fracture, and discuss its injury mechanism, classification criteria, and treatment methods.

Methods: The clinical data of 23 patients with proximal humerus degloving fracture between September 2009 and September 2016 was retrospectively analyzed. There were 14 males and 9 females, with an average age of 39. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7507/1002-1892.201804057DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Injury to the axillary artery and brachial plexus caused by a closed floating shoulder injury: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2018 Dec;6(15):1029-1035

Department of Orthopedics, the Second Affiliated Hospital, Shantou University Medical College, Shantou 515041, Guangdong Province, China.

Background: A floating shoulder may be associated with catastrophic neurovascular injury and requires a multidisciplinary approach for its management. To maximize the likelihood of good patient outcomes, this unique injury pattern should be recognized in patients as early as possible. This can be difficult to achieve, however, as there are currently few reports of floating shoulder in the literature, meaning that associated neurovascular injuries may be overlooked. Read More

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http://www.wjgnet.com/2307-8960/full/v6/i15/1029.htm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12998/wjcc.v6.i15.1029DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6288514PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

Treatment of pain post-brachial plexus injury using high-frequency spinal cord stimulation.

J Pain Res 2018 27;11:2997-3002. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

IRCCS Centro Neurolesi Messina, Messina, Italy,

Purpose: Brachial plexopathy can sometimes cause severe chronic pain. There are many possible treatments for such neuropathic pain, including neuromodulation. However, rigorous scientific evidence on the usefulness of spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is still scarce. Read More

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https://www.dovepress.com/treatment-of-pain-post-brachial-pl
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S168031DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6267358PMC
November 2018
8 Reads

Outcome of contralateral C7 transfers to different recipient nerves after global brachial plexus avulsion.

Brain Behav 2018 Dec 22;8(12):e01174. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Hand Surgery, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Introduction: Contralateral cervical seventh nerve root (CC7) transfer has been widely applied for treatment of traumatic brachial plexus injury. The purpose of the study was to evaluate outcomes of patients with global brachial plexus avulsion (GBPA) after CC7 transfer and compare the recoveries of median nerve as the only recipient nerve and one of the multiple recipient nerves.

Methods: A retrospective review of 51 patients treated with CC7 transfers after GBPA was carried out. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/brb3.1174DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6305967PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Synapse preservation and decreased glial reactions following ventral root crush (VRC) and treatment with 4-hydroxy-tempo (TEMPOL).

J Neurosci Res 2019 Apr 14;97(4):520-534. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Structural and Functional Biology, Institute of Biology, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, Brazil.

Astrogliosis and microglial reactions are correlated with the formation of scar tissue and synapse loss. 4-hydroxy-tempo (TEMPOL) is a reactive oxygen species scavenger with proven neuroprotective efficacy in experimental models of traumatic injury and cerebral ischemia. TEMPOL has not, however, been applied following ventral root lesions, which are particularly correlated with the degeneration of spinal motoneurons following brachial plexus injuries. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/jnr.24365
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jnr.24365DOI Listing
April 2019
8 Reads

REHABILITATION OF CHRONIC BRACHIAL PLEXUS NEUROPRAXIA AND LOSS OF CERVICAL EXTENSION IN A HIGH SCHOOL FOOTBALL PLAYER: A CASE REPORT.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2018 Dec;13(6):1061-1072

Praxis Physical Therapy & Human Performance, Vernon Hills, IL, USA.

Background And Purpose: Brachial plexus neuropraxia (BPN), or "burners" and "stingers", affect 50-65% of football players, with a high rate of recurrence and the potential, in rare cases, for catastrophic injury. Existing literature on rehabilitation of these athletes is limited. The purpose of this case report is to describe the successful and comprehensive rehabilitation of a subject with recurrent brachial plexus neuropraxia using range of motion exercises, cervical and periscapular strengthening, stabilization exercises, and activity modification. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6253757PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Melatonin combined with chondroitin sulfate ABC promotes nerve regeneration after root-avulsion brachial plexus injury.

Neural Regen Res 2019 Feb;14(2):328-338

Department of Hand Surgery, the Second Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin Province, China.

After nerve-root avulsion injury of the brachial plexus, oxidative damage, inflammatory reaction, and glial scar formation can affect nerve regeneration and functional recovery. Melatonin (MT) has been shown to have good anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and neuroprotective effects. Chondroitin sulfate ABC (ChABC) has been shown to metabolize chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans and can reduce colloidal scar formation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1673-5374.244796DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6301163PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Shoulder dystocia: incidence, mechanisms, and management strategies.

Int J Womens Health 2018 9;10:723-732. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada,

Shoulder dystocia can lead to death or brain damage for the baby. Traction on the head can damage the brachial plexus. The diagnosis should be made when the mother cannot push the shoulders out with her own efforts with the next contraction after delivery of the head. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJWH.S175088DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6233701PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Correlation of compound muscle action potential generated by donor nerves with the recovery of elbow flexion in Oberlin transfer in brachial plexus injury.

Indian J Plast Surg 2018 May-Aug;51(2):137-144

Department of Plastic Surgery, Bombay Hospital and Institute of Medical Sciences, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Objective: To study the correlation of compound muscle action potential of donor nerves with the recovery of elbow flexion in Oberlin transfer in brachial plexus injury.

Introduction: Distal nerve transfer using motor fascicle of ulnar or median nerve to restore elbow flexion is a part of reconstructive surgery after upper brachial plexus injury, first described by Oberlin . However, one of the most critical influences on functional outcome is number of functioning motor axons in donor fascicle which is reflected by its compound muscle action potential. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijps.IJPS_31_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6219364PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Brachioradialis to flexor digitorum profundus tendon transfer to restore finger flexion.

Indian J Plast Surg 2018 May-Aug;51(2):123-130

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Nizams Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Introduction: The main deformity following an adult lower brachial plexus injury is the loss of finger flexion. Distal nerve transfers have been used to restore finger and thumb flexion followed by tendon transfers for intrinsic replacement for opening of the fingers. When patients present beyond 6 months, only tendon transfers are applicable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijps.IJPS_7_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6219348PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Trends and Cost Analysis of Upper Extremity Nerve Injury Using the National (Nationwide) Inpatient Sample.

World Neurosurg 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Neurosurgery, Clinical Neurosciences Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: Epidemiology in upper extremity peripheral nerve injury (PNI) has not been comprehensively evaluated. The aim of this study was to calculate updated incidence of upper extremity PNIs in the United States and examine clinical trends and costs using a national database.

Methods: The National (Nationwide) Inpatient Sample was used to evaluate patients with upper extremity PNI (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification 9534, 9550-9559) in 2001-2013. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.11.192DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

The Anterior Approach for Transfer of Radial Nerve Triceps Fascicles to the Axillary Nerve.

J Hand Surg Am 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA.

Nerve transfers are an increasingly popular method for surgical treatment of nerve injuries. One of the most popular of these is the transfer of radial nerve triceps fascicles to the axillary nerve. The most common approach for this transfer is the posterior approach, which gives excellent access to both nerves but is not easy to combine with other nerve transfers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhsa.2018.10.019DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads