43,980 results match your criteria Bowel Management


The presence of a neurodiverse disorder is associated with increased use of antegrade enema therapy in children with severe constipation: A study from the Pediatric Colorectal and Pelvic Learning Consortium (PCPLC).

J Pediatr Surg 2022 Apr 25. Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Primary Children's Hospital, 100 N. Mario Capecchi Drive, Suite 3800, Salt Lake City, UT 84108, USA.

Introduction: Children with severe constipation and a neurodiverse disorder (Autism and/or developmental delay) represent a challenging bowel management group. Treatment outcomes with laxative or enema therapy remain limited and are often complicated by patient/caregiver compliance. We hypothesized that children with neurodiverse disorders and severe constipation would benefit from a bowel management program (BMP) that includes early use of antegrade enemas. Read More

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Review article: Latent tuberculosis in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases receiving immunosuppression-Risks, screening, diagnosis and management.

Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2022 May 20. Epub 2022 May 20.

Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

Background: One quarter of the world's population has latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). Systemic immunosuppression is a risk factor for LTBI reactivation and the development of active tuberculosis. Such reactivation carries a risk of significant morbidity and mortality. Read More

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Pattern of anatomic disorder and surgical management of anorectal prolapse in anorectal malformation.

Pediatr Surg Int 2022 May 20. Epub 2022 May 20.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Capital Institute of Pediatrics, No.2 Yabao Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100020, China.

Aim: Due to the paucity of data and controversy regarding the etiology and surgical approach for managing anorectal prolapse (ARP) after anorectoplasty, we sought to investigate the underlying anatomic disorder and the surgical outcome in managing this challenging complication.

Methods: We performed a retrospective study on 83 patients with ARP related to anorectal malformations (ARM). Logistic regression analyses were performed to detect the risk factors for the ARP severity. Read More

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Surgical Management of Crohn's Disease.

Gastroenterol Clin North Am 2022 Jun 27;51(2):353-367. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Department of Colorectal Surgery, Digestive Disease Surgical Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA; Center for Regenerative Medicine and Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH, USA; Digestive Disease and Surgery Institute, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH, USA; Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH, USA; Center for Immunotherapy, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH, USA. Electronic address:

Treatment of Crohn's disease (CD) focuses on providing acceptable quality of life for the affected individual by optimizing medical therapy, endoscopic procedures, and surgical intervention. Biologics have changed the medical management of moderate to severe CD. However, despite their introduction, the need for surgical resection in CD has not drastically changed, with two-thirds of the patients still requiring an intestinal resection. Read More

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Diet in the Pathogenesis and Management of Crohn's Disease.

Gastroenterol Clin North Am 2022 Jun 22;51(2):319-335. Epub 2022 Apr 22.

Department of Medicine, Center for Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, University of Texas at Austin, Dell Medical School, Health Discovery Building, Z0900 1601 Trinity Street, Building B, Austin, TX 78712, USA. Electronic address:

Crohn's disease (CD) is chronic immune-related disease of the gastrointestinal tract hypothesized to be caused by an interplay of genetic predisposition and environmental exposures. With the global incidence increasing, more patients are exploring dietary exposures to explain and treat CD. However, most patients report minimal nutritional education from their provider, and providers report few nutritional resources to help them educate patients. Read More

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Tools for the Diagnosis and Management of Crohn's Disease.

Gastroenterol Clin North Am 2022 Jun 22;51(2):213-239. Epub 2022 Apr 22.

Division of Gastroenterology, Inflammatory Bowel Diseases Center, Washington University School of Medicine, 600 South Euclid Avenue, Campus Box 8124, Saint Louis, MO 63110, USA. Electronic address:

Numerous tools have emerged over recent decades to aid in the increasingly complex management of patients with Crohn's disease (CD) beyond endoscopy, including video capsule endoscopy, magnetic resonance enterography, computed tomography enterography, a variety of biomarkers, and even wearable biosensors and smartphone applications. These tools have allowed for a more sophisticated and less invasive complementary approach to the evaluation of disease activity and treatment response in patients with CD. This article details the characteristics, practical application, and limitations of these various modalities and discusses how updated guidelines are now incorporating many of them into a treat-to-target strategy. Read More

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Natural Orifice Specimen Extraction (NOSE) colorectal resection for deep endometriosis: A 50 case series: NOSE resection for DIE: 50 cases.

J Minim Invasive Gynecol 2022 May 17. Epub 2022 May 17.

IFEMEndo Endometriosis Centre, Clinique Tivoli-Ducos, Bordeaux, 33000, France. Electronic address:

Study Objective: To describe our experience with the use of Natural Orifice Specimen Extraction (NOSE) technique for segmental bowel resection in patients with colorectal endometriosis.

Design: Retrospective, observational study.

Setting: Single tertiary referral centre PATIENTS: 50 consecutive patients undergoing NOSE colectomy for colorectal endometriosis in our centre, between March 2021 and November 2021. Read More

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Assessing outcomes in laparoscopic vs open surgical management of adhesive small bowel obstruction.

Surg Endosc 2022 May 19. Epub 2022 May 19.

Department of Surgery, Montefiore Medical Center, The Bronx, 111 E 210th St, Bronx, NY, 10467, USA.

Background: Small bowel obstruction is typically managed nonoperatively; however, refractory small bowel obstructions or closed loop obstructions necessitate operative intervention. Traditionally, laparotomy has long been the standard operative intervention for lysis of adhesions of small bowel obstructions. But as surgeons become more comfortable with minimally invasive techniques, laparoscopy has become a widely accepted intervention for small bowel obstructions. Read More

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Association of Daily Variance in Air Temperature With Postoperative Adhesive Small Bowel Obstruction.

Cureus 2022 Apr 16;14(4):e24176. Epub 2022 Apr 16.

Surgery, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto, JPN.

Introduction: The influence of air temperature on adhesive small bowel obstruction (ASBO) is unknown. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between air temperature and postoperative ASBO.

Methods: Overall, 312 patients with postoperative ASBO were included. Read More

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The Intestinal Redox System and Its Significance in Chemotherapy-Induced Intestinal Mucositis.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2022 9;2022:7255497. Epub 2022 May 9.

Jining First People's Hospital, Jining Medical College, Jining 272000, China.

Chemotherapy-induced intestinal mucositis (CIM) is a significant dose-limiting adverse reaction brought on by the cancer treatment. Multiple studies reported that reactive oxygen species (ROS) is rapidly produced during the initial stages of chemotherapy, when the drugs elicit direct damage to intestinal mucosal cells, which, in turn, results in necrosis, mitochondrial dysfunction, and ROS production. However, the mechanism behind the intestinal redox system-based induction of intestinal mucosal injury and necrosis of CIM is still undetermined. Read More

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Severe disease exacerbation after mRNA COVID-19 vaccination unmasks suspected multiple sclerosis as neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder: a case report.

BMC Neurol 2022 May 18;22(1):185. Epub 2022 May 18.

Department of Neurology with Institute of Translational Neurology, University Hospital Münster, Albert-Schweitzer-Campus 1, 48149, Münster, Germany.

Background: Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic and development of new vaccines, the issue of post-vaccination exacerbation or manifestation of demyelinating central nervous system (CNS) disorders has gained increasing attention.

Case Presentation: We present a case of a 68-year-old woman previously diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS) since the 1980s who suffered a rapidly progressive severe sensorimotor paraparesis with loss of bladder and bowel control due to an acute longitudinal extensive transverse myelitis (LETM) after immunization with the mRNA Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine. Detection of Aquaporin-4-antibodies (AQP4) in both serum and CSF led to diagnosis of AQP4-antibody positive neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD). Read More

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Multimodal intervention to improve the transition of patients with inflammatory bowel disease from pediatric to adult care: protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Gastroenterol 2022 May 18;22(1):251. Epub 2022 May 18.

Child Health Evaluative Sciences, SickKids Research Institute, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada.

Background: Transition in care is defined as the "purposeful and planned movement of adolescents and young adults with a chronic medical condition from pediatric to adult-oriented healthcare systems/care providers." Currently, there are no Level 1 evidence-based interventions to improve the care of transitioning adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The development of a transition program using a biopsychosocial approach will improve the standards for healthcare delivery to transitioning IBD patients. Read More

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A Novel Digital Self-management Intervention for Symptoms of Fatigue, Pain, and Urgency in Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Describing the Process of Development.

JMIR Form Res 2022 May 18;6(5):e33001. Epub 2022 May 18.

Health Psychology Section, King's College London, London, United Kingdom.

Background: Empirical studies and systematic reviews have demonstrated the role of biological, cognitive, behavioral, and emotional factors in fatigue, pain, and urgency in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Behavioral management that addresses the cognitive, behavioral, and emotional factors offered alongside medical treatment is seldom available to people with IBD. Digital interventions provide a potentially scalable and cost-effective way of providing behavioral support to patients. Read More

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The Omental Plug: A Novel Management Approach of Concomitant Ventral Hernias During Bariatric Surgery.

Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 2022 May 16. Epub 2022 May 16.

Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN.

Background: Severe obesity leads to a higher incidence of ventral hernias, thus complicating up to 8% of bariatric procedures. The optimal management of these hernias continues to be a controversial topic. We present our novel approach of utilizing an omental plug for concomitant ventral hernia management during metabolic surgery. Read More

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Guidelines to diagnose and treat peri-levator high-5 anal fistulas: Supralevator, suprasphincteric, extrasphincteric, high outersphincteric, and high intrarectal fistulas.

World J Gastroenterol 2022 Apr;28(16):1608-1624

Department of Statistics, Indian Council of Medical Research,New Delhi 110029, India.

Supralevator, suprasphincteric, extrasphincteric, and high intrarectal fistulas (high fistulas in muscle layers of the rectal wall) are well-known high anal fistulas which are considered the most complex and extremely challenging fistulas to manage. Magnetic resonance imaging has brought more clarity to the pathophysiology of these fistulas. Along with these fistulas, a new type of complex fistula in high outersphincteric space, a fistula at the roof of ischiorectal fossa inside the levator ani muscle (RIFIL), has been described. Read More

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Screening and management of bladder and bowel dysfunction in general pediatric outpatient clinic: a prospective observational study.

BMC Pediatr 2022 May 17;22(1):288. Epub 2022 May 17.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, 2 Wanglang Road, Bangkoknoi, Bangkok, 10700, Thailand.

Background: Bladder and bowel dysfunction (BBD) is a common disorder in children that is often associated with psychosocial and behavioral problems. Data specific to BBD in Asian children are comparatively scarce. Accordingly, this study aimed to investigate the prevalence of BBD and the response to standard urotherapy among Thai children attending the general pediatric outpatient clinic of Siriraj Hospital - Thailand's largest national tertiary referral center. Read More

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Correspondence re MASCC evidence-based recommendations for the management of malignant bowel obstruction.

Support Care Cancer 2022 May 18. Epub 2022 May 18.

Trinity College Dublin, University College Dublin, Our Lady's Hospice, Dublin, Ireland.

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Association between Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Micronutrients: A Systematic Review.

J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2022 May 17. Epub 2022 May 17.

Department of Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.

Background: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a highly prevalent disorder of gut brain interaction with a multifactorial aetiology. Food trigger avoidance is common among individuals with IBS and exclusion diets are gaining popularity. However, recent guidelines on IBS management cautioned regarding the use of unsupervised dietary therapy with concerns of development of poor eating habits and even nutritional deficiencies. Read More

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Umbilical hernia repair post umbilical cord graft closure of gastroschisis: A cohort study.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 May 11;95:107175. Epub 2022 May 11.

Pediatric Surgery, Cairo University, Egypt.

Introduction: Gastroschisis a common congenital anomaly in the anterior abdominal wall, the bowel is present outside the abdominal cavity, completely devoid of any coverings, management of gastroschisis involves umbilical cord graft coverage of the defect after bowel reduction when there are concerns about compartmental syndrome, this is a widely used technique but there are few reports about the incidence umbilical hernia development after this technique and need for future repair of the defect.

Presentation Of Cases: We had 8 patients with simple gastroschisis who had umbilical cord graft coverage of the defect at birth between 2017 and 2020, we present 4 patients who had the cord graft without cutting of rectus fascia, 2 patients resolved spontaneously and 2 developed an umbilical hernia requiring repair.

Discussion: Umbilical cord graft has been reported in several studies, in those studies the authors reported the spontaneous closure of the defect and some reported that incising the rectus fascia will contribute to development of the umbilical hernia, in our series the rectus fascia was preserved yet 2 patients developed umbilical hernia. Read More

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[A Case of Fournier's Gangrene during Second-Line IRIS plus Bevacizumab Chemotherapy for Rectal and Anal Canal Cancer].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2022 May;49(5):597-599

Dept. of Medical Oncology, Tokyo Saiseikai Central Hospital.

A 52-year-old man diagnosed with Stage ⅢA rectal and anal canal cancer underwent abdominal perineal resection using Miles's method. Two years later, local recurrence and lung metastases were detected using contrasted CT imaging. First-line chemotherapy of XELOX was administered for 4 months until the disease progressed and lung metastases developed. Read More

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Complicated Abdominal Wall Hernias in the Elderly: Time Is Life and Comorbidities Matter.

Am Surg 2022 May 16:31348221101577. Epub 2022 May 16.

Division of Trauma, Emergency Surgery & Surgical Critical Care, Department of Surgery, 2348Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Abdominal wall hernias represent a common problem that can present as surgical emergencies with increased morbidity and mortality. The data examining outcomes in elderly patients with hernia emergencies is scant.

Methods: The 2007-2017 ACS-NSQIP database was queried. Read More

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Tacrolimus-Induced Neurotoxicity in Early Post-Liver Transplant Saudi Patients: Incidence and Risk Factors.

Ann Transplant 2022 May 17;27:e935938. Epub 2022 May 17.

Pharmaceutical Care Division, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

BACKGROUND Tacrolimus is a calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) commonly used as an immunosuppressant to prevent the rejection of organ transplants. After liver transplantation, it can cause early neurological complications, known as early calcineurin inhibitor-induced neurotoxicity (ECIIN). Its management requires CNI withdrawal, a measure that can affect post-transplant outcomes, primarily allograft rejection. Read More

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Dietary management of adults with IBD - the emerging role of dietary therapy.

Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol 2022 May 16. Epub 2022 May 16.

Department of Gastroenterology, The Alfred Hospital and Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Historically, dietitians played a minor part in the management of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), including Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Patients were commonly referred for consequences of uncontrolled disease, such as malnutrition and bowel obstruction risk. Today, dietitians are fundamental members of the multidisciplinary IBD team, from educating on the role of diet at diagnosis and throughout the lifespan of a patient with IBD to guiding primary induction therapy. Read More

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Efficacy of systemic lidocaine in postoperative delirium in elderly patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery: study protocol for a multicentre, prospective, double-blind, randomised, parallel-group, superiority, placebo-controlled trial.

BMJ Open 2022 May 16;12(5):e056959. Epub 2022 May 16.

Anesthesiology, Shengli Clinical Medical College of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian, China

Introduction: Systemic lidocaine may reduce pain intensity and accelerate postoperative recovery. However, the efficacy of systemic lidocaine in cognitive function has not been established. This study protocol is designed to clarify the effectiveness of lidocaine in postoperative delirium (POD) in elderly patients scheduled for elective laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Read More

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Performance of Multidetector Computed Tomography and Negative Versus Positive Enteric Contrast for Evaluation of Gastrointestinal Neuroendocrine Neoplasms.

J Comput Assist Tomogr 2022 May-Jun 01;46(3):333-343. Epub 2022 Mar 4.

From the Department of Abdominal Radiology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX.

Background: Routine computed tomography (CT) scans are thought to have poor performance for detection of gastrointestinal (GI) neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs), which leads to delayed workup. Detection of even 1 bowel tumor can guide diagnostic workup and management. The purposes of this study were to assess the accuracy of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and to compare negative versus positive enteric contrast in detecting at least 1 GI tumor per patient with suspected or confirmed diagnosis of a NEN. Read More

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Should Clinicians Prescribe Non-FDA Regulated Dietary Supplements When Caring for Children With Hypovitaminosis D?

AMA J Ethics 2022 May 1;24(5):E353-360. Epub 2022 May 1.

Attending pediatric gastroenterologist and physician nutrition specialist at Nationwide Children's Hospital in Columbus, Ohio.

Hypovitaminosis D is a prevalent micronutrient deficiency that can be severe and hard to treat in children with short bowel syndrome, a condition treated with substantial bowel resection. Surgically altered bowel anatomy then results in iatrogenic digestion and absorption limitations that require short- and long-term management and follow-up. Care of children with hypovitaminosis D standardly includes prescription dietary micronutrient supplementation, sometimes in irregularly high doses. Read More

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Sutured Versus Sutureless Enterostomies: An Alternative Technique in Critically Sick Neonates.

Cureus 2022 Apr 12;14(4):e24057. Epub 2022 Apr 12.

Pediatric Surgery, The Children's Hospital and University of Child Health Sciences, Lahore, PAK.

Background and objective Intestinal perforations and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) requiring the formation of temporary intestinal stoma are prevalent conditions worldwide. This prospective study aimed to address the following research question: does sutureless enterostomy lead to fewer complications compared to conventional enterostomy in critically sick surgical neonates who need a stoma? Methods We conducted a randomized control trial (TCTR20211011004) from October 2020 to October 2021. A total of 120 patients were randomized to the following two study groups: Group A: conventional sutured enterostomy; Group B: sutureless enterostomy, with 60 patients in each group. Read More

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Management of Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP) and Rectal Prolapse.

J Anus Rectum Colon 2022 27;6(2):83-91. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Department of Coloproctological Surgery, Tsujinaka Hospital Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Japan.

Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a condition wherein one or more of the organs in the pelvis slip down from their original position and protrude into the vagina. Pelvic organ prolapse surgery has increased in the urogynecological field due to higher aging society. POP patients often suffer from bowel dysfunction, such as difficulty of bowel movements and the need to strain or push on the vagina to have a bowel movement. Read More

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A Delayed Presentation of Perforated Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma of the Small Bowel Resulting in a Large Interloop Faecaloma.

Case Rep Surg 2022 5;2022:3881598. Epub 2022 May 5.

Department of General Surgery, Redcliffe Hospital, Anzac Avenue, Redcliffe, Queensland 4020, Australia.

Primary small bowel lymphomas are a rare entity but with significant morbidity and a low five-year overall survival even after surgery. Its diagnosis is often delayed due to the lack of clear specific signs, unfamiliarity amongst clinicians, and the lack of screening tools. This often results in patients presenting with tumour-associated complications such as perforation, obstruction, or gastrointestinal bleeding which warrant urgent surgical intervention. Read More

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Extensive Aortic Thrombosis and Renal Infarction in Association With an Active Flare-Up of Crohn's Disease.

Gastroenterology Res 2022 Apr 12;15(2):100-105. Epub 2022 Mar 12.

Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Francis Presence Hospital, Evanston, IL, USA.

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a recognized extraintestinal manifestation of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), with deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism being reported as the most frequent vascular complications in IBD patients. Much less frequently, arterial thromboembolic events may also be associated with greater morbidity and mortality. Aortic mural thrombosis is a rare phenomenon described in patients with IBD that often results in serious consequences such as visceral infarction and acute ischemia of the lower extremities. Read More

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