354 results match your criteria Botanical Studies[Journal]


Using a zero-inflated model to assess gene flow risk and coexistence of Brassica napus L. and Brassica rapa L. on a field scale in Taiwan.

Bot Stud 2020 May 20;61(1):17. Epub 2020 May 20.

Department of Agronomy, National Chung Hsing University, No. 145 Xingda Road, South District, Taichung City, 40227, Taiwan (R.O.C.).

Background: The cropping area of genetically modified (GM) crops has constantly increased since 1996. However, currently, cultivating GM crops is associated with many concerns. Transgenes are transferred to non-GM crops through pollen-mediated gene flow, which causes environmental problems such as superweeds and introgressive hybridization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-020-00294-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7239968PMC

Evolutionary correlation of water-related traits between different structures of Dendrobium plants.

Bot Stud 2020 May 16;61(1):16. Epub 2020 May 16.

National Plateau Wetlands Research Center, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming, 650224, Yunnan, China.

Background: Leaf water conservation and pseudobulb water storage are two of the strategies commonly employed by epiphytic plants to adapt to dry environments. During the flowering period, a great deal of water transpires through the flowers, which then influences water-related processes. However, there is little research on the coordinated relationship between the different structures of epiphytes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-020-00292-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7230118PMC

The level of genetic diversity and differentiation of tropical lotus, Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. (Nelumbonaceae) from Australia, India, and Thailand.

Bot Stud 2020 May 16;61(1):15. Epub 2020 May 16.

Wuhan Institute of Landscape Architecture, Wuhan, 430081, China.

Background: Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn., a perennial aquatic macrophyte species, has been cultivated in several Asian countries for its economic importance, and medicinal uses. Two distinct ecotypes of the species are recognized based on the geographical location where the genotypes are adapted, i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-020-00293-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7229132PMC

In memoriam Ching-I Peng (1950-2018)-an outstanding scientist and mentor with a remarkable legacy.

Authors:
Kuo-Fang Chung

Bot Stud 2020 Apr 25;61(1):14. Epub 2020 Apr 25.

Research Museum and Herbarium (HAST), Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.

Ching-I Peng, the most prolific and internationally recognized Taiwanese plant taxonomist of his generation, passed away on May 1, 2018. Dr. Peng was an eminent worker on the taxonomy of East Asian plants and the genus Ludwigia, and the foremost expert on Asian Begonia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-020-00291-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7182648PMC

Do halophytes and glycophytes differ in their interactions with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi under salt stress? A meta-analysis.

Bot Stud 2020 Apr 19;61(1):13. Epub 2020 Apr 19.

Drylands Salinization Research Station, Key Laboratory of Desert and Desertification, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 320 West Donggang Road, Lanzhou, 730000, China.

Background: Halophytes are better than glycophytes at employing mechanisms to avoid salt injury, but both types of plants can undergo damage due to high soil salinity. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) can mitigate the damage from salt stress in both halophytes and glycophytes by enhancing salt tolerance and improving energy efficiency. However, variations in mycorrhizal symbiotic efficiency between halophytes and glycophytes were still poorly understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-020-00290-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7167393PMC

Further evidence of Ceratobasidium D.P. Rogers (Basidiomycota) serving as the ubiquitous fungal associate of Platanthera leucophaea (Orchidaceae) in the North American tallgrass prairie.

Bot Stud 2020 Apr 15;61(1):12. Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Department of Biology, Illinois College, 1101 W College Ave., Jacksonville, IL, 62650, USA.

Background: In the United States and Canada, ca. one-half of native orchid species are now threatened with extinction. A number of these species are restricted to tallgrass prairies of central North America, such as the Eastern Prairie Fringed Orchid, Platanthera leucophaea (Nutt. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-020-00289-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7158956PMC

Xylaria insolita and X. subescharoidea: two newly described species collected from a termite nesting site in Hua-lien, Taiwan.

Bot Stud 2020 Apr 6;61(1):11. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Institute of Plant and Microbial Biology, Academia Sinica, Taipei, 11529, Taiwan.

Background: A number of Xylaria species are exclusively associated with nests of macrotermitine termites. A nesting site of Odontotermes formosanus in eastern Taiwan, which is the only macrotermitine termite known on the island, had been inundated during the raining season of 2010, and hundreds of Xylaria stromata emerged from it thereafter. A thorough examination of these stromata showed that they represent a mixture of different species. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-020-00287-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7136384PMC

Phalaenopsis orchid miniaturization by overexpression of OsGA2ox6, a rice GA2-oxidase gene.

Bot Stud 2020 Apr 6;61(1):10. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Institute of Molecular Biology, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, 40227, Taiwan.

Background: Phalaenopsis orchids are one of the most common potted orchids sold worldwide. Most Phalaenopsis cultivars have long inflorescences that cause shipping problems and increase handling costs. Miniaturization of Phalaenopsis orchids not only reduces overall production costs but also can expand the appeal of the orchids to a different group of consumers who prefer to keep flowers on desks or tabletops. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-020-00288-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7136379PMC

In vitro propagation of bulblets and LC-MS/MS analysis of isosteroidal alkaloids in tissue culture derived materials of Chinese medicinal herb Fritillaria cirrhosa D. Don.

Bot Stud 2020 Mar 24;61(1). Epub 2020 Mar 24.

Department of Applied Chemistry, Chaoyang University of Technology, No.168, Gifong E. Rd, Taichung, 413310, Taiwan.

Background: Fritillaria cirrhosa, an important Chinese medicinal herb, is a Class-III protected and highly exploited species by pharmaceutical industry. Dwindling wild populations of species are unable to meet market demand. Therefore, this study was carried out to develop an in vitro propagation method for bulblet production. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-020-00286-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7093630PMC

N-3-oxo-hexanoyl-homoserine lactone, a bacterial quorum sensing signal, enhances salt tolerance in Arabidopsis and wheat.

Bot Stud 2020 Mar 10;61(1). Epub 2020 Mar 10.

Biology Institute, Hebei Academy of Sciences, 46th South Street of Friendship, Shijiazhuang, 050051, Hebei, China.

Background: N-acyl-homoserine lactones (AHLs) are the quorum sensing (QS) signal molecules to coordinate the collective behavior in a population in Gram-negative bacteria. Recent evidences demonstrate their roles in plant growth and defense responses.

Results: In present study, we show that the treatment of plant roots with N-3-oxo-hexanoyl-homoserine lactone (3OC6-HSL), one molecule of AHLs family, resulted in enhanced salt tolerance in Arabidopsis and wheat. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-020-00283-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7064656PMC
March 2020
0.809 Impact Factor

Correction to: Anti-glycation, anti-hemolysis, and ORAC activities of demethylcurcumin and tetrahydroxycurcumin in vitro and reductions of oxidative stress in D-galactose-induced BALB/c mice in vivo.

Bot Stud 2020 03 9;61(1). Epub 2020 Mar 9.

Graduate Institute of Pharmacognosy, Taipei Medical University, No. 250, Wu-Hsing Street, Taipei, 110, Taiwan.

In the publication of this article (Liu et al. 2019), there was an error in the method and ethics declarations sections which were published with incorrect animal experiment approval number. The error: 'These animal experimental protocols have been reviewed and approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee of Taipei Medical University (LAC-99-0142). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-020-00285-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7062974PMC

Functional characterization of NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase and cinnamic acid 4-hydroxylase encoding genes from Scoparia dulcis L.

Bot Stud 2020 Mar 2;61(1). Epub 2020 Mar 2.

Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Toyama, 2630 Sugitani, Toyama, Toyama, 930-0194, Japan.

Background: Most plant cytochrome P450 (P450) proteins need to be supplied with electrons from a redox partner, e.g. an NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase (CPR), for the activation of oxygen molecules via heme. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-020-00284-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7052086PMC

Silicified bulliform cells of Poaceae: morphological characteristics that distinguish subfamilies.

Bot Stud 2020 Mar 2;61(1). Epub 2020 Mar 2.

Archaeology Department, Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica, No. 130, Section 2, Academia Rd., Nangang District, Taipei, 115, Taiwan.

Background: Grass phytoliths are the most common phytoliths in sediments; recognizing grass phytolith types is important when using phytoliths as a tool to reconstruct paleoenvironments. Grass bulliform cells may be silicified to large size parallelepipedal or cuneiform shaped phytoliths, which were often regarded as of no taxonomic value. However, studies in eastern Asia had identified several forms of grass bulliform phytoliths, including rice bulliform phytolith, a phytolith type frequently used to track the history of rice domestication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-020-0282-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7052108PMC

Ultrastructural changes during the symbiotic seed germination of Gastrodia elata with fungi, with emphasis on the fungal colonization region.

Bot Stud 2020 Feb 12;61(1). Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Biology Department, National Museum of Natural Science, 40453, Taichung, Taiwan.

Background: Gastrodia elata is a fully mycoheterotrophic orchid and has long been used in traditional Chinese medicine. The life cycle of G. elata requires an association with two different fungi-Mycena for seed germination and Armillaria for tuber growth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-019-0280-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7016048PMC
February 2020

Effect of different mycobionts on symbiotic germination and seedling growth of Dendrobium officinale, an important medicinal orchid.

Bot Stud 2020 Jan 27;61(1). Epub 2020 Jan 27.

Biology Department, National Museum of Natural Science, Taichung, 40453, Taiwan.

Background: Orchids maintain a symbiotic relationship with mycorrhizal fungi in the lifecycle. Previous reports indicated that diverse mycobionts may have different roles during orchid growth and development. Although various mycorrhizal fungi have been isolated from Dendrobium roots and protocorms, little is known about their specific effects on seed germination and seedling growth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-019-0278-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6985412PMC
January 2020

Vessel elements of two thelypteroid ferns-part I.

Bot Stud 2020 Jan 27;61(1). Epub 2020 Jan 27.

Department of Botany, University of Kalyani, Kalyani, Nadia, West Bengal, 741235, India.

Background: Hydraulically efficient xylem was evolved in the vascular plants as an apomorphy of the group. Main xylem components involved in water conduction are tracheid and vessel. Vessels, in which two ends are perforated, constituted major evolutionary innovation within vascular plants, presumably providing more efficient solute conduction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-020-0281-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6985324PMC
January 2020

Morphological and genetic characteristics of F hybrids introgressed from Brassica napus to B. rapa in Taiwan.

Bot Stud 2020 Jan 21;61(1). Epub 2020 Jan 21.

Department of Agronomy and Innovation and Development Center of Sustainable Agriculture (IDCSA), National Chung Hsing University, No.145 Xingda Rd., South Dist., Taichung City, 40227, Taiwan (R.O.C.).

Background: Unintentional introgression from genetically modified (GM) oilseed rape (Brassica napus) to a relative is inevitable in the open field. A feasible and practical strategy for restricting the spread of GM offspring is to set a reasonable isolated distance between GM B. napus and the relatives. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-019-0279-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6974233PMC
January 2020

Thermotolerance evaluation of Taiwan Japonica type rice cultivars at the seedling stage.

Bot Stud 2019 Dec 5;60(1):29. Epub 2019 Dec 5.

Department of Agronomy, National Taiwan University, Taipei, 10616, Taiwan (R.O.C.).

Background: The subtropical rice varieties grown in Taiwan are mainly Japonica-type rice varieties, which are grown in the southernmost- and lowest-latitude Japonica type rice cultivation area in the world. In Taiwan, seedlings that are planted either by transplanting or direct seeding in the second crop will face the season with the highest temperatures during the year. High-temperature stress severely influences early rice growth and causes yield losses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-019-0277-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6895285PMC
December 2019

Inbreeding and inbreeding depression of Paeonia decomposita (Paeoniaceae), a threatened endemic plant to China.

Authors:
Shi-Quan Wang

Bot Stud 2019 Dec 5;60(1):28. Epub 2019 Dec 5.

Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Ecology of Tropical Islands, College of Life Sciences, Hainan Normal University, Haikou, 571158, China.

Background: Small populations are predominantly vulnerable to inbreeding and inbreeding depression (ID). Owing to increased levels of inbreeding on individuals in small populations, ID could decrease the population growth rate, as well as its effective size, and exacerbate the extinction risk. Inbreeding depression remains a crucial area of research in conservation biology, ecology, and evolutionary biology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-019-0276-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6895296PMC
December 2019

Fruiting phenology and nutrient content variation among sympatric figs and the ecological correlates.

Bot Stud 2019 Nov 14;60(1):27. Epub 2019 Nov 14.

Department of Life Sciences, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan, 70101, Taiwan.

Background: Figs are key resources for tropical frugivores and display unique fruiting patterns. While monoecious figs support both seeds and wasp rearing, dioecious plants perform the tasks separately and produce seeded figs in smaller asynchronous crops. Thus dioecious females, compared to monoecious figs, may afford to invest more efforts to maximize seediness, or increase fruit pulp, water content, and nutrient rewards to attract frugivores for better seed dispersal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-019-0275-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6856236PMC
November 2019

Chitosan enhances rosmarinic acid production in shoot cultures of Melissa officinalis L. through the induction of methyl jasmonate.

Bot Stud 2019 Oct 17;60(1):26. Epub 2019 Oct 17.

Department of Biology, Payame Noor University, 19395-3697, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Chitosan is a polycationic polysaccharide derived from chitin that has been recognized as an effective elicitor in the production of secondary metabolites of many medicinal plants. In this study, the effect of abiotic elicitor (chitosan) at various concentrations on rosmarinic acid (RA) and total phenolic accumulation in shoot cultures of lemon balm was investigated.

Results: Treatment of shoots by chitosan led to a noticeable induction of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL), catalase (CAT), guaiacol peroxidase (GPX) and lipoxygenase (LOX) activities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-019-0274-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6797681PMC
October 2019
0.809 Impact Factor

Optimization of a simple, accurate and low cost method for starch quantification in green microalgae.

Bot Stud 2019 Oct 13;60(1):25. Epub 2019 Oct 13.

Department of Oceanography, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung, 804, Taiwan.

Background: Lipids and starch are important feedstocks for bioenergy production. Genetic studies on the biosyntheses of lipids and starch in green microalgae have drawn significant attention recently. In these studies, quantifications of lipids and starch are required to clarify the causal effects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-019-0273-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6790352PMC
October 2019

Dye- and fluorescence-based assay to characterize symplastic and apoplastic trafficking in soybean (Glycime max L.) endosperm.

Bot Stud 2019 Sep 23;60(1):24. Epub 2019 Sep 23.

Institute of Plant and Microbial Biology, Academia Sinica, 128, Sec. 2, Academia Rd, Nangang, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background: Endosperm is a triploid tissue in seed resulting from a sperm nucleus fused with the binucleate central cell after double fertilization. Endosperm may be involved in metabolite production, solute transport, nutrient storage, and germination. In the legume family (Fabaceae), with the greatest number of domesticated crops, approximately 60% of genera contain well-differentiated endosperm in mature seeds. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-019-0271-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6757080PMC
September 2019

Ethylene-mediated signaling confers thermotolerance and regulates transcript levels of heat shock factors in rice seedlings under heat stress.

Bot Stud 2019 Sep 23;60(1):23. Epub 2019 Sep 23.

Department of Agronomy, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, 40227, Taiwan.

Background: Agriculture is highly dependent on climate. Increases in temperature caused by global warming pose challenges for crop production. Heat stress induces oxidative damage to cell membranes and then causes cell death. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-019-0272-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6757084PMC
September 2019
1 Read

Construction of gene causal regulatory networks using microarray data with the coefficient of intrinsic dependence.

Bot Stud 2019 Sep 11;60(1):22. Epub 2019 Sep 11.

Department of Agronomy, National Taiwan University, Taipei, 106, Taiwan.

Background: In the past two decades, biologists have been able to identify the gene signatures associated with various phenotypes through the monitoring of gene expressions with high-throughput biotechnologies. These gene signatures have in turn been successfully applied to drug development, disease prevention, crop improvement, etc. However, ignoring the interactions among genes has weakened the predictive power of gene signatures in practical applications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-019-0268-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6738364PMC
September 2019

Fungal endophytes of Plumbago zeylanica L. enhances plumbagin content.

Bot Stud 2019 Sep 7;60(1):21. Epub 2019 Sep 7.

Department of Botany, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Ganeshkhind, Pune, Maharashtra, 411007, India.

Background: Plumbagin is one of the pharmaceutically important biomolecule with anticancer potential. Among the plants reported to produce plumbagin, P. zeylanica topped the list. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-019-0270-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6732136PMC
September 2019

Phylogeography of Begonia luzhaiensis suggests both natural and anthropogenic causes for the marked population genetic structure.

Bot Stud 2019 Sep 6;60(1):20. Epub 2019 Sep 6.

Research Museum and Herbarium (HAST), Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background: Sino-Vietnamese limestone karsts (SVLK) are a biodiversity hotspot rich in endemic plant species associated with caves and cave-like microhabitats. Based on phylogenetic studies of Begonia sect. Coelocentrum, a species-rich and characteristic SVLK clade, geographic isolation caused by extensive and continuous karstification was proposed as the major driving force triggering population diversification and geographic speciation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-019-0267-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6730737PMC
September 2019

Genomic and phenotypic evaluation of rice susceptible check TN1 collected in Taiwan.

Bot Stud 2019 Aug 29;60(1):19. Epub 2019 Aug 29.

Department of Agronomy, National Taiwan University, Taipei, 10617, Taiwan.

Background: Taichung Native 1 (TN1), a variety of rice (Oryza sativa L.) developed in Taiwan, has played a key role in the green revolution of this major staple crop because of its semi-dwarf characteristics. Due to its susceptibility, it has been used as a susceptibility indicator in rice insect and pathogen resistance studies worldwide. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-019-0269-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6715756PMC
August 2019
1 Read

Molecular systematics of Chiritopsis-like Primulina (Gesneriaceae): one new species, one new name, two new combinations, and new synonyms.

Bot Stud 2019 Aug 29;60(1):18. Epub 2019 Aug 29.

Research Museum and Herbarium (HAST), Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taipei, 11529, Taiwan.

Background: The Gesneriaceae genus Chiritopsis, confined almost exclusively to cave or cave-like microhabitats of limestone karsts of southern China, was described to distinguish it from Chirita by much smaller flowers and generally miniature plant sizes in the former genus. However, molecular phylogenetic analyses showed that Chiritopsis is polyphyletic and its species delimitation has been problematic. To understand how many times Chiritopsis-like species have evolved from within the recircumscribed Primulina and to further clarify their species identification, we sampled all but two recently described species of Chiritopsis-like Primulina and reconstructed their phylogenetic relationship based on DNA sequences of nuclear ITS and chloroplast trnL-F and trnH-psbA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-019-0266-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6715764PMC

Comparative genomics of 11 complete chloroplast genomes of Senecioneae (Asteraceae) species: DNA barcodes and phylogenetics.

Bot Stud 2019 Aug 22;60(1):17. Epub 2019 Aug 22.

Key Laboratory of Aquatic Botany and Watershed Ecology, Wuhan Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, 430074, China.

Background: Majority of the species within Senecioneae are classified in Senecio, making it the tribe's largest genus. Certain intergeneric relationships within the tribe are vaguely defined, with the genus Senecio being partly linked to this ambiguity. Infrageneric relationships within Senecio remain largely unknown and consequently, the genus has undergone continuous expansion and contraction over the recent past due to addition and removal of taxa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-019-0265-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6706487PMC

Regulation of ABI5 expression by ABF3 during salt stress responses in Arabidopsis thaliana.

Bot Stud 2019 Aug 9;60(1):16. Epub 2019 Aug 9.

Institute of Plant Biology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background: Basic region/leucine zippers (bZIPs) are transcription factors (TFs) encoded by a large gene family in plants. ABF3 and ABI5 are Group A bZIP TFs that are known to be important in abscisic acid (ABA) signaling. However, questions of whether ABF3 regulates ABI5 are still present. Read More

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https://as-botanicalstudies.springeropen.com/articles/10.118
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-019-0264-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6689043PMC
August 2019
1 Read

Comparative transcriptome analysis reveals the genetic basis underlying the biosynthesis of polysaccharides in Hericium erinaceus.

Bot Stud 2019 Jul 30;60(1):15. Epub 2019 Jul 30.

College of Life Sciences, Neijiang Normal University, Neijiang, 641100, People's Republic of China.

Background: Hericium erinaceus, also known as lion's mane mushroom, is a widely distributed edible and medicinal fungus in Asian countries. H. erinaceus harbors diverse bioactive metabolites with anticancer, immunomodulating, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antihypertensive, antidiabetic and neuroprotective properties. Read More

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https://as-botanicalstudies.springeropen.com/articles/10.118
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-019-0263-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6667577PMC
July 2019
6 Reads

Biochemical responses of rice roots to cold stress.

Bot Stud 2019 Jul 12;60(1):14. Epub 2019 Jul 12.

Department of Agronomy, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan, ROC.

Background: Cold stress is the main factor that reduces rice yield in subtropical areas, especially at the seedling stage. Most of the current studies on cold stress focus the responses of rice shoots to cold stress. Limited studies are available on that of rice roots to cold stress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-019-0262-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6626088PMC
July 2019
1 Read

Studies of a rice sterile mutant sstl from the TRIM collection.

Bot Stud 2019 Jul 10;60(1):12. Epub 2019 Jul 10.

Department of Agronomy, National Taiwan University, Taipei, 106, Taiwan.

Background: Rice (Oryza sativa) is one of the main crops in the world, and more than 3.9 billion people will consume rice by 2025. Sterility significantly affects rice production and leads to yield defects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-019-0260-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6620220PMC

Spike developmental stages and ABA role in spikelet primordia abortion contribute to the final yield in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.).

Bot Stud 2019 Jul 10;60(1):13. Epub 2019 Jul 10.

Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK), Corrensstraße 3, 06466, Gatersleben, Germany.

Background: Salinity is a significant environmental stress factor limiting crops productivity. Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) has a natural tolerance to salinity stress, making it an interesting study object in stress biology research. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-019-0261-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6620232PMC

Molecular identification and expression of sesquiterpene pathway genes responsible for patchoulol biosynthesis and regulation in Pogostemon cablin.

Bot Stud 2019 Jul 2;60(1):11. Epub 2019 Jul 2.

Research Center of Chinese Herbal Resource Science and Engineering, Key Laboratory of Chinese Medicinal Resource From Lingnan (Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine), Ministry of Education, Joint Laboratory of National Engineering Research Center for the Pharmaceutics of Traditional Chinese Medicines, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, 510006, People's Republic of China.

Background: Many commercially important drug and flavor compounds are secondary metabolites of terpenoid origin. Pogostemon cablin, a commercially important industrial and medicinal crop, accumulates abundant patchouli oil comprised of more than 24 unique sesquiterpene compounds, with the most abundant being patchouli alcohol.

Results: In this study, we analyzed the P. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-019-0259-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6606680PMC
July 2019
0.809 Impact Factor

Effects of light intensity and plant growth regulators on callus proliferation and shoot regeneration in the ornamental succulent Haworthia.

Bot Stud 2019 Jul 2;60(1):10. Epub 2019 Jul 2.

Department of Horticulture, National Chung Hsing University, No. 145, Xingda Road, Taichung, 402, Taiwan.

Background: Haworthia are desert succulents belonging to the Asphodelaceae family. Haworthia species are cultivated commercially as ornamentals and some rare species are quite valuable at retail market but growth slowly and difficult to propagation. However, an efficient micropropagation protocol was remained insufficient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-019-0257-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6606681PMC

Anti-glycation, anti-hemolysis, and ORAC activities of demethylcurcumin and tetrahydroxycurcumin in vitro and reductions of oxidative stress in D-galactose-induced BALB/c mice in vivo.

Bot Stud 2019 Jun 27;60(1). Epub 2019 Jun 27.

Graduate Institute of Pharmacognosy, Taipei Medical University, No. 250, Wu-Hsing Street, Taipei, 110, Taiwan.

Background: There were few report concerning anti-glycation and antioxidant activities of the minor amounts of components in curcuminoids, demethylcurcumin and tetrahydroxycurcumin, in vitro and in vivo.

Results: The bovine serum albumin/galactose of non-enzymatic glycation models, radical-induced hemolysis, and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) were studied in vitro, and the D-galactose-induced oxidative stress in BALB/c mice and then demethylcurcumin or tetrahydroxycurcumin interventions in vivo. The parameters of oxidative stress in plasma and brain extracts were determined among animal groups with or without both curcuminoids interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-019-0258-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6597665PMC
June 2019
2 Reads

Characteristics of mitosis in the gametophyte cells of the marine green alga Monostroma angicava.

Bot Stud 2019 Jun 20;60(1). Epub 2019 Jun 20.

Marine Biosystems Research Center, Chiba University, Kamogawa, 299-5502, Japan.

Background: Some marine algae exhibit several characteristics of mitosis (e.g., the timing of mitosis such as diurnal periodicity) that are unique from those of land plants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-019-0256-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6586733PMC
June 2019
6 Reads

CAM plasticity in epiphytic tropical orchid species responding to environmental stress.

Bot Stud 2019 May 13;60(1). Epub 2019 May 13.

Singapore Botanic Gardens, National Parks Board, 1 Cluny Road, Singapore, 259 569, Singapore.

Background: To counteract its dramatic species endangerment caused by extensive loss of habitat, Singapore is currently re-introducing into nature some of the native orchids to conserve and improve their germplasm. A main challenge of re-introduction is growing and establishing these plants under natural conditions, which are semi-arid with periodic drought. In this study, six native species were examined, of which three, Bulbophyllum vaginatum, Dendrobium leonis and Phalaenopsis cornu-cervi, are viewed as CAM species while the other three, Coelogyne rochussenii, Coelogyne mayeriana, and Bulbophyllum membranaceum are usually characterized as C species. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-019-0255-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6513927PMC
May 2019
3 Reads

Embryology of Anoectochilus roxburghii: seed and embryo development.

Bot Stud 2019 Apr 22;60(1). Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Biology Department, National Museum of Natural Science, No 1, Kuan-Chien Rd, Taichung, 40453, Taiwan.

Background: Anoectochilus roxburghii is known for its medicinal properties, culinary interests, and ornamental applications in Asian countries. Recent studies focus mainly on its phytochemical properties and little is known about its reproductive biology, especially seed and embryo development. This study documents the major developmental events in seed and embryo development of A. Read More

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https://as-botanicalstudies.springeropen.com/articles/10.118
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-019-0254-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6476894PMC
April 2019
17 Reads

The specific status of Melastoma kudoi (Melastomataceae, Melastomeae).

Bot Stud 2019 Mar 28;60(1). Epub 2019 Mar 28.

State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol and Guangdong Key Laboratory of Plant Resources, School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510275, China.

Background: Melastoma has undergone rapid species radiation during the last one million years, and circumscription of some species in the genus has remained controversial. Melastoma kudoi, an erect species narrowly endemic to central Taiwan was previously treated as a synonym of M. intermedium, a semicreeping hybrid between the erect species M. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-019-0253-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6439000PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

Inheritance of foliage color of common rosemallow (Hibiscus moscheutos (L.)) subspecific hybrids.

Bot Stud 2019 Mar 12;60(1). Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Horticulture, University of Georgia, 1111 Miller Plant Science, Athens, GA, 30602, USA.

Background: Common rosemallow (Hibiscus moscheutos (L.)) is a native wetland perennial taxon that has been widely used as an ornamental landscape plant for several decades. Its showy blooms, attractive form and foliage, and hardiness attracted the attention of plant enthusiasts, leading to extensive hybridization and subsequent selection of superior genotypes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-019-0251-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419790PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Antimicrobial and iNOS inhibitory activities of the endophytic fungi isolated from the mangrove plant Acanthus ilicifolius var. xiamenensis.

Bot Stud 2019 Mar 12;60(1). Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Institute of Fisheries Science, National Taiwan University, Taipei, 10617, Taiwan.

Background: Acanthus ilicifolius var. xiamenensis (Acanthaceae) is an old world mangrove species and has long been used as a folk remedy for treating various ailments in traditional medicine. The nature source of A. Read More

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https://as-botanicalstudies.springeropen.com/articles/10.118
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-019-0252-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419792PMC
March 2019
26 Reads

Bayesian inference of environmental effects on seaweed production in Japan via a production-environmental suitability model.

Authors:
Hungyen Chen

Bot Stud 2019 Feb 1;60(1). Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Agronomy, National Taiwan University, Number 1, Section 4, Roosevelt Road, Taipei, 10617, Taiwan.

Background: Both natural and human-induced disturbances are commonly responsible for an overall decrease of the world's seaweed. Along Japan's coastal areas, edible seaweed production has been decreasing for decades. In this study, a production-environmental suitability model to estimate the impacts of environmental factors on seaweed production was developed. Read More

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https://as-botanicalstudies.springeropen.com/articles/10.118
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0250-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6358630PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Effective Agrobacterium-mediated transformation protocols for callus and roots of halophyte ice plant (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum).

Bot Stud 2019 Jan 7;60(1). Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Life Sciences, National Chung Hsing University, No. 145, Xingda Road, Taichung, 402, Taiwan.

Background: Ice plant (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L.) is a model plant for studying salt-tolerant mechanisms in higher plants. Many salt stress-responsive ice plant genes have been identified with molecular and biochemical approaches. Read More

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https://as-botanicalstudies.springeropen.com/articles/10.118
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0249-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6323063PMC
January 2019
29 Reads

Genome-wide association study of rice genes and loci conferring resistance to Magnaporthe oryzae isolates from Taiwan.

Bot Stud 2018 Dec 21;59(1):32. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, National Taiwan University, No. 1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Rd., Taipei, 10617, Taiwan.

Background: Rice blast, caused by Magnaporthe oryzae, is an important rice disease occurring in all rice-growing areas. To manage blast disease effectively and in an environmentally friendly way, it is important to continually discover diverse resistant resources for breeding. In this study, genome-wide association study (GWAS) was used to map genes/loci resistant to rice blast in the open-access rice diversity panel 1 (RDP1), previously genotyped with a 44K single-nucleotide polymorphism array. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0248-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6303224PMC
December 2018

Age and site-specific pattern on encrustation of charophytes.

Bot Stud 2018 Dec 19;59(1):31. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

University of Rostock, Biosciences, Albert-Einstein-Straße 3, 18059, Rostock, Germany.

Encrustation and element content (Ca, Fe, K, Mg and P) of charophytes was studied along plant thalli to investigate the dependency of thallus age and site-specificity. Charophytes were collected from five sampling sites (Angersdorfer Teiche, Asche, Bruchwiesen, Krüselinsee and Lützlower See) which were distinct with respect to water chemistry. Furthermore, photosynthesis was measured to identify the physiological state of plants in habitat waters and with the addition of different ion concentrations (Ca, K, Mg and Na). Read More

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https://as-botanicalstudies.springeropen.com/articles/10.118
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0247-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6300450PMC
December 2018
17 Reads

Squalene synthase cloning and functional identification in wintersweet plant (Chimonanthus zhejiangensis).

Bot Stud 2018 Dec 11;59(1):30. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Tea Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou, 310008, People's Republic of China.

Background: Three species of wintersweets: Chimonanthus salicifolius S. Y. Hu, Chimonanthus zhejiangensis M. Read More

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https://as-botanicalstudies.springeropen.com/articles/10.118
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0246-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6289936PMC
December 2018
30 Reads

Identification of phosphorylation proteins in response to water deficit during wheat flag leaf and grain development.

Bot Stud 2018 Dec 8;59(1):28. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

College of Life Science, Capital Normal University, Beijing, 100048, China.

Background: Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) serves as important grain crop widely cultivated in the world, which is often suffered by drought stress in natural conditions. As one of the most important post translation modifications, protein phosphorylation widely participates in plant abiotic stress regulation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0245-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6286713PMC
December 2018
19 Reads