313 results match your criteria Botanical Studies[Journal]


The specific status of Melastoma kudoi (Melastomataceae, Melastomeae).

Bot Stud 2019 Mar 28;60(1). Epub 2019 Mar 28.

State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol and Guangdong Key Laboratory of Plant Resources, School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510275, China.

Background: Melastoma has undergone rapid species radiation during the last one million years, and circumscription of some species in the genus has remained controversial. Melastoma kudoi, an erect species narrowly endemic to central Taiwan was previously treated as a synonym of M. intermedium, a semicreeping hybrid between the erect species M. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-019-0253-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6439000PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Inheritance of foliage color of common rosemallow (Hibiscus moscheutos (L.)) subspecific hybrids.

Bot Stud 2019 Mar 12;60(1). Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Horticulture, University of Georgia, 1111 Miller Plant Science, Athens, GA, 30602, USA.

Background: Common rosemallow (Hibiscus moscheutos (L.)) is a native wetland perennial taxon that has been widely used as an ornamental landscape plant for several decades. Its showy blooms, attractive form and foliage, and hardiness attracted the attention of plant enthusiasts, leading to extensive hybridization and subsequent selection of superior genotypes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-019-0251-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419790PMC

Antimicrobial and iNOS inhibitory activities of the endophytic fungi isolated from the mangrove plant Acanthus ilicifolius var. xiamenensis.

Bot Stud 2019 Mar 12;60(1). Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Institute of Fisheries Science, National Taiwan University, Taipei, 10617, Taiwan.

Background: Acanthus ilicifolius var. xiamenensis (Acanthaceae) is an old world mangrove species and has long been used as a folk remedy for treating various ailments in traditional medicine. The nature source of A. Read More

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https://as-botanicalstudies.springeropen.com/articles/10.118
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-019-0252-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419792PMC
March 2019
7 Reads

Bayesian inference of environmental effects on seaweed production in Japan via a production-environmental suitability model.

Authors:
Hungyen Chen

Bot Stud 2019 Feb 1;60(1). Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Agronomy, National Taiwan University, Number 1, Section 4, Roosevelt Road, Taipei, 10617, Taiwan.

Background: Both natural and human-induced disturbances are commonly responsible for an overall decrease of the world's seaweed. Along Japan's coastal areas, edible seaweed production has been decreasing for decades. In this study, a production-environmental suitability model to estimate the impacts of environmental factors on seaweed production was developed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0250-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6358630PMC
February 2019

Effective Agrobacterium-mediated transformation protocols for callus and roots of halophyte ice plant (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum).

Bot Stud 2019 Jan 7;60(1). Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Life Sciences, National Chung Hsing University, No. 145, Xingda Road, Taichung, 402, Taiwan.

Background: Ice plant (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L.) is a model plant for studying salt-tolerant mechanisms in higher plants. Many salt stress-responsive ice plant genes have been identified with molecular and biochemical approaches. Read More

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https://as-botanicalstudies.springeropen.com/articles/10.118
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0249-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6323063PMC
January 2019
13 Reads

Genome-wide association study of rice genes and loci conferring resistance to Magnaporthe oryzae isolates from Taiwan.

Bot Stud 2018 Dec 21;59(1):32. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, National Taiwan University, No. 1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Rd., Taipei, 10617, Taiwan.

Background: Rice blast, caused by Magnaporthe oryzae, is an important rice disease occurring in all rice-growing areas. To manage blast disease effectively and in an environmentally friendly way, it is important to continually discover diverse resistant resources for breeding. In this study, genome-wide association study (GWAS) was used to map genes/loci resistant to rice blast in the open-access rice diversity panel 1 (RDP1), previously genotyped with a 44K single-nucleotide polymorphism array. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0248-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6303224PMC
December 2018

Age and site-specific pattern on encrustation of charophytes.

Bot Stud 2018 Dec 19;59(1):31. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

University of Rostock, Biosciences, Albert-Einstein-Straße 3, 18059, Rostock, Germany.

Encrustation and element content (Ca, Fe, K, Mg and P) of charophytes was studied along plant thalli to investigate the dependency of thallus age and site-specificity. Charophytes were collected from five sampling sites (Angersdorfer Teiche, Asche, Bruchwiesen, Krüselinsee and Lützlower See) which were distinct with respect to water chemistry. Furthermore, photosynthesis was measured to identify the physiological state of plants in habitat waters and with the addition of different ion concentrations (Ca, K, Mg and Na). Read More

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https://as-botanicalstudies.springeropen.com/articles/10.118
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0247-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6300450PMC
December 2018
11 Reads

Squalene synthase cloning and functional identification in wintersweet plant (Chimonanthus zhejiangensis).

Bot Stud 2018 Dec 11;59(1):30. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Tea Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou, 310008, People's Republic of China.

Background: Three species of wintersweets: Chimonanthus salicifolius S. Y. Hu, Chimonanthus zhejiangensis M. Read More

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https://as-botanicalstudies.springeropen.com/articles/10.118
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0246-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6289936PMC
December 2018
12 Reads

Identification of phosphorylation proteins in response to water deficit during wheat flag leaf and grain development.

Bot Stud 2018 Dec 8;59(1):28. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

College of Life Science, Capital Normal University, Beijing, 100048, China.

Background: Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) serves as important grain crop widely cultivated in the world, which is often suffered by drought stress in natural conditions. As one of the most important post translation modifications, protein phosphorylation widely participates in plant abiotic stress regulation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0245-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6286713PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Identification, sexual dimorphism and aspects of the natural history of Sapria himalayana (Rafflesiaceae) on Vietnam's Lang Biang Plateau.

Bot Stud 2018 Dec 10;59(1):29. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Singapore Botanic Gardens, National Parks Board, 1 Cluny Road, Singapore, 259569, Singapore.

Background: Sapria is a distinctive and narrowly host-specific holoparasitic genus belonging to the Rafflesiaceae. Sapria himalayana, rare throughout its range from NE India, SW China, Thailand to Vietnam, is a little-understood species first recorded for Vietnam in 1959, and only recollected there over half a century later in February 2017. This has facilitated an assessment of its taxonomic identity and our understanding of its morphology and natural history aspects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0243-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6288103PMC
December 2018
12 Reads
0.809 Impact Factor

Nuclear and chloroplast DNA phylogeography suggests an Early Miocene southward expansion of Lithocarpus (Fagaceae) on the Asian continent and islands.

Bot Stud 2018 Nov 8;59(1):27. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Life Science, National Taiwan Normal University, 88, Ting-Chow Rd, Sec 4, Taipei, 116, Taiwan.

Background: Most genera of Fagaceae are thought to have originated in the temperate regions except for the genus Lithocarpus, the stone oaks. Lithocarpus is distributed in subtropical and tropical Asia, and its ancestral population is hypothesized to be distributed in tropical regions in Borneo and Indochina. Borneo and the nearby islands (the Greater Sunda Islands) were connected to the Malay Peninsula and Indochina prior to the Pliocene epoch and formed the former Sundaland continent. Read More

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https://as-botanicalstudies.springeropen.com/articles/10.118
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0244-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6223401PMC
November 2018
11 Reads

Chloroplast proteome analysis of Nicotiana tabacum overexpressing TERF1 under drought stress condition.

Authors:
Wei Wu Yanchun Yan

Bot Stud 2018 Oct 29;59(1):26. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, No. 12 Zhongguancun South St., Haidian District, Beijing, 100081, People's Republic of China.

Background: Chloroplast is indispensable for plant response to environmental stresses, growth and development, whose function is regulated by different plant hormones. The chloroplast proteome is encoded by chloroplast genome and nuclear genome, which play essential roles in plant photosynthesis, metabolism and other biological processes. Ethylene response factors (ERFs) are key transcription factors in activating the ethylene signaling pathway and plant response to abiotic stress. Read More

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https://as-botanicalstudies.springeropen.com/articles/10.118
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0239-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206318PMC
October 2018
13 Reads

Tuber elevatireticulatum sp. nov., a new species of whitish truffle from Taiwan.

Bot Stud 2018 Oct 29;59(1):25. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Advance Plant Protection Limited Company, Hsinchu, Taiwan.

Background: There are estimated 180-220 species of Tuber described in the world, but the diversity of the genus in Taiwan is poorly known, with only two species recorded, i.e., Tuber formosanum and T. Read More

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https://as-botanicalstudies.springeropen.com/articles/10.118
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0241-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206313PMC
October 2018
16 Reads

Expression shifts of floral symmetry genes correlate to flower actinomorphy in East Asia endemic Conandron ramondioides (Gesneriaceae).

Bot Stud 2018 Oct 29;59(1):24. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Institute of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background: Bilateral symmetry flower (zygomorphy) is the ancestral state for Gesneriaceae species. Yet independent reversions to actinomorphy have been parallelly evolved in several lineages. Conandron ramondioides is a natural radially symmetrical species survived in dense shade mountainous habitats where specialist pollinators are scarce. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0242-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206312PMC
October 2018

Grain width 2 (GW2) and its interacting proteins regulate seed development in rice (Oryza sativa L.).

Bot Stud 2018 Oct 26;59(1):23. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Department of Plant Science, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Research Institute of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Gwanakro 200, Gwanak-gu, Seoul, 151-921, South Korea.

Background: Seed size has been extensively studied in crop plants, as it determines crop yield. However, the mechanism of seed development remains elusive. In this study, we explored the mechanism of seed development in rice (Oryza sativa L. Read More

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https://as-botanicalstudies.springeropen.com/articles/10.118
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0240-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6203701PMC
October 2018
27 Reads

Arabidopsis and rice showed a distinct pattern in ZIPs genes expression profile in response to Cd stress.

Bot Stud 2018 Sep 25;59(1):22. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Key Laboratory for Agricultural Water Resources, Center for Agricultural Resources Research, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shijiazhuang, 050021, Hebei, People's Republic of China.

Background: Plant ZIP genes represent an important transporter family involved in metal transport. Evidence has implied that some ZIPs may contribute to plant Cd uptake, but a genome-wide examination of ZIPs' role in Cd tolerance and uptake has rarely been reported. In this study, a genome-wide bioinformatic screening of candidate ZIP genes in Arabidopsis and rice was performed, followed by a systematic determination of their expression profile in response to Cd stress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0238-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6156699PMC
September 2018
9 Reads

Comparative RNA-Seq analysis on the regulation of cucumber sex differentiation under different ratios of blue and red light.

Bot Stud 2018 Sep 10;59(1):21. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

College of Horticulture, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, 510642, China.

Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) is a typical monoecism vegetable with individual male and female flowers, which has been used as a plant model for sex determination. It is well known that light is one of the most important environmental stimuli, which control the timing of the transition from vegetative growth to reproductive development. Read More

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https://as-botanicalstudies.springeropen.com/articles/10.118
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0237-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6131680PMC
September 2018
11 Reads

Understory upheaval: factors influencing Japanese stiltgrass invasion in forestlands of Tennessee, United States.

Bot Stud 2018 Aug 6;59(1):20. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

Department of Ecosystem Science and Management, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, 77843, USA.

Background: Invasions by non-native plants contribute to loss of ecosystem biodiversity and productivity, modification of biogeochemical cycles, and inhibition of natural regeneration of native species. Japanese stiltgrass (Microstegium vimineum (Trin.) A. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0236-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6079111PMC

Sky-canopy border length, exposure and thresholding influence accuracy of hemispherical photography for complex plant canopies.

Bot Stud 2018 Jul 28;59(1):19. Epub 2018 Jul 28.

Centre for Mined Land Rehabilitation, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, 4072, Australia.

Background: Hemispherical photography (HP) is a popular method to estimate canopy structure and understorey light environment, which analyses photographs acquired with wide view-angle lens (i.e. fisheye lens). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0235-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6064577PMC

Integrating morphological characters, molecular markers, and distribution patterns to assess the identity of Blepharis species from Jordan.

Bot Stud 2018 Jul 25;59(1):18. Epub 2018 Jul 25.

Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Yarmouk University, P. O. Box 21163, Irbid, Jordan.

Background: Blepharis constitutes an important part of the vegetation of the Jordanian arid and semi-arid regions, yet whether one or more species of this genus occurs in the Jordanian area is uncertain. We addressed this question by assessing morphological characters and testing Inter-Simple Sequence Repeat (ISSR) markers from three populations of Blepharis: two northern (lower slopes of Kufranjah valley and the Dead Sea region) and one southern (Wadi al Yutm).

Results: Shoots from randomly chosen Blepharis plants were harvested from each of the three populations for morphological and molecular analyses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0234-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6060189PMC
July 2018
16 Reads
0.810 Impact Factor

Nuclear dynamics in the homothallic ascomycete Sordaria fimicola.

Bot Stud 2018 Jul 3;59(1):17. Epub 2018 Jul 3.

Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, National Taiwan University, No. 1 Roosevelt Road, Sec. 4, Taipei, 10617, Taiwan.

Background: The coprophilous ascomycete Sordaria fimicola usually reproduces sexually. Sexual differentiation in S. fimicola is accompanied by cellular and morphological changes, followed by multicellular tissue development to complete the sexual cycle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0233-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6029984PMC

Orchid conservation: how can we meet the challenges in the twenty-first century?

Authors:
Michael F Fay

Bot Stud 2018 Jun 5;59(1):16. Epub 2018 Jun 5.

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, TW9 3AB, UK.

With c. 28,000 species, orchids are one of the largest families of flowering plants, and they are also one of the most threatened, in part due to their complex life history strategies. Threats include habitat destruction and climate change, but many orchids are also threatened by unsustainable (often illegal and/or undocumented) harvest for horticulture, food or medicine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0232-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5988927PMC

The roles of Arabidopsis HSFA2, HSFA4a, and HSFA7a in the heat shock response and cytosolic protein response.

Bot Stud 2018 May 21;59(1):15. Epub 2018 May 21.

Department of Life Sciences, National Central University, Taoyuan, 32001, Taiwan.

Previously, we found that Arabidopsis plants transformed with a construct containing the promoter of Oshsp17.3 from rice fused to the β-glucuronidase gene (GUS), Oshsp17.3Pro::GUS (Oshsp17. Read More

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https://as-botanicalstudies.springeropen.com/articles/10.118
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0231-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5962528PMC
May 2018
8 Reads

Influence of harvest stage on the pharmacological effect of Angelica dahurica.

Bot Stud 2018 May 15;59(1):14. Epub 2018 May 15.

Department of Agronomy, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Background: Baizhi (Angelica dahurica) has been widely used as a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, functional food and cosmetic product ingredient, mostly because of the high furanocoumarin compounds in roots. The cropping system of Baizhi with its unique summer dormancy feature, is easily affected by the transition of its growth stages. The aim of this study was to analyze the quantity (size, form and dry weight [DW]) and quality (antioxidant and furanocoumarin content) of taproot and lateral root from three growth stages of Baizhi; vegetative (V-stage), summer dormancy (S-stage) and bolting stage (B-stage). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0230-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5953908PMC

Cryopreservation without vitrification suitable for large scale cryopreservation of orchid seeds.

Bot Stud 2018 May 9;59(1):13. Epub 2018 May 9.

Natural Capital and Plant Health, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, TW9 3AE, UK.

Background: Orchids are under threat from human activities and climate change, with populations limited to small geographic hotspots. This makes them ideal candidates for ex situ conservation. Orchid seeds are desiccation tolerant, but often have poor longevity in seed banks and cryopreservation of orchid protocorms is complex and expensive. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0229-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5943204PMC
May 2018
1 Read

Expression of ovate family protein 8 affects epicuticular waxes accumulation in Arabidopsis thaliana.

Bot Stud 2018 Apr 24;59(1):12. Epub 2018 Apr 24.

Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, 150030, China.

Background: Transcription factors could regulate multiple aspects of plants growth and development, which is significant to plants. Ovate family proteins (OFPs) that are named due to contain OVATE domain, a 70-AA C-terminal conserved domain from the protein OVATE gene encodes, are plant-specific transcription factors family. Some members of OFPs have been shown to function as transcription factors to regulate plant growth and development, but little is known about the function of AtOFP8. Read More

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https://as-botanicalstudies.springeropen.com/articles/10.118
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0228-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5915979PMC
April 2018
5 Reads

Ethylene signaling modulates contents of catechin and ability of antioxidant in Camellia sinensis.

Bot Stud 2018 Apr 3;59(1):11. Epub 2018 Apr 3.

Department of Agronomy, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, 40227, Taiwan.

Background: Tea is one of the most popular beverages in the world. There are many secondary metabolites can be found in tea such as anthocyanins, proanthocyanidins, flavonols and catechins. These secondary metabolites in plants are proved to act protective components for human health effect. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0226-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5882471PMC
April 2018
5 Reads

Morphology, taxonomy and mating-type loci in natural populations of Volvox carteri in Taiwan.

Bot Stud 2018 Apr 3;59(1):10. Epub 2018 Apr 3.

Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica, Nankang, Taipei, 11529, Taiwan.

Background: Volvox carteri f. nagariensis is a model taxon that has been studied extensively at the cellular and molecular level. The most distinctive morphological attribute of V. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0227-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5882469PMC
April 2018
1 Read

Phyllanthus rufuschaneyi: a new nickel hyperaccumulator from Sabah (Borneo Island) with potential for tropical agromining.

Bot Stud 2018 Mar 27;59(1). Epub 2018 Mar 27.

Laboratoire Sols et Environnement, Université de Lorraine, INRA, Nancy, 54000, France.

Background: Nickel hyperaccumulator plants are of much interest for their evolution and unique ecophysiology, and also for potential applications in agromining-a novel technology that uses plants to extract valuable metals from soil. The majority of nickel hyperaccumulators are known from ultramafic soils in tropical regions (Cuba, New Caledonia and Southeast Asia), and one genus, Phyllanthus (Phyllanthaceae), is globally the most represented taxonomic entity. A number of tropical Phyllanthus-species have the potential to be used as 'metal crops' in agromining operations mainly because of their ease in cultivation and their ability to attain high nickel concentrations and biomass yields. Read More

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https://as-botanicalstudies.springeropen.com/articles/10.118
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0225-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5869324PMC
March 2018
3 Reads

Revealing proteins associated with symbiotic germination of Gastrodia elata by proteomic analysis.

Bot Stud 2018 Mar 6;59(1). Epub 2018 Mar 6.

Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, 100193, People's Republic of China.

Background: Gastrodia elata, a mycoheterotrophic orchid, is a well-known medicinal herb. In nature, the seed germination of G. elata requires proper fungal association, because of the absence of endosperm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0224-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5840113PMC
March 2018
11 Reads

Adansonia digitata and Adansonia gregorii fruit shells serve as a protection against high temperatures experienced during wildfires.

Bot Stud 2018 Feb 17;59(1). Epub 2018 Feb 17.

Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Institute of Botany, Technische Universität Dresden, 01062, Dresden, Germany.

The thick and woody shell of the fruit of Adansonia species cannot be explained solely by adaptation to zoochory or hydrochory. Since the trunks of Adansonia possess a thick and fire-resistant bark and wildfires occur regularly in its habitat (savannah), we examined with the African Adanonia digitata and the Australian Adansonia gregorii whether the fruit offers protection against high heat typically experienced in wildfires. Heat-resistance tests were conducted by applying a simple heat test based on known temperature and temperature residence times occurring in savannah fires and complemented by tests to reveal the impact of heat on germination since long-term seed dormancy is known for Adansonia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0223-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5816730PMC
February 2018

Acetylsalicylic acid enhance tolerance of Phaseolus vulgaris L. to chilling stress, improving photosynthesis, antioxidants and expression of cold stress responsive genes.

Bot Stud 2018 Feb 15;59(1). Epub 2018 Feb 15.

Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.

Background: High and low temperatures constitute the most damaging type of abiotic stress and limit the survival, and productivity of plants. The present study aimed to evaluate the role of exogenous applications of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) in reducing the deleterious effects of cold stress. Phaseolus vulgaris L. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0222-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5814394PMC
February 2018
4 Reads

Effects of different growth temperatures on growth, development, and plastid pigments metabolism of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) plants.

Bot Stud 2018 Feb 5;59(1). Epub 2018 Feb 5.

School of Life Sciences, Engineering Research Center of Sustainable Development and Utilization of Biomass Energy, Ministry of Education, Key Laboratory of Biomass Energy and Environmental Biotechnology of Yunnan Province, Yunnan Normal University, Kunming, 650500, People's Republic of China.

Background: Temperature remarkably affects the growth and metabolism of plants. Tobacco is an important cash crop, and the long-term effects of different growth temperatures (18.5, 23. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0221-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5799153PMC
February 2018
4 Reads
0.810 Impact Factor

Plant regeneration via direct somatic embryogenesis from leaf explants of Tolumnia Louise Elmore 'Elsa'.

Bot Stud 2018 Jan 22;59(1). Epub 2018 Jan 22.

Institute of Plant and Microbial Biology, Academia Sinica, Taipei, 115, Taiwan, ROC.

Background: Tolumnia genus (equitant Oncidium) is a group of small orchids with vivid flower color. Thousands of hybrids have been registered on Royal Horticulture Society and showed great potential for ornamental plant market. The aim of this study is to establish an efficient method for in vitro propagation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0220-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5778089PMC
January 2018
2 Reads

Actinidia callosa var. callosa suppresses metastatic potential of human hepatoma cell SK-Hep1 by inhibiting matrix metalloproteinase-2 through PI3K/Akt and MAPK signaling pathways.

Bot Stud 2018 Jan 22;59(1). Epub 2018 Jan 22.

School of Chinese Pharmaceutical Sciences and Chinese Medicine Resources, College of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan.

Background: Cancer cell metastasis involving multi-step procedures and cytophysiological property changes may make difficult in the clinical management and death rate increasing.

Results: In this study, we first observed that ethyl acetate fraction of Actinidia callosa var. callosa (EAAC) carry out a dose-dependent inhibitory effect without cytotoxicity on the mobility and invasion of highly metastatic SK-Hep1 cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-017-0216-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5778090PMC
January 2018
3 Reads

Heterologous expression of rice 9-cis-epoxycarotenoid dioxygenase 4 (OsNCED4) in Arabidopsis confers sugar oversensitivity and drought tolerance.

Bot Stud 2018 Jan 15;59(1). Epub 2018 Jan 15.

Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute, Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan, No.189, Zhongzheng Road, Wufeng District, Taichung, 41362, Taiwan, ROC.

Background: The 9-cis-epoxycarotenoid dioxygenases OsNCED4 was cloned from rice in conjunction with OsNCED 1-3 and 5, of which 3 has been shown to function in ABA biosynthesis and alteration of leaf morphology. In higher plants, NCEDs have been shown to be key enzymes controlling ABA biosynthesis and belong to a differentially expressed gene family. Aside from OsNCED3, it remains largely unknown if other OsNCED genes are involved in ABA biosynthesis in rice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-018-0219-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5768580PMC
January 2018

Phalaenopsis pollinia storage at sub-zero temperature and its pollen viability assessment.

Bot Stud 2018 Jan 3;59(1). Epub 2018 Jan 3.

Department of Plant Industry, National Pingtung University of Science & Technology, Pingtung, 91201, Taiwan.

Background: In a breeding program, usually only superior parents are chosen for cross hybridization. Pollens of elite cultivars may not be available at hand. Properly stored pollens provide an opportunity for cross hybridization at unavailable time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-017-0218-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5752644PMC
January 2018
1 Read

Identification and cytochemical immunolocalization of acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase involved in the terpenoid mevalonate pathway in Euphorbia helioscopia laticifers.

Bot Stud 2017 Dec 16;58(1):62. Epub 2017 Dec 16.

Key Laboratory of Resource Biology and Biotechnology in Western China, (Northwest University), Ministry of Education, Xi'an, 710069, China.

Background: Terpenoids, the largest class of natural products in the plant kingdom, have been widely used in medicine. The precursors of terpenoids, isoprene phosphate (IPP) and dimethylallyl pyrophosphate (DMAPP), were synthesized from a mevalonate (MVA) pathway and a 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol-4-phosphate (MEP) pathway respectively. The acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase (AACT) is the initial enzyme in MVA pathway and is considered presently to be essential for terpenoid backbone biosynthesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-017-0217-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5732124PMC
December 2017
17 Reads

Post genomics era for orchid research.

Bot Stud 2017 Dec 12;58(1):61. Epub 2017 Dec 12.

Institute of Tropical Plant Sciences, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, 701, Taiwan.

Among 300,000 species in angiosperms, Orchidaceae containing 30,000 species is one of the largest families. Almost every habitats on earth have orchid plants successfully colonized, and it indicates that orchids are among the plants with significant ecological and evolutionary importance. So far, four orchid genomes have been sequenced, including Phalaenopsis equestris, Dendrobium catenatum, Dendrobium officinale, and Apostaceae shengen. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-017-0213-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5727007PMC
December 2017
8 Reads

Correction to: Soil respiration patterns and rates at three Taiwanese forest plantations: dependence on elevation, temperature, precipitation, and litterfall.

Bot Stud 2017 Dec 12;58(1):60. Epub 2017 Dec 12.

School of Forestry and Resource Conservation, National Taiwan University, Taipei, 106, Taiwan.

Unfortunately, the original article (Huang et al. 2017) contained some errors. The Fig. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-017-0215-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5725396PMC
December 2017
13 Reads

A method for facilitating the seed germination of a mycoheterotrophic orchid, Gastrodia pubilabiata, using decomposed leaf litter harboring a basidiomycete fungus, Mycena sp.

Bot Stud 2017 Dec 8;58(1):59. Epub 2017 Dec 8.

Faculty of Agriculture, Saga University, 1 Honjo-machi, Saga, 840-8502, Japan.

Background: Mycoheterotrophic plants are one of the most difficult plant groups to conserve because they are entirely dependent on symbiotic fungi. Establishment of viable culture systems would greatly aid their conservation. We describe a simple culture system for the mycoheterotrophic orchid, Gastrodia pubilabiata, that does not require laboratory facilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-017-0214-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5722783PMC
December 2017
9 Reads

Photosynthetic acclimation of Grammatophyllum speciosum to growth irradiance under natural conditions in Singapore.

Bot Stud 2017 Dec 5;58(1):58. Epub 2017 Dec 5.

Singapore Botanic Gardens, National Parks Board, 1 Cluny Road, Singapore, 25956, Singapore.

Grammatophyllum speciosum, a native species to Singapore, have become extinct mainly due to habitat loss. Recently, Singapore has reintroduced G. speciosum into the natural environment under the orchid conservation programme. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-017-0210-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5716964PMC
December 2017
4 Reads

Photosynthetic gas exchange responses of Swietenia macrophylla King and Melia azedarach L. plantations under drought conditions.

Bot Stud 2017 Dec 2;58(1):57. Epub 2017 Dec 2.

Department of Forestry and Resource Conservation, National Taiwan University, 10617, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background: The environmental stresses caused by climate change have become more severe in recent decades, affecting tree growth and physiology. Tropical forests have great potential for global carbon sequestration. However, they suffer from heavy rainfall and prolonged dry periods due to climate change. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-017-0212-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5712295PMC
December 2017
1 Read

Three new species of Paraboea (Gesneriaceae) from limestone karsts of China based on morphological and molecular evidence.

Bot Stud 2017 Dec 1;58(1):56. Epub 2017 Dec 1.

Research Museum and Herbarium (HAST), Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taipei, 11529, Taiwan.

Background: The limestone karsts of Southeast Asia and South China are a major biodiversity hotspot of global terrestrial biomes. With more than 130 described species, Paraboea has become one of the most characteristic plant groups in the Southeast Asian limestone flora. During the course of extensive field work on the limestone formations of southern and southwestern China, three unknown species of Paraboea were collected. Read More

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https://as-botanicalstudies.springeropen.com/articles/10.118
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-017-0207-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5709257PMC
December 2017
11 Reads

Nostoc calcicola extract improved the antioxidative response of soybean to cowpea aphid.

Bot Stud 2017 Nov 28;58(1):55. Epub 2017 Nov 28.

Department of Environmental Sciences, School of Chemo-Biology and Environment Technology, Vinh University, str. Le Duan 182, Vinh, Nghe An Province, Vietnam.

Background: Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr. cv. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-017-0211-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5705527PMC
November 2017
1 Read

Techniques for the collection, transportation, and isolation of orchid endophytes from afar: a case study from Madagascar.

Bot Stud 2017 Nov 28;58(1):54. Epub 2017 Nov 28.

Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, Richmond, Surrey, TW9 3AB, UK.

Background: Tropical orchids need more study with respect to their mycorrhizal associations. For researchers in distant countries who aspire to study these orchids augmenting their conservation, the great distances involved, coupled with limited funds, pose formidable challenges. These challenges are sometimes exacerbated by political unrest, delays in securing permits, unexpected hardships, and the risk that the biological samples collected (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-017-0209-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5705530PMC
November 2017
2 Reads

The effects of chilling-light stress on photosystems I and II in three Paphiopedilum species.

Bot Stud 2017 Nov 25;58(1):53. Epub 2017 Nov 25.

Key Laboratory of Economic Plants and Biotechnology, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 132# Lanhei Road, Heilongtan, Kunming, 650201, Yunnan, China.

Background: Low temperatures pose a critical limitation to the physiology and survival of chilling-sensitive plants. One example is the genus Paphiopedilum (Orchidaceae), which is mainly native to tropical and subtropical areas from Asia to the Pacific islands. However, little is known about the physiological mechanism(s) underlying its sensitivity to chilling temperature. Read More

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https://as-botanicalstudies.springeropen.com/articles/10.118
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-017-0208-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5702284PMC
November 2017
2 Reads

Phylogenetic Classification of Seed Plants of Taiwan.

Bot Stud 2017 Nov 21;58(1):52. Epub 2017 Nov 21.

Research Museum and Herbarium (HAST), Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taipei, 11529, Taiwan.

Background: Biological classification, the hierarchical arrangement of scientific names of organisms, constitutes the core infrastructure of biological databases. For an efficient management of biological databases, adopting a stable and universal biological classification system is crucial. Currently in Taiwan Biodiversity Information Facility (TaiBIF; http://taibif. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-017-0206-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5696268PMC
November 2017
4 Reads

Diurnal regulation of the floral scent emission by light and circadian rhythm in the Phalaenopsis orchids.

Bot Stud 2017 Nov 15;58(1):50. Epub 2017 Nov 15.

Department of Life Sciences, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, 701, Taiwan.

Background: Phalaenopsis bellina and its closely related species, P. violacea, emit linalool, geraniol and their derivatives as the predominant monoterpenes at the full-bloom stages. Geranyl diphosphate synthase (PbGDPS) is the key enzyme that converts precursors for monoterpene biosynthesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-017-0204-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5688052PMC
November 2017
41 Reads

Tobacco plants expressing the maize nitrate transporter ZmNrt2.1 exhibit altered responses of growth and gene expression to nitrate and calcium.

Bot Stud 2017 Nov 15;58(1):51. Epub 2017 Nov 15.

Department of Biological Sciences, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, 33431, USA.

Background: Nitrate uptake is a highly regulated process. Understanding the intricate interactions between nitrate availability and genetically-controlled nitrate acquisition and metabolism is essential for improving nitrogen use efficiency and increasing nitrate uptake capacity for plants grown in both nitrate-poor and nitrate-enriched environments. In this report, we introduced into tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) the constitutively expressed maize high-affinity transporter ZmNrt2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40529-017-0203-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5688054PMC
November 2017
2 Reads