14,698 results match your criteria Botanical Sciences[Journal]


Phytochemical analysis of Vietnamese propolis produced by the stingless bee Lisotrigona cacciae.

PLoS One 2019 24;14(4):e0216074. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

Institute of Organic Chemistry with Centre of Phytochemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Propolis produced by the stingless bee Lisotrigona cacciae was studied for the first time. Using different chromatographic procedures, a total of eighteen constituents (phenols and triterpenes) were isolated, among which flavane 1, homoisoflavanes 2-4, and xanthones 5 and 6 were new for propolis. Propolis extract was also characterized by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry and other fifteen constituents were identified. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0216074PLOS

Cryopreservation of Endangered Wild Species, Aster altaicus var. uchiyamae Kitam, Using Droplet-Vitrification Procedure.

Cryo Letters 2019 Mar/Apr;40(2):113-122

Dept. of Well-being Resources, Sunchon National University, Suncheon, 57922, Korea.

Background: Aster altaicus var. uchiyamae Kitam is an endemic and endangered species in urgent need of a comprehensive conservation strategy.

Objective: To develop an efficient cryopreservation protocol using in vitro shoot tips to complement traditional conservation approaches in case seeds are not available or insufficient for conservation programs. Read More

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Effects of an Oil-Free Hydroethanolic Pumpkin Seed Extract on Symptom Frequency and Severity in Men with Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: A Pilot Study in Humans.

J Med Food 2019 Apr 24. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

3 Frutarom Switzerland Ltd., Scientific Affairs BU Health, Wädenswil, Switzerland.

Majority of men are affected by symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) from a certain age. Botanical extracts are frequently used in the early management of the symptoms. In a single-arm, mono-center pilot study, the effects of a proprietary oil-free hydroethanolic pumpkin seed extract on the symptoms of BPH were investigated. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/jmf.2018.0106
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2018.0106DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Determination of perillaldehyde in perilla herbs using relative molar sensitivity to single-reference diphenyl sulfone.

J Nat Med 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Division of Food Additives, National Institute of Health Sciences, Tokyo, Japan.

Perillaldehyde (PRL) is one of the essential oil components derived from perilla plants (Perilla frutescens Britton) and is a characteristic compound of the traditional medicine "perilla herb ()" listed in the The Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 17th edition (JP17). HPLC using an analytical standard of PRL has been used to quantitatively determine the PRL content in perilla herb. However, PRL reagents have been reported to decompose easily. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11418-019-01306-7DOI Listing

Comparison of gene expression in cynomolgus monkeys with preclinical type II diabetes induced by different high energy diets.

Animal Model Exp Med 2019 Mar 20;2(1):44-50. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Guangdong Key Laboratory of Animal Conservation and Resource Utilization Guangdong Public Laboratory of Wild Animal Conservation and Utilization Guangdong Institute of Applied Biological Resources Guangzhou China.

Background: Cynomolgus disease models that are similar to the preclinical stage of human type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) were established by feeding middle-aged cynomolgus monkeys different high energy diets to study the differential expression of diabetes-related genes.

Methods: A total of 36 male monkeys were randomly divided into four groups and fed human diets with high sugar, high fat, double high sugar and fat, and a normal diet. The preclinical diabetes phase was determined by monitoring the metabolic characteristic indices and the results of oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTT). Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ame2.12058
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ame2.12058DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6431119PMC
March 2019
4 Reads

Genome streamlining via complete loss of introns has occurred multiple times in lichenized fungal mitochondria.

Ecol Evol 2019 Apr 21;9(7):4245-4263. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology University of Colorado Boulder Colorado.

Reductions in genome size and complexity are a hallmark of obligate symbioses. The mitochondrial genome displays clear examples of these reductions, with the ancestral alpha-proteobacterial genome size and gene number having been reduced by orders of magnitude in most descendent modern mitochondrial genomes. Here, we examine patterns of mitochondrial evolution specifically looking at intron size, number, and position across 58 species from 21 genera of lichenized Ascomycete fungi, representing a broad range of fungal diversity and niches. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.5056DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6467859PMC

In-situ headspace analysis of metabolic carbon dioxide of aerobic bacteria for assessing antimicrobial activity of natural products.

J Chromatogr A 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Key Laboratory of Plant Germplasm Enhancement and Specialty Agriculture, Wuhan Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, 430074, China; Sino-African Joint Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, 430074, China. Electronic address:

Headspace analysis of the volatile metabolites has been used as a good strategy for monitoring the microbial growth in several applications, but never been established for the evaluation of the activity of microbial inhibitor in the field of drug screening from natural products. We report on a new method for the determination of antimicrobial activity of drug compounds or crude extracts from natural products by measuring the amount of metabolic carbon dioxide produced in the drug-bacteria incubation system. 2 mL of medium containing bacteria and drug of interest was incubated at 37 °C for 24 h. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00219673193040
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2019.04.039DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Trichomes.

Authors:
Martin Hülskamp

Curr Biol 2019 Apr;29(8):R273-R274

Botanical Institute, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany. Electronic address:

Trichomes serve diverse functions for plants, and are an intriguing developmental model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2019.02.010DOI Listing

Copigmentation of Malvidin-3--Monoglucoside by Oenological Tannins: Incidence on Wine Model Color in Function of Botanical Origin, pH and Ethanol Content.

Molecules 2019 Apr 12;24(8). Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Université de Bordeaux, Unité de Recherche Œnologie, EA 4577, USC 1366 INRA, ISVV, 33882 Villenave d'Ornon CEDEX, France.

The effect of the botanical origin, pH level and ethanol content of different oenological tannins on the color of malvidin-3--monoglucoside solution, including their effectiveness as copigments, was studied. Briefly, a model wine solution (4 g/L of tartaric acid, pH 3.5 and 12% ethanol) containing 50 mg/L of malvidin-3--monoglucoside was prepared and supplemented with 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules24081448DOI Listing

Overexpression of VaWRKY12, a transcription factor from Vitis amurensis with increased nuclear localization under low temperature, enhances cold tolerance of plants.

Plant Mol Biol 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Key Laboratory of Plant Germplasm Enhancement and Specialty Agriculture, Wuhan Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, 430074, People's Republic of China.

Key Message: Overexpression of VaWRKY12, whose nuclear translocation increased under low temperature, enhanced the cold tolerance of Arabidopsis and grapevine calli and significantly increased the expression of antioxidant-related genes. Low temperature causes injuries to buds during winter and to young shoots during early spring, thereby affecting grapevine quality and yield. Understanding the regulatory mechanisms of cold stress responses is essential for the breeding of new grapevine cultivars with excellent cold tolerance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11103-019-00846-6DOI Listing

Complete nucleotide sequence of a new potexvirus, 'Cnidium virus X', isolated from Cnidium officinale in Japan.

Arch Virol 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Faculty of Bioresource Sciences, Akita Prefectural University, Akita, Japan.

A flexuous virus was detected in a Cnidium officinale plant in Japan showing mosaic symptoms. The virus was assigned to the genus Potexvirus based on analysis of its complete nucleotide sequence. The genomic RNA of the virus was 5,964 nucleotides in length, excluding the 3'-terminal poly(A) tail. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00705-019-04261-6DOI Listing

Complete genome sequence of natural rubber-degrading, gram-negative bacterium, strain NS21.

Biotechnol Rep (Amst) 2019 Jun 1;22:e00332. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Bioengineering, Nagaoka University of Technology, Nagaoka, Niigata, 940-2188, Japan.

Gram-negative natural rubber-degrader, NS21, which was isolated from soil in the botanical garden in Japan, is a newly proposed species of genus of . It has been reported that the gene is involved in the natural rubber degradation in this strain. To gain novel insights into natural rubber degradation pathway, the complete genome sequence of this strain was determined. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2215017X193002
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.btre.2019.e00332DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6460296PMC
June 2019
3 Reads

Wet and dry tropical forests show opposite successional pathways in wood density but converge over time.

Nat Ecol Evol 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Tropical forests are converted at an alarming rate for agricultural use and pastureland, but also regrow naturally through secondary succession. For successful forest restoration, it is essential to understand the mechanisms of secondary succession. These mechanisms may vary across forest types, but analyses across broad spatial scales are lacking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41559-019-0882-6DOI Listing

Labdane and Abietane Diterpenoids from and Their Cytotoxic Activity.

Molecules 2019 Apr 19;24(8). Epub 2019 Apr 19.

School of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, Health Sciences Platform, Tianjin University,Tianjin 30072, China.

A phytochemical investigation of the whole plant of led to the isolationof one previously undescribed labdane diterpenoid, (4,5,9,10)-13-des-ethyl-13-oxolabda-8(17),11-dien-19-oic acid (), together with nine known diterpenoids (-, -), two lignans (, ),and a coumarin (). The structures of all the compounds were elucidated on the basis ofspectrometric data, primarily one-dimensional (1D)- and two-dimensional (2D)-NMR and massspectrometry. Electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations determined the absoluteconfiguration of . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules24081561DOI Listing

Dating Whole Genome Duplication in and Potential Adaptive Values of Retained Gene Duplicates.

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Apr 19;20(8). Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Shanghai Chenshan Plant Science Research Center, Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201602, China.

Whole-genome duplications (WGDs) are widespread in plants and frequently coincide with global climatic change events, such as the Cretaceous-Tertiary (KT) extinction event approximately 65 million years ago (mya). Ferns have larger genomes and higher chromosome numbers than seed plants, which likely resulted from multiple rounds of polyploidy. Here, we use diploid and triploid material from a model fern species, , for the detection of WGDs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20081926DOI Listing

Identification of a Novel Gammaherpesvirus in Canada lynx ().

Viruses 2019 Apr 20;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Western Ontario, 1151 Richmond St., London, ON N6A 5C1, Canada.

Gammaherpesviruses (GHVs) infect many animal species and are associated with lymphoproliferative disorders in some. Previously, we identified several novel GHVs in North American felids; however, a GHV had never been identified in Canada lynx (). We, therefore, hypothesized the existence of an unidentified GHV in lynx. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/v11040363DOI Listing

PHB is Produced from Glycogen Turn-over during Nitrogen Starvation in sp. PCC 6803.

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Apr 20;20(8). Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Interfaculty Institute of Microbiology and Infection Medicine Tübingen, Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tübingen, 72076 Tübingen, Germany.

Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) is a polymer of great interest as a substitute for conventional plastics, which are becoming an enormous environmental problem. PHB can be produced directly from CO in photoautotrophic cyanobacteria. The model cyanobacterium sp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20081942DOI Listing

The combination of catechin, baicalin and β-caryophyllene potentially suppresses the production of inflammatory cytokines in mouse macrophages .

Exp Ther Med 2019 May 29;17(5):4312-4318. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Clinical Development, Primus Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Scottsdale, AZ 85251, USA.

It has been demonstrated that the combination of three botanical factors of (+)-catechin, baicalin and β-caryophyllene, which exhibit anti-inflammatory effects, with comparatively lower concentrations of each factor, demonstrating a potent synergistic-suppressive effect on the growth of mouse macrophage RAW264.7 cells , and suggesting it may function as a pharmacologic tool for managing inflammatory diseases. The present study was undertaken to determine the suppressive effects of (+)-catechin, baicalin or β-caryophyllene on the production of inflammatory cytokines, including TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β, which was enhanced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in RAW264. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/etm.2019.7452DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6469036PMC

Traditional plant functional groups explain variation in economic but not size-related traits across the tundra biome.

Glob Ecol Biogeogr 2019 Jan 16;28(2):78-95. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Environmental Biology, Department Institute of Environmental Sciences, CML, Leiden University Leiden The Netherlands.

Aim: Plant functional groups are widely used in community ecology and earth system modelling to describe trait variation within and across plant communities. However, this approach rests on the assumption that functional groups explain a large proportion of trait variation among species. We test whether four commonly used plant functional groups represent variation in six ecologically important plant traits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/geb.12783DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6472633PMC
January 2019

Possible Molecular Mediators Involved and Mechanistic Insight into Fibromyalgia and Associated Co-morbidities.

Neurochem Res 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab, India.

Fibromyalgia is a chronic complex syndrome of non-articulate origin characterized by musculoskeletal pain, painful tender points, sleep problems and co-morbidities including depression, migraine. The etiopathogenesis of fibromyalgia is complex, variable and remains inconclusive. The etiological factors that have been defined include stress, genetic predisposition and environmental components. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11064-019-02805-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11064-019-02805-5DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Healthcare providers' role regarding the safe and appropriate use of herbal products by breastfeeding mothers: A systematic literature review.

Complement Ther Clin Pract 2019 May 31;35:131-147. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

The University of Sydney School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine and Health, A15 - Pharmacy and Bank Building, The University of Sydney, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Breastfeeding women often use herbal products to increase their milk supply. The aim of this study was to summarize the literature about the role of healthcare providers in advising breastfeeding women about herbal product use.

Methods: Pubmed, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, and CINAHL databases were searched for articles written in English using the Keywords: "breastfeeding" or "lactation" and "herbal medicine*", "botanical*", "dietary supplement*", "natural product*", "traditional medicine*" or "complementary medicine*". Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ctcp.2019.01.011DOI Listing

Coupling Langmuir with Michaelis-Menten-A practical alternative to estimate Se content in rice?

PLoS One 2019 19;14(4):e0214219. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Technical University of Berlin (TUB), Institute of Applied Geosciences, Berlin, Germany.

Selenium plays an important, but vastly neglected role in human nutrition with a narrow gap between dietary deficiency and toxicity. For a potential biofortification of food with Se, as well as for toxicity-risk assessment in sites contaminated by Se, modelling of local and global Se cycling is essential. As bioavailability of Se for rice plants depends on the speciation of Se and the resulting interactions with mineral surfaces as well as the interaction with Se uptake mechanisms in plants, resulting plant Se content is complex to model. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0214219PLOS
April 2019
1 Read

Pleurotus ostreatus and Laetiporus sulphureus (Agaricomycetes): Possible Agents against Alzheimer and Parkinson Diseases.

Int J Med Mushrooms 2019 ;21(3):275-289

Institute of Botany and Botanical Garden "Jevremovac", Faculty of Biology, University of Belgrade, Takovska 43, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia.

Previous studies showed that some mushrooms are highly efficient in inhibiting acetylcholinesterase and tyrosinase, the increased activity of which can trigger the development of Alzheimer and Parkinson diseases. Starting from the fact that free radicals at high concentrations could cause neurodegenerative disorders as well as great interest in new, natural antineurodegenerative drugs, the goal of this study was to determine the in vitro antioxidative and neuroprotective potentials of various Pleurotus ostreatus and Laetiporus sulphureus extracts. L. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.2019030136DOI Listing
January 2019

The Cystathionine beta-lyase is crucial for embryo patterning and the maintenance of root stem cell niche in Arabidopsis.

Plant J 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

State Key Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agro-bioresources, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, 510642, China.

The growth and development of roots in plants depends on the specification and maintenance of the root apical meristem. Here, we report the identification of CBL, a gene required for embryo and root development in Arabidopsis, and encodes cystathionine beta-lyase (CBL) that catalyzes the penultimate step in methionine (Met) biosynthesis, which also led to the elucidation of a previous unknown but crucial metabolic contribution by the Met biosynthesis pathway. CBL is expressed in embryos and showing quiescent center (QC)-enriched expression pattern in the root. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tpj.14343DOI Listing

Janzen-Connell effects in a forest BEF experiment: Strong distance-dependent seedling establishment of multiple species.

Ecology 2019 Apr 18:e02736. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Kiel University, Institute for Ecosystem Research / Geobotany.

The Janzen-Connell (JC) hypothesis is a major ecological explanation for high species richness, in particular in tropical forest ecosystems. Central components of the JC hypothesis are non-competitive effects of distance- and density-dependence, two drivers that contribute independently to species coexistence, but which are ultimately linked in the field. However, while numerous studies provide evidence for either distance- or density-dependent effects based on observational data, experimental testing of simultaneous and interactive effects of distance and density has rarely been conducted yet, especially in a comprehensive multispecies approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ecy.2736DOI Listing

Chinese Herbal Complex 'Bu Shen Jie Du Fang' (BSJDF) Modulated Autophagy in an MPP-Induced Cell Model of Parkinson's Disease.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2019 13;2019:8920813. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Chinese Medicine, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Autophagy plays an important role in the development of Parkinson disease (PD). Previous studies showed that autophagy could protect cells from -synuclein toxicity and promote functional coupling of mitochondria. But it is still a question whether modulating autophagy can be used to treat PD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/8920813DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6436328PMC

Fruit Extract Ameliorates Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis through the Regulation of Th1/Th17 Cells.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2019 14;2019:6797030. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Life Science, Institute of Biotechnology, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan.

is a traditional Chinese medicine widely used for treating diarrhea, ulceration, and enuresis. Moreover, is effective for cognitive function improvement and nerve regeneration. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neuronal inflammatory autoimmune disease that commonly affects young adults in high-latitude regions. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2019/6797030/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/6797030DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6437745PMC
March 2019
1 Read

The Genus as a Resource for Apomixis Research.

Front Plant Sci 2019 2;10:392. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, Zürich-Basel Plant Science Center, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

The genera (A. Löve et D. Löve) and , the latter containing the model plant , belong to the same clade within the Brassicaceae family. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpls.2019.00392/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2019.00392DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454215PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Diurnal Temperature Variation and Plants Drive Latitudinal Patterns in Seasonal Dynamics of Soil Microbial Community.

Front Microbiol 2019 2;10:674. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Key Laboratory of Alpine Ecology and Biodiversity, Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.

Seasonality, an exogenous driver, motivates the biological and ecological temporal dynamics of animal and plant communities. Underexplored microbial temporal endogenous dynamics hinders the prediction of microbial response to climate change. To elucidate temporal dynamics of microbial communities, temporal turnover rates, phylogenetic relatedness, and species interactions were integrated to compare those of a series of forest ecosystems along latitudinal gradients. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fmicb.2019.00674
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2019.00674DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454054PMC
April 2019
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Changes in pericarp metabolite profiling of four litchi cultivars during browning.

Food Res Int 2019 Jun 26;120:339-351. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Applied Botany, South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.723 Xingke Road, Tianhe District, Guangzhou 510650, China. Electronic address:

The pericarp browning is an important physiological index during the postharvest storage, which seriously shortens the shelf-life of litchi fruit. In this study, the browning index of four litchi cultivars were compared, and the shelf-life, from longer to shorter, was 'Feizixiao (FXZ)', 'Jingganghongnuo (JGHN)', 'Huaizhi (HZ)' and 'Nuomici (NMC)', respectively. Then, comparative metabolomics were performed in the pericarp of four litchi cultivars during browning. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09639969193013
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2019.02.046DOI Listing
June 2019
2 Reads

Advances in the Understanding of Skin Cancer: Ultraviolet Radiation, Mutations, and Antisense Oligonucleotides as Anticancer Drugs.

Molecules 2019 Apr 17;24(8). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Medical Academy named after S.I. Georgievsky, V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University, Lenin Boulevard 5/7, 295051 Simferopol, Crimea.

Skin cancer has always been and remains the leader among all tumors in terms of occurrence. One of the main factors responsible for skin cancer, natural and artificial UV radiation, causes the mutations that transform healthy cells into cancer cells. These mutations inactivate apoptosis, an event required to avoid the malignant transformation of healthy cells. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/24/8/1516
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules24081516DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Effects of Maternal Undernutrition during Mid-Gestation on the Yield, Quality and Composition of Kid Meat Under an Extensive Management System.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Apr 17;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

CAS Key Laboratory for Agro-Ecological Processes in Subtropical Region, National Engineering Laboratory for Pollution Control and Waste Utilization in Livestock and Poultry Production, South-Central Experimental Station of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science in Ministry of Agriculture, Institute of Subtropical Agriculture, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changsha 410125, China.

Nutritional status during mid-gestation is often ignored under extensive husbandry. This study aimed to examine the effect of maternal undernutrition during mid-gestation on kid meat production under an extensive system. Twenty-seven goats (45 ± 3 d of gestation) were randomly assigned to an unrestricted group (100% of nutrient requirements), or a restricted group (60% of nutrient requirements from 45 to 100 d of gestation, and then re-alimented to 100%). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040173DOI Listing

Physicochemical Properties and Pollen Profile of Oak Honeydew and Evergreen Oak Honeydew Honeys from Spain: A Comparative Study.

Foods 2019 Apr 17;8(4). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Vegetal Biology and Soil Sciences, University of Vigo, Faculty of Sciences, 32004 Ourense, Spain.

This work investigates the similarities and differences of oak honeydew ( Willd.) and evergreen honeydew ( L.) honey produced in Spain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/foods8040126DOI Listing

The Reference Genome Sequence of Scutellaria baicalensis Provides Insights into the Evolution of Wogonin Biosynthesis.

Mol Plant 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Shanghai Key Laboratory of Plant Functional Genomics and Resources, Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden, Shanghai Chenshan Plant Science Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China; John Innes Centre, Norwich, NR4 7UH UK. Electronic address:

Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi is important in Chinese Traditional Medicine where preparations of dried roots, 'Huang Qin', are used for liver and lung complaints including complementary cancer treatments. We report a high-quality reference genome sequence for S. baicalensis where 93% of the 408. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S16742052193013
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molp.2019.04.002DOI Listing
April 2019
24 Reads

DNA insecticide developed from the Lymantria dispar 5.8S ribosomal RNA gene provides a novel biotechnology for plant protection.

Sci Rep 2019 Apr 17;9(1):6197. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Medical Academy named after S.I. Georgievsky, V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University, Lenin Avenue 5/7, 295051, Simferopol, Crimea, Ukraine.

Having observed how botanicals and other natural compounds are used by nature to control pests in the environment, we began investigating natural polymers, DNA and RNA, as promising tools for insect pest management. Over the last decade, unmodified short antisense DNA oligonucleotides have shown a clear potential for use as insecticides. Our research has concentrated mainly on Lymantria dispar larvae using an antisense oligoRING sequence from its inhibitor-of-apoptosis gene. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42688-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6470133PMC

A telomerase subunit homolog La protein from Trypanosoma brucei plays an essential role in ribosomal biogenesis.

FEBS J 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Science at Microscale and School of Life Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, People's Republic of China.

The autoantigen La protein is an important component of telomerase and a predominantly nuclear phosphoprotein. As a telomerase subunit, La protein associates with the telomerase ribonucleoprotein and influences telomere length. In the reverse transcription, La protein stimulates enzymatic activity and increases repeated addition processivity of telomerase. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/febs.14853DOI Listing

Molecular phylogenetic species delimitation in the aquatic genus Ottelia (Hydrocharitaceae) reveals cryptic diversity within a widespread species.

J Plant Res 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden, Lam Kam Road, Tai Po, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China.

Ottelia, a pantropical genus of aquatic plants belonging to the family Hydrocharitaceae, includes several narrowly distributed taxa in Asia. Although the Asian species have received comparatively more research attention than congeners in other areas, various key taxonomic questions remain unaddressed, especially with regards to apparent cryptic diversity within O. alismoides, a widespread species complex native to Asia, northern Australia and tropical Africa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10265-019-01109-7DOI Listing

Effects of fly ash application on plant biomass and element accumulations: a meta-analysis.

Environ Pollut 2019 Apr 6;250:137-142. Epub 2019 Apr 6.

Department of Biological Sciences, Tennessee State University, Nashville, TN, USA. Electronic address:

Fly ash generated from coal-fired power plants is a source of potential pollutants, but can be used as a soil ameliorant to increase plant biomass and yield in agriculture. However, the effects of fly ash soil application on plant biomass and the accumulation of both nutrient and toxic elements in plants remain unclear. Based on 85 articles, we conducted a comprehensive meta-analysis to evaluate changes in plant biomass and concentrations of 21 elements in plants in response to fly ash application. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2019.04.013DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

A. St.-Hil. as a Cardiovascular-Endowed Species: A Whole-Biological Investigation.

J Med Food 2019 Apr;22(4):393-407

2 Laboratory of Electrophysiology and Cardiovascular Pharmacology (LEFaC), Faculty of Health Sciences, Federal University of Grande Dourados, Dourados, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.

Although leaves of are used in Brazilian traditional medicine, there is no available data in the literature proving its efficacy and safety. Thus, the aim of the study was to perform a meticulous botanical, phytochemical, toxicological, and pharmacological investigation of in Wistar rats. At first, a morphoanatomical characterization of leaves and stems was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2018.0140DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

[Analysis of medicinal resources diversity of 33 pilots (districts) in Guizhou province].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2019 Jan;44(2):265-269

Technical Expert Committee of Chinese Medicine Resources Survey Guiyang 550002,China Guiyang University of Chinese Medicine Guiyang 55000,China.

This study is based on the data analysis of medicinal plant resources and diversity collected from the fourth Chinese traditional medicine resource survey( pilot). Through the analysis of relevant data from 33 census pioneer plots in Guizhou province( area),a total of 265 families,1 432 genera and 5 296 species of medicinal resources were reported,including algae,fungi,lichens,mosses,a total of 43 genera and 35 families,57,48 families,120 genera and 453 species of ferns,gymnosperms 11 families,22 genera and 61 species,167 families,1 243 genera and 4 721 species of angiosperms,4 genera and 4 families four medicinal animals.Compared with the data related to the third survey of traditional Chinese medicine resources,the number of ferns,gymnosperms and angiosperms in the fourth survey has increased far more than that of the third survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20181106.004DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

LcNAC13 Physically Interacts with LcR1MYB1 to Coregulate Anthocyanin Biosynthesis-Related Genes during Litchi Fruit Ripening.

Biomolecules 2019 Apr 4;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Applied Botany, South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650, China.

Anthocyanin accumulation is crucial for the development of quality for most fruit. The mechanism underlying the regulation of anthocyanin biosynthesis by transcription factors in litchi fruit remains largely unknown. In this study, we isolated one NAC (NAM, ATAF1/2 and CUC2) TF gene, . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/biom9040135DOI Listing

Appraisal of heavy metal contents in groundwater and associated health hazards posed to human population of Ropar wetland, Punjab, India and its environs.

Chemosphere 2019 Apr 5;227:179-190. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Chemistry, Centre for Advanced Studies, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar143005, Punjab, India. Electronic address:

Heavy metals are well recognised for their toxicity and pose human health risks even at very low levels. In the present work, groundwater from Ropar wetland, Punjab, India and its environs (18 sites), were analysed for physico-chemical parameters, water quality indices, heavy metal contents (cadmium, cobalt, chromium, copper, lead and zinc) and possible health risks posed to adults and children during summer and winter seasons. Groundwater was slightly-alkaline, non-saline and hard which may be suitable for irrigation purposes. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00456535193065
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.04.009DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

The plastid genome and its implications in barcoding specific-chemotypes of the medicinal herb Pogostemon cablin in China.

PLoS One 2019 15;14(4):e0215512. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Key Laboratory of Plant Resources Conservation and Sustainable Utilization, South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, China.

Pogostemon cablin (Blanco) Benth. (Patchouli) is not only an important essential oil plant, but also a valuable medicinal plant in China. P. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215512PLOS
April 2019
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Production of Marker-Free Apple Plants Expressing the Supersweet Protein Gene Driven by Plant Promoter.

Front Plant Sci 2019 29;10:388. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Laboratory of Expression Systems and Modification of the Plant Genome "Biotron", Branch of the Shemyakin-Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino, Russia.

The presence of antibiotic resistance and other marker genes in genetically modified plants causes concern in society because of perceived risks for the environment and human health. The creation of transgenic plants that do not contain foreign genetic material, especially that of bacterial and viral origin, largely alleviates the tension and makes the plants potentially more attractive for consumers. To produce marker-free transgenic apple plants, we used the pMF1 vector, which combines recombinaseR and a bifunctional selectable gene. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpls.2019.00388/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2019.00388DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449483PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Evolutionary Analysis of MBW Function by Phenotypic Rescue in .

Front Plant Sci 2019 29;10:375. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Botanical Institute, Biocenter, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

The MBW complex consisting of the three proteins R2R3MYB, bHLH and WDR regulates five traits in including trichome and root hair patterning, seed coat color, anthocyanidin production and seed coat mucilage release. The WDR gene regulates each trait in specific combinations with different bHLH and R2R3MYB proteins. In this study we analyze to what extent the biochemical properties of the MBW proteins contribute to trait specificity by expressing them in appropriate mutants. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpls.2019.00375/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2019.00375DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449874PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

Uptake, translocation and distribution of three veterinary antibiotics in Zea mays L.

Environ Pollut 2019 Mar 30;250:47-57. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Key Laboratory of Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer, Ministry of Agriculture/China-New Zealand Joint Laboratory for Soil Molecular Ecology, Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, 100081, PR China. Electronic address:

Frequently detected residuals of antibiotics in crops has drawn increasing attention from research community and the general public. This study was conducted under the controlled environmental conditions to investigate the uptake, translocation and distribution of three different veterinary antibiotics (VAs) in plants of Zea mays L. (maize, the third largest crop in the world, especially in China) and the associated mechanisms. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02697491183508
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2019.03.110DOI Listing
March 2019
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Dynamics of the isoflavone metabolome of traditional preparations of Trifolium pratense L.

J Ethnopharmacol 2019 Apr 11:111865. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

UIC/NIH Center for Botanical Dietary Supplements Research, Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy, College of Pharmacy, University of Illinois at Chicago, 833 S. Wood St., Chicago, IL, 60612, USA; Center for Natural Product Technologies (CENAPT), Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy, College of Pharmacy, University of Illinois at Chicago, 833 S. Wood St., Chicago, IL, 60612, USA. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: The flowering tops of Trifolium pratense L., popularly known as red clover, are used in ethnic Western and Traditional Chinese medicine, in a variety of preparations, including infusions, decoctions and tinctures. Red clover has been reported to be helpful for treatment of menopausal symptoms, premenstrual syndrome, mastalgia, high cholesterol, and other conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2019.111865DOI Listing

Screening for CYP3A4 inhibition and induction coupled to parallel artificial membrane permeability assay (PAMPA) for prediction of botanical-drug interactions: The case of açaí and maca.

Phytomedicine 2019 Apr 3;59:152915. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Drug Discovery and Development, Harrison School of Pharmacy, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849, USA. Electronic address:

Background: The consumption of botanical dietary supplements (BDS) is a common practice among the US population. However, the potential for botanical-drug interactions exists, and their mechanisms have not been thoroughly studied. CYP3A4 is an important enzyme that contributes to the metabolism of about 60% of clinically used drugs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phymed.2019.152915DOI Listing

Changes in fungal communities across a forest disturbance gradient.

Appl Environ Microbiol 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

World Agroforestry Centre, East & Southern Africa Region, 13 Elm Road, Woodlands, Lusaka, Zambia

Deforestation has a substantial impact on above ground biodiversity, but the response of below ground soil fungi remains poorly understood. In a tropical montane rainforest in southwestern China, plots were established along a forest degradation gradient ranging from mature and regenerated forests to open land to examine the impacts of forest degradation and deforestation on ecosystem diversity and function. Here, we evaluate the changes in below ground fungal diversity and community composition using a metabarcoding approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AEM.00080-19DOI Listing