14,014 results match your criteria Botanical Dermatology


A Conserved Glycine Is Identified to be Essential for Desaturase Activity of IpFAD2s by Analyzing Natural Variants from .

Int J Mol Sci 2018 Dec 7;19(12). Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Key Laboratory of Plant Germplasm Enhancement and Specialty Agriculture, Wuhan Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430074, China.

High amounts of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in vegetable oil are not desirable for biodiesel or food oil due to their lower oxidative stability. The oil from fruit contains 65⁻80% (mol%) linoleic acid (C18:2). Therefore, development of cultivars with low PUFAs is highly desirable for oil quality. Read More

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December 2018

Botanical Formulation HX109 Ameliorates TP-Induced Benign Prostate Hyperplasia in Rat Model and Inhibits Androgen Receptor Signaling by Upregulating Ca/CaMKKβ and ATF3 in LNCaP Cells.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 7;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 7.

ViroMed Co. Ltd., Building 203, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea.

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common disease in the elderly male population throughout the world. Among other factors, androgen dysregulation has been known to play major roles in its pathogenesis. HX109 is a botanical formulation prepared from a mixture of , , and , which have traditionally been used-usually along with other plants-to treat urinary diseases. Read More

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December 2018

NO and CH emission from energy crop fields in the infertile Loess Plateau of China.

Biotechnol Biofuels 2018 3;11:321. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

1Key Laboratory of Plant Resources and Beijing Botanical Garden, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 20 Nanxincun, Xiangshan, Beijing, 100093 China.

Background: The greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation is one of the most important environmental benefits of using bioenergy replacing fossil fuels. Nitrous oxide (NO) and methane (CH) are important GHGs and have drawn extra attention for their roles in global warming. Although there have been many works of soil emissions of NO and CH from bioenergy crops in the field scale, GHG emissions in large area of marginal lands are rather sparse and how soil temperature and moisture affect the emission potential remains unknown. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Gender studies-a cell biological viewpoint.

Authors:
Peter Nick

Protoplasma 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Botanical Institute, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Karlsruhe, Germany.

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December 2018

Effect of the botanical formula LCS101 on the anti-cancer effects of radiation therapy.

J Cancer Res Clin Oncol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Institute of Oncology, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel.

Background And Purpose: The botanical formula LCS101 has been shown in clinical research to reduce chemotherapy-induced toxicities. In pre-clinical research, the formula demonstrated selective anti-cancer effects, in part as a result of radical oxygen species (ROS) activity of the botanical components. The present study examined the interaction between LCS101 and radiation therapy on cancer cell lines. Read More

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December 2018

miR172 Regulates both Vegetative and Reproductive Development in the Perennial Woody Plant Jatropha curcas.

Plant Cell Physiol 2018 Dec;59(12):2549-2563

CAS Key Laboratory of Tropical Plant Resources and Sustainable Use, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Menglun, Mengla, Yunnan, China.

Jatropha curcas is a promising feedstock for biofuel production because its oil is highly suitable for processing bio-jet fuels and biodiesel. However, Jatropha exhibits a long juvenile stage in subtropical areas. miR172, a conserved small non-protein-coding RNA molecule with 21 nucleotides, regulates a wide range of developmental processes. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Geography and Environment Shape Landscape Genetics of Mediterranean Alpine Species Poiret. (Caryophyllaceae).

Front Plant Sci 2018 27;9:1698. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Área de Biodiversidad y Conservación, Escuela Superior de Ciencias Experimentales y Tecnología (ESCET), Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Madrid, Spain.

The study of the drivers that shape spatial genetic structure across heterogeneous landscapes is one of the main approaches used to understand population dynamics and responses in changing environments. While the Isolation-by-Distance model (IBD) assumes that genetic differentiation increases among populations with geographical distance, the Isolation-by-Resistance model (IBR) also considers geographical barriers and other landscape features that impede gene flow. On the other hand, the Isolation-by-Environment model (IBE) explains genetic differentiation through environmental differences between populations. Read More

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November 2018

Not All Green Space Is Created Equal: Biodiversity Predicts Psychological Restorative Benefits From Urban Green Space.

Front Psychol 2018 27;9:2320. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

School of Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom.

Contemporary epidemiological methods testing the associations between green space and psychological well-being treat all vegetation cover as equal. However, there is very good reason to expect that variations in ecological "quality" (number of species, integrity of ecological processes) may influence the link between access to green space and benefits to human health and well-being. We test the relationship between green space quality and restorative benefit in an inner city urban population in Bradford, United Kingdom. Read More

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November 2018

Chilling and forcing temperatures interact to predict the onset of wood formation in Northern Hemisphere conifers.

Glob Chang Biol 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Université de Lorraine, AgroParisTech, INRA, Silva, F-54000, Nancy, France.

The phenology of wood formation is a critical process to consider for predicting how trees from the temperate and boreal zones may react to climate change. Compared to leaf phenology, however, the determinism of wood phenology is still poorly known. Here, we compared for the first time three alternative ecophysiological model classes (threshold models, heat-sum models and chilling-influenced heat-sum models) and an empirical model in their ability to predict the starting date of xylem cell enlargement in spring, for four major Northern Hemisphere conifers (Larix decidua, Pinus sylvestris, Picea abies and Picea mariana). Read More

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December 2018

St John's wort (Hypericum perforatum L.): botanical, chemical, pharmacological and clinical advances.

J Pharm Pharmacol 2019 Jan;71(1):1-3

Discipline of Pharmacology, School of Medical Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

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January 2019

Studies in the Stypella vermiformis group (Auriculariales, Basidiomycota).

Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1172, Blindern, 0318, Oslo, Norway.

Stypella vermiformis is a heterobasidiomycete producing minute gelatinous basidiocarps on rotten wood of conifers in the Northern Hemisphere. In the current literature, Stypella papillata, the genus type of Stypella (described from Brazil), is treated as a taxonomic synonym of S. vermiformis. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Serine arginine protein kinase 1 (SRPK1): a moonlighting protein with theranostic ability in cancer prevention.

Mol Biol Rep 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Hail, P O Box 2440, Hail, Saudi Arabia.

Serine/arginine protein kinase 1 (SRPK1); a versatile functional moonlighting protein involved in varied cellular activities comprised of cell cycle progression, innate immune response, chromatin reorganization, negative and positive regulation of viral genome replication, protein amino acid phosphorylation, regulation of numerous mRNA-processing pathways, germ cell development as well as inflammation due to acquaintances with many transcription factors and signaling pathways. Several diseases including cancer have been associated with dysregulation of SRPK1. The function of SRPK1 in cancer is contradictory and inexplicable because it acts as both tumor suppressor and promoter based on the type of cell and locale. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Modification of isoprene synthesis to enable production of curcurbitadienol synthesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, 100193, China.

Cucurbitane-type triterpenoids such as mogrosides and cucurbitacins that are present in the plants of Cucurbitaceae are widely used in Asian traditional medicine. Cucurbitadienol is the skeleton of cucurbitane-type triterpenoids. As an alternative production strategy, we developed baker's yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a microbial host for the eventual transformation of cucurbitadienol. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Indole-3-acetylaspartate and indole-3-acetylglutamate, the IAA-amide conjugates in the diploid strawberry achene, are hydrolyzed in growing seedlings.

Planta 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

USDA/ARS Genetic Improvement of Fruit and Vegetables Laboratory, 10300 Baltimore Avenue, Beltsville, MD, 20705, USA.

Main Conclusion: Indole-3-acetylaspartate and indole-3-acetylglutamate are the stored auxin amino acid conjugates of the achene of the diploid strawberry and serve as sources of auxin during seedling growth. The edible part of the strawberry, a pseudocarp, has long been known to enlarge in response to auxin produced by the developing achenes, the botanical true fruit. Auxin homeostasis involves a complex interaction between biosynthesis, conjugate formation and hydrolysis, catabolism and transport. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Determination of Heavy Metal Concentrations and Their Potential Sources in Selected Plants: Xanthium strumarium L. (Asteraceae), Ficus exasperata Vahl (Moraceae), Persicaria attenuata (R.Br) Sojak (Polygonaceae), and Kanahia laniflora (Forssk.) R.Br. (Asclepiadaceae) from Awash River Basin, Ethiopia.

Biol Trace Elem Res 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Key Laboratory of Aquatic Botany and Watershed Ecology, Wuhan Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, 430074, China.

The objective of this study was to determine the concentrations, potential sources and evaluate the risks of heavy metals in selected plants from Awash River Basin, Ethiopia. A total of 57 samples were analyzed from four different plant species. Microwave-assisted digestion was applied to digest the samples and the concentration of nine elements namely: Al, Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Cd, Hg, and Pb were analyzed using Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry (ICP- MS) (Thermos X SERIES2). Read More

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December 2018

Molecular evolution and expression divergence of three key Met biosynthetic genes in plants: , and .

PeerJ 2018 4;6:e6023. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

College of Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou, China.

Methionine (Met) is an essential sulfur-containing amino acid in animals. Cereal and legume crops with limiting levels of Met represent the major food and feed sources for animals. In plants, cystathionine gamma-synthase (CGS), methionine methyltransferase (MMT) and homocysteine methyltransferase (HMT) are committing enzymes synergistically synthesizing Met through the aspartate (Asp) family pathway and the S-methylmethionine (SMM) cycle. Read More

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December 2018

The identity of , as a new synonym of (Dennstaedtiaceae), based on morphology and DNA barcoding and the new distribution.

PhytoKeys 2018 15(96):35-45. Epub 2018 Mar 15.

Shanghai Chenshan Plant Science Research Centre, Chinese Academy of Sciences; Chenshan Botanical Garden, Shanghai 201602, China.

Based on field observations and examinations of herbarium specimens (including type material), consulting the original literature and molecular phylogenetic analysis of the and sequences, it is concluded that is conspecific with and is here formally treated as a synonym of it. Additionally is reported with new distribution records in Guangdong, Guangxi and the Hainan Island of China, respectively. Read More

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Exploring the survival tactics and plant growth promising traits of root-associated bacterial strains under Cd and Pb stress: A modelling based approach.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2018 Dec 6;170:267-277. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Dipartimento di Scienze e Innovazione Tecnologica, Amedeo Avogadro University of Eastern Piemonte Orientale, Alessandria, Italy.

The study represents a microbial method for reducing heavy metal stress in terrestrial environment. Two rhizobacterial strains Pantoea agglomerance (PC1) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (SA) having the ability to tolerate Cd and Pb ions stress, were employed in this study. The growth promotion and survival tactics of the strains under metal stress were explored through kinetic growth model using logistic equation, Luedeking-Piret model and Box Behnken design. Read More

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December 2018
2.762 Impact Factor

Microplastic abundance, distribution and composition in water, sediments, and wild fish from Poyang Lake, China.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2018 Dec 5;170:180-187. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Key Laboratory of Aquatic Botany and Watershed Ecology, Wuhan Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430074, China; Sino-Africa Joint Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430074, China. Electronic address:

Microplastic pollution in global aquatic environments has aroused increasing concern in recent years. In this study, the occurrence of microplastics in multiple environmental compartments was investigated in Poyang Lake, the largest freshwater lake of China. The abundance of microplastics was respectively 5-34 items/L for surface waters, 54-506 items/kg for sediments, and 0-18 items per individual for wild crucians (Carassius auratus). Read More

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December 2018

Microbiomics and Plant Health: An Interdisciplinary and International Workshop on the Plant Microbiome.

Mol Plant 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Botanical Institute, Cologne Biocenter, Cluster of Excellence on Plant Sciences, University of Cologne, Cologne, 50674, Germany. Electronic address:

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December 2018

Physical and enzymatic properties of a new manganese peroxidase from the white-rot fungus Trametes pubescens strain i8 for lignin biodegradation and textile-dyes biodecolorization.

Int J Biol Macromol 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Laboratory of Microbial Biotechnology and Engineering Enzymes (LMBEE), Centre of Biotechnology of Sfax (CBS), University of Sfax, Road of Sidi Mansour Km 6, PO Box 1177, Sfax 3018, Tunisia; Biotech ECOZYM Start-up, Business Incubator, Centre of Biotechnology of Sfax (CBS), University of Sfax, Road of Sidi Mansour Km 6, P.O. Box 1177, Sfax 3018, Tunisia. Electronic address:

A new manganese peroxidase-producing white-rot basidiomycete fungus was isolated from symptomatic wood of the camphor trees Cinnamomum camphora (L.) at the Hamma Botanical Garden (Algeria) and identified as Trametes pubescens strain i8. The enzyme was purified (MnP TP55) to apparent electrophoretic homogeneity and biochemically characterized. Read More

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December 2018

Natural Estrogen Receptor Modulators and Their Heterologous Biosynthesis.

Trends Endocrinol Metab 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Key Laboratory of Plant Resources Conservation and Sustainable Utilization, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Applied Botany, South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China. Electronic address:

Estrogen receptors (ERs) are transcription factors highly involved in physiological development and metabolism in the human body. They also play important roles in the treatment of cancer and metabolic diseases. Chemicals that interact with ERs can be used to treat diseases and maintain health. Read More

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December 2018

Genus Psoralea A review of the traditional and modern uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology.

J Ethnopharmacol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

CSIR-National Botanical Research Institute, Plant Transgenic Laboratory, P.O. Box 436, Rana Pratap Marg,Lucknow-226 001, U.P., India. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: The genus Psoralea (Fabaceae) harbours 105 accepted species that are extensively used by local peoples and medicinal practitioners of China, India, and other countries for treatment of tooth decay, psoriasis, leucoderma, leprosy, kidney problems, tuberculosis, indigestion, constipation and impotence. Presently, pharmacological research reports are available on only few species namely Bituminaria bituminosa (Syn: P. bituminosa), P. Read More

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December 2018
9 Reads

First ethnobotanical inventory and phytochemical analysis of plant species used by indigenous people living in the Maromizaha forest, Madagascar.

J Ethnopharmacol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Food Science, University of Torino, Torino, Italy.

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Characterized by one of the highest rates of endemism and biodiversity in the world, Madagascar provides a wide variety of medicinal plants, that could represent a potential source of new drugs. The main aim of this study was to investigate the potential medicinal properties of the plant species used by indigenous people in Maromizaha forest and to provide the first ethnobotanical inventory of the area.

Materials And Methods: Data were collected through open semi-structured interviews with local informants, the reported plants were collected and identified to create a specimen herbarium. Read More

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December 2018
9 Reads

Sodium dichloroisocyanurate delays ripening and senescence of banana fruit during storage.

Chem Cent J 2018 Dec 5;12(1):131. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Key Laboratory of Plant Resources Conservation and Sustainable Utilization, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Applied Botany, South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, 510650, People's Republic of China.

Banana as a typical climacteric fruit soften rapidly, resulting in a very short shelf life after harvest. Sodium dichloroisocyanurate (NaDCC) is reported to be an effectively antibacterial compound. Here, we investigated the effects of NaDCC on ripening and senescence of harvested banana fruit at physiological and molecular levels. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

DNA insecticides: Data on the trial in the field.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 7;21:1858-1860. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Siberian Forest Research Station, 5a/2 Mechanization Street, 625017 Tyumen, Russia.

This data article is related to the research articles entitled "The RING for gypsy moth control: topical application of fragment of its nuclear polyhedrosis virus anti-apoptosis gene as insecticide" (Oberemok et al., 2016), "Molecular alliance of multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus and a short unmodified antisense oligonucleotide of its anti-apoptotic IAP-3 gene: a novel approach for gypsy moth control" (Oberemok et al., 2017), and "Topical treatment of LdMNPV-infected gypsy moth caterpillars with 18 nucleotides long antisense fragment from LdMNPV IAP-3 gene triggers higher levels of apoptosis in infected cells and mortality of the pest" (Oberemok et al. Read More

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December 2018

Genetic architecture of quantitative flower and leaf traits in a pair of sympatric sister species of Primulina.

Heredity (Edinb) 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Biology, Duke University, Durham, NC, 27708, USA.

Flowers and leaves each represent suites of functionally interrelated traits that are often involved in species divergence and local adaptation. However, a major unresolved issue is how the individual component traits that make up a complex trait such as a flower evolve in a coordinated fashion to retain a high degree of functionality. We use a quantitative trait loci (QTL) approach to elucidate the genetic architecture of divergence in flower and leaf traits between the sister species Primulina depressa and Primulina danxiaensis, which grow sympatrically but in contrasting microhabitats. Read More

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December 2018

Essential oils: from prevention to treatment of skin cancer.

Drug Discov Today 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Biotechnology, Bhupat and Jyoti Mehta School of Biosciences, India; Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600 036, India. Electronic address:

The increasing incidence of cutaneous malignancies signifies the need for multiple treatment options. Several available reviews have emphasized the potential role of various botanical extracts and naturally occurring compounds as anti-skin-cancer agents. Few studies relate to the role of chemoprevention and therapeutic activity of essential oils (EOs) and EO components. Read More

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November 2018

Evolution of CYCLOIDEA-like genes in Fabales: Insights into duplication patterns and the control of floral symmetry.

Mol Phylogenet Evol 2018 Nov 30;132:81-89. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Key Laboratory of Plant Resources Conservation and Sustainable Utilization, South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650, China.

Cycloidea-like (CYC-like) genes are the key regulatory factors in the development of flower symmetry. Duplication and/or reduction of CYC-like genes have occurred several times in various angiosperm groups and are hypothesized to be correlated with the evolution of flower symmetry, which in turn has contributed to the evolutionary success of these groups. However, less is known about the evolutionary scenario of CYC-like genes in the whole Fabales, which contains four families with either symmetric or actinomorphic flowers. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Genetic diversity and population structure of Lychnis wilfordii (Caryophyllaceae) with newly developed 17 microsatellite markers.

Genes Genomics 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Plant Resources Division, National Institute of Biological Resources, Incheon, 22689, Republic of Korea.

Lychnis wilfordii (Regel) Maxim. is a perennial plant designated as an endangered species by the Korean government because of rapid reduction in its population size. Thus, a population genetic study of this species is needed to establish the strategy for management and conservation based on scientific evidences. Read More

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November 2018

Floral markers and biological activity of Saudi honey.

Saudi J Biol Sci 2018 Nov 29;25(7):1369-1374. Epub 2018 May 29.

Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

The objectives of this research were to identify certain chemical compounds that may be used as fingerprints of Saudi honey and to evaluate their antioxidant and antibacterial activities. Eleven Saudi 'monofloral' honey samples were analyzed and evaluated. Non-phenolic compounds, such as 2,3-dihydro-3,5-dihydroxy-6-methyl-4H-pyran-4-one, methyl 3-hydroxyhexanaote and 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furancarboxaldehyde were present in different types of tested honey samples. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Fungal Planet description sheets: 716-784.

Persoonia 2018 Dec 13;40:240-393. Epub 2018 Jul 13.

Westerdijk Fungal Biodiversity Institute, P.O. Box 85167, 3508 AD Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Novel species of fungi described in this study include those from various countries as follows: , on leaf litter, from × hybrid, on subsp. on on on sp., on sp. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Selection and Validation of Novel RT-qPCR Reference Genes under Hormonal Stimuli and in Different Tissues of Santalum album.

Sci Rep 2018 Nov 30;8(1):17511. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Applied Botany, South China Botanical Garden, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, 510650, China.

Reverse transcription quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) is a widely used technique to investigate gene expression levels due to its high throughput, specificity, and sensitivity. An appropriate reference gene is essential for RT-qPCR analysis to obtain accurate and reliable results. To date, no reliable reference gene has been validated for the economically tropical tree, sandalwood (Santalum album L. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read
5.078 Impact Factor

Estimation of carbon pool in soil, above and below ground vegetation at different types of mangrove forests in Peninsular Malaysia.

Mar Pollut Bull 2018 Dec 16;137:237-245. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia.

This paper evaluated the total carbon stock of mangrove ecosystems in two contrasting sites: a fishing village in Delta Kelantan (DK) and Ramsar sites in Johor Park (JP). In both sites, aboveground carbon was significantly higher than belowground carbon, and stems contained more carbon than leaf and root partitions. The average carbon concentration of individual mangrove species (44. Read More

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December 2018

Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of flavonoids from lotus plumule.

Food Chem 2019 Mar 7;277:706-712. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Key Laboratory of Plant Germplasm Enhancement and Specialty Agriculture, Wuhan Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, China; Sino-Africa Joint Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, China. Electronic address:

The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory mechanisms of action of flavonoids in lotus plumule were systematically analyzed using radical scavenging assays and ELISA kits. By this means, flavonoids displayed significant antioxidant activity by donating electron, H atom as well as capturing DPPH and ABTS free radicals, and anti-inflammatory effect by inhibiting the production of the inflammatory mediators (NO radicals, PGE and TNF-α) and pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β and IL-6). Meanwhile, the bioactive components against inflammation targeting COX-2 were also revealed using ultrafiltration coupled to LC-MS (UF-LC/MS). Read More

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Study on the retrogradation behavior of starch by asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation coupled with multiple detectors.

Food Chem 2019 Mar 7;277:674-681. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Key Laboratory of Analytical Science and Technology of Hebei Province, College of Chemistry and Environmental Science, Hebei University, Baoding 071002, China; College of Medicine, Hebei University, Baoding 071000, China; Affiliated Hospital of Hebei University, Baoding 071000, China. Electronic address:

In this study, the capacity of asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation (AF4) coupled with multiangle light scattering (MALS) and differential refractive index (dRI) detectors, to monitor starch retrogradation behavior in situ was evaluated. Meanwhile, the starch samples were characterized by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The effect of the botanical origin, amylose/amylopectin ratio, storage conditions (i. Read More

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March 2019
2 Reads

Identification of an immunostimulatory polysaccharide in banana.

Food Chem 2019 Mar 10;277:46-53. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Key Laboratory of Plant Resources Conservation and Sustainable Utilization, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Applied Botany, South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China. Electronic address:

Banana is a fruit widely accepted by people over the world. Besides having delicious taste, it shows multiple health benefits. In this work, the major polysaccharide was isolated from banana and purified. Read More

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March 2019
2 Reads

Preparation of Iron-Sulfur Cubane Nanoclusters and Their Immobilization on Functionalized Carbon Nanotubes.

J Nanosci Nanotechnol 2019 May;19(5):2895-2902

Department of Chemistry, School of Chemical and Life Sciences, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi 110062, India.

With large surface area and versatile electronic behaviour, the composites of Fe₄S₄(SRS)₄ nanoclusters and functionalized carbon nanotubes (f-CNTs), are expected to catalyze the conversion of protons to hydrogen gas at lower electro-potentials with higher output than a platinum electrode. In search of a non-noble metal based catalytic material, we report for the first time, the isolation of unimolecular iron-sulfur cubane cluster, [Fe₄(-S)₄(mnt)₄], () (mnt = maleonitriledithiolate) as nanocubes (63×85×120 nm) in MeCN-EtOH (MeCN is acetonitrile, while EtOH is ethanol) solvents and bimolecular [NBu₄]₄[Fe₄(-S)₄(mnt)₄] as nanocuboctahedra (120×121×125 nm) in pure EtOH. The cubic shape of the nanocrystal reminds its geometrical relationship with a molecular cube and one of sides of the nanocube and nanocuboctahedron matches at 120 nm. Read More

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May 2019
1 Read

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) tau class glutathione S-transferase (OsGSTU30) overexpression in Arabidopsis thaliana modulates a regulatory network leading to heavy metal and drought stress tolerance.

Metallomics 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Genetics and Molecular Biology Division, CSIR-National Botanical Research Institute, India.

Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are well-known enzymes due to their role in detoxification of xenobiotic compounds. However, their biochemical action is still not so clear in imparting tolerance to several abiotic stresses in crop plants. In our previous study, we observed that rice tau class OsGSTU30 plays a significant role in the detoxification of Cr(vi). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Is Part of the Phosphorylated Pathways for Serine Biosynthesis and Essential for Light and Sugar-Dependent Growth Promotion.

Front Plant Sci 2018 20;9:1712. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Biocenter - Botanical Institute II, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

The phosphorylated pathway of serine biosynthesis represents an important pathway in plants. The pathway consist of three reactions catalyzed by the phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase, the phosphoserine aminotransferase and the phosphoserine phosphatase, and the genes encoding for all enzymes of the pathway have been identified. Previously, the importance of the phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase and phosphoserine phosphatase for plant metabolism and development has been shown, but due to the lack of T-DNA insertion mutants, a physiological characterization of the phosphoserine aminotransferase is still missing. Read More

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November 2018

Land-Use Intensity Rather Than Plant Functional Identity Shapes Bacterial and Fungal Rhizosphere Communities.

Front Microbiol 2018 20;9:2711. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Soil Ecology, UFZ - Helmholtz-Centre for Environmental Research, Halle, Germany.

The rhizosphere encompasses the soil surrounding the surface of plants' fine roots. Accordingly, the microbiome present is influenced by both soil type and plant species. Furthermore, soil microbial communities respond to land-use intensity due to the effects on soil conditions and plant performance. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Author Correction: Identifying long-term stable refugia for relict plant species in East Asia.

Nat Commun 2018 12 4;9(1):5241. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Botanic Institute of Barcelona (IBB, CSIC-ICUB), Passeig del Migdia s/n, 08038, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.

In the original version of this Article, an incorrect sample size was provided for the number of relict species (443 instead of 442) and the number of relict forests (423 instead of 422). These errors have been corrected in both the PDF and HTML versions of the Article. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads
10.742 Impact Factor

Characterization of Eucalyptus, Chestnut and Heather Honeys from Portugal Using Multi-Parameter Analysis and Chemo-Calculus.

Foods 2018 Nov 30;7(12). Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Chemistry, University of Ioannina, Laboratory of Food Chemistry, 45110 Ioannina, Greece.

The present study was conducted to evaluate the quality and bio-functional properties of Portuguese honeys of different botanical and geographical origins. Quality parameter analyses included the determination of palynological (predominant, secondary, minor and isolated pollen percentage), physicochemical (°Brix, moisture content, pH, electrical conductivity, free acidity, total dissolved solids, salinity, vitamin C content and specific weight) including colour-metrics (CIELAB, Pfund and colour intensity determinations), along with volatile compounds identification using solid phase micro-extraction coupled to gas chromatography mass spectrometry. Bio-activity parameter analysis included the determination of in vitro antioxidant activity and total phenolic content using the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl and Folin-Ciocalteu assays, respectively. Read More

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November 2018

Fate of tetracycline and sulfonamide resistance genes in a grassland soil amended with different organic fertilizers.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2018 Dec 1;170:39-46. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

The James Hutton Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen AB15 8QH, Scotland, UK. Electronic address:

This study provided an assessment of the environmental fate of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in a Scottish grassland field repeatedly treated with different organic fertilizers. The impacts of manure, biosolids and municipal food-derived compost on the relative abundances of tetracycline ARGs (tetA, tetB, tetC, tetG and tetW), sulfonamide ARGs (sul1 and sul2) and class 1 integron-integrase gene (IntI1) in soils were investigated, with inorganic fertilizer (NPK) as a comparison. The background soil with a history of low intensity farming showed a higher total relative abundance of tet ARGs over sul ARGs, with tetracycline efflux genes occurring in a higher frequency. Read More

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December 2018
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Land bridges in the Pleistocene contributed to flora assembly on the continental islands of South China: Insights from the evolutionary history of Quercus championii.

Mol Phylogenet Evol 2018 Dec 1;132:36-45. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

The Laboratory of Forestry Genetics, Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha 410004, Hunan, China. Electronic address:

The South China Mainland (SCM) and its adjacent continental islands are a global biodiversity hotspot. However, how and when plants dispersed between SCM and Hainan/Taiwan Islands remains largely unknown. In this study, we used restriction site-associated DNA sequencing (RAD-seq) to identify the demographic dynamics and local adaptation of Quercus championii, a dominant forests tree distributed in SCM and Hainan/Taiwan Islands. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Chemical characterization and biological activity of six different extracts of propolis through conventional methods and supercritical extraction.

PLoS One 2018 4;13(12):e0207676. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil.

Propolis is a natural product with many demonstrated biological activities and propolis extract has been used in the food, pharmaceutical and cosmetics industries. Different works have showed the variations in the chemical composition, and consequently, on the biological activity of the propolis that are associated with its type and geographic origin. Due to this study evaluated propolis extracts obtained through supercritical extraction and ethanolic extraction (conventional) in three samples of different types of propolis (red, green and brown), collected from different regions in Brazil (state of Bahia). Read More

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December 2018
5 Reads

Physicochemical characterization and antioxidant activity of Palestinian honey samples.

Food Sci Nutr 2018 Nov 11;6(8):2056-2065. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Faculty of Sciences Laboratory of Physiology, Pharmacology and Environmental Health Dhar El Mehraz BP 1796 Atlas University Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdallah Fez Morocco.

Physicochemical characteristics, main minerals, and antioxidant activity were determined for Palestinian honey samples belonging to different floral and geographical origins. The features of the analyzed samples were within the established international standards for honey quality control. One clear exception was the hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) of the Ziziphus sample purchased from the Jericho region, which is the lowest city in the word characterized by a hot desert climate. Read More

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November 2018

Plastics in the marine environment are reservoirs for antibiotic and metal resistance genes.

Environ Int 2018 Nov 28;123:79-86. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Key Laboratory of Aquatic Botany and Watershed Ecology, Wuhan Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430074, China. Electronic address:

Plastics have been accumulated offshore and in the deep oceans at an unprecedented scale. Microbial communities have colonized the plastisphere, which has become a reservoir for both antibiotic and metal resistance genes (ARGs and MRGs). This is the first analysis of the diversity, abundance, and co-occurrence of ARGs and MRGs, and their relationships within the microbial community, using metagenomic data of plastic particles observed in the North Pacific Gyre obtained from the National Centre for Biotechnology Information Sequence Read Archive database. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

Prolonged milk provisioning in a jumping spider.

Science 2018 11;362(6418):1052-1055

Center for Integrative Conservation, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yunnan, 666303, China.

Lactation is a mammalian attribute, and the few known nonmammal examples have distinctly different modalities. We document here milk provisioning in a jumping spider, which compares functionally and behaviorally to lactation in mammals. The spiderlings ingest nutritious milk droplets secreted from the mother's epigastric furrow until the subadult stage. Read More

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November 2018

Niche Estimation Above and Below the Species Level.

Trends Ecol Evol 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Center (SBiK-F), Frankfurt am Main, Germany; Biodiversity and Biocomplexity Unit, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology, Okinawa, Japan.

Ecological niches reflect not only adaptation to local circumstances but also the tendency of related lineages to share environmental tolerances. As a result, information on phylogenetic relationships has underappreciated potential to inform ecological niche modeling. Here we review three strategies for incorporating evolutionary information into niche models: splitting lineages into subunits, lumping across lineages, and partial pooling of lineages into a common statistical framework that implicitly or explicitly accounts for evolutionary relationships. Read More

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November 2018