J Clin Psychopharmacol 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.
From the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA Department of Psychiatry, The Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, NY Adjunct Clinical Faculty, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine Law Office of Michael Laurence, San Francisco, CA.
Background: Given the relative lack of psychiatric information and data on the perpetrators of US mass shootings, the aim of our study was to understand who these "mass shooters" were and whether they had a psychiatric illness. If so, were they competently diagnosed, and if so, were they treated with appropriate medication for their diagnoses before the violence?
Methods: Because a prospective study of diagnosis and treatment could not, for obvious reasons, be carried out, we designed a retrospective, observational study of mass shooters, defined as those who killed 4 or more people with firearms between 1982 and 2012 or who killed 3 or more people with firearms between 2013 and 2019 in the United States. We used the Mother Jones database-a database of 115 persons identified as committing a mass shooting in the United States between January 1982 and September 2019. Read More