9,136 results match your criteria Borderline Personality Disorder


[Neural mechanisms of dissociation: implication for borderline personality disorder].

Tijdschr Psychiatr 2019 ;61(4):267-275

Background: Dissociation is a prevalent symptom in borderline personality disorder (BPD), which can have detrimental effects on everyday functioning and treatment. Until now, little is known about the brain networks implicated in dissociation in BPD. Research on dissociative disorders and posttraumatic stress disorder found alterations in networks implicated in cognitive control and arousal modulation. Read More

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January 2019

Disorder of the personality: a possible factor of risk for the dementia.

Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2019 Mar 1;47(2):61-9. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Centro de Asistencia Primaria Sant Cugat-Mutua de Terrassa (Sant Cugat del Vallés-Barcelona). España Residencia y Centro de Día Sant Cugat (Departament de Benestar i Familia-SISPAP / Grup Mutuam) (Sant Cugat del Vallés-Barcelona). España.

Objectives: The fact that more and more people suffer from dementia makes it very important to know the different risk factors to prevent their appearance. The objective of this article is to study personality disorder as a possible risk factor for the onset of an insane process, and to relate personality disorders of Cluster B and dementia.

Methodology: A systematic review and meta-analysis was carried out with scientific literature published up to 2015. Read More

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Hypermentalizing as a marker of borderline personality disorder in Italian adolescents: a cross-cultural replication of Sharp and colleagues' (2011) findings.

Borderline Personal Disord Emot Dysregul 2019 10;6. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

1Faculty of Psychology, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, via Stamira d'Ancona 20, 20127 Milan, Italy.

Background: Extant literature indicates that Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) may be reliably assessed in adolescence. Sharp and colleagues' (2011) suggested that mentalization could be an important early target for intervention in BPD adolescents and showed that hypermentalizing may represent an important marker to distinguish emerging BPD from adolescent turmoil. We aimed at testing if both dimensionally-assessed and categorically-diagnosed BPD was selectively associated with hypermentalizing errors on the Movie for the Assessment of Social Cognition (MASC) task in Italian adolescent inpatients and community adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40479-019-0104-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6457008PMC
April 2019
4 Reads

Beyond the borderline.

Lancet Psychiatry 2019 May;6(5):371-372

Cassel Hospital, Richmond, UK; co-President, British and Irish Group for the Study of Personality Disorder.

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22150366193013
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(19)30133-6DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Carer perspectives of people diagnosed with borderline personality disorder: A scoping review of emergency care responses.

Australas Emerg Care 2019 Mar 21;22(1):34-41. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Division of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide SA 5000, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Caring for a person with borderline personality disorder remains largely stigmatised and misunderstood. When a crisis arises, carers often seek help with the person they care for in emergency care settings such as the emergency department. The aim of this review was to explore, locate and compile the literature regarding the perspectives of family carers for a person with borderline personality disorder in an emergency care setting with a focus on nursing practices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.12.001DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Dependency, mood instability, and inconsequence traits for discriminating borderline personality disorder.

Trends Psychiatry Psychother 2019 Jan-Mar;41(1):78-82. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Programa de Pós-Graduação Stricto Sensu em Psicologia , Universidade São Francisco (USF), Campinas , SP , Brazil .

Introduction: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is one of the most widely studied personality disorders (PDs). It recurrently shows traits of emotional lability, anxiety, separation insecurity, depressiveness, impulsiveness, risk exposure, and hostility, mainly affecting the domains of negative affectivity and antagonism.

Objectives: To investigate the most discriminant dimensions of the Dimensional Clinical Personality Inventory (Inventário Dimensional Clínico da Personalidade 2 [IDCP-2]) to distinguish people diagnosed with BPD from people without this diagnosis. Read More

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http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2237-6089-2018-0010DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Whole-brain microstructural white matter alterations in borderline personality disorder patients.

Personal Ment Health 2019 05;13(2):96-106

Unit of Psychiatry, IRCCS Istituto Centro San Giovanni di Dio Fatebenefratelli, Brescia, Italy.

Background: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a psychiatric condition associated with the impairment of the frontolimbic network. However, a growing body of studies suggests that brain dysfunction underling BPD could involve other brain areas. We explored the whole-brain white matter (WM) organization in BPD patients to clarify the structural pattern underlying the disease and its relationship with clinical features. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/pmh.1441
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pmh.1441DOI Listing
May 2019
5 Reads

Paranoia and risk of personality disorder in the general population.

Personal Ment Health 2019 05;13(2):107-116

Unidad de Salud Mental, Hospital Universitario San Cecilio de Granada, Instituto Biosanitario de Granada, Servicio Andaluz de Salud, Granada, Spain.

Background: We hypothesized that paranoia is associated with personality disorder (PD) in the general population.

Method: This was a population-based cross-sectional survey carried out in Andalusia (Spain) using a representative sample of 4 507 participants. Paranoia was measured using the Green Paranoid Thought Scale, and risk of having a PD was screened using the Standardized Assessment of Personality Abbreviated Scale whilst borderline personality disorder (BPD) was measured with the CEPER-III Exploratory Interview of Personality disorder. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/pmh.1443
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pmh.1443DOI Listing
May 2019
5 Reads

Effects of Childhood Maltreatment on Social Cognition and Brain Functional Connectivity in Borderline Personality Disorder Patients.

Front Psychiatry 2019 29;10:156. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Laboratorio de Neurofisiología Integrativa, Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente Muñiz, Mexico City, Mexico.

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of impulsivity, affective instability, and difficulty to establish and manage interpersonal relationships. However, little is known about its etiology and neurobiological substrates. In our study, we wanted to investigate the influence of child abuse in the psychopathology of BPD by means of social cognitive paradigms [the Movie for the Assessment of Social Cognition (MASC) and the reading the mind in the eyes test (RMET)], and resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00156DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6452291PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Borderline personality disorder is associated with an increased risk of sexually transmitted infections: A nationwide population-based cohort study in Taiwan.

Sex Transm Infect 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Department of Psychiatry, Tzu Chi General Hospital, and School of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan

Background: Several features of borderline personality disorder (BPD) are likely to be associated with sexual health problems, such as unstable attachment, unstable sexual identity and sexual impulsivity. Since the issue of sex is not openly discussed in Taiwanese society, sexual health needs, including screening and prevention of sexually transmitted infections (STI), are often neglected in this population.

Objective: The study aims to determine whether BPD is associated with an increased risk of subsequent STI in Taiwan. Read More

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http://sti.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/sextrans-2018-053812
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/sextrans-2018-053812DOI Listing
April 2019
8 Reads

[Mental disorders and diabetes mellitus (Update 2019)].

Wien Klin Wochenschr 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Klinische Abteilung für Endokrinologie und Diabetologie, Universitätsklinik für Innere Medizin, Medizinische Universität Graz, Graz, Österreich.

Psychiatric disorders and psychological problems are common in patients with diabetes mellitus. There is a twofold increase in depression which is associated with suboptimal glycemic control and increased morbidity and mortality. Other psychiatric disorders with a higher incidence of diabetes mellitus are cognitive impairment, dementia, disturbed eating behavior, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, bipolar disorders and borderline personality disorder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00508-019-1458-9DOI Listing
April 2019
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Experiences of (young) women after out of home placement: An examination of personality disorder symptoms through the lens of child maltreatment.

Child Abuse Negl 2019 Apr 8;92:116-125. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Université de Sherbrooke, Canada.

Background: Child maltreatment has been associated with the development of various mental health problems, including the development of personality disorders.

Objective: This study investigated the association between child maltreatment and personality disorder symptoms in 125 women who transitioned out of residential care.

Method: The Child Trauma Questionnaire was used for the measurement of child maltreatment, and Personality disorder symptoms were measured using the Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire 4 + . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2019.03.022DOI Listing
April 2019
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Strengthening the Healthy Adult Self in Art Therapy: Using Schema Therapy as a Positive Psychological Intervention for People Diagnosed With Personality Disorders.

Authors:
Suzanne Haeyen

Front Psychol 2019 22;10:644. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

GGNet Mental Health Centre, Apeldoorn, Netherlands.

This article reviews recent theoretical contributions and studies about art therapy that attempt to capture aspects of healthy ego functioning and presents an inventory of art therapy interventions to strengthen the Healthy Adult. It discusses how art therapy can offer interventions that focus specifically and directly on the integration and growth of the whole person, and which interventions are suitable for this purpose in the treatment of people diagnosed with severe personality disorders. A link is made between the Healthy Adult as a familiar concept from Schema Therapy, and Positive Psychology, with its focus on well-being, strength and positive affect. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00644DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6441831PMC
March 2019
1 Read

A Temperament-Attachment-Mentalization-Based (TAM) Theory of Personality and Its Disorders.

Front Psychol 2019 22;10:518. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Centre of Excellence on Personality Disorder, Psychiatric Research Unit, Region Zealand Psychiatry, Slagelse, Denmark.

Theories of personality and its disorders need, from time to time, to be revised and updated according to new empirical and conceptual developments. Such development has taken place in the realms of affective neuroscience, evolution, and social cognition. In this article, we outline a new personality theory, which claims that phenomena we usually ascribe to the concept personality are best understood by postulating a web consisting of three major constituents: temperament (mainly primary emotions), attachment, and self-consciousness (mentalizing). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00518DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6439347PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

Impact of infant crying on mothers with a diagnosis of borderline personality disorder: A qualitative study.

Infant Ment Health J 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Women's & Children's Health Network, Adelaide, Australia.

Mothers with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and their infants often have compromised relationships. To further understand the complexities, this study explored (a) the experiences of mothers with BPD in response to infant crying and (b) how these parenting responses impact on mothers' interpersonal functioning with significant others. Six mothers with clinical BPD were recruited from a mother-baby psychiatric unit and interviewed using an interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/imhj.21776DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

Nonacceptance of negative emotions in women with borderline personality disorder: association with neuroactivity of the dorsal striatum

J Psychiatry Neurosci 2019 04 9;44(3):1-10. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

From the Evangelisches Klinikum Bethel, Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy Bethel, Research Division, Germany (Lamers, Toepper, Fernando, Schlosser, Driessen, Beblo); the Bielefeld University, Department of Psychology, Beielefeld, Germany (Lamers, Driessen, Beblo); the University of Giessen, Cognitive Neuroscience at the Centre for Psychiatry, Germany (Bauer); and the Mara Hospital, Bethel Epilepsy Center, Bielefeld, Germany (Woermann).

Background: Emotion dysfunction is a key symptom in patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and is considered a consequence of dysfunctional emotion regulation (e.g., reduced emotion acceptance). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1503/jpn.180077DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Short-term versus long-term mentalization-based therapy for outpatients with subthreshold or diagnosed borderline personality disorder: a protocol for a randomized clinical trial.

Trials 2019 Apr 5;20(1):196. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Stolpegaard Psychotherapy Centre, Mental Health Services, Gentofte, Capital Region of Denmark, Denmark.

Background: Psychotherapy for borderline personality disorder is often lengthy and resource-intensive. However, the current length of outpatient treatments is arbitrary and based on trials that never tested if the treatment intensity could be reduced. As a result, there is insufficient evidence to inform the decision between short-term and long-term psychotherapy for borderline personality disorder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13063-019-3306-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6451226PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Autobiographical memories, identity disturbance and brain functioning in patients with borderline personality disorder: An fMRI study.

Heliyon 2019 Mar 19;5(3):e01323. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Centre for Personality Disorders, Department of Neuroscience, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.

Identity disturbance is a core feature of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Autobiographical memory is a process of reflective thinking through which we form links between elements of life and self. It can be considered as an indirect index of identity integration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e01323DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6430005PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

Emotional Competence and Coping Mechanisms in Croatian Women with Borderline Personality Disorder: the Role of Attachment.

Psychiatr Danub 2019 Mar;31(1):88-94

University of Split, University Department of Health Studies, Ruđera Boškovića 31, 21000 Split, Croatia,

Background: The purpose of this study was to examine differences in attachment, emotional competence and coping strategies among women with BPD and a control group, and the contribution of the attachment dimensions to the emotional competence and coping styles.

Subjects And Methods: The group of women with BPD (N=30) and control group of hospital employees (N=47) participated in this cross-sectional study. Attachment, emotional competence and coping were determined by using self-evaluation questionnaires. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.24869/psyd.2019.88DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

[Descriptive examination of inpatient stays of patients with emotionally unstable personality disorder in Austria between 2001 and 2016 with special consideration of age, gender and length of stay].

Neuropsychiatr 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Klinische Abteilung für Sozialpsychiatrie, Universitätsklinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Medizinische Universität Wien, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090, Wien, Österreich.

Backround: Emotionally unstable personality disorder (EUPD) has a high prevalence worldwide and especially in in-patient psychiatric settings, varying in age and gender. Due to the complex clinical picture, repeated admissions and high costs, health systems are facing great challenges.

Methods: For the calculations Statistik Austria data of inpatient stays of patients with mental and behavioral disorders with special regard to EUPD as main discharge diagnosis in Austria in the period 2001-2016 were used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40211-019-0308-3DOI Listing
April 2019
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The Modulating Role of Self-Referential Stimuli and Processes in the Effect of Stress and Negative Emotion on Inhibition Processes in Borderline Personality Disorder: Proposition of a Model to Integrate the Self-Concept and Inhibition Processes.

Brain Sci 2019 Mar 30;9(4). Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Department of Psychology, University of Montreal, Montreal, QC H3C 3J7, Canada.

Impulsivity is an important clinical and diagnostic feature of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Even though it has been reported that BPD individuals' inhibition performance is significantly reduced in the context of negative emotion or stress, this literature shows mixed results, raising questions about the possible role played by other factors. Winter (2016) proposed that negative emotion stimuli can be more disruptive for BPD individuals' attention control performance because they induce higher distractibility self-referential processes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/brainsci9040077DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Degree of Correspondence Between Retrospective and Proximal Reports of Borderline Personality Disorder Symptoms, Symptom Triggers, and Emotions.

J Pers Disord 2019 Mar 28:1-20. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Psychology, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina.

This study investigated the degree of correspondence of retrospective reports of personality disorder symptoms, triggers, and emotions with reports closer in time to the actual experiences. Retrospective reports of symptoms, triggers, and emotions are heavily used in both clinical and research settings, yet no study has investigated the correspondence for symptoms or triggers of personality disorders. A total of 257 participants, including 75 with BPD, completed overlapping daily, weekly, monthly, and semi-annual questionnaires. Read More

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https://guilfordjournals.com/doi/10.1521/pedi_2019_33_418
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1521/pedi_2019_33_418DOI Listing
March 2019
7 Reads

Interpersonal Problems in Borderline Personality Disorder: Associations with Mentalizing, Emotion Regulation, and Impulsiveness.

J Pers Disord 2019 Mar 28:1-17. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London.

Interpersonal problems are a core symptom of borderline personality disorder (BPD). This study investigated the relationship between emotion dysregulation, impulsiveness, and impaired mentalizing in the context of predicting interpersonal problems in BPD. A total of 210 patients with BPD completed the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS), Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11), Reflective Functioning Questionnaire (RFQ), and Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (IIP-32). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1521/pedi_2019_33_427DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Risk Factors for Borderline Personality Disorder in Adolescents.

J Pers Disord 2019 Mar 28:1-8. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

James J. Peters Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Bronx, New York, and Icahn School of Medicine at Mt. Sinai, New York, New York.

The objective of this study was to assess the association between variables reflecting childhood adversity, protective childhood experiences, and the five-factor model of personality and BPD in adolescents. Two groups of adolescents were studied: 104 met criteria for BPD and 60 were psychiatrically healthy. Adverse and protective childhood experiences were assessed using a semistructured interview. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1521/pedi_2019_33_425DOI Listing
March 2019
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The link between rejection sensitivity and borderline personality disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Br J Clin Psychol 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Department of Psychology, University of Bath, UK.

Objective: People with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) may experience heightened rejection sensitivity (RS), a disposition developing from repeated childhood rejecting experiences. It is not known whether the full RS model accounts for the cognitive-affective experiences common in BPD. This systematic review extends upon previous reviews, firstly by assessing the link between childhood rejecting experiences and adult RS, and secondly by considering the link between BPD and RS in both non-clinical and clinical samples. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12216DOI Listing
March 2019
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Borderline personality disorder and ICD-11: A chance for change.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2019 Mar 21:4867419837365. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

1 Northern Clinical School, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0004867419837365DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Implicit and explicit self-concept of neuroticism in borderline personality disorder.

Nord J Psychiatry 2019 Apr 21;73(3):159-168. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

c Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy , Campus Charité Mitte, Universitätsmedizin , Berlin , Germany.

Purpose: In the past, research on personality in borderline personality disorder (BPD) used primarily questionnaires suggesting heightened neuroticism in BPD. Self-report instruments inform about the conscious or explicit self-concept. BPD patients are known to show negative distortion with exaggeration of negative affect in the self-report. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2019.1582694DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Precursors of the emotional cascade model of borderline personality disorder: The role of neuroticism, childhood emotional vulnerability, and parental invalidation.

Personal Disord 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Department of Psychology.

The emotional cascade model proposes that the emotional instability and engagement in maladaptive behaviors within borderline personality disorder (BPD) may be linked to rumination. Previous research has established that BPD is highly related to neuroticism, childhood emotional vulnerability, and parental invalidation. Therefore, the purpose of the current study was to assess whether the constructs of the emotional cascade model relate to other constructs within the BPD nomological network. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/per0000330DOI Listing
March 2019
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The Study of Psychopathology from the Network Analysis Perspective: A Systematic Review.

Psychother Psychosom 2019 19;88(2):71-83. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Clinical Psychology, School of Psychology, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain.

Background: Network analysis (NA) is an analytical tool that allows one to explore the map of connections and eventual dynamic influences among symptoms and other elements of mental disorders. In recent years, the use of NA in psychopathology has rapidly grown, which calls for a systematic and critical analysis of its clinical utility.

Methods: Following PRISMA guidelines, a systematic review of published empirical studies applying NA in psychopathology, between 2010 and 2017, was conducted. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/497425
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000497425DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Cognitive heuristics in borderline personality disorder across treatment: A longitudinal non-parametric analysis.

J Clin Psychol 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Lausanne, Switzerland.

Objective: The development of a constructive therapeutic alliance may represent an important feature of interpersonal adaptation in clients with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). The present study explores cognitive heuristics as dynamic features of change in relationship with the therapeutic alliance in the treatment of BPD.

Method: In total, N = 60 clients with BPD, are included in the present study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jclp.22775DOI Listing
March 2019
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Whole-brain functional connectivity during script-driven aggression in borderline personality disorder.

Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 2019 Mar 16;93:46-54. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Dept. of General Psychiatry, Center of Psychosocial Medicine, Heidelberg University, Heidelberg, Germany.

Objective: Intense anger and anger-related aggression are frequently reported by patients with borderline personality disorders (BPD). Recent results suggest that anger-related aggression and its control is associated with a complex interplay of different neural systems in BPD. To further investigate this, we complement standard activation and seed-based connectivity analyses by examining whole-brain changes in functional connectivity during anger and reactive aggression in BPD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pnpbp.2019.03.004DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

A research programme to evaluate DBT-PTSD, a modular treatment approach for Complex PTSD after childhood abuse.

Borderline Personal Disord Emot Dysregul 2019 5;6. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

1Institute of Psychiatric and Psychosomatic Psychotherapy, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim / Heidelberg University, J5, 68159 Mannheim, Germany.

Background: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after childhood abuse (CA) is often related to severe co-occurring psychopathology, such as symptoms of borderline personality disorder (BPD). The ICD-11 has included Complex PTSD as a new diagnosis, which is defined by PTSD symptoms plus disturbances in emotion regulation, self-concept, and interpersonal relationships. Unfortunately, the empirical database on psychosocial treatments for survivors of CA is quite limited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40479-019-0099-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6402166PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Self-reported impulsivity in women with borderline personality disorder: the role of childhood maltreatment severity and emotion regulation difficulties.

Borderline Personal Disord Emot Dysregul 2019 5;6. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Department of Clinical Psychology, Institute of Psychology, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Background: Childhood maltreatment, such as severe emotional, physical, and sexual abuse and neglect, has been linked to impulse control problems and dysfunctional emotional coping. In borderline personality disorder (BPD), a history of childhood maltreatment may worsen difficulties in emotion regulation, which may in turn give rise to impulsive behaviours. The aim of this self-report study was to investigate associations between childhood maltreatment severity, emotion regulation difficulties, and impulsivity in women with BPD compared to healthy and clinical controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40479-019-0101-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6399941PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Group psychotherapy for borderline personality disorder: A meta-analysis of randomized-controlled trials.

Psychotherapy (Chic) 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Institute of Psychosocial Medicine and Psychotherapy, Jena University Hospital, Friedrich Schiller University.

Treatment guidelines for borderline personality disorder (BPD) recommend psychotherapy as an important, if not essential, component of patient care. The current study is a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials comparing group psychotherapy for BPD with treatment as usual (TAU). We included moderator analysis to examine how outcomes differ based on group and patient characteristics, risk of bias variables, and treatment elements of the TAU comparison condition (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pst0000211DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

In-session emotional expression predicts symptomatic and panic-specific reflective functioning improvements in panic-focused psychodynamic psychotherapy.

Psychotherapy (Chic) 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Psychology.

In panic-focused psychodynamic psychotherapy (PFPP), exploration and interpretation of avoided and conflicted emotions and fantasies surrounding anxiety are thought to promote panic-specific reflective functioning (PSRF), which drives panic disorder improvements. Patient emotional expression within a session may be a marker of engaged processing and experiencing of affectively charged material. Degree of in-session expressed emotion, indicating both verbal and nonverbal emotions, was examined across three early therapy sessions for prediction of subsequent outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pst0000215DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Low positive affect display mediates the association between borderline personality disorder and negative evaluations at zero acquaintance.

Borderline Personal Disord Emot Dysregul 2019 3;6. Epub 2019 Mar 3.

1Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim at Heidelberg University, J5, 68159 Mannheim, Germany.

Background: Several recent studies have demonstrated that naïve raters tend to evaluate individuals with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) negatively at zero-acquaintance (i.e., in a 'first impression' type situation, where the rater has no knowledge of the individual and no prior interactions with them). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40479-019-0103-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6397744PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Stuck in a negative me: fMRI study on the role of disturbed self-views in social feedback processing in borderline personality disorder.

Psychol Med 2019 Mar 14:1-11. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Institute of Psychology, Leiden University,Leiden,The Netherlands.

Background: Interpersonal difficulties in borderline personality disorder (BPD) could be related to the disturbed self-views of BPD patients. This study investigates affective and neural responses to positive and negative social feedback (SF) of BPD patients compared with healthy (HC) and low self-esteem (LSE) controls and how this relates to individual self-views.

Methods: BPD (N = 26), HC (N = 32), and LSE (N = 22) performed a SF task in a magnetic resonance imaging scanner. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291719000448DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Stigma perpetuation at the interface of mental health care: a review to compare patient and clinician perspectives of stigma and borderline personality disorder.

J Ment Health 2019 Mar 12:1-21. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

a College of Medicine and Public Health , Flinders University , Adelaide , Australia.

Background: People with borderline personality disorder (BPD) experience significant stigma, particularly at the interface of care delivery.

Aims: To compare and contrast what stigma looks like within mental health care contexts, from the perspective of patients and mental health professionals (MHPs) and how it is perpetuated at the interface of care.

Method: A review of the literature was undertaken to compare the experiences of stigma towards BPD from the patient and MHP perspective by thematically analysing the results from empirical studies exploring their experiences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09638237.2019.1581337DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Psychopathy and Female Gender: Phenotypic Expression and Comorbidity; A Study Comparing a Sample of Women Hospitalized in Italy's Maximum Security Facility with Women Who were Criminally Sentenced and Imprisoned.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Mar 12. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Sistema Polimodulare REMS Castiglione delle Stiviere ASL MN, Mantova, Italy.

Various studies have shown that women with psychopathy tend to commit crimes that are less violent than those of psychopathic men. The present study was designed to address the influence of psychopathy on the crimes committed by female offenders. A national sample of female offenders found NGRI or of diminished responsibility and at risk for criminal recidivism (OPG patients) was compared with a sample of female offenders who were convicted and imprisoned. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.14039DOI Listing
March 2019
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Psychological impact of fibromyalgia: current perspectives.

Psychol Res Behav Manag 2019 13;12:117-127. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Psychology, University of Jaén, Jaén, Spain,

Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a chronic disorder characterized by widespread and persistent musculoskeletal pain and other frequent symptoms such as fatigue, insomnia, morning stiffness, cognitive impairment, depression, and anxiety. FMS is also accompanied by different comorbidities like irritable bowel syndrome and chronic fatigue syndrome. Although some factors like negative events, stressful environments, or physical/emotional traumas may act as predisposing conditions, the etiology of FMS remains unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/PRBM.S178240DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6386210PMC
February 2019
4 Reads

Getting Specific about Emotion and Self-Inflicted Injury: An Examination Across Emotion Processes in Borderline Personality Disorder.

Arch Suicide Res 2019 Mar 11:1-41. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Objective: This study aimed to examine which specific emotion processes influence self-inflicted injury: basal respiratory sinus arrhythmia, baseline negative emotional intensity, emotional reactivity, or emotion regulation deficits.

Method: Self-injuring individuals with borderline personality disorder (N = 22) reported their lifetime self-injury frequency. Basal respiratory sinus arrhythmia and baseline skin conductance responses measurements were collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13811118.2019.1586605DOI Listing
March 2019
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Identifying core deficits in a dimensional model of Borderline Personality Disorder features: A network analysis.

Clin Psychol Sci 2018 Sep 18;6(5):685-703. Epub 2018 May 18.

Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.

Researchers have proposed three core deficits of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD): emotion dysregulation, interpersonal problems, and self-identity disturbance. Previous methods for testing these deficits rest on problematic assumptions (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2167702618769560DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6402351PMC
September 2018
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Mentalization-Based Treatment for Personality Disorders: Efficacy, Effectiveness, and New Developments.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Mar 9;21(4):25. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Institute for Psychosocial Prevention, University of Heidelberg, Bergheimer Str. 54, 69115, Heidelberg, Germany.

Purpose Of The Review: This review aims to outline the most recent evidence on the efficacy and effectiveness of mentalization-based treatment (MBT) for personality disorders (PD) from 2015 to 2018 and to describe new treatment developments.

Recent Findings: Since 2015, 14 new-primarily effectiveness-MBT trials have been published. The main body of studies investigated adult populations (n = 11), patients with a borderline personality disorder (BPD) diagnosis (n = 8), and compared MBT with another psychotherapeutic treatment (n = 6). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-1012-5DOI Listing
March 2019
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What Do Individuals With Borderline Personality Disorder Want From Treatment? A Study of Self-generated Treatment and Recovery Goals.

J Psychiatr Pract 2019 Mar;25(2):148-155

NG, CARTER, BOURKE, and GRENYER: School of Psychology and Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia.

Outcome measurement has progressed in the field of personality disorders. While the majority of trials have evaluated outcomes on the basis of symptom and diagnostic indices, what is considered a meaningful and valued outcome to individuals has seldom been investigated. Self-generated treatment goals were collected from 102 individuals seeking treatment for borderline personality disorder and independently coded by 2 raters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRA.0000000000000369DOI Listing
March 2019
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Aberrant functional connectivity profiles of brain regions associated with salience and reward processing in female patients with borderline personality disorder.

Brain Imaging Behav 2019 Mar 1. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, Faculty of Medicine, RWTH Aachen, Pauwelsstraße 30, 52074, Aachen, Germany.

Recent resting-state functional connectivity studies have shown significant group differences in several networks between patients suffering from borderline personality disorder (BPD) and healthy controls. However, reliable and consistent findings have not been reported yet. Several methodological factors might be responsible for the discrepant findings, including the heterogeneity of patient samples in terms of symptom severity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11682-019-00065-zDOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads