10,781 results match your criteria Borderline Personality Disorder

Just try it: Preliminary results of a six-month therapy for borderline personality disorder.

Personal Ment Health 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Center for Research and Bioethics, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is labeled as a personality disorder with impulsivity issues regarding relationships, risky behavior, and emotional dysregulation. This personality disorder is still considered to be hard-to-treat condition even though responses to treatment have improved significantly. In this field, Dialectical Behavioral Therapy is recognized as one of the most efficient therapeutical approaches, and some versions adapted from this gold-standard treatment proved their effectiveness in clinical settings. Read More

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Self- but not other-mentalizing moderates the association between BPD symptoms and somatic complaints in community-dwelling adolescents.

Psychol Psychother 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential moderator role of poor mentalization in the association between borderline personality disorder (BPD) traits and somatization, specifically focusing on the polarities of self- and other-mentalizing.

Design: This is a cross-sectional, general population study evaluating adolescents (n = 162, 61.3% female; ages 12-18, M = 14. Read More

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Bridge Nodes between Personality Traits and Alcohol-Use Disorder Criteria: The Relevance of Externalizing Traits of Risk Taking, Callousness, and Irresponsibility.

J Clin Med 2022 Jun 16;11(12). Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Departamento de Psicología Clínica y Experimental, University of Huelva, 21071 Huelva, Spain.

Background: Personality disorders show strong comorbidities with alcohol-use disorder (AUD), and several personality traits have been found to be more frequent in people with AUD. This study analyzes which personality facets of those proposed in the Alternative Model of Personality Disorder (AMPD) of DSM-5 are associated with the diagnostic criteria of AUD.

Methods: The sample was composed of 742 participants randomly selected from the Spanish population, and 243 patients attending mental health services. Read More

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The Effectiveness of 6 versus 12 Months of Dialectical Behavior Therapy for Borderline Personality Disorder: A Noninferiority Randomized Clinical Trial.

Psychother Psychosom 2022 Jun 23:1-16. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Introduction: Evidence-based psychotherapies for borderline personality disorder (BPD) are lengthy, posing a barrier to their access. Brief psychotherapy may achieve comparable outcomes to long-term psychotherapy for BPD. Evidence is needed regarding the comparative effectiveness of short- versus long-term psychotherapy for BPD. Read More

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Systems Training for Emotional Predictability and Problem Solving for borderline personality disorder: A systematic review.

Personal Ment Health 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

PersonaCura, Clinical Center of Excellence for Personality Disorders and Autism in Older Adults, GGz Breburg, Tilburg, The Netherlands.

Systems Training for Emotional Predictability and Problem Solving (STEPPS) is a group treatment program for patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). The program was intended to be highly accessible, both for patients and therapists. During STEPPS, patients are taught emotion regulation and behavior management skills. Read More

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Should psychiatrists be more cautious about the use of antipsychotics for patients with borderline personality disorder?

Braz J Psychiatry 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Center of Excellence on Mood Disorders, Faillace Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, McGovern Medical School and Executive Director, Harris County Psychiatric Center, The University of Texas Health Science Center (UTHealth), Houston, TX, United States.

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Impact of personality dysfunction on interdisciplinary treatment team working alliance in an inpatient psychiatric population.

Personal Disord 2022 Jun 20. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Department of Psychiatry.

Cluster B personality disorders (PDs) share specific traits that can result in interpersonal conflict. As therapeutic working alliance has a strong relationship with improved outcomes, there is interest in understanding the relationship between PDs, working alliance, and clinical outcomes. This is especially compelling in inpatient populations, where symptoms are severe, and patients are working with a treatment team. Read More

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Mindfulness as taught in DBT: a scoping review.

Clin Psychol Psychother 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Faculty of Environmental and Health Sciences, School of Health Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.

This scoping review considers Eleven studies that have focussed on the effect of teaching the mindfulness element of Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) on clinical outcomes. These articles utilised either mindfulness skills as embedded into the full DBT-Skills program or a stand-alone mindfulness skills module (DBT-M), as treatment for clinical populations. The review of the research found that clinical application of mindfulness as taught in DBT leads to increases in self-reported mindfulness - especially non-judgemental awareness along with psychological measures that suggests an increase in mindfulness e. Read More

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[Borderline personality disorder: state of knowledge and attitudes among french-speaking mental health professionnals].

Encephale 2022 Jun 17. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Hôpitaux universitaires de Genève, Genève, Suisse.

Objectives: Patients suffering from borderline personality disorder are very prevalent in various settings (emergency rooms, psychiatric and general hospitals, ambulatory consultations). However, it remains one of the most stigmatized and neglected mental health conditions, albeit being an area that is responsible for very interesting advances in psychotherapy. Today, the prognosis of patients with borderline personality disorder is rather favorable, provided that they follow a dedicated psychotherapy. Read More

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Working with People Presenting with Symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder: The Attitudes, Knowledge and Confidence of Mental Health Nurses in Crisis Response Roles in Australia.

Issues Ment Health Nurs 2022 Jun 20:1-10. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

School of Health and Human Sciences, Southern Cross University, Coolangatta, Australia.

Many people diagnosed with or presenting with borderline personality disorder (BPD) attend the emergency department (ED) when in crisis, and are often referred to mental health nurses for further assessment, and to arrange appropriate follow-up (MHNs). Little is known about the knowledge, skills, confidence and competence of MHNs working with this group in these specialist roles. This study sought to describe the attitudes of MHNs working in EDs and crisis services towards people who present with symptoms characteristic of BPD and to explore their knowledge of the diagnostic criteria of BPD. Read More

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Associations among ADHD symptoms, ODD symptoms, and borderline personality features: A network analysis.

Res Child Adolesc Psychopathol 2022 Jun 20. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Health, Penn State College of Medicine, Penn State Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, USA.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) are common childhood syndromes that exhibit a high degree of comorbidity. Both ADHD and ODD symptoms in childhood predict higher levels of borderline personality features (BPF) later in development. Yet ADHD, ODD, and BPF each consist of a heterogeneous group of symptoms, and symptom-level associations between these groups remain unclear. Read More

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Hyperreactivity and Impaired Habituation of Startle Amplitude During Unpleasant Pictures in Borderline but not Schizotypal Personality Disorder: Quantifying Emotion Dysregulation.

Biol Psychiatry 2022 Apr 29. Epub 2022 Apr 29.

Department of Psychiatry, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York.

Background: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterized by greater intensity of reactions to unpleasant emotional cues and a slower-than-normal return of these responses to baseline. Habituation is defined as decreased response to repeated stimulation. Affect-modulated startle (AMS), a translational psychophysiological approach, is mediated by the amygdala and used to study emotion processing in both humans and animals. Read More

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Common and Distinct Neural Patterns of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Borderline Personality Disorder: A Multimodal Functional and Structural Meta-analysis.

Biol Psychiatry Cogn Neurosci Neuroimaging 2022 Jun 14. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Huaxi MR Research Center (HMRRC), Department of Radiology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, China; Research Unit of Psychoradiology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Chengdu, China; Functional & Molecular Imaging Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, China. Electronic address:

Background: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and borderline personality disorder (BPD) have partially overlapping symptom profiles and are highly comorbid in adults. However, whether the behavioral similarities correspond to shared neurobiological substrates is not known.

Methods: An overlapping meta-analysis of 58 ADHD and 66 BPD whole-brain articles incorporating observations from 3401 adult patients and 3238 healthy participants was performed by Seed-based d Mapping. Read More

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Functional Impairment in Borderline Personality Disorder: The Mediating Role of Perceived Social Support.

Front Psychol 2022 27;13:883833. Epub 2022 May 27.

Department of Personality, Assessment and Psychological Treatment, Faculty of Psychology, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Madrid, Spain.

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterized by instability in relationships, mood fluctuations, and erratic behavior. This study investigates the relationship between pathological personality traits and functional disability, the status of perceived social support in BPD, as well as its mediating role in this relationship. In this cross-sectional study, 192 Spanish women (BPD group, = 97; healthy control group, = 95) completed, through two online platforms, a battery of tests including: the , the (WHODAS 2. Read More

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Altered hormonal patterns in borderline personality disorder mother-child interactions.

Psychoneuroendocrinology 2022 Jun 3;143:105822. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Department of General Psychiatry, Center for Psychosocial Medicine, Heidelberg University, Voßstr. 4, 69115 Heidelberg, Germany. Electronic address:

Background: Oxytocin, cortisol, and testosterone are involved in the processing of reward and stress and greatly influence mother-child interactions. Altered hormonal systems have been associated with borderline personality disorder (BPD), a disorder characterized by interpersonal deficits. Mothers with BPD tend to perceive interactions with the child as less rewarding and more stressful and interactions are often less reciprocal and have more negative states (i. Read More

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Menstrual Cycle in Trauma-Related Disorders: A Mini-Review.

Front Glob Womens Health 2022 30;3:910220. Epub 2022 May 30.

Monash Alfred Psychiatry Research Centre, Central Clinical School, Monash University and The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Fluctuations of sex hormones across the menstrual cycle have been linked to exacerbation of symptoms of psychiatric disorders. Women diagnosed with trauma-related disorders such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and borderline personality disorder (BPD) have reported worsening of mood symptoms at various phases of their menstrual cycle. There is also considerable overlap between PTSD, BPD, and complex-PTSD (cPTSD) symptoms, suggesting similar biological underpinnings. Read More

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Improving treatment outcomes for adolescents with borderline personality disorder through a socioecological approach.

Borderline Personal Disord Emot Dysregul 2022 Jun 15;9(1):16. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK.

Background: There is a dearth of studies evaluating treatment efficacy for adolescents diagnosed with borderline personality disorder. The few available randomized controlled trials that have been conducted show modest results and treatments appear to have equivalent effects. The current paper draws on (a) the lessons learnt from the last 50 years of psychotherapy research in general and (b) recent advances in mentalization-based understanding of why treatment works, which together point to the importance of following a socioecological approach in the treatment of personality problems in adolescence - a developmental period that insists on a treatment approach that goes beyond the therapist-client dyad. Read More

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The Prevalence of Depersonalization-Derealization Disorder: A Systematic Review.

J Trauma Dissociation 2022 Jun 14:1-34. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Division of Psychiatry, University College London, London, UK.

Depersonalization-Derealization disorder (DDD) is a psychiatric condition characterized by persistent feelings of detachment from one's self and of unreality about the outside world. This review aims to examine the prevalence of DDD amongst different populations. A systematic review protocol was developed before literature searching. Read More

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Investigating the reciprocal temporal relationships between tobacco consumption and psychological disorders for youth: an international review.

BMJ Open 2022 Jun 13;12(6):e055499. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

College of Medicine and Public Health, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia

Objective: To investigate reciprocal temporal relationships between tobacco consumption and psychological disorders for youth. Review DATA SOURCES: Five databases (PubMed, Embase, Scopus, CINAHL and PsycINFO) on 26 September 2019 and updated on 11 May 2021, indexing tobacco, mental illness and longitudinal. Methods used consensus and multiple reviewers. Read More

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Comorbid bipolar disorder and borderline personality disorder: Diagnosis using machine learning.

J Psychiatr Res 2022 Jun 1;152:1-6. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

School of Psychiatry, UNSW Sydney, 2050, Australia.

Comorbid bipolar disorder (BP) and borderline personality disorder (BPD) presents a diagnostic challenge in its differentiation from each condition individually. We aimed to use a machine learning (ML) approach to differentiate comorbid BP/BPD from both BP and BPD. Participants were assigned DSM diagnoses and compared on self-report measures examining personality, emotion regulation strategies and perceived parental experiences during childhood. Read More

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A Schema Therapy approach to complex dissociative disorder in a cross-cultural setting: a single case study.

Riv Psichiatr 2022 May-Jun;57(3):141-157

Scuola di Psicoterapia Cognitiva, Rome, Italy.

Complex dissociative disorders (CDD) include dissociative identity disorder (DID) and the most common other specified dissociative disorder (OSDD, type 1). While consensus-based treatments for CDD are lacking in several international guidelines, patients suffering from CDD show high levels of impairment, treatment utilization and costs. Migrants and refugees often present risk factors for trauma-related and dissociative disorders and need effective and culturally adapted treatments. Read More

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Is Splitting Related to Resistance to Proactive Interference? A Process-Oriented Study of Kernberg's Conceptualization of Splitting.

Psychopathology 2022 Jun 10:1-17. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Canadian Institute of Psychoanalysis, Montreal, Québec, Canada.

Introduction: Splitting, as a defense mechanism in Kernberg's theory, plays a significant role in the development and maintenance of polarized and oscillating representations of self/other characteristics of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Although the notion of splitting can be considered from a structural and a functional point of view, almost all empirical studies to date have focused on the former elements to the detriment of related cognitive processes.

Methods: To further investigate the cognitive processes related to splitting, 60 participants were administered the Splitting Index and indexes of resistance to proactive interference (PI) using the interpersonal recent negative task with words that reflect negative or positive interactions compared to neutral words. Read More

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Email me back: Examining provider biases through email return and responsiveness.

J Couns Psychol 2022 Jun 9. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Research Methodology Program.

The majority of research on accessing and utilizing mental health services has focused on patient barriers to care. Few studies have explored possible provider biases that may impact client access at point of entry. Using the audit method, we conducted an email-based field experiment to investigate the responsiveness of psychotherapy providers to inquiries from simulated patients with different backgrounds (i. Read More

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Evaluating Measures of Externalizing Personality Pathology Traits in Black and White American Adolescents in a Program for at-Risk Youths.

J Pers Assess 2022 Jun 9:1-12. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Washington State University, Pullman, WA.

Adolescent personality assessment measures can aid in the identification of traits that are associated with various types of maladjustment. Externalizing personality pathology traits (e.g. Read More

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Behavioral and neurophysiological correlates of emotional face processing in borderline personality disorder: are there differences between men and women?

Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 2022 Jun 5. Epub 2022 Jun 5.

Department for General Psychiatry, Center of Psychosocial Medicine, Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany.

Emotional dysregulation is a core feature of borderline personality disorder (BPD); it is, for example, known to influence one's ability to read other people's facial expressions. We investigated behavioral and neurophysiological foundations of emotional face processing in individuals with BPD and in healthy controls, taking participants' sex into account. 62 individuals with BPD (25 men, 37 women) and 49 healthy controls (20 men, 29 women) completed an emotion classification task with faces depicting blends of angry and happy expressions while the electroencephalogram was recorded. Read More

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Risk of relapse within 6 months associated with borderline personality disorder in major depressed individuals treated with electroconvulsive therapy.

Psychiatry Res 2022 May 26;314:114650. Epub 2022 May 26.

Erasme Hospital, Department of Psychiatry and Sleep Laboratory, Université libre de Bruxelles, ULB, Brussels, Belgium, Route de Lennik, 808, Anderlecht 1070, Belgium.

Given the limited data in the literature, the aim of this study was to investigate the risk of relapse within 6 months associated with borderline personality disorder (BPD) in major depressed individuals treated with electroconvulsive therapy. Demographic and clinical data from 109 major depressed individuals with partial or complete response to electroconvulsive therapy recruited from the database of the Psychiatry Department of Erasme Hospital were analysed. Cox regression analyses were used to determine the risk of relapse within 6 months associated with BPD in major depressed individuals treated with electroconvulsive therapy. Read More

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