7,382 results match your criteria Bone Infarct

Translating bone marrow rejuvenation from the bench to beside.

Aging (Albany NY) 2022 Jun 21;undefined(undefined). Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Toronto General Hospital Research Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

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Bone marrow endothelial dysfunction promotes myeloid cell expansion in cardiovascular disease.

Nat Cardiovasc Res 2022 Jan 23;1(1):28-44. Epub 2021 Dec 23.

Center for Regenerative Medicine and Cancer Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Abnormal hematopoiesis advances cardiovascular disease by generating excess inflammatory leukocytes that attack the arteries and the heart. The bone marrow niche regulates hematopoietic stem cell proliferation and hence the systemic leukocyte pool, but whether cardiovascular disease affects the hematopoietic organ's microvasculature is unknown. Here we show that hypertension, atherosclerosis and myocardial infarction (MI) instigate endothelial dysfunction, leakage, vascular fibrosis and angiogenesis in the bone marrow, altogether leading to overproduction of inflammatory myeloid cells and systemic leukocytosis. Read More

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January 2022

Association of cerebral infarction with vertebral arterial fenestration using non-Newtonian hemodynamic evaluation.

Math Biosci Eng 2022 May;19(7):7076-7090

Department of Ultrasound, Hongqi Hospital Affiliated to Mudanjiang Medical University, Mudanjiang, China.

Purpose: Cerebral artery fenestration is a rare vascular anomaly, but its existence has been increasingly documented. The association of cerebral infarction and fenestration is of great clinical interest, and the exact underlying mechanism remains unclear. This study aims to identify risk factors contributing to cerebral infarction by computational hemodynamics analysis. Read More

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Rare Case of High Grade Neuroendocrine Carcinoma Found on Bone Marrow Biopsy: A Case Report.

J Community Hosp Intern Med Perspect 2022 31;12(1):83-88. Epub 2022 Jan 31.

New York Cancer and Blood Specialists, Patchogue, USA.

Background: Neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) comprise a wide-ranging group of abnormal neoplasms with atypical presentations, from primary localized disease to extensive metastasis, reaching the bone and brain. The NENs are divided into two major groups: neuroendocrine tumors (NETs), which are well-differentiated tumors of any grade, and neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs), which are poorly differentiated, high-grade cancers with a high risk of morbidity and mortality. The challenge of diagnosing NENs early, particularly prior to metastasis, highlights the importance of further studying these diseases. Read More

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January 2022

Health benefits of astaxanthin against age-related diseases of multiple organs: A comprehensive review.

Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2022 Jun 16:1-66. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Natural Products for Neuroprotection and Anti-Ageing Research Unit, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Age-related diseases are associated with increased morbidity in the past few decades and the cost associated with the treatment of these age-related diseases exerts a substantial impact on social and health care expenditure. Anti-aging strategies aim to mitigate, delay and reverse aging-associated diseases, thereby improving quality of life and reducing the burden of age-related pathologies. The natural dietary antioxidant supplementation offers substantial pharmacological and therapeutic effects against various disease conditions. Read More

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Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cell-Derived Exosomal microRNA-29b-3p Promotes Angiogenesis and Ventricular Remodeling in Rats with Myocardial Infarction by Targeting ADAMTS16.

Cardiovasc Toxicol 2022 Jun 14. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Department of Cardiology, The Second People's Hospital of Yunnan Province, 176 Qingnan Road, Wuhua District, Kunming, 650000, Yunnan, China.

An increasing amount of evidence has suggested that microRNA (miR) plays a role in myocardial infarction (MI). Our study aimed to discuss the impact of exosomal miR-29b-3p in MI by regulating A Disintegrin and Metalloproteinase with Thrombospondin Motifs 16 (ADAMTS16). Exosomes were extracted from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). Read More

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Transplantation of Roxadustat-preconditioned bone marrow stromal cells improves neurological function recovery through enhancing grafted cell survival in ischemic stroke rats.

CNS Neurosci Ther 2022 Jun 13. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Aging and Neurological Disorder Research, Department of Neurosurgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China.

Aims: The therapeutic effect of bone marrow stromal cell (BMSC) transplantation for ischemic stroke is limited by its low survival rate. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether Roxadustat (FG-4592) pretreatment could promote the survival rate of grafted BMSCs and improve neurological function deficits in ischemia rats.

Methods: Oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) and permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (pMCAO) were constructed as stroke models in vitro and in vivo. Read More

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Neoadjuvant Radiation in High-Grade Soft-Tissue Sarcomas: Histopathologic Features and Response Evaluation.

Am J Surg Pathol 2022 Jun 3. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Institute of Pathology, Technical University of Munich.

In this study, we sought to determine the prognostic value of both the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer-Soft Tissue and Bone Sarcoma Group (EORTC-STBSG) score and the histologic parameters viable tumor, coagulative necrosis, hyalinization/fibrosis, and infarction in patients (n=64) with localized, nonmetastatic high-grade soft-tissue sarcomas after preoperative radiomonotherapy. A standardized macroscopic workup for pretreated surgical specimen including evaluation of a whole section of high-grade soft tissue sarcomas in the largest diameter, was used. Association with overall survival and disease-free survival was assessed. Read More

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Major cardiovascular events after bone marrow mononuclear cell transplantation following acute myocardial infarction: an updated post-BAMI meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2022 Jun 9;22(1):259. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Nutrition Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: The effect of bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells (BM-MNCs) after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) on myocardial function indices such as left ventricular ejection fraction has been widely studied. However, the effect of this intervention on major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) was not the principal purpose of most investigations and its role is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible long-term clinical efficacy of BM-MNCs on MACE after AMI. Read More

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In vivo tissue optical clearing assisted through-skull targeted photothrombotic ischemic stroke model in mice.

J Biomed Opt 2022 Jun;27(6)

Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Britton Chance Center for Biomedical Photonics, Wuhan, China.

Significance: Photothrombotic stroke is an important and widely used model for ischemic stroke research. However, the significant scattering of the skull during the procedure limits the light's ability to penetrate and focus on its target. Targeted photothrombosis uses surgery-based skull windows to obtain optical access to the brain, but it renders the brain's environment unnatural even before a stroke is established. Read More

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Dioscin alleviates myocardial infarction injury via regulating BMP4/NOX1-mediated oxidative stress and inflammation.

Phytomedicine 2022 Aug 31;103:154222. Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, Dalian Medical University, Western 9 Lvshunnan Road, Dalian 116044, China. Electronic address:

Background: Dioscin, a steroidal saponin natural product, has various pharmacological activities, such as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, lipid-lowering. However, little is known about its effects on myocardial infarction (MI) injury. Thus, the study aimed to investigate the protective effects and possible mechanisms of dioscin. Read More

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Diabetes impairs cardioprotective function of endothelial progenitor cell-derived extracellular vesicles via H3K9Ac inhibition.

Theranostics 2022 21;12(9):4415-4430. Epub 2022 May 21.

Center for Translational Medicine, Lewis Katz School of Medicine, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, 19140.

Myocardial infarction (MI) in diabetic patients results in higher mortality and morbidity. We and others have previously shown that bone marrow-endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) promote cardiac neovascularization and attenuate ischemic injury. Lately, small extracellular vesicles (EVs) have emerged as major paracrine effectors mediating the benefits of stem cell therapy. Read More

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Podocan and Adverse Clinical Outcome in Patients Admitted With Suspected Acute Coronary Syndromes.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2022 20;9:867944. Epub 2022 May 20.

Department of Cardiology, Stavanger University Hospital, Stavanger, Norway.

Background: Markers of bone and extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling may be associated with adverse outcomes in atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Podocan is a newly discovered ECM glycoprotein, previously not studied in a chest pain population. We wanted to study the association between Podocan levels on admission and the risk of adverse outcomes in a chest pain population with suspected acute coronary syndromes. Read More

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Association of atherogenic indices with C-reactive protein and risk factors to assess cardiovascular risk in rheumatoid arthritis patient at Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa.

Gashaw Dessie

PLoS One 2022 3;17(6):e0269431. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune systemic chronic inflammatory disorder, which is characterized by joint stiffness, damage, and destruction of bone. In RA patients, the risk of cardiovascular disease is increased by 2-3 folds as compared to the general population. The major burden of RA is the development of cardiovascular diseases, including congestive heart failure, stroke, and myocardial infarction. Read More

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Spontaneous Epidural Hematoma in Sickle Cell Crisis: A Case Report.

Cureus 2022 Apr 26;14(4):e24492. Epub 2022 Apr 26.

Radiology, St. John's Medical College, Bangalore, IND.

Epidural hematoma (EDH) classically occurs secondary to trauma. Spontaneous EDH is uncommon and can be a rare complication of sickle cell disease (SCD). We report the case of a 20-year-old Indian male with sickle cell anemia, who presented with a sickling bony crisis and suffered a non-traumatic EDH within 24 hours of admission. Read More

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Perceived Age as a Mortality and Comorbidity Predictor: A Systematic Review.

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2022 Jun 1. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Division of Plastic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, 4500 San Pablo Rd, Jacksonville, FL, 32224, USA.

Introduction: Perceived age is defined as how old a person looks to external evaluators. It reflects the underlying biological age, which is a measure based on physical and physiological parameters reflecting a person's aging process more accurately than chronological age. People with a higher biological age have shorter lives compared to those with a lower biological age with the same chronological age. Read More

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Chorion-derived perinatal mesenchymal stem cells improve cardiac function and vascular regeneration: preferential treatment for ischemic heart disease.

Hellenic J Cardiol 2022 May 29. Epub 2022 May 29.

Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 06591, Korea; Catholic Neuroscience Institute, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 06591, Korea; Catholic Institute for Applied Anatomy, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 06591, Korea. Electronic address:

Background: Stem cell therapy has emerged as a novel treatment for heart failure after myocardial infarction (Ml). Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) are commonly considered because of their accessibility and usability. However, their therapeutic potential remains controversial. Read More

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Preconditioning with Trehalose Protects the Bone Marrow-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Under Oxidative Stress and Enhances the Stem Cell-Based Therapy for Cerebral Ischemic Stroke.

Cell Reprogram 2022 06 31;24(3):118-131. Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of Neurosurgery, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China.

Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) transplantation has emerged as a potential treatment for ischemic stroke. Preconditioning with pharmacological agents before cell transplantation has been shown to increase the efficiency of cell therapy. In this study, trehalose (Tre), an autophagy inducer, was used as a pharmacological agent to treat BMSCs, and the neuroprotective effect of BMSCs preconditioned with Tre on cerebral ischemia was assessed. Read More

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Extensive Aortic Thromboembolism in a Patient With Erdheim-Chester Disease: A Case Report.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2022 13;9:882817. Epub 2022 May 13.

Department of Rheumatology, Affiliated Hangzhou First People's Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

Background: Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a rare disease that affects multiple systems and is characterized by non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis. Classic clinical signs include long bone infiltration, central nervous system involvement, diabetes insipidus, and sheathing of the entire aorta. However, thrombosis is not recognized as a typical cardiac manifestation of ECD. Read More

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Cell-Based HIF1α Gene Therapy Reduces Myocardial Scar and Enhances Angiopoietic Proteome, Transcriptomic and miRNA Expression in Experimental Chronic Left Ventricular Dysfunction.

Front Bioeng Biotechnol 2022 12;10:767985. Epub 2022 May 12.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine II, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Recent preclinical investigations and clinical trials with stem cells mostly studied bone-marrow-derived mononuclear cells (BM-MNCs), which so far failed to meet clinically significant functional study endpoints. BM-MNCs containing small proportions of stem cells provide little regenerative potential, while mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) promise effective therapy paracrine impact. Genetic engineering for rationally enhancing paracrine effects of implanted stem cells is an attractive option for further development of therapeutic cardiac repair strategies. Read More

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Autologous Bone Marrow Mononuclear Cells (BMMC)-Associated Anti-Inflammatory Nanoparticles for Cardiac Repair after Myocardial Infarction.

J Funct Biomater 2022 May 13;13(2). Epub 2022 May 13.

Experimental Laboratory of Institute of Biological and Health Sciences, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná (PUCPR), 1555 Imaculada Conceição Street, Curitiba 80215-901, Brazil.

To investigate the effect of transplantation of stem cells from the bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMC) associated with 15d-PGJ2-loaded nanoparticles in a rat model of chronic MI. Chronic myocardial infarction (MI) was induced by the ligation of the left anterior descending artery in 40 male Wistar rats. After surgery, we transplanted bone marrow associated with 15d-PGJ2-loaded nanoparticle by intramyocardial injection (10 cells/per injection) seven days post-MI. Read More

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Microglia-Mediated Neuroinflammation: A Potential Target for the Treatment of Cardiovascular Diseases.

J Inflamm Res 2022 25;15:3083-3094. Epub 2022 May 25.

Department of Cardiology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430060, People's Republic of China.

Microglia are tissue-resident macrophages of the central nervous system (CNS). In the CNS, microglia play an important role in the monitoring and intervention of synaptic and neuron-level activities. Interventions targeting microglia have been shown to improve the prognosis of various neurological diseases. Read More

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Biology of Bone Morphogenetic Proteins in skeleton disease: Osteonecrosis in Sickle cell disease patients.

Curr Protein Pept Sci 2022 May 30. Epub 2022 May 30.

Department of pathology, Shyam Shah Medical College, Rewa, M.P.

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an autosomal recessive trait of genetic hemoglobin disorder whose prevalence is varied from 5 to 25 % of the world population. It is characterized by the presence of hemoglobin (HbS) instead of normal hemoglobin (HbA). An individual suffering from sickle cell disease is likely to be at risk of osteonecrosis which is a form of ischemic bone infarction which causes intolerable degenerative joint problems and can affect 30-50% of people with sickle cell disease. Read More

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Growth factors: avenues for the treatment of myocardial infarction and potential delivery strategies.

Regen Med 2022 Aug 31;17(8):561-579. Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, 450052, China.

Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Despite recent advances in clinical management, reoccurence of heart failure after AMI remains high, in part because of the limited capacity of cardiac tissue to repair after AMI-induced cell death. Growth factor-based therapy has emerged as an alternative AMI treatment strategy. Read More

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Relationship between periodontitis and risk of cardiovascular disease: Insights from the Tromsø Study.

J Periodontol 2022 May 27. Epub 2022 May 27.

The Public Dental Health Service Competence Centre of Northern Norway, Tromsø, Norway.

Background: Few large-scale studies have investigated the association between periodontitis and cardiovascular risk estimated by risk assessment models; moreover, this association remains unexplored in never-smokers. We aimed to examine the relationship between periodontitis and cardiovascular risk in a Norwegian general population, with a focus on never-smokers and the impact of sex and age.

Methods: The present study included 2623 participants from the seventh survey of the Tromsø Study (Tromsø7, 2015-2016), aged 45-74 years, and without previous myocardial infarction or stroke. Read More

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Cardiovascular Diseases and Periodontitis.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2022 ;1373:261-280

Department of Odontology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the tooth-supporting connective tissue and alveolar bone that is initiated by a bacterial biofilm in periodontal pockets. It affects about half of adults in the Western world, and is associated with a range of systemic comorbidities, e.g. Read More

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Systemically Silencing Long Non-coding RNAs Maclpil With Short Interfering RNA Nanoparticles Alleviates Experimental Ischemic Stroke by Promoting Macrophage Apoptosis and Anti-inflammatory Activation.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2022 6;9:876087. Epub 2022 May 6.

Department of Surgery, Division of Vascular Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, United States.

Background: Maclpil is a proinflammatory long non-coding RNA highly expressed on monocyte-derived macrophages in the ischemic brain. This study investigated the impact and the mechanisms of systemically delivering nanoparticle Maclpil short interfering RNA (siRNA) on experimental ischemic stroke in a mouse model.

Methods: Ischemic stroke (focal cerebral ischemia) was induced in male C57BL/6 mice through the middle cerebral artery occlusion. Read More

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Aneurysmal bone cyst of the proximal femur concomitant with Graves' disease and Moyamoya disease: report of a rare case.

J Int Med Res 2022 May;50(5):3000605221097669

Department of Joint Surgery, The Third People's Hospital of Shenzhen, Shenzhen, Guangdong Province, China.

Aneurysmal bone cyst is a type of benign bone pathology with expansile and osteolytic features whose etiology remains unclear. Graves' disease is an autoimmune disease characterized by diffuse goiter and hyperthyroidism. Moyamoya disease is a progressive cerebral vasculopathy. Read More

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Comparing the effect of bone marrow mono-nuclear cells with mesenchymal stem cells after acute myocardial infarction on improvement of left ventricular function: a meta-analysis of clinical trials.

Stem Cell Res Ther 2022 05 16;13(1):203. Epub 2022 May 16.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: The effect of transplantation of bone-marrow mononuclear cells (BM-MNCs) and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on ejection fraction (LVEF) has been studied in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in clinical trials. This raises the question that which type of cell may help improve LVEF better in AMI patients. No meta-analysis of clinical trials has yet addressed this question. Read More

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Exosomal miR-455-3p from BMMSCs prevents cardiac ischemia-reperfusion injury.

Yue Wang Yusi Shen

Hum Exp Toxicol 2022 Jan-Dec;41:9603271221102508

Second Department of Orthopedic Rehabilitation, Taihe Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine, Shiyan, China.

Objective: Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) exert protective effects against myocardial infarction (MI). Here, we focused on the function and mechanism of miR-455-3p from BMMSCs-derived exosomes (BMMSCs-Exo) in myocardial infarction.

Materials And Methods: BMMSCs were isolated from rat bone marrow, and the exosomes from the culture medium of BMMSCs were separated, and administered to H9C2 cells under hypoxia-reperfusion (H/R) stimulation. Read More

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