1,106 results match your criteria Body image[Journal]


'Big boys don't cry': Examining the indirect pathway of masculinity discrepancy stress and muscle dysmorphia symptomatology through dimensions of emotion dysregulation.

Body Image 2020 Jul 9;34:209-214. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Prevailing conceptualizations of muscle dysmorphia (MD) have highlighted the role of adherence to stereotypical ideals of masculinity. In addition, the endorsement of masculine norms has been associated with dysfunctional emotional regulation, itself a correlate of body image psychopathology. Building on this, the present study sought to investigate the indirect relationship between masculinity discrepancy stress (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.05.014DOI Listing

Eating disorder attitudes and disordered eating behaviors as measured by the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) among cisgender lesbian women.

Body Image 2020 Jul 8;34:215-220. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

The PRIDE Study/PRIDEnet, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, United States; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, United States.

The Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) is a measure of eating disorder attitudes and disordered eating behaviors. Prior descriptive studies of the EDE-Q for women either did not assess or omitted reporting sexual orientation. This study's objective was to assess eating disorder attitudes and disordered eating behaviors as measured by the EDE-Q among cisgender lesbian women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.06.005DOI Listing

Fat talk frequency in high school women: Changes associated with participation in the Body Project.

Body Image 2020 Jul 7;34:196-200. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO, United States. Electronic address:

The Body Project is an evidence-based eating disorder prevention program that aims to prevent the onset of eating disorders by challenging the thin-ideal and promoting body acceptance through dissonance-based activities. One of the key program targets is fat talk, the self-deprecating communication about dissatisfaction with one's weight and shape. Fat talk, family fat talk, and weight concern are associated with body image disturbance and eating disorder development, especially in adolescent girls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.06.002DOI Listing

Relational body image: Preliminary evidence that body image varies within a person from one specific relationship to another.

Body Image 2020 Jul 4;34:221-232. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3G1, Canada. Electronic address:

Although social factors influence body image, it remains unknown whether a given individual's body image varies from one specific relationship to another. The present study examined this novel concept of relational body image by investigating the extent to which individuals' body image differs across their relationships with specific others. These differences were expected to arise in part due to differences in how an individual perceives others' personal body preoccupation, others' acceptance of her body, and others' body size relative to her own. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.06.006DOI Listing

The effects of yoga on functionality appreciation and additional facets of positive body image.

Body Image 2020 Jul 1;34:184-195. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Psychology, The University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC, United States.

This study investigated the effects of yoga on functionality appreciation, and the potential mechanisms that could explain the impact of yoga on additional facets of positive body image. Young adult women (N = 114; M = 22.19) were randomised to a 10-week Hatha yoga programme or waitlist control group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.06.003DOI Listing

Nature exposure and positive body image: (Re-)examining the mediating roles of connectedness to nature and trait mindfulness.

Body Image 2020 Jun 27;34:201-208. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

Department of Leadership and Organizational Behaviour, Norwegian Business School, Oslo, Norway.

Previous studies have reported a significant association between nature exposure and positive body image, but understandings of the mechanisms that help to explain this link remain nascent. Here, we considered the extent to which trait mindfulness and connectedness to nature, respectively, mediate the aforementioned relationship both in parallel and serially. An online sample of 398 participants (199 women, 196 men, 3 other; age M = 28. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.06.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7320863PMC

Does self-compassion buffer the detrimental effect of body shame on depressive symptoms?

Body Image 2020 Jun 27;34:175-183. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada. Electronic address:

Researchers have identified that experiences of body-related shame significantly contribute to heightened depressive symptoms, and therefore it is valuable to identify and understand potential factors that buffer this relationship. The present study examined the cross-sectional relationship between body-related shame and depressive symptoms separately among women and men, and tested self-compassion as a potential moderator. Data from a sample of 520 adults (42. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.05.012DOI Listing

Taking it apart and putting it back together again: Using Item Pool Visualisation to summarise complex data patterns in (positive) body image research.

Body Image 2020 Jun 25;34:155-166. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Department of Psychology and Psychodynamics, Karl Landsteiner University of Health Sciences, Krems an der Donau, Austria.

Issues of construct commonality and distinguishability in body image research are typically addressed using structural equal models, but such methods can sometimes present problems of interpretation when data patterns are complex. One recent-developed tool that could help in summarising complex data patterns is Item Pool Visualisation (IPV), an illustrative method that locates item pools from within the same dataset and illustrates these in the form of single or nested radar charts. Here, we demonstrate the utility of IPV in visualising data patterns vis-à-vis positive body image. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.05.004DOI Listing

Sexual function in hook-up culture: The role of body image.

Body Image 2020 Jun 20;34:135-144. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

University of Missouri, School of Social Work, United States. Electronic address:

Hook-up mobile apps are increasing in popularity and research suggests sexual function may be lower among those who hook-up compared to those who have sex in a longer-term relationship. Sexual function is an important predictor of well-being; however, we know little about the psychosocial antecedents of sexual function, such as body image, among those who use hook-up apps. The current study aims to examine two measures of positive body image and one measure of body image self-consciousness during intimate activity among a sample of adult women and men who have hooked up in the previous month using a hook-up mobile app (N = 243). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.05.010DOI Listing

Minority stress and body dysmorphic disorder symptoms among sexual minority adolescents and adult men.

Body Image 2020 Jun 14;34:167-174. Epub 2020 Jun 14.

Psychology Department, San Diego State University, 6363 Alvarado Court, Suite 101, San Diego, CA 92120, USA; Psychology Department, San Diego State University/University of California, San Diego Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, 6363 Alvarado Court, Suite 101, San Diego, CA 92120, USA.

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) has a prevalence rate of 2.4 % among U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.06.001DOI Listing

The experience of embodiment scale: Development and psychometric evaluation.

Body Image 2020 Jun 14;34:117-134. Epub 2020 Jun 14.

Department of Psychology (JOR 926), Ryerson University, 350 Victoria St., Toronto, ON, M5B 2K3, Canada. Electronic address:

The construct of embodiment captures a broad range of experiences of living in the body. The present program of research involved developing and evaluating a fully structured measure of the experience of embodiment construct, the Experience of Embodiment Scale (EES), via four independent samples of women. Study 1 (N = 92) provided initial support for the internal consistency and convergent validity of the EES. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.05.007DOI Listing

Are We There Yet? Progress in Depicting Diverse Images of Beauty in Instagram's Body Positivity Movement.

Body Image 2020 Jun 10;34:85-93. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Pepperdine University, United States. Electronic address:

As the literature on the narrowly defined standards of beauty portrayed in social media has increased, a newer focus on body positivity messages has also emerged. Body positivity challenges the unrealistic standards of beauty present in the media by the promotion and acceptance of diverse body sizes and appearances. In an effort to further understand the messages of body positivity in social media, this study examined the content of 246 body positive posts from the broad Instagram community. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.05.001DOI Listing

The validity and reliability of the Farsi version of the Body, Eating, and Exercise Comparison Orientation Measure (F-BEECOM) among Iranian male and female students.

Body Image 2020 Jun 9;34:72-84. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Department of Psychology, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran.

Body-, eating-, and exercise-related social comparison tendencies are implicated in body dissatisfaction and disordered eating among Western women. To date, no published study examines eating- and exercise-related comparisons in a male or non-Western sample. The current series of studies fills these gaps in the literature by translating and validating the existing measure of these comparisons (the 18-item Body, Eating, and Exercise Comparison Orientation Measure [BEECOM]) in samples of Iranian men and women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.05.006DOI Listing

Preliminary development of an implicit association test to measure body dissatisfaction and predict disordered eating behaviors.

Body Image 2020 Jun 9;34:51-58. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Department of Psychology, Miami University, Oxford, OH, United States.

We conducted a preliminary test of a novel implicit association test for body dissatisfaction (BD-IAT). We predicted that BD-IAT would correlate with self-reported BD and predict later eating disorder (ED) attitudes. Female undergraduates (N = 145) self-reported BD and ED attitudes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.05.005DOI Listing

Internalized weight stigma and the progression of food addiction over time.

Body Image 2020 Jun 7;34:67-71. Epub 2020 Jun 7.

School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK. Electronic address:

Food addiction is associated with elevated levels of eating pathology, body image concerns, and internalized weight stigma. The role of internalized weight stigma in the progression of addictive-like eating has not been explored. This longitudinal study explored the relative contributions of weight-related self-devaluation and fear of being stigmatized by others in predicting changes in addictive-like eating behavior over time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.05.002DOI Listing

Do we cause harm? Understanding the impact of research with young children about their body image.

Body Image 2020 Jun 7;34:59-66. Epub 2020 Jun 7.

Department of Psychology & Counselling, School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne 3086, Australia.

Although research into the early development of body image and eating behaviors is essential, concerns have been raised about whether their assessment might precipitate body or eating concerns in children. We aimed to identify how parents perceived their young children (under 9 years) had been impacted from involvement in the longitudinal Children's Body Image Development Study (CBIDS) that assessed body image and eating behaviors. Participants were 218 parents (99 % mothers) who completed an online questionnaire assessing whether and why their child discontinued participation in CBIDS, and the perceived impact of participation on children's body image, weight attitudes, language about bodies, internalisation of appearance ideals, peer appearance conversations, dietary restraint, muscle building activities, and physical activity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.05.008DOI Listing

Greater gastric interoception is associated with more positive body image: Evidence from adults in Malaysia and the United Kingdom.

Body Image 2020 Jun 4;34:101-111. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

School of Psychology and Sport Science, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, UK; Centre for Psychological Medicine, Perdana University, Serdang, Malaysia.

Gastric interoception refers to the processing of sensory stimuli originating in the gut. Previous research has found that gastric interoception (measured using a water load task) is associated with drive for thinness in young Western women. However, associations with broader facets of body image and in diverse national groups have not been previously investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.05.011DOI Listing

Examining the factor structure, sex invariance, and psychometric properties of the Body Image Acceptance and Action Questionnaire and the Functionality Appreciation Scale.

Body Image 2020 Jun 5;34:1-9. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

School of Psychology, Deakin University, 1 Gheringhap Street, Geelong, VIC, 3220, Australia; Center for Social and Early Emotional Development, Deakin University, Burwood, VIC, 3125, Australia.

Body image flexibility and functionality appreciation are two facets of positive body image gaining significant research attention. The measures that assess these constructs- the Body Image Acceptance and Action Questionnaire (BI-AAQ) and Functionality Appreciation Scale (FAS), respectively-have produced a unidimensional structure with adequate psychometric properties. However, the cross-sex invariance of the BI-AAQ has yet to be established, and replicating the FAS' one-factor structure is needed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.04.006DOI Listing

Compared to Facebook, Instagram use causes more appearance comparison and lower body satisfaction in college women.

Body Image 2020 Jun 4;34:38-45. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford, United Kingdom.

The current experiment tested the effect of social media use on college women's appearance comparisons, mood, and body satisfaction. We randomly assigned 308 undergraduate women (aged 18-26) to use Facebook, use Instagram, or play a matching game (the control condition) on an iPad for seven minutes. Compared to the Facebook condition, Instagram users retrospectively reported spending more time viewing images or videos containing people. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.04.007DOI Listing

Assessing the measurement invariance of two positive body image instruments in adults from Malaysia and the United Kingdom.

Body Image 2020 Jun 4;34:112-116. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

School of Psychology and Sport Science, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, UK; Centre for Psychological Medicine, Perdana University, Serdang, Malaysia.

Despite the growth of positive body image research in recent years, our understanding of the construct across different national contexts remains limited. Here, we investigated measurement invariance of the Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2) and the Functionality Appreciation Scale (FAS) across ethnically homogenous groups of adults from Malaysia (n = 815, women n = 403) and the United Kingdom (UK; n = 596, women n = 416). Using multi-group confirmatory factor analysis, partial scalar invariance was supported for scores on both measures after fixing the intercepts for BAS-2 Items 6 and 8, and FAS Item 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.05.009DOI Listing

The association between body appreciation and body mass index among males and females: A meta-analysis.

Body Image 2020 Jun 4;34:10-26. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

School of Humanities and Social Science, Chinese University of Hong Kong (Shenzhen), Shenzhen, China.

To date, a number of studies have reported an association between body appreciation and body mass index (BMI), but the findings are not consistent. Using a meta-analytic approach, the current study aimed to clarify this association as well as to explore what factors might have contributed to the inconsistency across previous studies. By searching and screening potential studies published up to June 2019 in four databases, we identified 26 articles that reported an association between body appreciation and BMI among males, and 59 articles among females. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.03.006DOI Listing

An Ecological Momentary Assessment of Self-improvement and Self-evaluation Body Comparisons: Associations with College Women's Body Dissatisfaction and Exercise.

Body Image 2020 Jun 27;33:264-277. Epub 2020 May 27.

Department of Psychology, Rowan University, 201 Mullica Hill Road, Glassboro, NJ, 08028, USA.

Upward body comparisons are prevalent among college women and associated with body dissatisfaction and disordered eating. However, less is known about distinguishing features of the comparisons themselves as they occur in daily life. The primary purpose of the present study was to examine whether two types of upward body comparisons previously studied experimentally (self-improvement and self-evaluation) are differentially associated with body- and exercise-related outcomes in real-life settings using ecological momentary assessment (EMA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.04.002DOI Listing

Becoming an object: A review of self-objectification in girls.

Body Image 2020 Jun 26;33:278-299. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, United States.

Objectification theory (Fredrickson & Roberts, 1997) provides a framework for understanding how cultural pressure on women's appearance (i.e., sexual objectification) impacts their psychological and physical well-being. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.02.016DOI Listing

Body image and body change behaviors associated with orthorexia symptoms in males.

Body Image 2020 May 24;34:46-50. Epub 2020 May 24.

Department of Applied Psychology, Northeastern University, Boston, United States; Department of Psychiatric Emergency & Acute Care, Lapeyronie Hospital, CHRU, Montpellier, France. Electronic address:

In recent years, Orthorexia Nervosa has received increasing attention as a form of restrictive disordered eating driven by concerns related to "healthy eating" as opposed to weight and shape concerns. To date, however, data on the correlates of orthorexia in men are lacking, particularly pertaining to the relationship between orthorexia and muscularity-related dimensions. A sample of 103 (M = 19. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.05.003DOI Listing

An examination of older men's body image: How men 65 years and older perceive, experience, and cope with their aging bodies.

Body Image 2020 May 19;34:27-37. Epub 2020 May 19.

School of Kinesiology, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

We examined how older men perceived, experienced, and coped with age-related changes to their appearance, body function, and health. Data from semi-structured interviews with 28 men aged 65-83 living in a large urban Canadian city and diverse in ethnocultural background (European, East Asian, and South Asian) and sexual orientation (heterosexual and gay) were analyzed through a reflexive thematic analysis. Four overarching themes were constructed from the participants' accounts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.04.005DOI Listing

Factor Analysis and Psychometric Properties of the Chinese Translation of the Acceptance of Cosmetic Surgery Scale.

Body Image 2020 Jun 11;33:244-256. Epub 2020 May 11.

Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, the Netherlands; Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, Faculty of Health, Medicine, and Life Sciences; School for Mental Health and Neuroscience (MHeNS), Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

This paper describes a Chinese translation and validation of the Acceptance of Cosmetic Surgery Scale (ACSS; Henderson-King & Henderson-King, 2005), a questionnaire for assessing attitudes towards cosmetic surgery. Chinese adults (335 women, 240 men; M = 33.65) completed the Chinese ACSS and - to investigate construct validity - measures of body appreciation, facial appearance concerns, sociocultural attitudes towards appearance (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.03.009DOI Listing

Using immersive virtual reality to modify body image.

Body Image 2020 Jun 12;33:232-243. Epub 2020 May 12.

Department of Psychology, Faculty of health and Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 8ST, UK.

We tested the efficacy of a training programme, delivered in virtual reality (VR), to modify the perceptual boundary between what participants classify as a fat versus a thin body. Three cohorts of 20 female volunteers with high body image concerns were recruited to two intervention groups and one control group. All participants completed a 4-day training programme in VR where they categorised a series of 3D models as either thin or fat; one intervention group was presented with the stimuli briefly, while the other group had no time limits imposed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.03.007DOI Listing

An investigation of distress tolerance and difficulties in emotion regulation in the drive for muscularity among women.

Body Image 2020 Jun 11;33:207-213. Epub 2020 May 11.

Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.

Despite the negative emotional experiences that often accompany the pursuit of an idealized appearance, we know little about emotion regulation in the context of female drive for muscularity. To address this knowledge gap, we examined whether distress tolerance and difficulties in emotion regulation were significantly associated with the drive for toned muscularity among women. In this study, 221 Australian university women completed an online survey assessing drive for muscularity, distress tolerance, and emotion regulation difficulties. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.03.004DOI Listing

The effect of viewing challenging "reality check" Instagram comments on women's body image.

Body Image 2020 Jun 11;33:257-263. Epub 2020 May 11.

School of Psychology, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, South Australia, 5001, Australia.

One increasing trend on social media is the posting of challenging or "reality check" comments about idealized photos of thin and attractive women. The aim of the present study was to experimentally investigate the effect of viewing such reality check comments after a positive appearance comment on young women's body image. Participants were 192 women aged 17-25 years who were randomly assigned to view Instagram images accompanied by no comment, a positive appearance comment, or a reality check comment plus the positive appearance comment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.04.004DOI Listing

Asian versus Western appearance media influences and changes in body image concerns of young Chinese women: A 12-month prospective study.

Body Image 2020 Jun 28;33:214-221. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Key Laboratory of Cognition & Personality Southwest University, Chongqing, 400715, China.

Appearance-related media from the United States and other Western nations has been implicated in explanations of increased body images concerns among non-Western women. However, researchers have rarely examined the impact of endogenous appearance media versus Western appearance media on body image issues, particularly within longitudinal research designs. Therefore, in this 12-month prospective study, we assessed associations of experiences with appearance media imported from Western nations versus appearance media from China and other Asian nations on body image concerns and cosmetic surgery interest among young Chinese women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.03.008DOI Listing

Impact of viewing body image health promotion videos in adult men and women: Comparison of narrative and informational approaches.

Authors:
Siân A McLean

Body Image 2020 Jun 22;33:222-231. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia; Institute for Health and Sport, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address:

Body dissatisfaction is a serious public health issue, however, low awareness of its seriousness, and stigma, may inhibit treatment seeking. Social marketing videos using narrative-entertainment or documentary-informational style approaches may enhance awareness but little research has evaluated their impact, particularly potentially harmful effects. The current study addressed this gap. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.04.001DOI Listing

Characterizing a body positive online forum: Resistance and pursuit of appearance-ideals.

Body Image 2020 Jun 16;33:199-206. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

WMG, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK.

The body positive movement emerged in response to pressure to pursue the unattainable thin ideal, and promotes a more accepting stance towards the body. To date, however, little is known regarding the nature of online body positive content. Using publicly available data from a large online discussion platform (Reddit), all the forums to which commenters on a body acceptance forum (N = 1262) had also contributed were identified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.03.005DOI Listing

A picture is worth a thousand words: The effect of viewing celebrity Instagram images with disclaimer and body positive captions on women's body image.

Body Image 2020 Jun 11;33:190-198. Epub 2020 Apr 11.

Flinders University, Australia.

Research has shown that exposure to Instagram images is harmful for women's body image. Although Instagram consists of photos of both peers and celebrities, the top followed Instagram accounts are held by thin and attractive female celebrities. The present study aimed to experimentally investigate whether two forms of Instagram caption could mitigate the detrimental effect of celebrity images on women's body image. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.03.003DOI Listing

Self-compassion as a moderator of the relationships between shape and weight overvaluation and eating disorder psychopathology, psychosocial impairment, and psychological distress.

Body Image 2020 Jun 8;33:183-189. Epub 2020 Apr 8.

School of Psychology, Deakin University, 1 Gheringhap Street, Geelong, VIC 3220, Australia; Center for Social and Early Emotional Development, Deakin University, Burwood, VIC 3125, Australia.

Shape and weight overvaluation is a core component of body image theorized to drive many of the symptoms of eating disorders (ED) and associated distress and impairment. Identifying variables that protect against the negative effects of shape and weight overvaluation is needed for informing primary intervention targets. Self-compassion may be a protective factor given its role as an adaptive affect regulation strategy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.03.001DOI Listing

Uploading your best self: Selfie editing and body dissatisfaction.

Body Image 2020 Jun 27;33:175-182. Epub 2020 Mar 27.

Flinders University, Australia.

Social media have given rise to new forms of self-presentation, in particular, the posting of self-portrait photos, commonly known as "selfies." The aim of the present study was to experimentally investigate the relationship between selfie editing and body dissatisfaction. Participants were 130 women aged 18-30 years who were asked to view Instagram images of thin women or of average-sized women, with a view to inducing body dissatisfaction in the former group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.03.002DOI Listing

The Appearance-Related Social Media Consciousness Scale: Development and validation with adolescents.

Body Image 2020 Jun 17;33:164-174. Epub 2020 Mar 17.

School of Education, University of Pittsburgh, 5940 Wesley W. Posvar Hall, Pittsburgh, PA, 15260, USA; Learning Research and Development Center, University of Pittsburgh, 723 LRDC, 3939 O'Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA, 15260, USA.

Appearance-related social media consciousness (ASMC) is defined as the extent to which individuals' thoughts and behaviors reflect ongoing awareness of whether they might look attractive to a social media audience. In this 3-study paper, we report the development and validation of the ASMC Scale for adolescents. In Study 1, we developed 18 items and received input from adolescent focus groups and content experts, resulting in 13 items. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.02.017DOI Listing

Visual and cognitive processing of thin-ideal Instagram images containing idealized or disclaimer comments.

Body Image 2020 Jun 17;33:152-163. Epub 2020 Mar 17.

Communication Studies, University of Michigan, United States.

Recent studies have demonstrated that exposure to thin-ideal social media content is associated with decreased body satisfaction, and disclaimer comments have been a proposed intervention. This experiment uses eye-tracking methods to explore the effect of disclaimer comments on participants' processing of thin-ideal Instagram images. Women ages 18-35 (N = 181) were randomly assigned to view thin-ideal Instagram images paired with one of two caption types: traditional comments that idealized the images, or disclaimer comments that critiqued the images as unrealistic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.02.014DOI Listing

Initial development and validation of the Online Appearance-Relevant Peer Conversations Scale.

Body Image 2020 Jun 16;33:115-128. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

Department of Psychology, University of Macau, Taipa, 999078, Macau; Key Laboratory of Cognition & Personality Southwest University, Chongqing, 400715, China. Electronic address:

In this research, we present three studies on the development and validation of the Online Appearance-Relevant Peer Conversations Scale (OARPCS), a 12-item measure of (1) physical appearance and (2) life stressors as foci of online peer communications. In Study 1, young Chinese adults (N = 800) completed OARPCS items and measures of body image, Internet use, and general distress. Exploratory factor analyses supported the hypothesized two factor structure and within gender correlation analyses provided construct validity support. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.02.012DOI Listing

A look at the intergenerational associations between self-compassion, body esteem, and emotional eating within dyads of mothers and their adult daughters.

Body Image 2020 Jun 17;33:106-114. Epub 2020 Mar 17.

Bowling Green State University, United States.

Research has demonstrated that mothers transmit body-related attitudes and eating behaviors to their daughters, but little is known about the role of self-compassion-treating oneself with kindness and being mindful about one's experiences-in this transmission. This research examined the intrapersonal and interpersonal associations between mothers' and daughters' self-compassion, body esteem (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.02.007DOI Listing

Add a comment … how fitspiration and body positive captions attached to social media images influence the mood and body esteem of young female Instagram users.

Body Image 2020 Jun 17;33:101-105. Epub 2020 Mar 17.

Department of Psychology, King Henry Building, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, PO1 2DY. United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Social media content can negatively influence body esteem in young women by reinforcing beliefs that to be considered attractive, people must look a certain way. The current study examines how text associated with attractive social media images impacts on female users' mood and feelings about their own body. Female participants (N = 109) aged between 18 and 25 years were randomly allocated to one of three conditions in which they viewed the same fitspiration-style images from Instagram. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.02.009DOI Listing

A bifactor analysis of the Weight Bias Internalization Scale: What are we really measuring?

Body Image 2020 Jun 7;33:137-151. Epub 2020 Mar 7.

School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK. Electronic address:

Internalized weight stigma (IWS) has been linked with disordered eating behavior, both directly, and as a mediator of the relationship between experienced weight stigma and maladaptive coping. However, the construct of IWS is highly correlated with the related constructs of body image and global self-esteem, and the three constructs may better be represented by underlying trait self-judgment. This overlap is not generally accounted for in existing studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.02.013DOI Listing

Meta-analysis of gender differences in body appreciation.

Body Image 2020 Jun 6;33:90-100. Epub 2020 Mar 6.

School of Humanities and Social Science, Chinese University of Hong Kong (Shenzhen), Shenzhen, China.

There are a number of studies that have conducted comparisons of body appreciation between males and females. However, findings are largely inconsistent, making it unclear whether there are actual gender differences in body appreciation. With a meta-analytic approach, the current study quantitatively reviewed and synthesized previous findings, published up to May 2019, on gender differences in body appreciation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.02.011DOI Listing

#Loveyourbody: The effect of body positive Instagram captions on women's body image.

Body Image 2020 Jun 6;33:129-136. Epub 2020 Mar 6.

Flinders University, Australia.

One increasing trend on social media is the posting of body positive content that aims to challenge narrow beauty ideals and instead promote acceptance and appreciation of all bodies. The aim of the present study was to experimentally investigate the effect of body positive captions attached to Instagram images on young women's body image. Participants were 384 women aged 18-30 years randomly assigned to view Instagram images of thin or average-sized women containing either body positive captions or no captions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.02.015DOI Listing

Personality and body dissatisfaction: An updated systematic review with meta-analysis.

Body Image 2020 Jun 26;33:77-89. Epub 2020 Feb 26.

University of Wollongong, Australia.

This research synthesis explored whether major personality dimensions relate to body dissatisfaction. A comprehensive literature search identified 26 studies (37 independent samples) that met inclusion criteria (364 effect sizes; n = 39,109). Data were analyzed using inverse-variance weighted random effects meta-analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.02.001DOI Listing

Unique associations of social media use and online appearance preoccupation with depression, anxiety, and appearance rejection sensitivity.

Body Image 2020 Jun 26;33:66-76. Epub 2020 Feb 26.

Griffith University, School of Applied Psychology, Gold Coast, Australia.

Social media (SM) can create a climate of social comparison and preoccupation with appearance, which can pose risks for emotional problems, such as depression and social anxiety. In this study, 763 adolescents and young adults reported time spent and intensity of social media use and preoccupation with both general and appearance-related (AR) social media activities and content. Associations were investigated with markers of depression and social anxiety symptoms and appearance sensitivities - appearance anxiety and appearance rejection sensitivity (appearance-RS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.02.010DOI Listing

A quantitative systematic review assessing the impact of burn injuries on body image.

Body Image 2020 Jun 25;33:47-65. Epub 2020 Feb 25.

College of Health and Medicine, University of Tasmania, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

This study systematically reviewed the quantitative evidence for the impact of burn injuries on body image. Primary research assessing body image using standardized scales published in peer-reviewed journals were systematically searched using the electronic databases PubMed, Scopus, CINHAL, and PsycINFO in January 2020. Studies reporting relationships between characteristics related to burn injury and body image outcomes were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.02.008DOI Listing

Anxiety and depression in adolescents with a visible difference: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Body Image 2020 Jun 21;33:38-46. Epub 2020 Feb 21.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry/Psychology, Erasmus MC-Sophia Children's Hospital, P.O. Box 2060, 3000 CB, Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Living with a visible difference can entail challenging social situations, associated with psychosocial symptoms. However, it is not clear whether adolescents with a visible difference experience more anxiety and depression than unaffected peers. We aim to determine whether adolescents with a visible difference experience more symptoms of anxiety and depression than unaffected peers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.02.006DOI Listing

A cluster randomized controlled trial of the SoMe social media literacy body image and wellbeing program for adolescent boys and girls: Study protocol.

Body Image 2020 Jun 18;33:27-37. Epub 2020 Feb 18.

La Trobe University, Victoria, Australia.

Youth spend substantial time on social media, which can foster self-critical processes that increase risk of body dissatisfaction, disordered eating, and depressed mood. To date, there have been few investigations of interventions to decrease the negative impacts of social media engagement in adolescent boys and girls. This paper outlines the protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT) of a four-lesson social media literacy program that was developed based on pilot results and aims to decrease body dissatisfaction, dietary restraint, and strategies to increase muscles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.02.003DOI Listing

Australian health professionals' perspectives of psychosocial adjustment to visible differences: A qualitative analysis of pediatric populations.

Body Image 2020 Jun 19;33:13-26. Epub 2020 Feb 19.

Centre for Appearance Research, University of the West of England, Frenchay Campus, Bristol, BS16 1QY, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Living with a visible difference (e.g., disfigurement) can compromise a child's psychological wellbeing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.02.004DOI Listing

Psychometric properties of the Japanese version of the Body Appreciation Scale-2 for Children (BAS-2C).

Body Image 2020 Jun 13;33:7-12. Epub 2020 Feb 13.

Faculty of Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba City, Ibaraki, Japan.

Despite the heightened interest in positive body image research in recent years, few studies have explored positive body image among children. Examining the Body Appreciation Scale-2 for Children (BAS-2C) using a different cultural sample than the original version would thus be beneficial in extending the research on this topic. This research aimed to validate the BAS-2C for use in Japan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.01.001DOI Listing