913 results match your criteria Body Image [Journal]
Body Image 2018 Jun 16;26:74-77. Epub 2018 Jun 16.
Department of Health Sciences, Section of Psychology, University of Florence, Via San Salvi 12, Pad. 26, Florence, Italy. Electronic address:
The present research examined the roles of different forms of peer influence, internalization, social comparison, and body dissatisfaction in men's interest in cosmetic surgery. Participants were 204 Italian men (M = 34.02, SD = 11. Read More
Body Image 2018 Jun 12;26:70-73. Epub 2018 Jun 12.
StoryLab, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, UK.
Previous work has shown that exposure to images of nature results in elevated state body appreciation, but static images may lack ecological validity. Here, we examined the impact of exposure to short films of simulated, first-person walks in natural or built environments. Thirty-six university students completed a measure of state body appreciation before and after watching films of either a walk in a natural or a built environment created specifically for the present study. Read More
Body Image 2018 Jun 7;26:60-69. Epub 2018 Jun 7.
School for Mass Communication Research, Faculty of Social Sciences, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address:
This longitudinal study (N = 400, 54.5% female) explores the relationships between three components of self-objectification: the internalization of the media's appearance ideals, the valuing of appearance over competence, and body surveillance. The study adds to the self-objectification literature by taking a long-term, developmental approach. Read More
Body Image 2018 Jun 5;26:50-59. Epub 2018 Jun 5.
Leuven School for Mass Communication Research, Faculty of Social Sciences, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
The present study combines selective exposure theory with body image coping literature to study effects of media internalization in early adolescence. The main objective was to explore how early adolescents selectively internalize media body ideals to manage their body image. To examine the role of media internalization in early adolescents' body image management, we used two-wave panel data (N = 1986) gathered among 9- to 14-year-olds. Read More
Body Image 2018 Jun 5;26:38-49. Epub 2018 Jun 5.
School of Psychology, Faculty of Health, Deakin University, Australia.
The current study used ecological momentary assessment to explore the frequency, trait predictors, and momentary consequences of positively-intended fat talk, a specific sub-type of fat talk that involves making negative comments about one's own appearance with the view to making someone else feel better. A total of 135 women aged 18-40 completed trait measures of appearance-based comparisons, thin-ideal internalisation, body shame, and body surveillance, before completing a state-based component, involving six short surveys delivered via a smartphone app at random points during the day for seven days. Findings indicate that both self- and other-fat talk are common in daily social interactions, and that individuals with higher levels of trait negative body image were more likely to engage in fat talk. Read More
Body Image 2018 May 25;26:29-37. Epub 2018 May 25.
School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, 3086, Australia. Electronic address:
Frequent exposure to appearance ideal social media is associated with body dissatisfaction. We hypothesised that commercial and peer social media literacy would protect against the negative impact of exposure to social media appearance ideal images on young adults' body image. The study was presented as an investigation of alcohol promotion on social media. Read More
Body Image 2018 May 25;26:19-28. Epub 2018 May 25.
The Bob Shapell School of Social Work, Tel Aviv University, Israel.
Women's experiences of their bodies during pregnancy may reflect their reactions to concrete physical changes as well as self-representations during the transition to motherhood. However, adequate measures of the body experience during pregnancy are lacking. This study aims to evaluate the psychometric properties of a new measure, the Body Experience during Pregnancy Scale (BEPS). Read More
Body Image 2018 May 24;26:10-18. Epub 2018 May 24.
Physical Activity and Well-Being Lab, School of Psychology, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA 6845, Western Australia, Australia. Electronic address:
We examined how fitness professionals' perceptions of a hypothetical exerciser's motivation and weight status impacted the professionals' motivation to instruct, perceived effectiveness of different interpersonal behaviors toward the exerciser, and beliefs about the exerciser's efficacy to overcome barriers to exercise. Results of a 2 (autonomous vs. controlled exerciser motivation) x 2 (normal weight vs. Read More
Body Image 2018 May 14;26:1-9. Epub 2018 May 14.
Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Porto, Rua Alfredo Allen, 4200-135 Porto, Portugal. Electronic address:
In recent years, the study of body image shifted from focusing on the negative aspects to a more extensive view of body image. The present study seeks to validate a measure of positive body image, the Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2; Tylka & Wood-Barcalow, 2015a) in Denmark, Portugal, and Sweden. Participants (N = 1012) were adolescents and young adults aged from 12 to 19. Read More
Body Image 2018 Jun;25:177-185
Manchester Metropolitan University, United States.
The current study was designed to test the efficacy of an appearance-based facial morphing program to reduce intentional UV exposure among individuals at risk for skin cancer. A three-arm randomized controlled trial was employed (N = 219) comparing facial morphing + health information to: (1) mindfulness + health information; and (2) health information only. Participants were young adults with a history of recent intentional tanning and future intentions to tan. Read More
Body Image 2018 Jun 17;25:168-176. Epub 2018 Apr 17.
Division of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital/Harvard Medical School, United States.
Simultaneous contributions of self-esteem, depression, and anxiety to weight and perceived physical health in young adults is understudied. A diverse sample of 424 young adults completed measures of shape/weight based self-esteem, depression, anxiety, and perceived physical health. Height and weight were measured to calculate body mass index (BMI). Read More
Body Image 2018 Jun 10;25:163-167. Epub 2018 Apr 10.
School of Psychology, Australian Catholic University, 115 Victoria Parade/Locked Bag 4115, Melbourne, Victoria 3065, Australia.
Although widely discussed in theories of eating disorders, the experience of "feeling fat" in this population has received little research attention. This study tested the unique relationships between feeling fat and measures of problematic eating behaviours and attitudes. Data were analysed from individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN; n = 123) and bulimia nervosa (BN; n = 51). Read More
Body Image 2018 Jun 7;25:148-162. Epub 2018 Apr 7.
Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3G1, Canada. Electronic address:
This study used a novel intervention grounded in social mentalities theory to compare the effects of cultivating a caregiving versus competitive mentality when intervening with appearance comparisons. For 48 hours, 120 female undergraduates were randomly assigned to use one of three strategies whenever they made unfavorable appearance comparisons: cultivating compassion and loving-kindness toward the comparison target (Caregiving); comparing themselves favorably to the target in non-appearance domains of superiority (Competition); or distracting themselves (Control). Although there was no main effect of condition, trait social comparison orientation interacted with condition to predict outcomes. Read More
Body Image 2018 Jun 22;25:139-147. Epub 2018 Mar 22.
1601 Cherry Street, MS 9503, 3 Parkway Building, 9th Floor, Department of Health Sciences, College of Nursing and Health Professions, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, 19102, USA. Electronic address:
Studies show that women with high BMI are less likely than thinner women to seek healthcare. We aimed to determine the mechanisms linking women's weight status to their healthcare avoidance. Women (N = 313) were surveyed from a U. Read More
Body Image 2018 Jun 19;25:133-138. Epub 2018 Mar 19.
School of Psychology, Flinders University, Australia.
Thinspiration and fitspiration represent contemporary online trends designed to inspire viewers towards the thin ideal or towards health and fitness respectively. The aim of the present study was to compare thinspiration and fitspiration communities on Twitter. A total of 3289 English-language tweets with hashtags related to thinspiration (n = 1181) and fitspiration (n = 2578) were collected over a two-week period. Read More
Body Image 2018 Jun 8;25:97-102. Epub 2018 Mar 8.
School of Psychology, Flinders University, Australia.
The experiment investigated the impact on women's body dissatisfaction of different forms of label added to fashion magazine advertisements. Participants were 340 female undergraduate students who viewed 15 fashion advertisements containing a thin and attractive model. They were randomly allocated to one of five label conditions: no label, generic disclaimer label (indicating image had been digitally altered), consequence label (indicating that viewing images might make women feel bad about themselves), informational label (indicating the model in the advertisement was underweight), or a graphic label (picture of a paint brush). Read More
Body Image 2018 Jun 8;25:103-132. Epub 2018 Mar 8.
McGill University, Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, Jewish General Hospital, Montréal, Québec, Canada. Electronic address:
People with visible differences are often confronted with negative observer responses, including stares, disgust, and avoidance. Characteristics of negative observer responses are well-documented, but less is known about associated factors. We conducted a scoping review to map what is known about factors associated with negative observer responses. Read More
Body Image 2018 Jun 6;25:85-96. Epub 2018 Mar 6.
Centre for Appearance Research, University of the West of England, Bristol, United Kingdom.
Focusing on body functionality is a promising technique for improving women's body image. This study replicates prior research in a large novel sample, tests longer-term follow-up effects, and investigates underlying mechanisms of these effects (body complexity and body-self integration). British women (N = 261) aged 18-30 who wanted to improve their body image were randomised to Expand Your Horizon (three online body functionality writing exercises) or an active control. Read More
Body Image 2018 Jun 26;25:78-84. Epub 2018 Feb 26.
Facultad de Eduación, Universidad de Almería, Spain.
This study examined the psychometric properties of a Spanish translation of the Body and Appearance Self-Conscious Emotions Scale (BASES; Castonguay et al., 2014) in a sample of university Spanish students. A total of 815 participants enrolled in two public universities located in Almería and Elche, Spain, completed the BASES along with measures of social physique anxiety and positive/negative affect. Read More
Body Image 2018 Jun 24;25:66-77. Epub 2018 Feb 24.
Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, United States.
Negative body talk measures have been developed with predominantly White, female samples. We tested measurement invariance (equivalence) of two available negative body talk scales for Asian, Latina(o), and White college women and men in the U.S. Read More
Body Image 2018 Jun 22;25:56-65. Epub 2018 Feb 22.
Department of Psychology, University of Potsdam, Karl-Liebknecht-Str. 24/25, 14476 Potsdam, Germany. Electronic address:
Anti-fat bias is widespread and is linked to the internalization of weight bias and psychosocial problems. The purpose of this study was to examine the internalization of weight bias among children across weight categories and to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Weight Bias Internalization Scale for Children (WBIS-C). Data were collected from 1484 primary school children and their parents. Read More
Body Image 2018 Jun 21;25:48-55. Epub 2018 Feb 21.
Centre for Psychological Medicine, Perdana University, Serdang, Malaysia.
We examined the psychometric properties of a Romanian translation of the 15-item Drive for Muscularity Scale (DMS). Male university students from Romania (N = 343) completed the DMS, as well as measures of self-esteem, body appreciation, and muscle discrepancy. Exploratory factor analysis indicated that DMS scores reduced to two factors that related to muscularity-oriented attitudes and behaviours, with both first-order factors loading onto a higher-order factor. Read More
Body Image 2018 Jun 21;25:40-47. Epub 2018 Feb 21.
Department of Personality, Evaluation and Psychological Treatment, Faculty of Psychology, University of Sevilla, Spain.
Body dissatisfaction constitutes an important factor in the development of eating pathologies, particularly among dancers. The aim of this research was to test the factors that dancers identified as relevant to their body dissatisfaction using an exploratory mixed method design. Participants were 369 dancers from two Spanish dance conservatories. Read More
Body Image 2018 Jun 16;25:35-39. Epub 2018 Feb 16.
Centre for Appearance Research, University of the West of England, Bristol, BS16 1QY, UK.
A substantial body of research has demonstrated the challenges commonly facing people with visible differences (disfigurements) and explored the potential benefits offered by specialist psychosocial support and intervention for those who are negatively affected. However, little is known about the availability of such support in Europe for people whose appearance is in any way different to 'the norm'. This survey of 116 psychosocial specialists from 15 European countries, working with a range of patient groups, has shown a tendency for specialists to prioritise Cognitive-behavioural-based approaches, amongst a wide range of other approaches and interventional techniques. Read More
Body Image 2018 Jun 10;25:31-34. Epub 2018 Feb 10.
San Diego State University/University of California San Diego Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, USA; San Diego State University, USA.
Sexual minority men have high rates of skin cancer, yet little is known about skin cancer risk behaviors in this population. It was hypothesized that current skin tone would moderate the association between darker ideals and tanning behaviors. Data were collected online from 231 sexual minority men in San Diego, United States of America, with a mean age of 24. Read More
Body Image 2018 Jun 9;25:23-30. Epub 2018 Feb 9.
Griffith University, School of Applied Psychology, QLD, 4222, Australia.
Anecdotal testimony suggests the 'fit' female body ideal is 'healthier' than the thin ideal, because it simultaneously focuses on muscularity. However, statistical investigation into the outcomes associated with fit ideal internalisation is absent. Moderation analyses were used to investigate whether concurrent muscular internalisation mitigated the relationship between thin internalisation and; negative affect, body dissatisfaction, bulimic symptoms, and dieting. Read More
Body Image 2018 Jun 8;25:14-22. Epub 2018 Feb 8.
Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.
Although researchers and clinicians recognize the importance of positive body image for women's well-being, development of theoretical frameworks for understanding positive body image has not kept pace with research documenting its many benefits. The present study proposed and tested a comprehensive model linking gratitude, contingent self-worth, social comparison, body appreciation, and intuitive eating. Path analysis indicated that this model fit the data for a sample of college and online community women (N = 263). Read More
Body Image 2018 Jun 8;25:9-13. Epub 2018 Feb 8.
Nova Southeastern University, College of Psychology, 3301 College Ave, Fort Lauderdale, FL, 33314, United States. Electronic address:
Internalized weight bias and body dissatisfaction are associated with a number of negative psychological and physical health outcomes. The current study examined the effectiveness of body-focused gratitude, through a short writing exercise, as a strategy to reduce internalized weight bias and improve body image. Young adults (M = 22. Read More
Body Image 2018 Mar 3;24:137-144. Epub 2018 Feb 3.
Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S. Euclid Avenue, St. Louis, MO, 63110, USA. Electronic address:
Pro-eating disorder communities provide a refuge for individuals with eating disorders (EDs) who are ambivalent about seeking treatment. We investigated a pro-ED community on Reddit, an anonymous social networking platform with topical forums, to identify expression of behaviors aligned with ED symptoms and support for these behaviors. A content analysis on four weeks of topic-specific discussion threads (N=125 comments, 115 replies to comments) was conducted to identify behaviors consistent with ED psychopathology and support for these behaviors (informational, tangible assistance, esteem/emotional support). Read More
Body Image 2018 Mar 3;24:124-136. Epub 2018 Feb 3.
'Scar Free Foundation Research Fellow' at the 'Centre for Appearance Research and The Cleft Collective', University of the West of England, Frenchay Campus, Coldharbour Lane, Bristol, BS16 1QY, United Kingdom. Electronic address:
Satisfaction with appearance is of central importance for psychological well-being and health. For individuals with an unusual appearance, such as congenital craniofacial anomalies (CFA), appearance evaluations could be especially important. However, few, if any papers have presented a comprehensive synthesis of the factors found to affect subjective satisfaction with appearance among children, adolescents, and adults born with a CFA. Read More
Body Image 2018 Mar 3;24:116-123. Epub 2018 Feb 3.
School of Psychology, College of Social Science, University of Lincoln, Lincolnshire, LN6 7TS, UK. Electronic address:
A fundamental issue in testing body image perception is how to present the test stimuli. Previous studies have almost exclusively used images of bodies viewed in front-view, but this potentially obscures key visual cues used to judge adiposity reducing the ability to make accurate judgements. A potential solution is to use a three-quarter view, which combines visual cues to body fat that can be observed in front and profile. Read More
Body Image 2018 Jun 2;25:1-8. Epub 2018 Feb 2.
School of Psychological Sciences, University of Melbourne, Victoria, 3010, Australia.
The present study evaluated the relation of key features of state body dissatisfaction experiences - inertia, instability from moment-to-moment, and average level across time-points - to trait body dissatisfaction and/or eating disorder risk. Participants included 161 women who completed measures of trait body dissatisfaction and disordered eating pathology, and then completed reported state body dissatisfaction and contextual influences (binge eating, dietary restraint, exercise, and appearance comparison behaviors) 6 times daily for 7 days. Results indicated that individuals with elevated trait body dissatisfaction were reliably different from those with healthier body image in terms of average state body dissatisfaction ratings, but not for inertia or instability. Read More
Body Image 2018 Mar;24:A1-A3
Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, Columbus and Marion, 225 Psychology Building, Columbus, OH, USA. Electronic address:
Body Image 2018 Mar 22;24:95-101. Epub 2018 Jan 22.
The College of Wooster, United States. Electronic address:
Research demonstrates that exposure to appearance-focused images of models depicting societal standards of beauty negatively affect women's state-oriented body dissatisfaction. The purpose of this research was to extend this experimental research to women's state-oriented body appreciation. The 374 women participants were randomly assigned to view images that were either depicting a model who was representative or not representative of the thin ideal (body size), while this model was in either an appearance-focused pose or a function-oriented pose (pose type). Read More
Body Image 2018 Mar 3;24:111-115. Epub 2018 Feb 3.
Department of Psychology, Ryerson University, Toronto, Canada; Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Canada; Centre for Mental Health, University Health Network, Canada. Electronic address:
Self-objectification and weight bias internalization are two internalization processes that are positively correlated with binge eating among young women. However, the mechanisms underlying these relationships are understudied. Consistent with objectification theory, this study examined appearance anxiety and body shame as mediators between self-objectification, weight bias internalization and binge eating. Read More
Body Image 2018 Mar 3;24:102-110. Epub 2018 Feb 3.
Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
Although previous research has revealed associations between negative body image and identity problems, there are sound theoretical reasons to assume much greater diversity in relations between body image and identity. The aim of the present qualitative study was to explore the ways people find the body salient to their identities. Young adults (N=121; 51% women) were interviewed, and four main themes were found: identification with the body, body functionality in identity-relevant tasks, appearance and identity in social interactions, and identity-relevant bodily engagement. Read More
Body Image 2018 Mar 11;24:82-94. Epub 2018 Jan 11.
Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK.
Five studies were conducted to understand the impact of nature exposure on body image. In three studies using different designs and outcome measures, British university students were exposed to photographs of natural or built environments. Results indicated that exposure to images of natural, but not built, environments resulted in improved state body image. Read More
Body Image 2018 Mar 2;24:76-81. Epub 2018 Jan 2.
Department of Clinical, Educational, and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK; Department of Leadership and Organizational Behaviour, Norwegian Business School, Oslo, Norway.
Studies examining associations between body image and breast self-examination (BSE) have returned mixed findings, but this may be a function of focusing on global body image. Here, we examined the impact of breast size dissatisfaction specifically on BSE and behaviours in relation to breast change detection. A total of 384 British women completed measures of breast size dissatisfaction, body dissatisfaction, BSE frequency, confidence in detecting breast change, and delay in contacting their doctor upon detecting a breast change. Read More
Body Image 2018 Mar 27;24:69-75. Epub 2017 Dec 27.
Division of Pediatrics and Adolescent Health, Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, 717 Delaware St. SE, Minneapolis, MN 55414, United States. Electronic address:
This study explored the potential for yoga to promote body satisfaction in a general population of young adults. The sample included 1664 participants (M age: 31.1, SD=1. Read More
Body Image 2018 Mar 26;24:62-68. Epub 2017 Dec 26.
Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, The Netherlands.
Women with a more negative body evaluation perceive that their body is associated with more negative social feedback. This covariation bias could reinforce negative body evaluation. We investigated whether covariation bias could be diminished and explored the potential roles of outcome aversiveness and interpretation of negative social feedback associated with one's body. Read More
Body Image 2018 Mar 18;24:55-61. Epub 2017 Dec 18.
Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), Barcelona, Spain; EVENT-Lab, Facultat de Psicologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; ICREA, Barcelona, Spain.
In the rubber hand illusion (RHI), a rubber hand is felt as being part of one's body. This illusion is evoked by providing synchronous visuotactile stimulation to the fake and real hands. Asynchronous visuotactile stimulation is known not to produce such an illusion of ownership, being commonly used as the control condition. Read More
Body Image 2018 Mar 16;24:44-54. Epub 2017 Dec 16.
Northeastern University, Department of Applied Psychology, 360 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, United States.
Pregnancy and childbirth result in dramatic changes in a woman's body shape, which can be associated with body image concerns. To date, however, little is known about how sociocultural factors may influence body dissatisfaction in postpartum women. This study aimed to test a sociocultural model of body image and eating concerns among a sample of postpartum women. Read More
Body Image 2018 Mar 3;24:36-43. Epub 2018 Feb 3.
Eastern Michigan University, United States; University of Michigan, United States.
The present study investigated how eating pathology and depressive symptoms were related to the dyadic dynamics of fat talk in mother-daughter relationships during adolescence. The current sample included 100 mother-daughter dyads who completed a survey on their fat talk disclosure, eating pathology, and depressive symptoms. The Actor-Partner Interdependence Model (APIM) was utilized for the dyadic data. Read More
Body Image 2018 Mar 15;24:26-35. Epub 2017 Dec 15.
Centre for Population Health, Burnet Institute, Melbourne, Australia; School of Population Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia; Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Australia.
We tested the effectiveness of exposure to two functionality-focused media campaigns, This Girl Can and #jointhemovement, in improving state appearance and physical functionality satisfaction, exercise intent, and protecting against exposure to idealised imagery. Across two studies, 339 (M=24.94, SD=4. Read More
Body Image 2018 Mar 13;24:17-25. Epub 2017 Dec 13.
School of Applied Psychology & Menzies Health Institute of Queensland, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Australia.
In this study, we examined whether peer appearance-related victimization was associated with adolescents' increasing body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) symptoms over 12 months. Also, given emotion regulation and mindfulness have been associated with less body dissatisfaction, we expected that they would protect against the negative impact of peer victimization on BDD symptoms. Participants were 367 Australian adolescents (M=13years). Read More
Body Image 2018 Mar 7;24:13-16. Epub 2017 Dec 7.
Pepperdine University, 24255 Pacific Coast Highway, Malibu, CA, 90263, United States.
Thinspiration is content advocating extreme weight loss by means of images and/or text posts. While past content analyses have examined thinspiration content on social media and other websites, no research to date has examined thinspiration content on Tumblr. Over the course of a week, 222 images and text posts were collected after entering the keyword 'thinspiration' into the Tumblr search bar. Read More
Body Image 2017 Dec;23:206-213
School of Applied Psychology and Menzies Health Institute, Queensland Griffith University, Australia. Electronic address:
This study investigated whether single-session self-compassion and self-esteem writing tasks ameliorate the body image concerns evoked by a negative body image induction. Ninety-six female university students aged 17-25 years (M=19.45, SD=1. Read More
Body Image 2018 Mar 21;24:5-12. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
Department of Psychology, University of South Florida, United States. Electronic address:
Objectification theory asserts that self-objectification, which manifests as self-surveillance, leads to increased body shame and subsequent eating pathology. Although evidence supports the core mediational model, the majority of this work utilizes primarily White samples, limiting generalizability to other ethnic groups. The current study examined whether the core tenets of objectification theory generalize to Black and Hispanic women. Read More
Body Image 2018 Mar 21;24:1-4. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
Department of Psychology, University of South Florida, United States.
While research consistently supports the negative impact of thinness pressures on body image, this work has primarily utilized White samples in the United States, limiting generalizability to other ethnicities. Further, limited research has examined ethnic differences in thinness pressures from distinct sociocultural influences. This study examined distinct sources of thinness pressures in 598 White, 135 Black, and 131 Hispanic college women in the United States. Read More