986 results match your criteria Body Image [Journal]


The impact of different responses to fat talk on body image and socioemotional outcomes.

Body Image 2019 Apr 15;29:149-155. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

School of Psychology, Counselling, and Psychotherapy, The Cairnmillar Institute, Australia. Electronic address:

Fat talk, the act of making disparaging comments about one's own appearance, has been associated with an extensive range of negative body image outcomes. Despite this well-established body of literature highlighting the prevalence and consequences, scant research exists on the impact of different responses to fat talk in situ. The current online experiment aimed to explore four different responses to fat talk and their impact on body satisfaction, shame, and feelings of support. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.03.009DOI Listing

A sociocultural examination of body image among Black women.

Body Image 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

University of Tennessee, Knoxville, United States.

In this integrative review, we highlight the legacy and contributions of Thomas Cash as it relates to Black women's body image concerns. In addition, utilizing intersectionality and objectification theories, we contend that Black women's body image disturbances must be placed within a sociocultural context based on the intersections of gender and racial oppression. Together, these systems of oppression create unique body image disturbances for Black women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.03.008DOI Listing

"It's not perfect but it's mine": Genital self-image among women living in Italy.

Body Image 2019 Apr 5;29:140-148. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Psychological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA.

The purpose of this article is to describe Italian women's attitudes toward their genitals, and the intersection of genital self-image (GSI) and reproductive and sexual health behaviors. Individual interviews were conducted with 46 reproductive-aged women. All interviews were transcribed verbatim with observer comments to identify emerging data patterns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.03.011DOI Listing

Leading by example: Development of a maternal modelling of positive body image scale and relationships to body image attitudes.

Body Image 2019 Apr 3;29:132-139. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, 3086, Australia; Centre for Mental Health, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne 3010, Australia.

The aims of this study were to develop a measure, the Role Modelling of Body Image (Attitudes and Behaviors) Questionnaire (RMBI-Q), to determine maternal perceptions of their body image role modelling in front of their children, and to evaluate how role modelling differs with demographic characteristics to identify characteristics of mothers who may require assistance in being a positive role model. Participants were a community-based sample of 887 mothers who provided demographic information and completed the RMBI-Q, Body Appreciation Scale (BAS-2), and a measure of dietary restraint (DEBQ) in an online questionnaire. Exploratory factor analysis revealed one 7-item factor for the RMBI-Q. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.03.006DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

The healthy body image (HBI) intervention: Effects of a school-based cluster-randomized controlled trial with 12-months follow-up.

Body Image 2019 Mar 28;29:122-131. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

University College of Southeast Norway, Department of Sports, Physical Education and Outdoor Studies, P.O. Box 235, N-3603, Kongsberg, Norway. Electronic address:

We examined the effects of the Healthy Body Image (HBI) intervention on positive embodiment and health-related quality of life among Norwegian high school students. The intervention comprised three interactive workshops, with body image, media literacy, and lifestyle as main themes. In total, 2,446 12 grade boys (43%) and girls (mean age 16. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.03.007DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Exploring changes in mindfulness and body appreciation during yoga participation.

Body Image 2019 Mar 26;29:118-121. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Washington State University, United States.

Evidence supports the positive role that yoga participation can play in predicting positive body image experiences. However, less is known about the mechanisms that might explain this relationship. The purpose of this study was to test for change in state and trait mindfulness and body appreciation as well as the relationship between change in trait mindfulness and change in body appreciation across 16 weeks of yoga participation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.03.003DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

The roles of self-compassion, body surveillance, and body appreciation in predicting intrinsic motivation for physical activity: Cross-sectional associations, and prospective changes within a yoga context.

Body Image 2019 Mar 25;29:110-117. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Washington State University, United States.

Engaging in physical activity for the immediate internal experiences it brings (e.g., pleasure, satisfaction) is critical for long-term exercise adherence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.03.002DOI Listing

Ideal comparisons: Body ideals harm women's body image through social comparison.

Body Image 2019 Mar 19;29:100-109. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Psychology, Bridgewater State University, 131 Summer St, Bridgewater, MA, 02324, United States.

Body dissatisfaction and self-objectification can arise when women view idealized thin bodies, as well as idealized athletic or curvy bodies. State-level social comparisons have been shown to mediate such effects, with mixed evidence for the moderating role of trait-level social comparison. An experiment tested the hypotheses that viewing messages idealizing thin, athletic, and curvy bodies would be associated with greater state social comparison as compared to a body acceptance condition, and that trait social comparison would moderate this association. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.03.004DOI Listing
March 2019
10 Reads

A study of Singapore adolescent girls' selfie practices, peer appearance comparisons, and body esteem on Instagram.

Body Image 2019 Mar 15;29:90-99. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Music Therapy, University of Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address:

Social media allow users to play multiple roles as receivers, exhibitors, and evaluators of idealized images through photo browsing, posting, and editing. In this study, we examined the associations between adolescent girls' various types of Instagram selfie practices and their body esteem. The mediating role of appearance comparisons and the moderating role of direction of comparisons were also tested. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.03.005DOI Listing

The effect of exposure to parodies of thin-ideal images on young women's body image and mood.

Body Image 2019 Mar 11;29:82-89. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Centre for Emotional Health, Macquarie University, Australia.

Although social networking services typically promote the thin beauty ideal for women, they also provide an opportunity for users to challenge this dominant ideal in unique and novel ways. This study aimed to experimentally investigate the influence of exposure to humorous, parody images of thin-ideal celebrity Instagram posts on women's body satisfaction and mood compared to exposure to thin-ideal celebrity posts alone. Participants were 102 women aged 18-30 years who were randomly allocated to view either a set of Instagram images of thin-ideal celebrity posts or humorous parody images of the same celebrity posts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.03.001DOI Listing
March 2019
8 Reads

Extending the use of the Body Appreciation Scale -2 in older adults: A Portuguese validation study.

Body Image 2019 Mar 9;29:74-81. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences, University of Porto, Portugal; Center for Psychology at University of Porto, Rua Alfredo Allen, 4200-135 Porto, Portugal. Electronic address:

Body appreciation is a key characteristic, and the most common operationalization, of positive body image. Positive body image is often measured using the Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2; Tylka & Wood-Barcalow, 2015a), which has demonstrated good psychometric properties in adult samples. The purpose of this study is to extend the validation of the BAS-2 to late adulthood facilitating future research with this population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.02.011DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

The visual cues that drive the self-assessment of body size: Dissociation between fixation patterns and the key areas of the body for accurate judgement.

Body Image 2019 Mar 7;29:31-46. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Health & Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 8ST, UK. Electronic address:

A modified version of the bubbles masking paradigm was used in three experiments to determine the key areas of the body that are used in self-estimates of body size. In this paradigm, parts of the stimuli are revealed by several randomly allocated Gaussian "windows" forcing judgements to be made based on this partial information. Over multiple trials, all potential cues are sampled, and the effectiveness of each window at predicting the judgement is determined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.02.006DOI Listing

Body image states in everyday life: Evidence from ecological momentary assessment methodology.

Body Image 2019 Mar 6. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

School of Psychology, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, 3220, Australia; Center for Social and Early Emotional Development, Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria, 3125, Australia. Electronic address:

This review highlights the contributions of Professor Thomas Cash to the scholarship of body image experiences in daily life, including his influence on subsequent research in this field. Cash's arguments for capturing a broad range of state-based body image experiences have been heeded, with recent studies exploring positive body image constructs as well as the more studied negative body image experiences. Appearance comparisons are the most commonly studied contextual influence on body image, and they seem to have a consistent effect. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.02.010DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Effects of weight teasing and gender on body esteem in youth: A longitudinal analysis from the REAL study.

Body Image 2019 Mar 5;29:65-73. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Carleton University Department of Psychology, Ottawa, ON, Canada; Healthy Active Living and Obesity Research Group, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario, Ottawa, ON, Canada. Electronic address:

Weight teasing is associated with body dissatisfaction, but no study has examined the differential impact of the teasing source's gender. This study examined whether the longitudinal relationship between weight teasing (by peers), weight-related comments (by parents) and body esteem differed by the teasing sources' gender, and whether these relationships were moderated by victims' weight status and demographic factors. A school-based sample (N = 1197 at Time 1; 60% female) of adolescents completed surveys over approximately 2 years (Time 1-Time 3). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.02.009DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Focusing on one's own appearance leads to body shame in women but not men: The mediating role of body surveillance and appearance-contingent self-worth.

Body Image 2019 Mar 1;29:58-64. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Mind, Brain and Behavior Research Center (CIMCYC), Department of Social Psychology, University of Granada, Spain. Electronic address:

Previous research has shown that some appearance-focused situations lead to increased self-objectification, especially among women. The present research explored, with an experimental design, whether the simple fact of thinking about one's own physical appearance increases body shame through body surveillance and appearance-contingent self-worth in men and women. Our main prediction was that focusing on one's own appearance would increase both women's body surveillance and appearance-contingent self-worth, and that both variables in turn would increase women's body shame. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.02.008DOI Listing

#bodypositivity: A content analysis of body positive accounts on Instagram.

Body Image 2019 Mar 1;29:47-57. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Centre for Appearance Research, University of the West of England, Bristol, United Kingdom.

In the last decade, the body image literature has begun to extend beyond a primary focus on body image disturbances and examine the construct of positive body image. Similarly, "Body positivity" is a growing social media trend that seeks to challenge dominant societal appearance ideals and promote acceptance and appreciation of all bodies and appearances. The present study provides a content analysis of body positive posts on Instagram. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.02.007DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Facebook, body esteem, and body surveillance in adult women: The moderating role of self-compassion and appearance-contingent self-worth.

Body Image 2019 Feb 25;29:17-30. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Ohio Wesleyan University, Department of Psychology, Phillips Hall 52, Delaware, OH, 43015, United States. Electronic address:

This study examined how Facebook use and specific Facebook activities were associated with body esteem and body surveillance in adult women. This study also examined whether self-compassion and appearance-contingent self-worth moderated the relationship between Facebook appearance comparison and body esteem, and the relationship between Facebook appearance comparison and body surveillance. Self-report measures were administered to adult women (N = 232) between the ages of 20 and 72 (M = 35. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.02.002DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Multiple dimensions of interoceptive awareness are associated with facets of body image in British adults.

Body Image 2019 Feb 13;29:6-16. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

School of Psychology and Sports Science, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, UK; Centre for Psychological Medicine, Perdana University, Serdang, Malaysia.

Previous research has identified a relationship between interoception and body image, where lower interoceptive awareness (IA) is associated with negative body image. However, relationships between facets of interoception and positive body image remain unexplored, and men and older adults remain underrepresented. To overcome these limitations, we assessed relationships between multiple dimensions of interoceptive awareness (IA) and multiple facets of body image in community adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.02.003DOI Listing
February 2019
69 Reads

Is the Drive for Muscularity Scale a valid and reliable instrument for young adult women?

Body Image 2019 Feb 11;29:1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Physical Education, "Federal" University of Juiz de Fora, Brazil.

There is a lack of psychometric studies on scales aiming to evaluate the drive for muscularity in women. This study aimed to test whether the Drive for Muscularity Scale (DMS) yielded reliable and valid scores for assessing the drive for muscularity construct in young adult women. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 242 Brazilian adult women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.02.001DOI Listing
February 2019

Prospective relations among internalization of beauty ideals, body image concerns, and body change behaviors: Considering thinness and muscularity.

Body Image 2019 Mar 5;28:159-167. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Psychology, University of Potsdam, Karl-Liebknecht-Straße 24/25, 14476 Potsdam, Germany. Electronic address:

Common models propose that the internalization of societal beauty ideals influences disordered eating behaviors and muscularity-oriented behaviors via body image concerns. However, previous studies addressing these pathways have been mainly cross-sectional and primarily included female samples. We investigated these pathways prospectively in male and female adolescents and young adults, examining two pathways: a 'weight/shape pathway,' linking thin-ideal internalization, weight/shape concern, and restrained eating, and a 'muscularity pathway,' linking athletic-ideal internalization, muscularity concern, and muscularity-oriented behavior. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.01.011DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Bodies in Motion: An empirical evaluation of a program to support positive body image in female collegiate athletes.

Body Image 2019 Mar 2;28:149-158. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB# 8700 Fetzer Hall, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, United States. Electronic address:

Female athletes are at risk for eating disorders due to the experience and internalization of pressures regarding various aspects of their bodies, including weight and appearance. Evaluating programs that address psychosocial antecedents and may reduce female athletes' risk is critical. We examined Bodies in Motion, a program based on cognitive dissonance and mindful self-compassion principles that integrates components of social media. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.01.008DOI Listing

Stereotypes of physical attractiveness and social influences: The heritage and vision of Dr. Thomas Cash.

Body Image 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

APPEAR, Department of Applied Psychology, Northeastern University, Boston, USA.

Dr. Thomas Cash conducted seminal work on the beliefs and stereotypes related to attractiveness as well as their impact, and their transmission through cultural and interpersonal processes. This initial work has inspired and given rise to an important body of research significantly increasing our understanding of these processes. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17401445183051
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.01.010DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Body image, cosmetic surgery, and minimally invasive treatments.

Authors:
David B Sarwer

Body Image 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

College of Public Health, Temple University, United States. Electronic address:

Over the past 60 years, a growing body of research has investigated the psychological aspects of cosmetic surgery and related minimally-invasive treatments. While the earliest studies were influenced by psychoanalytic thinking, much of the work over the past several decades has been influenced by Thomas Cash's cognitive-behavioral theory of body image and has focused on the appearance concerns of patients who seek these procedures. The majority of individuals interested in the procedures report heightened dissatisfaction typically focused on the feature being considered for treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.01.009DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Examining sexual racism and body dissatisfaction among men of color who have sex with men: The moderating role of body image inflexibility.

Body Image 2019 Mar 22;28:142-148. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Psychology, University of Mississippi, University, MS, United States.

Body image research with men who have sex with men (MSM) has largely focused on White MSM. The current study aimed to investigate whether men of color who have sex with men (MCSM) report similar levels of body dissatisfaction as White MSM. We also studied whether (a) the experience of sexual racism, a unique stressor for MCSM, is related to body dissatisfaction and (b) body image inflexibility moderates the relationship between sexual racism and muscularity-oriented behaviors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.01.007DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

The Cash effect: Shaping the research conversation on body image and eating disorders.

Body Image 2019 Jan 18. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Kenyon College, Samuel Mather Hall, Psychology Department Ohio, Gambier, OH, 43022, United States.

Cash and Deagle (1997) examined the associations between body image disturbance (BID) and the eating disorders (EDs) of anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) in a meta-analytic review. They found almost twice as many studies employing perceptual measures of body size evaluation compared to cognitive-evaluative measures of body dissatisfaction, even though effect sizes were larger for studies with cognitive-evaluative measurement. We examined 109 "influential" (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.01.001DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Religion and spirituality: Pathways to positive body image.

Body Image 2019 Mar 18;28:135-141. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

School of Psychology, Flinders University, Australia.

Positive body image is a multidimensional construct referring to love, respect, and acceptance of one's body, including aspects inconsistent with sociocultural ideals. The aim of the present study was to investigate potential pathways leading from religion and spirituality to positive body image. Participants were 345 women who completed questionnaire measures of engagement with formal religion, spirituality, gratitude, self-objectification, and positive body image. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.01.004DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

The impact of no-makeup selfies on young women's body image.

Body Image 2019 Mar 18;28:128-134. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Centre for Emotional Health, Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales, 2109, Australia. Electronic address:

Viewing idealized images of attractive women on social media can negatively impact women's body image and mood. Although women tend to post idealized images on social media, some also post natural no-makeup images. This study examined the impact of viewing both made up and no-makeup selfies on young women's body image and mood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.01.006DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

A randomized experimental evaluation of a yoga-based body image intervention.

Body Image 2019 Mar 16;28:119-127. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Centre for Appearance Research, University of the West of England, UK.

Recent literature argues that body image interventions need to become more embodied. This paper evaluates a brief yoga-based body image intervention which incorporates themes specifically tailored to focus on positive body image. Young women (M = 20. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.12.005DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Conformity to feminine norms and self-objectification in self-identified feminist and non-feminist women.

Body Image 2019 Mar 16;28:115-118. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Western University, Canada.

This study investigated the association between the endorsement of feminine gender role norms and self-objectifying beliefs and behaviors in self-identified feminist and non-feminist women. One hundred and ninety-seven predominantly White heterosexual cisgender women attending a large university in southwestern Canada completed the study questionnaires for course credit. A one-way ANOVA demonstrated no differences in self-objectification between self-identified feminist and non-feminist women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.01.005DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Evaluating the potential roles of body dissatisfaction in exercise avoidance.

Body Image 2019 Mar 14;28:110-114. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD, United States.

Body dissatisfaction is linked to poor physical health, even after actual markers of health have been controlled for. This link is likely due to body dissatisfaction influencing health behaviors-more specifically, cardiovascular exercise. Modifiable reasons for this link have yet to be determined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.01.003DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Appearance comparison and other appearance-related influences on body dissatisfaction in everyday life.

Body Image 2019 Mar 9;28:101-109. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

School of Psychology, Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria, 3125, Australia; Cairnmillar Institute, Hawthorn East, Victoria, 3123, Australia.

Although appearance comparisons, self-monitoring, and appearance-related comments have been linked to body dissatisfaction in prior studies, the combined and unique influences of these variables on state body dissatisfaction in daily life has yet to be explored. The present study addressed this gap, and also evaluated whether these state-based effects were stronger for individuals with trait-level body image disturbances (internalization and body dissatisfaction). Eighty-four women completed baseline measures of trait internalization and body dissatisfaction, and then reported momentary experiences of body dissatisfaction, appearance self-monitoring, appearance-related comments, and appearance-based comparisons at up to 10 random times daily for seven days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.01.002DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Examining positive body image, sport confidence, flow state, and subjective performance among student athletes and non-athletes.

Body Image 2019 Mar 7;28:93-100. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Saint Louis University, Department of Psychology, 3700 Lindell Blvd., St. Louis, MO 63108, United States. Electronic address:

The primary purpose of the present study was to examine differences in positive body image, specifically body appreciation and functionality appreciation, between student athletes and non-athletes. A secondary purpose was to examine the relationships between positive body image and other sport-related variables. Seventy-nine National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I student athletes (M = 19. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17401445183030
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.12.009DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Dimensional structure, psychometric properties, and sex invariance of a Bahasa Malaysia (Malay) translation of the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire-Appearance Scales (MBSRQ-AS) in Malaysian Malay adults.

Body Image 2019 Mar 31;28:81-92. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Centre for Psychological Medicine, Perdana University, Serdang, Malaysia.

The 34-item Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire-Appearance Scales (MBSRQ-AS) is a widely-used measure of multidimensional body image. Here, we examined the psychometric properties of a Bahasa Malaysia (Malay) translation of the MBSRQ-AS. A sample of 629 Malaysian Malays (women n = 315) completed the MBSRQ-AS, as well as measures of body appreciation, psychological well-being, perceptions of appearance ideals, and internalisation of appearance ideals. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17401445183047
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.12.007DOI Listing
March 2019
75 Reads

Anti-doping rule violations in sport: The attractive leniency effect and attributions of guilt and punishment.

Body Image 2019 Mar 26;28:76-80. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

University of Wollongong, Australia.

The attractive-leniency effect predicts that more attractive people are perceived as less guilty and less deserving of punishment compared to less attractive people. This closely aligned conceptual replication study sought to explore athlete physical attractiveness, sex, and anti-doping rule violation severity (ADRV) as factors contributing to attributions of guilt and punishment. After initial pilot testing, 411 participants (135 men, 276 women; M = 20. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.12.008DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Factor structure and psychometric properties of a Bahasa Malaysia (Malay) translation of the Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2).

Body Image 2019 Mar 24;28:66-75. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

Centre for Psychological Medicine, Perdana University, Serdang, Malaysia.

The 10-item Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2) is a widely-used measure of a facet of positive body image. Here, we examined the psychometric properties of a Bahasa Malaysia (Malay) translation of the BAS-2 in a community sample of Malaysian Malay and Chinese adults (N = 781). Participants completed the Malay BAS-2 alongside demographic items and measures of subjective happiness, life satisfaction, actual-ideal weight discrepancy (women only), drive for muscularity (men only), and internalisation of appearance ideals. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17401445183043
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.12.006DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

A review of research linking body image and sexual well-being.

Body Image 2018 Dec 21. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Health Sciences Center, Rutgers University, 311 N. 5th St., Camden, NJ 08102, United States. Electronic address:

The link between body image and sexual well-being is intuitive and increasingly supported by psychological research: individuals, particularly women, with greater body satisfaction and body appreciation tend to report more positive sexual experiences. Although both perceptions of one's body and one's sexual life are central to most adults' experiences, this area of research has remained somewhat understudied. In this review, we discuss the findings that are available and suggest directions for future research and applied implications of this work. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.12.004DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

From negative to positive body image: Men's and women's journeys from early adolescence to emerging adulthood.

Body Image 2019 Mar 21;28:53-65. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.

This study examined the developmental journeys of individuals who have overcome negative body image in early adolescence and developed positive body image on their way to emerging adulthood. Interviews were conducted with 15 women and 16 men (aged 26-27) recruited from a large longitudinal sample. Results demonstrated different patterns of positive body image development, but most participants had overcome their negative body image by age 18. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.12.002DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Exposure to body focused and non-body focused others over a week: A preliminary investigation of their unique contributions to college women's eating and body image.

Body Image 2019 Mar 21;28:44-52. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, ON, N2L 3G1, Canada.

This study investigated how exposure to non-body focused others (i.e., those who are not preoccupied with their body weight/shape or appearance) and exposure to body focused others uniquely affect young women's eating and body image over a week, within a day, and from one day to the next. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.12.003DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Me, my selfie, and I: The relationship between editing and posting selfies and body dissatisfaction in men and women.

Body Image 2019 Mar 17;28:39-43. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Centre for Emotional Health, Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia; School of Medicine, Western Sydney University, Sydney Australia.

Factors that promote versus protect against body dissatisfaction remain unclear. Social media may be a risk factor, particularly given ubiquitous engagement among young people, and the pervasive use of "selfies." Conversely, self-compassion has received attention as a protective factor against body dissatisfaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.12.001DOI Listing
March 2019
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Psychometric properties of the Breast Size Rating Scale (BSRS) in Brazilian university women.

Body Image 2019 Mar 5;28:34-38. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

School of Psychology and Sport Science, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, UK; Centre for Psychological Medicine, Perdana University, Serdang, Malaysia.

The present study examined the psychometric properties of a Brazilian Portuguese translation of the Breast Size Rating Scale (BSRS). A total of 194 Brazilian university women completed the BSRS along with measures of body satisfaction, body appreciation, weight discrepancy, and attitudes toward societal appearance ideals. They also had their actual bra size and body mass indices (BMIs) objectively measured. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.11.004DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

The relationship between weight stigma, weight bias internalization, and physical health in military personnel with or at high-risk of overweight/obesity.

Body Image 2019 Mar 24;28:25-33. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Department of Medical and Clinical Psychology, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USUHS), DoD, 4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, MD, 20814, USA.

Perceived weight stigma is associated with adverse health indices, such as elevated cortisol, lipid/glucose dysregulation, and poorer self-rated health. This relationship may be particularly relevant for military personnel, given the cultural emphasis on fitness and weight/shape. Therefore, we investigated the relationship between weight stigma and physical health in 117 active duty personnel (66. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.11.003DOI Listing
March 2019
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The Body Appreciation Scale-2: Item interpretation and sensitivity to priming.

Body Image 2019 Mar 21;28:16-24. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

University of Windsor, Windsor, Canada. Electronic address:

The Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2) is a widely-used measure of positive body image. Items are worded ambiguously to allow reference to any aspect of the body during measure completion. We examined (a) how BAS-2 items are interpreted and whether this interpretation is influenced by the content of measures administered prior to it, (b) whether measures administered prior to the BAS-2 alter its scores or (c) the correlation between BAS-2 scores and scores on a measure of body dissatisfaction, (d) how BAS-2 item interpretation relates to total scores, and (e) whether BAS-2 scores are associated with investment in appearance for aesthetic purposes. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17401445183007
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.10.005DOI Listing
March 2019
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Understanding cosmetic surgery consideration in Chinese adolescent girls: Contributions of materialism and sexual objectification.

Body Image 2019 Mar 15;28:6-15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of East Asian Languages and Cultural Studies, University of California, Santa Barbara, United States.

Based on objectification theory and the consumer culture impact model, this study examined psychological predictors of cosmetic surgery consideration in 314 Chinese adolescent girls. Path analyses revealed several findings. First, both interpersonal sexual objectification and materialism contributed to internalized appearance ideals, which in turn related to body surveillance, body shame, and facial appearance concerns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.11.001DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

The effects of active social media engagement with peers on body image in young women.

Body Image 2019 Mar 12;28:1-5. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Psychology, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, ON M3J 1P3, Canada. Electronic address:

This experimental study examined the effects of engaging on social media with attractive female peers on young adult women's body image. Participants were 118 female undergraduate students randomly assigned to one of two experimental conditions. Participants first completed a visual analogue scale measure of state body image and then either browsed and left a comment on the social media site of an attractive female peer (n = 56) or did the same with a family member (n = 62) and then completed a post-manipulation visual analogue scale measure of state body image. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.11.002DOI Listing
March 2019
21 Reads

The mediating role of internalized weight stigma on weight perception and depression among emerging adults: Exploring moderation by weight and race.

Body Image 2018 Dec 29;27:202-210. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

The University of Memphis, United States; Yale University Child Study Center, United States. Electronic address:

The current study examined internalized weight stigma as a mediator of the association between self-perceived weight and depressive symptoms. University students (N = 317) aged 18-25 years completed measures of self-perceived weight, internalized stigma, and depressive symptoms. Multigroup path analyses were used to examine the indirect effect of self-perceived weight on depression through self-stigma. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17401445173054
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.10.004DOI Listing
December 2018
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Evaluating the impact of a brief yoga intervention on preadolescents' body image and mood.

Body Image 2018 Dec 22;27:196-201. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Centre for Appearance Research, University of the West of England, UK.

Yoga is an embodying activity that promotes body awareness, body connection, body responsiveness, and appreciation of body functionality, and it therefore may be a beneficial school-based intervention for children's body image. The present study examined the impact of a 4-week yoga intervention on pre-adolescent girls' and boys' body image (body appreciation, body esteem, and body surveillance) and mood (positive and negative affect) 1-week post-intervention and at 6-week follow-up. British children (N = 344; 54. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.10.003DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

How does exposure to thinspiration and fitspiration relate to symptom severity among individuals with eating disorders? Evaluation of a proposed model.

Body Image 2018 Dec 22;27:187-195. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

School of Psychology, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

Thinspiration and fitspiration are classes of social media content characterised by idealised depictions of excessively thin and overtly fit/lean bodies, respectively. It is currently unknown whether and how exposure to thinspiration and fitspiration relates to symptom severity within high-risk clinical populations. Thus, in a clinical sample of individuals with eating disorders, we evaluated a model explaining how exposure to thinspiration and fitspiration relates to eating disorder symptoms. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17401445183024
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.10.002DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

Skin tone surveillance, depression, and life satisfaction in Indian women: Colour-blind racial ideology as a moderator.

Body Image 2018 Dec 10;27:179-186. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Ryerson University, Toronto, M5B 2K3, Canada. Electronic address:

Consistent with objectification theory, many studies have shown that self-objectification (and body surveillance) is associated with depression and dissatisfaction with life. Critically, however, much of this research has been conducted with White women attending university in North America. To extend this literature, we investigated whether greater skin tone surveillance - a group-specific manifestation of self-objectification among women of colour - is linked to higher depression and lower life satisfaction among Indian women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.10.001DOI Listing
December 2018
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Body appreciation in British men: Correlates and variation across sexual orientation.

Body Image 2018 Dec 4;27:169-178. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Centre for Appearance Research, University of the West of England, Bristol, United Kingdom.

Investigations of positive body image among men and across various social identities are lacking, and could contribute to a more complete understanding of the construct, including how positive body image can be improved. This study addressed this gap by investigating correlates of body appreciation - a key facet of positive body image - in men, and testing whether levels of body appreciation vary across sexual orientation. Data from a British community sample of 439 men (M = 39. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17401445183025
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.09.004DOI Listing
December 2018
23 Reads