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Exposure to thin-ideal media affect most, but not all, women: Results from the Perceived Effects of Media Exposure Scale and open-ended responses.
Body Image 2017 Nov 10;23:188-205. Epub 2017 Nov 10.
Department of Psychology, Ohio State University, Columbus, USA.
Findings conflict as to whether thin-ideal media affect women's body satisfaction. Meta-analyses of experimental studies reveal small or null effects, but many women endorse appearance-related media pressure in surveys. Using a novel approach, two samples of women (Ns=656, 770) were exposed to bikini models, fashion models, or control conditions and reported the effects of the images their body image. Read More
The relationship between Facebook and Instagram appearance-focused activities and body image concerns in young women.
Body Image 2017 Oct 19;23:183-187. Epub 2017 Oct 19.
Centre for Appearance Research, University of the West of England, Bristol, United Kingdom. Electronic address:
The present study aimed to identify the specific social networking sites (SNS) features that relate to body image concerns in young women. A total of 259 women aged 18-29years completed questionnaire measures of SNS use (Facebook and Instagram) and body image concerns. It was found that appearance-focused SNS use, rather than overall SNS use, was related to body image concerns in young women. Read More
Exploring the relationship between appearance-contingent self-worth and self-esteem: The roles of self-objectification and appearance anxiety.
Body Image 2017 Oct 19;23:176-182. Epub 2017 Oct 19.
Department of Psychological Sciences, Purdue University, 703 3rd St., West Lafayette, United States. Electronic address:
Previous work has shown that both an appearance-contingent self-worth (i.e., staking one's overall self-evaluation on one's physical appearance) and self-objectification are associated with higher appearance anxiety and lower self-esteem among women. Read More
Mechanisms of action during a dissonance-based intervention through 14-month follow-up: The roles of body shame and body surveillance.
Body Image 2017 Oct 18;23:171-175. Epub 2017 Oct 18.
Department of Psychology, Trinity University,One Trinity Place, San Antonio, TX, 78212, United States.
Objectification theory posits that internalization of societal perspectives about the female body leads to increased body surveillance, which can result in body-related shame and subsequent eating disorder (ED) behaviors. Preliminary research indicates that these associations may be complex in nature. This study examined temporal relations among body surveillance, body shame, and eating disorder symptoms in the context of a dissonance-based body image intervention and through 14-month follow-up. Read More
Early adolescents' body dysmorphic symptoms as compensatory responses to parental appearance messages and appearance-based rejection sensitivity.
Body Image 2017 Oct 17;23:162-170. Epub 2017 Oct 17.
Columbia University, Department of Psychology, United States.
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is marked by high distress and behavioral and functional impairments due to preoccupation with perceived appearance anomalies. Our aim was to examine parental correlates of offspring's symptoms characteristic of BDD, testing both direct associations and indirect associations via appearance-based rejection sensitivity (appearance-RS). Surveys were completed by 302 Australian adolescents (9-14 years) and their parents. Read More
Body dissatisfaction predicts poor behavioral weight loss treatment adherence in overweight Mexican American women.
Body Image 2017 Oct 13;23:155-161. Epub 2017 Oct 13.
University of New Mexico, Department of Psychology, MSC03 2220, Albuquerque, NM 87131, United States. Electronic address:
Poor adherence poses a major barrier to the success of behavioral weight loss (BWL) programs, particularly for overweight Mexican American women. Given the high prevalence and costs of overweight/obesity, factors that contribute to attendance and adherence problems should be identified, especially in ethnic minority populations. The current study examined the role of pre-treatment body dissatisfaction and depression in predicting attendance and adherence in a BWL intervention. Read More
The tall and the short of it: An investigation of height ideals, height preferences, height dissatisfaction, heightism, and height-related quality of life impairment among sexual minority men.
Body Image 2017 Oct 11;23:146-154. Epub 2017 Oct 11.
Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, CA, United States; San Diego State University/University of California San Diego Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, CA, United States.
Human height has attracted empirical interest from a variety of psychological perspectives. However, little research has explored height from the perspective of sexual minority men, inclusive of their height beliefs, height preferences, height dissatisfaction, experiences of heightism, and height-related quality of life impairment. We explored these height variables in 2733 sexual minority men who completed a survey distributed nationwide to Australian and New Zealander users of geosocial-networking smartphone applications. Read More
Fat or fiction? Effects of body size, eating pathology, and sex upon the body schema of an undergraduate population.
Body Image 2017 Oct 6;23:135-145. Epub 2017 Oct 6.
School of Psychology, Flinders University, Australia.
Although there is a growing consensus that women with anorexia nervosa have a distorted body schema, the origins of this disturbance remain uncertain. The present investigation examined the effects of body size, eating pathology, and sex upon the body schema of an at-risk, undergraduate population. In Study 1, 98 participants mentally simulated their passage through apertures. Read More
Positive appearance and functionality reflections can improve body satisfaction but do not protect against idealised media exposure.
Body Image 2017 Oct 5;23:126-134. Epub 2017 Oct 5.
School of Health Sciences, Flinders University, South Australia, Australia.
We tested the effectiveness of a positive appearance or functionality reflective writing task on women's body satisfaction and whether these writing task reflections offered any protective advantage when exposed to idealised imagery. Young adult women (N=230; Mage=23years) wrote about positive elements of either their appearance or their body's functionality, and then were exposed to images of scenery, or thin and attractive models presented in posed or active form. Direction and amount of social comparison were also examined. Read More
"I don't need people to tell me I'm pretty on social media:" A qualitative study of social media and body image in early adolescent girls.
Body Image 2017 Sep 28;23:114-125. Epub 2017 Sep 28.
Departments of Psychology & Pediatrics, Virginia Commonwealth University, P.O. Box 842018, Richmond, VA 23284-2018, USA. Electronic address:
Social media appear to contribute to body dissatisfaction in adolescents, although few empirical studies exist. This study used six focus groups (total N=38) to explore relations between social media use and body image in early adolescent girls (ages 12-14). Thematic analysis identified patterns in the data. Read More
Is use of social networking sites associated with young women's body dissatisfaction and disordered eating? A look at Black-White racial differences.
Body Image 2017 Sep 28;23:109-113. Epub 2017 Sep 28.
Viginia Commonwealth University, 806 West Franklin Street, Box 842018, Richmond, VA 23284, USA.
Maladaptive patterns of social networking site (SNS) use, such as excessive reassurance seeking, are associated with body dissatisfaction and disordered eating. However, it is unclear how these processes play out among different racial groups. This study examined racial differences in SNS use and body dissatisfaction and disordered eating. Read More
- Charlotte H Markey,
- Meghan M Gillen,
- Kristin J August,
- Patrick M Markey,
- Christopher S Nave
Body Image 2017 Sep 19;23:103-108. Epub 2017 Sep 19.
Rutgers University , United States.
Research suggests the important role of romantic partners in shaping how individuals feel about their bodies (e.g., Markey & Markey, 2013, 2014), but the processes that result in changes in body satisfaction within relationships have rarely been examined. Read More
A pilot controlled trial of a cognitive dissonance-based body dissatisfaction intervention with young British men.
- Glen S Jankowski,
- Phillippa C Diedrichs,
- Melissa J Atkinson,
- Helen Fawkner,
- Brendan Gough,
- Emma Halliwell
Body Image 2017 Sep 13;23:93-102. Epub 2017 Sep 13.
Centre for Appearance Research, University of the West of England, Coldharbour Lane, Bristol BS16 1QY, UK.
This pilot study evaluated a body image intervention for men, Body Project M. Seventy-four British undergraduate men took part in two 90-min intervention sessions, and completed standardised assessments of body image, bulimic pathology, and related outcomes at baseline, post-intervention, and 3-month follow-up. Fifty-three other men completed the questionnaires as an assessment-only control group. Read More
Body Image 2017 Sep 5;23:85-92. Epub 2017 Sep 5.
Department of Psychology, Dickinson College, P.O. Box 1773, Carlisle, PA 17013, USA.
Although "fat talk" is associated with increased eating disorder risk, the predictors of fat talk engagement and viable alternatives to these pervasive conversations remain unclear. The current experiment examined responses to fat talk versus feminist-oriented challenging fat talk scenarios. Undergraduate women (N=283) completed baseline questionnaires assessing body dissatisfaction, fat talk engagement, and positive impression management. Read More
Body checking is associated with weight- and body-related shame and weight- and body-related guilt among men and women.
Body Image 2017 Sep 5;23:80-84. Epub 2017 Sep 5.
Faculty of Kinesiology & Physical Education, University of Toronto, Harbord Street, Toronto, Ontario M5S 2W6, Canada. Electronic address:
This study examined whether body checking was a correlate of weight- and body-related shame and guilt for men and women. Participants were 537 adults (386 women) between the ages of 17 and 74 (Mage=28.29, SD=14. Read More
How do you define body image? Exploring conceptual gaps in understandings of body image at an exercise facility.
Body Image 2017 Sep 5;23:69-79. Epub 2017 Sep 5.
Department of Kinesiology, Brock University, Canada.
The definition of body image has evolved within research; however, less is known about the layperson's understanding of the construct. This study explored how members and student trainees of an exercise facility (designed for older adults, people with physical disability, and those with cardiac complications) defined body image. Nineteen participants completed a one-on-one interview, and seven of those participants took part in six additional focus group meetings. Read More
Factor structure and psychometric properties of a Romanian translation of the Body Appreciation Scale-2.
Body Image 2017 Aug 29;23:61-68. Epub 2017 Aug 29.
Department of Psychology, West University of Timişoara, Timişoara, Romania.
We examined the psychometric properties of a Romanian translation of the 10-item Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2). A total of 453 university students from Romania completed the BAS-2, along with measures of disordered eating, self-esteem, satisfaction with life, and subjective happiness. In addition, a separate sample of university students (N=109) completed only the BAS-2 at two time-points three weeks apart. Read More
- Natalie L Matheny,
- Berta J Summers,
- Richard J Macatee,
- Ashleigh M Harvey,
- Sarah A Okey,
- Jesse R Cougle
Body Image 2017 Aug 18;23:50-60. Epub 2017 Aug 18.
Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, USA. Electronic address:
Distress tolerance (DT) is a transdiagnostic construct linked to multiple psychiatric disorders. We conducted three studies using different methods to investigate the relationship between DT and body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). Study 1 found a significant relationship between low DT and more severe BDD symptoms in an adult community sample (N=81). Read More
Body Image 2017 Aug 18;23:45-49. Epub 2017 Aug 18.
Institute of Psychology, The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Al. Raclawickie 14, 20-950 Lublin, Poland. Electronic address:
This study aimed to investigate the factor structure and psychometric properties of a Polish version of the Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2; Tylka & Wood-Barcalow, 2015). Data were collected from 721 individuals residing in various regions of Poland. There were two subsamples (n=336, age M=34. Read More
The Functionality Appreciation Scale (FAS): Development and psychometric evaluation in U.S. community women and men.
Body Image 2017 Aug 17;23:28-44. Epub 2017 Aug 17.
Cleveland Clinic Children's Hospital, Department of Pediatric Behavioral Health, Cleveland, OH, United States.
Body functionality has been identified as an important dimension of body image that has the potential to be useful in the prevention and treatment of negative body image and in the enhancement of positive body image. Specifically, cultivating appreciation of body functionality may offset appearance concerns. However, a scale assessing this construct has yet to be developed. Read More
Body Image 2017 Aug 14;23:9-12. Epub 2017 Aug 14.
Department of Psychology, University of Tennessee, United States.
We investigated the relations between working in sexually objectifying restaurant environments and body dissatisfaction in a sample of 252 United States waitresses. Supporting our hypotheses, results indicated that working in sexually objectifying restaurant environments was positively correlated with waitresses' body dissatisfaction. Our findings also supported a theorized serial three-chain mediation model in which working in sexually objectifying restaurant environments was related to body dissatisfaction through more thin ideal internalization and greater self-objectification/body surveillance. Read More
Socializing girls whose bodies may not align with contemporary ideals of thinness: An interpretive study of US mothers' accounts.
Body Image 2017 Aug 14;23:13-27. Epub 2017 Aug 14.
Colorado State University, Department of Design & Merchandising, Mail Delivery Code 1574, Fort Collins, CO 80523-1574, USA. Electronic address:
We sought to understand how mothers of young adolescent girls who are perceived as overweight or at risk for becoming so and whose body mass indices are at the 70th percentile or higher socialize their daughters about body, weight, eating, and health. In-depth interviews were conducted with 13 US mothers, and data were analyzed using constant comparison processes. Findings revealed that mothers adopted a variety of strategies - including teaching, modeling, managing, avoiding, and comforting - to achieve varied socialization goals for their daughters. Read More
Body Image 2017 Aug 14;23:1-8. Epub 2017 Aug 14.
Department of Educational Leadership, Sport Studies and Educational/Counseling Psychology, Washington State University, United States. Electronic address:
We examined the effects of a pilot yoga-based physical education (PE) curriculum by testing for change in trait body surveillance, physical self-worth, and body appreciation. Further, we examined the relationships among change in body image variables and the role of state mindfulness in predicting state body surveillance during classes. Adolescents participated in 12 weeks of yoga-based (n=20; Mage=16. Read More
Precarious manhood and muscularity: Effects of threatening men's masculinity on reported strength and muscle dissatisfaction.
- David A Frederick,
- Lily M Shapiro,
- Tonicia R Williams,
- Christiana M Seoane,
- Rachel T McIntosh,
- Emily W Fischer
Body Image 2017 Sep 9;22:156-165. Epub 2017 Aug 9.
Crean College of Health and Behavioral Sciences, Chapman University, Orange, CA, United States.
The precarious manhood perspective proposes that men respond with aggression when they experience threats to their masculinity. Consistent with this view, we hypothesized that men would represent themselves as stronger and more formidable after their masculinity was threatened. A recent study, however, found that men reported less physical strength when threatened (Hunt, Gonsalkorale, & Murray, 2013). Read More
- Rachel F Rodgers,
- Debra L Franko,
- Elizabeth Donovan,
- Tara Cousineau,
- Kayla Yates,
- Kayla McGowan,
- Elizabeth Cook,
- Alice S Lowy
Body Image 2017 Sep 9;22:148-155. Epub 2017 Aug 9.
APPEAR, Department of Applied Psychology, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115, United States.
Self-compassion is thought to protect from body image concerns. However, the mechanisms of this effect remain unclear. This study examined three positive dimensions of self-compassion as moderators of the mediated relationship between perceived overweight status, appearance comparison, and appearance esteem. Read More
Perceptions of plagiarisers: The influence of target physical attractiveness, transgression severity, and sex on attributions of guilt and punishment.
Body Image 2017 Sep 1;22:144-147. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
Department of Clinical, Educational, and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK; Department of Leadership and Organizational Behaviour, Norwegian Business School, Oslo, Norway.
The attractiveness-leniency effect (ALE) suggests that physically attractive targets are less likely to be perceived as guilty compared to less attractive targets. Here, we tested the ALE in relation to attributions of students who have committed plagiarism. British adults (N=165) were shown one of eight vignette-photograph pairings varying in target sex (female/male), physical attractiveness (high/low), and transgression severity (serious/minor), and provided attributions of guilt and severity of punishment. Read More
Body appreciation, interest in cosmetic enhancements, and need for uniqueness among U.S. college students.
Body Image 2017 Sep 28;22:136-143. Epub 2017 Jul 28.
Health Sciences Program, Rutgers University, 311 N. 5th St., Camden, NJ 08102, United States. Electronic address:
The aim of the current study was to examine associations between body appreciation and putative correlates that focus on self-enhancement and self-expression. Students (N=261; mean age=20.16years, SD=3. Read More
Downward dog becomes fit body, inc.: A content analysis of 40 years of female cover images of Yoga Journal.
Body Image 2017 Sep 28;22:129-135. Epub 2017 Jul 28.
University of North Carolina at Charlotte Department of Psychological Science, United States.
The present analysis investigated temporal trends in physical appearance attributes and attire worn by female cover models of Yoga Journal magazine between the years 1975-2015. Covers featuring a single female model (N=168) were coded for: pose activity, amount of body visibility, perceived body size, body shape, breast size, skin exposure, and revealing or form-fitting attire. When collapsed across all decades, the majority of cover models was actively posed with high body visibility, rated as at most low normal weight, possessed either a "thin/lean" or "skinny/boney" body shape, and were "flat-chested" or "small-breasted". Read More
Body Image 2017 Sep 27;22:114-128. Epub 2017 Jul 27.
School of Kinesiology and Health Science, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Three meta-analytic reviews have concluded that physical activity is positively related to body image. Historically, research regarding physical activity and body image has been disproportionately focused on female samples. For example, the most recent meta-analysis (2009) extracted 56 effect sizes for women and only 12 for men. Read More
Assessment of English-French differential item functioning of the Satisfaction with Appearance Scale (SWAP) in systemic sclerosis.
Body Image 2017 Sep 13;22:97-102. Epub 2017 Jul 13.
Departments of Educational and Counselling Psychology; Psychiatry; Medicine; Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Occupational Health; and Psychology, McGill University and Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, Jewish General Hospital, Montréal, Québec, Canada.
The Satisfaction with Appearance Scale (SWAP) has been used to assess body image distress among people with the rare and disfiguring disease systemic sclerosis (SSc); however, it has not been validated across different languages groups. The objective was to examine differential item functioning of the SWAP among 856 Canadian English- or French-speaking SSc patients. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to evaluate the SWAP two-factor structure (Dissatisfaction with Appearance and Social Discomfort). Read More
The effects of female "Thin Ideal" media on men's appearance schema, cognitive performance, and self-evaluations: A self-determination theory approach.
Body Image 2017 Sep 13;22:103-113. Epub 2017 Jul 13.
School of Psychology, University of Ottawa, Canada.
Research has primarily focused on the consequences of the female thin ideal on women and has largely ignored the effects on men. Two studies were designed to investigate the effects of a female thin ideal video on cognitive (Study 1: appearance schema, Study 2: visual-spatial processing) and self-evaluative measures in male viewers. Results revealed that the female thin ideal predicted men's increased appearance schema activation and poorer cognitive performance on a visual-spatial task. Read More
The effect of interpersonal rejection on attentional biases regarding thin-ideal and non-thin images: The moderating role of body weight- and shape-based self-worth.
Body Image 2017 Sep 8;22:78-86. Epub 2017 Jul 8.
School of Psychology, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA 6009, Australia.
Interpersonal dysfunction and weight/shape-based self-worth have been implicated as key constructs for eating disorders, although the relationship between these two concepts is under-researched. This study investigated the moderating role of weight/shape-based self-worth in terms of the impact of interpersonal rejection on attentional bias regarding thin-ideal and non-thin images. Participants were 94 females without an eating disorder, who were exposed to either interpersonal rejection or acceptance (using the Cyberball paradigm), and subsequently assessed in terms of their attentional biases regarding thin-ideal and non-thin images. Read More
#fitspo or #loveyourself? The impact of fitspiration and self-compassion Instagram images on women's body image, self-compassion, and mood.
Body Image 2017 Sep 6;22:87-96. Epub 2017 Jul 6.
Centre for Appearance Research, University of the West of England, United Kingdom.
This study experimentally examined the impact of exposure to fitspiration images and self-compassion quotes on social media on young women's body satisfaction, body appreciation, self-compassion, and negative mood. Female undergraduate students (N=160) were randomly assigned to view either Instagram images of fitspiration, self-compassion quotes, a combination of both, or appearance-neutral images. Results showed no differences between viewing fitspiration images compared to viewing neutral images, except for poorer self-compassion among those who viewed fitspiration images. Read More
Experiential avoidance and dysfunctional beliefs in the prediction of body image disturbance in a nonclinical sample of women.
Body Image 2017 Sep 29;22:72-77. Epub 2017 Jun 29.
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 235 E. Cameron Ave, Davie Hall (CB 3270), Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3270, United States. Electronic address:
Body image disturbance (BID) refers to persistent dissatisfaction, distress, and dysfunction related to some aspect(s) of one's physical appearance. Cognitive models of BID highlight the importance of dysfunctional beliefs in maintaining BID. Relational Frame Theory (RFT), in contrast, posits that psychological distress is sustained by the unwillingness to experience aversive internal experiences (i. Read More
Idealised media images: The effect of fitspiration imagery on body satisfaction and exercise behaviour.
- Lily Robinson,
- Ivanka Prichard,
- Alyssa Nikolaidis,
- Claire Drummond,
- Murray Drummond,
- Marika Tiggemann
Body Image 2017 Sep 24;22:65-71. Epub 2017 Jun 24.
School of Psychology, Flinders University, Australia.
Recent studies have documented a shift in the cultural ideal of physical attractiveness, with women subscribing to a visibly toned ideal that emphasises health and fitness. The present study experimentally investigated the impact of athletic and muscular fitness-idealised images compared to traditional thin ideal images on women's body dissatisfaction and exercise behaviour, under the framework of Social Comparison Theory. Participants were 106 female undergraduate students randomly assigned to view one of three sets of images (thin ideal, athletic ideal, or muscular ideal) followed by a bout of exercise. Read More
Fat is fashionable and fit: A comparative content analysis of Fatspiration and Health at Every Size(®) Instagram images.
Body Image 2017 Sep 16;22:53-64. Epub 2017 Jun 16.
Queens University, Department of Psychology, United States.
In step with the proliferation of Thinspiration and Fitspiration content disseminated in popular web-based media, the fat acceptance movement has garnered heightened visibility within mainstream culture via the burgeoning Fatosphere weblog community. The present study extended previous Fatosphere research by comparing the shared and distinct strategies used to represent and motivate a fat-accepting lifestyle among 400 images sourced from Fatspiration- and Health at Every Size(®)-themed hashtags on Instagram. Images were systematically analyzed for the socio-demographic and body size attributes of the individuals portrayed alongside content reflecting dimensions of general fat acceptance, physical appearance pride, physical activity and health, fat shaming, and eating and weight loss-related themes. Read More
Adopting a dyadic perspective to better understand the association between physical attractiveness and dieting motivations and behaviors.
Body Image 2017 Sep 10;22:48-52. Epub 2017 Jun 10.
Department of Psychology, Florida State University, 1107 W. Call Street, Tallahassee, FL, 32306, United States. Electronic address:
The relationship between women's objective physical attractiveness and their dieting motivations and behaviors may depend upon their social environment-specifically, their romantic partners' attractiveness-such that less attractive women with more attractive partners may be particularly motivated to diet. Theoretically, men's dieting motivations should not depend on their partners' attractiveness. We tested this possibility using a sample of 223 U. Read More
Repressive coping among British college women: A potential protective factor against body image concerns, drive for thinness, and bulimia symptoms.
- Changiz Mohiyeddini
Body Image 2017 Sep 9;22:39-47. Epub 2017 Jun 9.
Department of Applied Psychology, Northeastern University, 413 International Village, 360 Huntington Ave., Boston, MA 02115, USA. Electronic address:
Repressive coping, as a means of preserving a positive self-image, has been widely explored in the context of dealing with self-evaluative cues. The current study extends this research by exploring whether repressive coping is associated with lower levels of body image concerns, drive for thinness, bulimic symptoms, and higher positive rational acceptance. A sample of 229 female college students was recruited in South London. Read More
Body Image 2017 Sep 29;22:32-38. Epub 2017 May 29.
Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Campus Martelos, Juiz de Fora, 36036330, Brazil. Electronic address:
We conducted a longitudinal investigation of body dissatisfaction in adolescent boys and girls, in order to evaluate the influence of biological, psychological, and sociocultural predictors for body dissatisfaction, and its association with eating disorder symptoms. Validated self-administered scales were selected, thereby assessing the various aspects of body image, symptoms of eating disorders, depression, and self-esteem. Four hundred and ninety-eight adolescents (236 girls) participated in the study. Read More
Body Image 2017 Sep 26;22:18-31. Epub 2017 May 26.
Bridgewater State University, 131 Summer St., Bridgewater, MA 02324, United States.
While most body image research emphasizes the thin ideal, a wider variety of body-ideal messages pervade U.S. popular culture today, including those promoting athleticism or curves. Read More
Factor structure and psychometric properties of a Spanish translation of the Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2).
Body Image 2017 Sep 25;22:13-17. Epub 2017 May 25.
Department of Psychology, University of Westminster, London, UK.
We examined the psychometric properties of a Spanish translation of the Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2) in a community sample of 411 women and 389 men in Almería, Spain. Participants completed the 10-item BAS-2 along with measures of appearance evaluation, body areas satisfaction, self-esteem, life satisfaction, and self-reported body mass index (BMI). Exploratory factor analyses with one split-half subsample revealed that BAS-2 scores had a one-dimensional factor structure in women and men. Read More
The importance of body image concerns in overweight and normal weight individuals with binge eating disorder.
Body Image 2017 Sep 20;22:6-12. Epub 2017 May 20.
Temple Eating Disorders Program, Department of Psychology, Temple University, 1701 North 13th Street, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA. Electronic address:
Body image concerns in binge eating disorder (BED) have been examined almost exclusively in overweight individuals with BED. The current study extends past research by including overweight and normal weight BED and non-BED groups to assess the multifactorial construct of body image using subscales of the Eating Disorder Examination 16.0 (EDE-16. Read More
Correlates of muscle dysmorphia symptomatology in natural bodybuilders: Distinguishing factors in the pursuit of hyper-muscularity.
- Lachlan Mitchell,
- Stuart B Murray,
- Matthew Hoon,
- Daniel Hackett,
- Tania Prvan,
- Helen O'Connor
Body Image 2017 Sep 20;22:1-5. Epub 2017 May 20.
Discipline of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Sydney, Lidcombe, NSW, Australia. Electronic address:
Muscle dysmorphia (MD) is characterized by the pathological pursuit of muscularity and leanness, which includes eating- and exercise-related practices. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to identify correlations of MD symptomatology in natural bodybuilders. An online survey assessing diet, supplementation and training practices, and MD and eating disorder symptoms was completed by male bodybuilders with recent experience competing in a drug-tested competition. Read More
"Warning: This image has been digitally altered": The effect of disclaimer labels added to fashion magazine shoots on women's body dissatisfaction.
Body Image 2017 Jun 26;21:107-113. Epub 2017 Apr 26.
Flinders University, Australia.
The present experiment aimed to investigate the impact of the addition of disclaimer labels to fashion magazine shoots on women's body dissatisfaction. Participants were 320 female undergraduate students who viewed fashion shoots containing a thin and attractive model with no disclaimer label, or a small, large, or very large disclaimer label, or product images. Although thin-ideal fashion shoot images resulted in greater body dissatisfaction than product images, there was no significant effect of disclaimer label. Read More
Body Image 2017 Jun 19;21:103-106. Epub 2017 Apr 19.
PLAN Laboratory, Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia-Okanagan, ASC 284, 3187 University Drive, Kelowna, BC V1V-1V7, Canada. Electronic address:
The current study used a semantic priming paradigm to investigate the presence of implicit interpretation biases for food and body shape words among 118 undergraduate females. Reaction times (RTs) were recorded while participants made lexical decisions (i.e. Read More
Body Image 2017 Jun 14;21:97-102. Epub 2017 Apr 14.
Centre for Appearance Research, University of the West of England, UK.
Positive body image among adults is related to numerous indicators of well-being. However, no research has explored body appreciation among children. To facilitate our understanding of children's positive body image, the current study adapts and validates the Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2; Tylka & Wood-Barcalow, 2015a) for use with children. Read More
Thin and sexy vs. muscular and dominant: Prevalence of gendered body ideals in popular dolls and action figures.
Body Image 2017 Jun 12;21:90-96. Epub 2017 Apr 12.
Kenyon College, United States. Electronic address:
We examined the extent to which popular dolls and action figures were portrayed with gendered body proportions, and the extent to which these gendered ideals were associated with heterosexual "success." We coded internet depictions of 72 popular female dolls and 71 popular male action figures from the websites of three national stores in the United States. Sixty-two percent of dolls had a noticeably thin body, while 42. Read More
Body Image 2017 Jun 31;21:81-89. Epub 2017 Mar 31.
Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
The aim of this qualitative study was to examine young female sport participants' experiences and thoughts in terms of sport, their bodies, and social appearance norms. Six focus groups with female sport participants (N=25) from Sweden were conducted. Participants raised many positive experiences in relation to their sport participation, but they also witnessed a conflict in the intersection between the culture within their sport (emphasizing physical performance) and the culture outside their sport (emphasizing physical appearance). Read More
"I'll do anything to maintain my health": How women aged 65-94 perceive, experience, and cope with their aging bodies.
Body Image 2017 Jun 19;21:71-80. Epub 2017 Mar 19.
School of Kinesiology, The University of British Columbia, 210-6081 University Blvd., Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1, Canada. Electronic address:
We explored how physically active women perceived, experienced, and coped with their aging bodies, and examined their perceptions of the utility of self-compassion to manage aging body-related changes. Findings from a thematic analysis of interviews with 21 women aged 65-94 revealed that they were appreciative of how their bodies worked and accepting of their physical limitations, yet concurrently critical of their body's functionality and appearance. Participants engaged in physical activity and healthy eating to maintain their health and body functionality, yet also used diet, hair styling, anti-aging creams, makeup, physical activity, and clothing to manage their appearances. Read More