2,144 results match your criteria Body Dysmorphic Disorder


Discrepancy of the subjective perception of the nasal appearance between independent individuals and patients undergoing functional rhinoplasty (fRPL).

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2022 Jun 28. Epub 2022 Jun 28.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University Hospital Münster, Münster, Germany.

Purpose: Satisfaction with the nasal appearance is a crucial outcome parameter in functional rhinoplasty (fRPL). The visual analogue scale is a suitable instrument not only for the preoperative patient assessment, but also as a patient-reported outcome measure in fRPL. In this study, we analyzed whether a high discrepancy in the preoperative subjective perception of the nasal appearance between patients and other individuals predicts a lower level of satisfaction with the postoperative result and hence a worse outcome of fRPL. Read More

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What Have We Learned About the Genetics of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders in Recent Years?

Focus (Am Psychiatr Publ) 2021 Oct 5;19(4):384-391. Epub 2021 Nov 5.

Department of Biomedicine, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark (Mattheisen); Department of Psychiatry, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School and New Jersey Medical School, Rutgers University, Newark (M. Pato, C. Pato); Department of Cell Biology, SUNY Downstate Health Sciences University, Brooklyn, New York (Knowles).

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a complex, multifactorial disorder with onset in either childhood or early adulthood. Lifetime prevalence has been estimated to be around 2%-3%. groups OCD together with closely related disorders-body dysmorphic disorder, trichotillomania (hair-pulling disorder), hoarding disorder, and excoriation disorder (skin-picking disorder)-as obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (OCRDs). Read More

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October 2021

Pharmacological and Psychotherapeutic Interventions for Management of Obsessive-compulsive Disorder in Adults: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis.

Focus (Am Psychiatr Publ) 2021 Oct 5;19(4):457-467. Epub 2021 Nov 5.

Division of Psychiatry, University College London, London, UK (P Skapinakis, Prof G Lewis); Department of Psychiatry, University of Ioannina School of Medicine, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece (P Skapinakis); School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK (D M Caldwell, Prof W Hollingworth, P Bryden, N J Welton, H Baxter, D Kessler); Department of Postgraduate Medicine, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, UK, and Highly Specialised Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and Body Dysmorphic Disorder Services, Hertfordshire Partnership University NHS Foundation Trust, Hertfordshire, UK (N A Fineberg); Department of Psychology, University of Bath, Bath, UK (Prof P Salkovskis); and Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, University of York, York, UK (Prof R Churchill).

Reprinted under Creative Commons CC-BY license. Read More

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October 2021

Telephone-Administered Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Body Dysmorphic Disorder: Case Series.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 Jun 16;19(12). Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Psychology, Clinical Psychology with Focus on Psychotherapy Research, University of Zurich, Binzmühlestrasse 14, 8050 Zurich, Switzerland.

Cognitive behavioral therapy is an effective treatment for body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), but many patients do not receive appropriate treatment due to several treatment barriers and psychosocial care structures. Low-threshold interventions, including those from the field of e-mental health, could improve access to psychotherapy. In addition to internet-administered therapy, telephone-administered therapy may reduce treatment barriers, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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Rapid Weight Loss and Severe Failure to Thrive Mimicking Lipodystrophy Syndrome in a 1-Year-Old Taiwanese Girl with Costello Syndrome.

Children (Basel) 2022 Jun 16;9(6). Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Division of Genetics and Metabolism, Department of Pediatrics, MacKay Memorial Hospital, Taipei 10449, Taiwan.

Costello syndrome (CS) is a type of RASopathy caused mainly by de-novo heterozygous pathogenic variants in the gene located on chromosome 11p15.5. The phenotype of CS is characterized by prenatal overgrowth, postnatal failure to thrive, curly or sparse fine hair, coarse facial features, and multisystem involvement, including cardiovascular, endocrine, and gastroenterological disorders. Read More

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Letter to the Editor: Depression As The First Symptom Of Frontal Lobe Grade 2 Malignant Glioma.

Turk Psikiyatri Derg 2022 ;33(2):143-145

Dear Editor, Next to focal neurological symptoms, epileptic seizures and head aches, brain tumors can less frequently bring about cognitive changes, slowed speech, difficulty sustaining mental functioning and psychiatric symptoms of personality changes and. loss of interest in daily activities, these symptoms may be evaluated as anxiety or depression. Depression is known to be a complication of brain tumours and may sometimes be seen after the presentation of neurological symptoms linked to brain tumours, and sometimes after tumor treatment (Oğuz et al. Read More

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[Obsessive-compulsive and related disorders according to ICD-11 and DSM-5 : With brief consideration of the new obsessive-compulsive disorders olfactory reference disorder and hypochondriasis].

Authors:
M Zaudig

Nervenarzt 2022 Jun 20. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Psychotherapeutisches Gesundheitszentrum München, Lindwurmstr. 83, 80337, München, Deutschland.

This article summarizes the current state of research with respect to the new obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (OCRD) grouping according to the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-11) and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). The ICD-11 grouping of OCRD is based on common clinical features, such as repetitive undesired thoughts and repetitive behavior and is supported by the literature and empirical data from the fields of imaging and genetics. The disorders in this grouping in ICD-11 include obsessive-compulsive disorder, pathological hoarding, body dysmorphic disorder, trichotillomania, excoriation disorder, and as new disorders differing to DSM‑5, hypochondriasis, olfactory reference disorder and Tourette syndrome. Read More

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Body dysmorphic disorder in individuals requesting cosmetic surgery: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2022 May 2. Epub 2022 May 2.

Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Gerash University of Medical Sciences, Gerash, Iran. Electronic address:

Background: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is known as a mental disorder in which a person suffers from concern and distress with the perceived defects in their appearance and subsequently can experience significant impairment in social, occupational, and interpersonal functioning. Various studies have reported different BDD prevalence rates in patients with cosmetic surgery. However, there has been no comprehensive study that has examined the results of these studies. Read More

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Neurocircuit dynamics of arbitration between decision-making strategies across obsessive-compulsive and related disorders.

Neuroimage Clin 2022 Jun 4;35:103073. Epub 2022 Jun 4.

Division of Cognitive Neuroscience, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California, Los Angeles, 760 Westwood Plaza, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA; Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 250 College Street, Toronto, ON M5T 1R8, Canada; Temerty Faculty of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, 250 College Street, 8th floor, Toronto, ON M5T 1R8, Canada; Department of Women's and Children's Health, The Karolinska Institute, Tomtebodavägen 18A, 171 77 Solna, Sweden. Electronic address:

Obsessions and compulsions are central components of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and obsessive-compulsive related disorders such as body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). Compulsive behaviours may result from an imbalance of habitual and goal-directed decision-making strategies. The relationship between these symptoms and the neural circuitry underlying habitual and goal-directed decision-making, and the arbitration between these strategies, remains unknown. Read More

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Dynamic Effective Connectivity Patterns During Rapid Face Stimuli Presentation in Body Dysmorphic Disorder.

Front Neurosci 2022 24;16:890424. Epub 2022 May 24.

Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON, Canada.

In individuals with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), perceptual appearance distortions may be related to imbalances in global vs. local visual processing. Understanding the mechanistic brain effects of potential interventions is crucial for rational treatment development. Read More

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Psychometric Evaluation of the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale Modified for Body Dysmorphic Disorder for Adolescents (BDD-YBOCS-A).

Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 2022 Jun 9. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

National and Specialist OCD and Related Disorders Clinic for Young People, South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

The Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale Modified for Body Dysmorphic Disorder for Adolescents (BDD-YBOCS-A) is a clinician-rated measure of BDD symptom severity in youth. Despite widespread use in both research and clinical practice, its psychometric properties have not been formally evaluated. The current study examined the factor structure, reliability, validity, and sensitivity to change of the BDD-YBOCS-A in 251 youths with BDD attending two specialist clinics. Read More

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Body dysmorphic disorder, muscle dysmorphia, weight and shape dissatisfaction and the use of appearance-enhancing drugs in the military: a systematic review.

BMJ Mil Health 2022 Jun 8. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Department of Psychological Medicine, King's College London, London, UK

Background: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) and muscle dysmorphia (MD) are common but often underdiagnosed disorders. These disorders have rarely been explored in the context of military personnel by mental health researchers despite the emphasis on physical fitness in military populations. We conducted a comprehensive systematic literature review on scientific studies of BDD and MD and the accompanying symptoms within the military. Read More

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Functional and Esthetic Outcomes of L-Shaped Augmentation Rhinoplasty in Indonesian Noses.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2022 Jun 3:34894221100026. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia.

Objectives: We investigated the satisfaction and nasal airway function of patients who underwent L-shaped augmentation rhinoplasty using rhinoplasty outcomes evaluation (ROE). Nasal obstruction was evaluated using the nasal obstruction symptom evaluation (NOSE) and peak nasal inspiratory flowmeter (PNIF) score. We explored the correlation between tip projection, ROE, NOSE, and PNIF scores. Read More

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Psychometric validation of the Muscle Dysmorphic Disorder Inventory (MDDI) among U.S. transgender men.

Body Image 2022 May 30;42:43-49. Epub 2022 May 30.

The PRIDE Study/PRIDEnet, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA; Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA; Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.

Muscle dysmorphia (MD) is characterized by a pervasive belief or fear of insufficient muscularity and an elevated drive for muscularity, representing the pathological and extreme pursuit of muscularity. Psychometric properties of one of the most widely used measures of MD symptoms-the Muscle Dysmorphic Disorder Inventory (MDDI)-have yet to be evaluated in transgender men despite emerging evidence suggesting differential risk for MD symptoms in this population. In this study, we assessed the psychometric properties of the MDDI in a sample of 330 transgender men ages 18-67 years who participated in a large-scale national longitudinal cohort study of sexual and gender minority adults in the U. Read More

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Obsessive-compulsive and related disorder symptoms in the perinatal period: prevalence and associations with postpartum functioning.

Arch Womens Ment Health 2022 May 26. Epub 2022 May 26.

University of Iowa, Iowa City, USA.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms are more likely to develop or be exacerbated during pregnancy and the postpartum period, which can cause significant distress and impairment. However, the disorders grouped with OCD in the DSM-5, obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (OCRD; e.g. Read More

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Efficacy of App-Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Body Dysmorphic Disorder with Coach Support: Initial Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial.

Psychother Psychosom 2022 May 19:1-9. Epub 2022 May 19.

Koa Health, London, United Kingdom.

Introduction: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is severe, chronic, and undertreated. Apps could substantially improve treatment access.

Objective: We provide an initial test of the usability and efficacy of coach-supported app-based cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for BDD. Read More

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Motivations and Psychological Characteristics of Men Seeking Penile Girth Augmentation.

Aesthet Surg J 2022 May 2. Epub 2022 May 2.

School of Population Health and enAble Institute at Curtin University, Kent Street, Bentley, Western Australia, Australia.

Background: The popularity of penile augmentation procedures is increasing, but little is known about the motivations and psychological characteristics of men who seek these procedures.

Objectives: To investigate the motivations and psychological characteristics of men seeking a penile girth augmentation using valid psychological measures.

Methods: Men seeking to undergo a penile girth augmentation (n = 37) completed an online questionnaire containing standardized measures assessing their motivations to undergo augmentation, penile size self-discrepancy, psychological distress, self-esteem, body image related quality of life, body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), and cosmetic procedure screening scale-penile focused dysmorphic disorder (PDD). Read More

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Body dysmorphic disorder, skin diseases and psychological morbidity: common and complex.

Br J Dermatol 2022 May 3. Epub 2022 May 3.

University of Newcastle, School of Medicine and Public Health, Callaghan, NSW, Australia.

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An Evaluation of the Body Dysmorphic Disorder Symptom Scale as a Measure of Treatment Response and Remission in Psychotherapy and Medication Trials.

Behav Ther 2022 05 24;53(3):521-534. Epub 2021 Dec 24.

Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School.

The Body Dysmorphic Disorder Symptom Scale (BDD-SS) is a self-report tool that captures an array of representative behavioral and cognitive symptoms commonly displayed by individuals with BDD. The BDD-SS is regularly used among experts in the field, though its utility as a measure of treatment response has not yet been formally evaluated. Results from two clinical trials of BDD treatment were pooled from an archived database to create a sample of 220 BDD participants who received either psychosocial or medication-based interventions for BDD. Read More

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Peripheral oxytocin concentrations in psychiatric disorders - A systematic review and methanalysis: Further evidence.

Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 2022 07 21;117:110561. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, Brazil; National Institute for Science and Technology (INCT-TM, CNPq), Brasília, Brazil. Electronic address:

Increased interest in understanding how changes in the oxytocinergic system are associated with the etiology and progression of psychiatric disorders has currently boosted the publication of studies. We present a systematic literature review followed by meta-analyses assessing whether peripheral oxytocin (OXT) levels among psychiatric patients differ from healthy controls, considering the moderating role of methodological aspects and samples' characteristics. The following electronic databases were searched: PubMed, Web of Science, PsycINFO, SciELO, LILACS, and Scopus. Read More

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Short-term functions and long-term consequences of checking behavior as a transdiagnostic phenomenon: protocol for a systematic review.

BMJ Open 2022 04 19;12(4):e056732. Epub 2022 Apr 19.

Institute of Psychology, Department of Experimental Clinical Psychology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany.

Introduction: Checking behaviour (CB) occurs in various mental health problems. Cognitive-behavioural models for these mental disorders share similar theoretical assumptions. Thus, they postulate a negative reinforcing effect of CB by reducing negative affect (ie, anxiety) and a maintenance of the pathology due to a lack of reality testing of concerns. Read More

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Video Conferencing Dysmorphia: Assessment of Pandemic-Related Body Dysmorphia and Implications for the Post-lockdown Era.

Cureus 2022 Mar 8;14(3):e22965. Epub 2022 Mar 8.

Psychiatry, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, USA.

Background: The coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has led to global effects on human interaction and mental health. The most drastic changes are seen in ways people continue to stay connected with each other. Video-conferencing applications like Zoom gained popularity and have become the primary means of communication for social or work events and meetings. Read More

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Conflicting Cultural and Religious Views on Cosmesis: The Modern Women's Dilemma.

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2022 Apr 6. Epub 2022 Apr 6.

Plastic Surgery Unit, Kasr Al Ainy Hospital, Cairo University, Al Manial, Cairo, 11562, Egypt.

Background: Women from countries with conflicting views on cosmesis may avoid these procedures for the fear of being rejected by the community. Understanding the motives that drive patients from these countries to seek cosmetic procedures helps discern possible causes of postoperative dissatisfaction, which can be prevented by careful selection of patients and individualizing their management protocols.

Objectives: This study helps identify the factors that affect Egyptian Muslim women's attitude toward cosmetic procedures. Read More

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Body dysmorphic disorder in patients with acne: treatment challenges.

Postepy Dermatol Alergol 2022 Feb 28;39(1):221-222. Epub 2022 Feb 28.

Psychodermatology Department, Pulmonology, Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology Chair, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland.

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February 2022

What scans see when patients see defects: neuroimaging findings in body dysmorphic disorder.

J Integr Neurosci 2022 Mar;21(2):45

Second Department of Neurology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54621 Thessaloniki, Greece.

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is characterized by an individual's preoccupation with a perceived defect in their appearance which to others may be barely noticeable or even completely unnoticed. It confers significant disturbances of everyday functioning in affected persons. The present review study provides an overview of neuroimaging findings on BDD. Read More

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Social media and body dysmorphic disorder : Is there any link?

J Pak Med Assoc 2022 02;72(2):393

Final Year MBBS Student, Dow University of Health Sciences (DUHS), Karachi, Pakistan.

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February 2022

Epidemiology of body dysmorphic disorder among adolescents: A study of their cognitive functions.

Brain Behav 2022 04 20;12(4):e01710. Epub 2022 Mar 20.

Persian Gulf University, Bushehr, Iran.

Background: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is characterized by a preoccupation with an imagined defect in one's appearance. In case of a slight physical anomaly, the person would experience an excessive concern. This disorder causes cognitive dysfunction. Read More

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