1,681 results match your criteria Body Dysmorphic Disorder


Factor structure, validity, and reliability of a Persian version of the Body and Appearance Self-conscious Emotions Scale.

J Health Psychol 2019 Apr 16:1359105319842928. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

2 McGill University, Canada.

This study examined the psychometric properties of a Persian translation of the Body and Appearance Self-conscious Emotions Scale. A total of 393 university students from Iran completed the Body and Appearance Self-conscious Emotions Scale, along with measures of depression, self-esteem, affect, body appreciation, physical self-perceptions, personality, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and body dysmorphic disorder. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the four-factor structure had adequate fit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105319842928DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Appearance Teasing and Mental Health: Gender Differences and Mediation Effects of Appearance-Based Rejection Sensitivity and Dysmorphic Concerns.

Front Psychol 2019 20;10:579. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, School of Human and Social Sciences, University of Wuppertal, Wuppertal, Germany.

Appearance teasing is a common phenomenon in social interactions, especially in adolescence. Several studies have shown its negative impact on mental health as well as on body image. While these findings prove stable in various contexts, less evidence is available for possible gender differences in these relationships. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00579DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6435521PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

The emergence of Exercise Addiction, Body Dysmorphic Disorder, and other image-related psychopathological correlates in fitness settings: A cross sectional study.

PLoS One 2019 3;14(4):e0213060. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Centre for Clinical & Health Research Services, School of Life and Medical Sciences, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, United Kingdom.

Introduction: In a society that perpetuates the strive for a perfect appearance, a fit body has become synonymous with success, but simultaneously hard to achieve. This represents a fertile ground for the development of Exercise Addiction (EA) alongside other disorders, such as Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD). This study aims to explore the diffusion of EA in fitness settings in the United Kingdom, Italy, Netherlands, Hungary and the previously unexplored association with appearance anxiety, BDD, self-esteem and the use of fitness supplements. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0213060PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6447162PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Body parts of clinical concern in anorexia nervosa versus body dysmorphic disorder: a cross-diagnostic comparison.

Australas Psychiatry 2019 Apr 1:1039856219839477. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Research Fellow, Department of Psychiatry, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, and; Centre for Mental Health, Swinburne University, Hawthorn, VIC, and; Department of Psychiatry, St. Vincent's Mental Health, Melbourne, VIC, and; Department of Optometry and Vision Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, and; Department of Mental Health, Austin Hospital, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Objectives:: Anorexia nervosa and body dysmorphic disorder share a hallmark clinical feature of severe body image disturbance. This study aimed to document major demographic and clinical characteristics in anorexia nervosa versus body dysmorphic disorder, and it was the first to compare specific body parts related to body image dissatisfaction across these disorders directly.

Methods:: Anorexia nervosa ( n=26) and body dysmorphic disorder ( n=24) patients were administered a range of clinical measures, including key questions about the specificities of their body image concerns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1039856219839477DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

A spontaneous pregnancy and successful delivery in a Chinese female with Silver-Russell syndrome accompanied by gestational diabetes mellitus.

Gynecol Endocrinol 2019 Mar 24:1-4. Epub 2019 Mar 24.

a Department of Endocrinology , The Second Affiliated Hospital and Yuying Children's Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University , Wenzhou , People's Republic of China.

Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) is a heterogeneous disorder characterized by severe intrauterine and postnatal growth retardation and typical dysmorphic features including body asymmetry, relative macrocephaly, protruding forehead, and feeding difficulties. Previous descriptions of SRS focus on the management of specific issues in children. Herein, we present clinical and metabolic characteristics of an adult woman with SRS accompanied by gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09513590.2019.1590547DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Internet-based, therapist-guided, cognitive-behavioural therapy for body dysmorphic disorder with global eligibility for inclusion: an uncontrolled pilot study.

BMJ Open 2019 Mar 23;9(3):e024693. Epub 2019 Mar 23.

Centre for Psychiatry Research, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objectives: Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) has been shown to be an effective treatment for body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), but access to treatment around the world is limited. One way to increase access is to administer CBT remotely via the internet. This study represents the first effort to remotely deliver a therapist-supported, internet-based CBT treatment with no restrictions on enrolment based on geographical location, and it aims to assess whether this treatment can be delivered safely across international borders, with outcomes comparable to previous BDD-NET trials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024693DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Avoiding the Unhappy Patient by Building Rapport in the Internet Age.

Facial Plast Surg 2019 Apr 15;35(2):210-213. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

The dynamics of the doctor-patient relationship has been complicated as more patients seem to expect perfection in this age of selfies and Internet postings. The preoperative patient interview is critical to recognize both body language clues and subtle but apparent red flags to avoid rhinoplasty on potentially unhappy patients. This interview should include routine use of a body dysmorphic disorder screening questionnaire since legions of these patients are undiagnosed prior to surgery and few, if any, are ever satisfied with even an excellent surgical result. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1683858DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

[Body dysmorphic disorder: Symptoms, prevalence, assessment and treatment].

Laeknabladid 2019 Mars;105(3):125-131

Faculty of Psychology, University of Iceland.

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a relatively common disorder characterized by a preoccupation with nonexistent or slight defects in appearance. BDD usually begins during childhood or adolescence. The preoccupation with the perceived appearance defect typically occurs for many hours a day and is often followed by repetitive behaviours (for example mirror checking and skin picking). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/doi.org/10.17992/lbl.2019.03.222DOI Listing
February 2019
11 Reads

The Power of the Omega Points and Their Direct and Reciprocal Meanings: A Clinical Monocentric Prospective Study of 250 Cases.

Authors:
Hubert Gresser

Med Acupunct 2019 Feb 7;31(1):37-44. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Private practice, Epinal, France.

Three Omega points on the human auricle were first described by Paul Nogier, MD, of France. Each Omega point theoretically represents a different embryologic tissue layer, with a correspondence to specific physical body attributes and certain emotional developments. Maurice Verdun, MD, and René J. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/acu.2018.1283DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6386778PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Body dysmorphic disorder: The drive for perfection.

Authors:

Nursing 2019 Mar;49(3):33-34

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.NURSE.0000554201.89164.2dDOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Identifying Efficacious Treatment Elements for Refractory Conditions, Such as Body Dysmorphic Disorder.

Authors:
Douglas S Mennin

JAMA Psychiatry 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, New York.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2018.4084DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Efficacy and Posttreatment Effects of Therapist-Delivered Cognitive Behavioral Therapy vs Supportive Psychotherapy for Adults With Body Dysmorphic Disorder: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Psychiatry 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Importance: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), the best-studied treatment for body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), has to date not been compared with therapist-delivered supportive psychotherapy, the most commonly received psychosocial treatment for BDD.

Objective: To determine whether CBT for BDD (CBT-BDD) is superior to supportive psychotherapy in reducing BDD symptom severity and associated BDD-related insight, depressive symptoms, functional impairment, and quality of life, and whether these effects are durable.

Design, Setting, And Participants: This randomized clinical trial conducted at Massachusetts General Hospital and Rhode Island Hospital recruited adults with BDD between October 24, 2011, and July 7, 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2018.4156DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Direct comparisons of anorexia nervosa and body dysmorphic disorder: A systematic review.

Psychiatry Res 2019 04 1;274:129-137. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Centre for Mental Health, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia; Department of Mental Health, St Vincent's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia.

Anorexia nervosa (AN) and body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) are serious psychiatric conditions, both of which are associated with a disturbance of body image. The aim of this paper was to review those studies that have directly compared groups of individuals with AN and BDD, to determine similarities and differences in presentation between the two conditions. The literature was searched to September 2018, and studies were included if they were English language, empirical research papers published in peer-reviewed journals, specifically comparing AN and BDD patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2019.01.106DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

Factor structure and psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Body Image Avoidance Questionnaire (BIAQ).

Eat Weight Disord 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Personality, Evaluation and Psychological Treatment Department, University of Seville, Camilo José Cela, SN, 41018, Seville, Spain.

Purpose: The main objective of this study was to analyse the factor structure and psychometric properties of a Spanish validation of the Body Image Avoidance Questionnaire (BIAQ) in a community sample of adolescents.

Methods: A total of 4283 people (55.9% girls, aged 12-18) participated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40519-019-00650-7DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Body dysmorphic disorder: The drive for perfection.

Authors:
Amanda Perkins

Nursing 2019 Mar;49(3):28-33

Amanda Perkins is an assistant professor of nursing at Vermont Tech in Randolph, Vt.

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is an obsessive-compulsive and related disorder that pushes people toward perfection, affecting 5 to 7.5 million people in the US. Individuals with BDD spend a great deal of time focusing on perceived flaws and ways in which to hide these flaws. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.NURSE.0000553273.24557.58DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Body-oriented gaze behaviors in men with muscle dysmorphia diagnoses.

J Abnorm Psychol 2019 Feb;128(2):140-150

Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Osnabrück University.

Although muscle dysmorphia (MD) has been added as a specifier for body dysmorphic disorder in the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, experimental research on psychopathological mechanisms is lacking. Because models of eating disorders (EDs) suggest parallels between MD and ED, body-oriented attentional biases, which are prominent in ED models, have been identified as potentially important maintaining factors. Specifically, we predicted the existence of biases toward subjectively negative areas of one's own body and positive areas of a bodybuilder in MD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/abn0000403DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Body image, cosmetic surgery, and minimally invasive treatments.

Authors:
David B Sarwer

Body Image 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

College of Public Health, Temple University, United States. Electronic address:

Over the past 60 years, a growing body of research has investigated the psychological aspects of cosmetic surgery and related minimally-invasive treatments. While the earliest studies were influenced by psychoanalytic thinking, much of the work over the past several decades has been influenced by Thomas Cash's cognitive-behavioral theory of body image and has focused on the appearance concerns of patients who seek these procedures. The majority of individuals interested in the procedures report heightened dissatisfaction typically focused on the feature being considered for treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.01.009DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Isolated Growth Hormone Deficiency Type II due to a novel mutation: A Case Report

J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Child Health, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital Jakarta, Universitas Indonesia

Isolated growth hormone deficiency (IGHD) type II is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterized by severe short stature with low growth hormone level. Timely diagnosis is important for optimal results of recombinant human GH (rhGH) treatment and detection of additional pituitary deficiencies in affected relatives. A male child presented at the age of one year with severe proportionate short stature (-4. Read More

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http://cms.galenos.com.tr/Uploads/Article_21569/JCRPE-0-0-En
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4274/jcrpe.0305DOI Listing
January 2019
21 Reads

A Practical Guide to Managing Body Dysmorphic Disorder in the Cosmetic Surgery Setting.

JAMA Facial Plast Surg 2019 Jan 24. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamafacial.2018.1840DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

De Novo SOX4 Variants Cause a Neurodevelopmental Disease Associated with Mild Dysmorphism.

Am J Hum Genet 2019 Feb 17;104(2):246-259. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Surgery/Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. Electronic address:

SOX4, together with SOX11 and SOX12, forms group C of SRY-related (SOX) transcription factors. They play key roles, often in redundancy, in multiple developmental pathways, including neurogenesis and skeletogenesis. De novo SOX11 heterozygous mutations have been shown to cause intellectual disability, growth deficiency, and dysmorphic features compatible with mild Coffin-Siris syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajhg.2018.12.014DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369454PMC
February 2019
4 Reads
10.931 Impact Factor

Body dysmorphic disorder and its relationship to sexuality, impulsivity, and addiction.

Psychiatry Res 2019 Jan 11;273:260-265. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge; & Cambridge and Peterborough NHS Foundation Trust (CPFT), Cambridge, UK.

This study sought to examine the prevalence of probable body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in a university sample and its associated physical and mental health correlates. A 156-item anonymous online survey was distributed via email to a randomly chosen subset of 10,000 university students, at a large public university. The survey queried current use of alcohol and drugs, psychological and physical status, academic performance, sexual behaviors, and questionnaire-based measures of impulsivity and compulsivity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2019.01.036DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6420059PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Evaluating the potential roles of body dissatisfaction in exercise avoidance.

Body Image 2019 Mar 14;28:110-114. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD, United States.

Body dissatisfaction is linked to poor physical health, even after actual markers of health have been controlled for. This link is likely due to body dissatisfaction influencing health behaviors-more specifically, cardiovascular exercise. Modifiable reasons for this link have yet to be determined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.01.003DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Long-term outcome of therapist-guided internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy for body dysmorphic disorder (BDD-NET): a naturalistic 2-year follow-up after a randomised controlled trial.

BMJ Open 2019 Jan 15;9(1):e024307. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Centre for Psychiatry Research, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objectives: Most patients with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) do not receive evidence-based treatment. A randomised controlled trial (RCT) has found that a therapist-guided internet-based cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) programme for BDD (BDD-NET) can be delivered safely via the internet with significant improvements in BDD symptom severity in the short term. The purpose of this study was to evaluate if the therapeutic gains of BDD-NET are maintained 2 years after treatment. Read More

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http://bmjopen.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-02430
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024307DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340432PMC
January 2019
15 Reads

Appearance comparison and other appearance-related influences on body dissatisfaction in everyday life.

Body Image 2019 Mar 9;28:101-109. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

School of Psychology, Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria, 3125, Australia; Cairnmillar Institute, Hawthorn East, Victoria, 3123, Australia.

Although appearance comparisons, self-monitoring, and appearance-related comments have been linked to body dissatisfaction in prior studies, the combined and unique influences of these variables on state body dissatisfaction in daily life has yet to be explored. The present study addressed this gap, and also evaluated whether these state-based effects were stronger for individuals with trait-level body image disturbances (internalization and body dissatisfaction). Eighty-four women completed baseline measures of trait internalization and body dissatisfaction, and then reported momentary experiences of body dissatisfaction, appearance self-monitoring, appearance-related comments, and appearance-based comparisons at up to 10 random times daily for seven days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.01.002DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Intranasal oxytocin modulates higher order social cognition in body dysmorphic disorder.

Depress Anxiety 2019 02 7;36(2):153-161. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Psychiatry, OCD and Related Disorders Program, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Background: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a psychiatric disorder with specific impairments in social cognition related to excessive concerns about one's appearance. Individuals with BDD have difficulty identifying emotional expressions and attribute internal factors for others' emotional expressions in self-referent (but not other-referent) scenarios. Given the role of oxytocin in regulating social approach behavior and social salience, we hypothesized that oxytocin would improve biases in emotion recognition, attributions, and threat interpretations in individuals with BDD, compared to healthy controls (HCs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/da.22876DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Asessing the male body image: Spanish validation of two instruments.

Psychiatry Res 2019 02 25;272:483-490. Epub 2018 Dec 25.

School of Human and Behavioral Sciences, Favaloro University, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Despite the literature suggesting that body dissatisfaction is increasing among males, only few measures on specific body image concerns in men have been validated in Spanish male populations. The aim of this study was to reassess the factor structure of the Spanish versions of the Muscle Dysmorphic Disorder Inventory (MMDI) and the Adonis Complex Questionnaire (ACQ). A cross-sectional study was conducted among 298 Sport Sciences male students to examine: reliability, the factorial structure, and several evidences of validity -concurrent and convergent- of both scales. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.12.125DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

High Prevalence of Body Dysmorphic Disorder and Moderate to Severe Appearance-Related Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms Among Rhinoplasty Candidates.

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, UNIFESP, Rua Botucatu 740, 2o. andar, São Paulo, São Paulo, CEP 04023-062, Brazil.

Background: Rhinoplasty is one of the most sought-after procedures in plastic surgery by individuals with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). The identification of BDD symptoms is a challenge for plastic surgeons. The purpose of this study was to use a specific instrument for detection of BDD symptoms as a screening tool in rhinoplasty candidates and estimate the prevalence and severity of BDD symptoms in this population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00266-018-1300-1DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Affect and worry during a checking episode: A comparison of individuals with symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, body dysmorphic disorder, illness anxiety disorder, and panic disorder.

Psychiatry Res 2019 02 25;272:349-358. Epub 2018 Dec 25.

Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology, Division of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Osnabrück University, Knollstr. 15, 49069 Osnabrück, Germany.

Checking behavior (CB) occurs in a variety of disorders such as obsessive-compulsive (OCD), body dysmorphic (BDD), illness anxiety (IA), and panic disorder (PD), as well as anorexia (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN). Etiological models of these disorders - with the exception of those for PD - postulate that CB mainly occurs in situations characterized by negative affect and serves to regulate it. We aimed to test these assumptions: N = 386 individuals with a self-reported diagnosis of one of the disorders rated their affect at baseline, directly before a remembered CB episode, during, immediately afterwards, and 15 and 60 minutes afterwards, and rated their endorsement of different functions of CB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.12.132DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Visual training program for body dysmorphic disorder: protocol for a novel intervention pilot and feasibility trial.

Pilot Feasibility Stud 2018 21;4:189. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

1Centre for Mental Health, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a characterised by perceived defects or flaws in appearance which are associated with distressing thoughts, repetitive or obsessive behaviours, and significant impairment in social and occupational functioning. A core feature of BDD involves abnormalities of visual processing, although this is not typically a focus of psychological and psychiatric treatments. While current treatments generally show moderate effectiveness in the short-term, those with BDD can have high relapse rates, as they still 'see' their flaws or defects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40814-018-0384-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6302469PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

The efficacy of biofeedback approaches for obsessive-compulsive and related disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Psychiatry Res 2019 02 20;272:237-245. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Life and Health Sciences Research Institute (ICVS), School of Medicine, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal; ICVS/3B's - PT Government Associate Laboratory, Braga/Guimarães, Portugal. Electronic address:

Biofeedback is applied to target excessive and/or deficient physiological signals to help patients identifying and self-managing their symptoms. Biofeedback has been employed in psychiatric disorders, including obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), mainly by using neural signals - neurofeedback. Recently, OCD has been integrated into the obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (OCD&RD) category (body dysmorphic, hoarding, trichotillomania/hair-pulling, and excoriation/skin-picking disorders). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01651781183163
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.12.096DOI Listing
February 2019
14 Reads

An Internet-based controlled trial of interpretation bias modification versus progressive muscle relaxation for body dysmorphic disorder.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2019 Mar 27;87(3):257-269. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Department of Psychology.

Objective: The current study extended upon previous research efforts by evaluating the utility and feasibility of an 8-session Internet-based interpretation bias modification (IBM) training protocol targeting evaluation- and appearance-related threat biases characteristic of the disorder compared to a progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) condition for treatment of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD).

Method: Fifty participants with BDD were recruited from across the United States and randomly assigned to eight sessions of either IBM or PMR. Assessments of interpretation bias, BDD symptoms, depression, and anxiety were administered at pretreatment, 1-week posttreatment, and 3-month follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000372DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Stigmatisation and body image impairment in dermatological patients: protocol for an observational multicentre study in 16 European countries.

BMJ Open 2018 Dec 22;8(12):e024877. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Institute of Medical Psychology, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany.

Introduction: Patients with common skin diseases may have substantial psychosocial comorbidity and reduced quality of life. This study aims at exploring further the psychosocial burden of skin diseases by assessing stigmatisation and body image problems in a large sample of patients with skin disease across Europe.

Methods And Analysis: The study is an observational cross-sectional multicentre study across 16 European countries comparing stigmatisation and body image in patients with skin disease compared with controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024877DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307615PMC
December 2018
16 Reads

Body dysmorphia in dentistry and prosthodontics: A practice based study.

J Dent 2019 Feb 21;81:33-38. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Centre for Mental Health, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn VIC 3122, Australia. Electronic address:

The prevalence of Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) and dysmorphic concern in dentistry and prosthodontics have not been properly assessed, yet the mouth and the teeth are amongst the top preoccupation for these individuals.

Objectives: To evaluate the prevalence of dysmorphic symptoms and BDD using validated tools in patients presenting to general and specialist prosthodontic practice.

Methods: Patients were recruited by two prosthodontics practices and three general dentist practices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jdent.2018.12.003DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Major Motivators and Sociodemographic Features of Women Undergoing Labiaplasty.

Aesthet Surg J 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Bartin State Hospital, Bartin, Turkey.

Background: Influencing factors to decide for labiaplasty are evolving and show diversity among different settings and countries. Updated underlying motivators may assist in the clinical decision-making and assessing outcomes from the patients' perspective.

Objective: Herein, the main motivators of women undergoing labiaplasty and sociodemographic features are discussed. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/asj/advance-article/doi/10.1093/asj
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/asj/sjy321DOI Listing
December 2018
31 Reads

The effect of copy number variations in chromosome 16p on body weight in patients with intellectual disability.

J Hum Genet 2019 Mar 5;64(3):221-231. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Genomics Group, Fundación Investigación Hospital General Universitario de Valencia, Valencia, Spain.

Syndromic monogenic obesity is a rare and severe early-onset form of obesity. It is characterized by intellectual disability, congenital malformations, and/or dysmorphic facies. The diagnosis of patients is challenging due to the genetic heterogenicity of this condition. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s10038-018-0545-5
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s10038-018-0545-5DOI Listing
March 2019
17 Reads

Body Satisfaction, Performance Perception, and Weight Loss Behavior in Young Female Dancers.

Med Probl Perform Art 2018 12;33(4):225-230

20 Hope Ave. G1, Waltham, MA 02453, USA.

Objective: To understand the impact of body satisfaction and performance perception on intentional weight loss behavior and body mass index (BMI) in young female dancers.

Methods: Young female dancers who visited an injury prevention center were provided a questionnaire including three questions designed to elicit their body satisfaction, perception of weight toward performance, and any intentional weight loss behavior. Binary responses (yes/no) were compared between the three questions using chi-square analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21091/mppa.2018.4033DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Personality Disorders among Individuals Seeking Cosmetic Botulinum Toxin Type A (BoNTA) Injection, a Cross-Sectional Study.

Eurasian J Med 2018 Oct;50(3):164-167

Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University Ardabil Branch, Ardabil, Iran.

Objective: Body dysmorphic disorder, narcissistic personality disorder, and histrionic personality disorders are the most frequent personality disorders in patients seeking cosmetic interventions. Botulinum toxin type A (BoNTA) injection for cosmetic purpose is the most popular among non-surgical cosmetic procedures and is also the second common aesthetic treatment in Iran. The current study aimed to assess personality disorders in people who were referred for BoNTA injection in Ardabil, Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/eurasianjmed.2018.17373DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6263231PMC
October 2018
4 Reads

Functional links of obsessive, dysmorphic, hypochondriac, and eating-disorders related mental intrusions.

Int J Clin Health Psychol 2018 Jan-Apr;18(1):43-51. Epub 2017 Oct 16.

Research and Treatment Unit for Obsessions and Compulsions (I'TOC), Universidad de Valencia, Spain.

Unwanted mental intrusions (UMIs) are the normal variants of obsessions in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), preoccupations about defects in Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD), images about illness in Hypochondriasis (HYP), and thoughts about eating in Eating Disorders (EDs). The aim was to examine the similarities and differences in the functional links of four UMI contents, adopting a within-subject perspective. : 438 university students and community participants ( = 29. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijchp.2017.09.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6220904PMC
October 2017
4 Reads

Skin, Body Dysmorphic Disorder, and Other Syndromes.

Actas Dermosifiliogr 2019 Jan - Feb;110(1). Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Dermatología Oviedo, Asturias, España. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ad.2018.09.006DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Social Media and Body Dissatisfaction: Investigating the Attenuating Role of Positive Parent-Adolescent Relationships.

J Youth Adolesc 2019 Mar 26;48(3):527-536. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Danita Supervised Living, Timon Youth Care, Adriaan Kluitstraat 38, 3052 RD, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Previous research has shown that adolescents´ social media use predicts increased body dissatisfaction. However, little is known about social environmental factors that may attenuate this relationship. This study examines one such potential moderating social environmental factor: positive parent-adolescent relationships. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10964-018-0956-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10964-018-0956-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6394528PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Parameters of visual processing abnormalities in adults with body image concerns.

PLoS One 2018 26;13(11):e0207585. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

School of Psychological Sciences and Monash Institute of Cognitive and Clinical Neurosciences, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia.

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), at the extreme end of the body image concern (BIC) spectrum, is thought to be associated with a local (detail-focussed) visual processing bias. Given that the inversion of a stimulus disrupts holistic processing and demands detail-specific attention, this perceptual bias is characterised by superior processing of such inverted stimuli. This study examined the processing bias, via a body-inversion discrimination task, of 26 participants with non-clinical, high-BIC (Dysmophic Concern Questionnaire (DCQ) scores between 11-19) and 26 participants with low-BIC (DCQ scores between 0-4). Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0207585PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6261110PMC
November 2018
16 Reads

Use of antipsychotic drugs in dermatology.

Clin Dermatol 2018 Nov - Dec;36(6):765-773. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Antipsychotic drugs can be beneficial in dermatology because of their both central nervous system and peripheral effects. All antipsychotic drugs have a central postsynaptic dopamine D2 receptor blocking effect, which underlies their antipsychotic action. The antipsychotic drugs have varying degrees of histamine H1-receptor, cholinergic muscarinic receptor, and α1-adrenergic receptor blocking effects, which can affect cutaneous perception and the autonomic reactivity of the skin and can be potentially beneficial in the management of certain histamine or sympathetically mediated dermatologic manifestations (eg, urticaria, pruritus, hyperhidrosis). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0738081X183017
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clindermatol.2018.08.006DOI Listing
March 2019
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Application of a transdiagnostic treatment for emotional disorders to body dysmorphic disorder: A randomized controlled trial.

J Affect Disord 2019 02 7;245:637-644. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Family Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a common disorder which is associated with a high rate of comorbidity and functional impairment. Although research shows that cognitive-behavioral therapy can be an efficacious treatment for BDD, there is growing evidence that dysregulated emotion is a core deficit. The Unified Protocol for the Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders (UP) is a transdiagnostic, emotion focused cognitive-behavioral therapy protocol that has been developed to target emotion regulation processes that play an important role in the development and maintenance of many emotional disorders METHODS: : In the present study, 128 patients meeting criteria for BDD were randomized to either the UP (n = 64) or waitlist/treatment-as-usual (WL/TAU) condition. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01650327183141
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.11.058DOI Listing
February 2019
17 Reads

Muscle Dysmorphic Disorder Inventory (MDDI): Validation of a German version with a focus on gender.

PLoS One 2018 16;13(11):e0207535. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Medical Center-University of Freiburg, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.

Muscle dysmorphia (MD) is a condition that is characterized by body image disturbance, a drive for muscularity and excessive exercising. It leads to considerable functional impairment. Most previous studies focused on male samples. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0207535PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6239320PMC
April 2019
25 Reads

Sex differences in own and other body perception.

Hum Brain Mapp 2019 Feb 15;40(2):474-488. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Women's and Children's Health, Karolinska Institute and University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Own body perception, and differentiating and comparing one's body to another person's body, are common cognitive functions that have relevance for self-identity and social interactions. In several psychiatric conditions, including anorexia nervosa, body dysmorphic disorder, gender dysphoria, and autism spectrum disorder, self and own body perception, as well as aspects of social communication are disturbed. Despite most of these conditions having skewed prevalence sex ratios, little is known about whether the neural basis of own body perception differs between the sexes. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/hbm.24388
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hbm.24388DOI Listing
February 2019
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Keloid negatively affects body image.

Burns 2018 Nov 11. Epub 2018 Nov 11.

Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP/EPM) - Plastic Surgery Division, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background/objectives: Keloid is a healing disorder that occurs exclusively in humans. This pathology is considered a benign cicatricial neoplasm, whose physiopathogenesis has not yet completely clarified. Its disfiguring appearance often could potentially cause a disturbance in the patient regarding his/her body image. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2018.10.009DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

Definition and diagnostic criteria for orthorexia nervosa: a narrative review of the literature.

Eat Weight Disord 2019 Apr 9;24(2):209-246. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Food Science and Human Nutrition Research Unit, Medical Pathophysiology, Food Science and Endocrinology Section, Experimental Medicine Department, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Aim: In some cases, detrimental consequences on health are generated by self-imposed dietary rules intended to promote health. The pursuit of an "extreme dietary purity" due to an exaggerated focus on food may lead to a disordered eating behavior called "orthorexia nervosa" (ON). ON raises a growing interest, but at present there is no universally shared definition of ON, the diagnostic criteria are under debate, and the psychometric instruments used in the literature revealed some flaws. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s40519-018-0606-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40519-018-0606-yDOI Listing
April 2019
20 Reads