1,656 results match your criteria Body Dysmorphic Disorder


Identifying Efficacious Treatment Elements for Refractory Conditions, Such as Body Dysmorphic Disorder.

Authors:
Douglas S Mennin

JAMA Psychiatry 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, New York.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2018.4084DOI Listing
February 2019

Efficacy and Posttreatment Effects of Therapist-Delivered Cognitive Behavioral Therapy vs Supportive Psychotherapy for Adults With Body Dysmorphic Disorder: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Psychiatry 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Importance: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), the best-studied treatment for body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), has to date not been compared with therapist-delivered supportive psychotherapy, the most commonly received psychosocial treatment for BDD.

Objective: To determine whether CBT for BDD (CBT-BDD) is superior to supportive psychotherapy in reducing BDD symptom severity and associated BDD-related insight, depressive symptoms, functional impairment, and quality of life, and whether these effects are durable.

Design, Setting, And Participants: This randomized clinical trial conducted at Massachusetts General Hospital and Rhode Island Hospital recruited adults with BDD between October 24, 2011, and July 7, 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2018.4156DOI Listing
February 2019

Direct comparisons of anorexia nervosa and body dysmorphic disorder: A systematic review.

Psychiatry Res 2019 Feb 1;274:129-137. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Centre for Mental Health, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia; Department of Mental Health, St Vincent's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia.

Anorexia nervosa (AN) and body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) are serious psychiatric conditions, both of which are associated with a disturbance of body image. The aim of this paper was to review those studies that have directly compared groups of individuals with AN and BDD, to determine similarities and differences in presentation between the two conditions. The literature was searched to September 2018, and studies were included if they were English language, empirical research papers published in peer-reviewed journals, specifically comparing AN and BDD patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2019.01.106DOI Listing
February 2019

Factor structure and psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Body Image Avoidance Questionnaire (BIAQ).

Eat Weight Disord 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Personality, Evaluation and Psychological Treatment Department, University of Seville, Camilo José Cela, SN, 41018, Seville, Spain.

Purpose: The main objective of this study was to analyse the factor structure and psychometric properties of a Spanish validation of the Body Image Avoidance Questionnaire (BIAQ) in a community sample of adolescents.

Methods: A total of 4283 people (55.9% girls, aged 12-18) participated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40519-019-00650-7DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Body dysmorphic disorder The drive for perfection.

Authors:
Amanda Perkins

Nursing 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Amanda Perkins is an assistant professor of nursing at Vermont Tech in Randolph, Vt.

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is an obsessive-compulsive and related disorder that pushes people toward perfection, affecting 5 to 7.5 million people in the US. Individuals with BDD spend a great deal of time focusing on perceived flaws and ways in which to hide these flaws. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.NURSE.0000553273.24557.58DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Body-oriented gaze behaviors in men with muscle dysmorphia diagnoses.

J Abnorm Psychol 2019 Feb;128(2):140-150

Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Osnabrück University.

Although muscle dysmorphia (MD) has been added as a specifier for body dysmorphic disorder in the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, experimental research on psychopathological mechanisms is lacking. Because models of eating disorders (EDs) suggest parallels between MD and ED, body-oriented attentional biases, which are prominent in ED models, have been identified as potentially important maintaining factors. Specifically, we predicted the existence of biases toward subjectively negative areas of one's own body and positive areas of a bodybuilder in MD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/abn0000403DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Body image, cosmetic surgery, and minimally invasive treatments.

Authors:
David B Sarwer

Body Image 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

College of Public Health, Temple University, United States. Electronic address:

Over the past 60 years, a growing body of research has investigated the psychological aspects of cosmetic surgery and related minimally-invasive treatments. While the earliest studies were influenced by psychoanalytic thinking, much of the work over the past several decades has been influenced by Thomas Cash's cognitive-behavioral theory of body image and has focused on the appearance concerns of patients who seek these procedures. The majority of individuals interested in the procedures report heightened dissatisfaction typically focused on the feature being considered for treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.01.009DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Isolated Growth Hormone Deficiency Type II due to a novel mutation: A Case Report

J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Child Health, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital Jakarta, Universitas Indonesia

Isolated growth hormone deficiency (IGHD) type II is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterized by severe short stature with low growth hormone level. Timely diagnosis is important for optimal results of recombinant human GH (rhGH) treatment and detection of additional pituitary deficiencies in affected relatives. A male child presented at the age of one year with severe proportionate short stature (-4. Read More

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http://cms.galenos.com.tr/Uploads/Article_21569/JCRPE-0-0-En
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4274/jcrpe.0305DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads

A Practical Guide to Managing Body Dysmorphic Disorder in the Cosmetic Surgery Setting.

JAMA Facial Plast Surg 2019 Jan 24. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamafacial.2018.1840DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

De Novo SOX4 Variants Cause a Neurodevelopmental Disease Associated with Mild Dysmorphism.

Am J Hum Genet 2019 Feb 17;104(2):246-259. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Surgery/Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. Electronic address:

SOX4, together with SOX11 and SOX12, forms group C of SRY-related (SOX) transcription factors. They play key roles, often in redundancy, in multiple developmental pathways, including neurogenesis and skeletogenesis. De novo SOX11 heterozygous mutations have been shown to cause intellectual disability, growth deficiency, and dysmorphic features compatible with mild Coffin-Siris syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajhg.2018.12.014DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369454PMC
February 2019
3 Reads
10.931 Impact Factor

Body dysmorphic disorder and its relationship to sexuality, impulsivity, and addiction.

Psychiatry Res 2019 Jan 11;273:260-265. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge; & Cambridge and Peterborough NHS Foundation Trust (CPFT), Cambridge, UK.

This study sought to examine the prevalence of probable body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in a university sample and its associated physical and mental health correlates. A 156-item anonymous online survey was distributed via email to a randomly chosen subset of 10,000 university students, at a large public university. The survey queried current use of alcohol and drugs, psychological and physical status, academic performance, sexual behaviors, and questionnaire-based measures of impulsivity and compulsivity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2019.01.036DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Long-term outcome of therapist-guided internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy for body dysmorphic disorder (BDD-NET): a naturalistic 2-year follow-up after a randomised controlled trial.

BMJ Open 2019 Jan 15;9(1):e024307. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Centre for Psychiatry Research, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objectives: Most patients with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) do not receive evidence-based treatment. A randomised controlled trial (RCT) has found that a therapist-guided internet-based cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) programme for BDD (BDD-NET) can be delivered safely via the internet with significant improvements in BDD symptom severity in the short term. The purpose of this study was to evaluate if the therapeutic gains of BDD-NET are maintained 2 years after treatment. Read More

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http://bmjopen.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-02430
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024307DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340432PMC
January 2019
8 Reads

Intranasal oxytocin modulates higher order social cognition in body dysmorphic disorder.

Depress Anxiety 2019 Feb 7;36(2):153-161. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Psychiatry, OCD and Related Disorders Program, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Background: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a psychiatric disorder with specific impairments in social cognition related to excessive concerns about one's appearance. Individuals with BDD have difficulty identifying emotional expressions and attribute internal factors for others' emotional expressions in self-referent (but not other-referent) scenarios. Given the role of oxytocin in regulating social approach behavior and social salience, we hypothesized that oxytocin would improve biases in emotion recognition, attributions, and threat interpretations in individuals with BDD, compared to healthy controls (HCs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/da.22876DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Asessing the male body image: Spanish validation of two instruments.

Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 25;272:483-490. Epub 2018 Dec 25.

School of Human and Behavioral Sciences, Favaloro University, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Despite the literature suggesting that body dissatisfaction is increasing among males, only few measures on specific body image concerns in men have been validated in Spanish male populations. The aim of this study was to reassess the factor structure of the Spanish versions of the Muscle Dysmorphic Disorder Inventory (MMDI) and the Adonis Complex Questionnaire (ACQ). A cross-sectional study was conducted among 298 Sport Sciences male students to examine: reliability, the factorial structure, and several evidences of validity -concurrent and convergent- of both scales. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.12.125DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

High Prevalence of Body Dysmorphic Disorder and Moderate to Severe Appearance-Related Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms Among Rhinoplasty Candidates.

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, UNIFESP, Rua Botucatu 740, 2o. andar, São Paulo, São Paulo, CEP 04023-062, Brazil.

Background: Rhinoplasty is one of the most sought-after procedures in plastic surgery by individuals with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). The identification of BDD symptoms is a challenge for plastic surgeons. The purpose of this study was to use a specific instrument for detection of BDD symptoms as a screening tool in rhinoplasty candidates and estimate the prevalence and severity of BDD symptoms in this population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00266-018-1300-1DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Affect and worry during a checking episode: A comparison of individuals with symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, body dysmorphic disorder, illness anxiety disorder, and panic disorder.

Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 25;272:349-358. Epub 2018 Dec 25.

Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Psychology, Division of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Osnabrück University, Knollstr. 15, 49069 Osnabrück, Germany.

Checking behavior (CB) occurs in a variety of disorders such as obsessive-compulsive (OCD), body dysmorphic (BDD), illness anxiety (IA), and panic disorder (PD), as well as anorexia (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN). Etiological models of these disorders - with the exception of those for PD - postulate that CB mainly occurs in situations characterized by negative affect and serves to regulate it. We aimed to test these assumptions: N = 386 individuals with a self-reported diagnosis of one of the disorders rated their affect at baseline, directly before a remembered CB episode, during, immediately afterwards, and 15 and 60 minutes afterwards, and rated their endorsement of different functions of CB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.12.132DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Visual training program for body dysmorphic disorder: protocol for a novel intervention pilot and feasibility trial.

Pilot Feasibility Stud 2018 21;4:189. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

1Centre for Mental Health, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a characterised by perceived defects or flaws in appearance which are associated with distressing thoughts, repetitive or obsessive behaviours, and significant impairment in social and occupational functioning. A core feature of BDD involves abnormalities of visual processing, although this is not typically a focus of psychological and psychiatric treatments. While current treatments generally show moderate effectiveness in the short-term, those with BDD can have high relapse rates, as they still 'see' their flaws or defects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40814-018-0384-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6302469PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

The efficacy of biofeedback approaches for obsessive-compulsive and related disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 20;272:237-245. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Life and Health Sciences Research Institute (ICVS), School of Medicine, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal; ICVS/3B's - PT Government Associate Laboratory, Braga/Guimarães, Portugal. Electronic address:

Biofeedback is applied to target excessive and/or deficient physiological signals to help patients identifying and self-managing their symptoms. Biofeedback has been employed in psychiatric disorders, including obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), mainly by using neural signals - neurofeedback. Recently, OCD has been integrated into the obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (OCD&RD) category (body dysmorphic, hoarding, trichotillomania/hair-pulling, and excoriation/skin-picking disorders). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01651781183163
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.12.096DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

An Internet-based controlled trial of interpretation bias modification versus progressive muscle relaxation for body dysmorphic disorder.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2019 Mar 27;87(3):257-269. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Department of Psychology.

Objective: The current study extended upon previous research efforts by evaluating the utility and feasibility of an 8-session Internet-based interpretation bias modification (IBM) training protocol targeting evaluation- and appearance-related threat biases characteristic of the disorder compared to a progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) condition for treatment of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD).

Method: Fifty participants with BDD were recruited from across the United States and randomly assigned to eight sessions of either IBM or PMR. Assessments of interpretation bias, BDD symptoms, depression, and anxiety were administered at pretreatment, 1-week posttreatment, and 3-month follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000372DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Stigmatisation and body image impairment in dermatological patients: protocol for an observational multicentre study in 16 European countries.

BMJ Open 2018 Dec 22;8(12):e024877. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Institute of Medical Psychology, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany.

Introduction: Patients with common skin diseases may have substantial psychosocial comorbidity and reduced quality of life. This study aims at exploring further the psychosocial burden of skin diseases by assessing stigmatisation and body image problems in a large sample of patients with skin disease across Europe.

Methods And Analysis: The study is an observational cross-sectional multicentre study across 16 European countries comparing stigmatisation and body image in patients with skin disease compared with controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024877DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307615PMC
December 2018
8 Reads

Body dysmorphia in dentistry and prosthodontics: A practice based study.

J Dent 2019 Feb 21;81:33-38. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Centre for Mental Health, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn VIC 3122, Australia. Electronic address:

The prevalence of Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) and dysmorphic concern in dentistry and prosthodontics have not been properly assessed, yet the mouth and the teeth are amongst the top preoccupation for these individuals.

Objectives: To evaluate the prevalence of dysmorphic symptoms and BDD using validated tools in patients presenting to general and specialist prosthodontic practice.

Methods: Patients were recruited by two prosthodontics practices and three general dentist practices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jdent.2018.12.003DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Major Motivators and Sociodemographic Features of Women Undergoing Labiaplasty.

Aesthet Surg J 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Bartin State Hospital, Bartin, Turkey.

Background: Influencing factors to decide for labiaplasty are evolving and show diversity among different settings and countries. Updated underlying motivators may assist in the clinical decision-making and assessing outcomes from the patients' perspective.

Objective: Herein, the main motivators of women undergoing labiaplasty and sociodemographic features are discussed. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/asj/advance-article/doi/10.1093/asj
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/asj/sjy321DOI Listing
December 2018
20 Reads

The effect of copy number variations in chromosome 16p on body weight in patients with intellectual disability.

J Hum Genet 2019 Mar 5;64(3):221-231. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Genomics Group, Fundación Investigación Hospital General Universitario de Valencia, Valencia, Spain.

Syndromic monogenic obesity is a rare and severe early-onset form of obesity. It is characterized by intellectual disability, congenital malformations, and/or dysmorphic facies. The diagnosis of patients is challenging due to the genetic heterogenicity of this condition. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s10038-018-0545-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s10038-018-0545-5DOI Listing
March 2019
12 Reads

Personality Disorders among Individuals Seeking Cosmetic Botulinum Toxin Type A (BoNTA) Injection, a Cross-Sectional Study.

Eurasian J Med 2018 Oct;50(3):164-167

Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University Ardabil Branch, Ardabil, Iran.

Objective: Body dysmorphic disorder, narcissistic personality disorder, and histrionic personality disorders are the most frequent personality disorders in patients seeking cosmetic interventions. Botulinum toxin type A (BoNTA) injection for cosmetic purpose is the most popular among non-surgical cosmetic procedures and is also the second common aesthetic treatment in Iran. The current study aimed to assess personality disorders in people who were referred for BoNTA injection in Ardabil, Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/eurasianjmed.2018.17373DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6263231PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

Functional links of obsessive, dysmorphic, hypochondriac, and eating-disorders related mental intrusions.

Int J Clin Health Psychol 2018 Jan-Apr;18(1):43-51. Epub 2017 Oct 16.

Research and Treatment Unit for Obsessions and Compulsions (I'TOC), Universidad de Valencia, Spain.

Unwanted mental intrusions (UMIs) are the normal variants of obsessions in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), preoccupations about defects in Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD), images about illness in Hypochondriasis (HYP), and thoughts about eating in Eating Disorders (EDs). The aim was to examine the similarities and differences in the functional links of four UMI contents, adopting a within-subject perspective. : 438 university students and community participants ( = 29. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijchp.2017.09.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6220904PMC
October 2017
2 Reads

Skin, Body Dysmorphic Disorder, and Other Syndromes.

Actas Dermosifiliogr 2019 Jan - Feb;110(1). Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Dermatología Oviedo, Asturias, España. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ad.2018.09.006DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Parameters of visual processing abnormalities in adults with body image concerns.

PLoS One 2018 26;13(11):e0207585. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

School of Psychological Sciences and Monash Institute of Cognitive and Clinical Neurosciences, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia.

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), at the extreme end of the body image concern (BIC) spectrum, is thought to be associated with a local (detail-focussed) visual processing bias. Given that the inversion of a stimulus disrupts holistic processing and demands detail-specific attention, this perceptual bias is characterised by superior processing of such inverted stimuli. This study examined the processing bias, via a body-inversion discrimination task, of 26 participants with non-clinical, high-BIC (Dysmophic Concern Questionnaire (DCQ) scores between 11-19) and 26 participants with low-BIC (DCQ scores between 0-4). Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0207585PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6261110PMC
November 2018
8 Reads

Application of a transdiagnostic treatment for emotional disorders to body dysmorphic disorder: A randomized controlled trial.

J Affect Disord 2019 02 7;245:637-644. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Family Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a common disorder which is associated with a high rate of comorbidity and functional impairment. Although research shows that cognitive-behavioral therapy can be an efficacious treatment for BDD, there is growing evidence that dysregulated emotion is a core deficit. The Unified Protocol for the Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders (UP) is a transdiagnostic, emotion focused cognitive-behavioral therapy protocol that has been developed to target emotion regulation processes that play an important role in the development and maintenance of many emotional disorders METHODS: : In the present study, 128 patients meeting criteria for BDD were randomized to either the UP (n = 64) or waitlist/treatment-as-usual (WL/TAU) condition. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01650327183141
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.11.058DOI Listing
February 2019
9 Reads

Muscle Dysmorphic Disorder Inventory (MDDI): Validation of a German version with a focus on gender.

PLoS One 2018 16;13(11):e0207535. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Medical Center-University of Freiburg, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.

Muscle dysmorphia (MD) is a condition that is characterized by body image disturbance, a drive for muscularity and excessive exercising. It leads to considerable functional impairment. Most previous studies focused on male samples. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0207535PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6239320PMC
November 2018
14 Reads

Sex differences in own and other body perception.

Hum Brain Mapp 2019 Feb 15;40(2):474-488. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Women's and Children's Health, Karolinska Institute and University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Own body perception, and differentiating and comparing one's body to another person's body, are common cognitive functions that have relevance for self-identity and social interactions. In several psychiatric conditions, including anorexia nervosa, body dysmorphic disorder, gender dysphoria, and autism spectrum disorder, self and own body perception, as well as aspects of social communication are disturbed. Despite most of these conditions having skewed prevalence sex ratios, little is known about whether the neural basis of own body perception differs between the sexes. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/hbm.24388
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hbm.24388DOI Listing
February 2019
14 Reads

Keloid negatively affects body image.

Burns 2018 Nov 11. Epub 2018 Nov 11.

Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP/EPM) - Plastic Surgery Division, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background/objectives: Keloid is a healing disorder that occurs exclusively in humans. This pathology is considered a benign cicatricial neoplasm, whose physiopathogenesis has not yet completely clarified. Its disfiguring appearance often could potentially cause a disturbance in the patient regarding his/her body image. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2018.10.009DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Definition and diagnostic criteria for orthorexia nervosa: a narrative review of the literature.

Eat Weight Disord 2018 Nov 9. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Food Science and Human Nutrition Research Unit, Medical Pathophysiology, Food Science and Endocrinology Section, Experimental Medicine Department, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Aim: In some cases, detrimental consequences on health are generated by self-imposed dietary rules intended to promote health. The pursuit of an "extreme dietary purity" due to an exaggerated focus on food may lead to a disordered eating behavior called "orthorexia nervosa" (ON). ON raises a growing interest, but at present there is no universally shared definition of ON, the diagnostic criteria are under debate, and the psychometric instruments used in the literature revealed some flaws. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s40519-018-0606-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40519-018-0606-yDOI Listing
November 2018
17 Reads

A Systematic Review of the Utility of Electroconvulsive Therapy in Broadly Defined Obsessive-Compulsive-Related Disorders.

Prim Care Companion CNS Disord 2018 Oct 18;20(5). Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Rua Visconde de Pirajá, 547, Sala 617, Ipanema, Rio de Janeiro, CEP: 22410-003.

Objective: To assess the efficacy of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in DSM-5 obsessive-compulsive-related disorders (OCRDs) and conditions subsumed under an "extended" OCD spectrum, including tic disorders and self-injurious behaviors.

Data Sources: A systematic search of the MEDLINE, Web of Science, Scopus, and LILACS databases and other sources was performed between June 6 and July 2, 2017. Search terms included (Autis*) AND (ECT OR electroconvulsive), (Self-injur*) AND (ECT OR electroconvulsive), (Tic* OR Tourette) AND (ECT OR electroconvulsive), (Body Dysmorphic Disorder OR Dysmorphophobi*) AND (ECT OR electroconvulsive), (Hoard*) AND (ECT OR electroconvulsive), (Trichotillomani*) AND (ECT OR electroconvulsive), (Skin Picking OR Excoriation) AND (ECT OR electroconvulsive), (Grooming) AND (ECT OR electroconvulsive), (Kleptomani*) AND (ECT OR electroconvulsive), and (Pyromani*) AND (ECT OR electroconvulsive). Read More

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http://www.psychiatrist.com/PCC/article/Pages/2018/v20n05/18
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4088/PCC.18r02342DOI Listing
October 2018
29 Reads

Screening for Body Dysmorphic Disorders in Acne Patients: A Pilot Study.

Actas Dermosifiliogr 2019 Jan - Feb;110(1):28-32. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Grupo de Investigación en Psicodermatología de Aragón, Instituto de Ciencias de la Salud de Aragón, Zaragoza, España; Departamento de Psicología, Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, España.

Introduction: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a mental health condition that is difficult to diagnose; it can cause a great deal of suffering, and treatment is often complex and challenging.

Material And Method: The study population comprised 81 consecutive dermatology out-patients who met the inclusion criteria for participation. Participants were treated at hospitals in both urban (Zaragoza) and rural areas (Alcañiz). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ad.2018.08.001DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Influencing Factors of Social Anxiety Disorder and Body Dysmorphic Disorder in a Nonclinical Brazilian Population.

Psychol Rep 2018 Nov 2:33294118805003. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Research Centre in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development, CIDESD, Portugal; Research in Education and Community Intervention, Portugal.

The aims of this study were twofold: (i) to investigate the prevalence of social anxiety disorder and body dysmorphic disorder in a nonclinical, Brazilian population and (ii) to examine the effects of selected factors such as sociodemographic characteristics (sex, age, marital status, workload, education, and income), body mass index, current diet, physical activity, and use of aesthetic treatment. A total of 428 adults (279 women and 149 men) aged 18 to 60 years ( M = 31.51, SD = 10. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033294118805003DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Reliability and validity of the Spinal Appearance Questionnaire (SAQ) and the Trunk Appearance Perception Scale (TAPS).

J Orthop Surg Res 2018 Oct 30;13(1):274. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

St. Josef-Hospital, Ruhr University Bochum, Bochum, Germany.

Background: The Spinal Appearance Questionnaire (SAQ) and the Trunk Appearance Perception Scale (TAPS) are questionnaires that mostly rely on drawings to assess scoliosis patients' subjective viewpoints on their trunk deformity. Our aim was to perform an in-depth assessment of the psychometric quality of both measures, the SAQ (version 1.1) and TAPS, and compare them to provide practical recommendations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13018-018-0980-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6208117PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

[Hypochondriacal paranoia is a differential diagnostic challenge].

Ugeskr Laeger 2018 Oct;180(44)

Patients with persistent complaints about somatic symptoms, which cannot be explained by somatic disease, constitute a major healthcare problem. Hypochondriacal paranoia is an important subset of paranoid conditions, which should not be overlooked in patients with persistent hypochondriacal complaints. It is rare, in contrast to illness anxiety disorder or body dysmorphic disorder optionally with insufficient insight. Read More

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October 2018
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Plastic surgery in gynaecology: Factors affecting women's decision to undergo labiaplasty. Mind the risk of body dysmorphic disorder: A review.

J Women Aging 2018 Oct 23:1-18. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

a 1st Medical Faculty , Charles University , Prague , Czech Republic.

Aesthetic surgery of the female genitalia is on the rise. Many procedures are performed. Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a psychiatric disorder and often goes unrecognized in plastic surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08952841.2018.1529474DOI Listing
October 2018
15 Reads

In the Mirror: Depression With Dysmorphia and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.

Prim Care Companion CNS Disord 2018 Oct 11;20(5). Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky, USA.

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http://www.psychiatrist.com/PCC/article/Pages/2018/v20n05/17
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4088/PCC.17l02260DOI Listing
October 2018
5 Reads

An experimental test of the role of appearance-related safety behaviors in body dysmorphic disorder, social anxiety, and body dissatisfaction.

J Abnorm Psychol 2018 Nov 11;127(8):770-780. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Department of Psychology, Florida State University.

Individuals with appearance concerns engage in "safety behaviors" (SBs) aimed at checking, hiding, fixing, and reducing threat associated with their perceived flaw in appearance. Appearance-related SBs are important in contemporary accounts of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), though they are also relevant to social anxiety (SAD) and eating disorders. The present study examined the extent to which appearance-related SBs contribute to the development of disorder-specific symptoms and maladaptive cognitions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/abn0000387DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Body dysmorphic disorder: A diagnostic challenge in adolescence.

S Afr J Psychiatr 2018 28;24:1114. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Department of Psychiatry, Stellenbosch University, South Africa.

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a chronic and disabling condition that is characterised by distressing preoccupations with perceived defects in one's own appearance, which might be slight or not observable to others. It is considered to be an obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorder and is associated with depression, feelings of shame and poor quality of life. It is primarily a disorder of childhood or adolescent onset, and sub-clinical BDD symptoms begin, on average, several years before an individual's symptoms meet full criteria for the disorder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/sajpsychiatry.v24i0.1114DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6138111PMC
June 2018
18 Reads

The Health Threat Posed by the Hidden Epidemic of Anabolic Steroid Use and Body Image Disorders Among Young Men.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2019 Apr;104(4):1069-1074

Research Program in Men's Health: Aging and Metabolism, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Context: The prevalence of body image disorders and anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) use is increasing, despite the evidence of their serious adverse health effects and despite the passage of laws regulating their sales. Here we review the evolution of the dual emerging epidemics of body image disorders and AAS use, adverse health effects of AASs, and the need for an integrated health policy and regulatory response.

Evidence Acquisition: We searched for studies published prior to June 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/jc.2018-01706DOI Listing
April 2019
7 Reads

C-type natriuretic peptide improves growth retardation in a mouse model of cardio-facio-cutaneous syndrome.

Hum Mol Genet 2019 Jan;28(1):74-83

Department of Medical Genetics, Tohoku University School of Medicine, Sendai.

Cardio-facio-cutaneous (CFC) syndrome, a genetic disorder caused by germline mutations in BRAF, KRAS, MAP2K1 and MAP2K2, is characterized by growth retardation, heart defects, dysmorphic facial appearance and dermatologic abnormalities. We have previously reported that knock-in mice expressing the CFC syndrome-associated mutation, Braf Q241R, showed growth retardation because of gastrointestinal dysfunction. However, other factors associated with growth retardation, including chondrogenesis and endocrinological profile, have not been examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddy333DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

The relationship between body dysmorphic disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder: A systematic review of direct comparative studies.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2018 Nov 21;52(11):1030-1049. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

2 Department of Psychiatry, St Vincent's Hospital Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Objective:: Current nosology conceptualises body dysmorphic disorder as being related to obsessive-compulsive disorder, but the direct evidence to support this conceptualisation is mixed. In this systematic review, we aimed to provide an integrated overview of research that has directly compared body dysmorphic disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Method:: The PubMed database was searched for empirical studies which had directly compared body dysmorphic disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder groups across any subject matter. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0004867418799925DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

The Impact of Surgical Wound Dehiscence on Body Image.

Adv Skin Wound Care 2018 Oct;31(10):470-477

In Brazil, Edson Luiz de Lima, MD, MS, is a Physician, Federal Institute for Education, Science and Technology of Southern Minas, Pouso Alegre, Minas Gerais; Maria José Azevedo de Brito, PhD, is Affiliate Professor, Master's Degree Program in Sciences Applied to Health, Sapucai Valley University (UNIVAS), Pouso Alegre, Minas Gerais and Postdoctoral Fellow, Division of Plastic Surgery, Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP); João Batista da Cunha, MS, RN, is Affiliate Professor, Master's Degree Program in Sciences Applied to Health; UNIVAS, Pouso Alegre, Minas Gerais; Maria Fernanda Pereira Duarte, BSN, Nely Flávia Machado Corrêa, BSN, and Margarida Maria de Carvalho Resende, PhD, RN, are Nurses, College of Health Science, UNIVAS, Pouso Alegre, Minas Gerais; and Lydia Masako Ferreira, MD, PhD, is Full Professor and Head, Division of Plastic Surgery, UNIFESP, São Paulo.

Objective: To identify changes in body image in patients with surgical wound dehiscence.

Design And Setting: This cross-sectional, descriptive, analytical study was conducted in a university hospital and nursing care center in Brazil.

Patients And Intervention: Sixty-one adult surgical patients of both genders from different inpatient wards or receiving outpatient care were selected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.ASW.0000544616.95630.acDOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Conscious Perception of Facial Asymmetry in a Unilateral Cleft Lip Model: Body Dysmorphic Disorder Is an Exclusion Criterion.

Authors:
Filippo Boriani

Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2018 Oct;55(9):1329

Department of Plastic Surgery, Villa Regina Hospital, Bologna, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1055665618763412DOI Listing
October 2018
11 Reads

Mirror exposure therapy for body image disturbances and eating disorders: A review.

Clin Psychol Rev 2018 Nov 29;65:163-174. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Eating and Weight Disorders Program, Department of Psychiatry, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA.

Mirror exposure therapy is a clinical trial validated treatment component that improves body image and body satisfaction. Mirror exposure therapy has been shown to benefit individuals with high body dissatisfaction and patients with eating disorders (ED) in clinical trials. Mirror exposure is an optional component of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), an effective treatment for body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02727358183005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2018.08.006DOI Listing
November 2018
19 Reads

Prevalence of bullying in a pediatric sample of body dysmorphic disorder.

Compr Psychiatry 2018 Nov 25;87:12-16. Epub 2018 Aug 25.

Bio Behavioral Institute, 935 Northern Boulevard, Suite 102 Great Neck, New York 11021, USA; Hofstra University, 1000 Fulton Avenue, Hempstead, New York, USA.

Little is known about etiological factors in Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). Cognitive behavioral and diathesis-stress models have implicated teasing and bullying as significant early environmental stressful triggers. Due to these implications, this study aimed to assess the emergence of BDD in children during early development, and to see if bullying experiences played a role in its development. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0010440X183014
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2018.08.014DOI Listing
November 2018
28 Reads