Aesthetic Plast Surg 2019 08 13;43(4):973-979. Epub 2019 Mar 13.
Plastic and Reconstructive Microsurgery, Careggi University Hospital, Via Valdichiana 88, 50127, Florence, Italy.
Background: More attention is paid to calf appearance, both in males and females, and several surgical techniques are available. Different studies have been published over time for calf augmentation, but, to the best of our knowledge, no comprehensive literature review and complications analysis have been published.
Objectives: The aim of the study is to analyse the overall complication rate of calf augmentation surgical procedures and complication rates associated with the investigated techniques, namely subfascial implant placement, submuscular implant placement and fat grafting or lipofilling. Read More