472 results match your criteria Bmc International Health And Human Rights[Journal]


Human rights' interdependence and indivisibility: a glance over the human rights to water and sanitation.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 03 8;19(1):14. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

René Rachou Institute - Fiocruz Minas, Augusto de Lima Avenue, 1715 CEP: 30, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, 190-002, Brazil.

Background: In 1948 the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was drawn up. The content of this document was further reflected two treaties, the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. To try to maintain the interrelationship between the rights contained in each document, the idea that all rights are interdependent and indivisible was stressed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0197-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6408851PMC
March 2019
4 Reads

Leishmaniasis patients' pilgrimage to access health care in rural Bolivia: a qualitative study using human rights to health approach.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 03 5;19(1):12. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health, Umeå University, SE-901-85, Umeå, Sweden.

Background: Leishmaniasis is a neglected tropical disease endemic in Bolivia that disproportionately affects people with little social and political capital. Although the treatment is provided free of charge by the Bolivian government, there is an under-utilization of treatments in relation to the estimated affected population. This study explores the experiences of patients with leishmaniasis and the challenges faced when searching for diagnosis and treatment in Bolivia using a human rights approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0196-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6402110PMC
March 2019
1 Read

'Mankind owes to the child the best that it has to give': prison conditions and the health situation and rights of children incarcerated with their mothers in sub-Saharan African prisons.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 03 5;19(1):13. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

College of Health Sciences, Centre for Evaluation of Public Health Interventions, Department of Community Medicine, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Background: In recent times, sub-Saharan African (SSA) prisons have seen a substantial increase in women prisoners, including those incarcerated with children.

Methods: A scoping review mapped what is currently known about the health situation and unique rights violations of children incarcerated with their mothers in SSA prisons. A systematic search collected and reviewed all available and relevant published and grey literature (2000-2018). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0194-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6402132PMC

The relationship between depression and sexual health service utilization among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Côte d'Ivoire, West Africa.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 03 5;19(1):11. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, E7146, 615 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA.

Background: In Cote D'Ivoire, there has been limited coverage of evidence-based sexual health services specifically supporting men who have sex with men (MSM). To date, there has been limited study of the determinants of engagement in these services including multiple intersecting stigmas and depression.

Methods: 1301 MSM aged 18 years and older, were recruited using respondent-driven sampling in Abidjan, Yamoussoukro, Gagnoa and Bouake, Cote d'Ivoire from January 2015 to October 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0186-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6399955PMC
March 2019
6 Reads

Impact of health insurance status among migrants from sub-Saharan Africa on access to health care and HIV testing in Germany: a participatory cross-sectional survey.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 03 5;19(1):10. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Department for Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Division for HIV/AIDS, STI and Blood-borne Infections, Robert Koch Institute, Seestr. 10, 13353, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Among all newly diagnosed HIV cases in Germany in 2015, 16% originated from sub-Saharan Africa. Twelve percent of these infections were contracted within Germany and migrants from sub-Saharan Africa (misSA) are diagnosed later than Germans. Migrants, specifically those without health insurance, face many barriers accessing health care due to their residence status and cultural, socio-economic, legal and linguistic barriers. Read More

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https://bmcinthealthhumrights.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0189-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6399910PMC
March 2019
5 Reads

Experiences of gender-based violence among female sex workers, men who have sex with men, and transgender women in Latin America and the Caribbean: a qualitative study to inform HIV programming.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 03 5;19(1). Epub 2019 Mar 5.

FHI 360, 359 Blackwell Street, Durham, NC, 27707, USA.

Background: Female sex workers, MSM, and transgender women-collectively referred to as key populations (KPs)-are disproportionately affected by gender-based violence (GBV) and HIV, yet little is known about the violence they face, its gender-based origins, and responses to GBV. The purpose of this study was to understand the nature and consequences of GBV experienced, to inform HIV policies and programming and to help protect KPs' human rights.

Methods: Using a participatory approach, FSWs, MSM, and transgender women in Barbados, El Salvador, Trinidad and Tobago, and Haiti conducted 278 structured interviews with peers to understand their experiences of and responses to GBV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0187-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6399914PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Sex work stigma and non-disclosure to health care providers: data from a large RDS study among FSW in Brazil.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 03 5;19(1). Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Institute of Scientific Communication and Information on Public Health of Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Background: Stigma in health services may be detrimental to health seeking attitudes and practices. This study investigates non-disclosure of sex work to health care providers among female sex workers (FSW) in Brazil and its association with the utilization of health care services.

Methods: This study used cross-sectional respondent-driven sampling, carried out in 12 Brazilian cities to identify HIV risk behaviors among FSW. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0193-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6399834PMC
March 2019
1 Read

A cross-sectional survey of parental attitudes towards Human papillomavirus vaccination exclusion categories in Brazil.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 02 28;19(1). Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Emory University, Rollins School of Public Health, 1518 Clifton Rd NE, Mailstop 1518-002-7BB, Atlanta, GA, 30322, USA.

Background: In 1988, Brazil established a constitutional right to health and universal access to health care for all Brazilians through the creation of the Unified Health System (SUS). As part of its efforts to fulfill this right, the quadrivalent Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine was introduced into the national immunization program in 2014. The non-discriminatory provision of healthcare goods, facilities, and services is a fundamental part of the right to health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0195-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6394080PMC
February 2019

Health of Syrian unaccompanied asylum seeking adolescents (UASA) at first medical examination in Germany in comparison to UASA from other world regions.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 02 26;19(1). Epub 2019 Feb 26.

School of Public Health, Bielefeld University, PO Box 100131, 33501, Bielefeld, Germany.

Background: The war in Syria has led to the biggest refugee crisis of our time. Unaccompanied asylum seeking adolescents (UASA) are a particularly vulnerable subgroup of refugees. This study aims to describe the weight status, health behaviour and disease spectrum of Syrian UASA in comparison to UASA from other world regions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0192-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6390530PMC
February 2019
6 Reads

Health status of children left behind in rural areas of Sichuan Province of China: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 01 28;19(1). Epub 2019 Jan 28.

State Key Laboratory of Quality Research in Chinese Medicine, Institute of Chinese Medical Sciences, University of Macau, Macao, China.

Background: In recent decades, many workers from rural areas in China migrated to urban cities in search of a better livelihood. Due to the household registration policy and other financial barriers, more than 40 million of children were left behind in their rural home by their migrated parents in 2015. In this cross-sectional study, we aimed to investigate the influence of being left behind on these children's physical and mental health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0191-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350297PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

The recovery experience of people who were sex trafficked: the thwarted journey towards goal pursuit.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 01 22;19(1). Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Health Services Research and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Tavistock Place, London, WC1H 9SH, UK.

Background: In 2010, a shelter programme was established in the Netherlands to provide social and health services for trafficked people. This article describes how service users in this programme conceptualized and experienced their own process of recovery.

Methods: In 2012, 14 people of non-Dutch nationality who had been trafficked for the purpose of sexual exploitation were interviewed at all three shelters of the programme. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0185-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341539PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Sewing shirts with injured fingers and tears: exploring the experience of female garment workers health problems in Bangladesh.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 01 21;19(1). Epub 2019 Jan 21.

School of Medicine, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Australia.

Background: The ready-made garment industry in Bangladesh not only contributes to the nation's economic development, but has created income opportunities for women, benefiting their whole family. However, these benefits come at considerable cost to the women. This research examines how the work environment and gendered family role in this conservative society affect the health of the female industrial workers. Read More

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https://bmcinthealthhumrights.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0188-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341570PMC
January 2019
9 Reads

The MuSeS project: a mixed methods study to increase understanding of the role of settlement and multicultural services in supporting migrant and refugee women experiencing violence in Australia.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 01 7;19(1). Epub 2019 Jan 7.

College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia, 5001, Australia.

Background: Violence against women is a major human rights and public health issue globally. The experience of violence affects women across Australia, including the large number of migrant and refugee women who permanently or temporarily resettle in the country. Many women who experience violence find it difficult to access support, and evidence suggests women who have resettled in Australia face additional barriers to violence-specific services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0184-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6322334PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Global Abortion Policies Database: a descriptive analysis of the legal categories of lawful abortion.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 12 20;18(1):44. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Department of Reproductive Health and Research and UNDP-UNFPA-UNICEF-WHO-World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction (HRP), World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, CH-1211, 27, Geneva, Switzerland.

Background: Texts and interpretations on the lawfulness of abortion and associated administrative requirements can be vague and confusing. It can also be difficult for a woman or provider to know exactly where to look for and how to interpret laws on abortion. To increase transparency, the Global Abortion Policies Database (GAPD), launched in 2017, facilitates the strengthening of knowledge and understanding of the complexities and nuances around lawful abortion as explicitly stated in laws and policies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0183-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6302420PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Mandatory minimum sentencing policies and cocaine use in the U.S., 1985-2013.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 11 29;18(1):43. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan School of Public Health, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Background: As of May 2017, the United States federal government renewed its prioritization for the enforcement of mandatory minimum sentences for illicit drug offenses. While the effect of such policies on racial disparities in incarceration is well-documented, less is known about the extent to which these laws are associated with decreased drug use. This study aims to identify changes in cocaine use associated with mandatory minimum sentencing policies by examining differential sentences for powder and crack cocaine set by the Anti-Drug Abuse Act (ADAA) (100:1) and the Fair Sentencing Act (FSA), which reduced the disparate sentencing to 18:1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0182-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6267913PMC
November 2018
1 Read

A harmful traditional practice exposing young girls to experience virgin pregnancy (Shilshalo): a qualitative study in Argoba community, Amhara National Regional State, Ethiopia.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 11 20;18(1):42. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Gender and Health Expert, Addis Ababa City Administration Rehabilitation Project Office, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: There are various harmful traditional practices and beliefs across the different parts of Ethiopia. Shilshalo, which is yet little known about, is one of these practices existing in Argoba, a community in Amhara National Regional State of Ethiopia. This study was conducted to explore the various features associated with the practice of Shilshalo. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0179-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6247749PMC
November 2018
12 Reads

Words matter: a call for humanizing and respectful language to describe people who experience incarceration.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 11 16;18(1):41. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Division of Prison Health, Geneva University Hospitals and University of Geneva, Ch. du Petit-Bel-Air 2, CH-1225, Chêne-Bourg, Switzerland.

Background: Words matter when describing people involved in the criminal justice system because language can have a significant impact upon health, wellbeing, and access to health information and services. However, terminology used in policies, programs, and research publications is often derogatory, stigmatizing, and dehumanizing.

Discussion: In response, health experts from Europe, the United States, and Australia recommend that healthcare professionals, researchers, and policy makers working with people in detention follow key principles that foster constructive and humanizing language. Read More

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https://bmcinthealthhumrights.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0180-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6240232PMC
November 2018
18 Reads

"We need good nutrition but we have no money to buy food": sociocultural context, care experiences, and newborn health in two UNHCR-supported camps in South Sudan.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 11 12;18(1):40. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

University of Ottawa, 1 Stewart Street, 312-B, Ottawa, ON, K1N6N5, Canada.

Background: Determinants of newborn health and survival exist across the reproductive life cycle, with many sociocultural and contextual factors influencing outcomes beyond the availability of, and access to, quality health services. In order to better understand key needs and opportunities to improve newborn health in refugee camp settings, we conducted a multi-methods qualitative study of the status of maternal and newborn health in refugee camps in Upper Nile state, South Sudan.

Methods: In 2016, we conducted 18 key informant interviews with health service managers and front-line providers and 13 focus group discussions in two Sudanese refugee camps in Maban County, South Sudan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0181-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6233510PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Supporting ALL victims of violence, abuse, neglect or exploitation: guidance for health providers.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 10 19;18(1):39. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Department of Health Services Research and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Tavistock Place, London, WC1H 9SH, UK.

Smaller groups of victims of violence, abuse, neglect or exploitation - such as male victims of intimate partner violence (IPV), victims of elder abuse, victims of abuse by carers, victims of parent abuse, victims of human trafficking, girls and boys below 18 years engaging in sex work, victims of sexual exploitation by gangs or groups and victims of honour based violence (such as forced marriages and female genital mutilation) - are often in contact with the health care system without being identified as such and frequently do not receive appropriate treatment. To address this problem, two things need to happen: 1) that ALL groups of victims of violence, abuse, neglect or exploitation are explicitly listed in policies and protocols, and 2) that both the similarities as well as the differences between the groups with regard to identification, support and referral - described in this article - are explained, so that health providers are appropriately supported in this important function. Read More

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https://bmcinthealthhumrights.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0178-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6194679PMC
October 2018
16 Reads

Critical assessment of refugees' needs in post-emergency context: the case of Malian war refugees settled in Northern Burkina Faso.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 09 21;18(1):38. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

International College of Medicine, Institute of Public Health, International Health Program, National Yang Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Background: Empirically assessing the needs of refugees in camps is critical to the improvement of existing policies and programs that aim at enhancing their well-being. By neglecting the needs of refugees, interventions may fail to capture the complex patterns of refugees' daily lives within camps. This paper provides a comprehensive assessment of the needs of encamped Malian refugees in Northern Burkina Faso following the 2012-armed conflict. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0176-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6150966PMC
September 2018
9 Reads

HIV prevention: mapping Mozambican people's views on the acceptability of the widow's sexual cleansing ritual called pita-kufa.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 09 20;18(1):37. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Department of General Nursing, University of Swaziland, Kwaluseni, M201, Swaziland.

Background: In Mozambique, the widow is traditionally required to undergo a cleansing ritual called pita-kufa, which generally involves several sessions of unprotected sexual intercourse with the brother of her deceased husband. This ritual may play a role in the spread of HIV and reveals, to some degree, the subordinate position to which women are subjected in Mozambican society. Thus, this study's aim was to map Mozambicans' views on the acceptability of this ritual, given the gender and public health concerns linked to it. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0177-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6149074PMC
September 2018
1 Read

Factors associated with extrajudicial arrest for syringe possession: results of a department-wide survey of municipal police in Tijuana, Mexico.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 09 15;18(1):36. Epub 2018 Sep 15.

Division of Infectious Diseases and Global Public Health, School of Medicine, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr., La Jolla, San Diego, California, 92093, USA.

Background: Mexican law permits syringe purchase and possession without prescription. Nonetheless, people who inject drugs (PWID) frequently report arrest for syringe possession. Extrajudicial arrests not only violate human rights, but also significantly increase the risk of blood-borne infection transmission and other health harms among PWID and police personnel. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0175-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6139125PMC
September 2018
5 Reads

Global Abortion Policies Database: a new approach to strengthening knowledge on laws, policies, and human rights standards.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 09 12;18(1):35. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

UNDP-UNFPA-UNICEF-WHO-World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction (HRP), World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, CH-1211, Geneva 27, Switzerland.

Background: The Global Abortion Policies Database (GAPD), launched in June 2017, provides a verifiable, comprehensive, nuanced approach to information and data sources on abortion law and policy. Abortion laws, policies, and guidelines from United Nations (UN) and World Health Organization (WHO) Member States are juxtaposed to information and recommendations from WHO safe abortion guidance, national sexual and reproductive health indicators, and relevant UN human rights bodies' concluding observations to countries.

Main Body: The Global Abortion Policies Database aims to increase transparency of information and accountability of states for the protection of individuals' health and human rights. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0174-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6134502PMC
September 2018
5 Reads

Life after conflict-related amputation trauma: a clinical study from the Gaza Strip.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 08 31;18(1):34. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

The Anaesthesia and Critical Care Research Group, Institute of Clinical Medicine, The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway.

Background: More than 17.000 Palestinians were injured during different Israeli military incursions on the Gaza Strip from 2006 to 2014. Many suffered traumatic extremity amputations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0173-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6119320PMC
August 2018
17 Reads

Missing knowledge of gendered power relations among non-governmental organisations doing right to health work: a case study from South Africa.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 08 30;18(1):33. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

Gender Health and Justice Research Unit, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: Despite 20 years of democracy, South Africa still suffers from profound health inequalities. Gender roles and norms are associated with individuals' vulnerability that lead to ill-health. For instance, gender inequality influences women's access to health care and women's agency to make health-related decisions. Read More

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https://bmcinthealthhumrights.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0172-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6117970PMC
August 2018
17 Reads

Correction to: The burden of war-injury in the Palestinian health care sector in Gaza Strip.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 08 13;18(1):32. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

Professor (Emiratus), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

In the original publication of this article [1] the background section contained an inaccurate mention of the amount of civilian deaths in the 2014 Gaza war. In this correction article the incorrect and correct information are published for clarification. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0171-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6088419PMC
August 2018
2 Reads

Contemporary women prisoners health experiences, unique prison health care needs and health care outcomes in sub Saharan Africa: a scoping review of extant literature.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 08 6;18(1):31. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

College of Health Sciences, Centre for Evaluation of Public Health Interventions, Department of Community Medicine, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Background: Sub Saharan African (SSA) prisons have seen a substantial increase in women prisoners in recent years. Despite this increase, women prisoners constitute a minority in male dominated prison environments, and their special health needs are often neglected. Research activity on prison health remains scant in SSA, with gathering of strategic information generally restricted to infectious diseases (human immunodeficiency virus infection HIV/tuberculosis TB), and particularly focused on male prisoners. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0170-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6080512PMC
August 2018
27 Reads

Shared latrines in Maputo, Mozambique: exploring emotional well-being and psychosocial stress.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 07 25;18(1):30. Epub 2018 Jul 25.

London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Department of Disease Control, Kepple Street, London, UK.

Background: Approximately 18% of Sub-Saharan Africa's urban population relies on shared sanitation facilities, which are shared by one or more households. While there is growing recognition of sanitation's relationship with stress and well-being - particularly among women - most research has focused on rural populations and the transition from open defecation and/or unimproved latrines to private shared sanitation. This study explores sanitation-related stressors among users of both improved and unimproved shared sanitation facilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0169-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6060455PMC
July 2018
2 Reads

Health expenditure, child and maternal mortality nexus: a comparative global analysis.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 07 16;18(1):29. Epub 2018 Jul 16.

School of Commerce, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia.

Background: This paper provides empirical evidence on how the relationship between health expenditure and health outcomes varies across countries at different income levels.

Method: Heterogeneity and cross-section dependence were controlled for in the panel data which consist of 161 countries over the period 1995-2014. Infant, under-five and maternal mortality along with life expectancy at birth were selected as health outcome measures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0167-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6048901PMC
July 2018
22 Reads

The burden of war-injury in the Palestinian health care sector in Gaza Strip.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 06 28;18(1):28. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Professor (Emiratus), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: War-related injury is a major public health concern, and a leading cause of mortality, morbidity, and disability globally, particularly in low and middle-income countries such as Palestine. Little is known about the burden of war-related injury in the Palestinian context. The objective of this study was to characterize the incidence and pattern of injuries, associated with war in Gaza Strip, from July 8 to August 26, 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0165-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6022708PMC
June 2018
34 Reads

Determinants and perceptions of the utilization of tetanus toxoid immunization among reproductive-age women in Dukem Town, Eastern Ethiopia: a community-based cross-sectional study.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 06 28;18(1):27. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: Maternal and neonatal tetanus (MNT) is still the major public health problem in about 25 countries, mainly in Africa and Asia. However, the utilization of intervention strategies, like tetanus toxoid (TT) immunization remains low in these countries. In Ethiopia, only 49% of the pregnant mothers received TT2+ in 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0168-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6022706PMC
June 2018
11 Reads

Combining survey data, GIS and qualitative interviews in the analysis of health service access for persons with disabilities.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 06 26;18(1):26. Epub 2018 Jun 26.

Department of Geography, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, NO-7491, Trondheim, Norway.

Background: Equitable access to health services is a key ingredient in reaching health for persons with disabilities and other vulnerable groups. So far, research on access to health services in low- and middle-income countries has largely relied on self-reported survey data. Realizing that there may be substantial discrepancies between perceived and actual access, other methods are needed for more precise knowledge to guide health policy and planning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0166-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6019232PMC
June 2018
7 Reads

Registered or unregistered? Levels and differentials in registration and certification of births in Ghana.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 06 13;18(1):25. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

Population Council, P. O. Box CT 4906, Cantonment, Accra, Ghana.

Background: The birth of a child is a vital event that needs to be registered but this is not always the case as an estimated 40 million births go unregistered annually. Birth registration safeguards the basic rights of children and gives them an identity, citizenship/nationality and legal protection against violence, abuse and human rights violations. It is therefore necessary that all births are registered and even more critical that the registration of a birth is followed by the issuance of a birth certificate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0163-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5998598PMC
June 2018
4 Reads

Factors associated with sexual risk taking behavior by precarious urban migrants in French Guiana.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 06 8;18(1):24. Epub 2018 Jun 8.

Centre d'Investigation Clinique Antilles Guyane, CIC INSERM1424, Centre Hospitalier Andrée Rosemon, 97300, Cayenne, French Guiana.

Background: French Guiana is highly affected by HIV. The migrant population is particularly susceptible. The objective of this study was to evaluate the level of risk of HIV transmission and its perception among migrants in French Guiana and to identify predictive factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0164-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5994113PMC
June 2018
4 Reads

Language interpretation conditions and boundaries in multilingual and multicultural emergency healthcare.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 06 5;18(1):23. Epub 2018 Jun 5.

Department of Social and Welfare Studies, University of Linköping, Campus Norrköping, S- 601 74, Norrköping, Sweden.

Background: With an increasing migrant population globally the need to organize interpreting service arises in emergency healthcare to deliver equitable high-quality care. The aims of this study were to describe interpretation practices in multilingual emergency health service institutions and to explore the impact of the organizational and institutional context and possible consequences of different approaches to interpretation. No previous studies on these issues in multilingual emergency care have been found. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0157-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5987383PMC
June 2018
4 Reads

Factors shaping political priorities for violence against women-mitigation policies in Sri Lanka.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 05 25;18(1):22. Epub 2018 May 25.

Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Background: Although violence against women (VAW) is a global public health issue, its importance as a health issue is often unrecognized in legal and health policy documents. This paper uses Sri Lanka as a case study to explore the factors influencing the national policy response to VAW, particularly by the health sector.

Methods: A document based health policy analysis was conducted to examine current policy responses to VAW in Sri Lanka using the Shiffman and Smith (2007) policy analysis framework. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0161-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5970471PMC
May 2018
5 Reads

Realization of the right to adequate food and the nutritional status of land evictees: a case for mothers/caregivers and their children in rural Central Uganda.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 05 24;18(1):21. Epub 2018 May 24.

Department of Food Technology and Nutrition, College of Agricultural and Environmental Science, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.

Background: In developing countries like Uganda, the human right to adequate food (RtAF) is inextricably linked to access to land for households to feed themselves directly through production or means for its procurement. Whether RtAF is enjoyed among Ugandan land evictees, is unknown. We therefore explored this among land evictees (rights-holders) in Wakiso and Mpigi districts in rural Central Uganda. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0162-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5968527PMC
May 2018
3 Reads

Informal workers' access to health care services: findings from a qualitative study in the Kassena-Nankana districts of Northern Ghana.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 05 16;18(1):20. Epub 2018 May 16.

Navrongo Health Research Centre, P.O Box 114, Navrongo, Ghana.

Background: Over the past two decades, employment in the informal sector has grown rapidly in all regions including low and middle-income countries. In the developing countries, between 50 and 75% of workers are employed in the informal sector. In Ghana, more than 80% of the total working population is working in the informal sector. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0159-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5956930PMC
May 2018
13 Reads

Causes of death among street-connected children and youth in Eldoret, Kenya.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 05 15;18(1):19. Epub 2018 May 15.

College of Health Sciences, School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Moi University, Eldoret, Kenya.

Background: Street-connected young people carry a disproportionate burden of morbidities, and engage in a variety of practices that may heighten their risk of premature mortality, yet there are currently no reports in the literature on the rates or risk factors for mortality among them, nor on their causes of death. In low- and middle-income countries they are frequently in situations that violate their human rights, likely contributing to their increased burden of morbidities and vulnerability to mortality. We thus sought to describe the number of deaths annually, causes of death, and determine the number of deaths attributable to HIV among street-connected young people aged 0 to 30 years in Eldoret, Kenya. Read More

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https://bmcinthealthhumrights.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0160-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5952842PMC
May 2018
10 Reads

Persons with disabilities as experts-by experience: using personal narratives to affect community attitudes in Kilifi, Kenya.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 05 8;18(1):18. Epub 2018 May 8.

University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK.

Background: The last decade has seen improved public awareness of disability in sub-Saharan Africa. However, negative and stereotypical views of disability still persist in many communities. We conducted a study to promote awareness of disability in rural Kenya, using a process of reflection and education. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0158-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5941597PMC
May 2018
6 Reads

Examination of the roles and capacities of duty bearers responsible for protecting the human rights to adequate food, nutritional health and wellbeing in Ugandan children's homes.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 04 17;18(1):17. Epub 2018 Apr 17.

Norwegian Centre for Human Rights, Faculty of Law, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Background: The majority of Ugandan children face vulnerability and malnutrition. As a State Party to international human rights treaties, Uganda has legal obligations of guaranteeing the fundamental rights and the best interest of the nation's children. Despite being protected under international and national law, Uganda is not providing adequate child protection, including safeguarding children's food security. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0156-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5905179PMC
April 2018
4 Reads

Bibliometric analysis of peer-reviewed literature in transgender health (1900 - 2017).

Authors:
Waleed M Sweileh

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 03 21;18(1):16. Epub 2018 Mar 21.

Department of Physiology, Pharmacology/Toxicology, Division of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine.

Background: Transgender community is marginalized and under-researched. Analysis of peer-reviewed literature in transgender health is needed to better understand health needs and human rights of transgender people. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze global research activity in transgender health published in peer-reviewed journals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0155-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5863490PMC
March 2018
6 Reads
6 Citations

Attitudes towards help-seeking for sexual and gender-based violence in humanitarian settings: the case of Rwamwanja refugee settlement scheme in Uganda.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 03 12;18(1):15. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

Population Council, P. O. Box 17643 -00500, Nairobi, Kenya.

Background: Sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) remains a silent epidemic in many humanitarian settings with many survivors concealing their experiences. Attitudes towards help-seeking for SGBV is an important determinant of SGBV service use. This paper examined the association between attitudes towards seeking care and knowledge and perceptions about SGBV among men and women in a humanitarian setting in Uganda. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0154-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5848542PMC
March 2018
11 Reads

Socioeconomic and environmental determinants of under-five mortality in Gamo Gofa Zone, Southern Ethiopia: a matched case control study.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 02 27;18(1):14. Epub 2018 Feb 27.

School of Public Health, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Despite global declaration of the right to life as a fundamental human right and substantial progress in reducing childhood mortality, unacceptably high number of children still die before their fifth birthday every day. Different factors have been studied and implicated for under-five mortality with mixed results. Mortality studies in the current study sites were lacking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0153-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5830345PMC
February 2018
16 Reads

Care-'less': exploring the interface between child care and parental control in the context of child rights for workers in children's homes in Ghana.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 02 20;18(1):13. Epub 2018 Feb 20.

Department of Psychology, University of Ghana, P.O. Box LG84, Legon-Accra, Ghana.

Background: This study explored how employed caregivers experience the interface between child care, parental control and child rights in the context of Children's Homes in Ghana. The focus was on investigating caregiver perceptions of proper child care, their experiences with having to work with child rights principles and the implication of these for their relationships with the children and the care services they deliver.

Methods: Adopting a qualitative approach with phenomenological design, data were collected from 41 caregivers in two children's homes in Ghana using focus group discussions and in-depth interviews. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0151-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5819201PMC
February 2018
7 Reads

Small scale migration along the interoceanic highway in Madre de Dios, Peru: an exploration of community perceptions and dynamics due to migration.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 02 12;18(1):12. Epub 2018 Feb 12.

Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, 1440 Canal St, New Orleans, LA, 70112, USA.

Background: Madre de Dios, a southern state in the Peruvian Amazon basin, has experienced rapid development as well as an influx of migrants since the construction of the Interoceanic Highway (IOH) connecting Brazil, Bolivia, and the Peruvian coast. We explored perceptions of migration and development in up to eight communities along the IOH in Madre de Dios following construction of the highway.

Methods: We conducted a multiple methods study involving focus group (FG) discussions and interviews with key informants (KIs) in eight communities in Madre de Dios. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0152-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5810066PMC
February 2018
12 Reads

Assessing refugee healthcare needs in Europe and implementing educational interventions in primary care: a focus on methods.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 02 8;18(1):11. Epub 2018 Feb 8.

Department of General Practice and Family Medicine, Center for Public Health, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

The current political crisis, conflicts and riots in many Middle Eastern and African countries have led to massive migration waves towards Europe. European countries, receiving these migratory waves as first port of entry (POE) over the past few years, were confronted with several challenges as a result of the sheer volume of newly arriving refugees. This humanitarian refugee crisis represents the biggest displacement crisis of a generation. Read More

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https://bmcinthealthhumrights.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0150-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5806359PMC
February 2018
28 Reads

Does the Stockholm Syndrome affect female sex workers? The case for a "Sonagachi Syndrome".

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 02 6;18(1):10. Epub 2018 Feb 6.

Department of Health Promotion and Behavior, University of Georgia College of Public Health, Athens, Georgia, USA.

Female sex workers are subjected to intense physical, sexual, and mental abuses that are well documented in the medical and public health literature. However, less well-studied are the mental coping mechanisms that are employed by women in this population to survive. The Stockholm Syndrome has been discussed in the news media as a potential phenomenon in this vulnerable population, but has not been formally studied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0148-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5802051PMC
February 2018
5 Reads

Influence of indoor work environments on health, safety, and human rights among migrant sex workers at the Guatemala-Mexico Border: a call for occupational health and safety interventions.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 02 2;18(1). Epub 2018 Feb 2.

Division of Infectious Diseases and Global Public Health, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, 0507, La Jolla, CA, 92093-0507, USA.

Background: Migrant women are over-represented in the sex industry, and migrant sex workers experience disproportionate health inequities, including those related to health access, HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and violence. Despite calls for occupational sex work interventions situated in labour rights frameworks, there remains a paucity of evidence pertaining to migrant sex workers' needs and realities, particularly within Mexico and Central America. This study investigated migrant sex workers' narratives regarding the ways in which structural features of work environments shape vulnerability and agency related to HIV/STI prevention and violence at the Guatemala-Mexico border. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0149-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5797417PMC
February 2018
14 Reads