J Neuroophthalmol 2021 Jan 15. Epub 2021 Jan 15.
Division of Ophthalmology (CNC, RB), Section Oculofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Ohio University/Ohio Health Doctor's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio; and Department of Ophthalmology (CNC, JAB), Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Grant Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio.
Background: Report the development of onabotulinumtoxinA neutralizing antibodies in patients treated consecutively for 20 years or longer for benign essential blepharospasm (BEB), hemifacial spasm (HFS), and Meige Syndrome.
Methods: Prospective, randomized, cross-sectional study of 12 randomly selected patients from a single clinical practice that have been treated consecutively for 20 or more years with onabotulinumtoxinA for BEB, HFS, or Meige Syndrome. Serum samples were collected from each subject and analyzed for neutralizing antibody formation using the Mouse Protection Assay. Read More