6,168 results match your criteria Bladder Stones

The prevalence of renal stone and outcomes of conservative treatment in kidney transplantation: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Urol J 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Urology Research Center, Sina Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Nephrolithiasis is a rare complication in transplanted kidneys and limited information is available about its therapeutic options. This study aimed to review the conservative management of urinary lithiasis and its outcomes in renal transplanted patients.

Methods: A systematic review and meta-analysis of the scientific literature were performed in the Medline, Scopus, and Embase databases. Read More

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[Foreign body in the urinary bladder intrauterine device].

Urologiia 2021 May(2):82-85

E.A. Vagner Perm State Medical University of MH RF.

The article provides a rare observation of a 34-year-old woman who, 12 years before admission to a urological clinic, a gynecologist installed an intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD). The subject migrated into the abdominal cavity, and after 10 years the patient developed dysuria and hematuria. In October 2017, ultrasound and cystoscopy revealed the migration of IUD into the bladder. Read More

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Case report of life-threatening complications following cystectomy in a woman with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction treated with indwelling bladder catheter for about 30 years.

Acta Biomed 2021 Apr 30;92(S1):e2021086. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Neuro-urology Unit, ASST Grande Ospedale Metropolitano Niguarda, Milan, Italy.

Patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD), specially with indwelling bladder catheter (iBC), have an increased risk of developing bladder stones, incomplete bladder emptying, recurrent urinary tract infections, sepsis, urethral trauma and bladder cancer. We present the case of a patient with a large bladder stone in iatrogenic NLUTD treated with iBC for about 30 years, who underwent a cystectomy followed by several life-threatening complications. Read More

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Giant bladder stone of 152g in an 11-year child with recurrent urinary tract infections: A rare case report and review of the literature.

Urol Case Rep 2021 Sep 7;38:101676. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Mogadishu Somali Turkish Training and Research Hospital; Mogadishu, Somalia.

In the literature, there are few case reports regarding pediatric giant bladder stones, although they are more common in children living in low-income countries due to low socioeconomic status, a diet with low protein, animal milk (goat milk), and dehydration. Herein, we report a child with a giant bladder stone of 72 × 42 × 44 mm in dimension and 152 gm in weight successfully managed with open cystolithotomy. Early diagnosis and management of bladder stones in the pediatric age group are crucial to prevent subsequent complications including recurrent urinary tract infections, excessive antimicrobial use and dissemination of antimicrobial resistance, and consequent renal insufficiency. Read More

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September 2021

A sandwich technique for the removal of stone embedded intrauterine devices in the urinary bladder.

Urol Case Rep 2021 Sep 10;38:101599. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Department of Urology unit-1, The Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou, 221000, China.

A urinary bladder stone in young adults is uncommon. Dislocation of an IUD to adjection organs is a rare condition. We present a case of a 28-year female with a chief complaint of right side pelvis discomfort, off and on with the urinary system. Read More

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September 2021

Nephrogenic adenoma of the ureter in a teenager with history of leukemia.

Radiol Case Rep 2021 Jun 9;16(6):1384-1387. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, Department of Radiology, 1 Medical Center Blvd, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA.

Nephrogenic adenomas represent a suspected metaplastic response of the uroepithelium to chronic inflammation and are typically associated with recurrent urinary tract infections, stones, prior radiation therapy and other irritative factors, more commonly seen in adults. Nephrogenic adenoma (also known as nephrogenic metaplasia) usually involves the bladder in adults and represents a rare lesion that can easily be misdiagnosed as a malignancy. We present the case of a 14-year-old male with prior history of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) who presented with a several month history of vague flank pain which increased in intensity, leading to an emergency department presentation with the only significant finding on exam being microhematuria. Read More

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Case report- acute pre-operative gall bladder perforation (Type-1) with generalized biliary peritonitis in younger age group without any comorbid illness.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2021 Apr 27;64:102253. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

Department- General Surgery, Institution - Khetarpal Hospital, India.

Gall bladder related disease is now one of the commonest indications for elective and emergency surgery and laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the mainstay treatment in patients with gall bladder stones, however some patient delay their surgical intervention for some period of time which might lead to life threatening complications in later stages such as GBP which is rarest but when it occurs along with other predisposing risk factors (hypoalbuminemia and SIRS) might increase the morbidity and mortality rate. Here we report a case of pre-operative Type-I GBP with generalized biliary peritonitis with sepsis with hypoalbuminemia in younger age group. Acute cholecystitis patient of younger age group without any comorbid illness, needs prompt surgical intervention (cholecystectomy). Read More

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Obstructive ureteric calculus with superimposed infections causing reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(16):e25589

Department of Medicine, Princefield University, P.O. Box MA 128, Ho-Volta Region, Ghana, West Africa.

Rationale: Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome (RPLS) is a clinicoradiological phenomenon first observed 2 decades ago. Reversibility is the hallmark of this rare clinical phenomenon once the triggering pathology is aptly and adequately treated. Tinnitus preceding bilateral hearing loss as a symptomatology of RPLS has not been reported in the literature. Read More

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Complete erosion of abdominal cerclage into the bladder.

J Obstet Gynaecol Can 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

Background: Abdominal cerclage is indicated for some women with cervical insufficiency. Long-term complications from cerclage are rare.

Case: Here we report the case of a patient who presented with recurrent urinary tract infection and hematuria 5 years after laparoscopic abdominal cerclage. Read More

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Incidence of nephrolithiasis after bladder augmentation in people with spina bifida.

J Pediatr Urol 2021 Mar 19. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Division of Pediatric Urology, Riley Hospital for Children at IU Health, 705 Riley Hospital Dr., Suite 4230, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: Risks of nephrolithiasis after bladder augmentation in people with spina bifida (SB) remain unclear. Annual incidence of nephrolithiasis in the general population is 0.01% for 10-14 years old, 0. Read More

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Side-by-side evaluation of virtual non-contrast and post-contrast images improves detection of clinically significant urolithiasis on single-phase split bolus dual-energy CT urography.

Br J Radiol 2021 May 16;94(1121):20210013. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Urology, Clinical Hospital Centre Rijeka, Rijeka, Croatia.

Objectives: Studies show insufficient sensitivity of virtual non-contrast (VNC) reconstructions for stone detection in dual-energy CT urography (DE-CTU). The aim of this study was to investigate if side-by-side-evaluation of both VNC and post-contrast images could increase the sensitivity of single-phase split bolus DE-CTU.

Methods: Consecutive patients with haematuria who underwent split bolus DE-CTU on the same dual-source DE-CT scanner were retrospectively enrolled in the study. Read More

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In Vivo Comparison of Radiation Exposure in Third Generation versus Second Generation Dual-Source Dual-Energy CT for Imaging Urinary Calculi.

J Endourol 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Mayo Clinic Florida, 23389, Radiology, Jacksonville, Florida, United States;

Purpose: To investigate the potential for decreasing radiation dose when utilizing a third generation versus second generation dual-source dual-energy CT scanner, while maintaining diagnostic image quality and acceptable image noise.

Materials And Methods: Retrospective analysis of patients who underwent dual-source dual-energy CT (dsDECT) for clinical suspicion of urolithiasis from 10/2/2017 - 9/5/2018. Patient demographics, body mass index, abdominal diameter, scanning parameters, and CT dose index volume (CTDIvol) were recorded. Read More

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Men's Health: Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia.

Robert C Langan

FP Essent 2021 Apr;503:18-22

St. Luke's Family Medicine Residency Program at St. Luke's Hospital - Sacred Heart Campus, 421 West Chew St, Allentown, PA, 18102.

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) commonly causes lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) through narrowing of the urethra and disruption of innervation of the gland. BPH is common in older men. Risk factors include Black race, Hispanic ethnicity, obesity, type 2 diabetes, high levels of alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, and a family history of BPH. Read More

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J Endourol 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Universidad de Monterrey, 27808, Dirección de Especialidades Médicas, San Pedro Garza Garcia, Nuevo León, Mexico;

Introduction: Urethral and bladder neck stricture (U/BNS) is a complication that occurs in up to 9% of patients following transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). The most relevant risk factors reported are prolonged surgical duration and prostatic volume. The purpose of this study is to analyze risk factors associated with the development of U/BNS following TURP. Read More

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Primary aldosteronism is associated with risk of urinary bladder stones in a nationwide cohort study.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 8;11(1):7684. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, 1650 Taiwan Boulevard Sect. 4, Taichung, 40705, Taiwan, ROC.

We analyzed database from the Taiwan National Health Insurance to investigate whether primary aldosteronism (PA) increases the risk of bladder stones. This retrospective nationwide population-based cohort study during the period of 1998-2011 compared patients with and without PA extracted by propensity score matching. Cox proportional hazard models and competing death risk model were used to estimate the hazard ratios (HRs), sub-hazard ratios (SHRs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Read More

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Pancreatobiliary Diseases: Evaluation by Transabdominal and Endoscopic Ultrasound.

Mymensingh Med J 2021 Apr;30(2):458-465

Professor Dr Bimal Chandra Shil, Professor & Head, Department of Gastroenterology, Sir Salimullah Medical College Mitford Hospital (SSMC&MH), Dhaka, Bangladesh; E-mail:

Pancreaticobiliary diseases are the important causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Among the imaging modalities, Transabdominal ultrasound (TUS) is cheap, available, and noninvasive but it has some limitations. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is invasive but it has some diagnostic and therapeutic advantages over TUS. Read More

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[Metabolic alterations and stones in patients with orthotopic ileal diversions. Case description.]

Arch Esp Urol 2021 Apr;74(3):351-354

Servicio de Urología. Hospital Universitario San Juan de Alicante. España.

Objective: Bacterial presence, anatomic anomalies and metabolic alterations increase the risk of stone formation in patients with neobladders. These patients sometimes require medical or surgical procedures. The aim of the current work is to analyze those alterations and medical treatment associated to it. Read More

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Acute Kidney Injury Post-Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PNL): Prospective Outcomes from a University Teaching Hospital.

J Clin Med 2021 Mar 29;10(7). Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Department of Urology, Kasturba Medical College Hospital, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Manipal 576104, Karnataka, India.

Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) after percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) is a significant complication, but evidence on its incidence is bereft in the literature. The objective of this prospective observational study was to analyze the incidence of post-PNL AKI and the potential risk factors and outcomes. Demographic data collected included age, gender, body mass index (BMI), comorbidities (hypertension, diabetes mellitus), and drug history-particularly angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors), angiotensin II receptor blockers and beta blockers. Read More

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Bipolar transurethral enucleation of the prostate combined with open cystolithotomy in the treatment of large and giant prostate with bladder stones: Case series.

Urologia 2021 Mar 30:3915603211001686. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Urology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian, Liaoning Province, China.

The surgical management of large or giant prostate still has challenges to urologists, especially if combined with bladder stones, and the traditional techniques by open prostatectomy and cystolithotomy have significant morbidity rates. The endoscopic procedure might not be feasible to treat both conditions in a single procedure, despite advances in surgical techniques and instrumentation, we present a one-session procedure by a combined endoscopic and open approach for treating benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) larger than 100 g combined with bladder stones in the elderly patient with other comorbidities. Between May 2017 and January 2020, bipolar transurethral plasma kinetic enucleation of the prostate (TUEP) followed by open cystolithotomy was performed to six patients at our institution, three of them combined with a big bladder stone(s). Read More

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Study On The Prevalence Of Gallstones In Patients Undergoing Cholecystectomy In Benazir Bhutto Shaheed Hospital (DHQ) Abbottabad.

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2021 Jan-Mar;33(1):102-104

Department of Anatomy, Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad, Pakistan.

Background: The incidence of gall bladder diseases is increasing day by day in developing as well as developed countries. Most common gall bladder diseases include gallstones (cholelithiasis) and cancer of gall bladder.

Objective: To determine and compare the surgical incidence of gallstones on the basis of gender and age in patients undergoing elective cholecystectomy in Benazir Bhutto Shaheed Hospital (DHQ) Abbottabad. Read More

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Endourological management of multiple large bladder calculi over eroded mesh in an adult with augmented bladder and catheterisable continent appendicovesicostomy.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Mar 23;14(3). Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Urology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, USA

Migration of abdominal wall mesh in an augmented bladder is a rarely encountered complication leading to formation of bladder stones causing recurrent urinary tract symptoms. The usual management of this condition involves either open surgical or a percutaneous approach for removal of the stone and migrated portion of mesh. Diagnosis of a migrated mesh is usually made intraoperatively during cystolitholapaxy. Read More

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Management of "stone pain" between the 18th and 19th centuries: A brief history of a medical prescription in the Viceroyalty of New Granada.

Actas Urol Esp 2021 Mar 17. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Grupo Genética Humana, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de La Sabana, Chía, Colombia; Instituto de Genética Humana, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia.

Introduction: The presence of stones in the urinary tract is a condition that has accompanied humans since ancient times. In colonial times, this condition was known as "stone pain" and its non-surgical management was based on the use of medicines derived from plants, animals and minerals.

Objective: To contextualize a medical prescription used to modulate stone pain in the 18th century in the New Kingdom of Granada. Read More

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Mean Changes in Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate in Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy Having Renal Stone Disease.

Cureus 2021 Feb 13;13(2):e13328. Epub 2021 Feb 13.

Medicine and Surgery, Alexandria Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria, EGY.

Background Urinary stone disease is associated with renal impairment because of obstruction and infection. Comorbidities include hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes, and impaired renal function. Furthermore, as recurrences are common in urolithiasis, such patients undergo many treatments throughout their life. Read More

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February 2021

Spectrum of urological cases in a West African Tertiary Hospital.

Ann Afr Med 2021 Jan-Mar;20(1):14-18

Department of Surgery, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria.

Context: Urological diseases vary from one geographical location to another worldwide. The knowledge of their distribution in each location could determine local workforce and facility needs and as well guide the areas of subspecialization.

Aims: The aim of this study is to document the annual frequency and distribution of urological diseases at the Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto. Read More

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Case report: The theory of post-ileocystoplasty spherical configuration in patients with low-capacity bladder.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 5;81:105731. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara - Haji Adam Malik General Hospital Medan, Jl. Bunga Lau No.17, Kemenangan Tani, Kec. Medan Tuntungan, Kota Medan, Sumatera Utara, 20136, Indonesia. Electronic address:

Introduction: Bladder augmentation can be performed by detubularization of the small or large intestine. A large capacity bladder is necessary to avoid frequent urination; thus, the ileal sac must be able to store the maximum volume of urine with relatively low pressure and the shortest length of the intestine. The acceptable pressure capacity should always be under ureteric pressure to avoid back pressure and kidney damage. Read More

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Cystinuria poorly responding to treatment - the risk of chronic kidney disease.

Pol Merkur Lekarski 2021 Feb;49(289):60-63

Department of Internal Medicine, Nephrology and Dialysis, Military Institute of Medicine. Warsaw, Poland.

Cystinuria is the genetic condition for the increased excretion of cystine in the urine. Patients mainly suffer from afflictions related to the presence and passage of kidney stones. The currently available treatment methods include conservative treatment based on increased fluid intake, appropriate diet, medications and urological procedures. Read More

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February 2021

Pathogenesis of Proteus mirabilis in Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infections.

Urol Int 2021 10;105(5-6):354-361. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Department of Urology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming, China,

Proteus mirabilis (PM) is a Gram-negative rod-shaped bacterium and widely exists in the natural environment, and it is most noted for its swarming motility and urease activity. PM is the main pathogen causing complicated urinary tract infections (UTIs), especially catheter-associated urinary tract infections. Clinically, PM can form a crystalline biofilm on the outer surface and inner cavity of the urethral indwelling catheter owing to its ureolytic biomineralization. Read More

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Urological management and surgical procedures in migrants from Sub-Saharan Africa with urogenital schistosomiasis.

Actas Urol Esp 2021 May 5;45(4):309-319. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Department of Oncologic, Minimally-Invasive Urology and Andrology, Careggi Hospital, University of Florence, Florencia, Italia.

Introduction And Objectives: An increasing number of urogenital schistosomiasis (UGS) is being diagnosed in Europe following the unprecedented migratory flux from Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). This phenomenon represent a challenge for urologists working in a non-endemic area. The aim of this study is to describe the urological management and the surgical procedures of patients with UGS in a tertiary referral centre. Read More

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