5,726 results match your criteria Bites Insects


Venomous Bites, Stings, and Poisoning: An Update.

Authors:
David A Warrell

Infect Dis Clin North Am 2019 Mar;33(1):17-38

Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headington, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK. Electronic address:

This article discusses the epidemiology, prevention, clinical features, and treatment of venomous bites by snakes, lizards, and spiders; stings by fish, jellyfish, echinoderms, insects, and scorpions; and poisoning by ingestion of fish, turtles, and shellfish. Invertebrate stings cause fatalities by anaphylaxis, secondary to acquired hypersensitivity (Hymenoptera, such as bees, wasps, and ants; and jellyfish), and by direct envenoming (scorpions, spiders, jellyfish, and echinoderms). Simple preventive techniques, such as wearing protective clothing, using a flashlight at night, and excluding venomous animals from sleeping quarters, are of paramount importance to reduce the risk of venomous bites and stings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.idc.2018.10.001DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Wilderness Dermatology: Bugs, Plants, and Other Nuisances That May Ruin Your Hike.

R I Med J (2013) 2019 Feb 1;102(1):16-22. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Brown University Department of Dermatology.

Spending time outdoors can be rewarding. However, exposure to the sun, insect bites, and plant exposures may result in a wide range of dermatologic manifestations. In this article, we describe potential cutaneous manifestations of common wilderness exposures in New England including photodermatoses from prolonged sun exposure, phytodermatoses from plant exposures, and arthropod-bite reactions from common insects (mosquitos, spiders, ticks, hymenoptera, mites and chiggers). Read More

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February 2019

Bioabsorption and effectiveness of long-lasting permethrin-treated uniforms over three months among North Carolina outdoor workers.

Parasit Vectors 2019 Jan 23;12(1):52. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina Gillings School of Global Public Health, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Background: Vector-borne diseases are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in the USA. Effective, convenient prevention methods are needed. Long-lasting permethrin-impregnated (LLPI) clothing can prevent tick bites, however, additional information is needed on the real-world effectiveness and safety of this preventative measure. Read More

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https://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-019-3314-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343280PMC
January 2019
10 Reads

Entomological assessment of the transmission following recrudescence of onchocerciasis in the Comoé Valley, Burkina Faso.

Parasit Vectors 2019 Jan 15;12(1):34. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Ministère de l'Enseignement Supérieur, de la Recherche Scientifique et de l'Innovation, Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé (IRSS), Direction Régionale de l'Ouest, BP 545, Bobo Dioulasso 01, Burkina Faso.

Background: Onchocerciasis, or river blindness, is a dermal filariasis caused by infection with the nematode parasite Onchocerca volvulus, transmitted to humans through the bites of blackflies of the genus Simulium. Despite the decade-long West African Regional Programme for the Elimination of Onchocerciasis, involving the mass administration of ivermectin to populations in endemic areas, recrudescence has occurred. An example is in the Cascades Region of south-west Burkina Faso where the resumption of transmission had resulted in infection prevalences of up to 70% in some villages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-019-3290-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6332526PMC
January 2019

EAACI position paper: Comparing insect hypersensitivity induced by bite, sting, inhalation or ingestion in human beings and animals.

Allergy 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Comparative Medicine, The Interuniversity Messerli Research Institute of the University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Medical University of Vienna and University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Adverse reactions to insects occur in both human and veterinary patients. Systematic comparison may lead to improved recommendations for prevention and treatment in all species. In this position paper, we summarize the current knowledge on insect allergy induced via stings, bites, inhalation or ingestion, and compare reactions in companion animals to those in people. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/all.13722DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

DNA plasmid coding for Phlebotomus sergenti salivary protein PsSP9, a member of the SP15 family of proteins, protects against Leishmania tropica.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2019 01 11;13(1):e0007067. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Immunotherapy and Leishmania Vaccine Research, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran.

Background: The vector-borne disease leishmaniasis is transmitted to humans by infected female sand flies, which transmits Leishmania parasites together with saliva during blood feeding. In Iran, cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is caused by Leishmania (L.) major and L. Read More

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http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007067
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007067DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6345478PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Molecular evidence for the inhibition of cytochrome p450s and cholinesterases in ticks by the repellent DEET.

Ticks Tick Borne Dis 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Department of Biology, Brandon University, Brandon, MB R78 6A9, Canada. Electronic address:

For more than 50 years DEET (N,N-Diethyl-m-toluamide) has been considered the gold standard of repellents. It is applied to the skin or clothing to deter mosquitoes and other blood-sucking invertebrate pests from approaching and/or settling, and ultimately it provides temporary protection from bites. Despite rampant global use, surprisingly little is understood about DEET's mode of action and the molecular targets of the active ingredient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ttbdis.2018.12.006DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Host-feeding patterns of Culex mosquitoes in Iran.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Dec 27;11(1):669. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, WHO Collaborating Centre for Arbovirus and Hemorrhagic Fever Reference and Research, Hamburg, Germany.

Background: Different mosquito-borne pathogens are circulating in Iran including Sindbis virus, West Nile virus, filarioid worms and malaria parasites. However, the local transmission cycles of these pathogenic agents are poorly understood, especially because ecological data on vector species are scarce and there is limited knowledge about the host range; this understanding could help to direct species-specific vector control measurements or to prioritize research.

Methods: In the summers of 2015 and 2016, blood-fed mosquitoes were collected at 13 trapping sites on the coast of the Caspian Sea in northern Iran and at an additional trapping site in western Iran. Read More

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https://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-018-3237-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307250PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Inferences about the transmission of lumpy skin disease virus between herds from outbreaks in Albania in 2016.

Prev Vet Med 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

European Food Safety Authority, Via Carlo Magno 1A, 43126 Parma, Italy.

Lumpy skin disease has recently emerged as a major threat to cattle populations outside of Africa, where it is endemic. In 2015 the first ever European outbreaks occurred in Greece, which were followed by spread across much of the Balkans in 2016. Here we use a simple mathematical model for the transmission of lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV) between herds to explore factors influencing its spread by fitting it to data on outbreaks in Albania in 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prevetmed.2018.12.008DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

Field evaluation of personal protection methods against outdoor-biting mosquitoes in Lao PDR.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Dec 17;11(1):661. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Disease Control, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

Background: Protecting people outdoors against mosquito-borne diseases is a major challenge. Here we compared commercially available personal protection methods to identify the most effective method for outdoor use in northern Lao PDR.

Methods: From June to August 2016 the protective efficacy of treatments were compared in a secondary forest during the afternoon and a village during the evening. Read More

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https://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-018-3239-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6296151PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

Evaluation of the possible use of genus Mentha derived essential oils in the prevention of SENLAT syndrome caused by Rickettsia slovaca.

J Ethnopharmacol 2019 Mar 6;232:55-61. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Biomedical Research Center, Institute of Virology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dúbravská cesta 9, 845 05 Bratislava, Slovakia.

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Essential oils and essential oil bearing medicinal and culinary plants have a long tradition of being used to combat infection, treat various conditions, and promote and restore health. Mint oils are traditionally applied to repel insects and treat various conditions including wounds, skin infections, inflammation, eczema, urticaria, psoriasis, scabies and insect bites. They are among essential oils promoted as a natural way to prevent tick-borne diseases and recommended as ingredients in various homemade repellent mixtures and tick-bite treatments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2018.12.005DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Allergen-specific immunoglobulin E in sera of horses affected with insect bite hypersensitivity, severe equine asthma or both conditions.

J Vet Intern Med 2019 Jan 6;33(1):266-274. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Clinical Research, University of Bern, Berne, Switzerland.

Background: Genetic, epidemiologic, and clinical evidence suggests that, in horses, there are manifestations of hypersensitivity that can occur together.

Objectives: To investigate whether concurrent insect bite hypersensitivity (IBH) and severe equine asthma (EA) is associated with higher allergen-specific and total serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) concentrations than only EA or IBH.

Animals: Healthy control horses (C, n = 40), horses with IBH (IBH, n = 24), severe EA (EA, n = 18), and both conditions (IBH/EA, n = 23) were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jvim.15355DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335542PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Human antibody reaction against recombinant salivary proteins of Phlebotomus orientalis in Eastern Africa.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 12 4;12(12):e0006981. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.

Background: Phlebotomus orientalis is a vector of Leishmania donovani, the causative agent of life threatening visceral leishmaniasis spread in Eastern Africa. During blood-feeding, sand fly females salivate into the skin of the host. Sand fly saliva contains a large variety of proteins, some of which elicit specific antibody responses in the bitten hosts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006981DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6279015PMC
December 2018
15 Reads

Spatial-temporal heterogeneity in malaria receptivity is best estimated by vector biting rates in areas nearing elimination.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Nov 27;11(1):606. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

James Cook University, Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine, Cairns, QLD, 4870, Australia.

Background: Decisions on when vector control can be withdrawn after malaria is eliminated depend on the receptivity or potential of an area to support vector populations. To guide malaria control and elimination programmes, the potential of biting rates, sporozoite rates, entomological inoculation rates and parity rates to estimate malaria receptivity and transmission were compared within and among geographically localised villages of active transmission in the Western Province of the Solomon Islands.

Results: Malaria transmission and transmission potential was heterogeneous in both time and space both among and within villages as defined by anopheline species composition and biting densities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-018-3201-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6260740PMC
November 2018

Understanding toxicological implications of accidents with caterpillars Megalopyge lanata and Podalia orsilochus (Lepidoptera: Megalopygidae).

Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol 2019 Feb 15;216:110-119. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Argentina; Instituto Nacional de Medicina Tropical (INMeT), Neuquén y Jujuy s/n, 3370 Puerto Iguazú, Argentina. Electronic address:

Megalopygids Megalopyge lanata and Podalia orsilochus are common causative agents of accidents in agricultural workers. These accidents are provoked by dermal contact at their larval stage and are characterized by cutaneous reactions, such as burning pain, edema and erythema, typically mild and self-limited. There is very little information about their venoms and their toxicological implications on human health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpc.2018.11.011DOI Listing
February 2019
10 Reads

Insect Repellents: An Updated Review for the Clinician.

J Am Acad Dermatol 2018 Nov 2. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Department of Dermatology, UTHealth McGovern Medical School at Houston. Electronic address:

Malaria, Zika virus, West Nile virus, Dengue fever, and Lyme disease are common causes of morbidity and mortality around the world. While arthropod bites may cause local inflammation and discomfort, a greater concern is the potential to develop deadly systemic infection. The use of insect repellents (IR) to prevent systemic infections constitutes a fundamental public health effort. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01909622183282
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2018.10.053DOI Listing
November 2018
15 Reads

A prospective study on insect bite hypersensitivity in horses exported from Iceland into Switzerland.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Nov 3;60(1):69. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Department of Clinical Research & VPH, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Berne, Länggass-str 124, 3012, Bern, Switzerland.

Background: Insect bite hypersensitivity (IBH) is an IgE-mediated dermatitis caused by bites of Culicoides spp., which occurs frequently in horses imported from Iceland to continental Europe. IBH does not occur in Iceland because Culicoides species that bite horses are not present. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0425-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215642PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

Outbreak of yellow fever in central and southwestern Uganda, February-may 2016.

BMC Infect Dis 2018 Nov 3;18(1):548. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Kampala, Uganda.

Background: On 28 March, 2016, the Ministry of Health received a report on three deaths from an unknown disease characterized by fever, jaundice, and hemorrhage which occurred within a one-month period in the same family in central Uganda. We started an investigation to determine its nature and scope, identify risk factors, and to recommend eventually control measures for future prevention.

Methods: We defined a probable case as onset of unexplained fever plus ≥1 of the following unexplained symptoms: jaundice, unexplained bleeding, or liver function abnormalities. Read More

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https://bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s128
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-018-3440-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215607PMC
November 2018
76 Reads
2.613 Impact Factor

Baseline entomologic data on malaria transmission in prelude to an indoor residual spraying intervention in the regions of Alibori and Donga, Northern Benin, West Africa.

Malar J 2018 Oct 29;17(1):392. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Centre de Recherche entomologique de Cotonou (CREC), Cotonou, Benin.

Background: Despite the success of indoor residual insecticide spraying (IRS) in Africa, particularly in Benin, some gaps of information need to be filled to optimize the effectiveness of this intervention in the perspective of the country's effort to eliminate malaria. In anticipation to the 2018 IRS campaign in two targeted regions of northern Benin, this study aimed, to collect baseline information on vector composition, spatio-temporal variation and peak malaria transmission in the Alibori and Donga, two targeted regions of northern Benin. Information collected will help to better plan the implementation and later on the impact assessment of this IRS campaign. Read More

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https://malariajournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12936-018-2507-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206707PMC
October 2018
10 Reads
3.110 Impact Factor

Controlling phlebotomine sand flies to prevent canine Leishmania infantum infection: A case of knowing your enemy.

Res Vet Sci 2018 Dec 13;121:94-103. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Grupo de Investigación Epicontrol-Carnívoros, Departamento de Sanidad Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Avda. Puerta de Hierro s/n, Madrid 28040, Spain. Electronic address:

Leishmaniosis caused by Leishmania infantum is a widespread zoonotic disease that can be transmitted to animals and humans by their vectors, blood-sucking phlebotomine sand flies. To prevent canine leishmaniosis across the whole Mediterranean region, vector control is essential. Because of phlebotomine breeding sites are diverse, environmental larval controls have limited practical value. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00345288183035
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rvsc.2018.10.008DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Vector bionomics and malaria transmission in an area of sympatry of An. arabiensis, An. coluzzii and An. gambiae.

Acta Trop 2019 Jan 16;189:129-136. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Unité d'entomologie médicale, Institut Pasteur de Dakar, BP 220, Dakar, Senegal. Electronic address:

Despite extensive genetic studies on their variability and differentiation, few is known about the specific and relative role of An. coluzzii, An. gambiae and An. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2018.10.005DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Eave ribbons treated with the spatial repellent, transfluthrin, can effectively protect against indoor-biting and outdoor-biting malaria mosquitoes.

Malar J 2018 Oct 17;17(1):368. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Environmental Health and Ecological Sciences Department, Ifakara Health Institute, Ifakara, Tanzania.

Background: Long-lasting insecticide-treated nets and indoor residual spraying protect against indoor-biting and indoor-resting mosquitoes but are largely ineffective for early-biting and outdoor-biting malaria vectors. Complementary tools are, therefore, needed to accelerate control efforts. This paper describes simple hessian ribbons treated with spatial repellents and wrapped around eaves of houses to prevent outdoor-biting and indoor-biting mosquitoes over long periods of time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12936-018-2520-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6192339PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Dramatic decreases of malaria transmission intensities in Ifakara, south-eastern Tanzania since early 2000s.

Malar J 2018 Oct 16;17(1):362. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Environmental Health and Ecological Science Department, Ifakara Health Institute, P. O. Box 53, Ifakara, Tanzania.

Background: Ongoing epidemiological transitions across Africa are particularly evident in fast-growing towns, such as Ifakara in the Kilombero valley, south-eastern Tanzania. This town and its environs (population ~ 70,000) historically experienced moderate to high malaria transmission, mediated mostly by Anopheles gambiae and Anopheles funestus. In early 2000s, malaria transmission [Plasmodium falciparum entomological inoculation rate (PfEIR)] was estimated at ~ 30 infectious bites/person/year (ib/p/yr). Read More

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https://malariajournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12936-018-2511-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6192315PMC
October 2018
8 Reads

Host Decoy Trap (HDT) with cattle odour is highly effective for collection of exophagic malaria vectors.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Oct 15;11(1):533. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich at Medway, Chatham Maritime, Kent, ME4 4TB, UK.

Background: As currently implemented, malaria vector surveillance in sub-Saharan Africa targets endophagic and endophilic mosquitoes, leaving exophagic (outdoor blood-feeding) mosquitoes underrepresented. We evaluated the recently developed host decoy trap (HDT) and compared it to the gold standard, human landing catch (HLC), in a 3 × 3 Latin square study design outdoors in western Kenya. HLCs are considered to represent the natural range of Anopheles biting-behaviour compared to other sampling tools, and therefore, in principle, provide the most reliable profile of the biting population transmitting malaria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-018-3099-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191991PMC
October 2018
3.430 Impact Factor

Ischemic stroke following a wasp sting - a rare complication: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2018 Oct 14;12(1):294. Epub 2018 Oct 14.

Department of Medicine, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.

Background: Wasp stings are commonly encountered worldwide and result in a variety of clinical manifestations including local and systemic reactions. Neurological and vascular complications are rarely reported following a wasp sting.

Case Presentation: A 69-year-old Sri Lankan Tamil man presented to our hospital with focal neurological deficit following multiple wasp stings; the deficit was confirmed to be an acute infarction on magnetic resonance imaging scan. Read More

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https://jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1839-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6186294PMC
October 2018
11 Reads

The effect of assortative mixing on stability of low helminth transmission levels and on the impact of mass drug administration: Model explorations for onchocerciasis.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 10 8;12(10):e0006624. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Stable low pre-control prevalences of helminth infection are not uncommon in field settings, yet it is poorly understood how such low levels can be sustained, thereby challenging efforts to model them. Disentangling possible facilitating mechanisms is important, since these may differently affect intervention impact. Here we explore the role of assortative (i. Read More

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http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006624
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006624DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6175282PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

Impact of Consumption of Bananas on Attraction of to Humans.

Insects 2018 Sep 28;9(4). Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Department of Entomology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA.

Humans vary in attractiveness to mosquitoes, a phenomenon that is largely attributed to differences in physical cues such as heat and volatile odors emanating from breath and skin. Diet can change human odors but whether specific dietary components alter host attractiveness is largely unexplored. We identified bananas as a target for study following a survey of the internet for advice on avoiding mosquito bites. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/2075-4450/9/4/129
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/insects9040129DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Interleukin-6 Gene Polymorphism and the Risk of Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome Caused by Wasp Sting Injury.

DNA Cell Biol 2018 Dec 28;37(12):967-972. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

4 Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Institute of Respiratory Medicine, Taihe Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine, Shiyan, China.

Previous studies have shown that serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), which plays an important role in the development of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), is significantly increased in wasp sting patients. However, the association between IL-6 gene variants and the risk of SIRS development in these patients is not clearly understood. In this study, we investigated the association between IL-6 gene polymorphism in the promoter region and the risk of SIRS in wasp sting patients. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/dna.2018.4156
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/dna.2018.4156DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads
2.060 Impact Factor

Laboratory assessment of the anti-feeding effect for up to 12 months of a slow release deltamethrin collar (Scalibor®) against the sand fly Phlebotomus perniciosus in dogs.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Sep 27;11(1):529. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

MSD Animal Health Innovation SAS, 7 rue Olivier de Serres, CS 67131, 49071, Angers Technopole, Beaucouzé, France.

Background: Leishmaniosis/leishmaniasis consists of a wide group of diseases, caused by different Leishmania species and having different hosts. Leishmaniosis caused by Leishmania infantum, a disease primarily of dogs and humans, occurs after susceptible hosts are exposed to the feeding behavior of infected sand flies. A one-year laboratory study in dogs was designed to determine the 364-day anti-feeding efficacy of a slow release deltamethrin collar against the sand fly P. Read More

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https://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-018-3094-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161463PMC
September 2018
12 Reads

Oval sign: A retained bee stinger.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2018 Oct;66(10):1466-1467

Tej Kohli Cornea Institute, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

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http://www.ijo.in/text.asp?2018/66/10/1466/242015
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_465_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6173003PMC
October 2018
5 Reads

Attraction of phlebotomine sandflies to volatiles from skin odors of individuals residing in an endemic area of tegumentary leishmaniasis.

PLoS One 2018 24;13(9):e0203989. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Instituto Gonçalo Moniz-Fiocruz-Salvador, Bahia-Brazil.

Background: Many studies have investigated what could attract insects of medical importance and a crucial role has lately been attributed to human skin odors. Most of these researches have been concerned with mosquitoes, e.g. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0203989PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6152958PMC
September 2018
3 Reads

2D and 3D structure-activity modelling of mosquito repellents: a review .

Authors:
J Devillers

SAR QSAR Environ Res 2018 Sep;29(9):693-723

a CTIS, Rillieux la Pape , France.

Repellents disrupt the behaviour of blood-seeking mosquitoes protecting humans against their bites which can transmit serious diseases. Since the mid-1950s, N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET) is considered as the standard mosquito repellent worldwide. However, DEET presents numerous shortcomings. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1062936X.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1062936X.2018.1513218DOI Listing
September 2018
11 Reads

Modelling the spatial distribution of aquatic insects (Order Hemiptera) potentially involved in the transmission of Mycobacterium ulcerans in Africa.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Sep 6;11(1):501. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Faculty of Infectious & Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

Background: Biting aquatic insects belonging to the order Hemiptera have been suggested as potential vectors of Mycobacterium ulcerans in endemic areas for Buruli ulcer (BU). If this is the case, these insects would be expected to co-exist with M. ulcerans in the same geographical areas. Read More

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https://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-018-3066-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6127916PMC
September 2018
4 Reads

Knowledge, practices and entomological aspects of dengue in Medellín, Colombia: A comparative study of neighborhoods with high and low incidence

Biomedica 2018 08 1;38(0):106-116. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Grupo de Entomología Médica, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.

Introduction: Dengue, mainly transmitted by Aedes aegypti, is a very important viral disease in terms of public health. Colombia is an endemoepidemic country for dengue and, in cities like Medellín, there are neighborhoods with high and low incidence. The disease dynamics in the neighborhoods might be determined by differences in the knowledge, practices and entomological aspects of the vector among the communities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7705/biomedica.v38i0.3957DOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read

CAP-Inhibition, Molecular Diagnostics, and Total IgE in the Evaluation of Polistes and Vespula Double Sensitization.

Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2018;177(4):365-369. Epub 2018 Sep 3.

Allergy Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital of Ancona, Allergy and Clinical Immunology School, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona,

Cross-reactions between Polistes dominula and Vespula species are common in southern Europe. Currently, only CAP-inhibition demonstrates high accuracy in identifying genuine sensitizations, but this method is time-consuming and expensive, so a new approach is required. This study investigates skin tests, molecular diagnostics, total IgE (tIgE), and the Ves v 5/Pol d 5 (or vice versa) ratio. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000491939DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Evaluation of Human Exposure to Bites in Rubber and Palm Cultivations Using an Immunoepidemiological Biomarker.

Biomed Res Int 2018 9;2018:3572696. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

Université Nangui Abrogoua, 02 BP 801, Abidjan 02, Côte d'Ivoire.

Arbovirus infections, mainly transmitted by mosquito, are emerging in Africa. Efficient vector control requires an understanding of ecological factors which could impact on the risk of transmission, such as environmental changes linked to agricultural practices. The present study aims to assess the level of human exposure to mosquito bites in different agroecosystem area, using an immunological tool which quantifies human IgG antibody response to one salivary peptide. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3572696DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6106716PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

Screening for potential prophylactics targeting sporozoite motility through the skin.

Malar J 2018 Aug 31;17(1):319. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Integrative Parasitology, Center for Infectious Diseases, Heidelberg University Medical School, Im Neuenheimer Feld 324, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.

Background: Anti-malarial compounds have not yet been identified that target the first obligatory step of infection in humans: the migration of Plasmodium sporozoites in the host dermis. This movement is essential to find and invade a blood vessel in order to be passively transported to the liver. Here, an imaging screening pipeline was established to screen for compounds capable of inhibiting extracellular sporozoites. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12936-018-2469-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6119338PMC
August 2018
4 Reads

The red ear.

Pan Afr Med J 2018;30:34. Epub 2018 May 16.

Prosper-Hospital, Department of Oto-rhino-laryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Recklinghausen, Germany.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2018.30.34.15020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6110547PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Erucism due to cup moth.

Pan Afr Med J 2018;30:16. Epub 2018 May 8.

Dermatology Division, Department of Medical Clinics, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2018.30.16.15185DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6110551PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Breakfast, lunch, and dinner sign: a hallmark of flea and bedbug bites.

An Bras Dermatol 2018 Sep-Oct;93(5):759-760

Department of Dermatology and Radiotherapy, Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu (SP), Brazil.

Human, dog, and cat fleas, as well as bedbugs, feed by biting their victims, causing acute prurigo, which is aggravated in sensitized victims (papular urticaria). The lesions appear in the classic "breakfast, lunch, and dinner" pattern. There are two main explanations: the parasites "map" the skin area in search of the best places to bite, and their removal when victim scratches, and then reattach to the skin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/abd1806-4841.20187384DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6106677PMC
October 2018
9 Reads

Multiple bee stings, multiple organs involved: a case report.

Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 2018 Jul-Aug;51(4):560-562

Unidade de Terapia Intensiva, Departamento de Pediatria, Instituto Fernandes Figueira, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.

Accidents related to Africanized honey bees are growing globally and are associated with multiple stings owing to the aggressive behavior of this species. The massive inoculation of venom causes skin necrosis and rhabdomyolysis leading to renal failure. Anaphylactic manifestations are more common and are treated using well-defined treatment protocols. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0341-2017DOI Listing
September 2018
7 Reads

Mite and Bed Bug Infections.

Prim Care 2018 Sep;45(3):409-421

Family Medicine, Penn Highlands Healthcare, 100 Hospital Avenue, Dubois, PA 15801, USA.

Patients with suspected bites or skin rashes regularly present to their primary care physician. Common mite infections encountered in the primary care office include scabies, chiggers, grain itch, and allergic responses from dust mites. In fact, scabies is one of the 50 most prevalent diseases worldwide. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00954543183003
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pop.2018.05.002DOI Listing
September 2018
16 Reads

Bionomics and vectorial role of anophelines in wetlands along the volcanic chain of Cameroon.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Aug 14;11(1):471. Epub 2018 Aug 14.

Research Foundation for Tropical Diseases and the Environment (REFOTDE), Buea, Cameroon.

Background: The epidemiological profiles of vector-borne diseases, such as malaria, are strongly associated with landscape components. The reduction of malaria burden in endemic and epidemic regions mainly depends on knowledge of the malaria-transmitting mosquito species, populations and behavioural characteristics, as well as malaria exposure risks. This work aimed at carrying out a holistic study in order to characterise Anopheles species in relation to human malaria in seven wetlands along the lower section of the volcanic chain of Cameroon. Read More

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https://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-018-3041-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6092805PMC
August 2018
7 Reads
3.430 Impact Factor

Efficacy of Olyset Duo, a bednet containing pyriproxyfen and permethrin, versus a permethrin-only net against clinical malaria in an area with highly pyrethroid-resistant vectors in rural Burkina Faso: a cluster-randomised controlled trial.

Lancet 2018 08 10;392(10147):569-580. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

Department of Biosciences, Durham University, Durham, UK. Electronic address:

Background: Substantial reductions in malaria incidence in sub-Saharan Africa have been achieved with massive deployment of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs), but pyrethroid resistance threatens control. Burkina Faso is an area with intense malaria transmission and highly pyrethroid-resistant vectors. We assessed the effectiveness of bednets containing permethrin, a pyrethroid, and pyriproxyfen, an insect growth regulator, versus permethrin-only (standard) LLINs against clinical malaria in children younger than 5 years in Banfora, Burkina Faso. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01406736183171
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31711-2DOI Listing
August 2018
13 Reads

Spontaneous hemoperitoneum and anaphylactic shock associated with Hymenoptera envenomation in a dog.

J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio) 2018 Sep 13;28(5):476-482. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

Arizona Veterinary Emergency & Critical Care Center, Gilbert, AZ, 85233.

Objective: To describe the clinical presentation of a dog with spontaneous hemoperitoneum associated with anaphylactic shock from Hymenoptera envenomation.

Case Summary: An 8-year-old female neutered Beagle presented as an emergency for acute onset of collapse, hematemesis, and hematochezia. The dog was tachycardic, tachypneic, and hypotensive. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/vec.12751DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Prevalence triggers and clinical severity associated with anaphylaxis at a tertiary care facility in Saudi Arabia: A cross-sectional study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Aug;97(31):e11582

King Abdullah International Medical Research Center/King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Ministry of National Guard-Health Affairs, Riyadh.

Anaphylaxis is a systemic and hypersensitive allergic reaction caused by various triggers such as environmental, food, drug, and insects. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence, triggers, and clinical severity of anaphylaxis in 2 emergency departments (EDs) in Saudi Arabia.A cross-sectional study based on a screening of medical records was conducted between January 2015 and August 2017, to identify confirmed cases of anaphylaxis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000011582DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6081188PMC
August 2018
4 Reads

Evaluation of the rSP03B sero-strip, a newly proposed rapid test for canine exposure to Phlebotomus perniciosus, vector of Leishmania infantum.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 08 2;12(8):e0006607. Epub 2018 Aug 2.

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.

Background: Canine leishmaniasis (CanL) is a zoonotic disease, caused by Leishmania infantum and transmitted by Phlebotomus perniciosus in the Mediterranean basin. Previously, an ELISA based on the P. perniciosus salivary protein SP03B was proposed as a valid tool to screen for canine exposure to sand fly bites across regions endemic for CanL. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006607DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6071949PMC

Domestic infestation by Sclerodermus sp. with associated skin manifestation.

An Bras Dermatol 2018 Jul-Aug;93(4):582-584

Graduate Program of Entomology, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas (RS), Brazil.

Sclerodermus sp. is an aculeate insect (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae), measuring 2-4 mm in length. It is a parasitoid and needs termites as hosts to complete its life cycle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/abd1806-4841.20187548DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6063112PMC
September 2018
4 Reads

Generalized papular-purpuric eruption due to Solenopsis fugax bites.

An Bras Dermatol 2018 Jul-Aug;93(4):570-572

Clinical, Allergological and Venereological Dermatology Section, Department of Medicine, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy.

A 59-year-old atopic man referred to for the onset of a diffused itching papular-purpuric eruption involving his trunk and legs but without systemic symptoms. History revealed that he started feeling itching after spending few hours in his basement. Direct examination of the environmental dust (www. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/abd1806-4841.20187298DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6063111PMC
September 2018
4 Reads