Search our Database of Scientific Publications and Authors

I’m looking for a

    4177 results match your criteria Bites Human

    1 OF 84

    Recent advances of bispecific antibodies in solid tumors.
    J Hematol Oncol 2017 Sep 20;10(1):155. Epub 2017 Sep 20.
    Department of Oncology, Tongji Hospital of Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 1095 Jiefang Avenue, Wuhan, 430030, China.
    Cancer immunotherapy is the most exciting advancement in cancer therapy. Similar to immune checkpoint blockade and chimeric antigen receptor T cell (CAR-T), bispecific antibody (BsAb) is attracting more and more attention as a novel strategy of antitumor immunotherapy. BsAb not only offers an effective linkage between therapeutics (e. Read More

    Zoonotic infection of Brazilian primate workers with New World simian foamy virus.
    PLoS One 2017 20;12(9):e0184502. Epub 2017 Sep 20.
    Laboratory Branch, Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America.
    Simian foamy viruses (SFVs) are retroviruses present in nearly all nonhuman primates (NHPs), including Old World primates (OWP) and New World primates (NWP). While all confirmed human infections with SFV are from zoonotic transmissions originating from OWP, little is known about the zoonotic transmission potential of NWP SFV. We conducted a longitudinal, prospective study of 56 workers occupationally exposed to NWP in Brazil. Read More

    PRESUMPTIVE PIT VIPER ENVENOMATION IN PSITTACINES IN A BRAZILIAN ZOO.
    J Zoo Wildl Med 2017 Sep;48(3):868-873
    Snake bites represent a serious public health risk in many regions of the globe, especially in tropical areas. Clinical signs and postmortem changes are well described in human and other mammalian species. However, detailed case reports about venomous snake attacks in avian species are limited. Read More

    How often do mosquitoes bite humans in southern England? A standardised summer trial at four sites reveals spatial, temporal and site-related variation in biting rates.
    Parasit Vectors 2017 Sep 15;10(1):420. Epub 2017 Sep 15.
    The Pirbright Institute, Ash Road, Woking, Surrey, UK.
    Background: This field-based study examined the abundance and species complement of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) attracted to humans at four sites in the United Kingdom (UK). The study used a systematic approach to directly measure feeding by mosquitoes on humans at multiple sites and using multiple volunteers. Quantifying how frequently humans are bitten in the field by mosquitoes is a fundamental parameter in assessing arthropod-borne virus transmission. Read More

    Assessing the Risk of a Canine Rabies Incursion in Northern Australia.
    Front Vet Sci 2017 31;4:141. Epub 2017 Aug 31.
    Sydney School of Veterinary Science, The University of Sydney, Camden, NSW Australia.
    Rabies is a globally distributed virus that causes approximately 60,00 human deaths annually with >99% of cases caused by dog bites. Australia is currently canine rabies free. However, the recent eastward spread of rabies in the Indonesian archipelago has increased the probability of rabies entry into northern Australian communities. Read More

    Effect of counselling on health-care-seeking behaviours and rabies vaccination adherence after dog bites in Haiti, 2014-15: a retrospective follow-up survey.
    Lancet Glob Health 2017 Oct;5(10):e1017-e1025
    Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.
    Background: Haiti has an integrated bite case management (IBCM) programme to counsel animal-bite victims on the risk of rabies and appropriate treatment, as well as the Haiti Animal Rabies Surveillance Program (HARSP) to examine the animals. We assessed the usefulness of the IBCM programme to promote best practices for rabies prophylaxis after exposure in a low-income rabies-endemic setting.

    Methods: We did a retrospective follow-up survey of randomly selected bite victims who were counselled by Haiti's IBCM programme between May 15, 2014, and Sept 15, 2015. Read More

    Animal and human bite injuries: a 5-year retrospective study in a large urban public hospital in Venezuela.
    Oral Maxillofac Surg 2017 Sep 13. Epub 2017 Sep 13.
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, "Dr. Angel Larralde" University Hospital, Carabobo University, Altos De La Colina De Bárbula 15-25, Naguanagua, Carabobo, 2042, Venezuela.
    Introduction: Animal bite injuries to the head and neck regions are an important public health problem. Most of these bites are from dogs. A 10-year retrospective study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of animal and human bites. Read More

    HIV-related knowledge, attitude and practices of healthy adults in Cross River State Nigeria: a population based-survey.
    Pan Afr Med J 2017 4;27:170. Epub 2017 Jul 4.
    Department of Chemical pathology, University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar, Nigeria.
    Introduction: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) remains a global health problem disproportionately distributed across Nigeria. Cross river state (CRS), a tourist state, located in the Niger delta, has one of the highest prevalence rates. There is evidence that poor knowledge and stigmatization are obstacles to achieving universal access to HIV prevention programs. Read More

    Modest heterologous protection after Plasmodium falciparum sporozoite immunization: a double-blind randomized controlled clinical trial.
    BMC Med 2017 Sep 13;15(1):168. Epub 2017 Sep 13.
    Department of Medical Microbiology, Radboud University Medical Center, Geert Grooteplein 28, Microbiology 268, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
    Background: A highly efficacious vaccine is needed for malaria control and eradication. Immunization with Plasmodium falciparum NF54 parasites under chemoprophylaxis (chemoprophylaxis and sporozoite (CPS)-immunization) induces the most efficient long-lasting protection against a homologous parasite. However, parasite genetic diversity is a major hurdle for protection against heterologous strains. Read More

    The TREX1 Dinosaur Bites the Brain through the LINE.
    Cell Stem Cell 2017 Sep;21(3):287-288
    Pfizer - University of Granada - Andalusian Government Center for Genomics and Oncological Research (GENYO), PTS, 18016, Granada, Spain; Unit for Chronic Inflammatory Diseases, Institute for Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Solna, 171 77, Sweden. Electronic address:
    In this issue of Cell Stem Cell, Thomas et al. (2017) define the nature of accumulated ssDNA present in the neuron and astrocyte cytoplasm of TREX1 mutated stem cell-derived organoids. Accumulated ssDNAs are derived from LINE-1 endogenous retroelements, providing new clues as to the development of Aicardi-Goutières syndrome in the neural system. Read More

    Dangerous arachnids-Fake news or reality?
    Toxicon 2017 Sep 1;138:173-183. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia. Electronic address:
    The public perception of spiders and scorpions is skewed towards the potential harm they can inflict in humans, despite recent scientific evidence that arachnid venom components might be useful as bioinsecticides or even human therapeutics. Nevertheless, arachnids are becoming more popular as pets in Europe, America and Asia, raising the question for regulatory agencies in these regions as to whether they need to take measurements to protect their citizens. In order to decide upon the necessary regulatory steps, they first need to determine which arachnids are actually dangerous to humans. Read More

    The role of asymptomatics and dogs on leishmaniasis propagation.
    Math Biosci 2017 Aug 31;293:46-55. Epub 2017 Aug 31.
    Unidad de Medicina Experimental, Hospital General Dr. Eduardo Liceaga, México, D.F. 06726, Mexico. Electronic address:
    Leishmaniasis is a parasite disease transmitted by the bites of sandflies. Cutaneous leishmaniasis is the most common form of the disease and it is endemic in the Americas. Around 70 animal species, including humans, have been found as natural reservoir hosts of leishmania parasites. Read More

    Differential procoagulant effects of saw-scaled viper (Serpentes: Viperidae: Echis) snake venoms on human plasma and the narrow taxonomic ranges of antivenom efficacies.
    Toxicol Lett 2017 Aug 25;280:159-170. Epub 2017 Aug 25.
    Venom Evolution Lab, School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland, St Lucia QLD 4072 Australia. Electronic address:
    Saw-scaled vipers (genus Echis) are one of the leading causes of snakebite morbidity and mortality in parts of Sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East, and vast regions of Asia, constituting a public health burden exceeding that of almost any other snake genus globally. Venom-induced consumption coagulopathy, owing to the action of potent procoagulant toxins, is one of the most relevant clinical manifestations of envenomings by Echis spp. Clinical experience and prior studies examining a limited range of venoms and restricted antivenoms have demonstrated for some antivenoms an extreme lack of antivenom cross-reactivity between different species of this genus, sometimes resulting in catastrophic treatment failure. Read More

    Plaque accumulation on titanium disks with different surface treatments: an in vivo investigation.
    Odontology 2017 Aug 22. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    Department of Surgery, Medicine, Dentistry and Morphological Sciences with Transplant Surgery, Oncology and Regenerative Medicine Relevance, School of Dentistry, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.
    Implants with rough surfaces are today widely used. It has been speculated that rough surfaces (Ra > 0.2 μm) provide a better "substrate" for retention and accumulation of plaque in terms of area, thickness and colony-forming unit that can eventually lead to peri mucositis and/or peri-implantitis. Read More

    Case Report: Polymerase Chain Reaction Testing of Tick Bite Site Samples for the Diagnosis of Human Granulocytic Anaplasmosis.
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 2017 Aug;97(2):403-406
    Division of Zoonoses, Center for Immunology and Pathology, Korea National Institute of Health, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Cheongju-si, Chungcheongbuk-do, Republic of Korea.
    Human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA) is a tick-borne infectious disease caused by Anaplasma phagocytophilum, an obligate intracellular bacterium. Until now, the utility of tick-bite site samples for HGA diagnosis has not been reported. Using a patient's buffy coat and tick-bite site crust samples, we performed polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing using Ehrlichia- or Anaplasma-specific primers. Read More

    [Responsible ownership of dogs and human health in neighborhoods of San Carlos de Bariloche, Argentina].
    Medicina (B Aires) 2017 ;77(4):309-313
    Departamento Zoología, Centro Regional Universitario Bariloche, Universidad Nacional del Comahue, Argentina.
    Human relationship with dogs associates with numerous and varied benefits on human health; however, it also presents significant risks. The goal of this study was to describe demographic parameters and characteristics of dog ownership with possible implications on human health and to evaluate the prevalence of dog bites and traffic accidents due to dogs. Interviews were conducted in the neighborhoods of Nuestras Malvinas and Nahuel Hue in San Carlos de Bariloche. Read More

    Pharmacological analysis of Poecilotheria spider venoms in mice provides clues for human treatment.
    Toxicon 2017 Aug 12;138:59-67. Epub 2017 Aug 12.
    M.M. Shemyakin & Yu.A. Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia. Electronic address:
    Bites of tiger spiders belonging to Poecilotheria genus cause moderate to severe pain and long-lasting local or generalized muscle cramps in humans. Bites occur in regions of the spiders' natural habitat, India and Sri Lanka, but the popularity of these colorful tarantulas as pets leads to reports of envenomation cases worldwide. Treatment is predominantly symptomatic and often inadequate since there is almost no clinical or toxicology research data available, and physicians outside India or Sri Lanka typically have no experience in treating such cases. Read More

    A reduction in malaria transmission intensity in Northern Ghana after 7 years of indoor residual spraying.
    Malar J 2017 Aug 10;16(1):324. Epub 2017 Aug 10.
    Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research, University of Ghana, Legon, Ghana.
    Background: Indoor residual spraying (IRS) is being implemented as one of the malaria prevention methods in the Northern Region of Ghana. Changes in longevity, sporozoite and entomological inoculation rates (EIRs) of major malaria vectors were monitored to assess the impact of IRS in selected districts.

    Methods: Monthly human landing catches (HLCs) were used to collect mosquitoes from sentinel sites in three adjacent districts between July 2009 and December 2014: Savelugu Nanton (SND) where IRS had been implemented from 2008 to 2014; Tolon Kumbungu (TKD) where IRS had been implemented between 2008 and 2012 and Tamale Metropolis (TML) with no history of IRS. Read More

    Spatio-Temporal Distribution of Vector-Host Contact (VHC) Ratios and Ecological Niche Modeling of the West Nile Virus Mosquito Vector, Culex quinquefasciatus, in the City of New Orleans, LA, USA.
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 2017 Aug 8;14(8). Epub 2017 Aug 8.
    Department/School Entomology and Nematology Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA.
    The consistent sporadic transmission of West Nile Virus (WNV) in the city of New Orleans justifies the need for distribution risk maps highlighting human risk of mosquito bites. We modeled the influence of biophysical and socioeconomic metrics on the spatio-temporal distributions of presence/vector-host contact (VHC) ratios of WNV vector, Culex quinquefasciatus, within their flight range. Biophysical and socioeconomic data were extracted within 5-km buffer radii around sampling localities of gravid female Culex quinquefasciatus. Read More

    Oral and Dental Aspects of Child Abuse and Neglect.
    Pediatrics 2017 08;140(2)
    In all 50 states, health care providers (including dentists) are mandated to report suspected cases of abuse and neglect to social service or law enforcement agencies. The purpose of this report is to review the oral and dental aspects of physical and sexual abuse and dental neglect in children and the role of pediatric care providers and dental providers in evaluating such conditions. This report addresses the evaluation of bite marks as well as perioral and intraoral injuries, infections, and diseases that may raise suspicion for child abuse or neglect. Read More

    Human urine-based therapeutics in Spain from the early 20th century to the present: a historical literature overview and a present-day case study.
    Acta Med Hist Adriat 2017 Jun;15(1):73-108
    Departamento de Terapéutica Médico-Quirúrgica, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Extremadura, Badajoz, Spain.
    Human urine is currently the subject of biomedical investigations as a potential therapeutic resource and it continues to be used in remedies in different cultures and societies, including the Spanish culture. In this study we gather etnomedical knowledge about urotherapy and determine their associated symbolisms in Spain. A literature overview and a case study were carried out to compile urine-based remedies and as a direct analysis of symbolic systems. Read More

    Bioassays to evaluate non-contact spatial repellency, contact irritancy, and acute toxicity of permethrin-treated clothing against nymphal Ixodes scapularis ticks.
    Ticks Tick Borne Dis 2017 Oct 1;8(6):837-849. Epub 2017 Jul 1.
    Department of Biological & Environmental Sciences, Western Connecticut State University, 181 White Street, Danbury, CT, 06810, United States.
    Summer-weight clothing articles impregnated with permethrin are available as a personal protective measure against human-biting ticks in the United States. However, very few studies have addressed the impact of contact with summer-weight permethrin-treated textiles on tick vigor and behavior. Our aim was to generate new knowledge of how permethrin-treated textiles impact nymphal Ixodes scapularis ticks, the primary vectors in the eastern United States of the causative agents of Lyme disease, human anaplasmosis, and human babesiosis. Read More

    Prevalence of IgG antibodies for the West Nile virus in human population in Tripoli, Libya.
    J Vector Borne Dis 2017 Apr-Jun;54(2):183-186
    National Centre for Disease Control, Ministry of Health; Public Health Department, Faculty of Medical Technology, University of Tripoli, Tripoli, Libya.
    Background & Objectives: West Nile fever (WNF) is a mosquito-borne viral infection, circulated in natural cycles between birds and mosquitoes, particularly Culex species. It is transmitted to humans through mosquito bites, and causes a variety of clinical outcomes, ranging from asymptomatic or mild febrile illness to severe men in go encepha- litis with some fatalities observed in older or immunocompromised patients. West Nile virus (WNV) transmission is considerably influenced by environmental conditions; and abundance of avifauna and mosquitoes. Read More

    Epidemiology, clinical features and risk factors for human rabies and animal bites during an outbreak of rabies in Maputo and Matola cities, Mozambique, 2014: Implications for public health interventions for rabies control.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2017 Jul 24;11(7):e0005787. Epub 2017 Jul 24.
    Department of Surveillance, National Institute of Health, Maputo, Mozambique.
    Background: In Mozambique, the majority of rabies outbreaks are unreported and data on the epidemiological features of human rabies and animal bites are scarce. An outbreak of human rabies in adjacent Maputo and Matola cities in 2014 prompted us to investigate the epidemiology, clinical features and risk factors of human rabies and animal bites in the two cities.

    Methodology/principal Findings: We reviewed cases of human rabies and animal bites from April to July 2014, and carried out a community investigation in July and August in the neighborhoods where cases of human rabies resided. Read More

    Identification of Risk Factors Associated with Transmission of Plague Disease in Eastern Zambia.
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 2017 Jun 12. Epub 2017 Jun 12.
    Pest Management Centre, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania.
    Plague is a fatal, primarily rodent-flea-borne zoonotic disease caused by Yersinia pestis. The identification of risk factors of plague was investigated through questionnaire interview and conducting focus group discussion (FGD) in Sinda and Nyimba of eastern Zambia. A total of 104 questionnaires were administered to individual respondents and 20 groups consisting of 181 discussants, which comprised FGD team in this study. Read More

    Knowledge and Prevention Practices among U.S. Pregnant Immigrants from Zika Virus Outbreak Areas.
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 2017 Jul;97(1):155-162
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas.
    We administered an anonymous survey to assess knowledge, attitudes, and prevention practices related to the Zika virus among pregnant women residing in Texas. Multivariate logistic regression models controlling for age, race/ethnicity, education, and number of years in the United States assessed differences between women born in outbreak areas (N = 390) versus those born in the United States (N = 249). Results demonstrated that most women wanted more information on the Zika virus and desired to obtain it from their physician. Read More

    Cost-Effectiveness Evaluation of a Novel Integrated Bite Case Management Program for the Control of Human Rabies, Haiti 2014-2015.
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 2017 Jun;96(6):1307-1317
    Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of High Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
    AbstractHaiti has the highest burden of rabies in the Western hemisphere, with 130 estimated annual deaths. We present the cost-effectiveness evaluation of an integrated bite case management program combining community bite investigations and passive animal rabies surveillance, using a governmental perspective. The Haiti Animal Rabies Surveillance Program (HARSP) was first implemented in three communes of the West Department, Haiti. Read More

    A New Clade of Insect-Specific Flaviviruses from Australian Anopheles Mosquitoes Displays Species-Specific Host Restriction.
    mSphere 2017 Jul-Aug;2(4). Epub 2017 Jul 12.
    School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Queensland, Australia.
    Flaviviruses are arthropod-borne viruses found worldwide and are responsible for significant human and veterinary diseases, including dengue, Zika, and West Nile fever. Some flaviviruses are insect specific and replicate only in mosquitoes. We report a genetically divergent group of insect-specific flaviviruses from Anopheles mosquitoes that do not replicate in arthropod cell lines or heterologous Anopheles species, exhibiting unprecedented specialization for their host species. Read More

    The incidence of public sector hospitalisations due to dog bites in Australia 2001-2013.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Aug 16;41(4):377-380. Epub 2017 Jul 16.
    Advanced Animal Dentistry, Queensland.
    Objective: To estimate the incidence of dog bite-related injuries requiring public sector hospitalisation in Australia during the period 2001-13.

    Methods: Summary data on public sector hospitalisations due to dog bite-related injuries with an ICD 10-AM W54.0 coding were sourced from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare for the study period 2001-2013. Read More

    Surveillance perspective on Lyme borreliosis across the European Union and European Economic Area.
    Euro Surveill 2017 Jul;22(27)
    Surveillance and Response Support Unit, European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), Stockholm, Sweden (affiliation when the work was performed).
    Lyme borreliosis (LB) is the most prevalent tick-borne disease in Europe. Erythema migrans (EM), an early, localised skin rash, is its most common presentation. Dissemination of the bacteria can lead to more severe manifestations including skin, neurological, cardiac, musculoskeletal and ocular manifestations. Read More

    The esperanza window trap reduces the human biting rate of Simulium ochraceum s.l. in formerly onchocerciasis endemic foci in Southern Mexico.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2017 Jul 7;11(7):e0005686. Epub 2017 Jul 7.
    Global Health Infectious Disease Research Program, Department of Global Health, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida, United States of America.
    Background: The Esperanza Window Trap (EWT) baited with CO2 and human sweat compounds is attractive to Simulium ochraceum s.l., the primary vector of Onchocerca volvulus in the historically largest endemic foci in México and Guatemala. Read More

    Dog-bites, rabies and One Health: Towards improved coordination in research, policy and practice.
    Soc Sci Med 2017 Aug 28;187:126-133. Epub 2017 Jun 28.
    Centre for Values, Ethics and the Law in Medicine, School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Canada.
    Dog-bites and rabies are neglected problems worldwide, notwithstanding recent efforts to raise awareness and to consolidate preventive action. As problems, dog-bites and rabies are entangled with one another, and both align with the concept of One Health. This concept emphasizes interdependence between humans and non-human species in complex socio-ecological systems. Read More

    Bites from the same dog, different outcomes for two patients: a case report.
    Infect Dis Poverty 2017 Jul 5;6(1):107. Epub 2017 Jul 5.
    Henan Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Zhengzhou, China.
    Background: Rabies is a serious reemerging zoonosis in China. At present human rabies cases are primarily diagnosed based on clinical presentation.

    Case Presentation: In August 2012, a woman and her son were attacked by a stray dog in Henan, China. Read More

    Incidence and mortality due to snakebite in the Americas.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2017 Jun 21;11(6):e0005662. Epub 2017 Jun 21.
    CERPAGE, Faculté des Sciences de la Santé, Université d'Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Bénin.
    Background: Better knowledge of the epidemiological characteristics of snakebites could help to take measures to improve their management. The incidence and mortality of snakebites in the Americas are most often estimated from medical and scientific literature, which generally lack precision and representativeness.

    Methodology/principal Findings: Authors used the notifications of snakebites treated in health centers collected by the Ministries of Health of the American countries to estimate their incidence and mortality. Read More

    [Tetanus after cat scratch and bites in a previously immunized patient].
    Rev Chilena Infectol 2017 Apr;34(2):181-185
    Universidad de los Andes, Chile.
    Tetanus is declining due to vaccination, professional labor management and appropriate wound care. Tetanus cases have been reported despite immunization. We report the case of a previously healthy 21 years old female patient that presented a mild generalized tetanus requiring admission after mild and recurrent cat scratch and bites. Read More

    Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever: A State-of-the-Art Review Focused in Pulmonary Involvement.
    Lung 2017 Aug 13;195(4):389-395. Epub 2017 Jun 13.
    Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil.
    Dengue fever is an arboviral disease transmitted to humans through the bites of infected female Aedes mosquitoes. Dengue virus is a member of the Flaviviridae family, and human infection can be caused by any of the four antigenically distinct serotypes (DENV 1-4). The infection has become recognized as the most important and prevalent arboviral disease in humans, endemic in almost 100 countries worldwide. Read More

    Sri Lanka takes action towards a target of zero rabies death by 2020.
    WHO South East Asia J Public Health 2016 Sep;5(2):113-116
    Department of Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.
    Rabies is a 100% vaccine-preventable and 100% fatal zoonotic, viral disease. It is usually spread to humans by saliva, through bites or scratches. Dogs are the source of the vast majority of human deaths from rabies. Read More

    Animal, Microbial, and Fungal Borne Skin Pathology in the Mountain Wilderness: A Review.
    Wilderness Environ Med 2017 Jun;28(2):127-138
    School of Medicine, University of Colorado, Aurora, Colorado (Drs Brandenburg, Califf, Manly, and Levandowski).
    Mountains are home to numerous organisms known to cause skin disease. Bites, stings, poisons, chemicals, toxins, trauma, and infections all contribute to this end. Numerous plants, animals, fungi, bacteria, viruses, and protozoa are responsible. Read More

    Dog rabies data reported to multinational organizations from Southern and Eastern African countries.
    BMC Res Notes 2017 Jun 8;10(1):199. Epub 2017 Jun 8.
    Business Economics Group, Wageningen University, Hollandseweg 1, 6706KN, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
    Objective: Rabies is one of the viral diseases with the highest case fatality rate in humans. The main transmission route to humans is through bites, especially of infected dogs. Decisions on the allocation of resources to control and reduce the socio-economic impacts of rabies require reliable data. Read More

    Shortcomings in snake bite management in rural Cameroon: a case report.
    BMC Res Notes 2017 Jun 8;10(1):196. Epub 2017 Jun 8.
    Health and Human Development (2HD) Research Network, Douala, Cameroon.
    Background: Snake bites are an important public health problem in developing countries with most bites occurring in rural areas. Severe envenomation often occurs in children and following bites to the face. Prompt administration of potent anti-venom remains the mainstay of management. Read More

    Going beyond personal protection against mosquito bites to eliminate malaria transmission: population suppression of malaria vectors that exploit both human and animal blood.
    BMJ Glob Health 2017 Mar 26;2(2):e000198. Epub 2017 Apr 26.
    Oxford Big Data Institute, Li Ka Shing Centre for Health Information and Discovery, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.
    Protecting individuals and households against mosquito bites with long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) or indoor residual spraying (IRS) can suppress entire populations of unusually efficient malaria vector species that predominantly feed indoors on humans. Mosquitoes which usually feed on animals are less reliant on human blood, so they are far less vulnerable to population suppression effects of such human-targeted insecticidal measures. Fortunately, the dozens of mosquito species which primarily feed on animals are also relatively inefficient vectors of malaria, so personal protection against mosquito bites may be sufficient to eliminate transmission. Read More

    Control of biting lice, Mallophaga - a review.
    Acta Trop 2017 Jun 3. Epub 2017 Jun 3.
    Department of Agriculture, Food Environment, University of Pisa, via del Borghetto 80,56124 Pisa, Italy.
    The chewing lice (Mallophaga) are common parasites of different animals. Most of them infest terrestrial and marine birds, including pigeons, doves, swans, cormorants and penguins. Mallophaga have not been found on marine mammals but only on terrestrial ones, including livestock and pets. Read More

    Extensiometric analysis of strain in craniofacial bones during implant-supported palatal expansion.
    J Mech Behav Biomed Mater 2017 May 25. Epub 2017 May 25.
    Materials Science Department, Instituto Militar de Engenharia, Pr Gen Tiburcio 80, 22290-270, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
    Palatal expansion has several orthodontic and orthopedic applications, such as increasing maxillary transverse dimensions and correcting maxillary atresia, oral breathing, and skeletal cross-bites. Little is known about the strain to which craniofacial bones are submitted when a palatal expander is loaded. The objectives of the present work were to propose a new palatal bone-borne titanium device (expansion screw), to determine patterns of strain distribution in craniofacial bones during palatal expansion and to show the clinical results of a new palatal expander supported by implants. Read More

    Supervised Machine-Learning Reveals That Old and Obese People Achieve Low Dapsone Concentrations.
    CPT Pharmacometrics Syst Pharmacol 2017 Aug 13;6(8):552-559. Epub 2017 Jul 13.
    Center for Infectious Diseases Research and Experimental Therapeutics, Baylor Research Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA.
    The human species is becoming increasingly obese. Dapsone, which is extensively used across the globe for dermatological disorders, arachnid bites, and for treatment of several bacterial, fungal, and parasitic diseases, could be affected by obesity. We performed a clinical experiment, using optimal design, in volunteers weighing 44-150 kg, to identify the effect of obesity on dapsone pharmacokinetic parameters based on maximum-likelihood solution via the expectation-maximization algorithm. Read More

    A New In Vitro Bioassay System for the Discovery and Quantitative Evaluation of Mosquito Repellents.
    J Med Entomol 2017 Sep;54(5):1328-1336
    National Center for Natural Products Research, The University of Mississippi, University, MS 38677.
    Mosquitoes vector many pathogens that cause human diseases. Repellents play a significant role in reducing the risk of these diseases by preventing mosquito bites. In this paper, we are reporting an Ali and Khan (A & K), large cage in vitro bioassay system that can effectively be used to measure repellency of compounds against mosquitoes. Read More

    Knowledge about the human immunodeficiency syndrome among elders in a unit for the care of the elderly.
    Rev Gaucha Enferm 2017 May 18;37(spe):e20160039. Epub 2017 May 18.
    Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro (UFTM). Curso de Graduação em Enfermagem. Departamento de Enfermagem e Educação em Saúde Comunitária. Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brasil.
    Objective: To analyze the knowledge of elders regarding HIV/AIDS.

    Methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional, quantitative study, with 457 elders from the Unit for the Care of Elders in Uberaba - Minas Gerais, lasting 3 months. The instruments used were the Mental State Mini-exam and a questionnaire on the human immunodeficiency virus for elders, together with frequency measures for their analysis. Read More

    Yellow sac spider (Cheiracanthium punctorium) bites in Slovenia: case series and review.
    Wien Klin Wochenschr 2017 May 24. Epub 2017 May 24.
    Centre for Clinical Toxicology and Pharmacology, Division of Internal Medicine, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Zaloška cesta 7, 1000, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
    In Central Europe, reports of human envenomation by Cheiracanthium punctorium, commonly known as the yellow sac spider, are sporadic, despite the fact that this species is widespread in Europe. However, in recent years, C. punctorium has been repeatedly described globally in medical and toxicological literature. Read More

    1 OF 84