Search our Database of Scientific Publications and Authors

I’m looking for a

    4046 results match your criteria Bites Human

    1 OF 81

    Does Zika virus infection affect mosquito response to repellents?
    Sci Rep 2017 Feb 16;7:42826. Epub 2017 Feb 16.
    Department of Entomology, Centro de Pesquisas Aggeu Magalhães, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Campus da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PE, 50.740-465, Brasil.
    The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that people travelling to or living in areas with Zika virus (ZIKV) outbreaks or epidemics adopt prophylactic measures to reduce or eliminate mosquito bites, including the use of insect repellents. It is, however, unknown whether repellents are effective against ZIKV-infected mosquitoes, in part because of the ethical concerns related to exposing a human subject's arm to infected mosquitoes in the standard arm-in-cage assay. We used a previously developed, human subject-free behavioural assay, which mimics a human subject to evaluate the top two recommended insect repellents. Read More

    Clinacanthus nutans: a review on ethnomedicinal uses, chemical constituents and pharmacological properties.
    Pharm Biol 2017 Dec;55(1):1093-1113
    a Pengiran Anak Puteri Rashidah Sa'adatul Bolkiah Institute of Health Sciences, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Jalan Tungku Link , Gadong , Brunei Darussalam.
    Context: Medicinal plants have attracted global attention for their hidden therapeutic potential. Clinacanthus nutans (Burm.f) Lindau (Acanthaceae) (CN) is endemic in Southeast Asia. Read More

    New records of Ornithodoros puertoricensis Fox 1947 (Ixodida: Argasidae) parasitizing humans in rural and urban dwellings, Panama.
    Ticks Tick Borne Dis 2017 Feb 5. Epub 2017 Feb 5.
    Department of Pediatrics, National School of Tropical Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, TX, USA; Department of Molecular Virology and Microbiology, Baylor College of Medicine, TX, USA.
    The presence of ticks inside human constructions was evaluated in two localities from Colon province (Charco La Piedra and Espinar) and one from Panama province (Ancon, City of Panama). In two of houses, eight people from Charco La Piedra and one from Ancón reported "insect bites," which produced blisters for several weeks. The investigation resulted in the collection of argasid ticks, which were identified by morphology and sequencing the 16s ribosomal RNA gene, and later evaluated for the presence of relapsing fever Borrelia DNA. Read More

    Prevalence of dengue and diversity of cultivable bacteria in vector Aedes aegypti (L.) from two dengue endemic districts, Kanchanpur and Parsa of Nepal.
    J Health Popul Nutr 2017 Feb 13;36(1). Epub 2017 Feb 13.
    Institute of science and technology, Tribhuvan University, Natural History Museum, Kathmandu, Nepal.
    Background: Dengue fever, an endemic arboviral disease, represents one of the major public health concerns in Nepal. It is transmitted by bites of infected Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus, the former being primary vector. The bacterial community plays a significant role in biology of mosquitoes; however, the bacterial communities of primary vector A. Read More

    Presumptive risk factors for monkeypox in rural communities in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
    PLoS One 2017 13;12(2):e0168664. Epub 2017 Feb 13.
    US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America.
    Monkeypox virus (MPXV), a close relative of Variola virus, is a zoonotic virus with an unknown reservoir. Interaction with infected wildlife, bites from peri-domestic animals, and bushmeat hunting are hypothesized routes of infection from wildlife to humans. Using a Risk Questionnaire, performed in monkeypox-affected areas of rural Democratic Republic of the Congo, we describe the lifestyles and demographics associated with presumptive risk factors for MPXV infection. Read More

    The effect of real-time vibrotactile feedback delivered through an augmented fork on eating rate, satiation, and food intake.
    Appetite 2017 Feb 10. Epub 2017 Feb 10.
    The Caregiver Network, Montréal, QC, Canada. Electronic address:
    Eating rate is a basic determinant of appetite regulation, as people who eat more slowly feel sated earlier and eat less. Without assistance, eating rate is difficult to modify due to its automatic nature. In the current study, participants used an augmented fork that aimed to decelerate their rate of eating. Read More

    Modeling the Transmission Dynamics and Control of Rabies in China.
    Math Biosci 2017 Feb 7. Epub 2017 Feb 7.
    Department of Mathematics, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33146, USA. Electronic address:
    Human rabies was first recorded in ancient China in about 556 BC and is still one of the major public-health problems in China. From 1950 to 2015, 130,494 human rabies cases were reported in Mainland China with an average of 1,977 cases per year. It is estimated that 95% of these human rabies cases are due to dog bites. Read More

    Arboviruses and the eye.
    Int J Retina Vitreous 2017 1;3. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Federal University of São Paulo - Paulista Medical School, Rua Botucatu, 821, 1st Floor, São Paulo, SP 04023-062 Brazil.
    Arthropod-borne viruses, or arboviruses, are viruses that are transmitted through the bites of mosquitoes and ticks. There are numerous arboviruses throughout the world capable of causing human disease spanning different viral families and genera. Recently, dengue, chikungunya, and zika viruses have emerged as increasingly important arboviruses that can cause human disease, however no specific treatment or vaccine is available for them. Read More

    Simian Immunodeficiency Virus seroreactivity in inhabitants from rural Cameroon frequently in contact with non-human primates.
    Virology 2017 Jan 27;503:76-82. Epub 2017 Jan 27.
    Virology Unit, Associated National Reference Center for HIV, University Hospital Charles Nicolle, Rouen, France; EA2656, GRAM, Rouen University, Rouen, France. Electronic address:
    Central African tropical forests are home to several species of non-human primates (NHPs), infected by Simian Immunodeficiency Virus (SIV). It is well-known that HIV-1 epidemic is due to cross-transmission and adaptation of SIV to humans. The main goal of this work was to investigate if a NHP bite is a risk factor for SIV acquisition. Read More

    The transovarial transmission in the dynamics of dengue infection: Epidemiological implications and thresholds.
    Math Biosci 2017 Jan 25;286:1-15. Epub 2017 Jan 25.
    UNICAMP - IMECC - DMA, Praça Sérgio Buarque de Holanda, 651, CEP 13083-859, Campinas, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:
    The anthropophilic and peridomestic female mosquito Aedes aegypti bites humans to suck blood to maturate fertilized eggs, during which dengue virus can be spread between mosquito and human populations. Besides this route of transmission, there is a possibility of dengue virus being passed directly to offspring through transovarial (or vertical) transmission. The effects of both horizontal and transovarial transmission routes on the dengue virus transmission are assessed by mathematical modeling. Read More

    Remote Effect of Insecticide-Treated Nets and the Personal Protection against Malaria Mosquito Bites.
    PLoS One 2017 27;12(1):e0170732. Epub 2017 Jan 27.
    MIVEGEC (IRD 224 - CNRS 5290 - Université de Montpellier), Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), Montpellier, France.
    Experimental huts are part of the WHO process for testing and evaluation of Insecticide Treated Nets (ITN) in semi-field conditions. Experimental Hut Trials (EHTs) mostly focus on two main indicators (i.e. Read More

    Burden of Bites by Dogs and Other Animals in Los Angeles County, California, 2009-2011.
    Public Health Rep 2016 Nov 27;131(6):800-808. Epub 2016 Oct 27.
    Department of Epidemiology, Jonathan and Karin Fielding School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA; Division of Chronic Disease and Injury Prevention, Los Angeles County Department of Public Health, Los Angeles, CA, USA; Department of Family Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
    Objectives: The objective of this study was to analyze all animal-to-human bite reports during a 3-year period from a regional surveillance database. Results helped to inform local efforts to reduce and prevent animal-to-human bites.

    Methods: We reviewed all cases of animal-to-human bites occurring from 2009 through 2011 that were reported to the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health's Animal Bites Database. Read More

    Beyond the entomological inoculation rate: characterizing multiple blood feeding behavior and Plasmodium falciparum multiplicity of infection in Anopheles mosquitoes in northern Zambia.
    Parasit Vectors 2017 Jan 26;10(1):45. Epub 2017 Jan 26.
    The W. Harry Feinstone Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, The Johns Hopkins Malaria Research Institute, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA.
    Background: A commonly used measure of malaria transmission intensity is the entomological inoculation rate (EIR), defined as the product of the human biting rate (HBR) and sporozoite infection rate (SIR). The EIR excludes molecular parameters that may influence vector control and surveillance strategies. The purpose of this study was to investigate Anopheles multiple blood feeding behavior (MBF) and Plasmodium falciparum multiplicity of infection (MOI) within the mosquito host in Nchelenge District, northern Zambia. Read More

    Phlebotomine sandfly ecology on the Indian subcontinent: does village vegetation play a role in sandfly distribution in Bihar, India?
    Med Vet Entomol 2017 Jan 20. Epub 2017 Jan 20.
    Genesis Laboratories, India Private Ltd, Patna, India.
    Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a disease that results in approximately 50 000 human deaths annually. It is transmitted through the bites of phlebotomine sandflies and around two-thirds of cases occur on the Indian subcontinent. Indoor residual spraying (IRS), the efficacy of which depends upon sandfly adults resting indoors, is the only sandfly control method used in India. Read More

    Kinetics Extraction Modelling and Antiproliferative Activity of Clinacanthus nutans Water Extract.
    ScientificWorldJournal 2016 26;2016:7370536. Epub 2016 Dec 26.
    School of Chemical Sciences and Food Technology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia.
    Clinacanthus nutans is widely grown in tropical Asia and locally known "belalai gajah" or Sabah snake grass. It has been used as a natural product to treat skin rashes, snake bites, lesion caused by herpes, diabetes, fever, and cancer. Therefore, the objectives of this research are to determine the maximum yield and time of exhaustive flavonoids extraction using Peleg's model and to evaluate potential of antiproliferative activity on human lung cancer cell (A549). Read More

    Comparison of two adult mosquito sampling methods with human landing catches in south-central Ethiopia.
    Malar J 2017 Jan 13;16(1):30. Epub 2017 Jan 13.
    Norwegian University of Life Sciences, P. O. Box 5003, 1432, Ås, Norway.
    Background: The human landing catch (HLC) is the standard reference method for measuring human exposure to mosquito bites. However, HLC is labour-intensive, exposes collectors to infectious mosquito bites and is subjected to collector bias. These necessitate local calibration and application of alternative methods. Read More

    Host-Seeking Phenology of Ixodes pacificus (Acari: Ixodidae) Nymphs in Northwestern California in Relation to Calendar Week, Woodland Type, and Weather Conditions.
    J Med Entomol 2017 Jan 5;54(1):125-131. Epub 2016 Oct 5.
    Vectorborne Diseases, Centers for Disease Control
    Local knowledge of when humans are at elevated risk for exposure to tick vectors of human disease agents is required both for the effective use of personal protection measures to avoid tick bites and for implementation of control measures to suppress host-seeking ticks. Here, we used previously published data on the seasonal density of host-seeking Ixodes pacificus Cooley and Kohls nymphs, the primary vectors of Lyme disease spirochetes in the far western USA, collected across a broad habitat and climate gradient in northwestern California to identify predictors of periods of time within the year when questing nymphal density is elevated. Models based on calendar week alone performed similarly to models based on calendar week and woodland type, or meteorological variables. Read More

    Probability of Transmission of Malaria from Mosquito to Human Is Regulated by Mosquito Parasite Density in Naïve and Vaccinated Hosts.
    PLoS Pathog 2017 Jan 12;13(1):e1006108. Epub 2017 Jan 12.
    Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, South Kensington, London, United Kingdom.
    Over a century since Ronald Ross discovered that malaria is caused by the bite of an infectious mosquito it is still unclear how the number of parasites injected influences disease transmission. Currently it is assumed that all mosquitoes with salivary gland sporozoites are equally infectious irrespective of the number of parasites they harbour, though this has never been rigorously tested. Here we analyse >1000 experimental infections of humans and mice and demonstrate a dose-dependency for probability of infection and the length of the host pre-patent period. Read More

    Role of Anopheles (Cellia) rufipes (Gough, 1910) and other local anophelines in human malaria transmission in the northern savannah of Cameroon: a cross-sectional survey.
    Parasit Vectors 2017 Jan 11;10(1):22. Epub 2017 Jan 11.
    Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry, University of Yaounde I, P.O. Box 813- Messa, Yaounde, Cameroon.
    Background: As part of a study to determine the impact of insecticide resistance on the effectiveness of long-lasting insecticide treated nets (LLINs) in the north of Cameroon, the unexpectedly high density and anthropophilic behaviour of Anopheles rufipes lead us to investigate this species bionomics and role in human malaria parasite transmission.

    Methods: For four consecutive years (2011-2014), annual cross-sectional sampling of adult mosquitoes was conducted during the peak malaria season (September-October) in three health districts in northern Cameroon. Mosquitoes sampled by human landing catch and pyrethrum spray catch methods were morphologically identified, their ovaries dissected for parity determination and Anopheles gambiae siblings were identified by molecular assay. Read More

    The risk of exposure to rickettsial infections and human granulocytic anaplasmosis associated with Ixodes ricinus tick bites in humans in Romania: A multiannual study.
    Ticks Tick Borne Dis 2017 Mar 29;8(3):375-378. Epub 2016 Dec 29.
    Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Cluj Napoca, Department of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, Cluj Napoca, Cluj, Romania.
    Anaplasma phagocytophilum and spotted fever group Rickettsia are obligate intracellular Gram-negative tick-borne bacteria, among which several may cause clinical infections in humans. Several Rickettsia spp. and A. Read More

    Two rare case reports of confirmed Ceylon krait (Bungarus ceylonicus) envenoming in Sri Lanka.
    Toxicon 2017 Mar 4;127:44-48. Epub 2017 Jan 4.
    Medical Unit, Provincial General Hospital, Ratnapura, Sri Lanka.
    The Ceylon krait (Bungarus ceylonicus) is a deadly venomous elapid snake endemic to Sri Lanka. Its habitat is mainly in the wet zone of the island. Despite its frequent encounters in and near human dwellings, reports of envenoming are rare and limited to four in the literature. Read More

    Human Rabies - Puerto Rico, 2015.
    MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2017 Jan 6;65(52):1474-1476. Epub 2017 Jan 6.
    On December 1, 2015, the Puerto Rico Department of Health (PRDH) was notified by a local hospital of a suspected human rabies case. The previous evening, a Puerto Rican man aged 54 years arrived at the emergency department with fever, difficulty swallowing, hand paresthesia, cough, and chest tightness. The next morning the patient left against medical advice but returned to the emergency department in the afternoon with worsening symptoms. Read More

    Management of human bite injury of the upper and lower eyelids: a rare case report.
    J Korean Assoc Oral Maxillofac Surg 2016 Dec 27;42(6):375-378. Epub 2016 Dec 27.
    Richardsons Dental and Craniofacial Hospital, Nagercoil, Tamil Nadu, India.
    Human bite injury to the eyelid is extremely rare and poses a significant challenge in surgical reconstruction. We report an extremely rare case of human bite injury to the eyelid in a 43-year-old male with approximately 60% full thickness loss of the upper eyelid and 80% to 90% full thickness loss of the lower eyelid and its successful reconstruction using the local advancement cheek flap. Read More

    Complete attenuation of genetically engineered Plasmodium falciparum sporozoites in human subjects.
    Sci Transl Med 2017 Jan;9(371)
    Center for Infectious Disease Research, formerly Seattle Biomedical Research Institute, 307 Westlake Avenue North, Suite 500, Seattle, WA 98109, USA.
    Immunization of humans with whole sporozoites confers complete, sterilizing immunity against malaria infection. However, achieving consistent safety while maintaining immunogenicity of whole parasite vaccines remains a formidable challenge. We generated a genetically attenuated Plasmodium falciparum (Pf) malaria parasite by deleting three genes expressed in the pre-erythrocytic stage (Pf p52(-)/p36(-)/sap1(-)). Read More

    Zika virus infection: Past and present of another emerging vector-borne disease.
    J Vector Borne Dis 2016 Oct-Dec;53(4):305-311
    Microbiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece.
    Zika virus infection is an emerging mosquito-borne disease, first identified in Uganda in 1947. It is caused by the Zika arbovirus, and transmitted by the bites of infected mosquitoes of the genus Aedes. For almost half a century, the Zika virus was reported as the causative agent of sporadic human infections. Read More

    Potential Exposures to Australian Bat Lyssavirus Notified in Queensland, Australia, 2009-2014.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2016 Dec 29;10(12):e0005227. Epub 2016 Dec 29.
    Communicable Diseases Branch, Queensland Health, Brisbane, Australia.
    Background: Australian bat lyssavirus (ABLV) belongs to the genus Lyssavirus which also includes classic rabies virus and the European lyssaviruses. To date, the only three known human ABLV cases, all fatal, have been reported from Queensland, Australia. ABLV is widely distributed in Australian bats, and any bite or scratch from an Australian bat is considered a potential exposure to ABLV. Read More

    Comparative Evaluation of a Silicone Membrane as an Alternative to Skin for Testing Mosquito Repellents.
    J Med Entomol 2016 Dec 27. Epub 2016 Dec 27.
    U.S. Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service, Center for Medical, Agricultural, and Veterinary Entomology, Gainesville, FL 32608
    Repellents prevent mosquito bites and help reduce mosquito-borne disease, a global public health issue. Laboratory-based repellent bioassays predict the ability of compounds to deter mosquito feeding, but the variety of repellent bioassays and statistical analysis methods makes it difficult to compare results across methodologies. The most realistic data are collected when repellents are applied on the skin; however, this method exposes volunteers to chemicals and mosquito bites. Read More

    Mosquito behaviour change after distribution of bednets results in decreased protection against malaria exposure.
    J Infect Dis 2016 Dec 22. Epub 2016 Dec 22.
    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool L35QA, United Kingdom
    Background: Behavioural resilience in mosquitoes poses a significant challenge to mosquito control. Although behaviour changes in anopheline vectors have been reported over the last decade, there are no empirical data to suggest they compromise the efficacy of vector control in reducing malaria transmission.

    Methods: In this study, we quantified human exposure to both bites and infective bites of a major malaria vector in Papua New Guinea over the course of four years surrounding a nationwide bednet distribution. Read More

    Topical azithromycin for the prevention of Lyme borreliosis: a randomised, placebo-controlled, phase 3 efficacy trial.
    Lancet Infect Dis 2016 Dec 19. Epub 2016 Dec 19.
    Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria. Electronic address:
    Background: Lyme borreliosis develops in 1-5% of individuals bitten by ticks, but with a diagnostic gap affecting up to 30% of patients, a broadly applicable pharmacological prevention strategy is needed. Topical azithromycin effectively eradicated Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato from the skin in preclinical studies. We assessed its efficacy in human beings. Read More

    Pasteurella multocida Infective Endocarditis.
    J Heart Valve Dis 2015 Nov;24(6):778-779
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Shonan Kamakura General Hospital, Kamakura City, Kanagawa, Japan.
    Pasteurella multocida, a Gram-negative facultative anaerobic coccobacillus, is a common oral flora of dogs and cats. P. multocida often causes infection in humans after animal bites and scratches, and human pasteurellosis is generally a locoregional infection. Read More

    One Health approach to cost-effective rabies control in India.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2016 Dec;113(51):14574-14581
    Center for Infectious Disease Modeling and Analysis, Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, CT 06510;
    Over 20,000 rabies deaths occur annually in India, representing one-third of global human rabies. The Indian state of Tamil Nadu has pioneered a "One Health" committee to address the challenge of rabies in dogs and humans. Currently, rabies control in Tamil Nadu involves postexposure vaccination of humans after dog bites, whereas potential supplemental approaches include canine vaccination and sterilization. Read More

    Molecular Analysis of Pfs47-Mediated Plasmodium Evasion of Mosquito Immunity.
    PLoS One 2016 19;11(12):e0168279. Epub 2016 Dec 19.
    Laboratory of Malaria and Vector Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America.
    Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused by Plasmodium falciparum parasites that is transmitted through the bites of infected anopheline mosquitoes. P. falciparum dispersal from Africa, as a result of human migration, required adaptation of the parasite to several different indigenous anopheline species. Read More

    Evidence for a LOS and a capsular polysaccharide in Capnocytophaga canimorsus.
    Sci Rep 2016 Dec 15;6:38914. Epub 2016 Dec 15.
    Université de Namur, URBM, 5000 Namur, Belgium.
    Capnocytophaga canimorsus is a dog's and cat's oral commensal which can cause fatal human infections upon bites or scratches. Infections mainly start with flu-like symptoms but can rapidly evolve in fatal septicaemia with a mortality as high as 40%. Here we present the discovery of a polysaccharide capsule (CPS) at the surface of C. Read More

    Acute Myeloid Leukemia Targeting by Chimeric Antigen Receptor T Cells: Bridging the Gap from Preclinical Modeling to Human Studies.
    Hum Gene Ther 2016 Dec 1. Epub 2016 Dec 1.
    1 Molecular Therapy Unit, Tettamanti Research Center, Pediatric Clinic, University of Milano Bicocca , San Gerardo Hospital/MBBM Foundation, Monza, Italy.
    Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) still represents an unmet clinical need for adult and pediatric high-risk patients, thus demanding advanced and personalized therapies. In this regard, different targeted immunotherapeutic approaches are available, ranging from naked monoclonal antibodies (mAb) to conjugated and multifunctional mAbs (i.e. Read More

    Zika virus: A new threat to human reproduction.
    Am J Reprod Immunol 2017 Feb 14;77(2). Epub 2016 Dec 14.
    Reproductive Medicine Unit, Department "Femme-Mere-Enfant", Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Zika virus (ZIKV) was first isolated in 1947 in a rhesus monkey from the Zika forest of Uganda. Until 2007, only 14 human cases were reported. The first large human outbreak occurred in 2007 (Yap Island, Federated States of Micronesia, Pacific) followed by French Polynesia in 2013 and Brazil in 2015. Read More

    Anopheles Salivary Biomarker to Assess Malaria Transmission Risk Along the Thailand-Myanmar Border.
    J Infect Dis 2016 Dec 8. Epub 2016 Dec 8.
    Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), Maladies Infectieuses et Vecteurs, Ecologie, Génétique, Evolution et Contrôle (IRD 224-CNRS 5290 UM1-UM2), 34393 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
    Background: The modalities of malaria transmission along the Thailand-Myanmar border are poorly understood. Here we address the relevance of using a specific Anopheles salivary biomarker to measure the risk of human exposure to anopheles bites.

    Methods: Serologic surveys were conducted from May 2013 to December 2014 in 4 sentinel villages. Read More

    Owned dog ecology and demography in Villa de Tezontepec, Hidalgo, Mexico.
    Prev Vet Med 2016 Dec 31;135:37-46. Epub 2016 Oct 31.
    Department of Population Medicine, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Rd. E, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada. Electronic address:
    Dog overpopulation in developing countries has negative implications for the health and safety of people, including the transmission of zoonotic diseases, physical attacks and intimidation to humans and animals, as well as impacts on canine welfare. Understanding the ecology and demographic characteristics of a dog population can help in the planning and monitoring of canine population control programs. Little data exist regarding demography and dynamics of domestic dog populations in semi-urban areas in Mexico. Read More

    Operational Assessment of Long-Lasting Insecticidal Nets by Using an Anopheles Salivary Biomarker of Human-Vector Contact.
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 2016 Dec 24;95(6):1376-1382. Epub 2016 Oct 24.
    Centre de Recherche Entomologique de Cotonou (CREC), Cotonou, Bénin.
    The widespread implementation of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) is a major intervention method for malaria control. Although the LLINs coverage increases, information available on the physical integrity (PI) of implemented LLINs is incomplete. This study aimed to validate human IgG antibody (Ab) response to Anopheles gSG6-P1 salivary peptide antigen, previously demonstrated as a pertinent biomarker of human exposure to Anopheles bites, for evaluating the PI of LLINs in field conditions. Read More

    Genomic analysis reveals the presence of a class D beta-lactamase with broad substrate specificity in animal bite associated Capnocytophaga species.
    Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2016 Dec 1. Epub 2016 Dec 1.
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, Division of Clinical Microbiology, Karolinska Institutet and Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Capnocytophga canimorsus and Capnocytophga cynodegmi can be transmitted from cats and dogs to humans, and can cause a wide range of infections including wound infections, sepsis, or endocarditis. We and others recently discovered two new Capnocytophaga species, C. canis and C. Read More

    Comparison of green pit viper and Agkistrodon halys antivenom in inhibition of coagulopathy due to Trimeresurus albolabris venom: an in-vitro study using human plasma.
    Hong Kong Med J 2017 Feb 2;23(1):13-8. Epub 2016 Dec 2.
    Fauna Conservation Department, Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden, Tai Po, Hong Kong.
    Introduction: There are two antivenoms that may be administered in Hong Kong following a bite by Trimeresurus albolabris: the green pit viper antivenom from the Thai Red Cross Society in Thailand and the Agkistrodon halys antivenom from the Shanghai Institute of Biological Products in China. Both are recommended by the Central Coordinating Committee of Accident and Emergency Services of the Hospital Authority for treating patients with a bite by Trimeresurus albolabris. The choice of which antivenom to use is based on physician preference. Read More

    Human IgG Antibody Response to Aedes Nterm-34kDa Salivary Peptide, an Epidemiological Tool to Assess Vector Control in Chikungunya and Dengue Transmission Area.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2016 Dec 1;10(12):e0005109. Epub 2016 Dec 1.
    Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), Maladies Infectieuses et Vecteurs, Ecologie, Génétique, Evolution et Contrôle (MIVEGEC), Montpellier, FRANCE.
    Background: Arboviral diseases are an important public health concerns. Vector control remains the sole strategy to fight against these diseases. Because of the important limits of methods currently used to assess human exposure to Aedes mosquito bites, much effort is being devoted to develop new indicators. Read More

    Tick Bite by Nymphal Amblyomma testudinarium.
    Ann Dermatol 2016 Dec 23;28(6):762-764. Epub 2016 Nov 23.
    Department of Dermatology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
    Ticks are parasites that usually suck the blood of wild or domestic animals; rarely, they ingest human blood and spread various febrile infectious diseases along with skin problems. Out of 40 cases of tick bite reported in Korea, only 3 were caused by nymphal ticks, and tick bites by nymphal Amblyomma testudinarium have not been reported previously. Herein, we report a rare case of tick bite by nymphal A. Read More

    Community-based interventions to enhance knowledge, protective attitudes and behaviors towards canine rabies: results from a health communication intervention study in Guangxi, China.
    BMC Infect Dis 2016 Nov 24;16(1):701. Epub 2016 Nov 24.
    China Animal Health and Epidemiology Centre, Ministry of Agriculture of the Peoples Republic of China, Qingdao, Shandong, China.
    Background: In China canine rabies poses a serious public health problem in that human mortality ranks the second highest globally. While rabies health education interventions are advocated by WHO to be critical components of modern rabies control and prevention programs, available studies have not adequately investigated the relative efficacy of their implementation in at-risk populations. This study aims to measure and compare the effect on knowledge and protective behavior towards rabies of health education interventions that include a novel Short Messaging Service via cell phone (SMS) and rabies health information sessions (IS). Read More

    Wild animals as reservoirs of Anaplasma phagocytophilum for humans
    Przegl Epidemiol 2016;70(3):428-435
    University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Epizootiology and Clinic of Infectious Diseases
    Anaplasma phagocytophilum is a tick-transmitted obligate-intracellular gram-negative bacteria that causes emerging human zoonosis. A. phagocytophilum is transmitted by Ixodid ticks. Read More

    The impact of gape on the performance of the skull in chisel-tooth digging and scratch digging mole-rats (Rodentia: Bathyergidae).
    R Soc Open Sci 2016 Oct 12;3(10):160568. Epub 2016 Oct 12.
    Centre for Anatomical and Human Sciences, Hull York Medical School, University of York, York, UK; Department of Archaeology, University of York, York, UK.
    The African mole-rats (Bathyergidae) are a family of rodents highly adapted for life underground. Previous research has shown that chisel-tooth digging mole-rats (which use their incisors to dig burrows) are clearly distinguishable from scratch diggers (which only use the forelimbs to tunnel) on the basis of morphology of the skull, and that the differences are linked to the production of high bite forces and wide gapes. We hypothesized that the skull of a chisel-tooth digging mole-rat would perform better at wider gapes than that of a scratch digging mole-rat during incisor biting. Read More

    Repellency and Larvicidal Activity of Essential oils from Xylopia laevigata, Xylopia frutescens, Lippia pedunculosa, and Their Individual Compounds against Aedes aegypti Linnaeus.
    Neotrop Entomol 2016 Nov 14. Epub 2016 Nov 14.
    Dept of Morphology, Federal Univ of Sergipe, São Cristóvão, Sergipe, Brasil.
    In order to find new alternatives for vector control and personal protection, we evaluated the larvicidal and repellent activity of essentials oils from plants found in the Northeast of Brazil against Aedes aegypti Linnaeus mosquitoes. The plants tested include Xylopia laevigata, Xylopia frutescens, and Lippia pedunculosa and their major compounds, piperitenone oxide, and (R)-limonene. The essential oil of L. Read More

    Severe Human Illness Caused by Rift Valley Fever Virus in Mauritania, 2015.
    Open Forum Infect Dis 2016 Oct 27;3(4):ofw200. Epub 2016 Sep 27.
    Institut National de Recherche en Santé Publique , Nouakchott , Mauritania.
    Background: Rift Valley Fever epizootics are characterized by numerous abortions and mortality among young animals. In humans, the illness is usually characterized by a mild self-limited febrile illness, which could progress to more serious complications.Objectives. Read More

    Capnocytophaga canimorsus – an underestimated danger after dog or cat bite – review of literature
    Przegl Epidemiol 2016;70(2):289-295
    Medical University of Bialystok, Department of Infectious Diseases and Neuroinfections
    Capnocytophaga canimorsus is a gram-negative, capnophilic rod constituting normal bacterial flora of the oral cavity of dogs and cats. It is also considered to be an etiological factor of infections in human that may lead to multiple complications, i.a. Read More

    Fight bite injury: emergency department assessment and management.
    Emerg Nurse 2016 Nov;24(7):34-37
    Adelaide and Meath Hospital, Tallaght, Dublin.
    Human bite wounds to the hand are relatively common injuries and are associated with high infection rates. Given the unique anatomy of the hand, the bite mechanism and the organisms found in human saliva, even the smallest wound can result in an aggressive infection. Failure to recognise and treat human bite wounds appropriately, can therefore have negative outcomes for patients. Read More

    A monoclonal antibody-based immunoassay to measure the antibody response against the repeat region of the circumsporozoite protein of Plasmodium falciparum.
    Malar J 2016 Nov 8;15(1):543. Epub 2016 Nov 8.
    Center for Vaccinology (CEVAC), Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
    Background: The malaria vaccine candidate RTS,S/AS01 (GSK Vaccines) induces high IgG concentration against the circumsporozoite protein (CSP) of Plasmodium falciparum. In human vaccine recipients circulating anti-CSP antibody concentrations are associated with protection against infection but appear not to be the correlate of protection. However, in a humanized mouse model of malaria infection prophylactic administration of a human monoclonal antibody (MAL1C), derived from a RTS,S/AS01-immunized volunteer, directed against the CSP repeat region, conveyed full protection in a dose-dependent manner suggesting that antibodies alone are able to prevent P. Read More

    1 OF 81