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    Can you catch Ebola from a stork bite? Inductive reasoning influences generalization of perceived zoonosis risk.
    PLoS One 2017 8;12(11):e0186969. Epub 2017 Nov 8.
    Department of Psychological Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas, United States of America.
    Emerging zoonoses are a prominent global health threat. Human beliefs are central to drivers of emerging zoonoses, yet little is known about how people make inferences about risk in such scenarios. We present an inductive account of zoonosis risk perception, suggesting that beliefs about the range of animals able to transmit diseases to each other influence how people generalize risks to other animals and health behaviors. Read More

    Intrauterine infection with bovine leukemia virus in pregnant dam with high viral load.
    J Vet Med Sci 2017 Nov 6. Epub 2017 Nov 6.
    Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido University.
    Enzootic bovine leukemia is caused by the bovine leukemia virus (BLV). BLV is transmitted vertically or horizontally through the transfer of infected cells via direct contact, through milk, insect bites and contaminated iatrogenic procedures. However, we lacked direct evidence of intrauterine infection. Read More

    Improved capture of stable flies (Diptera: Muscidae) by placement of knight stick sticky fly traps protected by electric fence inside animal exhibit yards at the Smithsonian's National Zoological Park.
    Zoo Biol 2017 Nov 5. Epub 2017 Nov 5.
    Center for Animal Care Sciences, Smithsonian's National Zoological Park, Washington, District of Columbia.
    Stable flies are noxious blood-feeding pests of exotic animals at zoological parks, inflicting painful bites, and causing discomfort to animals. Stable fly management is difficult because of the flies' tendency to remain on the host animals only when feeding. Non-toxic traps can be efficient but traps placed around exhibit perimeters captured fewer-than-expected numbers of flies. Read More

    Assessment of the speed of flea kill of lotilaner (Credelio™) throughout the month following oral administration to dogs.
    Parasit Vectors 2017 Nov 1;10(1):529. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    Elanco Animal Health, Mattenstrasse 24a, 4058, Basel, Switzerland.
    Background: Lotilaner (Credelio™, Elanco), a novel isoxazoline, is a systemic insecticide and acaricide that is rapidly absorbed following oral administration to dogs and has a half-life of 30 days. As part of a development program, studies were undertaken to investigate lotilaner's initial and sustained efficacy and speed of kill against fleas.

    Methods: Four studies were conducted to evaluate the onset of lotilaner's speed of flea knockdown at the time of treatment, and to determine the sustained speed of flea kill (SOK) up to 35 days post-treatment. Read More

    A Retrospective Cohort Study of Tick Paralysis in British Columbia.
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 2017 Oct 30. Epub 2017 Oct 30.
    1 Zoonotic Diseases and Emerging Pathogens Section, BC Centre of Disease Control Public Health Laboratory , Vancouver, Canada .
    Background: Tick paralysis is a frequently overlooked severe disease characterized by bilateral ascending flaccid paralysis caused by a neurotoxin produced by feeding ticks. We aimed to characterize suspected tick paralysis cases documented at the BC Centre for Disease Control (BCCDC) in British Columbia (BC) from 1993 to 2016 and reviewed prevention, diagnosis, and treatment considerations.

    Methods: Demographic, geographic, and clinical data from test requisition forms for ticks submitted to the BCCDC Public Health Laboratory (PHL) from patients across BC between 1993 and 2016 for suspected human and animal tick paralysis were reviewed. Read More

    The Biology and Ecology of Cat Fleas and Advancements in Their Pest Management: A Review.
    Insects 2017 Oct 27;8(4). Epub 2017 Oct 27.
    Department of Entomology, University of California Riverside, Riverside, CA 92521, USA.
    The cat flea Ctenocephalides felis felis (Bouché) is the most important ectoparasite of domestic cats and dogs worldwide. It has been two decades since the last comprehensive review concerning the biology and ecology of C. f. Read More

    Watch Out for Wild Animals: A Systematic Review of Upper Extremity Injuries Caused by Uncommon Species.
    Plast Reconstr Surg 2017 Nov;140(5):1008-1022
    Madison, Wis.; and Fort Collins, Colo. From the Division of Plastic Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison; and Northern Colorado Plastic and Hand Surgery.
    Background: Across the world, many species of nondomesticated animals dwell among humans in metropolitan areas. Rare animal bites pose a dilemma for hand surgeons, as they often result in operative injuries and recalcitrant infections. The authors treated an 85-year-old man who experienced severe cellulitis of the index finger following an opossum bite. Read More

    Defaming Rover: Error-Based Latent Rhetoric in the Medical Literature on Dog Bites.
    J Appl Anim Welf Sci 2017 Oct 25:1-13. Epub 2017 Oct 25.
    b National Canine Research Council, Animal Farm Foundation, Inc ., Bangall, New York.
    This article examines the accuracy and rhetoric of reports by human health care professionals concerning dog bite injuries published in the peer-reviewed medical literature, with respect to nonclinical issues, such as dog behavior. A qualitative content analysis examined 156 publications between 1966 and 2015 identified by terms such as "dog bite" or "dangerous dogs." The analysis revealed misinformation about human-canine interactions, the significance of breed and breed characteristics, and the frequency of dog bite-related injuries. Read More

    A Role for Prefrontal Cortical NMDA Receptors in Murine Alcohol-Heightened Aggression.
    Neuropsychopharmacology 2017 Oct 20. Epub 2017 Oct 20.
    Psychology Department, Tufts University, Medford, MA, USA.
    Alcohol is associated with nearly half of all violent crimes committed in the United States; yet, a potential neural basis for this type of pathological aggression remains elusive. Alcohol may act on NMDA receptors (NMDARs) within cortical circuits to impede processing and to promote aggression. Here, male mice were characterized as alcohol-heightened (AHAs) or alcohol non-heightened aggressors (ANAs) during resident-intruder confrontations after self-administering 1. Read More

    Preclinical antivenom-efficacy testing reveals potentially disturbing deficiencies of snakebite treatment capability in East Africa.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2017 Oct 18;11(10):e0005969. Epub 2017 Oct 18.
    The Alistair Reid Venom Research Unit, Parasitology Department, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, Merseyside, United Kingdom.
    Background: Antivenom is the treatment of choice for snakebite, which annually kills an estimated 32,000 people in sub-Saharan Africa and leaves approximately 100,000 survivors with permanent physical disabilities that exert a considerable socioeconomic burden. Over the past two decades, the high costs of the most polyspecifically-effective antivenoms have sequentially reduced demand, commercial manufacturing incentives and production volumes that have combined to create a continent-wide vacuum of effective snakebite therapy. This was quickly filled with new, less expensive antivenoms, many of which are of untested efficacy. Read More

    Exposure to allethrin-based mosquito coil smoke during gestation and postnatal development affects reproductive function in male offspring of rat.
    Inhal Toxicol 2017 Jul;29(8):374-385
    a Department of Animal Biology, School of Life Sciences , University of Hyderabad , Hyderabad , India.
    The threat of zika virus looms throughout the world and the use of allethrin-based mosquito coils to prevent mosquito bites during and postpregnancy is on the rise. The aim of this study was to analyze the toxic effects of exposure to allethrin-based mosquito coil smoke in rats under conditions that reflect human settings. Pregnant female rats were exposed to mosquito coil smoke and same was continued to the male pups up to 111 days postparturition (21-day weaning plus up to 90 days postweaning). Read More

    Facial dog bite injuries in children: A case report.
    Int J Surg Case Rep 2017 Oct 10;41:57-60. Epub 2017 Oct 10.
    State University of Paraíba, Campina Grande, PB, Brazil.
    Introduction: Dog bites are common and can affect victims of different ages, from children to the elderly. Injuries are usually located in different body regions, including head and face. The treatment of choice for injuries is the suture of the lesion, accompanied by antibiotic therapy and tetanus and anti-rabies vaccination. Read More

    Repellency Effect of Essential Oils of some Native Plants and Synthetic Repellents against Human Flea, Pulex irritans (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae).
    J Arthropod Borne Dis 2017 Mar 14;11(1):105-115. Epub 2017 Mar 14.
    Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, Faculty of Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran.
    Background: Fleas are important vectors of human and animal disease, and control measures for protection against their bites and flea-borne diseases are necessary.

    Methods: The essential oils (EOs) of four native medicinal plants, Ziziphora tenuiore, Myrtus communis, Achillea wilhelmsii and Mentha piperita were isolated by hydrodistillation technique and analyzed by GC-MC. The repellent activity of EOs and synthetic compounds, DEET and permethrin, were assayed on human subjects against field collected fleas. Read More

    Human cellular and humoral immune responses to Phlebotomus papatasi salivary gland antigens in endemic areas differing in prevalence of Leishmania major infection.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2017 Oct 12;11(10):e0005905. Epub 2017 Oct 12.
    Laboratory of Medical Parasitology, Biotechnologies and Biomolecules, Institut Pasteur de Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia.
    Background: Sand fly saliva compounds are able to elicit specific immune responses that have a significant role in Leishmania parasite establishment and disease outcome. Characterizing anti-saliva immune responses in individuals living in well defined leishmaniasis endemic areas would provide valuable insights regarding their effect on parasite transmission and establishment in humans.

    Methodology/principal Findings: We explored the cellular and humoral immune responses to Phlebotomus (P. Read More

    Geographic variations of the bird-borne structural risk of West Nile virus circulation in Europe.
    PLoS One 2017 12;12(10):e0185962. Epub 2017 Oct 12.
    Cirad, UMR ASTRE, Montpellier, France.
    The structural risk of West Nile Disease results from the usual functioning of the socio-ecological system, which may favour the introduction of the pathogen, its circulation and the occurrence of disease cases. Its geographic variations result from the local interactions between three components: (i) reservoir hosts, (ii) vectors, both characterized by their diversity, abundance and competence, (iii) and the socio-economic context that impacts the exposure of human to infectious bites. We developed a model of bird-borne structural risk of West Nile Virus (WNV) circulation in Europe, and analysed the association between the geographic variations of this risk and the occurrence of WND human cases between 2002 and 2014. Read More

    Monitoring and assessment of ingestive chewing sounds for prediction of herbage intake rate in grazing cattle.
    Animal 2017 Oct 10:1-10. Epub 2017 Oct 10.
    5Department of Plant Sciences,University of California,One Shields av.,Davis,CA 95616,USA.
    Accurate measurement of herbage intake rate is critical to advance knowledge of the ecology of grazing ruminants. This experiment tested the integration of behavioral and acoustic measurements of chewing and biting to estimate herbage dry matter intake (DMI) in dairy cows offered micro-swards of contrasting plant structure. Micro-swards constructed with plastic pots were offered to three lactating Holstein cows (608±24. Read More

    Epidemiological consequences of immune sensitisation by pre-exposure to vector saliva.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2017 Oct 9;11(10):e0005956. Epub 2017 Oct 9.
    Department of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
    Blood-feeding arthropods-like mosquitoes, sand flies, and ticks-transmit many diseases that impose serious public health and economic burdens. When a blood-feeding arthropod bites a mammal, it injects saliva containing immunogenic compounds that facilitate feeding. Evidence from Leishmania, Plasmodium and arboviral infections suggests that the immune responses elicited by pre-exposure to arthropod saliva can alter disease progression if the host later becomes infected. Read More

    Insights and efforts to control rabies in Zambia: Evaluation of determinants and barriers to dog vaccination in Nyimba district.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2017 Oct 9;11(10):e0005946. Epub 2017 Oct 9.
    University of Zambia School of Medicine, Department of Public Health, Lusaka, Zambia.
    Background: The current rabies control strategy in Zambia is based on dog vaccination, dog population control and dog movement restrictions. In Nyimba district of Zambia, dog vaccination coverage is low but the incidence of dog bites is high which places the community at risk of rabies infection. The renewed global interest eliminating rabies in developing countries has spurred interest to identify determinants and barriers of dog vaccination in an effort to reduce the overall disease burden. Read More

    [Epidemiological characterization of bites on people, as emergency care record: Province of Los Andes, Chile].
    Rev Chilena Infectol 2017 Jun;34(3):212-220
    Departamento de Salud Pública, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile,
    Background: Bites constitute a public health problem worldwide.

    Aim: To characterize epidemiologically bites by animals happened in the province of Los Andes (2005-2007).

    Method: Descriptive, retrospective epidemiological study. Read More

    Do weaner pigs need in-feed antibiotics to ensure good health and welfare?
    PLoS One 2017 5;12(10):e0185622. Epub 2017 Oct 5.
    Pig Development Department, Teagasc Animal and Grassland Research and Innovation Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co. Cork, Ireland.
    Antibiotics (AB) are used in intensive pig production systems to control infectious diseases and they are suspected to be a major source of antibiotic resistance. Following the ban on AB use as growth promoters in the EU, their prophylactic use in-feed is now under review. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of removing prophylactic in-feed AB on pig health and welfare indicators. Read More

    Are animal-related injuries in rural areas a social problem? A survey from Poland.
    Ann Agric Environ Med 2017 Sep 7;24(3):392-395. Epub 2017 Jun 7.
    Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery Clinic, Medical University in Lodz, Lodz, Poland.
    Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze the mechanisms of animal-related injuries in Polish rural areas, and to evaluate the effects of such injuries on subjects' health and social life.

    Material And Methods: Data concerning animal-related injuries were collected from 102 patients (45 females and 57 males, mean age 45.01±11. Read More

    Parent perceptions of the quality of life of pet dogs living with neuro-typically developing and neuro-atypically developing children: An exploratory study.
    PLoS One 2017 27;12(9):e0185300. Epub 2017 Sep 27.
    School of Life Sciences, University of Lincoln, Brayford Pool, Lincoln, United Kingdom.
    There is growing scientific and societal recognition of the role that pet dogs can play in healthy development of children; both those who are neuro-typically developing and those who live with a neuro-developmental disorder, such as autism or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. However, little attention has been paid to how living with children positively and negatively affects quality of life of a pet dog. In this exploratory study we conducted semi-structured interviews with parents of neuro-typically developing children (n = 18) and those with a neuro-developmental disorder (n = 18) who owned a pet dog, until no new factors were identified. Read More

    Acute Osteomyelitis in the Hand Due to Dog Bite Injury: A Report of 3 Cases.
    Arch Plast Surg 2017 Sep 15;44(5):444-448. Epub 2017 Sep 15.
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Bundang Jesaeng General Hospital, Seongnam, Korea.
    As many people keep small dogs as pets, dog bites are common injuries, accounting for approximately 80%-90% of all animal bite injuries. These injuries usually occur on the upper extremities, most commonly on the fingers. Most of these injuries appear as simple lacerations or abrasions of the skin. Read More

    Shark Spotters: Successfully reducing spatial overlap between white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias) and recreational water users in False Bay, South Africa.
    PLoS One 2017 25;12(9):e0185335. Epub 2017 Sep 25.
    Institute for Communities and Wildlife in Africa, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.
    White sharks (Carcharodon carcharias) are apex predators that play an important role in the structure and stability of marine ecosystems. Despite their ecological importance and protected status, white sharks are still subject to lethal control to reduce the risk of shark bites for recreational water users. The Shark Spotters program, pioneered in Cape Town, South Africa, provides a non-lethal alternative for reducing the risk of human-shark conflict. Read More

    Gastrointestinal Tract As Entry Route for Hantavirus Infection.
    Front Microbiol 2017 8;8:1721. Epub 2017 Sep 8.
    Institute of Clinical Physiology, Charité - Universitätsmedizin BerlinBerlin, Germany.
    Background: Hantaviruses are zoonotic agents that cause hemorrhagic fevers and are thought to be transmitted to humans by exposure to aerosolized excreta of infected rodents. Puumala virus (PUUV) is the predominant endemic hantavirus in Europe. A large proportion of PUUV-infected patients suffer from gastrointestinal symptoms of unclear origin. Read More

    Dog bites and diabetic peripheral neuropathy: a dangerous combination.
    BMJ Case Rep 2017 Sep 23;2017. Epub 2017 Sep 23.
    Welsh Centre for Burns and Plastic Surgery, Abertawe Bro Morgannwg University Health Board, Swansea, UK.
    All animal bites have the potential to cause significant infection. In the UK, dogs are the most common source of bites. Incidence of hospital attendances attributable to dog bites has risen over the last decade. Read More

    Insights into the epidemiological link between biting flies and pemphigus foliaceus in southeastern Brazil.
    Acta Trop 2017 Dec 21;176:455-462. Epub 2017 Sep 21.
    Division of Dermatology, Department of Clinical Medicine, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address:
    Background: Black fly and sandfly bites are related to the endemicity of pemphigus foliaceus (PF); however, an immune reaction against the salivary proteins from these flies still requires confirmation in the case of PF patients living in southeastern Brazil.

    Purpose: To georeference the distribution of Simuliidae (Diptera: Simuliidae) and Phlebotominae (Diptera: Psychodidae) and of PF cases in the northeastern region of São Paulo State, and to assess the humoral immune response against salivary gland extracts (SGEs) from biting flies in PF patients, relatives, and neighbours.

    Methods: PF patients' medical information recorded between 1965 and 2014 were obtained from the database of the University Hospital. Read More

    Zoonotic infection of Brazilian primate workers with New World simian foamy virus.
    PLoS One 2017 20;12(9):e0184502. Epub 2017 Sep 20.
    Laboratory Branch, Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America.
    Simian foamy viruses (SFVs) are retroviruses present in nearly all nonhuman primates (NHPs), including Old World primates (OWP) and New World primates (NWP). While all confirmed human infections with SFV are from zoonotic transmissions originating from OWP, little is known about the zoonotic transmission potential of NWP SFV. We conducted a longitudinal, prospective study of 56 workers occupationally exposed to NWP in Brazil. Read More

    [Pasteurella multocida meningoencephalitis in a 14-year-old child].
    Arch Pediatr 2017 Oct 15;24(10):1005-1009. Epub 2017 Sep 15.
    Service de réanimation pédiatrique, pôle Femme-Enfant, CHU de Caen, avenue Côte-de-Nacre, 14033 Caen cedex 9, France.
    Pasteurella multocida is generally responsible for local infections through animal bites. It can be a cause of meningitis, which tends to affect people at the extreme ages of life or suffering from immunodeficiency. A 14-year-old teenager was hospitalized with typical signs of bacterial meningitis. Read More

    How often do mosquitoes bite humans in southern England? A standardised summer trial at four sites reveals spatial, temporal and site-related variation in biting rates.
    Parasit Vectors 2017 Sep 15;10(1):420. Epub 2017 Sep 15.
    The Pirbright Institute, Ash Road, Woking, Surrey, UK.
    Background: This field-based study examined the abundance and species complement of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) attracted to humans at four sites in the United Kingdom (UK). The study used a systematic approach to directly measure feeding by mosquitoes on humans at multiple sites and using multiple volunteers. Quantifying how frequently humans are bitten in the field by mosquitoes is a fundamental parameter in assessing arthropod-borne virus transmission. Read More

    Diversity of Aerobic Bacteria Isolated from Oral and Cloacal Cavities from Free-Living Snakes Species in Costa Rica Rainforest.
    Int Sch Res Notices 2017 20;2017:8934285. Epub 2017 Aug 20.
    Laboratorio de Análisis Genómico, Escuela de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Nacional, 86-3000 Heredia, Costa Rica.
    Costa Rica has a significant number of snakebites per year and bacterial infections are often complications in these animal bites. Hereby, this study aims to identify, characterize, and report the diversity of the bacterial community in the oral and cloacal cavities of venomous and nonvenomous snakes found in wildlife in Costa Rica. The snakes where captured by casual encounter search between August and November of 2014 in the Quebrada González sector, in Braulio Carrillo National Park. Read More

    Effect of counselling on health-care-seeking behaviours and rabies vaccination adherence after dog bites in Haiti, 2014-15: a retrospective follow-up survey.
    Lancet Glob Health 2017 Oct;5(10):e1017-e1025
    Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.
    Background: Haiti has an integrated bite case management (IBCM) programme to counsel animal-bite victims on the risk of rabies and appropriate treatment, as well as the Haiti Animal Rabies Surveillance Program (HARSP) to examine the animals. We assessed the usefulness of the IBCM programme to promote best practices for rabies prophylaxis after exposure in a low-income rabies-endemic setting.

    Methods: We did a retrospective follow-up survey of randomly selected bite victims who were counselled by Haiti's IBCM programme between May 15, 2014, and Sept 15, 2015. Read More

    Animal and human bite injuries: a 5-year retrospective study in a large urban public hospital in Venezuela.
    Oral Maxillofac Surg 2017 Dec 13;21(4):425-428. Epub 2017 Sep 13.
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, "Dr. Angel Larralde" University Hospital, Carabobo University, Altos De La Colina De Bárbula 15-25, Naguanagua, Carabobo, 2042, Venezuela.
    Introduction: Animal bite injuries to the head and neck regions are an important public health problem. Most of these bites are from dogs. A 10-year retrospective study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of animal and human bites. Read More

    Effectiveness and economic assessment of routine larviciding for prevention of chikungunya and dengue in temperate urban settings in Europe.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2017 Sep 11;11(9):e0005918. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    Dondena Centre for Research on Social Dynamics and Public Policy, Bocconi University, Milan, Italy.
    In the last decades, several European countries where arboviral infections are not endemic have faced outbreaks of diseases such as chikungunya and dengue, initially introduced by infectious travellers from tropical endemic areas and then spread locally via mosquito bites. To keep in check the epidemiological risk, interventions targeted to control vector abundance can be implemented by local authorities. We assessed the epidemiological effectiveness and economic costs and benefits of routine larviciding in European towns with temperate climate, using a mathematical model of Aedes albopictus populations and viral transmission, calibrated on entomological surveillance data collected from ten municipalities in Northern Italy during 2014 and 2015. Read More

    Heat deactivation of the stonefish Synanceia horrida venom - implications for first-aid management.
    Diving Hyperb Med 2017 Sep;47(3):155-158
    Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine, James Cook University, Cairns, Queensland, Australia.
    Objectives: To investigate the effects of temperature and hot water immersion time on neutralising venom lethality of the Australian estuarine stonefish (Synanceia horrida).

    Design: Depths of the spines were measured while venom was extracted from S. horrida individuals. Read More

    A data platform to improve rabies prevention, Sri Lanka.
    Bull World Health Organ 2017 Sep 19;95(9):646-651. Epub 2017 May 19.
    Network for Improving Critical Care Systems and Training, 2nd Floor, YMBA Building, Colombo 08, Sri Lanka.
    Problem: In Sri Lanka, rabies prevention initiatives are hindered by fragmented and delayed information-sharing that limits clinicians' ability to follow patients and impedes public health surveillance.

    Approach: In a project led by the health ministry, we adapted existing technologies to create an electronic platform for rabies surveillance. Information is entered by trained clinical staff, and both aggregate and individual patient data are visualized in real time. Read More

    The role of asymptomatics and dogs on leishmaniasis propagation.
    Math Biosci 2017 Nov 31;293:46-55. Epub 2017 Aug 31.
    Unidad de Medicina Experimental, Hospital General Dr. Eduardo Liceaga, México, D.F. 06726, Mexico. Electronic address:
    Leishmaniasis is a parasite disease transmitted by the bites of sandflies. Cutaneous leishmaniasis is the most common form of the disease and it is endemic in the Americas. Around 70 animal species, including humans, have been found as natural reservoir hosts of leishmania parasites. Read More

    Avian phenotypic traits related to feeding preferences in two Culex mosquitoes.
    Naturwissenschaften 2017 Aug 30;104(9-10):76. Epub 2017 Aug 30.
    Department of Wetland Ecology, Estación Biológica de Doñana (EBD-CSIC), Avda. Américo Vespucio 26, 41092, Seville, Spain.
    Host choice by mosquitoes affects the transmission dynamics of vector-borne infectious diseases. Although asymmetries in mosquito attraction to vertebrate species have been reported, the relative importance of host characteristics in mosquito blood-feeding behavior is still poorly studied. Here, we investigate the relationship between avian phenotypic traits-in particular, morphometry, plumage coloration, and nesting and roosting behavior-and the blood-feeding patterns in two common Culex mosquito species on a North American avian community. Read More

    Arizona bark scorpion venom resistance in the pallid bat, Antrozous pallidus.
    PLoS One 2017 30;12(8):e0183215. Epub 2017 Aug 30.
    Graduate Neuroscience Program, University of California, Riverside, California, United States of America.
    The pallid bat (Antrozous pallidus), a gleaning bat found in the western United States and Mexico, hunts a wide variety of ground-dwelling prey, including scorpions. Anecdotal evidence suggests that the pallid bat is resistant to scorpion venom, but no systematic study has been performed. Here we show with behavioral measures and direct injection of venom that the pallid bat is resistant to venom of the Arizona bark scorpion, Centruroides sculpturatus. Read More

    Exploring virulence and immunogenicity in the emerging pathogen Sporothrix brasiliensis.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2017 Aug 30;11(8):e0005903. Epub 2017 Aug 30.
    Department of Medicine, Discipline of Infectious Diseases, Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP), São Paulo, Brazil.
    Sporotrichosis is a polymorphic chronic infection of humans and animals classically acquired after traumatic inoculation with soil and plant material contaminated with Sporothrix spp. propagules. An alternative and successful route of transmission is bites and scratches from diseased cats, through which Sporothrix yeasts are inoculated into mammalian tissue. Read More

    Epidemiological characteristics and trends in the incidence of animal bites in Maku County, Islamic Republic of Iran, 2003-2012.
    East Mediterr Health J 2017 Aug 27;23(7):507-513. Epub 2017 Aug 27.
    Maku Health Centre, Maku, West Azerbaijan, Islamic Republic of Iran.
    This study examined the epidemiological characteristics and incidence over time of animal bites in Maku County. Data were obtained from health centre records of animal bites from 2003 to 2012. Information on demographic characteristics and bite-related factors were recorded. Read More

    Differential procoagulant effects of saw-scaled viper (Serpentes: Viperidae: Echis) snake venoms on human plasma and the narrow taxonomic ranges of antivenom efficacies.
    Toxicol Lett 2017 Oct 25;280:159-170. Epub 2017 Aug 25.
    Venom Evolution Lab, School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland, St Lucia QLD 4072 Australia. Electronic address:
    Saw-scaled vipers (genus Echis) are one of the leading causes of snakebite morbidity and mortality in parts of Sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East, and vast regions of Asia, constituting a public health burden exceeding that of almost any other snake genus globally. Venom-induced consumption coagulopathy, owing to the action of potent procoagulant toxins, is one of the most relevant clinical manifestations of envenomings by Echis spp. Clinical experience and prior studies examining a limited range of venoms and restricted antivenoms have demonstrated for some antivenoms an extreme lack of antivenom cross-reactivity between different species of this genus, sometimes resulting in catastrophic treatment failure. Read More

    Evaluation of the RumiWatchSystem for measuring grazing behaviour of cows.
    J Neurosci Methods 2017 Aug 24. Epub 2017 Aug 24.
    Teagasc, Animal & Grassland Research and Innovation Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co. Cork, Ireland.
    Feeding behaviour is an important parameter of animal performance, health and welfare, as well as reflecting levels and quality of feed available. Previously, sensors were only used for measuring animal feeding behaviour in indoor housing systems. However, sensors such as the RumiWatchSystem can also monitor such behaviour continuously in pasture-based environments. Read More

    Capnocytophaga canimorsus sepsis in a methotrexate-treated patient with rheumatoid arthritis.
    IDCases 2017 5;10:18-21. Epub 2017 Aug 5.
    Department of Internal Medicine, Kinan Hospital, Japan.
    Capnocytophaga canimorsus is a gram-negative rod that can be transmitted primarily by dog bites. This life-threatening organism commonly causes sepsis in patients with splenectomy or alcoholism. A 53-year-old rheumatoid arthritis male treated with methotrexate (MTX) for 5 years was admitted for a 4-day history of fever and dyspnea. Read More

    A prospective cohort study of the effectiveness of the primary hospital management of all snakebites in Kurunegala district of Sri Lanka.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2017 Aug 21;11(8):e0005847. Epub 2017 Aug 21.
    South Asian Clinical Toxicology Research Collaboration, Faculty of Medicine, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.
    Introduction: Sri Lanka records substantial numbers of snakebite annually. Primary rural hospitals are important contributors to health care. Health care planning requires a more detailed understanding of snakebite within this part of the health system. Read More

    Near-death Thoracic Trauma Caused by a Stingray in the Indian Ocean.
    Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2017 Summer;29(2):262-263. Epub 2017 Feb 16.
    Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery Department, Felix Guyon University Hospital, Saint-Denis, La Réunion, France.
    Stingray injuries are frequent, and although mostly benign, some can be life-threatening. We present the case of a 24-year-old man who suffered from a stingray attack in the Indian Ocean with a thoracic penetrating trauma, and its management. Read More

    Comparative 2-D electrophoresis of salivary proteins in Triatoma dimidiata and Rhodnius prolixus (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) and major cross-reactive antigens
    Ann Parasitol 2017;63(2):121-125
    Centro Investigaciones Biomedicas, Universidad Autonoma Campeche, Patricio Trueba s/n, Campeche 24090, Mexico
    An immune response to triatomine’s saliva is an immunological marker of exposure to triatomine bites. However, considerable variability in salivary protein profiles did exist among species. In the present work, we compare salivary proteins from Mexican Triatoma dimidiata and Rhodnius prolixus using 2-D electrophoresis. Read More

    Pattern and outcome of dog bite injuries among children in Ado-Ekiti, Southwest Nigeria.
    Pan Afr Med J 2017 2;27:81. Epub 2017 Jun 2.
    Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria.
    Introduction: Dog bites in humans are a major public health problem. Globally, millions of people are bitten by dogs but most of the fatal cases occur in children. There is paucity of data on dog bite related diseases among Nigerian children. Read More

    MALDI-TOF MS identification of Anopheles gambiae Giles blood meal crushed on Whatman filter papers.
    PLoS One 2017 17;12(8):e0183238. Epub 2017 Aug 17.
    Aix Marseille Université, Unité de Recherche en Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales Emergentes (URMITE), UM63, CNRS 7278, IRD 198 (Dakar, Sénégal), Inserm 1095, AP-HM, IHU Méditerranée Infection, Marseille, France.
    Background: Identification of the source of mosquito blood meals is an important component for disease control and surveillance. Recently, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) profiling has emerged as an effective tool for mosquito blood meal identification, using the abdomens of freshly engorged mosquitoes. In the field, mosquito abdomens are crushed on Whatman filter papers to determine the host feeding patterns by identifying the origin of their blood meals. Read More

    Association of Endotoxin and Allergens with Respiratory and Skin Symptoms: A Descriptive Study in Laboratory Animal Workers.
    Ann Work Expo Health 2017 Aug;61(7):822-835
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, EBPI, University of Zurich and University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
    Background: In laboratory animal work, allergens are classically considered to play a prominent role in generation of respiratory and skin symptoms. However, recent development may have changed working conditions and require an updating of preventive measures.

    Objective: In workers exposed to a range of animals besides laboratory mice and rats the relative role of endotoxin, irritants, and allergens in symptom generation was assessed for updating preventative measures and health surveillance. Read More

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