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    Atypical Mycobacterial Infections of the Upper Extremity: Becoming More Atypical?
    Hand (N Y) 2017 Mar 7;12(2):188-192. Epub 2016 Jul 7.
    University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, USA.
    Background: Atypical mycobacterial infections are uncommon and characterized by a chronic, indolent course before diagnosis. Historically, these infections are associated with marine-related injury and/or immune dysfunction. Our institution has successfully diagnosed and treated an increasing number of these infections. Read More

    Experimental demonstration of the possible role of Acanthamoeba polyphaga in the infection and disease progression in Buruli Ulcer (BU) using ICR mice.
    PLoS One 2017 22;12(3):e0172843. Epub 2017 Mar 22.
    Department of Parasitology, Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research, University of Ghana, Legon, Accra, Ghana.
    The transmission of Buruli ulcer (BU), caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans (MU), remains puzzling although a number of hypothesis including through bites of infected aquatic insects have been proposed. We report the results of experiments using ICR mice that give credence to our hypothesis that Acanthamoeba species may play a role in BU transmission. We cocultured MU N2 and MU 1615 which expresses red fluorescent protein (RFP) and Acanthamoeba polyphaga (AP), and confirmed infected AP by Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN) staining. Read More

    [The Vulnerable Heel of Achilles: Intratendinous Abscess Following a Cat Bite].
    Z Orthop Unfall 2017 Mar 16. Epub 2017 Mar 16.
    Klinik für Unfallchirurgie und Orthopädie, BG Klinikum Unfallkrankenhaus Berlin.
    An 83-year-old patient suffered a cat bite dorsally to the Achilles tendon. In the further course, he developed an isolated intratendinous abscess of the Achilles tendon, which was surgically revised twice and subsequently healed with antibiotic treatment. In Germany, about 40,000 bite injuries of different origins occur annually. Read More

    Management and modeling approaches for controlling raccoon rabies: The road to elimination.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2017 Mar 16;11(3):e0005249. Epub 2017 Mar 16.
    United States Department of Agriculture, National Wildlife Research Center, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America.
    Rabies is an ancient viral disease that significantly impacts human and animal health throughout the world. In the developing parts of the world, dog bites represent the highest risk of rabies infection to people, livestock, and other animals. However, in North America, where several rabies virus variants currently circulate in wildlife, human contact with the raccoon rabies variant leads to the highest per capita population administration of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) annually. Read More

    Molecular (ticks) and serological (humans) study of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus in the Iberian Peninsula, 2013-2015.
    Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 2017 Mar 10. Epub 2017 Mar 10.
    Centro de Rickettsiosis y Enfermedades Transmitidas por Artrópodos Vectores, Departamento de Enfermedades Infecciosas, Hospital San Pedro-CIBIR, Logroño, Spain. Electronic address:
    Introduction: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a viral disease, mainly transmitted through tick bite, of great importance in Public Health. In Spain, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) was detected for the first time in 2010 in Hyalomma lusitanicum ticks collected from deer in Cáceres. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of CCHFV in ticks from Cáceres, and from other Spanish areas, and to evaluate the presence of antibodies against the virus in individuals exposed to tick bites. Read More

    Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding rabies risk in community members and healthcare professionals: Pétionville, Haiti, 2013.
    Epidemiol Infect 2017 Mar 14:1-11. Epub 2017 Mar 14.
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,Division of High-Consequence Pathogens and Pathology,Atlanta,GA,USA.
    Haiti has the highest human rabies burden in the Western Hemisphere. There is no published literature describing the public's perceptions of rabies in Haiti, information that is critical to developing effective interventions and government policies. We conducted a knowledge, attitudes and practices survey of 550 community members and 116 health professionals in Pétionville, Haiti in 2013 to understand the perception of rabies in these populations. Read More

    Injecting rabies immunoglobulin (RIG) into wounds only: A significant saving of lives and costly RIG.
    Hum Vaccin Immunother 2017 Feb 22:1-4. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    c WHO- Collaborating Centre for Research and Training on Zoonoses, Faculty of Medicine and King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Chulalongkorn University , Bangkok , Thailand.
    An increasing number of dog bite victims were being presented to public hospitals in Himachal Pradesh in 2014 amidst virtual non availability of any rabies immunoglobulin (RIG). Only a small quantity of equine rabies immunoglobulin (eRIG) was available from the government owned Central Research Institute (CRI) Kasauli. This available eRIG was used in 269 patients as an emergency response and only for local infiltration of severe bite wounds by suspected rabid dogs. Read More

    What kills everyone, gives a high for some-Recreational Snake Envenomation.
    Asian J Psychiatr 2017 Feb 21;25:106-108. Epub 2016 Oct 21.
    Centre for Addiction Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health Neurosciences, Bangalore, 560029, India. Electronic address:
    There are multiple reports of recreational snake envenomation describing psychotropic effects in absence of any adverse effects. This is in contradiction with known effects of snake venom. We report a case of a young male who subjected himself to repeated envenomation by a snake purported to be 'Indian Cobra' and experienced a 'high'. Read More

    American Academy of Asthma, Allergy & Immunology membership experience with venom immunotherapy in chronic medical conditions and pregnancy, and in young children.
    Allergy Asthma Proc 2017 Mar;38(2):121-129
    Background: Few data exist regarding the use of venom immunotherapy (VIT) in specific high-risk chronic medical conditions and pregnancy, and in young children.

    Methods: A Web-based survey was sent to American Academy of Asthma Allergy & Immunology members to explore their VIT experience in potential high-risk medical conditions and pregnancy, and in young children. Major problems were defined as "activation of underlying disease and/or VIT not well tolerated (systemic adverse events) and/or VIT discontinued for medical reasons. Read More

    Coagulopathy and extensive local swelling following Green pit viper (Trimeresurus trigonocephalus) envenoming in Sri Lanka.
    Toxicon 2017 Apr 16;129:95-99. Epub 2017 Feb 16.
    Medical Unit, Provincial General Hospital, Ratnapura, Sri Lanka.
    Trimeresurus trigonocephalus (Sri Lankan Green pit viper) is a moderately venomous arboreal snake endemic to Sri Lanka. Even though, its bites are not uncommon, published reports of such cases are limited to three in literature. We report three cases of coagulopathy following Green pit viper bites and treatment with fresh frozen plasma. Read More

    Presumptive risk factors for monkeypox in rural communities in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
    PLoS One 2017 13;12(2):e0168664. Epub 2017 Feb 13.
    US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America.
    Monkeypox virus (MPXV), a close relative of Variola virus, is a zoonotic virus with an unknown reservoir. Interaction with infected wildlife, bites from peri-domestic animals, and bushmeat hunting are hypothesized routes of infection from wildlife to humans. Using a Risk Questionnaire, performed in monkeypox-affected areas of rural Democratic Republic of the Congo, we describe the lifestyles and demographics associated with presumptive risk factors for MPXV infection. Read More

    The burden of trauma at a district hospital in Malawi.
    Trop Doct 2017 Jan 1:49475517690333. Epub 2017 Jan 1.
    4 Professor of Orthopaedics and Head of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Malawi, Blantyre, Malawi.
    Trauma disproportionately affects low- and middle-income countries, many of which do not have the surveillance systems required to design effective prevention and treatment strategies. The aim of this study was to establish such a system at a district hospital in Malawi. Data on all trauma patients presenting to Mulanje District Hospital from 14 April 2013 to 30 December 2014 were collected using a form based on the core minimum data points for injuries recommended by the World Health Organization and an injury severity assessment. Read More

    Household exposure and animal-bite surveillance following human rabies detection in Southern Ghana.
    Pan Afr Med J 2016 1;25(Suppl 1):12. Epub 2016 Oct 1.
    Ghana Health Service, Accra, Ghana.
    Introduction: Rabies remains a neglected tropical zoonotic disease with 100% case fatality rate and estimated 6,000 global mortality annually, and yet vaccine preventable. In Ghana, rabies outbreaks receive poor response. We investigated rabies in a 5-year old boy to find the source of infection, identify exposed persons for post-exposure prophylaxis and describe animal-bite surveillance in Manya-Krobo District of Ghana. Read More

    Trombiculiasis in domestic goats and humans in the state of Maranhão, Brazil.
    Rev Bras Parasitol Vet 2017 Jan 26. Epub 2017 Jan 26.
    Laboratório de Parasitologia, Instituto Butantan, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.
    Trombiculiasis is an infestation caused by larval mites (chiggers) of the family Trombiculidae. Here, we provide the first report on parasitism by the chigger species Eutrombicula alfreddugesi (Oudemans) and Eutrombicula batatas (Linnaeus) in goats and humans on farms in the state of Maranhão, northeastern Brazil. Severe itching and dermatitis caused by the chiggers' bites were seen. Read More

    Immune and biochemical responses in skin differ between bovine hosts genetically susceptible and resistant to the cattle tick Rhipicephalus microplus.
    Parasit Vectors 2017 Jan 31;10(1):51. Epub 2017 Jan 31.
    Departament of Biochemistry and Immunology, Ribeirão Preto School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, 14049-900, Brazil.
    Background: Ticks attach to and penetrate their hosts' skin and inactivate multiple components of host responses in order to acquire a blood meal. Infestation loads with the cattle tick, Rhipicephalus microplus, are heritable: some breeds carry high loads of reproductively successful ticks, whereas in others, few ticks feed and reproduce efficiently.

    Methods: In order to elucidate the mechanisms that result in the different outcomes of infestations with cattle ticks, we examined global gene expression and inflammation induced by tick bites in skins from one resistant and one susceptible breed of cattle that underwent primary infestations with larvae and nymphs of R. Read More

    Mandatory desexing of dogs: one step in the right direction to reduce the risk of dog bite? A systematic review.
    Inj Prev 2017 Jan 27. Epub 2017 Jan 27.
    School of Animal & Veterinary Sciences, University of Adelaide, Roseworthy, South Australia, Australia.
    Introduction: Preventing dog bites is an intractable problem given the complex dog bite injury environment. Desexing of dogs has the opportunity of creating a safer injury environment, given the potential links between desexing and behaviour change in dogs.

    Methods: A systematic review of the literature was conducted to examine the evidence for desexing of dogs to reduce dog bite risk within a population health paradigm. Read More

    Burden of Bites by Dogs and Other Animals in Los Angeles County, California, 2009-2011.
    Public Health Rep 2016 Nov 27;131(6):800-808. Epub 2016 Oct 27.
    Department of Epidemiology, Jonathan and Karin Fielding School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA; Division of Chronic Disease and Injury Prevention, Los Angeles County Department of Public Health, Los Angeles, CA, USA; Department of Family Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
    Objectives: The objective of this study was to analyze all animal-to-human bite reports during a 3-year period from a regional surveillance database. Results helped to inform local efforts to reduce and prevent animal-to-human bites.

    Methods: We reviewed all cases of animal-to-human bites occurring from 2009 through 2011 that were reported to the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health's Animal Bites Database. Read More

    Grammomys surdaster, the Natural Host for Plasmodium berghei Parasites, as a Model to Study Whole-Organism Vaccines against Malaria.
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 2017 Jan 23. Epub 2017 Jan 23.
    Laboratory of Malaria Immunology and Vaccinology (LMIV), National Institutes of Health (NIH), National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), Rockville, Maryland
    Inbred mice are commonly used to test candidate malaria vaccines, but have been unreliable for predicting efficacy in humans. To establish a more rigorous animal model, we acquired African woodland thicket rats of the genus Grammomys, the natural hosts for Plasmodium berghei Thicket rats were acquired and identified as Grammomys surdaster by skull and teeth measurements and mitochondrial DNA genotyping. Herein, we demonstrate that thicket rats are highly susceptible to infection by P berghei, and moderately susceptible to Plasmodium yoelii and Plasmodium chabaudi: 1-2 infected mosquito bites or 25-100 sporozoites administered by intravenous injection consistently resulted in patent parasitemia with P. Read More

    Evaluation of antivenom therapy for Vipera palaestinae bites in children: experience of two large, tertiary care pediatric hospitals.
    Clin Toxicol (Phila) 2017 Apr 20;55(4):235-240. Epub 2017 Jan 20.
    a Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics , Dana-Dwek Children Hospital, Sackler School of Medicine, University of Tel Aviv , Tel Aviv, Israel.
    Background: Antivenom has been successfully used to treat systemic and progressive, local manifestations of envenomation inflicted by Vipera (V.) palaestinae, the most common venomous snake in Israel. The objective of this study was to evaluate the fixed dose V. Read More

    Vipera ammodytes bites treated with antivenom ViperaTAb: a case series with pharmacokinetic evaluation.
    Clin Toxicol (Phila) 2017 Apr 17;55(4):241-248. Epub 2017 Jan 17.
    c Centre for Research and Knowledge Transfer in Biotechnology, University of Zagreb , Zagreb , Croatia.
    Context: In clinical practice it is difficult to differentiate between V. berus and V. ammodytes venomous bites. Read More

    Probability of Transmission of Malaria from Mosquito to Human Is Regulated by Mosquito Parasite Density in Naïve and Vaccinated Hosts.
    PLoS Pathog 2017 Jan 12;13(1):e1006108. Epub 2017 Jan 12.
    Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, South Kensington, London, United Kingdom.
    Over a century since Ronald Ross discovered that malaria is caused by the bite of an infectious mosquito it is still unclear how the number of parasites injected influences disease transmission. Currently it is assumed that all mosquitoes with salivary gland sporozoites are equally infectious irrespective of the number of parasites they harbour, though this has never been rigorously tested. Here we analyse >1000 experimental infections of humans and mice and demonstrate a dose-dependency for probability of infection and the length of the host pre-patent period. Read More

    Two rare case reports of confirmed Ceylon krait (Bungarus ceylonicus) envenoming in Sri Lanka.
    Toxicon 2017 Mar 4;127:44-48. Epub 2017 Jan 4.
    Medical Unit, Provincial General Hospital, Ratnapura, Sri Lanka.
    The Ceylon krait (Bungarus ceylonicus) is a deadly venomous elapid snake endemic to Sri Lanka. Its habitat is mainly in the wet zone of the island. Despite its frequent encounters in and near human dwellings, reports of envenoming are rare and limited to four in the literature. Read More

    Human Rabies - Puerto Rico, 2015.
    MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2017 Jan 6;65(52):1474-1476. Epub 2017 Jan 6.
    On December 1, 2015, the Puerto Rico Department of Health (PRDH) was notified by a local hospital of a suspected human rabies case. The previous evening, a Puerto Rican man aged 54 years arrived at the emergency department with fever, difficulty swallowing, hand paresthesia, cough, and chest tightness. The next morning the patient left against medical advice but returned to the emergency department in the afternoon with worsening symptoms. Read More

    Zika virus infection: Past and present of another emerging vector-borne disease.
    J Vector Borne Dis 2016 Oct-Dec;53(4):305-311
    Microbiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece.
    Zika virus infection is an emerging mosquito-borne disease, first identified in Uganda in 1947. It is caused by the Zika arbovirus, and transmitted by the bites of infected mosquitoes of the genus Aedes. For almost half a century, the Zika virus was reported as the causative agent of sporadic human infections. Read More

    Toxins and pharmacologically active compounds from species of the family Bufonidae (Amphibia, Anura).
    J Ethnopharmacol 2017 Feb 27;198:235-254. Epub 2016 Dec 27.
    Centro de Biodiversidad y Descubrimiento de Drogas, Instituto de Investigaciones, Científicas y Servicios de Alta Tecnología (INDICASAT-AIP), City of Knowledge, Panama 0843-01103, Republic of Panama. Electronic address:
    Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Among amphibians, 15 of the 47 species reported to be used in traditional medicines belong to the family Bufonidae, which demonstrates their potential in pharmacological and natural products research. For example, Asian and American tribes use the skin and the parotoid gland secretions of some common toads in the treatment of hemorrhages, bites and stings from venomous animals, skin and stomach disorders, as well as several types of cancers.

    Overarching Objective: In addition to reviewing the occurrence of chemical constituents present in the family Bufonidae, the cytotoxic and biomedical potential of the active compounds produced by different taxa are presented. Read More

    Potential Exposures to Australian Bat Lyssavirus Notified in Queensland, Australia, 2009-2014.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2016 Dec 29;10(12):e0005227. Epub 2016 Dec 29.
    Communicable Diseases Branch, Queensland Health, Brisbane, Australia.
    Background: Australian bat lyssavirus (ABLV) belongs to the genus Lyssavirus which also includes classic rabies virus and the European lyssaviruses. To date, the only three known human ABLV cases, all fatal, have been reported from Queensland, Australia. ABLV is widely distributed in Australian bats, and any bite or scratch from an Australian bat is considered a potential exposure to ABLV. Read More

    Insecticide and Repellent Mixture Pour-On Protects Cattle against Animal Trypanosomosis.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2016 Dec 27;10(12):e0005248. Epub 2016 Dec 27.
    CIRAD, UMR CMAEE, F-34398 Montpellier, France.
    Background: African animal trypanosomosis (AAT), transmitted by tsetse flies and tick-borne diseases are the main constraints to livestock production in sub-Saharan Africa. Vector control methods such as pour-on offer individual protection against ticks but not against tsetse so far, for which protection has always been communal, through a reduction of their density. The latter requires the treatment of a large part of the herd in a given landscape and is not instantaneous. Read More

    Disruption of the Glutamate-Glutamine Cycle Involving Astrocytes in an Animal Model of Depression for Males and Females.
    Front Behav Neurosci 2016 6;10:231. Epub 2016 Dec 6.
    Department of Neuroscience and Pharmacology, Meharry Medical College School of Medicine Nashville, TN, USA.
    Background: Women are twice as likely as men to develop major depression. The brain mechanisms underlying this sex disparity are not clear. Disruption of the glutamate-glutamine cycle has been implicated in psychiatric disturbances. Read More

    Pitfalls to avoid when using phage display for snake toxins.
    Toxicon 2017 Feb 23;126:79-89. Epub 2016 Dec 23.
    Department of Drug Design and Pharmacology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address:
    Antivenoms against bites and stings from snakes, spiders, and scorpions are associated with immunological side effects and high cost of production, since these therapies are still derived from the serum of hyper-immunized production animals. Biotechnological innovations within envenoming therapies are thus warranted, and phage display technology may be a promising avenue for bringing antivenoms into the modern era of biologics. Although phage display technology represents a robust and high-throughput approach for the discovery of antibody-based antitoxins, several pitfalls may present themselves when animal toxins are used as targets for phage display selection. Read More

    Acute fluoxetine treatment increases aggressiveness in juvenile matrinxã (Brycon amazonicus).
    Fish Physiol Biochem 2016 Dec 24. Epub 2016 Dec 24.
    Departamento de Morfologia e Fisiologia Animal, Faculdade de Ciências agrárias e Veterinárias/Centro de Aquicultura (CAUNESP), Universidade Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Jaboticabal, SP, Brazil.
    Fluoxetine (FLX) is a selective serotonin (5-HT) reuptake inhibitor known for its effects modifying aggressiveness, personality traits, and anxiety-like behaviors. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of the acute treatment, by immersion, with FLX on aggressive behavior of resident Brycon amazonicus fish. Fish pretreated with FLX presented an increase in aggressiveness, evidenced by the increase on the number of bites and chases against the intruder and a decrease in latency for the first attack, when compared to control fish. Read More

    Pasteurella multocida Infective Endocarditis.
    J Heart Valve Dis 2015 Nov;24(6):778-779
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Shonan Kamakura General Hospital, Kamakura City, Kanagawa, Japan.
    Pasteurella multocida, a Gram-negative facultative anaerobic coccobacillus, is a common oral flora of dogs and cats. P. multocida often causes infection in humans after animal bites and scratches, and human pasteurellosis is generally a locoregional infection. Read More

    Scorpions and scorpionism in Iran's central desert.
    Acta Trop 2017 Feb 5;166:293-298. Epub 2016 Dec 5.
    Research Center for Environmental Pollutants, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran.
    Venomous scorpions have extreme importance in field of medicine and public health. This descriptive - analytic study was done to identify scorpion fauna, their ecological aspects as well as scorpionism for risk management and prevention of this health problem in Iran's central desert. Four urban and fifteen rural areas with various climates and topography locations were selected for monthly scorpion collection through a randomly cluster sampling in 2013. Read More

    A survey of straw use and tail biting in Swedish pig farms rearing undocked pigs.
    Acta Vet Scand 2016 Dec 5;58(1):84. Epub 2016 Dec 5.
    Department of Animal Environment and Health, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, PO-Box 234, 532 23, Skara, Sweden.
    Background: Tail biting is a common problem in intensive pig farming, affecting both welfare and production. Although routine tail docking is banned within the EU, it remains a common practice to prevent tail biting. Straw as environmental enrichment has been proposed as an alternative to tail docking, but its effectiveness against tail biting and function in manure handling systems have to be considered. Read More

    Genomic analysis reveals the presence of a class D beta-lactamase with broad substrate specificity in animal bite associated Capnocytophaga species.
    Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2017 Apr 1;36(4):657-662. Epub 2016 Dec 1.
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, Division of Clinical Microbiology, Karolinska Institutet and Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Capnocytophga canimorsus and Capnocytophga cynodegmi can be transmitted from cats and dogs to humans, and can cause a wide range of infections including wound infections, sepsis, or endocarditis. We and others recently discovered two new Capnocytophaga species, C. canis and C. Read More

    Australian taipan (Oxyuranus spp.) envenoming: clinical effects and potential benefits of early antivenom therapy - Australian Snakebite Project (ASP-25).
    Clin Toxicol (Phila) 2017 Feb 30;55(2):115-122. Epub 2016 Nov 30.
    a Clinical Toxicology Research Group, University of Newcastle , Newcastle , Australia.
    Context: Taipans (Oxyuranus spp.) are medically important venomous snakes from Australia and Papua New Guinea. The objective of this study was to describe taipan envenoming in Australian and its response to antivenom. Read More

    Effects of varying floor space on aggressive behavior and cortisol concentrations in group-housed sows.
    J Anim Sci 2016 Nov;94(11):4809-4818
    Floor space is an important determinant of aggression and stress in group-housed sows, and the aim of the present experiment was to comprehensively examine the effects of floor space in the range of 1.45 to 2.90 m/sow from mixing until 27 d after insemination on aggression, stress, and reproduction of group-housed sows. Read More

    Osteomyelitis following Domestic Animal Bites to the Hand: Two Case Reports and Practical Guidelines.
    Arch Plast Surg 2016 Nov 18;43(6):590-594. Epub 2016 Nov 18.
    Department of Radiology, Eulji General Hospital, Eulji University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
    Recently, the number of cases of animal bite wounds has increased significantly in concordance with an increase in the pet population around the world. The authors report two rare cases of osteomyelitis of the phalanx following cat and dog bites. On initial physical examination, signs of a severe infection were observed. Read More

    Protective Effect of the Sulfated Agaran Isolated from the Red Seaweed Laurencia aldingensis Against Toxic Effects of the Venom of the Snake, Lachesis muta.
    Mar Biotechnol (NY) 2016 Dec 25;18(6):619-629. Epub 2016 Nov 25.
    Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Federal Fluminense University, Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, CEP 24020-141, Brazil.
    Snakebite is a serious occupational hazard affecting mainly rural populations of tropical and subtropical developing countries. Lachesis muta (Bushmaster) bites are extremely serious but are rarely reported in the literature. Bushmaster envenomings are characterized by intense local pain, edema, neurotoxicity, hypotension, local hemorrhage, and dramatic systemic alterations. Read More

    Community-based interventions to enhance knowledge, protective attitudes and behaviors towards canine rabies: results from a health communication intervention study in Guangxi, China.
    BMC Infect Dis 2016 Nov 24;16(1):701. Epub 2016 Nov 24.
    China Animal Health and Epidemiology Centre, Ministry of Agriculture of the Peoples Republic of China, Qingdao, Shandong, China.
    Background: In China canine rabies poses a serious public health problem in that human mortality ranks the second highest globally. While rabies health education interventions are advocated by WHO to be critical components of modern rabies control and prevention programs, available studies have not adequately investigated the relative efficacy of their implementation in at-risk populations. This study aims to measure and compare the effect on knowledge and protective behavior towards rabies of health education interventions that include a novel Short Messaging Service via cell phone (SMS) and rabies health information sessions (IS). Read More

    Wild animals as reservoirs of Anaplasma phagocytophilum for humans
    Przegl Epidemiol 2016;70(3):428-435
    University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Epizootiology and Clinic of Infectious Diseases
    Anaplasma phagocytophilum is a tick-transmitted obligate-intracellular gram-negative bacteria that causes emerging human zoonosis. A. phagocytophilum is transmitted by Ixodid ticks. Read More

    Borrelia burgdorferi – morphological structure and motility as adaptation for transmission and survival in the habitat of a tick-vertebrate setup
    Przegl Epidemiol 2016;70(3):420-427
    Medical University of Białystok; Department of Infectious Diseases and Neuroinfections
    Lyme borreliosis is a multisystem chronic disease caused by Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (s.l.) spirochete transmitted by Ixodes. Read More

    Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever among children in Iran.
    Arch Virol 2017 Mar 22;162(3):721-725. Epub 2016 Nov 22.
    Department of Arboviruses and Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers (National Ref Lab), Pasteur Institute of Iran, 69 Pasteur Ave., Tehran, 1316943551, Iran.
    Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a viral zoonotic disease which is endemic in Iran. The etiological agent of CCHF is an RNA virus belonging to the genus Nairovirus of the family Bunyaviridae. CCHF virus (CCHFV) can be transmitted to humans through bites from infected ticks and direct contact with infected blood or tissues. Read More

    Rabies in Poland in 2013 and 2014
    Przegl Epidemiol 2016;70(3):399-406
    National Institute of Public Health - National Institute of Hygiene in Warsaw, Department of Epidemiology
    Objective: Evaluation of the epidemiological situation of rabies in Poland in 2013 and 2014 in comparison to the previous years.

    Material And Methods: The evaluation was based on analysis of the data from individual report sent by the Epidemiological-Sanitary Stations. The data are from questionnaires of persons who were administered vaccine against rabies following exposure in Poland and beyond its territory, data from annual bulletin “Infectious diseases and poisonings in Poland in 2012-2014”(Czarkowski MP et al. Read More

    Protective immunity to liver-stage malaria.
    Clin Transl Immunology 2016 Oct 21;5(10):e105. Epub 2016 Oct 21.
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The Peter Doherty Institute, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; The ARC Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.
    Despite decades of research and recent clinical trials, an efficacious long-lasting preventative vaccine for malaria remains elusive. This parasite infects mammals via mosquito bites, progressing through several stages including the relatively short asymptomatic liver stage followed by the more persistent cyclic blood stage, the latter of which is responsible for all disease symptoms. As the liver acts as a bottleneck to blood-stage infection, it represents a potential site for parasite and disease control. Read More

    Clinical and serological one-year follow-up of patients after the bite of Ixodes ricinus ticks infected with Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato.
    Infect Dis (Lond) 2017 Apr 21;49(4):277-285. Epub 2016 Nov 21.
    a Department of Infectious Diseases , Iuliu Haţieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy , Cluj-Napoca , Romania.
    Background: The risk of developing Lyme borreliosis (LB) after the bite of a Borrelia (B.) burgdorferi sensu lato (s.l. Read More

    A Morphological and Morphometric Study of Bite Marks Caused by Mice (Mus Musculus) on Different Baits for Forensic Purposes.
    J Forensic Sci 2017 Mar 16;62(2):462-467. Epub 2016 Nov 16.
    Central Criminalistics Laboratory (LACRIM), Chilean Investigative Police (PDI), Avda. Carlos Silva Vildósola 9783, Santiago, 7860379, Chile.
    In animal bites, the dental attributes can be fundamental in identifying the marks made by various species on different matrices. Although rodent bite marks have been studied in the context of postmortem interference, little research has used different baits to analyze these marks linking not only specific behavior patterns but also the possibility of structural damage. Twenty mice (Mus musculus) were exposed to different baits to study their bite marks in a controlled model. Read More

    Aqueous Leaf Extract of Jatropha mollissima (Pohl) Bail Decreases Local Effects Induced by Bothropic Venom.
    Biomed Res Int 2016 26;2016:6101742. Epub 2016 Oct 26.
    TECBIOFAR, Department of Pharmacy, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Natal, RN, Brazil.
    Snakebites are a serious worldwide public health problem. In Brazil, about 90% of accidents are attributed to snakes from the Bothrops genus. The specific treatment consists of antivenom serum therapy, which has some limitations such as inability to neutralize local effects, difficult access in some regions, risk of immunological reactions, and high cost. Read More

    [Mammal bite management].
    Cir Cir 2016 Nov - Dec;84(6):525-530. Epub 2016 Nov 11.
    Servicio de Cirugía Plástica y Reconstructiva, Hospital Central Militar, Ciudad de México, México.
    Background: Animal bites are a major public health problem, it is estimated that 2% of the population is bitten each year. Most bites are by dogs and the risk factors include young children, men, certain breeds of dogs and untrained dogs. The risk of infection after bites differs between animal species and depends on the animal teeth and oral flora. Read More

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