16,921 results match your criteria Bites Animal


Kidney injury following envenoming by hump-nosed pit viper (Genus: Hypnale) in Sri Lanka: proven and probable cases.

Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.

Background: Hump-nosed pit vipers (Hypnale hypnale) are highly venomous snakes found in Sri Lanka and the Western Ghats region of India. They are the most common cause of venomous snakebites in Sri Lanka, mainly causing local envenoming leading to pain, swelling and necrosis. Systemic envenoming causing acute kidney injury and coagulopathy are more commonly recognized following their bites. Read More

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http://fdslive.oup.com/www.oup.com/pdf/production_in_progres
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/trstmh/try120DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

[Rabies knowledge, attitudes, and practices of human and animal healthcare providers in Chad].

Sante Publique 2018 May June;30(3):418-428

Introduction: Rabies, an infectious disease mainly transmitted by dog bites, is fatal due to lack of appropriate knowledge-attitudes-practices (KAP). The KAP of healthcare providers are particularly important because of their presence in the communities and their profession and were evaluated in the present study.

Methods: A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based descriptive study was conducted in healthcare providers recruited from four health districts in Chad in 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3917/spub.183.0418DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Total Nose and Upper Lip Replantation: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2018 Oct 3;6(10):e1839. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Division of Plastic Surgery, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

The nose plays a critical role in olfaction, air filtration and humidification, and facial aesthetics. Most nasal amputations result from animal bites, human bites, and lacerations from glass. Successful replantation yields the best aesthetic and functional outcomes and is preferred compared with multistage nasal reconstruction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/GOX.0000000000001839DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6250478PMC
October 2018
1 Read

An updated meta-analysis of the distribution and prevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. in ticks in Europe.

Int J Health Geogr 2018 Dec 4;17(1):41. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

Background: The bacteria of the group Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. are the etiological agents of Lyme borreliosis in humans, transmitted by bites of ticks. Read More

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https://ij-healthgeographics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12942-018-0163-7DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Productive Propagation of Rift Valley Fever Phlebovirus Vaccine Strain MP-12 in Rousettus aegyptiacus Fruit Bats.

Viruses 2018 Nov 30;10(12). Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Institute of Novel and Emerging Infectious Diseases, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, 17493 Greifswald-Insel Riems, Germany.

Rift Valley fever phlebovirus (RVFV), the causative agent of an emerging zoonotic disease in Africa and Arabia, can infect a variety of species, predominantly ruminants, camelids, and humans. While clinical symptoms are mostly absent in adult ruminants and camelids, RVFV infection may lead to a serious, sometimes fatal disease in humans. Virus transmissions between individuals and between species mainly occur through mosquito bites, but direct or even indirect contact with infectious materials may also result in infection. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/1999-4915/10/12/681
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/v10120681DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Antibiotic resistant zoonotic bacteria in Irrawaddy squirrel (Callosciurus pygerythrus).

Vet Med Sci 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Microbiology and Veterinary Public Health, Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (CVASU), Chittagong, Bangladesh.

Irrawaddy squirrel (Callosciurus pygerythrus) may play an important role in the transmission of zoonotic bacteria, but little is known about the carriage of zoonotic bacteria in this common frugivorous rodent in Bangladesh. We aimed to investigate the presence of common zoonotic bacterial pathogens in Irrawaddy squirrel in the southeast part of Bangladesh. A total of 27 rectal and 27 oro-nasal swabs were collected from 27 healthy wild Irrawaddy squirrels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/vms3.138DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Exposure history, post-exposure prophylaxis use, and clinical characteristics of human rabies cases in China, 2006-2012.

Sci Rep 2018 Nov 21;8(1):17188. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, China.

Rabies is still a public health threat in China. Evaluating the exposure history, clinical characteristics, and post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) of the cases could help in identifying approaches to reducing the number of these preventable deaths. We analysed data collected from 10,971 case-investigations conducted in China from 2006 to 2012. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-35158-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249250PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Avoiding bites and scratches? Understanding the public health implication of human-bat interactions in Ghana.

Zoonoses Public Health 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Centre for African Wetlands, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana.

Zoonotic pathogens cause an estimated 70% of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases in humans, affecting various aspects of human development on a global scale. The significance of bats as a source of emerging infectious diseases is being progressively appreciated. This study was undertaken post-Ebola virus disease in West Africa and assessed the public health implications of human-bat interactions by exploring the reasons for contact between humans and bats, as well as reported actions taken upon experiencing bat bites or scratches. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/zph.12540
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/zph.12540DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads

Paralytic rabies in a goat.

BMC Vet Res 2018 Nov 12;14(1):338. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Large Animal Veterinary Teaching Hospital, College of Agronomy and Veterinary Medicine, Universidade de Brasília, Galpão 4, Granja do Torto, Brasília, DF, 70636-200, Brazil.

Background: Paralytic form of rabies is frequent in cattle in Latin America, but it is uncommon in goats. There are few clinical reports on furious rabies affecting goats, and the sporadic cases of rabid goats from surveillance programs worldwide lack clinical data. Furthermore, few studies reported the cerebrospinal fluid findings in rabid livestock. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-018-1681-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6233588PMC
November 2018

[Niños con mordeduras de animales hospitalizados en un centro de referencia de Uruguay].

Bol Med Hosp Infant Mex 2018 ;75(6):358-365

>Departamento de Pediatría, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Hospital Pediátrico, Centro Hospitalario Pereira Rossell, Montevideo, Uruguay.

Background: Animal bites are a health problem that can produce lesions of varying severity, with the risk of aesthetic and functional sequelae and infectious complications. The objective of the study was to describe the clinical, epidemiological, treatment and complications of lesions caused by animal bites in children hospitalized in a reference center in Uruguay.

Method: Descriptive, retrospective study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.24875/BMHIM.18000031DOI Listing
January 2018

Innovative Immunization Strategies for Antivenom Development.

Toxins (Basel) 2018 Nov 2;10(11). Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Department of Biotechnology and Biomedicine, Technical University of Denmark, DK-2800 Kongens Lyngby, Denmark.

Snakes, scorpions, and spiders are venomous animals that pose a threat to human health, and severe envenomings from the bites or stings of these animals must be treated with antivenom. Current antivenoms are based on plasma-derived immunoglobulins or immunoglobulin fragments from hyper-immunized animals. Although these medicines have been life-saving for more than 120 years, opportunities to improve envenoming therapy exist. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/2072-6651/10/11/452
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/toxins10110452DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6265855PMC
November 2018
4 Reads

Identification of a linear B-cell epitope in the catalytic domain of bothropasin, a metalloproteinase from Bothrops jararaca snake venom.

Mol Immunol 2018 Dec 3;104:20-26. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Departamento de Bioquímica-Imunologia, ICB, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Av. Antônio Carlos 6627, CEP: 31270-901 Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Electronic address:

Bothropasin is a hemorrhagic snake venom metalloproteinase (SVMP) from Bothrops jararaca venom, the snake responsible for most bites in Southeastern Brazil. SVMPs, such as bothropasin, are involved in the main bothropic envenoming symptoms, which include hemorrhage, inflammation, necrosis and blood coagulation deficiency. B-cell epitope mapping of SVMPs can lead to the identification of peptides capable of inducing neutralizing antibodies without causing toxic effects, therefore improving anti-venom production. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01615890183072
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molimm.2018.10.019DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Knowledge and perception of pastoral community members about brucellosis as a cause of abortion in animals and its zoonotic importance in Amibara district, Afar Region, Ethiopia.

PLoS One 2018 5;13(11):e0206457. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture, Addis Ababa University, Bishoftu, Ethiopia.

Sero-epidemiological studies of brucellosis in the Afar Region showed that the disease is prevalent in livestock. However, there is little information regarding the pastoral community members' awareness about brucellosis as a cause of abortion in animals and its zoonotic importance. In this study, we assessed knowledge and perception of pastoral community members about brucellosis as a cause of abortion in animals and its zoonotic importance in Amibara district, Afar Region, Ethiopia. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0206457PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6218040PMC
November 2018
5 Reads
3.230 Impact Factor

Scoping decades of dog evidence: a scoping review of dog bite-related sequelae.

Can J Public Health 2018 Oct 30. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, 52 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, SK, S7N 5B4, Canada.

Objectives: There has been considerable literature published focusing on various sequelae to dog bites over the last three decades. Much of the literature has focused on rabies, particularly canine rabies variant, which accounts for the majority of rabies deaths worldwide. This paper describes the complications, the pathogens, and other sequelae resulting from dog bites documented in the literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-018-0145-3DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Baseline entomologic data on malaria transmission in prelude to an indoor residual spraying intervention in the regions of Alibori and Donga, Northern Benin, West Africa.

Malar J 2018 Oct 29;17(1):392. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Centre de Recherche entomologique de Cotonou (CREC), Cotonou, Benin.

Background: Despite the success of indoor residual insecticide spraying (IRS) in Africa, particularly in Benin, some gaps of information need to be filled to optimize the effectiveness of this intervention in the perspective of the country's effort to eliminate malaria. In anticipation to the 2018 IRS campaign in two targeted regions of northern Benin, this study aimed, to collect baseline information on vector composition, spatio-temporal variation and peak malaria transmission in the Alibori and Donga, two targeted regions of northern Benin. Information collected will help to better plan the implementation and later on the impact assessment of this IRS campaign. Read More

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https://malariajournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12936-018-2507-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206707PMC
October 2018
5 Reads
3.110 Impact Factor

Outdoor malaria transmission risks and social life: a qualitative study in South-Eastern Tanzania.

Malar J 2018 Oct 29;17(1):397. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Environmental Health and Ecological Sciences Department, Ifakara Health Institute, Kiko Avenue, Mikocheni, PO Box 78373, Dar es Salaam, United Republic of Tanzania.

Background: Behaviour changes in mosquitoes from indoor to outdoor biting result in continuing risk of malaria from outdoor activities, including routine household activities and occasional social and cultural practices and gatherings. This study aimed to identify the range of social and cultural gatherings conducted outdoors and their associated risks for mosquito bites.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in four villages in the Kilombero Valley from November 2015 to March 2016. Read More

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https://malariajournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12936-018-2550-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206631PMC
October 2018
4 Reads

Potential Utilization of a Polysaccharide from the Marine Algae , as an Antivenom for Viperidae Snakebites.

Mar Drugs 2018 Oct 27;16(11). Epub 2018 Oct 27.

Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Federal Fluminense University, Niterói, Rio de Janeiro 24020-141, Brazil.

Worldwide, snakebites have serious implications for human health. The administration of antivenom is the official treatment used to reverse the toxic activities of envenomation. However, this therapy is not efficient to treat the local effects, leading to the amputation or deformity of affected limbs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/md16110412DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6266287PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

Controlling phlebotomine sand flies to prevent canine Leishmania infantum infection: A case of knowing your enemy.

Res Vet Sci 2018 Dec 13;121:94-103. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Grupo de Investigación Epicontrol-Carnívoros, Departamento de Sanidad Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Avda. Puerta de Hierro s/n, Madrid 28040, Spain. Electronic address:

Leishmaniosis caused by Leishmania infantum is a widespread zoonotic disease that can be transmitted to animals and humans by their vectors, blood-sucking phlebotomine sand flies. To prevent canine leishmaniosis across the whole Mediterranean region, vector control is essential. Because of phlebotomine breeding sites are diverse, environmental larval controls have limited practical value. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00345288183035
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rvsc.2018.10.008DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Assessment of Musculoskeletal Injuries Associated with Palpation, Infection Control Practices, and Zoonotic Disease Risks among Utah Clinical Veterinarians.

J Agromedicine 2018 Oct 26:1-11. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

b Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering , Penn State University , University Park , Pennsylvania , USA.

Objectives: Practicing veterinarians are exposed to unique occupational hazards and zoonotic diseases. National studies have highlighted an increase risk to injuries and a lack of veterinary awareness for these hazards. In Utah (and likely other states), reports of acquired zoonoses are sporadic, and underlying risk factors poorly understood. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1059924X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1059924X.2018.1536574DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

First whole genome sequencing of Russian isolate of Capnocytophaga canimorsus, opportunistic pathogen causing lethal sepsis.

Microb Pathog 2018 Dec 18;125:493-496. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Central Research Institute of Epidemiology, Novogireevskaya str. 3a, Moscow, 111123, Russia. Electronic address:

Capnocytophaga canimorsus is a part of healthy oral flora of dogs and cats. However, when it is transmitted to human subjects via animal bites or scratches, it can cause severe complications like endocarditis or even lethal septic shock, especially in immunocompromised persons. In this study, we performed the first whole-genome sequencing on Illumina HiSeq platform of Russian isolate of C. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.micpath.2018.10.020DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Between-year vocal aging in female red deer (Cervus elaphus).

BMC Res Notes 2018 Oct 17;11(1):737. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Animal Science Tech, Applied to Wildlife Research Group. IREC (UCLM-CSIC-JCCM), and Sec. Rec. Cinegéticos, Instituto de Desarrollo Regional, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, 02071, Albacete, Spain.

Objectives: Studying animal vocal aging has potential implication in the field of animal welfare and for modeling human voice aging. The objective was to examine, using a repeated measures approach, the between-year changes of weight, social discomfort score (bites of other hinds on hind pelt), body condition score (fat reserves) and acoustic variables of the nasal (closed-mouth) and the oral (open-mouth) contact calls produced by farmed red deer hinds (Cervus elaphus) toward their young.

Results: Repeated measures ANOVA revealed that with an increase of hind age for 1 year, the acoustic variables of their nasal contact calls (the beginning and maximum fundamental frequencies, the depth of frequency modulation and the peak frequency) decreased, whereas in their oral contact calls only the end fundamental frequency decreased. Read More

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https://bmcresnotes.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s1310
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-018-3833-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6192103PMC
October 2018
6 Reads

Eave ribbons treated with the spatial repellent, transfluthrin, can effectively protect against indoor-biting and outdoor-biting malaria mosquitoes.

Malar J 2018 Oct 17;17(1):368. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Environmental Health and Ecological Sciences Department, Ifakara Health Institute, Ifakara, Tanzania.

Background: Long-lasting insecticide-treated nets and indoor residual spraying protect against indoor-biting and indoor-resting mosquitoes but are largely ineffective for early-biting and outdoor-biting malaria vectors. Complementary tools are, therefore, needed to accelerate control efforts. This paper describes simple hessian ribbons treated with spatial repellents and wrapped around eaves of houses to prevent outdoor-biting and indoor-biting mosquitoes over long periods of time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12936-018-2520-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6192339PMC
October 2018

Dramatic decreases of malaria transmission intensities in Ifakara, south-eastern Tanzania since early 2000s.

Malar J 2018 Oct 16;17(1):362. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Environmental Health and Ecological Science Department, Ifakara Health Institute, P. O. Box 53, Ifakara, Tanzania.

Background: Ongoing epidemiological transitions across Africa are particularly evident in fast-growing towns, such as Ifakara in the Kilombero valley, south-eastern Tanzania. This town and its environs (population ~ 70,000) historically experienced moderate to high malaria transmission, mediated mostly by Anopheles gambiae and Anopheles funestus. In early 2000s, malaria transmission [Plasmodium falciparum entomological inoculation rate (PfEIR)] was estimated at ~ 30 infectious bites/person/year (ib/p/yr). Read More

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https://malariajournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12936-018-2511-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6192315PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Survey of knowledge of school children towards the prevalence, severity, management of maxillofacial injuries, and rescue skills in the event of a dog bite.

J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2018 Oct-Dec;36(4):334-338

Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

Background: Maxillofacial injuries are reported commonly in children encountering animal/dog attack. The level of knowledge of children on such events can form a sound basis for the prevention of maxillofacial injuries resulting from dog bites/attacks.

Aim: This study aims to assess the knowledge of children on maxillofacial injuries resulting from dog bites, their management, and rescue skills to be used during the event of a dog attack. Read More

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http://www.jisppd.com/text.asp?2018/36/4/334/243443
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JISPPD.JISPPD_1110_17DOI Listing
October 2018
10 Reads

The need to improve access to rabies post-exposure vaccines: Lessons from Tanzania.

Vaccine 2018 Oct 8. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Boyd Orr Centre for Population and Ecosystem Health, Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, University of Glasgow, UK.

Background: Rabies is preventable through prompt administration of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) to exposed persons, but PEP access is limited in many rabies-endemic countries. We investigated how access to PEP can be improved to better prevent human rabies.

Methods: Using data from different settings in Tanzania, including contact tracing (2,367 probable rabies exposures identified) and large-scale mobile phone-based surveillance (24,999 patient records), we estimated the incidence of rabies exposures and bite-injuries, and examined health seeking and health outcomes in relation to PEP access. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0264410X183124
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2018.08.086DOI Listing
October 2018
64 Reads
3.620 Impact Factor

Injuries caused by fish in a community of Pantanal fishermen: detection, treatment, and prevention of envenomations and trauma.

Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 2018 Sep-Oct;51(5):700-704

Departamento de Dermatologia e Radioterapia, Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu, Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho, Botucatu, SP, Brasil.

Introduction: Injuries caused by fish are common in the Pantanal, a flooded area in Midwestern Brazil.

Methods: A survey was conducted to identify venomous and trauma-inducing fish and the incidence of such injuries in a local fishing community.

Results: The injuries were caused by catfish, freshwater stingrays, and piranhas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0340-2017DOI Listing
October 2018

Acute kidney injury due to systemic Loxoscelism: a cross-sectional study in Northeast Brazil.

Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 2018 Sep-Oct;51(5):695-699

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Médicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Ceará, Fortaleza, CE, Brasil.

Introduction: Loxoscelism is a clinical condition involving spiders of the genus Loxosceles. One of the most severe complications is acute kidney injury (AKI). This study aimed to investigate AKI and other complications associated with loxoscelism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0465-2017DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Delayed healthcare and secondary infections following freshwater stingray injuries: risk factors for a poorly understood health issue in the Amazon.

Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 2018 Sep-Oct;51(5):651-659

Diretoria de Ensino e Pesquisa, Fundação de Medicina Tropical Doutor Heitor Vieira Dourado, Manaus, AM, Brasil.

Introduction: This study aimed to describe the profile of freshwater stingray injuries in the State of Amazonas, Brazilian Amazon, and to identify the associated risk factors for secondary infections.

Methods: This cross-sectional study used surveillance data from 2007 to 2014 to identify factors associated with secondary infections from stingray injuries.

Results: A total of 476 freshwater stingray injuries were recorded, with an incidence rate of 1. Read More

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http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0356-2017DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Development of non-governmental organisation-academic partnership to tackle rabies in Africa and Asia.

J Small Anim Pract 2018 Oct 8. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies and The Roslin Institute, Division of Veterinary Clinical Studies, The University of Edinburgh, Hospital for Small Animals, Easter Bush Veterinary Centre, Roslin, Midlothian, EH25 9RG, UK.

Rabies kills approximately 60,000 people each year, mainly in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia, of which 40% of victims are less than 15 years old. Once clinical signs develop, the disease is almost invariably fatal. Globally, rabies has been estimated to cause 3∙7 million disability-adjusted life years and $8∙6B in economic losses annually. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jsap.12934DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Assessment of a Rabies Virus Rapid Diagnostic Test for the Detection of Australian Bat Lyssavirus.

Trop Med Infect Dis 2018 Oct 4;3(4). Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Mahidol-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand.

Australian bat lyssavirus (ABLV) is closely related to the classical rabies virus and has been associated with three human fatalities and two equine fatalities in Australia. ABLV infection in humans causes encephalomyelitis, resulting in fatal disease, but has no effective therapy. The virus is maintained in enzootic circulation within fruit bats ( spp. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/2414-6366/3/4/109
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed3040109DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Human and Animal Bites.

Pediatr Rev 2018 Oct;39(10):490-500

Department of Pediatrics, Sanford Children's Hospital, Sioux Falls, SD.

In the United States, nearly 56% of households owned a pet in 2011 according to the by the American Veterinary Medical Association. The survey also reports that approximately 70 million dogs and 74 million cats lived in households in the United States during the same year. (1)Human and animal bites are a frequent cause of primary care and emergency department visits for children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/pir.2017-0212DOI Listing
October 2018
12 Reads

Centipede envenomation: Clinical importance and the underlying molecular mechanisms.

Toxicon 2018 Nov 29;154:60-68. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

Key Laboratory of Animal Models and Human Disease Mechanisms of Chinese Academy of Sciences/Key Laboratory of Bioactive Peptides of Yunnan Province, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Kunming 650223, Yunnan, China. Electronic address:

Centipede bites are usually characterized by mildly to moderately painful encounters with humans, however, they are relatively infrequent. The vast majority of centipede envenomations do not cause severe symptoms and only in very rare cases more serious symptoms such as myocardial ischemia and infarction, hematuria, hemoglobinuria, rhabdomyolysis, hemorrhage, pruritus, eosinophilic cellulitis, as well as anaphylaxis are observed. More prevalent are symptoms including pain, paresthesia, lethargy, localized necrosis, headache, dizziness and nausea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.toxicon.2018.09.008DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Aquatic Orthopaedic Injuries.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2018 Sep 28. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

From the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO.

Extremity injuries sustained in aquatic environments require unique considerations compared with injuries sustained on land. Knowledge of these considerations is becoming more important as aquatic recreational activities increase in popularity. Aquatic injuries may occur through mechanical contact with a variety of different objects or surfaces, such as a recreational device or watercraft part, or may occur through contact with marine animals. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00124635-900000000-9956
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5435/JAAOS-D-16-00702DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Interleukin-6 Gene Polymorphism and the Risk of Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome Caused by Wasp Sting Injury.

DNA Cell Biol 2018 Dec 28;37(12):967-972. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

4 Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Institute of Respiratory Medicine, Taihe Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine, Shiyan, China.

Previous studies have shown that serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), which plays an important role in the development of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), is significantly increased in wasp sting patients. However, the association between IL-6 gene variants and the risk of SIRS development in these patients is not clearly understood. In this study, we investigated the association between IL-6 gene polymorphism in the promoter region and the risk of SIRS in wasp sting patients. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/dna.2018.4156
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/dna.2018.4156DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads
2.060 Impact Factor

Laboratory assessment of the anti-feeding effect for up to 12 months of a slow release deltamethrin collar (Scalibor®) against the sand fly Phlebotomus perniciosus in dogs.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Sep 27;11(1):529. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

MSD Animal Health Innovation SAS, 7 rue Olivier de Serres, CS 67131, 49071, Angers Technopole, Beaucouzé, France.

Background: Leishmaniosis/leishmaniasis consists of a wide group of diseases, caused by different Leishmania species and having different hosts. Leishmaniosis caused by Leishmania infantum, a disease primarily of dogs and humans, occurs after susceptible hosts are exposed to the feeding behavior of infected sand flies. A one-year laboratory study in dogs was designed to determine the 364-day anti-feeding efficacy of a slow release deltamethrin collar against the sand fly P. Read More

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https://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-018-3094-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161463PMC
September 2018
10 Reads

Bartonella quintana and Bartonella vinsonii subsp. vinsonii bloodstream co-infection in a girl from North Carolina, USA.

Med Microbiol Immunol 2018 Sep 24. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Intracellular Pathogens Research Laboratory, Comparative Medicine Institute, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, 1060 William Moore Dr., Raleigh, NC, 27607, USA.

The genus Bartonella consists of globally distributed and highly diverse alpha-proteobacteria that infect a wide-range of mammals. Medically, Bartonella spp. constitute emerging, vector-borne, zoonotic, intravascular organisms that induce long-lasting bacteremia in reservoir-adapted (passive carrier of a microorganism) hosts. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00430-018-0563-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00430-018-0563-0DOI Listing
September 2018
5 Reads

Oval sign: A retained bee stinger.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2018 Oct;66(10):1466-1467

Tej Kohli Cornea Institute, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

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http://www.ijo.in/text.asp?2018/66/10/1466/242015
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_465_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6173003PMC
October 2018
4 Reads

Characterization of Chicken-Derived Single Chain Antibody Fragments against Venom of .

Toxins (Basel) 2018 Sep 21;10(10). Epub 2018 Sep 21.

School of Medical Laboratory Science and Biotechnology, College of Medical Science and Technology, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 11031, Taiwan.

Traditional, horse-derived antivenin is currently the most efficient treatment against snake bites. However, it is costly and has unpredictable side effects. Thus, alternative, cost-effective strategies for producing antivenin are needed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/toxins10100383DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215181PMC
September 2018
7 Reads

Trachelas tranquillus envenomation with presumed bacterial superinfection in a child.

Pediatr Dermatol 2018 Nov 19;35(6):e422-e424. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Department of Pediatrics, Section of Dermatology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

A 27-month-old girl with a history of congenital myopathy presented with two indurated, pink plaques involving the right arm and left thigh. Closer examination identified central puncta within these plaques, which reportedly occurred at sites of witnessed arachnid bites. After confirmation of the spider species as Trachelas tranquillus, she was treated to address cutaneous inflammation and suspected superinfection using oral and topical antibiotics as well as topical corticosteroid resulting in prompt resolution of her lesions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pde.13677DOI Listing
November 2018

2D and 3D structure-activity modelling of mosquito repellents: a review .

Authors:
J Devillers

SAR QSAR Environ Res 2018 Sep;29(9):693-723

a CTIS, Rillieux la Pape , France.

Repellents disrupt the behaviour of blood-seeking mosquitoes protecting humans against their bites which can transmit serious diseases. Since the mid-1950s, N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET) is considered as the standard mosquito repellent worldwide. However, DEET presents numerous shortcomings. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1062936X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1062936X.2018.1513218DOI Listing
September 2018
7 Reads

Oral and Dental Examination Findings in Beech Martens (Martes foina).

J Comp Pathol 2018 Aug 24;163:10-17. Epub 2018 Jul 24.

Small Animal Clinic, Veterinary Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Detailed clinical and radiographical descriptions of oral/dental pathology in the beech marten (Martes foina) are lacking. In the present study, skulls of M. foina from a museum collection (n = 109) were examined macroscopically according to predefined criteria and full-mouth dental radiographs were obtained. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcpa.2018.06.004DOI Listing
August 2018
8 Reads

Companion animals and human health: benefits, challenges, and the road ahead for human-animal interaction.

Rev Sci Tech 2018 Apr;37(1):71-82

There is ample evidence that human-animal interaction (HAI) is associated with health. Studies encompass three general categories: those that compare companion animal owners with individuals who do not own companion animals, those examining brief, 'one-off' contacts with animals, and those that review animal-assisted interventions. The health benefits demonstrated typically include reductions in depression and loneliness, while enhancing social interaction or social skills, and decreasing anxiety and arousal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.20506/rst.37.1.2741DOI Listing
April 2018
1 Read

Pasteurella multocida multiple intrapelvic abscesses in a young woman with uterine cervical cancer.

J Infect Chemother 2018 Sep 5. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

Division of Infection Control and Prevention, Osaka University Hospital, Japan.

Pasteurella multocida, a zoonotic pathogen in humans, is known to be associated with skin and soft tissue infections following animal bites, but rarely causes visceral infections. We report a case of P. multocida-associated multiple intrapelvic abscesses in a young woman with uterine cervical cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiac.2018.07.019DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Human rabies in Côte d'Ivoire 2014-2016: Results following reinforcements to rabies surveillance.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 09 6;12(9):e0006649. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Global Epidemiology, Sanofi Pasteur, Lyon, France.

In Côte d'Ivoire, rabies is endemic and remains largely uncontrolled. The numbers of human exposures and rabies cases are unknown and are probably much higher than reported. Data on human rabies cases are collected by the National Institute of Public Health (NIPH) Anti-rabies Center in Abidjan through a network of 28 NIPH local units, which cover the population of the entire country. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006649DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6126804PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Unusual ocular manifestations following viper bite.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Sep 5;2018. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

Faculty of Medicine, SEGi University, Sibu, Sarawak, Malaysia.

We report a case of a 70-year-old farmer admitted for viper bite who presented with bilateral hyphema and angle closure attack. He was managed conservatively with topical steroids and cycloplegics. He responded well and was discharged after 2 weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-225040DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Evaluation of Human Exposure to Bites in Rubber and Palm Cultivations Using an Immunoepidemiological Biomarker.

Biomed Res Int 2018 9;2018:3572696. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

Université Nangui Abrogoua, 02 BP 801, Abidjan 02, Côte d'Ivoire.

Arbovirus infections, mainly transmitted by mosquito, are emerging in Africa. Efficient vector control requires an understanding of ecological factors which could impact on the risk of transmission, such as environmental changes linked to agricultural practices. The present study aims to assess the level of human exposure to mosquito bites in different agroecosystem area, using an immunological tool which quantifies human IgG antibody response to one salivary peptide. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3572696DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6106716PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Screening for potential prophylactics targeting sporozoite motility through the skin.

Malar J 2018 Aug 31;17(1):319. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Integrative Parasitology, Center for Infectious Diseases, Heidelberg University Medical School, Im Neuenheimer Feld 324, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.

Background: Anti-malarial compounds have not yet been identified that target the first obligatory step of infection in humans: the migration of Plasmodium sporozoites in the host dermis. This movement is essential to find and invade a blood vessel in order to be passively transported to the liver. Here, an imaging screening pipeline was established to screen for compounds capable of inhibiting extracellular sporozoites. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12936-018-2469-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6119338PMC
August 2018
2 Reads

The red ear.

Pan Afr Med J 2018;30:34. Epub 2018 May 16.

Prosper-Hospital, Department of Oto-rhino-laryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Recklinghausen, Germany.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2018.30.34.15020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6110547PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Erucism due to cup moth.

Pan Afr Med J 2018;30:16. Epub 2018 May 8.

Dermatology Division, Department of Medical Clinics, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2018.30.16.15185DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6110551PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Francisella tularensis bacteraemia causing multi-organ failure.

Oxf Med Case Reports 2018 Sep 25;2018(9):omy067. Epub 2018 Aug 25.

Section for Endocrinology, Department of Clinical Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Tularemia is a zoonosis caused by the gram-negative coccobacillus . The bacterium can be transmitted in several ways including direct contact with animal reservoirs, ingestion, inhalation and bites, and typical clinical symptoms are headache, fever, diarrhea and dyspnea. has two predominant subspecies (ssp), namely ssp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/omcr/omy067DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6109193PMC
September 2018
2 Reads