16,584 results match your criteria Bites Animal
PLoS One 2018 21;13(6):e0197330. Epub 2018 Jun 21.
Poxvirus and Rabies Branch, Division of High-Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America.
Background: Rabies is a fatal encephalitis caused by lyssaviruses, with most human cases worldwide resulting from rabid dog bites. Although effective animal and human vaccines have been available for over 100 years, control efforts have not been adequately implemented on the global scale and rabies remains one of the greatest global zoonotic threats to human health. We conducted a knowledge, attitudes and practices survey in Northern Cameroon to describe dog ownership characteristics, rates of dog bites, and post-bite healthcare seeking behaviors. Read More
Front Vet Sci 2018 4;5:112. Epub 2018 Jun 4.
School of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Fuchu, Japan.
J Infect Public Health 2018 Jun 13. Epub 2018 Jun 13.
Department of Internal Medicine, General Hospital of Rethymno, 74100 Rethymno, Crete, Greece.
Pasteurella multocida is a rare cause of bacterial meningitis, more frequently affecting humans at the extremes of age. We report a case of meningitis and bacteremia caused by P. multocida in a 67-year-old diabetic woman who was living with 10 cats. Read More
Can Vet J 2018 May;59(5):491-499
School of Public Health (Boissonneault), Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine (Epp), University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 2Z4.
Rural, remote, and Indigenous communities often contend with free-roaming dog populations, increasing the risk of aggressive dog encounters, particularly dog bites and fatal dog attacks. This qualitative survey gathered a range of perspectives to ascertain the current veterinary services available in rural, remote, and Indigenous communities of northern Manitoba, as well as needs, barriers to, and considerations for future veterinary care provision. Survey results indicated terminology such as "overpopulation" and "rescue" need to be carefully considered as they may have negative connotations for communities. Read More
Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 2018 Jun 11. Epub 2018 Jun 11.
Department of Clinical Sciences, Auburn University College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn, Alabama, United States.
Objectives: To characterize the clinical features among dogs sustaining rib fractures and to determine if age, type and severity of injury, entry blood lactate, trauma score and rib fracture score were associated with outcome.
Methods: A retrospective study was performed to include dogs that were presented with rib fractures. Risk factors evaluation included breed, age, body weight, diagnosis, presence of a flail chest, bandage use, puncture wound presence, rib fracture number, location of the fracture along the thoracic wall, hospital stay length, body weight, other fractures, pleural effusion, pulmonary contusions, pneumothorax and occurrence of an anaesthetic event. Read More
J Am Vet Med Assoc 2018 Jun;252(12):1491-1502
OBJECTIVE To identify knowledge and practices related to rabies vaccination and serologic monitoring among animal care workers in the United States. DESIGN Cross-sectional survey. SAMPLE 2,334 animal care workers (ie, veterinarians, veterinary technicians, animal control workers, and wildlife rehabilitators). Read More
Wilderness Environ Med 2018 Jun 4. Epub 2018 Jun 4.
SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY.
Animal bites are a major source of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In the United States, the majority of animal bites come from domestic pets, including dogs, cats, and rodents. Camel bites, on the other hand, are exceedingly rare in the United States and are poorly described in the western medical literature. Read More
PLoS One 2018 7;13(6):e0198900. Epub 2018 Jun 7.
Public Health Foundation of India, Gurugram, National Capital Region, India.
Background: Animal bites and stings contribute significantly to mortality in certain parts of the world. India accounts for the highest number of snakebites and related mortality globally. We report on mortality due to bite or sting of a venomous animal from a population-based study in the Indian state of Bihar which estimated the causes of death using verbal autopsy. Read More
J Craniofac Surg 2018 Jun 5. Epub 2018 Jun 5.
Unichristus, Fortaleza, Brazil.
Animal bites are relatively common occurrences reaching about 4.5 millions of people every year. The main aggressor is the domesticated dog, responsible for around 90% of the patients, with children being the most affected, with 70% of the registered patients, while with adults that number is a lot lower (15%). Read More
Intern Med J 2018 Jun 5. Epub 2018 Jun 5.
Department of Infectious Diseases, The Alfred Hospital and Central Clinical School, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.
Background: Bali, Indonesia presents significant infectious and non-infectious health risks for Australian travellers. Understanding this spectrum of illnesses has the potential to assist clinicians in evaluating unwell returning travellers and guide provision of pre-travel advice.
Aim: To describe the spectrum of illnesses seen in returned travellers from Bali. Read More
Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2018 8;8:140. Epub 2018 May 8.
Zoonoses and Environmental Microbiology, Centre for Infectious Diseases Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, Netherlands.
Tularemia is an emerging zoonosis caused by the Gram-negative bacterium , which is able to infect a range of animal species and humans. Human infections occur through contact with animals, ingestion of food, insect bites or exposure to aerosols or water, and may lead to serious disease. may persist in aquatic reservoirs. Read More
Evolution 2018 May 28. Epub 2018 May 28.
Department of Entomology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania.
Environmental conditions exert strong selection on animal behavior. We tested the hypothesis that the altered behavior of hosts due to parasitic manipulation is also subject to selection imposed by changes in environmental conditions over time. Our model system is ants manipulated by parasitic fungi to bite onto vegetation. Read More
Vet Rec 2018 05;182(21):609
The Moredun Research, Institute Bush Loan, Penicuik EH26 0PZ.
Front Vet Sci 2018 4;5:66. Epub 2018 May 4.
Department of Population Health and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California Davis, Davis, CA, United States.
We conducted a veterinary clinic-based retrospective cohort study aimed at identifying child-, dog-, and home-environment factors associated with dog bites to children aged 5-15 years old living in the same home as a dog in Kingston, Jamaica (236) and San Francisco, USA (61). Secondarily, we wished to compare these factors to risk factors for dog bites to the general public. Participant information was collected interviewer-administered questionnaire using proxy respondents. Read More
Toxicon 2018 May 17;150:86-95. Epub 2018 May 17.
Immunochemistry Laboratory, Butantan Institute, Av. Vital Brazil, 1500, 05503-900, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:
This review presents the main contributions to our knowledge regarding the development of antivenoms for therapeutic use in victims of venomous animal bites. We cover the progress of serum therapy since tetanus and diphtheria antitoxins in Germany and France until the current scenario of antivenom production worldwide. During these more than 120 years of antivenom development, many researchers contributed to establish what are nowadays the antivenoms used for therapeutic purpose. Read More
Vet Rec 2018 05;182(20):558
Hum Vaccin Immunother 2018 May 17:1-15. Epub 2018 May 17.
a Department of Infectious Diseases , Medical University of Lublin , Poland.
Introduction: Rabies continues to be one of the most important viral diseases and remains a significant threat to public health across the globe. The World Health Organization (WHO) has determined that most rabies cases occur in children. Dog bites on humans are a major public-health problem. Read More
Am Fam Physician 2018 May;97(9):Online
University of Texas Health Northeast, Tyler, TX, USA.
Toxicon 2018 May 7;150:11-12. Epub 2018 May 7.
Instituto Clodomiro Picado, Facultad de Microbiología, Universidad de Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica. Electronic address:
Molecules 2018 May 4;23(5). Epub 2018 May 4.
Medicinal Plants and Economic Development (MPED) Research Centre, Department of Botany, University of Fort Hare, Private Bag X1314, Alice 5700, South Africa.
subsp. (VI) is a nutraceutical with plant parts valued in several cultures for its medicinal properties. Traditionally, VI is used against gastro-intestinal disorders, malaria, pneumonia, cough, menstrual problems, parasitic worms, chest complaints, snake bites, infertility, fever, candidiasis and abdominal pains. Read More
An Bras Dermatol 2018 Mar;93(2):251-255
Clínica Dermatológica Ubatuba, Ubatuba, SP, Brazil.
Ticks are blood-sucking arthropods that attach to human skin through oral devices causing diverse initial cutaneous manifestations, and may also transmit serious infectious diseases. In certain situations, the Health Teams (and especially dermatologists) may face difficulties in identifying the lesions and associating them to the parasites. To assist them in clinical diagnosis, we suggest a classification of the skin manifestations in primary lesions, which occur by the attachment the tick to the host (for toxicity and the anticoagulant substances in the saliva and/or marked inflammation by the penetration and permanence of the mouthparts) and secondary lesions that are manifestations of infections caused by rickettsia, bacteria, protozoa and fungi inoculated by the ticks. Read More
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2018 Apr 27;14(1):31. Epub 2018 Apr 27.
College of Applied and Industrial Sciences, University of Bahri, P.O. Box 1606, Khartoum, Sudan.
Background: The inhabitants of western Sudan use traditional medicine for the treatment of various ailments due to lack of medical doctors and unaffordable prices of pharmaceutical products. The present study is the first documentation of the traditional plant knowledge on medicinal uses of plants by healers in Algoz (South Kordofan), Sudan.
Method: Ethnobotanical data were collected over a period from March to November 2015 using semi-structured interviews with 30 healers (24 male and 6 female) living in the investigated area. Read More
Zootaxa 2018 Feb 7;4378(1):1-39. Epub 2018 Feb 7.
Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Room 312 Science & Research Building 1, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77204-5007, USA..
The chewing apparatus of the Bairdioidea has been described just once and is rarely illustrated, but it might have more taxonomic significance than commonly supposed. It is constructed as a flapper valve (hinged check valve), which is unique among Ostracoda and unusual among animals. It projects into the midgut and is substantially enveloped by it. Read More
Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2018 3;8:96. Epub 2018 Apr 3.
School of Molecular Biosciences, Washington State University, Pullman, WA, United States.
Vector-borne diseases, including arboviruses, pose a serious threat to public health worldwide. Arboviruses of the flavivirus genus, such as Zika virus (ZIKV), dengue virus, yellow fever virus (YFV), and West Nile virus (WNV), are transmitted to humans from insect vectors and can cause serious disease. In 2017, over 2,000 reported cases of WNV virus infection occurred in the United States, with two-thirds of cases classified as neuroinvasive. Read More
Parasit Vectors 2018 04 16;11(1):247. Epub 2018 Apr 16.
Boehringer Ingelheim, 3239 Satellite Blvd., Duluth, GA, 30096, USA.
Background: Lutzomyia longipalpis is the main vector of Leishmania infantum, the agent of canine and human visceral leishmaniosis in the Americas. Considering that the dog is the main domestic host of the parasite, repellent treatment is a measure that might contribute to the prevention of canine visceral leishmaniosis. The repellent efficacy of a single treatment of a new spot-on topical combination of fipronil and permethrin (Frontline Tri-Act®, Merial, now part of Boehringer-Ingelheim) to repel Lu. Read More
Forensic Sci Int 2018 Jun 31;287:108-112. Epub 2018 Mar 31.
Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale del Mezzogiorno, via Salute 2, 80055, Portici, Napoli, Italy.
Cases of intentional animal poisonings are still widespread in Italy, even if the improper or malicious use of poisoned baits is banned. This represents a serious threat to pets as well as wildlife species, but also an environmental and human health concern. A retrospective study was performed based on baits sent for toxicological analysis to the laboratories of Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale del Mezzogiorno (IZSM) in Southern Italy over a five year period. Read More
Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2018 12;176(1):39-43. Epub 2018 Apr 12.
Allergology Department, Laikon General Hospital, Athens, Greece.
Background: The long-term protection provided by venom immunotherapy (VIT) is related to the dose administered and to its long duration; the latter, however, becomes inconvenient for patients in countries like Greece, with many islanders or inhabitants of distant mountainous areas. Maintenance interval prolongation reduces the number of office visits - saving time and money - and as a consequence contributes to the patients' compliance. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of VIT on a progressively prolonged maintenance interval (PPMI). Read More
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 04 12;12(4):e0006395. Epub 2018 Apr 12.
Department of Medical Microbiology, Hitit University, Corum, Turkey.
Background: Tick-borne diseases are increasing all over the word, including Turkey. The aim of this study was to determine the bacterial and protozoan vector-borne pathogens in ticks infesting humans in the Corum province of Turkey.
Methodology/principal Findings: From March to November 2014 a total of 322 ticks were collected from patients who attended the local hospitals with tick bites. Read More
Trauma Case Rep 2017 Jun 14;9:5-9. Epub 2017 Mar 14.
University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Department of Vascular Surgery, 4301 W. Markham St., Little Rock, AR 72205, United States.
Animal bites are fairly rare events but can cause devastating traumatic injuries to the victim. In addition to the soft tissue, vascular, and orthopedic trauma inflicted by these occurrences, bite injuries also have the potential to introduce an inoculum of microbes, which may progress to an infection if not treated properly and expeditiously. We present the case of a healthy male who sustained multiple bite wounds from a domestic zebra to his left upper extremity. Read More
Trauma Case Rep 2018 Feb 27;13:18-21. Epub 2017 Nov 27.
Department of Bacteriology, Mohammed V Military Teaching Hospital, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy (University Mohammed V), Rabat, Morocco.
can cause serious infections after dog or cat bite. We report here a rare case of hand infection caused by consecutive to an injury by a thorn of the prickly pear. It caused an amputation of the distal phalanx of the thumb in a trisomic patient. Read More
Parasit Vectors 2018 04 10;11(1):231. Epub 2018 Apr 10.
Environmental Health and Ecological Sciences Department, Ifakara Health Institute, Off Mlabani Passage, Ifakara, Morogoro, United Republic of Tanzania.
Background: Transfluthrin vapour prevents mosquito bites by disrupting their host-seeking behaviors. We measured the additional benefits of combining transfluthrin-treated sisal decorations and long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) with an aim of extending protection against early evening, indoor-biting malaria vectors when LLINs are ineffective.
Methods: We investigated the indoor protective efficacy of locally made sisal decorative baskets (0. Read More
Toxicon 2018 Jun 31;148:33-39. Epub 2018 Mar 31.
Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.
A 42-year-old previously healthy male patient died 16 days after a proven hump-nosed pit viper (Hypnale hypnale) envenoming due to multi-organ failure. On admission he had cardiac arrest that recovered from cardiopulmonary resuscitation then developed atrial fibrillation which was reverted to normal rhythm by application of synchronized electrical cardioversion. He also had persistent coagulopathy and thrombotic microangiopathy comprising the triad of microangiopathic haemolysis, acute kidney injury and thrombocytopenia. Read More
J Virol 2018 06 29;92(12). Epub 2018 May 29.
Singapore Immunology Network, Agency for Science, Technology and Research, Singapore (A*STAR), Singapore, Singapore
Alphaviruses are transmitted to humans via bites of infected mosquitoes. Although alphaviruses have caused a wide range of outbreaks and crippling disease, the availability of licensed vaccines or antiviral therapies remains limited. Mosquito vectors such as and are the main culprits in the transmission of alphaviruses. Read More
Environ Monit Assess 2018 Mar 24;190(4):245. Epub 2018 Mar 24.
Department of Space Science, Institute of Space Technology, Islamabad, 44000, Pakistan.
In this study, we propose to develop a geostatistical computational framework to model the distribution of rat bite infestation of epidemic proportion in Peshawar valley, Pakistan. Two species Rattus norvegicus and Rattus rattus are suspected to spread the infestation. The framework combines strengths of maximum entropy algorithm and binomial kriging with logistic regression to spatially model the distribution of infestation and to determine the individual role of environmental predictors in modeling the distribution trends. Read More
Environ Monit Assess 2018 Mar 19;190(4):233. Epub 2018 Mar 19.
Zoology Department, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, Pakistan.
Contemporary studies demonstrate that rodent bites do not occur frequently. However, a huge number of cases were reported from Peshawar vale, Pakistan during 2016. Two species, the local black rat Rattus rattus (Linnaeus, 1758) and the invasive brown rat Rattus norvegicus (Berkenhout, 1769) might be the suspected cause. Read More
Parasit Vectors 2018 03 20;11(1):165. Epub 2018 Mar 20.
Institute of Animal Hygiene and Veterinary Public Health, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.
Background: Ticks are important carriers of many different zoonotic pathogens. To date, there are many studies about ticks and tick-borne pathogens (TBP), but only a few were carried out in Bulgaria. The present study intends to detect the prevalence of tick-borne bacteria and parasites occurring at the Black Sea in Bulgaria to evaluate the zoonotic potential of the tick-borne pathogens transmitted by ticks in this area. Read More
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 03 9;12(3):e0006293. Epub 2018 Mar 9.
Mission Rabies, Cranborne, Dorset, United Kingdom.
Rabies is an important neglected disease, which kills around 59,000 people a year. Over a third of these deaths are in children less than 15 years of age. Almost all human rabies deaths in Africa and Asia are due to bites from infected dogs. Read More
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 03 8;12(3):e0006162. Epub 2018 Mar 8.
Institute of Global Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.
Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 2018 Jan-Feb;51(1):80-84
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Medicina Tropical, Universidade do Estado do Amazonas, Manaus, AM, Brasil.
Introduction: Hymenoptera injuries are commonly caused by stinging insects. In Amazonas state, Brazil, there is no information regarding distribution, profile, and systemic manifestations associated with Hymenoptera injuries.
Methods: This study aimed to identify risk factors for systemic manifestation using the Brazilian Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (2007 to 2015). Read More
Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 2018 Jan-Feb;51(1):115-117
Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu, SP, Brasil.
The most frequent jellyfish in Southern Brazil causes mainly local pain and skin plaques. A 3-year-old female bather presented an erythematous, irregular plaque on the left forearm after contact with a jellyfish and intense facial angioedema with facial flushing. The lungs had vesicular murmur, wheezes, and snorts, and pink and spumous secretion in the airways with intercostal retraction. Read More
Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd 2018 Mar;160(3):185-188
Infektiologie und Spitalhygiene, Kantonsspital Baden.
Introduction: A female jogger was attacked by a common buzzard (Buteo buteo) and was scratched lightly at the back of the head. One week later she was taken ill with high fever and headache which was later diagnosed as ulcero-glandular tularemia in regional lymph nodes, caused by Francisella tularensis. Recovery was only achieved after several weeks of systemic antibiotic treatment (Gentamicin/ Ciprofloxacine). Read More
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2018 Mar 2;67(8):250-252. Epub 2018 Mar 2.
Human rabies deaths are preventable through prompt administration of postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) with rabies immune globulin and rabies vaccine after exposure to a rabid animal (1); there are no known contraindications to receiving PEP (1,2). Despite widespread availability of PEP in Vietnam, in 2015 the Ministry of Health (MoH) received reports of pregnant and breastfeeding women with clinically diagnosed rabies. MoH investigated factors associated with these rabies cases. Read More
Afr J Paediatr Surg 2017 Jan-Mar;14(1):18
Department of Medical Science, Faculty of Medicine, University of Nis, Nis, Serbia.
Indian J Ophthalmol 2018 Mar;66(3):461-463
Department of Ophthalmology, GMCH, Chandigarh, India.
Ocular bee stings are known to cause corneal melts, corneal infiltrates, cataracts, and secondary glaucoma. Our patient presented with scleritis, corneal infiltrates, and endophthalmitis after a ocular bee sting. Topical treatment led to resolution of anterior segment inflammation, but the scleritis and vitreous inflammation worsened. Read More
BMC Infect Dis 2018 02 21;18(1):88. Epub 2018 Feb 21.
Department of Paraclinical Science, Faculty of Medicine, Sir John Kotelawala Defense University, Ratmalana, Sri Lanka.
Background: Socio-economic, demographic factors and Knowledge Attitude Practices (KAPs) have been recognized as critical factors that influence the incidence and transmission of dengue epidemics. However, studies that characterize above features of a risk free or low risk population are rare. Therefore, the present study was conducted to characterize the household related, demographic, socio-economic factors and KAPs status of five selected dengue free communities. Read More
Rev Biol Trop 2017 Mar;65(1):345-50
The assessment of the preclinical neutralizing ability of antivenoms in Latin America is necessary to determine their scope of efficacy. This study was aimed at analyzing the neutralizing efficacy of a polyspecific bothropic-crotalic antivenom manufactured by BIRMEX in Mexico against lethal, hemorrhagic, defibrinogenating and in vitro coagulant activities of the venoms of Bothrops jararaca (Brazil), B. atrox (Perú and Colombia), B. Read More
PLoS One 2018 21;13(2):e0192313. Epub 2018 Feb 21.
Business Economics Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
In developing countries where financial resources are limited and numerous interests compete, there is a need for quantitative data on the public health burden and costs of diseases to support intervention prioritization. This study aimed at estimating the health burden and post-exposure treatment (PET) costs of canine rabies in Ethiopia by an investigation of exposed human cases. Data on registered animal bite victims during the period of one year were collected from health centers in three districts, i. Read More
Toxicol Lett 2018 May 17;288:119-128. Epub 2018 Feb 17.
Venom Evolution Lab, School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia. Electronic address:
Atractaspis snake species are enigmatic in their natural history, and venom effects are correspondingly poorly described. Clinical reports are scarce but bites have been described as causing severe hypertension, profound local tissue damage leading to amputation, and deaths are on record. Clinical descriptions have largely concentrated upon tissue effects, and research efforts have focused upon the blood-pressure affecting sarafotoxins. Read More