362,132 results match your criteria Birth Defects Research Part A-clinical And Molecular Teratology[Journal]


Oxidative state in equine neonates: anti and pro-oxidants.

Equine Vet J 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Animal Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, University of São Paulo, Prof. Orlando Marques de Paiva Avenue, 87, São Paulo, 05508-270, Brazil.

Background: In newborns, exposure to the extrauterine environment with high oxygen tension and sudden pulmonary adaptation lead to an increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS). ROS have several physiological roles, which are essential for neonatal development, however, when unbalanced, these highly unstable molecules can cause cellular destabilisation, compromising vital processes.

Objectives: To characterise the oxidative status in healthy equine neonates, evaluating an indicator of lipid peroxidation and both enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidant systems, during the first week of life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13297DOI Listing

Prevalence trends and individual patterns of antiepileptic drug use in pregnancy 2006-2016: A study in the five Nordic countries, United States, and Australia.

Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Chronic Diseases and Ageing, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway.

Purpose: To describe recent international trends in antiepileptic drug (AED) use during pregnancy and individual patterns of use including discontinuation and switching.

Methods: We studied pregnancies from 2006 to 2016 within linked population-based registers for births and dispensed prescription drugs from Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, and New South Wales, Australia and claims data for public and private insurance enrollees in the United States. We examined the prevalence of AED use: the proportion of pregnancies with ≥1 prescription filled from 3 months before pregnancy until birth, and individual patterns of use by trimester. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pds.5035DOI Listing

Clinical risk factors for the development of late-onset circulatory collapse in premature infants.

Pediatr Res 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA.

Background: Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants may be at risk for late-onset circulatory collapse (LCC) where otherwise stable infants develop hypotension resistant to vasoactive agents. The risk factors for LCC development are poorly defined, and it has been theorized that it may be in part due to withdrawal from exogenous prenatal steroids. The goal of this study was to define the clinical characteristics of LCC and investigate its association with antenatal steroid administration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41390-020-0990-7DOI Listing

Prediction of Neurodevelopmental Impairment in Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection by Early Postnatal Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

Neonatology 2020 Jun 3:1-7. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Introduction: Congenital cytomegalovirus infection (CCMVI) may result in neurodevelopmental impairments (NDIs) such as hearing loss, developmental delay, epilepsy, and cerebral palsy. We aimed to investigate the potential for brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to predict NDI in patients with CCMVI.

Methods: We studied infants with CCMVI who were referred to our hospital from April 2010 to October 2018 and underwent a brain MRI within 3 months since birth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000508218DOI Listing

Childbirth experiences of Sudanese women living with obstetric fistula - A qualitative study.

Sex Reprod Healthc 2020 May 25;25:100532. Epub 2020 May 25.

University of Oslo, Institute of Health and Society, Department of Community Medicine and Global Health, P.O. Box 1130 Blindern, 0318 Oslo, Norway. Electronic address:

Background: Obstetric Fistula results from failure to manage obstructed labor in a timely manner; the failure can be attributed to many factors. Therefore, the study seeks to provide a better understanding of the circumstances surrounding the occurrence of Obstetric Fistula using the Three-Delays model.

Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 19 women living with OF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.srhc.2020.100532DOI Listing

The impact of breastfeeding on pelvic floor recovery from pregnancy and labor.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2020 May 19;251:98-105. Epub 2020 May 19.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Soroka University Medical Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel.

Objective: Pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) symptoms are prevalent during pregnancy and are mostly reversible thereafter. The pelvic floor muscles and their surrounding connective tissue support are estrogen-responsive. Breastfeeding is a condition of estrogen deficiency. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejogrb.2020.04.017DOI Listing

Time to full enteral feeding after necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm-born children is related to neurodevelopment at 2-3 years of age.

Early Hum Dev 2020 May 26;147:105091. Epub 2020 May 26.

University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Beatrix Children's Hospital, Division of Neonatology, Groningen, the Netherlands.

Background: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is associated with poorer neurodevelopment. It is, however, unclear which factors besides surgery affect neurodevelopment in preterm-born children surviving NEC.

Aims: We determined whether time to full enteral feeding (FEFt) and post-NEC complications after NEC were associated with neurodevelopment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2020.105091DOI Listing

Inflammatory predictors of neurobehavior in very preterm infants.

Early Hum Dev 2020 May 22;147:105078. Epub 2020 May 22.

The Ohio State University, College of Public Health, Division of Biostatistics, 1841 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Preterm infants are at risk for impaired neurodevelopment. Inflammation may be an important modifiable mediator of preterm birth and neurodevelopmental impairment, but few studies have examined longitudinal measures of inflammation.

Objective: To determine the relationship between longitudinal measures of inflammation and neurobehavior in very preterm infants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2020.105078DOI Listing

Increasing ovarian NAD levels improve mitochondrial functions and reverse ovarian aging.

Free Radic Biol Med 2020 May 31. Epub 2020 May 31.

Center for Reproductive Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China; Henan Key Laboratory of Reproduction and Genetics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China; Henan Provincial Obstetrical and Gynecological Diseases (Reproductive Medicine) Clinical Research Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China; Henan Engineering Laboratory of Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis and Screening, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China. Electronic address:

Loss of follicles together with decreased oocyte quality and quantity contribute to age-associated ovarian senescence and infertility. Although underlying mechanisms for ovarian senescence are still unknown, mitochondrial dysfunctions have been reported. Here, we showed age-dependent decreases in ovarian Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide (NAD) levels in mice whereas supplementing aging mice with nicotinamide riboside (NR), an NAD precursor, increased ovarian NAD content. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2020.05.003DOI Listing

Dominance rank but not body size influences female reproductive success in mountain gorillas.

PLoS One 2020 3;15(6):e0233235. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany.

According to life history theory, natural selection has shaped trade-offs for allocating energy among growth, reproduction and maintenance to maximize individual fitness. In social mammals body size and dominance rank are two key variables believed to influence female reproductive success. However, few studies have examined these variables together, particularly in long-lived species. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0233235PLOS

Risk factors for blood transfusion in traumatic and postpartum hemorrhage patients: Analysis of the CRASH-2 and WOMAN trials.

PLoS One 2020 3;15(6):e0233274. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Population Health, Clinical Trials Unit, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, England, United Kingdom.

Background: Hemorrhage is a leading cause of death after trauma and childbirth. In response to severe hemorrhage, bleeding patients often receive transfusions of red blood cells, plasma, platelets, or other blood components. We examined risk factors for transfusion in acute severe bleeding in two trials of over 20,000 patients to better understand factors associated with transfusion likelihood. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0233274PLOS

A missense mutation of ErbB2 produces a novel mouse model of stillbirth associated with a cardiac abnormality but lacking abnormalities of placental structure.

PLoS One 2020 3;15(6):e0233007. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Division of Developmental Biology and Medicine, School of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, England, United Kingdom.

Background: In humans, stillbirth describes the death of a fetus before birth after 28 weeks gestation, and accounts for approximately 2.6 million deaths worldwide annually. In high-income countries, up to half of stillbirths have an unknown cause and are described as "unexplained stillbirths"; this lack of understanding impairs efforts to prevent stillbirth. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0233007PLOS

Risk factors for aggressive recurrent respiratory papillomatosis in Chinese juvenile patients.

Acta Otolaryngol 2020 Jun 3:1-6. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Key Laboratory of Major Disease in Children, Ministry of Education, Beijing Pediatric Research Institute, Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, National Center for Children's Health, Beijing, China.

Aggressive juvenile-onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (JORRP) threatens patient lives if not receives immediate surgical intervene. Even with surgical intervene, complete remission of this disease is not approachable. Therefore, understanding the factors relevant to disease severity and prognosis will do help to the treatment strategy and health management of this disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2020.1767804DOI Listing

The role of apoptosis in the complex pathogenesis of the most common obstetrics and gynaecology diseases.

Physiol Int 2020 Mar;107(1):106-119

2Doctoral School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary.

Purpose: We aimed to assess the etiological role of apoptotic genes Bcl-2 and Bax in the background of major obstetric and gynaecological diseases.

Methods: Placental tissue samples were collected from 101 pregnancies with intrauterine growth restriction and 104 pregnancies with premature birth with 140 controll samples from term, eutrophic newborns. In addition, gene expression assessment of the genes Bax and Bcl-2 was performed in 101 uterine leiomyoma tissue samples at our disposal with 110 control cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/2060.2020.00014DOI Listing

Pregnancy in metabolic healthy and unhealthy obese women.

Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Introduction: Obesity-associated adverse obstetric outcomes are well-known but still relatively rare and difficult to predict. Not all obese individuals are unhealthy, some have metabolically healthy obesity (MHO) and others have metabolic unhealthy obesity (MUO). Our aim was to investigate if the MHO and MUO classification could be used for prediction of obesity-associated complications in pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aogs.13929DOI Listing

Iterative hard thresholding in genome-wide association studies: Generalized linear models, prior weights, and double sparsity.

Gigascience 2020 Jun;9(6)

Department of Computational Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, 621 Charles E Young Dr S, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA.

Background: Consecutive testing of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) is usually employed to identify genetic variants associated with complex traits. Ideally one should model all covariates in unison, but most existing analysis methods for genome-wide association studies (GWAS) perform only univariate regression.

Results: We extend and efficiently implement iterative hard thresholding (IHT) for multiple regression, treating all SNPs simultaneously. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gigascience/giaa044DOI Listing

Age and calving time affects production efficiency of beef cows and their calves.

An Acad Bras Cienc 2020 1;92 Suppl 1:e20181058. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Departamento de Ciências Biológicas e Zootecnia, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Palmeira das Missões, RS, Brazil.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of two sub-periods of the calving season and two cow maturity stages on the efficiency of beef cows and their calves. A total of 159 cow-calf pairs were divided by calving time (early or late) within the calving season and maturity stage (young or adult). Calves were weaned at 42 or 63 days after birth and evaluated until 210 days of age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765202020181058DOI Listing

Brazilian cohorts with potential for life-course studies: a scoping review.

Rev Saude Publica 2020 20;54:48. Epub 2020 May 20.

Departamento de Medicina Preventiva, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

OBJECTIVE To identify the Brazilian cohorts that started either in the prenatal period or at birth, to describe their characteristics and the explored variables, and to map the cohorts with potential for studies on early determinants on health and the risk of falling ill on later stages of the life cycle. METHODS A scoping review was carried out. The articles were searched in the electronic databases PubMed and Virtual Health Library (VHL). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11606/s1518-8787.2020054001825DOI Listing

Theory-based training to promote breast cancer screening among women with breast cancer worries: randomized controlled trial.

Sao Paulo Med J 2020 Mar 1;138(2):158-166. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Nursing, Inönü Üniversitesi, Malatya, Turkey.

Background: Breast cancer worries are important determinants in relation to behavior favoring breast cancer screening.

Objective: To determine the effect of theory-based training to promote breast cancer screening among women with high and low levels of breast cancer worries.

Design And Setting: Randomized controlled trial, conducted in two family health centers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1516-3180.2019.033430092019DOI Listing

Occurrence of combined pain in the lumbar spine, pelvic girdle and pubic symphysis among pregnant women in the extreme south of Brazil.

Rev Bras Epidemiol 2020 1;23:e200037. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Programa de Pós-graduação em Saúde Pública, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande, Rio Grande, RS, Brazil.

Objectives: To estimate the prevalence and characterize the occurrence of low back pain (LBP), posterior pelvic girdle pain (PPGP) and pubic symphysis pain (PSP) among pregnant women resident in Rio Grande, RS.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of all postpartum women who gave birth in 2016. Two pictures were used to investigate the presence of LBP, PPGP and PSP, both isolated and combined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1980-549720200037DOI Listing

Residential Proximity to Oil and Gas Development and Birth Outcomes in California: A Retrospective Cohort Study of 2006-2015 Births.

Environ Health Perspect 2020 Jun 3;128(6):67001. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

School of Public Health, Division of Environmental Health Sciences, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA.

Background: Studies suggest associations between oil and gas development (OGD) and adverse birth outcomes, but few epidemiological studies of oil wells or inactive wells exist, and none in California.

Objective: Our study aimed to investigate the relationship between residential proximity to OGD and birth outcomes in California.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 2,918,089 births to mothers living within 10 km of at least one production well between January 1, 2006 and December 31, 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/EHP5842DOI Listing

Antioxidative effects of uridine in a neonatal rat model of hyperoxic brain injury.

Turk J Med Sci 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Background/aim: Premature birth is a major problem that results in increased risk of mortality and morbidity. Management of such infants consists of supraphysiological oxygen therapy, which affects brain development due, in part, to the deterioration caused by reactive oxygen species (ROS). We showed previously that exogenously-administered uridine provides neuroprotection in a neonatal rat model of hyperoxic brain injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3906/sag-2002-14DOI Listing

Maternal separation changes maternal care, anxiety-like behaviour and expression of paraventricular oxytocin and corticotrophin-releasing factor immunoreactivity in lactating rats.

J Neuroendocrinol 2020 May 7:e12861. Epub 2020 May 7.

Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, North Ryde, NSW, Australia.

The early postnatal period is a time of tremendous change for the dam and her offspring. During this time, environmental insults such as repeated stress exposure can have detrimental effects. In research that has focused on the effect of postnatal stress exposure on the dams, conflicting changes in maternal care and anxiety-like behaviour have been reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jne.12861DOI Listing

Does HIV infection modify the relationship between pre-pregnancy body mass index and adverse birth outcomes?

Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 2020 Jun 3. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: South Africa faces dual epidemics of HIV and obesity; however, little research has explored whether HIV status influences associations between pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and adverse birth outcomes.

Objectives: To examine associations between pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and adverse birth outcomes, and if they differ by HIV status.

Methods: We followed HIV-uninfected and -infected pregnant women initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART) from first antenatal visit through delivery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ppe.12688DOI Listing

Benign neonatal hemangiomatosis with early regression of skin lesions: A case report and review of the published work.

J Dermatol 2020 Jun 3:e15413. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Dermatology, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Medicine, Hirosaki, Japan.

A 2-day-old Japanese male infant was referred to our outpatient clinic for multiple cutaneous hemangiomas present since birth. Physical examination revealed 14 small, well-circumscribed red papules, scattered over the head, face, dorsum of the right hand, trunk, lower extremities, buttocks and penis. Ultrasound examination revealed no evidence of visceral involvement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1346-8138.15413DOI Listing

Predictors of the usage of contraceptive implants among women of reproductive age in Ondo State, Southwest Nigeria.

J Prev Med Hyg 2020 Mar 2;61(1):E39-E47. Epub 2020 Apr 2.

Medicins Sans Frontieres, Spain, Nigeria Mission, Damaturu Project.

Background: A major characteristic of all developing countries is rapid population growth which is due to high fertility, birth rates and poor utilization of contraceptive methods. This study therefore assessed the predictors of contraceptive implants utilization among women of reproductive age in Ondo State, Nigeria.

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study design was used and a total of 230 women were selected by multi-stage sampling technique. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15167/2421-4248/jpmh2020.61.1.1367DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7225643PMC

Exposure to conflict-related violence and nutritional status of children in Iraq.

SSM Popul Health 2020 Aug 13;11:100585. Epub 2020 Apr 13.

The World Bank, 1818 H Street, NW Washington, DC, 20433, USA.

There is limited empirical evidence of the health effects of war-related violence on child nutritional status. Using unique micro-level data from Iraq, we create measures of cumulative exposure to violence since conception for children ages two to five based on their date of birth and geographic location. We examine the relationship between height-for-age z-scores, a measure of chronic malnutrition, and four indicators of violence in a regression framework, adjusting for potential confounders and trends. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmph.2020.100585DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7256318PMC

Data for functional MRI connectivity in transgender people with gender incongruence and cisgender individuals.

Data Brief 2020 Aug 15;31:105691. Epub 2020 May 15.

Departamento de Psicobiologia, Facultad de Psicologia, Universidad Nacional de Educacion a Distancia, Madrid, Spain.

We provide T2*-weighted and T1-weighted images acquired on a 3T MRI scanner obtained from 17 transwomen and 29 transmen with gender incongruence; and 22 ciswomen and 19 cismen that identified themselves to the sex assigned at birth. Data from three different techniques that describe global and regional connectivity differences within functional resting-state networks in transwomen and transmen with early-in-life onset gender incongruence are provided: (1) we obtained spatial maps from data-driven independent component analysis using the melodic tool from FSL software; (2) we provide the functional networks interactions of two functional atlases' seeds from a seed-to-seed approach; (3) and global graph-theoretical metrics such as the smallworld organization, and the segregation and integration properties of the networks. Interpretations of the present dataset can be found in the original article, [1]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2020.105691DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7262419PMC

Umbilical cord arterial blood gas analysis in term singleton pregnancies: a retrospective analysis over 11 years.

Obstet Gynecol Sci 2020 May 13;63(3):293-304. Epub 2020 Apr 13.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Objective: Given that the large volume of data on cord arterial blood gas analysis (ABGA) have been rarely addressed in Korean population, we aimed to examine the incidence, associated factors, and neonatal outcomes in cases of low cord pH, and investigate the incidence of cerebral palsy (CP).

Methods: From data of all consecutive term singleton pregnancies delivered in our institution from 2006 to 2016 (n=15,701), cases with cord ABGA (n=14,221) available were included. We collected information on maternal clinical characteristics and delivery outcomes and also examined neonatal and infant outcomes, including neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission and CP, in cases with low cord pH, defined as a pH <7. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5468/ogs.2020.63.3.293DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7231949PMC

Efficacy of fetal cardiac axis evaluation in the first trimester as a screening tool for congenital heart defect or aneuploidy.

Obstet Gynecol Sci 2020 May 7;63(3):278-285. Epub 2020 Apr 7.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea.

Objective: To prove the efficacy of determining the abnormal fetal cardiac axis for screening congenital heart defects (CHDs) and predicting fetal aneuploidy at 11.0 to 13.6 weeks of pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5468/ogs.2020.63.3.278DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7231943PMC

Changes in the perinatal outcomes of twin pregnancies delivered at a tertiary referral center in Korea during a 24-year period from 1995 to 2018.

Obstet Gynecol Sci 2020 May 24;63(3):251-260. Epub 2020 Mar 24.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Objective: To analyze the changes in the clinical characteristics and perinatal outcomes of twin pregnancies delivered at a tertiary referral center in Korea during a 24-year period.

Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of twin pregnancies delivered at 24-40 weeks of gestation, from 1995 to 2018. The subjects were divided into 4 groups according to the year of delivery: 1995-2000, 2001-2006, 2007-2012, and 2013-2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5468/ogs.2020.63.3.251DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7231938PMC

Cervical pessary for preterm twin pregnancy in women with a short cervix.

Obstet Gynecol Sci 2020 May 26;63(3):231-238. Epub 2020 Mar 26.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Gachon University Gil Medical Center, Incheon, Korea.

Objective: We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of cervical pessary for extending twin pregnancy in women with a short cervix.

Methods: Between January 2014 and March 2019, the use of a cervical pessary for twin pregnancy in women with a cervical length of ≤15 mm was investigated between 16 and 28 weeks of gestation. We included women with a shortened cervix after a cerclage procedure and visible fetal membranes and cervical dilatation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5468/ogs.2020.63.3.231DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7231939PMC

The evaluating of pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A with the likelihood of small for gestational age.

Obstet Gynecol Sci 2020 May 16;63(3):225-230. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Pars Advanced and Minimally Invasive Medical Manners Research Center, Pars Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: Recently, strong evidences were obtained on the association between low pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) levels in the first trimester and poor outcomes of pregnancy.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on all pregnant women who were referred to the Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinic at Imam Hossein Hospital in Tehran, Iran in 2014. Women were asked to attend clinical examinations and screening at 11-14 weeks of gestation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5468/ogs.2020.63.3.225DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7231942PMC