127 results match your criteria Biotechnology research international[Journal]


Potential Applications of Some Indigenous Bacteria Isolated from Polluted Areas in the Treatment of Brewery Effluents.

Biotechnol Res Int 2018 11;2018:9745198. Epub 2018 Feb 11.

Microbiology and Microbial Biotechnology Graduate Program, Department of Biology, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia.

Biological wastewater treatment is economically feasible and ecofriendly. This study was aimed at isolating bacteria from brewery wastes and evaluating their bioremediation potential as individual isolate and/or their consortium in reducing the pollutants of brewery effluents. A total of 40 bacterial isolates were recovered and of these the three best isolates were selected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9745198DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5828383PMC
February 2018

Selection and Characterization of Potential Baker's Yeast from Indigenous Resources of Nepal.

Biotechnol Res Int 2017 13;2017:1925820. Epub 2017 Dec 13.

Department of Biotechnology, Kathmandu University, Dhulikhel, Nepal.

The study aims to isolate the yeast strains that could be used effectively as baker's yeast and compare them with the commercial baker's yeast available in the market of Nepal. A total of 10 samples including locally available sources like fruits, Murcha, and a local tree "Dar" were collected from different localities of Bhaktapur, Kavre, and Syangja districts of Nepal, respectively. Following enrichment and fermentation of the samples, 26 yeast strains were isolated using selective medium Wallerstein Laboratory Nutrient Agar. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/1925820DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5745694PMC
December 2017
2 Reads

Generation of Recombinant Antibodies against the beta-(1,6)-Branched beta-(1,3)-D-Glucan Schizophyllan from Immunized Mice via Phage Display.

Biotechnol Res Int 2017 23;2017:8791359. Epub 2017 May 23.

Department for Biotechnology, Institute of Biochemistry, Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Spielmannstraße 17, 38106 Braunschweig, Germany.

beta-(1,6)-Branched beta-(1,3)-D-glucans like schizophyllan from the basidiomycete excite various immunostimulatory effects and have been clinically tested as adjuvants. Some of the glucans are also applicable in food or petrol industry due to their viscosity and temperature stability in aqueous solution. Antibodies against these glucans could be used as tool for analysis of glucan preparations or for further research of its bioactivity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/8791359DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5460441PMC
May 2017
4 Reads

Optimization of Crude Oil and PAHs Degradation by KX082814 Strain through Response Surface Methodology Using Box-Behnken Design.

Biotechnol Res Int 2016 28;2016:4769542. Epub 2016 Dec 28.

Department of Biotechnology, The Oxford College of Engineering, Bengaluru 560068, India.

The present paper describes the process optimization study for crude oil degradation which is a continuation of our earlier work on hydrocarbon degradation study of the isolate (PM-1) with GenBank accession number . Response Surface Methodology with Box-Behnken Design was used to optimize the process wherein temperature, pH, salinity, and inoculum size (at three levels) were used as independent variables and Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon, Biological Oxygen Demand, and Chemical Oxygen Demand of crude oil and PAHs as dependent variables (response). The statistical analysis, via ANOVA, showed coefficient of determination as 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4769542DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5225391PMC
December 2016
3 Reads

Corrigendum to "Proteases from : Active and Thermostable Enzymes with Potential of Application in Biotechnology".

Biotechnol Res Int 2016 12;2016:9872540. Epub 2016 Oct 12.

Department of Natural Products, Farmanguinhos, Oswaldo Cruz Institute (FIOCRUZ), Avenida Brasil 4365, 21045-900 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2016/3427098.]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9872540DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5080461PMC
October 2016

Influence of Halide Solutions on Collagen Networks: Measurements of Physical Properties by Atomic Force Microscopy.

Biotechnol Res Int 2016 18;2016:4956756. Epub 2016 Sep 18.

University of Applied Sciences Technikum Wien, Hoechstaedtplatz 6, 1200 Vienna, Austria.

The influence of aqueous halide solutions on collagen coatings was tested. The effects on resistance against indentation/penetration on adhesion forces were measured by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and the change of Young's modulus of the coating was derived. Comparative measurements over time were conducted with halide solutions of various concentrations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4956756DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5046008PMC
September 2016

Effect of Purified Mushroom Tyrosinase on Melanin Content and Melanogenic Protein Expression.

Biotechnol Res Int 2016 6;2016:9706214. Epub 2016 Sep 6.

Department of Zoology & Biotechnology, Saifia College of Science, Bhopal 462001, India.

In mammalian melanocytes, melanosome is a highly specialized organelle where melanin is synthesized. Melanin synthesis is controlled by tyrosinase, the vital enzyme in melanogenic pathway. The present investigation is based on an effect of purified mushroom tyrosinase of on B16F10 melanocytes for the melanin production via blocking pigment cell machinery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9706214DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5028865PMC
September 2016
7 Reads

β-Cyclodextrin Production by Cyclodextrin Glucanotransferase from an Alkaliphile Microbacterium terrae KNR 9 Using Different Starch Substrates.

Biotechnol Res Int 2016 25;2016:2034359. Epub 2016 Aug 25.

Department of Microbiology, BRD School of Biosciences, Sardar Patel Maidan, Sardar Patel University, Satellite Campus, Bakrol, Vallabh Vidyanagar, Gujarat 388 120, India.

Cyclodextrin glucanotransferase (CGTase, EC 2.4.1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/2034359DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5015009PMC
September 2016

Proteases from Canavalia ensiformis: Active and Thermostable Enzymes with Potential of Application in Biotechnology.

Biotechnol Res Int 2016 17;2016:3427098. Epub 2016 Aug 17.

Department of Natural Products, Farmanguinhos, Oswaldo Cruz Institute (FIOCRUZ), Avenida Brasil 4365, 21045-900 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

Extracts of leaves, seeds, roots, and stem from a tropical legume, C. ensiformis, were prepared employing buffers and detergent in aqueous solution. Leaf extracts had the highest protein content and the most pronounced peptidase activity with optimal pH in the neutral to alkaline range. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3427098DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5005583PMC
September 2016

The Use of Adenovirus Dodecahedron in the Delivery of an Enzymatic Activity in the Cell.

Biotechnol Res Int 2016 8;2016:5030589. Epub 2016 May 8.

Centre National Recherche Scientifique, Université Joseph Fourier, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (Unit of Virus Host Cell Interactions, Unité Mixte Internationale-3265), 38042 Grenoble, France; Institut de Biologie Structurale, 71 rue des Martyrs, 38027 Grenoble, France.

Penton-dodecahedron (Pt-Dd) derived from adenovirus type 3 is a symmetric complex of pentameric penton base plus fiber which can be produced in the baculovirus system at a high concentration. The size of Pt-Dd is smaller than the virus, but this virus-like particle (VLP) has the major proteins recognized by specific receptors on the surface of almost all types of cell. In this study, by direct observation with fluorescence microscopy on a fixed and living cell, the intracellular trafficking and localization of Pt-Dd labeled with fluorescence dyes in the cytoplasm of HeLa Tub-GFP showed a rapid internalization characteristic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5030589DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4875972PMC
May 2016
2 Reads

Screening and Selection of Medium Components for Cyclodextrin Glucanotransferase Production by New Alkaliphile Microbacterium terrae KNR 9 Using Plackett-Burman Design.

Biotechnol Res Int 2016 3;2016:3584807. Epub 2016 Feb 3.

Department of Microbiology, BRD School of Biosciences, Sardar Patel Maidan, Sardar Patel University, Satellite Campus, Bakrol, Vallabh Vidyanagar, Gujarat 388 120, India.

Cyclodextrin glucanotransferase (CGTase, EC 2.4.1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3584807DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4756137PMC
March 2016
3 Reads

Utilization of Crude Glycerol as a Substrate for the Production of Rhamnolipid by Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Biotechnol Res Int 2016 28;2016:3464509. Epub 2016 Jan 28.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, Cairo 11562, Egypt.

Biosurfactants are produced by bacteria or yeast utilizing different substrates as sugars, glycerol, or oils. They have important applications in the detergent, oil, and pharmaceutical industries. Glycerol is the product of biodiesel industry and the existing glycerol market cannot accommodate the excess amounts generated; consequently, new markets for refined glycerol need to be developed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3464509DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4749778PMC
March 2016
7 Reads

Synergistic Effects of Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria and Chitosan on In Vitro Seeds Germination, Greenhouse Growth, and Nutrient Uptake of Maize (Zea mays L.).

Biotechnol Res Int 2016 20;2016:7830182. Epub 2016 Jan 20.

Laboratoire de Biologie et de Typage Moléculaire en Microbiologie, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université d'Abomey-Calavi, 05 BP 1604 Cotonou, Benin.

This study aimed to assess the effects of three plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) and chitosan either singly or in combination on maize seeds germination and growth and nutrient uptake. Maize seeds were treated with chitosan and bacterial solution. The germination and growth tests were carried out in square Petri dishes and plastic pots. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7830182DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4745574PMC
February 2016
34 Reads
1 Citation

Role of Heat-Shock Proteins in Cellular Function and in the Biology of Fungi.

Biotechnol Res Int 2015 31;2015:132635. Epub 2015 Dec 31.

Department of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Jaypee University of Information Technology, Solan, Himachal Pradesh 173234, India.

Stress (biotic or abiotic) is an unfavourable condition for an organism including fungus. To overcome stress, organism expresses heat-shock proteins (Hsps) or chaperons to perform biological function. Hsps are involved in various routine biological processes such as transcription, translation and posttranslational modifications, protein folding, and aggregation and disaggregation of proteins. Read More

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http://downloads.hindawi.com/journals/btri/2015/132635.pdf
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http://www.hindawi.com/journals/btri/2015/132635/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/132635DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4736001PMC
February 2016
2 Reads

Prospects for Irradiation in Cellulosic Ethanol Production.

Biotechnol Res Int 2015 29;2015:157139. Epub 2015 Dec 29.

Department of Biotechnology, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, Haryana 136119, India.

Second generation bioethanol production technology relies on lignocellulosic biomass composed of hemicelluloses, celluloses, and lignin components. Cellulose and hemicellulose are sources of fermentable sugars. But the structural characteristics of lignocelluloses pose hindrance to the conversion of these sugar polysaccharides into ethanol. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/157139DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4709612PMC
February 2016
8 Reads

Response Surface Optimization of Bioethanol Production from Sugarcane Molasses by Pichia veronae Strain HSC-22.

Biotechnol Res Int 2015 8;2015:905792. Epub 2015 Dec 8.

Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute, P.O. Box 11727, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt.

Pichia veronae strain HSC-22 (accession number KP012558) showed a good tolerance to relatively high temperature, ethanol and sugar concentrations. Response surface optimization based on central composite design of experiments predicted the optimal values of the influencing parameters that affect the production of bioethanol from sugarcane molasses to be as follows: initial pH 5, 25% (w : v) initial molasses concentration, 35°C, 116 rpm, and 60 h. Under these optimum operating conditions the maximum bioethanol production on a batch fermenter scale was recorded as 32. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/905792DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4687335PMC
January 2016
6 Reads
1 Citation

Enhanced Bioremediation of Soil Artificially Contaminated with Petroleum Hydrocarbons after Amendment with Capra aegagrus hircus (Goat) Manure.

Biotechnol Res Int 2015 6;2015:657349. Epub 2015 Dec 6.

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, University of Port Harcourt, East West Road, PMB 5323, Choba, Port Harcourt 500004, Rivers State, Nigeria.

This study was carried out to evaluate the biostimulant potentials of Capra aegagrus hircus manure for bioremediation of crude oil contaminated soil (COCS) under tropical conditions. 1 kg of COCS sample was amended with 0.02 kg of C. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/657349DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4684848PMC
January 2016
4 Reads

Plant Growth Promotion Activity of Keratinolytic Fungi Growing on a Recalcitrant Waste Known as "Hair Waste".

Biotechnol Res Int 2015 30;2015:952921. Epub 2015 Nov 30.

Research and Development Center for Industrial Fermentations (CINDEFI), CONICET La Plata-UNLP, Calle 47 y 115, B1900ASH La Plata, Argentina.

Purpureocillium lilacinum (Thom) Samsom is one of the most studied fungi in the control of plant parasitic nematodes. However, there is not specific information on its ability to inhibit some pathogenic bacteria, fungi, or yeast. This work reports the production of several antifungal hydrolytic enzymes by a strain of P. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/952921DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4677195PMC
December 2015

Purification, Characterization of L-Methioninase from Candida tropicalis, and Its Application as an Anticancer.

Biotechnol Res Int 2015 24;2015:173140. Epub 2015 Nov 24.

National Research Centre, P.O. Box 12622, Dokki, Giza, Egypt.

The aim of the present study is to purify L-methioninase from Candida tropicalis 34.19-fold with 27.98% recovery after ion exchange chromatography followed by gel filtration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/173140DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4672112PMC
December 2015
1 Read

Technical and Socioeconomic Potential of Biogas from Cassava Waste in Ghana.

Biotechnol Res Int 2015 18;2015:828576. Epub 2015 Nov 18.

The Energy Center, KNUST, Kumasi, Ghana ; Department of Chemical Engineering, KNUST, Kumasi, Ghana.

This study analyses technical potential and ex ante socioeconomic impacts of biogas production using cassava waste from agroprocessing plants. An analysis was performed for two biodigesters in two cassava processing communities in Ghana. The results showed that the two communities generate an excess of 4,500 tonnes of cassava peels per year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/828576DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4667050PMC
December 2015
2 Reads

Metagenomics: Retrospect and Prospects in High Throughput Age.

Biotechnol Res Int 2015 17;2015:121735. Epub 2015 Nov 17.

ICAR-National Institute of Abiotic Stress Management, Baramati, Pune, Maharashtra 413115, India.

In recent years, metagenomics has emerged as a powerful tool for mining of hidden microbial treasure in a culture independent manner. In the last two decades, metagenomics has been applied extensively to exploit concealed potential of microbial communities from almost all sorts of habitats. A brief historic progress made over the period is discussed in terms of origin of metagenomics to its current state and also the discovery of novel biological functions of commercial importance from metagenomes of diverse habitats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/121735DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4664791PMC
December 2015
3 Reads

Production of Oxidative and Hydrolytic Enzymes by Coprinus cinereus (Schaeff.) Gray from Sisal Wastes Supplemented with Cow Dung Manure.

Biotechnol Res Int 2015 19;2015:650543. Epub 2015 Nov 19.

Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, College of Natural and Applied Sciences, University of Dar es Salaam, Uvumbuzi Road, P.O. Box 35179, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

The activity of oxidative and hydrolytic enzymes of the edible and medicinal white rot fungi Coprinus cinereus (Schaeff.) Gray mushroom was observed during mycelia growth and fruiting body development in solid substrate fermentation using sisal waste fractions amended with cow dung manure as supplement. Laccase had the highest titre value among the five detected enzymes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/650543DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4668298PMC
December 2015

Mass and Energy Balances of Dry Thermophilic Anaerobic Digestion Treating Swine Manure Mixed with Rice Straw.

Biotechnol Res Int 2015 2;2015:895015. Epub 2015 Nov 2.

Institute of Engineering, Tokyo University of Agriculture & Technology, Tokyo 184-8588, Japan.

To evaluate the feasibility of swine manure treatment by a proposed Dry Thermophilic Anaerobic Digestion (DT-AD) system, we evaluated the methane yield of swine manure treated using a DT-AD method with rice straw under different C/N ratios and solid retention time (SRT) and calculated the mass and energy balances when the DT-AD system is used for swine manure treatment from a model farm with 1000 pigs and the digested residue is used for forage rice production. A traditional swine manure treatment Oxidation Ditch system was used as the study control. The results suggest that methane yield using the proposed DT-AD system increased with a higher C/N ratio and shorter SRT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/895015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4644824PMC
November 2015
51 Reads

Extracellular α-Galactosidase from Trichoderma sp. (WF-3): Optimization of Enzyme Production and Biochemical Characterization.

Biotechnol Res Int 2015 2;2015:860343. Epub 2015 Nov 2.

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Allahabad, Allahabad 211002, India.

Trichoderma spp. have been reported earlier for their excellent capacity of secreting extracellular α-galactosidase. This communication focuses on the optimization of culture conditions for optimal production of enzyme and its characterization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/860343DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4644822PMC
November 2015
6 Reads

Effect of Nitrite and Nitrate Concentrations on the Performance of AFB-MFC Enriched with High-Strength Synthetic Wastewater.

Biotechnol Res Int 2015 1;2015:798397. Epub 2015 Oct 1.

Chongqing Research Institute of Environmental Sciences, Chongqing 401147, China.

In order to study the effect of nitrite and nitrate on the performance of microbial fuel cell, a system combining an anaerobic fluidized bed (AFB) and a microbial fuel cell (MFC) was employed for high-strength nitrogen-containing synthetic wastewater treatment. Before this study, the AFB-MFC had been used to treat high-strength organic wastewater for about one year in a continuous flow mode. The results showed that when the concentrations of nitrite nitrogen and nitrate nitrogen were increased from 1700 mg/L to 4045 mg/L and 545 mg/L to 1427 mg/L, respectively, the nitrite nitrogen and nitrate nitrogen removal efficiencies were both above 99%; the COD removal efficiency went up from 60. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/798397DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4606404PMC
October 2015
5 Reads

Establishment of MDCK Stable Cell Lines Expressing TMPRSS2 and MSPL and Their Applications in Propagating Influenza Vaccine Viruses in Absence of Exogenous Trypsin.

Biotechnol Res Int 2015 30;2015:402628. Epub 2015 Mar 30.

State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Biotechnology, Harbin Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 427 Maduan Street, Harbin 150001, China.

We established two Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cell lines stably expressing human airway transmembrane protease: transmembrane protease, serine 2 (TMPRSS2) and mosaic serine protease large form (MSPL) which support multicycle growth of two H5 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (HPAIV) recombinant vaccines (Re-5 and Re-6) and an H9 avian influenza virus (AIV) recombinant vaccine (Re-9) in the absence of trypsin. Data showed that the cell lines stably expressed TMPRSS2 and MSPL after 20 serial passages. Both MDCK-TMPRSS2 and MDCK-MSPL could proteolytically cleave the HA of Re-5, Re-6, and Re-9 and supported high-titer growth of the vaccine without exogenous trypsin. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/archive/2015/402628/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/402628DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4396729PMC
April 2015
4 Reads

In silico analysis of bioethanol overproduction by genetically modified microorganisms in coculture fermentation.

Biotechnol Res Int 2015 16;2015:238082. Epub 2015 Feb 16.

Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur 721 302, India.

Lignocellulosic biomass is an attractive sustainable carbon source for fermentative production of bioethanol. In this context, use of microbial consortia consisting of substrate-selective microbes is advantageous as it eliminates the negative impacts of glucose catabolite repression. In this study, a detailed in silico analysis of bioethanol production from glucose-xylose mixtures of various compositions by coculture fermentation of xylose-selective Escherichia coli strain ZSC113 and glucose-selective wild-type Saccharomyces cerevisiae is presented. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/238082DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4345248PMC
March 2015
2 Reads

Application of two-stage cultivation for exploring the nutritional requirements for sporulation of three biocontrol fungi.

Authors:
Li Gao

Biotechnol Res Int 2015 29;2015:682839. Epub 2015 Jan 29.

State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Disease and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, CAAS, Beijing 100193, China.

Fungicide was an important part in mycopesticides, which play an important role in pest management, while their mass production and commercialization faced problem. We found that the nutrition for mycelia growth and sporulation differences a lot. So, we developed "two-step method" to define the nutrition for sporulation in this paper. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/archive/2015/682839/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/682839DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4325473PMC
February 2015
7 Reads

Production and Multiplication of Native Compost Fungal Activator by Using Different Substrates and Its Influence on Growth and Development of Capsicum chinensis Jacq. "Bhut Jolokia".

Biotechnol Res Int 2015 6;2015:481363. Epub 2015 Jan 6.

Mycology and Soil Microbiology Research Laboratory, Rain Forest Research Institute (ICFRE), An Autonomous Council of Ministry of Environment & Forests, Government of India, Deovan, Jorhat, Assam 785001, India.

In vitro experiment was carried out to see the effect of saw dusts of Pinus kesiya, Shorea robusta, and Callicarpa arborea on Trichoderma harzianum, isolate TH-13 mass production, along with its biotization effect on Capsicum chinensis Jacq. "Bhut Jolokia." Early mycelium initiation (2 days) occurred in S. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/archive/2015/481363/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/481363DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4303005PMC
January 2015
9 Reads

Enhanced Production of Ligninolytic Enzymes by a Mushroom Stereum ostrea.

Biotechnol Res Int 2014 30;2014:815495. Epub 2014 Dec 30.

Department of Microbiology, Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh 515003, India.

The white rot fungi Stereum ostrea displayed a wide diversity in their response to supplemented inducers, surfactants, and copper sulphate in solid state fermentation. Among the inducers tested, 0.02% veratryl alcohol increased the ligninolytic enzyme production to a significant extent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/815495DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4293863PMC
January 2015
1 Read

A Metabonomic Study of the Effect of Methanol Extract of Ginger on Raji Cells Using (1)HNMR Spectroscopy.

Biotechnol Res Int 2014 28;2014:572534. Epub 2014 Dec 28.

Biochemistry Department, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Pasteur Avenue, Tehran 1316943551, Iran.

Cancer is currently a major international health problem. The development of resistance to chemotherapy has resulted in the search for herbal drugs. Ginger is a medicinal plant with several clinical applications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/572534DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4291193PMC
January 2015

Assessing the Effect of Composting Cassava Peel Based Substrates on the Yield, Nutritional Quality, and Physical Characteristics of Pleurotus ostreatus (Jacq. ex Fr.) Kummer.

Biotechnol Res Int 2014 17;2014:571520. Epub 2014 Dec 17.

CSIR-Food Research Institute, P.O. Box M 20, Accra, Ghana.

Cassava peel based substrate formulations as an alternative substrate were used to grow mushrooms. The effect of two compost heights, three composting periods on the mycelia growth, physical characteristics, yield, and nutritional qualities of Pleurotus ostreatus (Jacq. ex Fr. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/571520DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4281436PMC
January 2015

Ethanol Production from Extruded Thermoplastic Maize Meal by High Gravity Fermentation with Zymomonas mobilis.

Biotechnol Res Int 2014 3;2014:654853. Epub 2014 Nov 3.

Centro de Biotecnología FEMSA, Tecnológico de Monterrey, Avenida Eugenio Garza Sada 2501 Sur, Col. Tecnológico, 64849 Monterrey, NL, Mexico.

A comparative study of extruded and ground maize meals as raw materials for the production of regular (12°P) and high gravity (20°P) worts was devised. Extruded water solubility index (WSI) was higher (9.8 percentage units) and crude fat was lower (2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/654853DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4235189PMC
December 2014
6 Reads

Comparative Studies of Oleaginous Fungal Strains (Mucor circinelloides and Trichoderma reesei) for Effective Wastewater Treatment and Bio-Oil Production.

Biotechnol Res Int 2014 2;2014:479370. Epub 2014 Nov 2.

COE Biotechnology, R.D. Aga Research, Technology and Innovation Centre, Thermax Ltd., Pune 411019, India.

Biological wastewater treatment typically requires the use of bacteria for degradation of carbonaceous and nitrogenous compounds present in wastewater. The high lipid containing biomass can be used to extract oil and the contents can be termed as bio-oil (or biodiesel or myco-diesel after transesterification). The separate experiments were conducted on actual wastewater samples with 5% v/v inoculum of Mucor circinelloides MTCC1297 and Trichoderma reesei NCIM992 strains. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/479370DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4233713PMC
December 2014
1 Read

Biotransformation of Indigo Pigment by Indigenously Isolated Pseudomonas sp. HAV-1 and Assessment of Its Antioxidant Property.

Biotechnol Res Int 2014 17;2014:109249. Epub 2014 Nov 17.

Department of Microbiology, P. D. Patel Institute of Applied Sciences, Charotar University of Science & Technology, Changa, Gujarat 388 421, India.

Chemical synthesis of indigo poses harsh environmental hazards and adverse human health effects. This necessitates an environment-friendly and producer-friendly approach for indigo production. The present study was thus significant as it reports an indigenously isolated potential indigo pigment producing culture identified as Pseudomonas sp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/109249DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4251628PMC
December 2014

Fermented fruits and vegetables of Asia: a potential source of probiotics.

Biotechnol Res Int 2014 28;2014:250424. Epub 2014 May 28.

Gandhigram Rural Institute-Deemed University, Gandhigram, Tamil Nadu 624302, India.

As world population increases, lactic acid fermentation is expected to become an important role in preserving fresh vegetables, fruits, and other food items for feeding humanity in developing countries. However, several fermented fruits and vegetables products (Sauerkraut, Kimchi, Gundruk, Khalpi, Sinki, etc.) have a long history in human nutrition from ancient ages and are associated with the several social aspects of different communities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/250424DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4058509PMC
October 2014
4 Reads
22 Citations

Overcome of Carbon Catabolite Repression of Bioinsecticides Production by Sporeless Bacillus thuringiensis through Adequate Fermentation Technology.

Biotechnol Res Int 2014 17;2014:698587. Epub 2014 Sep 17.

Department of Biological & Environmental Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences, Qatar University, P.O. Box 2713, Doha, Qatar.

The overcoming of catabolite repression, in bioinsecticides production by sporeless Bacillus thuringiensis strain S22 was investigated into fully controlled 3 L fermenter, using glucose based medium. When applying adequate oxygen profile throughout the fermentation period (75% oxygen saturation), it was possible to partially overcome the catabolite repression, normally occurring at high initial glucose concentrations (30 and 40 g/L glucose). Moreover, toxin production yield by sporeless strain S22 was markedly improved by the adoption of the fed-batch intermittent cultures technology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/698587DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4182890PMC
October 2014
1 Read

Antidepressant Fluoxetine Modulates the In Vitro Inhibitory Activity of Buffalo Brain Cystatin: A Thermodynamic Study Using UV and Fluorescence Techniques.

Biotechnol Res Int 2014 24;2014:319397. Epub 2014 Jul 24.

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Life Sciences Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 202002, India.

Cystatins constitute a superfamily of homologous proteins. The major role of cystatins is to regulate the unwanted proteolysis and to protect the organism against endogenous proteases released from lysosomes, invading microorganisms and parasites that use cysteine proteases to enter the body. Imbalance in regulation of proteolytic activity may lead to a wide range of human diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/319397DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4131466PMC
August 2014
3 Reads

Isolation and characterization of bacteriophages infecting nocardioforms in wastewater treatment plant.

Biotechnol Res Int 2014 22;2014:151952. Epub 2014 Jul 22.

Environmental Virology Cell, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (CSIR-NEERI), Nehru Marg, Nagpur, Maharashtra 440020, India.

Activated sludge plants (ASP) are associated with the stable foaming problem worldwide. Apart from the physical and chemical treatment methods, biological treatment method has been least explored and may prove to be a novel and ecofriendly approach to tackle the problem of stable foam formation. In ASP Nocardia species are commonly found and are one of the major causes for forming sticky and stable foam. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/151952DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4129933PMC
August 2014
1 Read

Optimization of Medium Composition for the Production of Neomycin by Streptomyces fradiae NCIM 2418 in Solid State Fermentation.

Biotechnol Res Int 2014 9;2014:674286. Epub 2014 Jun 9.

Department of PG Studies and Research in Biochemistry, Jnana Sahayadri Kuvempu University, Shankarghatta, Karnataka 577 451, India.

Neomycin production of Streptomyces fradiae NCIM 2418 was optimized by using response surface methodology (RSM), which is powerful mathematical approach comprehensively applied in the optimization of solid state fermentation processes. In the first step of optimization, with Placket-Burman design, ammonium chloride, sodium nitrate, L-histidine, and ammonium nitrate were established to be the crucial nutritional factors affecting neomycin production significantly. In the second step, a 2(4) full factorial central composite design and RSM were applied to determine the optimal concentration of significant variable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/674286DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4070395PMC

Characterization of modified magnetite nanoparticles for albumin immobilization.

Biotechnol Res Int 2014 22;2014:705068. Epub 2014 May 22.

Department of Chemistry, University of Isfahan, Isfahan 81746-73441, Iran.

Magnetite Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) were prepared by chemical coprecipitation method. Silica-coated magnetite NPs were prepared by sol-gel reaction, subsequently coated with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) via silanization reaction, and then were activated with 2,4,6-trichloro-1,3,5-triazine (TCT) and covalently immobilized with bovine serum albumin (BSA). The size and structure of the particles were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), and dynamic light scattering (DLS) techniques. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/705068DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4054909PMC
June 2014
1 Read

Characterization of β -Glucosidase Produced by Aspergillus niger under Solid-State Fermentation and Partially Purified Using MANAE-Agarose.

Biotechnol Res Int 2014 1;2014:317092. Epub 2014 Apr 1.

Departamento de Engenharia Química, Universidade Federal de São Carlos, Rodovia Washington Luiz km 235, 13565-905 São Carlos, SP, Brazil ; Embrapa Instrumentação, Rua XV de Novembro 1452, 13560-970 São Carlos, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

β -Glucosidase (BGL) is a hydrolytic enzyme with specificity for a wide variety of glycoside substrates, being an enzyme with a large range of biotechnological applications. However, enzyme properties can be different depending both on the microorganism and the cultivation procedure employed. Therefore, in order to explore potential biocatalytical applications of novel enzymes, their characterization is essential. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/317092DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3988745PMC
June 2014
2 Reads

Algae oil: a sustainable renewable fuel of future.

Biotechnol Res Int 2014 5;2014:272814. Epub 2014 May 5.

School of Bio Sciences and Technology, VIT University, Vellore, Tamil Nadu 632014, India.

A nonrenewable fuel like petroleum has been used from centuries and its usage has kept on increasing day by day. This also contributes to increased production of greenhouse gases contributing towards global issues like global warming. In order to meet environmental and economic sustainability, renewable, carbon neutral transport fuels are necessary. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/archive/2014/272814/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/272814DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4026879PMC
June 2014
11 Reads

Parametric Optimization of Cultural Conditions for Carboxymethyl Cellulase Production Using Pretreated Rice Straw by Bacillus sp. 313SI under Stationary and Shaking Conditions.

Biotechnol Res Int 2014 29;2014:651839. Epub 2014 Apr 29.

Department of Microbiology, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, Haryana 136119, India.

Carboxymethyl cellulase (CMCase) provides a key opportunity for achieving tremendous benefits of utilizing rice straw as cellulosic biomass. Out of total 80 microbial isolates from different ecological niches one bacterial strain, identified as Bacillus sp. 313SI, was selected for CMCase production under stationary as well as shaking conditions of growth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/651839DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4020544PMC
May 2014
1 Read

Cloning, Sequencing, and In Silico Analysis of β-Propeller Phytase Bacillus licheniformis Strain PB-13.

Biotechnol Res Int 2014 24;2014:841353. Epub 2014 Apr 24.

Department of Biochemistry, College of Basic Sciences and Humanities, G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar 263145, India.

β -Propeller phytases (BPPhy) are widely distributed in nature and play a major role in phytate-phosphorus cycling. In the present study, a BPPhy gene from Bacillus licheniformis strain was expressed in E. coli with a phytase activity of 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/841353DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4017775PMC
May 2014
1 Read
1 Citation

Statistical Optimization of Media Components for Production of Fibrinolytic Alkaline Metalloproteases from Xenorhabdus indica KB-3.

Biotechnol Res Int 2014 23;2014:293434. Epub 2014 Apr 23.

Division of Microbiology, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110012, India.

Xenorhabdus indica KB-3, a well-known protease producer, was isolated from its entomopathogenic nematode symbiont Steinernema thermophilum. Since medium constituents are critical to the protease production, the chemical components of the selected medium (soya casein digest broth) were optimized by rotatable central composite design (RCCD) using response surface methodology (RSM). The effects of all five chemical components (considered as independent variables), namely tryptone, soya peptone, dextrose, NaCl, and dipotassium phosphate, on protease production (dependent variable) were studied, and it was found that tryptone and dextrose had maximum influence on protease production. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/293434DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4017731PMC
May 2014
9 Reads

Biocontrol Activity of the Local Strain of Metschnikowia pulcherrima on Different Postharvest Pathogens.

Biotechnol Res Int 2014 17;2014:397167. Epub 2014 Apr 17.

Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Uludag University, 16059 Bursa, Turkey.

The strains of the yeast Metschnikowia pulcherrima have strong biocontrol activity against various microorganisms. Biocontrol activity of M. pulcherrima largely depends on its iron immobilizing pigment pulcherrimin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/397167DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4016867PMC

Evaluation of novel design strategies for developing zinc finger nucleases tools for treating human diseases.

Biotechnol Res Int 2014 6;2014:970595. Epub 2014 Apr 6.

University of Bridgeport, Electrical Engineering, 221 University Avenue, Bridgeport, CT 06604, USA.

Zinc finger nucleases (ZFNs) are associated with cell death and apoptosis by binding at countless undesired locations. This cytotoxicity is associated with the binding ability of engineered zinc finger domains to bind dissimilar DNA sequences with high affinity. In general, binding preferences of transcription factors are associated with significant degenerated diversity and complexity which convolutes the design and engineering of precise DNA binding domains. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/970595DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3997970PMC

Production of bioactive compounds by actinomycetes and their antioxidant properties.

Biotechnol Res Int 2014 26;2014:217030. Epub 2014 Mar 26.

Department of Virology, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh 517502, India.

An actinomycete was isolated from mangrove soil collected from Nellore region of Andhra Pradesh, India, and screened for its ability to produce bioactive compounds. The cultural, morphological, and biochemical characters and 16S rRNA sequencing suggest that the isolated strain is Nocardiopsis alba. The bioactive compounds produced by this strain were purified by column chromatography. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/217030DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3984769PMC
May 2014
13 Reads
4 Citations