School of Chemical Engineering, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK, USA.
The hybrid gasification-syngas fermentation platform can produce more bioethanol utilizing all biomass components compared to the biochemical conversion technology. Syngas fermentation operates at mild temperatures and pressures and avoids using expensive pretreatment processes and enzymes. This study presents a new process simulation model developed with Aspen Plus® of a biorefinery based on a hybrid conversion technology for the production of anhydrous ethanol using 1200tons per day (wb) of switchgrass. Read More
Faculty of Engineering and Green Technology, Universiti of Tunku Abdul Rahman, 31900 Kampar, Perak, Malaysia. Electronic address:
It was found that the operational temperature and the incorporation of microbial fuel cell (MFC) into anaerobic membrane bioreactor (AnMBR) have significant effect on AnMBRs' filtration performance. This paper addresses two issues (i) effect of temperature on AnMBR; and (ii) effect of MFC on AnMBRs' performance. The highest COD removal efficiency was observed in mesophilic condition (45°C). Read More
Bioresour Technol 2017 Aug 20;245(Pt A):906-915. Epub 2017 Aug 20.
Chemical Engineering Department, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:
In this work, batch enzyme-aided extraction and enzymatic saccharification of blade-milled orange waste was studied. The operation variables for this process were thoroughly analysed. It was determined that batch runs with initial pH values of 5. Read More
Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica, No. 128 Academia Road, Sec. 2, Nankang, Taipei 115, Taiwan; Department of Life Sciences, National Chung Hsing University, No. 250, Kuo Kuang Rd, Taichung 402, Taiwan; Department of Medical Research, China Medical University Hospital, China Medical University, No. 91 Hsueh-Shih Road, Taichung 402, Taiwan; Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, United States. Electronic address:
In this study, an astaxanthin-biosynthesis Kluyveromyces marxianus strain Sm23 was first constructed, which could produce 31µg/g DCW astaxanthin. Then, repeated genome integration of the key astaxanthin biosynthesis genes Hpchyb and bkt was done to increase gene copy number and astaxanthin yield. Four improved strains were obtained and the yield of astaxanthin and the total yield of carotenoids in a strain increased with the copy numbers of Hpchyb and bkt. Read More
Bioresour Technol 2017 Aug 30;245(Pt A):890-898. Epub 2017 Aug 30.
CSIRO Land and Water, Western Australia, Australia; School of Engineering and Information Technology, Murdoch University, Western Australia 6150, Australia. Electronic address:
This work aimed to study the feasibility of using bioelectrochemical systems (BES) for organics removal under alkaline-saline and nitrogen (N) deficient conditions. Two BES inoculated with activated sludge were examined for organics (oxalate, acetate, formate) oxidation under alkaline-saline (pH 9.5, 25g/L NaCl) and N deficient conditions. Read More
Collaborative Innovation Center of Biomass Energy, Henan Province, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450002, PR China. Electronic address:
Taken common agricultural residues as substrate, dark fermentation bio-hydrogen yield capacity from asynchronous saccharification and fermentation (ASF) and simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) was investigated. The highest hydrogen yield of 472.75mL was achieved with corncob using ASF. Read More
Collaborative Innovation Center of Biomass Energy, Henan Province, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450002, PR China. Electronic address:
Effluent of bio-hydrogen production system also can be adopted to produce methane for further fermentation, cogeneration of hydrogen and methane will significantly improve the energy conversion efficiency. Platanus Orientalis leaves were taken as the raw material for photo- and dark-fermentation bio-hydrogen production. The resulting concentrations of acetic, butyric, and propionic acids and ethanol in the photo- and dark-fermentation effluents were 2966mg/L and 624mg/L, 422mg/L and 1624mg/L, 1365mg/L and 558mg/L, and 866mg/L and 1352mg/L, respectively. Read More
University of Hohenheim, State Institute of Agricultural Engineering and Bioenergy, Garbenstraße 9, Stuttgart 70599, Germany.
The study investigated the influence of the target pH-values 4.5, 5, 5.5 and 6 in the acidification reactor on process parameters, such as substrate-specific methane yield and the intermediates, in the two-stage anaerobic digestion of sugar beet silage. Read More
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of different types of food wastes on the process efficiency and microbial community structures in full-scale anaerobic digesters and to identify parameters that affect these criteria. Six full-scale anaerobic digesters were investigated; three were operated under "wet" condition (total solids TS≤10%), and three were run under "semi-dry" condition (10%≤TS≤20%). Removal efficiency of volatile solids was much higher in the wet digesters (75. Read More
State Key Laboratory of Coal Combustion, School of Power and Energy Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 430074 Wuhan, China.
Co-pyrolysis of biomass has a potential to change the quality of pyrolytic bio-oil. In this work, co-pyrolysis of bamboo, a typical lignocellulosic biomass, and Nannochloropsis sp. (NS), a microalgae, was carried out in a fixed bed reactor at a range of mixing ratio of NS and bamboo, to find out whether the quality of pyrolytic bio-oil was improved. Read More
State Key Joint Laboratory of Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China; Department of Water Pollution Control Technology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100049 Beijing, China. Electronic address:
The role of graphene oxide (GO) on anaerobic digestion (AD) of swine manure concerning the performance, microbial community and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) reduction was investigated. Results showed that methane production was reduced by 13.1%, 10. Read More
Platform of Bioethanol, Laboratory of Biochemical Engineering, College of Pharmaceutical Engineering and Life Science, Changzhou University, Changzhou, China; Hubei Collaborative Innovation Center for Green Transformation of Bio-resources, Hubei Key Laboratory of Industrial Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Hubei University, Wuhan, China.
One-pot synthesis of furfuralcohol from corncob-derived xylose was attempted by the tandem catalysis with solid acid SO4(2-)/SnO2-kaoline and recombination Escherichia coli CCZU-T15 whole-cells in the toluene-water media. Using SO4(2-)/SnO2-kaoline (3.5wt%) as catalyst, the furfural yield of 74. Read More
Department of Molecular Biotechnology, Graduate School of Advanced Sciences of Matter, Hiroshima University, 1-3-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8530, Japan; CREST, JST, Japan. Electronic address:
The activation of microbes, which are needed to initiate continuous methane production, can be accomplished by fed-batch methanization. In the present study, marine sediment inoculum was activated by batch mode methanization with repetition of substrate addition using defined organic matter from sugar, protein, or fat at seawater salinity to investigate the potential for application of the activation method to various types of saline waste and microbial community compositions. All substrates had methane potentials close to the theoretical value except for bovine serum albumin (BSA) whose methane potential was lower, but the maximum methane potential reached the value during repeated methanization. Read More
Non-productive adsorption of cellulase onto lignin restricted the movement of cellulase and also hindered the cellulase recycling in bioconversion of lignocellulose. In this study, effect of temperature and pH on adsorption and desorption of cellobiohydrolase (CBH) on lignin and its possible mechanism were discussed. It found that pH value and temperature influenced the adsorption and desorption behaviors of CBH on lignin. Read More
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University, 6-6-06 Aza-Aoba, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8579, Japan; Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Tohoku University, 6-6-06 Aza-Aoba, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8579, Japan. Electronic address:
An anaerobic membrane bioreactor was configured for methanogenic degradation of cellulose-containing sewage. The degradation performance and microbial changes were evaluated under five hydraulic retention times (HRTs). The results indicated the methane production was largely enhanced with 92. Read More
Three tubular anaerobic digestion (AD) systems were installed in Haiti to treat black water (toilet-based wastewater), including a three cell 36m(3) clinic digester (CD), a two cell 2m(3) hotel digester (HD), and a three-cell 3m(3) farm digester (FD) for worker use. During digestion, total coliforms were reduced by 99.1%, E. Read More
3,4-Dihydroxybutyric acid (3,4-DHBA), a versatile platform four carbon (C4) chemical, can be used as a precursor in the production of many commercially important chemicals. Here, a dual-substrate biosynthesis system was developed for 3,4-DHBA production via a synthetic pathway established in an engineered Escherichia coli, and using xylose as a synthetic substrate and glucose as a cell growth substrate. The deletion of genes xylA, yjhH and yagE and others encoding for alcohol dehydrogenases in E. Read More
State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China.
Three identical anoxic-aerobic membrane bioreactors (MBRs) were operated in parallel for 300 consecutive days for raw (R1), ozonated (R2) and catalytic ozonated (R3) biologically pretreated coal gasification wastewater (BPCGW) treatment. The results demonstrated that catalytic ozonation process (COP) applied asa pretreatment remarkably improved the performance of the unsatisfactory single MBR. The overall removal efficiencies of COD, NH3-N and TN in R3 were 92. Read More
College of Architecture and Environment, Sichuan University, No. 24 South Section 1 First Ring Road, Chengdu 610065, Sichuan, China.
Aerobic composting of distilled grain waste (DGW) at different initial pH values adjusted by CaO addition was investigated. Three pH-adjusted treatments with initial pH values of 4 (R1), 5 (R2) and 6 (R3) and a control treatment (R0) with a pH value of 3.5 were conducted simultaneously. Read More
Department of Molecular Science, Swedish University of Agricultural Science, Uppsala BioCenter, P.O. Box 7025, SE-75007 Uppsala, Sweden. Electronic address:
This study evaluated the importance of inoculum source for start-up and operation of biogas processes. Three different inocula with different community structure were used to initiate six laboratory continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR) processes operated with a grass manure mixture as substrate. The processes were evaluated by chemical and microbiological analysis, by targeting the overall bacterial community and potential cellulose-degrading bacteria. Read More
Bioresour Technol 2017 Aug 24;245(Pt A):760-767. Epub 2017 Aug 24.
The Key Lab of Enhanced Heat Transfer and Energy Conservation, Ministry of Education, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, South China University of Technology, No. 381, Wushan Road, Guangzhou 510640, China. Electronic address:
Membrane-based methodology electrodialysis (ED) was employed for the quick and efficient recovery of ionic liquid AmimCl from the aqueous solutions after biomass pretreatment with AmimCl-aqueous methanol/ethanol systems. IL recovery performance was relatively stable as the variation of IL-alcohol systems employed in the pretreatment process. IL recovery ratio (R) of 66%-71%, IL recovery performance of specific energy consumption (Sp) of 429-467g/kwh and IL transport rate (Tr) of 5. Read More
University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Department of Environment Engineering, Warszawska 117, 10-720 Olsztyn, Poland.
This study compared the effects on biogas production of suspended sludge versus a combination of suspended sludge and immobilized biomass, and microwave versus convection heating. Biogas production was the highest in the hybrid bioreactor heated by microwaves (385L/kg VS) and also the most stable, as shown by the FOS/TAC ratio and pH. Regardless of the type of heating, biogas production was 8% higher with immobilized biomass than without. Read More
Dept. of Environ. Eng., Inha University, Namgu, Inharo 100, Incheon, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
This review presented the performances of the pilot-scale anaerobic membrane bioreactors (AnMBRs) treating domestic wastewater. High COD removal efficiencies and low biosolids productions were achieved at HRTs comparable to conventional aerobic processes under ambient temperatures. The energy demands for fouling control in the pilot-scale AnMBRs ranged from 0. Read More
Laboratory for Research on Advanced Processes for Water Treatment, Instituto de Ingeniería, Unidad Académica Juriquilla, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Blvd. Juriquilla 3001, Querétaro 76230, Mexico. Electronic address:
This work assessed the feasibility of a hydrogenotrophic biogas process integrated with a membrane module in the external-loop design. The major scope was to conduct the investigation from the perspective of the membrane unit and reveal how the operating strategy influences the efficiency of biogas formation. It was observed that the fermenter worked with an improved efficacy, indicated by the higher concentration of methane in the headspace (80-90%) when the gas loading intensity, defined as the ratio of inlet gas permeation rate and the circulation rate of the liquid phase, was adjusted to lower values (3-5. Read More
A novel integrated process of coagulation and adsorption was proposed for the advanced treatment of biologically pretreated coking wastewater. Results of laboratory, pilot, and industrial-scale experiments indicated that this one-step novel process can remove biorefractory pollutants, achieving the maximum chemical oxygen demand (COD) and cyanide removals of around 85.3% and 99. Read More
Inhibition of anaerobic digestion (AD) due to perturbation caused by substrate composition and/or operating conditions can significantly reduce performance. Such perturbations could be limited by elucidating microbial community response to inhibitors and devising strategies to increase community resilience. To this end, advanced molecular methods are increasingly being applied to study the AD microbiome, a diverse community of microbial populations with complex interactions. Read More
This work proposed a novel approach to achieve an extremely high protein content in photosynthetic bacteria (PSB) using biogas slurry as a culturing medium. The results showed the protein content of PSB could be enhanced strongly to 90% in the biogas slurry, which was much higher than reported microbial protein contents. The slurry was partially purified at the same time. Read More
The current study evaluates and compares the stability of anaerobic digestion of Brewery Spent Grains (BSG) with and without addition of nutrients. Based on the composition of the BSG two levels of nutrients addition were defined. Control reactor, without addition of nutrients, showed signs of instability after 3months of operation and collapsed. Read More
Department of Food, Agricultural and Biological Engineering, The Ohio State University/Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, 1680 Madison Ave., Wooster, OH 44691-4096, USA. Electronic address:
Anaerobic digestion (AD) is a mature technology that can transform organic matter into a bioenergy source - biogas (composed mainly of methane and carbon dioxide), while stabilizing waste. AD implementation around the world varies significantly, from small-scale household digesters in developing countries to large farm-scale or centralized digesters in developed countries. These differences in the implementation of AD technology are due to a complex set of conditions, including economic and environmental implications of the AD technology, and stimulus provided by a variety of polices and incentives related to agricultural systems, waste management, and renewable energy production. Read More
In this work, magnesium ferrite (MgFe2O4)/biochar magnetic composites (MFB-MCs) were prepared and utilized to remove phosphate from aqueous solutions. MFB-MCs were synthesized via co-precipitation of Fe and Mg ions onto a precursor, followed by pyrolysis. Characterization results confirmed that MgFe2O4 nanoparticles with a cubic spinel structure were successfully embedded in the biochar matrix, and this offered magnetic separability with superparamagnetic behavior and enabled higher phosphate adsorption performance than that of pristine biochar and sole MgFe2O4 nanoparticles. Read More
An extracellular lipase was purified and characterized from psychrotolerant bacterium Pseudomonas sp. ISTPL3 isolated from Pangong lake. Lipase was purified by sequential methods of ammonium sulphate precipitation, dialysis, DEAE-cellulose ion exchange chromatography and Sephadex G-100 gel filtration chromatography, resulting in a purification fold of 6. Read More
β-Xylosidase activity is deficient in most cellulase enzymes secreted by filamentous fungi, which limits effective enzymatic hydrolysis of hemicellulose in lignocellulose materials and resulted in accumulation of xylo-oligosaccharides that inhibit the cellulase and xylanase activitives. An endogenous β-xylosidase gene, xyl3A, was overexpressed using two types of promoters in cellulolytic P. oxalicum RE-10. Read More
The objective of this study was to test three different alternatives to mitigate the destabilizing effect of accumulation of ammonia and volatile fatty acids during food waste anaerobic digestion. The three options tested (low temperature, co-digestion with paper waste and trace elements addition) were compared using consecutive batch reactors. Although methane was produced efficiently (∼500ml CH4gVS(-1); 16l CH4lreactor(-1)), the concentrations of propionic acid increased gradually (up to 21. Read More
The objective of this study was to delineate the effects of different coffee processing residues on the anaerobic microbes and corresponding digestion performance. The results elucidated that mucilage-rich feed enhanced the accumulation of methanogens, which consequently led to better digestion performance of biogas production. Fifty percent more methane and up to 3 times more net energy (heat and electricity) output were achieved by the digestion of the mucilage-rich feed (M3). Read More
Different undiluted liquid digestates from mesophilic and thermophilic anaerobic digesters of pulp and paper industry biosludge with and without thermal pretreatment were characterized and utilized for cultivating Scenedesmus acuminatus. Higher S. acuminatus biomass yields were obtained in thermophilic digestates (without and with pretreatment prior to anaerobic digestion (AD): 10. Read More
The aim of the presented work was to study the methane production limits and to determine optimal conditions for flexible operation of an anaerobic reactor in order to set up an operational strategy. Punctual overloads were conducted in a laboratory-scale anaerobic reactor with readily biodegradable solid substrates, and the influences of overload intensity, baseload value and substrate used were investigated. A maximal daily value around 1000mL/L of reactor for methane production has been assessed. Read More
In this study, four different mesophilic and thermophilic full-scale anaerobic digesters treating food wastewater (FWW) were monitored for 1-2years in order to investigate: 1) microbial communities underpinning anaerobic digestion of FWW, 2) significant factors shaping microbial community structures, and 3) potential microbial indicators of process instability. Twenty-seven bacterial genera were identified as abundant bacteria underpinning the anaerobic digestion of FWW. Methanosaeta harundinacea, M. Read More
Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Multiphase Flow in Power Engineering, School of Energy and Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, Shaanxi, PR China.
Burkholderia sp. ZD1, aerobically utilizes 2-picolinic acid as a source of carbon, nitrogen and energy, was isolated. ZD1 completely degraded 2-picolinic acid when the initial concentrations ranged from 25 to 300mg/L. Read More
The performance, microbial community and enzymatic activity of a sequencing batch reactor (SBR) were evaluated at different silica nanoparticles (SiO2 NPs) concentrations. SiO2 NPs concentration at 5-30mg/L had a slight inhibitory impact on the nitrogen and COD removals, whereas the phosphorus removal was obviously inhibited at 30mg/L SiO2 NPs. The rates of nitrification, nitrite reduction and phosphorus removal decreased with the increase of SiO2 NPs concentration. Read More
Effect of single-function (oil degrading) and multi-functional bacterial consortium with zeolite as additive for post-consumption food waste (PCFW) composting was investigated through assessing the oil content reduction in a computer controlled 20-L composter. Three treatments of PCFWs combined with 10% zeolite were developed: Treatment-2 and Treatment-3 were inoculated with multi-functional (BC-1) and oil degrading bacterial consortium (BC-2), respectively, while T-1 was without bacterial inoculation and served as control. Results revealed that BC-2 inoculated treatment (T-3) was superior to control treatment and marginally better than T-2 in terms of oil degradation. Read More
In this study, AB113 dye was successfully sequestered using a novel adsorbent made of mixed fish scales (MFS). The influence of adsorbent dosage, initial pH, temperature, initial concentration and contact time on the adsorption performance was investigated. The surface chemistry and morphology of the adsorbent were examined by FTIR, TGA and SEM. Read More
Developing versatile materials for effective water purification is significant for environment and water source protection. Herein, a versatile bio-based material (CH-PAA-T) was reported by simple thermal cross-linking chitosan and polyacrylic acid which exhibits excellent performances for removing insoluble oil, soluble toxic dyes and heavy metal ions from water, simultaneously. The adsorption capacities are 990. Read More
Institut Polytechnique UniLaSalle, UR Transformations & Agroressources, Département STAI, rue Pierre Waguet, BP 30313, 60026 Beauvais Cedex, France. Electronic address:
In this paper, a state-of-art about solid anaerobic digestion (AD), focused on recent progress and trends of research is proposed. Solid anaerobic digestion should be the most appropriate process for degradation of by-products with high total solid (TS) content, especially lignocellulosic materials like agricultural waste (straw, manure), household waste and food waste. Solid AD is already widely used in waste water treatment plant for treating plant for sewage sludge but could be more developed for lignocellulosic materials with high TS content. Read More
Sustainable Environmental Process Research Institute, Daegu University, Gyeongbuk 38453, Republic of Korea; Department of Environmental Engineering, Daegu University, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk 38453, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
This study investigated the effect of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF) on high-rate continuous fermentative H2 production in a lab-scale fixed bed reactor (FBR) inoculated with mixed culture granules and fed with 15g/L galactose at a hydraulic retention time of 6h and at 37°C. During the 83days of operation, 5-HMF up to 2.4g/L was spiked into the feedstock. Read More
The techniques for enhancing butanol production in ABE fermentation by Clostridium acetobutylicum generally focus on adding electron carrier to strengthen NADH synthesis, repressing hydrogenase by aerating CO, supplementing butyrate, etc. However, those methods suffer from the problems of total solvent decrease, high purification cost, using expensive supplemental substances, etc. In this study, we added small amount of electron receptors (Na2SO4/CaSO4, 2g/L) into ABE fermentation broth: to alter electron/proton distributions in the intracellular electron transport shuttle system, directing more electron/proton pairs into NADH synthesis route; to stimulate intracellular accumulation of those amino acids favorable for cells survival/butanol synthesis. Read More
The Nannochloropsis sp. cells in aqueous solution were disintegrated in an improved bead mill with turbine agitator. The disintegration rates of cell samples disrupted under various operating parameters (i. Read More
CSIR-National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (CSIR-NEERI), Nehru Marg, Nagpur 440 020, India. Electronic address:
This study focussed on evaluating the effect of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) on biological oxidation of waste methane (CH4) gas in compost biofilters, Batch experiments were conducted to determine the dependency of maximum methane oxidation rate (Vmax) on two main factors; pH and moisture content, as well as their interaction effects. The maximum Vmax was observed at a pH of 7.2 with decreasing Vmax values observed with decreasing pH, irrespective of moisture content. Read More
New solvents for pretreating wheat straw, mixtures of cholinium amino acids ionic liquids ([Ch][AA] ILs) and glycerol, were developed. As a typical result, 50% cholinium alanine-glycerol is capable of removing 67.6% lignin while reserving 95. Read More
Environmental Engineering Research Centre, Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, China. Electronic address:
A sequencing batch reactor-based system was developed for enhanced phosphorus (P) removal and recovery from municipal wastewater. The system consists of an iron-dosing SBR for P precipitation and a side-stream anaerobic reactor for sludge co-fermentation with food waste. During co-fermentation, sludge and food waste undergo acidogenesis, releasing phosphates under acidic conditions and producing volatile fatty acids (VFAs) into the supernatant. Read More