7,827 results match your criteria Biopsy Oropharynx


Success in Emergency Treatment of Neonatal Giant Teratoma with Cleft Palate: A Case Report.

Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2022 Jun 23:10556656221109753. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 235960The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong, China.

Neonatal teratoma, a common congenital malformation, rarely occurs in the head and neck region, especially not within the oral cavity. This report presents a case of neonatal giant teratoma in the oral cavity and oropharynx along with cleft palate, which caused postnatal airway obstruction and respiratory distress and required postnatal resection in a female newborn. After the delivery and routine neonatal examination, the anesthesiologist conducted orotracheal intubation to establish the airway, and tumor resection was immediately done under local anesthesia. Read More

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A dataset on patient-individual lymph node involvement in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma.

Data Brief 2022 Aug 1;43:108345. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Departement of Radiation Oncology, University Hospital Zurich, Rämistrasse 100, 8091, Zurich, CH.

Dataset: We provide a dataset on lymph node level (LNL) involvement in 287 patients with newly diagnosed oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC). For each patient, ipsilateral and contralateral LNL involvement for levels I to VII is reported together with clinicopathological factors including TNM-stage, primary tumor subsite, tumor lateralization, HPV status, sex, age, smoking status, and primary treatment. LNL involvement was assessed individually based on available diagnostic modalities (PET, MRI, CT, fine needle aspiration) by reviewing pathology and radiology reports together with the radiological images. Read More

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Pulmonary Kaposi Sarcoma as an Unusual Etiology of Acute Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure in the Era of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy: A Case Report.

Cureus 2022 May 15;14(5):e25014. Epub 2022 May 15.

Internal Medicine, AMITA Health Saint Francis Hospital, Evanston, USA.

Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is caused by human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8). Epidemic KS is described in the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) population with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). It primarily affects the skin, but it may uncommonly disseminate to involve extracutaneous sites such as the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, liver, and lungs. Read More

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Practical Approach in Management of Extraosseous Ewing's Sarcoma of Head and Neck: A Case Series and Review of literature.

Gulf J Oncolog 2022 May;1(39):79-88

Department of Medical Oncology, RCC JIPMER, Puducherry, India.

Extraosseous Ewing's Sarcoma (EES) is a high grade rare malignancy from Ewing's family tumors (EFTs) occurring in soft tissues. Diagnosis of EES relies on a constellation of features, including round cell morphology, characteristic immunohistochemistry (such as CD99, FLI-1 and NKX2.2 positivity), and pathognomic molecular abnormalities of t(11;22)(q24;q12). Read More

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Serum Proteomics in Patients with Head and Neck Cancer: Peripheral Blood Immune Response to Treatment.

Int J Mol Sci 2022 Jun 4;23(11). Epub 2022 Jun 4.

Department of Surgical Sciences, Uppsala University, 751 85 Uppsala, Sweden.

In this real-world study, the aims were to prospectively evaluate the expression of inflammatory proteins in serum collected from head and neck cancer patients before and after treatment, and to assess whether there were differences in expression associated with treatment modalities. The mixed study cohort consisted of 180 patients with head and neck cancer. The most common tumor sites were the oropharynx ( = 81), the oral cavity ( = 53), and the larynx ( = 22). Read More

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Oropharyngeal neuroglial choristoma with extension into the parapharyngeal space.

Radiologia (Engl Ed) 2022 May-Jun;64(3):270-273

Radiólogo, Hospital Pequeno Príncipe, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil.

Oropharyngeal neuroglial choristomas are exceptionally rare head and neck tumours that contain mature neuroglial tissue. We report a case of neuroglial choristoma centred in the oropharynx and extending into the parapharyngeal space that, to the best of our knowledge, is the only case whose appearance simulated brain cortical gyri with an apparent differentiation between white and grey matter. We illustrate and detail the magnetic imaging findings of oropharyngeal choristoma that might help to establish a correct preoperative diagnosis. Read More

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Prognostic analysis of lymph node ratio of patients with disease recurrence previously submitted to cervical dissection surgery for head and neck cancer.

Rev Col Bras Cir 2022 1;49:e20223178. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

- Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas, Cirurgia de Cabeça e Pescoço - Campinas - SP - Brasil.

Introduction: the variable lymph node ratio has recently been studied as a possible influencer in the survival of patients diagnosed with head and neck cancer.

Objective: to analyze the correlation between lymph node density and survival of recurred disease patients previously submitted to cervical dissection surgery due to head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

Method: we retrospectively analyzed 71 medical records of patients treated at the Head and Neck Surgery Service of the Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas who had undergone cervical dissection surgery and presented tumor recurrence between 2006 and 2019. Read More

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Signal peptidase complex catalytic subunit SEC11A upregulation is a biomarker of poor prognosis in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

PLoS One 2022 2;17(6):e0269166. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head & Neck Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.

In the current study, we aimed to investigate the expression of the five microsomal signal peptidase complex (SPC) subunit genes (SEC11A, SEC11C, SPCS1, SPCS2, and SPCS3) in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSC) and to explore their prognostic value. Data from the HNSC subset of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and one previous single-cell RNA-seq dataset was used. Subgroup analysis was conducted in tumors from different anatomic sites. Read More

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A tonsillar location of a malignant schwannoma: a case report.

Diagn Pathol 2022 May 30;17(1):48. Epub 2022 May 30.

Department of Pathological Anatomy, FMPM-UCA-CHU Mohamed VI, 40000, Marrakech, Morocco.

Introduction: Malignant schwannoma is a malignant tumor of differentiation of Schwann cells or perineural cells.

Observation: The patient was a 74-year-old woman with no particular pathological history. She presented swallowing difficulty of solids and odynophagia, evolving for 1 year. Read More

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Nivolumab for recurrent or metastatic head and neck cancer patients with non-squamous cell carcinoma and/or a primary subsite excluded from CheckMate141, a retrospective study.

Oral Oncol 2022 Jul 27;130:105932. Epub 2022 May 27.

Department of Head and Neck Medical Oncology, National Cancer Center Hospital East, Kashiwa, Chiba, Japan. Electronic address:

Objectives: In CheckMate 141, nivolumab significantly improved overall survival (OS) in patients with platinum-refractory recurrent or metastatic squamous cell carcinomas (R/M SCC) of the head and neck. However, reports on nivolumab for patients with non-SCC and/or a primary subsite excluded from CheckMate 141 are limited.

Materials And Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of R/M head and neck cancer patients who received nivolumab. Read More

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Variations in Polysomnographic Indices of Obstructive Sleep Apnea following Lingual Tonsil Hypertrophy Excision: Is the Difference Significant?

Medicina (Kaunas) 2022 Apr 22;58(5). Epub 2022 Apr 22.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Cairo 11675, Egypt.

: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a sleep-related respiratory disorder that affects between 5% and 20% of the population. In obstructive sleep apnea, lingual tonsillar hypertrophy (LTH) has been suggested as a contributing factor to airway blockage. Objectives: The aim of this work is to demonstrate the polysomnographic indices and their values in OSA patients with LTH before and after the surgical intervention. Read More

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Head rotation improves airway obstruction, especially in patients with less severe obstructive sleep apnea without oropharyngeal collapse.

PLoS One 2022 24;17(5):e0268455. Epub 2022 May 24.

Division of Sleep and Circadian Disorders, Department of Medicine and Neurology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States of America.

Purpose: Head rotation is thought to have an effect on obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) severity. However, keeping the head rotated fully during sleep is difficult to maintain, and the effect of head rotation is not the same in all OSA patients. Thus, this study aimed to identify whether less head rotation has an effect on airway patency and determine the responder characteristics to the head rotation maneuver (HRM). Read More

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Lymphoepithelial cyst in the palatine tonsil: A case report and literature review.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2022 May 20;101(20):e29246. Epub 2022 May 20.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, South Korea.

Rationale: Lymphoepithelial cyst of the oral cavity is very rare. Most intraoral lymphoepithelial cysts are observed in the floor of the mouth and very few cases have been reported of its occurrence in the palatine tonsil.

Patient Concerns: A 37-year-old healthy woman with no remarkable medical history visited our department with a complaint of frequent tonsillitis. Read More

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[Comparative characteristics of the effectiveness of local therapy in acute tonsillopharyngitis].

Vestn Otorinolaringol 2022 ;87(2):17-21

Evdokimov Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry, Moscow, Russia.

Acute tonsillopharyngitis (ATP) is an infectious inflammation of the mucous membrane and lymphadenoid structures of the oropharynx. Sore throat, as the main symptom of ATP, is the most common reason for seeking outpatient medical care or self-medication. Topical therapy of sore throat in the treatment of non-streptococcal ATP is the most effective and safe. Read More

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The implications of gene mutations in salivary DNA for noninvasive diagnosis of head and neck cancer with a focus on oral cancer.

Oral Oncol 2022 Jul 17;130:105924. Epub 2022 May 17.

College of Stomatology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, National Center for Stomatology, National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Shanghai, China; Department of Oral and Maxillofacial-Head and Neck Oncology, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

DNA-based liquid biopsy as a diagnostic strategy of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) has emergingly gained momentum. In this letter, we identified 6 studies contained 274 patients with HNSCC focused on gene mutations in salivary DNA. We observe that the incidence of DNA mutations with at least one gene mutated ranges from 63% to 95. Read More

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Factors influencing outcomes in selective neck dissection in 661 patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

BMC Surg 2022 May 19;22(1):196. Epub 2022 May 19.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Greifswald University Medicine, University of Greifswald, Fleischmannstraße 8, 17475, Greifswald, Germany.

Background: Selective neck dissection (SND) is the surgical treatment of choice in squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (HNSCC) with suspected or manifest metastases in the cervical lymph nodes. For SND to be successful, treated lymph node levels should be selected according to anatomic considerations and the extent of the disease. Aim of this study was to identify neck dissection levels that had an impact on individual prognosis. Read More

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Epigenetic Regulations of Perineural Invasion in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Front Genet 2022 27;13:848557. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Laboratory of Molecular Morphogenesis, Institute of Animal Physiology and Genetics, Czech Academy of Sciences, Brno, Czechia.

Carcinomas of the oral cavity and oropharynx belong among the ten most common malignancies in the human population. The prognosis of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is determined by the degree of invasiveness of the primary tumor and by the extent of metastatic spread into regional and distant lymph nodes. Moreover, the level of the perineural invasion itself associates with tumor localization, invasion's extent, and the presence of nodal metastases. Read More

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Adenoid cystic carcinoma of sinonasal origin masquerading as an intraconal lesion.

BMJ Case Rep 2022 May 13;15(5). Epub 2022 May 13.

Radiodiagnosis, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences - Wardha Campus, Wardha, Maharashtra, India.

Adenoid cystic carcinoma is an uncommon tumour of the salivary glands, although affliction of mucin-producing glands present in the oral cavity, oropharynx and paranasal sinuses is not uncommon. Other possible sites are lacrimal, oesophagus, trachea-bronchial tree, lungs, uterus, cervix, prostate. These tumours have a tendency to be aggressive and most show invasion into the adjacent region. Read More

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BCOR-CCNB3 sarcoma arising in the pharynx.

Auris Nasus Larynx 2022 May 8. Epub 2022 May 8.

Department of Head and Neck Surgery, National Cancer Center Hospital, 104-0045, 5-1-1, Chuo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

Reports on BCOR-CCNB3 sarcoma in the head and neck region are scarce, given their unknown etiology. An 18-year-old male patient presented a rapidly enlarging tumor extending from the right nasopharynx to the oropharynx. Histological examination showed a spindle cell sarcoma with BCOR-CCNB3 fusion detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization, and BCOR-CCNB3 was diagnosed. Read More

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Prevalence of Transcriptionally Active HPV Infection in Tumor-Free Oropharyngeal Tissue of OPSCC-Patients.

Front Oncol 2022 22;12:835814. Epub 2022 Apr 22.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Objectives: The natural history of HPV-related oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) is still largely unknown. Since reports of second primary tumors (SPTs) in patients with HPV-related OPSCCs are increasing, a multifocal HPV infection, hinting a «virus-induced field effect», has been hypothesized. This study aimed to investigate the HPV-prevalence in normal appearing oropharyngeal tissue in patients with OPSCCs. Read More

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[Peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumor in the oropharynx of a child: a case report].

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2022 Apr;57(4):496-498

Department of Pathology,Children Hospital, Zhejiang Unviersity school of medicine, Hangzhou 310003, China.

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Base of tongue metastasis of cutaneous malignant melanoma with rhabdoid and neuroendocrine features: Report of a rare case and review of the literature.

Head Neck Pathol 2022 May 6. Epub 2022 May 6.

Department of Oral Medicine & Pathology and Hospital Dentistry, School of Dentistry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Metastatic malignant melanoma (MM) represents a highly aggressive cancer associated with overall poor prognosis. Various anatomic sites can be affected, including the oral cavity and the oropharynx. It may mimic other entities by assuming a variety of clinical appearances and exhibiting a plethora of microscopic variations. Read More

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Papillary Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx Arising within Cleft Palate Surgical Scar.

Ear Nose Throat J 2022 May 6:1455613221101086. Epub 2022 May 6.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, 12328Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA.

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Nanofiber capsules for minimally invasive sampling of biological specimens from gastrointestinal tract.

Acta Biomater 2022 Jul 2;146:211-221. Epub 2022 May 2.

Department of Surgery-Transplant and Mary & Dick Holland Regenerative Medicine Program, College of Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198, United States; Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Nebraska Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68588, United States. Electronic address:

Accurate and rapid point-of-care tissue and microbiome sampling is critical for early detection of cancers and infectious diseases and often result in effective early intervention and prevention of disease spread. In particular, the low prevalence of Barrett's and gastric premalignancy in the Western world makes population-based endoscopic screening unfeasible and cost-ineffective. Herein, we report a method that may be useful for prescreening the general population in a minimally invasive way using a swallowable, re-expandable, ultra-absorbable, and retrievable nanofiber cuboid and sphere produced by electrospinning, gas-foaming, coating, and crosslinking. Read More

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Intraoperative delineation of p16+ oropharyngeal carcinoma of unknown primary origin with fluorescence lifetime imaging: Preliminary report.

Head Neck 2022 May 5. Epub 2022 May 5.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, University of California, Davis, Davis, California, USA.

Background: This study evaluated whether fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIm), coupled with standard diagnostic workups, could enhance primary lesion detection in patients with p16+ head and neck squamous cell carcinoma of the unknown primary (HNSCCUP).

Methods: FLIm was integrated into transoral robotic surgery to acquire optical data on six HNSCCUP patients' oropharyngeal tissues. An additional 55-patient FLIm dataset, comprising conventional primary tumors, trained a machine learning classifier; the output predicted the presence and location of HNSCCUP for the six patients. Read More

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Risk Factors for Xerostomia Following Radiotherapy of Head-and-Neck Cancers.

Anticancer Res 2022 May;42(5):2657-2663

Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany;

Background/aim: Many head-and-neck cancer patients receive radiotherapy, which may be associated with significant toxicities. Xerostomia is considered one of the most debilitating late adverse events. This study was performed to identify risk factors for xerostomia. Read More

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Cutting Edge: SARS-CoV-2 Infection Induces Robust Germinal Center Activity in the Human Tonsil.

J Immunol 2022 05 29;208(10):2267-2271. Epub 2022 Apr 29.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Melbourne at the Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia;

Understanding the generation of immunity to SARS-CoV-2 in lymphoid tissues draining the site of infection has implications for immunity to SARS-CoV-2. We performed tonsil biopsies under local anesthesia in 19 subjects who had recovered from SARS-CoV-2 infection 24-225 d previously. The biopsies yielded >3 million cells for flow cytometric analysis in 17 subjects. Read More

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[Dislocations of the cerebellar tonsils in the large occipital foramen and the spectrum of Chiari malformations Type 1].

Authors:
E I Bogdanov

Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2022 ;122(4):7-15

Kazan State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of Russia, Kazan, Russia.

A review on the pathogenesis, clinical picture and diagnosis of dislocations of the cerebellar tonsils in the large occipital foramen and the spectrum of Chiari malformations Type 1 is provided. The issues of surgical treatment of such patients are discussed. Read More

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Tumor Histological Grade and Immunotherapy Response in Patients With Recurrent or Metastatic Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2022 Jun;148(6):540-546

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.

Importance: Tumor histological factors that predict immunotherapy response in patients with recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) are not well defined.

Objective: To investigate the association between tumor grade and immunotherapy response in patients with recurrent or metastatic mucosal HNSCC.

Design, Setting, And Participants: In this retrospective cohort study, the medical records of 60 patients with recurrent or metastatic mucosal HNSCC treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors at Johns Hopkins Hospital between July 1, 2015, and January 22, 2020, were reviewed. Read More

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Unusual presentation of HPV-positive squamous cell carcinoma of the nasolacrimal duct as carcinoma of unknown primary.

Am J Otolaryngol 2022 May-Jun;43(3):103457. Epub 2022 Apr 6.

Division of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA; Department of Otolaryngology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA; Center for Head and Neck Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address:

Most human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive carcinomas of unknown primary (CUP) in the cervical lymph nodes are ultimately found to arise from the oropharynx, which has by far the highest prevalence of HPV-positivity among head and neck tumors. However, HPV is also detected in a subset of tumors from other sites. In this case report, we describe the first reported instance of a lacrimal sac carcinoma presenting as an HPV-positive CUP. Read More

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