1,557 results match your criteria Biomarkers [Journal]


Circulating fatty acids as biomarkers of dairy fat intake: Data from the Lifelines Biobank and Cohort Study.

Biomarkers 2019 Feb 18:1-39. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

a Department of Internal Medicine , University Medical Center Groningen and University of Groningen , Groningen , The Netherlands.

Background: C14:0, C15:0, C17:0 and trans-C16:1(n-7) are often used as biomarkers for dairy fat intake. Trans-C18:1(n-7) and CLA, two fatty acids which are also present in dairy, have hardly been explored. We investigated whether trans-C18:1(n-7) and CLA can enrich the existing biomarker portfolio. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2019.1583770DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Prognostic Value of RASSF1A Methylation Status in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Patients: A Meta-Analysis of Prospective Studies.

Biomarkers 2019 Feb 15:1-19. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

b School of Public Health , Anhui Medical University , Hefei , 230032 , Anhui, China.

Objective Ras association domain family 1A (RASSF1A) has been regarded as a biomarker predicting the prognosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but previous findings are inconsistent. This meta-analysis of prospective studies aimed to assess the value of RASSF1A methylation in predicting the prognosis of NSCLC patients. Methods Studies were searched in PubMed and Web of Science. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2019.1583771DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Bronchoalveolar Fluid and Plasma Inflammatory Biomarkers in Contemporary ARDS Patients.

Biomarkers 2019 Feb 12:1-25. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

a Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine , University of Vermont College of Medicine , Burlington , Vermont , USA.

Purpose: Bronchoalveolar fluid (BALF) and plasma biomarkers are often endpoints in early phase randomized trials (RCTs) in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). With ARDS mortality decreasing, we analyzed baseline biomarkers in samples from contemporary ARDS patients participating in a prior RCT and compared these to historical controls.

Materials And Methods: Ninety ARDS adult patients enrolled in the parent trial. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1354750X.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2019.1581840DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Insights into Cardiovascular Risk and Nutritional Status in Subjects with Wheat-related Disorders.

Biomarkers 2019 Feb 8:1-11. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

b Vibrant Sciences LLC. , San Carlos , CA , USA.

Objective: Wheat-related disorders are a spectrum of disorders associated with different autoimmune and non-autoimmune diseases. However, it is unclear whether these wheat-related disorders lead to adverse health effects such as cardiovascular risk, nutritional deficiencies etc. The objective of the study was to explore the lipid profiles and the nutritional status of subjects with wheat-related disorders to understand the potential threat by wheat on cardiovascular risk and nutritional deficiency. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2019.1578829DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Prediction of Alzheimer's disease with serum lipid levels in Asian individuals: a meta-analysis.

Biomarkers 2019 Jan 21:1-11. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

a College of Life Science, Institute of Health & Population Northwest University , Xi'an , China.

Background: The serum lipid profile has become a routine clinical test and used as an important predictor for Alzheimer's disease (AD), although its predictive value remains undetermined.

Objective: To evaluate the role of serum lipid levels in predicting the risk of AD.

Methods: Meta-analyses were conducted using Comprehensive Meta-analyses (CMA) software to investigate the association between four conventional serum lipid profile parameters and the risk of AD, focused on samples from Asian. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2019.1571633DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read
2.522 Impact Factor

High-sensitivity troponin T in asymptomatic severe aortic stenosis.

Biomarkers 2019 Jan 11:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

a Heart Institute, Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol , Badalona , Spain.

Background: In asymptomatic severe aortic stenosis (ASAS), treatment decisions are made on an individual basis, and case management presents a clinical conundrum.

Methods: We prospectively phenotyped consecutive patients with ASAS using echocardiography, exercise echocardiography, cardiac MRI and biomarkers (NT-proBNP, high-sensitivity troponin T (hs-TnT) and ST2) (n = 58). The primary endpoint was a composite of cardiovascular death, new-onset symptoms, cardiac hospitalization, guideline-driven indication for valve replacement and cardiovascular death at 12 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2019.1567818DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Circulating nitric oxide metabolites and the risk of cardiometabolic outcomes: a prospective population-based study.

Biomarkers 2019 Jan 9:1-9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

c Endocrine Physiology Research Center , Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences , Tehran , Iran.

Aim: This study was conducted to investigate whether serum NO metabolites (NOx) could predict the occurrence of type 2 diabetes (T2DM), hypertension (HTN) and metabolic syndrome (MetS).

Methods: We measured serum NOx concentrations in the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study participants (aged ≥19 years) and followed them for a median of 7.7 years for the incidence of outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2019.1567816DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

How many copies of GSTM1 and GSTT1 are associated with head and neck cancer risk?

Biomarkers 2018 Dec 11:1-21. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

a Departamento de Medicina Legal , Etica Medica, Medicina Social e do Trabalho, Instituto Oscar Freire, LIM-40, Faculdade de Medicina FMUSP, Universidade de Sao Paulo , SP , BR.

Purpose: GSTM1 and GSTT1 present a polymorphism that can drive complete gene deletions. The current methodology can powerfully determine GSTM1 and GSTT1 copy number variations (CNVs), which may clarify the real contribution of each gene copies to the cellular detoxification process and tumour risk. However, only analysing the presence/absence of these genes yielded controversial results for several disorders, including cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1556337DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Urine Catecholamines in Children with Severe Enterovirus A71 infection: Comparison with Paediatric Septic Shock.

Biomarkers 2018 Dec 6:1-15. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

a Children's Medical Center , Taichung Veterans General Hospital , Taichung , Taiwan.

Purpose: Hypercatecholaminemia-related heart failure has been proposed as the main cause of enterovirus A71-related (EV-A71) early mortality. The purpose of this study was to measure urine catecholamine concentrations in severe EV-A71-infected children.

Methods: A total of 35 children, aged 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1556339DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

New Markers of Cell Migration and Inflammation in Children with Chronic Kidney Disease.

Biomarkers 2018 Dec 5:1-23. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

a Department of Pediatric Nephrology , Wrocław Medical University , Poland.

Context: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is characterized by immunocompetent cell migration and inflammation. Monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 and macrophage colony-stimulating factor (MCSF) stimulate monocyte migration and transition into macrophages, with subsequent release of neopterin.

Objective: The aim of the study was to analyze these parameters in children with various stages of CKD. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1556341DOI Listing
December 2018
9 Reads

The temporal pattern of immune and inflammatory proteins prior to a recurrent coronary event in post-acute coronary syndrome patients.

Biomarkers 2018 Dec 4:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

a Department of Cardiology , Erasmus University Medical Centre , Rotterdam , The Netherlands.

Purpose: We assessed the temporal pattern of 29 immune and inflammatory proteins in post-acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients, prior to the development of recurrent ACS.

Methods: High-frequency blood sampling was performed in 844 patients admitted for ACS during one-year follow-up. We conducted a case-control study on the 45 patients who experienced reACS (cases) and two matched event-free patients (controls) per case. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1539768DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Lymphocytes DNA damages and exposure to chlorpyrifos, deltamethrin, penconazole, copper oxicloride.

Biomarkers 2018 Nov 16:1-13. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

a Interdisciplinary Department of Medicine (DIM) , Section "B. Ramazzini", University Hospital "Policlinico", Unit of Occupational Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Bari , Bari , Italy.

Purpose: The evaluation of the association between different exposure to pesticides and different types of comet images among a group of 26 recruited subject.

Material And Methods: We have recruited 26 subjects (farmers and not farmers). They were submitted to a blood drawing of 10 mL and a questionnaire was administered to investigate personal habits and work history. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1539766DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Effect of pesticide exposure on the cholinesterase activity of the occupationally exposed tea garden workers of Northern part of West Bengal, India.

Biomarkers 2018 Dec 4:1-16. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

a Genetics and Molecular Biology Laboratory, Department of Zoology , University of North Bengal , P.O. NBU , Dist. Darjeeling, 734013 , West Bengal , India.

Context: Pesticide poisoning and related deaths is a global concern, but there is little information about its effect on the occupationally exposed tea garden workers of North Bengal.

Objective: This study investigates the level of AChE and BuChE in the blood of the tea garden workers, at risk of exposure to a mixture of pesticides.

Materials And Methods: The study sample consisted of pesticide exposed workers, non exposed (control), smokers and alcoholics. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1556342DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

sST2 as a Novel Biomarker for the Prediction of In-hospital Mortality after Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting.

Biomarkers 2018 Dec 4:1-27. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

a The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy & Clinical Practice , Dartmouth Geisel School of Medicine , Lebanon , NH , USA ;

Objectives: Soluble suppression of tumorgenicity 2 (sST2) biomarker is an emerging predictor of adverse clinical outcomes, but its prognostic value for in-hospital mortality after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is not well understood. This study measured the association between operative sST2 levels and in-hospital mortality after CABG.

Methods: A prospective cohort of 1,560 CABG patients were analysed from the Northern New England Cardiovascular Disease Study Group Biomarker Study. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1556338DOI Listing
December 2018
18 Reads

Pulicaria crispa mitigates gastric ulcer induced by ethanol in rats: role of treatment and auto healing.

Biomarkers 2019 Jan 14:1-9. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

d Clinical Pathology Laboratory , Cairo Specialized Hospital , Cairo , Egypt.

Context: Stomach ulcers are the common gastrointestinal disorders worldwide.

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic impact of Pulicaria crispa aerial parts ethanol extract against gastric ulcer in rats.

Materials And Methods: Ulcer was induced by one oral dose of ethanol (0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1556340DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads
2.522 Impact Factor

Detection and Analysis of Endogenous Polar Volatile Organic Compounds (PVOCs) in Urine for Human Exposome Research.

Biomarkers 2018 Nov 26:1-17. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

b U.S. Environmental Protection Agency , Exposure Methods and Measurements Division, NERL/ORD , Research Triangle Park , NC , USA.

Background: The human exposome, defined as "…everything that is not the genome", comprises all chemicals in the body interacting with life processes. The exposome drives genes x environment (GxE) interactions that can cause long-term latency and chronic diseases. The exposome constantly changes in response to external exposures and internal metabolism. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1548031DOI Listing
November 2018
13 Reads

Citrullinated Vimentin and biglycan protein fingerprints as candidate serological biomarkers for disease activity in systemic sclerosis: A pilot study.

Biomarkers 2018 Nov 20:1-28. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

b Clinical Development , Biogen , Cambridge , MA.

Purpose: Extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition and remodelling in skin and lungs of systemic sclerosis (SSc) subjects lead to release of metabolites/biomarkers into circulation. We investigated if biomarkers of ECM degradation (biglycan and elastin) and macrophage activation (citrullinated vimentin) could identify diffuse SSc (dSSc) subjects from controls and the biomarkers discriminative power.

Methods: DSSc subjects (n = 40) fulfilling the 2013 EULAR/ACR classification criteria were divided in early (<2years of symptoms) and late (≥10years of symptoms). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1548032DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads

The clinical efficacy of angiotensin II type1 receptor blockers on inflammatory markers in patients with hypertension: a multicenter randomized-controlled trial; MUSCAT-3 study.

Biomarkers 2018 Nov 16:1-7. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

a Department of Nephrology, Rheumatology, Endocrinology and Metabolism , Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences , Okayama , Japan.

Purpose: The purpose of present study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of irbesartan on the anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative stress effect in patients with hypertension compared to other ARBs. Further, we assessed the effect of the ARBs on kidney function and urinary albumin excretion.

Methods: Eighty-five outpatients with hypertension who took an ARB except irbesartan more than 3 months were assigned into two groups, one continued the same ARB and the other switched the ARB to irbesartan for 6 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1548033DOI Listing
November 2018
16 Reads

Combining information from multiple bone turnover markers as diagnostic indices for osteoporosis using support vector machines.

Biomarkers 2018 Nov 15:1-7. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

e School of Medicine & Forensics, Xi'an Jiaotong University Health Science Center, Xi'an Jiaotong University , Xi'an , China.

Context: Osteoporosis (OP) is a progressive systemic bone disease. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is routinely employed and is considered the gold standard method for the diagnosis of OP.

Objective: We aimed to investigate the potential use of combined information from multiple bone turnover markers (BTMs) as a clinical diagnostic tool for OP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1539767DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Inflammatory signature in lung tissues in patients with combined pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema.

Biomarkers 2018 Nov 9:1-8. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

a Center for Inflammation, Translational and Clinical Lung Research, Lewis Katz School of Medicine , Temple University , Philadelphia , PA , USA.

Background: The aetiology and inflammatory profile of combined pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema (CPFE) remain uncertain currently.

Objective: We aimed to examine the levels of inflammatory proteins in lung tissue in a cohort of patients with emphysema, interstitial pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), and CPFE.

Materials And Methods: Explanted lungs were obtained from subjects with emphysema, IPF, CPFE, (or normal subjects), and tissue extracts were prepared. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1542458DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

Specific induction of the unique GPR15 expression in heterogeneous blood lymphocytes by tobacco smoking.

Biomarkers 2018 Nov 2:1-8. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

a Department of Environmental Immunology , Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research GmbH - UFZ , Leipzig , Germany.

Purpose: In the peripheral blood, it has been shown that smoking is, to date, the only specific condition leading to an increase in GPR15+ T cells. We, therefore, aimed to characterize GPR15-expressing blood T cells in more detail.

Materials And Methods: The whole transcriptome by RNAseq as a proxy for protein expression was analyzed in GPR15+ and GPR15- T cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1539769DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

MicroRNAs expression profiles as diagnostic biomarkers of gastric cancer: a systematic literature review.

Biomarkers 2018 Nov 2:1-10. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

a Sezione di Igiene, Istituto di Sanità Pubblica , Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore , Roma , Italia.

Objective: The early identification of gastric cancer (GC) represents a major clinical challenge. We conducted a systematic review of studies evaluating the miRNA expression profiling as a diagnostic tool in GC.

Methods: We performed a search of PubMed, ISI Web of Science and SCOPUS databases for studies on diagnostic miRNAs and GC, published in English up to October 2017. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1539765DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads

Cigarette smoking affects microRNAs and inflammatory biomarkers in healthy individuals and an association to single nucleotide polymorphisms is indicated.

Biomarkers 2018 Oct 30:1-6. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

a Department of Laboratory Medicine , Ryhov County Hospital , Jönköping , Sweden.

Background: Cigarette smoke induces inflammation and remodels immune response. Genetic and epigenetic alterations might be involved in the pathogenesis of smoking related diseases. In this study, we investigated the effect of smoking on systemic inflammation biomarkers and epigenetic changes at microRNA (miRNA) expression level. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1539764DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Global DNA methylation profiling in peripheral blood cells of South African women with gestational diabetes mellitus.

Biomarkers 2018 Oct 27:1-7. Epub 2018 Oct 27.

a South African Medical Research Council , Biomedical Research and Innovation Platform (BRIP) , Tygerberg , South Africa.

Background/objective: Recently, several studies have reported that DNA methylation changes in tissue are reflected in blood, sparking interest in the potential use of global DNA methylation as a biomarker for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). This study investigated whether global DNA methylation is associated with GDM in South African women.

Methods: Global DNA methylation was quantified in peripheral blood cells of women with (n = 63) or without (n = 138) GDM using the MDQ1 Imprint® DNA Quantification Kit. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1539770DOI Listing
October 2018
15 Reads

Hair follicle miRNAs: a novel biomarker for primary blast Induced-Mild traumatic brain injury.

Biomarkers 2018 Nov 13:1-14. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

a Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering , Royal Military College of Canada , Kingston , ON , Canada.

Context: Due to the wide use of improvised explosive devices during modern warfare, primary blast-derived mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) has become a major medical condition in the military. With minimal visually identifiable symptoms, an effective molecular biomarker system is desirable.

Objective: We assessed the potential of mammalian hair follicle miRNAs as an mTBI biomarker. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1531929DOI Listing
November 2018
21 Reads

Metabolic syndrome is associated to high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T elevation.

Biomarkers 2018 Oct 25:1-6. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

c Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center , Department of Internal Medicine "C", "D" and "E" , Tel Aviv University , Tel Aviv , Israel.

Introduction: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) and high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-TnT) are associated with higher risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Our aim was to assess the relation between hs-TnT elevation and MetS in a general population sample.

Materials And Methods: Individuals participating in an annual health survey program between 2010 and 2016 were included in the study. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1528630DOI Listing
October 2018
11 Reads

Chromosome 3 is a valid marker for prognostic testing of biopsy material from uveal melanoma later treated by brachytherapy.

Biomarkers 2018 Sep 28:1-7. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

c Institute of Human Genetics, University Hospital Essen, University Duisburg-Essen , Essen , Germany.

Purpose: Monosomy 3 (M3) in uveal melanoma (UM) obtained after enucleation is significantly associated with metastatic death. With improved biopsy techniques, samples from patients treated with eye-preserving methods have become available. As the choice of treatment depends on tumour size, patients treated with eye-preserving brachytherapy tend to have smaller tumours. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1517827DOI Listing
September 2018
7 Reads

Urinary D-serine level as a predictive biomarker for deterioration of renal function in patients with atherosclerotic risk factors.

Biomarkers 2018 Oct 23:1-7. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

a Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine , Akita University , Akita , Japan.

Background: D-serine, the enantiomer of L-serine, was identified in mammals 20 years ago. Although a close relationship between D-serine and renal dysfunction has been shown, the clinical implications of urinary D- and L-serine in humans are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between urinary D- and L-serine with well-known renal biomarkers, and clarify the prognostic value of D- and L-serine for renal events. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1528632DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Circulating liver-specific microRNAs as noninvasive diagnostic biomarkers of hepatic diseases in human.

Biomarkers 2018 Oct 23:1-7. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

a Institute of Microbiology, University of Agriculture , Faisalabad , Pakistan.

Context: Hepatitis is an endemic disease worldwide leading to chronic and debilitating cancers. The viral agents and hepatotoxic substances lead to damage of hepatocytes and release of damage associated molecules in circulation. The lack of timely and rapid diagnosis of hepatitis results in chronic disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1528631DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Multiple biomarker approach in the fiddler crab to assess anthropogenic pollution in tropical coastal environments.

Biomarkers 2018 Oct 25:1-12. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

a Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo, A. C. Avenida Sábalo-Cerritos s/n , Mazatlán , Mexico.

Context: Fiddler crabs are important to the ecology of estuarine systems around the world, however, few studies have incorporated them as bioindicators. Urias estuary represents one of the most urbanized lagoons in the Gulf of California region and received discharges from different sources: shrimp farm, thermoelectric plant, fish processing plants, and untreated domestic and sewage wastes.

Objective: Assess the effects on anthropogenic contamination on female fiddler crabs reproduction, survival and genetic stability. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1523228DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Monic acid A: a biomarker in clinical intra-nasal mupirocin medication for MRSA decolonisation.

Biomarkers 2018 Oct 25:1-3. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

c Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College London , South Kensington, London , UK.

Context: Mupirocin (Bactroban) is widely prescribed for intra-nasal decolonisation of MRSA for in-patients awaiting surgery or self-medicated for out-patients although adherence for the latter is not monitored. Non-adherence is a widespread pharmaceutical problem but could encourage selection of antibiotic resistance. Mupirocin is only a topical antibiotic because it decomposes in stomach acidity to monic acid A, but this has not previously been exploited as a biomarker for clinical intra-nasal medication. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1514657DOI Listing
October 2018
15 Reads

Canvassing the aetiology, prognosis and molecular signatures of obstructive sleep apnoea.

Biomarkers 2018 Sep 28:1-16. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

a Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Amity University , Noida , India.

Context: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a sleep respiration disorder with multiple pathophysiological risks. The study of OSA is important from a public health perspective due to increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and metabolic disorders.

Objective: The review content contributes to amalgamate the clinico-molecular analysis of microRNAs, single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), transcriptome profiles and epigenetics in the prognosis of OSA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1514655DOI Listing
September 2018
15 Reads

Longitudinal analysis of tear cathepsin S activity levels in male non-obese diabetic mice suggests its potential as an early stage biomarker of Sjögren's Syndrome.

Biomarkers 2018 Sep 12:1-12. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

a Department of Ophthalmology, USC Keck School of Medicine , Roski Eye Institute , Los Angeles , CA , USA.

Context: Cathepsin S (CTSS) activity is elevated in Sjögren's Syndrome (SS) patient tears.

Objective: To evaluate longitudinal expression of tear and tissue CTSS activity relative to other disease indicators in Non-Obese Diabetic (NOD) mice.

Methods: CTSS activity was measured in tears and lacrimal glands (LG) from male 1-6 month (M) NOD and 1 and 6 M BALB/c mice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1514656DOI Listing
September 2018
6 Reads

Extracellular esterase activity as an indicator of endoplasmic reticulum calcium depletion.

Biomarkers 2018 Dec 10;23(8):756-765. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

a Molecular Mechanisms of Cellular Stress and Inflammation , Intramural Research Program, National Institute on Drug Abuse , Baltimore , MD , USA.

Context: Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) calcium depletion is associated with diverse diseases, including cardiac, hepatic, and neurologic diseases.

Objective: The aim of the present study was to identify and characterize an endogenous protein that could be used to monitor ER calcium depletion comparably to a previously described exogenous reporter protein.

Materials And Methods: The use of a selective esterase-fluorescein diester pair allowed for carboxylesterase activity in extracellular fluid to be measured using a fluorescent readout. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1490968DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348867PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

Circulating miRs-183-5p, -206-3p and -381-3p may serve as novel biomarkers for 4,4'-methylene diphenyl diisocyanate exposure.

Biomarkers 2018 Dec 12:1-15. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

a Allergy and Clinical Immunology Branch, Health Effects Laboratory Division , National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health , Morgantown , WV , 26505 , USA.

Background: Occupational exposure to the most widely used diisocyanate, 4,4'-methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI), is a cause of occupational asthma (OA). Early recognition of MDI exposure and sensitization is essential for the prevention of MDI-OA.

Objective: Identify circulating microRNAs (miRs) as novel biomarkers for early detection of MDI exposure and prevention of MDI-OA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1508308DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads
2.522 Impact Factor

Exhaled breath profiling by electronic nose enabled discrimination of allergic rhinitis and extrinsic asthma.

Biomarkers 2018 Sep 6:1-6. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

a Respiratory Diseases, University of Bari , Bari , Italy.

Aim: To assess whether an e-nose could discriminate between subjects affected by allergic rhinitis with and without concomitant extrinsic asthma, as well as from healthy controls, in terms of exhaled VOC-profile.

Methods: Fourteen patients with Extrinsic Asthma and Allergic Rhinitis (AAR), 14 patients with Allergic Rhinitis without asthma (AR) and 14 healthy controls (HC) participated in a cross-sectional study. Exhaled breath was collected by a standardized method and sampled by an e-nose (Cyranose 320). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1508307DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads
2.522 Impact Factor

Procalcitonin and cellulitis: correlation of procalcitonin blood levels with measurements of severity and outcome in patients with limb cellulitis.

Biomarkers 2018 Aug 23:1-4. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

c General Practice Support Unit , University Hospitals Bristol , Bristol , UK.

Background: Procalcitonin levels may be raised in bacterial infections and have been used to guide antibiotic therapy. There is little data on procalcitonin and limb cellulitis.

Objectives: Within a clinical trial of antibiotic therapy, we examined the correlation between clinical observations, blood tests and local measurements of skin damage, with serum procalcitonin levels. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1501764DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

The rs9939609 polymorphism in the fat mass and obesity associated (FTO) gene is associated with obesity in Tunisian population.

Biomarkers 2018 Dec 23;23(8):787-792. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

a Laboratory of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine of Tunis , University of Tunis El Manar, Rabta Hospital , Tunis , Tunisia.

Context: Variations in the fat mass and obesity-associated gene (FTO) has been associated with obesity in many populations, but the results are conflicting.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the rs9939609 polymorphism in the FTO gene on obesity risk and plasma leptin, adiponectin, insulin and lipid concentrations in Tunisians.

Materials And Methods: Four hundred and ninety-four subjects with obesity and 334 non-obese participated in this study. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1499129DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Multi-biomarker analysis in patients after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI).

Biomarkers 2018 Dec 31;23(8):773-780. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

d Department of Cardiology , Charité - Universitaetsmedizin Berlin , Berlin , Germany.

Background: In this study we sought to examine whether transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is followed by a change in the plasma levels of novel cardiovascular biomarkers.

Methods: We collected blood samples of 79 patients with severe aortic valve stenosis undergoing TAVI before and at 7 days, 1 month, 3 months and 6 months post TAVI and analyzed the plasma concentrations of GDF-15, H-FABP, fetuin-A, galectin 3, sST2 and suPAR by means of ELISA.

Results: There was a significant increase in the concentration of fetuin-A (median: 52. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1499127DOI Listing
December 2018
14 Reads

Circulating miRNA-33: a potential biomarker in patients with Coronary Artery Disease (CAD).

Biomarkers 2018 Jul 19:1-27. Epub 2018 Jul 19.

d Dept. of Lab Medicine , P. D. Hinduja Hospital & Medical Research Centre , Mahim , Mumbai , India.

Background: Circulating microRNAs (miRNA) are present in body fluids in stable, cell free form. Likewise, these miRNAs can be identified in various stages of coronary artery disease (CAD) such as inflammation, endothelial dysfunction, proliferation and atherosclerosis among others. miRNA expression levels can be identified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1501760DOI Listing
July 2018
6 Reads

The association between plasma miR-122-5p release pattern at admission and all-cause mortality or shock after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.

Biomarkers 2018 Aug 23:1-7. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

a Department of Cardiology, Clinical Sciences , Lund University , Lund , Sweden.

Background: Data suggests that the plasma levels of the liver-specific miR-122-5p might both be a marker of cardiogenic shock and a prognostic marker of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Our aim was to characterize plasma miR-122-5p at admission after OHCA and to assess the association between miR-122-5p and relevant clinical factors such all-cause mortality and shock at admission after OHCA.

Methods: In the pilot trial, 10 survivors after OHCA were compared to 10 age- and sex-matched controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1499804DOI Listing
August 2018
5 Reads

Obesity is an independent determinant of elevated C-reactive protein in healthy women but not men.

Biomarkers 2018 Aug 23:1-6. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

a Clinical Nutrition Research Centre (CNRC), Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences (SICS), Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore.

Background And Aims: High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs CRP) has emerged as an inflammatory biomarker to predict metabolic syndrome. Here, we investigate the association of hs CRP with metabolic variables and determine the risks for elevated hs CRP levels in healthy Singaporean adults.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 225 participants (104 men). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1501763DOI Listing
August 2018
15 Reads

A novel microRNA miR-1165-3p as a potential diagnostic biomarker for allergic asthma.

Biomarkers 2018 Jul 17:1-31. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

d Department of Immunology , Nanjing Medical University , Nanjing 211166 , China.

Context: A further examination of a novel potential miRNA asthma biomarker, miR-1165-3p, which was previously implicated in helper T cells (Th2) in a murine asthma model.

Objective: To determine whether serum miR-1165-3p can serve as a potential diagnostic biomarker for allergic asthma.

Methods: Serum miR-1165-3p was quantified via quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) in asthmatic and control samples. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1501762DOI Listing
July 2018
5 Reads

Influence of IL-6, IL-10, IFN-γ and TNF-α genetic variants on susceptibility to diabetic kidney disease in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.

Biomarkers 2018 Aug 31:1-13. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

c Internal Medicine Department , Amiri Hospital , Kuwait city , Kuwait.

Background: Data from previous studies on the role of inflammatory cytokines as biomarkers for diabetic kidney disease (DKD) are contradictory. The association of a particular inflammatory cytokine single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) with susceptibility to DKD has not been consistently replicated. We aimed to investigate the utility of inflammatory cytokines as biomarkers for DKD in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1501761DOI Listing
August 2018
15 Reads
2.522 Impact Factor

Recurrence prediction using microRNA expression in hormone receptor positive breast cancer during tamoxifen treatment.

Biomarkers 2018 Dec 23;23(8):804-811. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

a Department of Pathology , College of Medicine, Korea University , Seoul , Korea.

Purpose: To identify miRNAs associated with distant recurrence during tamoxifen treatment and build a recurrence prediction model.

Materials And Methods: We measured the expression of five miRNAs (miR-134, miR-125b-5P, miRNA-30a, miR-10a-5p and miR-222). A total of 176 tumour tissues from 176 patients who had hormone receptor positive breast cancer with tamoxifen treatment were used to measure miRNA expression using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1499131DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

Validation of a proteomic biomarker panel to diagnose minor-stroke and transient ischaemic attack: phase 2 of SpecTRA, a large scale translational study.

Biomarkers 2018 Dec 23;23(8):793-803. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

g Genome British Columbia Proteomics Centre, University of Victoria , Victoria , Canada.

Objective: To validate our previously developed 16 plasma-protein biomarker panel to differentiate between transient ischaemic attack (TIA) and non-cerebrovascular emergency department (ED) patients.

Method: Two consecutive cohorts of ED patients prospectively enrolled at two urban medical centers into the second phase of SpecTRA study (training, cohort 2A, n = 575; test, cohort 2B, n = 528). Plasma samples were analyzed using liquid chromatography/multiple reaction monitoring-mass spectrometry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1499130DOI Listing
December 2018
10 Reads
2.522 Impact Factor

Attending a social event and consuming alcohol is associated with changes in serum microRNA: a before and after study in healthy adults.

Biomarkers 2018 Dec 23;23(8):781-786. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

a Centre for Cardiovascular Science, The Queen's Medical Research Institute , Edinburgh University , Edinburgh , UK.

Purpose: Circulating microRNAs represent a reservoir for biomarker discovery. Our objective was to profile the change in human circulating microRNA associated with recreational use of alcohol at a social event.

Material And Methods: Blood was collected from healthy volunteers (N = 16) before and after recreational consumption of alcohol (ethanol). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1499128DOI Listing
December 2018
15 Reads

Possible mechanisms behind cardiac troponin elevations.

Biomarkers 2018 Dec 23;23(8):725-734. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

e Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Mayo Clinic and Medical School , Rochester , MN , USA.

Cardiac-specific troponins are elevated in blood following cardiac injury and are the preferred diagnostic biomarkers when acute myocardial infarction is suspected clinically. Cardiac troponin (cTn) elevations are also observed in clinical conditions without obvious connection to cardiac injury. Irrespective of the underlying condition, cTn elevation is linked to a poor prognosis, even if the elevation is stable over time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1490969DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

IMPDH2 is highly expressed in breast cancer and predicts unfavourable prognosis.

Biomarkers 2018 Jul 2:1-9. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

d The Third Department of Radiotherapy , Jilin Provincial Tumor Hospital , Changchun , 130012 , China.

Inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase type II (IMPDH2) is reported to be associated with tumor formation. However, the correlation between IMPDH2 and breast cancer has never been reported. In this study, IMPDH2 expression was measured in 40 cases of breast cancer tissues and matched adjacent normal tissues by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blotting assays. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1354750X.2018.1496360DOI Listing
July 2018
10 Reads