1,631,139 results match your criteria Biology of Reproduction[Journal]
Chemosphere 2018 Dec 8;219:557-566. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Biology Institute, Qilu University of Technology (Shandong Academy of Sciences), 28789 East Jingshi Road, Jinan, 250103, Shandong Province, PR China; Key Laboratory for Drug Screening Technology of Shandong Academy of Sciences, 28789 East Jingshi Road, Jinan, 250103, Shandong Province, PR China. Electronic address:
α-Bisabolol, an unsaturated monocyclic sesquiterpene alcohol, is a common ingredient in many pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs). Despite being widely used, little is known about its toxic effects on organisms and aquatic environment. In this study, we investigated the developmental toxicity of α-Bisabolol, especially its effects on the cardiac development using zebrafish embryos as a model. Read More
Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2018 Dec 7;176:89-96. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Departament of Neurology, Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Biology, LIM15, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
Meningiomas, tumors that originate from meningothelial cells, account for approximately 30% of all new diagnoses of central nervous system neoplasms. According to the 2016 WHO classification of central nervous system tumors meningiomas are classified into three grades: I, II, and III. Past studies have shown that the risk of meningiomas recurrence is strongly correlated with the molecular profile of the tumor. Read More
Eval Program Plann 2018 Dec 6;73:80-87. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
The Johns Hopkins Center for Child & Community Health, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, 5200 Eastern Avenue, Suite 4200, Mason F. Lord Building, Center Tower, Baltimore, MD 21224, United States.
Purpose: Explore factors affecting implementation of evidence based adolescent sexual/reproductive health programs, from the perspectives of program implementers.
Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted with 18 program implementers delivering six sexual/reproductive health programs in New Jersey. Programs were delivered among 2698 primarily African American and Hispanic adolescents in school and community-based settings. Read More
Mult Scler Relat Disord 2018 Nov 30;28:44-49. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Department of Molecular Cell biology and Immunology, MS Center Amsterdam, Amsterdam Neuroscience, Amsterdam UMC - location VUmc, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) lacks reliable biomarkers that reflect disease activity. Recent evidence suggests that an altered sphingolipid metabolism is associated with MS pathogenesis.
Objective: To explore acid sphingomyelinase (ASM) activity and altered sphingolipid metabolism as potential biomarkers in serum of MS patients, to predict active and progressive disease, and response to disease modifying therapy (DMT). Read More
J Mol Graph Model 2018 Dec 7;87:185-191. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Molecular Biology Research Center, Systems Biology and Poisonings Institute, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
The emergence of antibiotic resistance has attracted the attention of scientists and scientific circles over the decades. β-Lactam antibiotics resistance is a worldwide therapeutic challenge in bacterial infections, mediated through several mechanisms of which mutations in Penicillin Binding Proteins (PBPs) are an important issue, making critical therapeutic problems in the human population. Accordingly, investigating the dynamic structures of mutant variants could result in a profound understanding of such a specific resistance. Read More
Aquat Toxicol 2018 Dec 5;207:91-100. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Climate Change Cluster, University of Technology Sydney, NSW, Australia.
Copper (Cu) is an essential micronutrient for plants and as such is vital to many metabolic processes. Nevertheless, when present at elevated concentrations, Cu can exert toxic effects on plants by disrupting protein functions and promoting oxidative stress. Due to their proximity to the urbanised estuaries, seagrasses are vulnerable to chemical contamination via industrial runoff, waste discharges and leachates. Read More
Eur J Med Chem 2018 Dec 7;163:527-545. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Phytochemistry Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, 11369, Iran; Department of Chemistry, Richardson College for the Environmental Science Complex, The University of Winnipeg, Winnipeg, MB, R3B 2G3, Canada. Electronic address:
Curcuma longa L., its derived extracts and even its major compound curcumin has a long history of use and doubtless effectiveness, reported through increasingly detailed in vitro, ex vivo, in vivo and even clinical trials. Regarding its biological effects, multiple health-promoting, disease-preventing and even treatment attributes has been remarkably highlighted. Read More
Biomed Pharmacother 2018 Dec 12;111:6-18. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Experimental Biology, Faculty of Biology and Animal Science, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Norwida 27B, 50-375 Wrocław, Poland; Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Equine Clinic - Equine Surgery, Justus-Liebig-University, 35392 Gießen, Germany. Electronic address:
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are key mediators of several cellular damage and thus associated with equine diseases such as inflammation and metabolic syndrome. This study aimed to evaluate the protective and antioxidant activities of methanolic extract prepared from Cladophora glomerata (C. glomerata) biomass, on equine adipose derived mesenchymal stem cells (EqASCs), under experimental oxidative stress induced by HO. Read More
Bioresour Technol 2018 Dec 10;274:459-467. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Department of Biology, Lakehead University, Ontario P7B 5E1, Canada. Electronic address:
Based on a general understanding that hemicellulose removal is more efficient than delignification for biomass deconstruction, an Aspergillus niger strain producing high xylanase activity was screened out from seventeen strains by clear halo experiments. Low-cost enzyme cocktail with high xylanase activity was produced from wheat straw medium fermented by the Gyx086 strain. The enzyme cocktail with high xylanase activity could more effectively hydrolyze wheat straw than other biomasses. Read More
Bioresour Technol 2018 Dec 7;274:430-438. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, PR China; Key Laboratory of Environmental Biology and Pollution Control (Hunan University), Ministry of Education, Changsha 410082, PR China.
In this study, an economical and eco-friendly strategy (i.e., adding tofu residue (TR) into waste activated sludge (WAS)) to enhance volatile fatty acid (VFA) production was reported. Read More
Curr Opin Psychol 2018 Nov 19;28:92-101. Epub 2018 Nov 19.
University of California, San Francisco, United States. Electronic address:
Both theoretical and empirical work support the notion that meditation training can improve telomere regulation, which may ultimately contribute to healthy aging. Yet, the psychological and biological mechanisms underlying these changes remain underspecified, as do the contexts and boundary conditions in which these changes occur. Here we summarize studies investigating the effects of various meditation-based interventions on telomere biology, making suggestions for future research. Read More
J Proteomics 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Proteomics Unit, Cancer Research Centre (IBMCC/CSIC/USAL/IBSAL), 37007 Salamanca, Spain; Department of Medicine and General Cytometry Service-Nucleus, Cancer Research Centre (IBMCC/CSIC/USAL/IBSAL), 37007 Salamanca, Spain. Electronic address:
Understanding the dynamic of the proteome is a critical challenge because it requires high sensitive methodologies in high-throughput formats in order to decipher its modifications and complexity. While molecular biology provides relevant information about cell physiology that may be reflected in post-translational changes, High-Throughput (HT) experimental proteomic techniques are essential to provide valuable functional information of the proteins, peptides and the interconnections between them. Hence, many methodological developments and innovations have been reported during the last decade. Read More
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Biol Lipids 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Biology and Biotechnology "Charles Darwin", La Sapienza University of Rome, Piazzale A. Moro 5, 00185 Rome, Italy.; Pasteur Institute-Cenci Bolognetti Foundation, Viale Regina Elena, 291, 00100 Rome, Italy.. Electronic address:
Sterols are essential lipids, involved in many biological processes. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the enzymes of the ergosterol biosynthetic pathway (Erg proteins) are localized in different cellular compartments. With the aim of studying organelle interactions, we discovered that Erg27p resides mainly in Lipid Droplets (LDs) in respiratory competent cells, while in absence of respiration, is found mostly in the ER. Read More
Exp Gerontol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Mossakowski Medical Research Centre, PAS, Pawinskiego 5, 02-106 Warsaw, Poland; Medical Centre of Postgraduate Education, Marymoncka 99/103, 01-813 Warsaw, Poland. Electronic address:
Introduction: Polymorphism of the glucocorticoid receptor gene (NR3C1) may modify protein abundance or function and therefore disturb human homeostasis.
Methods: Variant frequencies of the three NR3C1 polymorphisms, rs2963154, rs10515522 and rs2918418, selected in silico as associated with longevity, was analyzed in 552 DNA samples from 95 to 106-year-old individuals and in 284 samples of cord blood DNA from newborns.
Results: Frequencies of the TT genotypes of rs2963154 and rs10515522, and of the rs291841 CC genotype, were higher in the long-lived study subjects (p = 0. Read More
Exp Gerontol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Institute of Medical Biology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Kunming 650118, China; Medical Primate Research Center & Neuroscience Center, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100005, China; Yunnan Key Laboratory of Vaccine Research Development on Severe Infectious Diseases, Kunming 650118, China. Electronic address:
The Chinese tree shrew (TS) has many unique advantages that make it suitable for use as an experimental animal model for human disease including moderate body size, low cost of feeding, short reproductive cycle and lifespan, and close phylogenetic relationship to primates. Our previous studies have shown that TS treated with the mitochondrial inhibitor MPTP displayed classic Parkinsonian symptoms. Additionally, the structure of TS alpha-synuclein (α-syn) is highly homologous to that found in humans. Read More
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Division of Cell Biology, Histology and Embryology, Gottfried Schatz Research Center, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria. Electronic address:
Although massive efforts have been undertaken to elucidate the etiology of the pregnancy syndrome preeclampsia, its developmental origin remains a mystery. Most efforts of the last decade have focused on biomarkers to predict and/or diagnose preeclampsia, including the anti-angiogenic factor sFlt-1 (soluble fms-like tyrosin kinase-1), the angiogenic factor PGF (placental growth factor) and PP13 (placental protein 13). The origins of these marker proteins are still under debate, and so far their actions have only been describe separate from each other. Read More
Ocul Surf 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Ophthalmology, Anatomy and Neurobiology, University of Tennessee Health Sciences Center, Hamilton Eye Institute, 930 Madison Avenue, Memphis, TN, 38163, USA. Electronic address:
Purpose: Sphingolipids (SPL) play roles in cell signaling, inflammation, and apoptosis. Changes in SPL composition have been reported in individuals with MGD, but associations between clinical signs of MGD and compositional changes in meibum SPLs have not been examined.
Methods: Forty-three individuals underwent a tear film assessment. Read More
Cell Signal 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Biology, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China. Electronic address:
Human Glioblastoma is one deadly disease; the median survival time is reported to be 13.9 months after treatment. In the present study, we discovered that DHX33 is highly expressed in 84% of all Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Read More
Gene 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Virology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:
Given the multifactorial state of autoimmune complex diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS), it is not clear if different risk factors act jointly or independently. Despite intensive studies investigating multi aspects of MS risk factors, findings with regards to potential biomarkers that may link these risk factors remained largely inconclusive. System biology or data integration utilizes different validated datasets to extract meaningful information and map the plausible biological pathways and networks. Read More
Prog Retin Eye Res 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, Monash Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia.
In the eye immune defenses must take place in a plethora of differing microenvironments ranging from the corneal and conjunctival epithelia facing the external environment to the pigmented connective tissue of the uveal tract containing smooth muscle, blood vessels and peripheral nerves to the innermost and highly protected neural retina. The extravascular environment of the neural retina, like the brain parenchyma, is stringently controlled to maintain conditions required for neural transmission. The unique physiological nature of the neural retina can be attributed to the blood retinal barriers (BRB) of the retinal vasculature and the retinal pigment epithelium, which both tightly regulate the transport of small molecules and restrict passage of cells and macromolecules from the circulation into the retina in a similar fashion to the blood brain barrier (BBB). Read More
Eur J Pharm Biopharm 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
nstitute of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southern Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Tainan, Taiwan. Electronic address:
Thrombomodulin (TM) is a type-I transmembrane glycoprotein expressed on the surfaces of endothelial cells and epidermal keratinocytes. It is known to regulate blood coagulation, inflammation, and cell-cell adhesion. A recombinant TM, which contains an epidermal growth factor - like domain and serine/threonine-riches domain, has been demonstrated to stimulate cell proliferation and migration of keratinocytes and wound healing. Read More
Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Medical Radiation Physics, Department of Translational Medicine, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden; Medical Imaging and Physiology, Skåne University Hospital, Lund, Sweden. Electronic address:
Objective: To investigate the relationship between meniscus magnetic resonance (MR) relaxation parameters and meniscus degradation through quantitative imaging of ex vivo posterior horns of menisci from subjects with and without knee osteoarthritis (OA).
Design: We sampled medial and lateral menisci from ten medial compartment knee OA patients (mean age 63 years) undergoing total knee replacement and from ten deceased donors (references, mean age 51 years). MR relaxation parameters T2*, T2 and T1 of the posterior horn were measured at a 9. Read More
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology, Queen's University Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK.
Purpose: The aim of this study was to define the dose and dose-volume relationship of radiation induced pulmonary toxicities occurring in and out-of-field in mouse models of early inflammatory and late fibrotic response.
Materials And Methods: Early radiation induced inflammation and fibrosis were investigated in C3H/NeJ and C57BL/6J mice respectively. Animals were irradiated with 20 Gy delivered to the upper region of the right lung as a single fraction or as three consecutive fractions using the Small Animal Radiation Research Platform (SARRP, Xstrahl Inc. Read More
Behav Brain Res 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
The Brain and Muscle Energy Group, Electron Microscopy Laboratory, Department of Oral Biology, University of Oslo, NO-0316, Oslo, Norway; Synaptic Neurochemistry and Amino Acid Transporters Labs, Division of Anatomy, Department of Molecular Medicine, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences (IMB) and Healthy Brain Ageing Centre (SERTA), University of Oslo, NO-0317, Oslo, Norway; Center for Healthy Aging, Department of Neuroscience and Pharmacology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, DK-2200 Copenhagen N, Denmark.
Glutamatergic α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptors (AMPARs) carry the bulk of excitatory synaptic transmission. Their modulation plays key roles in synaptic plasticity, which underlies hippocampal learning and memory. A dysfunctional glutamatergic system may negatively affect learning abilities and underlie symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Read More
J Dent 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Advanced Oral Sciences and Therapeutics, University of Maryland School of Dentistry, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA; Center for Stem Cell Biology & Regenerative Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA; Marlene and Stewart Greenebaum Cancer Center, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA. Electronic address:
Objectives: The objectives of this study were to: (1) develop a novel multifunctional composite with nanoparticles of silver (NAg), 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC), dimethylaminohexadecyl methacrylate (DMAHDM) and nanoparticles of amorphous calcium phosphate (NACP); and (2) investigate biofilm-inhibition via the multifunctional nanocomposite against three species of periodontal pathogens for the first time.
Methods: The multifunctional nanocomposite was fabricated by incorporating NAg, MPC, DMAHDM and NACP into the resin consisting of pyromellitic glycerol dimethacrylate (PMDGDM) and ethoxylated bisphenol A dimethacrylate (EBPADMA). Three species (Porphyromonas gingivalis, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans and Fusobacterium nucleatum) were tested for metabolic activity (MTT), live/dead staining, polysaccharide production and colony-forming units (CFU) of biofilms grown on resins. Read More
Mol Cell Endocrinol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Laboratory of Morphometry, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Biomedical Center, Institute of Biology, State University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Electronic address:
The role of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in browning and thermogenesis has not been fully elucidated. Thus, we meant to evaluate the effect of EPA and DHA, administered alone or combined, with the activation of browning markers in subcutaneous white adipose tissue (sWAT), and thermogenic markers in brown adipose tissue (BAT). C57BL/6 adult male mice received a control diet or a high-fructose diet (HFru) for eight weeks, but after the first three weeks, HFru was divided into new groups: HFru, HFru + EPA, HFru + DHA, and HFru-EPA + DHA. Read More
Adv Drug Deliv Rev 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Division of MR Research, Cellular Imaging Section and Vascular Biology Program, Institute for Cell Engineering, Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, Department of Biomedical Engineering, and Department of Oncology, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. Electronic address:
Magnetic particle imaging (MPI) has recently emerged as a non-invasive, whole body imaging technique that detects superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles similar as those used in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Based on tracer "hot spot" detection instead of providing contrast on MRI scans, MPI has already proven to be truly quantitative. Without the presence of endogenous background signal, MPI can also be used in certain tissues where the endogenous MRI signal is too low to provide contrast. Read More
Adv Drug Deliv Rev 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
MedImmune, Gaithersburg, MD 20878, United States. Electronic address:
CD40 is a TNF receptor superfamily member expressed on both immune and non-immune cells. Interactions between B cell-expressed CD40 and its binding partner, CD40L, predominantly expressed on activated CD4+ T cells, play a critical role in promoting germinal center formation and the production of class-switched antibodies. Non-hematopoietic cells expressing CD40 can also engage CD40L and trigger a pro-inflammatory response. Read More
Peptides 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department and Graduate Institute of Aquaculture, National Kaohsiung University of Science and Technology, Kaohsiung 811, Taiwan. Electronic address:
Trichomoniasis is caused by infection with the protozoan parasite Trichomonas vaginalis, and prolonged persistence may lead to serious ill effects in patients. Thus, the development of new therapeutic strategies to combat drug-resistant T. vaginalis would be clinically beneficial. Read More
Theor Popul Biol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, 02138, USA; Program for Evolutionary Dynamics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA; Department of Mathematics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.
We describe an iterated game between two players, in which the payoff is to survive a number of steps. Expected payoffs are probabilities of survival. A key feature of the game is that individuals have to survive on their own if their partner dies. Read More
Eur J Pharmacol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Medical Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Saarland University Medical Faculty D-66421 Homburg, Germany. Electronic address:
Stimulation of transient receptor potential M3 (TRPM3) channels with the steroid pregnenolone sulfate increases the transcriptional activation potential of Elk-1, a transcription factor that regulates serum response element-mediated transcription. Here, we show that an influx of Ca ions into the cells is essential for the activation of Elk-1 following stimulation of TRPM3. Using genetically encoded Ca buffers, we show that a rise in cytoplasmic Ca is required for the upregulation of the transcriptional activation potential of Elk-1, while buffering of Ca in the nucleus had no inhibitory effect on the transcriptional activity of Elk-1. Read More
Acta Trop 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Molecular Biology/Bioinformatics Centre, Rajendra Memorial Research Institute of Medical Science, Indian Council for Medical Research, Agamkuan, Patna, Bihar 800007. India.
Despite the availability of drugs to treat Leishmaniasis, various other factors including drug resistance and adverse side effects encourage the researchers to search for new strategies and alternatives for treating Leishmaniasis. Repurposing and devising combination therapy with the existing small molecules would serve as an alternative strategy to address the issue, especially the drug resistance. Hence, here we report LeishInDB, a web-accessible resource of small molecule inhibitors having a varying degree of activity towards Leishmania sp. Read More
Biochem Pharmacol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, California State University, Los Angeles, CA, USA. Electronic address:
The PPP1R1B gene is located on chromosome 17q12 (39,626,208-39,636,626[GRCh38/hg38]), which codes for multiple transcripts and two experimentally-documented proteins Darpp-32 and t-Darpp. Darpp-32 (Dopamine and cAMP Regulated Phosphoprotein), discovered in the early 1980s, is a protein whose phosphorylation is upregulated in response to cAMP in dopamine-responsive tissues in the brain. It's phosphorylation profile modulates its ability to bind and inhibit Protein Phosphatase 1 activity, which, in turn, controls the activity of hundreds of phosphorylated proteins. Read More
Dev Biol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Cell, Developmental, and Regenerative Biology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY 10029. Electronic address:
FGF signaling plays important roles in many aspects of mammalian development. Fgfr1 and Fgfr1Fgfr2 mouse embryos on a 129S4 co-isogenic background fail to survive past the peri-implantation stage, whereas Fgfr2 embryos die at midgestation and show defects in limb and placental development. To investigate the basis for the Fgfr1 and Fgfr1Fgfr2 peri-implantation lethality, we examined the role of FGFR1 and FGFR2 in trophectoderm (TE) development. Read More
Glob Chang Biol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratories (AOML), NOAA, 4301 Rickenbacker Cswy, Miami, FL, 33149 USA.
Identifying which factors lead to coral bleaching resistance is a priority given the global decline of coral reefs with ocean warming. During the second year of back-to-back bleaching events in the Florida Keys in 2014 and 2015, we characterized key environmental and biological factors associated with bleaching resilience in the threatened reef-building coral Orbicella faveolata. Ten reefs (five inshore, five offshore, 179 corals total) were sampled during bleaching (September 2015) and recovery (May 2016). Read More
Glob Chang Biol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Key Laboratory of Tropical Forest Ecology, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Mengla, China.
It is critical to accurately estimate carbon (C) turnover time as it dominates the uncertainty in ecosystem C sinks and their response to future climate change. In the absence of direct observations of ecosystem C losses, C turnover times are commonly estimated under the steady-state assumption (SSA), which has been applied across a large range of temporal and spatial scales including many at which the validity of the assumption is likely to be violated. However the errors associated with improperly applying SSA to estimate C turnover time and its covariance with climate as well as ecosystem C sequestrations have yet to be fully quantified. Read More
New Phytol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Energy Plant Research Laboratory, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA.
Plants mount coordinated immune responses to defend against pathogens. However, the cellular components required for plant immunity are not fully understood. The jasmonate-mimicking coronatine (COR) toxin produced by Pseudomonas syringae pv. Read More
Plant Biotechnol J 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
State Key Lab of Rice Biology, China National Rice Research Institute, Hangzhou, 311400, P.R. China.
Identification of seed development regulatory genes is the key for the genetic improvement of rice grain quality. NF-Ys are important transcription factors, but their roles in rice grain quality control and the underlying molecular mechanism remains largely unknown. Here, we report the functional characterization a rice NF-Y heterotrimer complex NF-YB1-YC12-bHLH144, which is formed by the binding of NF-YB1 to NF-YC12 and then bHLH144 in a sequential order. Read More
Cell Microbiol 2018 Dec 15:e12994. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Aspergillus Unit, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.
If the mycelium of Aspergillus fumigatus is very short-lived in the laboratory, conidia can survive for years. This survival capacity and extreme resistance to environmental insults is a major biological characteristic of this fungal species. Moreover, conidia which easily reach the host alveola, are the infective propagules. Read More
Plant J 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
SynBioC Research Group, Department of Green Chemistry and Technology, Campus Coupure, Ghent University Coupure Links 653, 9000, Ghent, Belgium.
Strigolactones (SLs) are a family of terpenoid allelochemicals that were recognized as plant hormones only a decade ago. They influence a myriad of both above- and belowground developmental processes, and are an important survival strategy for plants in nutrient-deprived soils. A rapidly emerging approach to gain knowledge on hormone signaling is the use of traceable analogs. Read More
Plant J 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Key Laboratory of Potato Biology and Biotechnology, Ministry of Agriculture and Countryside, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, Hubei, 430070, China.
The transition to tuberization contributes greatly to the adaptability of potato to a wide range of environments. Phytochromes are important light receptors for the growth and development of plants, but the detailed functions of Phytochromes remain unclear in potato. In this study, we first confirmed that phytochrome F (StPHYF) played essential roles in photoperiodic tuberization in potato. Read More
New Phytol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Pacific Southwest Research Station, USDA Forest Service, Davis, CA, 95618.
Secondary growth from a vascular cambium, present today only in seed plants and isoetalean lycophytes, has a 400-million-year evolutionary history that involves considerably broader taxonomic diversity, most of it hidden in the fossil record. Approaching vascular cambial growth as a complex developmental process, we review data from living plants and fossils that reveal diverse modes of secondary growth. These are consistent with a modular nature of secondary growth, when considered as a tracheophyte-wide structural feature. Read More
Genes Brain Behav 2018 Dec 15:e12547. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Physiology and Cell Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel.
Individuals with autism constitute a variable population whose members are spread along the autism spectrum. Sub-populations within that spectrum exhibit other conditions, such as anxiety, intellectual disabilities, hyperactivity and epilepsy, with different severities and co-occurrences. Among the genes associated with the increased risk for autism is the methylenetetrahydrofolate-reductase (MTHFR) 677C>T polymorphism, which impairs one-carbon metabolic pathway efficiency. Read More
J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Agriculture and Biology, Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Warsaw, Poland.
The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of inulin supply to high-fat diet rich in saturated fatty acids (SFA) on pork quality and profile of sarcoplasmic protein in drip loss. At 50 days of age, twenty cross-bred pigs (gilts) were randomly allotted to four groups: the control (C) group fed a standard diet, and three experimental (D1, D2 and D3) groups fed a high-fat diet rich in SFA. Moreover, pigs from the groups D2 and D3 consumed an extra inulin supply (7% of daily feed intake) from 85 to 120 days of age (for 5 weeks) and from 50 to 120 days of age (for 10 weeks) respectively. Read More
Head Neck 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Oral Pathology and Oral Biology, School of Dentistry, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.
Background: Oral field cancerization describes a multifocal development process involving many cells at once in response to prolong exposure to carcinogens. This case demonstrated differential p16 expression in different sections of the same HPV negative tumor on the floor of mouth in a patient with history of prolonged smoking.
Methods: Histological examination, presence of HPV infection and OncoScan analysis of DNA extracted from two well-defined areas with different p16 expression profiles were performed. Read More
J Cell Biochem 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Physiology & Pathophysiology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.
Macrophages polarization plays essential but different roles in most diseases such as atherosclerosis, adipose tissue inflammation, and insulin resistance. Our previous study revealed that protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR2), a G-protein coupled receptor influenced macrophage function, but little is known regarding the regulation of macrophage polarization process and its potential mechanisms. In the present study, bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDM) isolated from C57/BL6 mice and cultured with L929-conditional medium and murine macrophage cell line RAW264. Read More
Hepatology 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
UPMC Hillman Cancer Center, Pittsburgh, PA, 15213, USA.
Acetaminophen (APAP) overdose is one of the leading causes of hepatotoxicity and acute liver failure in the United States. Accumulating evidence suggests that hepatocyte necrosis plays a critical role in APAP-induced liver injury. However, the mechanisms of APAP-induced necrosis and liver injury are not fully understood. Read More
J Cell Biochem 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Laboratory Medicine, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China.
Cervical cancer (CC) is the second most common malignancy in females. Owing to poor diagnosis, resistance to the systemic therapies, and high recurrence rate, patients with CC have a relatively poor prognosis. The role of a signaling pathway in CC has always been the focus among worldwide researchers. Read More
J Comp Neurol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics, Dresden, Germany.
The neocortex, the seat of higher cognitive functions, exhibits a key feature across mammalian species - a highly variable degree of folding. Within the neocortex, two distinct subtypes of cortical areas can be distinguished, the isocortex and the proisocortex. Here, we have compared specific spatiotemporal aspects of folding between the proisocortex and the isocortex in 13 primates, including human, chimpanzee, and various Old World and New World monkeys. Read More
J Comp Neurol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.
The praying mantis shows broad repertories of visually guided behaviours such as prey recognition and defence against collision. It is likely that neurons in the lobula complex (LOX), the third visual neuropil in the optic lobe, play significant roles in these behaviours. The LOX in the mantis brain consists of five neuropils: outer lobes 1 and 2 (OLO1 and OLO2); anterior lobe (ALO); dorsal lobe, (DLO); and stalk lobe (SLO), and ALO comprise ventral and dorsal subunits, ALO-V and ALO-D. Read More