1,304 results match your criteria Biological Reviews [Journal]


Two potential evolutionary origins of the fruiting bodies of the dictyostelid slime moulds.

Authors:
Jenks Hehmeyer

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Williams College, Williamstown, MA, 01267, USA.

Dictyostelium discoideum and the other dictyostelid slime moulds ('social amoebae') are popular model organisms best known for their demonstration of sorocarpic development. In this process, many cells aggregate to form a multicellular unit that ultimately becomes a fruiting body bearing asexual spores. Several other unrelated microorganisms undergo comparable processes, and in some it is evident that their multicellular development evolved from the differentiation process of encystation. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/brv.12516
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12516DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Molecular interplay of autophagy and endocytosis in human health and diseases.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Life Science, National Institute of Technology Rourkela, Sundergarh, Odisha 769008, India.

Autophagy, an evolutionarily conserved process for maintaining the physio-metabolic equilibrium of cells, shares many common effector proteins with endocytosis. For example, tethering proteins involved in fusion like Ras-like GTPases (Rabs), soluble N-ethylmaleimide sensitive factor attachment protein receptors (SNAREs), lysosomal-associated membrane protein (LAMP), and endosomal sorting complex required for transport (ESCRT) have a dual role in endocytosis and autophagy, and the trafficking routes of these processes converge at lysosomes. These common effectors indicate an association between budding and fusion of membrane-bound vesicles that may have a substantial role in autophagic lysosome reformation, by sensing cellular stress levels. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/brv.12515
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12515DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Global effects of non-native tree species on multiple ecosystem services.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Departamento de Biología, Facultad de Cc. del Mar y Ambientales, Instituto Universitario de Investigación Marina (INMAR), Campus de Excelencia Internacional del Mar CEIMAR, Universidad de Cádiz, E-11510, Puerto Real, Spain.

Non-native tree (NNT) species have been transported worldwide to create or enhance services that are fundamental for human well-being, such as timber provision, erosion control or ornamental value; yet NNTs can also produce undesired effects, such as fire proneness or pollen allergenicity. Despite the variety of effects that NNTs have on multiple ecosystem services, a global quantitative assessment of their costs and benefits is still lacking. Such information is critical for decision-making, management and sustainable exploitation of NNTs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12511DOI Listing

Oncometabolites in cancer aggressiveness and tumour repopulation.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Neurosciences, Biomedicine and Movement Sciences, University of Verona, 37134, Verona, Italy.

Tumour repopulation is recognized as a crucial event in tumour relapse where therapy-sensitive dying cancer cells influence the tumour microenvironment to sustain therapy-resistant cancer cell growth. Recent studies highlight the role of the oncometabolites succinate, fumarate, and 2-hydroxyglutarate in the aggressiveness of cancer cells and in the worsening of the patient's clinical outcome. These oncometabolites can be produced and secreted by cancer and/or surrounding cells, modifying the tumour microenvironment and sustaining an invasive neoplastic phenotype. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/brv.12513
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12513DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

Death among primates: a critical review of non-human primate interactions towards their dead and dying.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Primate Models for Behavioural Evolution Lab, Institute of Cognitive and Evolutionary Anthropology, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX2 6PN, UK.

For the past two centuries, non-human primates have been reported to inspect, protect, retrieve, carry or drag the dead bodies of their conspecifics and, for nearly the same amount of time, sparse scientific attention has been paid to such behaviours. Given that there exists a considerable gap in the fossil and archaeological record concerning how early hominins might have interacted with their dead, extant primates may provide valuable insight into how and in which contexts thanatological behaviours would have occurred. First, we outline a comprehensive history of comparative thanatology in non-human primates, from the earliest accounts to the present, uncovering the interpretations of previous researchers and their contributions to the field of primate thanatology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12512DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

The phylogenetic origin and evolution of acellular bone in teleost fishes: insights into osteocyte function in bone metabolism.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Earth Sciences, University of Oxford, OX1 3AN Oxford, U.K.

Vertebrate bone is composed of three main cell types: osteoblasts, osteoclasts and osteocytes, the latter being by far the most numerous. Osteocytes are thought to play a fundamental role in bone physiology and homeostasis, however they are entirely absent in most extant species of teleosts, a group that comprises the vast majority of bony 'fishes', and approximately half of vertebrates. Understanding how this acellular (anosteocytic) bone appeared and was maintained in such an important vertebrate group has important implications for our understanding of the function and evolution of osteocytes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12505DOI Listing

All by myself? Meta-analysis of animal contests shows stronger support for self than for mutual assessment models.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Departamento de Biologia Geral, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, 31270-901, Brazil.

Since the 1970's, models based on evolutionary game theory, such as war of attrition (WOA), energetic war of attrition (E-WOA), cumulative assessment model (CAM) and sequential assessment model (SAM), have been widely applied to understand how animals settle contests. Despite the important theoretical advances provided by these models, empirical evidence indicates that rules adopted by animals to settle contests vary among species. This stimulated recent discussions about the generality and applicability of models of contest. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12509DOI Listing

The reality and evolutionary significance of human psychological sex differences.

Authors:
John Archer

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Psychology, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, Lancashire PR1 2HE, U.K.

The aims of this article are: (i) to provide a quantitative overview of sex differences in human psychological attributes; and (ii) to consider evidence for their possible evolutionary origins. Sex differences were identified from a systematic literature search of meta-analyses and large-sample studies. These were organized in terms of evolutionary significance as follows: (i) characteristics arising from inter-male competition (within-sex aggression; impulsiveness and sensation-seeking; fearfulness; visuospatial and object-location memory; object-centred orientations); (ii) those concerning social relations that are likely to have arisen from women's adaptations for small-group interactions and men's for larger co-operative groups (person-centred orientation and social skills; language; depression and anxiety); (iii) those arising from female choice (sexuality; mate choice; sexual conflict). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12507DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

A review of Gloger's rule, an ecogeographical rule of colour: definitions, interpretations and evidence.

Authors:
Kaspar Delhey

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

School of Biological Sciences, Monash University, 25 Rainforest Walk, 3800 Clayton, Victoria, Australia.

Gloger's rule is an ecogeographical rule that links animal colouration with climatic variation. This rule is named after C.W. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12503DOI Listing

Lianas as a food resource for herbivorous insects: a comparison with trees.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Environmental Futures Research Institute and School of Environment and Science, Griffith University, Nathan, Queensland, Australia.

Woody climbers or, 'lianas', are one of the features that characterise rainforests. They contribute substantially to plant diversity and leaf biomass which makes them a potentially important food source for herbivores. Here, we focus on insect herbivores, folivores in particular, to show how disparities in the quantitative and qualitative availability of leaves between lianas and trees may differentially influence insect folivory and the herbivore communities themselves. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12508DOI Listing

Grasping at straws: a re-evaluation of sweepstakes colonisation of islands by mammals.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2019 Mar 12. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Earth Sciences, University of Florence, Via La Pira 4, Florence, Italy.

Natural rafting is an easy, non-evidence-based solution often used to explain the presence of a variety of species on isolated islands. The question arises as to whether this solution is based on solid scientific grounds. It is a plausible colonisation route only if intricate networks of variables are considered and many different conditions satisfied. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/brv.12506
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12506DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Reconciling the concepts and measures of diversity, rarity and originality in ecology and evolution.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2019 Mar 12. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Centre d'Ecologie et des Sciences de la Conservation (CESCO), Département Homme et Environnement, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, 57 Rue Cuvier, CP 135, 75005, Paris, France.

The concept of biological diversity, or biodiversity, is at the core of evolutionary and ecological studies. Many indices of biodiversity have been developed in the last four decades, with species being one of the central units of these indices. However, evolutionary and ecological studies need a precise description of species' characteristics to best quantify inter-species diversity, as species are not equivalent and exchangeable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12504DOI Listing

Adaptive evolution of butterfly wing shape: from morphology to behaviour.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Institut de Systématique, Evolution, Biodiversité (ISYEB), Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, EPHE, Université des Antilles, 57 rue Cuvier CP50, 75005, Paris, France.

Butterflies display extreme variation in wing shape associated with tremendous ecological diversity. Disentangling the role of neutral versus adaptive processes in wing shape diversification remains a challenge for evolutionary biologists. Ascertaining how natural selection influences wing shape evolution requires both functional studies linking morphology to flight performance, and ecological investigations linking performance in the wild with fitness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12500DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Death domain of p75 neurotrophin receptor: a structural perspective on an intracellular signalling hub.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

School of Life Sciences, Tianjin University, Tianjin, 300072, People's Republic of China.

The death domain (DD) is a globular protein motif with a signature feature of an all-helical Greek-key motif. It is a primary mediator of a variety of biological activities, including apoptosis, cell survival and cytoskeletal changes, which are related to many neurodegenerative diseases, neurotrauma, and cancers. DDs exist in a wide range of signalling proteins including p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75 ), a member of the tumour necrosis factor receptor superfamily. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12502DOI Listing
February 2019

Mate choice in a changing world.

Authors:
Ulrika Candolin

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Organismal and Evolutionary Biology, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 65, FI-00014 Helsinki, Finland.

Human activities by altering environmental conditions are influencing the mate choice of animals. This is by impacts on: (i) the production and expression of traits evaluated by mate choosers; (ii) the transmission of information about potential mates to choosers; (iii) the reception and processing of the information by choosers; and (iv) the final mate choice. Here, I first discuss how these four stages of the mate-choice process can be altered by environmental change, and how these alterations, in turn, can influence individuals, populations, and communities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12501DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in naturally assembled communities.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Systematic Botany and Functional Biodiversity, Institute of Biology, Leipzig University, Johannisallee 21-23, 04103 Leipzig, Germany.

Approximately 25 years ago, ecologists became increasingly interested in the question of whether ongoing biodiversity loss matters for the functioning of ecosystems. As such, a new ecological subfield on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning (BEF) was born. This subfield was initially dominated by theoretical studies and by experiments in which biodiversity was manipulated, and responses of ecosystem functions such as biomass production, decomposition rates, carbon sequestration, trophic interactions and pollination were assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12499DOI Listing
February 2019

Leaf surface development and the plant fossil record: stomatal patterning in Bennettitales.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, TW9 3AB, U.K.

Stomata play a critical ecological role as an interface between the plant and its environment. Although the guard-cell pair is highly conserved in land plants, the development and patterning of surrounding epidermal cells follow predictable pathways in different taxa that are increasingly well understood following recent advances in the developmental genetics of the plant epidermis in model taxa. Similarly, other aspects of leaf development and evolution are benefiting from a molecular-genetic approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12497DOI Listing
February 2019

Nuclear envelope dynamics during mammalian spermatogenesis: new insights on male fertility.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Medical Sciences, Neuroscience and Signalling Laboratory, Institute for Biomedicine (iBiMED), University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal.

The production of highly specialized spermatozoa from undifferentiated spermatogonia is a strictly organized and programmed process requiring extensive restructuring of the entire cell. One of the most remarkable cellular transformations accompanying the various phases of spermatogenesis is the profound remodelling of the nuclear architecture, in which the nuclear envelope (NE) seems to be crucially involved. In recent years, several proteins from the distinct layers forming the NE (i. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/brv.12498
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12498DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

The growth ring concept: seeking a broader and unambiguous approach covering tropical species.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Laboratório de Anatomia Vegetal e Identificação de Madeiras (LAVIM), Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Rua Barão de Jeremoabo, Campus de Ondina, 147, Salvador, BA 40.170-290, Brazil.

The concept of growth rings is little discussed in the literature and their treatment remains somewhat confusing in terms of the diversity of structures described. This situation has a major impact on the study of growth rings in tropical species, in which variations and complexity are greater and accuracy of identification less good. The rigid conceptual delimitations used by dendrochronologists and wood anatomists of temperate regions cannot be applied to the study of growth rings in most tropical species, which has led to neglect of this subject. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12495DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Effects of developmental stress on animal phenotype and performance: a quantitative review.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Centre for Integrative Ecology, Deakin University, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, 75 Pigdons rd, Geelong, VIC 3216, Australia.

Developmental stressors are increasingly recognised for their pervasive influence on the ecology and evolution of animals. In particular, many studies have focused on how developmental stress can give rise to variation in adult behaviour, physiology, and performance. However, there remains a poor understanding of whether general patterns exist in the effects and magnitude of phenotypic responses across taxonomic groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12496DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Towards a 'Sea-Level Sensitive' dynamic model: impact of island ontogeny and glacio-eustasy on global patterns of marine island biogeography.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Department of Geosciences, Williams College, Williamstown, MA 01267, U.S.A.

A synthetic model is presented to enlarge the evolutionary framework of the General Dynamic Model (GDM) and the Glacial Sensitive Model (GSM) of oceanic island biogeography from the terrestrial to the marine realm. The proposed 'Sea-Level Sensitive' dynamic model (SLS) of marine island biogeography integrates historical and ecological biogeography with patterns of glacio-eustasy, merging concepts from areas as diverse as taxonomy, biogeography, marine biology, volcanology, sedimentology, stratigraphy, palaeontology, geochronology and geomorphology. Fundamental to the SLS model is the dynamic variation of the littoral area of volcanic oceanic islands (defined as the area between the intertidal and the 50-m isobath) in response to sea-level oscillations driven by glacial-interglacial cycles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12492DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Neuronal sub-compartmentalization: a strategy to optimize neuronal function.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Clem Jones Centre for Dementia Research, Queensland Brain Institute, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Neurons are highly polarized cells that consist of three main structural and functional domains: a cell body or soma, an axon, and dendrites. These domains contain smaller compartments with essential roles for proper neuronal function, such as the axonal presynaptic boutons and the dendritic postsynaptic spines. The structure and function of these compartments have now been characterized in great detail. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12487DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Paradoxes of tumour complexity: somatic selection, vulnerability by design, or infectious aetiology?

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2018 Dec 27. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Institute of Biology, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest 1117, Hungary.

The aetiology of cancer involves intricate cellular and molecular mechanisms that apparently emerge on the short timescale of a single lifetime. Some of these traits are remarkable not only for their complexity, but also because it is hard to conceive selection pressures that would favour their evolution within the local competitive microenvironment of the tumour. Examples include 'niche construction' (re-programming of tumour-specific target sites) to create permissive conditions for distant metastases; long-range feedback loops of tumour growth; and remarkably 'plastic' phenotypes (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12490DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Cognitive costs of reproduction: life-history trade-offs explain cognitive decline during pregnancy in women.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2018 Dec 26. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow 31-531, Poland.

Life-history theory predicts that access to limited resources leads to trade-offs between competing body functions. Women, who face higher costs of reproduction when compared to men, should be especially vulnerable to these trade-offs. We propose the 'cognitive costs of reproduction hypothesis', which states that energy trade-offs imposed by reproduction may lead to a decline in maternal cognitive function during gestation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12494DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

The covariance between metabolic rate and behaviour varies across behaviours and thermal types: meta-analytic insights.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2018 Dec 26. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Evolution and Ecology Research Centre and School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales 2052, Australia.

Energy metabolism has received much attention as a potential driver of repeatable among-individual differences in behaviour (animal personality). Several factors have been hypothesized to mediate this relationship. We performed a systematic review with a meta-analysis of >70 studies comprised of >8000 individuals reporting relationships between measures of maintenance metabolic rates (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12491DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Assessing the fitness consequences of mitonuclear interactions in natural populations.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2018 Dec 26. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

School of Biological Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia.

Metazoans exist only with a continuous and rich supply of chemical energy from oxidative phosphorylation in mitochondria. The oxidative phosphorylation machinery that mediates energy conservation is encoded by both mitochondrial and nuclear genes, and hence the products of these two genomes must interact closely to achieve coordinated function of core respiratory processes. It follows that selection for efficient respiration will lead to selection for compatible combinations of mitochondrial and nuclear genotypes, and this should facilitate coadaptation between mitochondrial and nuclear genomes (mitonuclear coadaptation). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12493DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Muscle wasting in the presence of disease, why is it so variable?

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2018 Dec 26. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

National Institute for Health Research Respiratory Biomedical Research Unit, Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS Foundation Trust and Imperial College London, Sydney Street, London SW3 6NP, U.K.

Skeletal muscle wasting is a common clinical feature of many chronic diseases and also occurs in response to single acute events. The accompanying loss of strength can lead to significant disability, increased care needs and have profound negative effects on quality of life. As muscle is the most abundant source of amino acids in the body, it appears to function as a buffer for fuel and substrates that can be used to repair damage elsewhere and to feed the immune system. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/brv.12489
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12489DOI Listing
December 2018
21 Reads

Animal movements in fire-prone landscapes.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2018 Dec 18. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Ecology, Environment and Evolution, School of Life Sciences, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria 3086, Australia.

Movement is a trait of fundamental importance in ecosystems subject to frequent disturbances, such as fire-prone ecosystems. Despite this, the role of movement in facilitating responses to fire has received little attention. Herein, we consider how animal movement interacts with fire history to shape species distributions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12486DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Trait-based ecology of terrestrial arthropods.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX1 3PS, U.K.

In focusing on how organisms' generalizable functional properties (traits) interact mechanistically with environments across spatial scales and levels of biological organization, trait-based approaches provide a powerful framework for attaining synthesis, generality and prediction. Trait-based research has considerably improved understanding of the assembly, structure and functioning of plant communities. Further advances in ecology may be achieved by exploring the trait-environment relationships of non-sessile, heterotrophic organisms such as terrestrial arthropods, which are geographically ubiquitous, ecologically diverse, and often important functional components of ecosystems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12488DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Recent advances in New Caledonian biogeography.

Authors:
Michael Heads

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Buffalo Museum of Science, Buffalo, NY 14211-1293, U.S.A.

The biota of New Caledonia is one of the most unusual in the world. It displays high diversity and endemism, many peculiar absences, and far-flung biogeographic affinities. For example, New Caledonia is the only place on Earth with both main clades of flowering plants - the endemic Amborella and 'all the rest', and it also has the highest concentration of diversity in conifers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12485DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Evolutionary history of fire-stimulated resprouting, flowering, seed release and germination.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

College of Horticulture and Forestry Sciences, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China.

Fire has shaped the evolution of many plant traits in fire-prone environments: fire-resistant tissues with heat-insulated meristems, post-fire resprouting or fire-killed but regenerating from stored seeds, fire-stimulated flowering, release of on-plant-stored seeds, and germination of soil-stored seeds. Flowering, seed release and germination fit into three categories of response to intensifying fire: fire not required, weakly fire-adapted or strongly fire-adapted. Resprouting also has three categories but survival is always reduced by increasing fire intensity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12483DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Sexual selection and its evolutionary consequences in female animals.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Centre for Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Perth, 6009, Australia.

For sexual selection to act on a given sex, there must exist variation in the reproductive success of that sex as a result of differential access to mates or fertilisations. The mechanisms and consequences of sexual selection acting on male animals are well documented, but research on sexual selection acting on females has only recently received attention. Controversy still exists over whether sexual selection acts on females in the traditional sense, and over whether to modify the existing definition of sexual selection (to include resource competition) or to invoke alternative mechanisms (usually social selection) to explain selection acting on females in connection with reproduction. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/brv.12484
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12484DOI Listing
November 2018
46 Reads

Persistence and stochasticity are key determinants of genetic diversity in plants associated with banded iron formation inselbergs.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Biodiversity and Conservation Science, Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions, Locked Bag 104, Bentley Delivery Centre, Perth, WA, 6983, Australia.

The high species endemism characteristic of many of the world's terrestrial island systems provides a model for studying evolutionary patterns and processes, yet there has been no synthesis of studies to provide a systematic evaluation of terrestrial island systems in this context. The banded iron formations (BIFs) of south-western Australia are ancient terrestrial island formations occurring within a mosaic of alluvial clay soils, sandplains and occasional granite outcropping, across an old, gently undulating, highly weathered, plateau. Notably, these BIFs display exceptionally high beta plant diversity. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/brv.12477
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12477DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Synzoochory: the ecological and evolutionary relevance of a dual interaction.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Departamento de Ecología Integrativa, Integrative Ecology Group, Estación Biológica de Doñana (EBD-CSIC), Avda. Americo Vespucio S/N, E-41092 Sevilla, Spain.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12481DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Biophysical factors in the regulation of asymmetric division of stem cells.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Centre for Healthcare Science and Technology, Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur, Howrah, West Bengal 711103, India.

Stem cells are a promising cell source for regenerative medicine due to their characteristics of self-renewal and differentiation. The intricate balance between these two cell fates is maintained by precisely controlled symmetric and asymmetric cell divisions. Asymmetric division has a fundamental importance in maintaining tissue homeostasis and in the development of multi-cellular organisms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12479DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Emerging threats and persistent conservation challenges for freshwater biodiversity.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Fish Ecology and Conservation Physiology Laboratory, Department of Biology, Carleton University, Ottawa, K1S 5B6, Canada.

In the 12 years since Dudgeon et al. (2006) reviewed major pressures on freshwater ecosystems, the biodiversity crisis in the world's lakes, reservoirs, rivers, streams and wetlands has deepened. While lakes, reservoirs and rivers cover only 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12480DOI Listing
November 2018
55 Reads

Evolutionary significance of the microbial assemblages of large benthic Foraminifera.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2018 Nov 18. Epub 2018 Nov 18.

Marine Biodiversity Group, Naturalis Biodiversity Center, 2300 RA, Leiden, 9517, the Netherlands.

Large benthic Foraminifera (LBF) are major carbonate producers on coral reefs, and are hosts to a diverse symbiotic microbial community. During warm episodes in the geological past, these reef-building organisms expanded their geographical ranges as subtropical and tropical belts moved into higher latitudes. During these range-expansion periods, LBF were the most prolific carbonate producers on reefs, dominating shallow carbonate platforms over reef-building corals. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/brv.12482
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12482DOI Listing
November 2018
15 Reads

Modularity is the mother of invention: a review of polymorphism in bryozoans.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2018 Nov 18. Epub 2018 Nov 18.

School of Biological Sciences, Victoria University of Wellington, PO Box 600, Wellington, 6140, New Zealand.

Modularity is a fundamental concept in biology. Most taxa within the colonial invertebrate phylum Bryozoa have achieved division of labour through the development of specialized modules (polymorphs), and this group is perhaps the most outstanding exemplar of the phenomenon. We provide a comprehensive description of the diversity, morphology and function of these polymorphs and the significance of modularity to the evolutionary success of the phylum, which has >21000 described fossil and living species. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12478DOI Listing
November 2018
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A long winter for the Red Queen: rethinking the evolution of seasonal migration.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2018 Nov 4. Epub 2018 Nov 4.

Museum of Zoology and Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, U.S.A.

This paper advances an hypothesis that the primary adaptive driver of seasonal migration is maintenance of site fidelity to familiar breeding locations. We argue that seasonal migration is therefore principally an adaptation for geographic persistence when confronted with seasonality - analogous to hibernation, freeze tolerance, or other organismal adaptations to cyclically fluctuating environments. These ideas stand in contrast to traditional views that bird migration evolved as an adaptive dispersal strategy for exploiting new breeding areas and avoiding competitors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12476DOI Listing
November 2018
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Sex-biased dispersal: a review of the theory.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2019 04 24;94(2):721-736. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH-8057, Zurich, Switzerland.

Dispersal is ubiquitous throughout the tree of life: factors selecting for dispersal include kin competition, inbreeding avoidance and spatiotemporal variation in resources or habitat suitability. These factors differ in whether they promote male and female dispersal equally strongly, and often selection on dispersal of one sex depends on how much the other disperses. For example, for inbreeding avoidance it can be sufficient that one sex disperses away from the natal site. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/brv.12475
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12475DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

The enigmatic ATP supply of the endoplasmic reticulum.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2019 04 19;94(2):610-628. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Gottfried Schatz Research Center, Medical University of Graz, Neue Stiftingtalstraße 6/6, 8010 Graz, Austria.

The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a functionally and morphologically complex cellular organelle largely responsible for a variety of crucial functions, including protein folding, maturation and degradation. Furthermore, the ER plays an essential role in lipid biosynthesis, dynamic Ca storage, and detoxification. Malfunctions in ER-related processes are responsible for the genesis and progression of many diseases, such as heart failure, cancer, neurodegeneration and metabolic disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12469DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6446729PMC
April 2019
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Vicariance and dispersal in southern hemisphere freshwater fish clades: a palaeontological perspective.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2019 04 19;94(2):662-699. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Museum of Paleontology and Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Michigan, 1105 N. University Ave, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1079, U.S.A.

Widespread fish clades that occur mainly or exclusively in fresh water represent a key target of biogeographical investigation due to limited potential for crossing marine barriers. Timescales for the origin and diversification of these groups are crucial tests of vicariant scenarios in which continental break-ups shaped modern geographic distributions. Evolutionary chronologies are commonly estimated through node-based palaeontological calibration of molecular phylogenies, but this approach ignores most of the temporal information encoded in the known fossil record of a given taxon. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12473DOI Listing
April 2019
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The effects of long-distance migration on the evolution of moult strategies in Western-Palearctic passerines.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2019 04 18;94(2):700-720. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Department of Evolutionary and Environmental Biology and Institute of Evolution, University of Haifa 199 Aba Khoushy Avenue, Mount Carmel 3498838, Haifa, Israel.

Although feathers are the unifying characteristic of all birds, our understanding of the causes, mechanisms, patterns and consequences of the feather moult process lags behind that of other major avian life-history phenomena such as reproduction and long-distance migration. Migration, which evolved in many species of the temperate and arctic zones, requires high energy expenditure to endure long-distance journeys. About a third of Western-Palearctic passerines perform long-distance migrations of thousands of kilometres each year using various morphological, physiological, biomechanical, behavioural and life-history adaptations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12474DOI Listing
April 2019
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Dropping to escape: a review of an under-appreciated antipredator defence.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2019 04 9;94(2):575-589. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

School of Biology, University of St Andrews, Dyer's Brae House, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9TH, U.K.

Dropping is a common antipredator defence that enables rapid escape from a perceived threat. However, despite its immediate effectiveness in predator-prey encounters (and against other dangers such as a parasitoid or an aggressive conspecific), it remains an under-appreciated defence strategy in the scientific literature. Dropping has been recorded in a wide range of taxa, from primates to lizards, but has been studied most commonly in insects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12466DOI Listing
April 2019
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The community and ecosystem consequences of intraspecific diversity: a meta-analysis.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2019 04 7;94(2):648-661. Epub 2018 Oct 7.

CNRS, Station d'Écologie Théorique et Expérimentale du CNRS à Moulis UMR-5321, Université Toulouse III Paul Sabatier, 2 route du CNRS, F-09200, Moulis, France.

Understanding the relationships between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning has major implications. Biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationships are generally investigated at the interspecific level, although intraspecific diversity (i.e. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/brv.12472
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12472DOI Listing
April 2019
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Using the Value of Information to improve conservation decision making.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2019 04 2;94(2):629-647. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

School of Natural and Environmental Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, U.K.

Conservation decisions are challenging, not only because they often involve difficult conflicts among outcomes that people value, but because our understanding of the natural world and our effects on it is fraught with uncertainty. Value of Information (VoI) methods provide an approach for understanding and managing uncertainty from the standpoint of the decision maker. These methods are commonly used in other fields (e. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/brv.12471
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12471DOI Listing
April 2019
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Functional principles of steerable multi-element probes in insects.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2019 04 26;94(2):555-574. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

Experimental Zoology Group, Department of Animal Sciences, Wageningen University, De Elst 1, 6708 WD, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Hemipterans, mosquitoes, and parasitic wasps probe in a variety of substrates to find hosts for their larvae or food sources. Probes capable of sensing and precise steering enable insects to navigate through solid substrates without visual information and to reach targets that are hidden deep inside the substrate. The probes belong to non-related taxa and originate from abdominal structures (wasps) or mouthparts (hemipterans and mosquitoes), but nevertheless share several morphological characteristics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12467DOI Listing
April 2019
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Causes and consequences of ontogenetic dietary shifts: a global synthesis using fish models.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2019 04 24;94(2):539-554. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Department of Arctic and Marine Biology, Faculty of Biosciences, Fisheries and Economics, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, N-9037, Tromsø, Norway.

Ontogenetic dietary shifts (ODSs), the changes in diet utilisation occurring over the life span of an individual consumer, are widespread in the animal kingdom. Understanding ODSs provides fundamental insights into the biological and ecological processes that function at the individual, population and community levels, and is critical for the development and testing of hypotheses around key concepts in trophic theory on model organisms. Here, we synthesise historic and contemporary research on ODSs in fishes, and identify where further research is required. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12468DOI Listing
April 2019
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Resilience and restoration of tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and grassy woodlands.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2019 04 24;94(2):590-609. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Department of Ecosystem Science and Management, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, 77843-2138, U.S.A.

Despite growing recognition of the conservation values of grassy biomes, our understanding of how to maintain and restore biodiverse tropical grasslands (including savannas and open-canopy grassy woodlands) remains limited. To incorporate grasslands into large-scale restoration efforts, we synthesised existing ecological knowledge of tropical grassland resilience and approaches to plant community restoration. Tropical grassland plant communities are resilient to, and often dependent on, the endogenous disturbances with which they evolved - frequent fires and native megafaunal herbivory. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/brv.12470
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12470DOI Listing
April 2019
13 Reads

Context dependency of animal resource subsidies.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2019 04 24;94(2):517-538. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, U.S.A.

The transport of resource subsidies by animals has been documented across a range of species and ecosystems. Although many of these studies have shown that animal resource subsidies can have significant effects on nutrient cycling, ecosystem productivity, and food-web structure, there is a great deal of variability in the occurrence and strength of these effects. Here we propose a conceptual framework for understanding the context dependency of animal resource subsidies, and for developing and testing predictions about the effects of animal subsidies over space and time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/brv.12465DOI Listing
April 2019
8 Reads