37 results match your criteria Biological Conservation[Journal]

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Global wildlife trade permeates the Tree of Life.

Biol Conserv 2020 Jul 20;247:108503. Epub 2020 May 20.

Laboratory for Integrative Biodiversity Research (LIBRe), Finnish Museum of Natural History (LUOMUS), University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Legal and illegal wildlife trade is a multibillion dollar industry that is driving several species toward extinction. Even though wildlife trade permeates the Tree of Life, most analyses to date focused on the trade of a small selection of charismatic vertebrate species. Given that vertebrate taxa represent only 3% of described species, this is a significant bias that prevents the development of comprehensive conservation strategies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108503DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7237378PMC

Mainstreaming biodiversity: A review of national strategies.

Biol Conserv 2019 Jul;235:157-163

European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC), Ispra, Italy.

Biodiversity is suffering dramatic declines across the globe, threatening the ability of ecosystems to provide the services on which humanity depends. Mainstreaming biodiversity into the plans, strategies and policies of different economic sectors is key to reversing these declines. The importance of this mainstreaming is recognized by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and its Aichi targets. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2019.04.016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7083249PMC

Population trends for two Malagasy fruit bats.

Biol Conserv 2019 Jun 28;234:165-171. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, USA.

Madagascar is home to three endemic species of Old World Fruit Bat, which are important pollinators and seed dispersers. We aimed to quantitatively assess population trajectories for the two largest of these species, the IUCN-listed 'Vulnerable' and . To this end, we conducted a longitudinal field study, in which we live-captured and , estimated species-specific fecundity rates, and generated age-frequency data via histological analysis of layering in tooth samples extracted from a subset of individuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2019.03.032DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6959543PMC

Global trends in protected area connectivity from 2010 to 2018.

Biol Conserv 2019 Oct;238:108183

European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC), Ispra, Italy.

Connectivity of protected areas (PAs) is needed to ensure the long-term persistence of biodiversity and ecosystem service delivery. The Convention on Biological Diversity agreed in 2010 to have 17% of land covered by well-connected PA systems by 2020 (Aichi Target 11). We here globally assess, for all countries, the trends in terrestrial PA connectivity every other year from 2010 to 2018 using the ProtConn indicator, which quantifies how well the PA systems are designed to support connectivity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2019.07.028DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6919936PMC
October 2019

1980s-2010s: The world's largest mangrove ecosystem is becoming homogeneous.

Biol Conserv 2019 Aug;236:79-91

Boyd Orr Centre for Population and Ecosystem Health, Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, United Kingdom.

Knowledge gaps in spatiotemporal changes in mangrove diversity and composition have obstructed mangrove conservation programs across the tropics, but particularly in the Sundarbans (10,017 km), the world's largest remaining natural mangrove ecosystem. Using mangrove tree data collected from Earth's largest permanent sample plot network at four historical time points (1986, 1994, 1999 and 2014), this study establishes spatially explicit baseline biodiversity information for the Sundarbans. We determined the spatial and temporal differences in alpha, beta, and gamma diversity in three ecological zones (hypo-, meso-, and hypersaline) and also uncovered changes in the mangroves' overall geographic range and abundances therein. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2019.05.011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6716549PMC
August 2019
1 Read

Why we must question the militarisation of conservation.

Biol Conserv 2019 Apr;232:66-73

York University, Canada.

Concerns about poaching and trafficking have led conservationists to seek urgent responses to tackle the impact on wildlife. One possible solution is the militarisation of conservation, which holds potentially far-reaching consequences. It is important to engage critically with the militarisation of conservation, including identifying and reflecting on the problems it produces for wildlife, for people living with wildlife and for those tasked with implementing militarised strategies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2019.01.013DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6472544PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Assessing threats of non-native species to native freshwater biodiversity: Conservation priorities for the United States.

Biol Conserv 2018 Aug;224:199-208

National Exposure Research Laboratory, US Environmental Research Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC, United States.

Non-native species pose one of the greatest threats to native biodiversity, and can have severe negative impacts in freshwater ecosystems. Identifying regions of spatial overlap between high freshwater biodiversity and high invasion pressure may thus better inform the prioritization of freshwater conservation efforts. We employ geospatial analysis of species distribution data to investigate the potential threat of non-native species to aquatic animal taxa across the continental United States. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2018.05.019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6145479PMC
August 2018
2 Reads

Protected area connectivity: Shortfalls in global targets and country-level priorities.

Biol Conserv 2018 Mar;219:53-67

European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC), Directorate D - Sustainable Resources, Via E. Fermi 2749, I-21027 Ispra, VA, Italy.

Connectivity of protected areas (PAs) is crucial for meeting their conservation goals. We provide the first global evaluation of countries' progress towards Aichi Target 11 of the Convention on Biological Diversity that is to have at least 17% of the land covered by well-connected PA systems by 2020. We quantify how well the terrestrial PA systems of countries are designed to promote connectivity, using the Protected Connected (ProtConn) indicator. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2017.12.020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5825384PMC
March 2018
4 Reads

Quantifying the expected value of uncertain management choices for over-abundant Greylag Geese.

Biol Conserv 2017 Oct;214:147-155

Biological and Environmental Science, School of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, UK.

In many parts of the world, conservation successes or global anthropogenic changes have led to increasing native species populations that then compete with human resource use. In the Orkney Islands, Scotland, a 60-fold increase in Greylag Goose numbers over 24 years has led to agricultural damages and culling attempts that have failed to prevent population increase. To address uncertainty about why populations have increased, we combined empirical modelling of possible drivers of Greylag Goose population change with expert-elicited benefits of alternative management actions to identify whether to learn versus act immediately to reduce damages by geese. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2017.08.013DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5687450PMC
October 2017
3 Reads

Wartime scars or reservoirs of biodiversity? The value of bomb crater ponds in aquatic conservation.

Biol Conserv 2017 May;209:253-262

WasserCluster Lunz, Dr. Carl Kupelwieser Promenade 5, AT-3293 Lunz am See, Austria.

Considering the ongoing loss of aquatic habitats, anthropogenic ponds are gaining importance as substitute habitats. It is therefore important to assess their functioning in comparison to their natural precursors. Here we assess the biodiversity value of sodic bomb crater ponds by comparing their gamma diversity to that of natural reference habitats, astatic soda pans, and assess their importance on the landscape level by studying alpha and beta diversity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2017.02.025DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5438044PMC
May 2017
10 Reads

The impact of logging roads on dung beetle assemblages in a tropical rainforest reserve.

Biol Conserv 2017 Jan;205:85-92

School of Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK.

The demand for timber products is facilitating the degradation and opening up of large areas of intact habitats rich in biodiversity. Logging creates an extensive network of access roads within the forest, yet these are commonly ignored or excluded when assessing impacts of logging on forest biodiversity. Here we determine the impact of these roads on the overall condition of selectively logged forests in Borneo, Southeast Asia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2016.11.011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5239768PMC
January 2017
7 Reads

Factors associated with bat mortality at wind energy facilities in the United States.

Biol Conserv 2017 ;215:241-245

Department of Natural Resource Ecology and Management, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078 USA.

Hundreds of thousands of bats are killed annually by colliding with wind turbines in the U.S., yet little is known about factors causing variation in mortality across wind energy facilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2017.09.014DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6490962PMC
January 2017
1 Read

Can survival analyses detect hunting pressure in a highly connected species? Lessons from straw-coloured fruit bats.

Biol Conserv 2016 Aug;200:131-139

Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 0ES, UK; Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, Regent's Park, London NW1 4RY, UK; Environmental Futures Research Institute, Griffith University, Brisbane, Queensland 4111, Australia.

Animal behaviour, social structure and population dynamics affect community structure, interspecific interactions, and a species' resilience to harvesting. Building on new life history information for the straw-coloured fruit bat () from multiple localities across Africa, we used survival analyses based on tooth-cementum annuli data to test alternative hypotheses relating to hunting pressure, demography and population connectivity. The estimated annual survival probability across Africa was high (≥ 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2016.06.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4965785PMC
August 2016
6 Reads

Similar biodiversity of ectomycorrhizal fungi in set-aside plantations and ancient old-growth broadleaved forests.

Biol Conserv 2016 Feb;194:71-79

Centre for Biological Sciences, Institute for Life Sciences Building 85, University of Southampton, Southampton, SO17 1BJ, UK.

Setting aside overmature planted forests is currently seen as an option for preserving species associated with old-growth forests, such as those with dispersal limitation. Few data exist, however, on the utility of set-aside plantations for this purpose, or the value of this habitat type for biodiversity relative to old-growth semi-natural ecosystems. Here, we evaluate the contribution of forest type relative to habitat characteristics in determining species richness and composition in seven forest blocks, each containing an ancient old-growth stand (> 1000 yrs) paired with a set-aside even-aged planted stand (ca. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2015.12.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4730558PMC
February 2016
13 Reads

Shifts in indigenous culture relate to forest tree diversity: a case study from the Tsimane', Bolivian Amazon.

Biol Conserv 2015 Jun;186:251-259

ICREA and Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals, Edifici Z, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain.

Understanding how indigenous peoples' management practices relate to biological diversity requires addressing contemporary changes in indigenous peoples' way of life. This study explores the association between cultural change among a Bolivian Amazonian indigenous group, the Tsimane', and tree diversity in forests surrounding their villages. We interviewed 86 informants in six villages about their level of attachment to traditional Tsimane' values, our proxy for cultural change. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2015.03.026DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4471141PMC
June 2015
4 Reads

Age and residency duration of loggerhead turtles at a North Pacific bycatch hotspot using skeletochronology.

Biol Conserv 2015 Jun;186:134-142

Division of Biological Sciences, Ecology, Behavior, and Evolution Section, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0116, USA.

For migratory marine animals, like sea turtles, effective conservation can be challenging because key demographic information such as duration of life stages and exposure to spatially explicit threats in different habitats are often unknown. In the eastern Pacific near the Baja California Peninsula (BCP), Mexico, tens of thousands of endangered North Pacific loggerhead sea turtles () concentrate at a foraging area known to have high rates of fishery bycatch. Because stage survivorship of loggerheads in the BCP will vary significantly depending on the number of years spent in this region, we applied skeletochronology to empirically estimate residency duration in this loggerhead hotspot. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2015.03.015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4384431PMC
June 2015
3 Reads

Chytrid fungus infections in laboratory and introduced populations: assessing the risks for U.K. native amphibians.

Biol Conserv 2015 Apr;184:380-388

European Xenopus Resource Centre, School of Biological Sciences, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth PO1 2DT, UK.

The chytrid fungus () is notorious amongst current conservation biology challenges, responsible for mass mortality and extinction of amphibian species. World trade in amphibians is implicated in global dissemination. Exports of South African have led to establishment of this invasive species on four continents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2015.01.034DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4380136PMC
April 2015
21 Reads

Declining Use of Wild Resources by Indigenous Peoples of the Ecuadorian Amazon.

Biol Conserv 2015 Feb;182:270-277

Carolina Population Center, Campus Box 8120, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27516, USA,

Wild product harvesting by forest-dwelling peoples, including hunting, fishing, forest product collection and timber harvesting, is believed to be a major threat to the biodiversity of tropical forests worldwide. Despite this threat, few studies have attempted to quantify these activities across time or across large spatial scales. We use a unique longitudinal household survey (n = 480) to describe changes in these activities over time in 32 indigenous communities from five ethnicities in the northern Ecuadorian Amazon. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2014.12.022DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4302340PMC
February 2015
3 Reads

Out of sight but not out of harm's way: Human disturbance reduces reproductive success of a cavity-nesting seabird.

Biol Conserv 2014 Jun;174(100):127-133

Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK.

While negative effects of human disturbance on animals living above the ground have been widely reported, few studies have considered effects on animals occupying cavities or burrows underground. It is generally assumed that, in the absence of direct visual contact, such species are less vulnerable to disturbance. Seabird colonies can support large populations of burrow- and cavity-nesting species and attract increasing numbers of tourists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2014.03.020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4039997PMC
June 2014
3 Reads

The identity of crop pollinators helps target conservation for improved ecosystem services.

Biol Conserv 2014 Jan;169(100):128-135

Centre for Agri-Environmental Research, School of Agriculture, Policy and Development, University of Reading, UK.

Insect pollinated mass flowering crops are becoming more widespread and there is a need to understand which insects are primarily responsible for the pollination of these crops so conservation measures can be appropriately targeted in the face of pollinator declines. This study used field surveys in conjunction with cage manipulations to identify the relative contributions of different pollinator taxa to the pollination of two widespread flowering crops, field beans and oilseed rape. Flower visiting pollinator communities observed in the field were distinct for each crop; while field beans were visited primarily by a few bumblebee species, multiple pollinator taxa visited oilseed, and the composition of this pollinator community was highly variable spatially and temporally. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2013.11.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3969722PMC
January 2014
7 Reads

Space and habitat use by wild Bactrian camels in the Transaltai Gobi of southern Mongolia.

Biol Conserv 2014 Jan;169(100):311-318

Denver Zoological Foundation, 2300 Steele St., Denver, CO 80205, USA.

Wild Bactrian camels () are listed as Critically Endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and only persist in some of the most remote locations in northern China and southern Mongolia. Although the species has been recognized as an umbrella species for the fragile central Asian desert ecosystem and has been high on the conservation agenda, little is known about the species' habitat requirements, with most information coming from anecdotal sightings and descriptive studies. We compiled the only available telemetry data from wild camels worldwide. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2013.11.033DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3969720PMC
January 2014
3 Reads
3.762 Impact Factor

Predicted and observed mortality from vector-borne disease in small songbirds.

Biol Conserv 2013 Sep;165:79-85

University of California, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Santa Cruz, CA, 95060, USA.

Numerous diseases of wildlife have recently emerged due to trade and travel. However, the impact of disease on wild animal populations has been notoriously difficult to detect and demonstrate, due to problems of attribution and the rapid disappearance of bodies after death. Determining the magnitude of avian mortality from West Nile virus (WNV) is emblematic of these challenges. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2013.05.015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3743256PMC
September 2013
11 Reads

Pathogen prevalence in commercially reared bumble bees and evidence of spillover in conspecific populations.

Biol Conserv 2013 Mar 21;159:269-276. Epub 2013 Jan 21.

Teagasc, Oak Park Research Centre, Oak Park, Carlow, Co. Carlow, Ireland.

Worldwide, wild bumble bees ( spp.) are experiencing marked declines, with potentially up to 11% of species currently under threat. Recent studies from North America suggest that disease transmission from commercially reared bumble bees to wild populations has led to marked range contractions in some species. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2012.10.021DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7124208PMC

The effect of protected areas on pathogen exposure in endangered African wild dog () populations.

Biol Conserv 2012 Jun 28;150(1):15-22. Epub 2012 Apr 28.

Wildlife Health Center, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA.

Infectious diseases impact African wild dogs (), but the nature and magnitude of this threat likely varies among populations according to different factors, such as the presence and prevalence of pathogens and land-use characteristics. We systematically evaluated these factors to assist development of locally appropriate strategies to mitigate disease risk. Wild dogs from 16 sites representing five unconnected populations were examined for rabies virus, canine distemper virus (CDV), canine parvovirus, canine coronavirus, and spp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2012.03.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7092939PMC

Uncovering the fruit bat bushmeat commodity chain and the true extent of fruit bat hunting in Ghana, West Africa.

Biol Conserv 2011 Dec;144(12):3000-3008

Cambridge Infectious Disease Consortium, Dept. of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0ES, UK.

Harvesting, consumption and trade of bushmeat are important causes of both biodiversity loss and potential zoonotic disease emergence. In order to identify possible ways to mitigate these threats, it is essential to improve our understanding of the mechanisms by which bushmeat gets from the site of capture to the consumer's table. In this paper we highlight the previously unrecognized scale of hunting of the African straw-colored fruit bat, Eidolon helvum, a species which is important in both ecological and public health contexts, and describe the commodity chain in southern Ghana for its trade. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2011.09.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3323830PMC
December 2011
1 Read

Connectivity of the Asiatic wild ass population in the Mongolian Gobi.

Biol Conserv 2011 Feb;144(2):920-929

Research Institute of Wildlife Ecology, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria.

Long-distance migrations of wildlife have been identified as important biological phenomena, but their conservation remains a major challenge. The Mongolian Gobi is one of the last refuges for the Asiatic wild ass (Equus hemionus) and other threatened migratory mammals. Using historic and current distribution ranges, population genetics, and telemetry data we assessed the connectivity of the wild ass population in the context of natural and anthropogenic landscape features and the existing network of protected areas. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00063207100052
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2010.12.013DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3040789PMC
February 2011
8 Reads

Genetic Introgression and the Survival of Florida Panther Kittens.

Biol Conserv 2010 Nov;143(11):2789-2796

Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation, 110 Newins-Ziegler Hall, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611-0430.

Estimates of survival for the young of a species are critical for population models. These models can often be improved by determining the effects of management actions and population abundance on this demographic parameter. We used multiple sources of data collected during 1982-2008 and a live recapture-dead recovery modeling framework to estimate and model survival of Florida panther (Puma concolor coryi) kittens (age 0 - 1 year). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2010.07.028DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2989677PMC
November 2010
5 Reads

Does reduced MHC diversity decrease viability of vertebrate populations?

Biol Conserv 2010 Mar 11;143(3):537-544. Epub 2009 Sep 11.

Institute of Systematics and Evolution of Animals, Polish Academy of Sciences, Sławkowska 17, 31-016 Kraków, Poland.

Loss of genetic variation may render populations more vulnerable to pathogens due to inbreeding depression and depletion of variation in genes responsible for immunity against parasites. Here we review the evidence for the significance of variation in genes of the Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) for conservation efforts. MHC molecules present pathogen-derived antigens to the effector cells of the immune system and thus trigger the adaptive immune response. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2009.07.026DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7092871PMC

Removal of nonnative fish results in population expansion of a declining amphibian (mountain yellow-legged frog, Rana muscosa).

Biol Conserv 2007 Feb;135(1):11-20

Sierra Nevada Aquatic Research Laboratory, University of California, HCR 79, Box 198 Mammoth Lakes, CA 93546, USA.

The mountain yellow-legged frog (Rana muscosa) was once a common inhabitant of the Sierra Nevada (California, USA), but has declined precipitously during the past century due in part to the introduction of nonnative fish into naturally fishless habitats. The objectives of the current study were to describe (1) the effect of fish removal from three lakes (located in two watersheds) on the small, remnant R. muscosa populations inhabiting those lakes, and (2) the initial development of metapopulation structure in each watershed as R. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2006.09.013DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1839007PMC
February 2007
3 Reads

Infectious disease: Inextricable linkages between human and ecosystem health.

Biol Conserv 2006 Aug 6;131(2):143-150. Epub 2006 Jun 6.

Frankfurt Zoological Society, P.O. Box 14935, Arusha, Tanzania and Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Roslin Midlothian, EH25 9RG, United Kingdom.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2006.05.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7111083PMC

Plagues and adaptation: Lessons from the Felidae models for SARS and AIDS.

Biol Conserv 2006 Aug 6;131(2):255-267. Epub 2006 Jun 6.

Laboratory of Genomic Diversity, National Cancer Institute, Building 560, Room 21-105, Frederick, MD 21702, USA.

Research studies of infectious disease outbreaks in wild species of the cat family Felidae have revealed unusual details regarding forces that shape population survival and genetic resistance in these species. A highly virulent feline coronavirus epidemic in African cheetahs, a disease model for human SARS, illustrates the critical role of ancestral population genetic variation. Widespread prevalence of species specific feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), a relative of HIV-AIDS, occurs with little pathogenesis in felid species, except in domestic cats, suggesting immunological adaptation in species where FIV is endemic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2006.05.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7096731PMC

Pathogen exposure in endangered island fox () populations: Implications for conservation management.

Biol Conserv 2006 Aug 10;131(2):230-243. Epub 2006 Jun 10.

Wildlife Health Center, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA.

Island fox () populations on four California Channel Islands have declined severely since 1994. Canine distemper (CDV) was suspected to be responsible for the decline of the Santa Catalina Island fox, so knowledge of infectious disease exposure in the remaining island fox populations was urgently needed. This study reviewed previous pathogen exposure in island foxes and investigated the current threat by conducting a serologic survey of foxes on all islands and sympatric feral cats on three islands from 2001 to 2003 for antibodies against canid pathogens. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2006.04.029DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7096732PMC

Emerging henipaviruses and flying foxes - Conservation and management perspectives.

Biol Conserv 2006 Aug 6;131(2):211-220. Epub 2006 Jun 6.

The Consortium for Conservation Medicine, 460 West 34th Street, 17th Floor, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Wildlife populations are affected by a series of emerging diseases, some of which pose a significant threat to their conservation. They can also be reservoirs of pathogens that threaten domestic animal and human health. In this paper, we review the ecology of two viruses that have caused significant disease in domestic animals and humans and are carried by wild fruit bats in Asia and Australia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2006.04.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7096729PMC

European bat lyssaviruses: Distribution, prevalence and implications for conservation.

Biol Conserv 2006 Aug 6;131(2):193-210. Epub 2006 Jun 6.

Rabies and Wildlife Zoonoses Group, Veterinary Laboratories Agency (Weybridge), WHO Collaborating Centre for the Characterisation of Rabies and Rabies-Related Viruses, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, UK.

Worldwide, there are more than 1100 species of the Order Chiroptera, 45 of which are present in Europe, and 16 in the UK. Bats are reservoirs of, or can be infected by, several viral diseases, including rabies virus strains (in the Lyssavirus genus). Within this genus are bat variants that have been recorded in Europe; European bat lyssavirus 1 (EBLV-1), European bat lyssavirus 2 (EBLV-2) and, four currently unclassified isolates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2006.04.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7096730PMC

Assessing the risks of introduced chickens and their pathogens to native birds in the Galápagos Archipelago.

Biol Conserv 2005 Dec 19;126(3):429-439. Epub 2005 Aug 19.

Saint Louis Zoo, 1 Government Drive, Saint Louis, MO 63110, USA.

Poultry production is an important economic activity on inhabited islands of the Galápagos archipelago. There has been a recent surge in both small-scale backyard chickens and larger scale broiler production associated with growth in the human population and the tourist industry. With increased poultry production, concerns have been expressed about the increasing risk of transfer of disease from chickens to native Galápagos bird species that may have little resistance to introduced pathogens [Wikelski, M. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2005.06.025DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7092838PMC
December 2005
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