81,600 results match your criteria Biological Agriculture & Horticulture[Journal]


Natural variations in SlSOS1 contribute to the loss of salt tolerance during tomato domestication.

Plant Biotechnol J 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Shanghai Center for Plant Stress Biology and Center for Excellence in Molecular Plant Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 200032, China.

Soil salinity is a major constraint on crop cultivability and productivity worldwide (Shabala 2013). The ion toxicity caused by high salinity is alleviated by the adjustment of cellular Na and K homeostasis through the functions of ion transporters such as SOS1 (Salt Overly Sensitive 1) and HKT1 (High-Affinity Potassium Transporter 1). SOS1 is a plasma membrane Na /H antiporter mediating Na extrusion in root epidermal cells to reduce Na accumulation in plants and in the parenchyma cells of root and shoot xylems to promote Na translocation from root to shoot, whereas the Na transporter HKT1 mediates retrieval of Na from the xylem and may contribute to Na recirculation from shoot to root (Zhu 2016). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pbi.13443DOI Listing

Effect of fomesafen on the embryonic development of zebrafish.

Chemosphere 2020 Jun 12;259:127380. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Center for drug screening and research, School of Geography and Environmental Engineering, Gannan Normal University, Ganzhou, 341000, Jiangxi, China; College of life and science, Gannan Normal University, Ganzhou, 341000, Jiangxi, China; Jiangxi Engineering Laboratory of Zebrafish Modeling and Drug Screening for Human Diseases, Ji'an, 343009, Jiangxi, China; Jiangxi Key Laboratory of Developmental Biology of Organs, Jinggangshan University, Ji'an, 343009, Jiangxi, China. Electronic address:

Fomesafen is widely used in agriculture and can be detected in the environment and agricultural products. Research on the developmental toxicity of fomesafen in animals is currently very limited. Here, we used zebrafish as an animal model to evaluate the toxicity of fomesafen in developing aquatic vertebrates and higher animals. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.127380DOI Listing

The neonicotinoid insecticide imidacloprid, but not salinity, impacts the immune system of Sydney rock oyster, Saccostrea glomerata.

Sci Total Environ 2020 Jun 27;742:140538. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

Marine Ecology Research Centre, School of Environment, Science and Engineering, Southern Cross University, PO Box 157, Lismore, NSW 2480, Australia; National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University, Coffs Harbour, NSW 2450, Australia. Electronic address:

The broad utilisation of neonicotinoids, particularly imidacloprid (IMI), in agriculture has led to unplanned contamination of aquatic systems around the world. The sublethal effects of individual pesticides on the immune system of oysters, as well as their combined effects with other environmental stressors that fluctuate in estuarine environments, such as salinity, are yet to be investigated in ecotoxicology. We investigated the acute (4 d) toxicity of IMI in two salinity regimes on the immune parameters of Sydney rock oysters (SRO), including total hemocyte counts (THC), differential hemocyte counts (DHC), phagocytosis and hemocyte aggregation (HA), hemolymph protein expression and enzyme (catalase (CAT), glutathione S-transferase (GST) and acetylcholinesterase (AChE)) activities. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.140538DOI Listing

ETHYLENE RESPONSE FACTOR 115 integrates jasmonate and cytokinin signaling machineries to repress adventitious rooting in Arabidopsis.

New Phytol 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Umeå Plant Science Centre, Department of Plant Physiology, Umeå University, SE-90736, Umeå, Sweden.

Adventitious root initiation (ARI) is a de novo organogenesis program and a key adaptive trait in plants. Several hormones regulate ARI but the underlying genetic architecture that integrates the hormonal crosstalk governing this process remains largely elusive. In this study, we use genetics, genome editing, transcriptomics, hormone profiling and cell biological approaches to demonstrate a crucial role played by the APETALA2/ETHYLENE RESPONSE FACTOR 115 transcription factor. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nph.16794DOI Listing

Vitrification-induced activation of lysosomal cathepsin B perturbs spindle assembly checkpoint function in mouse oocytes.

Mol Hum Reprod 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Research Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Hokkaido, Japan.

As the age of child-bearing increases and correlates with infertility, cryopreservation of female gametes is becoming common-place in ART. However, the developmental competence of vitrified oocytes has remained low. The underlying mechanisms responsible for reduced oocyte quality post-vitrification are largely unknown. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/molehr/gaaa051DOI Listing

Principles for creating a single authoritative list of the world's species.

PLoS Biol 2020 Jul 7;18(7):e3000736. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Taxonomy Australia, Australian Academy of Science, Canberra, Australia.

Lists of species underpin many fields of human endeavour, but there are currently no universally accepted principles for deciding which biological species should be accepted when there are alternative taxonomic treatments (and, by extension, which scientific names should be applied to those species). As improvements in information technology make it easier to communicate, access, and aggregate biodiversity information, there is a need for a framework that helps taxonomists and the users of taxonomy decide which taxa and names should be used by society whilst continuing to encourage taxonomic research that leads to new species discoveries, new knowledge of species relationships, and the refinement of existing species concepts. Here, we present 10 principles that can underpin such a governance framework, namely (i) the species list must be based on science and free from nontaxonomic considerations and interference, (ii) governance of the species list must aim for community support and use, (iii) all decisions about list composition must be transparent, (iv) the governance of validated lists of species is separate from the governance of the names of taxa, (v) governance of lists of accepted species must not constrain academic freedom, (vi) the set of criteria considered sufficient to recognise species boundaries may appropriately vary between different taxonomic groups but should be consistent when possible, (vii) a global list must balance conflicting needs for currency and stability by having archived versions, (viii) contributors need appropriate recognition, (ix) list content should be traceable, and (x) a global listing process needs both to encompass global diversity and to accommodate local knowledge of that diversity. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.3000736DOI Listing

Intragastric administration of AMG517, a TRPV1 antagonist, enhanced activity-dependent energy metabolism capsaicin-sensitive sensory nerves in mice.

Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 2020 Jul 7:1-7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Laboratory of Functional Anatomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University , Fukuoka, Japan.

Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1), a nociceptive cation channel, is known to play roles in regulating the energy metabolism (EM) of the whole body. We previously reported that TRPV1 antagonists such as AMG517 enhanced EM in mice, however, these mechanisms remain unclear. The aim of this study was to explore the mechanisms underlying the enhancement of EM by AMG517, a selective TRPV1 antagonist, in mice. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09168451.2020.1789836DOI Listing

Protein quality and safety evaluation of sarcoplasmic protein derived from silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) using a rat model.

J Food Sci 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Division of Animal and Nutritional Sciences, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, U.S.A.

Consisting of 25 to 30% of protein in carp, water-soluble sarcoplasmic proteins lost in wash water, have been recovered and freeze-dried into a protein-rich powder. Study objectives were to evaluate protein quality and safety of a silver carp sarcoplasm derived protein powder (CSP) compared to commercial protein supplements, casein, and whey. In vivo protein quality assessment of CSP showed a lower (P < 0. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1750-3841.15321DOI Listing

Correction to: Camelids: new players in the international animal production context.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Animal Science, AU-Foulum, Aarhus University, Blichers Allé 20, Postboks 50, 8830, Tjele, Denmark.

In the originally published version of the article, Figure 4 image has an error. Corrected Fig. 4 is shown below. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11250-020-02341-3DOI Listing

Amelioration of plant responses to drought under elevated CO by rejuvenating photosynthesis and nitrogen use efficiency: implications for future climate-resilient crops.

Photosynth Res 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Plant Sciences, University of Hyderabad, Gachibowli, Hyderabad, Telangana, 500046, India.

The contemporary global agriculture is beset with serious threats from diverse eco-environmental conditions causing decreases in crop yields by ~ 15%. These yield losses might increase further due to climate change scenarios leading to increased food prices triggering social unrest and famines. Urbanization and industrialization are often associated with rapid increases in greenhouse gases (GHGs) especially atmospheric CO concentration [(CO)]. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11120-020-00772-5DOI Listing

Movement and differential consumption of short interfering RNA duplexes underlie mobile RNA interference.

Nat Plants 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Biology, ETH Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland.

In RNA interference (RNAi), the RNase III Dicer processes long double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) into short interfering RNA (siRNA), which, when loaded into ARGONAUTE (AGO) family proteins, execute gene silencing. Remarkably, RNAi can act non-cell autonomously: it is graft transmissible, and plasmodesmata-associated proteins modulate its cell-to-cell spread. Nonetheless, the molecular mechanisms involved remain ill defined, probably reflecting a disparity of experimental settings. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41477-020-0687-2DOI Listing

Author Correction: Genome-wide identification of Arabidopsis long noncoding RNAs in response to the blue light.

Sci Rep 2020 Jul 7;10(1):11446. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Joint Center for Single Cell Biology, School of Agriculture and Biology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240, China.

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-68529-7DOI Listing

Water corrosivity of polluted reservoir and hydropower sustainability.

Sci Rep 2020 Jul 6;10(1):11110. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Center for the Environment and Sustainability Science (CESS), Universitas Padjadjaran, Jl. Sekeloa Selatan 1, Bandung, West Java Province, 40132, Indonesia.

Reservoirs play a strategic role in the context of sustainable energy supply. Unfortunately, the majority of the reservoirs are facing water-quality degradation due to complex pollutants originating from activities both in the catchment and inside the reservoir. This research was aimed at assessing the extent of the water degradation, in terms of corrosivity level, and at examining its impacts on hydropower capacity and operation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-68026-xDOI Listing

Presence of hairy-root-disease inducing (Ri) plasmid in wheat endophytic rhizobia explains a pathogen-reservoir function by healthy resistant plants.

Appl Environ Microbiol 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Basic Biology Program, Graduate School of Integrated Sciences for Life, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, JAPAN

species complex (biovar 1 ) has been known for the crown-gall and hairy-root disease causative pathogens. Strains within this complex were also found as endophytes from many plant species with no symptom. The aim of this study is to reveal the endophyte variation of this complex and how these endophytic strains differ from pathogenic strains. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AEM.00671-20DOI Listing

The effect of SDHI fungicide dose and mixture on development of resistance in .

Appl Environ Microbiol 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Section of Plant Pathology and Plant-Microbe Biology, School of Integrated Plant Science, Cornell AgriTech, Cornell University, Geneva, NY 14456.

Understanding how fungicide application practices affect the selection for fungicide resistance is imperative for continued sustainable agriculture. We examined the effect of field applications of the succinate dehydrogenase inhibitor (SDHI), fluxapyroxad, at different doses and mixtures on the SDHI sensitivity of the apple scab pathogen. Fungicide applications were part of selection programs involving dose (high or low) and mixture (with a second single-site or a multi-site fungicide). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AEM.01196-20DOI Listing

3-Hydroxybutyrate derived from poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) mobilisation alleviates protein aggregation in heat-stressed SmR1.

Appl Environ Microbiol 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Nitrogen Fixation Laboratory, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Federal University of Paraná (UFPR), Curitiba, Brazil

Under conditions of carbon starvation, thermal-, osmotic- or oxidative-shocks, mutants affected in the synthesis or mobilisation of PHB are known to survive less well. It is still unclear if the synthesis and accumulation of PHB are sufficient to protect bacteria against stress conditions, or if the stored PHB has to be mobilised. Here, we demonstrated that mobilisation of PHB in SmR1 was heat shock activated at 45°C. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AEM.01265-20DOI Listing

Nymphaea colorata (Blue-Petal Water Lily).

Trends Genet 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Department of Plant Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Ghent University, VIB - UGent Center for Plant Systems Biology, Technologiepark 71, B-9052 Ghent, Belgium.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tig.2020.06.004DOI Listing

A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover clinical trial to evaluate the anti-diabetic effects of Allium hookeri extract in the subjects with prediabetes.

BMC Complement Med Ther 2020 Jul 6;20(1):211. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Clinical Trial Center for Functional Foods, Chonbuk National University Hospital, Jeonju, Republic of Korea.

Background: Allium hookeri is widely consumed as a vegetable and herbal medicine in Asia. A. hookeri has been reported anti-inflammatory, anti-obesity, osteoblastic, anti-oxidant, and anti-diabetic effects in animal studies. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12906-020-03005-3DOI Listing

Effects of red and blue light on leaf anatomy, CO assimilation and the photosynthetic electron transport capacity of sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) seedlings.

BMC Plant Biol 2020 Jul 6;20(1):318. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

College of Horticultural Science and Engineering, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an, China.

Background: The red (R) and blue (B) light wavelengths are known to influence many plant physiological processes during growth and development, particularly photosynthesis. To understand how R and B light influences plant photomorphogenesis and photosynthesis, we investigated changes in leaf anatomy, chlorophyll fluorescence and photosynthetic parameters, and ribulose-1, 5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) and Calvin cycle-related enzymes expression and their activities in sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) seedlings exposed to four light qualities: monochromatic white (W, control), R, B and mixed R and B (RB) light with the same photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD) of 300 μmol/m·s. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-020-02523-zDOI Listing

Pervasive duplication, biased molecular evolution and comprehensive functional analysis of the PP2C family in Glycine max.

BMC Genomics 2020 Jul 6;21(1):465. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education for Genetics, Breeding and Multiple Utilization of Crops, College of Agriculture, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, 350002, P. R. China.

Background: Soybean (Glycine max) is an important oil provider and ecosystem participant. The protein phosphatase 2C (PP2C) plays important roles in key biological processes. Molecular evolution and functional analysis of the PP2C family in soybean are yet to be reported. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12864-020-06877-4DOI Listing

Alternative Isolation Protocol for Desulfo and Zwitterionic Cylindrospermopsin Alkaloids and Comparison of Their Toxicity in HepG2 Cells.

Molecules 2020 Jul 2;25(13). Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Clinical and Toxicological Analyses, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of São Paulo, São Paulo 05508-900, SP, Brazil.

The term cylindrospermopsins (CYNs) refers to a structurally related class of cyanobacterial metabolites comprised of a tricyclic guanidine group and a hydroxymethyluracil moiety. Most reports in environmental aquatic samples refer to cylindrospermopsin (CYN), and reports on other CYN alkaloids are scarce, due, in part, to a lack of versatile isolation protocols. Thus, using commercially available solid phase extraction (SPE) cartridges, we optimized an isolation protocol for the complete recovery of CYN, 7-deoxy-cylindrospermopsin (7D-CYN) and 7-deoxy-desulfo-cylindrospermopsin (7D-desulfo-CYN) from the same aliquot. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules25133027DOI Listing

Effects of Fermented Soybean Meal Supplementation on the Growth Performance and Cecal Microbiota Community of Broiler Chickens.

Animals (Basel) 2020 Jun 25;10(6). Epub 2020 Jun 25.

The Key Laboratory of Feed Biotechnology of Ministry of Agriculture and rural Affairs, National Engineering Research Center of Biological Feed development, Feed Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, No.12 Zhongguancun South Street, Haidian District, Beijing 100081, China.

This study investigated the growth performance, serum immunity, and cecal bacterial microbiota of broilers fed a diet in which soybean meal (SBM) was partially replaced with fermented soybean meal (FSBM) for 36 days. A total of 180 one-day-old male Cobb 500 broilers were randomly divided into three dietary groups (six replicates per group): corn-SBM diet (CC); 25% SBM replaced by FSBM (SC); 50% SBM replaced by FSBM (TC). The average daily gain (ADG) and feed conversion rates (FCR) were higher in SC than CC and TC groups ( < 0. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani10061098DOI Listing

, A Neoteric Positive Transcription Factor of Flowering and Maturity in Soybean.

Plants (Basel) 2020 Jun 25;9(6). Epub 2020 Jun 25.

MOA Key Laboratory of Soybean Biology (Beijing), Institute of Crop Science, The Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China.

The soybean ( (L.) Merr.) is an important oil and food crop. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/plants9060792DOI Listing

Glucocorticoid Receptor Agonists to Improve the Productivity and Health of Early-Weaned Pigs: What is the Best Method of Delivery?

Animals (Basel) 2020 Jul 1;10(7). Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Animal and Food Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA.

The purpose of the current study was to determine the best method of delivery for glucocorticoid receptor agonist (GRA) treatment. A total of 167 Pig Improvement Company (PIC) piglets (body weight (BW) 7.35 ± 1. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani10071124DOI Listing

Diversity of the Seedborne Fungi and Pathogenicity of Species Associated with Intercropped Soybean.

Pathogens 2020 Jul 1;9(7). Epub 2020 Jul 1.

College of Agronomy & Sichuan Engineering Research Center for Crop Strip Intercropping system, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China.

Maize/soybean relay strip intercropping has been widely practiced in Southwest China due to its high productivity and effective application of agricultural resources; however, several seedborne diseases such as seedling blight, pod and seed decay are frequently observed causing severe yield loss and low seed quality. So far, the population and pathogenicity of the seedborne fungi associated with intercropped soybean remain unexplored. In this study, seeds of 12 soybean cultivars screened for intercropping were collected from three growing regions in Sichuan Province of Southwest China, and the seedborne fungi were isolated from the surface-sterilized seeds. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/pathogens9070531DOI Listing

A Soybean bZIP Transcription Factor Confers Multiple Biotic and Abiotic Stress Responses in Plant.

Int J Mol Sci 2020 Jul 1;21(13). Epub 2020 Jul 1.

State Key Laboratory of Ecological Pest Control for Fujian and Taiwan Crops, Key Laboratory of Genetics, Breeding and Multiple Utilization of Crops, Ministry of Education, Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Haixia Applied Plant Systems Biology, College of Plant Protection, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China.

The basic leucine zipper (bZIP) is a plant-specific transcription factor family that plays crucial roles in response to biotic and abiotic stresses. However, little is known about the function of bZIP genes in soybean. In this study, we isolated a bZIP gene, , from soybean. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms21134701DOI Listing

Behavioral Responses of (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) to Volatile Compounds Identified from Ellis (Gentianales: Rubiaceae).

Insects 2020 Jul 1;11(7). Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Guizhou Provincial Key Laboratory for Rare Animal and Economic Insect of the Mountainous Region, Department of Biology and Engineering of Environment, Guiyang University, Guiyang 550005, China.

is a common thrips pest of various plant flowers with host preference. Plant volatiles provide important information for host-searching in insects. We examined the behavioral responses of adults to the floral volatiles of Ellis, Bolus, Pallas, and Jacq. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/insects11070408DOI Listing

Production and Characterization of Anti-Inflammatory Pigment Derivatives.

Foods 2020 Jul 1;9(7). Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Fermentation Science Program, School of Agriculture, College of Basic and Applied Sciences, Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, TN 37132, USA.

The prevention and treatment of chronic inflammation using food-derived compounds are desirable from the perspectives of marketing and safety. pigments, widely used as food additives, can be used as a chronic inflammation treatment. Orange pigments were produced by submerged fermentation in a 5 L bioreactor, and multiple orange pigment derivatives with anti-inflammatory activities were synthesized using aminophilic reaction. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/foods9070858DOI Listing

The Influence of a Seedling Recruitment Strategy and a Clonal Architecture on a Spatial Genetic Structure of a (Lamiaceae) Population.

Plants (Basel) 2020 Jun 30;9(7). Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Division of Botany, Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb, HR 10000 Zagreb, Croatia.

By performing a high-resolution spatial-genetic analysis of a partially clonal population, we elucidated its clonal architecture and seedling recruitment strategy. The sampling of the entire population was based on a 1 × 1 m grid and each sampled individual was genotyped. Population-genetic statistics were combined with geospatial analyses. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/plants9070828DOI Listing

Genome-Wide Identification and Comparative Analysis of Myosin Gene Family in Four Major Cotton Species.

Genes (Basel) 2020 Jun 30;11(7). Epub 2020 Jun 30.

State Key Laboratory of Cotton Biology, Institute of Cotton Research of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Anyang 455000, China.

Myosin protein as a molecular motor, binding with Actin, plays a significant role in various physiological activities such as cell division, movement, migration, and morphology; however, there are only a few studies on plant Myosin gene family, particularly in cotton. A total of 114 Myosin genes were found in , , , and . All Myosins could be grouped into six groups, and for each group of these genes, similar gene structures are found. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/genes11070731DOI Listing

Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles Application Alleviates Arsenic (As) Toxicity in Soybean Plants by Restricting the Uptake of as and Modulating Key Biochemical Attributes, Antioxidant Enzymes, Ascorbate-Glutathione Cycle and Glyoxalase System.

Plants (Basel) 2020 Jun 30;9(7). Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Biology and Ecology of Plants, Faculty of Biology, University of Bialystok, 15-245 Bialystok, Poland.

Accumulation of arsenic (As) in soils is increasing consistently day-by-day, which has resulted in increased toxicity of this element in various crop plants. Arsenic interferes with several plant metabolic processes at molecular, biochemical and physiological levels, which result in reduced plant productivity. Hence, the introduction of novel ameliorating agents to combat this situation is the need of the hour. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/plants9070825DOI Listing

Identification, Characterization, and Functional Analysis of Chitin Synthase Genes in Walker (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae).

Int J Mol Sci 2020 Jun 30;21(13). Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Sericultural Biology and Biotechnology, School of Biotechnology, Jiangsu University of Science and Technology, Zhenjiang 212018, China.

Walker () causes significant damage to mulberry every year, and we currently lack effective and environmentally friendly ways to control the pest. Chitin synthase (CHS) is a critical regulatory enzyme related to chitin biosynthesis, which plays a vital role in the growth and development of insects. The function of CHS in , however, has not been studied. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms21134656DOI Listing

It Takes Two: Dimerization Is Essential for the Broad-Spectrum Predatory and Defensive Activities of the Venom Peptide Mp1a from the Jack Jumper Ant .

Biomedicines 2020 Jun 30;8(7). Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia.

Ant venoms have recently attracted increased attention due to their chemical complexity, novel molecular frameworks, and diverse biological activities. The heterodimeric peptide ∆-myrtoxin-Mp1a (Mp1a) from the venom of the Australian jack jumper ant, , exhibits antimicrobial, membrane-disrupting, and pain-inducing activities. In the present study, we examined the activity of Mp1a and a panel of synthetic analogues against the gastrointestinal parasitic nematode , the fruit fly , and for their ability to stimulate pain-sensing neurons. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/biomedicines8070185DOI Listing

Overview of recent advances in phosphorus recovery for fertilizer production.

Eng Life Sci 2018 Jul 14;18(7):434-439. Epub 2018 May 14.

Department of Environmental Microbiology Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ Leipzig Germany.

This Mini Review gives an overview of and respective references for the current situation regarding global phosphorus reserves and the legal situation for P recovery using Germany as the model. Apart from the well-known pilot up to industrial/full scale recovery techniques, emerging chemical and bio-based P recovery techniques are named without claiming to be all-encompassing. Special attention is paid to the biological systems for P recovery that reveal ways for use of renewable resources as raw materials. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/elsc.201700171DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6999525PMC

Purification of bacterial inulinase in aqueous two-phase systems.

Eng Life Sci 2018 Nov 30;18(11):840-850. Epub 2018 Mar 30.

Department of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Faculty of Technology University of Food Technologies Plovdiv Bulgaria.

In this study, extracellular inulinase from . 11/3 was partially purified and concentrated using aqueous two-phase system (ATPS). Two different phase forming salts and four types of polyethylene glycol (PEG) were used. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/elsc.201700174DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6999493PMC
November 2018

Enhanced growth and total fatty acid production of microalgae under various lighting conditions induced by flashing light.

Eng Life Sci 2017 Sep 18;17(9):976-980. Epub 2017 Apr 18.

Department of Biological Engineering Konkuk University Seoul Republic of Korea.

Microalgae are gaining importance as a source of high-value bioproducts. However, data regarding optimization of algal productivity via variation of environmental factors are lacking. Here, we evaluated a novel lighting method for the enhancement of biomass and total fatty acid (TFA) productivities during algal cultivation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/elsc.201700001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6999561PMC
September 2017

A porous medium-chain-length poly(3-hydroxyalkanoates)/hydroxyapatite composite as scaffold for bone tissue engineering.

Eng Life Sci 2017 Apr 24;17(4):420-429. Epub 2016 Oct 24.

Department of Biomedical Engineering Faculty of Engineering University of Malaya Kuala Lumpur Malaysia.

Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) are hydrophobic biopolymers with huge potential for biomedical applications due to their biocompatibility, excellent mechanical properties and biodegradability. A porous composite scaffold made of medium-chain-length poly(3-hydroxyalkanoates) (mcl-PHA) and hydroxyapatite (HA) was fabricated using particulate leaching technique and NaCl as a porogen. Different percentages of HA loading was investigated that would support the growth of osteoblast cells. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/elsc.201600084DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6999529PMC

Modification of rapeseed protein by ultrasound-assisted pH shift treatment: Ultrasonic mode and frequency screening, changes in protein solubility and structural characteristics.

Ultrason Sonochem 2020 Jun 29;69:105240. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

School of Food and Biological Engineering, Jiangsu University, 301 Xuefu Road, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu 212013, China; Institute of Food Physical Processing , Jiangsu University, 301 Xuefu Road, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu 212013, China.

We investigated the effect of ultrasound-assisted pH shift treatment on the micro-particle, molecular, and spatial structure of rapeseed protein isolates (RPI). Various ultrasonic frequency modes (fixed, and sweep) was used. Protein characterization by the indexes: particle size, zeta potential, sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), free sulfhydryl (SH), surface hydrophobicity (Ho), Fourier transform infrared Spectrum (FTIR) and fluorescence intensity was studied to elucidate the changes in solubility and structural attributes of RPI. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ultsonch.2020.105240DOI Listing

Activation of Mitochondrial orf355 Gene Expression by A Nuclear-Encoded DREB Transcription Factor Causes Cytoplasmic Male Sterility in Maize.

Mol Plant 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

State Key Laboratory of Plant Cell and Chromosome Engineering, Innovative Academy of Seed Design, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China. Electronic address:

Coordination between mitochondria and nucleus is crucial for fertility determination in cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) plant. Using yeast one-hybrid screening, we identified a transcription factor ZmDREB1.7 that is highly expressed in sterile microspores at the large vacuole stage and activates CMS gene orf355 expression in mitochondria. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molp.2020.07.002DOI Listing

Molecular and morphological characterization of the amaryllis lesion nematode, (Inserra et al., 2007), from California.

J Nematol 2020 ;52:1-5

Mycology and Nematology Genetic Diversity and Biology Laboratory, USDA, ARS, Northeast Area, Beltsville, MD 20705.

Root-lesion nematodes ( spp.) are among the most important nematode pests on grapevine along with root-knot, dagger, and ring nematodes. In 2019, two samples of both soil and roots were collected from a vineyard in Delano, Kern County, California and submitted to the United States Department of Agriculture, ARS, Mycology and Nematology Genetic Diversity and Biology Laboratory, Beltsville, MD, for identification purposes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.21307/jofnem-2020-058DOI Listing
January 2020

Preclinical insights into the gut-skeletal muscle axis in chronic gastrointestinal diseases.

J Cell Mol Med 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Medicine II, Division of Gastroenterology, Rostock University Medical Center, Rostock, Germany.

Muscle wasting represents a constant pathological feature of common chronic gastrointestinal diseases, including liver cirrhosis (LC), inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), chronic pancreatitis (CP) and pancreatic cancer (PC), and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Recent clinical and experimental studies point to the existence of a gut-skeletal muscle axis that is constituted by specific gut-derived mediators which activate pro- and anti-sarcopenic signalling pathways in skeletal muscle cells. A pathophysiological link between both organs is also provided by low-grade systemic inflammation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcmm.15554DOI Listing

Allele combinations of maturity genes E1-E4 affect adaptation of soybean to diverse geographic regions and farming systems in China.

PLoS One 2020 6;15(7):e0235397. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs Key Laboratory of Soybean Biology (Beijing), Institute of Crop Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, China.

Appropriate flowering and maturity time are important for soybean production. Four maturity genes E1, E2, E3 and E4 have been molecularly identified and found to play major roles in the control of flowering and maturity of soybean. Here, to further investigate the effect of different allele combinations of E1-E4, we performed Kompetitive Allele Specific PCR (KASP) assays based on single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at these four E loci, and genotyped E1-E4 genes across 308 Chinese cultivars with a wide range of maturity groups. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0235397PLOS

Impact of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Species on .

Plant Dis 2020 Jul 6:PDIS01200102RE. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Crop Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801.

Soybean cyst nematode (SCN, ) is a widely occurring pest and the leading cause of soybean yield losses in the U.S.A. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-01-20-0102-REDOI Listing

[Study advance of depressive animal models and its application in traditional Chinese medicines].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2020 Jun;45(11):2473-2480

College of Pharmacy and Chemistry,Dali University Dali 671000,China National Joint Engineering Research Center for the Development of Medicinal Special Insects Dali 671000,China Yunnan Provincial Key Laboratory of Entomological Biopharmaceutical R & D,Dali University Dali 671000,China.

Depression is a kind of mental disease with main symptoms of low mood and lack of pleasure, which seriously endangers human health. An appropriate depressive animal model is of great significance for the study of depression and new antidepressant drugs, while the suitable selection and matching of experimental animals, modeling methods and evaluation indexes are critical to eva-luate the scientificity and effectiveness of the depressive animal model. The study advance of depressive animal models in the aspects of experimental animal selection, modeling principle and method, characteristics, evaluation indexes and their application in traditional Chinese medicine are summarized through the systematic review of relevant literatures in PubMed, CNKI and other databases. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20200302.402DOI Listing

The bacterial community and metabolome dynamics and their interactions modulate fermentation process of whole crop corn silage prepared with or without inoculants.

Microb Biotechnol 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

State Key Laboratory of Grassland and Agro-ecosystems, School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, 730000, China.

Multi-omics approach was adopted to investigate the modulation of bacterial microbiota and metabolome as well as their interactions in whole crop corn ensiling systems by inoculating homofermentative Lactobacillus plantarum or heterofermentative Lactobacillus buchneri. Inoculations of the two different inoculants resulted in substantial differences in microbial community and metabolic composition as well as their dynamics in ensiled corn. Inoculants also altered the correlations of microbiota in different manners, and various keystone species were identified in corn silages with different treatments. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1751-7915.13623DOI Listing

Action needed for the EU Common Agricultural Policy to address sustainability challenges.

People Nat (Hoboken) 2020 Jun 8;2(2):305-316. Epub 2020 Mar 8.

Thünen Institute for Rural Studies, Braunschweig, Germany.

Making agriculture sustainable is a global challenge. In the European Union (EU), the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is failing with respect to biodiversity, climate, soil, land degradation as well as socio-economic challenges.The European Commission's proposal for a CAP post-2020 provides a scope for enhanced sustainability. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pan3.10080DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7334041PMC

Using problem formulation for fit-for-purpose pre-market environmental risk assessments of regulated stressors.

EFSA J 2019 Jul 8;17(Suppl 1):e170708. Epub 2019 Jul 8.

Department of Bioscience - Kalø Aarhus University Denmark.

Pre-market/prospective environmental risk assessments (ERAs) contribute to risk analyses performed to facilitate decisions about the market introduction of regulated stressors. Robust ERAs begin with an explicit problem formulation, which involves among other steps: (1) formally devising plausible pathways to harm that describe how the deployment of a regulated stressor could be harmful; (2) formulating risk hypotheses about the likelihood and severity of such events; (3) identifying the information that will be useful to test the risk hypotheses; and (4) developing a plan to acquire new data for hypothesis testing should tests with existing information be insufficient for decision-making. Here, we apply problem formulation to the assessment of possible adverse effects of RNA interference-based insecticidal genetically modified (GM) plants, GM growth hormone coho salmon, gene drive-modified mosquitoes and classical biological weed control agents on non-target organisms in a prospective manner, and of neonicotinoid insecticides on bees in a retrospective manner. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2019.e170708DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7055725PMC

Unexplored Arsenals of Legume Peptides With Potential for Their Applications in Medicine and Agriculture.

Front Microbiol 2020 18;11:1307. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Institute of Plant Biology, Biological Research Centre, Szeged, Hungary.

During endosymbiosis, bacteria live intracellularly in the symbiotic organ of their host. The host controls the proliferation of endosymbionts and prevents their spread to other tissues and organs. In Rhizobium-legume symbiosis the major host effectors are secreted nodule-specific cysteine-rich (NCR) peptides, produced exclusively in the symbiotic cells. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2020.01307DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7314904PMC

Impact of Different Trace Elements on the Growth and Proteome of Two Strains of , Class "Acidobacteriia".

Front Microbiol 2020 18;11:1227. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Department of Microbial Ecology, Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW), Wageningen, Netherlands.

represents one of the most dominant bacterial groups across diverse ecosystems. However, insight into their ecology and physiology has been hampered by difficulties in cultivating members of this phylum. Previous cultivation efforts have suggested an important role of trace elements for the proliferation of , however, the impact of these metals on their growth and metabolism is not known. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2020.01227DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7315648PMC

Microalgae wastewater treatment: Biological and technological approaches.

Eng Life Sci 2019 Dec 7;19(12):860-871. Epub 2019 Nov 7.

Institute of Natural Materials Technology TU Dresden Dresden Germany.

Current global environmental issues raise unavoidable challenges for our use of natural resources. Supplying the human population with clean water is becoming a global problem. Numerous organic and inorganic impurities in municipal, industrial, and agricultural waters, ranging from microplastics to high nutrient loads and heavy metals, endanger our nutrition and health. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/elsc.201900071DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6999062PMC
December 2019