66,870 results match your criteria Biological Agriculture & Horticulture[Journal]


Sustainable Agriculture: From Sweet Sorghum Planting, Ensiling to Ruminant Feeding.

Authors:
Qi Xie Zhihong Xu

Mol Plant 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

School of Advanced Agricultural Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molp.2019.04.001DOI Listing

Genetic variation in starch physicochemical properties of Chinese foxtail millet (Setaria italica Beauv.).

Int J Biol Macromol 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Food Science and Technology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

In this study, 34 Chinese foxtail millet germplasm accessions (cultivars and breeding lines) were characterized for starch physicochemical properties including apparent amylose content, and gel textural, RVA pasting, thermal and retrogradation properties. The relationships among 21 starch parameters were discussed based on correlation analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis. Generally, this set of germplasm presented a surprisingly low genetic diversity in starch properties. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01418130193110
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2019.04.022DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

The RAG2 gene of yellow catfish (Tachysurus fulvidraco) and its immune response against Edwardsiella ictaluri infection.

Dev Comp Immunol 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Guangzhou Key Laboratory of Aquatic Animal Diseases and Waterfowl Breeding, College of Animal Sciences and Technology, Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Engineering, Guangzhou, Guangdong, 510225, China. Electronic address:

Recombination-activating gene 2 (rag 2) allies with recombination-activating gene 1 (rag 1) and regulates the V(D)J recombination of immunoglobulin (Ig) and T-cell receptor (TCR) genes. Being a key player in the adaptive immune response of vertebrates, functional characterization of rag 2 from yellow catfish is beneficial for understanding the biological response towards the pathogens. In this report, we have cloned and characterized the rag 2 gene of yellow catfish, and a particular pattern of expression was analysed in the major tissues of yellow catfish. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dci.2019.04.006DOI Listing

Genome-wide diversity and demographic dynamics of Cameroon goats and their divergence from east African, north African, and Asian conspecifics.

PLoS One 2019 19;14(4):e0214843. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Biosciences Eastern and Central Africa-International Livestock Research Institute (BecA-ILRI) Hub, Nairobi, Kenya.

Indigenous goats make significant contributions to Cameroon's national and local economy, but little effort has been devoted to identifying the populations. Here, we assessed the genetic diversity and demographic dynamics of Cameroon goat populations using mitochondrial DNA (two populations) and autosomal markers (four populations) generated with the Caprine 50K SNP chip. To infer genetic relationships at continental and global level, genotype data on six goat populations from Ethiopia and one population each from Egypt, Morocco, Iran, and China were included in the analysis. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0214843PLOS

Responses of soil carbon sequestration to climate smart agriculture practices: A meta-analysis.

Glob Chang Biol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, 40546, USA.

Climate-smart agriculture (CSA) management practices (e.g., conservation tillage, cover crops, and biochar applications) have been widely adopted to enhance soil organic carbon (SOC) sequestration and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions while ensuring crop productivity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14658DOI Listing

Further modifications of 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine derivatives as inhibitors of human neutrophil elastase.

Drug Dev Res 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana.

Human neutrophil elastase (HNE) is a potent protease that plays an important physiological role in many processes and is considered to be a multifunctional enzyme. HNE is also involved in a variety of pathologies affecting the respiratory system. Thus, compounds able to inhibit HNE proteolytic activity could represent effective therapeutics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ddr.21539DOI Listing

Meta-analysis of the role of entomopathogenic and unspecialised fungal endophytes as plant bodyguards.

New Phytol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Crop Protection, Agricultural Entomology, Georg-August University Goettingen, Grisebachstrasse 6, 37077, Goettingen, Germany.

Herbaceous plants harbour species-rich communities of asymptomatic endophytic fungi. While some of these endophytes are entomopathogenic, many are not, and remarkably little is known about how the presence of these fungi in plant tissues affects phytophagous insects. Here we show through a meta-analysis that both entomopathogenic and non-entomopathogenic endophytes have a negative effect on insect herbivores. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nph.15859DOI Listing

[Application of omics approaches in Sclerotinia sclerotiorum].

Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao 2019 Apr;35(4):589-597

College of Plant Protection, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang 110866, Liaoning, China.

Sclerotinia sclerotiorum is a typical necrotrophic plant pathogenic fungus that distributes worldwide and causes severe diseases on a broad-range of plant species. Studies on S. sclerotiorum have been mainly focused on biology and pathology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13345/j.cjb.180361DOI Listing

Fate and transport of estrogenic compounds in an integrated swine manure treatment systems combining algal-bacterial bioreactor and hydrothermal processes for improved water quality.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1304 W. Pennsylvania, Urbana, IL, 61801, USA.

An integrated manure treatment system, including a mixed algal-bacterial bioreactor (MABB) and hydrothermal processing of biomass solids, was found to remove 76.4-97.0% of the total estrogenic hormones (estrone (E1), 17β-estradiol (E2), and estriol (E3)) from the liquid portion of animal manure (LPAM). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-04969-7DOI Listing

BcMAF2 activates BcTEM1 and represses flowering in Pak-choi (Brassica rapa ssp. chinensis).

Plant Mol Biol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

State Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Germplasm Enhancement/Key Laboratory of Biology and Germplasm Enhancement of Horticultural Crops in East China, Ministry of Agriculture, College of Horticulture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, 210095, China.

Key Message: BcMAF2 plays a key role in flowering regulation by controlling BcTEM1, BcSOC1 and BCSPL15 in Pak-choi. Flowering is a key event in the life cycle of plants. Flowering time shows an extensive variation from different Pak-choi (Brassica rapa ssp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11103-019-00867-1DOI Listing

High temperature and drought stress cause abscisic acid and reactive oxygen species accumulation and suppress seed germination growth in rice.

Protoplasma 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Collaborative Innovation Center of Henan Grain Crops, Henan Key Laboratory of Rice Biology, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, China.

Seed germination is one of the most important biological processes in the life cycle of plants, and temperature and water are the two most critical environmental factors that influence seed germination. In the present study, we investigated the roles of the plant hormone abscisic acid (ABA) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in high temperature (HT) and drought-induced inhibition of rice seed germination. HT and drought stress caused ABA accumulation in seeds and inhibited seed germination and seedling establishment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00709-019-01354-6DOI Listing

Effects of Protected Area Size on Conservation Return on Investment.

Environ Manage 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA.

The objective of this research is to examine how protected area size influences the conservation benefit and acquisition cost of creating a protected area, how the resulting effects influence the predicted rate of return on investment (ROI), and how those relationships change prioritization decision-making for selecting protected areas compared with decisions based only on conservation benefit and decisions based only on acquisition cost. The objective is accomplished in an econometric framework by analyzing the parcel-level acquisition cost and conservation benefit measured by the change in potential fragmentation patterns on the landscape resulting from protection. We focus on areas acquired by The Nature Conservancy in central and southern Appalachia, United States. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00267-019-01164-9DOI Listing

Tobacco Growth Promotion by the Entomopathogenic Fungus, pf185.

Mycobiology 2019 Mar 19;47(1):126-133. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Department of Applied Biology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea.

pf185 is an important entomopathogenic fungus with potential for use as an agricultural biocontrol agent. However, the effect of pf185 on plant growth is unknown. Enhanced tobacco growth was observed when tobacco roots were exposed to spores, cultures, and fungal cell-free culture supernatants of this fungus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/12298093.2018.1562692DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6452915PMC

Efficacy of Diphenyleneiodonium Chloride (DPIC) Against Diverse Plant Pathogens.

Mycobiology 2019 Mar 14;47(1):105-111. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Department of Applied Biology, Dong-A University, Busan, Korea.

Many of the fungicides and antibiotics currently available against plant pathogens are of limited use due to the emergence of resistant strains. In this study, we examined the effects of diphenyleneiodonium chloride (DPIC), an inhibitor of the superoxide producing enzyme NADPH oxidase, against fungal and bacterial plant pathogens. We found that DPIC inhibits fungal spore germination and bacterial cell proliferation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/12298093.2018.1559122DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6452913PMC

The Genus as a Resource for Apomixis Research.

Front Plant Sci 2019 2;10:392. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, Zürich-Basel Plant Science Center, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

The genera (A. Löve et D. Löve) and , the latter containing the model plant , belong to the same clade within the Brassicaceae family. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2019.00392DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454215PMC

Present Scenario of Circular RNAs (circRNAs) in Plants.

Front Plant Sci 2019 2;10:379. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Collaborative Innovation Center of Henan Grain Crops, College of Agronomy, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, China.

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are new endogenous non-coding RNA family members that arise during pre-mRNA splicing in a reversed order in which the 3' and 5' ends are covalently closed. Compared to the comprehensive investigation of circRNAs in animals, circRNA research in plants is still in its infancy. Genome-wide identification and characterization of circRNAs have recently been performed in several plant species. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2019.00379DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454147PMC

The Structure and Occurrence of a Velum in Traps ().

Front Plant Sci 2019 22;10:302. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Unit of Botany and Plant Physiology, Institute of Plant Biology and Biotechnology, University of Agriculture in Kraków, Cracow, Poland.

Bladderworts (, , Lamiales) are carnivorous plants that form small suction traps (bladders) for catching invertebrates. The velum is a cuticle structure that is produced by specialized trichomes of the threshold pavement epithelium. It is believed that the velum together with the mucilage seals the free edge of the trap door and that it is necessary for correct functioning of the trap. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpls.2019.00302/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2019.00302DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454230PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Comparative Transcriptome Analysis Reveals the Biocontrol Mechanism of F21 Against Wilt on Watermelon.

Front Microbiol 2019 3;10:652. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Plant Pathology, College of Plant Protection, Nanjing Agricultural University - Key Laboratory of Monitoring and Management of Crop Diseases and Pest Insects, Ministry of Agriculture - Engineering Center of Bioresource Pesticides in Jiangsu Province, Nanjing, China.

The watermelon () is one of the most important horticultural crops for fruit production worldwide. However, the production of watermelon is seriously restricted by one kind of soilborne disease, wilt, which is caused by f. sp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2019.00652DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6456681PMC

Identification of Cbp1, a c-di-GMP Binding Chemoreceptor in ORS571 Involved in Chemotaxis and Nodulation of the Host Plant.

Front Microbiol 2019 2;10:638. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Shandong Huibang Bohai Agriculture Development Limited Company, Dongying, China.

Cbp1, a chemoreceptor containing a PilZ domain was identified in ORS571, a nitrogen-fixing free-living soil bacterium that induces nodule formation in both the roots and stems of the host legume . Chemoreceptors are responsible for sensing signals in the chemotaxis pathway, which guides motile bacteria to beneficial niches and plays an important role in the establishment of rhizobia-legume symbiosis. PilZ domain proteins are known to bind the second messenger c-di-GMP, an important regulator of motility, biofilm formation and virulence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2019.00638DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454048PMC

Discovery of Shiga Toxin-Producing (STEC)-Specific Bacteriophages From Non-fecal Composts Using Genomic Characterization.

Front Microbiol 2019 2;10:627. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Produce Safety and Microbiology Research Unit, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Western Regional Research Center, Albany, CA, United States.

Composting is a complex biodegradable process that converts organic materials into nutrients to facilitate crop yields, and, if well managed, can render bactericidal effects. Majority of research focused on detection of enteric pathogens, such as Shiga toxin-producing (STEC) in fecal composts. Recently, attention has been emphasized on bacteriophages, such as STEC-specific bacteriophages, associated with STEC from the fecal-contaminated environment because they are able to sustain adverse environmental condition during composting process. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2019.00627DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454146PMC

Set3 Is Required for Asexual Development, Aflatoxin Biosynthesis, and Fungal Virulence in .

Front Microbiol 2019 29;10:530. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Fungi and Mycotoxins of Fujian Province, Key Laboratory of Biopesticide and Chemical Biology of Education Ministry, and School of Life Sciences, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, China.

is an opportunistic pathogenic fungus for both plant and animal that produces carcinogenic toxins termed aflatoxins (AFs). To identify possible genetic targets to reduce AF contamination, in this study, we have characterized a novel Set3, and it shares sequence homology with the yeast protein Set3. The deletion mutants present no difference in growth rate but alterations in asexual development and secondary metabolite production when compared to the wild type. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fmicb.2019.00530
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2019.00530DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6455067PMC
March 2019
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Identification and Expression Patterns of Three Vitellogenin Genes and Their Roles in Reproduction of the Alligatorweed Flea Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae).

Front Physiol 2019 2;10:368. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, China.

The alligatorweed flea beetle is an insect used for biological control of the aquatic weed (alligatorweed). Because these insects are oviparous, synthesis, and transportation of yolk proteins is integral to reproduction. Vitellin, the chief protein constituent in egg yolk, is mainly synthesized in the fat body and its synthesis is regulated by the transcript levels of (). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2019.00368DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454870PMC

Life-stage specific transcriptomes of a migratory endoparasitic plant nematode, Radopholus similis elucidate a different parasitic and life strategy of plant parasitic nematodes.

Sci Rep 2019 Apr 18;9(1):6277. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Laboratory of Plant Nematology and Research Center of Nematodes of Plant Quarantine, Department of Plant Pathology Pathology/Guangdong Province Key Laboratory of Microbial Signals and Disease Control, Integrative Microbiology Research Centre, College of Agriculture, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China.

Radopholus similis is an important migratory endoparasitic nematode, severely harms banana, citrus and many other commercial crops. Little is known about the molecular mechanism of infection and pathogenesis of R. similis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42724-7DOI Listing

Simultaneous immunofluorescent imaging of gliadins, low molecular weight glutenins, and high molecular weight glutenins in wheat flour dough with antibody-quantum dot complexes.

Food Res Int 2019 Jun 18;120:776-783. Epub 2018 Nov 18.

Department of Food Science, College of Agriculture, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, United States. Electronic address:

Gluten proteins and their impact in the quality of wheat based food products is well known. In order visualize the 'in situ' distribution of low molecular weight glutenins, high molecular weight glutenins, and gliadins simultaneously in wheat doughs we needed to overcome and eliminate dough auto-fluorescence, and to develop a reliable immunostaining procedure for their simultaneous detection in wheat doughs. We are studying different auto-fluorescence quenchers used in biological fluorescent imaging and their effect on dough auto-fluorescence removal, and the effect of different fixative mediums on the adhesion of wheat flours doughs onto microscope slides. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2018.11.038DOI Listing

Human urine metabolomic signature after ingestion of polyphenol-rich juice of purple grumixama (Eugenia brasiliensis Lam.).

Food Res Int 2019 Jun 5;120:544-552. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Department of Food Science and Nutrition, School of Pharmaceutical Science, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil; Food Research Center (FoRC), CEPID-FAPESP (Research Innovation and Dissemination Centers São Paulo Research Foundation), São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address:

Polyphenol intake has been associated with health promotion because of its interaction with several metabolic pathways. This study investigates changes in the urine metabolome following acute intake of polyphenol-rich juice, purple grumixama juice. Grumixama (Eugenia brasiliensis Lam. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09639969183088
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2018.11.004DOI Listing
June 2019
1 Read

Physicochemical characteristics and phytochemical profiles of yellow and red Physalis (Physalis alkekengi L. and P. pubescens L.) fruits cultivated in China.

Food Res Int 2019 Jun 4;120:389-398. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Institute of Food Science and Biotechnology, University of Hohenheim, 70599 Stuttgart, Germany; Biological Science Department, King Abdulaziz University, P. O. Box 80257, 21589 Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Physicochemical characteristics and phytochemical profiles of red (Physalis alkekengi L., RP) and yellow (P. pubescens L. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2019.03.002DOI Listing

Physicochemical and sensory variables of Maillard reaction products obtained from Takifugu obscurus muscle hydrolysates.

Food Chem 2019 Aug 15;290:40-46. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Food Science & Technology, School of Agriculture and Biology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China. Electronic address:

Takifugu obscurus is famous for its delicious taste. In this study, three peptide fractions from Takifugu obscurus muscle hydrolysates were used to evaluate and compare physicochemical and sensory characteristics after Maillard reaction. Maillard reaction products (MRPs) were analyzed by detecting the changes of browning intensity, free amino acids, volatile compounds and taste profile. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2019.03.065DOI Listing

Should we ban total phenolics and antioxidant screening methods? The link between antioxidant potential and activation of NF-κB using phenolic compounds from grape by-products.

Food Chem 2019 Aug 28;290:229-238. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Biochemistry, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL, A1B 3X9, Canada. Electronic address:

Free radical imbalance is associated with several chronic diseases. However, recent controversies have put in check the validity of colorimetric methods to screen the functionality of polyphenols. Therefore, in this study two antioxidant methods, based on chemical reactions, were tested for their ability in anticipating the reduction of the activation of NF-κB using LPS-activated RAW 264. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2019.03.145DOI Listing
August 2019
2 Reads

Comparing the metabolic profiles of raw and cooked pufferfish (Takifugu flavidus) meat by NMR assessment.

Food Chem 2019 Aug 25;290:107-113. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

School of Agriculture and Biology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China. Electronic address:

The difference of metabolite profiles between raw and cooked pufferfish (Takifugu flavidus) meat was explored by H NMR technique and multivariate statistical methods. The orthogonal projection to latent structure-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) results showed an obvious separation between two samples. There were 24 dominating metabolites in the pufferfish muscle extraction, of which 11 metabolites changed significantly (p < 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2019.03.128DOI Listing

Evaluation of Cytotoxicity and Mould Contamination of Selected Plants from Meadows Covered by the Agri-Environmental Program.

Toxins (Basel) 2019 Apr 17;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Physiology and Toxicology, Institute of Experimental Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Kazimierz Wielki University, Chodkiewicza 30, 85-064 Bydgoszcz, Poland.

The aim of the study was the evaluation of selected species of meadow plants obtained from the first cut from the area covered by the agri-environmental program 'Natura 2000' in terms of the presence of cytotoxic compounds detected by the MTT test and the level of fungal contamination. The research was carried out on plant species that were evaluated differently in previously used methods for quality assessment of pasture feeds according to Klapp and Filipek. Twenty-six plant species were harvested in 2014 from meadows located in the valley of the Bydgoszcz Canal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/toxins11040228DOI Listing

Identification and Characterization of Salt-Responsive MicroRNAs in by High-Throughput Sequencing.

Genes (Basel) 2019 Apr 17;10(4). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Botany and Microbiology Department, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia.

Salt stress has detrimental effects on plant growth and development. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of noncoding RNAs that are involved in post-transcriptional gene expression regulation. In this study, small RNA sequencing was employed to identify the salt stress-responsive miRNAs of the salt-sensitive Hassawi-3 and the salt-tolerant ILB4347 genotypes of faba bean, growing under salt stress. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4425/10/4/303
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/genes10040303DOI Listing
April 2019
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Advances in the Understanding of Skin Cancer: Ultraviolet Radiation, Mutations, and Antisense Oligonucleotides as Anticancer Drugs.

Molecules 2019 Apr 17;24(8). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Medical Academy named after S.I. Georgievsky, V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University, Lenin Boulevard 5/7, 295051 Simferopol, Crimea.

Skin cancer has always been and remains the leader among all tumors in terms of occurrence. One of the main factors responsible for skin cancer, natural and artificial UV radiation, causes the mutations that transform healthy cells into cancer cells. These mutations inactivate apoptosis, an event required to avoid the malignant transformation of healthy cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules24081516DOI Listing

Polyphenols, from Antioxidants to Anti-Inflammatory Molecules: Exploring a Network Involving Cytochromes P450 and Vitamin D.

Molecules 2019 Apr 17;24(8). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Sassari, Viale San Pietro 43/B, 07100 Sassari, Italy.

Inflammatory response represents one of the main mechanisms of healing and tissue function restoration. On the other hand, chronic inflammation leads to excessive secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines involved in the onset of several diseases. Oxidative stress condition may contribute in worsening inflammatory state fall, increasing reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and cytokines release. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules24081515DOI Listing

Pitaya HpWRKY3 Is Associated with Fruit Sugar Accumulation by Transcriptionally Modulating Sucrose Metabolic Genes and .

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Apr 17;20(8). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

State Key Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agro-bioresources/Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Postharvest Science of Fruits and Vegetables/Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Improvement of Horticultural Crops (South China) of Ministry of Agriculture/Engineering Research Center of Southern Horticultural Products Preservation, Ministry of Education, College of Horticulture, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China.

Sugar level is an important determinant of fruit taste and consumer preferences. However, upstream regulators that control sugar accumulation during fruit maturation are poorly understood. In the present work, we found that glucose is the main sugar in mature pitaya () fruit, followed by fructose and sucrose. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20081890DOI Listing

Impacts of rare earth elements on animal health and production: Highlights of cerium and lanthanum.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Mar 13;672:1021-1032. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Pharmacology Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Suez Canal University, Ismailia 41522, Egypt. Electronic address:

Because the use of antibiotics as growth promoters was banned due to global health concerns, researchers are focusing on exploring alternative safe and effective feed additives. Rare earth elements (REEs) are located in group III of the periodic table, which includes cerium (Ce), lanthanum (La), and other elements. Recently, REEs have been involved in many medical, industrial, zootechnical, and agricultural applications. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00489697193076
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.02.270DOI Listing
March 2019
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Synergetic effect of combined ensiling of freshly harvested and excessively wilted maize stover for efficient biogas production.

Bioresour Technol 2019 Apr 11;285:121338. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

College of Engineering (Key Laboratory for Clean Renewable Energy Utilization Technology, Ministry of Agriculture), China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, PR China; Yantai Institute, China Agricultural University, Yantai 264032, Shandong, PR China.

This study investigated the synergetic effects of ensiling freshly harvested maize stover (FHM) and excessively wilted maize stover (EWM) on biogas production. FHM and EWM were mixed in various proportions to obtain dry matter (DM) contents of 30%, 35% and 40%. For reference, FHM alone was ensiled and stored in open-air. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2019.121338DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Molecular cloning and mRNA expression of IFIT5 in tissues of ducklings infected with virulent duck hepatitis A virus type 3.

Res Vet Sci 2019 Apr 8;124:256-262. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Preventive Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin 150030, Heilongjiang Province, PR China; Northeastern Science Inspection Station, China Ministry of Agriculture Key Laboratory of Animal Pathogen Biology, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin 150030, PR China. Electronic address:

Interferon-induced proteins with tetratricopeptide repeats (IFITs) are a family of proteins strongly induced downstream of type I interferon signaling. The function of IFITs has been investigated extensively in mammals. IFIT5 is the sole protein in this family found in birds and little information is available about the function of avian IFIT5. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00345288183132
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rvsc.2019.04.003DOI Listing
April 2019
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Ecological policy benefit valuation based on public feedback: Forest ecosystem services in Wuyishan nature reserve, China.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Apr 8;673:622-630. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Soil Environmental Health and Regulation, College of Resources and Environment, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, 350002, China.

The spontaneous expansion of tea cultivation has led to the degradation of forest ecosystem services in the Wuyishan national nature reserve (WNNR). In 2008, the local government put forward the policy of "returning tea to forests" (RTTF) to protect the forest ecosystem. However, in order to measure its effects over the past ten years, it is necessary to accurately quantify the economic benefits of this ecological policy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.04.076DOI Listing

Overexpression of S-nitrosoglutathione reductase alleviated iron-deficiency stress by regulating iron distribution and redox homeostasis.

J Plant Physiol 2019 Apr 1;237:1-11. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, Ministry of Agriculture Key Laboratory of Horticultural Crop Biology and Germplasm Creation in Huang-Huai Region, College of Horticulture Science and Engineering, Shandong Agricultural University, Taian 271018, PR China. Electronic address:

Iron (Fe) is an essential micronutrient element for plant growth. The S-nitrosoglutathione reductase (GSNOR) gene's functions under Fe-deficiency conditions are not well understood. Here, GSNOR expression was induced by Fe deficiency in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01761617183032
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jplph.2019.03.007DOI Listing
April 2019
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Comparison of MALDI-TOF MS Biotyper and 16S rDNA sequencing for identification of Pseudomonas species isolated from fish.

Microb Pathog 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Institute of Food and Environmental Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Latvia University of Life Sciences and Technologies, K. Helmaņa iela 8, LV-3004, Jelgava, Latvia.

Effective and reliable methods of identification of Pseudomonas spp. are important for characterization of microorganisms. The aim of present study was to compare identification conducted with MALDI-TOF MS Biotyper and 16S rDNA sequencing of Pseudomonas species isolated from fish. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08824010193042
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.micpath.2019.04.024DOI Listing
April 2019
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Unraveling the genetic complexity underlying sorghum response to water availability.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0215515. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Genetics, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.

Understanding the adaptation mechanisms of sorghum to drought and the underlying genetic architecture may help to improve its production in a wide range of environments. By crossing a high yielding parent (HYP) and a drought tolerant parent (DTP), we obtained 140 recombinant inbred lines (RILs), which were genotyped with 120 DArT and SSR markers covering 14 linkage groups (LGs). A subset of 100 RILs was evaluated three times in control and drought treatments to genetically dissect their response to water availability. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215515PLOS
April 2019
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Molecular Mapping of Stripe Rust Resistance Gene in a Common Wheat Landrace Aus27430.

Plant Dis 2019 Apr 17:PDIS06181055RE. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

1 The University of Sydney Plant Breeding Institute, School of Life and Environment Sciences, Faculty of Science, Cobbitty, NSW 2570, Australia.

The deployment of diverse sources of resistance in new cultivars underpins durable control of rust diseases. Aus27430 exhibited a moderate level of stripe rust resistance against f. sp. Read More

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https://apsjournals.apsnet.org/doi/10.1094/PDIS-06-18-1055-R
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-06-18-1055-REDOI Listing
April 2019
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Characterisation of genome-wide structural aberrations in canine mammary tumours using single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping assay.

Pol J Vet Sci 2019 Mar;22(1):133-141

Institute of Biological Bases of Animal Production, Faculty of Biology, Animal Sciences and Bioeconomy, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Akademicka 13, 20-950 Lublin, Poland.

Characterisation of copy number variation (CNV) and loss of heterozygosity (LOH) has pro- vided evidence for the relationship of this type of genetic variation with the occurrence of a broad spectrum of diseases, including cancer lesions. The role of CNVs and germinal or somatic LOHs in canine mammary tumours is still unknown. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify CNVs and LOHs in canine mammary tumours. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.24425/pjvs.2019.127080DOI Listing

Copy number variation of bovine SHH gene is associated with body conformation traits in Chinese beef cattle.

J Appl Genet 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology for Agriculture, Northwest A&F University, No. 22 Xinong Road, Yangling, 712100, Shaanxi, People's Republic of China.

Sonic Hedgehog (Shh) regulates many key developmental processes during vertebrate limb development, fat formation, and skeletal tissue regeneration. Current whole genome sequencing data have identified a copy number variation mapping to bovine Sonic Hedgehog gene (SHH-CNV). The object of this study was to characterize the SHH-CNV distributions in 648 individuals from 11 Chinese cattle populations and further to investigate the associations of the copy number changes with gene expression and cattle growth traits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13353-019-00496-wDOI Listing

Expanding Phaseolus coccineus Genomic Resources: De Novo Transcriptome Assembly and Analysis of Landraces 'Gigantes' and 'Elephantes' Reveals Rich Functional Variation.

Biochem Genet 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Institute of Applied Biosciences, CERTH, Thermi, 570 01, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Beans are one of the most important staple crops in the world. Runner bean (Phaseolus coccineus L.) is a small-scale agriculture crop compared to common bean (Phaseolusvulgaris). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10528-019-09920-6DOI Listing
April 2019
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Multi-breed validation study unravelled genomic regions associated with puberty traits segregating across tropically adapted breeds.

J Anim Sci 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Animal Science, School of Agricultural and Veterinarian Sciences, FCAV/UNESP - Sao Paulo State University, Jaboticabal, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

An efficient strategy to improve QTL detection power is performing across-breed validation studies. Variants segregating across breeds are expected to be in high linkage disequilibrium (LD) with causal mutations affecting economically important traits. The aim of this study was to validate, in a Tropical Composite cattle (TC) population, QTL associations identified for sexual precocity traits in a Nellore and Brahman meta-analysis genome-wide association study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jas/skz121DOI Listing

Enigmatic incongruence between mtDNA and nDNA revealed by multi-locus phylogenomic analyses in freshwater snails.

Sci Rep 2019 Apr 17;9(1):6223. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Graduate school of Life Sciences, Tohoku University, Miyagi, Japan.

Phylogenetic incongruence has frequently been encountered among different molecular markers. Recent progress in molecular phylogenomics has provided detailed and important information for evolutionary biology and taxonomy. Here we focused on the freshwater viviparid snails (Cipangopaludina chinensis chinensis and C. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-42682-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42682-0DOI Listing
April 2019
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Cellular DNAJA3, a Novel VP1-Interacting Protein, Inhibits Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus Replication by Inducing Lysosomal degradation of VP1 and Attenuating its Antagonistic Role on the IFN-β signaling pathway.

J Virol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, National Foot and Mouth Diseases Reference Laboratory, Key Laboratory of Animal Virology of Ministry of Agriculture, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Lanzhou 730046, Gansu, China

DnaJ Heat Shock Protein Family (Hsp40) Member A3 (DNAJA3) plays an important role in viral infections. However, the role of DNAJA3 in replication of foot-and-mouth-disease virus (FMDV) remains unknown. In this study, DNAJA3, a novel binding partner of VP1, was identified using yeast two-hybrid screening. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JVI.00588-19DOI Listing

Simultaneous Determination of Six Tetracyclines in Bovine Tissue, Plasma and Urine by Reverse-Phase High-Performance Liquid Chromatography.

J Food Prot 1989 Jan;52(1):41-44

Department of Veterinary Public Health and Department of Veterinary Pathology, Faculty of Agriculture, Miyazaki University, I-chome, Kibanadai-nishi. Gakuen, Miyazaki-shi, Japan 889-21.

A simple and rapid high-performance liquid chromatographic method was developed for the simultaneous separation and identification of six different tetracycline antibiotics (minocycline, oxytetracycline, tetracycline, dimethylchlortetracycline, chlortetracycline, and methacycline) in bovine kidney, plasma and urine. The antibiotics were separated at ambient temperature on a μ-Bondapak C column using a mobile phase [water 760 ml, acetonitrile 240 ml, N,N'-dimethylfolmamine 60 ml, ethanolamine 5.0 ml and NaHPO 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X-52.1.41DOI Listing
January 1989