Bioanalytical methods must enable the delivery of data that meet sound, scientifically justified, fit-for-purpose criteria. At early phases of biotherapeutic drug development, suitable criteria of a ligand-binding assay could be met for pharmacokinetic (PK) in-study sample testing without a full validation defined by regulatory guidelines. To ensure fit-for-purpose methods support PK testing through all phases of biotherapeutic development, three tiers of method validation - regulatory, scientific and research validations - are proposed. Read More
Aim: Recombinant coagulation factor IX (rFIX) has extraordinarily multiple post-translational modifications including N-glycosylation and O-glycosylation which have a drastic effect on biological functions and in vivo recovery. Unlike N-glycosylation extensively characterized, there are a few studies on O-glycosylation due to its intrinsic complexity. In-depth O-glycosylation analysis is necessary to better understand and assess pharmacological activity of rFIX. Read More
Asia Glycomics Reference Site, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea.
Aim: Glycosylation of recombinant human erythropoietins (rhEPOs) is significantly associated with drug's quality and potency. Thus, comprehensive characterization of glycosylation is vital to assess the biotherapeutic quality and establish the equivalency of biosimilar rhEPOs. However, current glycan analysis mainly focuses on the N-glycans due to the absence of analytical tools to liberate O-glycans with high sensitivity. Read More
Bioanalytical Sciences, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Lawrenceville, NJ 08543, USA.
Gene and nucleic acid therapies have demonstrated patient benefits to address unmet medical needs. Beside considerations regarding the biological nature of the gene therapy, the quality of bioanalytical methods plays an important role in ensuring the success of these novel therapies. Inconsistent approaches among bioanalytical labs during preclinical and clinical phases have been observed. Read More
Biosimilar drug development has brought new challenges to bioanalytical ligand-binding assays used to determine drug concentration, antidrug antibodies and neutralizing antibodies. One particular challenge is how to demonstrate that the antidrug antibody assay can adequately detect antibodies against both biosimilar and originator. In this paper, we review the current guidelines and literature for practical recommendations and present a gap analysis. Read More
Aim: Fentanyl is an opioid agonist used for acute and chronic pain management. In this report, a highly sensitive and simple LC-MS/MS method using Hydrophilic Interaction Chromatography (HILIC) column was validated and used for fentanyl quantification in human serum.
Results: The isocratic mobile phase was composed of acetonitrile: 10 mM ammonium formate buffer (pH = 3. Read More
Aim: The neonatal Fc-receptor (FcRn) mediates long serum half-life of therapeutic IgG-type antibodies. This interaction represents a critical quality attribute in terms of pharmacokinetics and should be covered by respective quality control strategies. Antibodies are taken up by cells unspecifically and can bind to FcRn in early endosomes preventing lysosomal degradation and allowing release back into circulation. Read More
Department of Chemistry, Grupo de Investigación en Química Analítica y Bioanalítica (GABIO), Universidad de los Andes, Cra. 1 No. 18ª-10, Bogotá D.C., Colombia.
Aim: Sample collection and preparation are important steps in the metabolomics workflow. Any improvement should be aimed toward making them simpler, faster and more reproducible. This paper describes the evaluation of different types of whole blood microsampling techniques applied in a metabolic fingerprinting study of breast cancer patients. Read More
Aim: Novel compounds for obesity treatment are currently being studied employing lipidized analogs of anorexigenic neuropeptides. Various analogs of prolactin-releasing peptide have demonstrated their ability to decrease food intake. Adequate analytical tools are required to support corresponding research. Read More
Global Biomarker Discovery & Development, Biogen Inc, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA.
Aim: ImmunoPCR technology combines the advantages of specificity and robustness of a ligand binding assay with the amplification potential of PCR. We describe through three case studies a plug-and-play immuno polymerase chain reaction (iPCR) technique to measure biomolecules.
Results: Case Study 1 demonstrated feasibility of measurement of IgG1 in cerebrospinal fluid at the desired level of sensitivity with minimal cost and timelines of clinical assay implementation. Read More
Steve Lowes from Q(2) Solutions speaks to Sankeetha Nadarajah, Managing Commissioning Editor: about outsourcing strategy implementation. Steve started his industrial career at VG Biotech in the UK that became the LC-MS instrument entity of Waters Corporation. Since joining the CRO group that became Advion and then Q(2) Solutions, his career has focused on regulated bioanalysis with particular emphasis on LC-MS. Read More
Metabolite identification is a crucial part of the drug discovery process. LC-MS/MS-based metabolite identification has gained widespread use, but the data acquired by the LC-MS/MS instrument is complex, and thus the interpretation of data becomes troublesome. Fortunately, advancements in data mining techniques have simplified the process of data interpretation with improved mass accuracy and provide a potentially selective, sensitive, accurate and comprehensive way for metabolite identification. Read More
Christopher Bailey (AstraZeneca) and Lee Goodwin (Covance) speak to Sankeetha Nadarajah (Managing Commissioning Editor, Bioanalysis) about the evolution of the Pharma-CRO working relationship between AstraZeneca and Covance. Read More
Aim: Eculizumab is a monoclonal antibody toward C5 fraction of the complement system. It is approved to treat paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria and atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome. To perform pharmacokinetic studies and therapeutic drug monitoring, a validated assay is required. Read More
Aim: Etrolizumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody, has demonstrated clinical remission in a Phase II study of ulcerative colitis patients. In the Phase III program, a second indication, Crohn's disease was added. The pharmacokinetic ELISA used in the Phase I/II studies in normal human and ulcerative colitis sera exhibited matrix interference in the Crohn's disease population, necessitating implementation of a new technology. Read More
Aim: Legacy methods with complex testing scheme for characterization of anti-idursulfase antibodies (ADA) were simplified and optimized in order to meet current regulatory guidance and provide more timely and cost-effective support for routine patient care.
Results: To compare the performance of the original and updated methods, patient samples receiving commercially prescribed Elaprase treatment were analyzed by both test methods. The ADA and neutralizing antibody results obtained by both methods were highly correlated and the updated method had an overall higher ADA and neutralizing antibody positive rates and higher ADA titers. Read More
Flow cytometry is a powerful tool that can be used for the support of (pre)clinical studies. Although various white papers are available that describe the set-up and validation of the instrumentation (the flow cytometer) and validation of flow cytometry methods, to date no guidelines exist that address the requirements for performing flow cytometry in a regulated environment. In this manuscript, the European Bioanalysis Forum presents additional practice guidance on the use of flow cytometry in the support of drug development programs and addresses areas that are not covered in the previous publications. Read More
Bioanalysis 2017 Aug 1;9(15):1135-1137. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
Translational Biomarkers & Bioanalysis, Drug Safety & Metabolism, IMED, AstraZeneca, Fleming Building (B623), Babraham Research Campus, C/O Darwin Building 310, Milton Science Park, Cambridge, CB4 OWG, UK.
The strategy of outsourcing bioanalytical services at Janssen has been evolving over the last years and an update will be given on the recent changes in our processes. In 2016, all internal GLP-related activities were phased out and this decision lead to the re-orientation of the in-house bioanalytical activities. As a consequence, in-depth experience with the validated bioanalytical assays for new drug candidates is currently gained together with the external partner, since development and validation of the assay and execution of GLP preclinical studies are now transferred to the CRO. Read More
The AstraZeneca and Covance Laboratories Clinical Bioanalysis Alliance (CBioA) was launched in 2011 after a period of global economic recession. In this challenging environment, AstraZeneca elected to move to a full and centralized outsourcing model that could optimize the number of people supporting bioanalytical work and reduce the analytical cost. This paper describes the key aspects of CBioA, the innovative operational model implemented, and our ways of ensuring this was much more than simply a cost reduction exercise. Read More
The 11th WRIB held in Los Angeles, CA, USA in April 2017. It drew over 750 professionals representing large Pharmas, Biotechs, CROs and multiple regulatory agencies from around the world, from the global bioanalytical community. Bioanalysis and Bioanalysis Zone are very proud to be supporting the WRIB Poster Awards again this year, and we feature the profiles of the authors of the winning posters. Read More
Parallelism is an essential experiment characterizing relative accuracy for a ligand-binding assay (LBA). By assessing the effects of dilution on the quantitation of endogenous analyte(s) in matrix, selectivity, matrix effects, minimum required dilution, endogenous levels of healthy and diseased populations and the LLOQ are assessed in a single experiment. This review compares and discusses all available approaches that can be used to assess key assay parameters for pharmacokinetic and biomarker LBAs, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of each approach. Read More
Aim: Antiepileptics (AEDs) and antipsychotics are often coprescribed. Interactions between these drugs may affect both efficacy and toxicity. Therefore, drug monitoring is necessary for appropriate dosage adjustments. Read More
Bacteria are the main cause of many human diseases. Typical bacterial identification methods, for example culture-based, serological and genetic methods, are time-consuming, delaying the potential for an early and accurate diagnosis and the appropriate subsequent treatment. Nevertheless, there is a stringent need for in situ tests that are rapid, noninvasive and sensitive, which will greatly facilitate timely treatment of the patients. Read More
LC-MS is becoming a standard for many applications, thanks to high sensitivity and selectivity; nevertheless, some issues are still present, particularly due to matrix effect (ME). Considering this, the use of optimal internal standards (ISs, usually stable-isotope labeled) is important, but not always possible because of cost or availability. Therefore, a deep investigation of the inter-lot variability of the ME and of the correcting power of the chosen IS (isotope-labeled or not) is mandatory. Read More
Aim: In order to evaluate placental transfer of certolizumab pegol (CZP), a more sensitive and selective bioanalytical assay was required to accurately measure low CZP concentrations in infant and umbilical cord blood. Results & methodology: A new electrochemiluminescence immunoassay was developed to measure CZP levels in human plasma. Validation experiments demonstrated improved selectivity (no matrix interference observed) and a detection range of 0. Read More
Aim: Perhexiline (PEX), being developed to treat hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, is toxic at levels above the therapeutic range. Plasma level monitoring is therefore essential. The absence of a UV-absorbing chromophore has in the past required quantitative analysis of PEX in plasma using lengthy derivatization methods, followed by HPLC and fluorescence detection. Read More