5,361 results match your criteria BioPsychoSocial Medicine [Journal]


A comparison between physical and biopsychosocial measures of frailty: Prevalence and associated factors in Brazilian older adults.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Dec 6;81:111-118. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

National School of Public Health/Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Department of Epidemiology and Quantitative Methods, Rua Leopoldo Bulhões, 1480/room 817b, Manguinhos, 21041-210 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. Electronic address:

Purpose: To estimate the prevalence of frailty, according to Tilburg Frailty Indicator (TFI) and CHS index, to investigate the correlation between both instruments and to identify the factors associated with this condition in older users of primary health care.

Methods: This is a sectional study with 302 individuals aged 60 years or more of Rio de Janeiro/Brazil. Sociodemographic, health, functional dependence and lifestyle variables were collected. Read More

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December 2018

Definition of whole person care in general practice in the English language literature: a systematic review.

BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e023758. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Psycho-Oncology Co-operative Research Group, Sydney Health Ethics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Objectives: The importance of 'whole person' or 'holistic' care is widely recognised, particularly with an increasing prevalence of chronic multimorbidity internationally. This approach to care is a defining feature of general practice. However, its precise meaning remains ambiguous. Read More

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December 2018

Experiences of Obese Adolescents trying to Reach a Healthy Weight: Considerations for the Development of a Curriculum Guide.

P R Health Sci J 2018 Dec;37(4):208-212

School of Education, Interamerican University of Puerto Rico, Metro Campus, San Juan, PR.

Objective: Obesity, almost all around the world, has been described by the medical authorities as the most common pediatric illness in children and youngsters. The purpose of this study is to explore, describe, and analyze the experiences of obese adolescents on being obese and trying to reach a healthy weight.

Design And Methods: A convenience sample of eight obese adolescents from 15 to 17 years old of both genders from three high schools of the educational region of San Juan, Puerto Rico was obtained. Read More

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December 2018

[Irritable bowel syndrome: comorbid psychiatric disorders and psychological treatment options].

Orv Hetil 2018 Dec;159(50):2115-2121

Pszichológiai Intézet, Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem Budapest, Izabella u. 46., 1064.

Irritable bowel syndrome is a chronic functional gastrointestinal disorder with a prevalence of 7-21%. It has a negative impact on health-related quality of life and work productivity and it is associated with increased psychological distress and mental comorbidity, like major depression disorder and generalised anxiety disorder. Due to biopsychosocial factors and the brain-gut axis playing a key role in the aetiology of the disease, the use of psychological treatments has great importance in the therapy of irritable bowel syndrome. Read More

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December 2018

Social Determinants of Health and What Mothers Say They Need and Want After Release From Jail.

Prev Chronic Dis 2018 Dec 6;15:E150. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

College of Population Health, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Identifying the biopsychosocial needs of mothers who have been released from jail is critical to understanding the best ways to support their health and stability after release. In May through August 2014, we interviewed 15 mothers who had been released from an urban jail about their reentry experiences, and we analyzed transcripts for themes. Eight domains of community reentry emerged through analysis: behavioral health services, education, employment, housing, material resources, medical care, relationships with children, and social support. Read More

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December 2018

Influence of the requirement for abdominal pain in the diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome with constipation (IBS-C) under the Rome IV criteria using data from a large Japanese population-based internet survey.

Biopsychosoc Med 2018 5;12:18. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

4Department of Behavioral Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.

Background: Rome III was revised to Rome IV in May 2016. One important change in the Rome IV criteria is that abdominal pain must be present for a diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Under Rome III, in contrast, patients with abdominal discomfort only could be diagnosed with IBS, but these cases under Rome IV are now classified as unspecified functional bowel disorder (FBD). Read More

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December 2018

Social Stratification and Risk for Cardiovascular Disease: Examination of Emotional Suppression as a Pathway to Risk.

Pers Soc Psychol Bull 2018 Dec 10:146167218808504. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

2 University of Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

This article examines whether emotional suppression is associated with socioeconomic position (SEP) in a community sample of Black and White men, and whether emotional suppression may help explain the aggregation of multiple biopsychosocial risk factors for cardiovascular disease at lower SEP (social support, depression, cardiovascular stress reactivity). Aim 1 tests whether multiple indicators of SEP show a consistent graded association with self-reported trait suppression, and whether suppression mediates associations between SEP and perceived social support and depressive affect. Aim 2 tests whether suppression during a laboratory anger recall task mediates associations between SEP and cardiovascular reactivity to the task. Read More

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December 2018

An embodied neurocomputational framework for organically integrating biopsychosocial processes: An application to the role of social support in health and disease.

Psychosom Med 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

University of Arizona, Departments of Psychiatry, 1501 N. Campbell Ave, Tucson, AZ 85724-5002, United States.

Objective: Two distinct perspectives - typically referred to as the biopsychosocial and biomedical models - currently guide clinical practice. While the role of psychosocial factors in contributing to physical and mental health outcomes is widely recognized, the biomedical model remains dominant. This is due in part to 1) the largely non-mechanistic focus of biopsychosocial research, and 2) the lack of specificity it currently offers in guiding clinicians to focus on social, psychological, and/or biological factors in individual cases. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Pain therapy for the elderly patient: is opioid-free an option?

Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Ludwig-Maximilians University Munich.

Purpose Of Review: Chronic noncancer pain is an increasing problem in elderly because of rising life expectancy together with an increase of potentially painful medical conditions. Concomitantly, adequate treatment of elderly is often limited by coexisting diseases and polypharmacy.This review summarizes the most important specifics presented by elderly patients and discusses the pharmacological and nonpharmacological options of pain management. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Development of a collaborative model of low back pain: report from the 2017 NASS consensus meeting.

Spine J 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

NHMRC Centre of Clinical Research Excellence in Spinal Pain, Injury and Health, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia.

Background Context: Low back pain (LBP) is a multifactorial problem with complex interactions among many biological, psychological and social factors. It is difficult to fully appreciate this complexity because the knowledge necessary to do so is distributed over many areas of expertise that span the biopsychosocial domains.

Purpose: This study describes the collaborative modeling process, undertaken among a group of participants with diverse expertise in LBP, to build a model to enhance understanding and communicate the complexity of the LBP problem. Read More

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November 2018
8 Reads

Prevalence and characteristics of pain in children and young adults with cerebral palsy: a systematic review.

Dev Med Child Neurol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Physiotherapy, Monash University, Frankston, Victoria, Australia.

Aim: The primary aim of this review is to evaluate the evidence for pain prevalence in children and young adults with cerebral palsy. Secondary aims are to identify pain characteristics and types of pain measurement used in this population.

Method: Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL Plus, and PubMed were searched in October 2016 and updated in November 2017. Read More

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December 2018

It's a challenge! Empathizing with sad but not with angry individuals results in cardiovascular reactivity consistent with a challenge motivational state.

Emotion 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Social Processes Lab, Knowledge Media Research Center.

The question of what feeling with another person elicits in the empathizing individual has instigated innumerable studies mainly focusing on the affective valence of empathy and the resulting consequences for prosocial behavior (cf. the empathy-altruism debate). The present research may contribute to this long-lasting debate by examining the cardiovascular reactivity of the empathizing individual. Read More

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December 2018

The Role of Physical Therapy in Sexual Health in Men and Women: Evaluation and Treatment.

Sex Med Rev 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Atlanta PT, Altanta, GA, USA.

Introduction: Many conditions of pelvic and sexual dysfunction can be addressed successfully through pelvic floor physical therapy (PFPT) through various manual therapy techniques, neuromuscular reeducation, and behavioral modifications. The field of pelvic rehabilitation, including sexual health, continues to advance to modify these techniques according to a biopsychosocial model.

Aim: To provide an update on peer-reviewed literature on the role of PFPT in the evaluation and treatment of pelvic and sexual dysfunctions in men and women owing to the overactive and the underactive pelvic floor. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Experience of adults with cystic fibrosis: a perspective based on social phenomenology.

Rev Bras Enferm 2018 Nov-Dec;71(6):2891-2898

Universidade de São Paulo, Nursing School. São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Objective: To understand the experience of adults living with cystic fibrosis.

Method: A qualitative study based on the social phenomenology by Alfred Schütz, carried out with 12 adults interviewed in 2016. The statements were analyzed and organized into concrete categories. Read More

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October 2017
1 Read

How Common Is Back Pain and What Biopsychosocial Factors Are Associated With Back Pain in Patients With Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis?

Clin Orthop Relat Res 2018 Nov 13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

A. Y. L. Wong, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong SAR, China D. Samartzis, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA P. W. H. Cheung, J. P. Y. Cheung, Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Background: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most common spine deformity in adolescent patients. Although structural deformity may affect spinal biomechanics of patients with AIS, little is known regarding various period prevalence proportions of back pain and chronic back pain and factors associated with back pain in such patients.

Questions/purposes: (1) What are the period prevalence rates of back pain among teenagers with AIS? (2) Is back pain in patients with AIS associated with curve severity?

Methods: A total of 987 patients with AIS who were treated without surgery were recruited from a single center's scoliosis clinic. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Are Pain Beliefs, Cognitions, and Behaviors Influenced by Race, Ethnicity, and Culture in Patients with Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain: A Systematic Review.

Pain Physician 2018 Nov;21(6):541-558

Univeristy of Antwerp, Faculty of medicine and health sciences, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy, Antwerp, Belgium.

Background: Chronic pain has been considered as a biopsychosocial condition in which cognitive and emotional factors as well as biological factors significantly affect perception of pain. Race, ethnicity and culture have a crucial impact on illness beliefs, health care preferences, help-seeking behaviors, and acceptance of medical interventions.

Objectives: The aim of the present study was to systematically review the current evidence regarding the racial, ethnic and cultural alterations and differences in pain beliefs, cognitions, and behaviors in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain (MSKP). Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Municipal Cross-Disciplinary Rehabilitation following Stroke in Denmark and Norway: A Qualitative Study.

Rehabil Res Pract 2018 25;2018:1972190. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Associate Professor, Ph.D., Department of Health and Care Sciences, The Faculty of Health Sciences, UiT, The Arctic University of Norway, 9037 Tromsø, Norway.

Aim: To explore and compare the content of rehabilitation practices in, respectively, a Danish and a Norwegian region, focusing on how the citizens' rehabilitation needs are met during rehabilitation in the municipalities.

Method: Six Danish and five Norwegian cases were followed 12 months after the onset of stroke. Field work and focus group interviews with multidisciplinary teams in the municipalities were conducted. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

Clinical Reasoning in Physical Therapy: A Concept Analysis.

Phys Ther 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Physical Therapy, Samuel Merritt University, Oakland, California.

Background: Physical Therapy, along with most health professions, struggles to describe clinical reasoning, despite it being a vital skill in effective patient care. This lack of a unified conceptualization of clinical reasoning leads to variable and inconsistent teaching, assessment, and research.

Objective: The objective was to conceptualize a broad description of physical therapists' clinical reasoning grounded in the published literature and to unify our understanding for future work related to teaching, assessment, and research. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

The Socioeconomic Burden of Pain From War.

Am J Public Health 2018 Nov 29:e1-e5. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Rollin McCulloch Gallagher is with the Departments of Psychiatry and Anesthesiology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, and the Center for Health Equities Research and Programs, Michael J Crescenz Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia. Friedhelm Sandbrink is with the Department of Neurology, Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, and the Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

War's burden on the health and well-being of combatants, civilians, and societies is well documented. Although the examination of soldiers' injuries in modern combat is both detailed and comprehensive, less is known about war-related injuries to civilians and refugees, including victims of torture. The societal burden of war-related disabilities persists for decades in war's aftermath. Read More

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November 2018

Adherence to prophylactic haemophilic treatment in young patients transitioning to adult care: A qualitative review.

Haemophilia 2018 Nov;24(6):862-872

Pfizer, Ballerup, Denmark.

Recombinant prophylactic treatment (PTX) has greatly improved morbidity, mortality and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with severe haemophilia. Yet, treatment adherence appears suboptimal in adolescents and young adults with haemophilia (YWH). Young patients experience major biopsychosocial changes challenging their adherence through the transition from parental to self-care, from paediatric to adult care. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

[Vision on man, vision on addiction: a multiple view of problems and recovery].

Tijdschr Psychiatr 2018 ;60(11):774-781

Background: The way we look at addiction has changed dramatically over the past decades. Currently, the brain disease model is the leading model in the biomedical scientific literature. However, this model has been severely criticized and seems to apply mostly to people with a chronic form of addiction. Read More

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January 2018

Walking in a Patient's Shoes: An Evaluation Study of Immersive Learning Using a Digital Training Intervention.

Front Psychol 2018 12;9:2124. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

School of Social Sciences, University of Westminster, London, United Kingdom.

Evidence suggests that immersive learning increases empathy and understanding of the patient experience of illness. This study evaluated a digital training intervention 'In Their Shoes' which immerses participants in the experience of living with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), highlighting the biopsychosocial impact. The simulation program uses a mobile application to deliver time-based tasks and challenges over 36 h, supplemented with telephone role-play and 'kit' items to open and use. Read More

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November 2018

MiR-155 is involved in major depression disorder and antidepressant treatment via targeting SIRT1.

Biosci Rep 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Qingdao Mental Health Center, Qingdao, China.

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a common mood disorder and the treatment of MDD requires a variety of biopsychosocial approaches. The role of Silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1) in the regulation of MDD has recently been implicated. Here we aimed to explore and elucidate the therapeutic effects of a microRNA, miR-155, in treatment of MDD. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

The role of neuropsychologists in concussion evaluation and management.

Handb Clin Neurol 2018 ;158:179-191

Division of Pediatric Neuropsychology, George Washington University School of Medicine, Rockville, MD, United States. Electronic address:

Sport-related concussions are complex injuries of the brain. Since concussions can only be diagnosed clinically and manifest in different ways among athletes, diagnosis and management often require a multidisciplinary team approach. Sports neuropsychologists contribute to the team through their ability to assess cognitive, behavioral, and social-emotional domains that may or may not be a direct effect of the injury. Read More

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January 2018
3 Reads

Problems and Life Effects Experienced by Tinnitus Research Study Volunteers: An Exploratory Study Using the ICF Classification.

J Am Acad Audiol 2018 Nov/Dec;29(10):936-947

Department of Behavioral Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.

Background: Tinnitus is one of the most distressing hearing-related symptoms. It is often associated with a range of physiological and psychological complications, such as depression, anxiety, and insomnia. Hence, approaching tinnitus from a biopsychological perspective may be more appropriate than from purely a biomedical model. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

The role of biopsychosocial factors in the rehabilitation process of individuals with a stroke.

Work 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Physiotherapy, University School of Physical Education, Wroclaw, Poland.

Background: A large proportion of individuals with a stroke are unable to return to work, although figures vary greatly. Due to the very high cost of post-stroke care, both tangible and intangible, in the form of long-term social consequences, it seems extremely important to search for factors responsible for the low efficiency of the rehabilitation and recovery process, because this fact has direct influence on future employment. Such knowledge would enable physiotherapists to quickly identify those patients who are at risk of rehabilitation breakdown, in order to provide them with special care and include them in intensive therapeutic treatments. Read More

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November 2018

No moderating impact of a medically unexplained etiology on the relationship between psychological profile and chronic pain.

J Psychosom Res 2018 Dec 30;115:87-93. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Macquarie University, NSW 2109, Australia.

Objectives: The objective of the present study was to test the moderating impact of an unknown pain etiology on the relationship between psychological factors and chronic pain intensity and disability.

Methods: N = 471 chronic pain sufferers presented to an online Cognitive Behavioral Therapy randomized control trial, known as the Pain Course. Participants' etiology was classified as medically unexplained or medically explained via interview and self-reported data. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

The perspectives of physiotherapists on managing nonspecific low back pain following a training programme in cognitive functional therapy: A qualitative study.

Musculoskeletal Care 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London, London, UK.

Background: It has long been acknowledged that nonspecific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP) is associated with a complex combination of biopsychosocial (BPS) factors, and recent guidelines advocate that the management of back pain should reflect this multidimensional complexity. Cognitive functional therapy (CFT) is a behaviourally oriented intervention that targets patients' individual BPS profiles. Although the efficacy of CFT has been demonstrated in primary care, little evidence exists about the training requirements of this approach. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Multidisciplinary biopsychosocial rehabilitation in chronic neck pain: a naturalistic prospective cohort study with intraindividual control of effects and 12-month follow-up.

Eur J Phys Rehabil Med 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Orthopaedics, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University Hospital, LMU Munich, Munich, Germany -

Background: In contrast to the large evidence of the effectiveness of multidisciplinary biopsychosocial rehabilitation (MBR) in chronic low back pain, little is known about the effects of MBR in chronic neck pain (CNP).

Aim: To quantify short-term and 12-month effects of a 3-week CNP-specific MBR program.

Design: Naturalistic prospective observational cohort study with intraindividual control of effects. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

The reality of drinking and drug using dreams: A study of the prevalence, predictors, and decay with time in recovery in a national sample of U.S. adults.

J Subst Abuse Treat 2019 Jan 16;96:12-17. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, United States of America.

Background: The meaning of unconscious dreaming has been assigned varying degrees of historical significance throughout the ages and across different cultures including in major psychological theories of psychopathology. While dreams' meaning and implications have remained controversial, not disputed is the occurrence of drinking/drug-using dreams (DDUD) when people enter recovery from a significant alcohol and other drug (AOD) problem. Typically taking the form of a relapse scenario followed by relief on awakening, such dreams can be profoundly unnerving. Read More

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January 2019

"No policy is an island": how the ICF international classification system may support local education planning in England.

Disabil Rehabil 2018 Nov 20:1-9. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

a School of Education , University of Roehampton , London , UK.

Background: A crucial issue in special educational needs and disability policy and provision is the documentation of children's functioning, for which many countries have a statutory document. In England this is the education health and care plan. Recent research challenges the quality of these plans. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Unmet Needs and Pro-health Behavior in Patients with Chronic Respiratory Diseases.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Family Medicine, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland.

Coordinated healthcare paradigm addressing the biopsychosocial spheres of patients seems advantageous for the management of chronic diseases. The purpose of the study was to determine the influence of unmet needs on pro-health behavior in chronic respiratory diseases and to recognize the factors that help identify the unmet needs. The patients were asked to complete the Camberwell Assessment of Needs Inventory and the Health Behavior Inventory. Read More

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November 2018

Emotional processing in functional neurological disorder: a review, biopsychosocial model and research agenda.

J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Section of Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.

Functional neurological disorder (FND) is a common and highly disabling disorder, but its aetiology remains enigmatic. Conceptually, there has been reduced emphasis on the role of psychosocial stressors in recent years, with a corresponding increase in neurobiological explanations. However, a wealth of evidence supports the role of psychosocial adversities (eg, stressful life events, interpersonal difficulties) as important risk factors for FND. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Associations between premenstrual syndrome and postpartum depression: A systematic literature review.

Biol Psychol 2018 Nov 16. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

University of Zurich, Institute of Psychology, Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Binzumühlestrasse 14/ 26, 8050, Zürich, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Overlapping symptoms between premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and postpartum depression (PPD) suggest that these disorders may share a common etiology and pathology. Moreover, PMS is a risk factor for the development of PPD. This review aims to synthesize the evidence regarding associations between PMS and PPD. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

The potential of calibrated fMRI in the understanding of stress in eating disorders.

Neurobiol Stress 2018 Nov 18;9:64-73. Epub 2018 Aug 18.

SDSU/UC San Diego Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego, CA, USA.

Eating disorders (ED), including Anorexia Nervosa (AN), Bulimia Nervosa (BN), and Binge Eating Disorder (BED), are medically dangerous psychiatric disorders of unknown etiology. Accumulating evidence supports a biopsychosocial model that includes genetic heritability, neurobiological vulnerability, and psychosocial factors, such as stress, in the development and maintenance of ED. Notably, stress hormones influence appetite and eating, and dysfunction of the physiological stress response has been implicated in ED pathophysiology. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Defining "Community" from the Perspectives of Individuals with Sickle Cell Disease in Rural Georgia.

J Health Care Poor Underserved 2018 ;29(4):1438-1454

Individuals with sickle cell disease (SCD) often struggle to transition from pediatric to adult-centered medical environments. One probable cause is that many transition programs do not focus on what happens when patients leave the medical environment and return to their communities. Little is known about how individuals with SCD define community. Read More

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January 2018

Psychosomatic and psychiatric disorders and psychologic factors in pruritus.

Clin Dermatol 2018 Nov - Dec;36(6):704-708. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Department of Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, University Hospital of Münster, Münster, Germany; Department of Dermatology, University Hospital of Münster, Münster, Germany.

Chronic pruritus (CP) is a bothersome symptom of many different diseases and is often associated with psychosomatic and psychiatric comorbidity. This review gives an overview of psychologic factors that influence the perception and modulation of pruritus based on the well-known biopsychosocial model. Not only psychic comorbidities, such as anxiety and depression, play an important role in the etiology and perception of pruritus, but also internal factors, including personality, mentalization, suggestibility, and external factors, as well as stress. Read More

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September 2018
4 Reads

Association Between Obesity/Overweight and Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders in Children.

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Pediatric Unit, Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences, University of L'Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy.

Objective: Although emerging data indicate that obese/overweight children are more likely to develop functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) than normal-weight peers, contrasting results have been reported. The present observational, case-control study aimed at estimating the prevalence of FGIDs in obese/overweight children compared to normal-weight peers.

Methods: Consecutive obese and overweight children aged 4-18 years attending the obesity outpatient clinic were enrolled as study cases. Read More

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November 2018
8 Reads

The "architect analogy" of evidence-based practice: Reconsidering the role of clinical expertise and clinician experience in evidence-based health care.

Authors:
Arsenio Paez

J Evid Based Med 2018 Nov 16;11(4):219-226. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, Department for Continuing Education, The University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

The role of expertise in evidence-based medicine (EBM) and practice (EBP) has long been debated. In the early years of the EBP movement, the role of expertise and experience were diminished in clinical decision-making. However, the concepts of EBP are evolving. Read More

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November 2018

[Anxiety disorders - clinical and neurobiological aspects].

Psychiatr Danub 2018 Dec;30(4):479-490

Klinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapeutische Medizin, Medizinische Universität Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 31, A-8036 Graz, Austria.

Anxiety disorders are considered among the most common psychiatric disorders in general population. They may be characterized by prominent subjective suffering, frequent chronic courses of illness, increased rates of comorbid other psychiatric disorders and somatic diseases, a distressing amount of psychosocial disabilities, in all, a challenging high burden of disease. Anxiety disorders have principally to be conceptualized within a multifactorial biopsychosocial model. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Gun Violence: A Biopsychosocial Disease.

West J Emerg Med 2018 Nov 10;19(6):1024-1027. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

Medical College of Wisconsin, Comprehensive Injury Center, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Gun violence is a complex biopsychosocial disease and as such, requires a multidisciplinary approach to understanding and treatment. Framing gun violence as a disease places it firmly within medical and public health practice. By applying the disease model to gun violence, it is possible to explore the host, agent, and environment in which gun violence occurs, and to identify risk factors to target for prevention. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Correlates and aetiological factors associated with hedonic well-being among an ageing population of US men and women: secondary data analysis of a national survey.

BMJ Open 2018 Nov 13;8(11):e020962. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

School of Nursing, Columbia University, New York City, New York, USA.

Objective: To understand the gender-specific factors that uniquely contribute to successful ageing in a US population of men and women, 57-85 years of age. This was achieved through the examination of the correlates of subjective well-being defined by health-related quality of life (HRQoL), across several biological and psychosocial determinants of health.

Design: Cross-sectional study. Read More

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November 2018
2.063 Impact Factor

Perceptions of physiotherapists towards the management of non-specific chronic low back pain from a biopsychosocial perspective: A qualitative study.

Musculoskelet Sci Pract 2018 12 1;38:113-119. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College, London, UK.

Background: Physiotherapists have been urged to embrace a patient-oriented biopsychosocial (BPS) framework for the management of non-specific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP). However, recent evidence suggests that providing broader BPS interventions demonstrates small differences in pain or disability compared to usual care. Little is known about how to integrate a BPS model into physiotherapy practice and the challenges it presents. Read More

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December 2018
5 Reads

Stress responding and stress-related changes in cue reactivity in heavy smokers, problem gamblers, and healthy controls.

Addict Biol 2018 Nov 13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany, New York.

Addictions, both substance and behavioral, have been conceptualized as involving similar biopsychosocial processes with different opportunistic expressions. A maladaptive stress response in combination with craving or urges to engage in the addictive behavior may be among the underlying factors common to behavioral and substance addictions. The current study compared the neuroendocrine (cortisol) and subjective responses to stress of gamblers and smokers to healthy controls. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

From Pretending to Truly Being OK: A Journey From Illness to Health With Postinfection Irritable Bowel Syndrome: The Provider's Perspective.

Gastroenterology 2018 Nov 9. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Center for Functional Gastrointestinal and Motility Disorders, University of North Carolina, and, Center for Education and Practice of Biopsychosocial Care and, Drossman Gastroenterology, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

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November 2018
1 Read

Testing a Conceptual Model for Men's Sexual Desire Referring to Automatic Thoughts, Emotions, Sexual Function, and Sexism.

J Sex Med 2018 Nov;15(11):1518-1526

Department of Dynamic and Clinical Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy; Institute of Clinical Sexology, Rome, Italy.

Introduction: Literature lacks biopsychosocial models of men's sexuality. Regarding sexual desire, Carvalho and Nobre (J Sex Med 2011;8:754-763.) presented a cognitive-affective model including age, medical factors, dyadic adjustment, psychopathology, restrictive attitudes toward sexual activity, erection concerns, lack of erotic thoughts (LET), sadness, and shame as predictors. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Social Anhedonia in Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Psychiatry Referrals.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2018 Nov 9:1-12. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

b Department of Psychology , Stony Brook University.

Social anhedonia (SA) is a widely accepted symptom phenotype in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), depression, and schizophrenia spectrum disorder; nevertheless, its clinical implications are relatively unstudied in populations of clinic-referred youth with and without ASD. Youth with ASD (n = 268) and nonASD psychiatry referrals (n = 641) between 6 and 18 years of age were evaluated for SA, ASD severity, co-occurring psychiatric symptom severity, and a wide range of common clinical correlates. Participants were parsed into youth with and without parent-defined SA, and the latter were further subdivided into youth with (SA+ alone) and without (SA/-alone) a preference for being alone. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Sex differences in HIV-associated cognitive impairment.

AIDS 2018 Nov;32(18):2719-2726

Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla.

Objective: We determined whether there are sex differences in the prevalence and profile of HIV-associated neurocognitive impairment, and whether sex moderates the effect of HIV-serostatus on neurocognitive impairment among HIV-positive and HIV-negative individuals. Secondarily, we assessed whether differences were explained by greater biopsychosocial risk factors in HIV-positive women.

Design: An observational cohort study. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Spirituality Needs in Chronic Pain Patients: A Cross-Sectional Study in a General Hospital in Malaysia.

J Relig Health 2018 Nov 8. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Anesthesiology, Tengku Ampuan Rahimah Hospital, 41200, Klang, Selangor, Malaysia.

Evidence-based practices that rely upon pain relieving medications and interventional strategies for symptom alleviation in chronic pain survivors have shown modest benefits. The recent emphasis of spiritual care as a new dimension of treatment strategy incorporated within the biopsychosocial model has inspired new hopes to mediate mental and physical health for illness coping. This study aimed to explore the factors associated with spirituality needs among chronic pain patients in a general hospital in Malaysia. Read More

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November 2018
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Formal representation of ambulatory assessment protocols in HTML5 for human readability and computer execution.

Behav Res Methods 2018 Nov 7. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Department of Psychology, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Ambulatory assessment (AA) is a research method that aims to collect longitudinal biopsychosocial data in groups of individuals. AA studies are commonly conducted via mobile devices such as smartphones. Researchers tend to communicate their AA protocols to the community in natural language by describing step-by-step procedures operating on a set of materials. Read More

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November 2018