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    253 results match your criteria BioPsychoSocial Medicine [Journal]

    1 OF 6

    History, aims and present structure of psychosomatic medicine in Germany.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2018 2;12. Epub 2018 Jan 2.
    Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Medical Hospital Tuebingen, German College of Psychosomatic Medicine (DKPM), Tuebingen, Germany.
    Combining its two traditions of integrated psychosomatics in internal medicine and focusing on psychotherapeutic/psychiatric methods in many clinical fields, German psychosomatic medicine has developed well over the last decades. It benefits from its institutional independence and the progressive changes in health care. Clinically, disorder-oriented psychotherapy is a core method integrated with other modes of therapy. Read More

    Longitudinal course of eating disorders after transsexual treatment: a report of two cases.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 17;11:32. Epub 2017 Dec 17.
    Department of Stress Sciences and Psychosomatic Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8655 Japan.
    Background: Several reports have been published on patients with gender dysphoria and eating disorders. However, there have been few reports on the longitudinal course of eating disorders after gender reassignment surgery (GRS)/gender confirmation surgery (GCS).

    Case Presentation: We report two Japanese cases of transsexual persons with eating disorders who underwent GRS/GCS, one male-to-female (MtF) and one female-to-male (FtM). Read More

    Psycho-oncology in Australia: a descriptive review.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 15;11:15. Epub 2017 Dec 15.
    Psycho-Oncology Co-operative Research Group (PoCoG), Lifehouse level 6-North, C39Z, School of Psychology, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW Australia.
    Australia has a thriving Psycho-Oncology research and clinical community. In this article, the Australian health system in which Psycho-Oncology is embedded is described. Clinical Psycho-Oncology services are outlined, in terms of their composition, processes and reach. Read More

    Relationship between Alexithymia and latent trigger points in the upper Trapezius.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 11;11:31. Epub 2017 Dec 11.
    Department of Internal Medicine, Akaiwa Medical Association Hospital, Okayama, Japan.
    Background: Latent trigger points (LTrPs) can be activated by future events, leading to pain. Few studies have reported LTrP risk factors. It has been suggested that alexithymia is associated with myofascial pain and diminished awareness of physical sensation. Read More

    Measuring healthy behaviours using the stages of change model: an investigation into the physical activity and nutrition behaviours of Australian miners.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 5;11:30. Epub 2017 Dec 5.
    Wesley Medical Research, PO Box 499, Toowong, QLD 4066 Australia.
    Background: Obesity is one of the fastest growing modern day epidemics affecting preventable disease and premature deaths. Healthy lifestyle behaviours, such as physical activity and nutritional consumption, have been shown to reduce the likelihood of obesity and obesity related health risks. Originally designed for measurement of unhealthy behaviours, the Stages of Change model, describes 'precontemplators' as individuals who engage in the unhealthy behaviour, are unaware that their behaviour is problematic, and are resistant to change. Read More

    Development and challenges of palliative care in Indonesia: role of psychosomatic medicine.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 21;11:29. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
    Division of Psychosomatic and Palliative Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo National General Hospital - Universitas Indonesia, Jl. Diponegoro No. 71, Jakarta Pusat, 10430 Indonesia.
    Purpose Of Review: To summarize the current status of palliative care and the role of psychosomatic medicine in Indonesia.

    Recent Findings: Palliative care is not a new issue in Indonesia, which has been improving palliative care since 1992 and developed a palliative care policy in 2007 that was launched by the Indonesian Ministry of Health. However, the progress has been slow and varied across the country. Read More

    Relationships between catastrophic thought, bodily sensations and physical symptoms.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 8;11:28. Epub 2017 Nov 8.
    Teikyo Graduate School of Public Health & Division of Psychosomatic Medicine, Teikyo University Hospital, 2-11-1, Kaga, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, 173-8605 Japan.
    Background: Researchers have recently begun to seek cognitive explanations for physical symptoms with no obvious biological cause. Concepts such as somatization, somatosensory amplification, and somatosensory catastrophizing have been invoked to explain these phenomena. Somatosensory amplification occurs when these bodily sensations become stronger and more painful. Read More

    Impact of a new medical network system on the efficiency of treatment for eating disorders in Japan: a retrospective observational study.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 1;11:27. Epub 2017 Oct 1.
    Department of Stress Sciences and Psychosomatic Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8655 Japan.
    Background: In Japan, patients generally have free access to any hospital or clinic. This could lead to reduced efficiency in the treatment for eating disorders (EDs) because there are only a limited number of doctors who can treat ED patients. The objectives of this study were to examine the efficiency of a new trial system for consultation and appointments, a medical community network (MCN), in outpatient treatment for EDs. Read More

    Relationship between menstruation status and work conditions in Japan.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 4;11:26. Epub 2017 Oct 4.
    Graduate School of Public Health, Teikyo University, Tokyo, Japan.
    Background: Menstrual problems can significantly impact daily and work life. In reaction to a shrinking population, the Japanese government is encouraging more women to participate in the labor force. Actual success in achieving this aim, however, is limited. Read More

    The effect for Japanese workers of a self-help computerized cognitive behaviour therapy program with a supplement soft drink.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 19;11:23. Epub 2017 Sep 19.
    Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Teikyo University Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.
    Background: Computerized cognitive behaviour therapy (CCBT) programs can provide a useful self-help approach to the treatment of psychological problems. Previous studies have shown that CCBT has moderate effects on depression, insomnia, and anxiety. The present study investigated whether a supplement drink that includes L-carnosine enhances the effect of CCBT on psychological well-being. Read More

    A child with anorexia nervosa presenting with severe infection with cytopenia and hemophagocytosis: a case report.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 5;11:24. Epub 2017 Sep 5.
    Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Kurume University School of Medicine, 67 Asahi-machi Kurume City, Fukuoka, 830-0011 Japan.
    Background: Patients with anorexia nervosa in the acute phase have physical complications, such as infectious disease. Although hemophagocytic syndrome due to infection is a rare complication in anorexia nervosa, early identification for hemophagocytosis is important for avoiding a life-threatening condition.

    Case Presentation: We report a case of a 12-year-old girl with anorexia nervosa presenting with infection with cytopenia and hemophagocytosis during initial nutritional therapy. Read More

    Brief internet-based cognitive behavior therapy program with a supplement drink improved anxiety and somatic symptoms in Japanese workers.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 1;11:25. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Teikyo University Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.
    Background: Self-help cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is a useful approach for the treatment of psychological problems. Recent research on the effectiveness of self-help internet-based CBT (ICBT) indicates that the paradigm moderately improves psychological problems. Furthermore, previous studies have shown that food and drinks containing supplements improve various health conditions. Read More

    Purging behaviors relate to impaired subjective sleep quality in female patients with anorexia nervosa: a prospective observational study.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 16;11:22. Epub 2017 Aug 16.
    Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Kohnodai Hospital, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, 1-7-1 Kohnodai, Ichikawa, Chiba 272-8516 Japan.
    Background: We examined how purging behaviors relate to subjective sleep quality and sleep patterns and how symptoms of disordered eating behaviors relate to global sleep quality in female patients with anorexia nervosa (AN).

    Methods: Participants were new consecutive female inpatients with a primary diagnosis of AN admitted to the Department of Psychosomatic Medicine at Kohnodai Hospital between June 26 and December 25, 2015. We recorded patients' habitual eating behaviors, laxative overuse, or uretic misuse, and administered the Japanese versions of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI-J) and Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Read More

    Clinical features of atypical odontalgia; three cases and literature reviews.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 3;11:21. Epub 2017 Aug 3.
    Department of Psychosomatic Dentistry, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University (TMDU), 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8549 Japan.
    Background: Atypical odontalgia (AO) is a disease characterized by continuous pain affecting the teeth or tooth sockets after extraction in the absence of any identifiable cause on clinical or radiographic examination. Antidepressants, such as amitriptyline, are reported to be effective in the treatment of AO; however, their efficacy varies depending on the case. In this article, we report three types of AO and discuss its heterogeneity and management. Read More

    Psychological health and religious coping of Ghanaian women with infertility.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 12;11:20. Epub 2017 Jul 12.
    Department of Psychology, University of Ghana, P. O. Box LG 84, Legon, Accra, Ghana.
    Background: Infertility has been shown to have considerable psychological effects on the well-being of couples, especially women. Religion has been found as a resource used by infertile women to cope with their distress. Little research has examined the influence of religious coping on psychological distress among infertile women in Ghana. Read More

    Association between the blood concentrations of ammonia and carnitine/amino acid of schizophrenic patients treated with valproic acid.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 5;11:19. Epub 2017 Jul 5.
    Department of Drug Metabolism and Disposition, Meiji Pharmaceutical University, 2-522-1 Noshio, Kiyose, Tokyo, 204-8588 Japan.
    Background: Administration of valproic acid (VPA) is complicated with approximately 0.9% of patients developing hyperammonemia, but the pathogenesis of this adverse effect remains to be clarified. The aim of the present study was to search for mechanisms associated with VPA-induced hyperammonemia in the light of changes in serum amino acids concentrations associated with the urea cycle of schizophrenic patients. Read More

    The relationship between salivary amylase and the physical and psychological changes elicited by continuation of autogenic training in patients with functional somatic syndrome.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 28;11:17. Epub 2017 Jun 28.
    Department of Psychosomatic Medicin, Kansai Medical University, 2-5-1 Shinmachi, Hirakata-shi, Osaka Japan.
    Background: The aim of this study was to clarify the changes in biological measures during autogenic training (AT) sessions and the relationship between these biological measures and the changes in physical and psychological measures induced by continuation of AT in patients with functional somatic syndrome (FSS). We used the salivary amylase (SAMY) level, skin temperature of the finger (TEMP), subjective symptom scores, and psychological characteristics to assess these changes.

    Methods: We assessed 24 patients with FSS and 23 healthy controls before and after AT. Read More

    Clinical features of outpatients with somatization symptoms treated at a Japanese psychosomatic medicine clinic.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 28;11:16. Epub 2017 Jun 28.
    Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Toho University School of Medicine, 6-11-1 Omori-Nishi, Ota-ku, Tokyo, 143-8541 Japan.
    Background: Somatization is produced due to the summation of psychological factors, irrespective of the presence or absence of physical factors. A group of diseases with severe pain and other disorders exhibit so-called Medically Unexplained Symptoms (MUS), and the characteristics of patients with MUS are largely unexplained. In this paper, the characteristics of a series of new patients with somatization treated in a Japanese university hospital are discussed. Read More

    Cognitive behavioral therapy for psychosomatic problems in dental settings.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 13;11:18. Epub 2017 Jun 13.
    Division of Oral Medicine and Pathology, Department of Human Biology and Pathophysiology, School of Dentistry, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido, Ishikari-Tobetsu, Hokkaido Japan.
    Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been applied for various problems, including psychiatric diseases such as depression and anxiety, and for physical symptoms such as pain. It has also been applied for dental problems. Although the effect of CBTs on temporomandibular disorders and dental anxiety are well documented, its effectiveness on other types of oral symptoms remain unclear. Read More

    Predictors of successful long-term weight loss maintenance: a two-year follow-up.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 6;11:14. Epub 2017 Jun 6.
    Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582 Japan.
    Background: Weight regain is a common problem following weight loss intervention, with most people who seek treatment for obesity able to lose weight, but few able to sustain the changes in behavior required to prevent subsequent weight regain. The identification of factors that predict which patients will successfully maintain weight loss or who are at risk of weight regain after weight loss intervention is necessary to improve the current weight maintenance strategies. The aim of the present study is identify factors associated with successful weight loss maintenance by women with overweight or obesity who completed group cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT) for weight loss. Read More

    Pain threshold reflects psychological traits in patients with chronic pain: a cross-sectional study.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 12;11:13. Epub 2017 May 12.
    Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Kansai Medical University, 2-5-1 Shinmachi, Hirakata-shi, Osaka Japan.
    Background: Chronic pain enhances sensory sensitivity and induces the biased development of psychological traits such as depression and pain catastrophizing, leading to the formation of heterogeneous conditions. Fluctuations in the sensory-related thresholds of non-injured sites (with normal peripheral tissue) in patients with chronic pain are thought to be related to central sensitization. The objectives of this study were to analyze the association between pain tolerance thresholds (PTTs) in non-injured sites and the psychological traits of patients with chronic pain and to evaluate the usefulness of PTT measures in assessments of pathological conditions related to chronic pain. Read More

    Psycho-oncology in Korea: past, present and future.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 1;11:12. Epub 2017 May 1.
    Mental Health Clinic, National Cancer Center, 323 Ilsan-ro, Ilsandong-gu, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do 10408 Republic of Korea.
    Background: Psycho-oncology in Korea was introduced among the circle of consultation-liaison psychiatrists, in the 1990s. For almost 25 years, the field has been developing at a steady pace as the psychosocial needs of patients with cancer continue to increase. In this study, we review the history of psycho-oncology in Korea, in a chronological order, within the domains of clinical practice, research activity, training, and public policy. Read More

    A case report of brief psychotic disorder with catalepsy associated with sequential life-threatening events in a patient with advanced cancer.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 11;11:10. Epub 2017 Apr 11.
    Department of Psycho-Oncology, Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Hidaka City, Saitama 350-1298 Japan.
    Background: Cancer is commonly perceived as life-threatening and universally stressful; however, brief psychotic disorder, which occurs in response to extremely stressful events, has not been reported.

    Case Presentation: A 63-year-old woman, who was diagnosed as having pancreatic cancer with liver metastasis, became unresponsive with very little reaction to verbal contact after sequential life-threatening events, such as thrombosis of both pulmonary arteries and stenosis of the third portion of the duodenum, due to disease progression over 3 weeks beginning with oncological emergency hospital admission. Laboratory findings and electroencephalography were unremarkable. Read More

    The American Psychosomatic Society - integrating mind, brain, body and social context in medicine since 1942.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 8;11:11. Epub 2017 Apr 8.
    American Psychosomatic Society, 6728 Old McLean Village Drive, McLean, VA 22101-3906 USA.
    Background: The American Psychosomatic Society is one of the oldest and probably the most influential scientific society in psychosomatic/biopsychosocial research worldwide. The current article delineates the historical development and current strategic orientation of the society.

    Method: Review of published literature, archived materials and current documents of the society. Read More

    Psychometric properties of the eating disorder examination-questionnaire in Japanese adolescents.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 4;11. Epub 2017 Apr 4.
    School of Health Sciences, Fukuoka, International University of Health &Welfare, 137-1 Enokizu, Ohkawa, Fukuoka Japan.
    Background: Although the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire version 6.0 (EDE-Q) is one of the most widely used questionnaires for eating disorders in Western countries, no research has addressed the psychometric properties of the EDE-Q in a Japanese sample.

    Methods: We explored the factor structure of the EDE-Q and examined the internal consistency of the derived scales for Japanese participants (Study I), the convergent validity with other eating disorder-related psychological measures (Study II) and the distinction between the derived two body image-related factors with psychological measures (StudyIII). Read More

    Randomized, placebo-controlled, phase IV pilot study of ramosetron to evaluate the co-primary end points in male patients with irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 16;11. Epub 2017 Mar 16.
    Department of Behavioral Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.
    Background: Global assessment allows patients to assess improvement in multiple irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms. However, it was deemed important to assess "clinically meaningful improvements, focusing on the patient's chief complaint and the severity of major IBS symptoms" in addition to global assessment to show how ramosetron is effective for individual IBS symptoms. This is a pilot study to explore clinical endpoints focusing on the chief complaint of patients with IBS with diarrhea (IBS-D). Read More

    Evaluation of the irritable bowel syndrome severity index in Japanese male patients with irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 11;11. Epub 2017 Mar 11.
    Department of Behavioral Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.
    Background: Previous studies have indicated that ramosetron, a 5-hydroxytryptamine-3 receptor antagonist, achieves global improvement in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms in male patients with IBS with diarrhea (IBS-D). However, in addition to global assessment it was deemed important to assess "clinically meaningful improvements, focusing on the patient's chief complaint and the severity of major IBS symptoms". We performed a randomized, placebo-controlled, phase IV pilot study to explore and examine efficacy variables that allow such evaluation of ramosetron in male patients with IBS-D. Read More

    Development of a recumbent isometric yoga program for patients with severe chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis: A pilot study to assess feasibility and efficacy.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 3;11. Epub 2017 Mar 3.
    Japan Yoga Therapy Society, Sanbonmatsu 1-2-24, Yonago, Tottori 683-0842 Japan.
    Background: Our previous randomized controlled trial demonstrated that isometric yoga in a sitting position reduces fatigue in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME). However, some patients experience difficulties sitting or practicing isometric yoga in a sitting position for long periods. To date, therapeutic interventions for patients with severe symptoms have not been established. Read More

    Job crafting, work engagement, and psychological distress among Japanese employees: a cross-sectional study.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 10;11. Epub 2017 Feb 10.
    Department of Mental Health, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 Japan.
    Background: Job crafting, an employee-initiated job design/redesign, has become important for employees' well-being. However, most studies on the relationship between job crafting and employees' well-being have been conducted in western countries; thus, it is unclear whether job crafting can be effectively applied to Asian cultures, such as Japan, which emphasizes group harmony. The aim of this study was to examine the cross-sectional associations of self-reported job crafting with work engagement and psychological distress among employees in Japan. Read More

    Assessing the validity and reliability of the Malagasy version of Oral Impacts on Daily Performance (OIDP): a cross-sectional study.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 2;11. Epub 2017 Feb 2.
    IOSTM, University of Mahajanga, Mahajanga, Madagascar.
    Background: Evaluating health needs includes measures of the impact of state of health on the quality of life. This entails evaluating the psychosocial aspects of health. To achieve this, several tools for measuring the quality of life related to oral health have been developed. Read More

    Tolerable pain reduces gastric fundal accommodation and gastric motility in healthy subjects: a crossover ultrasonographic study.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 1;11. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
    Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Kansai Medical University, Shinmachi 2-5-1, Hirakata, Osaka Japan.
    Background: Obstacles to pain management include patients' reluctance to inform healthcare provides about their pain, and differences in the pain management aims between patients and healthcare providers. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether tolerable pain influences gastric fundal accommodation and gastric motility in healthy subjects.

    Methods: We undertook a crossover comparison study to evaluate gastric fundal accommodation and gastric motility in 74 healthy subjects in the presence or absence of tolerable pain. Read More

    The European Network on Psychosomatic Medicine (ENPM) - history and future directions.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 26;11. Epub 2017 Jan 26.
    University Porto Faculty of Medicine, Porto, Portugal.
    Background: Within national and international societies of psychosomatic medicine the idea has emerged of bringing together and coordinating psychosomatic, behavioural, psychological and medical actions with common interests throughout Europe as a way to increase their scientific and political influence.

    Methods: It was felt that there was a strong need and opportunity of a common and unifying forum for scientific exchange.

    Results: It was considered desirable to exchange scientific thoughts and experiences in an open minded and boundless way, among individuals and societies, between disciplines and across borders. Read More

    Current state and future prospects for psychosomatic medicine in Japan.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 16;11. Epub 2017 Jan 16.
    Kansai Medical College, 2-3-1 Shinmachi, Hirakata, Osaka 573-1191 Japan.
    In this article, we describe the history and current state of psychosomatic medicine (PSM) in Japan and propose measures that could be considered based on our view of the future prospects of PSM in Japan. The Japanese Society of PSM (JSPM) was established in 1959, and the first Department of Psychosomatic Internal Medicine in Japan was established at Kyushu University In 1963. PSM in Japan has shown a prominent, unique development, with 3,300 members (as of March 2016), comprised of 71. Read More

    Seasonality in mood and behaviours of Japanese residents in high-latitude regions: transnational cross-sectional study.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 5;10:33. Epub 2016 Dec 5.
    Faculty of Human Sciences, Waseda University, 2-579-15, Mikajima, Tokorozawa, Saitama 359-1192 Japan.
    Background: Daylight hours in high-latitude regions tend to be longer than those in Japan in summer, and shorter than those in Japan in winter. For example, daylight hours in London in winter are one-third those of Tokyo. Therefore, this study investigated and compared seasonal changes in mood and behaviours of Japanese individuals living in and outside Japan. Read More

    A series of patients with purging type anorexia nervosa who do "tube vomiting".
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 15;10:32. Epub 2016 Nov 15.
    Department of Stress Sciences and Psychosomatic Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
    Background: It is important for clinicians to assess their patients' purging behavior. Various methods of purging, such as self-induced vomiting are well-known. Because patients do not always report their purging behavior, knowing the clinical signs that indicate the behavior is useful. Read More

    Risk assessment for job burnout with a mobile health web application using questionnaire data: a proof of concept study.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 2;10:31. Epub 2016 Nov 2.
    Burnout Protector GmbH, c/o Barmelweidgruppe AG, Barmelweid, Switzerland.
    Background: Job burnout has become a rampant epidemic in working societies, causing high productivity loss and healthcare costs. An easy accessible tool to detect clinically relevant risk may bear the potential to timely avert the dire sequelae of burnout. As a start, we performed a proof of concept study to test the utilization of a mobile health web application for a free and anonymous burnout risk assessment with established questionnaires. Read More

    Factors associated with pain level in non-cardiac chest pain patients with comorbid panic disorder.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 18;10:30. Epub 2016 Oct 18.
    Psychology Department, Université du Québec à Montréal, C.P. 8888 succursale Centre-ville, Montréal, Québec H3C 3P8 Canada ; Fernand-Séguin Research Centre, Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine Hospital, 7331 rue Hochelaga, Montréal, Québec H1N 3V2 Canada.
    Background: Panic disorder (PD) is highly prevalent in patients with non-cardiac chest pain (NCCP). This study aims to explore the role of psychological factors (PD intensity, anxiety sensitivity, heart-related fear, attention and avoidance) common to NCCP and PD in predicting chest pain levels in patients with both conditions.

    Methods: This association was investigated in emergency department patients with NCCP and PD receiving either evidence-based treatment of PD or treatment as usual. Read More

    What inhibits working women with mental disorders from returning to their workplace?-A study of systematic re-employment support in a medical institution.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 18;10:29. Epub 2016 Oct 18.
    Department of Neuropsychiatry, Sakura Medical Center, Faculty of Medicine, Toho University, Chiba, Japan.
    Background: It has been customary for working women in Japan to retire when they marry and to devote themselves to household work as well as having children. However, according to a report published by the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications in 2013, the number of working women has increased consistently. As more women are advancing into society, they have more options with respect to lifestyle but may encounter new psychological burdens. Read More

    A questionnaire survey regarding the support needed byteachers to take care of students suspected of having eating disorders (second report).
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 29;10:28. Epub 2016 Sep 29.
    Center for Child Development and Psychosomatic Medicine, Dokkyo Medical University Koshigaya Hospital, 2-1-50 Minami-koshigaya, Koshigaya-city, Saitama Prefecture 343-0845 Japan.
    Background: The lowering of the age of onset and chronicity have been key problems related to eating disorders (EDs). As the proportion of teens in the estimated onset ages has increased, it has become important to detect students with EDs and to clarify how they can be supported. Though epidemiological surveys ofteachers (school nurse/health science teachers) have been conducted to inquire about the number of such students, none of these were done according to ED type based on DSM-5. Read More

    Self-controllable prodromal symptoms of syncope attributed to carotid sinus syndrome during the end stage of cancer: a case report.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 5;10(1):27. Epub 2016 Sep 5.
    Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Kansai Medical University, Shinmachi 2-5-1, Hirakata, Osaka 573-1090 Japan.
    Background: Carotid sinus syndrome (CSS) can cause prodromal symptoms of syncope such as dizziness and nausea. Patients with end-stage cancer lose self-efficacy associated with reduced activities of daily life (ADL). Herein, we report a case of end-stage cancer in which self-efficacy was enhanced as the patient gained self-control of prodromal symptoms of syncope. Read More

    Erratum to: Prevalence and related factors of common mental disorders during pregnancy in Japan: a cross-sectional study.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 5;10(1):26. Epub 2016 Sep 5.
    Health and Social Welfare Bureau, Kawasaki City Office, 3-16-1 Ida, Nakahara-ku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 211-0035 Japan.
    [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13030-016-0069-1.]. Read More

    Inhibition of emotional needs and emotional wellbeing predict disease progression of chronic hepatitis C patients: an 8-year prospective study.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 29;10:24. Epub 2016 Jul 29.
    Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku Fukuoka, 812-8582 Japan.
    Background: The role of psycosocial factors in the disease progression of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to prospectively evaluate the prognostic value of behavioral patterns and the quality of life (QOL) of patients with CHC.

    Methods: Two hundred and forty Japanese CHC patients (mean age 62. Read More

    Course of self-reported symptoms of 342 outpatients receiving medium- versus long-term psychodynamic psychotherapy.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 29;10:23. Epub 2016 Jul 29.
    Private Practice Dr Bernhard Palmowski, Berlin, Germany.
    Background: The course of self-reported symptoms during medium- versus long-term psychodynamic psychotherapy has rarely been documented for outpatient settings. This observational study describes routine practice of ambulatory treatment in Germany and explores self-reported symptoms of a broad patient sample undergoing one (medium-term) versus two years (long-term) of psychodynamic psychotherapy.

    Methods: Over four and a half years, longitudinal self-report symptom data were collected from 342 outpatients as part of a standardized documentation system. Read More

    Factors relating to the mental health of women who were pregnant at the time of the Great East Japan earthquake: analysis from month 10 to month 48 after the earthquake.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 27;10:22. Epub 2016 Jun 27.
    Maternal Nursing, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai-shi, #981-8575 Japan.
    Background: The Great East Japan Earthquake occurred at 2:46 p.m. on March 11, 2011. Read More

    Factors associated with caregiving burden and mental health conditions in caregivers of patients with anorexia nervosa in Japan.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 22;10:21. Epub 2016 Jun 22.
    Department of Psychosomatic Research, National Institute of Mental Health, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, 4-1-1, Ogawahigashi-cyo, Kodaira-shi, Tokyo, 187-8553 Japan.
    Background: There are no studies about the caregiving burdens in families of patients with eating disorders in Japan, and only limited studies on the role of caregivers' stress coping, social support, and mental health. This study examines caregiving burdens, mental health conditions, and associated factors in caregivers of anorexia nervosa (AN) patients in Japan.

    Methods: Seventy-nine principal caregivers (70 mothers, 5 fathers, 3 spouses and 1 grandmother; mean age 56. Read More

    Oral cenesthopathy.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 10;10:20. Epub 2016 Jun 10.
    Department of Psychosomatic Dentistry, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Bunkyo, Japan.
    Cenesthopathy is characterized by abnormal and strange bodily sensations and is classified as a 'delusional disorder, somatic type' or 'somatoform disorder' according to the DSM 5. The oral cavity is one of the frequent sites of cenesthopathy, thus the term 'oral cenesthopathy.' Patients with oral cenesthopathy complain of unusual sensations without corresponding abnormal findings in the oral area, such as excessive mucus secretion, a slimy sensation, or a feeling of coils or wires being present within the oral region. Read More

    Abdominal bloating is the most bothersome symptom in irritable bowel syndrome with constipation (IBS-C): a large population-based Internet survey in Japan.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 4;10:19. Epub 2016 Jun 4.
    Department of Behavioral Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-1 Seiryo, Aoba, Sendai 980-8575 Japan.
    Background: Abdominal bloating is a common symptom in patients with irritable bowel syndrome with constipation (IBS-C). However, it is not included among the required items in the Rome III diagnostic criteria for IBS. Little is known about an impact of abdominal bloating seen in patients with IBS-C. Read More

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