274 results match your criteria BioPsychoSocial Medicine [Journal]


Current management strategies for the pain of elderly patients with burning mouth syndrome: a critical review.

Biopsychosoc Med 2019 31;13. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

1Department of Psychosomatic Dentistry, Graduate School of Medical and Dental sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo, Tokyo, 113-8549 Japan.

Burning Mouth Syndrome (BMS), a chronic intraoral burning sensation or dysesthesia without clinically evident causes, is one of the most common medically unexplained oral symptoms/syndromes. Even though the clinical features of BMS have been astonishingly common and consistent throughout the world for hundreds of years, BMS remains an enigma and has evolved to more intractable condition. In fact, there is a large and growing number of elderly BMS patients for whom the disease is accompanied by systemic diseases, in addition to aging physical change, which makes the diagnosis and treatment of BMS more difficult. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-019-0142-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357406PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Hearing laughter improves the recovery process of the autonomic nervous system after a stress-loading task: a randomized controlled trial.

Biopsychosoc Med 2018 21;12:22. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

1Graduate School of Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan.

Background: It has become necessary to develop mental health management methods that do not require specialized skills or tools to implement. With this in mind, we performed a subjective and objective investigation of the stress-reducing effect of hearing laughter.

Methods: Ninety healthy students were randomly assigned to a laughter ( = 45) or rest ( = 45) group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-018-0141-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6302464PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Dizziness in peri- and postmenopausal women is associated with anxiety: a cross-sectional study.

Biopsychosoc Med 2018 12;12:21. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Yushima 1-5-45, Bunkyo, Tokyo, 113-8510 Japan.

Background: Although dizziness is one of the most common symptoms of menopause, the underlying mechanism is not precisely known. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the prevalence of, and the factors associated with, dizziness in peri- and postmenopausal women.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study in which we analyzed the first-visit records of 471 Japanese women aged 40 to 65 years who enrolled in a health and nutrition education program at a menopause clinic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-018-0140-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6291970PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Factors associated with anxiety in family caregivers of children with chronic diseases.

Biopsychosoc Med 2018 12;12:20. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

2Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Dr. Carlos Canseco, 110, Esq. Dr. Aguirre Pequeño, Col. Mitras Centro, 64460 Monterrey, México.

Background: Currently, information on factors associated with anxiety in family caregivers of children with chronic diseases is unavailable, indicating a significant gap in the literature. Therefore, this study aims to identify the psychosocial and sociodemographic variables associated with anxiety in family caregivers of children with chronic diseases.

Methods: In 2018, a nonprobability sample of 446 family caregivers was recruited at the National Institute of Health in Mexico City. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-018-0139-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6290491PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Exaggerated envy and guilt measured by economic games in Japanese women with anorexia nervosa.

Biopsychosoc Med 2018 6;12:19. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

1Department of Psychiatry, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, 54 Shogoin-Kawahara-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8507 Japan.

Background: Anorexia nervosa (AN) patients are assumed to express high levels of guilt and envy. Ultimatum game (UG) is a standard behavioral task that focuses on interpersonal behavior when splitting a sum of money between two players. UG studies consistently demonstrate that people tend to decrease their inequity in outcomes, one explanation being that economically irrational decision-making may partly arise from the emotions guilt and envy. Read More

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https://bpsmedicine.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s1303
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-018-0138-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6282331PMC
December 2018
10 Reads

Influence of the requirement for abdominal pain in the diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome with constipation (IBS-C) under the Rome IV criteria using data from a large Japanese population-based internet survey.

Biopsychosoc Med 2018 5;12:18. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

4Department of Behavioral Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.

Background: Rome III was revised to Rome IV in May 2016. One important change in the Rome IV criteria is that abdominal pain must be present for a diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Under Rome III, in contrast, patients with abdominal discomfort only could be diagnosed with IBS, but these cases under Rome IV are now classified as unspecified functional bowel disorder (FBD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-018-0137-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6280510PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Severe tinnitus in a patient with acquired deafness for over 50 years: a case report.

Biopsychosoc Med 2018 26;12:17. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

2Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinamomachi, Shinjuku, Tokyo, 1608582 Japan.

Background: There have been many reports on the treatment effect of cochlear implantation and hearing aids in the treatment of tinnitus in patients with severe hearing loss. However, as far as we are aware, there are no reports of investigation of treatment approaches for the tinnitus of deaf patients whose communication is solely carried out in sign language due to a long duration of deafness.

Case Presentation: We experienced a case of severe tinnitus with bilateral deafness for more than 50 years. Read More

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https://bpsmedicine.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s1303
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-018-0136-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6260884PMC
November 2018
9 Reads

Awareness of comfort immediately after a relaxation therapy session affects future quality of life and autonomic function: a prospective cohort study on the expectations of therapy.

Biopsychosoc Med 2018 2;12:16. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Kansai Medical University, Shinmachi 2-5-1, Hirakata, Osaka, 573-1090 Japan.

Background: High expectations regarding therapy are reported to have positive effects on future therapeutic course and related behavior. Some individuals are aware of feelings of comfort immediately after a relaxation therapy session.

Methods: Heart rate variability biofeedback (HRV-BF) therapy using a relaxation technique called resonant breathing was administered to 44 family caregivers who felt burdened by their work caring for family members with cancer. Read More

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https://bpsmedicine.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s1303
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-018-0135-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6237020PMC
November 2018
7 Reads

Neural correlates of body comparison and weight estimation in weight-recovered anorexia nervosa: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study.

Biopsychosoc Med 2018 31;12:15. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

9School of Health Sciences Fukuoka, International University of Health and Welfare, Fukuoka, 831-8501 Japan.

Background: The neural mechanisms underlying body dissatisfaction and emotional problems evoked by social comparisons in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) are currently unclear. Here, we elucidate patterns of brain activation among recovered patients with AN (recAN) during body comparison and weight estimation with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI).

Methods: We used fMRI to examine 12 patients with recAN and 13 healthy controls while they performed body comparison and weight estimation tasks with images of underweight, healthy weight, and overweight female bodies. Read More

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https://bpsmedicine.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s1303
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-018-0134-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6208027PMC
October 2018
11 Reads

Factors related to the fatigue of relief workers in areas affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake: survey results 2.5 years after the disaster.

Biopsychosoc Med 2018 12;12:14. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

1Fukushima Medical University, 1 Hikarigaoka, Fukushima City, Fukushima 960-1295 Japan.

Background: After the Great East Japan Earthquake (March 11, 2011), the fatigue of relief workers became a major problem in affected areas. In the present study, we conducted a questionnaire survey 2.5 years post-disaster identifying factors related to the fatigue of relief workers. Read More

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https://bpsmedicine.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s1303
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-018-0133-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6192178PMC
October 2018
6 Reads

Association between chronological depressive changes and physical symptoms in postoperative pancreatic cancer patients.

Biopsychosoc Med 2018 28;12:13. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

1Department of Oncology Nursing, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.

Background: Pancreatic cancer (PC) has poorer prognosis and higher surgical invasiveness than many other cancers, with associated psychiatric symptoms including depression and anxiety. Perioperative depression has not been investigated in PC patients regarding surgical stress and relevant interventions.

Methods: We evaluated chronological depressive changes and subjective physical symptoms in surgically treated PC patients preoperatively and at 3 and 6 months postoperatively. Read More

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https://bpsmedicine.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s1303
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-018-0132-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6162953PMC
September 2018
13 Reads

L-carnosine as an enhancer to computerized cognitive behaviour therapy in Japanese workers, an unjustified claim.

Biopsychosoc Med 2018 4;12:11. Epub 2018 Sep 4.

Département de psychologie, Université du Québec à Montréal, C.P. 8888 succursale Centre-ville, Montréal, Québec H3C 3P8 Canada.

This letter comments on the conclusion drawn by Shirotsuki et al. (2017) in their article entitled "The effect for Japanese workers of a self-help computerized cognitive behaviour therapy program with a supplement soft drink", recently published in . The authors concluded that their drink, containing L-carnosine, enhances the effects of a computerized cognitive-behavioural therapy (CCBT) on the psychological well-being of healthy Japanese workers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-018-0130-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6122662PMC
September 2018
3 Reads

Impact of symptoms by gender and age in Japanese subjects with irritable bowel syndrome with constipation (IBS-C): a large population-based internet survey.

Biopsychosoc Med 2018 4;12:12. Epub 2018 Sep 4.

4Department of Behavioral Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.

Background: Irritable bowel syndrome with constipation (IBS-C) is a representative psychosomatic disorder. Several pathophysiological factors have been linked to IBS symptoms such as the modulation of gastrointestinal motility, visceral hypersensitivity, dysregulation of the gut-brain axis, genetic and environmental factors, sequelae of infection, and psychosocial disorders. It is likely that biopsychosocial aspects of IBS-C underlie its gender and age effects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-018-0131-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6122187PMC
September 2018
9 Reads

A new milestone for .

Authors:
Gen Komaki

Biopsychosoc Med 2018 6;12:10. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

International University of Health and Welfare, School of Health Sciences, Fukuoka, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-018-0128-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6091161PMC
August 2018
2 Reads

The reliability and validity for Japanese type 2 diabetes patients of the Japanese version of the acceptance and action diabetes questionnaire.

Biopsychosoc Med 2018 2;12. Epub 2018 Aug 2.

3Faculty of Human Science, Waseda University, Tokorozawa, Japan.

Background: The purpose of this study was to determing which psychological traits of Japanese type 2 diabetes patients would provide reliability and validity to the Japanese version of the Acceptance and Action Diabetes Questionnaire (AADQ-J).

Methods: Various questionnaires were administered to type 2 diabetes patients who were registered on the database of the research service provider; data from a total of 600 patients (mean ± SD age was 57.50 ± 9. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-018-0129-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6090952PMC
August 2018
3 Reads

Cohort survey of college students' eating attitudes: interventions for depressive symptoms and stress coping were key factors for preventing bulimia in a subthreshold group.

Biopsychosoc Med 2018 24;12. Epub 2018 May 24.

Health Service Center, Hiroshima University, 1-7-1, Kagamiyama, Higashihiroshima, Hiroshima, 739-8514 Japan.

Background: The aim of this study was to examine the necessity of early intervention for students with potential bulimia by investigating how the eating attitudes of college students change and examining the relation between bulimic symptoms and depressive symptoms or the ability to cope with stress.

Methods: The study participants were students who entered Hiroshima University in 2014. This study was conducted at two time points: Time-1 in 2014 and Time-2 in 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-018-0127-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5968577PMC
May 2018
4 Reads

Dysbiotic drift and biopsychosocial medicine: how the microbiome links personal, public and planetary health.

Biopsychosoc Med 2018 3;12. Epub 2018 May 3.

4Prevention Research Center, Yale University, Griffin Hospital, 130 Division St, Derby, CT 06418 USA.

The emerging concept of planetary health emphasizes that the health of human civilization is intricately connected to the health of natural systems within the Earth's biosphere; here, we focus on the rapidly progressing microbiome science - the microbiota-mental health research in particular - as a way to illustrate the pathways by which exposure to biodiversity supports health. Microbiome science is illuminating the ways in which stress, socioeconomic disadvantage and social polices interact with lifestyle and behaviour to influence the micro and macro-level biodiversity that otherwise mediates health. Although the unfolding microbiome and mental health research is dominated by optimism in biomedical solutions (e. Read More

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https://bpsmedicine.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s1303
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-018-0126-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5932796PMC
May 2018
8 Reads

Association between uncooperativeness and the glucose metabolism of patients with chronic behavioral disorders after severe traumatic brain injury: a cross-sectional retrospective study.

Biopsychosoc Med 2018 23;12. Epub 2018 Apr 23.

Division of Neurosurgery, Chiba Ryogo Center, National Agency for Automotive Safety and Victims' Aid, 3-30-1 Isobe, Mihama-ku, Chiba, 261-0012 Japan.

Bakground: Patients with behavioral disorders following severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) often have disorders of consciousness that make expressing their emotional distress difficult. However, no standard method for assessing the unsettled and unforeseen responses that are associated with behavioral disorders has yet to be established. Because the thalamus is known to play a role in maintaining consciousness and cognition, we used 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG-PET/CT) to examine the association between brain glucose metabolism in the thalamus and behavioral disorders. Read More

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https://bpsmedicine.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s1303
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-018-0125-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5914015PMC
April 2018
12 Reads

Changes in fatigue, autonomic functions, and blood biomarkers due to sitting isometric yoga in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome.

Biopsychosoc Med 2018 10;12. Epub 2018 Apr 10.

1Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, International University of Health and Welfare hospital, Iguchi 537-3, Nasushiobara-shi, Tochigi-ken 329-2763 Japan.

Background: In a previous randomized controlled trial, we found that sitting isometric yoga improves fatigue in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) who are resistant to conventional therapy. The aim of this study was to investigate possible mechanisms behind this finding, focusing on the short-term fatigue-relieving effect, by comparing autonomic nervous function and blood biomarkers before and after a session of isometric yoga.

Methods: Fifteen patients with CFS who remained symptomatic despite at least 6 months of conventional therapy practiced sitting isometric yoga (biweekly 20 min practice with a yoga instructor and daily home practice) for eight weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-018-0123-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5891891PMC
April 2018
4 Reads

Correction to: Purging behaviors relate to impaired subjective sleep quality in female patients with anorexia nervosa: a prospective observational study.

Biopsychosoc Med 2018 15;12. Epub 2018 Mar 15.

1Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Kohnodai Hospital, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, 1-7-1 Kohnodai, Ichikawa, Chiba, 272-8516 Japan.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13030-017-0107-7.]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-018-0124-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5856280PMC
March 2018
11 Reads

Avoiding diagnostic errors in psychosomatic medicine: a case series study.

Biopsychosoc Med 2018 13;12. Epub 2018 Mar 13.

1Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Kindai University, 377-2, Ohno-higashi, Osaskasayama City, Osaka, 589-8511 Japan.

Background: Non-organic lesions or diseases of unknown origin are sometimes misdiagnosed as "psychogenic" disorders or "psychosomatic" diseases. For the quality of life and safety of patients, recent attention has focused on diagnostic error. The aim of this study was to clarify the factors that affected misdiagnoses in psychosomatic medicine by examining typical cases and to explore strategies that reduce diagnostic errors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-018-0122-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5848591PMC
March 2018
8 Reads

History, aims and present structure of psychosomatic medicine in Germany.

Biopsychosoc Med 2018 2;12. Epub 2018 Jan 2.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Medical Hospital Tuebingen, German College of Psychosomatic Medicine (DKPM), Tuebingen, Germany.

Combining its two traditions of integrated psychosomatics in internal medicine and focusing on psychotherapeutic/psychiatric methods in many clinical fields, German psychosomatic medicine has developed well over the last decades. It benefits from its institutional independence and the progressive changes in health care. Clinically, disorder-oriented psychotherapy is a core method integrated with other modes of therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-017-0120-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5795290PMC
January 2018
4 Reads

Somatic manifestation of distress: clinical medicine, psychological, and public health perspectives.

Authors:
Mutsuhiro Nakao

Biopsychosoc Med 2017 18;11:33. Epub 2017 Dec 18.

Teikyo University Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-017-0119-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5735955PMC
December 2017
6 Reads

Longitudinal course of eating disorders after transsexual treatment: a report of two cases.

Biopsychosoc Med 2017 17;11:32. Epub 2017 Dec 17.

Department of Stress Sciences and Psychosomatic Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8655 Japan.

Background: Several reports have been published on patients with gender dysphoria and eating disorders. However, there have been few reports on the longitudinal course of eating disorders after gender reassignment surgery (GRS)/gender confirmation surgery (GCS).

Case Presentation: We report two Japanese cases of transsexual persons with eating disorders who underwent GRS/GCS, one male-to-female (MtF) and one female-to-male (FtM). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-017-0118-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5733811PMC
December 2017
12 Reads

Psycho-oncology in Australia: a descriptive review.

Biopsychosoc Med 2017 15;11:15. Epub 2017 Dec 15.

Psycho-Oncology Co-operative Research Group (PoCoG), Lifehouse level 6-North, C39Z, School of Psychology, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW Australia.

Australia has a thriving Psycho-Oncology research and clinical community. In this article, the Australian health system in which Psycho-Oncology is embedded is described. Clinical Psycho-Oncology services are outlined, in terms of their composition, processes and reach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-017-0100-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5731077PMC
December 2017
5 Reads

Relationship between Alexithymia and latent trigger points in the upper Trapezius.

Biopsychosoc Med 2017 11;11:31. Epub 2017 Dec 11.

Department of Internal Medicine, Akaiwa Medical Association Hospital, Okayama, Japan.

Background: Latent trigger points (LTrPs) can be activated by future events, leading to pain. Few studies have reported LTrP risk factors. It has been suggested that alexithymia is associated with myofascial pain and diminished awareness of physical sensation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-017-0116-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5725834PMC
December 2017
11 Reads

Measuring healthy behaviours using the stages of change model: an investigation into the physical activity and nutrition behaviours of Australian miners.

Biopsychosoc Med 2017 5;11:30. Epub 2017 Dec 5.

Wesley Medical Research, PO Box 499, Toowong, QLD 4066 Australia.

Background: Obesity is one of the fastest growing modern day epidemics affecting preventable disease and premature deaths. Healthy lifestyle behaviours, such as physical activity and nutritional consumption, have been shown to reduce the likelihood of obesity and obesity related health risks. Originally designed for measurement of unhealthy behaviours, the Stages of Change model, describes 'precontemplators' as individuals who engage in the unhealthy behaviour, are unaware that their behaviour is problematic, and are resistant to change. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-017-0115-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5715498PMC
December 2017
9 Reads

Development and challenges of palliative care in Indonesia: role of psychosomatic medicine.

Biopsychosoc Med 2017 21;11:29. Epub 2017 Nov 21.

Division of Psychosomatic and Palliative Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo National General Hospital - Universitas Indonesia, Jl. Diponegoro No. 71, Jakarta Pusat, 10430 Indonesia.

Purpose Of Review: To summarize the current status of palliative care and the role of psychosomatic medicine in Indonesia.

Recent Findings: Palliative care is not a new issue in Indonesia, which has been improving palliative care since 1992 and developed a palliative care policy in 2007 that was launched by the Indonesian Ministry of Health. However, the progress has been slow and varied across the country. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-017-0114-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5697086PMC
November 2017
19 Reads

Relationships between catastrophic thought, bodily sensations and physical symptoms.

Biopsychosoc Med 2017 8;11:28. Epub 2017 Nov 8.

Teikyo Graduate School of Public Health & Division of Psychosomatic Medicine, Teikyo University Hospital, 2-11-1, Kaga, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, 173-8605 Japan.

Background: Researchers have recently begun to seek cognitive explanations for physical symptoms with no obvious biological cause. Concepts such as somatization, somatosensory amplification, and somatosensory catastrophizing have been invoked to explain these phenomena. Somatosensory amplification occurs when these bodily sensations become stronger and more painful. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-017-0110-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5678578PMC
November 2017
17 Reads

Impact of a new medical network system on the efficiency of treatment for eating disorders in Japan: a retrospective observational study.

Biopsychosoc Med 2017 1;11:27. Epub 2017 Oct 1.

Department of Stress Sciences and Psychosomatic Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8655 Japan.

Background: In Japan, patients generally have free access to any hospital or clinic. This could lead to reduced efficiency in the treatment for eating disorders (EDs) because there are only a limited number of doctors who can treat ED patients. The objectives of this study were to examine the efficiency of a new trial system for consultation and appointments, a medical community network (MCN), in outpatient treatment for EDs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-017-0113-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5623064PMC
October 2017
10 Reads

Relationship between menstruation status and work conditions in Japan.

Biopsychosoc Med 2017 4;11:26. Epub 2017 Oct 4.

Graduate School of Public Health, Teikyo University, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Menstrual problems can significantly impact daily and work life. In reaction to a shrinking population, the Japanese government is encouraging more women to participate in the labor force. Actual success in achieving this aim, however, is limited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-017-0112-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5627597PMC
October 2017
8 Reads

The effect for Japanese workers of a self-help computerized cognitive behaviour therapy program with a supplement soft drink.

Biopsychosoc Med 2017 19;11:23. Epub 2017 Sep 19.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Teikyo University Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Computerized cognitive behaviour therapy (CCBT) programs can provide a useful self-help approach to the treatment of psychological problems. Previous studies have shown that CCBT has moderate effects on depression, insomnia, and anxiety. The present study investigated whether a supplement drink that includes L-carnosine enhances the effect of CCBT on psychological well-being. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-017-0109-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5604512PMC
September 2017
41 Reads

A child with anorexia nervosa presenting with severe infection with cytopenia and hemophagocytosis: a case report.

Biopsychosoc Med 2017 5;11:24. Epub 2017 Sep 5.

Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Kurume University School of Medicine, 67 Asahi-machi Kurume City, Fukuoka, 830-0011 Japan.

Background: Patients with anorexia nervosa in the acute phase have physical complications, such as infectious disease. Although hemophagocytic syndrome due to infection is a rare complication in anorexia nervosa, early identification for hemophagocytosis is important for avoiding a life-threatening condition.

Case Presentation: We report a case of a 12-year-old girl with anorexia nervosa presenting with infection with cytopenia and hemophagocytosis during initial nutritional therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-017-0108-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5583750PMC
September 2017
10 Reads

Brief internet-based cognitive behavior therapy program with a supplement drink improved anxiety and somatic symptoms in Japanese workers.

Biopsychosoc Med 2017 1;11:25. Epub 2017 Sep 1.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Teikyo University Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Self-help cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is a useful approach for the treatment of psychological problems. Recent research on the effectiveness of self-help internet-based CBT (ICBT) indicates that the paradigm moderately improves psychological problems. Furthermore, previous studies have shown that food and drinks containing supplements improve various health conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-017-0111-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5579873PMC
September 2017
10 Reads

Purging behaviors relate to impaired subjective sleep quality in female patients with anorexia nervosa: a prospective observational study.

Biopsychosoc Med 2017 16;11:22. Epub 2017 Aug 16.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Kohnodai Hospital, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, 1-7-1 Kohnodai, Ichikawa, Chiba 272-8516 Japan.

Background: We examined how purging behaviors relate to subjective sleep quality and sleep patterns and how symptoms of disordered eating behaviors relate to global sleep quality in female patients with anorexia nervosa (AN).

Methods: Participants were new consecutive female inpatients with a primary diagnosis of AN admitted to the Department of Psychosomatic Medicine at Kohnodai Hospital between June 26 and December 25, 2015. We recorded patients' habitual eating behaviors, laxative overuse, or uretic misuse, and administered the Japanese versions of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI-J) and Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-017-0107-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5558764PMC
August 2017
14 Reads

Clinical features of atypical odontalgia; three cases and literature reviews.

Biopsychosoc Med 2017 3;11:21. Epub 2017 Aug 3.

Department of Psychosomatic Dentistry, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University (TMDU), 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8549 Japan.

Background: Atypical odontalgia (AO) is a disease characterized by continuous pain affecting the teeth or tooth sockets after extraction in the absence of any identifiable cause on clinical or radiographic examination. Antidepressants, such as amitriptyline, are reported to be effective in the treatment of AO; however, their efficacy varies depending on the case. In this article, we report three types of AO and discuss its heterogeneity and management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-017-0106-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5541751PMC
August 2017
13 Reads

Psychological health and religious coping of Ghanaian women with infertility.

Biopsychosoc Med 2017 12;11:20. Epub 2017 Jul 12.

Department of Psychology, University of Ghana, P. O. Box LG 84, Legon, Accra, Ghana.

Background: Infertility has been shown to have considerable psychological effects on the well-being of couples, especially women. Religion has been found as a resource used by infertile women to cope with their distress. Little research has examined the influence of religious coping on psychological distress among infertile women in Ghana. Read More

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http://bpsmedicine.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13030
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-017-0105-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5506669PMC
July 2017
19 Reads

Association between the blood concentrations of ammonia and carnitine/amino acid of schizophrenic patients treated with valproic acid.

Biopsychosoc Med 2017 5;11:19. Epub 2017 Jul 5.

Department of Drug Metabolism and Disposition, Meiji Pharmaceutical University, 2-522-1 Noshio, Kiyose, Tokyo, 204-8588 Japan.

Background: Administration of valproic acid (VPA) is complicated with approximately 0.9% of patients developing hyperammonemia, but the pathogenesis of this adverse effect remains to be clarified. The aim of the present study was to search for mechanisms associated with VPA-induced hyperammonemia in the light of changes in serum amino acids concentrations associated with the urea cycle of schizophrenic patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-017-0101-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5497353PMC
July 2017
7 Reads

The relationship between salivary amylase and the physical and psychological changes elicited by continuation of autogenic training in patients with functional somatic syndrome.

Biopsychosoc Med 2017 28;11:17. Epub 2017 Jun 28.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicin, Kansai Medical University, 2-5-1 Shinmachi, Hirakata-shi, Osaka Japan.

Background: The aim of this study was to clarify the changes in biological measures during autogenic training (AT) sessions and the relationship between these biological measures and the changes in physical and psychological measures induced by continuation of AT in patients with functional somatic syndrome (FSS). We used the salivary amylase (SAMY) level, skin temperature of the finger (TEMP), subjective symptom scores, and psychological characteristics to assess these changes.

Methods: We assessed 24 patients with FSS and 23 healthy controls before and after AT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-017-0103-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5488480PMC
June 2017
13 Reads

Clinical features of outpatients with somatization symptoms treated at a Japanese psychosomatic medicine clinic.

Biopsychosoc Med 2017 28;11:16. Epub 2017 Jun 28.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Toho University School of Medicine, 6-11-1 Omori-Nishi, Ota-ku, Tokyo, 143-8541 Japan.

Background: Somatization is produced due to the summation of psychological factors, irrespective of the presence or absence of physical factors. A group of diseases with severe pain and other disorders exhibit so-called Medically Unexplained Symptoms (MUS), and the characteristics of patients with MUS are largely unexplained. In this paper, the characteristics of a series of new patients with somatization treated in a Japanese university hospital are discussed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-017-0104-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5488391PMC
June 2017
29 Reads

Cognitive behavioral therapy for psychosomatic problems in dental settings.

Biopsychosoc Med 2017 13;11:18. Epub 2017 Jun 13.

Division of Oral Medicine and Pathology, Department of Human Biology and Pathophysiology, School of Dentistry, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido, Ishikari-Tobetsu, Hokkaido Japan.

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been applied for various problems, including psychiatric diseases such as depression and anxiety, and for physical symptoms such as pain. It has also been applied for dental problems. Although the effect of CBTs on temporomandibular disorders and dental anxiety are well documented, its effectiveness on other types of oral symptoms remain unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-017-0102-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5470220PMC
June 2017
28 Reads

Predictors of successful long-term weight loss maintenance: a two-year follow-up.

Biopsychosoc Med 2017 6;11:14. Epub 2017 Jun 6.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582 Japan.

Background: Weight regain is a common problem following weight loss intervention, with most people who seek treatment for obesity able to lose weight, but few able to sustain the changes in behavior required to prevent subsequent weight regain. The identification of factors that predict which patients will successfully maintain weight loss or who are at risk of weight regain after weight loss intervention is necessary to improve the current weight maintenance strategies. The aim of the present study is identify factors associated with successful weight loss maintenance by women with overweight or obesity who completed group cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT) for weight loss. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-017-0099-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5460352PMC
June 2017
14 Reads

Pain threshold reflects psychological traits in patients with chronic pain: a cross-sectional study.

Biopsychosoc Med 2017 12;11:13. Epub 2017 May 12.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Kansai Medical University, 2-5-1 Shinmachi, Hirakata-shi, Osaka Japan.

Background: Chronic pain enhances sensory sensitivity and induces the biased development of psychological traits such as depression and pain catastrophizing, leading to the formation of heterogeneous conditions. Fluctuations in the sensory-related thresholds of non-injured sites (with normal peripheral tissue) in patients with chronic pain are thought to be related to central sensitization. The objectives of this study were to analyze the association between pain tolerance thresholds (PTTs) in non-injured sites and the psychological traits of patients with chronic pain and to evaluate the usefulness of PTT measures in assessments of pathological conditions related to chronic pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-017-0098-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5429533PMC
May 2017
35 Reads

Psycho-oncology in Korea: past, present and future.

Biopsychosoc Med 2017 1;11:12. Epub 2017 May 1.

Mental Health Clinic, National Cancer Center, 323 Ilsan-ro, Ilsandong-gu, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do 10408 Republic of Korea.

Background: Psycho-oncology in Korea was introduced among the circle of consultation-liaison psychiatrists, in the 1990s. For almost 25 years, the field has been developing at a steady pace as the psychosocial needs of patients with cancer continue to increase. In this study, we review the history of psycho-oncology in Korea, in a chronological order, within the domains of clinical practice, research activity, training, and public policy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-017-0097-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5410701PMC
May 2017
8 Reads

A case report of brief psychotic disorder with catalepsy associated with sequential life-threatening events in a patient with advanced cancer.

Biopsychosoc Med 2017 11;11:10. Epub 2017 Apr 11.

Department of Psycho-Oncology, Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Hidaka City, Saitama 350-1298 Japan.

Background: Cancer is commonly perceived as life-threatening and universally stressful; however, brief psychotic disorder, which occurs in response to extremely stressful events, has not been reported.

Case Presentation: A 63-year-old woman, who was diagnosed as having pancreatic cancer with liver metastasis, became unresponsive with very little reaction to verbal contact after sequential life-threatening events, such as thrombosis of both pulmonary arteries and stenosis of the third portion of the duodenum, due to disease progression over 3 weeks beginning with oncological emergency hospital admission. Laboratory findings and electroencephalography were unremarkable. Read More

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http://bpsmedicine.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13030
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-017-0095-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5387320PMC
April 2017
9 Reads

The American Psychosomatic Society - integrating mind, brain, body and social context in medicine since 1942.

Biopsychosoc Med 2017 8;11:11. Epub 2017 Apr 8.

American Psychosomatic Society, 6728 Old McLean Village Drive, McLean, VA 22101-3906 USA.

Background: The American Psychosomatic Society is one of the oldest and probably the most influential scientific society in psychosomatic/biopsychosocial research worldwide. The current article delineates the historical development and current strategic orientation of the society.

Method: Review of published literature, archived materials and current documents of the society. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-017-0096-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5385060PMC
April 2017
7 Reads

Psychometric properties of the eating disorder examination-questionnaire in Japanese adolescents.

Biopsychosoc Med 2017 4;11. Epub 2017 Apr 4.

School of Health Sciences, Fukuoka, International University of Health &Welfare, 137-1 Enokizu, Ohkawa, Fukuoka Japan.

Background: Although the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire version 6.0 (EDE-Q) is one of the most widely used questionnaires for eating disorders in Western countries, no research has addressed the psychometric properties of the EDE-Q in a Japanese sample.

Methods: We explored the factor structure of the EDE-Q and examined the internal consistency of the derived scales for Japanese participants (Study I), the convergent validity with other eating disorder-related psychological measures (Study II) and the distinction between the derived two body image-related factors with psychological measures (StudyIII). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-017-0094-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5379552PMC
April 2017
6 Reads

Randomized, placebo-controlled, phase IV pilot study of ramosetron to evaluate the co-primary end points in male patients with irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea.

Biopsychosoc Med 2017 16;11. Epub 2017 Mar 16.

Department of Behavioral Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.

Background: Global assessment allows patients to assess improvement in multiple irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms. However, it was deemed important to assess "clinically meaningful improvements, focusing on the patient's chief complaint and the severity of major IBS symptoms" in addition to global assessment to show how ramosetron is effective for individual IBS symptoms. This is a pilot study to explore clinical endpoints focusing on the chief complaint of patients with IBS with diarrhea (IBS-D). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-017-0093-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5356323PMC
March 2017
9 Reads

Evaluation of the irritable bowel syndrome severity index in Japanese male patients with irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea.

Biopsychosoc Med 2017 11;11. Epub 2017 Mar 11.

Department of Behavioral Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.

Background: Previous studies have indicated that ramosetron, a 5-hydroxytryptamine-3 receptor antagonist, achieves global improvement in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms in male patients with IBS with diarrhea (IBS-D). However, in addition to global assessment it was deemed important to assess "clinically meaningful improvements, focusing on the patient's chief complaint and the severity of major IBS symptoms". We performed a randomized, placebo-controlled, phase IV pilot study to explore and examine efficacy variables that allow such evaluation of ramosetron in male patients with IBS-D. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-017-0092-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5346243PMC
March 2017
8 Reads

Development of a recumbent isometric yoga program for patients with severe chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis: A pilot study to assess feasibility and efficacy.

Biopsychosoc Med 2017 3;11. Epub 2017 Mar 3.

Japan Yoga Therapy Society, Sanbonmatsu 1-2-24, Yonago, Tottori 683-0842 Japan.

Background: Our previous randomized controlled trial demonstrated that isometric yoga in a sitting position reduces fatigue in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME). However, some patients experience difficulties sitting or practicing isometric yoga in a sitting position for long periods. To date, therapeutic interventions for patients with severe symptoms have not been established. Read More

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http://bpsmedicine.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13030
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13030-017-0090-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5335724PMC
March 2017
8 Reads