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    243 results match your criteria BioPsychoSocial Medicine [Journal]

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    The effect for Japanese workers of a self-help computerized cognitive behaviour therapy program with a supplement soft drink.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 19;11:23. Epub 2017 Sep 19.
    Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Teikyo University Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.
    Background: Computerized cognitive behaviour therapy (CCBT) programs can provide a useful self-help approach to the treatment of psychological problems. Previous studies have shown that CCBT has moderate effects on depression, insomnia, and anxiety. The present study investigated whether a supplement drink that includes L-carnosine enhances the effect of CCBT on psychological well-being. Read More

    A child with anorexia nervosa presenting with severe infection with cytopenia and hemophagocytosis: a case report.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 5;11:24. Epub 2017 Sep 5.
    Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Kurume University School of Medicine, 67 Asahi-machi Kurume City, Fukuoka, 830-0011 Japan.
    Background: Patients with anorexia nervosa in the acute phase have physical complications, such as infectious disease. Although hemophagocytic syndrome due to infection is a rare complication in anorexia nervosa, early identification for hemophagocytosis is important for avoiding a life-threatening condition.

    Case Presentation: We report a case of a 12-year-old girl with anorexia nervosa presenting with infection with cytopenia and hemophagocytosis during initial nutritional therapy. Read More

    Brief internet-based cognitive behavior therapy program with a supplement drink improved anxiety and somatic symptoms in Japanese workers.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 1;11:25. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Teikyo University Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.
    Background: Self-help cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is a useful approach for the treatment of psychological problems. Recent research on the effectiveness of self-help internet-based CBT (ICBT) indicates that the paradigm moderately improves psychological problems. Furthermore, previous studies have shown that food and drinks containing supplements improve various health conditions. Read More

    Purging behaviors relate to impaired subjective sleep quality in female patients with anorexia nervosa: a prospective observational study.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 16;11:22. Epub 2017 Aug 16.
    Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Kohnodai Hospital, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, 1-7-1 Kohnodai, Ichikawa, Chiba 272-8516 Japan.
    Background: We examined how purging behaviors relate to subjective sleep quality and sleep patterns and how symptoms of disordered eating behaviors relate to global sleep quality in female patients with anorexia nervosa (AN).

    Methods: Participants were new consecutive female inpatients with a primary diagnosis of AN admitted to the Department of Psychosomatic Medicine at Kohnodai Hospital between June 26 and December 25, 2015. We recorded patients' habitual eating behaviors, laxative overuse, or uretic misuse, and administered the Japanese versions of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI-J) and Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Read More

    Clinical features of atypical odontalgia; three cases and literature reviews.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 3;11:21. Epub 2017 Aug 3.
    Department of Psychosomatic Dentistry, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University (TMDU), 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8549 Japan.
    Background: Atypical odontalgia (AO) is a disease characterized by continuous pain affecting the teeth or tooth sockets after extraction in the absence of any identifiable cause on clinical or radiographic examination. Antidepressants, such as amitriptyline, are reported to be effective in the treatment of AO; however, their efficacy varies depending on the case. In this article, we report three types of AO and discuss its heterogeneity and management. Read More

    Psychological health and religious coping of Ghanaian women with infertility.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 12;11:20. Epub 2017 Jul 12.
    Department of Psychology, University of Ghana, P. O. Box LG 84, Legon, Accra, Ghana.
    Background: Infertility has been shown to have considerable psychological effects on the well-being of couples, especially women. Religion has been found as a resource used by infertile women to cope with their distress. Little research has examined the influence of religious coping on psychological distress among infertile women in Ghana. Read More

    Association between the blood concentrations of ammonia and carnitine/amino acid of schizophrenic patients treated with valproic acid.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 5;11:19. Epub 2017 Jul 5.
    Department of Drug Metabolism and Disposition, Meiji Pharmaceutical University, 2-522-1 Noshio, Kiyose, Tokyo, 204-8588 Japan.
    Background: Administration of valproic acid (VPA) is complicated with approximately 0.9% of patients developing hyperammonemia, but the pathogenesis of this adverse effect remains to be clarified. The aim of the present study was to search for mechanisms associated with VPA-induced hyperammonemia in the light of changes in serum amino acids concentrations associated with the urea cycle of schizophrenic patients. Read More

    The relationship between salivary amylase and the physical and psychological changes elicited by continuation of autogenic training in patients with functional somatic syndrome.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 28;11:17. Epub 2017 Jun 28.
    Department of Psychosomatic Medicin, Kansai Medical University, 2-5-1 Shinmachi, Hirakata-shi, Osaka Japan.
    Background: The aim of this study was to clarify the changes in biological measures during autogenic training (AT) sessions and the relationship between these biological measures and the changes in physical and psychological measures induced by continuation of AT in patients with functional somatic syndrome (FSS). We used the salivary amylase (SAMY) level, skin temperature of the finger (TEMP), subjective symptom scores, and psychological characteristics to assess these changes.

    Methods: We assessed 24 patients with FSS and 23 healthy controls before and after AT. Read More

    Clinical features of outpatients with somatization symptoms treated at a Japanese psychosomatic medicine clinic.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 28;11:16. Epub 2017 Jun 28.
    Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Toho University School of Medicine, 6-11-1 Omori-Nishi, Ota-ku, Tokyo, 143-8541 Japan.
    Background: Somatization is produced due to the summation of psychological factors, irrespective of the presence or absence of physical factors. A group of diseases with severe pain and other disorders exhibit so-called Medically Unexplained Symptoms (MUS), and the characteristics of patients with MUS are largely unexplained. In this paper, the characteristics of a series of new patients with somatization treated in a Japanese university hospital are discussed. Read More

    Cognitive behavioral therapy for psychosomatic problems in dental settings.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 13;11:18. Epub 2017 Jun 13.
    Division of Oral Medicine and Pathology, Department of Human Biology and Pathophysiology, School of Dentistry, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido, Ishikari-Tobetsu, Hokkaido Japan.
    Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been applied for various problems, including psychiatric diseases such as depression and anxiety, and for physical symptoms such as pain. It has also been applied for dental problems. Although the effect of CBTs on temporomandibular disorders and dental anxiety are well documented, its effectiveness on other types of oral symptoms remain unclear. Read More

    Predictors of successful long-term weight loss maintenance: a two-year follow-up.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 6;11:14. Epub 2017 Jun 6.
    Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582 Japan.
    Background: Weight regain is a common problem following weight loss intervention, with most people who seek treatment for obesity able to lose weight, but few able to sustain the changes in behavior required to prevent subsequent weight regain. The identification of factors that predict which patients will successfully maintain weight loss or who are at risk of weight regain after weight loss intervention is necessary to improve the current weight maintenance strategies. The aim of the present study is identify factors associated with successful weight loss maintenance by women with overweight or obesity who completed group cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT) for weight loss. Read More

    Pain threshold reflects psychological traits in patients with chronic pain: a cross-sectional study.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 12;11:13. Epub 2017 May 12.
    Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Kansai Medical University, 2-5-1 Shinmachi, Hirakata-shi, Osaka Japan.
    Background: Chronic pain enhances sensory sensitivity and induces the biased development of psychological traits such as depression and pain catastrophizing, leading to the formation of heterogeneous conditions. Fluctuations in the sensory-related thresholds of non-injured sites (with normal peripheral tissue) in patients with chronic pain are thought to be related to central sensitization. The objectives of this study were to analyze the association between pain tolerance thresholds (PTTs) in non-injured sites and the psychological traits of patients with chronic pain and to evaluate the usefulness of PTT measures in assessments of pathological conditions related to chronic pain. Read More

    Psycho-oncology in Korea: past, present and future.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 1;11:12. Epub 2017 May 1.
    Mental Health Clinic, National Cancer Center, 323 Ilsan-ro, Ilsandong-gu, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do 10408 Republic of Korea.
    Background: Psycho-oncology in Korea was introduced among the circle of consultation-liaison psychiatrists, in the 1990s. For almost 25 years, the field has been developing at a steady pace as the psychosocial needs of patients with cancer continue to increase. In this study, we review the history of psycho-oncology in Korea, in a chronological order, within the domains of clinical practice, research activity, training, and public policy. Read More

    A case report of brief psychotic disorder with catalepsy associated with sequential life-threatening events in a patient with advanced cancer.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 11;11:10. Epub 2017 Apr 11.
    Department of Psycho-Oncology, Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Hidaka City, Saitama 350-1298 Japan.
    Background: Cancer is commonly perceived as life-threatening and universally stressful; however, brief psychotic disorder, which occurs in response to extremely stressful events, has not been reported.

    Case Presentation: A 63-year-old woman, who was diagnosed as having pancreatic cancer with liver metastasis, became unresponsive with very little reaction to verbal contact after sequential life-threatening events, such as thrombosis of both pulmonary arteries and stenosis of the third portion of the duodenum, due to disease progression over 3 weeks beginning with oncological emergency hospital admission. Laboratory findings and electroencephalography were unremarkable. Read More

    The American Psychosomatic Society - integrating mind, brain, body and social context in medicine since 1942.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 8;11:11. Epub 2017 Apr 8.
    American Psychosomatic Society, 6728 Old McLean Village Drive, McLean, VA 22101-3906 USA.
    Background: The American Psychosomatic Society is one of the oldest and probably the most influential scientific society in psychosomatic/biopsychosocial research worldwide. The current article delineates the historical development and current strategic orientation of the society.

    Method: Review of published literature, archived materials and current documents of the society. Read More

    Psychometric properties of the eating disorder examination-questionnaire in Japanese adolescents.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 4;11. Epub 2017 Apr 4.
    School of Health Sciences, Fukuoka, International University of Health &Welfare, 137-1 Enokizu, Ohkawa, Fukuoka Japan.
    Background: Although the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire version 6.0 (EDE-Q) is one of the most widely used questionnaires for eating disorders in Western countries, no research has addressed the psychometric properties of the EDE-Q in a Japanese sample.

    Methods: We explored the factor structure of the EDE-Q and examined the internal consistency of the derived scales for Japanese participants (Study I), the convergent validity with other eating disorder-related psychological measures (Study II) and the distinction between the derived two body image-related factors with psychological measures (StudyIII). Read More

    Randomized, placebo-controlled, phase IV pilot study of ramosetron to evaluate the co-primary end points in male patients with irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 16;11. Epub 2017 Mar 16.
    Department of Behavioral Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.
    Background: Global assessment allows patients to assess improvement in multiple irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms. However, it was deemed important to assess "clinically meaningful improvements, focusing on the patient's chief complaint and the severity of major IBS symptoms" in addition to global assessment to show how ramosetron is effective for individual IBS symptoms. This is a pilot study to explore clinical endpoints focusing on the chief complaint of patients with IBS with diarrhea (IBS-D). Read More

    Evaluation of the irritable bowel syndrome severity index in Japanese male patients with irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 11;11. Epub 2017 Mar 11.
    Department of Behavioral Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.
    Background: Previous studies have indicated that ramosetron, a 5-hydroxytryptamine-3 receptor antagonist, achieves global improvement in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms in male patients with IBS with diarrhea (IBS-D). However, in addition to global assessment it was deemed important to assess "clinically meaningful improvements, focusing on the patient's chief complaint and the severity of major IBS symptoms". We performed a randomized, placebo-controlled, phase IV pilot study to explore and examine efficacy variables that allow such evaluation of ramosetron in male patients with IBS-D. Read More

    Development of a recumbent isometric yoga program for patients with severe chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis: A pilot study to assess feasibility and efficacy.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 3;11. Epub 2017 Mar 3.
    Japan Yoga Therapy Society, Sanbonmatsu 1-2-24, Yonago, Tottori 683-0842 Japan.
    Background: Our previous randomized controlled trial demonstrated that isometric yoga in a sitting position reduces fatigue in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME). However, some patients experience difficulties sitting or practicing isometric yoga in a sitting position for long periods. To date, therapeutic interventions for patients with severe symptoms have not been established. Read More

    Job crafting, work engagement, and psychological distress among Japanese employees: a cross-sectional study.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 10;11. Epub 2017 Feb 10.
    Department of Mental Health, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 Japan.
    Background: Job crafting, an employee-initiated job design/redesign, has become important for employees' well-being. However, most studies on the relationship between job crafting and employees' well-being have been conducted in western countries; thus, it is unclear whether job crafting can be effectively applied to Asian cultures, such as Japan, which emphasizes group harmony. The aim of this study was to examine the cross-sectional associations of self-reported job crafting with work engagement and psychological distress among employees in Japan. Read More

    Assessing the validity and reliability of the Malagasy version of Oral Impacts on Daily Performance (OIDP): a cross-sectional study.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 2;11. Epub 2017 Feb 2.
    IOSTM, University of Mahajanga, Mahajanga, Madagascar.
    Background: Evaluating health needs includes measures of the impact of state of health on the quality of life. This entails evaluating the psychosocial aspects of health. To achieve this, several tools for measuring the quality of life related to oral health have been developed. Read More

    Tolerable pain reduces gastric fundal accommodation and gastric motility in healthy subjects: a crossover ultrasonographic study.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 1;11. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
    Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Kansai Medical University, Shinmachi 2-5-1, Hirakata, Osaka Japan.
    Background: Obstacles to pain management include patients' reluctance to inform healthcare provides about their pain, and differences in the pain management aims between patients and healthcare providers. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether tolerable pain influences gastric fundal accommodation and gastric motility in healthy subjects.

    Methods: We undertook a crossover comparison study to evaluate gastric fundal accommodation and gastric motility in 74 healthy subjects in the presence or absence of tolerable pain. Read More

    The European Network on Psychosomatic Medicine (ENPM) - history and future directions.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 26;11. Epub 2017 Jan 26.
    University Porto Faculty of Medicine, Porto, Portugal.
    Background: Within national and international societies of psychosomatic medicine the idea has emerged of bringing together and coordinating psychosomatic, behavioural, psychological and medical actions with common interests throughout Europe as a way to increase their scientific and political influence.

    Methods: It was felt that there was a strong need and opportunity of a common and unifying forum for scientific exchange.

    Results: It was considered desirable to exchange scientific thoughts and experiences in an open minded and boundless way, among individuals and societies, between disciplines and across borders. Read More

    Current state and future prospects for psychosomatic medicine in Japan.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2017 16;11. Epub 2017 Jan 16.
    Kansai Medical College, 2-3-1 Shinmachi, Hirakata, Osaka 573-1191 Japan.
    In this article, we describe the history and current state of psychosomatic medicine (PSM) in Japan and propose measures that could be considered based on our view of the future prospects of PSM in Japan. The Japanese Society of PSM (JSPM) was established in 1959, and the first Department of Psychosomatic Internal Medicine in Japan was established at Kyushu University In 1963. PSM in Japan has shown a prominent, unique development, with 3,300 members (as of March 2016), comprised of 71. Read More

    Seasonality in mood and behaviours of Japanese residents in high-latitude regions: transnational cross-sectional study.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 5;10:33. Epub 2016 Dec 5.
    Faculty of Human Sciences, Waseda University, 2-579-15, Mikajima, Tokorozawa, Saitama 359-1192 Japan.
    Background: Daylight hours in high-latitude regions tend to be longer than those in Japan in summer, and shorter than those in Japan in winter. For example, daylight hours in London in winter are one-third those of Tokyo. Therefore, this study investigated and compared seasonal changes in mood and behaviours of Japanese individuals living in and outside Japan. Read More

    A series of patients with purging type anorexia nervosa who do "tube vomiting".
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 15;10:32. Epub 2016 Nov 15.
    Department of Stress Sciences and Psychosomatic Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
    Background: It is important for clinicians to assess their patients' purging behavior. Various methods of purging, such as self-induced vomiting are well-known. Because patients do not always report their purging behavior, knowing the clinical signs that indicate the behavior is useful. Read More

    Risk assessment for job burnout with a mobile health web application using questionnaire data: a proof of concept study.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 2;10:31. Epub 2016 Nov 2.
    Burnout Protector GmbH, c/o Barmelweidgruppe AG, Barmelweid, Switzerland.
    Background: Job burnout has become a rampant epidemic in working societies, causing high productivity loss and healthcare costs. An easy accessible tool to detect clinically relevant risk may bear the potential to timely avert the dire sequelae of burnout. As a start, we performed a proof of concept study to test the utilization of a mobile health web application for a free and anonymous burnout risk assessment with established questionnaires. Read More

    Factors associated with pain level in non-cardiac chest pain patients with comorbid panic disorder.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 18;10:30. Epub 2016 Oct 18.
    Psychology Department, Université du Québec à Montréal, C.P. 8888 succursale Centre-ville, Montréal, Québec H3C 3P8 Canada ; Fernand-Séguin Research Centre, Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine Hospital, 7331 rue Hochelaga, Montréal, Québec H1N 3V2 Canada.
    Background: Panic disorder (PD) is highly prevalent in patients with non-cardiac chest pain (NCCP). This study aims to explore the role of psychological factors (PD intensity, anxiety sensitivity, heart-related fear, attention and avoidance) common to NCCP and PD in predicting chest pain levels in patients with both conditions.

    Methods: This association was investigated in emergency department patients with NCCP and PD receiving either evidence-based treatment of PD or treatment as usual. Read More

    What inhibits working women with mental disorders from returning to their workplace?-A study of systematic re-employment support in a medical institution.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 18;10:29. Epub 2016 Oct 18.
    Department of Neuropsychiatry, Sakura Medical Center, Faculty of Medicine, Toho University, Chiba, Japan.
    Background: It has been customary for working women in Japan to retire when they marry and to devote themselves to household work as well as having children. However, according to a report published by the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications in 2013, the number of working women has increased consistently. As more women are advancing into society, they have more options with respect to lifestyle but may encounter new psychological burdens. Read More

    A questionnaire survey regarding the support needed by Yogo teachers to take care of students suspected of having eating disorders (second report).
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 29;10:28. Epub 2016 Sep 29.
    Center for Child Development and Psychosomatic Medicine, Dokkyo Medical University Koshigaya Hospital, 2-1-50 Minami-koshigaya, Koshigaya-city, Saitama Prefecture 343-0845 Japan.
    Background: The lowering of the age of onset and chronicity have been key problems related to eating disorders (EDs). As the proportion of teens in the estimated onset ages has increased, it has become important to detect students with EDs and to clarify how they can be supported. Though epidemiological surveys of Yogo teachers (school nurse/health science teachers) have been conducted to inquire about the number of such students, none of these were done according to ED type based on DSM-5. Read More

    Self-controllable prodromal symptoms of syncope attributed to carotid sinus syndrome during the end stage of cancer: a case report.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 5;10(1):27. Epub 2016 Sep 5.
    Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Kansai Medical University, Shinmachi 2-5-1, Hirakata, Osaka 573-1090 Japan.
    Background: Carotid sinus syndrome (CSS) can cause prodromal symptoms of syncope such as dizziness and nausea. Patients with end-stage cancer lose self-efficacy associated with reduced activities of daily life (ADL). Herein, we report a case of end-stage cancer in which self-efficacy was enhanced as the patient gained self-control of prodromal symptoms of syncope. Read More

    Erratum to: Prevalence and related factors of common mental disorders during pregnancy in Japan: a cross-sectional study.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 5;10(1):26. Epub 2016 Sep 5.
    Health and Social Welfare Bureau, Kawasaki City Office, 3-16-1 Ida, Nakahara-ku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 211-0035 Japan.
    [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13030-016-0069-1.]. Read More

    Inhibition of emotional needs and emotional wellbeing predict disease progression of chronic hepatitis C patients: an 8-year prospective study.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 29;10:24. Epub 2016 Jul 29.
    Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku Fukuoka, 812-8582 Japan.
    Background: The role of psycosocial factors in the disease progression of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to prospectively evaluate the prognostic value of behavioral patterns and the quality of life (QOL) of patients with CHC.

    Methods: Two hundred and forty Japanese CHC patients (mean age 62. Read More

    Course of self-reported symptoms of 342 outpatients receiving medium- versus long-term psychodynamic psychotherapy.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 29;10:23. Epub 2016 Jul 29.
    Private Practice Dr Bernhard Palmowski, Berlin, Germany.
    Background: The course of self-reported symptoms during medium- versus long-term psychodynamic psychotherapy has rarely been documented for outpatient settings. This observational study describes routine practice of ambulatory treatment in Germany and explores self-reported symptoms of a broad patient sample undergoing one (medium-term) versus two years (long-term) of psychodynamic psychotherapy.

    Methods: Over four and a half years, longitudinal self-report symptom data were collected from 342 outpatients as part of a standardized documentation system. Read More

    Factors relating to the mental health of women who were pregnant at the time of the Great East Japan earthquake: analysis from month 10 to month 48 after the earthquake.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 27;10:22. Epub 2016 Jun 27.
    Maternal Nursing, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai-shi, #981-8575 Japan.
    Background: The Great East Japan Earthquake occurred at 2:46 p.m. on March 11, 2011. Read More

    Factors associated with caregiving burden and mental health conditions in caregivers of patients with anorexia nervosa in Japan.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 22;10:21. Epub 2016 Jun 22.
    Department of Psychosomatic Research, National Institute of Mental Health, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, 4-1-1, Ogawahigashi-cyo, Kodaira-shi, Tokyo, 187-8553 Japan.
    Background: There are no studies about the caregiving burdens in families of patients with eating disorders in Japan, and only limited studies on the role of caregivers' stress coping, social support, and mental health. This study examines caregiving burdens, mental health conditions, and associated factors in caregivers of anorexia nervosa (AN) patients in Japan.

    Methods: Seventy-nine principal caregivers (70 mothers, 5 fathers, 3 spouses and 1 grandmother; mean age 56. Read More

    Oral cenesthopathy.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 10;10:20. Epub 2016 Jun 10.
    Department of Psychosomatic Dentistry, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Bunkyo, Japan.
    Cenesthopathy is characterized by abnormal and strange bodily sensations and is classified as a 'delusional disorder, somatic type' or 'somatoform disorder' according to the DSM 5. The oral cavity is one of the frequent sites of cenesthopathy, thus the term 'oral cenesthopathy.' Patients with oral cenesthopathy complain of unusual sensations without corresponding abnormal findings in the oral area, such as excessive mucus secretion, a slimy sensation, or a feeling of coils or wires being present within the oral region. Read More

    Abdominal bloating is the most bothersome symptom in irritable bowel syndrome with constipation (IBS-C): a large population-based Internet survey in Japan.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 4;10:19. Epub 2016 Jun 4.
    Department of Behavioral Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-1 Seiryo, Aoba, Sendai 980-8575 Japan.
    Background: Abdominal bloating is a common symptom in patients with irritable bowel syndrome with constipation (IBS-C). However, it is not included among the required items in the Rome III diagnostic criteria for IBS. Little is known about an impact of abdominal bloating seen in patients with IBS-C. Read More

    Giving social support to outside family may be a desirable buffer against depressive symptoms in community-dwelling older adults: Japan gerontological evaluation study.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 24;10:18. Epub 2016 May 24.
    Center for Preventive Medical Science, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan ; Center for Well-being and Society, Nihon Fukushi University, Aichi, Japan.
    Background: Depression is the leading cause of impaired quality of life and burden upon societies. Social supports can buffer against depressive symptoms effectively. The aim of this study is to determine the type of social support to have a positive relationship with depressive symptoms in healthy population. Read More

    Prevalence and related factors of common mental disorders during pregnancy in Japan: a cross-sectional study.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 20;10:17. Epub 2016 May 20.
    Health and Social Welfare Bureau, Kawasaki City Office, 3-16-1 Ida, Nakahara-ku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 211-0035 Japan.
    Background: Common mental disorders (CMD) during pregnancy can have a clearly harmful influence on both mothers and children. Some studies have reported related factors for mental disorders, such as region-specific background. This study examined the prevalence of CMD and its related factors in mid-pregnancy in Japan. Read More

    Links among emotional awareness, somatic awareness and autonomic homeostatic processing.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 10;10:16. Epub 2016 May 10.
    Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Kansai Medical University, 2-5-1, Shinmachi, Hirakata, Osaka 573-1010 Japan.
    Emotional awareness and somatic interoceptive awareness are essential processes for human psychosomatic health. A typical trait of lacking emotional awareness related to psychosomatic symptoms is alexithymia. In contrast, alexisomia refers to the trait of lacking somatic awareness. Read More

    A Questionnaire Survey of the Type of Support Required by Yogo Teachers to Effectively Manage Students Suspected of Having an Eating Disorder.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 9;10:15. Epub 2016 May 9.
    United Graduate School of Child Development, Osaka University, 2 Yamadaoka Suita-city, Osaka, Prefecture 565-0871 Japan ; Research Center for Child Mental Development Chiba University, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba-city, Chiba Prefecture 260-8670 Japan.
    Background: Many studies have focused on the decreasing age of onset of eating disorders (EDs). Because school-age children with EDs are likely to suffer worse physical effects than adults, early detection and appropriate support are important. The cooperation of Yogo teachers is essential in helping these students to find appropriate care. Read More

    Psychosomatic problems in dentistry.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 30;10:14. Epub 2016 Apr 30.
    Psychosomatic Dentistry, Graduate School Tokyo Medical and Dental University (TMDU), 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8549 Japan.
    Many dental patients complain of oral symptoms after dental treatment, such as chronic pain or occlusal discomfort, for which the cause remains undetermined. These symptoms are often thought to be mental or emotional in origin, and patients are considered to have an "oral psychosomatic disorder". Representative medically unexplained oral symptoms/syndromes (MUOS) include burning mouth syndrome, atypical odontalgia, phantom bite syndrome, oral cenesthopathy, or halitophobia. Read More

    The prevalence and risk factors of school absenteeism due to premenstrual disorders in Japanese high school students-a school-based cross-sectional study.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 26;10:13. Epub 2016 Apr 26.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-1 Seiryocho, Aobaku, Sendai, Japan.
    Background: Premenstrual disorders such as premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) interfere with the daily lives of adolescents. The causes of PMS and PMDD are unknown, but lifestyle habits, such as regular exercise and taste preference are known to be associated. This study was conducted to investigate how premenstrual symptoms affect the school life in Japanese high school students and whether there was a risk factor for school absenteeism that is dependent on the types of premenstrual symptoms or lifestyle habits. Read More

    Depressive symptoms are associated with oxidative stress in middle-aged women: a cross-sectional study.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 26;10:12. Epub 2016 Apr 26.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Yushima 1-5-45, Bunkyo, Tokyo, 113-8510 Japan.
    Background: Oxidative stress is known to be a factor in various diseases. In this study, we investigated whether physical and psychological symptoms of menopause, cardiovascular parameters, body composition, and lifestyle factors are associated with oxidative stress in middle-aged women.

    Methods: This cross-sectional study used baseline data collected in a previous study that examined the effects of a dietary supplement on a variety of health parameters in 95 women aged 40 to 60 years. Read More

    Aromatic effects of a Japanese citrus fruit-yuzu (Citrus junos Sieb. ex Tanaka)-on psychoemotional states and autonomic nervous system activity during the menstrual cycle: a single-blind randomized controlled crossover study.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 21;10:11. Epub 2016 Apr 21.
    Cognitive and Behavioral Science, Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.
    Background: Yuzu (Citrus junos Sieb. ex Tanaka), a yellow-golden colored citrus fruit, has traditionally been used to promote psychosomatic health in Japan. While the yuzu produces a distinctive, pleasing aroma of citrus and floral, the efficacy of its fragrance remains unknown. Read More

    Gender differences in cancer-related distress in Japan: a retrospective observation study.
    Biopsychosoc Med 2016 12;10:10. Epub 2016 Apr 12.
    Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Kinki University, Faculty of Medicine, 377-2, Ohno-higashi, Osakasayama City, Osaka 589-8511 Japan.
    Background: Cancer care is currently the most important medical issue in Japan. Total pain of cancer patients consists of a combination of four factors: physical, psychological, social distress, and spiritual pain. Previous studies showed female cancer patients ask for more psychological support and seem to suffer different types of distress compared with male patients, for example, appearance-related symptoms. Read More

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