A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Notice

Message: Undefined variable: arrPubMedArticleOutput

Filename: helpers/my_audit_helper.php

Line Number: 3660

Backtrace:

File: /var/www/html/application/helpers/my_audit_helper.php
Line: 3660
Function: _error_handler

File: /var/www/html/application/controllers/Search.php
Line: 70
Function: pubMedSearch_Global

File: /var/www/html/index.php
Line: 320
Function: require_once

Bilingualism Cambridge England[Journal] Publications | PubFacts

5,096 results match your criteria Bilingualism Cambridge England[Journal]


Embodied Semantics in a Second Language: Critical Review and Clinical Implications.

Front Hum Neurosci 2019 29;13:110. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Laboratory for Cognitive and Neurological Sciences, Neurology Unit, Medicine Section, Department of Neuroscience and Movement Science, Faculty of Science and Medicine, University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland.

The role of the sensorimotor system in second language (L2) semantic processing as well as its clinical implications for bilingual patients has hitherto been neglected. We offer an overview of the issues at stake in this under-investigated field, presenting the theoretical and clinical relevance of studying L2 embodiment and reviewing the few studies on this topic. We highlight that (a) the sensorimotor network is involved in L2 processing, and that (b) in most studies, L2 is differently embodied than L1, reflected in a lower degree or in a different pattern of L2 embodiment. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fnhum.2019.00110
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2019.00110DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449436PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Relations Between Bilingualism and Autistic-Like Traits in a General Population Sample of Primary School Children.

J Autism Dev Disord 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Faculty of Education, University of Cambridge, 184 Hills Road, Cambridge, CB2 8PQ, UK.

Some evidence suggests that bilingualism improves communication and cognitive skills which are often impaired in autism. However, diagnosing autism in bilinguals may suffer a cultural bias, which can affect the investigation of bilingualism and autism. Therefore, the current study investigates relations between autistic-like traits (ALTs) and bilingualism in a general population sample of 394 children (M age = 8;3). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10803-019-03994-2DOI Listing

Neuroplasticity, bilingualism, and mental mathematics: A behavior-MEG study.

Brain Cogn 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Institute for Learning & Brain Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA; Department of Speech & Hearing Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA. Electronic address:

Bilingual experience alters brain structure and enhances certain cognitive functions. Bilingualism can also affect mathematical processing. Reduced accuracy is commonly reported when arithmetic problems are presented in bilinguals' second (L2) vs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2019.03.006DOI Listing

Attention in Bilingual Children With Developmental Language Disorder.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2019 Apr;62(4):979-992

Department of Community, Systems and Mental Health Nursing, Rush University, Chicago, IL.

Purpose Attention and language are hypothesized to interact in bilingual children and in children with developmental language disorder (DLD). In children who are bilingual, attentional control may be enhanced by repeated experience regulating 2 languages. In children with DLD, subtle weaknesses in sustained attention may relate to impaired language processing. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1044/2018_JSLHR-L-18-0221DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Language barriers and the use of professional interpreters: a national multisite cross-sectional survey in pediatric oncology care.

Acta Oncol 2019 Apr 8:1-6. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

a Department of Women's and Children's Health, Childhood Cancer Research Unit , Karolinska Institutet , Stockholm , Sweden.

Background: Healthcare personnel are responsible for providing patient-centered care regardless of their patients' language skills, but language barriers is identified as the main hindrances providing effective, equitable and safe care to patients with limited proficiency in a country's majority language. This study is a national multisite cross-sectional survey aiming to investigate communication over language barriers in pediatric oncology care.

Material And Methods: A survey using the Communication over Language Barriers questionnaire (CoLB-q) distributed to medical doctors, registered nurses and nursing assistants at six pediatric oncology centers in Sweden (response rate 90%) using descriptive statistical analyses. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0284186X.2019.1594362DOI Listing

Effects of language proficiency on cognitive control: Evidence from resting-state functional connectivity.

Neuropsychologia 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Psychology and Center for Brain, Behavior, and Cognition, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, 16802, USA. Electronic address:

Cognitive studies suggest that bilingualism plays an additional role in the development of cognitive control, specifically in that bilingualism has been found to promote cognitive abilities in switching and inhibition. In recent years functional neuroimaging studies suggest that long-term experience of speaking two languages results in changes of neural activity in the cognitive control network. Here we explore the impacts of second language proficiency on intrinsic functional connectivity of the executive function network using resting-state functional MRI. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00283932183041
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.03.020DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Rethinking the Neural Basis of Prosody and Non-literal Language: Spared Pragmatics and Cognitive Compensation in a Bilingual With Extensive Right-Hemisphere Damage.

Front Psychol 2019 19;10:570. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Laboratory of Experimental Psychology and Neuroscience, Institute of Cognitive and Translational Neuroscience, INECO Foundation, Favaloro University, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Above and beyond the critical contributions of left perisylvian regions to language, the neural networks supporting pragmatic aspects of verbal communication in native and non-native languages (L1s and L2, respectively) have often been ascribed to the right hemisphere (RH). However, several reports have shown that left-hemisphere activity associated with pragmatic domains (e.g. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00570DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6433823PMC

The Music-In-Noise Task (MINT): A Tool for Dissecting Complex Auditory Perception.

Front Neurosci 2019 14;13:199. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Laboratory for Brain, Music and Sound Research (BRAMS), Montreal, QC, Canada.

The ability to segregate target sounds in noisy backgrounds is relevant both to neuroscience and to clinical applications. Recent research suggests that hearing-in-noise (HIN) problems are solved using combinations of sub-skills that are applied according to task demand and information availability. While evidence is accumulating for a musician advantage in HIN, the exact nature of the reported training effect is not fully understood. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2019.00199DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6427094PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Redefining bilingualism as a spectrum of experiences that differentially affects brain structure and function.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2019 Apr 26;116(15):7565-7574. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, Reading RG6 6AL, United Kingdom.

Learning and using an additional language is shown to have an impact on the structure and function of the brain, including in regions involved in cognitive control and the connections between them. However, the available evidence remains variable in terms of the localization, extent, and trajectory of these effects. Variability likely stems from the fact that bilingualism has been routinely operationalized as a categorical variable (bilingual/monolingual), whereas it is a complex and dynamic experience with a number of potentially deterministic factors affecting neural plasticity. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1811513116DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6462104PMC

Significance of speech production errors on cross-linguistic processing in Sepedi-English individuals with bilingual aphasia: a case series analysis.

Top Stroke Rehabil 2019 Mar 27:1-13. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

b Department of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education , University of Pretoria , Pretoria , South Africa.

Background: Bilingual aphasia forms a significant part of speech-language pathologists' (SLP) caseload, globally, and specifically in South Africa. Few tools supporting clinical decision-making are available due to limited understanding of typical and disordered cross-linguistic processing (how the languages interact). Speech errors may provide insight about "hidden" bilingual mechanisms. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10749357.2019.1593612DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Consequences of multilingualism for neural architecture.

Behav Brain Funct 2019 Mar 25;15(1). Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University, 2240 Campus Drive, Evanston, IL, 60208, USA.

Language has the power to shape cognition, behavior, and even the form and function of the brain. Technological and scientific developments have recently yielded an increasingly diverse set of tools with which to study the way language changes neural structures and processes. Here, we review research investigating the consequences of multilingualism as revealed by brain imaging. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://behavioralandbrainfunctions.biomedcentral.com/articl
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12993-019-0157-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6432751PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Not All Bilinguals Are the Same: A Call for More Detailed Assessments and Descriptions of Bilingual Experiences.

Authors:
Angela de Bruin

Behav Sci (Basel) 2019 Mar 24;9(3). Epub 2019 Mar 24.

Basque Center on Cognition, Brain and Language (BCBL), 20009 Donostia-San Sebastián, Spain.

No two bilinguals are the same. Differences in bilingual experiences can affect language-related processes but have also been proposed to modulate executive functioning. Recently, there has been an increased interest in studying individual differences between bilinguals, for example in terms of their age of acquisition, language proficiency, use, and switching. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/bs9030033DOI Listing

Linguistic Skills in Bilingual Children With Developmental Language Disorders: A Pilot Study.

Front Psychol 2019 7;10:493. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Claudiana - Landesfachhochschule für Gesundheitsberufe, Bolzano, Italy.

The current pilot study compared the linguistic characteristics of a cohort of simultaneous bilingual children (Italian, L1; German L2) with developmental language disorders (DLDs) and those of bilingual peers with typical language development (TLD). Importantly, the two groups were balanced for a number of environmental variables (e.g. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00493DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6416160PMC
March 2019
1 Read

The Effect of Bilingualism Level on Creative Performance during Preadolescent Period.

Span J Psychol 2019 Mar 19;22:E12. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Universidad de Deusto (Spain).

The purpose of this study was to examine differences in the performance of creativity tasks regarding different levels of bilingualism and school grade. The sample consisted of 224 preadolescent children from fifth and sixth grades resident in the Basque Country (Spain). Evaluation included verbal and figural creativity tasks, and a linguistic proficiency questionnaire. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/sjp.2019.17DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Tracking Qualitative Changes in Cognition and Brain Development Through Bilingualism.

J Neurolinguistics 2019 Feb 29;49:255-257. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

University of Michigan.

In response to Hernandez and colleagues (2018), we provide commentary on the scientific reasoning that underlies Neuroemergentism. We argue that bilingual language and reading acquisition provide a means for examining and refining the neuroemergentist framework. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jneuroling.2018.06.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6415689PMC
February 2019

Does the Bilingual Advantage in Cognitive Control Exist and If So, What Are Its Modulating Factors? A Systematic Review.

Behav Sci (Basel) 2019 Mar 13;9(3). Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Research Group of Pain and Neuroscience, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 130-701, Korea.

Recently, doubts were raised about the existence of the bilingual advantage in cognitive control. The aim of the present review was to investigate the bilingual advantage and its modulating factors. We searched the Medline, ScienceDirect, Scopus, and ERIC databases for all original data and reviewed studies on bilingualism and cognitive control, with a cut-off date of 31 October 2018, thereby following the guidelines of the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis (PRISMA) protocol. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.mdpi.com/2076-328X/9/3/27
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/bs9030027DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Examination of monolingual (English) and bilingual (English/Spanish; English/Urdu) children's syntactic awareness.

J Child Lang 2019 Mar 14:1-25. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Loyola University,Chicago,USA.

In this study, monolingual (English) and bilingual (English/Spanish, English/Urdu) five- and six-year-old children completed a grammaticality judgment test in order to assess their awareness of the grammaticality of two types of syntactic constructions in English: word order and gender representation. All children were better at detecting grammatically correct and incorrect word order constructions than gender constructions, regardless of language group. In fact, bilingualism per se did not impact the results as much as receptive vocabulary range. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0305000919000059DOI Listing

The cortical distribution of first and second language in the right hemisphere of bilinguals - an exploratory study by repetitive navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation.

Brain Imaging Behav 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Neurosurgery, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universität München, Ismaninger Str. 22, 81675, Munich, Germany.

First language (L1) and second language (L2) processing in bilinguals is not yet fully understood, especially not when considering the non-dominant hemisphere. Ten healthy, right-handed volunteers underwent language mapping of the right hemisphere by repetitive navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation and an object-naming task in their L1 and L2. All elicited naming errors together, no responses, and all errors without hesitation were analyzed separately for cortical distributions of error rates (ERs: number of errors divided by the number of applied stimulations). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11682-019-00082-yDOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

The Influence of Tonal and Atonal Bilingualism on Children's Lexical and Non-Lexical Tone Perception.

Authors:
Laura M Morett

Lang Speech 2019 Mar 12:23830919834679. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

University of Alabama, USA.

This study examined how bilingualism in an atonal language, in addition to a tonal language, influences lexical and non-lexical tone perception and word learning during childhood. Forty children aged 5;3-7;2, bilingual either in English and Mandarin or English and another atonal language, were tested on Mandarin lexical tone discrimination, level-pitch sine-wave tone discrimination, and learning of novel words differing minimally in Mandarin lexical tone. Mandarin-English bilingual children discriminated between and learned novel words differing minimally in Mandarin lexical tone more accurately than their atonal-English bilingual peers. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0023830919834679DOI Listing

The Effect of Cognates on Cognitive Control in Late Sequential Multilinguals: A Bilingual Advantage?

Behav Sci (Basel) 2019 Mar 8;9(3). Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Linguistics & Literary Studies, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, 1050 Brussels, Belgium.

The present study investigated the influence of Dutch-German cognates resp. orthographic neighbors on controlled language processing (i.e. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/bs9030025DOI Listing

Different Features of Bilingualism in Relation to Executive Functioning.

Front Psychol 2019 11;10:269. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Psychology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

The notion that the long-term practice of managing two languages is beneficial for the executive control system is an ongoing debate. Criticism have been raised that studies demonstrating a bilingual advantage often suffer from small sample sizes, and do not control for fluid intelligence as a possible confound. Taking those suggested factors into account, focusing on older bilingual age groups and investigating the potential effects of linguistic distances, this study aimed to improve the interpretations of the bilinguals' advantages. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00269
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00269DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396722PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Variation in language mixing in multilingual aphasia.

Clin Linguist Phon 2019 Mar 5:1-15. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

c MultiLing Center for Multilingualism in Society across the Lifespan, Department of Linguistics and Scandinavian studies , University of Oslo , Oslo , Norway.

Mixing languages within a sentence or a conversation is a common practice among many speakers of multiple languages. Language mixing found in multilingual speakers with aphasia has been suggested to reflect deficits associated with the brain lesion. In this paper, we examine language mixing behaviour in multilingual people with aphasia to test the hypothesis that the use of language mixing reflects a communicative strategy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02699206.2019.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02699206.2019.1584646DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Successful second language learning is tied to robust domain-general auditory processing and stable neural representation of sound.

Brain Lang 2019 May 1;192:15-24. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Department of Psychological Sciences, Birkbeck, University of London, Malet Street, London WC1E 7HX, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

There is a great deal of individual variability in outcome in second language learning, the sources of which are still poorly understood. We hypothesized that individual differences in auditory processing may account for some variability in second language learning. We tested this hypothesis by examining psychoacoustic thresholds, auditory-motor temporal integration, and auditory neural encoding in adult native Polish speakers living in the UK. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2019.02.004DOI Listing

Neuroemergentism: At the Intersection of Ontogeny and Phylogeny.

J Neurolinguistics 2019 Feb 29;49:252-254. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Northwestern University.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/J.JNEUROLING.2018.05.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6391879PMC
February 2019

Is there a bilingual advantage on interference-control tasks? A multiverse meta-analysis of global reaction time and interference cost.

Psychon Bull Rev 2019 Feb 27. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Developmental Psychology, The Graduate Center, CUNY, New York, NY, USA.

A contentious issue in contemporary psycholinguistics is whether bilingualism enhances executive functions. Here, we report a meta-analysis of 80 studies (253 effect sizes) comparing performance of monolinguals and bilinguals on non-verbal interference-control tasks, while examining potential moderators of effects on two dependent variables (DVs): global reaction time (RT) and interference cost. We used a multiverse approach to determine how robust conclusions were to several dataset construction and analysis decisions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/s13423-019-01567-zDOI Listing
February 2019

Language context and decision-making: Challenges and advances.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Jan;72(1):1-2

4 Department of Psychology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021818789799DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The role of intentions and outcomes in the foreign language effect on moral judgements.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Jan 1;72(1):8-17. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

3 Department of Psychology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

We explore the origin of the foreign language effect on moral judgements by assessing whether language context alters the weight given to intentions and outcomes during moral judgement. Specifically, we investigated whether foreign language contexts, compared with native ones, may lead people to focus more on the outcomes of an action and less on the intentions behind it. We report two studies in which participants read scenarios in which the actor's intentions and the resulting consequences were manipulated. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817738409DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

On the reliability of the foreign language effect on risk-taking.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2019 Jan 1;72(1):29-40. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

1 Department of Psychology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

People consider choices that involve risk on a daily basis. In principle, willingness to take risks should be independent of the language used while considering the available options. However, research has shown that using a foreign language can increase willingness to take risks, presumably because a foreign language is less emotional. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747021817742242DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Does Bilingualism Alter Lexical Structure? Response to Oppenheim, Wu, and Thierry (2018).

Cogn Sci 2019 Mar;43(2):e12707

Department of Psychology, The University of Edinburgh.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cogs.12707DOI Listing

Multi-Pattern Visual Statistical Learning in Monolinguals and Bilinguals.

Front Psychol 2019 7;10:204. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Psychology and Program in Linguistics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, United States.

To date, the impact of bilingualism on statistical learning remains unclear. Here we test a novel visual statistical learning task that affords simultaneous learning of two types of regularities: co-occurrence regularities between pairs of elements and the co-occurrence of visual features that could define categories. We compared performance by English monolinguals, Spanish-Catalan bilinguals and Spanish-English bilinguals, as previous studies have suggested that bilinguals might be more open than monolinguals to the presence of multiple regularities, though no previous studies have tested the learning of multiple patterns within a single task. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00204DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6374301PMC
February 2019

Executive Functions and Language: Their Differential Influence on Mono- vs. Multilingual Spelling in Primary School.

Front Psychol 2019 6;10:97. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Research Group: Diversity and Inclusion, Human Sciences Faculty, University of Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany.

We aimed at unveiling the role of executive functions (EFs) and language-related skills in spelling for mono- versus multilingual primary school children. We focused on EF and language-related skills, in particular lexicon size and phonological awareness (PA), because these factors were found to predict spelling in studies predominantly conducted with monolinguals, and because multilingualism can modulate these factors. There is evidence for (a) a in EF due to constant high cognitive demands through language control, (b) a smaller mental lexicon in German and (c) possibly better PA. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00097DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6374619PMC
February 2019

Language activities in a minority-majority language context: book-reading at home is more important for Frisian than for Dutch.

J Child Lang 2019 Feb 18:1-20. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Special Education: Cognitive & Motor Disabilities,Department of Education & Pedagogy,Utrecht University,Utrecht,The Netherlands.

Previous research has shown that in a minority-majority language context, the quantity of language input at home is more important for the development of the minority language than for the development of the majority language. In the current study, we examined whether the same holds true for the frequency of specific language activities at home. In a group of five- and six-year-old Frisian-Dutch bilingual children (n = 120), we investigated to what extent vocabulary and morphology knowledge were predicted by reading activities, watching TV, and story-telling activities in both languages. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0305000919000023DOI Listing
February 2019

Receptive and productive speech and language abilities in hearing-impaired children with German as a second language.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 May 6;120:100-107. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

University of Applied Sciences, Alter Teichweg 19, 22081, Hamburg, Germany. Electronic address:

Objectives: Many studies examining early bilingualism in migrant populations focus on the development of the first language. As language acquisition is closely related to the hearing development, there is a critical need to investigate language development in hearing-impaired children being raised bilingually who were fitted with cochlear implants and/or hearing aids. Therefore, this research project aimed to study the linguistic development of hearing-impaired children being raised with German as a second language who were provided with hearing aids or cochlear implants. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.012DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Lexigene®: An online medical genetics translation tool to facilitate communication.

J Genet Couns 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Division of Medical Genetics, Department of Medicine, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Canada.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jgc4.1099DOI Listing
February 2019

What Machine Learning Can Tell Us About the Role of Language Dominance in the Diagnostic Accuracy of German LITMUS Non-word and Sentence Repetition Tasks.

Front Psychol 2018 30;9:2757. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Dutch, University of Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany.

The present study investigates the performance of 21 monolingual and 56 bilingual children aged 5;6-9;0 on German LITMUS-sentence-repetition (SRT; Hamann et al., 2013) and non-word-repetition-tasks (NWRT; Grimm et al., 2014), which were constructed in accordance with the -principles (anguage mpairment esting in ultilingual ettings; Armon-Lotem et al. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02757DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6363680PMC
January 2019

Emotional Content and Source Memory for Language: Impairment in an Incidental Encoding Task.

Front Psychol 2019 30;10:65. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Psychology and CRAMC, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Spain.

Research into the effects of emotion on source memory (i.e., memory for certain contextual details of a stimulus, such as its location, color, or temporal context) has yielded inconsistent findings. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00065
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00065DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6363679PMC
January 2019
6 Reads

The impact of bilingualism on executive functions and working memory in young adults.

PLoS One 2019 13;14(2):e0206770. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Facultad de Lenguas y Educación, Universidad Nebrija; Madrid, Spain.

A bilingual advantage in a form of a better performance of bilinguals in tasks tapping into executive function abilities has been reported repeatedly in the literature. However, recent research defends that this advantage does not stem from bilingualism, but from uncontrolled factors or imperfectly matched samples. In this study we explored the potential impact of bilingualism on executive functioning abilities by testing large groups of young adult bilinguals and monolinguals in the tasks that were most extensively used when the advantages were reported. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0206770PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6374013PMC
February 2019

The joint effects of bilingualism, DLD and item frequency on children's lexical-retrieval performance.

Int J Lang Commun Disord 2019 Feb 10. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Department of Communication Sciences & Disorders, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, Haifa, Israel.

Background: Bilingual children and children diagnosed with developmental language disorder (DLD) are characterized by reduced lexical-retrieval abilities. Few studies examined their joint contribution and the mechanisms underlying these effects in the lexical domain.

Aims: To explore the joint effects of bilingualism and DLD by adopting a four-group comparison in which the difference between bi- and monolingual children with DLD is directly compared with that of bi- and monolingual children with typical language development (TLD). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1460-6984.12454DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads

What can errors tell us about differences between monolingual and bilingual vocabulary learning?

Int J Biling Educ Biling 2018 15;21(4):389-404. Epub 2016 Apr 15.

University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Error patterns in vocabulary learning data were used as a window into the mechanisms that underlie vocabulary learning performance in bilinguals vs. monolinguals. English-Spanish bilinguals (n = 18) and English-speaking monolinguals (n = 18) were taught novel vocabulary items in association with English translations. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13670050.2016.1170760DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368092PMC

Monolingual but not bilingual infants demonstrate racial bias in social cue use.

Dev Sci 2019 Feb 9:e12809. Epub 2019 Feb 9.

Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Bilingualism exerts early and pervasive effects on cognition, observable in infancy. Thus far, investigations of infant bilingual cognition have focused on sensitivity to visual memory, executive function, and linguistic sensitivity. Much less research has focused on how bilingualism impacts processing of social cues. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/desc.12809DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Language Mapping of Hindi and English in A Bilingual Patient During Resection of A Right Frontal Glioma - A Case Report.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Division of Neurosurgery, University Surgical Cluster, National University Health System (NUHS), 1E, Kent Ridge Road, Singapore 119228.

Background: Recent advancements in understanding the molecular basis of gliomas as well as new concepts of neuronal plasticity have shown importance of maximal resection in gliomas to improve progression free overall survival. Awake craniotomies with intra-operative cortical and subcortical mapping has helped to achieve this aim while allowing us to preserve executive function including language. Language mapping becomes a daunting task in individuals who are bilingual due to complexity of varied cortical representation of different languages. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.01.153DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads
2.417 Impact Factor

The Relationship of Anxiety and Stress With Working Memory Performance in a Large Non-depressed Sample.

Front Psychol 2019 23;10. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Psychology, Åbo Akademi University, Turku, Finland.

Clinical anxiety and acute stress caused by major life events have well-documented detrimental effects on cognitive processes, such as working memory (WM). However, less is known about the relationships of state anxiety or everyday stress with WM performance in non-clinical populations. We investigated the associations between these two factors and three WM composites (verbal WM, visuospatial WM, and n-back updating performance) in a large online sample of non-depressed US American adults. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6351483PMC
January 2019

Activation of the Brain to Postpone Dementia: A Concept Originating from Postmortem Human Brain Studies.

Neurosci Bull 2019 Apr 5;35(2):253-266. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Neurobiology, Key Laboratory of Medical Neurobiology of the Ministry of Health of China, Zhejiang Province Key Laboratory of Neurobiology, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, 310058, China.

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by decreased neuronal activity and atrophy, while hyperactivity of neurons seems to make them resistant to aging and neurodegeneration, a phenomenon which we have paraphrased as 'use it or lose it'. Our hypothesis proposes that (1) during their functioning, neurons are damaged; (2) accumulation of damage that is not repaired is the basis of aging; (3) the vulnerability to AD is determined by the genetic background and the balance between the amount of damage and the efficiency of repair, and (4) by stimulating the brain, repair mechanisms are stimulated and cognitive reserve is increased, resulting in a decreased rate of aging and risk for AD. Environmental stimulating factors such as bilingualism/multilingualism, education, occupation, musical experience, physical exercise, and leisure activities have been reported to reduce the risk of dementia and decrease the rate of cognitive decline, although methodological problems are present. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12264-019-00340-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6426905PMC
April 2019
6 Reads

Simultaneous acquisition of English and Chinese impacts children's reliance on vocabulary, morphological and phonological awareness for reading in English.

Int J Biling Educ Biling 2019 16;22(2):207-223. Epub 2016 Nov 16.

Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, 530 Church Street, Ann Arbor MI, 48109.

The developmental process of reading acquisition is frequently conceptualized as a self-organizing mental network consisting of lexico-semantic, phonological and orthographical components. The developmental nature of this network varies across languages and is known to impact second language learners of typologically different languages. Yet, it remains largely unknown whether such cross-linguistic differences interact within young bilingual learners of two typologically different languages. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13670050.2016.1246515DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6349242PMC
November 2016
6 Reads

The effects of Spanish heritage language literacy on English reading for Spanish-English bilingual children in the US.

Int J Biling Educ Biling 2019 7;22(2):192-206. Epub 2016 Oct 7.

University of Michigan, Department of Psychology Psychology: 2038 East Hall, 530 Church Street, Center for Human Growth and Development: 1035NW, 300 North Ingalls, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1043.

Models of monolingual literacy propose that reading acquisition builds upon children's semantic, phonological, and orthographic knowledge. The relationships between these components vary cross-linguistically, yet it is generally unknown how these differences impact bilingual children's literacy. A comparison between Spanish-English bilingual and English monolingual children (ages 6-13, N=70) from the U. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13670050.2016.1239692DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350242PMC
October 2016
1 Read

Reversal of typical processing dynamics in positive and negative priming using a non-dominant to dominant cross-language lexical manipulation.

Memory 2019 Jan 31:1-12. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

b Department of Educational Foundation , University of Cape Coast , Cape Coast , Ghana, Africa.

A bilingual primed lexical decision task was used to investigate priming effects produced by attended and ignored words. Participants were required to name prime target words in their weaker (L2) language and then make lexical decisions to probe target items in their dominant (L1) language. Accelerated lexical decisions to probe target words resulted when the word was a translation equivalent of the preceding prime target word, but they were not impaired when the word was a translation equivalent of the preceding ignored nontarget word. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2019.1573902DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The school experiences of bilingual children on the autism spectrum: An interpretative phenomenological analysis.

Res Dev Disabil 2019 Apr 29;87:9-20. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Faculty of Education, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom.

Background: With growing numbers of bilingual children on the autism spectrum in UK classrooms, the interaction between autism and bilingualism is becoming a pressing issue for practitioners, researchers and families. In this study, we report the school experiences of bilingual, autistic children in the UK through their own voice with focus on five aspects of their school life.

Method: Using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) as a methodological framework, semi-structured, computer-assisted interviews were conducted with 11 children aged 7 to 14 from across England and Wales. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2019.01.008DOI Listing

The Age Factor Revisited: Timing in Acquisition Interacts With Age of Onset in Bilingual Acquisition.

Front Psychol 2018 14;9:2732. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Institute for Psycholinguistics and Didactics of German, Goethe University Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany.

In this paper, we investigate whether timing in monolingual acquisition interacts with age of onset and input effects in child bilingualism. Six different morpho-syntactic and semantic phenomena acquired early, late or very late are considered, with their timing in L1 acquisition varying between age 3 (subject-verb agreement) and after age 6 (case marking). Data from simultaneous bilingual children (2L1) whose mean age of onset to German was 3 months are compared with data from early second language learners of German (eL2) whose mean age of onset to German was 35 months as well as with data from monolingual children. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02732DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6339886PMC
January 2019

Does language similarity affect representational integration?

Cognition 2019 Apr 21;185:83-90. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom.

Previous studies have suggested that multilingual speakers do not represent their languages entirely separately but instead share some representations across languages. To determine whether sharing is affected by language similarity, we investigated whether participants' tendency to repeat syntax across languages was affected by language similarity. In three cross-linguistic structural priming experiments, trilingual Mandarin-Cantonese-English participants heard a sentence in Cantonese or English (which they matched to a picture) and then described a dative event in Mandarin. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00100277193000
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2019.01.005DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads