32,138 results match your criteria Bile Duct Tumors

Cholangiocarcinoma Attributed to Occupation: A Systematic Reviews.

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2022 Jun 1;23(6):1837-1845. Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Srinakharinwirot University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: The occurrence of a cluster of occupational cholangiocarcinoma(CCA) cases among Japanese workers at a small offset printing plant led to the hypotheses that occupational exposure was the root cause of this cancer. Numerous workplace carcinogens can be found at various jobs sites and are integral to various industrial processes. Therefore, a systematic evaluation of potential occupationally-related CCA and likely exposure types is needed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Impact of Pre-analytical Quality Initiatives on Cholangiocarcinoma Diagnostics in Thailand.

Front Public Health 2022 10;10:792847. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Cholangiocarcinoma Screening and Care Program, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand.

Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is the most prevalent malignancy in Thailand, with unfortunate late diagnosis and frequent metastatic disease outcomes. An accurate tissue diagnosis is the first and most important step in the treatment of CCA. Tissue quality and preservation during the pre-analytical phase play major roles in the proper histological evaluation and potential biomarker testing. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Exposure to Asbestos and Increased Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma Risk: Growing Evidences of a Putative Causal Link.

Ann Glob Health 2022 13;88(1):41. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Division of Oncology, IRCCS, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria of Bologna, IT.

To date the true global incidence of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA) and the underlying risk factors remain to be fully defined, in particular, the role of occupational and environmental factors. Currently, the putative role of asbestos exposure as a risk factor for iCCA is gaining increased attention in the international scientific community and agencies. In this commentary we review and integrate available epidemiological and mechanistic evidences that support a potential role of asbestos exposure in iCCA etiology. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Granular cell tumor of distal bile duct treated with Whipple's procedure.

J Surg Case Rep 2022 Jun 22;2022(6):rjac293. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

1st General Surgery Department and the Transplant Unit, Evangelismos General Hospital, Athens, Greece.

Granular cell tumors (GCTs) are rare benign neoplasms that are most often located in the soft tissues of the extremities and chest wall. Malignant GCTs have also been reported. GCTs of the biliary tract are extremely rare, uncommon non-epithelial benign neoplasms that cause focal thickening of bile duct wall without mucosal invasion. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Does Intraoperative Frozen Section and Revision of Margins Lead to Improved Survival in Patients Undergoing Resection of Perihilar Cholangiocarcinoma? A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Ann Surg Oncol 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Liver and Pancreas Surgical Unit, Department of Surgery, The Ottawa Hospital, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada.

Background: Perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (PHC) is a rare malignancy that arises at the biliary confluence. Achieving a margin-negative resection (R0) is challenging given the anatomic location of tumors and remains the most important prognostic indicator of long-term survival. The objective of this study is to review the impact of intraoperative revision of positive biliary margins in PHC on oncologic outcomes. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Molecular features of pancreaticobiliary neoplasms: Implications for diagnosis, prognostication, and therapy selection.

Diagn Cytopathol 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

The Department of Pathology and Anatomical Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA.

Background: Molecular diagnostics has impacted the diagnosis, prediction of prognosis, and selection of targeted therapy for many tumor types. While pulmonary adenocarcinomas and melanomas are among the neoplasms most associated with molecular diagnostics and targeted therapy, malignancies of the pancreaticobiliary system have also been impacted by precision medicine.

Methods: We undertook an electronic search using PubMed and Embase to review the published literature to determine what forms of molecular testing, mutations and oncogenetic pathways are associated with neoplasms of the pancreaticobiliary system. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Recurrent bacteremia with a hypermucoviscous Escherichia coli isolated from a patient with perihilar cholangiocarcinoma: insights from a comprehensive genome-based analysis.

Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob 2022 Jun 24;21(1):28. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Division Nosocomial Pathogens and Antibiotic Resistance, Department of Infectious Diseases, Robert Koch Institute, Wernigerode Branch, 38855, Wernigerode, Germany.

Background: Escherichia coli (E. coli) is a common human pathogen, responsible for a broad spectrum of infections. Sites of infection can vary, but the hepato-biliary system is of particular concern due to the infection-associated formation of gallstones and the spread of pathogens from the bile ducts into the bloodstream. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Whole blood microRNAs capture systemic reprogramming and have diagnostic potential in patients with biliary tract cancer.

J Hepatol 2022 Jun 14. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Biotech Research and Innovation Centre (BRIC), Department of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address:

Background & Aims: Late diagnosis is a critical factor undermining clinical management of patients with biliary tract cancer (BTC). While biliary tumours display extensive inter-patient heterogeneity, the host immune response may be comparatively homogenous, providing diagnostic opportunities. Here, we investigated whether cancer-associated systemic reprogramming could be detected non-invasively to improve diagnosis of BTC. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The state of therapy modalities in clinic for biliary tract cancer.

Front Biosci (Landmark Ed) 2022 Jun;27(6):185

Hepatic Surgery Centre, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 430030 Wuhan, Hubei, China.

Biliary tract cancers (BTCs) include intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA), perihilar and distal cholangiocarcinoma (pCCA and dCCA), and gallbladder carcinoma based on the epithelial site of origin. BTCs are highly aggressive tumors associated with poor prognosis due to widespread metastasis and high recurrence. Surgery is the typical curative-intent treatment, yet the cornerstone of cure depends on the anatomical site of the primary tumor, and only a minority of patients (approximately 30%) has an indication necessitating surgery. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Novel Radioiodinated and Radiofluorinated Analogues of FT-2102 for SPECT or PET Imaging of mIDH1 Mutant Tumours.

Molecules 2022 Jun 11;27(12). Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Université Clermont Auvergne, Inserm, Imagerie Moléculaire et Stratégies Théranostiques, UMR 1240, F-63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France.

Isocitrate dehydrogenases (IDHs) are metabolic enzymes commonly mutated in human cancers (glioma, acute myeloid leukaemia, chondrosarcoma, and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma). These mutated variants of IDH (mIDH) acquire a neomorphic activity, namely, conversion of α-ketoglutarate to the oncometabolite D-2-hydroxyglutarate involved in tumourigenesis. Thus, mIDHs have emerged as highly promising therapeutic targets, and several mIDH specific inhibitors have been developed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Vanishing Bile Duct Syndrome in an Adult Patient: Case Report and Review of the Literature.

J Clin Med 2022 Jun 7;11(12). Epub 2022 Jun 7.

"Pietro Valdoni" Department of Surgery, Policlinico "Umberto I", "Sapienza" University of Rome, Viale del Policlinico 155, 00161 Rome, Italy.

Vanishing bile duct syndrome (VBDS) is a rare condition characterized by progressive loss, destruction, and disappearance of the intra-hepatic bile ducts, leading to cholestasis and ductopenia. The exact mechanism of development of VDBS has not been established yet. Diagnosis of VBDS mainly relies on clinical and disease related presentations, but liver biopsy is compulsory for diagnosis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Pathogenesis of Choledochal Cyst: Insights from Genomics and Transcriptomics.

Genes (Basel) 2022 Jun 8;13(6). Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Faculty of Medicine, Macau University of Science and Technology, Macau, China.

Choledochal cysts (CC) is characterized by extra- and/or intra-hepatic b\ile duct dilations. There are two main theories, "pancreaticobiliary maljunction" and "congenital stenosis of bile ducts" proposed for the pathogenesis of CC. Although family cases or CC associated with other anomalies have been reported, the molecular pathogenesis of CC is still poorly understood. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Imaging Features of Post Main Hepatectomy Complications: The Radiologist Challenging.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2022 May 26;12(6). Epub 2022 May 26.

Radiology Division, Istituto Nazionale Tumori-IRCCS-Fondazione G. Pascale, Via Mariano Semmola, 80131 Naples, Italy.

In the recent years, the number of liver resections has seen an impressive growth. Usually, hepatic resections remain the treatment of various liver diseases, such as malignant tumors, benign tumors, hydatid disease, and abscesses. Despite technical advancements and tremendous experience in the field of liver resection of specialized centers, there are moderately high rates of postoperative morbidity and mortality, especially in high-risk and older patient populations. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Cannabidiol and Cannabigerol Inhibit Cholangiocarcinoma Growth In Vitro via Divergent Cell Death Pathways.

Biomolecules 2022 Jun 20;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 20.

School of Biological Sciences, University of Northern Colorado, Greeley, CO 80639, USA.

Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a rare and highly lethal disease with few effective treatment options. Cannabinoids, cannabidiol (CBD) and cannabigerol (CBG) are non-psychedelic components extracted from cannabis. These non-psychoactive compounds have shown anti-proliferative potential in other tumor models; however, the efficacy of CBD and CBG in CCA is unknown. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Involvement of Epigenomic Factors in Bile Duct Cancer.

Semin Liver Dis 2022 05 23;42(2):202-211. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Biotech Research & Innovation Center (BRIC), Department of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is the second most common type of primary liver cancer. Due to its often-silent manifestation, sporadic nature, and typically late clinical presentation, it remains difficult to diagnose and lacks effective nonsurgical therapeutic options. Extensive research aiming in understanding the mechanisms underlying this disease have provided strong evidence for the significance of epigenetics contributing to its onset, progression, and dissemination. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Selective Internal Radiation Therapy with Yttrium-90 for Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma: A Systematic Review on Post-Treatment Dosimetry and Concomitant Chemotherapy.

Curr Oncol 2022 May 24;29(6):3825-3848. Epub 2022 May 24.

Department of Interventional Radiology, Division of Diagnostic Imaging, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA.

Selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) with yttrium-90 (Y)-loaded microspheres is increasingly used for the treatment of Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). Dosimetry verifications post-treatment are required for a valid assessment of any dose-response relationship. We performed a systematic review of the literature to determine how often clinics conducted post-treatment dosimetry verification to measure the actual radiation doses delivered to the tumor and to the normal liver in patients who underwent SIRT for ICC, and also to explore the corresponding dose-response relationship. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Complete resection for a giant recurrent biliary cystadenoma: A surgical case report and review of literature.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2022 Jun 18;78:103785. Epub 2022 May 18.

Department of Gastrointestinal and Hepatobiliary Surgery, Hanoi Medical University Hospital, Hanoi, Viet Nam.

Background: Biliary cystadenoma is a rare cystic neoplasm of the liver. The clinical signs and symptoms are nonspecific, and treatment strategy is variable.

Case Presentation: In this study, we presented a case of a 32-year-old female with multilocular biliary cystadenoma. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prediction of Angiopoietin-like Protein 4-related Signaling Pathways in Cholangiocarcinoma Cells.

Cancer Genomics Proteomics 2022 Jul-Aug;19(4):490-502

Centre of Research and Development of Medical Diagnostic Laboratories, Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand;

Background/aim: Angiopoietin-like protein 4 (ANGPTL4) is a multifunctional signaling protein implicated in carbohydrate metabolism, inflammation, cancer growth and progression, anoikis resistance, angiogenesis, and metastasis. However, signaling pathways of ANGPTL4 in cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) remain unknown. The aim of this study was to explore ANGPTL4-related signaling proteins and pathways associated with CCA biology. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

NTCP Change in Rats of Hilar Cholangiocarcinoma and Therapeutic Significance.

Technol Cancer Res Treat 2022 Jan-Dec;21:15330338221109646

Department of Rehabilitation, 556508The Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, China.

The study aims to detect the expression of Na/taurocholate cotransporter polypeptide in hilar cholangiocarcinoma of rat model, to provide a new therapeutic target for gene therapy of hilar cholangiocarcinoma. 60 male Wistar rats (weighing 190 ± 8 g) were randomly divided into 3 groups (experimental group, control group, and sham operation group; 20 rats in each group). The 3 groups were fed with standard diet. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Mutation spectrum associated with metastasis of advanced cholangiocarcinoma.

J Int Med Res 2022 Jun;50(6):3000605221102080

Department of Biliary Surgery, Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China.

Background: The mutations associated with metastasis in advanced-stage cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) have not been investigated.

Objective: To explore mutations in patients with advanced CCA and independent factors related to metastasis.

Methods: This retrospective study performed next-generation sequencing of tumor specimens from patients with advanced CCA treated between January 2017 and December 2019. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Germline variants of ATG7 in familial cholangiocarcinoma alter autophagy and p62.

Sci Rep 2022 Jun 20;12(1):10333. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Intermountain Precision Genomics Program, Intermountain Healthcare, Saint George, UT, 84790, USA.

Autophagy is a housekeeping mechanism tasked with eliminating misfolded proteins and damaged organelles to maintain cellular homeostasis. Autophagy deficiency results in increased oxidative stress, DNA damage and chronic cellular injury. Among the core genes in the autophagy machinery, ATG7 is required for autophagy initiation and autophagosome formation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Digital single-operator video cholangioscopy improves endoscopic management in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis-a retrospective observational study.

World J Gastroenterol 2022 May;28(20):2201-2213

Department of Medicine B (Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Endocrinology, Clinical Infectiology), University Hospital Muenster, Muenster 48149, Germany.

Background: Patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) are at a high risk of developing cholestatic liver disease and biliary cancer, and endoscopy is crucial for the complex management of these patients.

Aim: To clarify the utility of recently introduced digital single-operator video cholangioscopy (SOVC) for the endoscopic management of PSC patients.

Methods: In this observational study, all patients with a history of PSC and in whom digital SOVC (using the SpyGlass DS System) was performed between 2015 and 2019 were included and retrospectively analysed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A Case of a gastropancreatic fistula in the setting of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms.

Radiol Case Rep 2022 Aug 11;17(8):2874-2877. Epub 2022 Jun 11.

St. Joseph's University Medical Center, Department of Gastroenterology, 703 Main Street, Paterson, NJ 07503 USA.

Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMN) are mucin producing tumors which arise from epithelial cells of the main pancreatic duct, pancreatic branch ducts, or both. They are characterized by mucin-producing columnar cells, papillary ductal proliferation, cyst formation, and varying degrees of dysplasia. IPMNs are classified as main duct or branch duct based upon the pancreatic duct anatomy which the IPMN is arising from. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Application of intraoperative navigation in 3D laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy: A case report.

Exp Ther Med 2022 Jul 18;24(1):452. Epub 2022 May 18.

Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, Kanghua Hospital, Dongguan, Guangdong 523080, P.R. China.

Laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy is one of the most challenging operations in abdominal surgery, with a high risk and numerous potential complications. Laparoscopy can magnify the surgical field, improving vision, but it cannot see through and identify the internal structures of the surgical field. Intraoperative navigation is a technology currently being developed; it projects the three-dimensional (3D) image established before surgery onto the surgical area during surgery, locates the anatomical landmarks, matches the 3D image with the actual image, and then displays the relationship between the tumor and the surrounding blood vessels. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

An unusual cause of obstructive jaundice in childhood: Intra-choledochal malignant neuroendocrine tumour.

J Paediatr Child Health 2022 Jun 18. Epub 2022 Jun 18.

Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India.

The extrahepatic biliary apparatus is a rare site for neuroendocrine tumours. A 13-year-old child presented with cholestatic symptoms of jaundice and pruritus with soft hepatomegaly and mild ascites. Magnetic resonance imaging and endoscopic ultrasound revealed a mid-common bile duct mass, and dilated intrahepatic biliary system. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Distinct prognosis of biliary tract cancer according to tumor location, stage, and treatment: a population-based study.

Sci Rep 2022 Jun 17;12(1):10206. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Center for Liver and Pancreatobiliary Cancer, National Cancer Center, 323 Ilsan-ro, Ilsandong-gu, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do, 10408, Republic of Korea.

Biliary tract cancer (BTC) has been inconsistently identified according to its location in epidemiological and clinical studies. This study retrospectively reviewed the treatment pattern and prognosis of BTC according to tumor location using the Korea Central Cancer Registry data of 97,676 patients with BTC from 2006 to 2017. The proportion of localized and regional Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) stage was the highest in ampulla of Vater (AoV, 78. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Paraganglioma of common bile duct: A case report.

J Pak Med Assoc 2022 May;72(5):983-985

Department of Pathology, Aga Khan University,Karachi Pakistan.

Paragangliomas are rare tumours derived from the neural crest cells. Most common site for these tumours is the adrenal medulla, where they are called as pheochromocytomas. Biliary system is an extremely uncommon site for extra-adrenal paraganglioma. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Association of mucin family members with prognostic significance in pancreatic cancer patients: A meta-analysis.

PLoS One 2022 16;17(6):e0269612. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Cyrus Tang Hematology Center and Ministry of Education Engineering Center of Hematological Disease, The Collaborative Innovation Center of Hematology, Soochow University, Suzhou, China.

Objective: The role of biomarkers in the early diagnosis and prognosis prediction of tumors has been paid more and more attention by researchers. Mucins are markers that have been found to have an abnormal expression in many tumors in recent years, which have been proved to have a predictive effect on the prognosis of tumors such as cholangiocarcinoma and colon cancer. However, whether it can predict the prognosis of pancreatic cancer remains unknown. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Multimodal data analysis reveals that pancreatobiliary-type ampullary adenocarcinoma resembles pancreatic adenocarcinoma and differs from cholangiocarcinoma.

J Transl Med 2022 Jun 15;20(1):272. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Pancreatobiliary Surgery, Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou, China.

Background: Ampullary adenocarcinoma (AAC) arises from the ampulla of Vater where the pancreatic duct and bile duct join and empty into the duodenum. It can be classified into intestinal and pancreatobiliary types based on histopathology or immunohistochemistry. However, there are no biomarkers for further classification of pancreatobiliary-type AAC which has important implications for its treatment. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[Malignant lesions of the extrahepatic biliary system].

Rev Med Suisse 2022 Jun;18(786):1210-1217

Service de transplantation, Hôpitaux universitaires de Genève, 1211 Genève 14.

This article provides an overview of recent advances in the diagnosis and treatment of extrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas (EH-CCAs), focusing on the role of endoscopy, surgery, and transplantation. It reviews optimal evaluation and management of patients with EH-CCA, including a careful integration of clinical information, imaging studies, cytology and/or histology, as well as a coordinated multidisciplinary approach. It reviews additional therapy such as radio- or chemotherapy either in the neoadjuvant or adjuvant setting. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF