J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2022 Mar 10;31(3):532-536. Epub 2021 Nov 10.
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, AZ Monica, Antwerp, Belgium; Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University Hospital Antwerp, Edegem, Belgium; Orthopaedic Specialists, Harley Street Specialist Hospital, London, UK.
Background: The clinical diagnosis of partial distal biceps tendon ruptures or tendinosis can be challenging. Three clinical tests have been described to aid in an accurate and timely diagnosis: biceps provocation test, tilt sign, and resisted hook test. However, not much is known about the sensitivity, specificity, and inter-rater reliability as the available evaluations are based on small groups or are case based. Read More