4,521 results match your criteria Berliner Und Munchener Tierarztliche Wochenschrift[Journal]


Ruminal Leiomyosarcoma in an adult cow.

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 Jul-Aug;129(7-8):355-9

An ulcerated and pedunculated intraluminal yellowish solitary mass was observed protruding into the ruminal lumen of an adult cow during an abattoir survey. Histologically, the neoplasm invaded the lamina propria-submucosa, eroded the ruminal epithelium and segmentally effaced the inner tunica muscularis. It was composed of pleomorphic spindle cells arranged in fascicles. Read More

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September 2016
7 Reads

Species composition of Malassezia yeasts in dogs in Slovakia.

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 Jul-Aug;129(7-8):351-4

Malassezia (M.) pachydermatis is the lipophilic yeast, which is normally present on the skin and in the ear canal of dogs but under certain conditions it may cause dermatitis and otitis. There is less known about the occurrence of lipid-dependent Malassezia species in dogs. Read More

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September 2016
2 Reads

Prevalence and resistance patterns of canine uropathogens in regard to concurrent diseases.

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 Jul-Aug;129(7-8):340-50

Predisposing factors for different types of urinary tract infections (UTI) were evaluated and prevalence of causative agents and their resistance were identified. A prospective epidemiologic study (2007 to 2012) included 191 dogs with signs of urinary tract disease. Anamnestic data were collected and clinical examination, abdominal ultrasonography, urinalysis and aerobic bacteriologic urine culture were performed in all dogs. Read More

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September 2016
26 Reads

Seropositivity of Borrelia burgdorferi in a cohort of symptomatic cats from Europe based on a C6-peptide assay with discussion of implications in disease aetiology.

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 Jul-Aug;129(7-8):333-9

There are only few reports on Lyme borreliosis (LB) in cats. The reasons might be a different tick infestation in cats compared to dogs, a low susceptibility for tick-borne infections or a low awareness of veterinarians for tick-borne diseases in feline patients. The aim of this study was to determine the proportion of antibodies against Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (Bbsl) in feline sera, to compare the significance of feline versus canine LB, as well as to evaluate possible implications on disease occurrence. Read More

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September 2016
2 Reads

Prevalence of pasture-associated metazoal endoparasites in Bavarian dairy goat herds and farmers' approaches to parasite control.

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 Jul-Aug;129(7-8):323-32

The majority of dairy goat farms in Bavaria operate pasture-based systems. Endoparasites are therefore a common problem affecting health and productivity of these herds. Pooled faecal samples from 37 commercial dairy goat farms in Bavaria were examined by modified McMaster, flotation, sedimentation and Baermann funnel techniques. Read More

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September 2016
3 Reads

[The occurrence of "Candidatus Mycoplasma haemolamae" infections in clinically asymptomatic South American Camelids in Austria].

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 Jul-Aug;129(7-8):318-22

Reports of CMhl infections in South American Camelids in Europe are only available from the United Kingdom and Switzerland. Knowing that CMhl infections can lead to severe disease resulting in death if combined with other diseases or stress, it was the aim of this study to assess prevalence data from camelids in Austria. In comparison to the previous studies a representative number of camelids was investigated nationwide. Read More

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September 2016
3 Reads

Molecular detection and analysis of Sheeppox and Orf viruses isolated from sheep from Qalubia, Egypt.

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 Jul-Aug;129(7-8):310-7

In this study an outbreak with Sheeppox virus (SPPV) and Orf virus (ORFV) in one sheep herd in the Qalubia province, Egypt, was investigated. Both, SPPV and ORFV caused clinically manifest infections among sheep. The affected sheep showed skin lesions around the mouth or all over the body. Read More

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September 2016
8 Reads
0.820 Impact Factor

Potential role of real-time PCR for detecting Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in chronically diseased milking cows: a case control study.

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 Jul-Aug;129(7-8):304-9

Paratuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) is economically important to dairy operations. In the present study, a real-time PCR kit (certified for use in Germany) was used to detect MAP in bovine fecal and milk samples within a case control study examining different factors for their association with chronic disease in Northern Germany. Read More

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September 2016
3 Reads

Simultaneous occurrence of Salmonella enterica, Campylobacter spp. and Yersinia enterocolitica along the pork production chain from farm to meat processing in five conventional fattening pig herds in Lower Saxony.

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 Jul-Aug;129(7-8):296-303

The objectives of this study were to gather data on the occurrence of Salmonella (S.) enterica, Campylobacter spp. and Yersinia (Y. Read More

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September 2016
15 Reads

Interlaboratory Profiency Testing trial on the Detection of Staphylococcal Enterotoxins types SEA to SEE in food in Germany 2013.

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 Jul-Aug;129(7-8):290-5

In the autumn 2013, the National Reference Laboratory for coagulase positive staphylococci (CPS) including Staphylococcus (S.) aureus (NRL-Staph) at the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment has organized its first interlaboratory profiency testing (ILPT) trial for the detection of staphylococcal enterotoxins (SE) types SEA to SEE in food. The purpose of the ILPT was to assess the analytical competence of the official laboratories of the Federal German "Länder"authorities. Read More

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September 2016
7 Reads

Evaluation of CO2 anaesthesia applied by a commercial device for the castration of male suckling piglets under field conditions.

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 Jul-Aug;129(7-8):282-9

The aim of this study was to describe clinical and behavioural parameters of piglets castrated with the use of CO2 anaesthesia by using the commercial available device MS Pigsleeper. 80 male piglets with three to six days of age were allocated to four groups, and were castrated or left uncastrated either after receiving 70% CO2/30% O02, or without anaesthesia. Defensive movements and heart rates were measured during induction and castration phase. Read More

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September 2016
4 Reads

From single nucleotide substitutions up to chromosomal deletions: genetic pause of leucism-associated disorders in animals.

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 Jul-Aug;129(7-8):269-81

Leucism is characterized by a complete or partial white skin and hair in combination with pigmented irides, which can be vivid blue or heterochromatic. This is due to a complete or partial lack of melanocytes. The underlying pathogenesis is a disturbed emigration or differentiation of neural crest-derived cells. Read More

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September 2016
50 Reads

[Comparison of sampling strategies to detect porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus in a simulated pig producing plant].

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 May-Jun;129(5-6):258-68

The effectivity of different sampling schemes for the early detection of the introduction of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus into a pig herd was evaluated using Monte Carlo simulation. Within a theoretical breeding herd of 300 animals, disease transmission was simulated using a stochastic SEIR model incorporating actual animal movement data. The following parameters were evaluated for different sample sizes, sampling frequencies and diagnostic procedures (ELISA, PCR): the time from virus introduction until detection, the daily detection probability and the number of holdings to which infected animals are shipped before the disease is detected. Read More

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August 2016
5 Reads

Urinary shedding of leptospires and presence of Leptospira antibodies in healthy dogs from Upper Bavaria.

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 May-Jun;129(5-6):251-7

Leptospirosis is classified as a re-emerging zoonotic disease with global impor- tance. The aim of this study was to determine urinary shedding of leptospires in healthy dogs and to identify the shedded leptospire species. Furthermore, antibody presence against leptospires was evaluated. Read More

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August 2016
24 Reads

SCM-positive Streptococcus canis are predominant among pet-associated group G streptococci.

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 May-Jun;129(5-6):247-50

Streptococcus (S.) canis is a neglected zoonotic pathogen with increasing impor- tance. Since knowledge about its distribution in pets in Germany is scant, we designed a study and tested 335 dogs and 71 cats for colonization by S. Read More

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August 2016
12 Reads

Concurrent infection with Mycobacterium avium subsp. hominissuis and Giardia duodenalis in a chinchilla (Chinchilla lanigera f. dom.).

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 May-Jun;129(5-6):242-6

A 3-year-old, female chinchilla (Chinchilla lanigera f. dom.) suffered from prolonged vaginal discharge. Read More

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August 2016
12 Reads

[Periods for growth and quality improvement of fish in context of animal welfare compliant management of commercial fish ponds--a literature review].

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 May-Jun;129(5-6):234-41

In Germany, management of commercial fish ponds requires consideration of animal welfare legislation. In particular, it is forbidden to immediately catch fish that have recently been stocked into put-and-take fishponds. Rather, after stocking is completed, a short-term fishing ban period needs to be adhered to that allows the fishes the opportunity to grow and/or significantly improve in overall quality. Read More

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[The attitude of German veterinarians towards farm animal welfare: results of a cluster analysis].

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 May-Jun;129(5-6):225-33

In recent years the issue of animal welfare in intensive livestock production systems has been subjected to increasing criticism from the broad public. Some groups in society ask for higher animal welfare standards and there is an increas- ing number of consumers who prefer meat from more animal friendly husbandry systems. An intense social debate on animal welfare has flared up in the recent past. Read More

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[Effects of different training methods for palpation per rectum of internal genital organs on learning success and self-evaluation of students].

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 May-Jun;129(5-6):216-24

Large animal veterinary practice is more and more emphasizing herd-health-management. Processes to ensure and optimize economic viability of dairy farming are becoming more important in comparison to treatment of single ill animals. Amongst others, rectal palpation skills are crucial for proper fertility management, rapid and correct diagnosis of early pregnancies, and recognition of cycle or fertility problems. Read More

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August 2016
4 Reads

[Detection of leptospira by culture of vitreous humor and detection of antibodies against leptospira in vitreous humor and serum of 225 horses with equine recurrent uveitis].

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 May-Jun;129(5-6):209-15

In the ongoing discussion regarding the aetiopathogenesis of equine recurrent uveitis (ERU) it was the aim of the present study to elucidate the relationship of leptospira infection and ERU. In a population of 225 horses leptospira were examined in vitreous humor by culture and leptospira antibody were detected in vitreous humor and serum samples. Preoperative serum samples were collected from 221/225 ERU patients of different age, gender and breed. Read More

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August 2016
4 Reads

[Occurrance of antibodies against Leptospira in horses in Middle Germany].

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 May-Jun;129(5-6):202-8

Aim of the study was to detect antibodies and potential risk factors for an infec- tion with Leptospira in horses in Middle Germany. Serum samples of 314 horses were examined retrospectively by microscopic agglutination test for the presence of antibodies against eight Leptospira serovars. In total, 17. Read More

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August 2016
8 Reads

Retrospective epidemiological evaluation of molecular and animal husbandry data within the bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) control programme in Western Austria during 2009-2014.

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 May-Jun;129(5-6):196-201

A retrospective epidemiological investigation of molecular and animal husbandry data collected over an observation period of five years (2009-2014) within the compulsory bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) control programme in Western Austria, covering the federal provinces of Tyrol and Vorarlberg is presented in this study. Samples collected from 232 infected calves were phylogenetically classified based on the 5' untranslated region (5'UTR). All but 13 samples, which were typed as border disease virus subtype 3 (BDV-3), belonged to the bovine viral diarrhoea virus genotype 1 (BVDV-1) and clustered within six different subtypes (1b, 1e, 1f, 1h, 1d and 1k). Read More

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August 2016
8 Reads

Antimicrobial drug use on Austrian dairy farms with special consideration of the use of "highest priority critically important antimicrobials".

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 May-Jun;129(5-6):185-95

The use of antibiotics in livestock production is coming under growing criticism. Beside overall antimicrobial use, specific substances listed by the WHO as "highest priority critically important antimicrobials" (HPCIAs)--these include fluoroquinolones, macrolides, 3rd and 4th generation cephalosporins, as well as glycopeptides--have been placed under specific restrictions and should only be applied in particular cases according to strict indication criteria. In this study, the consumption of antimicrobial substances on Austrian dairy farms was evaluated quantitatively. Read More

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August 2016
8 Reads

[Congenital and lethal semi-hairlessness in an Angler-Holstein crossbred calf].

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 Mar-Apr;129(3-4):177-84

A male Angler-Red Holstein crossbred calf was almost completely hairless since its birth. Hair growth was not observed within the course of its life, but with increasing age the hair structure changed from a thin and soft hair to a wiry to coarse hair fibre. Growth rate of the animal was reduced, body condition was poor but appetite was good. Read More

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July 2016
7 Reads

[Echocardiopgraphy in European tortoises (Testudo spp.)].

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 Mar-Apr;129(3-4):167-76

An echocardiographic examination was carried out in 71 European tortoises (Testudo spp.) via the cervical-brachial acoustic windows. Simultaneously an electrocardiographic examination was performed. Read More

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July 2016
8 Reads

[The anatomy of the heart of tortoises (Testudinidae)].

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 Mar-Apr;129(3-4):160-6

25 formalin-fixed hearts of different tortoise species (Testudinidae) underwent gross-anatomical examination. The aim of the study was to illustrate the specific anatomy of the heart of these species in comparison to the data available in the literature. The examined tortoises showed the well-known basic structure of a reptile heart with two atria and a ventricle composed of three interconnected chambers. Read More

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July 2016
1 Read

Effect of differently structured and processed feedstuffs on diverse parameters of ethology and digestibility of growing rabbits and their influence on morphological structures in small intestine.

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 Mar-Apr;129(3-4):153-9

The influence of different feedstuffs on parameters of digestion and ethology in growing rabbits (duration and number of feed intake, needed masticatory movements, pH value in stomach and small intestine, dry matter content of stomach chyme, level of destruction of cell structures in small intestine) was analysed. 384 five weeks old rabbits were fed with one of three feedstuffs: pellets (mean fibre length = 3 mm), fibre blocks (mean fibre length = 40 mm) and hay-oat-beat-ration (length of hay fibre ≥ 70 mm). The masticatory movements and duration for uptake 0. Read More

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July 2016
3 Reads

Occurrence and characterization of Staphylococcus bacteria isolated from poultry in Western Poland.

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 Mar-Apr;129(3-4):147-52

In the pathology of poultry, infections caused by Staphylococcus spp. are taking on increasing significance. Although the Staphylococcus species most frequently isolated from these animals is Staphylococcus aureus, the literature data indicate that other species, both coagulase-positive and coagulase-negative, can also cause infections in birds. Read More

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July 2016
4 Reads

Stability of Schmallenberg virus during long-term storage.

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 Mar-Apr;129(3-4):144-6

Schmallenberg virus (SBV), a novel insect-transmitted orthobunyavirus that infects ruminants, caused a large epidemic in European livestock since its emergence in 2011. For the in vitro characterization of this hitherto unknown virus as well as for antibody detection tests like indirect immunofluorescence and neutralization test infectious virus is necessary. To determine the most suitable storage temperature, culture-grown SBV was kept at 37°C, 28°C, 4°C, -20°C and -70°C for up to one year. Read More

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July 2016
14 Reads

Complete ostectomy of middle phalanx and partial ostectomy of proximal phalanx in a Brown Swiss calf for treatment of purulent arthritis of the proximal interphalangeal joint and adjacent severe osteomyelitis.

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 Mar-Apr;129(3-4):138-43

A five month old Brown Swiss heifer calf (212 kg body mass) with severe left hind limb lameness, caused by a wound of the lateral digit was referred to the veterinary teaching hospital. The calf showed a score 4 of 5 lameness on the left hind limb. A scarified skin lesion with a fistula formation and purulent exudate was observed at the level of the proximal interphalangeal joint (PIJ) of the lateral digit of the left hind. Read More

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July 2016
2 Reads

Clinical and biochemical signs in Fleckvieh cattle with genetically confirmed Fanconi-Bickel syndrome (cattle homozygous for Fleckvieh haplotype 2).

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 Mar-Apr;129(3-4):132-7

Fanconi-Bickel Syndrome (FBS) is an autosomal recessive disorder of the carbohydrate metabolism, which has been reported in human and some animals (OMIA 000366-9913). In Fleckvieh cattle it is caused by mutations in SLC2A2, a gene encoding for glucose transporter protein 2 (GLUT2), which is primarily expressed in liver, kidney, pancreas and intestines. The causal mutation resides in a previously reported Fleckvieh Haplotype 2 (FH-2). Read More

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July 2016
14 Reads

[Possible causes of unspecific reduced productivity in dairy herds in SchIeswig-Holstein: an explorative case-control study].

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 Mar-Apr;129(3-4):118-31

Recently unspecific productivity losses were observed in dairy herds in Schleswig Holstein, Germany. This case-control study on cattle health investigated the possible association between a multifactorial event and the occurrence of unspecific productivity losses. 35 dairy farms were defined as cases and 65 farms as controls, when they met two out of three eligibility criteria, respectively (cell count, mortality and life production of cows). Read More

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July 2016
2 Reads

Clostridium botulinum type D/C intoxication in a dairy cow stock in Saxony-Anhalt (Germany)--report on an innovative diagnostic approach.

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 Mar-Apr;129(3-4):111-7

Botulism in cattle is a rare but serious disease. In Germany there is no obligation to report botulism in animals and therefore a precise morbidity rate is not available. In this manuscript we describe an outbreak of Clostridium (C. Read More

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July 2016
4 Reads

The effect of bovine viral diarrhoea virus on fertility in dairy cows: two case-control studies in the province of Styria, Austria.

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 Mar-Apr;129(3-4):103-10

Bovine viral diarrhoea (BVD) leads to substantial economic losses in beef and dairy herds worldwide. Two case-control studies were carried out using production data from 1996 to 2012 to analyse the impact of BVD virus (BVDV) on fertility in dairy herds in the province of Styria during an eradication programme. In study 1, herds in which at least one persistently BVDV-infected (PI) animal was detected (case herds) were compared to a group of control herds proven free from BVDV infection (contro herds). Read More

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July 2016
6 Reads

[Abnormal behaviour with a focus on stereotypies--indicators of suffering and impaired welfare?].

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 Mar-Apr;129(3-4):93-102

Abnormal behaviour is a potential indicator of pain, suffering and injury in captive animals. Especially stereotypies, i. e. Read More

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[An unusual case of a 35 days preterm birth of a German Holstein calf].

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 Jan-Feb;129(1-2):82-7

A female calf of the breed German Holstein (GH) was spontaneously born on July 28, 2013 which was 35 days before the expected term of birth. The dam was a heifer when she got pregnant from the first insemination on November 23, 2012. Calving was without complications. Read More

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June 2016
3 Reads

Understanding barriers to following advice: Evaluation of an advisory service from dairy farmers' perspectives.

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 Jan-Feb;129(1-2):72-81

In dairy herd health medicine, the success of consultation is sometimes limited as farmers do not always implement given advice. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate a consultation performed during a study in the northwest of Germany and thereby to detect barriers that hinder farmers with long lasting problems in herd health from implementing veterinary advice. Six to twelve months after a non-recurring extensive herd health analysis and consultation, 38 farmers were interviewed by phone. Read More

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Avian mycobacteriosis caused by Mycobacterium avium subspecies avium in four ornamental birds and in vitro drug sensitivity testing of isolates.

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 Jan-Feb;129(1-2):65-71

Avian tuberculosis, one of the most important diseases affecting various species of birds, is most often caused by Mycobacterium (M.) avium. This report describes cases of M. Read More

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June 2016
5 Reads
0.820 Impact Factor

Parasites of sheep herding dogs in central Germany.

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 Jan-Feb;129(1-2):56-64

This paper reports on endoparasite infections diagnosed in 2012 by standard coproscopical techniques and coproantigen Giardia ELISA in 165 dogs used for sheep herding in 36 farms in central Germany. The overall prevalence of dogs with evidence of endoparasite infections was 27.3% (95% CI 20. Read More

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June 2016
26 Reads

Eimeria leuckarti infections in sport horses in Northwest Turkey.

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 Jan-Feb;129(1-2):52-5

The aim of the present study was to examine sport horses in Northwest Turkey for Eimeria (E.) leuckarti infections. Between 2004 and 2008 fecal samples from 549 horses of different age, breed and sex of 21 farms were examined for E. Read More

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June 2016
3 Reads

Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Vibrio spp. in retail shrimps in Vietnam.

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 Jan-Feb;129(1-2):48-51

The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence and the antimicrobial resistance patterns of Vibrio (V.) spp. isolated from retail shrimp in Hanoi, Vietnam A total of 202 shrimp samples were collected from retail markets located in ten urban districts of Hanoi. Read More

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June 2016
84 Reads

Evaluation of the anaesthetic depth during piglet castration under an automated isoflurane-anaesthesia at farm level.

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 Jan-Feb;129(1-2):40-7

Piglet castration under isoflurane-anaesthesia could represent an alternative to the practice of castration without anaesthesia. The objective of this study was to evaluate practicality and effectiveness of an automated isoflurane-anaesthesia for castration. A field study on three different farms in Germany (farm A, B: 200 sows; C: 540 sows) was performed. Read More

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[Use of the AquaDuc T® round drinker with Pekin ducks under field conditions--behaviour as one indicator of welfare].

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 Jan-Feb;129(1-2):28-39

Pekin ducks have an innate affinity for water. They seek water from the first day of life and use it for a multitude of behaviors. Currently implemented requirements to husbandry and the design of an animal-friendly offer of drinking water in commercial fattening establishments exist neither at EU-level nor in Germany. Read More

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June 2016
5 Reads

[Animal hygiene, water quality and animal health using round drinkers as an animal-friendly water supply for Pekin ducks under practical conditions].

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 Jan-Feb;129(1-2):15-27

Mandatory requirements for the keeping of Pekin ducks exist neither in Europe nor in Germany. The medium water is of high importance for ducks and is connected with many species-specific behaviours. In commercial fattening establishments the animals are provided drinking water solely by nipple drinkers because up to today, the economic and hygienic aspects of this drinking suppIy are beyong dispute. Read More

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June 2016
3 Reads

[Literature review of the influences on error rates when identifying equids with transponder and hot-iron branding].

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2016 Jan-Feb;129(1-2):3-14

Although equids have had to be tagged with a transponder since 2009, breeding associations in Germany disagree as to which method is best suited for identification (with or without hot iron branding). Therefore, the aim of this systematic literature review was to gain an overview of how effective identification is using transponders and hot iron branding and as to which factors influence the success of identification. Existing literature showed that equids can be identified by means of transponders with a probability of 85-100%, whereas symbol brandings could be identified correctly in 78-89%, whole number brandings in 0-87% and single figures in 37-92% of the readings, respectively. Read More

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June 2016
2 Reads

[Classical Swine Fever in wild boar in Rhineland-Palatinate: evaluation of the official control measures from 2005-2011].

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2015 Nov-Dec;128(11-12):507-16

The present study describes the control strategy for fighting Classical Swine Fever in wild boar in Rhineland-Palatinate from 2005 to 2011 and evaluates its effectiveness. The official control measures were based on the following three main pillars:--Serological and virological monitoring: By means of serological monitoring Classical Swine Fever outbreaks could be detected very early. Increasing antibody prevalences indicated an imminent Classical Swine Fever outbreak. Read More

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February 2016
3 Reads

[Modeling of the financial reserves required by the livestock disease compensation fund of Lower Saxony for rebates in the course of disease outbreaks incorporating spatial restriction zones].

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2015 Nov-Dec;128(11-12):495-506

One of the tasks of the livestock disease compensation funds of the federal states in Germany is the financial compensation of livestock holders for livestock losses and costs incurred for disease control measures due to certain diseases. Usually, one half of these services are financed through financial reserves built up with the contributions paid by the owners of the respective animal species. The other half is covered by the federal state itself. Read More

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February 2016
1 Read

Economic analysis of animal disease outbreaks--BSE and Bluetongue disease as examples.

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2015 Nov-Dec;128(11-12):478-82

Although there is a long tradition of research on animal disease control, economic evaluation of control measures is rather limited in veterinary medicine. This may, on the one hand, be due to the different types of costs and refunds and the different people and organizations bearing them, such as animal holders, county, region, state or European Union, but it may also be due to the fact that economic analyses are both complex and time consuming. Only recently attention has turned towards economic analysis in animal disease control. Read More

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February 2016
12 Reads

[Regulatory aspects of the development, licensing, and availability of immunological veterinary medicinal products].

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2015 Nov-Dec;128(11-12):473-7

Vaccines constitute an essential tool for animal health management. In addition to applying traditional vaccine development strategies to new or changing pathogens, the use of innovative approaches in this area is increasing. Recombinant vaccines often have superior safety and efficacy profiles, due to their specific attenuation and the ability to serologically distinguish vaccinated from infected animals. Read More

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February 2016
6 Reads

[Modified vaccinia virus ankara (MVA)--development as recombinant vaccine and prospects for use in veterinary medicine].

Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 2015 Nov-Dec;128(11-12):464-72

Poxviruses as expression vectors are widely used in medical research for the development of recombinant vaccines and molecular therapies. Here we review recent accomplishments in vaccine research using recombinant modified vaccinia virus ankara (MVA). MVA is a highly attenuated vaccinia virus strain that originated from serial tissue culture passage in chicken embryo fibroblasts more than 40 years ago. Read More

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February 2016
2 Reads