Nutr Rev 2020 12;78(12):1015-1029
Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery Department, University of New South Wales, Liverpool Public Hospital, Liverpool, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, and the Sydney Institute for Obesity Surgery, Ashfield, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
Beriberi is a nutritional complication of gastric surgery, caused by deficiency of vitamin B1, or thiamine. Thiamine deficiency leads to impaired glucose metabolism, decreased delivery of oxygen by red blood cells, cardiac dysfunction, failure of neurotransmission, and neuronal death. This review describes the history and pathophysiology of beriberi as well as the relationship between beriberi and nutritional deficiencies after gastric surgery. Read More