3,978 results match your criteria Benign and Malignant Soft Tissue Tumors

Practical Approach to Histological Diagnosis of Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumors: An Update.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2022 Jun 14;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Unit of Rare Diseases of the Nervous System in Childhood, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Catania, 95124 Catania, Italy.

Peripheral nerve sheath tumors encompass a wide spectrum of lesions with different biological behavior, including both benign and malignant neoplasms as well as the recent diagnostic category, i.e., "" to be used only for NF1 patients. Read More

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Ultrasound-Guided Trans-Uterine Cavity Core Needle Biopsy of Uterine Myometrial Tumors to Differentiate Sarcoma from a Benign Lesion-Description of the Method and Review of the Literature.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2022 May 29;12(6). Epub 2022 May 29.

Department of Surgical Oncology, Institut Curie, University of Paris, 26 Rue d'Ulm, CEDEX 05, 75248 Paris, France.

Uterine sarcomas are rare, aggressive tumors with poor prognosis that can be further negatively affected by inadequate surgical approaches such as morcellation. There are no clinical and radiologic criteria for differentiating leiomyoma from malignant uterine tumors. However, some ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging findings may be informative. Read More

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Multimodal Approach of Optical Coherence Tomography and Raman Spectroscopy Can Improve Differentiating Benign and Malignant Skin Tumors in Animal Patients.

Cancers (Basel) 2022 Jun 7;14(12). Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Biophotonics Laboratory, Institute of Atomic Physics and Spectroscopy, University of Latvia, 19 Raina Blvd., LV-1586 Riga, Latvia.

As in humans, cancer is one of the leading causes of companion animal mortality. Up to 30% of all canine and feline neoplasms appear on the skin or directly under it. There are only a few available studies that have investigated pet tumors by biophotonics techniques. Read More

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An Update on Cutaneous Granular Cell tumours for Dermatologists and Dermatopathologists.

Clin Exp Dermatol 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Department of Cellular Pathology, St. George's Hospital, London, UK.

Granular cell tumours are rare soft tissue neoplasms which occur at a wide variety of sites and commonly involve the skin. Distinction between benign and malignant granular cell tumours is important because benign tumours are commonly cured by complete excision and malignant tumours commonly recur and cause fatal metastatic disease. Communication between the dermatologist and pathologist is also important, as the pathologist may provide false reassurance by evaluating a benign appearing part of a clinically malignant tumour. Read More

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Use of the O-Z Flap to Repair Scalp Defects After Cancer Tumor Resection.

J Craniofac Surg 2022 May 26;33(3):892-894. Epub 2021 Oct 26.

Ningbo City First Hospital, Ningbo, China.

Background: Large benign and malignant tumors in the scalp cannot be sutured directly after resection. Instead, skin grafting or skin flap repair is the most commonly used techniques. Local tissue depression and lack of hair growth are some of the drawbacks associated with these techniques. Read More

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Performance of Machine Learning Methods Based on Multi-Sequence Textural Parameters Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Clinical Information to Differentiate Malignant and Benign Soft Tissue Tumors.

Acad Radiol 2022 Jun 17. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Graduate School of Life Sciences, Kumamoto University, 1-1-1, Honjo, Chuoku, Kumamoto, Japan.

Rationale And Objectives: To evaluate the performance of a machine learning method to differentiate malignant from benign soft tissue tumors based on textural features on multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI).

Materials And Methods: We enrolled 163 patients with soft tissue tumors whose diagnosis was pathologically proven (71 malignant, 92 benign). All patients underwent mpMRI. Read More

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Rare case of spindle cell haemangioma of oral cavity.

BMJ Case Rep 2022 Jun 20;15(6). Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Center for Dental Education and Research, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Spindle cell haemangioma (SCH) is a slow growing, benign vascular lesion with a preference for the distal extremities. Its occurrence in the oral cavity is rare. Clinically, it presents as solitary or multiple subcutaneous nodules, therefore, it could be considered in the differential diagnosis of benign soft tissue tumours. Read More

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A conjunctival myxoid stromal tumor (COMST) mimicking phlyctenulosis: A case report and brief review of the literature.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2022 Sep 23;27:101590. Epub 2022 May 23.

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka.

Purpose: This is a case report of a patient with a conjunctival myxoid stromal tumor (COMST), mimicking a phlyctenulosis. Tumors of the conjunctiva and cornea occupy a large spectrum ranging from benign lesions of myxoma to aggressive, life-threatening malignancies. Phlyctenulosis and phlyctenular keratoconjunctivitis are hypersensitivity reactions to a foreign antigen. Read More

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September 2022

Ultrasound and MR imaging of peripheral nerve tumors: the state of the art.

Skeletal Radiol 2022 Jun 17. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Radiology Department, APHM, Hôpital Sainte-Marguerite, 270 Bd de Sainte-Marguerite, 13009, Marseille, France.

Peripheral nerve sheath tumors are a heterogeneous subgroup of soft tissue tumors that either arise from a peripheral nerve or show nerve sheath differentiation. On imaging, direct continuity with a neural structure or location along a typical nerve distribution represents the most important signs to suggest the diagnosis. Ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging are the best modalities to evaluate these lesions. Read More

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Approach to Primary Vertebral Tumors in the Light of the 2020 Updated World Health Organization Classification of Bone Tumors.

Turk Neurosurg 2021 Dec 22. Epub 2021 Dec 22.

Umraniye Education and Research Hospital, Department of Pathology, Istanbul, Turkey.

Aim: The spinal canal frequently harbors primary and secondary bone tumors. These tumors have specific localization, age range, and clinical and radiological manifestations, and their treatment requires a multidisciplinary approach. In most cases, a definitive diagnosis is made based on clinical, radiological, and histopathological findings. Read More

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December 2021

Gastroesophageal Glomus Tumors: Clinicopathologic and Molecular Genetic Analysis of 26 Cases With a Proposal for Malignancy Criteria.

Am J Surg Pathol 2022 Jun 15. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.

Although criteria for malignancy have been established for glomus tumors of soft tissue, there are no accepted criteria for gastroesophageal glomus tumors, the behavior of which is considered to be unpredictable. Recently, both benign and aggressive gastroesophageal glomus tumors have been shown to harbor CARMN::NOTCH2 fusions, but, as yet, there are no described genetic features that predict clinical behavior. Here, we evaluated 26 gastroesophageal glomus tumors to investigate histologic and genetic features that might predict malignant behavior. Read More

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Intussusception of the bowel in adult women due to bulky inflammatory fibroid polyp treated in emergency. A case report.

Acta Biomed 2022 Jun 10;93(S1):e2022117. Epub 2022 Jun 10.


 Introduction: Intussusception represents a rare form of bowel obstruction in the adult, which is defined as the telescoping of a proximal segment of the gastrointestinal tract into the lumen of the adjacent distal segment of the GI tract Case Report: We report the case of a 50-year-old woman was admitted in our hospital with acute bowel obstruction. CT showed intestinal occlusion secondary to intussusception. the patient underwent emergency surgery. Read More

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Infra-Temporal and Pterygo-Palatine Fossae Tumors: A Frontier in Endoscopic Endonasal Surgery-Description of the Surgical Anatomy of the Approach and Report of Illustrative Cases.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 May 25;19(11). Epub 2022 May 25.

Programma Neurochirurgia Ipofisi-Pituitary Unit, IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna, 40139 Bologna, Italy.

Infratemporal and pterygopalatine fossae (ITF and PPF) represent two complex paramedian skull base areas, which can be defined as jewelry boxes, containing a large number of neurovascular and osteomuscular structures of primary importance. They are in close communication with many craniofacial areas, such as nasal/paranasal sinuses, orbit, middle cranial fossa, and oral cavities. Therefore, they can be involved by tumoral, infective or inflammatory lesions spreading from these spaces. Read More

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Malignant giant cell tumor of toe: A case report and review of literature.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2022 Jun 3;101(22):e29471. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Kindai University Hospital, Osaka-Sayama City, Japan.

Introduction: A giant cell tumor of soft tissue (GCST) is a benign soft tissue tumor that often occurs subcutaneously in the extremities. Rare cases of malignant GCST have been reported, but its pathogenesis remains unclear.

Patients Concerns: We report a case of a 68-year-old man who noticed a painless mass on his second toe one and a half years ago. Read More

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Gene expression profiles of beta-adrenergic receptors in canine vascular tumors: a preliminary study.

BMC Vet Res 2022 May 30;18(1):206. Epub 2022 May 30.

Department of Animal Medicine and Surgery, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193, Barcelona, Spain.

Beta adrenergic receptors (β-AR) play a key role in regulating several hallmark pathways of both benign and malignant human and canine tumors. There is scarce information on the expression of β-AR in canine vascular tumors. Therefore, the purpose of the present research work was to study the mRNA expression levels of the three subtypes of the β-AR genes (ADRB1, ADRB2, ADRB3) in hemangiosarcoma (HSA) and hemangioma (HA), as well as in vascular hamartomas (VH) from dogs. Read More

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Moving towards the optimization of diagnosis for patients with sarcoma: A 10-year review of externally consulted sarcoma cases in a general anatomical pathology service.

Ann Diagn Pathol 2022 Apr 28;60:151958. Epub 2022 Apr 28.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7K 0M7, Canada. Electronic address:

Introduction: Soft tissue sarcomas (STS) are rare, diagnostically challenging, malignant tumors with diverse histomorphologic, immunohistochemical and molecular features. In our practice, STS are reported in a general anatomical pathology practice with no formal subspecialized training in reporting these complex specimens. Our study was performed to look at the rate of external consultation (EC), along with other parameters including discordance rate, associated diagnostic delay with EC and extent of secondary work-up performed by the consultant for correct diagnosis. Read More

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Lipomatous Tumors: A Comparison of MRI-Reported Diagnosis with Histological Diagnosis.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2022 May 21;12(5). Epub 2022 May 21.

Department of Trauma and Orthopedic Surgery, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, 20246 Hamburg, Germany.

Lipomatous tumors are among the most common soft tissue tumors (STTs). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a state-of-the-art diagnostic tool used to differentiate and characterize STTs. Radiological misjudgment can lead to incorrect treatment. Read More

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Dental MRI of Oral Soft-Tissue Tumors-Optimized Use of Black Bone MRI Sequences and a 15-Channel Mandibular Coil.

J Imaging 2022 May 22;8(5). Epub 2022 May 22.

Clinic of Cranio-Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery, Center of Dental Medicine, University of Zurich, 8032 Zurich, Switzerland.

Soft-tissue lesions in the oral cavity, one of the most common sites for tumors and tumor-like lesions, can be challenging to diagnose and treat due to the wide spectrum from benign indolent to invasive malignant lesions. We report an abnormally large, rapidly growing hyperplastic lesion originating from the buccal mucosa in a 28-year-old male patient. Clinical examination revealed a well-circumscribed, smooth-surfaced, pinkish nodular lesion measuring 2. Read More

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Diffuse Type Neurofibroma of the Forearm.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2022 May 23;10(5):e4341. Epub 2022 May 23.

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Department, Hamad General Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.

Nerve sheath tumors comprise 5% of soft tissue masses of the upper limb in adults. Neurofibromas are divided into three types: localized, diffuse, and plexi- form. The diffuse type is rare and is typically found in the head and neck region. Read More

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Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Nerve Tumors.

Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2022 Apr 24;26(2):172-181. Epub 2022 May 24.

Department of Radiology, Division of Musculoskeletal Radiology, Penn Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Nerve tumors are uncommon soft tissue neoplasms predominantly arising from peripheral nerve sheath and Schwann cells. We review the manifestations of benign peripheral nerve sheath tumors, concentrating on distinguishing imaging features of schwannomas versus neurofibromas with an emphasis on treatment implications. Nevertheless, there is often an overlap between the imaging presentation of these two conditions, making the accurate radiologic diagnosis challenging. Read More

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Hand Tumors: An Individual Surgeon's Retrospective Review.

Eplasty 2022 25;22:e1. Epub 2022 Jan 25.

Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Division of Plastic Surgery, Newark, New Jersey.

Background: Tumors of the hand are encountered frequently and represent a variety of pathologic diagnoses, both benign and malignant. Even within a single pathologic type, presentation can vary. This study reviews hand tumors encountered by an individual surgeon and described presenting features to better aid in clinical decision making. Read More

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January 2022

Texture analysis of magnetic resonance image to differentiate benign from malignant myxoid soft tissue tumors: A retrospective comparative study.

PLoS One 2022 19;17(5):e0267569. Epub 2022 May 19.

Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Bundang-gu, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do, Korea.

It is important to differentiate between benign and malignant myxoid tumors to establish the treatment plan, determine the optimal surgical extent, and plan postoperative surveillance, but differentiation may be complicated by imaging-feature overlap. Texture analysis is used for quantitative assessment of imaging characteristics based on mathematically calculated pixel heterogeneity and has been applied to the discrimination of benign from malignant soft tissue tumors (STTs). In this study, we aimed to assess the diagnostic value of the texture features of conventional magnetic resonance images for the differentiation of benign from malignant myxoid STTs. Read More

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Lifetime prevalence of malignant and benign tumours in companion dogs: Cross-sectional analysis of Dog Aging Project baseline survey.

Vet Comp Oncol 2022 May 16. Epub 2022 May 16.

Department of Population Health Sciences, Virginia-Maryland College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA.

Although cancer is widely regarded as a major contributor to canine morbidity and mortality, its frequency in companion dogs has only infrequently been characterised. We analysed cross-sectional data from the baseline survey of owners of 27 541 living companion dogs enrolled in the Dog Aging Project as of 31 December 2020 to estimate the lifetime prevalence of malignant and benign tumours and several potentially-associated characteristics. Survey questions elicited information on history of 'cancer or tumors' including organ site and histologic type. Read More

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Multi-parametric MRI-based radiomics for the diagnosis of malignant soft-tissue tumor.

Magn Reson Imaging 2022 09 4;91:91-99. Epub 2022 May 4.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, School of Intelligent Medicine, China Medical University, Shenyang 110122, PR China. Electronic address:

Purpose: To develop and validate a multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging-based radiomics nomogram for differentiating malignant and benign soft-tissue tumors.

Methods: A total of 91 patients with pathologically confirmed soft-tissue tumors were enrolled between January 2017 and October 2020. Forty-eight patients were consecutively enrolled between November 2020 and March 2022, as a time-independent cohort. Read More

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September 2022

The forgotten lacrimal gland and lacrimal drainage apparatus: pictorial review of CT and MRI findings and differential diagnosis.

Br J Radiol 2022 Jul 19;95(1135):20211333. Epub 2022 May 19.

Department of Diagnostic Radiology, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

The lacrimal gland is a bilobed serous gland located in the superolateral aspect of the orbit. Lacrimal system pathologies can be broadly divided into pathologies of the lacrimal gland and those of the nasolacrimal drainage apparatus. These include distinct congenital, infectious, inflammatory, and benign, indeterminate, and malignant neoplastic lesions. Read More

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An analysis of cases presenting with a mass in the hand and an evaluation of treatment methods.

Acta Orthop Belg 2022 Mar;88(1):190-197

The aim of this study was to present and discuss our clinical experience of patients presenting with a mass in the upper extremity, in respect of demographic characteristics, localisation of the mass, clinical and pathological characteristics. A retrospective evaluation was made of 114 cases (60 females, 54 males) who presented at our clinic with complaints of localised pain and swelling in the upper extremity between 1 June 2016 and 31 December 2018. The cases were separated into 3 groups; Group 1 with a mass determined in the carpal region, Group 2 with localisation between the wrist and the metacarpophalangeal joint, and Group 3, in the distal of the metacarpophalangeal joint. Read More

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Sclerosing perineurioma: a rare benign tumor in a pediatric patient.

Dermatol Online J 2021 Dec 15;27(12). Epub 2021 Dec 15.

Department of Dermatology, HCA Healthcare/USF Morsani College of Medicine.

A 15-year-old boy presented to outpatient dermatology clinic for evaluation of a lesion on the hand. Originally small and asymptomatic, the lesion had rapidly enlarged in the six months prior to evaluation. A shave biopsy was performed and histopathologic evaluation demonstrated a well-circumscribed nodular proliferation of dense, bland, epithelioid to spindle cells on a fibrillary background. Read More

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December 2021

The treatment approach to pediatric non-rhabdomyosarcoma soft tissue sarcomas: a critical review from the INternational Soft Tissue SaRcoma ConsorTium.

Eur J Cancer 2022 Jul 28;169:10-19. Epub 2022 Apr 28.

Department of Pediatrics, Maine Medical Center, Portland, ME, USA.

The current article focuses on non-rhabdomyosarcoma soft tissue sarcoma (NRSTS), the heterogeneous group of mesenchymal tumours different from rhabdomyosarcoma that may affect children and adolescents, with clinical behaviour varying from relatively benign to highly malignant. This review represents the effort of the international scientific paediatric community within the context of the INternational Soft Tissue SaRcoma ConsorTium (INSTRuCT), a project founded by the leadership of three large cooperative groups - Children's Oncology Group, Cooperative Weichteilsarkom Studiengruppe and European paediatric Soft tissue sarcoma Study Group - with the main goal to pool expertise and resources on a broader international level in order to improve knowledge of soft tissue sarcomas of children, adolescents and young adults. This article describes the current standard treatment approach in NRSTS, with a focus on the controversies and challenges in the management of these tumours. Read More

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The First Case of Composite Hemangioendothelioma in The Heart.

Heart Surg Forum 2022 Apr 22;25(2):E284-E287. Epub 2022 Apr 22.

Department of Pathology, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital Affiliated to Medical College of Zhejiang University, Zhejiang, China.

Composite hemangioendothelioma (CHE) is an extremely rare vascular neoplasm that is characterized by an admixture of benign, low-grade malignant, and malignant vascular components. It is usually located superficially in the dermis and subcutis of the extremities, and other sites involved include the head and neck region, oral mucosa, and viscera of the kidney and spleen. CHE has a low-grade malignant potential because it is locally aggressive. Read More

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Sporadic malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumour (MPNST) in a 3-year-old girl: A diagnostic challenge.

Malays J Pathol 2022 Apr;44(1):115-120

Universiti Sains Malaysia, School of Medical Sciences, Department of Pathology, Health Campus, Malaysia.

Introduction: Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumour (MPNST) is an uncommon malignant neoplasm of childhood with unfavourable prognosis. Only a limited number of cases have been reported in children less than 12 years of age, and approximately one-half arise from a benign peripheral nerve sheath tumour, especially in the background of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). Primary MPNST in children is even rarer. Read More

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