3,433 results match your criteria Benign and Malignant Soft Tissue Tumors


Identification of novel GNAS mutations in intramuscular myxoma using next-generation sequencing with single-molecule tagged molecular inversion probes.

Diagn Pathol 2019 Feb 8;14(1):15. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Pathology, Radboud University Medical Center, Geert Grooteplein Zuid 10, 6525, GA, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Background: Intramuscular myxoma (IM) is a hypocellular benign soft tissue neoplasm characterized by abundant myxoid stroma and occasional hypercellular areas. These tumors can, especially on biopsy material, be difficult to distinguish from low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma or low-grade myxofibrosarcoma. GNAS mutations are frequently involved in IM, in contrast to these other malignant tumors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13000-019-0787-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368757PMC
February 2019

Reprogramming Captures the Genetic and Tumorigenic Properties of Neurofibromatosis Type 1 Plexiform Neurofibromas.

Stem Cell Reports 2019 Feb 31;12(2):411-426. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Hereditary Cancer Group, Germans Trias i Pujol Research Institute (IGTP)-PMPPC-CIBERONC, Can Ruti Campus, Badalona, Barcelona 08916, Spain. Electronic address:

Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a tumor predisposition genetic disease caused by mutations in the NF1 tumor suppressor gene. Plexiform neurofibromas (PNFs) are benign Schwann cell (SC) tumors of the peripheral nerve sheath that develop through NF1 inactivation and can progress toward a malignant soft tissue sarcoma. There is a lack of non-perishable model systems to investigate PNF development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.stemcr.2019.01.001DOI Listing
February 2019

Nerve Tumors: What the MSK Radiologist Should Know.

Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2019 Feb 30;23(1):76-84. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Health Sciences (DISSAL), University of Genoa, Genova, Italy.

Nerve tumors are rare and heterogeneous soft tissue tumors arising from a peripheral nerve or showing nerve sheath differentiation. In a radiologic setting it is necessary to recognize soft tissue lesions that are of neural origin, their association with a peripheral nerve, and whether they are a true tumor or a so-called pseudotumor such as a neuroma, fibrolipoma, or peripheral nerve sheath ganglion. Ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance imaging are the best modalities to characterize these lesions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1676290DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

An Unusual Variant of a Common Palatal Salivary Gland Tumor: Case Report of a Pleomorphic Adenoma with Significant Lipomatous Metaplasia.

Case Rep Dent 2018 25;2018:2052347. Epub 2018 Dec 25.

New York University College of Dentistry, 345 E 24th St, Room 837, NY, New York 10010, USA.

Introduction: Salivary gland tumors are relatively common in the junction of the hard and soft palate area of the oral cavity. Pleomorphic adenoma is considered the most common benign salivary gland tumor in this location. Some of the rarer subtypes of this tumor may have a misleading clinical presentation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2052347DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6323424PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Coexistence of giant cell tumor of tendon sheath and enchondroma in the middle phalanx of the little finger mimicking a malignant tumor: A case report.

Oncol Lett 2019 Feb 28;17(2):1969-1973. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Hiroshima 734-8551, Japan.

Giant cell tumor of the tendon sheath is a type of slow-growing benign soft tissue tumor that typically arises from the synovium of the tendon sheath. Enchondroma is a benign bone tumor comprising of mature hyaline cartilage that centrally develops within the tubular bone. While giant cell tumor of the tendon sheath or enchondroma are common benign soft tissue and bone tumors, respectively the simultaneous occurrence of these tumors in the same region of the hand is exceedingly rare, and it can mimic a malignant tumor, thereby making the diagnosis more challenging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/ol.2018.9775DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341555PMC
February 2019

Diagnostic performance of diffusion-weighted (DWI) and dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI for the differentiation of benign from malignant soft-tissue tumors.

J Magn Reson Imaging 2019 Jan 20. Epub 2019 Jan 20.

Department of Radiology, Inje University Haeundae Paik Hospital, Busan, Korea.

Background: A wide range of specificity values for the differentiation of benign and malignant soft-tissue tumors show the limitations of conventional MRI features. The data obtained by quantitative analysis of diffusion-weighted image (DWI) and dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRIs would provide more objective results, especially in terms of cellularity and perfusion.

Purpose: To evaluate the diagnostic efficacies of DWI and DCE MRI for the differentiation of malignant and benign soft-tissue tumors. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jmri.26607
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmri.26607DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Primary Osteosarcoma of the Breast: Pathophysiology and Imaging Review.

Curr Probl Diagn Radiol 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Department of Diagnostic Imaging, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, USA.

Extraskeletal osteosarcoma are rare malignant mesenchymal neoplasms of soft tissues representing around 1% of all soft tissue. The exact mechanism of tumorigenesis of primary breast osteosarcoma is still unclear. However, most of the cases develop without a recognized etiologic factor. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03630188183021
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1067/j.cpradiol.2019.01.001DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Rare metastatic patterns after malignant transformation of serous borderline tumor of the ovary.

J Surg Oncol 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida.

Serous borderline tumors are rare, benign ovarian neoplasms that may recur and undergo malignant transformation to low-grade serous carcinomas (LGSCs). In this report, a 50-year-old female with a remote history of a serous borderline ovarian tumor experienced a recurrence of LGSC, presenting as a large solitary subcutaneous mass anterior to the sternum after a 33-year disease-free interval. The described case highlights the unpredictable nature of this disease and the importance of implementing lifelong surveillance strategies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jso.25380DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Radiotherapy for parapharyngeal space tumors.

Am J Otolaryngol 2018 Dec 21. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Coordinator of the International Head and Neck Scientific Group, Padua, Italy.

A wide variety of tumors, both benign and malignant, occur in the parapharyngeal space. Depending on histology and extent, treatment may include surgery and/or radiotherapy (RT). Herein we discuss the role of RT in the management of some of the more commonly encountered neoplasms, including salivary gland tumors, paragangliomas, schwannomas, and soft-tissue sarcomas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjoto.2018.12.010DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Limited biopsies of soft tissue tumors: the contemporary role of immunohistochemistry and molecular diagnostics.

Authors:
Jason L Hornick

Mod Pathol 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States.

Diagnosing soft tissue tumors is challenging, even on ample incisional biopsies or resection specimens. There are more than 100 distinct types of soft tissue neoplasms, including more than 80 benign and intermediate mesenchymal tumors and around 40 soft tissue sarcomas. Accurate diagnosis relies first upon recognition of characteristic histologic and cytologic features, including architecture, stromal characteristics, vascular patterns, and dominant cytology; these features may not be represented or apparent in limited core needle biopsy or fine needle aspiration specimens. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41379-018-0139-yDOI Listing
January 2019

Clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes in six cases of malignant tenosynovial giant cell tumor: initial experience of molecularly targeted therapy.

BMC Cancer 2018 Dec 29;18(1):1296. Epub 2018 Dec 29.

Ludwig Center at Dana-Farber/Harvard and Center for Sarcoma and Bone Oncology, Department of Medical Oncology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Although tenosynovial giant cell tumor (TGCT) is classified as a benign tumor, it may undergo malignant transformation and metastasize in extremely rare occasions. High aberrant expression of CSF1 has been implicated in the development of TGCT and recent studies have shown promising activity of several CSF1R inhibitors against benign diffuse-type TGCT; however, little is known about their effects in malignant TGCT.

Case Presentation: Information from six consenting patients (3 men, 3 women) with malignant TGCT presenting to Dana-Farber Cancer Institute for initial or subsequent consultation was collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-018-5188-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311045PMC
December 2018

[Umbilical fibrous hamartoma of infancy: A case report].

Rev Chil Pediatr 2018 Oct;89(5):655-659

Servicio de Anatomía Patológica, Clínica Santa María, Santiago, Chile.

Introduction: Fibrous hamartoma of infancy (FHI) is a benign, soft tissue tumor that usually oc curs in children and has a characteristic histological morphology.

Objective: To describe a case of congenital FHI with atypical histological and clinical characteristics.

Clinical Case: Full-term male newborn, with no perinatal morbid history was referred to dermatology due to a congenital erythe matous plaque in the umbilical region. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0370-41062018005000803DOI Listing
October 2018
10 Reads

Radiological Diagnosis of Soft Tissue Tumors in Adults: MRI Imaging of Selected Entities Delineating Benign and Malignant Tumors.

Rofo 2018 Dec 18. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University-Hospital of Ulm, Germany.

Objective:  MRI is the most important and sensitive imaging modality in the differentiation of unclear soft tissue tumors. A systematic approach helps to narrow down the large number of possible differential diagnoses.

Method:  Our review systematically compares MRI characteristics of the major soft-tissue masses and aims to gain access to these often difficult tumor entities. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/a-0715-2205
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0715-2205DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

Alveolar soft-part sarcoma: can MRI help discriminating from other soft-tissue tumors? A study of the French sarcoma group.

Eur Radiol 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Radiology, Institut Bergonié, Regional Comprehensive Cancer Center, 229 cours de l'Argonne, F-33076, Bordeaux, France.

Objectives: To investigate the imaging features of alveolar soft-part sarcomas (ASPS) on pre-treatment MRI in order to identify relevant criteria to distinguish ASPS from other soft-tissue tumors.

Methods: A series of 25 patients (mean age, 18.5 years old) with histologically proven ASPS from five French comprehensive cancer centers was compared to a control cohort of 292 patients with various histologically proven benign and malignant soft-tissue tumors representative of the 10-year long activity of one center. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00330-018-5903-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-018-5903-3DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

[Analysis of imaging features and treatment strategies of unilateral maxillary sinus and nasal diseases].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Dec;32(23):1767-1773

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Key Laboratory of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Ministry of Education, Beijing, 100073, China.

To analyze the imaging features of unilateral maxillary sinus nasal lesions and the selection of treatment strategies based on imaging findings for these lesions. The CT and enhanced MRI data of 64 cases of unilateral maxillary sinus and nasal lesions were selected. The imaging findings and surgery approach were observed and recorded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2018.23.001DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Diffusion-weighted imaging and diffusion tensor imaging as adjuncts to conventional MRI for the diagnosis and management of peripheral nerve sheath tumors: current perspectives and future directions.

Eur Radiol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Radiology, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, 75022, USA.

Peripheral nerve sheath tumors (PNSTs) account for ~ 5% of soft tissue neoplasms and are responsible for a wide spectrum of morbidities ranging from localized neuropathy to fulminant metastatic spread and death. MR imaging represents the gold standard for identification of these neoplasms, however, current anatomic MR imaging markers do not reliably detect or differentiate benign and malignant lesions, and therefore, biopsy or excision is required for definitive diagnosis. Diffusion-weighted MR imaging (DWI) serves as a useful tool in the evaluation and management of PNSTs by providing functional information regarding the degree of diffusion, while diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) aids in determining the directional information of predominant diffusion and has been shown to be particularly useful for pre-operative planning of these tumors by delineating healthy and pathologic fascicles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-018-5838-8DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Histological Subtypes and Clinical Behavior Evaluation of Salivary Gland Tumors.

Acta Med Port 2018 Nov 30;31(11):641-647. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Pathology. Centro Hospitalar São João. Porto. Unit of Pathology and Oncology. Department of Pathology. Faculdade de Medicina. Universidade do Porto. Porto. Portugal.

Introduction: Salivary gland tumors include a wide spectrum of histological subtypes and clinical behavior, which we aim to evaluate.

Material And Methods: We performed a retrospective study of all salivary gland tumors diagnosed and treated at the Centro Hospitalar São João, Porto, between 2005 and 2015. Histological re- evaluation was performed in all cases and patient files were reviewed and both clinical and follow-up data were collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.20344/amp.9023DOI Listing
November 2018
17 Reads

The Performance of Radiographic Criteria for Bone Malignancy When Applied to Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

J Med Imaging Radiat Sci 2018 Mar 26;49(1):84-89. Epub 2017 Nov 26.

Division of Pediatric Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, Kocaeli University School of Medicine, Kocaeli, Turkey.

Background: The conventional radiologic features that differentiate benign from malignant bone lesions were originally described using radiography (x-ray [XR]). When evaluating sectional imaging studies such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT), one may apply these principles to identify malignant bone lesions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performances of these radiographic features for detecting malignity when applied to CT and MRI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmir.2017.10.003DOI Listing

Solitary fibrous tumor of the stomach with high-grade sarcomatous dedifferentiation.

J Surg Case Rep 2018 Nov 19;2018(11):rjy307. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Surgery, Creighton University Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA.

Solitary fibrous tumors (SFT) are uncommon fibroblastic mesenchymal neoplasms that display a wide range of histologic behaviors. These tumors, which are estimated to account for 2% of all soft tissue neoplasms, typically follow a benign clinical course. However, it is estimated that 10-30% of SFTs are malignant and demonstrate aggressive behavior with local recurrence and metastasis up to several years after surgical resection. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/jscr/article/doi/10.1093/jscr/rjy30
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jscr/rjy307DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6240737PMC
November 2018
9 Reads

Clinical Utility of In Situ Hybridization Assays in Head and Neck Neoplasms.

Head Neck Pathol 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Tissue Pathology and Diagnostic Oncology, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, Australia.

Head and neck pathology present a unique set of challenges including the morphological diversity of the neoplasms and presentation of metastases of unknown primary origin. The detection of human papillomavirus and Epstein-Barr virus associated with squamous cell carcinoma and newer entities like HPV-related carcinoma with adenoid cystic like features have critical prognostic and management implications. In salivary gland neoplasms, differential diagnoses can be broad and include non-neoplastic conditions as well as benign and malignant neoplasms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12105-018-0988-1DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Diagnostic Imaging and Management of Common Intra-articular and Peri-articular Soft Tissue Tumors and Tumorlike Conditions of the Knee.

J Knee Surg 2018 Nov 16. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina.

Intra-articular (IA) and peri-articular (PA) tumors of the knee are frequently encountered by orthopaedic surgeons. Nonetheless, due to the possibility of great morbidity and potential mortality, it is important to recognize and differentiate between benign and malignant lesions in a timely manner. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to provide a concise, practical, and updated review of commonly encountered IA and PA tumors including intratendinous gout, synovial chondromatosis, schwannoma, pigmented villonodular synovitis, and synovial sarcoma, and a detailed description of differentiating features to include various imaging modalities. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0038-1675609
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1675609DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Mesenchymal Neoplasms of the Genitourinary System: A Selected Review with Recent Advances in Clinical, Diagnostic, and Molecular Findings.

Surg Pathol Clin 2018 Dec;11(4):837-876

Departments of Pathology and Urology, VCU School of Medicine, 1200 East Marshall Street, PO Box 980662, Richmond, VA 23298, USA. Electronic address:

Mesenchymal neoplasms of the genitourinary (GU) tract often pose considerable diagnostic challenges due to their wide morphologic spectrum, relative rarity, and unexpected incidence at GU sites. Soft tissue tumors arise throughout the GU tract, whether from adventitia surrounding or connective tissues within the kidneys, urinary bladder, and male and female genital organs. This selected article focuses on a subset of these lesions, ranging from benign to malignant and encompassing a range of patterns of mesenchymal differentiation, where recent scholarship has lent greater insight into their clinical, molecular, or diagnostic features. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18759181183004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.path.2018.07.008DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Concurrent Congenital Fibrolipomatous Hamartoma and Congenital Nevus of Infancy: A Syndromic or Chance Association.

J Indian Assoc Pediatr Surg 2018 Oct-Dec;23(4):219-221

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Congenital nevi and fibrolipomatous hamartoma are benign tumors of childhood, the latter being very uncommon. Fibrous hamartoma of infancy typically occurs in <2 years of life. The concurrence of these two lesions is extremely rare. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jiaps.JIAPS_163_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6182949PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

Clinicopathologic features of anaplastic myxopapillary ependymomas.

Brain Pathol 2019 01;29(1):75-84

Department of Pathology, University of California, San Francisco, CA.

Myxopapillary ependymomas (MPE) are considered benign (World Health Organization (WHO) grade I) neoplasms with favorable prognosis. However, malignant behavior occurs in a small subset. To our knowledge, only five anaplastic MPEs have been reported without consensus on diagnostic criteria. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/bpa.12673
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bpa.12673DOI Listing
January 2019
10 Reads
3.840 Impact Factor

Length Scale Matters: Real-Time Elastography versus Nanomechanical Profiling by Atomic Force Microscopy for the Diagnosis of Breast Lesions.

Biomed Res Int 2018 16;2018:3840597. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Gynecology and Gynecologic Oncology, Claraspital, 4016 Basel, Switzerland.

Real-time elastography (RTE) is a noninvasive imaging modality where tumor-associated changes in tissue architecture are recognized as increased stiffness of the lesion compared to surrounding normal tissue. In contrast to this macroscopic appraisal, quantifying stiffness properties at the subcellular level by atomic force microscopy (AFM) reveals aggressive cancer cells to be soft. We compared RTE and AFM profiling of the same breast lesion to explore the diagnostic potential of tissue elasticity at different length scales. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3840597DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206582PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Rare granular cell tumor affecting a 13-year-old boy.

Indian J Dent Res 2018 Sep-Oct;29(5):687-689

Consultant, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Balaji Dental and Craniofacial Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Granular cell tumor (GCT) is a rare soft-tissue neoplasm, first described in 1926. GCT often manifests as a single, painless nodule that shows a slow enlargement in the cutaneous, subcutaneous, or submucosal tissues. It is commonly reported in adults in the third to sixth decade of life. Read More

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http://www.ijdr.in/text.asp?2018/29/5/687/244947
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijdr.IJDR_651_18DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Comparison of breast cancer detection and depiction between planar and rotating synthetic mammography generated from breast tomosynthesis.

Eur J Radiol 2018 Nov 19;108:78-83. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Radboud University Medical Center, PO Box 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen, the Netherlands.

Purpose: To compare breast cancer detection and depiction between planar synthetic mammography (SM) and rotating synthetic mammography (RM) generated from digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT).

Materials And Methods: In a fully-crossed multi-reader multi-case (MRMC) study, three radiologists retrospectively reviewed 190 cases (27 malignant, 31 benign, 132 normal), once with SM alone and once with RM alone, the DBT stack of slices was not reviewed. Lesions were scored using BI-RADS® and level of suspiciousness (1-10). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0720048X183032
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrad.2018.09.022DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Loss of TRIM29 Alters Keratin Distribution to Promote Cell Invasion in Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Cancer Res 2018 Dec 2;78(24):6795-6806. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine and Graduate School of Medicine, Hokkaido University, Hokkaido, Japan.

: TRIM29 (tripartite motif-containing protein 29) is a TRIM family protein that has been implicated in breast, colorectal, and pancreatic cancers. However, its role in stratified squamous epithelial cells and tumors has not been elucidated. Here, we investigate the expression of TRIM29 in cutaneous head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) and its functions in the tumorigenesis of such cancers. Read More

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http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/lookup/doi/10.1158/0008-54
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-18-1495DOI Listing
December 2018
25 Reads

Pediatric Anastomosing Hemangioma: Case Report and Review of Renal Vascular Tumors in Children.

Pediatr Dev Pathol 2018 Oct 28:1093526618809230. Epub 2018 Oct 28.

5 Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, National Kidney and Transplant Institute, Philippines.

The case involves a 10-year-old child who underwent a left radical nephrectomy for what was believed to be a Wilms' tumor. Histopath examination indicated a benign vascular lesion, subsequently determined to be an anastomosing hemangioma of the kidney. A comparison with the previously cited pediatric patients with renal vascular tumors is provided, and the inconsistent diagnostic terminologies for these conditions are highlighted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1093526618809230DOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads

Bone and Soft Tissue Tumors About the Foot and Ankle.

Radiol Clin North Am 2018 Nov 17;56(6):917-934. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Department of Diagnostic Radiology, The University of Texas, MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1400 Pressler Street, Unit 1475, Houston, TX 77030, USA. Electronic address:

The foot and ankle delicately balance the need for support of the weight of the human body, with the need for flexibility. Palpable masses about the foot and ankle, therefore, are most commonly related to trauma or mechanical instability. Non-neoplastic causes, such as ganglion cysts and callus, therefore, predominate. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00338389183007
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rcl.2018.06.010DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

Common Tumors and Tumor-like Lesions of the Shoulder.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2018 Oct 12. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

From the Department of Orthopaedics (Dr. Lee and Dr. Hills) and the Department of Radiology (Dr. Jordanov), Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, and the OrthoSports Associates (Dr. Jaffe), Birmingham, AL.

Shoulder lesions range from tumor-like lesions such as simple bone cysts to aggressive high-grade sarcomas. The clinical presentation is often nonspecific with shoulder pain as the primary complaint, which may lead to a delayed or missed diagnosis. Delayed diagnosis or a poorly planned biopsy of a malignant shoulder lesion can have a detrimental effect on the patient's prognosis and treatment options. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5435/JAAOS-D-17-00449DOI Listing
October 2018

Cytogenetic Single-Institution Analysis: 101 Consecutive Cases of Soft-Tissue Tumors of the Extremities.

J Long Term Eff Med Implants 2018 ;28(2):87-99

Orthopaedic Oncology, Washington Cancer Institute, Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, DC.

We summarize the results and clinical usefulness of cytogenetic analysis that is routinely performed for musculoskeletal tumors. We performed cytogenetic analysis and traditional histologic evaluation on 101 (51 malignant/ 50 benign) consecutive tumors that were surgically excised. The successful culture rate for cytogenetic analysis was 86% (87/101). Read More

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http://www.dl.begellhouse.com/journals/1bef42082d7a0fdf,639e
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1615/JLongTermEffMedImplants.2018026233DOI Listing
January 2018
3 Reads

Cutaneous malignant glomus tumours: applicability of currently established malignancy criteria for tumours occurring in the skin.

Pathology 2018 Dec 9;50(7):711-717. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Department of Dermatopathology, St John's Institute of Dermatology, St Thomas' Hospital, London, United Kingdom.

Glomus tumours (GTs) have traditionally been classified into benign GTs, GTs with uncertain malignant potential and malignant GTs, based on a combination of criteria such as size of the tumour, degree of nuclear atypia and the level of mitotic activity. Several of the proposed grading criteria are difficult, or even impossible to apply for GTs occurring in the skin. The aim of the study was to analyse the applicability of the currently established GT malignancy criteria for tumours occurring in the skin and to establish their prognostic significance. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00313025183020
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pathol.2018.08.005DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

[Analysis of clinicopathological characteristics and prognostic factors of foot and ankle soft tissue and bone tumors].

Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi 2018 Sep;40(9):685-689

Department of Orthopaedics, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100021, China.

To evaluate the clinicopathological characteristics of foot and ankle soft tissue and bone tumor, and to analyze the prognosis and the related factors of malignant tumors in this site. 74 patients with soft tissue and bone tumors of foot and ankle from January 2006 to February 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. The clinicopathological characteristics, the treatment and survival status of malignant tumors were followed up, and the clinical and therapeutic factors related to prognosis were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0253-3766.2018.09.010DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Dedifferentiated Liposarcoma With Myofibroblastic Differentiation.

Arch Pathol Lab Med 2018 Oct;142(10):1159-1163

From the Department of Pathology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

Context.—: Liposarcoma is divided into myxoid, pleomorphic, well-differentiated, and dedifferentiated subtypes. Dedifferentiated liposarcoma displays the greatest histomorphologic diversity, including a subset with myofibroblastic differentiation that shares similarities with a spectrum of reactive, benign, and malignant soft tissue lesions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5858/arpa.2018-0205-RADOI Listing
October 2018
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Self Limiting Sternal Tumors of Childhood: Two Case Reports.

Authors:
D Adri T Kreindel

Radiologia 2018 Sep 28. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Servicio de Diagnóstico por Imágenes, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Sternal tumours are rare in children. The differential diagnoses include a wide spectrum of benign (from bone cyst to osteoblastoma, osteochondroma and fibrous displasia) and malignant tumours (Ewing's sarcoma, chondrosarcoma rhabdomyosarcoma), inflammatory lesions and infectious processes. The SELSTOC (Self Limiting Sternal Tumours of Childhood) are entities of non-specific origin, they are self-limiting and characterised by a rapidly growing tumour that disappears spontaneously with no history of trauma or active infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rx.2018.07.006DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Benign Smooth Muscle Tumors (Leiomyomas) of Deep Somatic Soft Tissue.

Sarcoma 2018 9;2018:2071394. Epub 2018 Sep 9.

Department of Anatomical Pathology, Laboratory Medicine Program, University Health Network and University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Leiomyomas of deep soft tissue are extremely rare and should only be diagnosed following adherence to stringent histological criteria, namely, the absence of nuclear atypia and of coagulative tumor necrosis. Whether extremely low counts of, or even any, mitotic activity are acceptable when making a diagnosis of leiomyoma in deep soft tissue sites is controversial. The morphology and immunophenotype of smooth muscle tumors in deep soft tissue are similar to their counterparts irrespective of topography. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/sarcoma/2018/2071394/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2071394DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6151232PMC
September 2018
3 Reads

A rare case of Brooke-Spiegler syndrome: integrated surgical treatment of multiple giant eccrine spiradenomas of the head and neck in a young girl.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 12;51:277-281. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University Hospital of Foggia, Foggia, Italy.

Introduction: The authors present a "four-step" integrated surgical protocol to treat a rare case of multiple giant eccrine spiradenoma (ES) of the head and neck in a young patient.

Presentation Of Case: An 18-year-old female patient presented with multiple swellings in the head and neck regions. The patient had a severe psychological trauma with a negative impact on her social life. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22102612183032
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2018.08.021DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6146587PMC
September 2018
15 Reads

Contrast-Enhanced 3-T Perfusion MRI With Quantitative Analysis for the Characterization of Musculoskeletal Tumors: Is It Worth the Trouble?

AJR Am J Roentgenol 2018 Nov 21;211(5):1092-1098. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

1 Service d'imagerie Guilloz, Hôpital Central, CHRU-Nancy, 29, Ave du Maréchal de Lattre de Tassigny, 54035 Nancy, France.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of quantitative perfusion parameters in 3-T MRI for benign-malignant differentiation in musculoskeletal tumors.

Subjects And Methods: Ninety-five patients with histologically proven musculoskeletal tumors were prospectively included in this study. All patients underwent 3-T contrast-enhanced perfusion MRI with T1 mapping. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2214/AJR.18.19618DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Renal solitary fibrous tumor/hemangiopericytoma: computed tomography findings and clinicopathologic features.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2018 Sep 18. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Department of Diagnostic Radiology, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, CA, USA.

Purpose: To retrospectively characterize the clinical, pathological, and computed tomography (CT) findings of renal solitary fibrous tumor/hemangiopericytoma (rSFT/HPC).

Methods: Twelve patients with rSFT/HPCs were enrolled. The CT findings and clinicopathological features were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00261-018-1777-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00261-018-1777-8DOI Listing
September 2018
6 Reads

[Myxoid variant of angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma: a clinicopathologic analysis of 3 cases].

Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi 2018 Sep;47(9):700-705

Department of Pathology, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, China.

To study clinicopathologic features, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of myxoid variant of angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma (AFH). Three cases of myxoid variant of AFHs were collected from First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University during 2008 and 2017. EnVision method and fluorescence in situ hybridization(FISH) were used to detect immunophenotype and EWSR1 gene rearrangement, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0529-5807.2018.09.010DOI Listing
September 2018
5 Reads

Mistaken identity: A Case for Karyotype Analysis Work-up of Soft Tissue Tumors.

J Assoc Genet Technol 2018 ;44(3):89-91

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Vermont Medical Center, Burlington, VT.

Objectives: Soft tissue pathology encompasses a diverse range of benign and malignant soft tissue tumors. Definitive diagnosis is challenging due to the vast number of histologic subtypes (>100) and the potential for overlapping clinical, radiographic, histologic, and/or immunohistochemical features. Many institutions have moved away from cytogenetic analysis in the workup of soft tissue tumors; however, specific non-random cytogenetic abnormalities are characteristic of various tumor types and can reveal or confirm the diagnosis in challenging cases. Read More

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January 2018

Lipomatous Soft-tissue Tumors.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2018 Nov;26(22):779-788

From the Parkview Cancer Institute (Dr. Johnson), Parkview Regional Medical Center, Ft. Wayne, IN, and the Department of Radiology (Dr. Ha), and the Department of Pathology (Dr. Chen), and the Department of Orthopedics and Sports Medicine (Dr. Davidson), University of Washington, Seattle, WA.

Lipomatous soft-tissue tumors are the most common neoplasms encountered by physicians. They range from benign lipomas to high-grade liposarcomas. Unplanned excisions of sarcomas are commonly due to the presumptive diagnosis of lipoma and can be avoided by understanding their diagnostic magnetic resonance imaging appearance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5435/JAAOS-D-17-00045DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

New advances in the molecular classification of pediatric mesenchymal tumors.

Genes Chromosomes Cancer 2019 02 11;58(2):100-110. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Department of Pathology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York.

Pediatric soft tissue tumors are relatively rare and show significant overlap in morphology and immunoprofile, often posing diagnostic and management challenges. Thus, their classification remains often subjective or lumped under "unclassified categories," as a number of lesions lack objective and reproducible criteria in diagnosis. Although in a subset of cases immunohistochemistry has been proved useful to identify a specific line of differentiation, most tumors lack a readily defined histogenesis, being characterized by a rather non-specific immunoprofile. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/gcc.22681DOI Listing
February 2019

Ulcerated congenital plexiform fibrohistiocytic tumor: Case report and literature review.

Pediatr Dermatol 2018 Nov 31;35(6):e360-e362. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Dermatology, La Paz Hospital, Madrid, Spain.

A newborn boy presented with a progressively infiltrating and painful congenital ulcerated plaque on the back of his left foot. A partial excision was performed and histopathologic examination confirmed a diagnosis of a plexiform fibrohistiocytic tumor. This rare tumor usually appears in children and adolescents, with congenital presentations even more uncommon. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pde.13652DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Rapidly growing subcutaneous mass in an infant.

Dermatol Online J 2018 Jul 26;24(5). Epub 2018 Jul 26.

MedStar Georgetown University Hospital, Washington, District of Columbia Children's National Health System, Washington, District of Columbia.

Fibrous hamartoma of infancy (FHI) is a benign mesenchymal tumor of young children. It has a broad clinical differential diagnosis and is often clinically confused for vascular and malignant soft tissue neoplasms. Recognition of the unique histologic features of FHI, a triphasic population of mature adipose tissue, mature fibrous tissue, and immature mesenchymal tissue, will ensure the correct diagnosis. Read More

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July 2018
3 Reads

Case report: urinoma in the proximal thigh mimicking a soft tissue neoplasm.

Skeletal Radiol 2019 Mar 22;48(3):461-465. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Heidelberg University Hospital, Im Neuenheimer Feld 110, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.

Soft tissue tumors form a heterogeneous group of benign and malignant lesions. Those with a high fluid content may be particularly challenging in diagnosis. We present a 78-year-old man with a dolorous, progressive mass in the adductor region of the lower left extremity. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00256-018-3041-2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00256-018-3041-2DOI Listing
March 2019
9 Reads

Diagnostic Immunohistochemistry for Soft Tissue and Bone Tumors: An Update.

Adv Anat Pathol 2018 Nov;25(6):400-412

Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.

Although some soft tissue and bone tumors can be identified based on histologic features alone, immunohistochemistry plays a critical diagnostic role for most mesenchymal tumor types. The discovery of recurrent genomic alterations in many benign and malignant mesenchymal neoplasms has added important biologic insights and expanded the spectrum of some diagnostic subgroups. Some tumors are defined by unique genomic alterations, whereas others share abnormalities that are not tumor-specific and can be observed in a sometimes broad range of biologically unrelated neoplasms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PAP.0000000000000204DOI Listing
November 2018
16 Reads

Evaluation of a Computer-Aided Diagnosis System in the Classification of Lesions in Breast Strain Elastography Imaging.

Bioengineering (Basel) 2018 Aug 9;5(3). Epub 2018 Aug 9.

Department of Radiology, University of Pittsburgh, 3362 Fifth Av., Pittsburgh, PA 15123, USA.

Evaluation of the performance of a computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) system based on the quantified color distribution in strain elastography imaging to evaluate the malignancy of breast tumors. The database consisted of 31 malignant and 52 benign lesions. A radiologist who was blinded to the diagnosis performed the visual analysis of the lesions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/bioengineering5030062DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6165254PMC