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    1 OF 128

    Abdominal cystic lymphangioma in a term newborn: A case report and update of new treatments.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Feb;96(8):e5984
    aNeonatal Intensive Care Unit bPediatric Dermatology Department cDepartment of Pediatric Surgery, Fondazione IRCCS Cà Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy.
    Introduction: Lymphatic malformations are benign anomalies derived from the abnormal development of lymphatic channels. Usually asymptomatic, they can cause compression on adjacent structures or present acute complications (bleeding or infection). Small asymptomatic lesions can be conservatively managed since the possibility of spontaneous regressions is described, while symptomatic lesions require active management. Read More

    A rare case of giant mesenteric cystic lymphangioma of the small bowel in an adult: A case presentation and literature review.
    Acta Gastroenterol Belg 2016 Sep-Dec;79(3):491-493
    Background : Lymphangiomas are tumours that are often found in the head and neck in children and, rarely, in adults. Among all lymphangiomas in adults, the small bowel mesentery type accounts for less than 1%. We aim to present a rare case of small bowel symptomatic cystic lymphangioma in an adult patient, as well as its diagnosis and subsequent treatment. Read More

    Morphological and ultrasonographic study of fetuses with cervical hygroma. A cases series.
    Rom J Morphol Embryol 2016 ;57(4):1421-1427
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Emergency Hospital, Bucharest; Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Neonatology, "Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania;
    Cystic cervical hygroma or cervical cystic lymphangioma is a congenital benign disease of the lymphatic system that is characterized by the accumulation of lymph in the jugular lymphatic sacs of the nuchal region. The factor that causes this pathology is not clarified yet but the physiopathological mechanism seems to be multifactorial. The incidence and prevalence of cervical hygroma are increased in patients with Turner syndrome, Down syndrome, Klinefelter syndrome, Edwards syndrome, Patau syndrome, Noonan syndrome, pterygium syndrome, Cantrell pentalogy, Fryns syndrome, Apert syndrome, Pena-Shokeir syndrome and achondroplasia. Read More

    Review of axillary lesions, emphasising some distinctive imaging and pathology findings.
    J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol 2017 Feb 7. Epub 2017 Feb 7.
    Royal Perth Hospital, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    The axilla is often included on mammography, ultrasound (US), CT and MRI. Axillary masses can arise from any of the tissue components present in this region including breast parenchyma. Aetiologies include: lymphadenopathy due to inflammation, malignancy and degenerative causes; soft tissue tumours such as haemangioma, lymphangioma, peripheral nerve sheath tumours and lipomas; post-surgical complications such as seroma, lymphocoele and haematoma; lesions arising in accessory breast tissue such as fibroadenoma and carcinoma. Read More

    An unusual case of neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome.
    Int J Surg Case Rep 2017 Jan 17;31:139-141. Epub 2017 Jan 17.
    Dept. of General Surgery, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth University, Pondicherry, India. Electronic address:
    Introduction: Neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (nTOS) is the most common manifestation of thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS), accounting for more than 95% of cases. It is usually caused by cervical ribs, anomalies in the scalene muscle anatomy or post-traumatic inflammatory changes causing compression of the brachial plexus.

    Case Presentation: We present an unusual case of nTOS caused by a cystic lymphangioma at the thoracic outlet, with only one case reported previously in the literature. Read More

    Cystic lymphangioma of spleen in adults.
    BMJ Case Rep 2017 Jan 25;2017. Epub 2017 Jan 25.
    Department of General Surgery, Konaseema Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Foundation Hospital, Amalapuram, Andhra Pradesh, India.
    Splenic diseases are rare. Tumours of the spleen are classified as either benign or malignant. Primary benign tumours of the spleen are extremely rare, identified on surgery and autopsy, accounting for <0. Read More

    Ileo-ileal intussusception caused by lymphangioma of the small bowel treated by single-incision laparoscopic-assisted ileal resection.
    World J Gastroenterol 2017 Jan;23(1):167-172
    Atsushi Kohga, Akihiro Kawabe, Yuto Hasegawa, Kiyoshige Yajima, Takuya Okumura, Kimihiro Yamashita, Jun Isogaki, Kenji Suzuki, Division of Surgery, Fujinomiya City General Hospital, Fujinomiya, Shizuoka 4180076, Japan.
    Intraabdominal lymphangiomas are uncommon; additionally, those affecting the gastrointestinal tract are rare and account for less than 1% of cases. Intussusception caused by a cystic lymphangioma of the small bowel is extremely rare. The patient was a 20-year-old woman who visited our emergency room with a complaint of abdominal pain. Read More

    Case report of a chest wall cystic hygroma in a teenager.
    Med J Malaysia 2016 Oct;71(5):292-293
    Hospital Serdang, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Selangor, Malaysia.
    Cystic hygroma or cystic lymphangioma is a congenital malformation of lymphatic origin. Their occurrence on the chest wall is very rare, and they progressively grow with age infiltrating into the local tissues, around muscle fibers and nerves, making them difficult and hazardous to remove. There are various treatment modalities of such lesion. Read More

    An adult case of lymphangioma of the hepatoduodenal ligament mimicking a hepatic cyst.
    Surg Case Rep 2017 Dec 3;3(1). Epub 2017 Jan 3.
    Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Hiroshima Prefectural Hospital, 1-5-54 Ujinakanda, Minami-ku, Hiroshima, 734-8530, Japan.
    Background: Intra-abdominal lymphangiomas are rare, benign tumors in adults. This report is the third documented case of a lymphangioma originating in the hepatoduodenal ligament that mimicked a simple liver cyst.

    Case Presentation: A 50-year-old woman was admitted with a cystic tumor in the right lobe of her liver and underwent laparoscopic excision of the cyst. Read More

    Intraabdominal Lymphatic Malformations: Pearls and Pitfalls of Diagnosis and Differential Diagnoses in Pediatric Patients.
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 2017 Mar 22;208(3):637-649. Epub 2016 Dec 22.
    6 Department of Radiology, Nicklaus Children's Hospital, Miami, FL.
    Objective: The purpose of this article is to review the practical imaging workup and characteristic imaging appearances of intraabdominal lymphatic malformations (LMs) in the pediatric population with a brief discussion of some common differential diagnoses found in a vascular anomaly clinic.

    Conclusion: LMs are uncommon pediatric lesions. Because of their rarity among LMs overall, a tendency to present later in life than superficial LMs, and often incidental identification, intraabdominal LMs pose a particular diagnostic challenge, and pathologic entities that are more prevalent must be carefully excluded first. Read More

    Lymphangioma-like Kaposi Sarcoma in Transplant-Associated Iatrogenic Immunosuppression: A Case Report.
    Transplant Proc 2016 Nov;48(9):3134-3136
    Department of Pathology, University of Illinois, Chicago, Illinois, USA. Electronic address:
    Lymphangioma-like Kaposi sarcoma (LLKS) is a rare histologic presentation of Kaposi sarcoma (KS), with only 28 cases reported in the literature. LLKS has been described in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and in endemic African-type as well as classic indolent KS. We present the 1st reported case of LLKS in a transplant-associated iatrogenic immunosuppressed patient. Read More

    [Urological pathology of lymphatic origin].
    Cir Pediatr 2016 Jan 25;29(1):35-40. Epub 2016 Jan 25.
    Servicio de Urología Infantil. Hospital Universitari i Politècnic La Fe. Valencia.
    Objectives: Lymphatic disease is a rarely cause of some very unspecific genitourinary manifestations, assuming a diagnostic challenge in most cases. The aim of this paper is to warn about the possible etiology of these urological lymphatic presentations and discuss its management.

    Methods: Retrospective review of clinical data in pediatric patients with urological pathology of lymphatic origin between 2008-2014. Read More

    The first case of benign multicystic mesothelioma presenting as a splenic mass.
    Ecancermedicalscience 2016 4;10:678. Epub 2016 Oct 4.
    Unit of Surgery, AOU S Giovanni di Dio e Ruggi D'Aragona, via S Leonardo, Salerno 84100, Italy.
    Multicystic mesothelioma (MM) is a relatively rare tumour arising in the pelvic peritoneum of the tuboovarian region of young woman. Exceptionally, MM occurs on the serosal surfaces of various organs including kidney, bladder, lymph nodes, and liver. We report here the first case of MM wherein a 58-year-old woman with a previous history of endometriosis of the right ovary presented with a large multicystic mass of the spleen. Read More

    Respiratory distress associated with heterotopic gastrointestinal cysts of the oral cavity: A case report.
    Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2016 Dec 12;12:43-46. Epub 2016 Nov 12.
    Department of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Medicine School and University Hospital "Dr. José Eleuterio González", University of Nuevo Leon, Mexico.
    Heterotopic gastrointestinal cysts of the oral cavity are benign lesions usually discovered during infancy. Their pathogenesis is not very clear. They are rare congenital anomalies that result from remnants of foregut-derived epithelium in the head, neck, thorax or abdomen during embryonic development. Read More

    Primary Lymphangioma of the Palatine Tonsil in a 9-Year-Old Boy: A Case Presentation and Literature Review.
    Case Rep Otolaryngol 2016 30;2016:1505202. Epub 2016 Oct 30.
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Penteli Children Hospital, Athens, Greece.
    Primary lymphangiomas or lymphangiomatous polyps of the palatine tonsil are rare benign lesions that are described infrequently in the literature. The majority of the published cases concern adults. We report a case of a lymphangiomatous lesion of the right palatine tonsil of a 9-year-old boy. Read More

    Giant Omental Cyst (Lymphangioma) Mimicking Ascites and Tuberculosis.
    Iran J Radiol 2016 Jul 24;13(3):e31943. Epub 2016 May 24.
    Department of Pediatric Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.
    Omental and mesenteric cysts are both rare pathologies in children. Children who have omental cysts usually display symptoms of abdominal distension, with or without a palpable mass. The mass can simulate ascites on clinical observation, or tuberculosis on radiological images. Read More

    An 8-year population description from a national treatment centre on lymphatic malformations.
    J Plast Surg Hand Surg 2016 Nov 16:1-6. Epub 2016 Nov 16.
    a Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery , Oslo University Hospital , Oslo , Norway.
    Introduction: Lymphatic malformations are rare developmental non-malignant abnormalities that present as masses consisting of abnormal growth of fluid filled channels or spaces in the skin or deep tissue that result in abnormalities of lymphatic flow. They may cause symptoms like pain, recurrent lymphorrea, abnormal bone growth, and disturbance of bodily functions. They may also be a cosmetic problem. Read More

    A Huge Cystic Retroperitoneal Lymphangioma Presenting with Back Pain.
    Case Rep Med 2016 23;2016:1618393. Epub 2016 Oct 23.
    Department of Abdominal Surgery, Vladimir City Clinical Hospital of Emergency Medicine, Gorky Street 5, Vladimir 600017, Russia.
    Retroperitoneal lymphangioma is a rare location and type of benign abdominal tumors. The clinical presentation of this rare disease is nonspecific, ranging from abdominal distention to sepsis. Here we present a 73-year-old female patient with 3-month history of back pain. Read More

    Gorham disease: lymphangiomatosis with massive osteolysis.
    Clin Imaging 2017 Jan - Feb;41:83-85. Epub 2016 Oct 18.
    NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical College, 525 E. 68th Street, New York, NY 10065. Electronic address:
    Gorham disease (also referred to as vanishing bone disease or idiopathic massive osteolysis) is a rare skeletal condition that results in the localized replacement of bone with angiomas and fibrosis. The etiology and most effective treatment for this nonhereditary condition remain controversial in the medical literature. To our knowledge, we present the first case of post-traumatic Gorham disease that includes MR imaging (before and after radiation therapy), post-radiation CT with evidence of treatment effect (sclerosis), as well as asymptomatic bilateral renal lymphangiomata. Read More

    Diagnosis of cystic lymphangioma of the colon by endoscopic ultrasound: Biopsy is not needed!
    Endosc Ultrasound 2016 Sep-Oct;5(5):335-338
    Department of Gastroenterology and Rheumatology, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, Hikarogaoka, Fukushima, Japan.
    Cystic lymphangioma of the colon (CLC) is a rare benign lesion that is usually asymptomatic and found incidentally during colonoscopy. Limitations in the conventional noninvasive diagnostic techniques have led to surgical resection of these lesions for diagnostic confirmation. Classic endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) findings of colonic cystic lymphangioma are submucosal anechoic cystic spaces with septations, intact muscularis propria, and no solid component. Read More

    [Cystic lymphangioma on the floor of the oral cavity extending to the submandibular region in adult patients].
    Pan Afr Med J 2016 8;24:202. Epub 2016 Jul 8.
    Service d'Otorhinolaryngologie et de Chirurgie Cervico-faciale, Hopital Militaire Moulay Ismail, Meknès, Maroc.
    Cystic lymphangiomas are congenital benign lesions occurring predominantly in the head and neck area, especially in the posterior cervical triangle. These malformations involving the lymphatic vessels are frequently diagnosed in children. We report the clinical case of a 28-year-old adult patient with cystic lymphangioma on the floor of the oral cavity extending gradually to the left submandibular region. Read More

    A 36-Year-Old Female with Recurrent Left Sided Pleural Effusion: A Rare Case of Mediastinal Lymphangioma.
    Am J Case Rep 2016 Oct 28;17:799-804. Epub 2016 Oct 28.
    Department of Internal Medicine, Saint James School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.
    BACKGROUND Lymphangioma is an atypical non-malignant, lymphatic lesion that is congenital in origin. Lymphangioma is most frequently observed in the head and neck, but can occur at any location in the body. About 65% of lymphangiomas are apparent at birth, while 80-90% are diagnosed by two years of age. Read More

    Chylopericardium presenting as cardiac tamponade secondary to mediastinal lymphangioma.
    Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2016 Nov 7;98(8):e154-e156. Epub 2016 Jul 7.
    University of Jordan , Amman , Jordan.
    Mediastinal lymphangioma is a rare entity and chylopericardium is a rare form of pericardial effusion. We report a case of acute chylous cardiac tamponade due to a cervicomediastinal lymphangioma in a one-year-old boy. A chest x-ray revealed marked cardiac enlargement and echocardiography showed massive pericardial effusion. Read More

    [Orbito-palpebral vascular pathology].
    J Fr Ophtalmol 2016 Nov 19;39(9):804-813. Epub 2016 Oct 19.
    Fondation A de Rothschild, 25, rue Manin, 75019 Paris, France.
    Orbito-palpebral vascular pathology represents 10% of all the diseases of this area. The lesion may be discovered during a brain CT scan or MRI, or because it causes clinical symptoms such as orbital mass, visual or oculomotor alteration, pain, proptosis, or acute bleeding due to a complication of the lesion (hemorrhage, thrombosis). We present these lesions using an anatomical, clinical, imaging and therapeutic approach. Read More

    Percutaneous transoral clivoplasty and upper cervical vertebroplasties for multifocal skeletal lymphangiomatosis resulting in complete resolution of pain: case report.
    J Neurosurg Spine 2017 Feb 21;26(2):171-176. Epub 2016 Oct 21.
    Department of Neurological Surgery, University Hospitals Case Medical Center.
    Lymphangiomatosis is a rare congenital disorder that results in multiorgan system lymphatic invasion. Symptoms due to axial skeletal involvement can range from chronic bone pain to severe deformity resulting in radiculopathy, myelopathy, and even paralysis. The authors present a case of lymphangiomatosis of the clivus, C-1, and C-2, resulting in chronic pain. Read More

    Conjunctival lymphangioma in a 4-year-old girl revealed tuberous sclerosis complex.
    GMS Ophthalmol Cases 2016 2;6:Doc09. Epub 2016 Sep 2.
    University Wuerzburg, Department of Ophthalmology, Wuerzburg, Germany.
    Background: To present a case of conjunctival lymphangioma in a 4-year-old girl with tuberous sclerosis complex. Methods/results: A 4-year-old girl presented with a relapsing cystic lesion of the bulbar conjunctiva in the right eye with string-of-pearl-like dilation of lymphatic vessels and right-sided facial swelling with mild pain. Best-corrected vision was not impaired. Read More

    Fluorine-18 Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography Findings of Post Traumatic Lymphangioma in a Young Adult Male.
    Vasc Specialist Int 2016 Sep 30;32(3):137-139. Epub 2016 Sep 30.
    Department of Nuclear Medicine, Yeungnam University Medical Center, Daegu, Korea.
    The authors report the case of a 34-year-old male, who underwent a fluorine-18 fluoro deoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) scan 7 years after trauma for the evaluation of multifocal masses in the right iliac and right inguinal areas. CT findings showed multifocal low density masses and (18)F-FDG PET revealed slightly increased uptake (maximum standardized uptake value [SUVmax] 3.1). Read More

    Diagnostic performance of stomach CT compared with endoscopic ultrasonography in diagnosing gastric subepithelial tumors.
    Abdom Radiol (NY) 2016 Sep 22. Epub 2016 Sep 22.
    Department of Radiology, Chung-Ang University Hospital, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, 102, Heukseok-ro, Dongjak-gu, Seoul, 156-755, Korea.
    Purpose: To evaluate the diagnostic ability of multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) compared to endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) as a standard reference, and investigate the factors influencing the detection of small gastric subepithelial tumors (SETs) (<5 cm) on MDCT with stomach protocol.

    Methods: We retrospectively investigated 70 patients who were suspected with gastric SETs on esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD), and underwent both EUS and computed tomographic (CT) scanning. EUS was performed by two gastroenterologists, and location, size, echotexture, echogenicity, and layer of origin were described when gastric SETs were detected on EUS. Read More

    Airway obstruction caused by rapid enlargement of cervical lymphangioma in a five-month-old boy.
    Clin Case Rep 2016 Sep 17;4(9):896-8. Epub 2016 Aug 17.
    Department of Emergency and Intensive Care Unit Shiga University of Medical Science Otsu Shiga Japan.
    Cervical lymphangioma can cause airway obstruction secondary to enlargement following infection. Physicians should be aware that the airway obstruction can progress rapidly when patients with cervical lymphangioma have respiratory symptoms. Sclerotherapy for lymphangioma can cause both transient swelling and airway obstruction; thus, prophylactic and elective tracheostomy should be considered. Read More

    Evaluation of OK-432 Injection Therapy as Possible Primary Treatment of Intraoral Ranula.
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2017 Feb 24;75(2):336-342. Epub 2016 Aug 24.
    Professor and Chair, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan.
    Purpose: A ranula is a pseudocyst caused by mucous extravasation from the sublingual gland. Recently, a sclerosing agent, OK-432 (picibanil), has been reported to be highly effective for treating lymphangioma and cervical cystic lesions. The present study assessed the effectiveness of OK-432 injection therapy for intraoral ranula to clarify whether it can be used as the primary treatment. Read More

    A Giant Retroperitoneal Lymphangioma: A Case Report.
    J Clin Diagn Res 2016 Jul 1;10(7):PD14-5. Epub 2016 Jul 1.
    Post Graduate, Department of Surgery, Vijayanagar Institute of Medical Sciences , Bellary, India .
    Lymphangioma is a congenital lesion of childhood. They usually present in head and neck region. Intra-abdominal lymphangioma in an adult is a rare lesion which poses diagnostic difficulty. Read More

    Rapid growing pulmonary cavernous lymphangioma after chronic process for ten years.
    Int J Surg Case Rep 2016 27;27:144-146. Epub 2016 Aug 27.
    Second Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, 1-1 Iseigaoka Yahatanishi-ku, Kitakyushu 807-8555, Japan.
    Introduction: Solitary cavernous lymphangioma is very rare disease characterized by abnormally proliferating lymphatic vessels. We report a 49-year-old woman with a cavernous pulmonary lymphangioma showing rapid growth after remaining indolent for 10 years.

    Presentation Of Case: Chest computed tomography revealed a solitary, poorly demarcated mass in the left lower lobe; however, the tumour grew in size over the next 6 months. Read More

    Pathological Investigation of Acquired Lymphangiectasia Accompanied by Lower Limb Lymphedema: Lymphocyte Infiltration in the Dermis and Epidermis.
    Lymphat Res Biol 2016 Sep 6;14(3):172-80. Epub 2016 Sep 6.
    2 Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, The University of Tokyo Hospital , Tokyo, Japan .
    Background: Sometimes acquired lymphangiectasia (lymphangioma circumscriptum), the pathological mechanism of which is unknown, accompanies lymphedema. The purpose of this study was to better understand the pathological changes present in acquired lymphangiectasia.

    Methods And Results: We examined the pathological characteristics of acquired lymphangiectasia with lymphedema among patients treated at the University of Tokyo Hospital from March 2008 to December 2015. Read More

    Linear ectopic sebaceous hyperplasia of the penis: the last memory of Tyson's glands.
    G Ital Dermatol Venereol 2016 Sep 6. Epub 2016 Sep 6.
    Clinica Dermatologica, La Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy -
    Pathologists who find ectopic glands on the glans and/or on the prepuce, often describe them as Tyson's glands. In this regard, the term Tyson's glands can be replaced by two different descriptive expressions: papillomatosis corona penis and ectopic sebaceous glands. A 15-year old Caucasian male patient presented to our Institute with multiple and asymptomatic circular skin colored-to-yellowish papules at the level of the foreskin, also affecting the shaft of the penis, where they assumed a linear feature. Read More

    Computed Tomography-Guided Percutaneous Thoracic Duct Sclero-Embolization for Persistent Chylothorax.
    Innovations (Phila) 2016 Jul-Aug;11(4):291-4
    From the Departments of *Interventional Radiology and †Thoracic Surgery, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, Brazil.
    Postoperative chylous leak is often a consequence of thoracic duct injury during surgical procedures. Persistent chylothorax can be an extremely morbid condition. The authors describe a case of a refractory and long-standing chylous leak after thoracotomy for mediastinal lymphangioma removal. Read More

    Duodenal hemangiolymphangioma presenting as chronic anemia: a case report.
    BMC Res Notes 2016 Aug 31;9(1):426. Epub 2016 Aug 31.
    U. Sabana, Bogotá, Colombia.
    Background: Lymphangiomas are a heterogeneous group of congenital vascular malformations characterized by cystic dilation of lymphatic vessels. They can occur at any age, but they are more common during childhood and in cutaneous localizations. Hemangiomas and vascular malformations of the gastrointestinal tract are very uncommon. Read More

    Primary intestinal lymphangiomatosis of the ileum in an adult-the role of surgical approach.
    J Surg Case Rep 2016 Aug 17;2016(8). Epub 2016 Aug 17.
    Department of Radiology, Istanbul University Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Lymphangioma is a rare benign tumor that occurs due to abnormalities occurring during lymphatic development. It is usually seen in children and young adults. The incidence of lymphangiomas in the gastrointestinal tract is very low. Read More

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