Noro Psikiyatr Ars 2022 31;59(1):68-76. Epub 2022 Jan 31.
Istanbul University, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurology and Clinical Neurophysiology, Istanbul, Turkey.
Epilepsy is a dynamic and heterogeneous neurological disease, and in long-term studies on prognosis, classically 5 basic patterns (early remission, late remission, relapsing-remitting, worsening, and non-remitting) have been identified. The most frequent pattern was relapsing-remitting course, and factors such as the presence of genetic etiology, rare seizures at the beginning of epilepsy and the absence of psychiatric comorbid diseases were found to be related with this pattern as well as reaching 5 years of remission in the follow-ups. Anti-seizure drug resistance (ASD-R) and factors affecting the presence of this resistance (such as symptomatic etiology, abnormal electroencephalographic findings, having multiple seizure types together, status epilepticus and febrile seizure history) decrease the chance of remission, while idiopathic/genetic etiology, generalized epilepsy, and absence of comorbid diseases seem to be associated with achieving long-term remission. Read More