5,772 results match your criteria Benign Cervical Lesions

Prediction of difficulty in direct laryngoscopy.

Sci Rep 2022 Jun 24;12(1):10722. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Habib Bourguiba Hospital, Sfax, Tunisia.

To establish easily measurable and reproducible preoperative parameters predicting difficult laryngeal exposure in direct laryngoscopy. A prospective study including 71 patients who underwent transoral microsurgery for benign or malignant lesions of the larynx was performed in our department from January 2021 to November 2021. Physical assessment included the Mallampati score, weight, height, body mass index and measurements of seven parameters in the cervical region. Read More

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Ultrasound-Guided Trans-Uterine Cavity Core Needle Biopsy of Uterine Myometrial Tumors to Differentiate Sarcoma from a Benign Lesion-Description of the Method and Review of the Literature.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2022 May 29;12(6). Epub 2022 May 29.

Department of Surgical Oncology, Institut Curie, University of Paris, 26 Rue d'Ulm, CEDEX 05, 75248 Paris, France.

Uterine sarcomas are rare, aggressive tumors with poor prognosis that can be further negatively affected by inadequate surgical approaches such as morcellation. There are no clinical and radiologic criteria for differentiating leiomyoma from malignant uterine tumors. However, some ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging findings may be informative. Read More

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Adding MR Diffusion Imaging and T2 Signal Intensity to Neck Imaging Reporting and Data System Categories 2 and 3 in Primary Sites of Postsurgical Oral Cavity Carcinoma Provides Incremental Diagnostic Value.

AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Surgical Oncology (G.M., V.Y., A.D.).

Background And Purpose: The NI-RADS lexicon doesn't use ADC parameters and T2 weighted signal for ascribing categories. We explored ADC, DWI, and T2WI to examine the diagnostic accuracy in primary sites of postsurgical oral cavity carcinoma in the Neck Imaging Reporting and Data System (NI-RADS) categories 2 and 3.

Materials And Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis in clinically asymptomatic post-surgically treated patients with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma who underwent contrast-enhanced MRI between January 2013 and January 2016. Read More

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Misdiagnosed giant parathyroid cyst: differential diagnosis of a neck mass of the central region.

BMJ Case Rep 2022 Jun 22;15(6). Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Division of Endocrine Surgery, Department of Gastroenterologic, Endocrine-Metabolic and Nephro-Urologic Sciences, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli IRCCS, Rome, Italy.

Parathyroid cysts (PCs) are rare benign lesions representing between the 0.08% and the 0.34% of the neck masses going on surgery. Read More

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A Multimodal Approach to Huge Fibrous Dysplasia With Ocular Symptoms Using a Navigation System and Endoscope.

J Craniofac Surg 2022 May 12;33(3):e342-e345. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam.

Background: Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a rare sporadic benign disease, which involves from single to several bones with unilateral distribution. Recently, image-based surgical navigation systems have played a significant role in surgical process on neurological and orthopedic operations. However, because an intraoral approach can visualize the field for maxillary surgery, there are few cases using endoscopes for excision of FD. Read More

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Assessment of main pancreatic duct cutoff with dilatation, but without visible pancreatic focal lesion on MDCT: a novel diagnostic approach for malignant stricture using a CT-based nomogram.

Eur Radiol 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Department of Radiology and Center for Imaging Science, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 81 Irwon-ro Gangnam-gu, Seoul, 06351, Republic of Korea.

Objectives: To identify useful features to predict hidden pancreatic malignancies in patients with main pancreatic duct (MPD) abrupt cutoff and dilatation, but without visible focal pancreatic lesions on CT.

Methods: This retrospective study included 92 patients (mean age, 63.4 ± 10. Read More

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Concentration of hypoxia-inducible factor-1, glucose transporter 1 and vascular endothelial growth factor in tissue samples and serum in patients with primary laryngeal carcinoma.

Acta Otolaryngol 2022 Jun 20:1-5. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology Medical, University of Silesia, Zabrze, Poland.

Background: Markers of tumorigenesis are essential factors which may play a major role in the early detection of head and neck carcinoma.

Aims/objectives: To assess concentration of HIF-1, GLUT1 and VEGF in tissue samples and blood serum and its correlation to the tumour size, nodal disease, pathologic differentiation and patients' data.

Material And Methods: Fifty-two patients diagnosed with laryngeal carcinoma stage I-IV in which concentration of HIF-1, GLUT1 and VEGF was assessed in tissue samples and blood serum using immunoassay method. Read More

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A New Online Dynamic Nomogram: Construction and Validation of an Assistant Decision-Making Model for Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Front Oncol 2022 26;12:829761. Epub 2022 May 26.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, China.

Background: Laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) is the most common type of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. However, there are currently no reliable biomarkers for the diagnosis and prognosis of LSCC. Thus, this study aimed to identify the independent risk factors and develop and validate a new dynamic web-based nomogram that can predict auxiliary laryngeal carcinogenesis. Read More

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Head and Neck Cystic Lesions: A Cytology Review of Common and Uncommon Entities.

Acta Cytol 2022 Jun 17:1-12. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Pathology, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Background: Cystic lesions of the head and neck are a diagnostic challenge since they are seen in the clinical presentation of a wide variety of conditions. Herein, common and uncommon entities that present as cystic lesions in the head and neck are reviewed.

Summary: In this study, peer-reviewed articles were selected using the database PubMed, Google, Google Scholar, and Scopus. Read More

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Pleomorphic Adenoma of the Palate: A Rare Case in an Adolescent With Cleft lip and Palate.

Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2022 Jun 14:10556656221102038. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Division of Plastic and Craniofacial Surgery, Children's Mercy Hospital, Kansas City, MO, USA.

Benign salivary gland tumors are rarely found in children and adolescents compared with adults. Pleomorphic adenomas (PAs), the most common benign salivary gland tumor, account for only 1% of all head and neck lesions and fewer than 5% of all salivary gland tumors in individuals under the age of 16 years. The data on palatal PA in the first 2 decades of life is confined to published case reports and case series. Read More

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Spinal kaposiform hemangioendotheliomas: is there a role for endovascular treatment?

Pediatr Neurosurg 2022 Jun 13. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Kaposiform hemangioendotheliomas (KHE) are rare vascular neoplasms composed of groups of capillaries and endothelial cells, forming aneurysms and arteriovenous fistulas. They occur mainly in the extremities during early childhood or infancy, and although they are locally aggressive, the occurrence of metastases is uncommon. A 9-month-old male infant born with a thoracolumbar cutaneous red lesion presented with progressive loss of strength in lower limbs, evolving with progressive flaccid paraplegia and areflexia. Read More

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Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Performed by Gastroenterologists: Opportunistic Screening Strategy for Newly Diagnosed Head and Neck Cancers.

Front Oncol 2022 27;12:793318. Epub 2022 May 27.

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan.

Aim: Approximately 66% of head and neck cancers are diagnosed at an advanced stage. This prospective study aimed to detect newly diagnosed head and neck cancers using regular upper gastrointestinal (UGI) endoscopy with oral-pharynx-larynx examination.

Methods: A total of 2,849 patients underwent UGI endoscopy with an additional oral-pharynx-larynx examination. Read More

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Lymphangioma of the Lower Lip-A Diagnostic Dilemma: Report of a Rare Case with a Brief Literature Review.

Case Rep Dent 2022 2;2022:7890338. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Institute of Dental Sciences, Siksha 'O' Anusandhan University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

Hamartomas are tumor-like deformities typified by cellular propagation indigenous to the original site, although they display growth arrest without the possibility for further growth. Various hamartomatous oral lesions include hemangiomas, lymphangiomas, nevi, odontomas, Cherubism, etc. Lymphangiomas are benign, developmental hamartomatous entities typified by abnormal proliferation of lymphatic vessels. Read More

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Benign Peripheral Non-cranial Nerve Sheath Tumors of the Neck.

Adv Ther 2022 Jun 11. Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Coordinator of the International Head and Neck Scientific Group, Padua, Italy.

Benign peripheral non-cranial nerve sheath tumors are rare lesions, including both schwannomas and neurofibromas. These tumors arise from Schwann cells, and may originate from any peripheral, cranial, or autonomic nerve. Most of them are localized and sporadic but multifocal systemic forms can occur. Read More

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Voice Therapy Expectations for Injured Singers.

J Voice 2022 Jun 7. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Clinical Center for Voice Care, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas.

Objectives/hypothesis: Voice therapy is a mainstay treatment modality in the management of phonotrauma in singers. However, the typical duration of therapy an injured singer undergoes is unknown. The primary aims of the study were to determine (1) the number of therapy sessions preceding a decision for surgery and (2) the number of sessions and length of time to achieve improvement in singers who did not undergo surgery. Read More

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The Pap smear in inflammation and repair.

Cytojournal 2022 30;19:29. Epub 2022 Apr 30.

Department of Pathology, Government Medical College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India.

Cytology of the uterine cervix is one of the most widely utilized tests and is best known primarily for the cytologic changes seen in precancerous lesions and invasive cancer of the uterine cervix. The more common inflammatory conditions of cervicitis and vaginitis are close clinical differentials, especially when they give rise to excessive blood-stained vaginal discharge. These infective conditions also result in variation in the appearance of otherwise benign squamous and glandular cells in cervical cytology specimens. Read More

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Rhabdomyoma in the base of the tongue : A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 Jun 25;95:107239. Epub 2022 May 25.

Faculty of Medicine of Damscus University, Damascus, Syria; Al-Mouwasat University Hospital, Damascus, Syria.

Introduction: Rhabdomyomas are benign and rare mesenchymal tumors. They are classified into cardiac and extracardiac. However, the majority of adult subtype, which are extracardiac, tend to occur in the head and neck region. Read More

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Laryngeal Lymphoid Hyperplasia Presenting As Stridor in Pediatric Age.

Iran J Otorhinolaryngol 2022 Mar;34(121):127-130

Deparment of Pathology & Lab Medicine, AIIMS, Bhubaneswar, India.

Introduction: Benign lymphoid hyperplasia uncommonly involves the larynx. Involvement of glottis and subglottis is even rare, considering sparse lymphatic supply compared to supraglottis.

Case Report: A young female presented to emergency with worsening breathing difficulty. Read More

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Outcomes After Human Papillomavirus Vaccination in Patients With Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis: A Nonrandomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2022 Jun 2. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Department of Genetics and Microbiology, Faculty of Science, BIOCEV, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.

Importance: Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) is a rare benign chronic disease of the larynx etiologically linked with the infection of low-risk human papillomavirus (HPV). Combination of surgical and immunomodulatory therapy has limited success. Possible use of prophylactic HPV vaccine that includes HPV-6 and HPV-11 antigens has been studied. Read More

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Cluster of differentiation frequency on antigen presenting-cells: The next step to cervical cancer prognosis?

Int Immunopharmacol 2022 Jul 28;108:108896. Epub 2022 May 28.

Immunology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; Department of Virology, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. Electronic address:

Viruses may transform infected cells into benign or malignant tumors, promoting cell growth and survival via various intracellular pathways. Some oncogenic DNA viruses, such as human papillomaviruses, can lead to squamous intraepithelial lesions and cervical cancer. Furthermore, the early HPV virus'soncoproteins have been attributed to cancer initiation and development and tumor-enhancing action. Read More

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Application of the Milan System for Reporting Salivary Gland Cytopathology: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Cancer Cytopathol 2022 May 30. Epub 2022 May 30.

Department of Head and Neck Surgery, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

Background: The Milan System for Reporting Salivary Gland Cytopathology (MSRSGC) is a standard, evidence-based classification system for salivary gland fine-needle aspiration (SG-FNA). Since it was published in 2018, many researchers across the world have applied this uniform reporting system to their cohorts.

Methods: The authors comprehensively reviewed cohort studies conducted since publication of the MSRSGC and performed a meta-analysis. Read More

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Artificial Intelligence in Laryngeal Endoscopy: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

J Clin Med 2022 May 12;11(10). Epub 2022 May 12.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Medical University of Warsaw, 1a Banacha Str., 02-097 Warsaw, Poland.

Background: Early diagnosis of laryngeal lesions is necessary to begin treatment of patients as soon as possible to preserve optimal organ functions. Imaging examinations are often aided by artificial intelligence (AI) to improve quality and facilitate appropriate diagnosis. The aim of this study is to investigate diagnostic utility of AI in laryngeal endoscopy. Read More

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Oral Warty Dyskeratoma-A Systematic Review of the Literature.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2022 May 20;12(5). Epub 2022 May 20.

Faculty of Dentistry, Oral & Craniofacial Sciences, King's College London, WHO Collaborating Centre for Oral Cancer, London SE1 9RT, UK.

Objective: To systematically review the clinicopathological features of oral warty keratoma based on published literature.

Materials And Methods: PubMed and Scopus databases were searched for reports of oral warty dyskeratoma. Of the 52 identified articles, only 25 articles (43 cases) satisfied the selection criteria (case report/series in the English language reporting clinicopathologically diagnosed oral warty dyskeratoma/oral focal acantholytic keratosis/oral isolated dyskeratosis follicularis in humans). Read More

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Dental MRI of Oral Soft-Tissue Tumors-Optimized Use of Black Bone MRI Sequences and a 15-Channel Mandibular Coil.

J Imaging 2022 May 22;8(5). Epub 2022 May 22.

Clinic of Cranio-Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery, Center of Dental Medicine, University of Zurich, 8032 Zurich, Switzerland.

Soft-tissue lesions in the oral cavity, one of the most common sites for tumors and tumor-like lesions, can be challenging to diagnose and treat due to the wide spectrum from benign indolent to invasive malignant lesions. We report an abnormally large, rapidly growing hyperplastic lesion originating from the buccal mucosa in a 28-year-old male patient. Clinical examination revealed a well-circumscribed, smooth-surfaced, pinkish nodular lesion measuring 2. Read More

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First comprehensive report on distribution of histologically confirmed oral and maxillofacial pathologies; a nine-year retrospective study.

J Pak Med Assoc 2022 Apr;72(4):685-690

Department of General Pathology, Rehman Medical Institute, Peshawar, Pakistan.

Objective: To report the distribution of oral and maxillofacial pathologies diagnosed histologically in laboratory.

Methods: The retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at Rehman Medical Institute, Peshawar, Pakistan, and comprised biopsied lesions submitted to the institutional laboratory from 2010 to 2019. Data on gender, age, site of the lesion and histopathological diagnosis was retrieved from the records. Read More

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Oestrogen receptor expression distinguishes non-ossifying fibroma from other giant cell containing bone tumours.

Virchows Arch 2022 May 25. Epub 2022 May 25.

Department of Pathology, Leiden University Medical Center, Albinusdreef 2, 2333 ZA, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Non-ossifying fibroma (NOF) and central giant cell granuloma (CGCG) are both benign tumours of bone with overlapping morphology and similar mutations in the RAS/MAPK pathway. However, NOF is located in the long bones with regression after puberty in contrast to CGCG which is located in the jaw bones and does not regress spontaneously. We hypothesised that endocrine regulation by oestrogen plays a role in the spontaneous regression in NOF. Read More

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Upper Cervical Leiomyoma in an Adolescent Male.

J Orthop Case Rep 2022 Jan;12(1):10-13

Department of Orthopaedics, Seth G.S. Medical College and K.E.M. Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Introduction: Leiomyomas are benign epithelial tumors with a female preponderance usually in the uterus, gastro-intestinal tract and skin. They are well-capsulated tumors with no mitotic activity and little pleomorphism. Primary leiomyoma in the upper cervical spine region is rare and the occurrence of these lesions in young immunocompetent males is extremely rare. Read More

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January 2022

Ectopic intrathyroidal thymic tissue in an adult patient: a case report and review of the literature.

J Med Case Rep 2022 May 25;16(1):224. Epub 2022 May 25.

Division of Neuroradiology and Head & Neck Imaging, Department of Radiology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Ectopic intrathyroidal thymic tissue is a rare diagnosis, specifically in adults. Such ectopic tissue is usually misdiagnosed as benign or malignant thyroid lesions and is mainly investigated by ultrasonography and pathologic examination.

Case Presentation: We present the case of an adult 31-year-old Persian female patient with a cervical mass and no other significant medical history. Read More

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Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis to Identify the Immunocytochemical Markers Effective in Delineating Benign from Malignant Thyroid Lesions in FNAC Samples.

Endocr Pathol 2022 Jun 21;33(2):243-256. Epub 2022 May 21.

Integrated Head and Neck Oncology Program, DSRG-5, Mazumdar Shaw Center for Translational Research, Mazumdar Shaw Medical Foundation, Bangalore, India.

Conventional cytology-based diagnosis for thyroid cancer is limited with more than 30-45% of nodules categorized as indeterminate, necessitating surgery for confirming or refuting the diagnosis. This systematic review and meta-analysis were aimed at identifying immunocytochemical markers effective in delineating benign from malignant thyroid lesions in fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) samples, thereby improving the accuracy of cytology diagnosis. A systematic review of relevant articles (2000-2021) from online databases was carried out and the search protocol registered in PROSPERO database (CRD42021229121). Read More

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The World Health Organization Classification of Odontogenic Lesions: A Summary of the Changes of the 2022 (5th) Edition.

Turk Patoloji Derg 2022 ;38(2):168-184

Department of Tumor Pathology, Institute of Oncology, Istanbul University, ISTANBUL, TURKEY.

The 5th edition of the World Health Organization (WHO) Classification of Head and Neck Tumors opened to online access in March 2022. This edition is conceptually similar to the previous classification of odontogenic lesions. The only newly defined entity in odontogenic lesions is adenoid ameloblastoma, which is classified under benign epithelial odontogenic tumors. Read More

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