2,900 results match your criteria Benign Cardiac Tumors


Predictors of prolonged stay after laryngeal surgery for benign neoplasms in children.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2022 May 14;158:111181. Epub 2022 May 14.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Jacobs School Medicine and Biomedical Sciences at the University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Pediatric benign laryngeal tumors can often be treated as same-day surgeries. This study identified factors associated with prolonged hospital stay in children undergoing laryngeal surgery for benign tumors.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of records of pediatric patients who underwent laryngeal surgery with a post-op diagnosis of benign tumor was performed with the American College of Surgeons Pediatric National Surgery Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP-P) database (2014-2018). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Cardiac myxomas: A narrative review.

World J Cardiol 2022 Apr;14(4):206-219

Department of Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh.

Cardiac myxomas are common primary neoplasms of the heart. They are biologically benign but "functionally malignant" because of the potential for embolization. They arise most commonly from the left atrium, but no chambers of the heart are immune. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A unique and atypical presentation of heart failure secondary to incidental left atrial myxoma in a patient post gynecological surgery.

J Cardiol Cases 2022 May 20;25(5):289-291. Epub 2021 Dec 20.

Section of Cardiology, Department of Cardiac Sciences, Libin Cardiovascular Institute, Cumming School of Medicine, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Primary tumors of the heart are rare where nearly half of the benign cardiac masses are myxomas. Clinical features of myxoma are determined by their location, size, and mobility. Most patients present with one or more of the triad of embolism, intracardiac obstruction, and constitutional symptoms. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Small intestinal myxoma presented with bowel obstruction, a rare case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 May 14;95:107180. Epub 2022 May 14.

Department of Pathology, Medical School, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran. Electronic address:

Introduction: Myxomas are rare benign mesenchymal neoplasms and mostly occur in cardiac atrium and with lower prevalence, appear in sinonasal tract, gnathic bone, skin and joints. Benign primary tumors of the small intestine are quite unusual accounting about 3% of all the gastrointestinal tract neoplasms.

Presentation Of Case: In this report, we present a rare case of small intestinal myxoma in a 43-year-old man complicated by ileoileal intussusception causing bowel obstruction. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Transformation of Cemento-Ossifying Fibroma into Osteosarcoma after Radiotherapy and Nine Endoscopic Surgeries.

Ear Nose Throat J 2022 May 15:1455613221101944. Epub 2022 May 15.

Department of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, West China Hospital, 34753Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Cemento-ossifying fibromas (COFs) are benign fibro-osseous tumors usually found in the mandible and maxilla that can show malignancy in rare situations. COFs usually grow slowly and asymptomatically until they produce local bulges, pain, headaches, and visual impairment, and have a Ki-67 index within 3%, even in aggressive and recurrent cases. Surgical resection can usually provide a satisfactory prognosis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Ultrasound-Guided Tru-Cut Biopsy in Gynecological and Non-Gynecological Pelvic Masses: A Single-Center Experience.

J Clin Med 2022 Apr 30;11(9). Epub 2022 Apr 30.

Institute for Maternal and Child Health, I.R.C.C.S. "Burlo Garofolo", 34137 Trieste, Italy.

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of adequacy, accuracy, and safety of ultrasound-guided tru-cut biopsy in managing malignant and benign abdominopelvic masses in a selected population and critically discuss some issues in different situations, which deserve some reflections on those practices.

Materials And Methods: This is a retrospective study involving 42 patients who underwent transvaginal or transabdominal tru-cut biopsy between August 2017 and November 2021. The inclusion criteria were poor health status or primary inoperable advanced tumor, suspicion of recurrence or metastasis to the ovaries or peritoneum in gynecological and non-gynecological pelvic malignancies. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

An Incidental Finding of a Large Pericardial Cyst.

Cureus 2022 Apr 7;14(4):e23917. Epub 2022 Apr 7.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Essex Cardiothoracic Centre, Basildon & Thurrock University Hospital, Mid and South Essex NHS Foundation Trust, Basildon, GBR.

A pericardial cyst is a rare and benign cause of a mediastinal mass. They are frequently asymptomatic and are usually incidental findings on imaging. Symptoms may include persistent cough, atypical chest pain, dysphagia, and dyspnea. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A Rare Case of Hormone-Induced Plasma Cell Granuloma of the Gingiva.

Cureus 2022 Apr 6;14(4):e23897. Epub 2022 Apr 6.

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, IND.

Plasma cell granuloma (PCG), also known as inflammatory pseudotumor, is of unknown etiopathogenesis. It commonly presents in the lungs and can also occur in the liver, kidney, brain, and heart. PCG is rare in the oral cavity and even rarer in the gingiva. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Multimodality imaging evaluation of incidentally discovered intracardiac mass.

Echocardiography 2022 May 3. Epub 2022 May 3.

Department of Cardiovascular Disease, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, Arizona, USA.

Incidentally discovered intracardiac masses often represent diagnostic dilemmas. No guideline-directed algorithm exists for evaluation and management in these cases. Understanding the utility and limitations of different imaging modalities expedites evaluation of differential diagnoses and management, particularly when there are discordant imaging findings. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Giant Epicardial Cyst Eroding Left Ventricular Wall Mimicking as Simple Pericardial Cyst.

Braz J Cardiovasc Surg 2022 05 2;37(2):273-276. Epub 2022 May 2.

Department of Pathology, CIMS Hospital, Ahmedabad,Gujarat, India.

Epicardial cysts are rarer benign tumors than pericardial cysts. There have been few reports on surgical management of epicardial cysts. A 17-year-old normotensive boy presented with chest pain and palpitations, which on evaluation was found to be a mediastinal mass (pericardial cyst). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Differences in Clinicopathologic Behavior of Oncocytic Adrenocortical Neoplasms and Conventional Adrenocortical Carcinomas.

Ann Surg Oncol 2022 Apr 30. Epub 2022 Apr 30.

Department of Surgical Oncology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.

Background: Oncocytic adrenocortical neoplasms (OANs) are rare endocrine tumors that present as a spectrum from benign to malignant. The outcomes after surgical resection of the oncocytic variant of adrenocortical carcinoma remain poorly understood. We sought to characterize the clinicopathologic features of OAN and compare oncocytic adrenocortical carcinoma (OAC) with conventional adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The VASCERN-VASCA working group diagnostic and management pathways for severe and/or rare infantile hemangiomas.

Eur J Med Genet 2022 Apr 27;65(6):104517. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Center for Vascular Anomalies, Division of Plastic Surgery, University Clinics Saint-Luc, University of Louvain, VASCERN VASCA European Reference Centre, Brussels, Belgium; Human Molecular Genetics, de Duve Institute, University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium.

The European Reference Network on Rare Multisystemic Vascular Diseases (VASCERN), is dedicated to gathering the best expertise in Europe and provide accessible cross-border healthcare to patients with rare vascular diseases. Infantile Hemangiomas (IH) are benign vascular tumors of infancy that rapidly growth in the first weeks of life, followed by stabilization and spontaneous regression. In rare cases the extent, the localization or the number of lesions may cause severe complications that need specific and careful management. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The First Case of Composite Hemangioendothelioma in The Heart.

Heart Surg Forum 2022 Apr 22;25(2):E284-E287. Epub 2022 Apr 22.

Department of Pathology, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital Affiliated to Medical College of Zhejiang University, Zhejiang, China.

Composite hemangioendothelioma (CHE) is an extremely rare vascular neoplasm that is characterized by an admixture of benign, low-grade malignant, and malignant vascular components. It is usually located superficially in the dermis and subcutis of the extremities, and other sites involved include the head and neck region, oral mucosa, and viscera of the kidney and spleen. CHE has a low-grade malignant potential because it is locally aggressive. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

CARDIAC PAPILLARY FIBROELASTOMA: A CASE WITH UNPRECEDENTED SPREAD.

Port J Card Thorac Vasc Surg 2022 Apr 11;29(1):53-56. Epub 2022 Apr 11.

Department of Cardiology, Coimbra Hospital and University Centre, Coimbra, Portugal.

Introduction: Papillary fibroelastomas (PFE) are a rare primary cardiac neoplasm, out of which multifocal PFE constitute a small minority of cases. These benign masses are commonly found on valvular surfaces, particularly the aortic valve.

Clinical Case: We present a patient with a history of embolic stroke and intra-cardiac masses. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Cardiac Lymphoma Diagnosed by Multi-Modality Imaging: A Case Report.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2022 8;9:771538. Epub 2022 Apr 8.

Department of Ultrasonography, Hainan General Hospital (Hainan Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical University), Haikou, China.

A 79-year-old female patient who presented with a cardiac mass detected by conventional echocardiography was ultimately diagnosed with a malignant tumor by myocardial contrast echocardiography. A positron emission tomography/computed tomography examination showed tumors in the right atrium consistent with the findings of the contrast-enhanced ultrasound. Finally, the patient was confirmed by pathology to have cardiac lymphoma. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Evaluation of Surgical Cleavage Plane by Preoperative Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings in Adult Intracranial Meningiomas.

Life (Basel) 2022 Mar 24;12(4). Epub 2022 Mar 24.

Department of Neurosurgery, Neurosurgery Clinic, Birgunj 44300, Nepal.

(1) Background: Meningiomas are usually benign encapsulated intracranial tumors with well-defined borders that offer a high chance of cure with complete removal. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between preoperative MRI features and surgical plane of cleavage. (2) Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional observational study conducted in the Department of Neurosurgery, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Mysterious Left Atrial Mass in a Patient With Metastatic Prostate Cancer.

Cureus 2022 Mar 16;14(3):e23238. Epub 2022 Mar 16.

Cardiology, Kings County Hospital Center, Brooklyn, USA.

Cardiac tumors (CTs) are a rare group of disorders that encompass a broad set of masses. They are subclassified into neoplastic and non-neoplastic lesions. Neoplastic lesions can be further subdivided into either primary cardiac tumors (PCTs) or secondary cardiac tumors (SCTs) which are metastasis to the heart. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A Case Report on the Incidental Diagnosis of a Left Atrial Myxoma in a Patient Presenting With Right Shoulder Pain and Inter-scapular Back Pain.

Cureus 2022 Mar 15;14(3):e23187. Epub 2022 Mar 15.

Acute Internal Medicine, Barking, Havering and Redbridge University Hospitals NHS Trust, London, GBR.

Primary cardiac tumors are rare, and myxoma is a rare benign primary cardiac tumor in adults, commonly found within the left atrium. The presentation can vary from patients being asymptomatic to pulmonary embolism or stroke. Smaller atrial myxomas are usually asymptomatic, however, larger ones can cause symptoms such as dyspnea, orthopnea, cough, peripheral edema, palpitations, and fatigue. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Epithelioid hemangioma of the ascending aorta: A rare case.

Indian J Pathol Microbiol 2022 Apr-Jun;65(2):426-428

Meshalkin National Medical Research Center, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Novosibirsk, Russia.

Cardiac epithelioid hemangioma is extremely rare. Currently, there are only a few described cases of intraluminal hemangiomas of the aorta and the aortic valve and no described cases with extraluminal epithelioid hemangiomas of the ascending aorta. We now present a case of epithelioid hemangioma of the ascending aorta that was an incidental finding during the coronary artery bypass and successfully resected. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Surgical treatment of primary cardiac tumors: 20-year single center experience.

Kardiochir Torakochirurgia Pol 2022 Mar 24;19(1):36-40. Epub 2022 Mar 24.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Charles University, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital, Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic.

Introduction: Primary cardiac tumors are a rare condition presenting with a variety of symptoms. The outcomes of their surgical treatment in the modern era from central Europe have not been recently reported.

Aim: To evaluate the short- and long-term outcomes of the cardiac tumor operations at our department throughout the last 20 years. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A rare case of papillary fibroelastoma involving the tricuspid valve. A single center experience over a period of 22 years (1999-2021).

Acta Chir Belg 2022 May 16:1-3. Epub 2022 May 16.

Department of Cardiac Surgery and Cardiovascular Anaestesia, Ospedale Mauriziano "Umberto I", Torino, Italy.

Background And Aim: Papillary fibroelastoma (PFE) represents only 16% of the benign cardiac tumor and approximately 15% of these are located on the tricuspid valve.

Materials And Methods: Over a period of 22 years (1999-2021) we observed 75 pts with cardiac tumors at our Center over 9650 pts operated on but only one case of a tricuspid valve PFE in a 69-year-old patient. Trans-thoracic echocardiography demonstrated a mobile mass (20 × 10 mm), adhering to the atrial side of the septal leaflet of the tricuspid valve of unknown origin. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Robotic-assisted thoracoscopic resection of anterior mediastinal cystic teratoma: a case report and literature review.

J Cardiothorac Surg 2022 Apr 5;17(1):67. Epub 2022 Apr 5.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, SUNY Upstate Medial University, 750 East Adams Street, Syracuse, NY, 13210, USA.

Background: Mediastinal teratomas are rare tumors that frequently occur in the anterior mediastinum. The majority of these tumors are benign and slow growing. Due to their low malignant potential, the treatment for these tumors is surgical resection. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Can the Ratio SUVmax of the Lesion/SUVmax of Mediastinal Tissues Guide the Choice of Surgical Access for the Resection of Thymic Epithelial Tumors?

Front Surg 2022 15;9:852906. Epub 2022 Mar 15.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Attikon University Hospital, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Background: There are studies showing the utility of the 18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG PET) scan in the management of patients with thymic epithelial tumors. It seems to be a correlation between the standard uptake value (SUVmax) of thymic epithelial tumors and the histological type and the stage. This study aims to use the ratio of the SUVmax of the lesion to the SUVmax of the adjacent mediastinal tissues in order to guide the choice of the surgical access. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Fast growth rate of a right atrial myxoma.

Einstein (Sao Paulo) 2022 25;20:eRC6478. Epub 2022 Mar 25.

Faculdade Evangélica Mackenzie do Paraná , Curitiba , PR , Brazil .

Primary cardiac tumors are rare, with an incidence between 0.0017 and 0.19%, and are asymptomatic in up to 72% of cases. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

THE MALIGNANCY OF A BENIGN TUMOR.

Port J Card Thorac Vasc Surg 2022 Jan 4;28(4):69. Epub 2022 Jan 4.

Cardiothoracic Surgery Department, Coimbra University Hospital, Coimbra, Portugal; Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.

A 67-year-old man with fatigue and dyspnea, in NYHA class IV, was admitted to our hospital. His evaluation, physical examination, and other investigations were carried out. An atypical finding was found and he was referred for cardiac surgery. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Surgery for Primary Cardiac Tumors in Children: Successful Management of Large Fibromas.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2022 7;9:808394. Epub 2022 Mar 7.

Department of Radiology, The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, China.

Background: Pediatric primary cardiac tumors (PCTs) are rare. Its clinical features and prognoses are not well defined. The management of asymptomatic patients with cardiac fibromas remains controversial. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Benign Metastasizing Leiomyomatosis to the Skin and Lungs, Intravenous Leiomyomatosis, and Leiomyomatosis Peritonealis Disseminata: A Series of Five Cases.

Oncologist 2022 02;27(1):e89-e98

Serviço de Oncologia Médica, Instituto Português de Oncologia de Lisboa Francisco Gentil, Lisbon, Portugal.

Benign metastasizing leiomyomatosis (BML) is a rare disease that typically occurs in women with a history of uterine leiomyomatosis. Benign metastasizing leiomyomatosis occurs more frequently in the lungs but may also develop in other organs and tissues. Other unusual variants of extra-uterine leiomyomatosis include intravenous leiomyomatosis (IVL) and leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata (LPD). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2022

Cardiac Myxomas Resembling Malignant Neoplasia: Incidentally Diagnosed vs. Cerebral Embolized Myxomas.

Cancers (Basel) 2022 Feb 22;14(5). Epub 2022 Feb 22.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Campus Kiel, University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, 24105 Kiel, Germany.

Background: Cardiac myxomas (CM) are the most common primary cardiac tumors in adults. They are usually benign; however, malignant changes are known to occur but are extremely rare. Embolization is a common complication of cardiac myxomas and can cause neurological deficits before their surgical removal. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2022

Multidisciplinary approach to pelvic leiomyomatosis with intracaval and intracardiac extension: A case report and review of the literature.

Gynecol Oncol Rep 2022 Apr 26;40:100946. Epub 2022 Feb 26.

Gynecologic Oncology Program, AdventHealth Orlando, Orlando, FL 32804, USA.

Intravenous leiomyomatosis (IVL) is an uncommon variant of leiomyoma characterized by intravascular proliferation of a histologically benign smooth muscle tumor extending beyond the uterus into the distant great vessels. Leiomyomatosis may reach the inferior vena cava, right atrium, and pulmonary arteries. Owing to its rare occurrence, intracardiac leiomyomatosis has been reported as isolated case reports and small case series. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Comparative study of treatment methods for benign lichenoid keratosis of the face.

Dermatol Ther 2022 May 12;35(5):e15419. Epub 2022 Mar 12.

Department of Dermatology, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Anyang, Korea.

Benign lichenoid keratosis is one of the most common skin lesions that develop on the faces of middle-aged women. This study aimed to find an effective treatment method for benign lichenoid keratosis. A total of 49 patients, who had a positive diagnosis during 2010-2018, were enrolled in the study. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF