2,176,862 results match your criteria Behavioural Brain Research [Journal]
Chemosphere 2018 Dec 6;219:526-537. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Environmental Toxicology, The Institute of Environmental and Human Health, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79416, USA.
Pyrethroids are potent neurotoxicants that may elicit multiple pathways of toxicity in non-target organisms. Comparative studies on the mechanistic and developmental effects of types I and II pyrethroids against non-target aquatic species are limited. This study assessed the effects of the two pyrethroid types against embryo-larval zebrafish (Danio rerio) at environmentally relevant and laboratory concentrations. Read More
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater 2018 Dec 6;91:109-121. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
University of Granada, Faculty of Dentistry, Dental Materials Section, Colegio Máximo de Cartuja s/n, 18071 Granada, Spain.
The aim of this research was to ascertain the mechanical and chemical behavior of sound and caries-affected dentin (CAD), after the placement of Zn-free vs containing amalgam restorations. Peritubular and intertubular dentin were evaluated using, a) nanoindenter in scanning mode; the load and displacement responses were used to perform the nano-Dynamic mechanical analysis and to estimate the complex (E * ) and storage modulus (E'); b) Raman spectroscopy was used to describe the hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA). Assessments were performed before restoration placement and after restoring, and after 3 months of storage with thermocycling (100,000cy/5 °C and 55 °C). Read More
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 2018 Dec 6;175:300-305. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Biomedical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, 70101, Taiwan. Electronic address:
In this study, the time-dependent reaction between 11-mercaptoundecanoic acid (11-MUA) and 1-Ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide/N-hydroxysuccinimide (EDC/NHS) is precisely characterized using surface enhanced infrared absorption spectroscopy (SEIRAS). According to the high correlation between the spectral results of SEIRAS and the electrochemical behavior, it strongly demonstrates that the EDC/NHS reaction would be obviously interfered by phosphate ions in the neutral pH condition (pH = 7.0). Read More
Sleep Med Rev 2018 Nov 16;43:106-117. Epub 2018 Nov 16.
Department of Women's and Children's Health, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, New Zealand. Electronic address:
This review aimed to better understand the underlying physiology of the risks and benefits of bed-sharing. Eight databases were searched using terms relating to adult-infant/baby, bed-sharing/co-sleeping combined with outcome terms for physiology, sleep, cardiovascular, respiratory, temperature and behaviour. Of 836 papers identified, 59 papers representing 48 cohorts met inclusion criteria. Read More
Sleep Med 2018 Nov 19;54:116-120. Epub 2018 Nov 19.
Department of Neurology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
Background: This study investigated the protective effect of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep without atonia against obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in patients with idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD).
Methods: In this case-control study, patients with idiopathic RBD and OSA (RBD-OSA) were consecutively enrolled and OSA controls without RBD were matched for age, sex, and apnea-hypopnea index (AHI). Clinical and polysomnographic characteristics were compared between RBD-OSA patients and OSA controls. Read More
Res Dev Disabil 2018 Dec 12;85:143-153. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Radboud University Nijmegen, Behavioural Science Institute, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Tranzo, Tilburg University, Tilburg, the Netherlands; Praktikon, Nijmegen, the Netherlands. Electronic address:
Background: Several studies show that language problems, child behavior problems, and parental stress can co-occur in children. Still, little is known about how these domains are related in toddlers with a language disorder (LD).
Aims: This study examined relations between language problems, child behaviour problems, and parental stress in toddlers with LD and if these relations differ for children with different types of LD. Read More
Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2018 Dec 7;176:89-96. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Departament of Neurology, Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Biology, LIM15, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
Meningiomas, tumors that originate from meningothelial cells, account for approximately 30% of all new diagnoses of central nervous system neoplasms. According to the 2016 WHO classification of central nervous system tumors meningiomas are classified into three grades: I, II, and III. Past studies have shown that the risk of meningiomas recurrence is strongly correlated with the molecular profile of the tumor. Read More
J Psychiatr Res 2018 Dec 7;109:178-184. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, 316 Physics Rd #262, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA.
During adolescence, peer approval becomes increasingly important and may be perceived as contingent upon appearance in girls. Concurrently, girls experience hormonal changes, including an increase in progesterone. Progesterone has been implicated in affiliative behavior but inconsistently associated with body image concerns. Read More
Curr Opin Psychol 2018 Nov 28;29:71-75. Epub 2018 Nov 28.
Icelandic Vision Laboratory, School of Humanitites and Social Sciences, University of Akureyri. Hafnarstræti 97, Akureyri IS600, Iceland.
Humans possess a primitive memory system for attention deployments that allows quick reorientation of visual attention to stimuli that are relevant to behavior at any given moment. We review recent evidence regarding such attentional priming effects from a number of different perspectives. We discuss recent findings on the time course and duration of such effects, the potential interaction of priming and top-down attentional guidance; how priming can be used to probe the nature of visual representations and attentional templates; findings on the basic nature of priming effects and recent relevant findings on so-called serial dependencies that share many characteristics with attentional priming. Read More
Accid Anal Prev 2018 Dec 12;123:256-262. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Center for Drug and Alcohol Research, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Rua Professor Álvaro Alvim, 400, 90420-020, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
The incidence of driving under the influence of psychoactive substances (DUI) and its recidivism can be curtailed by the proper identification of specific and predictive characteristics among drug users. In this sense, interpersonal violence (IV), psychiatric comorbidity and impulsivity seem to play an important role in DUI engagement according to previous studies. There are, however, limited data originated from low and middle income countries. Read More
Biosens Bioelectron 2018 Oct 11;126:725-733. Epub 2018 Oct 11.
Department of Bioengineering, University of California Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; Berkeley Sensor and Actuator Center, University of California Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; UC Berkeley and UCSF Joint Graduate Program in Bioengineering, Berkeley/San Francisco, USA; Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of California Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; Biophysics Graduate Program, University of California Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. Electronic address:
Microfluidic polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has been of great interest owing to its ability to perform rapid and specific nucleic acid amplification and analysis on small volumes of samples. One of the major drawbacks of microfluidic PCR is bubble generation and reagent evaporation, which can cause malfunctions. Here, through theoretical modeling and characterization of bubble behavior, we propose a bubble-free microfluidic PCR device via controlled fluid transfer. Read More
Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 6;271:526-531. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
College of Humanities, Hubei University of Chinese Medicine, China.
Low self-esteem is an important factor influencing mobile phone addiction, which has been well documented. However, little research focused on the mechanism underlying the association between self-esteem and mobile phone addiction. We hypothesized that social anxiety and interpersonal sensitivity may mediate the relationship between self-esteem and mobile phone addiction. Read More
Child Abuse Negl 2018 Dec 12;88:307-316. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Beijing Key Laboratory of Learning and Cognition, Research Center for Child Development, School of Psychology, Capital Normal University, China.
The current study examined the mediating effect of maternal negative expressiveness as well as the moderating effects of infant inhibitory control (IC) in the association between maternal childhood emotional abuse (CEA) and infant behavior problems. Drawing from 207 families from mainland China, 2-wave data were reported in this study when the infants were 6 months (T1) and 14 (T2) months. Mothers (Mean age = 32. Read More
Eur J Pharm Sci 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Pharmacy, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 2, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address:
Amorphous systems prepared with different strategies, such as solid dispersion with colloidal particles or soluble polymers and inclusion complex, have been used for improving solubility and dissolution of poorly water soluble drugs. The purpose of this study was to obtain a deeper understanding of the impact of three different amorphous systems prepared by spray drying with silica, polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) or 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD) using indomethacin (IND) as a model drug. IND was spray dried with silica, PVP or HPβCD at different mass ratios, and the obtained powders were characterized with respect to colloidal silica particle redispersion, morphology, thermal properties, solid state properties and physical stability. Read More
Int J Pharm 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Institute of Pharmacy, Department of Biopharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical Technology, University of Greifswald, Felix-Hausdorff-Strasse 3, 17489 Greifswald, Germany. Electronic address:
Precipitation testing, especially for weakly basic APIs, represents a key parameter in drug substance characterization during early development stages, where the amount of API available is limited. Therefore, it was the aim of this study to develop an automated small-scale in vitro transfer model to characterize the supersaturation and precipitation behavior of two poorly water-soluble drugs. Following automation and scale-down of the standard transfer model, the developed small-scale model was used to assess the impact of gastrointestinal variability, i. Read More
Biol Psychol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Institute of Psychology, Jagiellonian University, Ingardena 6, 30-060 Kraków, Poland.
The aim of the current study was to examine whether action monitoring is associated with religious fundamentalism. Participants performed a stop-signal task that required response inhibition to a simple auditory tone. The level of their religious fundamentalism was measured on a scale. Read More
Behav Brain Res 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, 23298, USA. Electronic address:
The objective of the present study is to investigate the role of α4, α5, α6 or β2 nAChR subunits in the antidepressant-like effect of bupropion. Adult male mice were treated with subcutaneous acute doses of bupropion (3 and 10 mg/kg) 30 min before the forced swim test (FST) in α4, α5, α6, or β2 nAChR subunit knockout (KO) and wild-type (WT) mice. In addition, the effects of β2* antagonist dihydro-β-erythroidine (DHβE, 3 mg/kg) on antidepressant-like effects of bupropion in C57BL/6 J mice were assessed. Read More
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Environmental and Molecular Toxicology, Oregon State University, 1007 Agriculture & Life Sciences Building, Corvallis, OR 97331; USA; LS Pharma, 884 Park St., Lebanon, OR 97355; USA.
Alternative splicing modulates gene function by creating splice variants with alternate functions or non-coding RNA activity. Naturally occurring variants of nuclear receptor (NR) genes with dominant negative or gain-of-function phenotypes have been documented, but their cellular roles, regulation, and responsiveness to environmental stress or disease remain unevaluated. Informed by observations that class I androgen and estrogen receptor variants display ligand-independent signaling in human cancer tissues, we questioned whether the function of class II NRs, like the vitamin D receptor (VDR), would also respond to alternative splicing regulation. Read More
Physiol Behav 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
School of Allied Health Sciences, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.
This study investigated the effect of consuming either water or a carbohydrate (CHO)-electrolyte sports beverage ('Sports Drink') ad libitum with food during a 4 h post-exercise recovery period on fluid restoration, nutrient provision and subsequent endurance cycling performance. On two occasions, 16 endurance-trained cyclists; 8 male [M] (age: 31 ± 9 y; VO: 54 ± 6 mL·kg·min) and 8 female [F] (age: 33 ± 8 y; VO: 50 ± 7 mL·kg·min); lost 2.3 ± 0. Read More
Physiol Behav 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt. Electronic address:
Ethanolic extract of leaves of Morus alba L. (M. alba), known as white mulberry, was orally administered (100 mg/kg b. Read More
Front Neuroendocrinol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
MTA-ELTE Laboratory of Molecular and Systems Neurobiology, Department of Physiology and Neurobiology, Hungarian Academy of Sciences and Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary; Laboratory of Neuromorphology, Department of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary; Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary. Electronic address:
Our knowledge on the bioavailability and actions of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) has markedly expanded in recent years as novel mechanisms were discovered on IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs) and their ability to release IGF-1. The new discoveries allowed a better understanding of the endogenous physiological actions of IGF-1 and also its applicability in therapeutics. The focus of the present review is to summarize novel findings on the neuronal, neuroendocrine and neuroplastic actions of IGF-1 in the adult brain. Read More
Neuropharmacology 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, Faculty of Medicine, RWTH Aachen University, 52074, Aachen, Germany; JARA Institute Brain Structure Function Relationship Institute for Neuroscience and Medicine (INM 10), Forschungszentrum Jülich, 52425 Jülich, Germany.
Current models of aggression suggest that in addition to personality traits and environmental factors, biological vulnerability associated with genetics substantially impacts aggressive behavior. In a functional imaging study, we investigated the influence of the single nucleotide polymorphism of the mu 1 subtype opioid receptor gene (OPRM1), implicated in sociability, on correlates of trait and state aggression to delineate the function of these influences in aggression. A key aim was further to differentiate different aspects of aggressive reactions - namely, the reaction to provocation and the decision to punish an opponent. Read More
Psychooncology 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention, Griffith University, Mt Gravatt, Queensland.
Objective: Sun safety is crucial for preventing skin cancer. This study evaluated a school-based intervention based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) which aimed to encourage sun-protective behaviour among adolescents.
Methods: Secondary school students (N=382; 61. Read More
Fam Process 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
School of Psychology, Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez, Santiago, Chile.
Family therapy has often been conceptualized as a conversational process whereby therapists and clients generate new meanings. Based on a 3-year study of conversational practices observable in successful family therapy processes of Chilean families with a child/adolescent who is engaged in disruptive behaviors, we looked for clinical examples of Transforming Interpersonal Patterns (TIPs). TIPs are a key aspect of the IPscope, a framework we used to explore the meaning-making processes in family therapy. Read More
Genes Brain Behav 2018 Dec 15:e12547. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Physiology and Cell Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel.
Individuals with autism constitute a variable population whose members are spread along the autism spectrum. Sub-populations within that spectrum exhibit other conditions, such as anxiety, intellectual disabilities, hyperactivity and epilepsy, with different severities and co-occurrences. Among the genes associated with the increased risk for autism is the methylenetetrahydrofolate-reductase (MTHFR) 677C>T polymorphism, which impairs one-carbon metabolic pathway efficiency. Read More
Dev Psychobiol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
School of Animal, Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
The environment may modulate genetic influences on behavioral expression. We investigated whether the physical rearing environment modulates anxiety and exploratory behavior in four populations, representing three species, of the striped mouse Rhabdomys. One population originated from an arid, open habitat and the others from grassy, covered habitats, and two species occurred in sympatry. Read More
Bull Math Biol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Mathematics, University of California, Riverside, USA.
One of the central problems in animal and plant developmental biology is deciphering how chemical and mechanical signals interact within a tissue to produce organs of defined size, shape, and function. Cell walls in plants impose a unique constraint on cell expansion since cells are under turgor pressure and do not move relative to one another. Cell wall extensibility and constantly changing distribution of stress on the wall are mechanical properties that vary between individual cells and contribute to rates of expansion and orientation of cell division. Read More
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Chemical and Petrochemicals Engineering Department, Egypt-Japan University of Science and Technology, New Borg El-Arab Alexandria, Egypt.
With raising awareness of gaseous air pollutants and their harmful impact, adsorption is considered one of the most prominent techniques for gaseous emissions control. The usage of polyaniline as a gas adsorbent is an innovative idea. This work aims to compare the efficacy of synthesized polyaniline nanotubes (PANT) as a novel adsorbent towards inorganic gases (ammonia NH) and volatile organic compounds (toluene vapor). Read More
Biol Trace Elem Res 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Plastic, Aesthetic, Hand and Reconstructive Surgery, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.
Wound healing is a complex orchestration of processes involving cell proliferation, migration, differentiation, anabolism, and catabolism in order to restore skin continuity. Within these processes, elements such as metallic ions are involved due to their implications in cell behavior and enzymatic activity regulation. This study analyzed the kinetics of zinc, iron, copper and magnesium concentrations in a full thickness open wound rat model over 14 days. Read More
Matern Child Health J 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Communication, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, USA.
Introduction As mounting evidence underscores the importance of both men and women taking steps before pregnancy to improve reproductive outcomes, public health priorities are shifting toward a more gender-inclusive program of promoting preconception health (PCH). This study examined whether prescriptive gender stereotypes, defined as men's and women's beliefs about PCH behavioral norms each gender should uphold, were positively associated with intentions to engage in behaviors to protect a future child's health. Methods Data came from a June 2017 online survey of 609 U. Read More
Hum Nat 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Anthropology, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH, 03755, USA.
Identifying the determinants of reproductive success in small-scale societies is critical for understanding how natural selection has shaped human evolution and behavior. The available evidence suggests that status-accruing behaviors such as hunting and prosociality are pathways to reproductive success, but social egalitarianism may diminish this pathway. Here we introduce a mixed longitudinal/cross-sectional dataset based on 45 years of research with the Batek, a population of egalitarian rain forest hunter-gatherers in Peninsular Malaysia, and use it to test the effects of four predictors of lifetime reproductive success: (i) foraging return rate, (ii) sharing proclivity, (iii) cooperative foraging tendency, and (iv) kin presence. Read More
Brain Struct Funct 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Ahmanson-Lovelace Brain Mapping Center, Brain Research Institute, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
Sex differences in empathy for pain have been repeatedly observed. However, it is unclear whether this is due to sex differences in "bottom-up" somatomotor representations of others' pain (self-other resonance) or to "top-down" prefrontal control of such responses. Here, we provide data from 70 subjects suggesting that sex differences in empathy for pain lie primarily in pre-reflective, bottom-up resonance mechanisms. Read More
J Behav Med 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Family Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
Adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) often receive self-management support from adult children, siblings or close friends residing outside of their home. However, the role of out-of-home support in patients' self-management and well-being is unclear. Patients (N = 313) with HbA1c > 7. Read More
Ann Biomed Eng 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
UNSW Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
Prior numerical studies have shown that the blood flow patterns surrounding drug-eluting stents can enhance drug uptake in stented arteries. However, these studies employed steady-state simulations, wherein flow and drug transport parameters remained constant with respect to time. In the present study, numerical simulations and in-vitro experiments were performed to determine whether luminal blood flow patterns can truly enhance drug uptake in stented arteries. Read More
J Cheminform 2018 Dec 14;10(1):62. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Computer and Information Science, University of Macau, Avenida da Universidade, Taipa, Macau, China.
Background: Protein-ligand docking programs are routinely used in structure-based drug design to find the optimal binding pose of a ligand in the protein's active site. These programs are also used to identify potential drug candidates by ranking large sets of compounds. As more accurate and efficient docking programs are always desirable, constant efforts focus on developing better docking algorithms or improving the scoring function. Read More
Neuropsychopharmacology 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Neuroscience and Friedman Brain Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA.
Drug abuse is a multifaceted disorder that involves maladaptive decision making. Long-lasting changes in the addicted brain are mediated by a complex circuit of brain reward regions. The prefrontal cortex (PFC) is one region in which chronic drug exposure changes expression and function of upstream transcriptional regulators to alter drug responses and aspects of the addicted phenotype. Read More
Sci Rep 2018 Dec 14;8(1):17885. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Neurology, University Hospital (Inselspital) and University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
Sleep spindles are thalamocortical oscillations associated with several behavioural and clinical phenomena. In clinical populations, spindle activity has been shown to be reduced in schizophrenia, as well as after thalamic stroke. Automatic spindle detection algorithms present the only feasible way to systematically examine individual spindle characteristics. Read More
Sci Rep 2018 Dec 14;8(1):17883. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
CNR-ISTEC, Institute of Science and Technology for Ceramics, Via Granarolo 64, I-, 48018, Faenza, Italy.
We investigated in this paper a novel bilayer composite obtained by sol-gel and spin coating of the ferroelectric 0.92NaBiTiO-0.08BaTiO (abbreviated as BNT-BT) and ferromagnetic CoFeO phases, for miniature low-frequency magnetic sensors and piezoelectric sensors. Read More
Sci Rep 2018 Dec 14;8(1):17858. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
State Key Laboratory for Mechanical Behavior of Materials, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, 710049, China.
To enhance bacterial resistance and osteogenesis of titanium (Ti) -based implants, TiO/calcium-phosphate coatings (TiCP) doped with various amounts of fluorine (F) (designated as TiCP-F1, TiCP-F6, and TiCP-F9) were prepared on Ti by micro-arc oxidation. The F doped TiCP coatings possess a microporous structure (pore size of 3-4 μm in average diameter) which is evenly covered by nano-grains of 30-60 nm in size. Successful F incorporation into TiCP was determined by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and it shows weak influence on the microstructure, phase compositions, surface roughness and wettability of TiCP. Read More
Sci Rep 2018 Dec 14;8(1):17841. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Optoelectronics Group - Department of Engineering, University of Sannio, I-82100, Benevento, Italy.
In this work, we report on the first demonstration of Lab on Fiber (LOF) dosimeter for ionizing radiation monitoring at ultra-high doses. The new dosimeter consists in a metallo-dielectric resonator at sub-wavelength scale supporting localized surface plasmon resonances realized on the optical fiber (OF) tip. The resonating structure involves two gold gratings separated by a templated dielectric layer of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA). Read More
Nat Commun 2018 Dec 14;9(1):5332. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, University of Toronto, 200 College Street, Toronto, ON, M5S 3E5, Canada.
Metabolism is highly regulated, allowing for robust and complex behavior. This behavior can often be achieved by controlling a small number of important metabolic reactions, or metabolic valves. Here, we present a method to identify the location of such valves: the metabolic valve enumerator (MoVE). Read More
Neurology 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
From the Department of Neurology (F.S., C.T., M.D., A.Z.), German Center for Vertigo and Balance Disorders (F.S., S.I., C.P., S.B., C.T., E.S., G.K., P.B., M.D., T.B., A.Z.), Graduate School of Systemic Neuroscience (S.I., M.D., T.B.), Department of Nuclear Medicine (P.B.), and Clinical Neurosciences (T.B.), Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich; and Munich Cluster of Systems Neurology (P.B., M.D.), SyNergy, Munich, Germany.
Objective: To investigate long-term recovery of allocentric and egocentric spatial orientation as a sensitive marker for hippocampal and extrahippocampal network function in transient global amnesia (TGA).
Methods: A group of 18 patients with TGA performed an established real-space navigation paradigm, requiring allo- and egocentric spatial orientation abilities, 3 days (postacute stage) and 3 months (follow-up) after symptom onset. Visual exploration behavior and navigation strategy were documented by a gaze-controlled, head-fixed camera. Read More
BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e026954. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Fielding School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, California, USA.
Introduction: Deficiencies in childhood development is a major global issue and inequalities are large. The influence of environmental exposures on childhood development is currently insufficiently explored. This project will analyse the impact of various modifiable early life environmental exposures on different dimensions of childhood development. Read More
BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e025761. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.
Introduction: Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) is a psychological therapy that has been used to improve patient well-being across multiple mental and physical health problems. Its effectiveness has been examined in thousands of randomised control trials that have been synthesised into hundreds of systematic reviews. The aim of this overview is to map, synthesise and assess the reliability of evidence generated from these systematic reviews of the effectiveness of CBT across all health conditions, patient groups and settings. Read More
BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e024528. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Centre for Pain Research, University of Bath, Bath, UK.
Objectives: Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) is a significant cause of morbidity. Vasodilator medications cause unwanted adverse effects, with behavioural and lifestyle changes forming the mainstay of self-management; this is difficult to implement successfully. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the efficacy of behaviour change interventions for RP and identify learning points for future treatment development. Read More
BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e024423. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Xiangya Nursing School of Central South University, Changsha, China.
Introduction: HIV epidemic is increasing among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China, yet HIV testing uptake remains low. As an emerging approach, HIV self-testing (HIVST) has the potential to promote HIV testing coverage and frequency in this population. However, evidence of the effectiveness on implementation of HIVST among Chinese MSM and their sexual partners is scarce. Read More
BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e024262. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Usher Institute of Population Health Sciences and Informatics, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK.
Objectives: Self-management support aims to give people with chronic disease confidence to actively manage their disease, in partnership with their healthcare provider. A meta-review can inform policy-makers and healthcare managers about the effectiveness of self-management support strategies for people with type 2 diabetes, and which interventions work best and for whom.
Design: A meta-review of systematic reviews of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) was performed adapting Cochrane methodology. Read More
BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e023366. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
Introduction: Intravenous insertion (IVI) is a very common procedure in the emergency department (ED). IVI is often painful and stressful for both children and their families. Currently, distraction therapy is not used as a standard of care for IVI in North America. Read More
BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e023188. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Director Office, Zhejiang Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China.
Objective: To analyse the independent and combined associations of postlunch napping duration and night-time sleep duration with risk of cognitive impairment among Chinese elderly.
Design: A cross-sectional study.
Setting: We analysed the data from Zhejiang Ageing and Health Cohort, a population-based survey of seven counties located in Zhejiang province in eastern China. Read More