643 results match your criteria Behavioural And Cognitive Psychotherapy[Journal]


Effectiveness of a culturally adapted cognitive behavioural therapy-based guided self-help (CACBT-GSH) intervention to reduce social anxiety and enhance self-esteem in adolescents: a randomized controlled trial from Pakistan.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 May 26:1-12. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Mental Health, Psychiatry & Behavioural Sciences, Peshawar Medical College, Riphah International University, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Background: Social anxiety is common among adolescents in Pakistan and is associated with low self-esteem. Among the recommended treatments, cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is effective, and self-help approaches are encouraged.

Aim: To determine the effectiveness of culturally adapted CBT-based guided self-help (CACBT-GSH) intervention, using a manual 'Khushi aur Khatoon', for treating social anxiety when added to treatment as usual (TAU) compared with TAU only. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465820000284DOI Listing

Experimental manipulation of beliefs about the importance of thoughts and the effect on an aggressive impulse.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 May 12:1-5. Epub 2020 May 12.

Centre for Biomedical Research (CBMR) and Universidade do Algarve, Portugal.

Background: Cognitive models of obsessive-compulsive disorder attribute a causal role to maladaptive beliefs.

Aims: To test this hypothesis, we manipulated Overimportance of Thoughts (OT) beliefs and experimentally evaluated their effect on the response to an induced aggressive impulse.

Method: Eighty-five participants completed a battery of self-report instruments assessing obsession symptoms, thought control, affectivity and obsessive beliefs, and were then randomly assigned to two conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465820000120DOI Listing

Exploring emotions and cognitions in hoarding: a Q-methodology analysis.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 May 7:1-16. Epub 2020 May 7.

Barnet, Enfield and Haringey Mental Health Foundation NHS Trust, UK.

Background: The cognitions and emotions of people prone to hoarding are key components of the dominant cognitive behavioural model of hoarding disorder.

Aims: This study sought to use Q-methodology to explore the thoughts and feelings of people that are prone to hoarding, to identify whether distinct clusters of participants could be found.

Method: A 49-statement Q-set was generated following thematic analysis of initial interviews (n = 2) and a review of relevant measures and literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465820000181DOI Listing

The acceptability and feasibility of group cognitive behavioural therapy for older adults with generalised anxiety disorder.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 May 7:1-5. Epub 2020 May 7.

Sheffield Health and Social Care NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield, UK.

Background: Group psychotherapy for older adults with generalised anxiety disorder is an under-researched area.

Aim: This report describes a mixed method evaluation of the acceptability and feasibility of an Overcoming Worry Group.

Method: The Overcoming Worry Group was a novel adaptation of a cognitive behavioural therapy protocol targeting intolerance-of-uncertainty for generalised anxiety disorder, tailored for delivery to older adults in a group setting (n = 13). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465820000235DOI Listing

Overcoming challenges in delivering integrated motivational interviewing and cognitive behavioural therapy for bipolar disorder with co-morbid alcohol use: therapist perspectives.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 May 6:1-6. Epub 2020 May 6.

Spectrum Centre for Mental Health Research, Institute for Health Research, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK.

Background: Alcohol misuse is common in bipolar disorder and is associated with worse outcomes. A recent study evaluated integrated motivational interviewing and cognitive behavioural therapy for bipolar disorder and alcohol misuse with promising results in terms of the feasibility of delivering the therapy and the acceptability to participants.

Aims: Here we present the experiences of the therapists and supervisors from the trial to identify the key challenges in working with this client group and how these might be overcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465820000272DOI Listing

Psychometric properties of Persian version of Cognitive Behavioural Avoidance Scale: results from student, general population and clinical samples in Iran.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 May 6:1-12. Epub 2020 May 6.

Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: There is no published evidence about the psychometric properties of the Cognitive Behavioral Avoidance Scale (CBAS) in Eastern cultures.

Aims: The current research evaluated the psychometric properties of a Persian version of the CBAS.

Method: The research consisted of two studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465820000247DOI Listing

Contribution of executive functions to eating behaviours in obesity and eating disorders.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 Apr 24:1-9. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain.

Background: Patients with eating disorders (ED) or obesity show difficulties in tasks assessing decision-making, set-shifting abilities and central coherence.

Aims: The aim of this study was to explore executive functions in eating and weight-related problems, ranging from restricting types of ED to obesity.

Method: Two hundred and eighty-eight female participants (75 with obesity; 149 with ED: 76 with restrictive eating, 73 with bingeing-purging symptoms; and 64 healthy controls) were administered the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, the Iowa Gambling Task, and the Group Embedded Figures Test to assess set-shifting, decision-making and central coherence, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465820000260DOI Listing

A cognitive behavioural group therapy for bipolar disorder using daily mood monitoring.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 Apr 22:1-15. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Altrecht Institute for Mental Health Care, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Background And Aim: This study investigated the effects of group cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for patients with bipolar disorder. The development of CBT for this disorder is relatively under-explored.

Method: Participants with bipolar I or II disorder were treated with group CBT in addition to treatment as usual. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465820000259DOI Listing

Exploring the impact of safety behaviour use on cognitive, psychophysiological, emotional and behavioural responses during a speech task.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 Apr 17:1-15. Epub 2020 Apr 17.

School of Psychology, University of Ottawa, OttawaCanada.

Background: There is a debate among researchers and clinicians regarding whether the judicious use of safety behaviours (SBs) during exposure therapy is helpful or detrimental. Central to this debate is the premise that SBs may interfere with one's ability to gather disconfirmatory evidence.

Aims: No study to date has assessed how SB use may impact cognitive mechanisms implicated during an exposure-like task. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S135246582000017XDOI Listing

Self-concept, post-traumatic self-appraisals and post-traumatic psychological adjustment: what are the relationships?

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 Apr 17:1-18. Epub 2020 Apr 17.

Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: Cognitive models of post-traumatic psychological adjustment have implicated both self-concept and self-appraisals in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Two studies investigated the relationship between self-concept and trauma-related self-appraisals, and whether culture influenced this relationship.

Method: In Study 1, a student sample (Asian n = 41, British n = 34) who self-identified as having been through a trauma or extremely stressful event completed measures of self-concept, trauma-related self-appraisals and trauma-related distress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465820000156DOI Listing

REBT with context of basic psychological needs: RESD-A Scale.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 Apr 13:1-17. Epub 2020 Apr 13.

Faculty of Health, Psychology and Social Care, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK.

Background: Accurate psychometrics benefit from assessing given constructs within specifically defined contexts. The assessment of context-specific irrational beliefs as put forth in rational emotive behaviour therapy (REBT), under the three basic psychological needs described in self-determination theory (SDT), represents a new path for research. Under the umbrella of 'positive psychology', a new scale for adolescents combining REBT and SDT is the first step towards conceptualizing irrational beliefs within the three basic psychological needs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S135246582000020XDOI Listing

iMAgery focused psychological therapy for persecutory delusions in PSychosis (iMAPS): a multiple baseline experimental case series.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 Apr 8:1-16. Epub 2020 Apr 8.

Division of Psychology and Mental Health, School of Health Sciences, University of Manchester, Zochonis Building, Brunswick Street, ManchesterM13 9PL, UK.

Background: Many people with psychosis experience persecutory delusions and report negative schematic beliefs and intrusive mental images which may be maintaining factors for psychotic symptoms.

Aims: This study examined the feasibility and acceptability of a new psychological therapy targeting schemas and images (iMAPS therapy).

Method: The study used a randomised multiple baseline design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465820000168DOI Listing

Assessing functioning in adolescents with chronic fatigue syndrome: psychometric properties and factor structure of the School and Social Adjustment Scale and the Physical Functioning Subscale of the SF36.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 Apr 1:1-11. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

King's College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, London, UK.

Background: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) has a major impact on functioning. However, no validated measures of functioning for this population exist.

Aims: We aimed to establish the psychometric properties of the 5-item School and Social Adjustment Scale (SSAS) and the 10-item Physical Functioning Subscale of the SF-36 in adolescents with CFS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465820000193DOI Listing

Therapist written goodbye letters: evidence for therapeutic benefits in the treatment of anorexia nervosa.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 Mar 17:1-13. Epub 2020 Mar 17.

Eating Disorders Service, Maudsley Hospital, South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

Background: Despite their use in clinical practice, there is little evidence to support the use of therapist written goodbye letters as therapeutic tools. However, preliminary evidence suggests that goodbye letters may have benefits in the treatment of anorexia nervosa (AN).

Aims: This study aimed to examine whether therapist written goodbye letters were associated with improvements in body mass index (BMI) and eating disorder symptomology in patients with AN after treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465820000089DOI Listing

Do you believe in magical thinking? Examining magical thinking as a mediator between obsessive-compulsive belief domains and symptoms.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 Mar 17:1-9. Epub 2020 Mar 17.

Department of Psychology, Miami University, 90 North Patterson Avenue, Oxford, OH45056, USA.

Background: Despite substantial research attention on obsessive beliefs, more research is needed to understand how these beliefs serve as aetiological or maintaining factors for obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms. Magical thinking may allow individuals to gain a sense of control when experiencing intrusive thoughts and corresponding obsessive beliefs, potentially accounting for why OC belief domains are often related to OC symptoms.

Aims: This study examines magical thinking as a mediating variable in the relationship between OC belief domains and symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465820000132DOI Listing

Examining the roles of metacognitive beliefs and maladaptive aspects of perfectionism in depression and anxiety.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 Mar 16:1-12. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

Discipline of Psychology, School of Social Sciences, University of the Sunshine Coast, Queensland, Australia.

Background: Metacognition and perfectionism are factors found to be associated with both anxiety and depression. A common component that underlies these factors is the influence of perseverance, or the tendency to continue a behaviour or thought even if it is no longer productive.

Aims: This study aimed to investigate the relationships between metacognitive beliefs with maladaptive aspects of perfectionism (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465820000144DOI Listing

The development of a theoretically derived measure exploring extreme appraisals of sleep in bipolar disorder: a Delphi study with professionals.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 Mar 11:1-13. Epub 2020 Mar 11.

School of Health Sciences, Division of Psychology & Mental Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.

Background: Sleep and mood are known to be linked and this is particularly evident in people with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder (BD). It has been proposed that psychological interventions improving sleep can be a pathway for improving mood. In order for a psychological sleep intervention to be appropriate, the common cognitive processes maintaining the range of sleep disturbances need to be investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465820000053DOI Listing

Reconsidering perfect: a qualitative study of the experiences of internet-based cognitive behaviour therapy for perfectionism.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 Mar 10:1-10. Epub 2020 Mar 10.

UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, London, UK.

Background: Internet-based cognitive behaviour therapy (ICBT) is a promising format for treating different psychiatric disorders. In addition, several clinical trials have found positive results when using it to target transdiagnostic processes, such as perfectionism. However, few qualitative investigations have been conducted on the experiences of clients undergoing such treatments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465820000090DOI Listing

Positive schemas in schema therapy with older adults: clinical implications and research suggestions.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 Mar 10:1-11. Epub 2020 Mar 10.

PersonaCura, GGz Breburg, Tilburg, The Netherlands.

Background: Schema therapy is an effective treatment for borderline personality disorder and other complex disorders. Schema therapy is feasible in older adults, and the first empirical support for its effectiveness in later life was provided in older patients with a cluster C personality disorder. The central concept of the schema therapy model is the early maladaptive schema (EMS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465820000077DOI Listing

Predictors of treatment outcomes and adherence in internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy for social anxiety in China.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 May 13;48(3):291-303. Epub 2020 Jan 13.

Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Bern, Bern3012, Switzerland.

Background: Although internet-based cognitive behaviour therapy (ICBT) is an effective treatment for social anxiety disorder (SAD), a substantial proportion of patients do not achieve clinically significant improvement. More research is needed to identify which factors predict treatment adherence and outcomes.

Aims: The aims of this study were to (1) identify demographic and clinical factors associated with treatment adherence and outcomes in ICBT for social anxiety in China, and (2) explore whether low-intensity therapist support results in improved treatment adherence or outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000730DOI Listing

Structure and validity of the Clinical Perfectionism Questionnaire in female adolescents.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 May 12;48(3):268-279. Epub 2019 Dec 12.

School of Psychology, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.

Background: Perfectionism is a transdiagnostic risk factor across psychopathology. The Clinical Perfectionism Questionnaire (CPQ) was developed to assess change in order to provide clinical utility, but currently the psychometric properties of the CPQ with adolescents is unknown.

Aims: To assess the factor structure and construct validity of the CPQ in female adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000729DOI Listing

Concordance between clinician, supervisor and observer ratings of therapeutic competence in CBT and treatment as usual: does clinician competence or supervisor session observation improve agreement?

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 May 6;48(3):350-363. Epub 2019 Dec 6.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, West Hartford, CT 06119, USA.

Background: Lowering the cost of assessing clinicians' competence could promote the scalability of evidence-based treatments such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).

Aims: This study examined the concordance between clinicians', supervisors' and independent observers' session-specific ratings of clinician competence in school-based CBT and treatment as usual (TAU). It also investigated the association between clinician competence and supervisory session observation and rater agreement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000699DOI Listing

Associations between family factors, childhood adversity, negative life events and child anxiety disorders: an exploratory study of diagnostic specificity.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 May 15;48(3):253-267. Epub 2019 Nov 15.

Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Background: Chronic childhood adversity, negative life events, and anxiogenic parenting behaviours have all been implicated in the development and maintenance of childhood anxiety disorders. However, few studies have addressed whether these factors are associated with particular types of childhood anxiety disorders.

Aims: The aims of this study were to investigate whether specific associations were obtained between specific types of childhood anxiety disorder - namely, social anxiety disorder (SOC), separation anxiety disorder (SEP) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) - and the nature of particular forms of psycho-social risk - namely, chronic childhood adversity, negative life events, and particular forms of parenting behaviours. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000717DOI Listing

Perpetuating factors of social anxiety: a serial mediation model.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 May 13;48(3):304-314. Epub 2019 Nov 13.

Department of Psychology, American University, Washington, DC, USA.

Background: There is evidence that individuals with high levels of social anxiety utilize more safety behaviours and experience more post-event processing than those with lower levels of social anxiety. There are also data to suggest that the relationship between safety behaviour use and social anxiety symptoms is mediated by perceived control of one's anxiety. Furthermore, it has been suggested that post-event processing influences anticipatory anxiety for a future social situation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000638DOI Listing

Associations between cognitive errors and mental health status in New Zealand adolescents.

Authors:
Tatiana Tairi

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 May 13;48(3):280-290. Epub 2019 Nov 13.

School of Psychology, Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand.

Background: Cognitive models of psychopathology suggest that negatively biased thinking styles are involved in the development and maintenance of emotional disturbances.

Aims: The present study examined the relationships between negative cognitive errors and indices of mental health status (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000626DOI Listing

Sleep restriction therapy may be effective for people with insomnia and depressive complaints: evidence from a case series.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Nov 11:1-6. Epub 2019 Nov 11.

Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Insomnia and depression are clearly interrelated. Several studies showed that treating insomnia with cognitive behavioural therapy positively affects concurrent depressive symptoms. However, it is unclear what treatment component is responsible for the change in depressive symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000705DOI Listing
November 2019

Acceptability of a brief training programme targeting attention and interpretation biases for threat in youth with a history of maltreatment.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 May 11;48(3):370-375. Epub 2019 Nov 11.

Psychology Department, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK.

Background: Tendencies to attend to threatening cues in the environment and to interpret ambiguous situations with negative/hostile intent maintain and may even precipitate internalizing and externalizing problems in young people with a history of maltreatment. Challenging maladaptive information-processing styles using cognitive bias modification (CBM) training may reduce symptoms.

Aims: To investigate the acceptability of CBM training in nine young people attending alternate education provision units in the UK, and 10 young people living in out-of-home care institutions in Nepal with a history of maltreatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000663DOI Listing

Providing objective feedback in supervision in motivational interviewing: results from a randomized controlled trial.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Nov 5:1-12. Epub 2019 Nov 5.

Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Division of Psychology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: The effects of the use of objective feedback in supervision on the supervisory relationship and skill acquisition is unknown.

Aims: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of two different types of objective feedback provided during supervision in motivational interviewing (MI) on: (a) the supervisory relationship, including potential feelings of discomfort/distress, provoked by the supervision sessions, and (b) the supervisees' skill acquisition.

Method: Data were obtained from a MI dissemination study conducted in five county councils across five county councils across Sweden. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000687DOI Listing
November 2019

Schema in older adults: does the schema mode model apply?

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 May 31;48(3):341-349. Epub 2019 Oct 31.

Discipline of Clinical Psychology, Graduate School of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Ultimo, NSW, Australia.

Background: The relevance of schema theory to psychopathology, in particular personality disorder, in younger adults is established. Investigations into the relevance of schema theory to older adults, however, is highly limited.

Aims: To consider the relationship of schema modes to psychopathology in older adults and establish whether maladaptive schema modes are associated with unmet needs and that this relationship is mediated by the healthy adult mode of responding in this population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000602DOI Listing

Modelling OCD: a test of the inflated responsibility model.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 May 31;48(3):327-340. Epub 2019 Oct 31.

School of Psychology, The Queen's University of Belfast, Belfast, BT9 5BN, Northern Ireland.

Background: The Salkovskis (1999) model of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), which emphasizes the role of inflated responsibility, has proven highly influential in both the understanding and treatment of OCD.

Aims: This study aimed to empirically test several core processes of this model.

Method: The individual components of the model were measured using multiple indicators in a sample of undergraduate students (n = 170), and confirmatory factor analyses were used to ascertain the most reliable, valid and theoretically consistent latent variables. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000675DOI Listing

Cognitive behavioural responses to envy: development of a new measure.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Oct 29:1-11. Epub 2019 Oct 29.

Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, Weston Education Centre, Cutcombe Road, London SE5 9RJ, UK.

Background: Envy is depicted as motivating destructive desires and actions intended to spoil or destroy that which is envied.

Aim: To develop a new valid and reliable measure of malicious envy (C-BRES), which included items representing the cognitive, emotional and behavioural responses empirically associated with this emotion.

Method: A total of 203 adults completed the new 22-item cognitive and behavioural responses to envy scale (C-BRES). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000614DOI Listing
October 2019

Prevalence and features of spontaneous recurrent images in social anxiety disorder: findings from a Korean community sample.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 Mar 24;48(2):172-184. Epub 2019 Oct 24.

Department of Psychology, Korea University, 145, Anam-ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul, 136-701, Republic of Korea.

Background: Previous studies have indicated that people with social anxiety disorder (SAD) often experience spontaneous, recurrent images (SRI). It was assumed that Koreans with interdependent self-views may contain more features related to social contexts in their self-images than those reported in Western cultures.

Aims: In the present study, we aimed to explore the prevalence and content of SRIs in individuals with SAD in Korea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S135246581900064XDOI Listing
March 2020
1 Read

Barriers and facilitators to accessing psychological therapies for severe mental health difficulties in later life.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 Mar 24;48(2):216-228. Epub 2019 Oct 24.

Division of Psychology and Mental Health, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, University of Manchester, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Manchester, UK.

Background: The number of people growing older with severe mental illness (SMI) is rising, reflecting societal trends towards an ageing population. Evidence suggests that older people are less likely to seek help, be referred for and receive psychological therapy compared with younger people, but past research has focused on those with mild to moderate mental health needs.

Aims: This research aims to identify the specific barriers faced by older people with SMI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000596DOI Listing

What is the relationship between post-traumatic stress disorder, extreme appraisals of internal state and symptoms in bipolar disorder?

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 Jan 22;48(1):103-115. Epub 2019 Oct 22.

School of Health Sciences, Division of Psychology and Mental Health, Faculty of Biology Medicine and Health, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, University of Manchester, 2nd Floor, Zochonis Building, Brunswick Street, Manchester M13 9PL, UK.

Background: It is important to understand the factors associated with more severe mood symptoms in bipolar disorder. The integrative cognitive model of bipolar disorder proposes that extreme appraisals of changes to internal states maintain and exacerbate mood symptoms.

Aims: The current study aimed to investigate if post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is related to current depressive and manic bipolar symptoms, and whether this relationship is mediated by appraisals of internal state. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000572DOI Listing
January 2020

It hurts but I still need it: a qualitative investigation of post-event processing in social anxiety disorder.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 May 21;48(3):364-369. Epub 2019 Oct 21.

Department of Psychology, Swansea University, Singleton Park, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK.

Background: It has been proposed that both positive and negative metacognitive beliefs sustain engagement in post-event processing (PEP). However, it is unknown: (1) whether individuals with social anxiety disorder (SAD) actually derive the benefits from PEP that they expect; (2) if this is not the case, how their positive beliefs are maintained; and (3) if they are aware of the counterproductive effects of PEP, why they still perform PEP.

Aims: To explore the phenomenology of the processes involved in PEP from the perspective of SADs, in order to address the research questions above. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000651DOI Listing

Rumination-focused cognitive behaviour therapy for non-responsive chronic depression: an uncontrolled group study.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 May 18;48(3):376-381. Epub 2019 Oct 18.

SMART Lab, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4QG, UK.

Background: One-third of patients with depression do not respond satisfactorily to treatment, and approximately 20% of all patients treated for depression develop a chronic depression. One approach to more effective treatment of chronic and treatment-resistant depression is to target rumination - an underlying mechanism implicated in the development and maintenance of depression.

Aim: The purpose of this uncontrolled group study was to investigate the feasibility of individual rumination-focused cognitive behavioural therapy (RfCBT) for patients with chronic and treatment-resistant depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000584DOI Listing

Effects of a Korean version of the metacognitive training program for outpatients with schizophrenia on theory of mind, positive symptoms, and interpersonal relationships.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 Jan 18;48(1):14-24. Epub 2019 Oct 18.

Faculty of Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Chosun University, Gwangju, South Korea.

Background: Since the significance of metacognition as the theoretical basis of a psychological intervention for schizophrenia first emerged, there have been ongoing attempts to restore or strengthen patients' metacognitive abilities.

Aim: A Korean version of the metacognitive training (MCT) program was developed, and its effects on theory of mind, positive and negative symptoms, and interpersonal relationships were examined in stable outpatients with schizophrenia.

Method: A pre-test-post-test design with a control group was used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000560DOI Listing
January 2020

Dysfunctional beliefs as mediators between illness-related intrusive thoughts and health anxiety symptoms.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 May 10;48(3):315-326. Epub 2019 Oct 10.

Departmento de Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamientos Psicológicos, Research Unit for Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders (I'TOC), Faculty of Psychology, University of Valencia, Avda. Blasco Ibáñez 21, Valencia-46010, Spain.

Background: Cognitive behavioural models of hypochondriasis assume that dysfunctional illness-related beliefs are involved in the genesis and maintenance of the disorder. The role that other more general dysfunctional beliefs about thoughts play in this disorder has also been highlighted. Internal triggers such as illness-related intrusive thoughts could activate these beliefs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000535DOI Listing
May 2020
8 Reads

Looking on the bright side and seeing it vividly: interpretation bias and involuntary mental imagery are related to risk for bipolar disorder.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 Mar 10;48(2):203-215. Epub 2019 Oct 10.

Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, 2121 Berkeley Way, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.

Background: Involuntary mental imagery is elevated among people with bipolar disorder, and has been shown to shape biases in interpretation of ambiguous information. However, it is not clear whether biases in interpretation of ambiguous scenarios can be observed in those at risk for bipolar disorder, or whether involuntary imagery is related to such a bias.

Aims: In the present study, we extended a prominent model of bipolar cognition to an at-risk sample. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000559DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7042064PMC
March 2020
1 Read

Does perfectionism impact adherence to homework assignment? A preliminary pilot study of perfectionism and procrastination of CBT homework.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 Mar 2;48(2):243-247. Epub 2019 Oct 2.

Department of Psychology, Swansea University, Singleton Park, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK.

Background: Homework assignments are generally viewed as an important factor of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT).

Aim: This study examined whether perfectionists procrastinate homework assignments.

Method: Thirty-eight university students attended two sessions, 7 days apart from each other. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000547DOI Listing
March 2020
4 Reads

What do you really need? Self- and partner-reported intervention preferences within cognitive behavioural therapy for reassurance seeking behaviour.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 Jan 9;48(1):25-37. Epub 2019 Sep 9.

Department of Psychology, Concordia University, Montréal, Canada.

Background: Reassurance seeking (RS) in obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is commonly addressed in cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) using a technique called reducing accommodation. Reducing accommodation is a behaviourally based CBT intervention that may be effective; however, there is a lack of controlled research on its use and acceptability to clients/patients, and case studies suggest that it can be associated with negative emotional/behavioural consequences. Providing support to encourage coping with distress is a cognitively based CBT intervention that may be an effective alternative, but lacks evidence regarding its acceptability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S135246581900050XDOI Listing
January 2020
2 Reads

I am a total failure: associations between beliefs and anxiety and depression in patients with inflammatory bowel disease with poor mental quality of life.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 Jan 19;48(1):91-102. Epub 2019 Aug 19.

Department of Psychiatry, Amsterdam University of Medical Centres, University of Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 15,1105 AZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: According to cognitive behavioural theory, cognitive factors (i.e. underlying general dysfunctional beliefs and (situation) specific illness beliefs) are theorized to lead to outcomes like anxiety and depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000444DOI Listing
January 2020

Facilitating access to iCBT: a randomized controlled trial assessing a translated version of an empirically validated program using a minimally monitored delivery model.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 Mar 16;48(2):185-202. Epub 2019 Aug 16.

École de Psychologie, Université de Moncton, Canada.

Background: Despite its established efficacy, access to internet-delivered CBT (iCBT) remains limited in a number of countries. Translating existing programs and using a minimally monitored model of delivery may facilitate its dissemination across countries.

Aims: This randomized control trial aims to evaluate the efficacy of an iCBT transdiagnostic program translated from English to French and offered in Canada using a minimally monitored delivery model for the treatment of anxiety and depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S135246581900047XDOI Listing

Measuring adherence in social recovery therapy with people with first episode psychosis.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 Jan 5;48(1):82-90. Epub 2019 Aug 5.

University of Sussex, Brighton, UK.

Background: The SUPEREDEN3 study, a phase II randomized controlled trial, suggests that social recovery therapy (SRT) is useful in improving functional outcomes in people with first episode psychosis. SRT incorporates cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) techniques with case management and employment support, and therefore has a different emphasis to traditional CBT for psychosis, requiring a new adherence tool.

Aims: This paper describes the SRT adherence checklist and content of the therapy delivered in the SUPEREDEN3 trial, outlining the frequency of SRT techniques and proportion of participants who received a full therapy dose. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000432DOI Listing
January 2020

Recharge: a preliminary evaluation of an emotion regulation enhanced CBT-i intervention for insomnia in early adolescence.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 Jan 5;48(1):121-126. Epub 2019 Aug 5.

School of Applied Psychology & Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Mt Gravatt, QLD 4122, Australia.

Background: Insomnia disorder in adolescence is prevalent, persistent and associated with adverse outcomes, including reduced quality of life. Cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBT-i) has shown promise as an effective treatment for adolescents. Recent research has highlighted the role of emotion regulation in insomnia, suggesting that the inclusion of emotion regulation techniques may enhance CBT-i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000481DOI Listing
January 2020
1 Read

Validation predicting premature drop-out from treatment provided in training clinics.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 Jan 15;48(1):116-120. Epub 2019 Jul 15.

Department of Psychology, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.

Background: Therapist validation in treatment is theorized to be related to positive outcomes (Linehan, 1993), including keeping patients in therapy longer.

Aims: We sought to evaluate the role of therapist validation from both therapists' and clients' perspectives as a predictor of drop-out from psychotherapy in three cognitive behavioural training clinics.

Method: Clients in psychotherapy (n = 50; 80% female; 82% Caucasian) and their trainee therapists (n = 22; 68% female; 86% Caucasian) rated validation by the therapist at each of four early sessions of therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000420DOI Listing
January 2020

Imagery rescripting in non-clinical paranoia: a pilot study of the impact on key cognitive and affective processes.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 Jan 15;48(1):54-66. Epub 2019 Jul 15.

Psychology Department, University of Southampton, Shackleton Building, Highfield Campus, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK.

Background: Paranoia is often accompanied by distressing intrusions associated with traumatic memories, yet one of the best-evidenced interventions, imagery rescripting (IR), is not routinely offered. This is likely to be due to poor understanding of the effects of IR on postulated mechanisms of change as well as the absence of a robust evidence base.

Aims: This study aimed to establish proof of principle that IR impacts key cognitive-affective processes associated with distressing intrusions - memory characteristics and self-representations - and level of paranoia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000419DOI Listing
January 2020
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Patterns and temporal precedence of symptom change during cognitive processing therapy for military sexual trauma-related posttraumatic stress disorder.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Sep 12;47(5):541-547. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Veterans Affairs North Texas Health Care System; Research Service (151), Dallas, TX 75216, USA.

Background: Cognitive processing therapy (CPT) is an effective treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), including for veterans with military sexual trauma (MST)-related PTSD. Most CPT research to date has focused on pre- to post-treatment change in total PTSD symptoms; however, PTSD symptom criteria may not change equivalently over the course of treatment. For example, changes in re-experiencing symptoms have been shown to precede changes in other PTSD criteria during other PTSD treatments (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000183DOI Listing
September 2019
5 Reads

Evaluation of a non-diagnostic 'Psychology of Emotions' group intervention within a UK youth IAPT service: a mixed-methods approach.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 Mar 24;48(2):129-141. Epub 2019 Jun 24.

Norfolk and Suffolk NHS Foundation Trust.

Background: A novel CBT-based intervention, tailored for young people, was developed in response to concerns about traditional diagnostically based approaches. Psychology of Emotions workshops use a normative approach to emotional difficulty instead of a diagnostic framework.

Aims: To evaluate the acceptability and efficacy of Psychology of Emotions workshops within an IAPT service for young people aged 16-25 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000407DOI Listing
March 2020
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Long-term effects of psychotherapy in a context of continuous community and gang violence: changes in aggressive attitude in high-risk South African adolescents.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 Jan 31;48(1):1-13. Epub 2019 May 31.

Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Medical School Hamburg, Germany.

Background: Post-traumatic stress but also aggressive attitudes and behaviour can be found in adolescents living in a context of ongoing community and gang violence in the low-income urban areas of Cape Town, South Africa.

Aims: We investigated the long-term effects (15-20 months after therapy) of (a) Narrative Exposure Therapy for Forensic Offender Rehabilitation (FORNET) and (b) the cognitive behavioural intervention 'Thinking for a Change' (CBT) on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and aggression compared with a waiting list.

Method: Fifty-four young males participated in the treatment trial, of which 17 completed the FORNET intervention, 11 the CBT intervention, and 26 were on a waiting list. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S135246581
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000365DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7035953PMC
January 2020
3 Reads