589 results match your criteria Behavioural And Cognitive Psychotherapy[Journal]


Does trauma-focused exposure therapy exacerbate symptoms among patients with comorbid PTSD and substance use disorders?

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Apr 23:1-16. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences,Medical University of South Carolina,Charleston, SC,USA.

Background: Although exposure-based therapy is a well-established, effective treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), some practitioners report reluctance to implement it due to concerns that it may exacerbate symptoms of PTSD and commonly comorbid disorders, such as substance use disorders (SUD).

Aim: This study compared the exacerbation of psychological symptoms among participants with comorbid PTSD and SUD who received either SUD treatment alone or SUD treatment integrated with exposure therapy for PTSD.

Method: Participants (N = 71) were treatment-seeking, military Veterans with comorbid PTSD and SUD who were randomized to 12 individual sessions of either (1) an integrated, exposure-based treatment (Concurrent Treatment of PTSD and Substance Use Disorders using Prolonged Exposure; COPE); or (2) a non-exposure-based, SUD-only treatment (Relapse Prevention; RP). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000304DOI Listing

A pilot study of acceptance-based behavioural weight loss for adolescents with obesity.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Apr 17:1-11. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Psychiatry,University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine,Philadelphia, PA,USA.

Background: Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) is a psychological treatment that has been found to increase weight loss in adults when combined with lifestyle modification, compared with the latter treatment alone. However, an ACT-based treatment for weight loss has never been tested in adolescents.

Methods: The present pilot study assessed the feasibility and acceptability of a 16-week, group ACT-based lifestyle modification treatment for adolescents and their parents/guardians. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000262DOI Listing

Neurocognitive predictors of metacognition in individuals at clinical high risk for psychosis.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Apr 15:1-5. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Hotchkiss Brain Institute, Department of Psychiatry,University of Calgary,Calgary, Alberta,Canada.

Background: Metacognition refers to the ability to evaluate and control our cognitive processes. While studies have investigated metacognition in schizophrenia and clinical high risk for psychosis (CHR), less is known about the potential mechanisms which result in metacognitive deficits.

Aims: We aimed to investigate whether neurocognitive functions including attention, working memory, verbal learning and executive functions predicted the tendency to focus on one's thoughts (cognitive self-consciousness) and beliefs in the efficacy of one's cognitive skills (cognitive confidence). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000328DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Judging clinical competence using structured observation tools: A cautionary tale.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Apr 15:1-9. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Charlie Waller Institute,University of Reading,Reading,UK.

Background: One method for appraising the competence with which psychological therapy is delivered is to use a structured assessment tool that rates audio or video recordings of therapist performance against a standard set of criteria.

Aims: The present study examines the inter-rater reliability of a well-established instrument (the Cognitive Therapy Scale - Revised) and a newly developed scale for assessing competence in CBT.

Method: Six experienced raters working independently and blind to each other's ratings rated 25 video recordings of therapy being undertaken by CBT therapists in training. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000316DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Older adult hoarders' experiences of being helped by volunteers and volunteers' experiences of helping.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Apr 14:1-12. Epub 2019 Apr 14.

Department of Psychology,University of Bath,Bath BA2 7AY,UK.

Background: There is limited research into the experiences of receiving and providing help in the context of hoarding disorder.

Aims: The present study aimed to explore the experiences of older people with hoarding difficulties receiving help and volunteers providing support to people with hoarding problems.

Method: Qualitative methods were adopted to investigate the lived experience of participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S135246581900016XDOI Listing

Mediational role of rumination and reflection on irrational beliefs and distress.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Apr 14:1-13. Epub 2019 Apr 14.

School of Life Sciences and Education,Staffordshire University,Stoke-on-Trent,UK.

Background: The cognitive restructuring of maladaptive beliefs within many cognitive behavioural psychotherapies typically encourages the client to undertake self-reflection. However, whilst self-consciousness can aid self-regulation, it is also implicated in a broad Grange of psychopathologies. The extent to which self-consciousness is associated with psychological distress is yet to be fully determined, but recent literature suggests that irrational beliefs, as proposed within rational emotive behaviour theory (REBT) may play an important role. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000031DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Beliefs about safety behaviours in the prediction of safety behaviour use.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Apr 12:1-14. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Illawarra Anxiety ClinicMt Pleasant,Australia.

Background: Safety behaviours are ubiquitous across anxiety disorders and are associated with the aetiology, maintenance and exacerbation of anxiety. Cognitive behavioural models posit that beliefs about safety behaviours directly influence their use. Therefore, beliefs about safety behaviours may be an important component in decreasing safety behaviour use. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S135246581
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000298DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Imagery rescripting for the treatment of trauma in voice hearers: a case series.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Apr 12:1-17. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department of Clinical Psychology,University of Amsterdam,Amsterdam,The Netherlands.

Background: High rates of trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are reported in people who hear voices (auditory hallucinations). A recent meta-analysis of trauma interventions in psychosis showed only small improvements in PSTD symptoms and voices. Imagery Rescripting (ImRs) may be a therapy that is more effective in this population because it generalizes over memories, which is ideal in this population with typically repeated traumas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000237DOI Listing

Characterizing core beliefs in psychosis: a qualitative study.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Apr 8:1-15. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Division of Nursing, Midwifery, and Social Work, School of Health Sciences,University of Manchester,UK.

Background: Cognitive behavioural treatments are recommended for people with psychosis. Core beliefs regarding the self and others are a key part of the models underpinning cognitive behavioural therapy but detailed understanding of these putative beliefs in people with psychosis are limited. A greater understanding of these mechanisms is necessary to improve and refine treatments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000274DOI Listing

Importance of knowledge in the behavioural treatment of panic disorder.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Apr 2:1-5. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Michael E. DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Houston, TX,USA.

Background: Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for panic disorder encourages patients to learn about and make changes to thoughts and behaviour patterns that maintain symptoms of the disorder. Instruments to assess whether or not patients understand therapy content do not currently exist.

Aims: The aim of this study was to examine if increases within specific knowledge domains of panic disorder were related to improvement in panic symptoms following an intensive 2-day panic treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S135246581900002XDOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Multi-professional IAPT CBT training: clinical competence and patient outcomes.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Mar 28:1-14. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Experimental Psychology,University of Oxford, Oxford,UK.

Background: There is international interest in the training of psychological therapists to deliver evidence-based treatment for common mental health problems. The UK Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) programme, one of the largest training initiatives, relies on competent therapists to successfully deliver cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) and promote good patient outcome.

Aims: To evaluate an IAPT CBT training course by assessing if trainees' clinical skills improve during training and reach competency standards, and to report patient outcome for submitted training cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000201DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Effectiveness of cognitive behavioural group therapy for social anxiety disorder: long-term benefits and aftercare.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Mar 28:1-13. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Social Anxiety Ireland, Phibsborough, Dublin 7,Ireland.

Background: Empirical research demonstrates the short- to medium-term efficacy and effectiveness of cognitive behavioural group therapy (CBGT) for social anxiety disorder (SAD). Little is known about the durability of gains beyond 1 year following treatment in real-life clinical settings. Literature regarding the impact of aftercare programs as an adjunct to CBGT treatment on SAD is scarce. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000079DOI Listing

Virtual reality-based cognitive behavioural therapy for patients with generalized social anxiety disorder: a pilot study.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Mar 27:1-6. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

University of Groningen,University Medical Center Groningen,Department of Psychiatry, PO Box 30.001, 9700 RB Groningen, theNetherlands.

Background: Patients with generalized social anxiety disorder (SAD) avoid various social situations and can be reluctant to engage in in vivo exposure therapy. Highly personalized practising can be required before patients are ready to perform in vivo exposure. Virtual reality-based therapy could be beneficial for this group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000225DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Affective forecasting accuracy in obsessive compulsive disorder.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Mar 27:1-12. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Department of Psychology,Harvard University,William James Hall, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138,USA.

Background: Research indicates that people suffering from obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) possess several cognitive biases, including a tendency to over-estimate threat and avoid risk. Studies have suggested that people with OCD not only over-estimate the severity of negative events, but also under-estimate their ability to cope with such occurrences. What is less clear is if they also miscalculate the extent to which they will be emotionally impacted by a given experience. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000134DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Does intolerance of uncertainty mediate improvement in anger during group CBT for GAD? A preliminary investigation.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Mar 27:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford,USA.

Background: Individuals with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) have elevated intolerance of uncertainty (IU) and anger, and IU mediates the relationship between GAD symptoms and anger.

Aims: The current pilot study examined whether group cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) improves anger in people with GAD, and the degree to which change in IU mediates improved anger.

Method: Individuals diagnosed with GAD completed measures of worry, IU, and facets of anger, before and at the end of group CBT for GAD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000249DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Intrusive social images in individuals with high and low social anxiety: a multi-method analysis.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Mar 21:1-17. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

University of Ottawa,Canada.

Background: Models of social anxiety suggest that intrusive images/memories are common in social anxiety and contribute to the maintenance of social anxiety.

Aims: We examined the context and phenomenological features of intrusive social images using quantitative and qualitative measures across various levels of social anxiety.

Method: Undergraduate students (n = 191) completed measures of social anxiety (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000043DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Exposure and response prevention therapy augmented with naltrexone in kleptomania: a controlled case study using galvanic skin response for monitoring.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Mar 21:1-6. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Department for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy,University Leipzig,Germany.

Background: Kleptomania is a disease that shares features with obsessive compulsive spectrum disorders (OCD) and with substance abuse disorders (SAD). This is underlined by therapeutic approaches in kleptomania ranging from cognitive behavioural therapy and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors that are effective in OCD, and opioid antagonists that are currently being used in SAD. However, almost no literature exists about exposure and response prevention (ERP) therapy in kleptomania. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000213DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Adapting CBT to treat depression in Armed Forces Veterans: qualitative study.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Mar 21:1-11. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

King's Centre for Military Health Research,King's College,Weston Education Centre, London,UK.

Background: The principles of the Armed Forces Covenant state that Armed Forces Veterans should be at no disadvantage resulting from their service compared with a general adult population. However, despite being at increased risk of experiencing common mental health difficulties, evidence indicates that 82% of Armed Forces Veterans receive no treatment, compared with 63% of the general adult population.

Aim: To gain a better appreciation of factors that inform the type of adaptations to cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) interventions for depression and mainstream service promotion materials to enhance acceptability for Armed Forces Veterans. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S135246581
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000171DOI Listing
March 2019
8 Reads

Predictors of depression relapse and recurrence after cognitive behavioural therapy: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Mar 21:1-16. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Clinical Psychology Unit, Department of Psychology,University of Sheffield,Sheffield, UK.

Background: Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is an effective psychological treatment for major depressive disorder, although some patients experience a return of symptoms after finishing therapy. The ability to predict which individuals are more vulnerable to deterioration would allow for targeted interventions to prevent short-term relapse and longer-term recurrence.

Aim: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to identify factors associated with an increased risk of relapse and/or recurrence (RR) after CBT for depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000080DOI Listing

The Negative Effects Questionnaire: psychometric properties of an instrument for assessing negative effects in psychological treatments.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Mar 15:1-14. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Department of Psychology,Stockholm University,Stockholm,Sweden.

Background: Psychological treatments provide many benefits for patients with psychiatric disorders, but research also suggests that negative effects might occur from the interventions involved. The Negative Effects Questionnaire (NEQ) has previously been developed as a way of determining the occurrence and characteristics of such incidents, consisting of 32 items and six factors. However, the NEQ has yet to be examined using modern test theory, which could help to improve the understanding of how well the instrument works psychometrically. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000018DOI Listing

Implementation of stepped care for patients with chronic fatigue syndrome in community-based mental health care: outcomes at post-treatment and long-term follow-up.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Mar 12:1-11. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Expert Centre for Chronic Fatigue, Department of Medical Psychology, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute,VU Medical Centre,Amsterdam,The Netherlands.

Background: Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is an evidence-based treatment for chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Stepped care for CFS, consisting of a minimal intervention followed by face-to-face CBT, was found efficacious when tested in a CFS specialist centre. Stepped care implemented in a community-based mental health centre (MHC) has not yet been evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000110DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

What are Clients Asking Their Therapist During Therapist-Assisted Internet-Delivered Cognitive Behaviour Therapy? A Content Analysis of Client Questions.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Jan 26:1-14. Epub 2019 Jan 26.

Department of Psychology,Macquarie University,Sydney,Australia.

Background: Although internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (ICBT) yields large clinical outcomes when accompanied by therapeutic support, a portion of clients do not benefit from treatment. In ICBT, clients review treatment materials online typically on a weekly basis. A key component of therapist-assistance involves answering questions as clients review and work on assignments related to the treatment materials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465818000668DOI Listing
January 2019

Modified Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Depressive Symptoms in Parkinson's Disease: a Pilot Trial.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Jan 18:1-16. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

School of Psychology,Curtin University.

Background: Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) has evidence of efficacy in a range of populations, but few studies to date have reported on MBCT for treatment of anxious and depressive symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD).

Aims: The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of modified MBCT in reducing symptoms of anxiety and depression and improving quality of life in PD.

Method: Thirty-six individuals with PD were randomly assigned to either modified MBCT or a waitlist control. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S135246581800070XDOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Mindfulness for Psychosis Groups; Within-Session Effects on Stress and Symptom-Related Distress in Routine Community Care.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Jan 18:1-10. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

King's College London,Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience (IoPPN),Department of Psychology,London,UK.

Background: There is an emerging evidence base that mindfulness for psychosis is a safe and effective intervention. However, empirical data on the within-session effects of mindfulness meditation was hitherto lacking.

Aims: The aim of the study was to assess the impact of taking part in a mindfulness for psychosis group, using a within-session self-report measure of general stress, and symptom-related distress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465818000723DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Scrupulosity, Religious Affiliation and Symptom Presentation in Obsessive Compulsive Disorder.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Jan 15:1-15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill,Davie Hall,Campus Box 3270,Chapel Hill,NC 27599,USA.

Background: Scrupulosity is a common yet understudied presentation of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) that is characterized by obsessions and compulsions focused on religion. Despite the clinical relevance of scrupulosity to some presentations of OCD, little is known about the association between scrupulosity and symptom severity across religious groups.

Aims: The present study examined the relationship between (a) religious affiliation and OCD symptoms, (b) religious affiliation and scrupulosity, and (c) scrupulosity and OCD symptoms across religious affiliations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465818000711DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

A Feasibility Open Trial of a Brief Internet-Delivered Written Exposure Therapy for Worry.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Jan 14:1-16. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

École de psychologie,Université de Moncton,Campus de Moncton,Pavillon Léopold-Taillon,18 avenue Antonine-Maillet,Moncton,NB,Canada,E1A 3E9.

Background: Cognitive exposure, a treatment of choice for hypothetical fears, involves listening repeatedly to a recorded scenario of one's worst hypothetical fear. A major limitation, however, is that the script cannot be easily modified.

Aims: The current study assessed the feasibility of a brief guided internet-based written exposure therapy (iWET) for hypothetical fears, Mind at Peace. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S135246581
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465818000693DOI Listing
January 2019
12 Reads

Does Behavioural Activation Lack Credibility Among Those Who Need It Most? A Comparison of Responses to Rationales for Behavioural Activation and Schema Therapy.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Jan 14:1-6. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

School of Psychology,University of Adelaide,North Tce,Adelaide,SA 5005,Australia.

Background: Behavioural activation (BA) is an effective front-line treatment for depression but some consumers find it unattractive or aversive, and its rationale unconvincing.

Aims: To investigate whether individual differences in symptoms of depression, borderline personality pathology or adverse childhood events would: (1) influence ratings of BA treatment credibility; (2) predict credibility rating differences in comparison to schema therapy (ST) exemplifying a contrasting theoretical rationale with a significant developmental history focus; (3) a third aim was to test whether BA credibility was increased by providing research evidence of its efficacy.

Method: In an online within-subjects experiment, 219 Australian community adults completed the Credibility/Expectancy Questionnaire following written descriptions of BA and ST (presentation order randomized across participants), and again for BA after receiving information about research supporting BA's efficacy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S135246581800067XDOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Changing Beliefs About Emotions in IBS: A Single Case Design.

Authors:
H M Bowers A L Wroe

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 May 8;47(3):303-317. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Royal Holloway University of London.

Background: Previous research suggests benefits of targeting beliefs about the unacceptability of emotions in treatment for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

Aims: The current study developed and tested an intervention focusing on beliefs and behaviours around emotional expression.

Method: Four participants with IBS attended five group sessions using cognitive behavioural techniques focusing on beliefs about the unacceptability of expressing emotions. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S135246581
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465818000589DOI Listing
May 2019
13 Reads

Neuroticism and Somatic Complaints: Concomitant Effects of Rumination and Worry.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2018 Nov 7:1-15. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Department of Psychology,Manchester Metropolitan University,Manchester,UK.

Background: Neuroticism is associated with inflated somatic symptom reporting. Worry and rumination are a cognitive concomitant of neuroticism and potentially mediate the neuroticism-somatic complaint relationship.

Aims: The present study examined the degree to which worry and rumination mediated the relationship between neuroticism and somatic complaints. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465818000619DOI Listing
November 2018

Development and Evaluation of a Recovery-Oriented Cognitive Behavioural Workshop for People Diagnosed with Schizophrenia.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 May 30;47(3):400-406. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

First Department of Psychiatry,Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology,Sobieskiego 9,02-957 Warsaw,Poland.

Background: There is a need to develop culturally adapted interventions that support the personal recovery and real-world functioning of people diagnosed with schizophrenia.

Aims: This study reports on the development and evaluation of a culturally adapted, recovery-oriented, cognitive behavioural workshop for service users with schizophrenia.

Method: The feasibility and acceptability were assessed, as were changes over time in personal recovery and psychosocial functioning (primary outcomes) along with psychopathology and health-related behaviours (secondary outcomes), using multi-level modelling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465818000607DOI Listing
May 2019
18 Reads

Attentional Control as a Predictor of Response to Psychological Treatment for Depression and Relapse up to 1 year After Treatment: A Pilot Cohort Study.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 May 24;47(3):318-331. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Research Department of Clinical,Educational and Health Psychology,University College London,Gower Street,London WC1E 6BT.

Background: Identifying depressed patients unlikely to reach remission and those likely to relapse after reaching remission is of great importance, but there are few pre-treatment factors that can help clinicians predict prognosis and together these explain relatively little variance in treatment outcomes. Attentional control has shown promise in studies to date, but has not been investigated prospectively in routine clinical settings with depressed patients.

Aims: This study aimed to pilot the use of a brief self-report measure of attentional control in routine care and investigate the associations between attentional control, psychological treatment response and relapse to depression up to 1 year post-treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465818000590DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372070PMC
May 2019
16 Reads

The Impact of Irrational Beliefs on Paranoid Thoughts.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 May 9;47(3):270-286. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy,Babes-Bolyai University of Cluj-Napoca and Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai,New York.

Background: Although the ABC model proposed by cognitive behavioral theory has strong empirical support for a wide range of psychological problems, little is known about the role of irrational beliefs (IBs), a central concept of the ABC model, in the aetiology of paranoid thoughts, one of the most common psychotic symptoms.

Aims: The present study aimed to investigate the impact of IBs on paranoid thoughts and people's perceptions of others.

Method: Eighty-one non-clinical participants (m age = 21. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465818000565DOI Listing
May 2019
15 Reads

Identifying the Underlying Mechanisms of Change During Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT): A Systematic Review of Contemporary Mediation Studies.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 May 4;47(3):332-362. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Department of Psychology,University of Sheffield.

Background: Mediation studies test the mechanisms by which interventions produce clinical outcomes. Consistent positive mediation results have previously been evidenced (Hayes et al., 2006) for the putative processes that compromise the psychological flexibility model of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT). Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S135246581
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465818000553DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Is Self-Compassion a Worthwhile Therapeutic Target for ICD-11 Complex PTSD (CPTSD)?

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 May 2;47(3):257-269. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Ulster University,School of Psychology,Derry,Northern Ireland.

Background: Two 'sibling' disorders have been proposed for the fourthcoming 11th version of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11): post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex PTSD (CPTSD). Examining psychological factors that may be associated with CPTSD, such as self-compassion, is an important first step in its treatment that can inform consideration of which problems are most salient and what interventions are most relevant.

Aims: We set out to investigate the association between self-compassion and the two factors of CPTSD: the PTSD factor (re-experiencing, avoidance, sense of threat) and the Disturbances in Self-Organization (DSO) factor (affect dysregulation, negative self-concept and disturbances in relationships). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465818000577DOI Listing
May 2019
12 Reads

Randomized Controlled Trial to Test the Efficacy of an Unguided Online Intervention with Automated Feedback for the Treatment of Insomnia.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 May 6;47(3):287-302. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Department of Psychology,University of Zurich,Switzerland.

Background: Insomnia has become a major public health concern.

Aims: The study examined the efficacy of a web-based unguided self-help programme with automated feedback. The programme was based on cognitive behaviour therapy for insomnia (CBT-I). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465818000486DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Prepartum and Postpartum Mothers' and Fathers' Unwanted, Intrusive Thoughts in Response to Infant Crying.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Mar 29;47(2):129-147. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Department of Psychiatry,University of British Columbia,Room 002,Pearkes Building,2400 Arbutus Road,Queen Alexandra Centre for Children's Health,Victoria,BC,V8N 1V7,Canada.

Background: Unwanted intrusive thoughts of intentionally harming one's infant (intrusive harm thoughts) are common distressing experiences among postpartum mothers and fathers.

Aim: To understand infant crying as a stimulus for intrusive harm thoughts and associated emotional responses in prepartum and postpartum mothers and fathers in response to infant cry.

Method: Following completion of self-report measures of negative mood and anger, prepartum (n = 48) and postpartum (n = 44) samples of mother and father pairs completed 10 minutes of listening to audio-recorded infant crying. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465818000474DOI Listing

Helpful and Hindering Events in Internet-Delivered Cognitive Behavioural Treatment for Generalized Anxiety.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 May 28;47(3):386-399. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

E-Mental Health Research Group School of Psychology,Trinity College,Dublin.

Background: Anxiety disorders are a highly prevalent cause of impairment globally with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) sharing many features with other anxiety disorders.

Aims: The present study investigated the helpful and hindering events and impacts for individuals with generalized anxiety who engaged with a supported 6-week online intervention based on cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT).

Method: Participants (n = 36) completed the Helpful and Hindering Aspects of Therapy (HAT) for each session. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465818000504DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Translating the Intention to Seek Treatment into Action: Does Symptom Monitoring Make a Difference? Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Jan 23;47(1):114-128. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

Berkshire Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust,2nd,3rd and 4th Floors Fitzwilliam House,Bracknell,Berkshire RG12 1BQ,UK.

Background: Most people with common mental health problems do not seek evidence-based psychological interventions.

Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate whether monitoring symptoms of depression and anxiety using an app increased treatment-seeking.

Method: Three hundred and six people with significant levels of anxiety and depression, none of whom were currently receiving treatment, were randomly allocated to receive either (a) information about local psychological services only, (b) information plus regular symptom monitoring (every 6 days), or (c) information plus open symptom monitoring (monitoring when they felt like it). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465818000498DOI Listing
January 2019
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Is Reassurance Seeking Specific to OCD? Adaptation Study of the Turkish Version of Reassurance Seeking Questionnaire in Clinical and Non-Clinical Samples.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 May 22;47(3):363-385. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

Department of Psychology,Hacettepe University,Ankara,Turkey.

Background: Reassurance seeking in obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a kind of neutralization behaviour that causes considerable interpersonal conflicts.

Aims: The purpose of this study was to conduct the adaptation of the Reassurance Seeking Questionnaire (ReSQ; Kobori and Salkovskis, 2013) into the Turkish language, and to examine its psychometric properties. Moreover, we aimed to identify the specificity of reassurance seeking to OCD, as opposed to other anxiety disorders and depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465818000462DOI Listing
May 2019
7 Reads

Outpatient CBT for Underweight Patients with Eating Disorders: Effectiveness Within a National Health Service (NHS) Eating Disorders Service.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Mar 2;47(2):217-229. Epub 2018 Aug 2.

Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust,Cotswold House,Warneford Hospital,Oxford OX3 7JX.

Background: Underweight eating disorders (EDs) are notoriously difficult to treat, although a growing evidence base suggests that outpatient cognitive behaviour therapy for EDs (CBT-ED) can be effective for a large proportion of individuals.

Aims: To investigate the effectiveness of CBT-ED for underweight EDs in a 'real-world' settings.

Method: Sixty-three adults with underweight EDs (anorexia nervosa or atypical anorexia nervosa) began outpatient CBT-ED in a National Health Service setting. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S135246581
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465818000449DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Effects of a Brief Transdiagnostic Cognitive Behavioural Group Therapy on Disorder Specific Symptoms.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Jan 25;47(1):1-15. Epub 2018 Jul 25.

University of Iceland/Reykjavik University/Landspítali-The National University Hospital of Iceland.

Background: In recent years, cognitive behavioural group therapies (CBGT) have been increasingly deployed as a strategy to increase the efficiency and cost-effectiveness in treatment of common mental health problems. The vast majority of these therapies are disorder specific, but in the last few years there has been growing interest in transdiagnostic CBGT.

Aims: The aim of this study was twofold: to evaluate the treatment effects of transdiagnostic CBGT on disorder specific symptoms and what (if any) differences would be observed in the treatment effects with regard to general as opposed to disorder specific symptoms measured pre- and post-treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465818000450DOI Listing
January 2019

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Psychosis and Trauma: Investigating Links between Trauma Severity, Attachment and Outcome.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Mar 17;47(2):230-243. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

Université de Montréal.

Background: Although Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) may be effective for individuals with psychosis and a history of childhood trauma, little is known about predictors of treatment response among such patients.

Aims: The current study examined: (1) whether severity of trauma predicted treatment response, and (2) profiles of patients with regard to their responses to treatment.

Method: Fifty participants with psychosis and childhood trauma history were recruited and randomized to take part in either eight sessions of group-based ACT, or to be on a waiting list for the ACT group (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465818000413DOI Listing
March 2019
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The Scarier the Better: Maximizing Exposure Therapy Outcomes for Spider Fear.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2018 Nov 13;46(6):754-760. Epub 2018 Jul 13.

Illawarra Anxiety Clinic,Mount Pleasant,NSW,Australia.

Background: While exposure therapy effectively reduces anxiety associated with specific phobias, not all individuals respond to treatment and some will experience a return of fear after treatment ceases.

Aims: This study aimed to test the potential benefit of increasing the intensity of exposure therapy by adding an extra step that challenged uncontrollability (Step 15: allowing a spider to walk freely over one's body) to the standard fear hierarchy.

Method: Fifty-one participants who had a severe fear of spiders completed two 60-min exposure sessions 1 week apart in a context that was either the same or different from the baseline and follow-up assessment context. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465818000437DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

The Acceptability, Feasibility and Potential Outcomes of an Individual Mindfulness-Based Intervention for Hearing Voices.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Mar 9;47(2):200-216. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

Centre for Mental Health,Swinburne University of Technology,Melbourne,VIC,Australia.

Background: A prominent area of advancement in the psychological treatment for people with persisting psychosis has been the application of mindfulness-based therapies. Recent literature has recommended the investigation of focused mindfulness interventions for voices (auditory hallucinations) as a specific experience. To date, only mindfulness programs in group format have been examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465818000425DOI Listing
March 2019
7 Reads

Imagery-Focused Cognitive Therapy (ImCT) for Mood Instability and Anxiety in a Small Sample of Patients with Bipolar Disorder: a Pilot Clinical Audit.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2018 Nov 9;46(6):706-725. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

Division of Psychology,Department of Clinical Neuroscience,Karolinska Institutet,Stockholm,Sweden.

Background: Despite the global impact of bipolar disorder (BD), treatment success is limited. Challenges include syndromal and subsyndromal mood instability, comorbid anxiety, and uncertainty around mechanisms to target. The Oxford Mood Action Psychology Programme (OxMAPP) offered a novel approach within a cognitive behavioural framework, via mental imagery-focused cognitive therapy (ImCT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465818000334DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6140996PMC
November 2018
5 Reads

An Experimental Investigation into the Effect of State-Anxiety on State-Paranoia in People Experiencing Psychosis.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Jan 25;47(1):52-66. Epub 2018 Jun 25.

Department of Psychology,University of Bath,Bath BA2 7AY.

Background: There is strong evidence to suggest that anxiety is associated with paranoia in clinical and non-clinical samples. However, no research to date has directly manipulated anxiety to investigate if state-anxiety has a causal role in state-paranoia in clinical populations.

Aims: To investigate whether an anxious-mood induction leads to greater paranoia than a neutral-mood induction in people experiencing psychosis and paranoia and, if so, whether this is predicted by anxiety over and above other variables. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465818000401DOI Listing
January 2019

Group-Based Worry Intervention for Persecutory Delusions: an Initial Feasibility Study.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2018 Sep 20;46(5):619-625. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

Oxleas NHS Foundation Trust,Bromley Intensive Case Management Psychosis Team West,63 Yeoman House,Penge,London SE20 7TS.

Background: A one-to-one cognitive behavioural therapy intervention targeting worry significantly reduces both worry and persecutory delusions (Freeman et al., 2015).

Aim: To adapt this intervention for group delivery and conduct a feasibility trial within routine clinical practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465818000383DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Examining the Factor Structure and Psychometric Properties of a Guilt Management Scale (GMS).

Behav Cogn Psychother 2019 Mar 19;47(2):181-199. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

School of Psychological Sciences,University of Manchester,2nd Floor Zochonis Building,Brunswick Street,Manchester M13 9PL.

Background: Guilt is commonly associated with distress and psychopathology. However, there is a lack of validated measures that assess how people cope with this aversive emotional and cognitive experience.

Aims: We therefore developed and validated a self-report measure that assesses how people manage their guilt: the Guilt Management Scale (GMS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465818000292DOI Listing
March 2019
20 Reads

Does Mid-Treatment Insomnia Severity Mediate between Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Insomnia and Post-Treatment Depression? An Investigation in a Sample with Comorbid Insomnia and Depressive Symptomatology.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2018 Nov 14;46(6):726-737. Epub 2018 Jun 14.

School of Health and Medical Sciences,Örebro University,Örebro,Sweden and University Health Care Research Centre,Region Örebro County,Örebro,Sweden.

Background: Recent treatment studies with cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) have demonstrated effects on both sleep problems and depression. Two previous studies have indicated that the beneficial effect from CBT-I on depression may come through improved sleep, although insomnia severity during treatment had not previously been investigated as a mediator.

Aims: Our aim was to investigate if insomnia severity during treatment mediated between CBT-I and depression severity after treatment, in a sample with co-morbid insomnia and depressive symptomology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465818000395DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads