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    497 results match your criteria Behavioral sleep medicine[Journal]

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    Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder features and response to behavioral therapy for insomnia among patients with hypnotic-dependent insomnia.
    Behav Sleep Med 2018 Jun 5. Epub 2018 Jun 5.
    b Department of Psychology , University of Alabama , Tuscaloosa , AL , USA.
    Objective: To compare therapeutic response to behavioral therapy for insomnia (BT-I) among hypnotic-dependent insomnia (HDI) patients with and without Cluster C personality disorders.

    Participants: Twenty-three adults with HDI (17 females), aged between 33 and 68 (M = 53; SD = 9.9) were included in the study. Read More

    The Prevalence of Sleep Disturbances and Sleep Quality in Older Chinese Adults: A Comprehensive Meta-Analysis.
    Behav Sleep Med 2018 May 31:1-15. Epub 2018 May 31.
    a Unit of Psychiatry, Faculty of Health Sciences , University of Macau , Macao SAR , China.
    Objective: This is a meta-analysis of the pooled prevalence of insomnia-specific sleep disturbances (sleep disturbances thereafter) and sleep quality in older Chinese adults.

    Method: Both English (PubMed, Embase and PsycINFO) and Chinese (Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure [CNKI], WanFang and SinoMed) databases were systematically searched. Data extraction and quality assessment were independently performed by two investigators. Read More

    Usage of Therapeutic Sleep Deprivation: A Survey in Psychiatric Hospitals in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland.
    Behav Sleep Med 2018 May 18:1-8. Epub 2018 May 18.
    a Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy , Medical University of Vienna , Vienna , Austria.
    Objective: Therapeutic sleep deprivation (SD) is a nonpharmacological treatment that is used most often for depression. The aim of this study was to examine the pattern of use of SD in psychiatric hospitals in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland.

    Methods: A questionnaire about perceived usage of SD was sent by mail to all 511 psychiatric hospitals in the three countries. Read More

    Impact of a Behavioral Sleep Intervention on New School Entrants' Social Emotional Functioning and Sleep: A Translational Randomized Trial.
    Behav Sleep Med 2018 May 14:1-15. Epub 2018 May 14.
    a Community Health Services Research, Murdoch Children's Research Institute , Melbourne , Victoria , Australia.
    Objective/background: Determine the effects and costs of a brief behavioral sleep intervention, previously shown to improve child social-emotional functioning, sleep, and parent mental health, in a translational trial.

    Participants: Three hundred thirty-four school entrant children from 47 primary schools in Melbourne, Australia, with parent-reported moderate to severe behavioral sleep problems.

    Methods: intervention group received sleep hygiene practices and standardized behavioral strategies delivered by trained school nurses in 2013 and 2014. Read More

    Adolescent Nocturnal Fears: a psychometric evaluation of the fear of sleep inventory (FoSI).
    Behav Sleep Med 2018 May 14:1-8. Epub 2018 May 14.
    d Department of Pediatrics and Child Health , Howard University College of Medicine, Washington, DC, USA.
    Objective: Nocturnal fears are associated with trauma-related sleep disturbance in adults, yet research is limited addressing this relationship in adolescents. This study evaluated the validity of the Fear of Sleep Inventory (FoSI) as a measure of nocturnal fears broadly and in relation to trauma exposure in adolescents.

    Participants: Students ages 14-18 from two urban school-based health centers were the participants. Read More

    Qualitative Development and Content Validation of the PROMIS Pediatric Sleep Health Items.
    Behav Sleep Med 2018 Apr 25:1-15. Epub 2018 Apr 25.
    c The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia , Philadelphia , PA , USA.
    Objective: To develop the Patient Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Pediatric Sleep Health item pool and evaluate its content validity.

    Participants: Participants included 8 expert sleep clinician-researchers, 64 children ages 8-17 years, and 54 parents of children ages 5-17 years.

    Methods: We started with item concepts and expressions from the PROMIS Sleep Disturbance and Sleep Related Impairment adult measures. Read More

    Poor Cognitive Inhibition Predicts Rumination About Insomnia in a Clinical Sample.
    Behav Sleep Med 2018 Apr 20:1-10. Epub 2018 Apr 20.
    a Department of Psychology , Sapienza University of Rome , Rome , Italy.
    Objective/background: According to the Cognitive Model of Insomnia disorder, rumination about lack of sleep and its diurnal consequences plays a crucial role in maintaining insomnia. Consolidated evidence shows that rumination is related to poor executive functions, which are cognitive control processes impacted by insomnia. Despite this evidence, no studies so far investigated the relationship between executive functions and rumination in individuals with insomnia. Read More

    Moderating Effect of Motor Proficiency on the Relationship Between ADHD Symptoms and Sleep Problems in Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder-Combined Type.
    Behav Sleep Med 2018 Mar 12:1-11. Epub 2018 Mar 12.
    a Deakin University, Geelong, Australia, Deakin Child Study Centre, School of Psychology , Faculty of Health , Geelong , Australia.
    Objectives/background: A high proportion of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder- Combined type (ADHD-CT) experience sleep and motor problems. This study investigated (a) whether motor proficiency moderated the relationship between ADHD symptoms and sleep problems in children with and without ADHD-CT and (b) whether this moderation differed as a function of ADHD diagnosis.

    Participants: A sample of 70 primary school male children between 8-15 years were recruited; children with ADHD-CT (n = 38; mean age 10 years, 2 months [SD = 1 year, 6 months]) and a typically developing (TD) (n = 32; mean age 9 years, 6 months [SD = 1 year, 5 months]) group. Read More

    Roles of Guilt Cognitions in Trauma-Related Sleep Disturbance in Military Veterans With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.
    Behav Sleep Med 2018 Feb 26:1-10. Epub 2018 Feb 26.
    a Durham VA Medical Center , Research Service , Durham , North Carolina , USA.
    Objective/background: Despite a well-established role of guilt cognitions in the maintenance and treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), relationships of guilt cognitions to nightmares are not well understood. This study investigated the ways in which guilt cognitions, related to traumatic events, influenced the relationship between combat exposure and trauma-related sleep disturbance in military Veterans with PTSD.

    Participants: We recruited a sample of 50 Veterans with PTSD who completed study measures at a screening session. Read More

    Associations Among Trajectories of Sleep Disturbance, Depressive Symptomology and 24-Hour Urinary Cortisol in HIV+ Women Following a Stress Management Intervention.
    Behav Sleep Med 2018 Feb 20:1-16. Epub 2018 Feb 20.
    a Department of Psychology , University of Miami , Coral Gables , Florida , USA.
    Objective: The burden of sleep disturbance and depressive symptomology is high for persons living with HIV and particularly so for women. While cognitive behavioral stress management (CBSM) is shown to reduce symptoms of depression and 24-hr urinary free cortisol output (CORT) in HIV+ men, less is known about the effects of CBSM on mood and concomitant sleep disturbance in HIV+ women. The study aim is to model longitudinal change in sleep disturbance, depressive symptomology, and CORT for HIV+ women exposed to a 12-week CBSM intervention or control condition. Read More

    Stroop Task-Related Brain Activity in Patients With Insomnia: Changes After Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia.
    Behav Sleep Med 2018 Feb 16:1-13. Epub 2018 Feb 16.
    c Department of Psychiatry and Center for Sleep and Chronobiology , Seoul National University Hospital , Seoul , Republic of Korea.
    Objective/background: In the present study, we compared differences in brain activity during the Stroop task between patients with chronic insomnia disorder (CID) and good sleepers (GS). Furthermore, we evaluated changes in Stroop task-related brain activity after cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I).

    Participants/methods: The final analysis included 21 patients with CID and 25 GS. Read More

    Individual Correlates of Sleep Among Childbearing Age Women in Canada.
    Behav Sleep Med 2018 Feb 13:1-12. Epub 2018 Feb 13.
    a Children's Nutrition Research Center , Baylor College of Medicine , Houston , Texas , USA.
    Objective/background: Women of childbearing age (WOCBA) may be at high risk for short or poor sleep. Yet few studies have focused on this population. The study objective was to identify individual correlates of sleep duration and quality among WOCBA. Read More

    Lower Sleep Duration Is Associated With Reduced Autobiographical Memory Specificity.
    Behav Sleep Med 2018 Feb 9:1-9. Epub 2018 Feb 9.
    d Centre for Learning Psychology and Experimental Psychopathology , University of Leuven , Leuven , Belgium.
    Objective/background: Sleep can have an important influence on memory. However, it is unclear whether there is any relation between sleep quality and the specificity with which autobiographical memories are retrieved, a key factor associated with vulnerability for, and the presence of, depression and other psychiatric diagnoses. The present study provides the first investigation of the association between sleep quality and autobiographical memory specificity. Read More

    A Qualitative Assessment of the Acceptability of Smartphone Applications for Improving Sleep Behaviors in Low-Income and Minority Adolescents.
    Behav Sleep Med 2018 Feb 5:1-13. Epub 2018 Feb 5.
    b Division of Sleep and Circadian Disorders, Departments of Medicine and Neurology , Brigham & Women's Hospital , Boston , Massachusetts, USA.
    Background: Daily behaviors such as sleep can be targeted by smartphone app-based interventions, with potential utility among young people of minority ethnic backgrounds who commonly access smartphone devices and are short sleepers. There is a need to understand the acceptability and youth's readiness to use apps to improve sleep, and to identify desired app components that would motivate engagement.

    Participants And Methods: We conducted three focus group discussions (N = 27 total, age 14-18 years) within low- and middle-income ethnically diverse Boston neighborhoods. Read More

    A Couples-Oriented Intervention for Positive Airway Pressure Therapy Adherence: A Pilot Study of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients and Their Partners.
    Behav Sleep Med 2018 Feb 1:1-12. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
    e Divison of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care , University of Pittsburgh , Pittsburgh , Pennsylvania.
    Background: Partner involvement can influence positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy use among patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). This study assessed the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of a couples-oriented education and support (CES) intervention for PAP adherence.

    Participants: Thirty newly diagnosed OSA patients and their partners were randomly assigned to one of three groups: an education and support intervention directed at both patient and partner (CES), an education and support intervention directed only at the patient (PES), or usual care (UC). Read More

    The Relationship Between Midday Napping And Neurocognitive Function in Early Adolescents.
    Behav Sleep Med 2018 Feb 1:1-15. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
    b School of Nursing University of Pennsylvania , Philadelphia , Pennsylvania.
    Objective/background: The impact of midday napping on neurocognitive function in adolescents has not been well established. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between self-reported midday-napping behaviors and neurocognitive function in early adolescents.

    Participants: The sample was comprised of 363 early adolescents (12. Read More

    Identification of Distinct Latent Classes Related to Sleep, PTSD, Depression, and Anxiety in Individuals Diagnosed With Severe Alcohol Use Disorder.
    Behav Sleep Med 2018 Jan 29:1-10. Epub 2018 Jan 29.
    a Nursing Research and Translational Science , National Institutes of Health Clinical Center , Bethesda , MD , USA.
    Objective/background: Alcohol use disorders (AUDs) are often accompanied by comorbid physiologic and psychosocial conditions, including sleep disturbances. Sleep disturbances in these individuals may be associated with increased risk of relapse to drinking following detoxification and rehabilitation.

    Participants: The sample of inpatient treatment-seeking individuals with AUDs (N = 164) was 70. Read More

    The Effect of Cognitive Activity on Sleep Maintenance in a Subsequent Daytime Nap.
    Behav Sleep Med 2018 Jan 25:1-9. Epub 2018 Jan 25.
    b Department of Psychology , University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli," , Caserta , Italy .
    Background/objective: The aim of this study is to assess the effects of a learning task on the characteristics of a subsequent daytime nap.

    Participants And Methods: Thirty-eight subjects were administered a control nap (C) and one preceded by a cognitive training session (TR).

    Results: Relative to C, TR naps showed significantly increased sleep duration with decreased sleep latency, as well as significantly increased sleep efficiency due to reduced awakening frequency. Read More

    Examining Insomnia and PTSD Over Time in Veterans in Residential Treatment for Substance Use Disorders and PTSD.
    Behav Sleep Med 2018 Jan 24:1-12. Epub 2018 Jan 24.
    a VA San Diego Healthcare System , San Diego , California.
    Objective/background: Insomnia occurs in 66-90% of individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and 36-72% of individuals with substance use disorder (SUD). Individuals with both PTSD and SUD are more likely to have insomnia than individuals with only one disorder. Insomnia is associated with poorer treatment outcomes for both PTSD and SUD, increased daytime symptomology for PTSD, and increased relapse for SUDs. Read More

    Subjective Sleep Related to Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms among Trauma-Exposed Men and Women.
    Behav Sleep Med 2017 Nov 27:1-10. Epub 2017 Nov 27.
    a Mental Health Service, San Francisco VA Health Care System , San Francisco , CA , USA.
    Objective/background: Sleep difficulty is both a common symptom of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and a risk factor for the development and maintenance of PTSD symptomatology. Gender differences in sleep following trauma exposure have been posited to contribute to the increased risk for the development of PTSD among women, but the persistence and long-term contributions of these potential differences to the maintenance and severity of PTSD symptoms is unclear.

    Participants: Men and women reporting a history of trauma exposure (n = 112, 63% female) participated in this study. Read More

    Aircraft Noise Exposure and Subjective Sleep Quality: The Results of the DEBATS Study in France.
    Behav Sleep Med 2017 Nov 27:1-12. Epub 2017 Nov 27.
    a Univ Lyon, Université Claude Bernard Lyon1, IFSTTAR, UMRESTTE, UMR T_9405 , Bron , France.
    Background: Exposure to aircraft noise has been shown to have adverse effects on health, particularly on sleep. Exposure to nighttime aircraft noise clearly affects sleep architecture, as well as subjective sleep quality.

    Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between aircraft noise exposure and subjective sleep quality in the population living near airports in France. Read More

    Association Between Nonmedical Use of Prescription Drugs and Sleep Quality in a Large College Student Sample.
    Behav Sleep Med 2017 Nov 13:1-11. Epub 2017 Nov 13.
    b Department of Biostatistics , School of Public Health, West Virginia University , Morgantown , West Virginia, USA.
    Objective/background: Poor sleep and nonmedical use (NMU) of prescription drugs (NMUPD) are both common among college students. Since lack of sleep adversely influences academic performance, this study examined the association between NMUPD and subjective sleep quality among college students.

    Participants: Students who completed the American College Health Association-National College Health Assessment data (Fall 2010, Spring 2011; N = 135,874). Read More

    Clinician Perceptions Related to the Use of the CBT-I Coach Mobile App.
    Behav Sleep Med 2017 Nov 9:1-11. Epub 2017 Nov 9.
    b Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences , Stanford University School of Medicine , Stanford , California , USA.
    Objective: Clinicians' perceptions of CBT-I Coach, a patient-facing mobile app for cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I), are critical to its adoption and integration into practice. Diffusion of innovations theory emphasizes the influence of perceptions, including the relative advantage to current practice, the compatibility to clinicians' needs, the complexity, the innovation's trialability, and observability. This study intended to evaluate the use and perceptions of CBT-I Coach among Veterans Affairs (VA)-trained CBT-I clinicians. Read More

    Poor Sleep Has Negative Implications for Children With and Without ADHD, but in Different Ways.
    Behav Sleep Med 2017 Oct 26:1-14. Epub 2017 Oct 26.
    a Lifespan Learning and Sleep Laboratory (LiLAS) , UCL, Institute of Education , London, England.
    Background: Sleep problems are commonly reported in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and are also a familiar characteristic of typical development (TD). We sought to elucidate the relationship between sleep, ADHD trait behaviors, and cognitive inattention, and how it manifests between ADHD and TD children.

    Participants: Eighteen children diagnosed with ADHD and 20 age-matched TD controls aged 5 to 11 years old participated in the study. Read More

    The Brugmann Fatigue Scale: An Analogue to the Epworth Sleepiness Scale to Measure Behavioral Rest Propensity.
    Behav Sleep Med 2017 Oct 24:1-22. Epub 2017 Oct 24.
    a Sleep Laboratory and Unit for Chronobiology U78 , Brugmann University Hospital, Université Libre de Bruxelles (U.L.B.) , Brussels Belgium.
    Background: While often confused, fatigue (as opposed to sleepiness) mostly requires rest, not sleep, to recover from. Clinical evaluations of fatigue mainly rely on assessments of symptom intensity, however without taking into account the need to engage in behavioral countermeasures. We therefore developed an 8-item 4-point Likert scale (the Brugmann Fatigue Scale; BFS) sharing a similar conceptual background with the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), assessing mental and physical fatigue and focusing specifically on rest propensity. Read More

    The effect of moderate-intensity exercise on nightly variability in objectively measured sleep parameters among older women.
    Behav Sleep Med 2017 Oct 20:1-11. Epub 2017 Oct 20.
    c Department of Exercise Science, Arnold School of Public Health , University of South Carolina , Columbia , South Carolina , USA.
    Objective/background: Exercise training has been demonstrated to beneficially influence mean-level measures of sleep; however, few studies have examined the impact of an exercise intervention on night-to-night variability in sleep. This study investigated whether four months of moderate-intensity exercise impacted night-to-night variability in sleep among older women.

    Methods: Participants (n = 49) were randomized to one of two moderate-intensity walking programs with different doses of energy expenditure: low-dose (n = 23: 8 kcal/kg of body weight per week) or high-dose (n = 26: 14 kcal/kg of body weight per week). Read More

    Determinants of perceived sleep quality in normal sleepers.
    Behav Sleep Med 2017 Sep 20:1-10. Epub 2017 Sep 20.
    b Department of Industrial Design , Eindhoven University of Technology , Eindhoven , The Netherlands.
    Objective: This study aimed to establish the determinants of perceived sleep quality over a longer period of time, taking into account the separate contributions of actigraphy-based sleep measures and self-reported sleep indices.

    Methods: Fifty participants (52 ± 6.6 years; 27 females) completed two consecutive weeks of home monitoring, during which they kept a sleep-wake diary while their sleep was monitored using a wrist-worn actigraph. Read More

    Seasonal and weather variation of sleep and physical activity in 12-14-year-old children.
    Behav Sleep Med 2017 Sep 18:1-13. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    b Division of Sleep and Circadian Disorders, Departments of Medicine and Neurology , Brigham & Women's Hospital , Boston , Massachusetts.
    Background: Understanding variation in physical activity (PA) and sleep is necessary to develop novel intervention strategies targeting adolescents' health behaviors. We examined the extent to which PA and sleep vary by aspects of the physical environment.

    Participants: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of 669 adolescents in the Project Viva cohort. Read More

    Sleep problems and daytime sleepiness in children with ADHD: Associations with social, emotional, and behavioral functioning at school, a cross-sectional study.
    Behav Sleep Med 2017 Sep 18:1-12. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    a Department of Pediatrics, The University of Melbourne , Parkville , Victoria , Australia.
    Background: Sleep problems and daytime sleepiness are common in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and are associated with poor parent-reported functional outcomes. However, the potential impact of sleep problems or daytime sleepiness on the school functioning of children with ADHD remains unknown. We aimed to determine if sleep problems and daytime sleepiness were associated with the social, emotional, and behavioral school-based functioning of children with ADHD and comorbid sleep problems. Read More

    Social Support as a Mediator Between Insomnia and Depression in Female Undergraduate Students.
    Behav Sleep Med 2017 Aug 7:1-9. Epub 2017 Aug 7.
    a Department of Psychology , Sungshin Women's University , Seoul , Korea.
    Objectives/background: Despite findings that insomnia and depression have a bidirectional relationship, the exact psychological mechanisms that link these disorders are largely unknown. The goal of this study was to identify whether social support mediates the relationship between insomnia and depression.

    Methods: The study sample (N = 115) consisted of females only, and all participants (mean age 21. Read More

    Baduanjin Exercise for Insomnia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
    Behav Sleep Med 2017 Aug 4:1-13. Epub 2017 Aug 4.
    c Department of Epidemiology , Third Military Medical University , Chongqing , China.
    Background: Baduanjin exercise is thought to improve sleep quality and relieve insomnia. This study therefore aimed to assess the effects of Baduanjin on the management of insomnia.

    Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, Clinicaltrials. Read More

    Role of Combat Exposure and Insomnia in Student Veterans' Adaptation to College.
    Behav Sleep Med 2017 Aug 4:1-11. Epub 2017 Aug 4.
    a Department of Psychology , University of North Texas , Denton , Texas.
    Objective/background: Since 2002, the number of college student veterans has nearly doubled, although 30-40% of veterans fail to complete their degree. Few research efforts to understand the challenges veterans face transitioning to college in recent years have looked beyond the effects of posttraumatic stress disorder. Insomnia is the most frequently reported symptom of combat veterans and can have serious implications for college students. Read More

    Gender and Age Differences in Sleep Problems in Children: Person-Oriented Approach With Multigroup Analysis.
    Behav Sleep Med 2017 Jul 28:1-12. Epub 2017 Jul 28.
    a Department of Psychiatry , National Taiwan University Hospital and College of Medicine , Taipei , Taiwan.
    Objective/background: This study aimed to identify subtypes of sleep problems in children and to examine whether these patterns differed between gender and age groups.

    Participants: There were 3,052 children (951 elementary school boys, 943 elementary school girls, 603 junior high school boys, and 555 junior high school girls) aged 7-16 years from two school-based epidemiological samples.

    Methods: Sleep problems were measured by the Sleep Habit Questionnaire based on parent reports. Read More

    Self-Medication for Sleep in College Students: Concurrent and Prospective Associations With Sleep and Alcohol Behavior.
    Behav Sleep Med 2017 Jul 27:1-15. Epub 2017 Jul 27.
    a Department of Psychology , Syracuse University , Syracuse , New York.
    Objective/background: College students are at an increased risk for poor sleep and associated sleep problems. Emerging evidence suggests that a substantial subset of college students self-medicate with alcohol, marijuana, or over-the-counter medications to help sleep. The current study identified demographic, psychosocial, and sleep- and alcohol-related correlates of self-medication for sleep, and assessed its concurrent and prospective associations with insomnia symptoms, alcohol drinking, and negative drinking consequences. Read More

    Sleepiness and Behavioral Risk-Taking: Do Sleepy People Take More or Less Risk?
    Behav Sleep Med 2017 Jul 26:1-14. Epub 2017 Jul 26.
    a Department of Psychology , Iowa State University , Ames , Iowa.
    Background: Although sleep loss has been implicated in risk-taking behavior, it is unclear how individuals' current propensity to fall asleep, known as sleepiness, influences risk-taking. Because sleepiness is not only driven by recent sleep but also by factors such as circadian rhythm and current stimulation, it may be an important contributor to risk-taking as it reflects the more immediate sleep-wake state.

    Participants: One hundred thirty participants were recruited from a large Midwestern U. Read More

    Affective Temperaments, Mood, and Insomnia Symptoms in a Nonclinical Sample.
    Behav Sleep Med 2017 Jul 26:1-9. Epub 2017 Jul 26.
    b Faculty of Psychology , University of Finance and Management , Warsaw , Poland.
    Objective: The aim of the study was to understand the relationship between affective temperaments and insomnia symptoms and to examine mood state as a mediator in this relationship.

    Participants: The sample consisted of 659 adults (428 women and 231 men), aged 18-77 years old, derived from a nonclinical population.

    Methods: Affective temperaments were assessed using the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A). Read More

    Effects of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia on Sleep-Related Cognitions Among Patients With Stable Heart Failure.
    Behav Sleep Med 2017 Jul 26:1-13. Epub 2017 Jul 26.
    a Yale University School of Nursing , West Haven , Connecticut.
    Objective/background: Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) improves insomnia and fatigue among chronic heart failure (HF) patients, but the extent to which sleep-related cognitions explain CBT-I outcomes in these patients is unknown. We examined the effects of CBT-I on sleep-related cognitions, associations between changes in sleep-related cognitions and changes in sleep and symptoms after CBT-I, and the extent to which cognitions mediated the effects of CBT-I.

    Participants: Stable New York Heart Association Class II-III HF patients (total n = 51; n = 26 or 51. Read More

    A Qualitative Study of How Preschoolers' Problematic Sleep Impacts Mothers.
    Behav Sleep Med 2017 Jul 26:1-13. Epub 2017 Jul 26.
    a Department of Women's & Children's Health, Dunedin School of Medicine , University of Otago , Dunedin , New Zealand.
    Background: Sleep disturbances are common among preschool-aged children. As children's problematic sleep is commonly defined by subjective reports from parents as to how the issue affects them, we took a qualitative approach to explore the perceptions and experiences of mothers and main caregivers of preschoolers with problematic sleep. The aim was to understand their firsthand experiences. Read More

    Sleep Deprivation and Chronic Health Conditions Among Sexual Minority Adults.
    Behav Sleep Med 2017 Jun 28:1-15. Epub 2017 Jun 28.
    d College of Business, Bellevue University , Omaha , Nebraska.
    Objectives: To examine associations between sleep duration and health outcomes among distinct groups of sexual minority adults.

    Methods: Using data from the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, we compared sleep duration (very short: ≤ 5 hr; short: 6 hr; normal: 7-8 hr; and long: ≥ 9 hr per day) between cisgender straight adults and distinct groups of sexual minorities. We further examined associations between sleep duration and 10 chronic health conditions among sexual minorities. Read More

    The Association of Daytime Maternal Napping and Exercise With Nighttime Sleep in First-Time Mothers Between 3 and 6 Months Postpartum.
    Behav Sleep Med 2016 Oct 19:1-16. Epub 2016 Oct 19.
    b Department of Psychology , University of Kansas , Lawrence , Kansas.
    Objective: This study investigated the relationship of daytime maternal napping, exercise, caffeine, and alcohol intake to objective and subjective sleep indices.

    Participants: Sixty healthy, nondepressed, first-time mothers between 3 and 6 months postpartum.

    Methods: Seven consecutive days of online behavior diaries, sleep diaries, and wrist actigraphy, collecting Total Sleep Time (TST), Sleep Onset Latency (SOL), and Wake After Sleep Onset (WASO). Read More

    Eveningness Is Associated With Greater Depressive Symptoms in Type 2 Diabetes Patients: A Study in Two Different Ethnic Cohorts.
    Behav Sleep Med 2017 Jun 15:1-11. Epub 2017 Jun 15.
    a Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital , Mahidol University , Bangkok , Thailand.
    Background: Eveningness is associated with greater depressive symptoms in the general population. Depression and type 2 diabetes (T2D) commonly coexist. We aimed to explore the association between morningness-eveningness and depressive symptoms in T2D patients in the United States and in Thailand. Read More

    Comparison of Sleep Characteristics, Patterns, and Problems in Young Children Within the Southeast Asian Region.
    Behav Sleep Med 2017 Jun 14:1-10. Epub 2017 Jun 14.
    a Khoo Teck Puat-National University Children's Medical Institute, National University Health System , Singapore , Singapore.
    Background And Objectives: Optimal sleeping habits are important for health development of infants. The role of culture in sleep habits cannot be underestimated. We aimed to characterize sleep patterns, sleep practices, and sleep problems; and assess the sleep settings and parental perceptions of sleep problems in children from birth to 36 months in countries in the Southeast Asian (SEA) region. Read More

    Caffeine Use in Military Personnel With PTSD: Prevalence and Impact on Sleep.
    Behav Sleep Med 2017 Jun 13:1-11. Epub 2017 Jun 13.
    a Department of Psychiatry , University of Pennsylvania , Philadelphia , Pennsylvania.
    Background: Caffeine use is highly prevalent among active duty military personnel and can be beneficial to performance in the short term. However, regular caffeine use has been found to contribute to sleep disturbances, which are elevated among the significant number of military personnel with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The current study is the first to examine caffeine use and its relationship with sleep disturbances in military personnel seeking treatment for PTSD. Read More

    Insomnia Symptoms, Subjective Appraisals, and Fatigue: A Multiple Mediation Model.
    Behav Sleep Med 2017 Jul 17:1-12. Epub 2017 Jul 17.
    a Department of Psychology , Ryerson University , Toronto , Canada.
    Objective And Background: Fatigue and insomnia are common debilitating symptoms associated with multiple sclerosis (MS). Negative subjective appraisals of symptoms may influence both insomnia and fatigue severity, but this relationship has not been examined among those with MS. The relationship between insomnia symptoms and both physical and cognitive fatigue were examined. Read More

    Implementing a School-Based Sleep Intervention in the First Year of Elementary School: Voices of the School Nurses as Intervention Deliverers.
    Behav Sleep Med 2017 May 30:1-13. Epub 2017 May 30.
    a Centre for Community Child Health, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute , Melbourne , Victoria , Australia.
    Objective/background: Elementary school nurses are an important component of health care systems. However, translational research of their role in interventions is limited. This study aimed to determine the feasibility, acceptability and sustainability of training the school nursing workforce to deliver a brief behavioral sleep intervention and the associated delivery costs. Read More

    Quality of Life in Youth With Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) Treated With Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) Therapy.
    Behav Sleep Med 2017 May 30:1-8. Epub 2017 May 30.
    a Department of Psychology , University of Alabama at Birmingham , Birmingham , Alabama.
    Objective/background: Improvement is sought for youth with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) who have poor quality of life (QoL), which resolves somewhat following treatment. One mitigating factor in improved QoL following treatment may be adherence to the CPAP protocol, which presents a barrier to most youth. This study explored relations between CPAP adherence and QoL in youth with OSAS. Read More

    Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity and Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms in Adult Patients With Primary Restless Legs Syndrome: Different Phenotypes of the Same Disease?
    Behav Sleep Med 2017 May 30:1-8. Epub 2017 May 30.
    b Institut de Neurosciences Cognitives et Intégratives d'Aquitaine, Université de Bordeaux , Bordeaux , France.
    Objectives: To investigate the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms in adult patients with primary restless legs syndrome (RLS) and to determine the iron biological correlates of these comorbidities.

    Participants And Methods: We obtained demographic and clinical data from consecutive 105 outpatients with idiopathic RLS who answered validated questionnaires designed to assess the presence of ADHD and OCD symptoms. In these patients, iron blood parameters were routinely checked. Read More

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