331,704 results match your criteria Behavioral Sciences & The Law[Journal]


Role of DNA hypomethylation in lateral habenular nucleus in the development of depressive-like behavior in rats.

J Affect Disord 2019 Mar 22;252:373-381. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Department of Physiology, College of Basic Medical Sciences, Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin 130021, China. Electronic address:

Background: Lateral habenula nucleus (LHb) has recently been noted for its role in stress-induced depressive disorder. Yet little is known about the mechanisms by which external stimuli or depression induces pathological alteration in the LHb.

Methods: Chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) was employed to model depressive-like behaviors in adult rats. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01650327183242
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.03.062DOI Listing
March 2019
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A text message delivered smoking cessation intervention: Design and rationale of the Text My Quit Study.

Contemp Clin Trials 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Live Inspired LLC, Washington, DC, United States.

Introduction: Smoking cessation interventions delivered through mobile technologies offer promise as an effective intervention tool. However, most existing programs have not been empirically tested, were not developed with end-user participation, and/or do not address evidence-based cognitive and behavioral variables shown to enhance smoking cessation in clinical trials. In addition, many programs tested in research trials have required users to access the internet and/or a smartphone app to access all program features, limiting the potential reach of those programs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cct.2019.04.010DOI Listing

Anhedonia following mild traumatic brain injury in rats: A behavioral economic analysis of positive and negative reinforcement.

Behav Brain Res 2019 Apr 15:111913. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

NeuroBehavioral Research Lab, Department of Veteran Affairs Medical Center, New Jersey Health Care System, East Orange, New Jersey, USA; Department of Pharmacology, Physiology and Neurosciences, New Jersey Medical School - Rutgers Biomedical and Health Sciences, Newark, New Jersey, USA; Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, New Jersey Medical School-Rutgers Biomedical and Health Sciences, Newark, New Jersey, USA. Electronic address:

Psychiatric disorders affect nearly 50% of individuals who have experienced a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Anhedonia is a major symptom of numerous psychiatric disorders and is a diagnostic criterion for depression. It has recently been appreciated that reinforcement may be separated into consummatory (hedonic), motivational and decisional components, all of which may be affected differently in disease. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01664328193034
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2019.111913DOI Listing
April 2019
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The adrenergic receptor antagonist carvedilol interacts with serotonin 2A receptors both in vitro and in vivo.

Pharmacol Biochem Behav 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Section on Drug Design and Synthesis, National Institute on Drug Abuse and Chemical Biology Research Branch, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA.

There is increasing support for the potential clinical use of compounds that interact with serotonin 2A (5-HT) receptors. It is therefore of interest to discover novel compounds that interact with 5-HT receptors. In the present study, we used computational chemistry to identify critical ligand structural features of 5-HT receptor binding and function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pbb.2019.04.003DOI Listing

Prediction and perception: insights for (and from) tinnitus.

Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

School of Behavioral and Brain Sciences, The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX 75080, USA; Global Brain Health Institute, Institute of Neuroscience, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.

More than 150 years have passed since Helmholtz first described perception as a process of unconscious inference about the causes of sensations. His ideas have since inspired a wealth of literature investigating the mechanisms underlying these inferences. In recent years, much of this work has converged on the notion that the brain is a hierarchical generative model of its environment that predicts sensations and updates itself based on prediction errors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2019.04.008DOI Listing

Hearing Aid Prevalence and Factors Related to Use Among Older Adults From the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos.

JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland.

Importance: Hearing loss is highly prevalent in the rapidly growing and aging Hispanic/Latino population in the United States. However, little is known or understood about hearing aid use among US adults from Hispanic/Latino backgrounds.

Objective: To describe hearing aid prevalence and factors associated with hearing aid use among US adults of Hispanic/Latino backgrounds. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaoto.2019.0433DOI Listing

Comparison of the 18-item and 6-item Lubben Social Network Scales with community-dwelling older adults in Mongolia.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0215523. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, United States of America.

This study compares the psychometric properties of two versions of the Lubben Social Network Scale (LSNS-18 and LSNS-6) with community dwelling older adults in Mongolia. We recruited 650 older adult in the capital city of Ulaanbaatar and the country's four rural regions. We used the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15), the Short Form 12 (SF-12) physical and mental health functioning measures, and a multi-dimensional scale of social isolation for confirmatory factor analyses of the LSNS-18 and the LSNS-6. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215523PLOS

Racial/ethnic differences in experimental pain sensitivity and associated factors - Cardiovascular responsiveness and psychological status.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0215534. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Pain and Translational Symptom Science, University of Maryland School of Nursing, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America.

This study evaluated the contributions of psychological status and cardiovascular responsiveness to racial/ethnic differences in experimental pain sensitivity. The baseline measures of 3,159 healthy individuals-non-Hispanic white (NHW): 1,637, African-American (AA): 1,012, Asian: 299, and Hispanic: 211-from the OPPERA prospective cohort study were used. Cardiovascular responsiveness measures and psychological status were included in structural equation modeling based mediation analyses. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215534PLOS

Strategies of selective changing: Preparatory neural processes seem to be responsible for differences in complex inhibition.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0214652. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Institute of Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology, University Hospital of RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany.

Selective inhibition describes the stopping of an action while other actions are further executed. It can be differentiated between two strategies to stop selectively: the fast but global stop all, then discriminate strategy and the slower but more selective first discriminate, then stop strategy. It is assumed that the first discriminate, then stop strategy is especially used when information regarding which action might have to be stopped is already available beforehand. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0214652PLOS

Determinants of facility based-deliveries among urban slum dwellers of Kampala, Uganda.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0214995. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Makerere University, College of Health Sciences, School of Public Health, Kampala, Uganda.

Background: Delivery in health facilities is a proxy for skilled birth attendance, which is an important intervention to reduce maternal and neonatal mortality. We investigated the determinants of facility based deliveries among women in urban slums of Kampala city, Uganda.

Methods: A cross sectional study using quantitative methods was used. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0214995PLOS

Erratum to: What Factors Are Associated With Disability After Upper Extremity Injuries? A Systematic Review.

Clin Orthop Relat Res 2019 May;477(5):1256

P. Jayakumar, S. Lamb, S. Gwilym, Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Medicine, University of Oxford, Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre, Oxford, UK C. L. Overbeek, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands M. Williams, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK C. J. Funes, Department of Psychiatry (Behavioral Medicine Service), Boston, MA, USA D. Ring, The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Surgery and Perioperative Care, Dell Medical School, Austin, TX, USA A.-M. Vranceanu, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Behavioral Medicine Program, Department of Psychiatry, Boston, MA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CORR.0000000000000730DOI Listing

Psychological Symptoms and Stress Are Associated With Decrements in Attentional Function in Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy.

Cancer Nurs 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Author affiliations: Palo Alto University, California (Drs Atallah and Muñoz); Schools of Nursing (Drs Cooper, Paul, and Miaskowski) and Medicine (Drs Anguera, Levine, Chen, and Melisko), University of California, San Francisco; Department of Nursing, Mount Sinai Hospital (Dr Hammer); and School of Nursing, New York University (Dr Wright), New York; School of Nursing, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (Dr Conley); and Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, School of Medicine, Stanford University, California (Dr Dunn).

Background: Decrements in attentional function-perceived effectiveness in everyday functioning related to cognitive dysfunction-are frequently reported by cancer patients during treatment. However, patients vary widely in their experiences of changes in attentional function.

Objective: The aim of this study was to understand differences in attentional function among cancer patients during chemotherapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NCC.0000000000000713DOI Listing

The Fear of Tinnitus Questionnaire: Toward a Reliable and Valid Means of Assessing Fear in Adults with Tinnitus.

Ear Hear 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to assess the factor structure, reliability, and validity of the Fear of Tinnitus Questionnaire (FTQ); a brief self-report measure of people's fears about potential cognitive, emotional, behavioral, and social consequences of living with tinnitus.

Design: Five hundred eighty-eight Dutch-speaking adults with tinnitus completed an online battery of questionnaires measuring tinnitus-related distress, fear, catastrophizing, and quality of life. The sample was randomly split into two to perform exploratory and Bayesian confirmatory factor analyses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AUD.0000000000000728DOI Listing

The impact of depression on adherence to organized and opportunistic breast cancer screening.

Eur J Cancer Prev 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Psychiatric University Hospital (UPK), University of Basel, Basel.

One in five women will experience depression over her lifetime, and one out of eight will develop breast cancer. We evaluated the effect of depression on adherence to mammography in Switzerland, where opportunistic and organized screening programs coexist. We analyzed data from 3206 women aged 50-69 who participated in the Swiss Health Survey 2012. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CEJ.0000000000000520DOI Listing

Bifidobacterium longum 1714™ Strain Modulates Brain Activity of Healthy Volunteers During Social Stress.

Am J Gastroenterol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.

Objectives: Accumulating evidence indicates that the gut microbiota communicates with the central nervous system, possibly through neural, endocrine, and immune pathways, and influences brain function. B. longum 1714™ has previously been shown to attenuate cortisol output and stress responses in healthy subjects exposed to an acute stressor. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14309/ajg.0000000000000203DOI Listing

Alcohol Availability Across Neighborhoods in Ontario Following Alcohol Sales Deregulation, 2013-2017.

Am J Public Health 2019 Apr 18:e1-e7. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Daniel T. Myran is with the School of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Ottawa, Faculty of Medicine, Ottawa, ON. Jarvis T. Chen and Vaughan W. Rees are with the Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA. Benjamin Bearnot is with the Division of General Internal Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston. Michael Ip is with the School of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Ottawa, Faculty of Medicine. Norman Giesbrecht is with the Institute for Mental Health Policy Research, Center for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON.

To examine the association between neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) and alcohol availability before and after deregulation in 2015 of the alcohol market in Ontario, Canada. We quantified alcohol access by number of alcohol outlets and hours of retail for all 19 964 neighborhoods in Ontario. We used mixed effects regression models to examine the associations between alcohol access and a validated SES index between 2013 and 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305014DOI Listing

Elizabeth Fee (1946-2018).

Am J Public Health 2019 Apr 18:e1-e4. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Anne-Emanuelle Birn is professor of critical development studies and of social and behavioral health sciences at the Dalla Lana School of Public Health at the University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario. Theodore M. Brown is professor emeritus of history and public health sciences at the University of Rochester, Rochester, NY.

Elizabeth Fee was a remarkable and influential public health historian, whose personal and professional trajectories led her to speak truth to and about power in public health, past and present. Born in Northern Ireland in 1946 to Irish-Methodist missionary parents, Liz's childhood brought her into contact with peoples and struggles across the globe. At just five weeks of age, she was whisked away by her parents to civil war-era China, where she lost hearing in one ear from an untreated bout with scarlet fever. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305065DOI Listing

The modifying effects of social support on psychological outcomes in patients with heart failure.

Health Psychol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences.

Objective: We examined the modifying effects of social support on depressive symptoms and health-related quality of life (QoL) in patients receiving coping skills training (CST).

Method: We considered the modifying effects of social support in the Coping Effectively with Heart Failure clinical trial, which randomized 179 heart failure (HF) patients to either 4 months of CST or usual care enhanced by HF education (HFE). CST involved training in specific coping techniques, whereas HFE involved education about HF self-management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/hea0000716DOI Listing

Disordered eating and the perinatal period: A systematic review and best evidence synthesis of mental health and psychosocial correlates.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Psychological Sciences, Swinburne University, Hawthorn, Melbourne, Australia.

Objective: This paper systematically reviews the literature to date on the relationship between disordered eating and mental health, psychological and social factors during pregnancy and the post-partum period, as well as the direction of associations.

Methods: Peer reviewed articles were sourced from seven databases: PsycINFO, CINAHL, Psychology and Behavioural Sciences Collection, Academic Search Complete, Scopus (MEDLINE), Web of Science, and Proquest. A quality review and best evidence synthesis was conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2675DOI Listing

Activity budget and spatial distribution of Bennett's wallabies (Macropus rufogriseus) in open versus closed exhibit designs.

Zoo Biol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Conservation and Research, Zoo de Granby, Granby, Quebec, Canada.

Although many studies investigating the impacts of zoo exhibit designs on captive animals exist, none have been performed on how they influence the behavior and welfare of captive Bennett's wallabies (Macropus rufogriseus). Here, we assess the impact of exhibit design on the activity budget and spatial distribution of Bennett's wallabies. We compared animal behavior in two open exhibits (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/zoo.21486DOI Listing

The validity of RFID badges measuring face-to-face interactions.

Behav Res Methods 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Humanities, Social and Political Sciences, ETH Zürich, Weinbergstrasse 109, 8092, Zurich, Switzerland.

Face-to-face interactions are important for a variety of individual behaviors and outcomes. In recent years, a number of human sensor technologies have been proposed to incorporate direct observations in behavioral studies of face-to-face interactions. One of the most promising emerging technologies is the application of active Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) badges. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/s13428-018-1180-yDOI Listing

Improved neuropsychological outcomes following proton therapy relative to x-ray therapy for pediatric brain tumor patients.

Neuro Oncol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago IL.

Background: Survivors of pediatric brain tumors are at risk for impaired development in multiple neuropsychological domains. The purpose of this study was to compare neuropsychological outcomes of pediatric brain tumor patients who underwent x-ray radiotherapy (XRT) versus proton radiotherapy (PRT).

Methods: Pediatric patients who underwent either XRT or PRT and received post-treatment age-appropriate neuropsychological evaluation including measures of intelligence (IQ), attention, memory, visuographic skills, academic skills, and parent-reported adaptive functioning were identified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/neuonc/noz070DOI Listing

Developmental delay, coarse facial features, and epilepsy in a patient with gene variants.

Clin Case Rep 2019 Apr 19;7(4):632-637. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Clinical Genomics Mayo Clinic Rochester Minnesota.

We report a patient with developmental delay, autism, epilepsy, macrocephaly, facial dysmorphism, gastrointestinal, and behavioral issues due to compound heterozygous likely pathogenic variants. This case report expands the gene mutation database and the clinical spectrum of patients with deficiencies in the heparan sulfate pathway. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ccr3.2010
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccr3.2010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6452521PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Enhanced discriminative aversive learning and amygdala responsivity in 5-HT transporter mutant mice.

Transl Psychiatry 2019 Apr 17;9(1):139. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Genetic variation in the human serotonin transporter (5-HTT) has been linked to altered fear learning but the data are inconsistent and the mechanism is unclear. The present study investigated conditioned aversive learning in 5-HTT knockout (KO) mice while simultaneously recording neural network activity (theta oscillations) and hemodynamic responses (tissue oxygen delivery) from the amygdala, a brain region necessary for forming fearful memories. Conditioned aversive learning was measured using a discrimination learning task in which one auditory cue was paired with foot-shock, whereas a second auditory cue was not. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41398-019-0476-8DOI Listing

Network-targeted stimulation engages neurobehavioral hallmarks of age-related memory decline.

Neurology 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

From the Departments of Medical Social Sciences (A.S.N., E.L.K., J.L.V.), Ken and Ruth Davee Department of Neurology (M.-M.M., S.V., J.L.V.), and Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences (S.W., J.L.V.), Cognitive Neurology and Alzheimer's Disease Center (A.S.N., M.-M.M., S.W.), Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL.

Objective: To test whether targeting hippocampal-cortical brain networks with high-frequency transcranial magnetic stimulation in older adults influences behavioral and neural measures characteristic of age-related memory impairment.

Methods: Fifteen adults aged 64 to 80 years (mean = 72 years) completed a single-blind, sham-controlled experiment. Stimulation targets in parietal cortex were determined based on fMRI connectivity with the hippocampus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000007502DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Multivariate genome-wide association study of rapid automatised naming and rapid alternating stimulus in Hispanic American and African-American youth.

J Med Genet 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA

Background: Rapid automatised naming (RAN) and rapid alternating stimulus (RAS) are reliable predictors of reading disability. The underlying biology of reading disability is poorly understood. However, the high correlation among RAN, RAS and reading could be attributable to shared genetic factors that contribute to common biological mechanisms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jmedgenet-2018-105874DOI Listing

HLA and killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIRs) genotyping in patients with acute ischemic stroke.

J Neuroinflammation 2019 Apr 17;16(1):88. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Internal Medicine and Stroke Care Ward, Department of Health Promotion Sciences, Maternal and Infant Care, Internal Medicine and Medical Specialties (PROMISE), University of Palermo, P.zza delle Cliniche n.2, 90127, Palermo, Italy.

Introduction: In humans, a major component of natural killer (NK) and T cell target recognition depends on the surveillance of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I molecules by killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs).

Aims: To implement the knowledge about the immunological genetic background of acute ischemic stroke susceptibility in relation to the frequency of the KIR genes and HLA alleles.

Methods: Subjects with acute ischemic stroke and subjects without stroke were genotyped for the presence of KIR genes and of the three major KIR ligand groups, HLA-C1, HLA-C2, and HLA-Bw4, both HLA-B and HLA-A loci. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12974-019-1469-5DOI Listing

Targeting prokineticin system counteracts hypersensitivity, neuroinflammation, and tissue damage in a mouse model of bortezomib-induced peripheral neuropathy.

J Neuroinflammation 2019 Apr 17;16(1):89. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Pharmacological and Biomolecular Sciences, Università degli Studi di Milano, via Vanvitelli, 32, 20129, Milan, Italy.

Background: Neuropathy is a dose-limiting side effect of many chemotherapeutics, including bortezomib. The mechanisms underlying this condition are not fully elucidated even if a contribution of neuroinflammation was suggested. Here, we investigated the role of a chemokine family, the prokineticins (PKs), in the development of bortezomib-induced peripheral neuropathy (BIPN), and we used a PK receptor antagonist to counteract the development and progression of the pathology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12974-019-1461-0DOI Listing

The Chinese Herbal Formula PAPZ Ameliorates Behavioral Abnormalities in Depressive Mice.

Nutrients 2019 Apr 16;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 16.

MOE Key Laboratory of Protein Science, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a chronic mental disorder characterized by mixed symptoms and complex pathogenesis. With long history of practical application, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) offers many herbs for the treatment and rehabilitation of chronic disease. In this study, we developed a modified Chinese herbal formula using Willd, and Semen (PAPZ), based on an ancient TCM prescription. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/11/4/859
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11040859DOI Listing
April 2019
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Looking after young people with liver conditions: Understanding chronic illness management in the context of adolescent development.

Clin Liver Dis (Hoboken) 2017 May 26;9(5):103-106. Epub 2017 May 26.

Paediatric Liver, GI and Nutrition Centre, King's College Hospital London United Kingdom.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cld.637DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6467156PMC

A placebo-controlled pilot study of a wearable morning bright light treatment for probable PTSD.

Depress Anxiety 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois.

Background: Evidence-based treatments for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have poor uptake and remission rates, suggesting that alternative treatments are needed. Morning bright light may be an effective treatment for PTSD given its established effects on mood and sleep, however, there are no published trials.

Methods: We conducted a placebo-controlled pilot trial of a wearable light device, the Re-timer®, for individuals with probable PTSD. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/da.22897
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/da.22897DOI Listing
April 2019
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Performance of Matching Methods to Unmatched Ordinary Least Squares Regression Under Constant Effects.

Am J Epidemiol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Center for Population Health Sciences, Department of Medicine, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California.

Matching methods are assumed to reduce the likelihood of a biased inference compared to ordinary least squares regression. Using simulations, we compare inferences from propensity score matching, coarsened exact matching, and un-matched covariate-adjusted ordinary least squares regression (OLS) to identify which methods, in which scenarios, produced unbiased inferences at the expected type I error rate of 5%. We simulated multiple datasets and systematically varied common support, discontinuities in the exposure and / or outcome, exposure prevalence, and analytic model misspecification. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwz093DOI Listing

Categorizing and assessing comprehensive drivers of provider behavior for optimizing quality of health care.

PLoS One 2019 17;14(4):e0214922. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Surgo Foundation, Seattle, Washington, United States of America.

Inadequate quality of care in healthcare facilities is one of the primary causes of patient mortality in low- and middle-income countries, and understanding the behavior of healthcare providers is key to addressing it. Much of the existing research concentrates on improving resource-focused issues, such as staffing or training, but these interventions do not fully close the gaps in quality of care. By contrast, there is a lack of knowledge regarding the full contextual and internal drivers-such as social norms, beliefs, and emotions-that influence the clinical behaviors of healthcare providers. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0214922PLOS

A Warm-Up Program to Reduce Injuries in Youth Field Hockey Players: A Quasi-Experiment.

J Athl Train 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Public and Occupational Health, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, VU University Medical Center, the Netherlands.

Context: Field hockey is popular worldwide; however, it entails a risk of injury. Injuries hamper players' participation in the sport and impose a burden on public health.

Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of a structured exercise program among youth field hockey players on the injury rate, severity, and burden. Read More

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http://natajournals.org/doi/10.4085/1062-6050-79-18
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4085/1062-6050-79-18DOI Listing
April 2019
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The genetic relationship between alcohol consumption and aspects of problem drinking in an ascertained sample.

Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, St. Louis, MO, USA.

Background: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have begun to identify loci related to alcohol consumption, but little is known about whether this genetic propensity overlaps with specific indices of problem drinking in ascertained samples.

Methods: In 6,731 European-Americans who had been exposed to alcohol, we examined whether polygenic risk scores (PRS) from a GWAS of weekly alcohol consumption in the UK Biobank predicted variance in 6 alcohol-related phenotypes: alcohol use, maximum drinks within 24 hours (MAXD), total score on the self-rating of effects of ethanol questionnaire (SRE-T), DSM-IV alcohol dependence (DSM4AD), DSM-5 alcohol use disorder symptom counts (DSM5AUDSX), and reduction/cessation of problematic drinking. We also examined the extent to which an SNP (rs1229984) in ADH1B, which is strongly associated with both alcohol consumption and dependence, contributed to the polygenic association with these phenotypes and whether PRS interacted with sex, age, or family history of alcoholism to predict alcohol-related outcomes. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/acer.14064
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/acer.14064DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Partner status moderates the relationships between sexual problems and self-efficacy for managing sexual problems and psychosocial quality-of-life for postmenopausal breast cancer survivors taking adjuvant endocrine therapy.

Menopause 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University, Durham, NC.

Objective: Past studies indicate that >90% of breast cancer survivors taking adjuvant endocrine therapy (AET) experience menopausal symptoms including sexual problems (eg, vaginal dryness, dyspareunia); however, research examining the impact of these problems on quality-of-life is limited. This cross-sectional study examined (1) the impact of sexual problems and self-efficacy for coping with sexual problems (sexual self-efficacy) on quality-of-life (ie, psychosocial quality-of-life and sexual satisfaction), and (2) partner status as a moderator of these relationships.

Methods: Postmenopausal breast cancer survivors taking AET completed measures of sexual problems (Menopause-Specific Quality-of-Life [MENQOL] sexual subscale], sexual self-efficacy, psychosocial quality-of-life (MENQOL psychosocial subscale), and sexual satisfaction (Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General item). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/GME.0000000000001337DOI Listing
April 2019
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Experiences of HIV-infected adults and healthcare providers with healthcare delivery practices that influence engagement in US primary healthcare settings: a qualitative systematic review.

JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

School of Nursing, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Newark, USA.

Introduction: The human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a major public health problem that has claimed the lives of more than 34 million people worldwide. The health of people living with HIV (PLWH) is optimized by ongoing engagement in HIV care, yet many people living with HIV either do not enter or fall out of care. Access to care and ongoing engagement in care for antiretroviral (ARV) medication adherence and psychoeducational support are critical to achieving the desired outcomes of reducing the risk of further HIV transmission and HIV related morbidity and mortality, and managing other commonly co-occurring health, social and behavioral conditions, thereby maximizing wellness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11124/JBISRIR-2017-003756DOI Listing
April 2019
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Affective theory of mind in human aging: is there any relation with executive functioning?

Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn 2019 Apr 17:1-13. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

c Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurology, Behavioral Neurology and Movement Disorders Unit , Istanbul University , Istanbul , Turkey.

Theory of Mind (ToM) refers to the ability to make inferences on other's mental or emotional states. Although there is evidence suggesting that impaired executive functions due to aging could have a negative impact on cognitive ToM, there is still controversy about the effect of age and age-related executive dysfunctions on affective ToM. To investigate affective ToM in healthy aging and its relationship with executive functions, we examined Reading Mind in the Eyes Test (RMET) performance and executive functions among young and older adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13825585.2019.1602706DOI Listing

Adiposity, Hepatic Triglyceride, and Carotid Intima Media Thickness During Behavioral Weight Loss Treatment in Antipsychotic-Treated Youth: A Randomized Pilot Study.

J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

1 Healthy Mind Lab, Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri.

The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate changes in adiposity, carotid intima media thickness (CIMT), and hepatic fat content measured via magnetic resonance imaging-estimated hepatic proton density fat fraction (PDFF) in antipsychotic (AP)-treated youth versus nonpsychiatric (NP) participants during participation in a 16-week behavioral weight loss (BWL) intervention. Overweight/obese AP-treated youth ( = 26) were randomized 2:1 to weekly treatment versus recommended care (RC) over 16 weeks. NP controls ( = 21) were assigned to weekly treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/cap.2018.0120DOI Listing

Flanker tasks based on congruency manipulation are biased measures of selective attention in perceptual load studies.

Authors:
Zhi Li Jiafei Lou

Atten Percept Psychophys 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, Zhejiang University (Xixi Campus), Hangzhou, China.

Flanker tasks based on a flanker-target congruency manipulation are widely used in perceptual load studies to investigate under what circumstances task-irrelevant flankers may be processed. An implicit assumption underlying the congruency manipulation is that the three types of flankers (congruent, incongruent, and neutral) attract attention homogeneously. However, in the present study, we provide evidence to demonstrate that this assumption is wrong: We discovered that incongruent/congruent flankers attracted more attention than the neutral flanker did. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/s13414-019-01730-7DOI Listing

Limited evidence of non-response bias despite modest response rate in a nationwide survey of long-term cancer survivors-results from the NOR-CAYACS study.

J Cancer Surviv 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

National Advisory Unit on Late Effects after Cancer Treatment, Oslo University Hospital, Radiumhospitalet, PO 4953, Nydalen, NO-0424, Oslo, Norway.

Purpose: Declining response rates threaten the generalizability of health surveys. We investigate (1) the effect of item order on response rate; (2) characteristics of early , late and non-responders; and (3) potential non-response bias in a population-based health survey of childhood, adolescent and young adult cancer survivors (CAYACS).

Methods: We mailed a questionnaire survey to 5361 eligible CAYACS identified by the Cancer Registry of Norway (CRN), representing a range of cancer diagnoses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11764-019-00757-xDOI Listing

Change Across Time in Cancer-Related Traumatic Stress Symptoms of Siblings of Children with Cancer: A Preliminary Investigation.

J Clin Psychol Med Settings 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Psychology, University of Maine, Orono, ME, USA.

This pilot study examined changes in cancer-related post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) across time for siblings of children with cancer. Siblings (N = 32; aged 8-18) completed a measure of anxiety, the Child PTSD Symptom Scale (CPSS), and the PTSD section of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR (SCID) at twelve (SD = .9) and eighteen months (SD = 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10880-019-09618-2DOI Listing

Prior Authorization Policies and Preferred Drug Lists in Medicaid Plans: Stakeholder Perspectives on the Implications for Youth with ADHD.

Adm Policy Ment Health 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Health Policy & Management, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road, NE, Atlanta, GA, 30322, USA.

This qualitative study describes how Medicaid policies create challenges for the delivery and receipt of mental health treatment for low-income youth in Georgia. We conducted focus groups with caregivers of Medicaid-enrolled children with ADHD and semi-structured interviews with providers and administrators at four safety net clinics that provided mental health care to these youth. Stakeholders reported that prior authorization policies for psychosocial services, restrictiveness of preferred drug lists, and changes in preferred drug lists in Medicaid plans created barriers to treatment continuity and quality for youth with ADHD and led to more administrative burden for safety-net clinics serving these youth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10488-019-00937-yDOI Listing

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Trauma and Self-Care (CBT-TSC) in Men Who have Sex with Men with a History of Childhood Sexual Abuse: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

AIDS Behav 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA, USA.

To address childhood sexual abuse (CSA) related distress and HIV risk in men who have sex with men (MSM) using cognitive-behavioral therapy for trauma and self-care (CBT-TSC), which is a novel intervention integrating HIV risk reduction with modified cognitive and behavioral therapy strategies for post-traumatic stress. We compared CBT-TSC to HIV voluntary counseling and testing (VCT)-only in an initial 2-arm RCT in 43 HIV-negative MSM at with a history of CSA and HIV risk. Serodiscordant condomless anal/vaginal sex (CAS; CAS with HIV-postive or HIV unknown status partners) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms (Davidson Trauma Scale: total score and avoidance, intrusions, hyperarousal subscales) were outcomes immediately post-treatment, and at 6- and 9-month follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02482-zDOI Listing

Health-related and cancer-related Internet use by patients treated with total laryngectomy.

Support Care Cancer 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Clinical, Neuro- and Developmental Psychology, Faculty of Behavioral and Movement Sciences, Amsterdam Public Health research institute, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Objectives: To investigate among patients treated with a total laryngectomy (TL) (1) Internet-use and Internet use to search for information on health and cancer (content); (2) which patients are most likely to use the Internet in general, for health-related and cancer-related purposes; (3) which other types of eHealth (community, communication, care) are used; and (4) preferences towards future use.

Methods: Patient members of the Dutch TL patient society were asked to complete a questionnaire on Internet use, health-related and cancer-related Internet use, types of eHealth, preferences towards future use, socio-demographics, clinical factors, and quality of life (QOL). Factors associated with Internet use and health-related and cancer-related Internet use were investigated using stepwise logistic regression analysis. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00520-019-04757-6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00520-019-04757-6DOI Listing
April 2019
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Pre-marital predictors of marital violence in the WHO World Mental Health (WMH) Surveys.

Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Behavioral Medicine and Psychiatry, School of Medicine, West Virginia University, 64 Medical Center Drive, Morgantown, WV, 26506, USA.

Purpose: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a pervasive public health problem. Existing research has focused on reports from victims and few studies have considered pre-marital factors. The main objective of this study was to identify pre-marital predictors of IPV in the current marriage using information obtained from husbands and wives. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00127-019-01703-z
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00127-019-01703-zDOI Listing
April 2019
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Oleoyl glycine: interference with the aversive effects of acute naloxone-precipitated MWD, but not morphine reward, in male Sprague-Dawley rats.

Psychopharmacology (Berl) 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Psychology and Collaborative, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, N1H 2GW, Canada.

Rationale: Oleoyl glycine (OlGly), a recently discovered fatty acid amide that is structurally similar to N- acylethanolamines, which include the endocannabinoid, anandamide (AEA), as well as endogenous peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα) agonists oleoylethanolamide (OEA) and palmitoylethanolamide (PEA), has been shown to interfere with nicotine reward and dependence in mice.

Objectives And Methods: Behavioral and molecular techniques were used to investigate the ability of OlGly to interfere with the affective properties of morphine and morphine withdrawal (MWD) in male Sprague-Dawley rats.

Results: Synthetic OlGly (1-30 mg/kg, intraperitoneal [ip]) produced neither a place preference nor aversion on its own; however, at doses of 1 and 5 mg/kg, ip, it blocked the aversive effects of MWD in a place aversion paradigm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00213-019-05237-9DOI Listing
April 2019
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The effectiveness of group training of cognitive behavioral therapy-based stress management on anxiety, hardiness and self-efficacy in female medical students.

J Educ Health Promot 2019 15;8:49. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.

Introduction: The present study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapies (CBTs) for anxiety, hardiness, and self-efficacy in female students of Birjand University of Medical Sciences.

Materials And Methods: This was an interventional study. A sample of 30 participants were selected through the available sampling method and randomly assigned into experimental (CBT) and control groups (each group, 15 female student). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jehp.jehp_327_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6432834PMC
February 2019

Successful and unsuccessful attempts to swallow in a reduced preparation regulate feeding responses and produce memory at different neural sites.

Learn Mem 2019 May 16;26(5):151-165. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

The Mina and Everard Goodman Faculty of Life Sciences, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, 52900, Israel.

Sensory feedback shapes ongoing behavior and may produce learning and memory. Motor responses to edible or inedible food in a reduced preparation were examined to test how sensory feedback affects behavior and memory. Feeding patterns were initiated by applying a cholinomimetic onto the cerebral ganglion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1101/lm.048983.118DOI Listing

The effect of silencing immunity related genes on longevity in a naturally occurring Anopheles arabiensis mosquito population from southwest Ethiopia.

Parasit Vectors 2019 Apr 16;12(1):174. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, London, UK.

Background: Vector control remains the most important tool to prevent malaria transmission. However, it is now severely constrained by the appearance of physiological and behavioral insecticide resistance. Therefore, the development of new vector control tools is warranted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-019-3414-yDOI Listing