704 results match your criteria Behavioral Medicine[Journal]


A Longitudinal Study of Life Trauma, Chronic Stress and Body Mass Index on Weight Gain over a 2-Year Period.

Behav Med 2020 Jun 17:1-9. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.

The United States is facing an alarming and increasing obesity epidemic. Stress is associated with obesity, but specific longitudinal effects of life trauma on weight gain have not been assessed. Here we examined if life trauma and chronic stress predicted weight gain while also measuring the impact of body mass index (BMI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2020.1780192DOI Listing

Are sexual minority stressors associated with young men who have sex with men's (YMSM) level of engagement in PrEP?

Behav Med 2020 May 13:1-11. Epub 2020 May 13.

Department of Family and Community Health, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing.

Sexual minority stressors (community homophobia, sexuality-related discrimination, and internalized homonegativity) are negatively associated with accessing HIV prevention services among men who have sex with men (MSM). Few studies have tested minority stressors' associations with PrEP engagement among high-HIV risk young MSM (YMSM). Therefore, we assessed the associations between PrEP-indicated YMSM's progression along the PrEP continuum and their experiences of minority stress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2020.1731675DOI Listing

Effects of multiple detoxifications on withdrawal symptoms, psychiatric distress and alcohol-craving in patients with an alcohol use disorder.

Behav Med 2020 May 12:1-15. Epub 2020 May 12.

Arkin/Mentrum/Jellinek, Amsterdam, AV, The Netherlands.

Previous studies have shown an association between the number of withdrawal attempts and increased severity of withdrawal symptoms in patients with an alcohol use disorder (AUD). An underlying allostatic neuroadaptive response may negatively affect the withdrawal pathology after alcohol discontinuation. The objective of the present research is to examine the intensification of psychiatric distress, craving, and post-detoxification drinking outcomes, which may result from these neurobehavioral alternations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2020.1760777DOI Listing

A Resilience Model of Adult Native Hawaiian Health Utilizing a Newly Multi-Dimensional Scale.

Behav Med 2020 May 1:1-20. Epub 2020 May 1.

Department of Native Hawaiian Health, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawai'i at Mānoa, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.

Resilience has conventionally focused on an individual's ability to overcome adversity. Recent research expands on this definition, making resilience a multi-dimensional construct. Native Hawaiians experience health disparities compared to the general population of Hawai'i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2020.1758610DOI Listing

Blunted Pain Modulation Response to Induced Stress in Women with Fibromyalgia with and without Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Comorbidity: New Evidence of Hypo-Reactivity to Stress in Fibromyalgia?

Behav Med 2020 May 1:1-13. Epub 2020 May 1.

Department of Medicine and Surgery, Psychology, Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Medical Microbiology and Immunology, King Juan Carlos University, Madrid, Spain.

There is evidence regarding the presence of alterations in both the stress response and the endogenous pain modulation systems of people with fibromyalgia (FM). However, research on pain modulation under induced stress on FM patients is scarce and contradictory. The present study analyzes stress-induced changes in pain and intolerance thresholds among FM patients, examining the possible existence of differences linked to PTSD comorbidity and gaining insights into the role of cardiovascular reactivity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2020.1758611DOI Listing

Delay Discounting, Glycemic Regulation and Health Behaviors in Adults with Prediabetes.

Behav Med 2020 Apr 10:1-11. Epub 2020 Apr 10.

Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute.

The majority of people with prediabetes transition to type 2 diabetes. Research has suggested that persons with type 2 diabetes are likely to discount the future and focus on immediate rewards. This study was designed to assess whether this process of delay discounting (DD) is associated with glycemic regulation, medication adherence and eating and exercise behaviors in adults with prediabetes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2020.1712581DOI Listing

What Happens When the Party is Over?: Sustaining Physical Activity Behaviors after Intervention Cessation.

Behav Med 2020 Apr 10:1-9. Epub 2020 Apr 10.

School of Kinesiology, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Although extensive research suggests that behavior change interventions can improve physical activity (PA) over the course of an intervention, the maintenance of these improvements beyond intervention termination is less clear. The purpose of this study was to determine, through meta-analysis, whether behavior change interventions produce sustained improvements in PA after interventions conclude. Studies were retrieved from a recent (2019) meta-analysis of 224 interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2020.1750335DOI Listing

A School Intervention Helps Decrease Daily Stress While Enhancing Social Integration in Children.

Behav Med 2020 Apr 10:1-8. Epub 2020 Apr 10.

INIBIOMA-CONICET, National University of Comahue, San Carlos de Bariloche, Argentina.

Stress coping is highly relevant during childhood. This study analyses how the participation in a behavioral intervention involving mindfulness-based practices and empathic collaboration activities impact on diurnal cortisol rhythm and social integration in children. In both experimental and waitlist groups, we evaluated before and after the intervention: daily stress, by sampling salivary cortisol at three measurement time-points, and social integration, assessed by a social preference index. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2020.1738319DOI Listing

Sex and Racial Differences in Patterns of Disordered Eating and Alcohol Use.

Behav Med 2020 Apr 10:1-13. Epub 2020 Apr 10.

Psychology, The Virginia Consortium Program in Clinical Psychology.

The present study aimed to determine how young adults' use of disordered eating behaviors (DEBs) and alcohol uniquely cluster with one another, how these clusters differ by sex and race, and map onto health-related correlates. As a part of a cross-sectional study assessing college student health and experiences, female ( = 1,026), male ( = 336), White ( = 640), and Black ( = 561) young adult college students at three universities ( = 20.54,  = 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2020.1748862DOI Listing

Emotion Regulation Patterns among Colorectal Cancer Survivors: Clustering and Associations with Personal Coping Resources.

Behav Med 2020 Apr 10:1-11. Epub 2020 Apr 10.

School of Social Work, Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Sciences, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, Haifa.

Different patterns of emotion regulation have been proposed for dealing with the intense emotions elicited while coping with cancer. The relationships between these different emotion regulation patterns have not yet been studied. This study examined the usage levels of different emotion regulation patterns (repression, suppression, experiential avoidance and cognitive reappraisal), the intercorrelations and clustering of these patterns and their associations with personal coping resources (personal resilience and self-compassion) in a sample of colorectal cancer survivors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2020.1731674DOI Listing

Students Living in the Islands are Heavier and have Lower Fitness Levels Compared to their Mainland Counterparts; Results from the National Action for Children's Health (EYZHN) Program.

Behav Med 2020 Apr 10:1-10. Epub 2020 Apr 10.

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Health Science and Education, Harokopio University, Athens, Greece.

Few studies have examined variations in obesity by geographic location in youth and its relation with fitness levels. The present study investigated the association between geographic status (islands versus mainland), excess of body weight and fitness levels among 335.810 schoolchildren (male: 51. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2020.1740969DOI Listing
April 2020
1.143 Impact Factor

A Biopsychosocial Approach to HIV Fatigue: A Cross-Sectional and Prospective Analysis to Identify Key Modifiable Factors.

Behav Med 2020 Feb 20:1-9. Epub 2020 Feb 20.

Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, London, United Kingdom.

This study aimed to identify the prevalence and predictors of current fatigue and fatigue at 1-year follow-up, in people with HIV. Participants were recruited from HIV outpatient clinics in London, England. We explored a range of bio-psychosocial factors associated with current fatigue severity, identifying the most salient factors in a multifactorial model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2020.1712582DOI Listing
February 2020

Older People's Health-Related Behaviors: Evidence from Three Cohorts of the Lc65+ Study.

Behav Med 2020 Feb 20:1-5. Epub 2020 Feb 20.

Center for Primary Care and Public Health (Unisanté), University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Baby-boomers might be more health-conscious than earlier birth cohorts, but limited evidence has been produced so far. To investigate such changes, this study compared health-related behaviors at age 65 to 70 among three successive five-year birth cohorts (pre-war: born 1934-1938; war: born 1939-1943 and baby-boom: born 1944-1948) representative of the community-dwelling population. Information about alcohol use, smoking, physical activity, and nutrition was compared across the three cohorts ( = 4,270 participants) using Chi-squared test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2019.1684234DOI Listing
February 2020

Topics for Inclusive Parent-Child Sex Communication by Gay, Bisexual, Queer Youth.

Behav Med 2020 Feb 6:1-10. Epub 2020 Feb 6.

College of Nursing, Medical University of South Carolina.

The purposes of this study were to identify the sexuality-related topics parents and gay, bisexual, or queer (GBQ) adolescent males discussed at home and to describe the topics GBQ adolescent males recommend for parents to discuss with future cohorts of GBQ youth. Minimal research on parent-child sex communication with sexual minority adolescents prevents the development of interventions that would benefit adolescent males with same-sex attractions, behaviors and identities. As part of a multimethod qualitative study, we interviewed 30 GBQ adolescent males ages 15-20 and asked them to perform card sorts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2019.1700481DOI Listing
February 2020

Depressive Symptoms and Resilience among Hispanic Emerging Adults: Examining the Moderating Effects of Mindfulness, Distress Tolerance, Emotion Regulation, Family Cohesion, and Social Support.

Behav Med 2020 Jan 14:1-13. Epub 2020 Jan 14.

Department of Psychological, Health, and Learning Sciences, University of Houston.

Emerging adulthood has been described as a difficult stage in life and may be particularly stressful for Hispanic emerging adults who are disproportionately exposed to adversity and chronic sociocultural stressors. To better prevent and treat depressive disorders among Hispanic emerging adults, more research is needed to identify and understand modifiable determinants that can help this population enhance their capacity to offset and recover from adversity and sociocultural stressors. As such, this study aimed to (1) examine the association between resilience and depressive symptoms among Hispanic emerging adults, and (2) examine the extent to which intrapersonal resources (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2020.1712646DOI Listing
January 2020
1.143 Impact Factor

Effects of Coping Flexibility in Young Women on Depressive Symptoms during Chronic Pain.

Behav Med 2019 Dec 30:1-9. Epub 2019 Dec 30.

Department of Social Psychology, Toyo University, Tokyo, Japan.

Chronic pain is a worldwide problem that has a high prevalence rate and is often comorbid with depression. Coping flexibility, which is defined as the ability to discontinue an ineffective coping strategy-evaluation coping-and to produce and implement an alternative strategy-adaptive coping-has attracted much interest as an important factor that attenuates pain-induced stress responses, including depression. This study hypothesized that greater coping flexibility would be associated with lower depression in both women with chronic pain and those with menstrual pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2019.1708250DOI Listing
December 2019

Qualitative Assessment of Environmental Health Risk Perceptions and Community Challenges in a Puerto Rican Community: Change and Continuity in Response to Hurricanes Irma and María.

Behav Med 2019 Dec 20:1-14. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry.

Culebra, a geographically isolated island located 17 miles from the eastern coast of Puerto Rico's main island, suffers from an amalgam of significant environmental health risk and associated social determinants of health that are affecting the community. In 2017, two major Hurricanes (Irma and María) impacted Culebra, resulting in an increase of preexisting environmental health risk. The present study's primary aim was to explore community attitudes, beliefs, and perceptions of environmental health risk, and to describe the social priorities of in relation to these risks and challenges. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2019.1700894DOI Listing
December 2019

Predictors of Health-Related Quality of Life in Indians with Metabolic Syndrome Undergoing Randomized Controlled Trial of Yoga-Based Lifestyle Intervention vs Dietary Intervention.

Behav Med 2019 Nov 19:1-10. Epub 2019 Nov 19.

Department of Biostatistics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

The present study explores the efficacy of 12-week yoga + diet-based lifestyle intervention (YBLI) vs dietary intervention (DI) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and identifies the predictors of change in HRQoL in Indians with metabolic syndrome (Met S). Data from the historical randomized controlled trial was used including adults ( = 260, 20-45 years) with Met S. Four domains of HRQoL were measured at baseline, 2 and 12 weeks using WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2019.1683711DOI Listing
November 2019
1.143 Impact Factor

Perceived Efficacy of Medical Cannabis in the Treatment of Co-Occurring Health-Related Quality of Life Symptoms.

Behav Med 2019 Nov 6:1-5. Epub 2019 Nov 6.

Associate Dean for Faculty Development, Johns Hopkins School of Nursing.

For persons living with chronic conditions, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) symptoms, such as pain, anxiety, depression, and insomnia, often interact and mutually reinforce one another. There is evidence that medical cannabis (MC) may be efficacious in ameliorating such symptoms and improving HRQoL. As many of these HRQoL symptoms may mutually reinforce one another, we conducted an exploratory study to investigate how MC users perceive the efficacy of MC in addressing co-occurring HRQoL symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2019.1683712DOI Listing
November 2019

Measuring Social Support among Soldiers with the Experienced Post-Deployment Social Support Scale (EPSSS): A Rasch-Based Construct Validity Study.

Behav Med 2019 Oct 16:1-9. Epub 2019 Oct 16.

Research and Knowledge Centre, The Danish Veteran Centre, Ringsted, Denmark.

Perceived social support following deployment is a known buffer against post-deployment adverse mental health outcomes. Given contextual sensitivity of social support measures, scales that address specific social support needs of soldiers in the first months after home coming should be developed and validated. In a sample of 553 soldiers deployed to Afghanistan at two different time points (2009 and 2013, respectively), we selected items for and tested the construct validity of an 8-item measure of experienced post-deployment social support (experienced post-deployment social support scale; EPSSS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2019.1676192DOI Listing
October 2019
1 Read

Toward the Development of a Culturally Humble Intervention to Improve Glycemic Control and Quality of Life among Adolescents with Type-1 Diabetes and Their Families.

Behav Med 2019 Oct 3:1-12. Epub 2019 Oct 3.

Department of Psychology, The University of Memphis.

Type-1 Diabetes (T1D) is a prevalent and costly disorder associated with substantial morbidity that differentially impacts low-income and/or minority adolescents and their families. The primary study objective was to develop a guiding model to inform culturally humble interventions for Mid-southern youth with T1D presenting with multiple correlates of suboptimal glycemic control and their families. In order to develop a clinic specific guiding model, conceptualizations of health, the need/type of intervention thought to be most helpful, the optimal structure, and strategies to improve the cultural/regional fit was ascertained from (A) youth with T1D ( = 13) and caregivers ( = 11) via qualitative interviews and, (B) pediatric endocrinologists and nurse practitioners ( = 6), and (C) nurses, diabetes educators, dietitians, and social workers ( = 9) via focus groups. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08964289.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2019.1660299DOI Listing
October 2019
3 Reads

Self-Compassion in PLWH: Less Internalized Shame and Negative Psychosocial Outcomes.

Behav Med 2019 Oct 3:1-9. Epub 2019 Oct 3.

Department of Psychology, Roosevelt University.

People living with HIV (PLWH) may experience internalized shame, which has been associated with negative psychosocial outcomes. Some of these psychosocial outcomes also are linked with worsening disease. Self-compassion, however, is the antithesis of internalizing shame, with elements of self-compassion (self-kindness, mindfulness, common humanity) at odds with indicators of internalized shame (negative beliefs about the self, desire to withdraw or avoid emotion, feelings of isolation). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2019.1659749DOI Listing
October 2019

Clinical Complexity in Women Veterans: A Systematic Review of the Recent Evidence on Mental Health and Physical Health Comorbidities.

Behav Med 2019 Aug 12:1-19. Epub 2019 Aug 12.

j Atlanta VA Health Care System , Decatur , Georgia , USA.

A recent evidence map focused on women veterans underscored the limited number of articles published on mental health comorbid with physical health conditions in this population. The quality of this small body of research has yet to be evaluated. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate and synthesize research published between 2008 and 2015 and identified in the Women Veterans' Health Research Evidence Map as related to mental and physical health comorbidities among women veterans. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2019.1644283DOI Listing
August 2019
4 Reads

Source-Orientation and Avoidance/Approach-Orientation are Important Components of Introjected Regulation for Leisure-Time Physical Activity.

Behav Med 2019 Aug 1:1-10. Epub 2019 Aug 1.

a Department of Psychology, Iowa State University.

Introjected regulation has been inconsistently linked to physical activity, which may be due to it being an umbrella construct for different types of introjected regulation that have the potential to be differentially related to behavior. We evaluated (1) whether self-oriented approach, self-oriented avoidance, other-oriented approach, and other-oriented avoidance were distinct constructs from one another and from identified regulation, and (2) whether the following were related to physical activity engagement from strongest to weakest: self-oriented approach, self-oriented avoidance, other-oriented approach, and other-oriented avoidance. Behavioral regulations were measured at baseline, physical activity was measured via self-report at baseline and follow-up, and using daily diaries ( = 336). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2019.1644284DOI Listing

Affective Vulnerability across Non-Daily and Daily Electronic Cigarette Users.

Behav Med 2019 Jul 30:1-9. Epub 2019 Jul 30.

a Department of Psychology, University of Houston.

Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use has risen exponentially since its initial introduction. The widespread and growing use of these novel products has prompted increased research to evaluate use from a nuanced perspective that considers patterns and antecedents of use. Specifically, research has identified sociodemographic characteristics related to varying levels of e-cigarette use frequency. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2019.1644282DOI Listing
July 2019
2 Reads

Psychometric Properties of the Medical Mistrust Index (MMI) in Latina Immigrants.

Behav Med 2019 Apr-Jun;45(2):128-133

c School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University.

Medical mistrust measures have not been validated in Latino immigrants. This study examined the psychometric properties of the Medical Mistrust Index and its association with health care satisfaction in a sample of Latina immigrants. Participants were 168 self-identified Latinas ≥40 years old. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2019.1585326DOI Listing
February 2020
1 Read

Medical Mistrust and PrEP Perceptions Among Transgender Women: A Cluster Analysis.

Behav Med 2019 Apr-Jun;45(2):143-152

c Center of Excellence for Transgender Health, University of California, San Francisco.

Transgender (trans) women experience unique barriers in accessing preventative health services such as HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP). These barriers may be exacerbated by past real or anticipated mistreatment in health care settings, but little is known about the relationship between medical mistrust and poor PrEP uptake and knowledge. Using a multistep approach, this study used a novel survey instrument administered to a pilot sample of 78 trans women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2019.1585325DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6943929PMC
February 2020
4 Reads

"If You Want to Know About the Book, Ask the Author": Enhancing Community Engagement Through Participatory Research in Clinical Mental Health Settings.

Behav Med 2019 Apr-Jun;45(2):177-187

a Yale Program for Recovery and Community Health, Yale School of Medicine.

Participatory research, in which people with lived experience of the study phenomenon are involved as collaborators, has been conducted for decades; however, these innovations have struggled to take hold in mental health settings-until recently. The slow uptake of community partnered research in mental health has been unfortunate, especially because this field already suffers from poor community relations, pervasive community mistrust, and racial and ethnic disparities. But now, people with lived experience of severe mental illness-long considered to be "incapable" of functioning as co-researchers-are beginning to be included on research teams. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2019.1587589DOI Listing
February 2020

HIV-Related Medical Mistrust, HIV Testing, and HIV Risk in the National Survey on HIV in the Black Community.

Behav Med 2019 Apr-Jun;45(2):134-142

e Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital.

Black Americans are greatly affected by HIV disparities and exhibit high levels of medical mistrust, including HIV conspiracy beliefs, a form of mistrust around HIV's origin and treatment. A 2002-2003 national survey of Black Americans found that 48% believed that "HIV is a manmade virus." However, the extent to which such beliefs remain widespread is unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2019.1585324DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6783255PMC
February 2020

"Like I Have No Choice": A Qualitative Exploration of HIV Diagnosis and Medical Care Experiences While Incarcerated and Their Effects.

Behav Med 2019 Apr-Jun;45(2):153-165

a Center for Drug Use and HIV/HCV Research, NYU Global College of Public Health.

It is estimated that one in six Black and Latino adult persons living with HIV (PLWH) spend time in correctional institutions each year. Yet after release, PLWH of color evidence poor HIV health outcomes across the HIV care continuum. This study, guided by an ecological approach and Critical Race Theory, sought to understand the lived experiences of socioeconomically disadvantaged PLWH of color who received an HIV diagnosis and/or medical care while incarcerated, and the ways in which those experiences influenced engagement in medical care after release. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2019.1591338DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6730550PMC
February 2020
1 Read

The Association of Cultural and Structural Factors with Perceived Medical Mistrust Among Young Adult Latinos in Rural Oregon.

Behav Med 2019 Apr-Jun;45(2):118-127

a College of Public Health and Human Sciences, Oregon State University.

Although previous studies have examined the impact of medical mistrust on the health and health care seeking behaviors of diverse populations, including Latinos, limited research has explored cultural and structural factors that contribute to medical mistrust. The aim of the present study was to examine the associations between cultural and structural factors and perceived medical mistrust among a sample of young adult Latinos living in rural Oregon. We conducted in-person interviews with 499 young adult Latinos (ages 18-25). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2019.1590799DOI Listing
February 2020

A Framework for Using eHealth Interventions to Overcome Medical Mistrust Among Sexual Minority Men of Color Living with Chronic Conditions.

Behav Med 2019 Apr-Jun;45(2):166-176

a New York University Rory Meyers College of Nursing.

The purpose of this paper is to present a stepwise, multi-construct, innovative framework that supports the use of eHealth technology to reach sexual minority populations of color to establish trustworthiness and build trust. The salience of eHealth interventions can be leveraged to minimize the existing paradigm of medical mistrust among sexual minority populations of color living with chronic illnesses. These interventions include virtual environments and avatar-led eHealth videos, which address psychosocial and structural-level challenges related to mistrust. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2019.1570074DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6793989PMC
February 2020

Towards a More Inclusive and Dynamic Understanding of Medical Mistrust Informed by Science.

Behav Med 2019 Apr-Jun;45(2):79-85

b Center for Health, Behavior, Identity and Prevention Studies, Rutgers University , Piscataway , New Jersey , USA.

Mistrust of medical advances and the medical professions continues to persist, and is perhaps increasing. The popular press has documented the growing number of parents globally whose concerns around childhood vaccination, albeit based on faulty scientific information, has led to the anti-vax movement which has already resulted in outbreaks of measles in various parts of the U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2019.1619511DOI Listing
February 2020

Ubiquitous Yet Unclear: A Systematic Review of Medical Mistrust.

Behav Med 2019 Apr-Jun;45(2):86-101

a Wayne State University, College of Nursing.

Peer-reviewed articles (n = 124) examining associations between medical mistrust (MM) and health outcomes from four databases, between January 1998 and May 2018, were reviewed; 36 qualitative and 88 quantitative studies met the inclusion criteria. The Williams and Mohammed framework guided our narrative synthesis of the studies; it argues that basic causes (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2019.1588220DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6855383PMC
February 2020

Medical Mistrust, Racism, and Delays in Preventive Health Screening Among African-American Men.

Behav Med 2019 Apr-Jun;45(2):102-117

e Departments of Social Medicine and Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill , Chapel Hill , North Carolina , USA.

The contribution of medical mistrust to healthcare utilization delays has gained increased public health attention. However, few studies examine these associations among African-American men, who delay preventive healthcare more often and report higher levels of medical mistrust than non-Hispanic White men. Additionally, studies rarely account for other factors reportedly working in tandem with medical mistrust to increase African-American men's preventive health screening delays (i. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08964289.2019.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2019.1585327DOI Listing
February 2020
2 Reads

Whose Responsibility Is It to Dismantle Medical Mistrust? Future Directions for Researchers and Health Care Providers.

Authors:
Jessica Jaiswal

Behav Med 2019 Apr-Jun;45(2):188-196

a Department of Health Science, University of Alabama.

Medical mistrust persists and appears to be growing. The public health literature on medical mistrust has largely focused on mistrust among Black and African American populations due to legacies of abuse and mistreatment, such as the infamous Tuskegee Syphilis Study. However, research is now emerging that explores mistrust among various populations and in varying contexts, and the literature now largely emphasizes the role of ongoing, present-day social and economic inequalities in shaping and sustaining mistrust, particularly among populations who experience staggering health disparities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2019.1630357DOI Listing
February 2020
1 Read

Can Participants' Characteristics Predict Benefit from a Multimodal Burnout Prevention Program? Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial Conducted in Germany.

Behav Med 2019 Jul 24:1-10. Epub 2019 Jul 24.

c Chair for Public Health and Health Services Research, Institute for Medical Information Processing, Biometry, and Epidemiology, Ludwig Maximilians University , Munich , Germany.

Chronic psychological distress appears to be increasing markedly among the working population. A recent randomized controlled trial (RCT) supported the effectiveness of a three-week outpatient burnout prevention program-comprised of stress management interventions, relaxation, physical exercise, and moor baths followed by massage-in reducing perceived stress and emotional exhaustion. However, the effectiveness of treatments in the real world that were shown to be efficacious in RCTs is related to the appropriate selection of individuals who are most likely to yield sustainable gains. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2019.1594671DOI Listing

The Association of Optimism with Sleep Duration and Quality: Findings from the Coronary Artery Risk and Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study.

Behav Med 2019 Jul 24:1-12. Epub 2019 Jul 24.

b Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine , Chicago , IL.

Optimism is associated with better health outcomes with hypothesized effects due in part to optimism's association with restorative health processes. Limited work has examined whether optimism is associated with better quality sleep, a major restorative process. We test the hypothesis that greater optimism is associated with more favorable sleep quality and duration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2019.1575179DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7282476PMC
July 2019
4 Reads

Medication Beliefs, HIV-Related Stigmatization, and Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy: An Examination of Alternative Models.

Behav Med 2019 Jul 10:1-11. Epub 2019 Jul 10.

a Department of Psychology , Syracuse University , Syracuse.

HIV-related stigma and beliefs about medication necessity and concerns have separately demonstrated significant associations with antiretroviral adherence in people with HIV. However, no work has examined both of these associations in the same model. Based on the necessity-concerns framework, this study examined four alternative models of relationships among HIV-related stigma, medication beliefs, and adherence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2019.1629386DOI Listing
July 2019
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Socioeconomic Disadvantage, Mental Health and Substance Use in Young Men in Emerging Adulthood.

Behav Med 2019 Jun 26:1-9. Epub 2019 Jun 26.

a Centre for Mental Health , The University of Melbourne , Melbourne , Australia.

Emerging adulthood is a neglected phase of the life course in health research. Health problems and risk behaviors at this time of life can have long-term consequences for health. The 2016 Lancet Commission on Adolescent Health and Wellbeing reported that the influence of socioeconomic factors was under-researched among adolescents and young adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2019.1622504DOI Listing
June 2019
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Benefits of Yoga on IL-6: Findings from a Randomized Controlled Trial of Yoga for Depression.

Behav Med 2019 May 29:1-10. Epub 2019 May 29.

c Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior , Alpert Medical School at Brown University , Providence , RI , USA.

The present research sought to examine whether hatha yoga, implemented as an adjunctive intervention for major depression, influences markers of inflammation. A subset of 84 participants who were enrolled in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of hatha yoga vs. health education control provided blood samples at baseline (pre-treatment) and at 3-(during treatment) and 10-week (end of treatment) follow-up visits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2019.1604489DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6883140PMC
May 2019
6 Reads

A Pilot Study of Cancer 101 for Incarcerated Male Smokers.

Behav Med 2019 Apr 30:1-8. Epub 2019 Apr 30.

c University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine.

Incarcerated men in the United States, an understudied population, have not been the focus of cancer prevention research. This pilot study explored the impact of Cancer 101 for imprisoned male smokers to increase cancer knowledge and promote cancer prevention activities in the prison population. Cancer 101 was pilot tested for adoption with representatives from the target audience in three prison facilities located in the northeastern region of the United States, and based on their feedback, modifications were implemented. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08964289.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2019.1588219DOI Listing
April 2019
14 Reads

Posttraumatic Stress, Academic Performance, and Future Orientation as Pathways to Community Violence Exposure and Sexual Risk among African American Youth in Chicago's Southside.

Behav Med 2019 Apr 30:1-11. Epub 2019 Apr 30.

f School of Social Service Administration , University of Chicago , Chicago , Illinois , USA.

Posttraumatic stress, low academic performance, and future orientation as pathways from community violence exposure to sexual risk-taking behavior were examined among 753 African American youth in a large urban school district, ranging from ages of 13 to 24 years. Youth completed a self-report instrument. Youth completed a self-report instrument of Exposure to Violence Probe, University of California at Los Angeles' PTSD Reaction Index Adolescent Version, and Coopersmith's Self-Esteem Scale. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2019.1601610DOI Listing
April 2019
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Indirect Associations of Anxiety Sensitivity with Tobacco, Alcohol, and Other Drug Use Problems Through Emotional Disorder Symptoms in Adolescents.

Behav Med 2019 Apr 30:1-9. Epub 2019 Apr 30.

c Department of Preventive Medicine , University of Southern California , Los Angeles , CA, USA.

Theoretically, anxiety sensitivity-fear of anxiety symptoms-enhances perception of and emotional reactivity to autonomic arousal and mental distress, thereby increasing negative affect and motivation to use substances for negative reinforcement. Because no prior study of adolescents has tested if anxiety sensitivity is indirectly associated with substance use problems through symptoms of emotional disorders (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2019.1573797DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6821558PMC
April 2019
6 Reads

ADHD Symptoms and Sex Moderate the Relation Between Protective Behavioral Strategies and Alcohol Use Among Treatment-Mandated College Students.

Behav Med 2019 Apr 30:1-9. Epub 2019 Apr 30.

a Department of Psychology , University of Wyoming.

College students with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder are likely to engage in alcohol use and experience alcohol-related problems. Use of protective behavioral strategies is related to fewer alcohol-related consequences. However, this association has not been sufficiently examined in relation to attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms, which could alter the likelihood of utilizing protective behavioral strategies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2019.1590798DOI Listing
April 2019
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Delay Discount Rate Moderates a Physical Activity Intervention Testing Immediate Rewards.

Behav Med 2019 Apr 11:1-11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

a College of Health Solutions , Arizona State University.

Financial incentives can increase physical activity (PA), but differences in the immediacy of reward delivery and individual differences in delay discount rates (i.e., higher discount values associated with less tolerance for delayed rewards) may explain differential responding. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08964289.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2019.1570071DOI Listing
April 2019
8 Reads

Life Events, Emotions, and Immune Function: Evidence from Whitehall II Cohort Study.

Behav Med 2019 Mar 25:1-8. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

c Department of Psychology , Claremont McKenna College.

Stressful life events have been shown to increase vulnerability to infections. However, the effects may be dependent on specific emotional responses associated with these events. In general, negative emotions are thought to exacerbate and positive emotions to protect from the adverse effects of stressors on health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2019.1570072DOI Listing
March 2019
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Resilience and Beliefs in the Effectiveness of Current Antiretroviral Therapies Among Recently Disengaged Low-Income People of Color Living with HIV.

Behav Med 2020 Jan-Mar;46(1):75-85. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Division of Social Solutions and Services Research, Nathan Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research, State of New York Office of Mental Health.

Consistent antiretroviral adherence is key to viral suppression, but many low-income people of color living with HIV are not optimally adherent due to a wide variety of interrelated social and structural factors. Previous studies have found that HIV medication beliefs are an important facet of adherence. In contrast to the AZT era , currently available antiretroviral therapies are significantly safer and more effective, but research suggests that negative beliefs may persist among racial and ethnic minority people. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08964289.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2019.1570070DOI Listing
March 2019
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Coping Versus Mastery Modeling Intervention to Enhance Self-efficacy for Exercise in Patients with COPD.

Behav Med 2020 Jan-Mar;46(1):63-74. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta.

The literature suggests self-efficacy is a determinant of physical activity and management of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). The purpose of this study was to (1) test the effects of two vicarious experience interventions, coping versus mastery modeling, on self-efficacy in COPD patients performing a cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET), and (2) determine the type of self-efficacy most strongly related to physical activity in COPD patients. After a baseline assessment of self-efficacy (task, coping for exercise, coping for breathing, scheduling, and walking) and potential moderators, 120 COPD patients watched a mastery model or coping model CPET video, or received usual care verbal instructions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08964289.2018.1561411DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read