5 results match your criteria Behavioral Interventions[Journal]

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REDUCING AMBIGUITY IN THE FUNCTIONAL ASSESSMENT OF PROBLEM BEHAVIOR.

Behav Interv 2015 Feb;30(1):1-35

The New England Center for Children, Southborough, MA 01772, USA ; Western New England University, Springfield, MA 01119, USA.

Severe problem behavior (e.g., self-injury and aggression) remains among the most serious challenges for the habilitation of persons with intellectual disabilities and is a significant obstacle to community integration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bin.1400DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4521420PMC
February 2015
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Stimulus Fading and Response Elaboration in Differential Reinforcement for Alternative Behavior.

Behav Interv 2015 Feb;30(1):51-64

Applied Behavioral Learning Services.

A hallmark of applied behavior analysis is the development of function-based interventions for problem behavior. A widely recommended function-based intervention is differential reinforcement of alternative behavior (DRA), in which reinforcement is contingent upon socially acceptable alternatives to problem behavior (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bin.1402DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4383256PMC
February 2015
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Teaching Individuals to Signal for Assistance in a Timely Manner.

Behav Interv 2012 Nov;27(4)

Institute for Life Span Studies, University of Kansas.

The study describes the adaptive-switch performances of 8 adults with severe multiple impairments. Each was given a series of progressively more difficult discrimination tasks that, if solved, would require the participant to close the switch to activate a device that was not operating or to stay away from the switch if the device was operating. Then in a 2-choice format, a preference test was conducted by providing 2 devices simultaneously that could be activated or deactivated by closure or release of the switch. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bin.1346DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3827728PMC
November 2012

Adapted Digital Music Players for Individuals with Severe Impairments.

Behav Interv 2011 May;26(2)

Institute for Life Span Studies, University of Kansas.

Portable music production devices, such as radios, cassette players and MP3 players have characteristics that make them less than ideal for teaching the cause-and-effect relationships that would enable children and adults with severe impairments to control them independently and appropriately. Even when adapted for control with adaptive switches, the relationship between switch closure and on-off operation results in contingency characteristics that can inhibit learning. Some solutions to these problems are described, and for those individuals who can learn with complex contingencies, some promising products are reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bin.327DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3875615PMC
May 2011
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SENSITIVITY OF PASSIVE APPROACH DURING PREFERENCE AND REINFORCER ASSESSMENTS FOR CHILDREN WITH SEVERE AND PROFOUND INTELLECTUAL DISABILITIES AND MINIMAL MOVEMENT.

Behav Interv 2006 Jul;21(3):165-175

University of Manitoba and St. Amant, Canada.

We evaluated the use of passive approach to assess preferences of two children, with severe and profound intellectual disabilities. Both children had physical challenges and exhibited minimal physical movement. We also compared the relative reinforcing effects of the identified high and low preference stimuli for a switch pressing response, and for a more passive looking response. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bin.216DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3608574PMC
July 2006
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