2,306,620 results match your criteria Behavioral Healthcare [Journal]
Chemosphere 2018 Dec 6;219:526-537. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Environmental Toxicology, The Institute of Environmental and Human Health, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79416, USA.
Pyrethroids are potent neurotoxicants that may elicit multiple pathways of toxicity in non-target organisms. Comparative studies on the mechanistic and developmental effects of types I and II pyrethroids against non-target aquatic species are limited. This study assessed the effects of the two pyrethroid types against embryo-larval zebrafish (Danio rerio) at environmentally relevant and laboratory concentrations. Read More
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater 2018 Dec 6;91:109-121. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
University of Granada, Faculty of Dentistry, Dental Materials Section, Colegio Máximo de Cartuja s/n, 18071 Granada, Spain.
The aim of this research was to ascertain the mechanical and chemical behavior of sound and caries-affected dentin (CAD), after the placement of Zn-free vs containing amalgam restorations. Peritubular and intertubular dentin were evaluated using, a) nanoindenter in scanning mode; the load and displacement responses were used to perform the nano-Dynamic mechanical analysis and to estimate the complex (E * ) and storage modulus (E'); b) Raman spectroscopy was used to describe the hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA). Assessments were performed before restoration placement and after restoring, and after 3 months of storage with thermocycling (100,000cy/5 °C and 55 °C). Read More
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 2018 Dec 6;175:300-305. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Biomedical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, 70101, Taiwan. Electronic address:
In this study, the time-dependent reaction between 11-mercaptoundecanoic acid (11-MUA) and 1-Ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide/N-hydroxysuccinimide (EDC/NHS) is precisely characterized using surface enhanced infrared absorption spectroscopy (SEIRAS). According to the high correlation between the spectral results of SEIRAS and the electrochemical behavior, it strongly demonstrates that the EDC/NHS reaction would be obviously interfered by phosphate ions in the neutral pH condition (pH = 7.0). Read More
Sleep Med 2018 Nov 19;54:116-120. Epub 2018 Nov 19.
Department of Neurology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
Background: This study investigated the protective effect of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep without atonia against obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in patients with idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD).
Methods: In this case-control study, patients with idiopathic RBD and OSA (RBD-OSA) were consecutively enrolled and OSA controls without RBD were matched for age, sex, and apnea-hypopnea index (AHI). Clinical and polysomnographic characteristics were compared between RBD-OSA patients and OSA controls. Read More
Res Dev Disabil 2018 Dec 12;85:143-153. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Radboud University Nijmegen, Behavioural Science Institute, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Tranzo, Tilburg University, Tilburg, the Netherlands; Praktikon, Nijmegen, the Netherlands. Electronic address:
Background: Several studies show that language problems, child behavior problems, and parental stress can co-occur in children. Still, little is known about how these domains are related in toddlers with a language disorder (LD).
Aims: This study examined relations between language problems, child behaviour problems, and parental stress in toddlers with LD and if these relations differ for children with different types of LD. Read More
Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2018 Dec 7;176:89-96. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Departament of Neurology, Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Biology, LIM15, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
Meningiomas, tumors that originate from meningothelial cells, account for approximately 30% of all new diagnoses of central nervous system neoplasms. According to the 2016 WHO classification of central nervous system tumors meningiomas are classified into three grades: I, II, and III. Past studies have shown that the risk of meningiomas recurrence is strongly correlated with the molecular profile of the tumor. Read More
Neurobiol Aging 2018 Nov 16;75:62-70. Epub 2018 Nov 16.
Department of Neuropsychiatry, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Institute of Human Behavioral Medicine, Medical Research Center, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Department of Psychiatry, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
This study aimed to investigate the relationship of hypertension with beta-amyloid (Aβ) and neurodegeneration biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and the modulating effect of apolipoprotein E-ε4 (APOE4). In total, 259 cognitively normal (CN) and 79 AD dementia older adults received clinical assessments including the evaluation for the presence of hypertension, [C]-Pittsburgh-compound-B-positron emission tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and APOE genotyping. We used a clinical stage-specific approach, separately focusing on CN and AD dementia stages. Read More
J Psychiatr Res 2018 Dec 7;109:178-184. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, 316 Physics Rd #262, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA.
During adolescence, peer approval becomes increasingly important and may be perceived as contingent upon appearance in girls. Concurrently, girls experience hormonal changes, including an increase in progesterone. Progesterone has been implicated in affiliative behavior but inconsistently associated with body image concerns. Read More
Curr Opin Psychol 2018 Nov 28;29:71-75. Epub 2018 Nov 28.
Icelandic Vision Laboratory, School of Humanitites and Social Sciences, University of Akureyri. Hafnarstræti 97, Akureyri IS600, Iceland.
Humans possess a primitive memory system for attention deployments that allows quick reorientation of visual attention to stimuli that are relevant to behavior at any given moment. We review recent evidence regarding such attentional priming effects from a number of different perspectives. We discuss recent findings on the time course and duration of such effects, the potential interaction of priming and top-down attentional guidance; how priming can be used to probe the nature of visual representations and attentional templates; findings on the basic nature of priming effects and recent relevant findings on so-called serial dependencies that share many characteristics with attentional priming. Read More
Accid Anal Prev 2018 Dec 12;123:256-262. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Center for Drug and Alcohol Research, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Rua Professor Álvaro Alvim, 400, 90420-020, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
The incidence of driving under the influence of psychoactive substances (DUI) and its recidivism can be curtailed by the proper identification of specific and predictive characteristics among drug users. In this sense, interpersonal violence (IV), psychiatric comorbidity and impulsivity seem to play an important role in DUI engagement according to previous studies. There are, however, limited data originated from low and middle income countries. Read More
Eat Behav 2018 Dec 6;32:31-36. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Psychology, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA.
Research among Western adult and adolescent males suggests that sociocultural influences are implicated in the drive for muscularity and weight-change behaviors. However, few studies have examined these relationships among adolescent boys from non-Western backgrounds. The current study sought to assess the psychometric properties of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-4 (SATAQ-4), a 22-item, 5-factor measure of sociocultural influence on appearance ideals, among Japanese (n = 984) adolescent boys. Read More
Biosens Bioelectron 2018 Oct 11;126:725-733. Epub 2018 Oct 11.
Department of Bioengineering, University of California Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; Berkeley Sensor and Actuator Center, University of California Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; UC Berkeley and UCSF Joint Graduate Program in Bioengineering, Berkeley/San Francisco, USA; Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of California Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; Biophysics Graduate Program, University of California Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. Electronic address:
Microfluidic polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has been of great interest owing to its ability to perform rapid and specific nucleic acid amplification and analysis on small volumes of samples. One of the major drawbacks of microfluidic PCR is bubble generation and reagent evaporation, which can cause malfunctions. Here, through theoretical modeling and characterization of bubble behavior, we propose a bubble-free microfluidic PCR device via controlled fluid transfer. Read More
Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 6;271:526-531. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
College of Humanities, Hubei University of Chinese Medicine, China.
Low self-esteem is an important factor influencing mobile phone addiction, which has been well documented. However, little research focused on the mechanism underlying the association between self-esteem and mobile phone addiction. We hypothesized that social anxiety and interpersonal sensitivity may mediate the relationship between self-esteem and mobile phone addiction. Read More
Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 6;271:516-525. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
School of Nursing, Jilin University, Changchun, China; Department of Pharmacology, college of Basic Medical sciences, Jilin University, Changchun, China. Electronic address:
This study aims to systematically evaluate the efficacy of Pet robot intervention (PRI) for people with dementia. Two waves of electronic searches of the PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane library, IEEE Digital Library and PsycINFO databases were conducted. In total, eight articles from six randomized controlled trials (RCTs) met the eligibility criteria and were included in this systematic review. Read More
Contemp Clin Trials 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Moores Cancer Center, University of California, San Diego, 3855 Health Sciences Dr. La Jolla, CA 92093-090, USA; Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of California San Diego, 9300 Campus Pointe Drive, MC 7433, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA. Electronic address:
Background: Young breast cancer survivors (YBCS) have unmet needs for managing hot flashes, fertility-related concerns, sexual health and contraception.
Purpose: Describe the design and participant characteristics of a randomized controlled trial testing the efficacy of the survivorship care plan on reproductive health (SCP-R) intervention on improving hot flashes, fertility-related concerns, sexual health, and contraception in YBCS.
Methods: SCP-R is a web-based intervention with text message support encompassing evidence- based practices on four reproductive health issues. Read More
Contemp Clin Trials 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Box 356490, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195-6490, USA; VA Puget Sound Healthcare System, 1660 S. Columbian Way, RCS-117, Seattle, WA 98108, USA. Electronic address:
Background And Objectives: Chronic pain is a highly prevalent and potentially disabling condition in Veterans who have had a traumatic brain injury (TBI) and access to non-pharmacological pain treatments such as cognitive behavioral therapy is limited and variable. The purpose of this randomized controlled trial (RCT) is to evaluate the efficacy of a telephone-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy (T-CBT) for pain in Veterans with a history of TBI.
Methods: Veterans with a history of TBI and chronic pain of at least six months duration (N = 160) will be randomized to either T-CBT or a telephone-delivered pain psychoeducational active control condition (T-Ed). Read More
Child Abuse Negl 2018 Dec 12;88:307-316. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Beijing Key Laboratory of Learning and Cognition, Research Center for Child Development, School of Psychology, Capital Normal University, China.
The current study examined the mediating effect of maternal negative expressiveness as well as the moderating effects of infant inhibitory control (IC) in the association between maternal childhood emotional abuse (CEA) and infant behavior problems. Drawing from 207 families from mainland China, 2-wave data were reported in this study when the infants were 6 months (T1) and 14 (T2) months. Mothers (Mean age = 32. Read More
Eur J Pharm Sci 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Pharmacy, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 2, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address:
Amorphous systems prepared with different strategies, such as solid dispersion with colloidal particles or soluble polymers and inclusion complex, have been used for improving solubility and dissolution of poorly water soluble drugs. The purpose of this study was to obtain a deeper understanding of the impact of three different amorphous systems prepared by spray drying with silica, polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) or 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD) using indomethacin (IND) as a model drug. IND was spray dried with silica, PVP or HPβCD at different mass ratios, and the obtained powders were characterized with respect to colloidal silica particle redispersion, morphology, thermal properties, solid state properties and physical stability. Read More
Hear Res 2018 Dec 6;373:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Lund University Department of Psychology, Paradisgatan 5, Lund, 22100, Sweden. Electronic address:
This paper investigates the salience of speech contrasts in noise, in relation to how listening attention affects scalp-recorded cortical responses. The contrasts that were examined with consonant-vowel syllables, were place of articulation, vowel length and voice-onset time (VOT) and our analysis focuses on the correspondence between the effect of attention on the electrophysiology and the decrement in behavioral results when noise was added to the stimuli. Normal-hearing subjects (n = 20) performed closed-set syllable identification in no noise, 0, 4 and 8 dB signal-noise ratio (SNR). Read More
Addict Behav 2018 Dec 10;92:1-5. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Department of Psychology, Louisiana State University, 236 Audubon Hall, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA. Electronic address:
Sexual minority women (SMW) report greater rates of cannabis use. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity is related to greater cannabis use among SMW, and it is theorized that this is due to SMW using cannabis in an attempt to manage negative affectivity associated with PTSD symptoms. However, this is the first known study to test this hypothesis. Read More
Eur J Med Genet 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Social & Behavioral Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, United States.
Effective communication, where all parties share a common understanding, is necessary to realize the promise of Genomic Medicine. It is especially salient given the imperative to increase the participation of diverse populations in genomics research and to expand the reach of clinical genomics. We have previously shown that cancer genetic counseling is suboptimal for patients with limited health literacy. Read More
Ann Phys Rehabil Med 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Neuroscience Department, Laboratory for Behavioral Neurology and Imaging of Cognition, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland; Neurology Department, University Hospital of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.
Int J Pharm 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Institute of Pharmacy, Department of Biopharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical Technology, University of Greifswald, Felix-Hausdorff-Strasse 3, 17489 Greifswald, Germany. Electronic address:
Precipitation testing, especially for weakly basic APIs, represents a key parameter in drug substance characterization during early development stages, where the amount of API available is limited. Therefore, it was the aim of this study to develop an automated small-scale in vitro transfer model to characterize the supersaturation and precipitation behavior of two poorly water-soluble drugs. Following automation and scale-down of the standard transfer model, the developed small-scale model was used to assess the impact of gastrointestinal variability, i. Read More
Biol Psychol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Laboratory of Social Cognitive Neuroscience, IDOCAL, Department of Psychobiology, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain.
The impact of sex and the menstrual cycle phase on the autonomic response to psychosocial stress remains controversial. This study explored autonomic nervous system activity through salivary alpha-amylase, heart rate, and heart rate variability responses to the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) in healthy young people. The sample was composed of 25 men, 26 women in the luteal phase, and 25 women in the follicular phase, from 18 to 25 years of age. Read More
Biol Psychol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA; Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA; Carolina Institute for Developmental Disabilities, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA. Electronic address:
Accumulating evidence suggests that autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may be conceptualized within a framework of reward processing impairments. The "Social Motivation Theory of Autism" posits that reduced motivation to interact with people and decreased pleasure derived from social interactions may derail typical social development and contribute to the emergence of core social communication deficits in ASD. Neuroinflammation may disrupt the development of mesolimbic dopaminergic systems that are critical for optimal functioning of social reward processing systems. Read More
Biol Psychol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Institute of Psychology, Jagiellonian University, Ingardena 6, 30-060 Kraków, Poland.
The aim of the current study was to examine whether action monitoring is associated with religious fundamentalism. Participants performed a stop-signal task that required response inhibition to a simple auditory tone. The level of their religious fundamentalism was measured on a scale. Read More
Behav Brain Res 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, 23298, USA. Electronic address:
The objective of the present study is to investigate the role of α4, α5, α6 or β2 nAChR subunits in the antidepressant-like effect of bupropion. Adult male mice were treated with subcutaneous acute doses of bupropion (3 and 10 mg/kg) 30 min before the forced swim test (FST) in α4, α5, α6, or β2 nAChR subunit knockout (KO) and wild-type (WT) mice. In addition, the effects of β2* antagonist dihydro-β-erythroidine (DHβE, 3 mg/kg) on antidepressant-like effects of bupropion in C57BL/6 J mice were assessed. Read More
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Environmental and Molecular Toxicology, Oregon State University, 1007 Agriculture & Life Sciences Building, Corvallis, OR 97331; USA; LS Pharma, 884 Park St., Lebanon, OR 97355; USA.
Alternative splicing modulates gene function by creating splice variants with alternate functions or non-coding RNA activity. Naturally occurring variants of nuclear receptor (NR) genes with dominant negative or gain-of-function phenotypes have been documented, but their cellular roles, regulation, and responsiveness to environmental stress or disease remain unevaluated. Informed by observations that class I androgen and estrogen receptor variants display ligand-independent signaling in human cancer tissues, we questioned whether the function of class II NRs, like the vitamin D receptor (VDR), would also respond to alternative splicing regulation. Read More
Physiol Behav 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
School of Allied Health Sciences, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.
This study investigated the effect of consuming either water or a carbohydrate (CHO)-electrolyte sports beverage ('Sports Drink') ad libitum with food during a 4 h post-exercise recovery period on fluid restoration, nutrient provision and subsequent endurance cycling performance. On two occasions, 16 endurance-trained cyclists; 8 male [M] (age: 31 ± 9 y; VO: 54 ± 6 mL·kg·min) and 8 female [F] (age: 33 ± 8 y; VO: 50 ± 7 mL·kg·min); lost 2.3 ± 0. Read More
Physiol Behav 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt. Electronic address:
Ethanolic extract of leaves of Morus alba L. (M. alba), known as white mulberry, was orally administered (100 mg/kg b. Read More
Front Neuroendocrinol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
MTA-ELTE Laboratory of Molecular and Systems Neurobiology, Department of Physiology and Neurobiology, Hungarian Academy of Sciences and Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary; Laboratory of Neuromorphology, Department of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary; Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary. Electronic address:
Our knowledge on the bioavailability and actions of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) has markedly expanded in recent years as novel mechanisms were discovered on IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs) and their ability to release IGF-1. The new discoveries allowed a better understanding of the endogenous physiological actions of IGF-1 and also its applicability in therapeutics. The focus of the present review is to summarize novel findings on the neuronal, neuroendocrine and neuroplastic actions of IGF-1 in the adult brain. Read More
Neuropharmacology 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, Faculty of Medicine, RWTH Aachen University, 52074, Aachen, Germany; JARA Institute Brain Structure Function Relationship Institute for Neuroscience and Medicine (INM 10), Forschungszentrum Jülich, 52425 Jülich, Germany.
Current models of aggression suggest that in addition to personality traits and environmental factors, biological vulnerability associated with genetics substantially impacts aggressive behavior. In a functional imaging study, we investigated the influence of the single nucleotide polymorphism of the mu 1 subtype opioid receptor gene (OPRM1), implicated in sociability, on correlates of trait and state aggression to delineate the function of these influences in aggression. A key aim was further to differentiate different aspects of aggressive reactions - namely, the reaction to provocation and the decision to punish an opponent. Read More
Microvasc Res 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Laboratory of Neurobiology of Inflammatory and Metabolic Processes, Graduate Program in Health Sciences, Health Sciences Unit, University of South Santa Catarina, Tubarão, SC, Brazil. Electronic address:
Background: The choroid plexus (CP), main component of blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier (BCSFB), protects the brain from peripheral inflammation similar to the blood-brain barrier. Thus, CP is considered a critical target site of oxidative damage, which in sepsis oxidative stress is likely to be a major step in the development of brain damage. Functional alterations in CP may be associated with sepsis-induced brain injury. Read More
Eur J Pharmacol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA. Electronic address:
Mu-opioid receptor agonists are clinically effective analgesics, but also produce undesirable effects that limit their clinical utility. The nociceptin opioid peptide (NOP) receptor system also modulates nociception, and NOP agonists might be useful adjuncts to enhance the analgesic effects or attenuate the undesirable effects of mu-opioid agonists. The present study determined behavioral interactions between the NOP agonist (-)-Ro 64-6198 and mu-opioid ligands that vary in mu-opioid receptor efficacy (17-cyclopropylmethyl-3,14β-dihyroxy-4,5α-epoxy-6α-[(3 ́-isoquinolyl)acetamindo]morphinan (NAQ) < buprenorphine < nalbuphine < morphine = oxycodone < methadone) in male rhesus monkeys. Read More
Fam Process 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
School of Psychology, Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez, Santiago, Chile.
Family therapy has often been conceptualized as a conversational process whereby therapists and clients generate new meanings. Based on a 3-year study of conversational practices observable in successful family therapy processes of Chilean families with a child/adolescent who is engaged in disruptive behaviors, we looked for clinical examples of Transforming Interpersonal Patterns (TIPs). TIPs are a key aspect of the IPscope, a framework we used to explore the meaning-making processes in family therapy. Read More
Pediatr Diabetes 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Center for Mind-Body Research, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD.
Background And Objective: The negative effects of stress on persons with type 1 diabetes (T1D) are well-established, but effective interventions to reduce stress among emerging adults with T1D are limited. The study objective was to conduct a pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) to obtain preliminary data on the efficacy of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) to reduce stress and improve diabetes health outcomes in a population of high-risk, urban emerging adults with poorly controlled diabetes METHODS: 48 participants aged 16-20 years of age with T1D (mean duration= 8 years) were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: MSBR, cognitive-behavioral stress management (CBSM), or a diabetes support group. Data were collected at baseline, end of treatment and three months after treatment completion. Read More
Genes Brain Behav 2018 Dec 15:e12547. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Physiology and Cell Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel.
Individuals with autism constitute a variable population whose members are spread along the autism spectrum. Sub-populations within that spectrum exhibit other conditions, such as anxiety, intellectual disabilities, hyperactivity and epilepsy, with different severities and co-occurrences. Among the genes associated with the increased risk for autism is the methylenetetrahydrofolate-reductase (MTHFR) 677C>T polymorphism, which impairs one-carbon metabolic pathway efficiency. Read More
J Clin Psychol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Psychology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee.
Objective: The present study investigated the associations between self-compassion, self-blame, disengagement coping, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression symptom severity among females who had experienced sexual assault. We also examined whether the relationships between self-compassion and both PTSD and depression severity were mediated by self-blame and coping.
Method: A volunteer sample of female adults (N = 207) completed surveys online or on paper. Read More
J Comp Neurol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, UC Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA.
Interlaminar astrocytes (ILA) in the cerebral cortex possess a soma in layer I and extend an interlaminar process that runs perpendicular to the pia into deeper cortical layers. We examined cerebral cortex from 46 species that encompassed most orders of therian mammalians, including 22 primate species. We described two distinct cell types with interlaminar processes that have been referred to as ILA, that we termed pial ILA and supial ILA. Read More
J Clin Psychol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Psychology Department, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia.
Objective: Primary care physicians (PCPs) often refer patients to psychological services, but help-seeking factors in the context of behavioral healthcare referral are understudied. This study examined perceptions of seeking psychological help for depression by comparing alternative structural equation models derived from the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA).
Method: Internet survey participants (N = 685 US adults, 77% female, M = 45) imagined themselves in a vignette scenario in which they are experiencing depression symptoms and encouraged by a PCP to see a psychologist. Read More
Dev Psychobiol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
School of Animal, Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
The environment may modulate genetic influences on behavioral expression. We investigated whether the physical rearing environment modulates anxiety and exploratory behavior in four populations, representing three species, of the striped mouse Rhabdomys. One population originated from an arid, open habitat and the others from grassy, covered habitats, and two species occurred in sympatry. Read More
J Comp Neurol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, UC Davis, Davis, CA.
Cortical proliferative zones have been studied for over 100 years, yet recent data has revealed that microglial cells constitute a sizeable proportion of ventricular zone cells during late stages of cortical neurogenesis. Microglia begin colonizing the forebrain after neural tube closure and during later stages of neurogenesis populate regions of the developing cortex that include the proliferative zones. We previously showed that microglia regulate the production of cortical cells by phagocytosing neural precursor cells (NPCs), but how microglia interact with NPCs remains poorly understood. Read More
Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Cognitive Science, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
The ability to focus on a task while disregarding irrelevant information is an example of selective attention. The perceptual-load hypothesis argues that the occurrence of early or late selection mechanisms is determined by task-relevant perceptual load. Additionally, evidence shows that pupil size serves as proxy of locus coeruleus-norepinephrine (LC-NE) activity, a system associated with cognitive and attentional mediation. Read More
Bull Math Biol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Mathematics, University of California, Riverside, USA.
One of the central problems in animal and plant developmental biology is deciphering how chemical and mechanical signals interact within a tissue to produce organs of defined size, shape, and function. Cell walls in plants impose a unique constraint on cell expansion since cells are under turgor pressure and do not move relative to one another. Cell wall extensibility and constantly changing distribution of stress on the wall are mechanical properties that vary between individual cells and contribute to rates of expansion and orientation of cell division. Read More
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Chemical and Petrochemicals Engineering Department, Egypt-Japan University of Science and Technology, New Borg El-Arab Alexandria, Egypt.
With raising awareness of gaseous air pollutants and their harmful impact, adsorption is considered one of the most prominent techniques for gaseous emissions control. The usage of polyaniline as a gas adsorbent is an innovative idea. This work aims to compare the efficacy of synthesized polyaniline nanotubes (PANT) as a novel adsorbent towards inorganic gases (ammonia NH) and volatile organic compounds (toluene vapor). Read More
Biol Trace Elem Res 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Plastic, Aesthetic, Hand and Reconstructive Surgery, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.
Wound healing is a complex orchestration of processes involving cell proliferation, migration, differentiation, anabolism, and catabolism in order to restore skin continuity. Within these processes, elements such as metallic ions are involved due to their implications in cell behavior and enzymatic activity regulation. This study analyzed the kinetics of zinc, iron, copper and magnesium concentrations in a full thickness open wound rat model over 14 days. Read More
Matern Child Health J 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Communication, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, USA.
Introduction As mounting evidence underscores the importance of both men and women taking steps before pregnancy to improve reproductive outcomes, public health priorities are shifting toward a more gender-inclusive program of promoting preconception health (PCH). This study examined whether prescriptive gender stereotypes, defined as men's and women's beliefs about PCH behavioral norms each gender should uphold, were positively associated with intentions to engage in behaviors to protect a future child's health. Methods Data came from a June 2017 online survey of 609 U. Read More
Hum Nat 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Anthropology, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH, 03755, USA.
Identifying the determinants of reproductive success in small-scale societies is critical for understanding how natural selection has shaped human evolution and behavior. The available evidence suggests that status-accruing behaviors such as hunting and prosociality are pathways to reproductive success, but social egalitarianism may diminish this pathway. Here we introduce a mixed longitudinal/cross-sectional dataset based on 45 years of research with the Batek, a population of egalitarian rain forest hunter-gatherers in Peninsular Malaysia, and use it to test the effects of four predictors of lifetime reproductive success: (i) foraging return rate, (ii) sharing proclivity, (iii) cooperative foraging tendency, and (iv) kin presence. Read More