492 results match your criteria Behavior analysis in practice[Journal]


School's Out for COVID-19: 50 Ways BCBA Trainees in Special Education Settings Can Accrue Independent Fieldwork Experience Hours During the Pandemic.

Behav Anal Pract 2020 Jun 26;13(2):312-320. Epub 2020 May 26.

Special Education Program, University of Nevada, Reno, Mailstop 0299, 1664 N. Virginia Street, Reno, NV 89557 USA.

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and nationwide executive orders closing schools, many trainees completing their supervised independent fieldwork in educational settings lost the ability to accrue hours linked to restricted activities of a therapeutic and instructional nature with students (i.e., clients). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-020-00434-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7250264PMC

An Essential Service Decision Model for ABA Providers During Crisis.

Behav Anal Pract 2020 Jun 22;13(2):306-311. Epub 2020 May 22.

Center for Applied Behavior Analysis, 11150 W. Olympic Blvd, Los Angeles, CA 90064 USA.

In the United States, applied behavior analysis (ABA) is broadly recognized as a medically necessary treatment for individuals diagnosed with autism and related disorders (Association of Professional Behavior Analysts, 2020, Guidelines for practicing applied behavior analysis during COVID-19 pandemic, Retrieved from https://cdn.ymaws.com/www. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-020-00432-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7243734PMC

Maintaining Treatment Integrity in the Face of Crisis: A Treatment Selection Model for Transitioning Direct ABA Services to Telehealth.

Behav Anal Pract 2020 May 18:1-8. Epub 2020 May 18.

Department of Clinical Development and Outcomes, Autism Learning Partners, Pasadena, CA 91106 USA.

With health care funders' increasing approval of telehealth service as an emergency measure to provide continuity of care during the COVID-19 crisis, practicing behavior analysts have an unprecedented opportunity to demonstrate that essential, medically necessary behavior-analytic services can be provided via telehealth in a manner that maintains treatment integrity and produces meaningful client outcomes. This telehealth treatment selection guide was designed to assist practicing behavior analysts in determining an appropriate protocol for the delivery of 1:1 telehealth service (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-020-00429-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7232927PMC

Promoting Functional Communication Within the Home.

Behav Anal Pract 2020 May 12:1-8. Epub 2020 May 12.

Pyramid Educational Consultants, Inc., New Castle, DE USA.

Functional communication skills are essential for all learners and must be promoted within all environments, including the home. During this time of home confinement, many families will need to look at opportunities for their children to use existing functional communication skills or even to acquire new skills. This article describes a set of 9 critical communication skills and provides a variety of examples of how families can improve the use of these important skills. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-020-00439-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7216867PMC

First Things First: Parent Psychological Flexibility and Self-Compassion During COVID-19.

Behav Anal Pract 2020 May 6:1-7. Epub 2020 May 6.

5Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, OR USA.

The COVID-19 pandemic has brought about significant stress and anxiety for many parents around the world. Psychological flexibility and self-care are fundamental aspects of psychological health. For parents, shaping these processes may help promote family nurturance, support children's prosocial behavior, and provide effective and consistent use of evidence-based parenting "kernels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-020-00435-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7200171PMC

A Proposed Process for Risk Mitigation During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Behav Anal Pract 2020 Apr 23:1-7. Epub 2020 Apr 23.

2Department of Counseling, Educational Psychology, and Special Education, College of Education, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 USA.

Recent executive orders have led some applied behavior analysis (ABA) providers to interpret themselves as "essential personnel" during the COVID-19 pandemic. In this article, we argue against a blanket interpretation that being labeled "essential personnel" means that all in-person ABA services for all clients should continue during the COVID-19 pandemic. We believe this argument holds even if ABA providers are not in a jurisdiction currently under an active shelter-at-home or related order. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-020-00430-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7178923PMC

From Helpless to Hero: Promoting Values-Based Behavior and Positive Family Interaction in the Midst of COVID-19.

Behav Anal Pract 2020 Apr 23:1-9. Epub 2020 Apr 23.

One Life Education and Training, Tucson, AZ USA.

Parents managing their home environments during government-ordered stay-at-home periods are likely to need new skills for occupying their children's time with activities that promote health and emotional well-being. Moreover, parents and children know they need help managing these circumstances. Perhaps for the first time, behavior analysts hold the reinforcers for increasing parental involvement in effective child-rearing practices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-020-00431-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7178922PMC

Preliminary Findings of Culturally Responsive Consultation with Educators.

Behav Anal Pract 2020 Mar 3;13(1):270-281. Epub 2019 Sep 3.

1Department of Educational Psychology, The University of Texas at San Antonio, 501 W Cesar E. Chavez, San Antonio, TX 78207 USA.

Behavior analysts are increasingly called to serve culturally and linguistically diverse populations. The culture of a population can provide context in which to identify behaviors likely to be reinforced by the client's social environment, stimuli established as reinforcers for client behavior, and behavioral repertoires shaped by the client's social environment. One of the largest and fastest growing minority groups in the United States is the Latinx population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00393-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7070129PMC

Sex/Gender Phenotypes and the Diagnosis and Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder: Implications for Applied Behavior Analysts.

Behav Anal Pract 2020 Mar 22;13(1):263-269. Epub 2019 Jul 22.

1Long Island University - Brooklyn, Room 228, 1 University Plaza, Brooklyn, NY 11201 USA.

Research has consistently reported a higher rate of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnoses in males than in females, but until recently, the impact of sex/gender differences has received little attention from applied behavior analysts. The underlying reasons for the difference in rates of diagnosis could be related to genetic or hormonal differences, sociocultural expectations of behavior based on sex/gender norms, or biases built into the assessment and observation of ASD symptoms. It is necessary to engage in further discussion and research in order to improve the treatment and quality of life of persons with ASD because misdiagnosis or late diagnosis can delay the start of early intervention and limit its proven benefits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00376-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7070107PMC

The Future Is Female (and Behavior Analysis): A Behavioral Account of Sexism and How Behavior Analysis Is Simultaneously Part of the Problem and Solution.

Behav Anal Pract 2020 Mar 6;13(1):253-262. Epub 2019 Sep 6.

Behavior Analysis and Therapy Program, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL 62901 USA.

In 2015, females accounted for 82.2% of Board Certified Behavior Analysts (Nosik & Grow, 2015, "Prominent Women in Behavior Analysis: An Introduction," , , 225-227). Females represent most certificants, yet their presence in research and on editorial boards for peer-reviewed journals is lower than males' presence (Li, Curiel, Pritchard, & Poling, 2018, "Participation of Women in Behavior Analysis Research: Some Recent and Relevant Data," , , 160-164). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00394-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7070127PMC

Quality Improvement and Behavior Analysis: A Dynamic Duo.

Behav Anal Pract 2020 Mar 16;13(1):232-239. Epub 2019 Sep 16.

1Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH USA.

Behavior analysis as a discipline prides itself on the systematic use of consistent, measured observations to drive specific and clearly defined changes in behavior. The need for diversification of practice is becoming increasingly focused on the topic. We posit that one such area of growth for behavior analysts could be quality improvement (QI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00396-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7070113PMC

Commit Heresy: Stop Using "Contingency".

Behav Anal Pract 2020 Mar 30;13(1):226-231. Epub 2019 Apr 30.

Department of Psychology, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI 49008 USA.

The term "contingency" has long been widely used by behavior analysts, but their uses of the term are inconsistent with the vernacular definition of the term. Moreover, the term is not consistently defined by behavior analysts, but is instead used to refer to a variety of relations between and among stimuli and responses. In the interest of reducing jargon and potential confusion, we argue that behavior analysts should stop using "contingency" and related terms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00354-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7070106PMC

Interview-Informed Synthesized Contingency Analysis (IISCA): Novel Interpretations and Future Directions.

Behav Anal Pract 2020 Mar 8;13(1):217-225. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Amego, Inc., Attleboro, MA USA.

The functional analysis (FA) methodology was developed to provide an empirical basis for understanding the reinforcers contributing to the maintenance of problem behavior. Previous research has demonstrated that multiple formats have been established to address some areas, such as practicality, efficiency, and safety. We reviewed the research on a new replication and extension of the standard FA format, the interview-informed synthesized contingency analysis (IISCA) and its subsequent treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00348-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7070108PMC

On the Standardization of the Functional Analysis.

Behav Anal Pract 2020 Mar 11;13(1):205-216. Epub 2019 Jun 11.

3University of the Pacific, Stockton, CA USA.

The functional analysis procedures described in the seminal Iwata et al. (1982/1994) study are prominent in the applied behavior analytic literature, having been replicated hundreds of times over the past 30 years (Beavers, Iwata, & Lerman, 2013; Hanley, McCord, Iwata, 2003). However, the extent to which particular components of this functional analysis model have become more or less prominent over time is not clear from these literature reviews. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00366-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7070124PMC

Simultaneous Presentation to Decrease Packing in a Child With a Feeding Disorder.

Behav Anal Pract 2020 Mar 29;13(1):197-204. Epub 2019 May 29.

1Kennedy Krieger Institute, 707 N. Broadway, 2nd Floor, Baltimore, MD 21205 USA.

Children with feeding disorders may pack food (i.e., hold food in the mouth for a prolonged period of time). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00360-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7070138PMC

Establishing Multiple-Control Responding of Children with Autism to People and Emotions in Context by Utilizing Derived Stimulus Relations.

Behav Anal Pract 2020 Mar 12;13(1):192-196. Epub 2019 Dec 12.

Behavior Analysis and Therapy Program, Rehabilitation Institute, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Carbondale, IL 62901 USA.

This study evaluated the efficacy of a set of procedures in evoking responding under multiple stimulus control (identifying emotions when provided a person and context) in a match-to-sample arrangement. Three participants with autism achieved a mastery criterion following direct training of the target relations, and two of the participants additionally demonstrated derived relations without direct training (identifying people when provided an emotion and context). Corrective procedures were effective in promoting the emergence of derived relations for the third participant. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00339-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7070123PMC

Evaluating the Emergence of the Transformation of Stimulus Function through Representational Drawing in Children with Autism.

Behav Anal Pract 2020 Mar 10;13(1):186-191. Epub 2019 Dec 10.

Rehabilitation Institute, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL 62901 USA.

The present study aimed to evaluate the utility of representational drawing as an alternative to selection-based responses for evaluating the emergence of the transformation of stimulus function. Two children with autism were initially taught relations among pictures, arbitrary symbols, and arbitrary words. Nonreinforced tests were also conducted to evaluate the possibility of a transformation of stimulus function across stimuli when presented with a generative drawing task. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00335-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7070135PMC

Behavioral Interventions to Treat Speech Sound Disorders in Children With Autism.

Behav Anal Pract 2020 Mar 20;13(1):174-185. Epub 2019 Jun 20.

Behavior Momentum India, 407, 7th Main, 80 ft. Road, HRBR Layout, Bangalore, 560043 India.

Children with autism are at a higher risk of being affected by speech disorders and often require remedial intervention. Eikeseth and Nesset (Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 36(3), 325-337, 2003) used sufficient-response exemplar training of vocal imitation in conjunction with prompting, chaining, and shaping procedures to successfully teach 2 typically developing children to articulate several Norwegian words with blends. The present study extends and adapts these procedures to children with autism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00362-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7070137PMC

Teaching Children with Autism to Tact the Private Events of Others.

Behav Anal Pract 2020 Mar 11;13(1):169-173. Epub 2019 Dec 11.

Rehabilitation Institute, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL 62901 USA.

We evaluated the efficacy of a most-to-least intrusive error-correction/prompting procedure for teaching 3 children with autism to tact the private events of others through publicly accompanying stimuli. Participants did not reliably demonstrate correct tact responses to publicly observable stimuli that accompany common emotions reported by others (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00334-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7070128PMC

Evaluation of Manualized Instruction to Train Staff to Implement a Token Economy.

Behav Anal Pract 2020 Mar 6;13(1):158-168. Epub 2019 Sep 6.

2Manhattanville College, New York, NJ USA.

All components of behavioral skills training may not be necessary to effectively train staff to implement behavior-analytic technologies with children with disabilities. This study evaluated manualized instruction to train inexperienced staff to implement a token economy with a confederate and collect data on learner responding. A nonconcurrent multiple-baseline design across staff trainees was used to evaluate the effectiveness of manualized instruction to increase the staff trainees' accurate implementation of a token economy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00386-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7070115PMC

An Evaluation of a Game-Based Treatment Package on Intraverbals in Young Children with Autism.

Behav Anal Pract 2020 Mar 16;13(1):152-157. Epub 2019 Dec 16.

Sparks Behavioral Services, Bloomfield Hills, MI USA.

The purpose of the current study was to evaluate a game-based treatment package on the acquisition of intraverbals in young children with autism. The treatment package was composed of using a listener response training game (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00397-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7070125PMC

Evaluation of Empirical Pretreatment Assessments for Developing Treatments for Packing in Pediatric Feeding Disorders.

Behav Anal Pract 2020 Mar 8;13(1):137-151. Epub 2019 Jul 8.

Kennedy Krieger Institute, Baltimore, MD USA.

A significant problem among children with feeding disorders is packing (i.e., pocketing or holding accepted food in the mouth), which could hinder successful treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00372-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7070114PMC

An Initial Evaluation of an Assessment Method for the PEAK Relational System Direct Training Module.

Behav Anal Pract 2020 Mar 18;13(1):126-136. Epub 2019 Oct 18.

Canopy Children's Solutions, 1465 Lakeland Drive, Jackson, MS 39216 USA.

When considering the best available treatment, it is crucial that assessments yield valid and reliable measures to produce effective treatment options. Currently, this research is limited, giving behavior analysis a platform to evaluate the psychometric properties and content validity of assessment tools used across settings. One major issue that practicing behavior analysts face is conducting the most comprehensive assessment within the time constraints put in place by insurance companies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00387-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7070134PMC

A Preliminary Evaluation of Interrater Reliability and Concurrent Validity of Open-Ended Indirect Assessment.

Behav Anal Pract 2020 Mar 28;13(1):114-125. Epub 2019 May 28.

ABA of Illinois, Darien, IL USA.

Indirect assessments are a commonly used component of functional behavior assessment by behavior analysts in practice who work with individuals with severe behavior disorders. Although used frequently, closed-ended indirect assessments have repeatedly been shown to have low to moderate interrater reliability and poor concurrent validity with functional analysis. Recently, the use of open-ended interviews has become more commonly adopted in applied clinical practice, despite no studies evaluating the psychometric properties of such assessments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00364-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7070122PMC

Improving On-Task Behavior in Middle School Students With Disabilities Using Activity Schedules.

Behav Anal Pract 2020 Mar 30;13(1):104-113. Epub 2019 Jul 30.

Department of Special Education and Rehabilitation, Utah State University, Logan, UT 84321 USA.

Middle school students receiving special education services for specific learning disabilities and other health impairments often struggle to remain on task and meet independent work demands. Although a variety of strategies have been documented as effective in improving on-task behavior in students with disabilities, most are not contextually appropriate for public schools. Activity schedules may provide an efficient, minimally intrusive, and low-effort intervention for middle school classrooms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00373-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7070130PMC

A Comparison of Demand Fading and a Dense Schedule of Reinforcement During Functional Communication Training.

Behav Anal Pract 2020 Mar 20;13(1):90-103. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Northwest Independent School District, Fort Worth, TX USA.

Ample research indicates that functional communication training (FCT) is an effective intervention to reduce challenging behavior. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of demand fading on escape-maintained challenging behavior, mands, and task completion for 2 children with autism spectrum disorder. The study utilized an embedded reversal and alternating-treatments design to evaluate the efficacy of the intervention and compare the efficacy of the demand fading and dense schedule conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00403-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7070126PMC

Rules and Statements of Reinforcer Loss in Differential Reinforcement of Other Behavior.

Behav Anal Pract 2020 Mar 17;13(1):81-89. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

1The Kennedy Krieger Institute, Baltimore, MD USA.

Providing a rule regarding consequences for behavior can increase the efficacy of differential reinforcement of other behavior (DRO) procedures in the treatment of severe problem behavior (Watts, Wilder, Gregory, Leon, and Ditzian, , 680-684, 2013). The purpose of the current study was to replicate and extend the literature on DRO procedures by evaluating the efficacy of rules and statements of reinforcer loss (SRL) in the treatment of severe problem behavior. Conditions included baseline, no rule DRO, rule DRO, and rule DRO with SRL. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00352-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7070118PMC

The Effects of a Self-Instruction Package and Group Training on Trial-Based Functional Analysis Administration.

Behav Anal Pract 2020 Mar 6;13(1):63-80. Epub 2019 Sep 6.

1California State University, Sacramento, CA USA.

This study examined the effects of a self-instruction package comprised of a task analysis data sheet, detailed written instructions, and a small group performance feedback training on the training of 12 undergraduate students to conduct trial-based functional analyses (TBFAs). In contrast to previous research, training omitted technical language and did not include didactic instruction on the principles of applied behavior analysis or the underlying rationale for functional analysis methodology. Although the self-instruction package produced significant increases in performance and reliable data collection on the targeted problem behavior, small group performance feedback training was necessary to achieve mastery across all trial types. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00388-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7070140PMC

A Comparison of Video Modeling and Video Prompting by Adolescents with ASD.

Behav Anal Pract 2020 Mar 16;13(1):40-52. Epub 2020 Jan 16.

Institute for Educational Achievement, New Milford, NJ USA.

Video-based instruction has been effective in teaching a range of skills, including functional living skills, to individuals with autism spectrum disorder. Few studies have compared the efficacy and efficiency across video modality-specifically, comparing video modeling to video prompting. Consequently, practitioners have little empirical guidance when selecting between procedural variations of video-based instruction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00402-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7070110PMC

Increasing Appropriate Composting in High-Traffic University Settings.

Behav Anal Pract 2020 Mar 20;13(1):22-28. Epub 2019 May 20.

University of Kansas, 4048 Dole Human Development Center, 1000 Sunnyside Avenue, Lawrence, KS 66045 USA.

Composting systems are poised to make a significant impact on waste-management strategies and greatly contribute to global sustainability efforts. However, risk of contamination by potentially detrimental compounds must be overcome before these systems can be widely adopted. Behavior analytic approaches to waste disposal adherence have consisted of antecedent and consequence strategies; many such strategies require continual oversight and significant investment of resources to maintain effectiveness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00358-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7070132PMC

Intervention Enhancing Effects of Acceptance and Commitment Training on Performance Feedback for Direct Support Professional Work Performance, Stress, and Job Satisfaction.

Behav Anal Pract 2020 Mar 3;13(1):1-10. Epub 2019 Sep 3.

Rehabilitation Institute, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL 62901 USA.

Direct service professionals (DSPs) provide the majority of treatment to individuals with developmental disabilities in community and residential settings; however, their ability to implement high-quality care is often limited by workplace factors and stress. The present study examined the effect of a verbal and written performance feedback intervention and the addition of an acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT)-based training program on the frequency and technical competence of active treatment provided by DSPs using a multiple-baseline design across 5 participants. Each participant demonstrated an increase in active treatment and technical performance following the implementation of both feedback-only and feedback plus ACT training interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00333-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7070143PMC

Correction to: Police Academy Training, Performance, and Learning.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Jun 24;12(2):373-374. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Division of Research, Force Science® Institute, Ltd., Mankato, MN 56001 USA.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1007/s40617-018-00317-2.]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00332-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6745758PMC

Letter to the Editor: One Perspective on Diversity in ABA.

Authors:
Natasha Beene

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Dec 13;12(4):899-901. Epub 2019 Aug 13.

Children's Behavior Therapy, Inc., Miami, FL USA.

Our profession of applied behavior analysis is lacking in the area of diversity. We cannot overestimate the importance of perspective when dealing with the issue of diversity. What tools does one use to evaluate another person after meeting the person for the first time? How much of what you "know" about a person is based on the labels you have assigned to him or her? Can your response to meeting someone for the first time be better conceptualized as rule-governed behavior (in other words, verbal generalizations, as opposed to tacts based on previous experience with that person individually)? If your answers to these questions involve behavior that is both contingency shaped and rule governed, then as behavior analysts, we would seem to have an opportunity to affect this behavior in a positive way. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00378-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6834808PMC
December 2019

Delivering Home-Supported Applied Behavior Analysis Therapies to Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Families.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Dec 18;12(4):887-898. Epub 2019 Jul 18.

1Texas State University, San Marcos, TX USA.

The selection and adoption of culturally appropriate targets and practices, especially for home-based or parent-supported services, is an emerging interest in the field of applied behavior analysis (ABA). Variations in cultural norms, caregivers' ability to participate in home-based service delivery, and family and practitioner linguistic competencies are some of the areas that the culturally competent ABA therapist must consider when designing a home-based program of therapy. Given the paucity of empirical research related to cultural competency in ABA service provision, the goal of the current article is to provide practitioners, their supervisors, and researchers with information to overcome many perceived barriers to successfully working with clients whose home languages or cultures differ from that of the dominant U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00374-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6834806PMC
December 2019

The Diversity Is in the Details: Unintentional Language Discrimination in the Practice of Applied Behavior Analysis.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Dec 9;12(4):879-886. Epub 2019 Aug 9.

3Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA USA.

Individuals with limited English proficiency face more challenges accessing applied behavior analysis (ABA) than their English-speaking counterparts. Many federal and state laws have been enacted to ensure the civil rights of protected classes, and Section 1557 of the Affordable Care Act (ACA, 2010) builds on those laws and explicitly establishes a cause of action (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00377-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6834813PMC
December 2019

The Utility of a Function-Based Approach to Intimate Partner Violence and Gender Bias in Family Courts.

Authors:
Heidi J Eilers

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Dec 22;12(4):869-878. Epub 2019 Aug 22.

Department of Applied Behavior Analysis, Chicago School of Professional Psychology, 401 West A Street #180, San Diego, CA 92101 USA.

The prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) is alarmingly high. Leaving an abusive relationship is only part of the solution, especially for survivors who share children with a violent partner. The IPV survivor has to navigate the family court system in order to obtain protection orders and custody arrangements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00383-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6834815PMC
December 2019

The Potential Role of Applied Behavior Analysis in the Cultural Environment of Māori Mental Health.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Dec 10;12(4):854-868. Epub 2019 Jun 10.

iCAMHS, Lakes District Health Board, Children's Hub and Library, Rotorua, New Zealand.

Significant mental health disparity exists in Aotearoa New Zealand between Māori and the non-Māori majority. Although much has been written about mental health and the cultural competence of health professionals, cultural context has not been specifically considered within the behavioral paradigm, and it was placed in the center of practice in multicultural societies by the behavioral community only recently. In this article, we discuss some of the problems encountered by Māori in the mental health system and the role of behavior analysts in addressing the divide in service provision. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00359-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6834803PMC
December 2019

Open Educational Resources in Behavior Analysis.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Dec 8;12(4):839-853. Epub 2019 Aug 8.

Psychology Department, University of Alaska, 3211 Providence Drive, Anchorage, AK 99508 USA.

Open educational resources (OERs) are materials that can be freely downloaded, edited, and shared to better serve all students. These resources are typically free of cost, reducing barriers to access for students and ensuring that all learners can have access to educational materials regardless of their financial status. OERs have been demonstrated to improve student performance and retention, especially for students traditionally underrepresented in higher education (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00371-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6834812PMC
December 2019

Intersectional Feminism and Behavior Analysis.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Dec 4;12(4):831-838. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Psychological Science, Eastern Connecticut State University, 83 Windham Street, Willimantic, CT 06226 USA.

This paper compares facets of behavior analysis and intersectional feminist theory. We begin by describing the history of issues related to gender and sexuality in behavior analysis. Then, we explain how the goals of feminism and applied behavior analysis are aligned, with a focus on intersectional feminism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00341-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6834793PMC
December 2019

Culture Always Matters: Some Thoughts on Rosenberg and Schwartz.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Dec 15;12(4):826-830. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 USA.

The purpose of this paper is to draw attention to and highlight some particularly enlightening arguments described by Rosenberg and Schwartz (2019). First, I emphasize the importance of the role of culture in ethical analysis and describe how the Behavior Analyst Certification Board (BACB) (2014; hereafter referred to as the BACB Code) unintentionally underplays the importance of culture. Second, I express support for the model of ethical analysis proposed by Rosenberg and Schwartz and explain how their model provides an excellent and much-needed framework for the observation (and subsequent study) of ethical decision-making in behavior-analytic practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00351-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6834805PMC
December 2019

A Self-Assessment Tool for Cultivating Affirming Practices With Transgender and Gender-Nonconforming (TGNC) Clients, Supervisees, Students, and Colleagues.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Dec 28;12(4):816-825. Epub 2019 Oct 28.

7010 N Ashland Ave., Chicago, IL 60626 USA.

In the field of applied behavior analysis, professionals are likely to interact with transgender and gender-nonconforming (TGNC) people, either as clients, in a supervision context, in the university classroom, or in the workplace. This paper presents a self-assessment checklist tool that can be used to assess one's current behaviors of TGNC-affirming practices, along with guidance for using the tool to achieve growth in this area. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00375-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6834966PMC
December 2019

Why WIBA?

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Dec 11;12(4):810-815. Epub 2019 Jun 11.

Behavior Analysis Center for Autism, 9929 E. 126th St., Fishers, IN 46038 USA.

Historically, men have dominated the field of behavior analysis; however, recent trends have indicated increased participation by women. As a result of these recent changes to the field of behavior analysis, the inaugural Women in Behavior Analysis Conference (WIBA) was hosted in 2017. WIBA was initially established to highlight the accomplishments of women in the field of behavior analysis, to provide opportunities for early career behavior analysts to obtain mentorship, and to encourage meaningful discourse about gender issues in the field. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00369-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6834794PMC
December 2019

Cultural Humility in the Practice of Applied Behavior Analysis.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Dec 18;12(4):805-809. Epub 2019 Oct 18.

NEXT for AUTISM, 1430 Broadway, 8th floor, New York, NY 10018 USA.

Applied behavior analysis (ABA) has the intent to improve the human condition in a broad range of categories of practice and for diverse groups of individuals across cultures. The data on the diversity of the professionals practicing in the field of ABA are sparse. Access to ABA intervention is inequitable, and cultural differences are not adequately addressed in many current established behavioral interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00343-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6834807PMC
December 2019

Multilingual Diversity in the Field of Applied Behavior Analysis and Autism: A Brief Review and Discussion of Future Directions.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Dec 5;12(4):795-804. Epub 2019 Aug 5.

2Department of Psychology, University of Southern California and FirstSteps for Kids, SGM 501, Los Angeles, CA 90089 USA.

This review addresses multilingual diversity within the field of Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) as it relates to treatment for autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The United States was founded as a diverse, multicultural "melting pot" and migration patterns continue to increase cultural and linguistic diversity, making it increasingly important to address these issues within the field of ABA. The role of multilingualism in ABA treatment for autism has scarcely been addressed in practice or in research and yet these factors likely impact the ABA treatment process significantly. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00382-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6834820PMC
December 2019

A Descriptive Analysis of Applied Behavior Analysis Research With Economically Disadvantaged Children.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Dec 6;12(4):782-794. Epub 2019 Sep 6.

1Department of Psychology, Western Michigan University, 1903 W. Michigan Ave, Kalamazoo, MI 49009 USA.

In the United States, approximately 43% of children under age 18 are considered economically disadvantaged. Research suggests that these children are at a greater risk for academic underperformance and dropping out of school than their peers who are not from economically disadvantaged backgrounds. As such, they may need effective educational interventions to improve their academic performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00389-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6834796PMC
December 2019

Language Preference of a Multilingual Individual With Disabilities Using a Speech Generating Device.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Dec 26;12(4):777-781. Epub 2019 Jul 26.

College of Education, Department of Special Education and Clinical Sciences, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR USA.

Individuals with disabilities who are English learners (ELs) and communicate using speech generating devices (SGDs) may demonstrate a preference for instructional language and language output of their SGDs. The influence of interventionist language on the preference of SGD language output and frequency of mands was examined using an alternating-treatments design with an embedded concurrent-chain arrangement with a 10-year-old with Down syndrome whose heritage language was Spanish. Language preference assessment for ELs is recommended because heritage language may be preferred for children with disabilities who use SGDs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00379-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6834791PMC
December 2019

Future Directions of Training and Fieldwork in Diversity Issues in Applied Behavior Analysis.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Dec 8;12(4):767-776. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Educational Studies, College of Education and Human Services, Seton Hall University, 400 South Orange Avenue, Jubilee Hall Rm. 431, South Orange, NJ 07079 USA.

This paper examines the perceptions of behavior-analytic professionals holding credentials through the Behavior Analyst Certification Board® (BACB®)-including Board Certified Behavior Analysts-Doctoral™, Board Certified Behavior Analysts®, and Board Certified Assistant Behavior Analysts®-regarding multiculturalism and diversity issues in their graduate training, fieldwork, and supervision. This paper predominantly focuses on future directions for improving graduate training, fieldwork, and supervision requirements in the field of applied behavior analysis (ABA) to produce more culturally competent professionals. Results from a preliminary survey of BACB® certificants ( = 575) are included to provide a context for recommendations on how to move the field of ABA forward to enhance the training and preparation of future credentialed professionals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00349-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6834800PMC
December 2019

Stigma, Discrimination, Treatment Effectiveness, and Policy Support: Comparing Behavior Analysts' Views on Drug Addiction and Mental Illness.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Dec 22;12(4):758-766. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Vermont Center on Behavioral Health, University of Vermont, 1 South Prospect St., MS 482, Burlington, VT 05401 USA.

Individuals with substance use disorders (SUDs) often face discrimination. A recent study found that people in the general population hold significantly more negative views toward persons with drug addiction than those with other mental illnesses (Barry et al. in (10), 1269-1272, 2014). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00345-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6834810PMC
December 2019

Evaluating the Efficacy, Preference, and Cultural Responsiveness of Student-Generated Content in an Undergraduate Behavioral Course.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Dec 2;12(4):747-757. Epub 2019 May 2.

Psychology Department, California State University, Northridge, 18111 Nordhoff St., Northridge, CA 91330-8255 USA.

Increasing diversity in the field of behavior analysis may begin with an evaluation of culturally responsive practices in the college classroom. This study leveraged the various backgrounds of students in a university nationally recognized for diversity to evaluate the effects of peer-generated course materials on student performance in an undergraduate behavior analysis course. First, graduate students created multimedia examples (videos, pictures) of the behavioral principles in their everyday lives. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00344-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6834822PMC
December 2019

The Gender Pay Gap for Behavior Analysis Faculty.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Dec 4;12(4):743-746. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

1Department of Psychology, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI 49008 USA.

We examined publicly available faculty salaries for men and women faculty members at 16 university programs accredited by the Association for Behavior Analysis International (ABAI). Overall, 52.4% of the 103 faculty members were women, although there were twice as many men as women at the full-professor level. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-019-00347-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6834792PMC
December 2019