386 results match your criteria Behavior analysis in practice[Journal]


Integrating Phase Change Lines and Labels into Graphs in Microsoft Excel®.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Mar 13;12(1):293-299. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

2Department of Pediatrics, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY USA.

Creating phase change lines and their corresponding labels in Microsoft Excel® remains a difficulty for many behavior analysts who want these display features to be integrated into the graph itself. Previous methods designed to address this issue have had limited utility across the types of data sets commonly analyzed by behavior analysts. The purpose of this article is to provide a fully functional method for integrating phase change lines and labels into Microsoft Excel® line graphs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0248-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411547PMC

Creating Functional Analysis Graphs Using Microsoft Excel® 2016 for PCs.

Authors:
James T Chok

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Mar 29;12(1):265-292. Epub 2018 May 29.

Melmark Pennsylvania, 2600 Wayland Road, Berwyn, PA 19312 USA.

Practitioners in the field of applied behavior analysis rely on graphing software to display the data they collect during assessments. However, the graphing process can be cumbersome and procedures change as new versions of software programs are released. The current tutorial provides step-by-step instructions for graphing functional analysis data using Microsoft Excel 2016 for PCs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0258-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411563PMC

Behavior-Analytic Approaches to Working with People with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities who Develop Dementia: a Review of the Literature.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Mar 13;12(1):255-264. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

1School of Psychology, Bangor University, Bangor, Wales UK.

Behavior analysis has made contributions in the development of evidence-based interventions for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD), and there is a growing evidence base for behavior-analytic interventions for older adults with dementia. As there is an increased number of adults with IDD living to old age, and an increased prevalence of comorbid dementia in people with IDD, a review of the behavior-analytic contributions with this population is warranted. We searched Web of Science and PsycInfo and manually reviewed the last 20 years of five behavioral journals. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0270-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411549PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Applied Behavior Analysis in Early Childhood Education: An Overview of Policies, Research, Blended Practices, and the Curriculum Framework.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Mar 27;12(1):235-246. Epub 2018 Feb 27.

Early Childhood, Special Education, and Rehabilitation Counseling, University of Kentucky, 229 Taylor Education Building, Lexington, KY 40506 USA.

In this manuscript we attempt to provide a narrative history of the relationship between applied behavior analysis and early childhood education by examining the policies and research that have collaboratively shaped both fields. In addition, given the rapid pace at which early childhood education has changed in the last 25 years, we provide an overview of a recommended model for delivering early childhood education services, to illustrate its congruence with the practices and principles of applied behavior analysis. Lastly, we hope that this manuscript may be used as a bridge between the fields of early childhood education and applied behavior analysis given their similarities and shared purpose, to improve the lives of all recipients of their services. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0236-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411562PMC

The Big Four: Functional Assessment Research Informs Preventative Behavior Analysis.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Mar 20;12(1):222-234. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

JBA Institute, Torrance, CA USA.

Current practice guidelines suggest that the assessment and treatment of challenging behavior should consist of conducting a functional behavior assessment following the onset of problem behavior. This assessment process can include indirect and direct assessment, as well as manipulation of variables to determine function. The purpose of this article is to outline a proposal that would add prevention practices to early intervention guidelines for problem behavior. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-00291-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411551PMC

Using Shaping to Teach Eye Contact to Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Mar 25;12(1):216-221. Epub 2018 May 25.

Western Michigan University, 3740 Wood Hall, Kalamazoo, MI 49008-5439 USA.

The current study used a shaping procedure to teach three preschool-aged children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder to make eye contact with the instructor for a duration of 3 s. Then, eye contact was taught during breaks in instruction. Following the initial intervention, the frequency of reinforcement was decreased while training for generalization across instructors and locations. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0245-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411557PMC

Targeting Staff Treatment Integrity of the PEAK Relational Training System Using Behavioral Skills Training.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Mar 4;12(1):209-215. Epub 2018 Sep 4.

Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85289 USA.

PEAK is a language curriculum dedicated to expanding language via the science of behavior analysis. The present study sought to evaluate the extent to which a behavioral skills training (BST) program impacted treatment integrity for six direct care staff implementing the Promoting the Emergence of Advanced Knowledge Relational Training System (PEAK) with six individuals with autism. We used a 2-h workshop-like Behavioral Skills Training (BST; instruction, modeling, rehearsal, and feedback) targeting PEAK treatment integrity. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-00278-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411556PMC

PBS Goes to Middle School: Building Capacity of Peer Buddies to Implement a PBS Intervention with Fidelity.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Mar 25;12(1):204-208. Epub 2018 May 25.

Implementation Scientists, LLC, Tampa, USA.

During adolescence, peer behavior is a strong stimulus that influences how students initiate and respond to their physical and social environment. Yet, the majority of school-based behavioral studies (Dunlap, Clarke, & Steiner, 1999) do not include peers as intervention agents. This study demonstrated how to include peers as contributing members of a Positive Behavior Support (PBS) team. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0253-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411555PMC

Clinical Application of a High-Probability Sequence to Promote Compliance with Vocal Imitation in a Child with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Mar 1;12(1):199-203. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

1Marcus Autism Center and Emory School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA USA.

The current study aimed to evaluate the effects of the high-probability (high-) instructional procedure involving motor imitation on the levels of compliance with vocal imitation in a 3-year-old boy with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We used a multiple-baseline design across three stimuli sets to demonstrate effects of the procedure over compliance with vocal imitation responses. Results demonstrated that the high- procedural sequence was effective in increasing the levels of compliance with vocal imitation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s40617-018-00280-y
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-00280-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411542PMC
March 2019
5 Reads

Teaching Children with Autism Extended Verbal Utterances Under Audience Control in the Context of Show-and-Tell.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Mar 7;12(1):194-198. Epub 2018 May 7.

Collinsville School District, Collinsville, IL USA.

The present study evaluated the efficacy of a discrete-trial-training procedure to bring extended verbal behavior under the convergent control of audience and contextual variables during a show-and-tell activity. Three children with autism were exposed initially to a baseline condition in which they were presented with a preferred item and asked to tell the class about it. Following low rates of responding, a differential reinforcement procedure was implemented that reinforced extending the verbal utterance word length beyond baseline levels allowing for an appropriate display of "show-and-tell" behavior. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s40617-018-0250-z
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0250-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411537PMC
March 2019
6 Reads

Effects of Presession Pairing on Preference for Therapeutic Conditions and Challenging Behavior.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Mar 13;12(1):188-193. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

1Department of Psychology, Munroe-Meyer Institute, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE USA.

The current study examined child preference for presession therapeutic conditions. A 4-year-old female diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was exposed to three conditions in a concurrent-chains arrangement: presession pairing (PSP) prior to the onset of discrete-trial instruction (DTI), free play (FP) prior to DTI, or immediate onset of DTI. Initial link selections in the concurrent-chains arrangement suggested a relative preference for the PSP condition across multiple therapists. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0268-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411560PMC

Increasing Conversation Using Restricted Access and Chain Schedules of Reinforcement.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Mar 18;12(1):182-187. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

1Department of Psychology, University of Southern Mississippi, 118 College Drive, Box 5025, Hattiesburg, MS 39406 USA.

The current study examined the effects of chain schedules of reinforcement and restricting access to reinforcement on increasing the number of words used in conversation for an adolescent with autism spectrum disorder. After access to a video game was restricted, the participant had to meet various chain-schedule requirements of responding to regain access. The results demonstrated that the combined procedures were successful in building multiword conversation between the young man, his mother, and/or a therapist. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-00298-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411544PMC

Functional Analysis and Treatment of Pica on a Preschool Playground.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Mar 18;12(1):176-181. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Department of Special Education, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN USA.

Appropriate use of function-based assessments and interventions is crucial for improving educational outcomes and ensuring the well-being of children who engage in dangerous problem behaviors such as pica. A function-based assessment was conducted for a child engaging in pica in an inclusive childcare setting. Results suggest pica was maintained by access to adult attention. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s40617-018-00283-9
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-00283-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411548PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Teaching "Then-Later" and "Here-There" Relations to Children with Autism: an Evaluation of Single Reversals and Transformation of Stimulus Function.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Mar 31;12(1):167-175. Epub 2018 May 31.

1Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL USA.

The present study demonstrates the utility of relational training for teaching Then-Later and Here-There deictic relations for two children with autism. Mutually entailed single-reversal relations, transfers of stimulus function, and transformations of stimulus function were also evaluated for each participant. The methods were adapted from the PEAK-T curriculum. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0216-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411558PMC

The Effects of Monetary Incentives on Planned and Unplanned Absences in Adolescent Part-Time Employees: a Cost-Effectiveness Analysis.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Mar 16;12(1):162-166. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

2Department of Psychology, The Graduate Center and Queens College, The City University of New York, SB Room 318, 65-30 Kissena Boulevard, Flushing, NY 11367 USA.

Few attendance interventions have (a) addressed the issue of absenteeism as it applies to part-time adolescent employees, (b) distinguished between planned and unplanned absences, and (c) presented a cost-effectiveness analysis of the intervention. This study employed an A-B-A reversal design, including a small monetary bonus for attendance by part-time adolescent employees. Results indicate a 60% reduction in average group absences during the monetary contingency phase as compared to both baseline phases. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s40617-018-00274-w
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-00274-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411545PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Effects of Differential Consequences on Choice Making in Students at Risk for Academic Failure.

Authors:
Michael E May

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Mar 31;12(1):154-161. Epub 2018 May 31.

1Counseling, Quantitative Methods, and Special Education, Southern Illinois University Carbondale, Mailcode: 4618, Carbondale, IL 62901 USA.

Problem behavior can be reduced through choice making and use of preferred instructional activities. However, the opportunity to choose does not imply students are more engaged with instructional activities. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of differential consequences on the on-task behavior of students within the context of teacher versus student selection of instructional activities. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0267-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411561PMC

Classroom Management in Self-Contained Classrooms for Children with Autism: Extending Research on the Color Wheel System.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Mar 31;12(1):143-153. Epub 2018 May 31.

2Educational Psychology and Counseling Department, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN USA.

The color wheel is an evidence-based classroom management system that has been used to decrease inappropriate behaviors and increase on-task behaviors in general education elementary classrooms but not in classrooms for students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A multiple-baseline design was used to evaluate the effects of the color wheel system (CWS) on disruptive behaviors (being out of seat for one classroom, inappropriate vocalizations for two classrooms) in three self-contained elementary classrooms for students with ASD. Partial-interval time sampling was used to record class-wide disruptive behaviors. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s40617-018-0264-6
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0264-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411539PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Task Interspersal Implementation Practices with Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Mar 26;12(1):133-142. Epub 2018 Feb 26.

1Binghamton University, Binghamton, NY USA.

Task interspersal is a teaching method frequently used with individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Although many different procedural variations of task interspersal have been reported in the literature, it is unclear how providers serving individuals with ASD implement task interspersal. The present study surveyed direct care providers to examine which variations of task interspersal they use most frequently, as well as how they choose a particular variation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0229-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411553PMC

Effects of a Lag Schedule with Progressive Time Delay on Sign Mand Variability in a Boy with Autism.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Mar 18;12(1):124-132. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

2Department of Special Education, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX USA.

For some children with autism, mand training can produce highly repetitive manding unless the environment is arranged in a manner that promotes mand variability. Prior research demonstrated that mand training using a lag schedule and progressive time delay increased variability in vocal manding in children with autism. Whether lag schedules have similar effects on sign mand topographies is unknown. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-00273-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411559PMC

Individualizing Intervention to Teach Joint Attention, Requesting, and Social Referencing to Children with Autism.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Mar 5;12(1):105-123. Epub 2018 Jun 5.

1Queens College, City University of New York, 65-30 Kissena Blvd, Science Building, Room E318, Queens, NY 11367 USA.

Social communication skills such as joint attention (JA), requesting, and social referencing (SR) are deficits in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Shifting gaze is a common response across these skills. In many studies, children respond variably to intervention, resulting in modifications to planned intervention procedures. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0265-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411543PMC

A Comparison of Two Procedures for Assessing Preference in a Classroom Setting.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Mar 18;12(1):95-104. Epub 2018 Apr 18.

Department of Psychology, University of Southern Mississippi, 118 College Drive # 5025, Hattiesburg, MS 39406-001 USA.

The purpose of this study was to compare a method of assessing preference within a large group format to individual preference assessments. Individual preference assessments were conducted by presenting an array of four edible stimuli to a participant and allowing the participant to select a preferred stimulus, with stimuli removed from the array based on selection criteria. Group preference assessments were conducted in a classroom of 19 students, with all students responding simultaneously to a prompt to identify a preferred stimulus using Plickers-unique Quick Response code cards that are read by an accompanying smartphone app. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0244-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411538PMC

Increasing Joint Attention in Children with Autism and Their Peers.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Mar 8;12(1):78-94. Epub 2018 Mar 8.

Department of Psychology, Queens College and the Graduate Center, City University of New York, 65-30 Kissena Boulevard, Queens, New York City, NY 11367 USA.

Joint attention (JA) and peer interactions are significantly impaired in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Empirically demonstrated interventions exist to address JA with adults, but few with peers. Training peers through instructions, modeling (both live and video models), role play, and feedback may help facilitate JA in children with ASD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0228-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411552PMC

An Evaluation of a Mobile Application Designed to Teach Receptive Language Skills to Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Mar 9;12(1):66-77. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Center for Autism and Related Disorders, 21600 Oxnard Street, Suite 1800, Woodland Hills, California, 91367 USA.

The current study evaluated the effectiveness of a mobile application, Camp Discovery, designed to teach receptive language skills to children with autism spectrum disorder based on the principles of applied behavior analysis. Participants ( = 28) were randomly assigned to an immediate-treatment or a delayed-treatment control group. The treatment group made significant gains, < . Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-00312-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411554PMC

Using the Teacher IRAP (T-IRAP) interactive computerized programme to teach complex flexible relational responding with children with diagnosed autism spectrum disorder.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Mar 24;12(1):52-65. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

2Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, University of Ghent, Ghent, Belgium.

The research used an alternating-treatments design to compare relational responding for five children with diagnosed autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in two teaching conditions. Both conditions used applied behavior analysis; one was usual tabletop teaching (TT), and one was an interactive computerized teaching program, the Teacher-Implicit Relational Assessment Programme (T-IRAP; Kilroe, Murphy, Barnes-Holmes, & Barnes-Holmes, (2), 60-80, 2014). Relational skills targeted were coordination (same/different), with nonarbitrary and arbitrary stimuli. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-00302-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411535PMC

Use of a Level System with Flexible Shaping to Improve Synchronous Engagement.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Mar 20;12(1):44-51. Epub 2018 Apr 20.

1Autism Partnership Foundation, 200 Marina Dr., Seal Beach, CA 90740 USA.

Level systems have been described as a framework which can be used to shape behavior through the systematic application of behavioral principles. Within level systems, an individual moves up and down through various levels contingent upon specific behaviors. Although level systems are commonly used within schools and other settings, they have a limited empirical literature base, and there is debate over the efficacy and overall acceptance of level systems. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s40617-018-0254-8
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0254-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411536PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Treatment of Food Selectivity in a Child with Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder Through Parent Teleconsultation.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Mar 25;12(1):33-43. Epub 2018 May 25.

2University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth, North Dartmouth, MA 02747 USA.

Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) is a diagnosis for those who display impaired and distressing eating behaviors and symptoms. Behavioral feeding strategies have been shown to be effective at improving food variety and decrease problematic mealtime behaviors in children and adolescents. This study examined the use of teleconsultation for the implementation of a behavioral feeding intervention to increase food variety with a child with avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0251-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411550PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Using a Prerequisite Skills Assessment to Identify Optimal Modalities for Mand Training.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Mar 7;12(1):22-32. Epub 2018 May 7.

3Southwest Autism Research and Resource Center, Phoenix, AZ USA.

This study examined the utility of a brief prerequisite assessment in predicting the subsequent effectiveness and rate of acquisition of mand training in each of three response modalities (sign, picture exchange, and vocalizations). Overall, the picture exchange was the most effective and efficient modality for acquiring the targeted mand. The vocal modality was the least effective except when the prerequisite assessment indicated that two-syllable vocal imitation was intact. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s40617-018-0256-6
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0256-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411534PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Experimental Analysis of Behavior Readings Assigned by Accredited Master's Degree Programs in Behavior Analysis.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Mar 12;12(1):12-21. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

2Department of Behavioral Science, Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Oslo, Norway.

Although a foundation in the basic science of behavior represents a common goal of practitioners and educators of behavior analysis, the content covered in master's degree-level courses on the experimental analysis of behavior (EAB) can vary widely across university programs. The purpose of our study was to analyze the syllabi of master's degree programs accredited by the Association for Behavior Analysis International to develop a list of common readings and topics in EAB coursework that might be useful for curricular development. We identified the most frequently cited references, journals, and participant characteristics. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-00301-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411540PMC

Modeling Training of Child's Echoic Conversational Response for Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder: To Be a Good Listener.

Behav Anal Pract 2019 Mar 31;12(1):1-11. Epub 2018 May 31.

5Department of Psychology, Faculty of Letters, Keio University, Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

Students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often have difficulties in responding to conversation with verbal language. These students often repeat what they hear, and their echoic behavior has a potentially communicative function. We define the echoic behavior when an individual repeats a peer's topic word with appropriate prosody within 3 s as the . Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0271-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6411546PMC

Letter to the Editor: An Autism Parent's Response to Papatola and Lustig's Paper on Navigating a Managed Care Peer Review in .

Authors:
Cathy Beier

Behav Anal Pract 2018 Dec 5;11(4):517-518. Epub 2018 Jun 5.

Beier Family, Lafayette, CA USA.

An autism parent disputes the authors' premise that the role of the BCBA is to "transition treatment to parents." Parents cannot simply "take over" all the advanced degrees, thousands of hours of coursework practicum and exams, or depth and breadth of scientific knowledge required to earn a BCBA any more than we can (or should) "take over" our kids' pediatric care or prescribe their meds. Papatola and Lustig's employer, Cigna Behavioral Health, recently made "transition treatment to parents" a criterion of medical necessity for ABA. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0263-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269375PMC
December 2018

Using Microsoft Excel® to Build a Customized Partial-Interval Data Collection System.

Behav Anal Pract 2018 Dec 7;11(4):504-516. Epub 2018 May 7.

Department of Psychology, Western Michigan University, 3700 Wood Hall, Kalamazoo, MI 49008 USA.

Using data to inform treatment decisions is a hallmark of behavior analysis. However, collecting the type of data that behavior analysts often require can be a labor-intensive and time-consuming task. Electronic data collection systems have been identified as a tool to alleviate some of the issues related to data collection, but many obstacles still exist. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s40617-018-0259-3
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0259-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269379PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

Helping Parents Understand Applied Behavior Analysis: Creating a Parent Guide in 10 Steps.

Behav Anal Pract 2018 Dec 24;11(4):496-503. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

2Department of Educational Studies, The Ohio State University, A356 PAES Bldg, 305 Annie & John Glenn Ave, Columbus, OH 43210 USA.

Interventions based on applied behavior analysis (ABA) have been shown to be effective for children with a wide range of cognitive, adaptive, and functional abilities. Many special education teachers understand the principles of ABA and are adept at implementing ABA interventions for students. However, as the principles of ABA can be complex, communicating with parents about ABA interventions can be challenging. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-00284-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269398PMC
December 2018

Designing Receptive Language Programs: Pushing the Boundaries of Research and Practice.

Behav Anal Pract 2018 Dec 29;11(4):479-495. Epub 2018 Jan 29.

Applied Behavior Center for Autism, 7901 E. 88th St., Indianapolis, IN 46256 USA.

Initial difficulty with receptive language is a stumbling block for some children with autism. Numerous strategies have been attempted over the years, and general guidelines for teaching receptive language have been published. But what to do when all else fails? This article reviews 21 strategies that have been effective for some children with autism. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0208-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269384PMC
December 2018

How Teaching Perspective Taking to Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders Affects Social Skills: Findings from Research and Suggestions for Practitioners.

Behav Anal Pract 2018 Dec 29;11(4):467-478. Epub 2018 Jan 29.

1Psychology Department, Western New England University, Springfield, MA USA.

Behavior-analytic practitioners working with individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) may be approached to incorporate perspective taking into a client's programming. Teaching perspective taking to individuals with ASDs has received attention in both the developmental psychology and, more recently, the behavior-analytic literature. The results of our review of the current evidence suggest that although perspective-taking repertoires believed to be related to social skills can be taught (false belief task performance, deictic frames), only directly teaching the social skills of interest (or applied perspective-taking skills) results in improvements in socially important behavior. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0207-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269388PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Social Thinking®, Pseudoscientific, Not Empirically Supported, and Non-Evidence Based: a Reply to Crooke and Winner.

Behav Anal Pract 2018 Dec 8;11(4):456-466. Epub 2018 Mar 8.

Autism Partnership Foundation, 200 Marina Drive, Seal Beach, CA 90740 USA.

J. B. Leaf et al. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0241-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269376PMC
December 2018

Establishing Consumer Protections for Research in Human Service Agencies.

Behav Anal Pract 2018 Dec 12;11(4):445-455. Epub 2018 Apr 12.

4Department of Psychology, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, TX USA.

Conducting research in practice settings is the primary mechanism for establishing a strong foundation of evidence for clinical decision making. In behavior analysis, this type of research frequently originates from university-based systems that have established institutional review boards. Independent human service agencies that want to contribute applied research to the literature base that is clinically meaningful and conducted in an ethical fashion must establish a research review committee (RRC). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0206-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269374PMC
December 2018

Toward an Understanding of the Essential Components of Behavior Analytic Service Plans.

Behav Anal Pract 2018 Dec 20;11(4):436-444. Epub 2018 Apr 20.

3Western Michigan Univesity, Kalamazoo, MI USA.

Baer, Wolf, and Risley (1968) indicated "technological" was one of seven core dimensions of applied behavior analysis (ABA). They described this dimension as being met if interventions were described well enough to be implemented correctly. Often in the applied settings, a behavior plan is the method by which interventions are communicated to staff and parents for implementation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0255-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269397PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

A Call for Discussion About Scope of Competence in Behavior Analysis.

Behav Anal Pract 2018 Dec 24;11(4):424-435. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

3Department of Special Education, Ball State University, Muncie, IN USA.

The field of behavior analysis has defined its scope of practice through credentialing and licensure efforts. However, scope of competence in behavior analysis has received little discussion. Scope of competence refers to activities that the individual practitioner can perform at a certain criterion level (e. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-00303-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269378PMC
December 2018

Rapid Assessment of Attention Types for the Treatment of Attention-Maintained Problem Behavior.

Behav Anal Pract 2018 Dec 28;11(4):417-423. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

1Department of Behavioral Psychology, Neurobehavioral Unit Outpatient Clinic, Kennedy Krieger Institute, 9810 Patuxent Woods Drive, Columbia, MD 21046 USA.

In the current study, we expanded previously described attention assessment procedures (e.g., Piazza et al. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-00300-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269395PMC
December 2018

The Mediating Effects of Derived Relational Responding on the Relationship Between Verbal Operant Development and IQ.

Behav Anal Pract 2018 Dec 31;11(4):411-416. Epub 2018 May 31.

Rehabilitation Institute, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL 62901 USA.

Dixon, Belisle, and Stanley, (2018) demonstrated a strong, significant relationship between derived relational responding and intelligence in individuals with autism. We extended these results by evaluating the degree to which participant results on the PEAK Equivalence Pre-assessment (PEAK-E-PA, a direct assessment of derived relational responding) mediated the relationship between the PEAK Direct Training Assessment (PEAK-DT-A, a Skinnerian-based assessment of verbal development) and intelligence. Results support strong, positive correlations between both assessments (PEAK-DT-A and PEAK-E-PA) and IQ; however, the relationship between PEAK-DT-A and IQ could be explained in terms of participant results on the PEAK-E-PA alone. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0215-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269392PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Examining a Web-Based Procedure for Assessing Preference for Videos.

Behav Anal Pract 2018 Dec 29;11(4):406-410. Epub 2018 Jan 29.

1Department of Psychology, Western Michigan University, 1903 W. Michigan Ave, Kalamazoo, MI 49008-5258 USA.

A web-based program was developed to conduct brief multiple-stimulus without replacement preference assessments for videos (e.g., movies, cartoons, music videos). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s40617-018-0210-7
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0210-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269373PMC
December 2018
7 Reads

Teaching Children with Autism to Identify Private Events of Others in Context.

Behav Anal Pract 2018 Dec 25;11(4):400-405. Epub 2018 May 25.

Rehabilitation Institute, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL 62901 USA.

Many children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder have difficulties identifying and labeling emotions of others. Three adolescent males all diagnosed with ASD participated in the study. In a multi-element design, the participants were trained to tact private events of others in context using novel video-based scenarios. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0214-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269396PMC
December 2018
7 Reads

Sibling-Implemented Script Fading to Promote Play-Based Statements of Children with Autism.

Behav Anal Pract 2018 Dec 25;11(4):395-399. Epub 2018 May 25.

1Utah State University, Logan, UT USA.

We trained three typically developing children to implement a script-fading procedure with their younger siblings with autism. The number of contextually appropriate statements made by the children with autism increased once treatment was initiated. Participants continued to emit higher levels of contextually appropriate statements after the scripts were completely faded and at a 4- or 11-week follow-up. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0257-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269385PMC
December 2018

Increasing the Post-Use Cleaning of Gym Equipment Using Prompts and Increased Access to Cleaning Materials.

Behav Anal Pract 2018 Dec 26;11(4):390-394. Epub 2018 Feb 26.

Behavioral Sciences and Education, The Pennsylvania State University-Harrisburg, Middletown, PA 17057 USA.

A multiple treatment reversal design was used to evaluate the effects of three different antecedent-based interventions on the post-use cleaning of gym equipment. Unidentified students, faculty, staff, and community members participated in this study. An announcement, signs, and signs together with increased accessibility to cleaning materials were evaluated. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0217-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269393PMC
December 2018

Incorporating Interview-Informed Functional Analyses into Practice.

Behav Anal Pract 2018 Dec 20;11(4):385-389. Epub 2018 Apr 20.

ABACS, Woburn, MA USA.

We replicated and extended the effects of an assessment and treatment model employed by Hanley et al. (, , 16-36, 2014) with one participant receiving home-based services. Following a functional analysis, we taught the participant multiple functional communication responses (FCRs) and to tolerate delays and denials to requested items. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0247-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269382PMC
December 2018

The Dead Man Test: a Preliminary Experimental Analysis.

Behav Anal Pract 2018 Dec 23;11(4):381-384. Epub 2018 Feb 23.

Soule Chapel Methodist Church, Smoot, WV USA.

Behavior analysts often invoke the "Dead Man Test" as a means of distinguishing behavior from other things, but the assumption underpinning this test, that behavior is absent in vitality-challenged individuals, lacks systematic empirical support. In a field experiment, three individuals who reasonably could be considered as deceased each were observed under three conditions in which behavior might have been observed. None was detected. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0239-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269387PMC
December 2018

A Comparison of Prompt Delays with Trial-and-Error Instruction in Conditional Discrimination Training.

Behav Anal Pract 2018 Dec 23;11(4):370-380. Epub 2018 May 23.

School of Psychology, Ulster University, Cromore Road, Coleraine, Northern Ireland BT521SA UK.

Many prompting procedures exist for teaching skills to individuals with autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability; however, direct comparisons between variations of prompt delay are rarely made. Here, we compared three variations of prompt delay (2-s or 5-s constant delay and 5-s progressive delay) alongside trial-and-error instruction. Four learners were taught a conditional discrimination task using a match-to-sample arrangement. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0261-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269381PMC
December 2018
1 Read

The Use of a Multicomponent Behavioral Intervention to Promote Physical Activity in Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders across Inclusive Community Settings.

Behav Anal Pract 2018 Dec 27;11(4):358-369. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Technology Enhanced Learning and Living (TELL), 314 E. Highland Mall Blvd #112, Austin, TX 78752 USA.

Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are generally less physically active than individuals without disability due to factors such as lack of motor coordination and inadequate transportation resources that can result in various barriers to participation. This affects their independence and may interfere with expectations (e.g. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-00285-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269389PMC
December 2018

Board Certified Behavior Analysts and Psychotropic Medications: Slipshod Training, Inconsistent Involvement, and Reason for Hope.

Behav Anal Pract 2018 Dec 23;11(4):350-357. Epub 2018 Feb 23.

1Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI USA.

People with autism spectrum disorder often receive psychotropic medications and two drugs, risperidone and aripiprazole, are approved for treating "irritability" in this population. A number of authors have suggested that behavior analysts can contribute to the prudent use of such drugs, but little is known regarding Board Certified Behavior Analysts' involvement in practices relevant to the use of psychotropic drugs. We e-mailed Board Certified Behavior Analysts an anonymous web-based survey regarding such practices. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0237-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269390PMC
December 2018

Evaluating Three Methods of Stimulus Rotation when Teaching Receptive Labels.

Behav Anal Pract 2018 Dec 17;11(4):334-349. Epub 2018 Apr 17.

1Autism Partnership Foundation, 200 Marina Drive, Seal Beach, CA 90740 USA.

The teaching of receptive labels (i.e., auditory-visual conditional discriminations) is common among early intervention programs for individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40617-018-0249-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269377PMC
December 2018