2,257,725 results match your criteria Behavior Therapy[Journal]
Sportverletz Sportschaden 2018 Dec 11;32(4):251-259. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Sportsmedicine, Department of Orthopedic and Trauma Surgery, Klinikum Bamberg, Bamberg, Germany.
Rationale And Objectives: Pulley ruptures are the most common injuries in sport climbing. Ruptures of the A2 and A4 pulleys have been studied extensively, and ultrasound has proven to be a highly sensitive and specific tool for their diagnosis. However, the correct diagnosis of A3 pulley ruptures continues to be a challenge. Read More
Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord 2018 Dec 11;46(5-6):371-384. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Biomedical and NeuroMotor Sciences, Functional MR Unit, University of Bologna, Bologna,
Background: Bright light treatment is a therapeutic intervention mainly used to treat sleep and circadian disturbances in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. Recently, a handful of studies also focused on the effect on cognition and behavior. Conflicting findings are reported in the literature, and no definite conclusions have been drawn about its specific therapeutic effect. Read More
Cell Physiol Biochem 2018 11;51(5):2456-2471. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Background/aims: Skin photoaging is primarily caused by the functional attrition of skin stem cells. The skin stem cell niche plays an important role in maintaining stem cell survival and behaviour. In our study, we hypothesized that UVB irradiation induces skin photoaging by changing skin stem cell niches and that transferred adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) can remodel the niches by affecting the BMP signalling pathway and transdifferentiating into skin stem cells. Read More
Obes Facts 2018 Dec 11;11(6):491-500. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Objective: Approximately 600 million adults worldwide suffer from obesity. In addition to individual's eating behavior and lack of physical activity in the development of obesity and overweight, psychosocial stress as well as hormonal stress reactivity must also be considered as important contributing factors. In the current study we compared the cortisol stress response pathway in a psychosocial stress induction (Trier Social Stress Test; TSST) with obese individuals and normal-weight controls. Read More
J Phys Condens Matter 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
ALBA Synchrotron Light Source, Cerdanyola del Valles, SPAIN.
An odd-symmetry magnetic response of multiferroic composites comprising ultrathin Co layers on Pt electrode (20 nm) on PMN-PT (011) piezoelectric substrates is observed upon electrical poling of the PMN-PT substrates: The magnetic easy axis of the Co rotates by 90 degrees in-plane between oppositely poled ferroelectric states, mimicking the signature of a surface polarization charge driven effect, which however can be excluded from the presence of the thick Pt interlayer. The origin for this unexpected behavior is as an odd symmetry piezoelectric response of the PMN-PT substrate, as indicated by X-ray diffraction with applied poling, in combination with conventional magnetoelastic coupling. Ferroelectric characterization reveals corresponding features, possibly related to an unswitchable polarization component. Read More
Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 4;271:454-458. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL USA.
Children with severe aggressive behavioral problems are one of the groups most frequently referred to mental health clinics, and they engage in behaviors that put them at risk for substance use problems and a host of other negative outcomes. The present study aimed to assess the long-term outcome (six-year follow up) of the Coping Power Program delivered in a mental health hospital for children with behavioral disorders. We recruited one hundred and twenty children (mean age = 9. Read More
Hum Mov Sci 2018 Dec 8;63:138-147. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Physical Therapy Section, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo Grande, MS, Brazil. Electronic address:
Objective: To examine whether a brief reaching training with sticky mittens was effective to improve reaching behavior in newly reaching preterm infants.
Methods: In this randomized controlled trial, twenty four 5-month-old (±16-week-old corrected age) preterm infants were randomly allocated into experimental or control groups. Infants were assessed three times in a single session: pretraining (immediately before training), posttraining (immediately after training), and retention (4 min after the posttraining). Read More
Child Abuse Negl 2018 Dec 8;88:201-211. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Nationwide Children's Hospital, 700 Children's Drive, Columbus, OH 43205, United States; The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Nationwide Children's Hospital, 700 Children's Drive, Columbus, OH 43205, United States. Electronic address:
Background: The majority of youth with problem sexualized behaviors (PSB) have substantiated experiences of abuse or exposures to violence (Silovsky & Niec, 2002). Little is known about specific abuse experiences that may differentiate youth with PSB from those without. Few studies have examined the types of abuse associated with post-traumatic stress symptomology. Read More
Child Abuse Negl 2018 Dec 8;88:189-200. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Department of Neuroscience, Psychology and Behaviour, University of Leicester, Leicester, LE1 7RH, England, United Kingdom. Electronic address:
Background: Children in out-of-home care are consistently found to have poor mental health compared to children in the general population. However, UK research has so far failed to disentangle the impact of the care system on children's mental health outcomes from the effects of the adverse circumstances that led to their admission to care.
Objective: This research investigated the association between care placement and the presence of child mental health problems after controlling for children's pre-care experiences. Read More
J Plant Physiol 2018 Nov 8;232:209-215. Epub 2018 Nov 8.
Institute of Applied Biosciences, Center for Research & Technology (CERTH), Thessaloniki, Greece.
In plants, the acquisition, processing and storage of empirical information can result in the modification of their behavior according to the nature of the stimulus, and yet this area of research remained relatively understudied until recently. As the body of evidence supporting the inclusion of plants among the higher organisms demonstrating the adaptations to accomplish these tasks keeps increasing, the resistance by traditional botanists and agricultural scientists, who were at first cautious in allowing the application of animal models onto plant physiology and development, subsides. However, the debate retains much of its heat, a good part of it originating from the controversial use of nervous system terms to describe plant processes. Read More
Chemosphere 2018 Nov 21;219:183-190. Epub 2018 Nov 21.
State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Environmental Risk Assessment and Control on Chemical Process, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai, 200237, China.
The waste materials utilization has attained increasing attention due to the generation of a large number of spent materials. In the current study, a practical magnetic adsorbent (FeO-doped spent Fluid Catalytic Cracking catalysts, abbreviated as FCC@(Fe)-O) was prepared, liable to be separated. The batch experiments were employed to investigate the phosphate removal behavior. Read More
Chemosphere 2018 Dec 5;219:155-164. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology, The Key Laboratory of Bioactive Materials, Ministry of Education, College of Life Science, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300071, China. Electronic address:
Deltamethrin is widely used because of its low toxicity and high efficiency. Although its potential toxicity has been reported, its effects on cardiovascular system and motor behavior and its underlying mechanisms have remained unclear. In this study, the effects of deltamethrin on the development, cardiovascular system and motor behavior of zebrafish larvae and their possible mechanisms were evaluated using the transgenic zebrafish Tg (kdrl:mCherry) and Tg(myl7:GFP). Read More
Chemosphere 2018 Dec 3;219:148-154. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, Fujian Province, China. Electronic address:
Graphene is usually synthesized through deoxygenation of graphene oxide (GO) by hydrazine which functions as a reducing agent, but the production of graphene via this method suffers a high cost and is often regarded to be not environmental-friendly. In this work, we developed a simple and efficient method for the green reduction of GO to reduced graphene oxide (rGO) dispersed on sugarcane bagasse derived from rGO/bagasse material. The rGO/bagasse was characterized by Scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, Thermogravimetric analysis, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis. Read More
J Exp Child Psychol 2018 Dec 8;179:176-189. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA.
Humans cultivate their reputations as good cooperators, sometimes even competing with group mates, to appear most cooperative to individuals during the process of selecting partners. To investigate the ontogenetic origins of such "competitive altruism," we presented 5- and 8-year-old children with a dyadic sharing game in which both children simultaneously decided how many rewards to share with each other. The children were either observed by a third-person peer or not. Read More
Behav Processes 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Unit of Social Ecology, Université libre de Bruxelles, CP231, Bd du Triomphe, 1050, Brussels, Belgium.
Nest entrances are key locations where information about environmental opportunities and constraints are shared between foragers and inner-nest workers. However, despite its functional value, we still lack a detailed characterisation of the interface between the nest and the environment. Here, we identified the social interface in the ant Myrmica rubra as being the population of ants that faced the nest entrance and that received significantly more contacts from returning foragers than other nearby ants. Read More
Acta Biomater 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Department of Biomechanical Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Mekelweg 2, 2628 CD Delft, The Netherlands.
Recent advances in additive manufacturing (AM) have enabled the fabrication of functionally graded porous biomaterials (FGPBs) for application as orthopedic implants and bone substitutes. Here, we present a step-wise topological design of FGPB based on diamond unit cells to mimic the structure of the femoral diaphysis. The FGPB was manufactured from Ti-6Al-4V powder using the selective laser melting (SLM) technique. Read More
Appetite 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Department of Organic Food Quality and Food Culture, Faculty of Organic Agricultural Sciences, University of Kassel, Nordbahnhofstrasse 1A, 37213, Witzenhausen, Germany.
This study aims to investigate consumers' green food purchase intentions using a survey conducted in Qingdao, Shandong Province, China. Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), it models the influences of Chinese culture and consumer characteristics towards purchasing green food products. According to TPB, the behavioral intention is determined by attitude, subjective norms and perceived behavioral control, whereas subjective norms vary according to differences in cultural systems. Read More
Neuroscience 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Department of Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, 80523, United States. Electronic address:
Dopaminergic signaling in the central nervous system regulates several aspects of animal behavior. In the dopaminergic circuits, there are two classes of neurons that can be differentiated by their expression of dopamine receptors, D1 or D2 receptors (D1Rs or D2Rs). Notably, Ca-permeable GluA2-lacking glutamate AMPA receptors (CP-AMPARs) are important for gating synaptic plasticity and gene expression in neurons, and their expression particularly in the striatum affects various forms of animal behavior. Read More
Brain Res 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Neuroscience Research Center, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a common neuropsychiatric disorder, which is characterized by impairment in social interaction and cognitive behaviors. However, there is not much electrophysiological data available on alterations of neuronal excitability in autism. Here, we assessed the pattern of neuronal excitability and the possible contribution of Ih current to the altered excitability of hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons in a rat model of VPA-induced ASD-like behavior. Read More
Int J Biol Macromol 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Inorganic Chemistry Department, National Research Centre, El-Buhouth St., Dokki, Giza 12622, Egypt; Packaging Materials Department, National Research Centre, El-Bohouth St., Dokki, Giza 12622, Egypt. Electronic address:
Modification of chitosan with cross-linkers, blends with various kinds of polymers, nanoparticles and new organic-inorganic hybrid composites in order to obtain some improved properties attached more attention nowadays due to their good sensitivity in changing electrical and optical properties. In the current work modified hybrid chitosan/calcium aluminosilicate (CH/CAS) nanocomposite membranes and doped with (3, 5 & 7 mol%) AlO nanoparticles were synthesized via sol-gel process in acidic conditions, which can be efficiently employed to capture CO gas at lower and moderate temperatures. Furthermore, the fabricated CH/CAS nanocomposite membrane loading with (3, 5 & 7 mol%) AlO were investigated using XRD, SEM, FTIR and dielectric measurements. Read More
Hum Pathol 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Department of General Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences/Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China. Electronic address:
Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 4 (MKK4) and mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 7 (MKK7) were shown to regulate biological behavior in many malignancies. In pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), it remains controversial whether MKK4 and MKK7 have pro-oncogenic or tumor-suppressive activities. Furthermore, their clinicopathologic and prognostic implications are unknown. Read More
Math Biosci 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department, North Carolina State University, R3158 Engineering Building 3, Campus Box 7910, 911 Oval Drive, Raleigh, NC 27695. Electronic address:
Tendon-to-bone insertion tissues may be considered as functionally-graded connective tissues, providing a gradual transition from soft tendon to hard bone tissue, and functioning to alleviate stress concentrations at the junction of these tissues. The tendon-to-bone insertion tissues demonstrate pronounced viscoelastic behavior, like many other biological tissues, and are designed by the nature to alleviate stress at physiological load rates and strains states. In this paper we present experimental data showing that under biaxial tension tendon-to-bone insertion demonstrates rate-dependent behavior and that stress-strain curves for the in-plane components of stress and strain become less steep when strain rate is increased, contrary to a typical viscoelastic behavior, where the opposite trend is observed. Read More
Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 2018 Dec 19;315(6):R1254-R1260. Epub 2018 Sep 19.
Foods and Nutrition, University of Georgia , Athens, Georgia.
There is accumulating evidence that the gut microbiota and its composition dynamics play a crucial role in regulating the host physiological functions and behavior. Diet composition is the primary modulator of bacterial richness and abundance in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Macronutrient (fat, sugar, and protein) and fiber contents are especially important in determining microbiota composition and its effect on health outcomes and behavior. Read More
Pest Manag Sci 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Instituto de Recursos Naturales y Agrobiología de Sevilla (IRNAS, CSIC), Avenida Reina Mercedes 10, 41012 Sevilla, Spain.
Background: Imazaquin is a chiral herbicide which displays high mobility in soils. Like other imidazolinones, imazaquin is available for use only as racemic mixture of its enantiomers. In this work, several clay materials were assayed as adsorbents of imazaquin, and then the most suitable material was selected to prepare a clay-based slow release imazaquin nanoformulation containing exclusively the biologically active R-enantiomer. Read More
Am J Primatol 2018 Dec;80(12):e22932
Department of Anthropology, University of California, Davis, California.
Predation is widely recognized as an important selective pressure on prey animals such as baboons (Papio spp.), which face high leopard (Panthera pardus) predation risk, particularly at night. Baboons regularly sleep on cliff faces and in trees at night, ostensibly to avoid such predators. Read More
J Tissue Eng Regen Med 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Biological Systems Engineering Laboratory, Department of Chemical Engineering and Chemical Technology, Imperial College London, London, UK.
Biomimetic materials are essential for the production of clinically relevant bone grafts for bone tissue engineering applications. Their ability to modulate stem cell proliferation and differentiation can be used to harness the regenerative potential of those cells and optimize the efficiency of engineered bone grafts. The arginyl-glycyl-aspartic acid (RGD) peptide has been recognized as the adhesion motif of various extracellular matrix proteins and can affect stem cell behaviour in biomaterials. Read More
Am J Med Genet A 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.
Center for Medical Genetics & Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Medical Genetics, School of Life Sciences, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China.
SHANK3 has been identified as the causative gene of 22q13.3 microdeletion syndrome phenotype. De novo mutations (DNMs) of SHANK3 were subsequently identified in patients with several neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), schizophrenia (SCZ), a Rett syndrome-like phenotype, and intellectual disability (ID). Read More
Chemistry 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Fudan University, Department of Chemistry, No.2005 Songhu Road, Yangpu District,, 200438, Shanghai, CHINA.
Mononuclear amidinate yttrium complex C₄H₉C(NR)₂Y(o-CH₂C₆H₄NMe₂)₂ (R = 2,6-iPr₂C₆H₃) and a series of binuclear rare-earth-metal complexes bearing a bridged amidinate ligand [(RN)₂C(CH₂)₄C(NR)₂][Ln(CH₂C₆H₄(o-NMe₂))₂]₂(R = 2,6-iPr₂C₆H₃, Ln = Y, Lu, Sc) were synthesized and fully characterized. The catalytic behavior of these complexes for (co)polymerization of conjugated dienes such as isoprene and myrcene in the presence of cocatalyst [Ph₃C][B(C₆F₅)₄] was investigated. These catalytic systems show impressive high activity and 3,4 regio-selectivity in livingness fashion. Read More
Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.
Department of Health Promotion of Human Behavior and Clinical Epidemiology, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine / School of Public Health.
Most patients with bipolar disorder have depressive onset polarity. There is, however, very few studies investigating predictors of hypomanic and/or manic change for patients with major depression in Japan. We preliminary explored predictors of hypomanic and/or manic switch during acute phase antidepressants treatment by using the data of the SUND trial that is a multi-center randomized controlled clinical trial. Read More
J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 2018 Dec;16(12):1434-1442
Department of Dermatology, Eberhardt Karls University, Tübingen Germany.
Background: Cutaneous sarcomas are rare and characterized by pathogenetic heterogeneity. Knowledge about local infiltration patterns and recurrence rates may be useful in improving patient care and outcomes. The objective of the present study was to compare these two characteristics in sarcomas that had been treated using the identical surgical procedure. Read More
Clin Oral Implants Res 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.
Department of Buccofacial Prosthesis, Faculty of Odontology, University Complutense of Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
Objectives: To assess the internal accuracy, mechanical behaviour under static load and screw loosening before and after cyclic loading of implant-supported crowns restored with original components or with two compatible non-original brands.
Materials And Methods: Sixty-three dental implants were divided into three groups (n = 21 each): Group 1 used original components, and groups 2 and 3 used non-original components. Internal accuracy was measured throughout a cross section of the sample groups (n = 8) using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to evaluate the fit for implant-abutments, implant-crowns and crown-abutments. Read More
Magn Reson Med 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Ilmenau University of Technology, Ilmenau, Germany.
Purpose: The multi-exponential character of T relaxation in bovine articular cartilage was investigated at low magnetic fields below 0.5 T. The ultimate aim was to identify a parameter based on the T relaxation time distribution as a biomarker to biochemical features of osteoarthritis. Read More
Birth Defects Res 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Department of Linguistics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
The aerodigestive and communicative behaviors of anencephalic and hydranencephalic patients are assessed from literature sources and are compared with documented neural structures present in the brainstem, subcortical, and cortical regions of the brain. Much of the data analyzed corroborate previous neurological studies, which focus on central pattern generators and development in model organisms. However, findings suggest that further research is necessary to determine which components of these systems support these behaviors. Read More
Obes Rev 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Center of Mental Health, Department of Psychiatry, Psychosomatics, and Psychotherapy, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany.
Obesity is a major problem in the modern world causing a higher risk for various cerebrovascular diseases causing a profound individual and societal burden. The neurobiological foundation bears potential to understand the complex interaction of individual differences in brain structure and function and ingestive behaviour. This systematic review was performed on the current evidence of structural abnormalities in grey matter volume (GMV) in patients with obesity based on studies published until December 2017, which were selected through search in PubMed, CENTER (Cochrane Library), PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Ovid MEDLINE. Read More
Head Neck 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Unit of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy.
Background: Management of persistent juvenile angiofibroma (pJA) after transnasal endoscopic resection is controversial. To better understand its behavior, optimize treatment, and minimize morbidity, we report our experience in pJA focusing on follow-up strategies and disease progression.
Methods: A retrospective review of clinical records of all JA cases treated with endoscopic surgery at the Unit of Otorhinolaryngology of the University of Brescia between January 1994 and October 2015 was performed. Read More
Anat Rec (Hoboken) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Biological Sciences, The University of Alabama in Huntsville, 301 Sparkman Drive, Huntsville, AL 35899.
Cave adaptation leads to unique anatomical specializations in many taxonomic groups. As the role of vision is reduced or disappears in a subterranean environment, other specializations arise to allow the organism to successfully detect and interact with their environment. A suite of unique, convergent phenotypes associated with subterranean adaptation has emerged (termed troglomorphy), with reduction or loss of pigmentation and eyes being the most conspicuous. Read More
J Cell Physiol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Department of Nutrition, Nutrition Research Center, Faculty of Nutrition, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
Obesity as a multifactorial disorder has been shown a dramatically growing trend recently. Besides genetic and environmental factors, dysregulation of the endocannabinoid system tone is involved in the pathogenesis of obesity. This study reviewed the potential efficacy of Oleoylethanolamide (OEA) as an endocannabinoid-like compound in the energy homeostasis and appetite control in people with obesity. Read More
Int J Psychol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, Israel.
Using the family stress model as our conceptual framework, we explored whether observed maternal parenting practices (positive and coercive) account for the associations between mothers' post-traumatic stress symptoms and children's externalising behaviours. Mothers' self-reported post-traumatic stress symptoms, observed maternal practices, and reports of children's externalising behaviour were collected from 123 Israeli mothers and their children, who were exposed to ongoing rocket attacks in southern Israel. A structural equation model revealed that mothers' post-traumatic stress symptoms were linked with greater maternal coercive parenting practices, which in turn were associated with more externalising behaviours in children. Read More
Evolution 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
School of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, Life Sciences Building, Bristol, UK.
Extensive research on avian adaptive radiations has led to a presumption that beak morphology predicts feeding ecology in birds. However, this ecomorphological relationship has only been quantified in a handful of avian lineages, where associations are of variable strength, and never at a broad macroevolutionary scale. Here, we used shape analysis and phylogenetic comparative methods to quantify the relationships between beak shape, mechanical advantage, and two measures of feeding ecology (feeding behaviour and semi-quantitative dietary preferences) in a broad sample of modern birds, comprising most living orders. Read More
Eur J Immunol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Department of Hematology, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
Under homeostatic conditions, dendritic cells (DCs) continuously patrol the intestinal lamina propria. Upon antigen encounter, DCs initiate C-C motif chemokine receptor 7 (CCR7) expression and migrate into lymph nodes to direct T cell activation and differentiation. The mechanistic underpinnings of DC migration from the tissues to lymph nodes have been largely elucidated, contributing greatly to our understanding of DC functionality and intestinal immunity. Read More
ChemSusChem 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Guangzhou University, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, 230 Wai Huan Xi Road,Guangzhou Higher Education Mega Center, 510006, Guangzhou, CHINA.
The superoxide decay behavior is evaluated by contrastive potential energy surface analyses from theoretical calculations. The presence of carbon surface enhances the superoxide decay via disproportionation instead of electroreduction, which is a non-electrochemical reaction impeding the increase in energy efficiency for relevant energy conversion applications. Nitrogen doping in carbon effectively retards the disproportionation by influencing the oxygen stretching vibration and changing the proton coupled electron transfer trend. Read More
J Intellect Disabil Res 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Human Development and Family Studies, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA.
Background: Parenting behaviours influence many domains of child development, and recent work has demonstrated the specific effects of parenting on the development of executive function (EF) abilities. The relationship between parent-child interaction patterns and EF has been examined in typically developing (TD) children but has not yet been examined in dyads where the child has a diagnosis of Down syndrome (DS).
Method: The current study examines the differences in patterns of parenting behaviours between DS dyads and dyads with TD children equated on nonverbal mental age. Read More
Nurs Health Sci 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Red Cross College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea.
In this study, we investigated nurses' organizational communication satisfaction and emotional labor in an attempt to identify the factors that influence nurses' prosocial service behavior in Korea. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 145 nurses at two Korean tertiary hospitals in 2017. Most participants (89%) were female, and the mean age was 28. Read More
J Adv Nurs 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Capital Medical University, School of Nursing.
Aims: To explore the motivation of family members of patients at high risk for sudden cardiac death for undertaking cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training.
Background: Home cardiac arrests are associated with poor outcomes because few family members learn CPR. Little is known about factors that motivate family members to participate in CPR training. Read More
J Intellect Disabil Res 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.
Genetics Division, Department of Morphology and Genetics, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
Background: The association of behavioural phenotype assessment with cytogenomic characterisation may provide a better comprehension of genotype-phenotype correlations in syndromes caused by chromosomal abnormalities, such as 18p deletion syndrome.
Method: We report on four Brazilian patients with 18p deletion syndrome characterised by cytogenomic techniques and detailed neuropsychological evaluation. Intellectual, adaptive and behavioural characteristics were assessed through the Wechsler's Scales, the Vineland-II Scale and the Child Behaviour Checklist, respectively. Read More
Biomed Chromatogr 2018 Dec 9:e4464. Epub 2018 Dec 9.
Engineering Center of State Ministry of Education for Chinese Medicine Processing, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, China.
Xanthii fructus (XF), the fruit of Xanthium sibiricum Patr. is a traditional Chinese materia medica commonly used to treat allergic rhinitis (AR) and other rhinitis diseases. To uncover the mechanism of stir frying process and its effect on pharmacokinetic behavior of active compounds in model rats, four active compounds including chlorogenic acid, 4-caffeoylquinic acid, 1,5-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid and apigenin were selected based on previous spectrum-effect experiments. Read More
Wiley Interdiscip Rev Cogn Sci 2018 Dec 7:e1488. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
College of Information Sciences and Technology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania.
ACT-R is a hybrid cognitive architecture. It is comprised of a set of programmable information processing mechanisms that can be used to predict and explain human behavior including cognition and interaction with the environment. We start by reviewing its history, which shapes its current form, contrasts and relates it to other architectures, and helps readers to anticipate where it is going. Read More
Public Health Nurs 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.
College of Health and Human Services, Indiana State University, Terre Haute, Indiana.
Informed by grounded theory, this study explored adolescent oral health behaviors to determine what factors influence them and to develop a substantive theory explaining the social process behind the behaviors identified. Multiple types of data were collected and analyzed simultaneously: demographic and oral health questionnaires, 16 individual interviews, eight small group discussions, field notes, and investigator memoing. Participants were 37 Midwestern adolescents aged 13-18, and most were White or African-American females 14 years of age whose parents had at least a high school education. Read More