810 results match your criteria Behavior Therapy[Journal]


What Drives OCD Symptom Change During CBT Treatment? Temporal Relationships Among Obsessions and Compulsions.

Behav Ther 2019 Jan 6;50(1):87-100. Epub 2018 Apr 6.

Frederick W. Thompson Anxiety Disorders Centre, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto; University of Toronto.

Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). However, less is known about how obsessions and compulsions change during treatment, either in tandem, sequentially, or independently. The current study used latent difference score analysis to show path-analytic dynamic modeling of OCD symptom change during CBT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.03.012DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Maintenance of Gains in Relationship and Individual Functioning Following the Online OurRelationship Program.

Behav Ther 2019 Jan 28;50(1):73-86. Epub 2018 Mar 28.

University of California, Los Angeles.

In the United States, more than 40% of marriages end in divorce and more than one third of intact marriages are distressed. Unfortunately, only a minority of couples seek couple therapy to improve their relationships. Online interventions, with their increased reach and reduced costs, offer the potential to improve relationships nationwide. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00057894183005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.03.011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6347396PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

The Links Between Social Anxiety Disorder, Insomnia Symptoms, and Alcohol Use Disorders: Findings From a Large Sample of Adolescents in the United States.

Behav Ther 2019 Jan 26;50(1):50-59. Epub 2018 Mar 26.

University of North Texas.

Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is associated with increased risk of developing an alcohol use disorder (AUD). Most of the current literature has focused on the role of acute stress responding in this relation; however, both SAD and AUDs also are linked to insomnia symptoms (i.e. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00057894183005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.03.010DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Using a Learning Collaborative Model to Disseminate Cognitive Processing Therapy to Community-Based Agencies.

Behav Ther 2019 Jan 20;50(1):36-49. Epub 2018 Mar 20.

Duke University Medical Center.

Although effective treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder exist, their use in community settings is disappointingly low. Training alone does not necessarily lead to adoption. To address this problem, we trained community clinicians in cognitive processing therapy, an evidence-based treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder, using a Learning Collaborative, an intensive training methodology focused on both clinical training and developing sustainability. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00057894183004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.03.007DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Alcohol-Induced Amnesia and Personalized Drinking Feedback: Blackouts Predict Intervention Response.

Behav Ther 2019 Jan 21;50(1):25-35. Epub 2018 Mar 21.

Oklahoma State University.

Alcohol-induced amnesia ("blackout") is a reliable predictor of alcohol-related harm. Given its association with other negative consequences, experience of alcohol-induced amnesia may serve as a teachable moment, after which individuals are more likely to respond to intervention. To test this hypothesis, alcohol-induced amnesia was evaluated as a moderator of brief intervention effect on (a) alcohol-related consequences and (b) the proposed intervention mediators, protective behavioral strategies and peak blood alcohol concentration (BAC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.03.008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6347408PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Social Anxiety Disorder and Perceived Criticism in Intimate Relationships: Comparisons With Normal and Clinical Control Groups.

Behav Ther 2019 Jan 1;50(1):241-253. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

University of Pennsylvania.

Individuals with social anxiety disorder (SAD) have difficulties in their romantic relationships, including decreased satisfaction and intimacy, but the reasons for these difficulties are poorly understood. Because fear of negative evaluation is a cardinal feature of SAD, perceived criticism from a romantic partner may play a central role in socially anxious individuals' relationships. In the present study, we compared levels of perceived, expressed, and observed criticism and reactions to criticism among individuals with SAD and their partners (n = 21), individuals with other anxiety disorders and their partners (n = 35), and couples free of psychopathology (n = 30). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.05.005DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Durability of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Effects for Youth and Adolescents With Anxiety, Depression, or Traumatic Stress:A Meta-Analysis on Long-Term Follow-Ups.

Behav Ther 2019 Jan 1;50(1):225-240. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

University of California, Los Angeles.

Cognitive behavioral therapies (CBT) for youth with anxiety, traumatic stress, and depression have demonstrated strong effects in individual studies and meta-analyses. Relatively more attention has been given to posttreatment effects, though, and assessment of follow-up effects has been limited at the meta-analytic level. The current meta-analysis aimed to (a) examine the effects of youth CBT at posttreatment, 1-month, 3-month, 6-month, 1-year, and long-term (2+ years) follow-up as well as (b) identify research-related variables (e. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00057894183006
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.05.006DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Does Exposure and Response Prevention Behaviorally Activate Patients With Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder? A Preliminary Test.

Behav Ther 2019 Jan 1;50(1):214-224. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

Rogers Memorial Hospital.

Exposure and response prevention (ERP) and behavioral activation (BA) are effective treatments for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and depression, respectively. Patients with OCD often exhibit depression; furthermore, ERP for OCD is associated with reduced depressive symptoms. To our knowledge, no study has examined whether ERP itself functions to behaviorally activate patients with concurrent OCD and depressive symptoms. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00057894183006
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.05.007DOI Listing
January 2019
10 Reads

Long-Term Outcome of a Cluster-Randomized Universal Prevention Trial Targeting Anxiety and Depression in School Children.

Behav Ther 2019 Jan 19;50(1):200-213. Epub 2018 May 19.

Karolinska Institutet.

The present study concerns a 3-year follow-up of a universal prevention trial targeting anxiety and depressive symptoms in school children. In addition to evaluating the long-term effect of the prevention program, we also examined attrition and its effect on the outcome. High rates of attrition have commonly been observed in studies in the field. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00057894183006
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.05.003DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

The Relationship Between Dropout and Outcome in Naturalistic Cognitive Behavior Therapy.

Behav Ther 2019 Jan 20;50(1):189-199. Epub 2018 May 20.

Oakland Cognitive Behavior Therapy Center.

Dropout from psychotherapy is frequent and limits the benefits patients can receive from treatment. The study of factors associated with dropout has the potential to yield strategies to reduce it. This study analyzed data from a large sample of adults (N = 1,092) receiving naturalistic cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) to test the hypotheses that dropouts, as compared to completers, had (1) higher symptom severity at treatment termination, (2) a slower rate of symptom change during treatment, and (3) a higher odds that the therapist rated treatment as ending for reasons related to poor outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.05.004DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Internet-Delivered Exposure-Based Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Adolescents With Functional Abdominal Pain or Functional Dyspepsia: A Feasibility Study.

Behav Ther 2019 Jan 19;50(1):177-188. Epub 2018 May 19.

Karolinska Institutet.

Functional abdominal pain (FAP) and functional dyspepsia (FD) are common in adolescents and associated with low quality of life. Exposure-based cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is efficient for adult and adolescent irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), but has never been evaluated for adolescent FAP/FD. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and potential efficacy of a novel disorder-specific Internet-delivered CBT (Internet-CBT) for adolescents with FAP or FD, using an uncontrolled open pilot including 31 adolescents. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00057894183006
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.05.002DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Predictors and Moderators of Cognitive and Behavioral Therapy Outcomes for OCD: A Patient-Level Mega-Analysis of Eight Sites.

Behav Ther 2019 Jan 18;50(1):165-176. Epub 2018 Apr 18.

Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard University Medical School.

Cognitive (CT) and behavioral treatments (BT) for OCD are efficacious separately and in combination. Tailoring treatment to patient-level predictors and moderators of outcome has the potential to improve outcomes. The present study combined data from eight treatment clinics to examine the benefits of BT (n = 125), CT (n = 108), and CBT (n = 126), and study predictors across all treatments and moderators of outcome by treatment type. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00057894183005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.04.004DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Using Explicit Case Formulation to Improve Cognitive Processing Therapy for PTSD.

Behav Ther 2019 Jan 18;50(1):155-164. Epub 2018 Apr 18.

Flinders University.

We investigated the utility of explicit case formulation (CF) within Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) for individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). An uncontrolled pre-posttreatment design was used. Participants attended 12-16 weekly sessions of CPT with explicit CF, where CF guided treatment length and treatment components. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.04.003DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Mental Contamination in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Associations With Contamination Symptoms and Treatment Response.

Behav Ther 2019 Jan 16;50(1):15-24. Epub 2018 Mar 16.

Florida State University. Electronic address:

The most common symptom of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is contamination fear. Feelings of contamination can be provoked through contact with a physical contaminant, referred to as contact contamination (CC), as well as in the absence of one, referred to as mental contamination (MC). Prior research indicates that CC and MC are distinct, and MC may interfere with treatment for CC. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00057894183004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.03.005DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Predictors and Trajectories of Response to the Homework, Organization, and Planning Skills (HOPS) Intervention for Adolescents With ADHD.

Behav Ther 2019 Jan 10;50(1):140-154. Epub 2018 Apr 10.

Virginia Commonwealth University.

The goal of the present study was to evaluate the relative importance of adolescent and parent skills acquired during participation in the Homework, Organization, and Planning Skills (HOPS) intervention in predicting intervention response. A sample of 111 middle school students with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (66% male; M = 11.99, SD = 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.04.001DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Attention Bias Modification Treatment for Adolescents With Social Anxiety Disorder.

Behav Ther 2019 Jan 17;50(1):126-139. Epub 2018 Apr 17.

Virginia Tech.

Social anxiety disorder (SAD) tends to emerge during the early teenage years and is particularly refractory to change even when standard evidence-based CBT treatments are delivered. Efforts have been made to develop novel, mechanistic-driven interventions for this disorder. In the present study, we examined Attention Bias Modification Treatment (ABMT) for youth with SAD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.04.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6347411PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Early Change Trajectories in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Binge-Eating Disorder.

Behav Ther 2019 Jan 5;50(1):115-125. Epub 2018 Apr 5.

Hannover Medical School.

Rapid response is considered the most well-established outcome predictor across treatments of binge-eating disorder (BED), including cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). This study sought to identify latent trajectories of early change in CBT and compare them to common rapid response classifications. In a multicenter randomized trial, 86 adults with BED (DSM-IV) or subsyndromal BED provided weekly self-reports of binge eating over the first 4 weeks of CBT, which were analyzed to predict binge eating, depression, and body mass index at posttreatment, 6-, and 18-month follow-up. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00057894183005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.03.013DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

"Teaching Moments" in Psychotherapy: Addressing Emergent Life Events Using Strategies From a Modular Evidence-Based Treatment.

Behav Ther 2019 Jan 5;50(1):101-114. Epub 2018 Apr 5.

University of California, Los Angeles.

Emergent life events (ELEs) are unexpected, acute client stressors reported in psychotherapy sessions that are associated with reduced evidence-based treatment (EBT) integrity and client progress. As a potential solution, this study examined the extent to which ELEs could be appropriately addressed using existing EBT strategies. Participants were 34 low-income youth (ages 5-15, 50% male, 85% Latino) seen by 18 therapy providers in the modular EBT condition (MATCH) of a community effectiveness trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.03.014DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343500PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Effects of Intensive Behavioral Treatment for Children With Varying Levels of Conduct Problems and Callous-Unemotional Traits.

Behav Ther 2019 Jan 8;50(1):1-14. Epub 2018 Mar 8.

RTI International.

The purpose of this study was to examine whether callous-unemotional (CU) traits moderated the effects of intensive behavior therapy in elementary school-age children with varying levels of conduct problems (CP). Both treatment response (magnitude of change between pre- and posttreatment) and treatment outcomes (likelihood of normalization from treatment) were examined. Participants were 67 children (n = 49 boys, M = 9. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.03.003DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Enhancing the Efficacy of Cognitive Bias Modification for Social Anxiety.

Behav Ther 2018 11 18;49(6):995-1007. Epub 2018 Feb 18.

University of Illinois at Chicago.

Cognitive bias modification for interpretation (CBM-I) is a promising treatment modality for social anxiety disorder, but effect sizes are relatively small across investigations (Hallion & Ruscio, 2011). Additionally, the extent to which CBM-I impacts other cognitive, emotional, and behavioral outcomes is unclear. This study investigated whether two empirically supported treatment components for anxiety disorders, imaginal exposure (IE) and relaxation, augment the effects of CBM-I and increase the extent to which the effects of CBM-I generalize to behavioral and affective outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.02.004DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Development of a Distance-Based Effect Size Metric for Single-Case Research: Ratio of Distances.

Behav Ther 2018 11 21;49(6):981-994. Epub 2018 Feb 21.

Rider University.

This article describes the development of an effect size measure called Ratio of Distances (RD). The goal was to develop a measure of level change for single case experimental research that met several practical requirements: (a) the measure is adaptable to designs with varying numbers of observations per, and across, phases; (b) the measure is adaptable to situations in which slope does and does not exist; (c) the measure has no ceiling, as is the limitation with commonly used overlap-based measures of effect size; and (d) the measure is computationally transparent and easily computed using widely available analysis tools (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.02.005DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

A Two-Session Hierarchy for Shaping Successive Approximations of Speech in Selective Mutism: Pilot Study of Mobile Apps and Mechanisms of Behavior Change.

Behav Ther 2018 11 16;49(6):966-980. Epub 2018 Feb 16.

University of Central Florida.

Selective mutism (SM) is an anxiety disorder marked by withdrawal of speech in particular social situations. Treatment is often difficult, requiring attention to several characteristics particular to the disorder. Therapeutic tools and activities such as games and mobile applications (apps) may be particularly advantageous to behavioral therapy for SM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.02.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6190610PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Behavioral Versus Nonbehavioral Guided Self-Help for Parents of Children With Externalizing Disorders in a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Behav Ther 2018 11 13;49(6):951-965. Epub 2018 Feb 13.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, Medical Faculty at the University of Cologne; School of Child and Adolescent Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, University Hospital of Cologne.

Self-help interventions for parents, which have a behavioral basis, are considered to be an effective treatment option for children with externalizing disorders. Nonbehavioral approaches are widely used but have little empirical evidence. The main objective of this trial was to compare the efficacy of a behavioral and a nonbehavioral guided self-help program for parents. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00057894183001
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.02.002DOI Listing
November 2018
18 Reads

Development and Preliminary Evaluation of a Positive Emotion Regulation Augmentation Module for Anxiety and Depression.

Behav Ther 2018 11 5;49(6):939-950. Epub 2017 Dec 5.

Center for Anxiety and Related Disorders at Boston University.

Research has shown that positive emotions are important to optimal health, functioning, and well-being, and contribute to resilience against psychological dysfunction. Many clinical disorders, particularly anxiety and mood disorders, are associated with deficits in positive emotion that may contribute to disorder severity and prevent full recovery, and these deficits have received insufficient attention in treatment. The present study represents a preliminary evaluation of the feasibility and utility of adding a novel brief intervention module for enhancing positive emotion in anxiety and depressive disorders to existing evidence-based treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2017.11.008DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Working From Home: An Initial Pilot Examination of Videoconferencing-Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Anxious Youth Delivered to the Home Setting.

Behav Ther 2018 11 5;49(6):917-930. Epub 2018 Mar 5.

Center for Children and Families, Florida International University.

Progress in evidence-based treatments for child anxiety has been hampered by limited accessibility of quality care. This study utilized a multiple baseline design to evaluate the pilot feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of real-time, Internet-delivered, family-based cognitive-behavioral therapy for child anxiety delivered to the home setting via videoconferencing. Participants included 13 anxious youth (mean age = 9. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00057894183003
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.01.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6190606PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

Audio and Computer Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Depressive Symptoms in Older Adults: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial.

Behav Ther 2018 11 21;49(6):904-916. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Institute of Business Analytics, The University of Alabama.

The purpose of this study was to develop and explore the feasibility of audio-based (ACBT) and computer-based (CCBT) cognitive behavioral therapies for older adults with depressive symptoms. The audio program consisted of 8 compact discs and a workbook while the computer program consisted of 11 modules of similar duration provided on a tablet PC. Both interventions consisted of the following topics: identifying and changing unhelpful thoughts, addressing feelings, relaxation, engaging in pleasant events, assertiveness, and problem-solving. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.06.002DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Surviving and Thriving During Stress: A Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing a Brief Web-Based Therapist-Assisted Acceptance-Based Behavioral Intervention Versus Waitlist Control for College Students.

Behav Ther 2018 11 5;49(6):889-903. Epub 2018 Jun 5.

University of Massachusetts Boston.

The high rates of anxiety in college students and the many barriers to accessing evidence-based care in communities and on campuses indicate a clear need to explore ways to increase access to evidence-based treatments. Web-based interventions and preventions are one way to bridge this gap; they hold the potential to decrease mental health disparities and enhance student functioning. The current RCT examined the acceptability and efficacy of a 3-session web-based therapist-assisted acceptance-based behavioral intervention targeting anxiety (Surviving and Thriving During Stress) for college students versus a waitlist (WL) control condition, in a sample of racially and ethnically diverse college students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.05.009DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Feasibility of Automated Training for Facial Emotion Expression and Recognition in Autism.

Behav Ther 2018 11 28;49(6):881-888. Epub 2017 Dec 28.

Virginia Tech.

Impairment in facial emotion recognition (FER) and facial emotion expression (FEE), often documented in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), are believed to contribute to the observed core social-communication disability that characterizes this disorder. Moreover, impaired FER and FEE are frequently seen in other disorders and problem behaviors. We describe the development of a novel system to detect and give real-time feedback on these processes, termed facial emotion expression training (FEET), an automated, gamelike system that is based on 3-dimensional sensing (Kinect) technology. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00057894173014
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2017.12.010DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads

I Did OK, but Did I Like It? Using Ecological Momentary Assessment to Examine Perceptions of Social Interactions Associated With Severity of Social Anxiety and Depression.

Behav Ther 2018 11 3;49(6):866-880. Epub 2018 Aug 3.

University of Virginia.

Socially anxious and depressed individuals tend to evaluate their social interactions negatively, but little is known about the specific real-time contributors to these negative perceptions. The current study examined how affect ratings during social interactions predict later perceptions of those interactions, and whether this differs by social anxiety and depression severity. Undergraduate participants (N = 60) responded to a smartphone application that prompted participants to answer short questions about their current affect and social context up to 6 times a day for 2 weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.07.009DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Using Motion Tracking to Measure Avoidance in Children and Adults: Psychometric Properties, Associations With Clinical Characteristics, and Treatment-Related Change.

Behav Ther 2018 11 1;49(6):853-865. Epub 2018 May 1.

PreviewLabs, Inc., New Haven, CT.

Avoidance is implicated in many areas of psychopathology, particularly anxiety and its disorders. Accurate, reliable, valid, and objective measurement of avoidance behavior poses methodological challenges. Two key technological advances, increased computing power and the advent of motion-tracking technology, offer novel solutions to these challenges. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.04.005DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Introduction to the Special Issue: Integration of Technological Advances in Cognitive-Behavior Therapy.

Authors:
Dean McKay

Behav Ther 2018 11 9;49(6):851-852. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

Fordham University. Electronic address:

A wide range of technological approaches has been adopted in assessment and intervention using cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT). The articles that comprise this special issue cover a diversity of areas, including motion-tracking devices, ecological momentary assessment, facial recognition software to provide rapid feedback, audio and tablet-based CBT-administered procedures, web-based acceptance program for stress reduction, and videoconferencing for delivery of anxiety treatment in youth. It is expected that technological advances will continue to lead to additional advances in CBT delivery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.08.001DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Assessing Social Affiliative Behavior: A Comparison of in Vivo and Video Tasks.

Behav Ther 2018 11 19;49(6):1039-1047. Epub 2018 Mar 19.

University of Maryland, College Park.

Social affiliation, or engagement in positive social interactions, is often profoundly impaired in individuals with schizophrenia. Valid measures of social affiliation are needed to understand these impairments and their symptom and functional correlates; however, such measures are limited and have not been validated. This pilot study evaluated one such measure-the video-based Social Affiliation Interaction Task (SAIT)-and a novel in vivo behavioral measure, the Affiliative Conversation Task (ACT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.03.006DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Do Parents Benefit From Help When Completing a Self-Guided Parenting Program Online? A Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Triple P Online With and Without Telephone Support.

Behav Ther 2018 11 9;49(6):1020-1038. Epub 2018 Mar 9.

University of Queensland.

In response to recent increases in the dissemination of Web-based parenting supports, an important consideration is whether the core benefits of self-directed participation in online parenting interventions are counterbalanced by issues such as high dropout and noncompletion rates commonly reported within the Internet intervention literature. This study outlines a randomized controlled trial of Triple P Online, a Web-based variant of the Triple P-Positive Parenting Program, delivered with varied levels of support scaffolding. Participants were 183 parents of children between 1 and 8 years of age with concerns about their child's behavior and at least one area of disadvantage or family difficulty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.03.002DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Preextinction Stress Prevents Context-Related Renewal of Fear.

Behav Ther 2018 11 8;49(6):1008-1019. Epub 2018 Mar 8.

Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Ruhr-University Bochum. Electronic address:

Extinction learning, which creates new safety associations, is thought to be the mechanism underlying exposure therapy, commonly used for the treatment of anxiety disorders and posttraumatic stress disorder. The relative strength and availability for retrieval of both the fear and safety memories determine the response in a given situation. While the fear memory is often context-independent and may easily generalize, extinction memory is highly context-specific. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00057894183003
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.03.001DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Relapse/Recurrence Prevention in Major Depressive Disorder: 26-Month Follow-Up of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy Versus an Active Control.

Behav Ther 2018 09 8;49(5):836-849. Epub 2018 Feb 8.

University of California, Berkeley.

We conducted a 26-month follow-up of a previously reported 12-month study that compared mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) to a rigorous active control condition (ACC) for depressive relapse/recurrence prevention and improvements in depressive symptoms and life satisfaction. Participants in remission from major depression were randomized to an 8-week MBCT group (n = 46) or the ACC (n = 46). Outcomes were assessed at baseline; postintervention; and 6, 12, and 26 months. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00057894183001
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.02.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6112178PMC
September 2018
7 Reads

Predictors and Outcomes of Sudden Gains and Sudden Regressions in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Youth Anxiety.

Behav Ther 2018 09 2;49(5):823-835. Epub 2018 Feb 2.

Rutgers University.

Sudden gains (SGs), referring to large, stable symptom improvement occurring between consecutive treatment sessions, have been associated with improved outcomes among adults with various psychological disorders. Little research exists on SGs or sudden symptom worsening (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.01.006DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Changes in Decentering Across Cognitive Behavioral Group Therapy for Social Anxiety Disorder.

Behav Ther 2018 09 31;49(5):809-822. Epub 2018 Jan 31.

University of Massachusetts Boston.

To further improve treatments, we need to better understand potential common treatment mechanisms, such as decentering, or the ability to observe thoughts and feelings as objective events in the mind rather than personally identifying with them (Safran & Segal, 1990). Therefore, this study examined whether 12 sessions of Cognitive Behavioral Group Therapy (CBGT) for 63 clients (57.6% female, 50. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00057894183000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.01.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6112177PMC
September 2018
13 Reads

A Cross-Lagged Panel Approach to Understanding Social Support and Chronic Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms in Veterans: Assessment Modality Matters.

Behav Ther 2018 09 31;49(5):796-808. Epub 2018 Jan 31.

The University of Memphis.

Although there is a strong and consistent association between social support and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the directionality of this association has been debated, with some research indicating that social support protects against PTSD symptoms, whereas other research suggests that PTSD symptoms erode social support. The majority of studies in the literature have been cross-sectional, rendering directionality impossible to determine. Cross-lagged panel models overcome many previous limitations; however, findings from the few studies employing these designs have been mixed, possibly due to methodological differences including self-report versus clinician-administered assessment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.01.004DOI Listing
September 2018
9 Reads

Comparing Alliance in Two Cognitive-Behavioural Therapies for Adolescents With ADHD Using a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Behav Ther 2018 09 31;49(5):781-795. Epub 2018 Jan 31.

Health Behavior and Psychopathology, KU Leuven; Developmental Psychology, University of Amsterdam. Electronic address:

Alliance is defined as the client-therapist bond and their ability to collaborate on therapeutic activities. Treatment for adolescents with ADHD is rarely studied in terms of alliance. In this study, two cognitive-behavioral treatments (CBT; one structured treatment aimed at planning skills and one less-structured solution-focused treatment, both delivered in the style of Motivational Interviewing) were compared with regard to alliance and alliance-outcome association. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2018.01.003DOI Listing
September 2018
8 Reads

Self-Injurious Thoughts and Behaviors May Be More Common and Severe Among People Identifying as a Sexual Minority.

Behav Ther 2018 09 5;49(5):768-780. Epub 2017 Dec 5.

Florida State University.

Research indicates that people who identify as a sexual minority are at higher risk of numerous negative outcomes, including self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs). The minority stress model proposes that people identifying as a sexual minority are at higher risk of these behaviors due to sexual orientation-specific stressors-however, it does not clarify whether SITBs will be more severe among these individuals. The present study tested whether SITBs are more common and more severe among people identifying as a sexual minority using several metrics, including frequency of SITB engagement, age of onset of SITB, desire to discontinue SITB engagement, and likelihood of future SITBs. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00057894173012
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2017.11.009DOI Listing
September 2018
13 Reads

Homework Completion, Patient Characteristics, and Symptom Change in Cognitive Processing Therapy for PTSD.

Behav Ther 2018 09 9;49(5):741-755. Epub 2017 Dec 9.

Duke University Medical Center.

We evaluated the impact of homework completion on change in PTSD symptoms in the context of two randomized controlled trials of Cognitive Processing Therapy for PTSD (CPT). Female participants (n = 140) diagnosed with PTSD attended at least one CPT session and were assigned homework at each session. The frequency of homework completion was assessed at the beginning of each session and PTSD symptoms were assessed every other session. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2017.12.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6112175PMC
September 2018
6 Reads

Exploring Relationships Between Negative Cognitions and Anxiety Symptoms in Youth With Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Behav Ther 2018 09 10;49(5):730-740. Epub 2017 Dec 10.

Kennedy Krieger Institute, Center for Autism and Related Disorders; Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.

Although cognitions are central to the conceptualization and treatment of anxiety in typically developing (TD) youth, there is scant research investigating automatic thoughts and their relationship with anxiety in youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We sought to examine the types of automatic thoughts experienced by youth with ASD and co-occurring anxiety as well as the predictive relationship of anxiety to different types of automatic thoughts in 97 children, ages 8-14 years. We also explored the relationship of automatic thoughts and intolerance of uncertainty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2017.12.002DOI Listing
September 2018
13 Reads

Assessing Sexual Orientation Symptoms in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Development and Validation of the Sexual Orientation Obsessions and Reactions Test (SORT).

Behav Ther 2018 09 19;49(5):715-729. Epub 2017 Dec 19.

Rogers Memorial Hospital, Oconomowoc, WI.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) includes many symptom presentations, which creates unique diagnostic challenges. Fears surrounding one's sexual orientation are common within OCD (also called SO-OCD), but SO-OCD is consistently misdiagnosed by physicians and psychologists. To address this issue, we describe the development of a self-report measure for assessing SO-OCD to help distinguish OCD from distress caused by a sexual orientation identity crisis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2017.12.005DOI Listing
September 2018
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Breath Versus Emotions: The Impact of Different Foci of Attention During Mindfulness Meditation on the Experience of Negative and Positive Emotions.

Behav Ther 2018 09 20;49(5):702-714. Epub 2017 Dec 20.

Clinic of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy Bethel, Bielefeld, Germany.

Mindfulness meditation yields beneficial effects on the processing of emotions. However, it is still unclear whether the focus of attention during meditation influences these effects. In the present study we aimed at comparing the effects of breathing meditation and emotion-focused meditation on the immediate and delayed processing of negative and positive emotions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2017.12.006DOI Listing
September 2018
22 Reads

Willingness to Seek Treatment Among Black Students With Anxiety or Depression: The Synergistic Effect of Sociocultural Factors With Symptom Severity and Intolerance of Uncertainty.

Behav Ther 2018 09 20;49(5):691-701. Epub 2017 Dec 20.

Louisiana State University. Electronic address:

Anxiety and depressive disorders are among the most commonly diagnosed psychiatric disorders, yet they remain largely undertreated in the U.S. and Black adults are especially unlikely to seek or receive mental health services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2017.12.008DOI Listing
September 2018
21 Reads

The Influence of Race and Income on Community Mothers' Acceptance of Child Management Methods.

Behav Ther 2018 09 30;49(5):668-680. Epub 2017 Dec 30.

Louisiana State University.

The consideration of diverse family factors on parents' acceptance of behavioral parent training (BPT) components aids in the development and delivery of culturally sensitive parenting programs. Perceptions of acceptability are particularly important to investigate among low-income and racial-minority families, as they are less likely to engage in nonadapted BPT programs. Therefore, the current study examines the synergistic effects of race and income on mothers' acceptance of five common child management methods relevant to BPT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2017.12.011DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads