1,238 results match your criteria Behavior Modification[Journal]


Effects of Daily and Reduced Frequency Implementation of the Good Behavior Game in Kindergarten Classrooms.

Behav Modif 2019 Jan 30:145445519826528. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

3 The University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg, USA.

An effective group contingency, the Good Behavior Game (GBG), has been implemented successfully with a wide range of age groups. However, improvements in student behavior are often not observed when the GBG is abruptly terminated, and research has yet to evaluate the effects of the GBG when the frequency of implementation is reduced. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the effect of the GBG, implemented daily initially then on a less frequent schedule. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519826528DOI Listing
January 2019

Are Rural Students Receiving FAPE? A Descriptive Review of IEPs for Students With Social, Emotional, or Behavioral Needs.

Behav Modif 2019 Jan 29:145445518825107. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

2 Texas A&M University-Commerce, USA.

Students who are eligible to receive special education and related services are entitled to a free and appropriate public education (FAPE) including the necessary emotional, behavioral, and social supports to access the general curriculum. This study explores Individualized Education Program (IEP) plans of students with disabilities who have social, emotional, or behavioral needs served in five rural independent school districts. Specifically, the study sought to investigate (a) whether the present level of academic and functional performance (PLAAFP) and annual goals demonstrated congruence and (b) whether the degree to which the IEP documents conform to both procedural and substantive requirements for development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518825107DOI Listing
January 2019

Stress-Recovery Management: A Pilot Study Using a Single-Subject Experimental Design.

Behav Modif 2019 Jan 22:145445518825363. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

2 Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.

Work-related stress is considered one of the biggest health and safety challenges among the member states of the European Union. A critical factor is recovery between periods of stress. The primary purpose of this study was to investigate whether a brief behaviorally oriented stress-recovery management intervention delivered in an individual setting could reduce stress symptoms among individuals with high levels of perceived stress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518825363DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Establishing a Generalized Repertoire of Initiating Bids for Joint Attention in Children with Autism.

Behav Modif 2019 Jan 7:145445518822499. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

1 Caldwell University, USA.

The current study evaluated whether multiple-exemplar training, auditory scripts, and script-fading procedures could establish a generalized repertoire of initiating bids for joint attention in four young children with autism. Stimuli drawn from each of three experimenter-defined categories were used during teaching to program for generalization of initiations of bids for joint attention from trained stimuli to novel stimuli. A fourth category was reserved for assessment of across-category generalization of bids for joint attention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518822499DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Profiles of Psychological Flexibility: A Latent Class Analysis of the Acceptance and Commitment Therapy Model.

Behav Modif 2018 Dec 22:145445518820036. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

1 University of Chichester, UK.

There exists uncertainty for clinicians over how the separate subcomponent processes of psychological flexibility, a core construct of the Acceptance and Commitment Therapy model, interact and influence distress experienced. The present study ( N = 567) employed latent class analysis to (a) identify potential classes (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518820036DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

To What Extent Do Practitioners Need to Treat Stereotypy During Academic Tasks?

Behav Modif 2018 Dec 17:145445518808226. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

3 Auburn University, AL, USA.

Researchers frequently argue that a child's engagement in stereotypy may compete with his ability to acquire academic skills, engage in appropriate social interactions, or both; however, few studies have directly tested these suppositions. We used a five-phase assessment to evaluate the extent to which behavioral interventions with a progressively greater number of components were necessary to decrease stereotypy and increase correct responding during academic instructions for five children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders. For one participant, stereotypy decreased when instructors provided standard instruction without specific intervention for stereotypy. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0145445518808226
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518808226DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Quality of Life in Heterogeneous Anxiety Disorders: Changes Across Cognitive-Behavioral Treatments.

Behav Modif 2018 Dec 7:145445518815603. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

1 Boston University, MA, USA.

Quality of life is lower among individuals with anxiety disorders; however, this construct is rarely a focus in treatment research. This study explores changes in quality of life in a randomized, controlled trial of several cognitive-behavioral treatments (CBTs) for anxiety disorders. Adults with heterogeneous anxiety disorders ( N = 223) were randomly assigned to (a) unified protocol for transdiagnostic treatment of emotional disorders, (c) a single-disorder protocol targeting their principal diagnosis, or (c) a waitlist control condition, and assessed at baseline, posttreatment, and 6-month follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518815603DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

That Was Easy! Expectancy Violations During Exposure and Response Prevention for Childhood Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.

Behav Modif 2018 Nov 18:145445518813624. Epub 2018 Nov 18.

1 University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.

Violating expectancies during exposure therapy is proposed to promote inhibitory learning and improved treatment outcomes. Because people tend to overestimate how distressing emotionally challenging situations will be, violating expectations of distress may be an intuitive way to promote treatment outcome during exposure-based cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). This study evaluated overpredictions of distress during exposure tasks in 33 youth with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD; ages 8-17) participating in CBT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518813624DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads

A Review on Functional Analyses of Tics.

Behav Modif 2018 Oct 29:145445518809046. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

1 University of Florida, Gainesville, USA.

Tic disorders are characterized by a class of responses assumed to be neurobiological in origin. Still, several studies have shown that tic frequency can be influenced by antecedent environmental events and social consequences. Prior reviews have summarized the effects of environmental events but have not examined relations between tic diagnosis, behavioral deficits (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518809046DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Meta-Analysis of Single-Case Research via Multilevel Models: Fundamental Concepts and Methodological Considerations.

Behav Modif 2018 Oct 26:145445518806867. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

1 University at Albany, NY, USA.

Multilevel modeling is an approach that can be used to summarize single-case experimental design (SCED) data. Multilevel models were developed to analyze hierarchical structured data with units at a lower level nested within higher level units. SCEDs use time series data collected from multiple cases (or subjects) within a study that allow researchers to investigate intervention effectiveness at the individual level and also to investigate how these individual intervention effects change over time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518806867DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Ready or Not: Examining Self-Reported Readiness for Behavior Change at Intake Assessment for Adults With an Eating Disorder.

Behav Modif 2018 Oct 19:145445518807129. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

1 Kingston Health Sciences Centre (KHSC), Hotel Dieu Hospital Site, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.

We explored whether a single-item self-report measure (i.e., the Readiness Ruler) was an appropriate measure of treatment engagement in adult outpatients with eating disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518807129DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Reward Network Modulation as a Mechanism of Change in Behavioral Activation.

Behav Modif 2018 Oct 13:145445518805682. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

4 Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA.

Behavioral Activation (BA) is a contemporary third-wave psychosocial treatment approach that emphasizes helping individuals become more active in ways that are meaningful to them as a means of improving mood and quality of life. BA has been designated as a well-established, validated treatment for depression by the American Psychological Association following several decades of accumulated empirical support demonstrating that BA techniques successfully reduce depression symptoms and produce other desirable outcomes across a variety of populations and contexts. The purported mechanism of change underlying BA treatment lies in increasing activation, which in turn increases contact with positive reinforcement thereby reversing the cycle of depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518805682DOI Listing
October 2018
5 Reads

Introduction to the Special Issue on Cognitive and Behavioral Flexibility in Fear and Anxiety Disorders.

Behav Modif 2018 Nov;42(6):811-814

1 Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.

Converging lines of research highlight the significance of cognitive and behavioral flexibility in the etiology, maintenance, and treatment of fear and anxiety disorders. We have developed a Special Issue to highlight recent empirical investigations, contemporary theory, and novel directions for future study. It is hoped that this special issue will (a) underscore the centrality of cognitive and behavioral flexibility to fear- and anxiety-related psychopathology, (b) call attention to cognitive science approaches investigating related neuropsychological correlates, and (c) highlight novel experimental and theoretical research on germane contextual factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518755350DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

BPT for Early-Onset Behavior Disorders: Examining the Link Between Treatment Components and Trajectories of Child Internalizing Symptoms.

Behav Modif 2018 Sep 22:145445518801344. Epub 2018 Sep 22.

1 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA.

Behavioral Parent Training (BPT) is the standard of care for early-onset Behavior Disorders (BDs). Preliminary evidence suggests that BPT may also lead to improvement in comorbid symptomatology, particularly internalizing problems, in children with BDs, yet less is currently known about how BPT produces such cascading effects. To begin to address this gap in the literature, trajectory analyses were used to examine the link between treatment components of one mastery-based BPT program, Helping the Noncompliant Child ( HNC), and child internalizing symptoms over the course of treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518801344DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Efficacy of Habit Reversal Training in Children With Chronic Tic Disorders: A Within-Subject Analysis.

Behav Modif 2018 Aug 27:145445518796203. Epub 2018 Aug 27.

1 School of Child and Adolescent Cognitive Behavior Therapy (AKiP), University Hospital, Cologne, Germany.

The aim of this study is to evaluate a cognitive-behavioral treatment for children and adolescents with tic disorder including habit reversal training (HRT) in a sample of children and adolescents ( n = 27). Multiple outcome measures were used to assess the effects of the treatment on tic symptoms. In addition, impairment/subjective burden ratings and the self-efficacy to control tics were assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518796203DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

An Exploration of Intervention Augmentation in a Single Case.

Behav Modif 2018 Aug 23:145445518796202. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

1 University at Albany, NY, USA.

Recent work has highlighted that process-outcome relationships are likely to vary depending on the client, yet much work remains to be done in the area of tailoring interventions to a given client. This naturalistic single-case analysis provides an example of augmenting a treatment protocol with "off protocol" relaxation methods, based on routinely collected outcome information to guide shared decision making. Intensive case study analyses were applied to one client with principal generalized anxiety disorder and comorbid major depressive disorder receiving transdiagnostic cognitive-behavioral therapy. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0145445518796202
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518796202DOI Listing
August 2018
44 Reads

Moderate Effects of Low-Intensity Behavioral Intervention.

Behav Modif 2018 Aug 23:145445518796204. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

3 Oslo Metropolitan University, Norway.

We compared clinical outcomes in a treatment group of 98 individuals who received between 8 and 15 weekly hours ( M = 10.6; SD = 1.7) of applied behavior analysis (ABA) intervention with a comparison group of 73 individuals who received another provision, including some ABA, (between 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518796204DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

A Review of the Literature on the Functional Analysis of Inappropriate Mealtime Behavior.

Behav Modif 2018 Aug 22:145445518794368. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

1 Baylor University, Waco, TX, USA.

A functional analysis is a well-established and widely used assessment in the treatment of challenging behavior. Given the fact that functional analysis results can inform treatment selection and procedures, a review of the current literature regarding functional analysis of inappropriate mealtime behavior (IMB) is warranted as it may guide researchers in conducting a functional analysis prior to treating IMB. This review summarizes the literature regarding functional analysis of IMB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518794368DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Trichotillomania: A Randomized Controlled Trial of Adults and Adolescents.

Behav Modif 2018 Aug 17:145445518794366. Epub 2018 Aug 17.

1 Utah State University, Logan, UT, USA.

The purpose of this study was to examine acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) as a standalone treatment for trichotillomania in a randomized controlled trial of adults and adolescents. Participants consisted of a community sample of treatment seeking adults and adolescents with trichotillomania. Of the eligible 39 participants randomized into treatment and waitlist groups, 25 completed treatment and were included in the final analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518794366DOI Listing
August 2018
8 Reads

Evaluating Efficacy and Preference for Prompt Type During Discrete-Trial Teaching.

Behav Modif 2018 Aug 16:145445518792245. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

1 University of South Wales, Pontypridd, UK.

The components of discrete-trial teaching (DTT) may be individualized to each learner during instruction (e.g., the type of prompts used). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518792245DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Applying the Generalized Logistic Model in Single Case Designs: Modeling Treatment-Induced Shifts.

Behav Modif 2018 Aug 5:145445518791255. Epub 2018 Aug 5.

1 Open Universiteit, Heerlen, The Netherlands.

Many analytical approaches to single-case data assume either linear effects (regression-based methods) or instant effects (mean-based methods). Neither assumption is realistic; therefore, these approaches' assumptions are often violated. In this article, we propose modeling curvilinear effects to appropriately parametrize the characteristics of singe-case data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518791255DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Rethinking Research on Prediction and Prevention of Psychotherapy Dropout: A Mechanism-Oriented Approach.

Behav Modif 2018 Aug 5:145445518792251. Epub 2018 Aug 5.

2 Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Dropout is a ubiquitous psychotherapy outcome in clinical practice and treatment research alike, yet it remains a poorly understood problem. Contemporary dropout research is dominated by models of prediction that lack a strong theoretical foundation, often drawing on data from clinical trials that report on dropout in an inconsistent and incomplete fashion. In this article, we assert that dropout is a critical treatment outcome that is worthy of investigation as a mechanistic process. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518792251DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Sustainability of Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention for Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder in a Community Setting.

Behav Modif 2018 Jul 1:145445518786463. Epub 2018 Jul 1.

2 University of Rochester Medical Center, NY, USA.

This study examined whether outcomes in early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) during a university-led multisite project could be replicated by the same community agency independently of the project. Participants, age 18 to 75 months at onset of intervention, were 48 children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) enrolled in 35 hr per week of publicly funded, community-based EIBI for 3 years and 46 children who were matched on baseline characteristics and received early childhood services as usual (SAU) through local early childhood special education providers. Linear mixed models indicated that EIBI participants improved significantly more than SAU participants on standardized tests of IQ, nonverbal IQ, adaptive behavior, and academic achievement, administered by independent evaluators. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518786463DOI Listing
July 2018
3 Reads

Failure to Replicate the Effects of the High-Probability Instructional Sequence on Feeding in Children With Autism and Food Selectivity.

Behav Modif 2018 Jun 1:145445518785111. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

2 The University of Texas at Austin, USA.

Behavioral intervention has positive effects on feeding problems of children with autism and food selectivity (FS), and researchers have evaluated a variety of specific behavioral interventions. Confidence in the effects of some specific interventions on feeding such as the high-probability instructional sequence (HPS) is limited by a lack of replication. Therefore, we assessed the generality of the HPS by replicating the intervention in children with autism and FS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518785111DOI Listing
June 2018
12 Reads

Interventionist Acquisition of Incidental Teaching Using Pyramidal Training via Telehealth.

Behav Modif 2018 Jun 1:145445518781770. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

5 Texas A&M University, College Station, USA.

We investigated the effects of a telehealth pyramidal training package on participants' implementation of incidental teaching. A total of eight adults worked with eight children with autism. Coaches were first taught to implement incidental teaching and then taught subsequent interventionists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518781770DOI Listing
June 2018
3 Reads

The Influence of a Personal Values Intervention on Cold Pressor-Induced Distress Tolerance.

Behav Modif 2018 Jun 1:145445518782402. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

1 University of Nevada Reno, USA.

Research has demonstrated that values and acceptance interventions can increase distress tolerance, but the individual contribution of each remains unclear. The current study examined the isolated effect of a values intervention on immersion time in a cold pressor. Participants randomized to Values ( n = 18) and Control ( n = 14) conditions completed two cold pressor tasks, separated by a 30-min values or control intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518782402DOI Listing
June 2018
8 Reads

Discrimination and Generalization of Negatively-Reinforced Mands in Young Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Behav Modif 2018 Jun 1:145445518781957. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

4 Autism Consulting & Therapy, LLC, Virginia Beach, VA, USA.

In this study, we extended the literature on the generalization of negatively-reinforced mands in three young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). First, we used example and nonexample stimuli embedded in mand training to teach a new, socially appropriate, negatively-reinforced mand to reject unpreferred food items while continuously assessing mand discrimination. Second, we evaluated the discriminated generalization of the newly acquired mand by using untrained example and nonexample stimuli. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518781957DOI Listing
June 2018
4 Reads

Group Procedures for Decreasing Problem Behavior Displayed by Detained Adolescents.

Behav Modif 2018 Jun 1:145445518781314. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

1 Auburn University, AL, USA.

As one component of providing treatment in a residential facility, Brogan, Falligant, and Rapp decreased problem behavior by two groups of detained adolescents using group contingency procedures. The current series of studies evaluated the extent to which group procedures could be extended to other contexts within a residential facility. In Study 1, fixed-time delivery of attention by dormitory staff decreased problem behavior displayed by a group of five to 11 detained adolescents during free periods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518781314DOI Listing
June 2018
6 Reads

The Effect of Various High-Probability to Low-Probability Instruction Ratios During the Use of the High-Probability Instructional Sequence.

Behav Modif 2018 Jun 1:145445518782396. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

1 Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, USA.

The high-probability (high-p) instructional sequence, which involves the delivery of a series of high-p instructions immediately before delivery of a low-probability (low-p) instruction, is a commonly used procedure to increase compliance among children and individuals with intellectual disabilities. Although the modal ratio of high-p instructions to low-p instructions is 3:1, other ratios may be more effective. In the current study, we compared three ratios of high-p with low-p instructions (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518782396DOI Listing
June 2018
3 Reads

Brief Therapist-Guided Exposure Treatment of Panic Attacks: A Pilot Study.

Behav Modif 2018 Jun 1:145445518776472. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

2 Lund University, Sweden.

A three-session therapist-guided exposure treatment was tested in a consecutive series of eight primary health care patients suffering from panic attacks who specifically used distraction techniques as their primary safety behavior. The Panic Disorder Severity Scale Self-Report (PDSS-SR) was administered at baseline (1-3 weeks before the first session), and 1, 2, and 3 weeks after treatment. Weekly ratings on the Body Sensations Questionnaire (BSQ) and the Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire (ACQ) during treatment were undertaken to explore when reliable change took place on these measures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518776472DOI Listing
June 2018
4 Reads

A Simulation Study on Two Analytical Techniques for Alternating Treatments Designs.

Authors:
Rumen Manolov

Behav Modif 2018 May 1:145445518777875. Epub 2018 May 1.

1 University of Barcelona, Spain.

Alternating treatments designs (ATDs) are single-case experimental designs entailing the rapid alternation of conditions, and the specific sequence of conditions is usually determined at random. The visual analysis of ATD data entails comparing the data paths formed by connecting the measurements from the same condition. Apart from visual analyses, there are at least two quantitative analytical options also comparing data paths. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518777875DOI Listing
May 2018
3 Reads

Transdiagnostic Treatment Personalization: The Feasibility of Ordering Unified Protocol Modules According to Patient Strengths and Weaknesses.

Behav Modif 2018 May 1:145445518774914. Epub 2018 May 1.

1 Boston University, MA, USA.

Most patients in community practice attend significantly fewer sessions than are recommended by treatment protocols that have demonstrated efficacy in addressing emotional disorders. Personalized interventions that target the core processes thought to maintain a wide range of disorders may serve to increase treatment efficiency, addressing this gap. This study sought to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of the personalized delivery of a mechanistically transdiagnostic intervention, the Unified Protocol (UP) for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518774914DOI Listing
May 2018
10 Reads

Follow-Up of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder 1 Year After Early Behavioral Intervention.

Behav Modif 2018 May 1:145445518773692. Epub 2018 May 1.

4 Université de Montréal, Québec, Canada.

The effectiveness of early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) for children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) has been demonstrated by many studies and meta-analyses. Although it is considered an exemplary practice in several countries, few studies have investigated the maintenance of gains made in EIBI over time. Thirty-two children were assessed at posttreatment and 1-year follow-up after they attended a low-to-moderate-intensity (10 to 20 hr per week) EIBI program delivered by a public rehabilitation center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518773692DOI Listing
May 2018
9 Reads

Repeated Interoceptive Exposure in Individuals With High and Low Anxiety Sensitivity.

Behav Modif 2018 Apr 1:145445518772269. Epub 2018 Apr 1.

1 University of Greifswald, Germany.

Interoceptive exposure is one component in cognitive behavioral therapy of panic disorder. The present investigation addressed changes in defensive mobilization during repeated interoceptive exposure using a standardized hyperventilation procedure. 26 high and 22 low anxiety sensitive persons (ASI, Peterson & Reiss, 1992) went through two guided hyperventilation and normoventilation procedures, spaced one week apart. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518772269DOI Listing
April 2018
6 Reads

Comparing Visual and Statistical Analysis of Multiple Baseline Design Graphs.

Behav Modif 2018 Apr 1:145445518768723. Epub 2018 Apr 1.

1 University of South Carolina, Columbia, USA.

A growing number of statistical analyses are being developed for single-case research. One important factor in evaluating these methods is the extent to which each corresponds to visual analysis. Few studies have compared statistical and visual analysis, and information about more recently developed statistics is scarce. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518768723DOI Listing
April 2018
5 Reads

Introduction to the Special Issue: Interventions to Reduce Challenging Behavior Among Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Behav Modif 2018 May;42(3):307-313

2 Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA.

The prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is on the rise. In addition to the social communication skill deficits and restrictive repetitive behaviors and interests, many individuals with ASD engage in challenging behavior. Challenging behavior is associated with a multitude of negative outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518763851DOI Listing
May 2018
7 Reads

Corrigendum.

Authors:

Behav Modif 2018 Sep 5;42(5):806. Epub 2018 Apr 5.

Keuthen, N.J., Tung, E. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518769737DOI Listing
September 2018
5 Reads

Decreasing Inappropriate Use of Mobile Devices in Urban High School Classrooms: Comparing an Antecedent Intervention With and Without the Good Behavior Game.

Behav Modif 2018 Mar 1:145445518764343. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

1 University of Cincinnati, OH, USA.

As the capabilities of portable technology continue to advance and become more accessible, educators express concern about the impact of the inappropriate use of mobile devices on academic engagement and learning. An alternating treatments design was used to compare the effectiveness of an antecedent (Clear Box) intervention and an interdependent group contingency (Clear Box + Good Behavior Game [GBG]) intervention to typical classroom management techniques (Control) in increasing the academic engagement and decreasing mobile device use of high school students during instruction. The results indicate an increase in academic engagement and a decrease in the inappropriate presence of mobile devices in both classrooms with the implementation of the Clear Box + GBG, as compared with the Clear Box and Control conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518764343DOI Listing
March 2018
7 Reads

The Responsible Inclusion of Students Receiving Special Education Services for Emotional Disturbance: Unraveling the Practice to Research Gap.

Behav Modif 2018 Mar 1:145445518762398. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

4 Missouri State University, Springfield, USA.

The majority of students receiving special education services for emotional disturbance (ED) receive a significant amount of instruction in general education classrooms, which emphasizes curriculums based on college and career readiness standards. In turn, those teachers who provide instruction to students with ED in inclusive settings are responsible for using evidence-based practices (EBPs) for those teaching situations in which they exist to meet free appropriate public education (FAPE) mandates. However, the identification of EBPs is a necessary pre-condition to eventual school adoption and teacher use of such practices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518762398DOI Listing
March 2018
7 Reads

Evaluating Tau-U With Oral Reading Fluency Data and the Impact of Measurement Error.

Behav Modif 2018 Mar 1:145445518760174. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

4 North Carolina State University, Raleigh, USA.

Recently, researchers have argued that using quantitative effect sizes in single-case design (SCD) research may facilitate the identification evidence-based practices. Indices to quantify nonoverlap are among the most common methods for quantifying treatment effects in SCD research. Tau-U represents a family of effect size indices that were developed to address criticisms of previously developed measures of nonoverlap. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518760174DOI Listing
March 2018
6 Reads

Further Evaluation of a Practitioner Model for Increasing Eye Contact in Children With Autism.

Behav Modif 2018 Feb 1:145445518758595. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

2 Monarch House, Oakville, ON, Canada.

Cook et al. recently described a progressive model for teaching children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to provide eye contact with an instructor following a name call. The model included the following phases: contingent praise only, contingent edibles plus praise, stimulus prompts plus contingent edibles and praise, contingent video and praise, schedule thinning, generalization assessments, and maintenance evaluations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518758595DOI Listing
February 2018
12 Reads

A Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial of the Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders in Children.

Behav Modif 2018 Jan 1:145445517753940. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

1 University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL, USA.

The Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders in Children (UP-C) is an intervention for children aged 7 to 13 targeting high negative emotion, emotional reactivity, and emotion regulation deficits common across emotional disorders. Our objective was to collect pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) data on the efficacy of the UP-C, comparing UP-C with an active, anxiety-focused intervention. Participants were 47 children with at least one primary anxiety disorder; approximately one half had elevated depression symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445517753940DOI Listing
January 2018
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Introduction to the Special Issue: Interventions to Reduce Challenging Behavior Among Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Behav Modif 2018 Jan 1:145445518755349. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

2 Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA.

The prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is on the rise. In addition to the social communication skill deficits and restrictive repetitive behaviors and interests, many individuals with ASD engage in challenging behavior. Challenging behavior is associated with a multitude of negative outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518755349DOI Listing
January 2018
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Assessing Mand Topography Preference When Developing a Functional Communication Training Intervention.

Behav Modif 2018 May 20;42(3):364-381. Epub 2018 Jan 20.

1 University of Texas at San Antonio, TX, USA.

Functional communication training (FCT) is a common function-based behavioral intervention used to decrease problem behavior by teaching an alternative communication response. Therapists often arbitrarily select the topography of the alternative response, which may influence long-term effectiveness of the intervention. Assessing individual mand topography preference may increase treatment effectiveness and promote self-determination in the development of interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445517751437DOI Listing
May 2018
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Rapport Building and Instructional Fading Prior to Discrete Trial Instruction: Moving From Child-Led Play to Intensive Teaching.

Behav Modif 2018 Jan 1:145445517751436. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

2 Marcus Autism Center, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Discrete trial instruction (DTI) is effective for teaching skills to children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Although effective, instructional settings can become aversive resulting in avoidant and escape-related behaviors. Given the significant social impairments associated with ASD, interventions that promote social approach and reduce avoidance are warranted. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0145445517751436
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445517751436DOI Listing
January 2018
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Assessment of Parental Acceptability and Preference for Behavioral Interventions for Feeding Problems.

Behav Modif 2018 Jan 1:145445517751435. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

1 California State University, Los Angeles, USA.

The present study evaluates the treatment acceptability and preference for behavioral interventions for feeding problems with parents of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and other developmental disabilities. The impact of behavioral severity on acceptability and preference was also evaluated by comparing results of parents who responded with respect to a vignette of a child with food refusal with those who responded to a vignette of a child with food selectivity. Overall, parents rated differential reinforcement of alternative behavior as the most preferred and most acceptable strategy across both food selectivity and food refusal groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445517751435DOI Listing
January 2018
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The Effectiveness of Preoperative Preparation for Improving Perioperative Outcomes in Children and Caregivers.

Behav Modif 2018 Jan 1:145445517751879. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

3 National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan, ROC.

Most children experience significant anxiety during the preoperative period. Greater preoperative anxiety may be related to a higher incidence of negative behaviors. This study aimed to develop a family-centered preoperative preparation program and to evaluate the effects of this program on children's preoperative emotional behaviors, postoperative behavior, and posthospital behavior, and on caregiver anxiety. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445517751879DOI Listing
January 2018
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An Investigation of Executive Functioning in Pediatric Anxiety.

Behav Modif 2018 Nov 10;42(6):885-913. Epub 2018 Jan 10.

1 Kent State University, Kent, OH, USA.

Although science's understanding (e.g., etiology, maintaining factors, etc. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445517749448DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads