1,304 results match your criteria Behavior Modification[Journal]


Evaluation of Free-operant Preference Assessment: Outcomes of Varying Session Duration and Problem Behavior.

Behav Modif 2020 May 26:145445520925429. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Applied Psychology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ, USA.

Previous researchers have found brief versions of preference assessments correspond to outcomes of longer preference assessments, and that varying levels of problem behavior occur in different preference assessments. Researchers conducted two studies to examine 1-, 2-, and 5-min duration outcomes of the free-operant preference assessment and evaluated the correspondence between the shorter and longer session durations and to identify frequency of problem behavior at each duration. Researchers also assessed relative reinforcing efficacy of the highest preferred stimulus from the shortest duration sessions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445520925429DOI Listing

Assessing Consistency in Single-Case Alternation Designs.

Behav Modif 2020 May 26:145445520923990. Epub 2020 May 26.

Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Methodology of Educational Sciences Research Group, KU Leuven, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Consistency is one of the crucial single-case data aspects that are expected to be assessed visually, when evaluating the presence of an intervention effect. Complementarily to visual inspection, there have been recent proposals for quantifying the consistency of data patterns in similar phases and the consistency of effects for reversal, multiple-baseline, and changing criterion designs. The current text continues this line of research by focusing on alternation designs using block randomization. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445520923990DOI Listing

Quality of Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention as a Predictor of Children's Outcome.

Behav Modif 2020 May 21:145445520923998. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Women's and Children's Health, Center of Neurodevelopmental Disorders (KIND), Division of Neuropsychiatry, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Research has directed surprisingly little attention to the of Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention (EIBI) in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) as a potential predictor of outcome. Therefore, using a preschool delivery model within a sample of 30 children, we examined the predictive power of EIBI quality on treatment outcome. EIBI quality was assessed at baseline by the York Measure of Quality of Intensive Behavioral Intervention (YMQI) and treatment outcome was evaluated after a period of 4 to 6 months using a battery of behavioral tests and scales to evaluate treatment success. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445520923998DOI Listing

Evaluating Behavioral Skills Training as an Evidence-Based Practice When Training Parents to Intervene with Their Children.

Behav Modif 2020 May 21:145445520923996. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Special and Early Education, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, USA.

The authors of this systematic review identified 20 individual single-subject studies examining the efficacy of Behavior Skills Training (BST) implemented with parents. Findings indicate that researchers have used BST to successfully train parents to implement a range of evidence-based practices (EBP) with their own children. Parents of children with autism or intellectual disability made up the large majority of participants in these studies. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445520923996DOI Listing

A Naturalistic Behavioral Intervention to Increase Interaction between Siblings with and without Autism.

Behav Modif 2020 May 19:145445520920813. Epub 2020 May 19.

The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA.

Research suggests that including typically developing siblings in interventions for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may be beneficial. However, studies have predominantly involved only participants with mild symptoms of ASD and have not also reported outcomes for the typically developing sibling. The purpose of this study was to address these gaps by replicating and extending an intervention package consisting of structured, interest-based play activities, adult instruction and modeling, and response to child questions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445520920813DOI Listing

Behavioral Activation and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy in the Treatment of Anxiety and Depression in Cancer Survivors: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Behav Modif 2020 Apr 21:145445520916441. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Universidad de Oviedo, Oviedo, Asturias, Spain.

Behavioural Activation (BA) and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) aim to reduce the inflexible avoidance of painful thoughts, feelings and memories and to encourage involvement in relevant activities, objectives which are clearly relevant to the situation of cancer survivors with emotional problems. With a view to evaluating and comparing the efficacy of both therapies, applied on a group basis, a randomized controlled trial was developed. Cancer survivors (age 18-65 years) with anxiety and/or depression were assigned at random to two experimental groups (BA; ACT) and a waiting list control group (WL). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445520916441DOI Listing

Effects of Obtrusive Observation and Rules on Classroom Behavior of Adolescents in a Juvenile Residential Treatment Setting.

Behav Modif 2020 Apr 5:145445520915676. Epub 2020 Apr 5.

Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA.

Several studies have used interdependent group contingencies to decrease disruptive behavior and increase appropriate behavior for groups of adolescents. In addition, one study demonstrated that rules plus feedback about rule violations, without additional group contingencies, decreased problem behavior and increased appropriate behavior for adolescents in three classrooms within a residential juvenile facility. Given the rapid behavior change observed in the aforementioned study, it is possible behavior changes were produced by reactivity to obtrusive observation from program implementers. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445520915676DOI Listing

Effects of an Interactive Web Training to Support Parents in Reducing Challenging Behaviors in Children with Autism.

Behav Modif 2020 Apr 4:145445520915671. Epub 2020 Apr 4.

École de psychoéducation, Université de Montréal, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Many children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) engage in challenging behaviors, which may interfere with their daily functioning, development, and well-being. To address this issue, we conducted a four-week randomized waitlist control trial to examine the effects of a fully self-guided interactive web training (IWT) on (a) child engagement in challenging behaviors and (b) parental intervention. After 4 weeks, parents in the treatment group reported lower levels of challenging behaviors in their children and more frequent use of behavioral interventions than those in the waitlist groups. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445520915671DOI Listing

A Review of Recent Research on the Manipulation of Response Effort in Applied Behavior Analysis.

Behav Modif 2020 Feb 28:145445520908509. Epub 2020 Feb 28.

Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, FL, USA.

Response effort refers to the distance, force/pressure, or number of discrete behaviors required to engage in a response. In applied behavior analysis, response effort has been used as an independent variable to address a variety of target responses. In this manuscript, we summarize recent clinical and organizational studies in which response effort was manipulated to increase a desirable behavior or decrease a problematic behavior. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445520908509DOI Listing
February 2020

Using Vocal Production to Improve Long-Term Verbal Memory in Adults with Intellectual Disability.

Behav Modif 2020 Feb 13:145445520906583. Epub 2020 Feb 13.

Department of Behavioral Sciences and Psychology, Ariel University, Ariel, Israel.

Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) typically show weak long-term memory (LTM) skills. Understanding verbal LTM processes and searching for effective mnemonics in this population is important, to improve intervention programs. The current study aimed to assess verbal LTM abilities of adults with mild ID of mixed etiologies, and to offer a simple memorization technique based on vocal production. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445520906583DOI Listing
February 2020

Review of Methods to Equate Target Sets in the Adapted Alternating Treatments Design.

Behav Modif 2020 Jan 30:145445520903049. Epub 2020 Jan 30.

University of North Carolina Wilmington, Wilmington, NC, USA.

The adapted alternating treatments design is a commonly used experimental design in skill acquisition research. This design allows for the evaluation of two or more independent variables on responding to unique target sets. Equating target sets is necessary to ensure a valid comparison of the independent variables. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445520903049DOI Listing
January 2020

Using Contingency Contracting to Promote Social Interactions Among Students With ASD and Their Peers.

Behav Modif 2020 Jan 24:145445520901674. Epub 2020 Jan 24.

Curry School of Education and Human Development, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of peer training implemented alone and the effect of combining contingency contracting with peer training on promoting social interactions among students with ASD and their peers. Three students with ASD and six typically developing peers enrolled in an inclusive elementary school participated in the study. Ten-minute observations were conducted during recess time to collect data on the participants' social interactions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445520901674DOI Listing
January 2020

Tolerance Training with Adolescents in a Residential Juvenile Facility.

Behav Modif 2019 Nov 20:145445519890261. Epub 2019 Nov 20.

Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA.

For individuals receiving treatment in residential juvenile facilities, the inability to tolerate typical but unpleasant stimulus events may manifest in aggressive behavior toward staff or other residents. Such behaviors can lead to loss of privileges, interfere with other treatments, and contribute to negative staff-student relationships. As a procedure, tolerance training (TT) involves systematically increasing the duration of exposure to an undesired stimulus event or situation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519890261DOI Listing
November 2019

Persuasive Quick-Writing about Text: Intervention for Students with Learning Disabilities.

Behav Modif 2019 Oct 18:145445519882894. Epub 2019 Oct 18.

Texas State University, San Marcos, TX, USA.

Researchers examined the effects of self-regulated strategy development (SRSD) to teach students with learning disabilities (LD) to compose persuasive quick-writing about text. The study included a multiple-baseline design with multiple probes for eight students with LD in grades four and five. Researchers observed a functional relationship by systematically replicating the intervention across all student participants. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519882894DOI Listing
October 2019

The Assessment of Consistency in Single-Case Experiments: Beyond A-B-A-B Designs.

Behav Modif 2019 Oct 16:145445519882889. Epub 2019 Oct 16.

Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Methodology of Educational Sciences Research Group, KU Leuven - University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Quality standards for single-case experimental designs (SCEDs) recommend inspecting six data aspects: level, trend, variability, overlap, immediacy, and consistency of data patterns. The data aspect consistency has long been neglected by visual and statistical analysts of SCEDs despite its importance for inferring a causal relationship. However, recently a first quantification has been proposed in the context of A-B-A-B designs, called CONsistency of DAta Patterns (CONDAP). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519882889DOI Listing
October 2019

Treatment Gains from Early and Intensive Behavioral Intervention (EIBI) are Maintained 10 Years Later.

Behav Modif 2019 Oct 16:145445519882895. Epub 2019 Oct 16.

Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.

This study reports outcome in adolescents with autism who in their childhood received Early and Intensive Behavioral Intervention (EIBI). Nineteen children (16 boys) who had received two years of EIBI starting at a mean age of 2-years-and-11-months were followed up, on average, 12 years later. Results showed the participants significantly increased their cognitive and adaptive standard scores during the two years of EIBI, and that these gains were maintained at follow-up, 10 years after the EIBI had ended. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519882895DOI Listing
October 2019
1 Read

More than de minimis: FAPE in the Post Endrew F. Era.

Behav Modif 2019 Oct 8:145445519880836. Epub 2019 Oct 8.

George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, USA.

Federal regulations for special education services have focused primarily on procedural issues since the Rowley decision, which held that Individualized Education Programs (IEPs) need only be reasonably calculated to yield educational benefit. However, the minimum threshold for benefit has changed with the recent Endrew F. decision as IEPs must yield more than de minimis progress. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519880836DOI Listing
October 2019

Behavioral Skills Training to Increase Appropriate Reactions of Adolescent Males in Residential Treatment.

Behav Modif 2019 Oct 8:145445519880837. Epub 2019 Oct 8.

Department of Psychology, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA.

Adolescents in secured residential facilities may engage in excess behavior immediately following verbal directives or corrective statements from staff. Excess behavior may include verbal aggression, indices of disrespect (e.g. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519880837DOI Listing
October 2019
1 Read

A Meta-Analytic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials of the Good Behavior Game.

Behav Modif 2019 Oct 3:145445519878670. Epub 2019 Oct 3.

Anita Zucker Center for Excellence in Early Childhood Studies, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.

The Good Behavior Game (GBG) is widely recognized as an evidence-based intervention that reinforces prosocial behaviors and discourages disruptive behaviors among students in the classroom setting. The current meta-analysis synthesized randomized controlled trials of the GBG to examine its impact on proximal student outcomes across seven studies representing 4,700 children. Although recent reviews focusing on single-case studies of the GBG have reported moderate to large treatment effects, our results were quite modest in comparison (hedges' = 0. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519878670DOI Listing
October 2019

Measuring Happiness Behavior in Functional Analyses of Challenging Behavior for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Behav Modif 2019 Sep 30:145445519878673. Epub 2019 Sep 30.

Claremont Graduate University, Claremont, CA, USA.

This two-experiment study assessed the utility of measuring happiness behavior (e.g., smiling and/or laughing) within functional analyses (FA) of challenging behavior, and using results to inform interventions for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519878673DOI Listing
September 2019
2 Reads

Evaluating the Open and Engaged Components of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy in an Online Self-Guided Website: Results from a Pilot Trial.

Behav Modif 2019 Sep 24:145445519878668. Epub 2019 Sep 24.

Utah State University, Logan, UT, USA.

Online acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) is promising for treating a range of psychological problems. Component research can further clarify which components are needed for optimal outcomes in what contexts. Online platforms provide a highly controlled format for such research. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519878668DOI Listing
September 2019

Mindfulness and Interoceptive Exposure Therapy for Anxiety Sensitivity in Atrial Fibrillation: A Pilot Study.

Behav Modif 2019 Sep 24:145445519877619. Epub 2019 Sep 24.

Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Atrial fibrillation is the most common cardiac arrhythmia and symptoms overlap with physiological sensations of anxiety. Patients with atrial fibrillation can demonstrate anxiety sensitivity even in the absence of actual atrial fibrillation symptoms. Interoceptive exposure is effective in treating anxiety sensitivity, and recently, mindfulness has been proposed as an enhancement strategy to facilitating inhibitory learning in exposure therapy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519877619DOI Listing
September 2019
1 Read

Improving the Mathematics Performance of Second-Grade Students with Mathematics Difficulties through an Early Numeracy Intervention.

Behav Modif 2019 Sep 9:145445519873651. Epub 2019 Sep 9.

University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY, USA.

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of an early numeracy Tier 2 intervention on the mathematics performance of second-grade students with persistent mathematics difficulties. Whole number content and instructional design features were used to boost performance in second-grade early numeracy concepts and skills. Researchers employed a pretest-posttest control group design with randomized assignment of 83 students to the treatment condition and 38 students to the comparison condition. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519873651DOI Listing
September 2019

Introduction to the Special Issue: Communication Intervention for Individuals with Complex Communication Needs.

Behav Modif 2019 11;43(6):767-773

2 Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, USA.

Individuals with complex communication needs are likely to experience considerable difficulties and challenges with everyday communication interactions due to limited use and understanding of natural speech. In this editorial, we review the nature of complex communication needs, describe the wide range of individuals who may experience such needs, and provide a brief history of behavioral approaches to addressing these needs. We also highlight the six papers in this special issue that contribute to the further understanding of the use of behavioral intervention approaches for addressing complex communication needs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519868809DOI Listing
November 2019
2 Reads

An Algorithm to Evaluate Methodological Rigor and Risk of Bias in Single-Case Studies.

Behav Modif 2019 Aug 30:145445519863035. Epub 2019 Aug 30.

2 The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Critical appraisal scales play an important role in evaluating methodological rigor (MR) of between-groups and single-case designs (SCDs). For intervention research this forms an essential basis for ascertaining the strength of evidence. Yet, few such scales provide classifications that take into account the differential weighting of items contributing to internal validity. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519863035DOI Listing
August 2019
1 Read

Applying Standards of Effectiveness to Noncontingent Reinforcement: A Systematic Literature Review.

Behav Modif 2019 Aug 27:145445519865073. Epub 2019 Aug 27.

1 The University of Memphis, Memphis, TN, USA.

Noncontingent reinforcement is a time-based schedule of reinforcement that has been shown to decrease problem behavior. Although the intervention is considered well established, there exist concerns that much of the supporting research has been conducted under highly controlled experimental conditions that may lack ecological validity. That is, although the efficacy has been demonstrated, the effectiveness in less controlled settings has not. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519865073DOI Listing
August 2019
1 Read

Teaching Children with Autism Abduction-Prevention Skills May Result in Overgeneralization of the Target Response.

Behav Modif 2019 Aug 24:145445519865165. Epub 2019 Aug 24.

4 The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA.

We replicated previous research using behavioral skills training (BST) to teach four children with autism to engage in a safety response following lures from civilian strangers. This study extends previous research by (a) employing abduction lures incorporating highly preferred tangible items; (b) assessing for maintenance and generalization across settings and caregivers; and (c) probing for overgeneralization of the safety response. A multiple baseline across participants design demonstrated target behavior acquisition and generalization to novel settings and caregivers. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519865165DOI Listing
August 2019
2 Reads

Single-Case Data Analysis: A Practitioner Guide for Accurate and Reliable Decisions.

Authors:
Jennifer Ninci

Behav Modif 2019 Aug 23:145445519867054. Epub 2019 Aug 23.

1 University of Hawai'i at Mānoa, Honolulu, HI, USA.

Practitioners frequently use single-case data for decision-making related to behavioral programming and progress monitoring. Visual analysis is an important and primary tool for reporting results of graphed single-case data because it provides immediate, contextualized information. Criticisms exist concerning the objectivity and reliability of the visual analysis process. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519867054DOI Listing
August 2019
1 Read

Effects of an iPad-based Speech-Generating Device Infused into Instruction with the Picture Exchange Communication System for Adolescents and Young Adults with Severe Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Behav Modif 2019 11 17;43(6):898-932. Epub 2019 Aug 17.

1 Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA.

This study used a multiple baseline, single-subject research design to investigate the efficacy of an iPad-based speech-generating device (SGD). The iPad was equipped with the SPEAKall! application to function as a SGD. SGDs are a form of aided augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) allowing a user to communicate using digitized and/or synthesized speech. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0145445519870552
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519870552DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6734586PMC
November 2019
4 Reads

Reading Instruction for Students with Emotional Disturbance: A Mixed-Methods Investigation.

Behav Modif 2019 Aug 9:145445519868804. Epub 2019 Aug 9.

3 University of California Riverside Graduate School of Education, Riverside, CA, USA.

Although there is a substantial body of observation research investigating the manner in which reading instruction is provided to students with learning disabilities, there is little research in this area involving students with and at risk for emotional disturbance. The purpose of this investigation was to contribute to the limited corpus of observation studies investigating school-based practice in reading for this student population. In this investigation, 11 teachers from two states were systematically observed while providing reading instruction over the course of the 2017-2018 school year. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0145445519868804
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519868804DOI Listing
August 2019
4 Reads

Improvements in Children's Feeding Behavior after Intensive Interdisciplinary Behavioral Treatment: Comparisons by Developmental and Medical Status.

Behav Modif 2019 Aug 6:145445519865170. Epub 2019 Aug 6.

3 Center for Pediatric Feeding Disorders, St Mary's Healthcare System for Children, Bayside, NY, USA.

This study examined changes in child mealtime behavior, diet variety, and family mealtime environment after intensive interdisciplinary behavioral treatment (IIBT) for 52 children referred to a day treatment feeding program. Children fell into three developmental status groups including autism spectrum disorder ( = 16), other special needs ( = 19), and no special needs ( = 17), with some having no known medical problems ( = 22) and some having gastrointestinal, cardiopulmonary, and/or endocrine-metabolic problems ( = 28). At pre-intervention and post-intervention, caregivers completed the About Your Child's Eating scale, the Brief Assessment of Mealtime Behavior in Children, and a food preference inventory of 70 common foods (20 fruits, 23 vegetables, 12 proteins, 8 grains, 7 dairy). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519865170DOI Listing
August 2019
1 Read

Evaluating Preference and Performance in Accumulated versus Distributed Response-Reinforcer Arrangements.

Behav Modif 2019 Aug 6:145445519868793. Epub 2019 Aug 6.

2 Beacon ABA Services, Inc., Milford, MA, USA.

To determine the effects of response-reinforcer arrangements on task performance and preference, participants completed tasks on accumulated and distributed response-reinforcer arrangements. Three males diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder completed tasks before receiving 5-min or 30-seconds access to a preferred stimulus. To enhance discrimination between the two arrangements, color-coded token boards were used to represent each arrangement. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519868793DOI Listing
August 2019
1 Read

An Examination of Measurement Procedures and Characteristics of Baseline Outcome Data in Single-Case Research.

Behav Modif 2019 Aug 2:145445519864264. Epub 2019 Aug 2.

1 University of Texas at Austin, TX, USA.

There has been growing interest in using statistical methods to analyze data and estimate effect size indices from studies that use single-case designs (SCDs), as a complement to traditional visual inspection methods. The validity of a statistical method rests on whether its assumptions are plausible representations of the process by which the data were collected, yet there is evidence that some assumptions-particularly regarding normality of error distributions-may be inappropriate for single-case data. To develop more appropriate modeling assumptions and statistical methods, researchers must attend to the features of real SCD data. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519864264DOI Listing
August 2019
2 Reads

A Systematic Review of Interventions to Promote Varied Social-Communication Behavior in Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Behav Modif 2019 11 26;43(6):790-818. Epub 2019 Jul 26.

1 University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA.

Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may engage in repetitive social-communication behaviors that can limit their skill acquisition, access to reinforcement, and access to less restrictive settings. Basic and applied research indicates that variability, or the extent to which responses are topographically different from one another, is influenced by antecedent and consequence interventions. Our purpose in this study is to systematically review the literature on interventions to increase variable social-communication behaviors in individuals with ASD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519859803DOI Listing
November 2019
1 Read

Using AB Designs With Nonoverlap Effect Size Measures to Support Clinical Decision-Making: A Monte Carlo Validation.

Behav Modif 2019 Jul 13:145445519860219. Epub 2019 Jul 13.

Université de Montréal, Quebec, Canada.

Single-case experimental designs often require extended baselines or the withdrawal of treatment, which may not be feasible or ethical in some practical settings. The quasi-experimental AB design is a potential alternative, but more research is needed on its validity. The purpose of our study was to examine the validity of using nonoverlap measures of effect size to detect changes in AB designs using simulated data. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519860219DOI Listing
July 2019
1 Read

Effects of the High-Probability Instructional Sequence in Children With Feeding Disorders: A Synthesis.

Behav Modif 2019 Jun 28:145445519858273. Epub 2019 Jun 28.

2 Universidad Veracruzana, Xalapa, Mexico.

The high-probability (high-p) instructional sequence is an intervention commonly used to increase compliance in a variety of skill domains, including compliance with low-probability (low-p) mealtime demands in children with pediatric feeding disorders. However, the effects of the high-p sequence on feeding have varied across studies, a systematic synthesis of the literature to guide practice and further research is lacking, and whether the high-p sequence, as an intervention for feeding problems, meets current evidence-based practice standards in special education is unknown. First, we conducted a systematic multistep search, identified seven studies that met inclusion criteria, and synthesized participant and study characteristics. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519858273DOI Listing
June 2019
4 Reads

Implementing Aided Augmentative Communication Systems With Persons Having Complex Communicative Needs.

Behav Modif 2019 11 25;43(6):841-878. Epub 2019 Jun 25.

2 Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA.

Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) systems can support communication skills for people with significant developmental disabilities who experience complex communication needs (CCNs). There is a need to tailor best practices in AAC assessment and intervention to create individualized communication systems with this population. In this article, we outline the important components of AAC systems that can be implemented in authentic settings. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519858272DOI Listing
November 2019
6 Reads

Evaluating ACT Processes in Relation to Outcome in Self-Help Treatment for Anxiety-Related Problems.

Behav Modif 2019 Jun 20:145445519855616. Epub 2019 Jun 20.

3 University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany, USA.

Evaluating how, for whom, and under what conditions psychosocial treatments work is an important component of anxiety disorder treatment development. Yet, research regarding mediators and moderators of self-help interventions is sparse. The current project is a secondary analysis of mediators, moderators, and correlates of outcome of a randomized wait-list-controlled trial assessing acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) self-help bibliotherapy for anxiety and related problems. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519855616DOI Listing
June 2019
2 Reads

An Evaluation of the Effects of Varying Magnitudes of Reinforcement on Variable Responding Exhibited by Individuals With Autism.

Behav Modif 2019 11 19;43(6):774-789. Epub 2019 Jun 19.

1 The University of Texas at Austin, TX, USA.

Interventions aimed at increasing communicative response variability hold particular importance for individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Several procedures have been demonstrated in the applied and translational literature to increase response variability. However, little is known about the relationship between reinforcer magnitude and response variability. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519855615DOI Listing
November 2019
2 Reads

Consistency in Single-Case ABAB Phase Designs: A Systematic Review.

Behav Modif 2019 Jun 19:145445519853793. Epub 2019 Jun 19.

1 KU Leuven, Belgium.

The current article presents a systematic review of consistency in single-case ABAB phase designs. We applied the CONsistency of DAta Patterns (CONDAP) measure to a sample of 460 data sets retrieved from 119 applied studies published over the past 50 years. The main purpose was to (a) identify typical CONDAP values found in published ABAB designs and (b) develop interpretational guidelines for CONDAP to be used for future studies to assess the consistency of data patterns from similar phases. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519853793DOI Listing
June 2019
7 Reads

Vocabulary and Main Idea Reading Intervention Using Text Choice to Improve Content Knowledge and Reading Comprehension of Adolescents With Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Behav Modif 2019 Jun 10:145445519853781. Epub 2019 Jun 10.

2 The University of Texas at Austin, USA.

This simultaneous replication single-case design study investigated a vocabulary and main idea intervention with an aspect of text choice provided to students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Five middle school students with ASD participated in two instructional groups taught by school-based personnel. Results were initially mixed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519853781DOI Listing
June 2019
2 Reads

Effects of Brief Acceptance and Cognitive Reappraisal Interventions on Experiential Avoidance in Socially Anxious Individuals: A Preliminary Investigation.

Behav Modif 2019 Jun 6:145445519854321. Epub 2019 Jun 6.

2 University of Hawai'i at Mānoa, Honolulu, USA.

The current study compared the effects of 15-min acceptance-based and cognitive reappraisal-based interventions on experiential avoidance (EA) in socially anxious college students who participated in an experimental public speaking task. Participants were randomly assigned to receive one of the two interventions designed to aid in preparation for a 5-min laboratory-based public speaking task. Results indicated that participants receiving the acceptance-based intervention reported significantly lower levels of EA at the post-public speaking task measurement time, indicating that this brief acceptance-based intervention yielded the proposed mechanism of action in the sample used for this study. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519854321DOI Listing
June 2019
1 Read

A Visual Aid and Objective Rule Encompassing the Data Features of Visual Analysis.

Behav Modif 2019 Jun 5:145445519854323. Epub 2019 Jun 5.

2 Texas A&M University, College Station, USA.

Visual analysis of single-case research is commonly described as a gold standard, but it is often unreliable. Thus, an objective tool for applying visual analysis is necessary, as an alternative to the Conservative Dual Criterion, which presents some drawbacks. The proposed free web-based tool enables assessing change in trend and level between two adjacent phases, while taking data variability into account. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519854323DOI Listing
June 2019
2 Reads

Decentering in Mindfulness and Cognitive Restructuring for Social Anxiety: An Experimental Study of a Potential Common Mechanism.

Behav Modif 2019 May 25:145445519850744. Epub 2019 May 25.

1 University of Massachusetts Boston, USA.

The present study examined whether cognitive restructuring (CR) or mindfulness led to increases in decentering and whether changes in decentering were related to changes in anxiety and willingness to approach anxiety-provoking situations. Forty-six individuals with social anxiety completed speaking tasks before and after receiving CR, mindfulness, or control instructions. Overall, anxiety decreased and willingness increased from the first to second speech, with no differences across conditions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519850744DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Using a Textual Prompt to Teach Multiword Requesting to Two Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Behav Modif 2019 11 21;43(6):819-840. Epub 2019 May 21.

5 University Medical Center Göttingen, Germany.

Autism spectrum disorder is characterized by social and communication impairment, but some children appear to have relative strength in areas such as reading printed words. The present study involved two children with limited expressive communication skills, but relatively stronger reading ability. Based on this existing strength, we evaluated a textual prompting procedure for teaching the children to produce multiword spoken requests. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519850745DOI Listing
November 2019
7 Reads

The Effects of Peer Presence on Variables Maintaining Moderate-to-Vigorous Physical Activity in Children.

Behav Modif 2019 May 21:145445519850748. Epub 2019 May 21.

2 Swan Consulting Inc., Clovis, CA, USA.

An increasing number of children fail to meet the recommended levels of physical activity. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of peer presence on variables that have been shown to evoke moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in children. We recorded the levels of MVPA in three preschool children across no adult, attention, and interactive play conditions, with a peer present and absent. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519850748DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

A Program Based on Common Technology to Support Communication Exchanges and Leisure in People With Intellectual and Other Disabilities.

Behav Modif 2019 11 20;43(6):879-897. Epub 2019 May 20.

5 OSMAIRM Rehabilitation Center, Laterza, Italy.

The aim of this study was to assess a new smartphone-based program version to allow seven participants with intellectual plus visual and/or motor disabilities and hesitant speech to send out and receive WhatsApp messages, make telephone calls, and access leisure activities. This program version relied on a Samsung A3 smartphone, which was automated through the MacroDroid application and responded to the input of specific cards and miniature objects. During the baseline (i. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519850747DOI Listing
November 2019
3 Reads

Randomization Procedures for Changing Criterion Designs.

Behav Modif 2019 May 12:145445519847627. Epub 2019 May 12.

2 The University of Arizona, Tucson, USA.

To strengthen the scientific credibility arguments for single-case intervention studies, randomization design-and-analysis methods have been developed for the multiple-baseline, ABAB, and alternating treatment designs, including options for preplanned designs, wherein the series and phase lengths are established prior to gathering data, as well as options for response-guided designs, wherein ongoing visual analyses guide decisions about when to intervene. Our purpose here is to develop randomization methods for another class of single-case design, the changing criterion design. We first illustrate randomization design-and-analysis methods for preplanned changing criterion designs and then develop and illustrate methods for response-guided changing criterion designs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519847627DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Behavioral Interventions for Pediatric Food Refusal Maintain Effectiveness Despite Integrity Degradation: A Preliminary Demonstration.

Behav Modif 2019 May 8:145445519847626. Epub 2019 May 8.

1 University of Maryland, Baltimore County, USA.

Food refusal is commonly treated using behavioral treatment packages consisting of differential reinforcement of alternative behavior (DRA) and escape extinction. However, the effectiveness of such behavioral interventions is inextricably linked to the integrity with which the procedures are conducted. Although previous research has evaluated the effects of treatment integrity failures for behavioral interventions related to severe problem behavior and academic skill acquisition, the effects of these failures in the area of pediatric food refusal remain unknown. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519847626DOI Listing
May 2019
3 Reads

The Effects of Social Skills Interventions for Students With EBD and ASD: A Single-Case Meta-Analysis.

Behav Modif 2019 May 7:145445519846817. Epub 2019 May 7.

3 University of Missouri, Columbia, USA.

Social skills interventions are critical for promoting social, emotional, and behavioral competence for students with or at risk of emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD) and autism spectrum disorders (ASD). This single-case meta-analysis examined the effects of social skills interventions (SSIs) for students with EBD and ASD. Effect sizes were calculated for 78 cases across 25 included studies using a nonparametric effect size, Baseline Corrected Tau. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0145445519846817
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519846817DOI Listing
May 2019
6 Reads