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    1196 results match your criteria Behavior Modification[Journal]

    1 OF 24

    Further Evaluation of a Practitioner Model for Increasing Eye Contact in Children With Autism.
    Behav Modif 2018 Feb 1:145445518758595. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
    2 Monarch House, Oakville, ON, Canada.
    Cook et al. recently described a progressive model for teaching children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to provide eye contact with an instructor following a name call. The model included the following phases: contingent praise only, contingent edibles plus praise, stimulus prompts plus contingent edibles and praise, contingent video and praise, schedule thinning, generalization assessments, and maintenance evaluations. Read More

    A Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial of the Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders in Children.
    Behav Modif 2018 Jan 1:145445517753940. Epub 2018 Jan 1.
    1 University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL, USA.
    The Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders in Children (UP-C) is an intervention for children aged 7 to 13 targeting high negative emotion, emotional reactivity, and emotion regulation deficits common across emotional disorders. Our objective was to collect pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) data on the efficacy of the UP-C, comparing UP-C with an active, anxiety-focused intervention. Participants were 47 children with at least one primary anxiety disorder; approximately one half had elevated depression symptoms. Read More

    Introduction to the Special Issue: Interventions to Reduce Challenging Behavior Among Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorder.
    Behav Modif 2018 Jan 1:145445518755349. Epub 2018 Jan 1.
    2 Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA.
    The prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is on the rise. In addition to the social communication skill deficits and restrictive repetitive behaviors and interests, many individuals with ASD engage in challenging behavior. Challenging behavior is associated with a multitude of negative outcomes. Read More

    Assessing Mand Topography Preference When Developing a Functional Communication Training Intervention.
    Behav Modif 2018 Jan 1:145445517751437. Epub 2018 Jan 1.
    1 University of Texas at San Antonio, USA.
    Functional communication training (FCT) is a common function-based behavioral intervention used to decrease problem behavior by teaching an alternative communication response. Therapists often arbitrarily select the topography of the alternative response, which may influence long-term effectiveness of the intervention. Assessing individual mand topography preference may increase treatment effectiveness and promote self-determination in the development of interventions. Read More

    Rapport Building and Instructional Fading Prior to Discrete Trial Instruction: Moving From Child-Led Play to Intensive Teaching.
    Behav Modif 2018 Jan 1:145445517751436. Epub 2018 Jan 1.
    2 Marcus Autism Center, Atlanta, GA, USA.
    Discrete trial instruction (DTI) is effective for teaching skills to children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Although effective, instructional settings can become aversive resulting in avoidant and escape-related behaviors. Given the significant social impairments associated with ASD, interventions that promote social approach and reduce avoidance are warranted. Read More

    Assessment of Parental Acceptability and Preference for Behavioral Interventions for Feeding Problems.
    Behav Modif 2018 Jan 1:145445517751435. Epub 2018 Jan 1.
    1 California State University, Los Angeles, USA.
    The present study evaluates the treatment acceptability and preference for behavioral interventions for feeding problems with parents of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and other developmental disabilities. The impact of behavioral severity on acceptability and preference was also evaluated by comparing results of parents who responded with respect to a vignette of a child with food refusal with those who responded to a vignette of a child with food selectivity. Overall, parents rated differential reinforcement of alternative behavior as the most preferred and most acceptable strategy across both food selectivity and food refusal groups. Read More

    The Effectiveness of Preoperative Preparation for Improving Perioperative Outcomes in Children and Caregivers.
    Behav Modif 2018 Jan 1:145445517751879. Epub 2018 Jan 1.
    3 National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan, ROC.
    Most children experience significant anxiety during the preoperative period. Greater preoperative anxiety may be related to a higher incidence of negative behaviors. This study aimed to develop a family-centered preoperative preparation program and to evaluate the effects of this program on children's preoperative emotional behaviors, postoperative behavior, and posthospital behavior, and on caregiver anxiety. Read More

    Effects of Behavioral Activation on the Quality of Life and Emotional State of Lung Cancer and Breast Cancer Patients During Chemotherapy Treatment.
    Behav Modif 2017 Dec 1:145445517746915. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    1 University of Oviedo, Spain.
    Research suggests that the progressive abandonment of activities in cancer patients are related to depression and worse quality of life. Behavioral activation (BA) encourages subjects to activate their sources of reinforcement and modify the avoidance responses. This study assesses the effectiveness of BA in improving quality of life and preventing emotional disorders during chemotherapy treatment. Read More

    A Randomized Controlled Trial of Multiple Versions of an Acceptance and Commitment Therapy Matrix App for Well-Being.
    Behav Modif 2017 Dec 1:145445517748561. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    1 Utah State University, Logan, USA.
    Mobile apps may be useful in teaching psychological skills in a high-frequency, low-intensity intervention. The acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) matrix is a visual tool to help develop psychological flexibility by categorizing moment-to-moment experience and is well suited to a mobile app. This pilot study tested the effects of a simple and complex version of a novel app using the ACT matrix in two distinct samples: help-seeking individuals ( n = 35) and students receiving SONA credit ( n = 63). Read More

    Using Mobile Technology to Reduce Engagement in Stereotypy: A Validation of Decision-Making Algorithms.
    Behav Modif 2017 Dec 1:145445517748560. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    2 Monarch House, Oakville, Ontario, Canada.
    We developed an iOS app, the iSTIM, designed to support parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in reducing common repetitive vocal and motor behavior (i.e., stereotypy). Read More

    Examining the Relationship Between Anxiogenic Parenting Practices and Cognitive Flexibility in Youth.
    Behav Modif 2017 Dec 1:145445517748558. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    1 Kent State University, OH, USA.
    Cognitive flexibility (CF), a subdomain of executive functioning (EF), involves abilities such as set shifting and reversal learning. Some variability in CF is normative across youth due to the gradual refinement of broader EF along with the prefrontal cortex. Prior research has suggested that a supportive parenting environment contributes to strong EF, whereas harsh/controlling parenting is associated with deficits. Read More

    The Impact of Experiential Avoidance and Event Centrality in Trauma-Related Rumination and Posttraumatic Stress.
    Behav Modif 2017 Dec 1:145445517747287. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    1 Clark University, Worcester, MA, USA.
    Cognitive control strategies like rumination often increase posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. However, extant research has provided equivocal results when attempting to explain why this phenomenon occurs. The current study explored several mechanisms that may clarify such findings. Read More

    Follow-Up Study of Youth Who Received EIBI as Young Children.
    Behav Modif 2017 Dec 1:145445517746916. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    1 York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
    Although early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) has been clearly shown to be evidence-based, there is very little information available regarding long-term outcomes, especially from community effectiveness studies. We present data on cognitive, adaptive, and autism severity measures from four time points (pre- and post-EIBI and two follow-up points) for a sample of 21 youth, currently aged 16 years on average (range = 13-20) who received EIBI as young children and who have been out of EIBI for a mean of 10 years (range = 8.5-14). Read More

    Employing a Fixed-Lean Multiple Schedule in the Treatment of Challenging Behavior for Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder.
    Behav Modif 2017 Dec 1:145445517743206. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    1 University of Oregon, Eugene, USA.
    Despite its utility, there is limited applied research on employing fixed-lean (FL) schedules of reinforcement in treatment packages to address challenging behavior. One potential reason is that abrupt shifts to terminal schedules of reinforcement have been associated with immediate increases in challenging behavior before subsiding to clinically acceptable levels. The purpose of the present study was to (a) provide evidence demonstrating the utility of a FL multiple schedule (MS) in the treatment of challenging behavior in applied settings, (b) examine the potential effects of alternative stimuli on challenging behavior during a FL MS, and (c) assess the social validity of this treatment package with participants and caregivers. Read More

    Exploring the Moderating Effects of Cognitive Abilities on Social Competence Intervention Outcomes.
    Behav Modif 2018 Jan 21;42(1):84-107. Epub 2017 Mar 21.
    2 East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA.
    Many populations served by special education, including those identified with autism, emotional impairments, or students identified as not ready to learn, experience social competence deficits. The Social Competence Intervention-Adolescents' (SCI-A) methods, content, and materials were designed to be maximally pertinent and applicable to the social competence needs of early adolescents (i.e. Read More

    Selection and Implementation of Skill Acquisition Programs by Special Education Teachers and Staff for Students With Autism Spectrum Disorder.
    Behav Modif 2018 Jan 1;42(1):58-83. Epub 2017 Mar 1.
    4 West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA.
    The present investigation examined special education teachers' selection and use of teaching strategies for receptive identification training with children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in their classrooms. Teachers first responded to a survey in which they provided examples of receptive identification tasks taught in their classrooms, rated the efficacy of teaching strategies, described how they determined whether skills were mastered, listed any assessments they conducted to identify relevant prerequisite skills prior to receptive identification training, described how they selected teaching strategies for use in their classrooms, and listed their years of experience as a teacher and working with children with ASD. Subsequent observations of implementation of teaching strategies during trial-based instruction occurred in a proportion of teachers' classrooms. Read More

    Advances in School-Based Interventions for Students With Autism Spectrum Disorder: Introduction to the Special Issue.
    Behav Modif 2018 Jan;42(1):3-8
    3 Ball State University, Muncie, IN, USA.
    As the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder has increased, so too has research on interventions to address core and associated features of autism. Although many methodologically rigorous studies on interventions have been reported, their relevance to educators is somewaht unclear. For example, only about 32% of evidence-based strategies identifed in these reviews were conducted in k-12 settings. Read More

    A Systematic Review of Parent-Implemented Functional Communication Training for Children With ASD.
    Behav Modif 2017 Dec 1:145445517740872. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    4 University of Hawai'i at Manoa, Honolulu, USA.
    Supporting parents in reducing challenging behavior of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) requires the identification of effective, feasible, and sustainable interventions. Functional communication training (FCT) is one of the most well-established interventions in the behavioral literature and is used increasingly by parents. However, there is a need for additional evaluation of the literature related to parent-implemented FCT. Read More

    Trial-Based Functional Analysis Informs Treatment for Vocal Scripting.
    Behav Modif 2017 Nov 1:145445517742882. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    1 Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA.
    Research on trial-based functional analysis has primarily focused on socially maintained challenging behaviors. However, procedural modifications may be necessary to clarify ambiguous assessment results. The purposes of this study were to evaluate the utility of iterative modifications to trial-based functional analysis on the identification of putative reinforcement and subsequent treatment for vocal scripting. Read More

    Systematic Changes in Preference for Schedule-Thinning Arrangements as a Function of Relative Reinforcement Density.
    Behav Modif 2017 Nov 1:145445517742883. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    1 University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, USA.
    We treated destructive behavior maintained by both social-positive (i.e., access to tangibles) and social-negative (i. Read More

    Self-Injurious Behavior in Children With Developmental Disabilities: A Systematic Review of Behavioral Intervention Literature.
    Behav Modif 2017 Nov 1:145445517741474. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    1 University of Oregon, Eugene, USA.
    We reviewed single-case research studies examining the effects of behavioral interventions for self-injurious behavior (SIB) in young children with autism and developmental disabilities. Systematic searches of electronic databases, journals, and reference lists identified 46 studies (66 participants younger than the age of 12) meeting inclusion criteria. Studies were examined based on (a) participant demographics, (b) topography and function of SIB, (c) type of functional behavior assessment (FBA), (d) intervention procedures and outcomes, and (e) experimental design and measurement. Read More

    Further Analysis of the Predictive Effects of a Free-Operant Competing Stimulus Assessment on Stereotypy.
    Behav Modif 2017 Nov 1:145445517741476. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    3 Monarch House, Oakville, Ontario, Canada.
    We conducted five experiments to evaluate the predictive validity of a free-operant competing stimulus assessment (FOCSA). In Experiment 1, we showed that each participant's repetitive behavior persisted without social consequences. In Experiment 2, we used the FOCSA to identify high-preference, low-stereotypy (HP-LS) items for 11 participants and high-preference, high-stereotypy (HP-HS) items for nine participants. Read More

    Treatment of Elopement Without Blocking With a Child With Autism.
    Behav Modif 2017 Nov 1:145445517740871. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    1 Missouri State University, Springfield, USA.
    Elopement is a dangerous behavior common in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Relative to other forms of problematic behavior, elopement has received little attention in both assessment and treatment. The current study entailed a functional analysis of elopement of one child with ASD, results of which suggested a partially automatic function. Read More

    Lag Schedules and Functional Communication Training: Persistence of Mands and Relapse of Problem Behavior.
    Behav Modif 2017 Nov 1:145445517741475. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    5 University of Georgia, Athens, USA.
    We evaluated the effects of lag schedules of reinforcement and functional communication training (FCT) on mand variability and problem behavior in two children with autism spectrum disorder. Specifically, we implemented FCT with increasing lag schedules and compared its effects on problem behavior with baseline conditions. The results showed that both participants exhibited low rates of problem behavior during treatment relative to baseline during and following schedule thinning (up to a Lag 5 schedule arrangement). Read More

    Differential Reinforcement of Other Behaviors to Treat Challenging Behaviors Among Children With Autism: A Systematic and Quality Review.
    Behav Modif 2017 Nov 1:145445517743487. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    1 Baylor University, Waco, TX, USA.
    This review summarizes the literature regarding differential reinforcement of other behaviors (DRO) to treat challenging behavior among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and determines the quality of studies among the current literature according to the 2014 Council for Exceptional Children (CEC): Standards for Evidence-Based Practices in Special Education. Studies that focused on the use of DRO in the treatment of challenging behavior for individuals with ASD were included for systematic analysis. Forty-five studies were identified for inclusion in this review and were evaluated using the eight quality indicators described by the CEC. Read More

    Individualized Levels System and Systematic Stimulus Pairing to Reduce Multiply Controlled Aggression of a Child With Autism Spectrum Disorder.
    Behav Modif 2017 Nov 1:145445517741473. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    1 Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA.
    Research has shown that physical aggression is common in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Interventions for multiply controlled aggression may be complex and difficult to implement with fidelity. As a result, the probability of treatment efficacy for this class of behavior may suffer. Read More

    Systematic Review of Differential Reinforcement of Alternative Behavior Without Extinction for Individuals With Autism.
    Behav Modif 2017 Nov 1:145445517740321. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    2 The University of Texas at San Antonio, TX, USA.
    The purpose of this article is to review the literature on differential reinforcement of alternative behavior procedures without extinction for individuals with autism. Using predetermined inclusion criteria, a total of 10 studies were included and summarized in terms of the following: (a) participant characteristics (e.g. Read More

    Further Evaluation of Presentation Format of Competing Stimuli for Treatment of Automatically Maintained Challenging Behavior.
    Behav Modif 2017 Nov 1:145445517740322. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    1 University of Missouri, Columbia, USA.
    Behavioral interventions have been effective in reducing automatically maintained skin picking for individuals with disabilities including autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A competing stimulus assessment (CSA) is typically utilized in behavioral intervention and assessment to identify potential stimuli which compete with the reinforcer for various forms of challenging behavior (CB). Treatment evaluations have validated the results of these assessments by demonstrating competing stimuli may reduce levels of CB. Read More

    Using a Visual Structured Criterion for the Analysis of Alternating-Treatment Designs.
    Behav Modif 2017 Nov 1:145445517739278. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    1 Université de Montréal, Québec, Canada.
    Although visual inspection remains common in the analysis of single-case designs, the lack of agreement between raters is an issue that may seriously compromise its validity. Thus, the purpose of our study was to develop and examine the properties of a simple structured criterion to supplement the visual analysis of alternating-treatment designs. To this end, we generated simulated data sets with varying number of points, number of conditions, effect sizes, and autocorrelations, and then measured Type I error rates and power produced by the visual structured criterion (VSC) and permutation analyses. Read More

    Increasing "Object-Substitution" Symbolic Play in Young Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders.
    Behav Modif 2017 Oct 1:145445517739276. Epub 2017 Oct 1.
    3 Sichuan University of Arts and Science, China.
    Children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) may not develop symbolic play skills, so such skills need to be taught specifically. We report an experiment regarding a procedure targeting "object-substitution" symbolic play skills. The "object-substitution" symbolic play behavior occurred when the child labeled a common object with the name of a substitute and used the object to perform a play action (e. Read More

    Development of a Storytelling Video Self-Help Intervention Based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Major Depression: Open Trial Results.
    Behav Modif 2017 Oct 1:145445517738932. Epub 2017 Oct 1.
    1 Butler Hospital, Providence, RI, USA.
    This study involved the initial development and testing of a video self-help intervention called LifeStories, which features real patients describing their use of coping strategies for depression based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. We conducted a baseline-controlled open trial (AB design) of 11 individuals diagnosed with major depressive disorder. Participants reported high levels of satisfaction and transportation (i. Read More

    Upregulating Positive Affectivity in the Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders: A Randomized Pilot Study.
    Behav Modif 2017 Oct 1:145445517735631. Epub 2017 Oct 1.
    1 Universitat Jaume I, Castelló de la Plana, Spain.
    Transdiagnostic cognitive-behavioral therapy for emotional disorders (ED) has proven to be effective. However, current transdiagnostic treatment protocols address only the regulation of negative affectivity, and they do not include treatment components to more directly target the regulation of positive affectivity. In this study, we propose to evaluate the preliminary efficacy and acceptability of a transdiagnostic treatment protocol for ED that includes, as an innovative feature, a specific treatment component to directly upregulate positive affectivity based on positive psychology interventions. Read More

    Development of a Single-Session, Transdiagnostic Preventive Intervention for Young Adults at Risk for Emotional Disorders.
    Behav Modif 2017 Oct 1:145445517734354. Epub 2017 Oct 1.
    3 Boston University, MA, USA.
    Cognitive-behavioral prevention programs have demonstrated efficacy in reducing subclinical symptoms of anxiety and depression, and there is some evidence to suggest that they can lower the risk of future disorder onset. However, existing interventions tend to be relatively lengthy and target specific disorders or problem areas, both of which limit their potential for widespread dissemination. To address these limitations, we aimed to develop a single-session, transdiagnostic preventive intervention based on the Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders for young adults at risk for developing anxiety and/or depressive disorders within a college setting. Read More

    The Role of Emotion Regulation and Socialization in Behavioral Parent Training: A Proof-of-Concept Study.
    Behav Modif 2017 Oct 1:145445517735492. Epub 2017 Oct 1.
    3 The University of Vermont, Burlington, USA.
    Low-income families are less likely to effectively engage in Behavioral Parent Training (BPT), the standard of care for early-onset (3-8 years old) disruptive behavior disorders (DBDs); however, relatively little is known about predictors of treatment process and outcome within this vulnerable group. Given literature to suggest compromises associated with both low-income status and DBDs, this study examined the role of caregiver emotion regulation and socialization practices in 15 low-income families who participated in one evidence-based BPT program, Helping the Noncompliant Child (HNC). Findings suggest baseline caregiver emotion regulation predicted variability in BPT treatment duration and outcomes, whereas baseline caregiver emotion socialization practices explained variation in the severity of child disruptive behaviors concurrently, as well as BPT treatment outcomes. Read More

    Structured Feedback Training for Time-Out: Efficacy and Efficiency in Comparison to a Didactic Method.
    Behav Modif 2017 Sep 1:145445517733474. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    1 University of the Pacific, Stockton, CA, USA.
    Although time-out has been demonstrated to be effective across multiple settings, little research exists on effective methods for training others to implement time-out. The present set of studies is an exploratory analysis of a structured feedback method for training time-out using repeated role-plays. The three studies examined (a) a between-subjects comparison to more a traditional didactic/video modeling method of time-out training, (b) a within-subjects comparison to traditional didactic/video modeling training for another skill, and (c) the impact of structured feedback training on in-home time-out implementation. Read More

    Teacher-Implemented Response Interruption and Redirection: Training, Evaluation, and Descriptive Analysis of Treatment Integrity.
    Behav Modif 2018 Jan 21;42(1):148-169. Epub 2017 Sep 21.
    1 University of South Wales, Pontypridd, UK.
    Response interruption and redirection (RIRD) is an effective intervention for decreasing stereotypy. During RIRD, contingent on occurrences of stereotypy, therapists interrupt the behavior and prompt the participant to complete an alternative response. Although RIRD has been implemented by teachers in classrooms, it requires continuous monitoring of participants to be implemented with fidelity and may be difficult for teachers to manage. Read More

    The Effects of Worry and Relaxation on Flexibility During Cognitive Restructuring.
    Behav Modif 2017 Sep 1:145445517732272. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    1 University of Illinois at Chicago, IL, USA.
    Worry is associated with inflexibility in cognitive, emotional, and physiological functioning. In addition, worry's negative valence and abstract level of construal are rigid characteristics that contribute to its nonadaptive consequences. Relaxation and cognitive therapy aim to increase flexibility in chronic worriers, and may have greater efficacy when administered in combination. Read More

    Differential Reinforcement of Low Rate Schedules Reduce Severe Problem Behavior.
    Behav Modif 2017 Sep 1:145445517731723. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    2 University of Maryland, Baltimore County, MD, USA.
    Differential-reinforcement-of-low-rate (DRL) schedules are reinforcement contingencies designed to reduce response rates. A common variation of the DRL arrangement is known as full-session DRL ( f-DRL), in which a reinforcer is presented at the end of an interval if the response rate during that interval is below a predetermined criterion. Prior human operant research involving arbitrary mouse clicks has shown that the f-DRL is likely to reduce target responding to near zero rates. Read More

    Increasing Availability of Exposure Therapy Through Intensive Group Treatment for Childhood Anxiety and OCD.
    Behav Modif 2017 Sep 1:145445517730831. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    1 Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.
    Archival data were used to examine the feasibility of a 5-day, clinic-based, intensive exposure-based cognitive-behavioral group therapy for childhood anxiety disorders (CADs) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Participants were 143 children (82 girls) aged 6 to 19 years ( M = 13.93 years, SD = 2. Read More

    An Investigation of a Video-Based Preference Assessment of Social Interactions.
    Behav Modif 2017 Sep 1:145445517731062. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    1 University of South Carolina, Columbia, USA.
    We examined the use of a paired-stimulus, video-based preference assessment (VPA) to identify high- and low-preference social interactions for three children with autism spectrum disorder. We conducted two VPAs with each participant: one with access to the interaction contingent on each selection and one without access. We also conducted a concurrent-operant reinforcer assessment to evaluate the accuracy of the VPAs in identifying reinforcers. Read More

    A Contextual Behavior Science Framework for Understanding How Behavioral Flexibility Relates to Anxiety.
    Behav Modif 2017 Sep 1:145445517730830. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    1 Clark University, Worcester, MA, USA.
    There is a growing literature focusing on the emerging idea that behavioral flexibility, rather than particular emotion regulation strategies per se, provides greater promise in predicting and influencing anxiety-related psychopathology. Yet this line of research and theoretical analysis appear to be plagued by its own challenges. For example, middle-level constructs, such as behavioral flexibility, are difficult to define, difficult to measure, and difficult to interpret in relation to clinical interventions. Read More

    Self-Regulation of Weight After Sleeve Gastrectomy.
    Behav Modif 2018 Mar 26;42(2):231-248. Epub 2017 Aug 26.
    1 Instituto de Saúde Ambiental, Instituto de Medicina Preventiva e Saúde Pública, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Lisboa.
    Bariatric surgery is recognized as the most effective method for achieving relevant weight loss in subjects with severe obesity. However, there is insufficient knowledge about weight self-regulation and quality of motivation in these patients. The main goal of this study was to characterize the association between the percentage of excess weight loss (%EWL) and the motivation to manage weight, at least 1 year after sleeve gastrectomy (SG). Read More

    Effectiveness of the Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders Among Veterans With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Pilot Study.
    Behav Modif 2018 Mar 27;42(2):210-230. Epub 2017 Aug 27.
    1 VA Puget Sound Health Care System-American Lake Division, Tacoma, WA, USA.
    Effective treatment options are needed for veterans who do not participate in trauma-focused psychotherapy. Research has yet to examine the effectiveness of transdiagnostic psychotherapy in veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and co-occurring psychological disorders. This pilot study examined the effectiveness of the Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders (UP) delivered in a 16-week group format. Read More

    Using Peer-Mediated Literacy-Based Behavioral Interventions to Increase First Aid Safety Skills in Students With Developmental Disabilities.
    Behav Modif 2017 Aug 1:145445517725866. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    2 Renaissance Learning Academy, West Palm Beach, FL, USA.
    Many adolescents with developmental disabilities do not learn the safety skills needed to maintain physical well-being in domestic and community environments. Literacy-based behavioral interventions (LBBIs) that combine print, pictures, and behavioral rehearsal are effective for promoting acquisition and maintenance of self-care skills, but have not been investigated as safety skill intervention. Also, LBBIs have primarily been implemented by teachers and other professionals. Read More

    Examining the Synergistic Effects of Two Transdiagnostic Vulnerability Factors in Relation to Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms and Disorders Among Latinos in a Community Health Care Setting.
    Behav Modif 2017 Aug 1:145445517725867. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    1 University of Houston, TX, USA.
    Latinos are one of the fastest growing racial/ethnic population in the United States yet they experience a substantial amount of mental health disparities, such as anxiety and depression, compared with non-Hispanic Whites. The current study examined the interactive effects of rumination and mindful attention on anxiety and depression symptoms among economically disadvantaged Latinos. Participants consisted of 391 Latinos (86. Read More

    Synthesis of Applied Behavior Analytic Interventions for Packing in Pediatric Feeding Disorders.
    Behav Modif 2018 Mar 23;42(2):249-272. Epub 2017 Aug 23.
    4 California State University, Sacramento, CA, USA.
    Packing, which consists of holding food in the mouth for an extended time during meals, is a form of disordered feeding associated with pediatric feeding disorders. The behavior can disrupt the pace and completion of a meal and lead to increased risk of choking, inadequate food and liquid intake, and elevated caregiver stress associated with mealtimes. Applied behavior analysis research has developed and evaluated behavioral interventions to improve feeding by reducing packing. Read More

    Within Your Control? When Problem Solving May Be Most Helpful.
    Behav Modif 2017 Aug 1:145445517726300. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    1 Miami University, Oxford, OH, USA.
    Emotion regulation strategies have been conceptualized as adaptive or maladaptive, but recent evidence suggests emotion regulation outcomes may be context-dependent. The present study tested whether the adaptiveness of a putatively adaptive emotion regulation strategy-problem solving-varied across contexts of high and low controllability. The present study also tested rumination, suggested to be one of the most putatively maladaptive strategies, which was expected to be associated with negative outcomes regardless of context. Read More

    The Evidence Base for Interventions Targeting Individuals With Work-Related PTSD: A Systematic Review and Recommendations.
    Behav Modif 2018 Mar 17;42(2):273-303. Epub 2017 Aug 17.
    1 Centre for Health Evaluation and Outcome Sciences (CHÉOS), Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
    The purpose of this study was to summarize the evidence base for interventions targeting individuals with work-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), to make recommendations for clinicians and administrative decision makers involved in their rehabilitation, and to guide future research in this area. Particular attention was given to studies that were conducted in naturalistic clinical settings or in a workers' compensation claim context. Electronic searches of Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, PILOTS, and EMBASE identified 11 articles. Read More

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