1,253 results match your criteria Behavior Modification[Journal]


Effects of Magnitude on the Displacement of Leisure Items by Edible Items During Preference Assessments.

Behav Modif 2019 Apr 15:145445519843937. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

4 Trumpet Behavioral Health, San Jose, CA, USA.

Studies on preference assessments have shown that when both edible and leisure items are compared, edible items tend to displace leisure items in preference hierarchies. However, the mechanisms behind this process are currently unclear. One possibility is that displacement may be a product of the relatively brief periods of access to leisure items typically used in preference assessments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519843937DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Enhancing Social Skills of Young Children With ADHD: Effects of a Sibling-Mediated Intervention.

Behav Modif 2019 Apr 11:145445519843473. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

1 Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA, USA.

Children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at risk for experiencing problems with social functioning that are associated with adverse outcomes in adolescence and adulthood. To date, the most common ADHD treatments for children, psychostimulants and adult-mediated interventions, have had limited success reducing social impairments associated with ADHD. Using a non-concurrent multiple baseline across participants design, we examined the efficacy of a sibling-mediated social intervention for reducing negative and increasing positive social behaviors of three children with ADHD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519843473DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Effects of Functional Discrimination Training on Initial Receptive Language in Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Behav Modif 2019 Apr 9:145445519841052. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

4 Behavioral Learning Network, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

The success of behavior-analytic procedures to teach language to individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been well established in the literature. Nevertheless, some individuals may not learn any receptive or expressive language following extensive teaching efforts. We examined the effects of two reinforcement contingencies, functional and arbitrary, on increasing the level of auditory-visual conditional discriminations in children with ASD with a history of having difficulty learning discriminations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519841052DOI Listing

Participation in Social Skills Therapy is Associated With Enhanced Recall Memory by Children With Down Syndrome: An Exploratory Study.

Behav Modif 2019 Apr 9:145445519841051. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

1 University of California, Irvine, USA.

Participation in social skills therapy (SST) facilitates cognitive functioning in children with developmental disabilities. The present pilot study examined whether participation in SST was associated with enhanced encoding and 1-month delayed recall in children with Down syndrome (DS). Children were presented with novel three-step event sequences in an elicited imitation procedure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519841051DOI Listing

Further Analysis of the Immediate and Subsequent Effect of RIRD on Vocal Stereotypy.

Behav Modif 2019 Apr 9:145445519838826. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

2 Auburn University, AL, USA.

Although numerous studies have shown that response interruption and redirection (RIRD) can decrease vocal stereotypy displayed by children with autism spectrum disorder, relatively few have evaluated the subsequent effects of RIRD. We evaluated the immediate (when a change agent implemented RIRD) and subsequent (after a change agent discontinued RIRD) effects of RIRD on two participants' vocal stereotypy using a nonconcurrent multiple baseline design with an embedded reversal design combined with a multiple schedule. As a part of the analysis, we conducted the fourth component 25 min after the third component. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519838826DOI Listing

Transition States in Single Case Experimental Designs.

Behav Modif 2019 Apr 9:145445519839213. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

1 Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA.

The continuation of a baseline pattern of responding into a treatment phase, sometimes referred to as a "transition state," can obscure interpretation of data depicted in single-case experimental designs (SCEDs). For example, when using visual analysis, transition states may lead to the conclusion that the treatment is ineffective. Likewise, the inclusion of overlapping data points in some statistical analyses may lead to conclusions that the treatment had a small effect size and give rise to publication bias. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519839213DOI Listing

Refining the Analysis of Mechanism-Outcome Relationships for Anxiety Treatment: A Preliminary Investigation Using Mixed Models.

Behav Modif 2019 Apr 3:145445519841055. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

1 San Diego State University/University of California, San Diego.

Although efficacious treatments exist for anxiety disorders, issues remain regarding how best to conceptualize and measure purported change processes in clinical research. In the current study, we examined the relationship between treatment-specific (exposure therapy, attention bias modification [ABM]) as well as more general change processes with symptoms within a transdiagnostic sample using mixed models. Results indicated that slope of self-efficacy across treatment and between-session habituation across identical exposures was associated with slope of symptom change. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519841055DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Anxiety in Parkinson's Disease.

Behav Modif 2019 Mar 31:145445519838828. Epub 2019 Mar 31.

1 Boston University, MA, USA.

Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by motor symptoms, but nonmotor symptoms also significantly impair daily functioning and reduce quality of life. Anxiety is prevalent and debilitating in PD, but remains understudied and undertreated. Much affective research in PD focuses on depression rather than anxiety, and as such, there are no evidence-based treatments for anxiety in this population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519838828DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Assessing Consistency in Single-Case A-B-A-B Phase Designs.

Behav Modif 2019 Mar 31:145445519837726. Epub 2019 Mar 31.

1 KU Leuven, Belgium.

Previous research has introduced several effect size measures (ESMs) to quantify data aspects of single-case experimental designs (SCEDs): level, trend, variability, overlap, and immediacy. In the current article, we extend the existing literature by introducing two methods for quantifying consistency in single-case A-B-A-B phase designs. The first method assesses the consistency of data patterns across phases implementing the same condition, called CONsistency of DAta Patterns (CONDAP). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519837726DOI Listing

Social Studies Content Knowledge Interventions for Students With Emotional and Behavioral Disorders: A Meta-Analysis.

Behav Modif 2019 Mar 10:145445519834622. Epub 2019 Mar 10.

5 Jeonju University, South Korea.

The importance of social studies and civics education is increasing, as evidenced by the growing number of states requiring coursework in this area for graduation and its growing presence in school accountability frameworks. Social studies instruction is critical for all students so that they may understand their roles, rights, and responsibilities as citizens and how their actions can influence their communities. Students who exhibit antisocial behaviors, such as those with emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD), may especially benefit from social studies and civics education as it promotes college and career readiness and provides opportunities to engage in social problem solving and perspective taking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519834622DOI Listing

Effects of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy on Impulsive Decision-Making.

Behav Modif 2019 Mar 10:145445519833041. Epub 2019 Mar 10.

2 Utah State University, Logan, USA.

This study examined the transdiagnostic effect of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) on impulsive decision-making in a community sample. A total of 40 adults were randomized to eight individual sessions of ACT or an inactive control. Participants completed pre-, mid-, and post-assessments for psychological symptoms; overall behavior change; valued living; delay discounting; psychological flexibility; and distress tolerance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519833041DOI Listing

Instruction in Co-Teaching in the Age of Endrew F.

Behav Modif 2019 Mar 7:145445519836071. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

1 George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, USA.

The recent Supreme Court decision in Endrew F. v. Douglas County School District focused attention on outcomes for students with disabilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519836071DOI Listing

Effects of Rules and Feedback on Classroom Behavior of Adolescents in a Residential Treatment Setting.

Behav Modif 2019 Mar 6:145445519834637. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

1 Auburn University, AL, USA.

Over the past 30 years, researchers have shown that various types of group contingency procedures can decrease problem behavior displayed by young children in academic settings. Recently, researchers have demonstrated that presession rules, within-session feedback, and interdependent group contingencies (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519834637DOI Listing

Using a Multiple-Schedule Procedure to Signal the Availability of Attention: Three Demonstrations.

Behav Modif 2019 Mar 6:145445519834640. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

2 Monarch House, Oakville, ON, Canada.

Adjudicated adolescents detained in residential facilities for illegal sexual behavior, as well as adolescents living at home, may engage in problem behaviors such as excessive vocalizations. In residential detention facilities, these excessive vocalizations may result in disciplinary action and loss of privileges. Moreover, excessive vocalizations may also reduce the amount of positive social interactions that staff members and caregivers have with the adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519834640DOI Listing

Endrew and FAPE: Concepts and Implications for All Students With Disabilities.

Behav Modif 2019 Mar 5:145445519832990. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

5 Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, USA.

The opinion of the Supreme Court of the United States in the Endrew case has implications for the education of all students with disabilities. Implications for several categories of disability are discussed: those with autism spectrum disorder and those with disabilities often considered high incidence, particularly those placed for a significant portion of their school day in general education. The aspects of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act most relevant to the Endrew case are also compared with Article 24 of the United Nations's Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519832990DOI Listing

Effects of Daily and Reduced Frequency Implementation of the Good Behavior Game in Kindergarten Classrooms.

Behav Modif 2019 Jan 30:145445519826528. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

3 The University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg, USA.

An effective group contingency, the Good Behavior Game (GBG), has been implemented successfully with a wide range of age groups. However, improvements in student behavior are often not observed when the GBG is abruptly terminated, and research has yet to evaluate the effects of the GBG when the frequency of implementation is reduced. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the effect of the GBG, implemented daily initially then on a less frequent schedule. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445519826528DOI Listing
January 2019
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Are Rural Students Receiving FAPE? A Descriptive Review of IEPs for Students With Social, Emotional, or Behavioral Needs.

Behav Modif 2019 Jan 29:145445518825107. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

2 Texas A&M University-Commerce, USA.

Students who are eligible to receive special education and related services are entitled to a free and appropriate public education (FAPE) including the necessary emotional, behavioral, and social supports to access the general curriculum. This study explores Individualized Education Program (IEP) plans of students with disabilities who have social, emotional, or behavioral needs served in five rural independent school districts. Specifically, the study sought to investigate (a) whether the present level of academic and functional performance (PLAAFP) and annual goals demonstrated congruence and (b) whether the degree to which the IEP documents conform to both procedural and substantive requirements for development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518825107DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Stress-Recovery Management: A Pilot Study Using a Single-Subject Experimental Design.

Behav Modif 2019 Jan 22:145445518825363. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

2 Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.

Work-related stress is considered one of the biggest health and safety challenges among the member states of the European Union. A critical factor is recovery between periods of stress. The primary purpose of this study was to investigate whether a brief behaviorally oriented stress-recovery management intervention delivered in an individual setting could reduce stress symptoms among individuals with high levels of perceived stress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518825363DOI Listing
January 2019
15 Reads

Establishing a Generalized Repertoire of Initiating Bids for Joint Attention in Children with Autism.

Behav Modif 2019 Jan 7:145445518822499. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

1 Caldwell University, USA.

The current study evaluated whether multiple-exemplar training, auditory scripts, and script-fading procedures could establish a generalized repertoire of initiating bids for joint attention in four young children with autism. Stimuli drawn from each of three experimenter-defined categories were used during teaching to program for generalization of initiations of bids for joint attention from trained stimuli to novel stimuli. A fourth category was reserved for assessment of across-category generalization of bids for joint attention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518822499DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Profiles of Psychological Flexibility: A Latent Class Analysis of the Acceptance and Commitment Therapy Model.

Behav Modif 2018 Dec 22:145445518820036. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

1 University of Chichester, UK.

There exists uncertainty for clinicians over how the separate subcomponent processes of psychological flexibility, a core construct of the Acceptance and Commitment Therapy model, interact and influence distress experienced. The present study ( N = 567) employed latent class analysis to (a) identify potential classes (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518820036DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

To What Extent Do Practitioners Need to Treat Stereotypy During Academic Tasks?

Behav Modif 2018 Dec 17:145445518808226. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

3 Auburn University, AL, USA.

Researchers frequently argue that a child's engagement in stereotypy may compete with his ability to acquire academic skills, engage in appropriate social interactions, or both; however, few studies have directly tested these suppositions. We used a five-phase assessment to evaluate the extent to which behavioral interventions with a progressively greater number of components were necessary to decrease stereotypy and increase correct responding during academic instructions for five children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders. For one participant, stereotypy decreased when instructors provided standard instruction without specific intervention for stereotypy. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0145445518808226
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518808226DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Quality of Life in Heterogeneous Anxiety Disorders: Changes Across Cognitive-Behavioral Treatments.

Behav Modif 2018 Dec 7:145445518815603. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

1 Boston University, MA, USA.

Quality of life is lower among individuals with anxiety disorders; however, this construct is rarely a focus in treatment research. This study explores changes in quality of life in a randomized, controlled trial of several cognitive-behavioral treatments (CBTs) for anxiety disorders. Adults with heterogeneous anxiety disorders ( N = 223) were randomly assigned to (a) unified protocol for transdiagnostic treatment of emotional disorders, (c) a single-disorder protocol targeting their principal diagnosis, or (c) a waitlist control condition, and assessed at baseline, posttreatment, and 6-month follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518815603DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

That Was Easy! Expectancy Violations During Exposure and Response Prevention for Childhood Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.

Behav Modif 2018 Nov 18:145445518813624. Epub 2018 Nov 18.

1 University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.

Violating expectancies during exposure therapy is proposed to promote inhibitory learning and improved treatment outcomes. Because people tend to overestimate how distressing emotionally challenging situations will be, violating expectations of distress may be an intuitive way to promote treatment outcome during exposure-based cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). This study evaluated overpredictions of distress during exposure tasks in 33 youth with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD; ages 8-17) participating in CBT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518813624DOI Listing
November 2018
15 Reads

A Review on Functional Analyses of Tics.

Behav Modif 2018 Oct 29:145445518809046. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

1 University of Florida, Gainesville, USA.

Tic disorders are characterized by a class of responses assumed to be neurobiological in origin. Still, several studies have shown that tic frequency can be influenced by antecedent environmental events and social consequences. Prior reviews have summarized the effects of environmental events but have not examined relations between tic diagnosis, behavioral deficits (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518809046DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Meta-Analysis of Single-Case Research via Multilevel Models: Fundamental Concepts and Methodological Considerations.

Behav Modif 2018 Oct 26:145445518806867. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

1 University at Albany, NY, USA.

Multilevel modeling is an approach that can be used to summarize single-case experimental design (SCED) data. Multilevel models were developed to analyze hierarchical structured data with units at a lower level nested within higher level units. SCEDs use time series data collected from multiple cases (or subjects) within a study that allow researchers to investigate intervention effectiveness at the individual level and also to investigate how these individual intervention effects change over time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518806867DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Ready or Not: Examining Self-Reported Readiness for Behavior Change at Intake Assessment for Adults With an Eating Disorder.

Behav Modif 2018 Oct 19:145445518807129. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

1 Kingston Health Sciences Centre (KHSC), Hotel Dieu Hospital Site, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.

We explored whether a single-item self-report measure (i.e., the Readiness Ruler) was an appropriate measure of treatment engagement in adult outpatients with eating disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518807129DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Reward Network Modulation as a Mechanism of Change in Behavioral Activation.

Behav Modif 2018 Oct 13:145445518805682. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

4 Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA.

Behavioral Activation (BA) is a contemporary third-wave psychosocial treatment approach that emphasizes helping individuals become more active in ways that are meaningful to them as a means of improving mood and quality of life. BA has been designated as a well-established, validated treatment for depression by the American Psychological Association following several decades of accumulated empirical support demonstrating that BA techniques successfully reduce depression symptoms and produce other desirable outcomes across a variety of populations and contexts. The purported mechanism of change underlying BA treatment lies in increasing activation, which in turn increases contact with positive reinforcement thereby reversing the cycle of depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518805682DOI Listing
October 2018
5 Reads

Introduction to the Special Issue on Cognitive and Behavioral Flexibility in Fear and Anxiety Disorders.

Behav Modif 2018 11;42(6):811-814

1 Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.

Converging lines of research highlight the significance of cognitive and behavioral flexibility in the etiology, maintenance, and treatment of fear and anxiety disorders. We have developed a Special Issue to highlight recent empirical investigations, contemporary theory, and novel directions for future study. It is hoped that this special issue will (a) underscore the centrality of cognitive and behavioral flexibility to fear- and anxiety-related psychopathology, (b) call attention to cognitive science approaches investigating related neuropsychological correlates, and (c) highlight novel experimental and theoretical research on germane contextual factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518755350DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

BPT for Early-Onset Behavior Disorders: Examining the Link Between Treatment Components and Trajectories of Child Internalizing Symptoms.

Behav Modif 2018 Sep 22:145445518801344. Epub 2018 Sep 22.

1 The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA.

Behavioral Parent Training (BPT) is the standard of care for early-onset Behavior Disorders (BDs). Preliminary evidence suggests that BPT may also lead to improvement in comorbid symptomatology, particularly internalizing problems, in children with BDs, yet less is currently known about how BPT produces such cascading effects. To begin to address this gap in the literature, trajectory analyses were used to examine the link between treatment components of one mastery-based BPT program, Helping the Noncompliant Child ( HNC), and child internalizing symptoms over the course of treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518801344DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Efficacy of Habit Reversal Training in Children With Chronic Tic Disorders: A Within-Subject Analysis.

Behav Modif 2018 Aug 27:145445518796203. Epub 2018 Aug 27.

1 School of Child and Adolescent Cognitive Behavior Therapy (AKiP), University Hospital, Cologne, Germany.

The aim of this study is to evaluate a cognitive-behavioral treatment for children and adolescents with tic disorder including habit reversal training (HRT) in a sample of children and adolescents ( n = 27). Multiple outcome measures were used to assess the effects of the treatment on tic symptoms. In addition, impairment/subjective burden ratings and the self-efficacy to control tics were assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518796203DOI Listing
August 2018
5 Reads

An Exploration of Intervention Augmentation in a Single Case.

Behav Modif 2018 Aug 23:145445518796202. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

1 University at Albany, NY, USA.

Recent work has highlighted that process-outcome relationships are likely to vary depending on the client, yet much work remains to be done in the area of tailoring interventions to a given client. This naturalistic single-case analysis provides an example of augmenting a treatment protocol with "off protocol" relaxation methods, based on routinely collected outcome information to guide shared decision making. Intensive case study analyses were applied to one client with principal generalized anxiety disorder and comorbid major depressive disorder receiving transdiagnostic cognitive-behavioral therapy. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0145445518796202
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August 2018
49 Reads

Moderate Effects of Low-Intensity Behavioral Intervention.

Behav Modif 2018 Aug 23:145445518796204. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

3 Oslo Metropolitan University, Norway.

We compared clinical outcomes in a treatment group of 98 individuals who received between 8 and 15 weekly hours ( M = 10.6; SD = 1.7) of applied behavior analysis (ABA) intervention with a comparison group of 73 individuals who received another provision, including some ABA, (between 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518796204DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

A Review of the Literature on the Functional Analysis of Inappropriate Mealtime Behavior.

Behav Modif 2018 Aug 22:145445518794368. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

1 Baylor University, Waco, TX, USA.

A functional analysis is a well-established and widely used assessment in the treatment of challenging behavior. Given the fact that functional analysis results can inform treatment selection and procedures, a review of the current literature regarding functional analysis of inappropriate mealtime behavior (IMB) is warranted as it may guide researchers in conducting a functional analysis prior to treating IMB. This review summarizes the literature regarding functional analysis of IMB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518794368DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Trichotillomania: A Randomized Controlled Trial of Adults and Adolescents.

Behav Modif 2018 Aug 17:145445518794366. Epub 2018 Aug 17.

1 Utah State University, Logan, UT, USA.

The purpose of this study was to examine acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) as a standalone treatment for trichotillomania in a randomized controlled trial of adults and adolescents. Participants consisted of a community sample of treatment seeking adults and adolescents with trichotillomania. Of the eligible 39 participants randomized into treatment and waitlist groups, 25 completed treatment and were included in the final analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518794366DOI Listing
August 2018
8 Reads

Evaluating Efficacy and Preference for Prompt Type During Discrete-Trial Teaching.

Behav Modif 2018 Aug 16:145445518792245. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

1 University of South Wales, Pontypridd, UK.

The components of discrete-trial teaching (DTT) may be individualized to each learner during instruction (e.g., the type of prompts used). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518792245DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

Applying the Generalized Logistic Model in Single Case Designs: Modeling Treatment-Induced Shifts.

Behav Modif 2018 Aug 5:145445518791255. Epub 2018 Aug 5.

1 Open Universiteit, Heerlen, The Netherlands.

Many analytical approaches to single-case data assume either linear effects (regression-based methods) or instant effects (mean-based methods). Neither assumption is realistic; therefore, these approaches' assumptions are often violated. In this article, we propose modeling curvilinear effects to appropriately parametrize the characteristics of singe-case data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518791255DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Rethinking Research on Prediction and Prevention of Psychotherapy Dropout: A Mechanism-Oriented Approach.

Behav Modif 2018 Aug 5:145445518792251. Epub 2018 Aug 5.

2 Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Dropout is a ubiquitous psychotherapy outcome in clinical practice and treatment research alike, yet it remains a poorly understood problem. Contemporary dropout research is dominated by models of prediction that lack a strong theoretical foundation, often drawing on data from clinical trials that report on dropout in an inconsistent and incomplete fashion. In this article, we assert that dropout is a critical treatment outcome that is worthy of investigation as a mechanistic process. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518792251DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Sustainability of Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention for Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder in a Community Setting.

Behav Modif 2018 Jul 1:145445518786463. Epub 2018 Jul 1.

2 University of Rochester Medical Center, NY, USA.

This study examined whether outcomes in early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) during a university-led multisite project could be replicated by the same community agency independently of the project. Participants, age 18 to 75 months at onset of intervention, were 48 children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) enrolled in 35 hr per week of publicly funded, community-based EIBI for 3 years and 46 children who were matched on baseline characteristics and received early childhood services as usual (SAU) through local early childhood special education providers. Linear mixed models indicated that EIBI participants improved significantly more than SAU participants on standardized tests of IQ, nonverbal IQ, adaptive behavior, and academic achievement, administered by independent evaluators. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518786463DOI Listing
July 2018
11 Reads

Failure to Replicate the Effects of the High-Probability Instructional Sequence on Feeding in Children With Autism and Food Selectivity.

Behav Modif 2018 Jun 1:145445518785111. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

2 The University of Texas at Austin, USA.

Behavioral intervention has positive effects on feeding problems of children with autism and food selectivity (FS), and researchers have evaluated a variety of specific behavioral interventions. Confidence in the effects of some specific interventions on feeding such as the high-probability instructional sequence (HPS) is limited by a lack of replication. Therefore, we assessed the generality of the HPS by replicating the intervention in children with autism and FS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518785111DOI Listing
June 2018
12 Reads

Interventionist Acquisition of Incidental Teaching Using Pyramidal Training via Telehealth.

Behav Modif 2018 Jun 1:145445518781770. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

5 Texas A&M University, College Station, USA.

We investigated the effects of a telehealth pyramidal training package on participants' implementation of incidental teaching. A total of eight adults worked with eight children with autism. Coaches were first taught to implement incidental teaching and then taught subsequent interventionists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518781770DOI Listing
June 2018
7 Reads

The Influence of a Personal Values Intervention on Cold Pressor-Induced Distress Tolerance.

Behav Modif 2018 Jun 1:145445518782402. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

1 University of Nevada Reno, USA.

Research has demonstrated that values and acceptance interventions can increase distress tolerance, but the individual contribution of each remains unclear. The current study examined the isolated effect of a values intervention on immersion time in a cold pressor. Participants randomized to Values ( n = 18) and Control ( n = 14) conditions completed two cold pressor tasks, separated by a 30-min values or control intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518782402DOI Listing
June 2018
8 Reads

Discrimination and Generalization of Negatively-Reinforced Mands in Young Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Behav Modif 2018 Jun 1:145445518781957. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

4 Autism Consulting & Therapy, LLC, Virginia Beach, VA, USA.

In this study, we extended the literature on the generalization of negatively-reinforced mands in three young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). First, we used example and nonexample stimuli embedded in mand training to teach a new, socially appropriate, negatively-reinforced mand to reject unpreferred food items while continuously assessing mand discrimination. Second, we evaluated the discriminated generalization of the newly acquired mand by using untrained example and nonexample stimuli. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518781957DOI Listing
June 2018
4 Reads

Group Procedures for Decreasing Problem Behavior Displayed by Detained Adolescents.

Behav Modif 2018 Jun 1:145445518781314. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

1 Auburn University, AL, USA.

As one component of providing treatment in a residential facility, Brogan, Falligant, and Rapp decreased problem behavior by two groups of detained adolescents using group contingency procedures. The current series of studies evaluated the extent to which group procedures could be extended to other contexts within a residential facility. In Study 1, fixed-time delivery of attention by dormitory staff decreased problem behavior displayed by a group of five to 11 detained adolescents during free periods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518781314DOI Listing
June 2018
6 Reads

The Effect of Various High-Probability to Low-Probability Instruction Ratios During the Use of the High-Probability Instructional Sequence.

Behav Modif 2018 Jun 1:145445518782396. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

1 Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, USA.

The high-probability (high-p) instructional sequence, which involves the delivery of a series of high-p instructions immediately before delivery of a low-probability (low-p) instruction, is a commonly used procedure to increase compliance among children and individuals with intellectual disabilities. Although the modal ratio of high-p instructions to low-p instructions is 3:1, other ratios may be more effective. In the current study, we compared three ratios of high-p with low-p instructions (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518782396DOI Listing
June 2018
3 Reads

Brief Therapist-Guided Exposure Treatment of Panic Attacks: A Pilot Study.

Behav Modif 2018 Jun 1:145445518776472. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

2 Lund University, Sweden.

A three-session therapist-guided exposure treatment was tested in a consecutive series of eight primary health care patients suffering from panic attacks who specifically used distraction techniques as their primary safety behavior. The Panic Disorder Severity Scale Self-Report (PDSS-SR) was administered at baseline (1-3 weeks before the first session), and 1, 2, and 3 weeks after treatment. Weekly ratings on the Body Sensations Questionnaire (BSQ) and the Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire (ACQ) during treatment were undertaken to explore when reliable change took place on these measures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518776472DOI Listing
June 2018
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A Simulation Study on Two Analytical Techniques for Alternating Treatments Designs.

Authors:
Rumen Manolov

Behav Modif 2018 May 1:145445518777875. Epub 2018 May 1.

1 University of Barcelona, Spain.

Alternating treatments designs (ATDs) are single-case experimental designs entailing the rapid alternation of conditions, and the specific sequence of conditions is usually determined at random. The visual analysis of ATD data entails comparing the data paths formed by connecting the measurements from the same condition. Apart from visual analyses, there are at least two quantitative analytical options also comparing data paths. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518777875DOI Listing
May 2018
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Transdiagnostic Treatment Personalization: The Feasibility of Ordering Unified Protocol Modules According to Patient Strengths and Weaknesses.

Behav Modif 2018 May 1:145445518774914. Epub 2018 May 1.

1 Boston University, MA, USA.

Most patients in community practice attend significantly fewer sessions than are recommended by treatment protocols that have demonstrated efficacy in addressing emotional disorders. Personalized interventions that target the core processes thought to maintain a wide range of disorders may serve to increase treatment efficiency, addressing this gap. This study sought to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of the personalized delivery of a mechanistically transdiagnostic intervention, the Unified Protocol (UP) for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518774914DOI Listing
May 2018
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Follow-Up of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder 1 Year After Early Behavioral Intervention.

Behav Modif 2018 May 1:145445518773692. Epub 2018 May 1.

4 Université de Montréal, Québec, Canada.

The effectiveness of early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) for children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) has been demonstrated by many studies and meta-analyses. Although it is considered an exemplary practice in several countries, few studies have investigated the maintenance of gains made in EIBI over time. Thirty-two children were assessed at posttreatment and 1-year follow-up after they attended a low-to-moderate-intensity (10 to 20 hr per week) EIBI program delivered by a public rehabilitation center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445518773692DOI Listing
May 2018
12 Reads