1,212 results match your criteria Behavior Modification[Journal]


The Influence of a Personal Values Intervention on Cold Pressor-Induced Distress Tolerance.

Behav Modif 2018 Jun 1:145445518782402. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

1 University of Nevada Reno, USA.

Research has demonstrated that values and acceptance interventions can increase distress tolerance, but the individual contribution of each remains unclear. The current study examined the isolated effect of a values intervention on immersion time in a cold pressor. Participants randomized to Values ( n = 18) and Control ( n = 14) conditions completed two cold pressor tasks, separated by a 30-min values or control intervention. Read More

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Discrimination and Generalization of Negatively-Reinforced Mands in Young Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Behav Modif 2018 Jun 1:145445518781957. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

4 Autism Consulting & Therapy, LLC, Virginia Beach, VA, USA.

In this study, we extended the literature on the generalization of negatively-reinforced mands in three young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). First, we used example and nonexample stimuli embedded in mand training to teach a new, socially appropriate, negatively-reinforced mand to reject unpreferred food items while continuously assessing mand discrimination. Second, we evaluated the discriminated generalization of the newly acquired mand by using untrained example and nonexample stimuli. Read More

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Group Procedures for Decreasing Problem Behavior Displayed by Detained Adolescents.

Behav Modif 2018 Jun 1:145445518781314. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

1 Auburn University, AL, USA.

As one component of providing treatment in a residential facility, Brogan, Falligant, and Rapp decreased problem behavior by two groups of detained adolescents using group contingency procedures. The current series of studies evaluated the extent to which group procedures could be extended to other contexts within a residential facility. In Study 1, fixed-time delivery of attention by dormitory staff decreased problem behavior displayed by a group of five to 11 detained adolescents during free periods. Read More

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The Effect of Various High-Probability to Low-Probability Instruction Ratios During the Use of the High-Probability Instructional Sequence.

Behav Modif 2018 Jun 1:145445518782396. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

1 Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, USA.

The high-probability (high-p) instructional sequence, which involves the delivery of a series of high-p instructions immediately before delivery of a low-probability (low-p) instruction, is a commonly used procedure to increase compliance among children and individuals with intellectual disabilities. Although the modal ratio of high-p instructions to low-p instructions is 3:1, other ratios may be more effective. In the current study, we compared three ratios of high-p with low-p instructions (i. Read More

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Brief Therapist-Guided Exposure Treatment of Panic Attacks: A Pilot Study.

Behav Modif 2018 Jun 1:145445518776472. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

2 Lund University, Sweden.

A three-session therapist-guided exposure treatment was tested in a consecutive series of eight primary health care patients suffering from panic attacks who specifically used distraction techniques as their primary safety behavior. The Panic Disorder Severity Scale Self-Report (PDSS-SR) was administered at baseline (1-3 weeks before the first session), and 1, 2, and 3 weeks after treatment. Weekly ratings on the Body Sensations Questionnaire (BSQ) and the Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire (ACQ) during treatment were undertaken to explore when reliable change took place on these measures. Read More

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June 2018
1 Read

A Simulation Study on Two Analytical Techniques for Alternating Treatments Designs.

Authors:
Rumen Manolov

Behav Modif 2018 May 1:145445518777875. Epub 2018 May 1.

1 University of Barcelona, Spain.

Alternating treatments designs (ATDs) are single-case experimental designs entailing the rapid alternation of conditions, and the specific sequence of conditions is usually determined at random. The visual analysis of ATD data entails comparing the data paths formed by connecting the measurements from the same condition. Apart from visual analyses, there are at least two quantitative analytical options also comparing data paths. Read More

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Transdiagnostic Treatment Personalization: The Feasibility of Ordering Unified Protocol Modules According to Patient Strengths and Weaknesses.

Behav Modif 2018 May 1:145445518774914. Epub 2018 May 1.

1 Boston University, MA, USA.

Most patients in community practice attend significantly fewer sessions than are recommended by treatment protocols that have demonstrated efficacy in addressing emotional disorders. Personalized interventions that target the core processes thought to maintain a wide range of disorders may serve to increase treatment efficiency, addressing this gap. This study sought to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of the personalized delivery of a mechanistically transdiagnostic intervention, the Unified Protocol (UP) for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders. Read More

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Follow-Up of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder 1 Year After Early Behavioral Intervention.

Behav Modif 2018 May 1:145445518773692. Epub 2018 May 1.

4 Université de Montréal, Québec, Canada.

The effectiveness of early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) for children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) has been demonstrated by many studies and meta-analyses. Although it is considered an exemplary practice in several countries, few studies have investigated the maintenance of gains made in EIBI over time. Thirty-two children were assessed at posttreatment and 1-year follow-up after they attended a low-to-moderate-intensity (10 to 20 hr per week) EIBI program delivered by a public rehabilitation center. Read More

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Repeated Interoceptive Exposure in Individuals With High and Low Anxiety Sensitivity.

Behav Modif 2018 Apr 1:145445518772269. Epub 2018 Apr 1.

1 University of Greifswald, Germany.

Interoceptive exposure is one component in cognitive behavioral therapy of panic disorder. The present investigation addressed changes in defensive mobilization during repeated interoceptive exposure using a standardized hyperventilation procedure. 26 high and 22 low anxiety sensitive persons (ASI, Peterson & Reiss, 1992) went through two guided hyperventilation and normoventilation procedures, spaced one week apart. Read More

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April 2018
1 Read

Comparing Visual and Statistical Analysis of Multiple Baseline Design Graphs.

Behav Modif 2018 Apr 1:145445518768723. Epub 2018 Apr 1.

1 University of South Carolina, Columbia, USA.

A growing number of statistical analyses are being developed for single-case research. One important factor in evaluating these methods is the extent to which each corresponds to visual analysis. Few studies have compared statistical and visual analysis, and information about more recently developed statistics is scarce. Read More

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April 2018
1 Read

Introduction to the Special Issue: Interventions to Reduce Challenging Behavior Among Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Behav Modif 2018 May;42(3):307-313

2 Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA.

The prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is on the rise. In addition to the social communication skill deficits and restrictive repetitive behaviors and interests, many individuals with ASD engage in challenging behavior. Challenging behavior is associated with a multitude of negative outcomes. Read More

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May 2018
4 Reads

Corrigendum.

Authors:

Behav Modif 2018 Apr 1:145445518769737. Epub 2018 Apr 1.

Keuthen, N.J., Tung, E. Read More

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April 2018
1 Read

Decreasing Inappropriate Use of Mobile Devices in Urban High School Classrooms: Comparing an Antecedent Intervention With and Without the Good Behavior Game.

Behav Modif 2018 Mar 1:145445518764343. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

1 University of Cincinnati, OH, USA.

As the capabilities of portable technology continue to advance and become more accessible, educators express concern about the impact of the inappropriate use of mobile devices on academic engagement and learning. An alternating treatments design was used to compare the effectiveness of an antecedent (Clear Box) intervention and an interdependent group contingency (Clear Box + Good Behavior Game [GBG]) intervention to typical classroom management techniques (Control) in increasing the academic engagement and decreasing mobile device use of high school students during instruction. The results indicate an increase in academic engagement and a decrease in the inappropriate presence of mobile devices in both classrooms with the implementation of the Clear Box + GBG, as compared with the Clear Box and Control conditions. Read More

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March 2018
1 Read

The Responsible Inclusion of Students Receiving Special Education Services for Emotional Disturbance: Unraveling the Practice to Research Gap.

Behav Modif 2018 Mar 1:145445518762398. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

4 Missouri State University, Springfield, USA.

The majority of students receiving special education services for emotional disturbance (ED) receive a significant amount of instruction in general education classrooms, which emphasizes curriculums based on college and career readiness standards. In turn, those teachers who provide instruction to students with ED in inclusive settings are responsible for using evidence-based practices (EBPs) for those teaching situations in which they exist to meet free appropriate public education (FAPE) mandates. However, the identification of EBPs is a necessary pre-condition to eventual school adoption and teacher use of such practices. Read More

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March 2018
1 Read

Evaluating Tau-U With Oral Reading Fluency Data and the Impact of Measurement Error.

Behav Modif 2018 Mar 1:145445518760174. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

4 North Carolina State University, Raleigh, USA.

Recently, researchers have argued that using quantitative effect sizes in single-case design (SCD) research may facilitate the identification evidence-based practices. Indices to quantify nonoverlap are among the most common methods for quantifying treatment effects in SCD research. Tau-U represents a family of effect size indices that were developed to address criticisms of previously developed measures of nonoverlap. Read More

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March 2018
1 Read

Further Evaluation of a Practitioner Model for Increasing Eye Contact in Children With Autism.

Behav Modif 2018 Feb 1:145445518758595. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

2 Monarch House, Oakville, ON, Canada.

Cook et al. recently described a progressive model for teaching children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to provide eye contact with an instructor following a name call. The model included the following phases: contingent praise only, contingent edibles plus praise, stimulus prompts plus contingent edibles and praise, contingent video and praise, schedule thinning, generalization assessments, and maintenance evaluations. Read More

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February 2018
1 Read

A Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial of the Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders in Children.

Behav Modif 2018 Jan 1:145445517753940. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

1 University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL, USA.

The Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders in Children (UP-C) is an intervention for children aged 7 to 13 targeting high negative emotion, emotional reactivity, and emotion regulation deficits common across emotional disorders. Our objective was to collect pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) data on the efficacy of the UP-C, comparing UP-C with an active, anxiety-focused intervention. Participants were 47 children with at least one primary anxiety disorder; approximately one half had elevated depression symptoms. Read More

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January 2018
2 Reads

Introduction to the Special Issue: Interventions to Reduce Challenging Behavior Among Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Behav Modif 2018 Jan 1:145445518755349. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

2 Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA.

The prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is on the rise. In addition to the social communication skill deficits and restrictive repetitive behaviors and interests, many individuals with ASD engage in challenging behavior. Challenging behavior is associated with a multitude of negative outcomes. Read More

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January 2018
2 Reads

Assessing Mand Topography Preference When Developing a Functional Communication Training Intervention.

Behav Modif 2018 May 20;42(3):364-381. Epub 2018 Jan 20.

1 University of Texas at San Antonio, TX, USA.

Functional communication training (FCT) is a common function-based behavioral intervention used to decrease problem behavior by teaching an alternative communication response. Therapists often arbitrarily select the topography of the alternative response, which may influence long-term effectiveness of the intervention. Assessing individual mand topography preference may increase treatment effectiveness and promote self-determination in the development of interventions. Read More

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May 2018
2 Reads

Rapport Building and Instructional Fading Prior to Discrete Trial Instruction: Moving From Child-Led Play to Intensive Teaching.

Behav Modif 2018 Jan 1:145445517751436. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

2 Marcus Autism Center, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Discrete trial instruction (DTI) is effective for teaching skills to children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Although effective, instructional settings can become aversive resulting in avoidant and escape-related behaviors. Given the significant social impairments associated with ASD, interventions that promote social approach and reduce avoidance are warranted. Read More

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January 2018
4 Reads

Assessment of Parental Acceptability and Preference for Behavioral Interventions for Feeding Problems.

Behav Modif 2018 Jan 1:145445517751435. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

1 California State University, Los Angeles, USA.

The present study evaluates the treatment acceptability and preference for behavioral interventions for feeding problems with parents of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and other developmental disabilities. The impact of behavioral severity on acceptability and preference was also evaluated by comparing results of parents who responded with respect to a vignette of a child with food refusal with those who responded to a vignette of a child with food selectivity. Overall, parents rated differential reinforcement of alternative behavior as the most preferred and most acceptable strategy across both food selectivity and food refusal groups. Read More

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January 2018
2 Reads

The Effectiveness of Preoperative Preparation for Improving Perioperative Outcomes in Children and Caregivers.

Behav Modif 2018 Jan 1:145445517751879. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

3 National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan, ROC.

Most children experience significant anxiety during the preoperative period. Greater preoperative anxiety may be related to a higher incidence of negative behaviors. This study aimed to develop a family-centered preoperative preparation program and to evaluate the effects of this program on children's preoperative emotional behaviors, postoperative behavior, and posthospital behavior, and on caregiver anxiety. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

An Investigation of Executive Functioning in Pediatric Anxiety.

Behav Modif 2018 Jan 1:145445517749448. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

1 Kent State University, OH, USA.

Although science's understanding (e.g., etiology, maintaining factors, etc. Read More

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January 2018
2 Reads

Effects of Behavioral Activation on the Quality of Life and Emotional State of Lung Cancer and Breast Cancer Patients During Chemotherapy Treatment.

Behav Modif 2017 Dec 1:145445517746915. Epub 2017 Dec 1.

1 University of Oviedo, Spain.

Research suggests that the progressive abandonment of activities in cancer patients are related to depression and worse quality of life. Behavioral activation (BA) encourages subjects to activate their sources of reinforcement and modify the avoidance responses. This study assesses the effectiveness of BA in improving quality of life and preventing emotional disorders during chemotherapy treatment. Read More

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December 2017
6 Reads

A Randomized Controlled Trial of Multiple Versions of an Acceptance and Commitment Therapy Matrix App for Well-Being.

Behav Modif 2017 Dec 1:145445517748561. Epub 2017 Dec 1.

1 Utah State University, Logan, USA.

Mobile apps may be useful in teaching psychological skills in a high-frequency, low-intensity intervention. The acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) matrix is a visual tool to help develop psychological flexibility by categorizing moment-to-moment experience and is well suited to a mobile app. This pilot study tested the effects of a simple and complex version of a novel app using the ACT matrix in two distinct samples: help-seeking individuals ( n = 35) and students receiving SONA credit ( n = 63). Read More

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December 2017
5 Reads

Using Mobile Technology to Reduce Engagement in Stereotypy: A Validation of Decision-Making Algorithms.

Behav Modif 2017 Dec 1:145445517748560. Epub 2017 Dec 1.

2 Monarch House, Oakville, Ontario, Canada.

We developed an iOS app, the iSTIM, designed to support parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in reducing common repetitive vocal and motor behavior (i.e., stereotypy). Read More

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December 2017
3 Reads

Examining the Relationship Between Anxiogenic Parenting Practices and Cognitive Flexibility in Youth.

Behav Modif 2017 Dec 1:145445517748558. Epub 2017 Dec 1.

1 Kent State University, OH, USA.

Cognitive flexibility (CF), a subdomain of executive functioning (EF), involves abilities such as set shifting and reversal learning. Some variability in CF is normative across youth due to the gradual refinement of broader EF along with the prefrontal cortex. Prior research has suggested that a supportive parenting environment contributes to strong EF, whereas harsh/controlling parenting is associated with deficits. Read More

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December 2017
3 Reads

The Impact of Experiential Avoidance and Event Centrality in Trauma-Related Rumination and Posttraumatic Stress.

Behav Modif 2017 Dec 1:145445517747287. Epub 2017 Dec 1.

1 Clark University, Worcester, MA, USA.

Cognitive control strategies like rumination often increase posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. However, extant research has provided equivocal results when attempting to explain why this phenomenon occurs. The current study explored several mechanisms that may clarify such findings. Read More

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December 2017
4 Reads

Follow-Up Study of Youth Who Received EIBI as Young Children.

Behav Modif 2017 Dec 1:145445517746916. Epub 2017 Dec 1.

1 York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Although early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) has been clearly shown to be evidence-based, there is very little information available regarding long-term outcomes, especially from community effectiveness studies. We present data on cognitive, adaptive, and autism severity measures from four time points (pre- and post-EIBI and two follow-up points) for a sample of 21 youth, currently aged 16 years on average (range = 13-20) who received EIBI as young children and who have been out of EIBI for a mean of 10 years (range = 8.5-14). Read More

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December 2017
5 Reads

Employing a Fixed-Lean Multiple Schedule in the Treatment of Challenging Behavior for Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Behav Modif 2018 Jul 7;42(4):610-633. Epub 2017 Dec 7.

1 University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA.

Despite its utility, there is limited applied research on employing fixed-lean (FL) schedules of reinforcement in treatment packages to address challenging behavior. One potential reason is that abrupt shifts to terminal schedules of reinforcement have been associated with immediate increases in challenging behavior before subsiding to clinically acceptable levels. The purpose of the present study was to (a) provide evidence demonstrating the utility of a FL multiple schedule (MS) in the treatment of challenging behavior in applied settings, (b) examine the potential effects of alternative stimuli on challenging behavior during a FL MS, and (c) assess the social validity of this treatment package with participants and caregivers. Read More

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July 2018
5 Reads

Exploring the Moderating Effects of Cognitive Abilities on Social Competence Intervention Outcomes.

Behav Modif 2018 Jan 21;42(1):84-107. Epub 2017 Mar 21.

2 East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA.

Many populations served by special education, including those identified with autism, emotional impairments, or students identified as not ready to learn, experience social competence deficits. The Social Competence Intervention-Adolescents' (SCI-A) methods, content, and materials were designed to be maximally pertinent and applicable to the social competence needs of early adolescents (i.e. Read More

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January 2018
6 Reads

Selection and Implementation of Skill Acquisition Programs by Special Education Teachers and Staff for Students With Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Behav Modif 2018 Jan 1;42(1):58-83. Epub 2017 Mar 1.

4 West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA.

The present investigation examined special education teachers' selection and use of teaching strategies for receptive identification training with children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in their classrooms. Teachers first responded to a survey in which they provided examples of receptive identification tasks taught in their classrooms, rated the efficacy of teaching strategies, described how they determined whether skills were mastered, listed any assessments they conducted to identify relevant prerequisite skills prior to receptive identification training, described how they selected teaching strategies for use in their classrooms, and listed their years of experience as a teacher and working with children with ASD. Subsequent observations of implementation of teaching strategies during trial-based instruction occurred in a proportion of teachers' classrooms. Read More

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January 2018
4 Reads

Advances in School-Based Interventions for Students With Autism Spectrum Disorder: Introduction to the Special Issue.

Behav Modif 2018 Jan;42(1):3-8

3 Ball State University, Muncie, IN, USA.

As the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder has increased, so too has research on interventions to address core and associated features of autism. Although many methodologically rigorous studies on interventions have been reported, their relevance to educators is somewaht unclear. For example, only about 32% of evidence-based strategies identifed in these reviews were conducted in k-12 settings. Read More

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January 2018
4 Reads

A Systematic Review of Parent-Implemented Functional Communication Training for Children With ASD.

Behav Modif 2018 May 3;42(3):335-363. Epub 2017 Dec 3.

4 University of Hawai'i at Manoa, Honolulu, HI, USA.

Supporting parents in reducing challenging behavior of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) requires the identification of effective, feasible, and sustainable interventions. Functional communication training (FCT) is one of the most well-established interventions in the behavioral literature and is used increasingly by parents. However, there is a need for additional evaluation of the literature related to parent-implemented FCT. Read More

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May 2018
4 Reads

Trial-Based Functional Analysis Informs Treatment for Vocal Scripting.

Behav Modif 2018 May 30;42(3):441-465. Epub 2017 Nov 30.

1 Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA.

Research on trial-based functional analysis has primarily focused on socially maintained challenging behaviors. However, procedural modifications may be necessary to clarify ambiguous assessment results. The purposes of this study were to evaluate the utility of iterative modifications to trial-based functional analysis on the identification of putative reinforcement and subsequent treatment for vocal scripting. Read More

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May 2018
5 Reads

Systematic Changes in Preference for Schedule-Thinning Arrangements as a Function of Relative Reinforcement Density.

Behav Modif 2018 Jul 28;42(4):472-497. Epub 2017 Nov 28.

1 University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA.

We treated destructive behavior maintained by both social-positive (i.e., access to tangibles) and social-negative (i. Read More

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July 2018
5 Reads

Self-Injurious Behavior in Children With Developmental Disabilities: A Systematic Review of Behavioral Intervention Literature.

Behav Modif 2018 Jul 27;42(4):498-542. Epub 2017 Nov 27.

1 University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA.

We reviewed single-case research studies examining the effects of behavioral interventions for self-injurious behavior (SIB) in young children with autism and developmental disabilities. Systematic searches of electronic databases, journals, and reference lists identified 46 studies (66 participants younger than the age of 12) meeting inclusion criteria. Studies were examined based on (a) participant demographics, (b) topography and function of SIB, (c) type of functional behavior assessment (FBA), (d) intervention procedures and outcomes, and (e) experimental design and measurement. Read More

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July 2018
6 Reads

Further Analysis of the Predictive Effects of a Free-Operant Competing Stimulus Assessment on Stereotypy.

Behav Modif 2018 Jul 25;42(4):543-583. Epub 2017 Nov 25.

3 Monarch House, Oakville, Ontario, Canada.

We conducted five experiments to evaluate the predictive validity of a free-operant competing stimulus assessment (FOCSA). In Experiment 1, we showed that each participant's repetitive behavior persisted without social consequences. In Experiment 2, we used the FOCSA to identify high-preference, low-stereotypy (HP-LS) items for 11 participants and high-preference, high-stereotypy (HP-HS) items for nine participants. Read More

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July 2018
5 Reads

Treatment of Elopement Without Blocking With a Child With Autism.

Behav Modif 2017 Nov 1:145445517740871. Epub 2017 Nov 1.

1 Missouri State University, Springfield, USA.

Elopement is a dangerous behavior common in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Relative to other forms of problematic behavior, elopement has received little attention in both assessment and treatment. The current study entailed a functional analysis of elopement of one child with ASD, results of which suggested a partially automatic function. Read More

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November 2017
6 Reads

Lag Schedules and Functional Communication Training: Persistence of Mands and Relapse of Problem Behavior.

Behav Modif 2018 May 24;42(3):314-334. Epub 2017 Nov 24.

5 University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA.

We evaluated the effects of lag schedules of reinforcement and functional communication training (FCT) on mand variability and problem behavior in two children with autism spectrum disorder. Specifically, we implemented FCT with increasing lag schedules and compared its effects on problem behavior with baseline conditions. The results showed that both participants exhibited low rates of problem behavior during treatment relative to baseline during and following schedule thinning (up to a Lag 5 schedule arrangement). Read More

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May 2018
8 Reads

Differential Reinforcement of Other Behaviors to Treat Challenging Behaviors Among Children With Autism: A Systematic and Quality Review.

Behav Modif 2018 Jul 24;42(4):584-609. Epub 2017 Nov 24.

1 Baylor University, Waco, TX, USA.

This review summarizes the literature regarding differential reinforcement of other behaviors (DRO) to treat challenging behavior among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and determines the quality of studies among the current literature according to the 2014 Council for Exceptional Children (CEC): Standards for Evidence-Based Practices in Special Education. Studies that focused on the use of DRO in the treatment of challenging behavior for individuals with ASD were included for systematic analysis. Forty-five studies were identified for inclusion in this review and were evaluated using the eight quality indicators described by the CEC. Read More

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July 2018
5 Reads

Individualized Levels System and Systematic Stimulus Pairing to Reduce Multiply Controlled Aggression of a Child With Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Behav Modif 2018 May 22;42(3):422-440. Epub 2017 Nov 22.

1 Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA.

Research has shown that physical aggression is common in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Interventions for multiply controlled aggression may be complex and difficult to implement with fidelity. As a result, the probability of treatment efficacy for this class of behavior may suffer. Read More

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May 2018
4 Reads

Systematic Review of Differential Reinforcement of Alternative Behavior Without Extinction for Individuals With Autism.

Behav Modif 2018 May 8;42(3):398-421. Epub 2017 Nov 8.

2 The University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA.

The purpose of this article is to review the literature on differential reinforcement of alternative behavior procedures without extinction for individuals with autism. Using predetermined inclusion criteria, a total of 10 studies were included and summarized in terms of the following: (a) participant characteristics (e.g. Read More

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May 2018
4 Reads

Further Evaluation of Presentation Format of Competing Stimuli for Treatment of Automatically Maintained Challenging Behavior.

Behav Modif 2018 May 8;42(3):382-397. Epub 2017 Nov 8.

1 University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA.

Behavioral interventions have been effective in reducing automatically maintained skin picking for individuals with disabilities including autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A competing stimulus assessment (CSA) is typically utilized in behavioral intervention and assessment to identify potential stimuli which compete with the reinforcer for various forms of challenging behavior (CB). Treatment evaluations have validated the results of these assessments by demonstrating competing stimuli may reduce levels of CB. Read More

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May 2018
5 Reads

Using a Visual Structured Criterion for the Analysis of Alternating-Treatment Designs.

Behav Modif 2017 Nov 1:145445517739278. Epub 2017 Nov 1.

1 Université de Montréal, Québec, Canada.

Although visual inspection remains common in the analysis of single-case designs, the lack of agreement between raters is an issue that may seriously compromise its validity. Thus, the purpose of our study was to develop and examine the properties of a simple structured criterion to supplement the visual analysis of alternating-treatment designs. To this end, we generated simulated data sets with varying number of points, number of conditions, effect sizes, and autocorrelations, and then measured Type I error rates and power produced by the visual structured criterion (VSC) and permutation analyses. Read More

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November 2017
5 Reads

Increasing "Object-Substitution" Symbolic Play in Young Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders.

Behav Modif 2017 Oct 1:145445517739276. Epub 2017 Oct 1.

3 Sichuan University of Arts and Science, China.

Children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) may not develop symbolic play skills, so such skills need to be taught specifically. We report an experiment regarding a procedure targeting "object-substitution" symbolic play skills. The "object-substitution" symbolic play behavior occurred when the child labeled a common object with the name of a substitute and used the object to perform a play action (e. Read More

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October 2017
3 Reads

Development of a Storytelling Video Self-Help Intervention Based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Major Depression: Open Trial Results.

Behav Modif 2017 Oct 1:145445517738932. Epub 2017 Oct 1.

1 Butler Hospital, Providence, RI, USA.

This study involved the initial development and testing of a video self-help intervention called LifeStories, which features real patients describing their use of coping strategies for depression based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. We conducted a baseline-controlled open trial (AB design) of 11 individuals diagnosed with major depressive disorder. Participants reported high levels of satisfaction and transportation (i. Read More

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October 2017
4 Reads

Upregulating Positive Affectivity in the Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders: A Randomized Pilot Study.

Behav Modif 2017 Oct 1:145445517735631. Epub 2017 Oct 1.

1 Universitat Jaume I, Castelló de la Plana, Spain.

Transdiagnostic cognitive-behavioral therapy for emotional disorders (ED) has proven to be effective. However, current transdiagnostic treatment protocols address only the regulation of negative affectivity, and they do not include treatment components to more directly target the regulation of positive affectivity. In this study, we propose to evaluate the preliminary efficacy and acceptability of a transdiagnostic treatment protocol for ED that includes, as an innovative feature, a specific treatment component to directly upregulate positive affectivity based on positive psychology interventions. Read More

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October 2017
4 Reads